Please read what I have to say before replying!
Article 39 of the Ethiopian constitution says that every nation, nationality or people in Ethiopia shall have the unrestricted right to self determination up to secession. But when some Oromos or some Ogadenians ask for self determination even TPLF, that actually wrote the constitution, is absolutely against it and see the people, who demand their constitutional rights, as the #1 enemies of the state. There is no single legal opposition party that dare to ask for self determination, because otherwise it could be labeled as OLF or ONLF and targeted as such.
I fully support Article 39 because I believe that nations should only be in a country, where they can identify themselves with. If people don't feel as Ethiopian in anyway, they should have the opportunity to become independent. It has no meaning to simply force identity on people.
But in the case of Ethiopia we have a dilemma here, in my view, because Ethiopia is absolutely dependent on some states and regions. It is for example a known fact that Ethiopia as a state can not survive, if Oromia is to become independent. Whether it is the economy, infrastructure including import/export, or political center, Ethiopia is absolutely dependent on Oromia. So if article 39 is applied in the case of Oromia, it is equal to the destruction of the Ethiopian state, which in tern is against the constitution. Do you see the dilemma. Applying what is allowed under the constitution can be a destruction of the state, which in tern is against the constitution.
To solve this dilemma, many believe the solution is just to abolish article 39 altogether. This can be a solution for a short period of time but the question of identity in a group may not be solved in the longer term. The best solution may be to help Ethiopia become independent of Oromia or any other single state. In that I mean enabling Ethiopia to have resources, economic and infrastructures alternatives. If there are alternative economic resources, alternative infrastructures for example for import/export, telecommunication etc, alternative political centers etc. It may be easy for Ethiopia to survive any session of a single region as it did after the session of Eritrea.
So, what do you think? Does making Ethiopia economically independent from Oromia and other single regions solve the dilemma we face with Article 39? Should Oromos, who want to see independent Oromia, help Ethiopia become independent from Oromia?