The current development policy focus on poverty reduction is erroneous. Historically, successful development policy — from the late fifteenth century until the beginning of the twenty-first—has achieved structural change away from dependence on raw materials and agriculture, adding specialized manufacturing and services subject to increasing returns with a complex division of labor. In contrast, the Millennium Development Goals are heavily biased in favor of palliative economics: alleviating the symptoms of poverty, rather than attacking its real causes. This creates a system of ‘welfare colonialism’ increasing the dependence of poor countries, thereby hindering, rather than promoting, long-term structural change. (Erik S. Reinert )
In the 19th century, the saying in the USA was:
"Don't do as the English tell you to do, do as the English did."
Our advice to Africa and other developing countries is:
"Don't do as the Americans and the British (IMF & the World Bank) tell you to do,
do as the Americans and the British did."
"....The smaller the population of a country working in agriculture, the less the chance is for a famine to occur. Famine only happens in countries that are almost exclusively concentrated on producing food. In countries like Western Europe and the United States, where 2 to 3% of the population working in the agriculture sector, they are producing so much food that they have to dump it in the rest of the world. That is only 2 to 3 per cent of the population producing all that food !"