PIA of Eritrea will release high profile prisoners in New Year!
In spirit of New Year and planed Eritrea’s version of perestroika & glasnost, PIA will incrementally introduce various changes starting 2013. To restore hope and confidence in his people, he will release prisoners commonly known as “G-15”. Despite the widely spread rumors about the death of some of these prisoners, they are all alive with some suffering from some kind of ailment.
PIA, lately has been confronted by some of his ministers and top generals that the need for change has never been so critical and he acknowledged the fact that change is inevitable but he pleaded with his ministers and generals that any change has to be incremental and has to be made from point of strength not that of weakness.
A western diplomat in Asmara revealed that PIA promised him that his number one agenda for 2013 will be normalizing relationship with regional countries including Ethiopia. PIA told this western diplomat stationed in Asmara that he will revise his long held stand on how to resolve the border conflict with Ethiopia. The diplomat added that PIA will sit around round table with his Ethiopian counterpart as long as Ethiopia equivocally accepted the border verdict, Eritrea is willing negotiate everything under the sun with Ethiopia. The diplomat continued that: PIA will drop the precondition he has placed : for him to negotiate withEthiopia, it has to vacate its forces from the occupied territories first. His current condition for Ethiopia is to officially declare that it has accepted the verdict in its spirit and letter! The western diplomat also hinted that Doha could be the possible venue for Ethiopia’s new prime minster and PIA to kick off the long awaited talk to settle the festering conflict between the two brotherly people.
Mining CEOs also have been notified of the proposed changes that will take into effect in the country in 2013 and many are expressing their hope that the promised changes will clear of the cloud of sanctions that has been hovering over their ventures for the last few years.
Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category
PIA of Eritrea will release high profile prisoners in New Year!
Maids at war: One killed, other found alive with steel bar in her neck
By Eman Al Baik
Published Monday, December 10, 2012
Two Ethiopian maids fought each other at the sponsor’s house, one was killed while the other was found alive in a pool of blood with steel bar pierced through her neck.
FYO, 28-year-old Ethiopian maid, has been accused of premeditated murder of her co-worker and compatriot by stabbing her several times in different part of her body, the Dubai Criminal Court heard on Sunday.
The prosecution accused that FYO grabbed the victim, HSS, and stabbed in her face, neck and belly a number of times in the employer’s wardrobe room.
On hearing screams of the two women, other workers rushed to the room but but found its door locked from inside. The women, who’re fighting and screaming, didn’t respond to their colleague’s calls to open the door.
Then one worker climbed a ladder and saw traces of blood in the room through the bathroom window. They immediately called the police; soon later the screams had also stopped.
MI, 48, Indian, cook, testified that he was in the kitchen preparing food with other workers.
“Anisa, a co-worker, came and told us about hearing screams from the wardrobe room in the yard. We rushed there and heard loud screams of the two women. The room’s door was locked from inside. I also heard gargling sound which lasted for about 10 minutes; then it all became quiet. I climbed a ladder and broke the glass of the bathroom window adjacent to the wardrobe room where I saw blood in the basin; so we called the police,” he testified.
Anisa, 35, Indonesian maid, testified that she was sleeping in the villa and woke up at hearing screams.
“I tried to open the door but it was locked from inside. I rushed to the kitchen and informed other workers who all rushed to the scene and asked the women who were screaming and quarrelling inside to open the door; but there was no response. Then MI broke the window of the bathroom and saw blood,” she testified.
Police found two women inside the room; one of them was found dead while the other was still alive with a steel bar in her neck.
Police found blood stains and traces all over the room and bathroom. There was a knife found next to the body of the dead woman. The seriously-injured accused removed the steel bar from the neck herself at the Rashid Hospital, according to the records.
Forensic reported that the dead woman sustained a number of injuries in her hands that were of defensive nature. She also sustained fatal injuries in her neck and belly that caused her death.
The accused confessed to killing the victim. Records did not mention the reason for the murder.
Criminal evidences reported that the blade of the knife carried the DNA of the victim while its handle carried the DNA of the accused.
The court will reconvene on December 23.
DLA Piper goes to a London court again representing the Woyanne junta and their money launderer and fellow thief Mohammed Al Amoudi to harass me and try to shut down Ethiopian Review (see here). Last time, in 2011, they succeeded in getting the London court to award them £175,000. I took the low amount as an insult. Why not $1 million or $100 million? This time I urge the London court to award DLA Piper and its clients a much bigger amount or else I may sue them for slander.
(ሪፖርተር) — የመጀመርያ ልጇን በቀዶ ሕክምና ከተገላገለች በኋላ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷ ያለፈው የ27 ዓመት ወጣት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ባለፈው ቅዳሜ፣ እሑድና ከትናንት በስቲያ ሰኞ የመፈጸሙ ጉዳይ እያነጋገረ ነው፡፡ ሟች ቤተልሔም ሰለሞን ልጅ ወልዳ ለመሳም ዘጠኝ ወራትን ስትጠብቅና የእርግዝናዋንም ሁኔታ ስትከታተል ቆይታ የመውለጃዋ ዕለት በመድረሱ፣ ጎፋ ማዞሪያ ወደሚገኘው ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ የሄደችው ኅዳር 27 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ነበር፡፡
ክትትል ስታደርግበት የነበረው ክሊኒክ ተቀብሎአት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገባት በኋላ የምጥ መርፌ ቢወጋትም፣ በዕለቱ ልትወልድ አለመቻሏንና ወደ ቤቷ መመለሷን ወላጅ እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ አበበና ባለቤቷ አቶ ፍስሐ እሸቴ ገልጸዋል፡፡
ቤተሰቦቿ እንደሚሉት፣ ቤተልሔም ምጧ እየተፋፋመ በመምጣቱ ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ተመልሳ ወደ ክሊኒኩ ትሄዳለች፡፡ የክሊኒኩ ሐኪሞች ተቀብለዋት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገቧት ከጥቂት ደቂቃዎች በኋላ፣ ቤተሰቦቿ ተጠርተው “እንኳን ደስ ያላችሁ፤ በሰላም ተገላግላለችና የሕፃኗን ማቀፊያ አምጡ፤” ይባላሉ፡፡ በክሊኒኩ የተገኙት እናቷና ባለቤቷ ደስታቸውን በእልልታና እርስ በርስ በመሳሳም ገልጸው ለጥቂት ደቂቃዎች እንደቆዩ፣ ቤተልሔም “እናቴን፣ ባለቤቴንና ልጄን አሳዩኝ፤” ብላለች ተባሉና ሁሉም ገቡ፡፡ ቤተልሔም ከማደንዘዣ ነቅታ በደንብ እንዳነጋገረቻቸው ተናግረው፣ “ጠብቁ አሁን ትወጣለች” በመባላቸው ሕፃኗን ይዘው ከነበረችበት ክፍል ወጥተው መጠባበቅ መጀመራቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡ ሐኪሞቹ “ትንሽ ቆዩና ባለቤቷን ጠሩት” የሚሉት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ እሳቸው ግራ ገብቷቸው በመጠባበቅ ላይ እያሉ፣ ባለቤቷ መኪናቸውን ይዘው ሲወጡ መመልከታቸውንና በዚያው መቅረታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡
ልጃቸው ምን እንደሆነች ያላወቁትና ግራ ተጋብተው ሲንቆራጠጡ ለነበሩት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ አንዲት ነርስና ዶክተር መጥተው የባለቤቷን ስልክ ሲጠይቋቸው፣ “ምነው ልጄ ምን ሆነች?” ሲሏቸው፣ “ደም ስላነሳት ደም እንዲሰጥ ነው” እንዳሏቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡
የቤተልሔም ባለቤትና ጓደኞች ደም ቢሰጡም እየደከመች ስለመጣችባቸው ያዋለዷት ዶክተር ሪፈር ጽፈው በመስጠት ኦክስጂን የተገጠመለት አምቡላንስ እንዲያመጡ ይነግሯቸዋል፡፡ ደክማለች በተባለችው ልጃቸው የተጨናነቁት ቤተሰቦች፣ ሩጫቸውን ወደ ተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል እንዳደረጉ ይናገራሉ፡፡ የተጻፈውን ሪፈር ወረቀት የተመለከቱት የተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል ሐኪም፣ “ብዙ ደም ስለፈሰሳት አንሠራም፤ ኃላፊነት አንወስድም፤” ሲሏቸው እግራቸው ሥር ቢወድቁም ሌላ ምላሽ ሊሰጧቸው እንዳልቻሉ ገልጸዋል፡፡
ግራ የተጋቡት ቤተሰቦች ጉዟቸውን ሜክሲኮ ገነት ሆቴል አካባቢ ወደሚገኘው ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል በማድረጋቸው፣ የታዘዙትን ኦክስጂን የጫነ አምቡላንስ ማግኘታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ የሆስፒታሉ ሠራተኞች፣ “እናንተ እዚህ ጠብቁን፤ እኛ ይዘናት እንመጣለን፤” ብለው ቤተልሔም ወደተኛችበት ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ በማምራት ይዘዋት መምጣታቸውን እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ ተናግረዋል፡፡ የቤተሰቦቿ መሯሯጥና እሷን ለማትረፍ ያደረጉት ጥረት ውጤት ሳያገኝ ቤተልሔም ላንድማርክ ስትደርስ ማረፏን እናቷና ባለቤቷ አስረድተዋል፡፡
ይኼ ሁሉ የሆነው ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ሙሉቀን እስከ ምሽት ድረስ በመሆኑ፣ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል እንዲያድር ይደረግና ቤተሰቦቿ በቀዶ ሕክምና የተወለደችውን ሕፃን ታቅፈው ወደ ቤታቸው ይመለሳሉ፡፡
“ማንኛውም እናት በወሊድ ምክንያት መሞት የለባትም” የሚለው መሪ ቃል ባልሠራበት ሁኔታ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷን መታደግ ሳይቻል በመቅረቱ ቤተልሔም ሕይወቷ ማለፉንም አስረድተዋል፡፡ ቤተሰቦቿና ወዳጅ ዘመዶቿ በተገኙበት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ገርጂ በሚገኘው ደብረገነት ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስና ቅዱስ ገብርኤል ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት መፈጸሙን ቤተሰቦቿ አረጋግጠዋል፡፡
የቀብር ሥርዓቷን ፈጽመው በሐዘን እየተብሰለሰሉ የዋሉትና ያደሩት የቤተልሔም ቤተሰቦች፣ በማግሥቱ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. የተነገራቸውን ማመን አቅቷቸው ወደ ቀብር ቦታዋ ተሯሩጠው ይሄዳሉ፡፡
ቤተሰቦቿ የቀብር ቦታው ሲደርሱ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ጉድጓድ ወጥቶ ዳር ላይ በፊቱ ተደፍቶ ማየታቸውን ይገልጻሉ፡፡ አስከሬን ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከገባ በኋላ በባዞላ ድንጋይ ጉድጓዱ ተደፍኖ በላዩ ላይ በሲሚንቶ ይለሰናል፡፡ ከዚያም በላይ አፈር ይለብሳል፡፡ ይኼንን ሁሉ አልፎ እንዴት ሊፈጸም እንደቻለ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ አስተዳዳሪ ሊቀ ማዕምራን ጽጌ ከበረ ምላሽ እንዲሰጡ በሪፖርተር ተጠይቀው ነበር፡፡
አስተዳዳሪው እንደነገሩን፣ ሟች የኦርቶዶክስ እምነት ተከታይ በመሆኗ ሥርዓተ ፍትኃት ተፈጽሞላት ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ተከናውኗል፡፡ በዚያኑ ቀን ለእሑድ አጥቢያ እሳቸው ቅዳሴ ላይ እያሉ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ጥበቃዎች አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ወጥቶ መገኘቱን ነግረዋቸዋል፡፡
ጥበቃዎቹ እንደነገሯቸው አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ወጥቶ በመገኘቱ ለፖሊስ ተደውሎለት መጥቷል፡፡ የሟች ቤተሰቦችም መጥተዋል፡፡ ውጭ ላይ የተገኘው አስከሬን የተገነዘበት ጨርቅም የለም፡፡ አስከሬኑ ልብስ ባለመልበሱ ምክንያት ነጠላ ተሸፍኖ አባዲና እስኪመጣ ቢጠበቅም ሊመጣ ባለመቻሉ፣ ፖሊስና የሟች ቤተሰቦች ተመካክረውና ተስማምተው ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከጠዋቱ አምስት ሰዓት አካባቢ በድጋሚ ቀብሩ መፈጸሙን አስረድተዋል፡፡
አስተዳዳሪው ያዩትን እንደተናገሩት፣ አስከሬኑ የወጣው ባንድ በኩል አንድ ባዞላ ድንጋይ ተፈንቅሎና በጠባብ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ ሲሆን፣ ቀብር የተፈጸመበት ሳጥንም ጉድጓዱ ውስጥ መሆኑንና አስከሬኑ በማበጡ ምክንያት እንዴት በዚያ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ እንደወጣ ተዓምር እንደሆነባቸው ነው፡፡
አስተዳዳሪው እንደገለጹት ሁሉ የሟች ቤተሰቦች ያዩትን ተናግረዋል፡፡ በሲሚንቶ የተደፈነ መቃብርን ደም ፈሷት የሞተች፣ ከ12 ሰዓታት በላይ ታፍና የቆየችና አቅም የሌላት ወላድ፣ ቀጭን ሰው በማያስወጣ ቀዳዳ እንዴት እንደወጣች፣ አፈሩ ሳይነሳና ከአንድ ባዞላ በስተቀር ሌላው ሳይነካ አስከሬን ወጥቶ በደረቱ ተደፍቶ መገኘቱ ግራ እንዳጋባቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡
የሟች ቤተልሔም አስከሬን ጉዳይ በሁለት ጊዜ ቀብር ሳያበቃ ከተቀበረ ከሰዓታት በኋላ “ጩኸት ይሰማል፤ ሳጥን እየተንኳኳ ነው፤” በማለት ፖሊሶች፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና ሕዝቡ አካባቢውን አጥለቅልቆት እንደገና መጠራታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ገልጸዋል፡፡ እነሱ ሲደርሱ “ሆን ብለው ከነነፍሷ ቀብረዋት ነው፤ አምልኮ ቢኖር ነው፤ ስትጮህ ሰምተናታል፤ ውኃ ስጡኝ ስትል ነበር፣ ወዘተ” ከሚል ሹክሹክታና ትርምስ በስተቀር የቀብር ቦታው እንዳልተከፈተ መመልከታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ተናግረዋል፡፡
ፖሊሶች የሟች ቤተሰቦችን “እኛም ምንም የሰማነውና ያየነው ነገር የለም፤ ፈቃደኛ ከሆናችሁ ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” የሚል ጥያቄ ሲያቀርቡላቸው፣ “የተሰበሰበው ሰው የተለያየ ነገር ሲል እየሰማን እንዴት አይሆንም እንላለን? ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” በማለት መፍቀዳቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡
አስከሬኑ በፖሊስ ተቆፍሮ እንዲወጣ ከተደረገ በኋላ ሳጥኑ ሲከፈትና አባዲና ሲመረምረው መሞቷ መረጋገጡን፣ ነገር ግን ሰውነቷ ፎርማሊን የተወጋ ቢሆንም፣ መተጣጠፍና መዘረጋጋት እንደሚችል የገለጹት ቤተሰቦቿ፣ ሕይወቷ ለማለፉ የመጨረሻ ማረጋገጫ ለማግኘት አስከሬኑ ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ ሆስፒታል ገብቶ እንዲመረመር ከተደረገ በኋላ፣ ለሦስተኛ ጊዜ ታኅሣሥ 1 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ቀብሯ መፈጸሙን አስታውቀዋል፡፡
ልጃቸው በሕክምና ጉድለት ደሟ ፈሶ መሞቷ አንሶ አስከሬኗ ሲንገላታ መክረሙ የበለጠ መሪር ሐዘን እንደሆነባቸው የገለጹት እናቷ፣ አንድ ልጃቸው መሆኗንና እሳቸውም ሆኑ ልጃቸው ከማንም ጋር ፀብም ሆነ ቅያሜ የሌላቸው በመሆኑ የልጃቸውን አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ያወጣውን ማወቅ እንደሚፈልጉ ተናግረዋል፡፡ መንግሥት “ሰምተናል፣ አይተናል፤” በማለት ሕዝቡንና ሐዘንተኞችን ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በደንብ እንዲመረምርና ያለውን እውነት እንዲገልጽላቸውም ጠይቀዋል፡፡
የባለቤታቸውን የአስከሬን ምርመራ ውጤትና በቁጥጥር ሥር የዋሉትን ተጠርጣሪ ሰዎች የምርመራ ውጤት አንድ ላይ ለቤተሰብና ለሕዝቡ ፖሊስ ይፋ እንዲያደርግ አቶ ፍሰሐ እሸቴ ጠይቀዋል፡፡
ፖሊስ ስለደረሰበትና ስለተደረገው ነገር ሁሉ ማብራርያ እንዲሰጥ በሪፖርተር ጥያቄ ቀርቦለት፣ የአስከሬኑ ምርመራ ውጤት ገና እንዳልደረሰ ገልጾ፣ ሕዝብንና ቤተሰብን በተደጋጋሚ ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በቁጥጥር ሥር ማዋሉንና በምርመራ ላይ መሆኑን አስታውቋል፡፡ በምርመራ ላይ በመሆኑም ተጨማሪ ማብራርያ መስጠት እንደማይችል ገልጿል፡፡
U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice has withdrawn her name from consideration for secretary of state, Brian Williams of NBC News reports.
"If nominated, I am now convinced that the confirmation process would be lengthy, disruptive and costly — to you and to our most pressing national and international priorities," Rice wrote in a letter to President Barack Obama, obtained by NBC News. "That trade-off is simply not worth it to our country…Therefore, I respectfully request that you no longer consider my candidacy at this time."
Rice’s potential nomination was marred by persistent Republican criticism of her response to the Sept. 11 anniversary attack on a U.S. compound Benghazi, Libya.
This story is developing. Check back for more updates…
Dear Friends and Colleagues;
December 13, 2012 marks the 9-year anniversary of the brutal massacre of 424 disarmed Anuak in Gambella, Ethiopia by the TPLF/EPRDF Defense Forces armed with guns and militia groups armed with machetes. Not just the families of the victims, but all Anuak, will forever remember that dark day that brought so many pains, tears and suffering.
Even after 9 years, some widows, some fathers, some mothers and children are still waiting to bury their loved ones properly. Some day their bodies, which were buried in mass graves, will be exhumed and buried with proper respect by their families and loved ones. Someday a memorial of remembrance may be erected in Gambella in their honor, to remind people that behind every name on that memorial, is a human life, given as a precious gift from God, our Creator.
Such memorials may be erected all over Ethiopia where innocent lives of Ethiopians have been taken. Someday, a large monument—a wall of shame—could be erected in Addis Ababa with the names of the Anuak and the names of all other people throughout Ethiopia who have lost their lives at the hands of this government that devalues human life.
On this Anuak Memorial Day, Anuak in Gambella cannot join with Anuak in the Diaspora in observing this day. It is prohibited by the TPLF or EPRDF government. Instead, they will have to look forward to the day they will be able to join together in a service such as the ones being held in USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, Kenya, South Sudan and in other cities where there are Anuak where they are free to remember the death of more than 1500 other Anuak who were killed in the next two years following the December massacre.
Because public mourning is not allowed, those who want to remember family members, friends and community members who died, must quietly carry out some kind of observances within their homes and hearts.
This TPLF regime wants to erase it from the memory of the Anuak, but this will never happen. Someday, all the details will be revealed for all to see on the shame-filled pages of our Ethiopian history books. Until then, Anuak are still waiting for those responsible to be brought to justice. As one Anuak who lost a family member recently said, “the TPLF and it killers have moved on, but we will never stop grieving or rest until the killers have been brought to justice and until our family members are buried properly.”
For the Anuak people and supporters of the Anuak, let us all remember this day together. Let us take this day of sorrow and make it a day of reconciliation and healing among all peace-loving Ethiopians. This pain we feel was brought because of hate, anger, envy and greed and we want to create a different Ethiopia.
May God bless all of those who are remembering this day of tragedy and may God help bring about an Ethiopia where truth, justice, freedom, reconciliation and harmony prevail over death and destruction.
Please take a few minutes and watch this heartbreaking video below: The testimonies of survivors and other witnesses of the December 13th Massacre. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uaZty97JXzU
Thanks so much for your never-ending support. Don’t give up. Keep your focus on the bigger picture and reach out to others and listen!
I am appealing to all my friends and colleagues to forward it to your friends. If you do, you will not just be giving a voice to our beautiful people, but you would be doing justice to our humanity. Knowing the truth is overcoming the first obstacle to freedom!
Sincerely your severance,
Executive Director of SMNE
The Bible Says (Ecclesiastes 11:4), "
- If You Wait for Perfect Conditions, You Will Never Get Anything Done – "
" – One Action is More Valuable Than a Thousand Good Intentions -
I have been informed that the TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael, who has recently been promoted as deputy prime minister, will come to the U.S. in the coming few weeks. An American friend who is a regular reader of Ethiopian Review suggested to me that Ethiopians who reside in U.S. can try to prevent him from coming to the U.S. or if he comes, he may be placed under arrest, if the U.S. officials follow the law.
The U.S. Homeland Security Department’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has a Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU), and it says the following on its website:
The unit conducts investigations focused on human rights violations in an effort to prevent the United States from becoming a safe haven to those individuals who engage in the commission of war crimes, genocide, torture and other forms of serious human rights abuses from conflicts around the globe. When foreign war crimes suspects, persecutors and human rights abusers are identified within U.S. borders, the unit utilizes its powers and authorities to the fullest extent of the law to investigate, prosecute and, whenever possible, remove any such offenders from the United States.
Debretsion is responsible for carrying out the TPLF regime’s assassinations and he has been fully immersed in the Ogaden and Gambella genocidal war. As head of the regime’s security commission, he is also responsible for the savage beatings, torture and murder of peaceful protesters and innocent civilians.
If Debretsion is allowed to enter the U.S. and he is not arrested, the U.S. authorities will be violating the law, and we can take our case to the U.S. Congress.
Here is what we can do: As soon as he is observed at any location in the U.S., please contact ICE HSI at 866-DHS-2-ICE or send email to HRV.ICE@ice.dhs.gov
You can remain anonymous.
Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Norway chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.
(Reuters) — A company in Washington state is developing wireless technology that delivers electricity via laser beams. The scientists and engineers who run the company, Lasermotive, are using the lasers to power aerial drones but say their technology could also replace conventional power lines to deliver electricity to homes. Jane Ross paid them a visit.
Watch the video in the following link,
Review by Lisanu Betaw
The recently released book by Dr. Aklog Birara (hereafter referred to as the author) on Ethiopia titled “The Great Land Giveaway” is a phenomenal piece of work reflecting the culmination of a dedicated research effort by an economic pundit with a hallmark of professional excellence and experiential richness. It goes into great depth of analysis of the socio-economic and political realities of Ethiopia today and, predicated on the outcome of the analysis, foresees a looming misfortune befalling Ethiopia if the present anomaly of land giveaway and socio-economic mismanagement are to be allowed to continue to prevail in the times to come. Summarized in broad terms, uncontrolled access, by invitation, to fertile farm land by outsiders with no veritable returns to Ethiopia, corruption and nepotism at all levels of the system, insatiable greed at the highest level, ethnic and political considerations for entitlement to economic assets including land and, in total, unbounded control of the economic and social life of the people are the troubling features that the author brings out in the book. Towards the end the author highlights painstaking measures to be taken in unity if the travesty of development and the menacing trend are to be reversed. Mirrored in the book are the arbitrariness of socio-economic management and the looming dangers facing Ethiopia not just vis-a-vis the generation today but also as a recorded history for posterity.
What are the salient issues that the author underscores in his intensive and extensive analysis of Ethiopia’s socio-economic disorder? Are there other authoritative Africa-wide and other findings of studies and established experiences that underpin the author’s findings and arguments about Ethiopia?
1. Issues that have taken centre stage in the book
1.1 Giving away fertile farm land (at nominal fees) to foreign companies and individuals (with a select few of local elites also having some share) in the name of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
The foreign investors are given an unprecedented carte blanche. With no binding and enforceable conditions included in the grant the foreign investors use the farm lands to grow products of their choices, use technologies to maximize production and export the produce to their countries of origin and, what are left there-from, to the highest external bidders. The continued wellbeing of the communities they displace and the growth and development of Ethiopia at large as well as the protections of environmental resources including wildlife do not go into their calculations. What is left for the displaced communities is the chance of seasonally selling their labour for meagre compensations.
The official arguments of (i) promoting growth and development through the land grant and (ii) the grant being only of unoccupied or unutilized land are a travesty. First, the author convincingly argues that the nation’s genuine and sustainable growth and development can occur only when Ethiopians own economic assets including land, produce what they consider are possible and economical, process their raw outputs into final use products and finally offer the fruits of their labour to the markets within and without. Second, there is no unoccupied or unutilized land except those lying fallow or are grazing areas left to regenerate. Further, the highlands of Ethiopia constituting areas above 1500 metres above sea level and representing 40 percent of the nation’s land mass are home for over 80 percent (87 percent to be exact) of the population and correspondingly of the farming households. The farming households are in dire need of farm lands. Contrary to the land use master plan of the 1980s (jointly produced with FAO and UNDP) which prevents cultivation of land with inclination of 30 percent and above, small holding farmers continue to expand their cultivation of hillsides thereby degrading the vitality of the soil on them.
In the context of these vivid lines of the author’s arguments, the role of the Government should have been one of creating enabling conditions through distribution of land with the right of ownership, building of farm and market infrastructure and provision of inputs (including fertilizers) in the types and magnitudes required.
In a rare occurrence and providing the validity of the author’s argument the new Head of FAO and a Kenyan prominent businessman (the latter taking Ethiopia as a case in point) in an interview with Aljazeera, call land grant a complete failure.
1.2 Development for the author, as for others, means improvement of the lives of Ethiopians across the land. Fundamental in this argument is that when Ethiopians are not empowered to be active role players in their own development and continue to be side spectators development in the nation’s context becomes a misnomer. Growth can occur without development but only to raise the fortunes of a select group of elites and to improve income for the state treasury.
1.3 A misconceived view of the regime in power that the author brings to light in his researched findings is that development is faster and impacting when it is state-led. This, of course, is antithesis to the recorded experiences of development. The lessons from the defunct command economies of the past did not seem to have made a dent in the understanding of the power controlling the economy. Present day Vietnam, according to Greg Mills (Greg Mills, 2010) raised itself from a net importer of agricultural commodities including rice to the world’s second largest exporter of rice and coffee only after its land reform in which private ownership created a stake for those working on the farms.
1.4 The private sector, normally considered as the engine of development has been, according to the researched findings of the author, wantonly weakened principally through monopoly of the major business and industry sectors by the state-cum-party enterprises but also through discouraging policies, tax burdens and bureaucratic machineries to reduce the level playing field. Evidenced by the findings is that there is a void in the enabling environment for the sector to function with freedom, fairness and unfettered drive.
A researched revelation by Greg Mills about private sector in Africa in his book “Why Africa is Poor” shows great similarities to the fate of private sector in Ethiopia. The following is what Greg Mills writes:
“Africa’s people are poverty stricken not because the private sector does not exist or was unwilling to work in sometimes difficult settings. These people and companies do exist, though the private sector is often not private at all, but rather an elite-linked system of rent seeking. Even where there is a degree of independence, government attitudes towards private businesses range from suspicion to outright hostility.
1.5 Ethiopia, as truly and convincingly explained in the book, possesses bountiful supply of natural and human resources. The troubling reality, however, is that there is a web of man-made factors that continue to militate against the deployment of these resources to its growth and development: They included distorted policies, divisive and non-inclusive governance, state and party control of the economy, nepotism, rampant corruption, weakening of the private sector, absence of fair and impartial access to opportunities and declining relevance of education to growth and development. The regime in power preaches about agro-based industrialization which is a travesty in the absence of Ethiopians owning economic assets, playing the roles of producers, processors, exporters, importers and, in general, participants in their nation’s growth and development. The concept and practice of what the author calls “virtuous cycle” take root only when the latter conditions prevail.
1.6 Finally, the book makes extensive coverage of small holder farms and the inherent economic benefits they create. In particular, the following superior values of the farms are articulated:
- Intensive use of land
- Capacity for rural labour absorption
- Crop-livestock integration
- High labour input per unit of area
- High responsiveness to incentives
- Great opportunity for land augmenting
Some living examples reinforcing the author’s down-to-earth analysis and convincing conclusions are the pathway to development followed by South Asian countries in the past and the remarkable development performance of Vietnam today which placed emphasis on small-scale agriculture.
To the deserved credit of the author, he does not underestimate the significance of large-scale farming. In fact, he reminisces about graduates of the then Alemaya agricultural college and retired citizens of the nation going into operating large-size farms with impressive successes. His prime contention is that that ought to be left to native Ethiopians.
2. “The primary reason why Africa’s people are poor is because
their leaders make this choice” (Greg Mills, 2010).
A few statements are quoted from Greg Mills in some of the preceding paragraphs to support the arguments of the author about some of the issues on Ethiopia. Greg Mills, in fact, highlights many more retarding factors regarding the development of Africa which have astounding similarities to those that the author discusses on Ethiopia. The following are some of them:
- Reliance on primary commodities for exports and incorrect policies and procedures to facilitate trade
- Inefficient land use
- Ruinous and self-interested decisions taken by single parties and with no bottom up pressure
- A system thriving on corruption and nepotism
- Land holding structure in which it is distributed on the basis of political allegiances thereby impeding ownership and entrepreneurship
- Top down imposition of the will of governments and resulting institutionalization of weak governance
- Bad choices in place of better ones in the broader public interest because the latter is not in the leaders’ personal and often financial self-interests.
- Leaders externalizing their problems making them the responsibility of others.
An interesting conclusion comes out visibly from the research outputs by Greg Mills about Africa and by the author on Ethiopia: The issues highlighted for Africa as a whole and for Ethiopia as part of Africa greatly coincide. This certainly is not because the two authors came together and shared or reconciled findings but rather each independently carrying out his own research supported by his own vast experiences led him to the conclusion that happened to be similar to that of the other. This is a telling evidence that the book by the author on Ethiopia is the outcome of a dedicated research by one who has his country at heart. The regime in power opted for almost all the failing strategies that stunted and still continue to stunt the development of Africa. The book deserves not only to be read but also owned by all Ethiopians and by those whose hearts go out to Ethiopia.
A considered suggestion to the author is to produce an abridged version of the book both in English and Amharic to serve as handbooks of this historic work. This, of course, implies more in terms of effort, time and material resources but the potential rewarding impact will outweigh all of these.
The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania interviews world renowned Ethiopian entrepreneur Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu
Making recycled tires from Africa into fashionable footwear that sells around the world? That’s the amazing success story of soleRebels, which just opened a second store in Taiwan. The Ethiopian shoe brand sells in over 50 countries and counts Urban Outfitters, Whole Foods and Amazon.com among its retailers. Offering generous benefits to its employees and using only environmentally friendly materials, it is the first company certified by the World Fair Trade Organization for its practices. Stating its ambition, soleRebels hails itself as "Africa’s Nike."
Just eight years ago, Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu started soleRebels with her first five employees on her grandmother’s plot of land in Ethiopia. She has since seen her business grow, and has received a number of accolades. Forbes recently listed her as one of the most powerful women to watch, along with Kate Middleton and South Carolina governor Nikki Haley. She was recently featured on a BBC series with business leaders around the world.
Alemu aims to pay "proud" wages, offers her employees on-site medical checkups and free transportation for her disabled employees. She explains that having grown up in Ethiopia, the real solution to poverty is to give people jobs that they are proud and happy to do. "The best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method," she tells Arabic Knowledge@Wharton. "Create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner."
An edited transcript of the conversation follows.
Q: You started soleRebels in 2004. What was it like at the beginning?
A: From a physical standpoint, it was pretty basic: Five workers plus myself working inside a workshop situated on my grandmother’s plot of land inside our village of Zenabework [in Addis Ababa]. But from an idea and vision standpoint it was immense. We aimed from day one to create, grow and control a world-class footwear brand right from our community that would create ever more jobs and growing prosperity for the workers, and to do this by leveraging the artisan skills of the community and the natural resources of the nation. That created an intoxicating sense of motivation and ambition that, eight years later, is stronger than ever inside the company, even as we have grown to hundreds of workers.
Q: What made you decide to start it in your own community?
A: We had lots of talented people in my community, especially artisan talent, and there were little to no job opportunities for these people. That struck me as both an immense tragedy but also an immense opportunity. I knew if we could leverage these talents in the correct format, the response from the market would be incredible. We selected footwear as the platform and away we went.
Layered on top of this was that I kept hearing over and over the phrase "poverty alleviation" in the wider context of Ethiopia and specifically with regard to the community where I grew up. As I entered college and started working to support my brothers and myself it had become clear to me that poverty alleviation is a myth. It also became clear to me that prosperity creation is the sole route to the elimination of poverty. And to create prosperity, you have to create something world class. So that’s what started to really crystallize my thinking.
Poverty alleviation sounds great. After all, who could not be for alleviating poverty, right? But poverty alleviation is, in my experience, persons unaffiliated or unaffected by poverty arbitrarily establishing a line that says to the poor: "Hey, guess what? By my calculations, you’re not poor anymore. You make ‘x’ per day."
That’s the reason we said soleRebels would never be about poverty alleviation. I saw first-hand what the alleviators of poverty were doing from the time I was a little girl. Without getting into too many details, let’s just say poverty was at best a sideline to their main pursuits. So I vowed that I would impact my community in a way that all those who said they were impacting it never had and never could.
We have always said this company is about maximizing local talent and local resources to create good-paying jobs. In turn, let’s us pursue our core mission, which is to create awesome and extraordinary footwear and apparel products that make us into a hyper successful global brand that creates prosperity for its workforce, its suppliers and its stakeholders. We have proudly done just that, all while being the planet’s only World Fair Trade Organization [WFTO] fair trade-certified footwear company. WFTO is the sole accreditation that certifies companies’ practices and not simply the product as fair trade. That’s a big difference, especially in an era when gigantic mega corporations claim to make fair-trade goods or people who claim they are fair trade with no certification to back up that claim.
Setting our goals this way is totally different from setting a low-bar goal like poverty alleviation. Those who say they run their companies on that as their aim have set the bar so low they are missing the point: people don’t want to be "not poor." They want some form of prosperity. That doesn’t mean [they want] to be millionaires or billionaires but prosperous. And the best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method: create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner — all of which in turn creates a hyper successful company.
Q: What made you start your own company?
A: I was born and raised in the same community where I funded and continue to run my business. I had to make this company happen for myself and for all those who came to depend on it for their livelihoods. From day one, I realized that’s the deal, and that’s what drives me every single day. That’s what allows me to create world-class footwear and world-class retail stores, which in turn allow us to achieve sales targets, which in turn allow us to pay great salaries, hire more people and continue to grow organically with no outside control. If my skin was not in this game from day one, I never could have created soleRebels and fashioned it into what it is today. I would have simply seen it as a nice pastime that, win or lose, the outcome for me personally would be the same.
It’s pretty motivating to see talented people you have grown up with, who possess immense potential and talent and yet have zero opportunity to properly leverage that talent. Add to that an abundance of natural resources here in Ethiopia from which to craft footwear — everything from free-range leathers to organic cotton, jute and Abyssinian hemp. You’ve got a perfect platform for something big to happen.
Q: What were some particular challenges and benefits to start your business in the small community you came from?
A: The challenges have been immense, as have the benefits. In the benefits box, the idea of a global company being community grown and based is a deeply competitive advantage. Our roots are here. Our past, present and future is here. Not a lot of companies can say that with a straight face these days.
Q: The foundation of the shoe is the traditional "selate" and "barabasso" shoe, where the sole is made out of recycled car tires. Was there a light-bulb moment or was the fashion concept something you had been thinking about even from when you were a child?
A: There wasn’t a light-bulb moment in the classic sense. It was more like an evolution. The selate/barabasso was all around us and so were the myriad of artisan crafts and natural inputs that I described previously. When the final push came down to found the company, I knew at that point that footwear was the platform as it would allow us a broad palate on which to express our creativity and also employ a wide range of incredible artisan-crafted and artisan-engineered materials.
And not only have we re-imagined the selate/barabasso but soleRebels has re-imagined what artisan footwear and artisan craft can be. We never did, nor do we now, just simply employ artisans. We have refined and redefined their craft to help them and us reach entirely new levels of craftsmanship, so that the product they create for our shoes is something totally new. This ethos is innovation in action and has given us innovations like totally new thread types that our hand spinners have imagined and a new weave technique that gave birth to a new, more breathable and absorbent fabric for lining our shoes and sandal straps. When people think of innovation, they think of a new technology, but innovation is in fact substantively improving the state of what was before. And so innovation can and must be applied to areas like artisan crafting. In fact it’s this approach that will keep them vital and relevant. This is one of the reasons soleRebels has found success. We have embraced the idea that tradition and innovation go hand in hand, so that yesterday’s hand-loomer of fabrics is tomorrow’s textile innovator, yesterday’s cobbler is tomorrow’s added-value shoe artisan, pioneering style and comfort through the use of the improved artisan inputs. When we look at artisan crafting through this prism, we can see a whole new future of possibilities. That’s the ethos we employ and that’s one of the assets that makes what soleRebels does totally unique, vibrant, dynamic and exciting. And it’s one of the key reasons people the world over love our products and our brand. It’s a totally new presentation of artisan craft, relevant and dynamic, one that simultaneously reaches back into the past and into the present and the future.
Q: Ethiopia was one of the only African countries to successfully fight off colonialists, which was one of the reasons why the company is called soleRebels. What made you decide to pay homage to the proud history of Ethiopia remaining independent?
A: Rather than looking at Ethiopia’s pedigree and heritage of independence as something that is backward looking, I chose my "homage" to Ethiopian independence to be something forward looking and active as it’s related to soleRebels. I believe that for Ethiopia to properly create prosperity — and for Africa as a whole — we must be at the forefront of, and in full control of the commercialization of our culture, realizing all the gains from the same. soleRebels is at the forefront of an unstoppable movement that proves the creative agency and business acumen of the people of Africa. Our desire to control the fruits of our land and labor and the processing of these will never be squelched. We will never let any usurpation of those resources and our rights to them happen again.
Q: soleRebels pays wages on average over 233% higher than industry standards and four to five times the legal minimum wage with opportunities to earn more. Why do you think more companies are hesitant about offering such wages?
A: I am proud that soleRebels has been at the forefront of creating the change that is showing that Ethiopia and Africa can create, deliver and grow world-class products and brands that can compete globally and win! We have stores opening around the planet – from Taiwan to Switzerland. We are opening these in conjunction with partners — experienced business folks who have staked their money on our ideas. Now that’s change and that’s the forefront of the possibilities that face Ethiopia, not simply selling a product or some raw materials but rather getting people around the world to buy into our ideas and support, promote and grow those ideas.
Q: Your company offers some fantastic employee benefits, like 100 percent medical coverage and bringing doctors for on-site medical checks, an artisans’ education fund (for the education of artisans’ children) and transportation for workers with disabilities. How did you come up with these ideas that are rarely offered in most companies around the world?
A: It’s rooted in a few things but mostly it’s just great business to treat people as I would want to be treated. That includes employees, partners, and customers. Once you apply that ethos, it’s pretty easy to always find yourself doing the right thing.
Q: As you build your first state-of-the-art production facility, what kind of policies will you have to maintain eco-friendly ways?
A: It’s important to understand that at our core soleRebels is an artisan-driven company. We are creative artisans who aim to craft the coolest and most comfortable footwear. We do this by combining our heritage artisan crafts with modern design sensibilities, while pouring our creative selves into our shoes. The final result is that when our footwear is bought, the purchaser can see, feel and enjoy all the elements of heart, soul and creative craftsmanship that have gone into their construction.
It’s challenging but anything good is challenging. It requires an obsession with quality, attention to detail and craftsmanship. And in a world of faceless, production line-assembled, made-in-who-knows-where shoes, soleRebels proudly stand apart and offers a much desired alternative for the informed global consumer.
This type of business model centers on eco-sensibility and community empowerment. Product design and development involves a great deal of effort to achieve fashionable and appealing quality products that use local materials. Our model maximizes local development by creating a vibrant local supply chain while creating world-class footwear that is loaded with style, comfort and appeal. We do this by directly training and employing artisans who craft each and every one of our shoes by hand, one pair at a time making it a truly zero-carbon production process.
soleRebels products are proudly made in this low-impact manner because historically that is the way it’s been done in Ethiopia. And working by hand as we do is not only the truest expression of zero-carbon production but is a study in artisan empowerment. The quality and beauty of every pair we make is literally in the hands and mind and eyes and soul of our artisans so working this way is the ultimate expression of our faith and confidence in the skill and craftsmanship of every single one of our artisans.
We make our own inputs, as other footwear manufacturers buy mass-produced materials to make their shoes. We handcraft our Abyssinian pure leathers, re-purpose materials like car and truck tires into soles and incorporate as many recycled and sustainable materials as possible including Abyssinian hemp and pure Abyssinian koba [plant fiber]. We proudly hand-spin and hand-loom every single meter of our own fabrics in our own facilities right inside our community. This ensures we get the highest quality, most gorgeous, unique and colorful fabrics that make the most amazing looking and super comfy footwear while simultaneously creating ever more high-quality jobs for talented hands.
Many of these talented hands are women who have mastered these heritage artisanal arts but were unable to find an outlet for them in modern business. I am very proud that as a company we have created a vital and sustainable outlet for these historic skills to be used in a highly productive manner. Doing our own designing, as other footwear manufacturers outsource their shoe design to big design firms, we conceive and develop everything we make by ourselves in house, in our workshop in Addis Ababa. The result is that we can conceive the coolest, comfiest and most stylish footwear while also elevating both our own creative capabilities and creating additional, higher-level jobs for the designers that we groom and train.
Q: What kinds of changes are needed for more African companies to participate in global markets?
A: Aid won’t create jobs, and cannot and never will create prosperity, especially in the Ethiopian or African context. The aid and charity industries are driven by agendas that have very little to do with ensuring development and prosperity and everything to do with sustaining themselves. They are simply diversions from the larger issues of sustainable development. Period.
We have created world-class jobs, a world-class company and brand while empowering our community and country. We have done this while simultaneously presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market. These actions, I believe, have forever shifted the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. And that’s key because no one was positioning things like that before soleRebels emerged and certainly no one was implementing it on the scale we have.
This model will not simply forever end aid dependency, but it will allow Africa to compete in the global marketplace of ideas on our own terms, and at full value for those ideas. And once we do that, then the images associated with Africa will be forever changed in a way that is real and meaningful and tangible. After all, Africa’s image is our brand, and if that overall brand has value and worth, then all our endeavors, whatever the sector we are in, becomes enhanced by that brands value.
Q: What was been key to your success?
A: One of the elements of our success is the fact that we have always seen ourselves as a creative-force company first and foremost who manifest our creativity and craft through shoes.
Anyone can make a shoe. But not anyone can, year in and year out, create top-flight products that feel as amazing as they look. Not anyone can synthesize multiple artisan crafts, invigorate them and make them relevant in multiple forms of footwear. Not anyone can invent a supply chain from scratch specifically oriented to service this type of footwear company, and keep that supply chain growing and evolving and flourishing, and have, as core underpinnings of that supply chain, eco-sensibility and fair trade. Not anyone can create deep and lasting bonds with customers through the delivery of top-grade customer service that delivers lasting customer satisfaction. Not anyone can create a brand that engages and excites people globally. Not anyone can meld Old World craftsmanship with contemporary design and technology.
It takes a deeply talented and creative company to do what we do while keeping customers looking great and feeling comfortable, engaged and excited by both the company and the brand. It’s a totally different endeavor than simply being a "shoe company" and its one where soleRebels is just getting warmed up. Our vision is based on creating value over decades.
Q: Can you tell me about your professional background?
A: I am an accountant by training. I was born and raised in the Zenabwork community here in Addis Ababa. It’s the community where I grew up, and it is the same community where I started soleRebels and continue to run it from.
I completed all my education here in Ethiopia as well, and I have never lived anywhere else but Ethiopia. This is a small but critical point. You see there is a distorted but powerful conventional wisdom, here and across Africa, that says if you want to succeed, then get out and go, especially West.
But growing up, and later more intensely as I graduated from college, I was always thinking about what an idea like that really means. Should somebody have to leave their country of birth and family just to survive? Or to be successful? In addition to wanting to build a successful company, I wanted to show that it is possible to be a local person, in Ethiopia and in Africa and also be globally successful, to show that it is possible to deploy local resources while creating a market leading global brand and to do it all from scratch. Exactly what we have done.
It’s a powerful idea and one that has provided a much needed and real example for many up-and-coming young women and men here in Ethiopia and across Africa at large. They see soleRebels and myself, I suppose, as an example that local Ethiopians and local Africans by extension, can and have made it globally. And this is, in turn, inspiring a whole new generation of young entrepreneurs.
My success has also served as a powerful counter to generations of media that have attempted to show Ethiopians as helpless passive recipients of aid. My story runs directly counter to that narrative, and has in fact flipped the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. I have shown that it is we Ethiopians and Africans who can create prosperous jobs, world-class brands while empowering our communities. And I have done so while presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market.
Q: soleRebels brings in revenues over US$2 million, according to the British newspaper The Observer. What are your future goals for the company?
A: Roll out thirty soleRebels-branded corporate and franchised retail stores around the globe by 2016 – 17. Achieve over US$25 million to US$40 million in annual revenues by 2018. Keep generating real wealth by creating thousands of creative, dignified and well-paying jobs inside our wider community. We are aiming to add thousands of domestic full-time creative and well-paid jobs over the next 12 to 36 months and over 600 global jobs by 2015.
Continue building our thriving network of local entrepreneurs though our suppliers’ web for material inputs. This network employs hundreds and creates multi-millions in local supplier purchases. Create our state-of-the-arts production facility that will preserve, promote and keep indigenous artisan crafts relevant through their continued use as inputs in our world-class footwear products.
ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ
የሰለስተ እርኩሳን እመቤት
ሱዛን ራይስ፤የወቅቱ በተባበሩት መንግስታት የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ አምባሳደር ከአፍሪካ አታላይ፤ጮሌ፤ስግብግብ ራስ ወዳድ ዲክታተሮች ጋር ላለፉት አሰርት ዓመታት ስታሽቃብጥና አሸሸ ገዳሜ ስትል ነበር፡፡ ከዚህ ያለፈ ውግዘታዊ አስተያየት በተቺዎችች ተሰንዝሮባታል::
በአፍሪካ የራይስ አፍቃሪ መሪዎችም ‹‹ሰለስተ እርኩሳን › ናቸው: — የሩዋንዳው ፓውል ካጋሚ፤ የዩጋንዳው ዩዌሪ ሙሳቪኒ፤ እና በቅርቡ ወደማይቀረው የሄዱት የኢትዮጵያው መለስ ዜናዊ፡፡ (ተጠቃሾቹ በሙሉ ቀድሞ የተቃዋሚ ጦረኞች የነበሩና በቢል ክሊንተንና በቶኒ ብሌይር ቡራኬ ስመ ክርስትናቸው ‹‹የአፍሪካ የአዲሱ ትውልድ ›› መሪዎች የተሰኙ) በክሊንተንና ራይስ ራዕይ እነዚህ የአዲሱ ትውልድ መሪዎች ለአፍሪካ አዲስ አስተሳሰብ በማምጣት፤ነጻነትንና ልማትን ያፋጥናሉ ተብለው የታጩ ነበሩ፡፡ ራይስም ለዚህ ራዕይ ጠባቂ መልአክ፤ተጋዳይ፤ረቺ፤ አሳዳጊ፤ጠበቃ፤እና የነዚህ ሰለስቱ ጓደኞች ታላቋ እመቤትና የሴት አስተዳዳሪ ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሰቃቂዎቹን ሰለስቱ ቡድኖች ጋሻ መከታ በመሆን ከፍትህና ከፖለቲካ ተጠያቂነት በመከላከል፤ ከበርካታ ውግዘታዊ ነቀፌታና ትችቶች ተድበስብሰው እንዲታለፉ በማሰናከል የተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካም ማዕቀብ እንዳያደርጉባቸው ከፍተኛውን ሚና ሱዛን ራይስ፤ ተጫውታለች፡፡
ራይስ፤ካጋሚ፤ሩዋንዳ እና ያልታመነው የዘር ማጥፋት
በኤፕሪል 1994 የክሊንተን አስተዳደር በሩዋንዳ ይካሄድ የነበረውን ጭፍጨፋና ግድያ ያላወቁ በማስመሰል ከእውነቱ ሁኔታ አይናቸውን ሲጋርዱ፤ ራይስ በራሷ አገላለጽ “ወጣቷ የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ዋስትና ዲረክተር” የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ዋስትና ካውንስለሩ (አማካሪ) አንቶኒ ሌክ በሩዋንዳ ስለሚካሄደው ጭፍጨፋ ያሁኗ የሃገር አስተዳደር ክሊንተን ወቅታዊ ምላሽ ለጭፍጨፋውና ለሩዋንዳ ሕዝብ እልቂት አጣዳፊ ምላሽ እንዳይሰጥ የማከላከልን የደርጊቱን ገጽታ በመሸፋፈን እልቂቱ ወደ ከፍተኛ ደረጃ እንዲደርስ የደረገችው ይቺው ሱዛን ራይስ ነበረች፡፡ እውነቱን በማውጣት ሂደቱን በማቆም ፈንታ፤ራይስ ሁኔታውን በመሸላለም፤የሩዋንዳን እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት በማለት መናገሩ፤በዚያን ወቅት በሚደረገው የዴሞክራቶች ምርጫ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለውን ውድቀት በማጋጋል እያስቀመጠች ጉዳዩ እንዲታለፍ ጭፍጨፋው ግን እንዲቀጥልና የዘር እልቂቱንም ታሪክ በማይረሳው መንገድ እንዲዘገብ አደረገችው፡፡ አጥፊና አበላሽ በሆነ መልኩ የሩዋንዳን እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት ብለን ግን ምንም ሳናደርግ ብናልፈው በኖቬምበር በሚካሄደው የኮንግሬስ ምርጫ ወቅት ምን ይውጠናል›› በሚል ማስፈራሪያ: ራይስ ሃላፊ ወዳጆቿን በማማከር በዝምታ እንዲታለፍ አድረገች፡፡
ጭፍጨፋው በተጀመረ ከ100 ቀናት ባነሰ በሩዋንዳው የዘር ማጥፋት እልቂት ሳቢያ ከ800 ሺህ ያላነሱ ሩዋንዳዊያን ንጹኃን ዜጎች ለሞት ተዳረጉ፡፡ በዚህ እልቂት ወቅት ራይስና አለቃዋ ሌክ፤ እና ሌሎችም በጎ ፈቃድ ያጡ ቢሮክራቶች ውጣ ውረድ የሞላበትን ጨዋታቸውን በመቀጠል ስለሩዋንዳው እልቂት፤ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ የዘር ማጥፋት አንዳችም ሕጋዊና ግልጽ መግለጫ እንዳይሰጥ ተደረገ፡፡ በኋላ ግን ራይስ ስለሁኔታው እንዲህ አይነት መግለጫ መስጠቷ እንደማይታወሳት የአዞ እንባዋን እየረጨች ለማስተባበል ጣረች፡፡ ራይስ በድርጊቷ በመጸጸትና ራሷን ለንስሃ ከማስገዛት ይልቅ አውነቱን በመካድና የራሷን አባባል የዘነጋች በማስመሰል፤ ካለፈው ተምራ ወደፊት እንዳትደግመውና ከተጠያቂነት ከማምለጥ ይልቅ የለመደባትን ቅጥፈት ራት ምሳዋ በማድረግ ከሶስቱ የአፍሪካ ውጉዞች ጋር እጅና ጓንት በመሆንድ ጋፏን ከመስጠት አልታቀበችም፡፡ እነዚህን ዋጋቢስ አርባና ቢስ የአፍሪካን ሰለስቱ እኩዮች ማሞላቀቅ፤ሞግዚት ሆና ማንቆላበስ፤ማበላሸት፤መጥፎ ተግባራቸውን በማለባበስና በመደበቅና የሌለ ተግባራቸውን፤ በማውሳትና በማሞካሸት ስትዘፍንላቸው፤ ስታዋድዳቸው፤ ስታሞግሳቸው እስካሁን አለች ማለት አንዳችም ግነት የሌለው ሃቅ ነው፡፡
የ1994ቱ በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋና የዘር ማጥፋት የአሜሪካ ፖሊሲ፤የዲፕሎማቲክ አታላይነት ዲፕሎማሲያዊ ማደናገሪያ እና ቅጥፈት እስከዝንተ ዓለም የማፈሪያ ምስክር ሆኖ ይኖራል፡፡ በ1994 ኤፕሪል 6 የሩዋንዳን ፕሬዜዳንት ጁቫኔል ሃቢያርማናን እና ሌሎችንም ከታንዛንያ ወደ ኪጋሊ፤ ሩዋንዳ ሲያጓጉዝ የነበረው አውሮፕላን፤ ተመትቶ ወደቀ፡፡ለዚህም ግድያ ተጠያቂ የሆኑት የሩዋንዳ የጦርሃይሎች አባላት ባለፈው ዓመት (1993) የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ለመቀበል ፈቃደኛ ያልሆኑት የተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች የሩዋንዳ የአርበኞች ግንባር ነበሩ፡፡ ወዲያው የሃቢያርማናን ግድያ ተከትሎ የዚሁ የተቃዋሚዎች አባላት እና አፈንጋጭ የሚሊሺያ አባላት (ኢንተርሃምዌይ) ጭፍጨፋቸውንና አሰቃቂውን የዘር ማጥፋት ግድያቸውን ማካሄድ ቀጠሉ፡፡ በዚህም የግድያ እልቂት በርካታ ቱትሲዎችና ገለልተኛ የሆኑ ሁቱዎች ሰለባ ሆኑ፡፡
አር ኤ ኤፍ ይህን ጭፍጨፋውንና ሲጀምርና አለአንዳች ልዩነት በየመንገዱ ላይና በየመንደሩ ግድያውን ሲያከናውን ራይስና ሌሎችም የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት የዘር ማጥፋት ሂደት መጀመሩን ሊገነዘቡ ይገባነበር፡፡ ከተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ከራሳቸውም የስለላ መዋቅሮች በታሪክ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ ግድያና ጭፍጨፋ በኪጋሊ ከኤፕሪል 6 ጀምሮ በመካሄድ ላይ እንደሆነ ማስታወሻው በኤፕሪል 6 በተጣፈ ደብዳቤ እንደደረሳቸው ያሳያል፡፡ የሃገር አስተዳደር ምክትል ጸሃፊ የነበረችዉና የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ሁለተኛው ባለስልጣን ፕሩዳንስ ቡሽኔል ሲተነብይ፡-
“እንደተገመተው ሁለቱም ፕሬዜዳንቶች ሞተው ከሆነ በሁለቱም አለያም በአንዱ ሃገር ስር የሰደደና ማለቂያ የሌለውእልቂት ሊከሰት እንደሚችል ይገመታል፡፡ በተለይም የአውሮፕላኑ ተመትቶ መውደቅ ከተረጋገጠ የኛ ሚና ሊሆን የሚገባው፤በሁለቱም ሃገሮች ሰላም እንዲሰፍን ጥሪ ማድረግ ነው፡፡ ለሁለቱም ገሃራት ይፋ መግለጫ በማውጣት አለያም መሰል ዘዴን በመጠቀም……..
በኤፕሪል 11 1994 ለመነጋገርያ የሚሆን ማስታወሻ ለምክትል የመከላከያ ጉዳዮች ጸሃፊ ቀረበ፡፡ የመካከለኛው አፍሪካ የመከላከያ ዲፒዩቲ ምክትል ጸሃፊም ሲያጠቃልል፤ “ሁለቱም ወገኖች ለሰላሙ ጥሪ መልካም ምላሽ ለመስጠት ፈቃደኛ ሳይሆኑ ከቀሩ የተጀመረው እልቂት ማቆሚያ ወደሌለው ግድያ እልቂት የደም መፋሰስ ሁኔታ ከመሸጋገርም አልፎ ወደ ብሩንዲም መዛመቱ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩት ወደ አጎራባች ሃገራት ኡጋንዳ፤ታንዛኒያ፤ እና ዛይር መሰደዳቸው አይቀርም፡፡ ፈረንሳዮችም ሁኑ ቤልጂጎች በሁለቱም ወገን ታማኝነት ስለሌላቸው አሜሪካ ታማኝ አሻሻ ጭ ሆኖ መቅረብ ይኖርበታል::››
ራይስና ባልደረባዎቿ ግን ሆን ብለው ያፈጠጠውን የእልቂት አደጋ በማንኳሰስና በማሳነስ፤ ሁሉም የተኩስ አቁም ማድረግ አለባቸው የሚል ባዶ መግለጫ በማውጣት ብቻ ተገደቡ፡፡ የእልቂቱ ሂደት ለሁለት ሳምንታት ከተካሄደና እልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለው ሰብአዊ ፍጡራን ካለቁ በኋላ፤ የራይስ አለቃ አንቶኒ ሌክ ‹‹አስደናጋጩን የሩዋንዳና የብሩንዲን ፕሬዜዳንቶች ድንገተኛ ሞት ተከትሎ የተቀሰቀሰው እልቂት ሁሉም የጦር ሃላፊዎችና መሪዎች እነዚህን የግድያውን ተካፋይ የጦር አባላት በአስቸኳይ ወደ ድርድሩ ማቅረብ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ ይህ ሳይሆን ቢቀር ግን፤እልቂቱ የከፋና አሰቃቂ እንደሚሆን መገንዘብ ተገቢ ነው›› በማለት መግለጫ አወጣ፡፡ በኤፕሪል ማብቂያ ድረስ የአሜሪካን መንግስት አንዳችም ጄኖሳይድ አላየንም፤ አልሰማንም፤ አላወራንም የሚል ጨዋታውን ቀጥሎ ነበር፡፡›› በኤፕሪል 28 ቡሽኔል ለሩዋንዳው የመከላከያ ሚኒስቴር ካብኔት ዳይረክተር ኮሎኔል ባጋሶራ ግድያውን እንዲያስቆም ተማጽኖ ላከች››:: በመልእክቱም ቡሽኔል ለባጋሶራ ‹‹በዓለም አመለካከት የሩዋንዳ የጦር ሃይል በወንጀልና ግድያ ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርቶ የሲቪሎችን ግድያ በማደፋፈር ላይ ነው፡፡›› በማለት ‹‹የሩዋንዳ መንግስት ይህን ሁኔታ እንዲቆም ለማድረግና ሁኔታውን ወደ ሰላም ለማምጣት ማንኛውንም ጥረት ሊያደርግ ይገባል›› አለች፡፡
በሜይ 1 ሁኔታው ሶስት ሳምንታት ከሆነውና ብዙ እልቂት ከተፈጸመ በኋላ፤ በሩዋንዳ መደረግ ስለሚገባው ጉዳይ እንደአዲስና ጨርሶ ያለፈውን ሁሉ ሽምጥጥ አድርጎ በመካድ፤አሜሪካ ሁኔታውን ለመከላከል ሊወስድ የሚገባውን ተግባር ልክ ቀደም ሲል ራይስ እንዳረገችው ሁሉ በመሸፋፈንና እውነቱን በማለባበስ አረቀቁ፡፡ እንደ ቡድኑ የ ‹‹ውይይቱ ረቂቅ ጽሁፍ›› ማእከላዊው ጥያቄ ይህን ዘግናኝና ለሕሊና የሚከብድ ጭፍጨፋ ምን ስም ሊሰጠው እንደሚችል ነበር፡፡
1. የጭፍጨፋው ምርመራ፡: በዚህ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት የዓለም አቀፉን ምርመራ ተሳትፎ በሚጠየቅበት ጊዜ ጥንቃቄ ሊደረግ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ትናንትም ቢሆን ያሳስብ የነበረው ይሄው ነው፡፡ የጭፍጨፋው ጉዳይ ሲጣራ የአሜሪካ መንግስት ‹‹ምንም አላደረገም›› ሊያሰኝ ወደሚችል ትችትና አመለካከት ያስኬዳል፡፡
በሜይ 5 ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ የሚል:ኮሊንስን ሬዲዮ ጣቢያ ያስተላልፍ በነበረው አበጠባጭና ሞት ጠሪ፤ እርስ በእርስ ቱትሲዎችን እንዲሁም ቤልጂኮችንና አሜሪካንንም ጨምሮ በመኮነን ሲያስተላልፍና ለግድያውም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ በማድረጉ ሳቢያ የጣቢያውን ማስተላለፍ ለማፈን ቢስማሙም ወጪው የናረ ሆነና ተዉት፡፡
በሜይ 21 እልቂቱ ስድስት ሳምንታት ከሆነው በኋላ፤እልቂቱን የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንበለው አንበለው በሚል ክርክር ላይ ነበሩ፡፡ የመከላከያ ስለላ ተቋም ዘገባ በሜይ 9 1994 ከጭፍጨፋው ከወር ባነሰ ጊዜ ውስጥ ውሳኔ ላይ ደረሰ፡: በቱትሲዎች ላይ በሁቱ ሚሊሺያዎችና በግለሰቦች በዘፈቀደ በተወሰደው ጭፍጨፋ ባሻገር የተደራጀ የጦሩ የግድያ ሂደትም የቱትሲዎችን የአመራር አሻራ ጨርሶ ለማጥፋት በሚል ይካሄድ የነበረ ደባም ነበረ፡፡ ቅድሚያ እቅዱ እርቅን የሚደግፉትን ምሁራንና የፖለቲካ መሪዎችንና ደጋፊዎቻቸውን ማጥፋት የሚል ሲሆን፤ መንግስት ሂደቱን መቆጣተርና ሚሊሺያውንም ስርአት ማስያዝ ባለመቻሉ፤ግድያው እንደሰደድ እሳት ተቀጣጠለ፡፡ ሂደቱም የማይቆምና ሊገታም የማይችል ሆነ፡፡
ለውጭ ሃገር አስተዳደሩ ጸሃፊ ክሪስቶፈር በተላከው ‹‹የስምምነቱ አጭር የማስታወሻ ውል›› እንደሚለው ያስከተለው ጥያቄ ‹‹እውነት በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋ ተፈጽሟል›› የሚል ነበር፡፡ ምንም እንኳን የአሜሪካን ባለስልጣናት ሀ ብሎ ግድያው ሲጀመር ጀምሮ ቱትሲዎችና የዘር ማጥፋቱ ትኩረትም የቱትሲን ስመጥር ባለስልጣናትና መሃል ሰፋሪ ሁቱዎችንና ሌሎችንም ባለስልጣናት ግድያ እውቅናው ቢኖራቸውም፤መላልሰው ያነሱ የነበረው ጥያቄ የሚታወቀውን ጉዳይ ነበር፡፡የቀረበውም ማስታወሻ ‹‹ለውሳኔው ሃሳብ መንስኤ” በማለት የፖሊሲ ጥያቄ የያዘ ነበር፡፡
የዲፓርትመንቱ ሃለፊዎች በይፋ ‹‹የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ›› መካሄዱን መናገር እንደሚችሉ: 2. የአሜሪካን ልኡካን በሚሳተፉበት ዓለም አቀፉ ስብሰባ ላይ በሚተላለፈው ውሳኔ ላይና ከዚሁ ጋር ተያይዘው በሚነሱ ነጥቦች ላይ ሁሉ በረዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መኖሩን እንዲያምኑ መመርያ መስጠት: በሩዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ በመኖሩና ባለመኖሩ ላይ ትክክለኛውና ሕጋዊ የሆነው ትንታኔ ከተግባራዊው ማስታወሻ ቀድሞ ሲወጣ ቀጥተኛ ነበር፡፡ በ1948 የጸደቀውን ኮንቬንሽን ተንተርሶ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መከላከልንና የሚያስከትለውንም መቀጮ ዝርዝር ያካተተ ሆኖ ነው የተጠናቀረው፡፡
በሩዋንዳ የዘር ማጥፋት መኖር የተዘረዘሩት ሁኔታዎች በሩዋንዳ ለመፈጸማቸው የሚነሳ ጥያቄ ቢኖርም ከቁጥር የማይገባ ነው፡፡እጅግ ለቁጥር ያሚያታክቱ ግድያዎችና ለሕሊና ማጣት መነሾ የሆኑ፤ በአካላት ላይ የሚዘገንን ጉዳት ያስከተሉ ድርጊቶችተከናውነዋል፡፡ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች በማስረጃ የተደገፈና ሊካድ በማይችል ሁኔታእንዳስረዱት፤የግድያውን መጠን በኤፕሪል 6 ዕለት ከ200000 እስከ 500000 እንደሆነ መስክረዋል፡፡(ድርጅቶቹ ከላይ የተገለጸው አሃዝ ግነት ሊኖርበት ይችላል ቢሉም የሚከተለውን ግምገማ የሚያፋልስ አይሆንም:: (ከኤፕሪል 6፣ 1994 ጀምሮ የተፈጸመውን ግድያ ቁጥር የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሩዋንዳ መንግሥት ካቀረበው 1071 000 በተለየ መጠኑን 800000 መሆኑን ይዘግባል፡፡)
ሕዝቡ በሩዋንዳ ስለነበረው ጭፍጨፋ ባለማወቁ ሳቢያ ተቃውሞ ባያነሳም፤ራይስና ሌሎች በክሊንተን አስተዳደር ስር የነበሩት ካለአንዳች ጥርጣሬ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በመታቀድ ላይ በነበረና ተግባራዊም መሆን ሲጀምር ሃባሪማና ከሞተበት ዕለት አንስቶ በሚገባ ቢያውቁትም የራይስ ቅጥፈት ማለቂያ የሌለው ነውና አሁንም ድረስ ክህደቷ ያው እውነትን መሸምጠጥ ነው፡፡
ራይስ ካጋሚ፤ ሙሴቪኒ፤ኤም 23፤እና ‹‹አይቶ እንዳላየ››
በ1966 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ባለቀ ከሁለት ዓመታት በኋላ፤ የሁቱን ወንጀለኞች እና የሚሊሺያ አመጸኞች በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ተጠያቂዎች ናቸው በሚል ሰበብና እንዲሁም ኮንጎ(በወቅቱ ዛይር) ካለው ሰፈራቸው መልሰው ወረራ እንዳያደርጉ በማለት ካጋሚ በስተምስራቅ ክፍል የሚገኙትን የቱትሲ ነገዶች መሳርያ ማስታጠቅ ያዙ፡፡በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ዜጎችን ለሞት የዳረገው የኮንጎ ጦርነት በመባል የሚጠራው በዚያን ወቅት ጀምሮ እስካሁን ድረስ ጦሱ ሞትን ከማስከተልና ደም ከማፋሰስ አልቆመም፡፡
የመጀመርያው የኮንጎ ጦርነት የዘለቀው ከ1966 እስከ 1997 ነበር፡፡ የኮንጎው የተቃዋሚ መሪ ሎውረንት-ዴዚሬ ካቢላ ለረጂም ዘመን በስልጣን ላይ የኖሩትን ሞቡቱ ሴ ሴ ሴኮን ከስልጣን አውርዶ ስልጣኑን ጨበጠ፡፡ በስተምስራቅ ኮንጎ መረጋጋትና ያጠፋው የሩዋንዴው ሂኔታ ለሞቡቱ መውደቅ ዋናዋ መረማመጃ ነበር፡፡ ካቢላም በ1997 ስልጣን ለመያዝ ቢበቃም ወዲያው በጃንዋሪ 18 2001 በራሱ የጥበቃ አባል ተገደለ፡፡በማርች 2012 የቀድሞው ካጋሚ የቀኝ እጅ የነበረውና የአር ፒ ኤፍ ዋና ጸሃፊ ቲዎጎኔ ሩዳስኢነጉዋ አስደንጋጭ የሆነውን ወሬ ይፋ በማድረግ የኮንጎውን ፕሬዜዳንት ካቢላን የገደላቸው ፖውል ካጋሚ ነው በማለት ተናገረ፡፡ ሁለተኛው የኮንጎ ጦርነት ካቢላ ስልጣን ከያዙ ከጥቂት ጊዜያት በኋላ ተጀምሮ እስከ 2003 ተካሄደ፡፡ በዚህም ከ 8 ያላነሱ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት እና ከ12 የማያንሱ መሳርያ የታጠቁ ቡድኖች በግጭቱ ተሳትፈውበታል፡፡
በማርች 2009 የዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ኮንጎ መንግስት ከናሽናል ኮንግሬስ ኢን ዘ ዲፌንስ ኦፍ ዘ ፒፕል ፓርቲ ጋር ሲ ኤን ዲ ፒን እንደ ፓርቲ በመቀበል የሰላም ውል ተፈራረሙ፡፡ በኤፕሪል 2012 በርካታ የሲ ኤን ዲ ፒ ፓርቲ አባላት የሆኑ የቱትሲ ጎሳዎች፤ በማርች 2009 የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ተግባራዊ ሳይደረግ በመቅረቱ ሳቢያ በዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ቾንጎ አመራር ላይ በማመጽ ኤም 23 የተባለውን እንቅስቃሴ መስርተው ትግል ገቡ፡፡ መሪያቸውም በጦር ወንጀል ስሙ የታወቀው ጄኔራል ቦስኮ እንታጋንዳ (አጥፊው (ዘ ትረሚሜተር) በመባልም ይጠራል):: እንታጋንዳ በዓለም የጦር ፍርድ ቤት ሕጻናትን በማስታጠቅና ጦር ሜዳ በማዋልና በጦር ወንጀል ግፍ ተፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜም በአይ ሲ ሲ በጁላይ 13 2012 በሶስት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ወንጀሎች፤ በአራት የጦር ወንጀል፤በተጨማሪም፤ በግድያ፤በአስገድዶ መድፈር፤ በሲቪል ማሕበረሰቡ ላይ በፈጸመው ደባ ክስ ተመስርቶበታል፡፡ በጁላይ 2012 በአይ ሲ ሲ የተፈረደበት ቶማስ ሉባንጋ ዳይሎ የ እንታንጋደ አለቃ ነበር፡፡የእንታንጋንዳ ኤም 23 አመጸኞች የክልል ከተማ የሆነችውንና አንድ ሚሊዮን ነዋሪ ያለባትን ጎማን ሲቆ ጣጠሩ 140000 ነዋሪዎች ሀብት ንብረታቸውን ጥለው ለስደት ተዳረጉ፡፡
የኤም 23 ጠንካራ ደጋፊዎች ካጋሚና ሙሴቪኒ ነበሩ:: ይህንን ድጋፍና ደጋፊዎቹን በተመለከተ በርካታ ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ማስረጃዎችን አሰባስበዋል፡፡ በቅርቡ በተባበሩት መንግስታት በወጣው የዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ባለሙያዎች ዘገባ፤ (ኦክቶበር 2012) “የኤም 23ን የአመጽ ቡድን መፈጠርና የወታደራዊ እንቅስቃሴውንም በማጠናከሩ ረገድ ተቀዳሚ የኡጋንዳ ባለስልጣናት መሆናቸውንና ከዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ጋር ባለው ወሰናቸው መሳርያ በማስተላለፍ፤ የቴክኒካል ድጋፍ በመስጠት፤እቅድ በማውጣት፤የፖለቲካ ማማከር፤የውጭ ግንኙነትም በማስተባበር በኩል፤ ወታደራዊ ድጋፍም በማድረግ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ ሁለቱም መንግስታት የ ኤም 23ን የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ ቅርንጫፎች መስፋፋትና መደርጀት ከይ በአመጸኞች ወገን ቆመውም ይሟገቱላቸዋል፡፡ የኤም 23 ደጋፊዎች 6 ሕግን በመጣስ ተፈላጊዎችና ወደ ሩዋንዳና ኡጋንዳ በተደጋጋሚ የሚመላለሱ ናቸው፡፡”
ባለፈው ኦገስት ሙሴቪኒ በሚስጢር ከኢንታጋንዳ ጋር ተገናኝቶ ነበር፡፡ባለፈው ሳምንትም የኤም 23 አማጽያን ታላቅ የማዕድን ክምችት ያላትን ጎማን እንዲለቁ ከሙሴቪኒና ከካጋሚ ዓለም አቀፉ ማሕበረሰብ ባደረገው ጫና የቀረበላቸውን ጥሪ አሻፈረን አሉ፡፡ የኮሎምቢያ ዩኒቨርሲቲው ፕሮፌሰር ሆዋርድ ፍሬንች በኒውዮርክ ታይምስ ላይ ባወጣው ‹‹የካጋሚ ስውር ጦርነት በኮንጎ›› ‹‹የኮንጎውን ግጭት አስመልክቶ፤ ስድስት ሚሊዮን ሰዎች በታላቁ ሃይቅ ክፈለ ሃገር በጦርነቱ፤በችጋር፤እና በበሽታ ለሞት ተዳርገዋል፡፡ ይህም ጦርነቱን በዘመናችን ካጋጠሙት ሁሉ የከፋና አጥፊ ያደርገዋል›› በማለት ይሞግታሉ፡፡ ይህን ግጭት በመምራተ ቀዳሚ የሆነው በአጎራባች ሩዋንዳ የሚገኘው የቱትሲ ነገዶች ጥርቅምና በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉ በርካታ የኮንጎ ተወላጆች መሆናቸውን የሚያውቁ ጥቂት ናቸው፡፡ እስካሁን ድረስ አሜሪካና ሌሎችም የአውሮፓ ሀገራት ካጋሚን በዲፕሎማቲኩ በመደገፍ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ላለፉት ዓመታትም በኮንጎ ለተፈጠረው ሁከት በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉት ሃይሎች ለብጥብጥ በሃላፊነት ተጠያቂ ናቸው፡፡ የሩዋንዳ ፓትሪዮቲክ ፍሮንት፤በኮንጎ ውስጥ የማዕድን ማምረት ተግባር ያካሂዳል፤ እንደ ተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ዘገባ መሰረት ሩዋንዳ የምስራቁን ኮንጎ ግዛት በተለያዩ ወኪል ጦረኞች ለመቆጣጠር ጥረት እንደምታደርግ ይናገራሉ፡፡
ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ የሚያከናውኑትን ደባ ራይስ ጋሻ መከታ ሆና ትሸፋፍናለች፡፡ ካጋሚ ኤም 23ን መደገፉንና የገንዘብና የመሳርያ ድጋፍ መስጠቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ይፋ እንዳያደርግ ያላደረገችው ጥረት የለም፡፡ እንደ ናሽናል ጆርናል አባባል ራይስ በሩዋንዳ ላይ ጠንካራ ትችት ለማቅረብ በማስረጃ የተደገፈ ሃቅ ያነሱትን የሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ምክትል ጸሃፊ ከሆነው ጆኒ ካርሰንና ከሌሎችም የቢሮው አባላት ጋር ሙሴቪኒንና ካጋሚን አትንኩብኝ ጭቅጭቅ አንስታ አንደነበር ዘግቧል፡፡ ጆርናሉ በዘገባው፤ የፈረንሳይ አምባሳደር የተባበሩት መንግስታት በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ችግር ጣልቃ መግባት እንደሚገባው ሲያማክራት ሃሳቡን አጣጥላ ችላ እንዲባል አድርጋለች፡፡ ራይስ ለፈረንሳዩ አምባሳደር፤ ‹‹የምስራቁ ዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ነው፡፡ ኤም 23 ካልሆነም አንድ ሌላ ቡድን ይሆናል›› እንዳለችው ጆርናሉ የፓሪሱን ዩኒቨርሲቲ ፕሮፌሰር ጌራርድ ፕሩኒየርን ጠቅሶ ዘግቧል፡፡
በሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳዮች ምክትሏ ሱዛን ራይስ ከታላቁ ሃይቅ ክልል የመጀመርያ ጉዞዋ ስትመለስ፤ አንድ የቡድኗ አባል፤ የዩጋንዳው ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ የክልሉ መሰረታዊ ችግር የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ግርሻ ነው በመሆኑ መደረግ ያለበትን እናውቃለን፡፡ እኛ (የአሜሪካን መንግስት) ማድረግ ያለበት አይቶ እንዳላየ መሆን ብቻ ነው›› ብለውናል ብሏል፡፡ ይህ ነው የራይስ በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው እልቂት የአዞ እንባ እዬዬ፡፡ በአጠቃላይ በቀላሉ ራይስ ስለአፍሪካውያን የጅምላ ጨፍጫፊዎች ‹‹መጥፎ አናይም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንሰማም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንናገርም›› እንደማለት ነው ማለት ይቻላል፡፡
ሱዛን ራይስና መለስ ዜናዊን ማከባበሯ
በመስከረም 2/2012 ራይስ በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ላይ ከመገኘቷ አስቀድሞ ያዘጋጀችውን 3 “የድንቢጥ ጫጫታ” (ትዊተር) አክብሮተ መለሷን ለአንባቢ መሰሎቿ ልካ ነበር፤ ጫጫታዋም፡-
‹‹ከባድ የሃዘን ስሜት በአዲስ አበባ ይታያል፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ያደረብንን ሃዘን እንገልጻለን፡፡ መለስ ለኢትዮጵያ #ሕዝብ ከተቃዋሚ እስከ አፈንጋጭ፤ ከድሆች እስከ መርዳት የማይጠፋ ቅርጽ ትቷል፡፡ በዚህ የ#ኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የቀብር ስነ ስርአት ላይ የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ በመገኘቴ ክብር ይሰማኛል››
ምናልባት ራይስ ‹‹የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክያለሁ›› ብላ ታምን ይሆናል፤ የቀብር ዋይታ ጫጫታዋ ግን የሚያሳየው በግል መለስን መባረኳን ነው፡፡ በከንቱ ውዳሴዋ መለስን ታይቶ የማይታወቅ፤ ያልተለመደ ባለራዕይ፤ ለኔና ለብዙዎች ታማኝ ወዳጅ ብላለች፡፡ በመቀጠልም ‹‹ቁጣን ማብረድ የሚችል፤ የማያስመስል፤ ቀጥተኛ፤ራሴን የማይል፤ የማይደክም፤ሙሉ በሙሉ ለቤተሰቡና ለሥራው እሱን ያሳደረ›› በማለት ተንጫጭታ ያለፈውን ተሞክሯቸውን እያስታወሰች ከመለስ ጋር የዝምድና ያህል መተሳሰራቸውንም ይፋ አደረገች፡፡
“በተገናኘን ቁጥር ምንም ያህል በሌላ ነገር ቢዋጥ ንግግሩን ሲጀምር ስለ ልጆቼ በመጠየቅ ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቼ ሲጠይቀኝም ለይስሙላ ብሎ አልነበረም፡፡ ስለዕለት ተዕለት እድገታቸው ዝርዝር ማወቅ ይፈልጋል፡፡ የኔን ካዳመጠ በኋላ ስለራሱ ልጆች በዝርዝር ይነግረኛል:: መለስ ኩሩ አባትን ታማኝ ባል ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቹ ተግባር ይነግረኝና ስለእድገታቸው ያወራኛል፡፡ በሃሳብና በጭንቀት የተዋጠ ገጹ ወዲያው በደስታ ይሞላል፡፡ መለስ በራሱና በሌሎችም ልጆች የወደፊት ተስፋና የተለየ ደስታ ይታየው ነበር፡፡”
‹‹የመለስ አይኖች መቁለጭለጫቸውን አያቆሙም፤የዘወትር ዝግጁ ፈገግታው፤የማያቋርጠው ሳቁ፤የቀልድ ችሎታው ዘወትር ያለ ነበር›› መለስ ‹‹ምን ያህል ቆራጥ፤ ስሜቱ የማይነካ፤ አልፎ አልፎም የማይበገር ….. እናም እሱ እንደሚጠራቸው ለሞኞችና ለደደቦች ደንታ የሌለው›› ነበር፡፡
ይህ የራይስ የክብርና ሞገስ ጫጫታዋ ግን ያቺን ኮከብ ተከትለው ወደ ቤተልሔም የተጓዙትን ሰብአ ሰገሎችን የሚያሳፍር ነው፡፡
ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ብዙ የሚደነቁ ችሎታዎች ውስጥ ከሁሉም በላይ አቻ የማይገኝለት ጭንቅላቱ ነው፡፡ የእድሜ ልክ ተማሪ በመሆን እራሱንና ሌሎችንም ብዙ አስተማረ፡፡ ግን ብልህ ብቻ አልነበረም፤ የማይደክም ተደራዳሪና ተከራካሪ ነበረ፡፡ የተጠማ ያገኘውን ጠጪም እውቀት ፈላጊ አይነትም ነበረ፡፡ ከሚታመን በላይ ብልጥ ነበር፡፡ትልቁን የጨዋታውን እቅድ መመዘን የሚችል ነበር፡፡ ያጋጠሙት አሳሳቢና ያልተለመዱ አጋጣሚዎች አስተምረውታል፡፡
ለበርካታ ጊዜያት እንደ መንግስትና እንደ ወዳጅ ያልተጋጨንባቸውና ያልተስማማንባቸው ወቀውቶች አልነበሩም አይባልም፡፡ ስንከራከር፤ ስለኤኮኖሚ ስለ ዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለ ስብአዊ መብቶች፤ ስለአካባቢ ደህንነት፤ ወይም የየግላችን የውጭ ግንኙነት ፖሊሲም ስንከራከር በተለይ ሁለት ጉዳዮች ያገርሙኝ ነበር፡፡ መለስ በተከታታይነት በአመለካከቱ ምክንያታዊ፤ በውሳኔዎቹም በሚገባ የሚያስብ ነበር፡፡ የሚመራውም በፍልስፍና ሳይሆን፤ወደፊት ስለሚታየው የውድ ሃገሩ እድገትና ልማት እንጂ፡፡በድርድራችንና በውይይታችን ወቅቶች የምናነሳቸው ጠቃሚ ነጥቦች በሞቱ ይጎድሉብኛል፡፡
ራይስ በስንብት ጫጫታዋ መለስ አሰቃቂ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሬኮርድ ጨርሳ ታውራ ነበር፡፡ የራሷ የአሜሪካ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት ያወጣውን የ2011 የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሜይ 2012 የወጣውን ዘገባ ሆን ብላ ችላ ብላዋለች፡፡ ዘገባውም፡-
በኢትዮጵያ አግጥጦና በግልጽ የሚታየው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት መንግስት 100 የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎቹን መሪዎች፤ ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎችን፤የነጣውን ፕሬስ አባላት፤ ማሰሩ ነው፡፡ መንግስት የፕሬስ ነጻነትን አፍኗል፤ የመያዝና ለእስር መዳረግን፤ ጥቃትን በመፍራት ጋዜጠኞች በራሳቸው ላይ ሳንሱር ማድረግ ግድ እየሆነባቸው ነው፡፡ የችሮታና መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድጋፍ ሰጪዎች ላይ የተደቀነው እገዳና አዲስ ደንብ፤……ሌሎች የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች በዘፈቀደ በየቦታው መያዝ፤መታገት፤ያለክስ በእስር መጉላላት፤ ማለቂያ የሌው የቀጠሮ ጊዜ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ተእዛዝ የግለሰቦች መኖርያ ብርበራ፤አላስፈላጊ በሆኑ ሰበቦች ክስ መመስረትና ማስረጃ ሳይኖር አስሮ ማስፈረድ፤………የሚል ነበር፡፡
ራይስ እንደገናም በኦክቶበር 2ር›› 2012 ‹‹ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ መታሰቢያ ጸሎት በጥቂት አፍቃሪ መለሶች በተዘጋጀበት ስርአት ላይ ተገኝታ ነበረ›› በአቢሲኒያ ቤተክርስቲያን ተገኝታ ያደረገቸው ሁለተኛው ውዳሴዋ፤ እንደገና አመጣጤ እንደ አሜሪካን መንግስት ወኪልነቴና በግል እጅጉን ላጣሁት ሰው ወዳጅነቴም ነው፡፡ እኔ የማውቀው ለሰብአዊ መብት ተጨናቂና በተጨበጠ ነገር የሚመራ ሰው ነበር፡፡ ምናልባትም መለስ በአካባቢው ካሉት ሁሉ እጅግ ብልህ ነኝ ብሎ ያስብ ይሆናል:: እናም ብዙ ጊዜ እሱ ልክ ነበር፡፡ ትቶት ያለፈው ውርስ ከአፍሪካ ፈጣን የኤኮኖሚ ዕድገት ማስገኘትን ነው፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ የፈጣን እድገት መሰረት ጥሎላታል፡፡ ስለ ዓየር ጠባይ ለውጥም ለአፍሪካ ታላቅ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል፡፡ ለሕዝቦቹም የምግብ ምርት እድገቱ በእጥፍ እንዲያድግ ሲያደርግ ያ በተደጋጋሚ ሕዝቡን ለሞት ሲዳርግ የነበረው ችጋርም ዳግም እንዳይከሰት ዘዴ ፈጥሯል፡፡………..›› እና ሌሎችም ድርጊቶች ማከናወኑን በመግለጽ እዚያም ተንጫጭታ ስታጠቃልል፤‹‹የመለስ ዜናዊ መንፈስ ለበለጠ ስራ ለአንድነት እና ለተሸለች ኢትዮጵያ እንድንሰራ ይኮርኩረን፤ ለተሻለች አፍሪካ፤ ለተሻለ ዓለም፡፡›› አለች፡፡
ሱዛን ራይስ 2005 ምርጫን ተከትሎ ባዶ እጃቸውን ለመብታቸው ጥያቄና ሕገ መንግስቱ እንዲከበር ለማስገደድ ሰላማዊ ተቃውሞ በማድረግ ላይ የነበሩትን ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሕገ መንግሰቱን በመተማመን ባዶ እጃቸውን የወጡትን ከአፍ እስከገደፋቸው ዘመናዊ መሳርያ በታጠቁና የግዳጃቸውን ተልዕኮ በቀጥታ ከመለስ ዜናዊ ብቻ በሚቀበሉት በፖለስና በደህንነት አባላት በተከፈተ ተኩስ 200 ንጹሃን ዜጎች ለሞት መዳረጋቸውንና ከ800 በላይ ደግሞ የመቁሰል አደጋ እንደደረሰባቸው ለዚህም ትዕዛዙን በሏቸው ብሎ ያስተላለፈው ይሄው በራይስ ጫጫታ ክብርና ሞገስ የተቸረው መለስ ዜናዊ መሆኑን ጨርሶ ችላ ብላ አልፋዋለች፡፡
በ2004ም በጋምቤላ ስለተፈጸመው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትና ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ዓይኔን ግምባር ያድርገው ብላ ሽምጥ ክህደት ፈጽማለች፡፡መለስ በ2010 በተሰረቀና በተጭበረበረ የምርጫ ሂደት 99.6 በመቶ አሸንፌያለሁ በማለት፤የፓርላማ ወንበሮችን የብቻው ንብረት ማድረጉንም እያወቀች ግን አታስታውስም፡፡ራይስ ያን የመሰለ ውዳሴዋን ስትዥጎደጉድ በሺ የሚቆጠሩ የፖለቲካ እስረኞች፤በእስር ላይ ያሉ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች አመራሮች፤ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት፤ በእስር ለበርካታ ጊዜያት በመማቀቅ ላይ መሆናቸውን ወዳ የዘነጋችው ይመስላል፡፡ ያንን ሁሉ ሁልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለውን የውዳሴ ጫጫታ ስታስተጋባ ይታያት የነበረው፤ተወዳዳሪ የሌለው ብልጠቱ እንጂ አላዋቂነቱ ብልጭም አላለላት፤ከፍተኛ ችሎታው እንጂ የልቡ ጥቁረትና ጭካኔ አልታወሳትም፤ በማያወላዳ ብልጣብልጥ ነበር ትበለው እንጂ ከንቱነቱ አልታወሳትም፤ስለ ዴሞክራሲና ሰብአዊ መብት ጥልቅ የሆነ አለመግባባት እንደነበራቸው ብታስታውስም ያንን ግን በመሃከላቸው የነበረው የጠበቀ ወዳጅነት እንድትረሳው አድረጓታል፡፡
በእጅጉ አስገራሚ የሆነው ደግሞ በኖቬምበር 23 2011 ራይስ ኪጋሊን በጎበኘችበት ጊዜ ጸጸት የተሞላበት ንግግርዋን ያዘነች አስመስላ ማቅረብ ታውቅበታለችና፤ በአዲስ አበባ ባደረገችው ውዳሴ ጫጫታው ወቅት ልትለው ተገቢ ይሆን በነረ መልኩ ስትመልስ፡ ዛሬ እዚህ ያለሁት የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ ነው፡፡ በሌላ በኩልም በግሌም ከልቤ ነው ለመናገር ይምፈልገው፡፡ እኔ ሩዋንዳን ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ የጎበኘሁት በዲሴምበር 1994 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደ ስድስት ወራት በኋላ ነው፡፡ በዚያን ጊዜ በሁዋይት ሀውስ የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ወጣቷ ዳይረክተር ነበርኩና የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ደህንነት አማካሪውን አንቶኒ ሊክ አጅቤ ነበር የመጣሁት፡፡ ያን ጊዜ የተባበሩት መንግስታትንና ሰላም ጥበቃን በተመለከተ ሃላፊነቱ የኔ ነበር፡፡ በወቅቱ በተወሰደው ልፍስፍስ ውሳኔ ሳቢያ የተከተለውን አሰቃቂ ውጤት በዓይናችን ለመመልከት ስንበቃ፤ ያንን ውሳኔ የወሰዱትን ሃገራት የኔንም የናንተንም ሃገራት በእጅጉ የሴኪውሪቲ ካውንስሉንም አባላት ለትዝብት እንዳበቃ ተረድቻለሁ፡፡
በዚያ ቤተ ክርስቲያንና በአጎራባቹ ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደበት ትምህርት ቤት ጎዳናዎች መራመድ ያሳደረብኝን ታላቅ ድንጋጤ ጨርሶ ልረሳው አልችልም፡፡ ከስድስት ወራት በኋላ አካባቢው ለሰላም እንቅስቃሴ ሊውል ሲገባ እስካሁን ድረስ የበሰበሱ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች መታያና መከማቻ ሆኗል፡፡ በነዚያ የሙታን በድን ላይ መረማመድና ባጠገባቸው ማለፌ የሰው ልጅ በሰው ልጅ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት ግፍና ጭካኔ ሊረው እንደሚችል አስታዋሽና የማይጠፋ ጠባሳ ጥሎብኛል፡፡ዛሬ በማከናውነው ተግባሬ ላይ እነዚህ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች አብረውኝ ይኖራሉ፡፡ጨርሶ እንደማይረሱኝ በማረጋገጥ ወደፊትም ይህን መሰሉ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንዳይደገም ማስታወሻ ይሆነናል፡፡
አላስፈላጊና አጥፊ የሆነው ይህን መሰሉ ተግባር ለመከላከል ለሁላችንም በተለይም ለሱዛን ራይስ ምን ያህል አስፈላጊና አሳሳቢ ይሆን፡፡ ሕግን በማፍረስ ስቃይ፤ እስራት፤በዘፈቀደ መታገት፤ያለክስ እስር፤ የሚጠየቅ የተጨማሪ እስር ቀጠሮ፤የዜጎች ግላዊ መብት መጣስ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ትዕዛዝ ብርበራ ማካሄድ፤ በነጻነት ላይ የሚጣል ገደብ፤የመሰብሰብ ነጻነት እገዳ፤ ማህበራት፤እንቅስቃሴዎች፤ መከልከል…….. በአፍሪካ አህጉር?
ሱዛን ራይስና የኢትዮጵያ ጣዕረሞቶች
በሴፕቴምበር2 እና በኦክቶበር 27 2012 ባዶ እጃቸውን በወጡ ንጹሃን ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች ላይ የደረሰው የሞት አደጋ ጭፍጨፋ፤ በአነጣጥሮ ተኳሾች በጎዳና ላይ የተቀጠፉት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ዜጎች፤ ለራይስ ምንም ማለት አይደሉም ትውስታም አላሳደሩባትም፡፡ዛሬም ቢሆን በኢትዮጵያ ወህኒ ቤቶች ስቃይ የሚቀበሉትንና ፍዳቸውን የሚያዩ ንጹሃን አይታወሷትም፤ራይስ በሩዋንዳ የተካሄደውንም ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ላለማስታወስ ሕሊናዋን ሆን ብላ ዘግታው ነበር፡፡በ2012 በኢትዮጵያ ለተፈጸመው ግድያና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ደንታ የላትም፡፡ከአፍሪካ ጭራቅ ፈላጭ ቆራጮች ጋር እጅን ጓንት የሆነና በፍቅር የሰከረ የሃገር አስተዳዳሪ ለአሜሪካ አየስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ያየሁትን አላየሁም የሰማሁትን አልሰማሁም የተናገርኩትን አልተነፈስኩም ባይ ሹም አያስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ልበ ድንጋይ የሆነ የአዞ እንባ አንቢ ሹመኛ አያስፈልጋትም፡፡አሜሪካ የሚያስፈልጋት የሃገር አስተዳደር የሚያዩ አይኖች ያሉት፤የሚያዳምጡ ጆሮዎች፤የሚናገሩ አፎች፤ የሚያመዛዝን ሕሊና፤የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትን ከመንግስታት ስህተት የሚለይ እንጂ፡፡
ማንም ቢሆን ወንድን ይሁን ሴትንም በጓደኞቻቸው ማንነታቸውን ማወቅ ይቻላል የተባለው ሃቅ አይደለምን?
*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):
(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::
ኢሳት ዜና:- የኢሳት ምንጮች እንደገለጡት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው መሾማቸውን ተከትሎ በመካከለኛው ደረጃ ያለውን አመራር የማጠናከር፣ የማረጋጋትና የማጽዳት እርምጃዎች እየተወሰዱ ነው። ከፍተኛ ችግር በሚታይበት በምስራቅ ኦሮሚያ እና በሀረሪ ክልል የሚገኙ በመካከለኛ ደረጃ የሚገኙ የኦህዴድ አመራሮች ፣ መምህራንና ርእሰ መምህራን፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና የድርጅት አባላቶች ከህዳር 27 ጀምሮ ስብሰባ ላይ ናቸው። በሀረሪ ክልል በአሚር አብዱላሂ አዳራሽ መጋቢት 28፣ ቀን 2005 ዓም በኦሮሚያ ክልል ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንት በአቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ሰብሳቢነት ስብሰባ ተካሂዷል። በመስራቅ ሀረርጌ ደግሞ መካከለኛ አመራር፣ ርእሰ መምህራንና የድርጅት አባላት የሚሳተፉበት ስብሰባ ዛሬ ተጀምሯል።
ከ700 በላይ የሚሆኑ የኦህዴድ አባላት በተሳተፉበት ስበሰባ ዋነኛ የመወያያ ጉዳዮች ሆነው ከቀረቡት መካከል በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው ልዩነት፣ የሙስሊሙ እንቅስቃሴና፣ ትምህርት ቤቶች የአንድ ለአምስት አደረጃጃትን ስለሚተገብሩበት ሁኔታ የሚሉት ይገኙበታል።
የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በብሄር ብሄረሰቦች ቀን ማንነቱን ያስከበረ መሆኑን፣ ኦነግ የሚያቀነቅነው ሀሳብ በአንቀጽ 39 የተከበረ መሆኑ፣ እንዲሁም በአመራሩ መካከል የታዩ ክፍተቶች የተዘጉ መሆኑን ሰብሳቢው ገልጸዋል።
ተሰብሳቢዎች በበኩላቸው “ ይህ በቂ አይደለም ፣ ምስራቅ ሀረርጌ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ስር መሆን ሲገባው በሀረሪ ክልል ሆኗል፣ ቋንቋችን ተግባራዊ ይሁን ከተባለ በሁዋላ እስካሁን ተግባራዊ አልሆንም።” በማለት ጥያቄ አቅርበዋል።
ኦነግ አመለካከት ያላቸው ሰርጎ ገቦች በቂ የስልጣን ቦታ አላገኘንም በማለት የሚያስወሩት ሀሰት መሆኑንና ኦህዴድ የምክትል ጠ/ሚኒስትርነት ስልጣን ማግኘቱን ሰብሰባዊው ገልጸዋል። የኦሮሚያ ክልል በፕሬዝዳንቱ መታመም ምክንያት ያለፕሬዚዳንት ለ2 አመታት መመራቱና ኦህዴድም ራሱን ችሎ ሊቆም አለመቻሉ ጥያቄ ሆኖ ተነስቷል።
ድርጅቱ ራሱን የማጠናከርና የማረጋጋት ስራ እየወሰደ መሆኑን በስብሰባው የተካፈሉ ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የጠየቁ የኦህዴድ አባላት ገልጸዋል።
በተመሳሳይ ዜናም የኦሮሚያ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ለህክምና ተመልሰው ወደ ውጭ መውጣታቸው ታውቋል። ከአንድ አመት በፊት ጀምሮ በህክምና ላይ የሚገኙት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ህክምናቸውን ሳይጨርሱ ፣ ለአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ወደ አዲስ አበባ እንዲመጡ ተደርጎ እንደነበር ይታወቃል። ከፍተኛ የሰውነት መጎሳቆል የሚታይባቸው አቶ አለማየሁ ከሀላፊነት እንዲነሱ በመርህ ደረጃ ውሳኔ ላይ ቢደረስም ፣ እርሳቸውን በሚተካቸው ሰው ላይ በካቢኔ አባላቱ መካካል ስምምነት ላይ ሊደረስ ባለመቻሉ ቦታው ክፍት እንዲሆን ተደርጓል።
ባለፈው ሳምንት በአዳማ በተካሄደው የምክር ቤት ስብሰባ ላይ ምክትሉ ሲገኙ ዋናው ፕሬዚዳንት አልተገኙም ነበር። የኦህዴድ መካካለኛ አመራሮችን በመሰብሰብ እያወያዩ ያሉትም ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንቱ አቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ናቸው። የኦህዴድ አመራር አባላት እንደገለጡት በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የሚታየው መከፋፋል ከፍተኛ ደረጃ በመድረሱ ስራ መስራት በማይቻልበት ደረጃ ተደርሷል።
ኢህአዴግ በድርጅቶቹ መካካል የተፈጠረውን መከፋፈል ለማስቀረት ከኦህዴድ እና ከብአዴንና ከህወሀት የተውጣጡ 3 ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሮችን መሾሙ ይታወሳል።
By Joab Jackson
IBM researchers have been working on silicon nanophotonics for over 10 years, said Solomon Assefa, a scientist for IBM Research, who was involved in the work. He explains that it is now commercially feasible to bake optical circuitry into silicon processors using existing fabrication techniques, which could set the stage for radically faster and lower-cost computer communications.
IBM Scientists (L to R) Yurii Vlasov, William Green and Solomon Assefa unveiled a new CMOS Integrated Silicon Nanophotonics chip technology
Silicon nanophotonics, as IBM calls its technology, could radically simplify and extend the design of optical networking equipment. In much the same way integrated circuits provided a way to easily bundle billions of individual transistors into powerful microprocessors, silicon nanophotonics could shrink optical componentry into far smaller, and way more powerful, form factors.
The researchers will discuss their work at the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting this week in San Francisco. They will describe how IBM was able to build optical modulators and photodetectors on a single silicon chip, using standard 90-nanometer semiconductor fabrication techniques — an industry first, they claim.
Such components could be used to create a WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) transceiver on a chip that could communicate data at rates up to 25Gbps. With this fabrication process, it would be theoretically possible to develop a single chip that could communicate data at a terabit per second or more.
The company published a proof of concept for these technologies in 2010, but this new work focuses on how to build optical components using existing fabrication processes, without compromising the reliability or performance of individual transistors. Additional work was done on formulating a way to fabricate components at reasonable costs.
In general, transmitting data with light signals can be superior to using electrons over wire, Assefa said. Light signals move more quickly than electronic signals. Multiple light signals of different wavelengths can be run over one another in the same conduit. Also, in optimum conditions, light can travel for longer distances without the need for regeneration.
Today, optical networking components used to run fiber optic networks are assembled from different individual silicon and photonic components. Putting all the functionality onto a single chip would save money because it would "leverage the tools and the processes that already exist in the micro-electronics industry," Assefa said.
Silicon also allows for "very dense integration," Assefa said. "Instead of just having one lane, you can have 50 of them. Out of a single chip, you could get a huge amount of bandwidth."
As a result, silicon nanophotonics could simplify and lower the cost of the routing componentry needed to run fiber optic networks. It could also be used to facilitate faster data communication inside computers themselves, replacing the electronics-based buses now in use.
One eager user of this technology might be the field of high-performance computing. The bottlenecks in today’s supercomputers are not the processors themselves, but the rate at which data can be moved across processors and memory. "They are suffering because the interconnects that exist are limited in bandwidth, not scalable and expensive," Assefa said.
Joab Jackson covers enterprise software and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Joab’s e-mail address is Joab_Jackson@idg.com
GLOBAL VIEW | Updated December 11, 2012
How to embrace psychotic murderers and alienate a continent.
The trouble with a newspaper column lies in the word limit. Last week, I wrote about some of Susan Rice’s diplomatic misadventures in Africa during her years in the Clinton administration: Rwanda, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of Congo. But there wasn’t enough space to get to them all.
And Sierra Leone deserves a column of its own.
On June 8, 1999, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Ms. Rice, then the assistant secretary of state for African affairs, delivered testimony on a range of issues, and little Sierra Leone was high on the list. An elected civilian government led by a former British barrister named Ahmad Kabbah had been under siege for years by a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front, led by a Libyan-trained guerrilla named Foday Sankoh. Events were coming to a head.
Even by the standards of Africa in the 1990s, the RUF set a high bar for brutality. Its soldiers were mostly children, abducted from their parents, fed on a diet of cocaine and speed. Its funding came from blood diamonds. It was internationally famous for chopping off the limbs of its victims. Its military campaigns bore such names as "Operation No Living Thing."
In January 1999, six months before Ms. Rice’s Senate testimony, the RUF laid siege to the capital city of Freetown. "The RUF burned down houses with their occupants still inside, hacked off limbs, gouged out eyes with knives, raped children, and gunned down scores of people in the street," wrote Ryan Lizza in the New Republic. "In three weeks, the RUF killed some 6,000 people, mostly civilians."
What to do with a group like this? The Clinton administration had an idea. Initiate a peace process.
A victim of Sierra Leone’s Revolutionary United Front.
It didn’t seem to matter that Sankoh was demonstrably evil and probably psychotic. It didn’t seem to matter, either, that he had violated previous agreements to end the war. "If you treat Sankoh like a statesman, he’ll be one," was the operative theory at the State Department, according to one congressional staffer cited by Mr. Lizza. Instead of treating Sankoh as part of the problem, if not the problem itself, State would treat him as part of the solution. An RUF representative was invited to Washington for talks. Jesse Jackson was appointed to the position of President Clinton’s special envoy.
It would be tempting to blame Rev. Jackson for the debacle that would soon follow. But as Ms. Rice was keen to insist in her Senate testimony that June, it was the Africa hands at the State Department who were doing most of the heavy lifting.
"It’s been through active U.S. diplomacy behind the scenes," she explained. "It hasn’t gotten a great deal of press coverage, that we and others saw the rebels and the government of Sierra Leone come to the negotiating table just a couple of weeks ago, in the context of a negotiated cease-fire, in which the United States played an important role."
A month later, Ms. Rice got her wish with the signing of the Lomé Peace Accord. It was an extraordinary document. In the name of reconciliation, RUF fighters were given amnesty. Sankoh was made Sierra Leone’s vice president. To sweeten the deal, he was also put in charge of the commission overseeing the country’s diamond trade. All this was foisted on President Kabbah.
In September 1999, Ms. Rice praised the "hands-on efforts" of Rev. Jackson, U.S. Ambassador Joe Melrose "and many others" for helping bring about the Lomé agreement.
For months thereafter, Ms. Rice cheered the accords at every opportunity. Rev. Jackson, she said, had "played a particularly valuable role," as had Howard Jeter, her deputy at State. In a Feb. 16, 2000, Q&A session with African journalists, she defended Sankoh’s participation in the government, noting that "there are many instances where peace agreements around the world have contemplated rebel movements converting themselves into political parties."
What was more, the U.S. was even prepared to lend Sankoh a helping hand, provided he behaved himself. "Among the institutions of government that we are prepared to assist," she said, "is of coursethe Commission on Resources which Mr. Sankoh heads."
Three months later, the RUF took 500 U.N. peacekeepers as hostages and was again threatening Freetown. Lomé had become a dead letter. The State Department sought to send Rev. Jackson again to the region, but he was so detested that his trip had to be canceled. The U.N.’s Kofi Annan begged for Britain’s help. Tony Blair obliged him.
"Over a number of weeks," Mr. Blair recalls in his memoirs, British troops "did indeed sort out the RUF. . . . The RUF leader Foday Sankoh was arrested, and during the following months there was a buildup of the international presence, a collapse of the rebels and over time a program of comprehensive disarmament. . . . The country’s democracy was saved."
Today Mr. Blair is a national hero in Sierra Leone. As for Ms. Rice and the administration she represented, history will deliver its own verdict.
Write to email@example.com
By Talila Nesher | Haaretz
Women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia they were coaxed into agreeing to injections of long-acting birth control drugs.
Women who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago say they were told they would not be allowed into Israel unless they agreed to be injected with the long-acting birth control drug Depo Provera, according to an investigative report aired yesterday on the Israel Educational Television program “Vacuum.”
The women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia prior to immigration they were placed in family planning workshops where they were coaxed into agreeing to the injection – a charge denied by both the Joint Distribution Committee, which ran the clinics, and the Health Ministry.
“We said we won’t have the shot. They told us, if you don’t you won’t go to Israel And also you won’t be allowed into the Joint (American Joint Distribution Committee ) office, you won’t get aid or medical care. We were afraid… We didn’t have a choice. Without them and their aid we couldn’t leave there. So we accepted the injection. It was only with their permission that we were allowed to leave,”
recounted Emawayish, who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago. She was one of 35 women, whose stories were recorded by Sebba Reuven, that relate how they were coaxed and threatened into agreeing to receive the injectable birth control drug.
The birth rate among Israel’s Ethiopian immigrant population has dropped nearly 20 percent in 10 years.
According to the report, the women were given the Depo Provera injections in the family planning workshops in transit camps, a practice that continued once they reached Israel. The women who were interviewed for the investigation reported that they were told at the transit camps that having many children would make their lives more difficult in Ethiopia and in Israel, and even that they would be barred from coming to Israel if they refused.
The Joint said in a response to “Vacuum” that its family planning workshops are among the services it provides to immigrants, who learn about spacing out their children’s birth, “but we do not advise them to have small families. It is a matter of personal choice, but we tell them it is possible. The claims by the women according to which ‘refusal to have the injection will bar them from medical care [and] economic aid and threaten their chances to immigrate to Israel are nonsense. The medical team does not intervene directly or indirectly in economic aid and the Joint is not involved in the aliyah procedures. With regard to the use of Depo Provera, studies indicate that is the most popular form of birth control among women in Ethiopia,” the Joint said.
In its response to “Vacuum,” the Health Ministry said it did not “recommend or try to encourage the use of Depo Provera, and that if these injections were used it was against our position. The Health Ministry provides individual family counseling in the framework of its well baby clincs and this advice is also provided by the physicians of the health maintenance organizations.”
The Jewish Agency, which is responsible for Jewish immigration from abroad, said in response that it takes a harsh view of any effort to interfere in the family planning processes of Ethiopian immigrants, adding that “while the JA has never held family planning workshops for this group in Ethiopia or at immigrant absorption centers in Israel, the immigrant transit camp in Gondar, as the investigation noted, was previously operated by other agencies.”
This New Susan Rice Charge May Stick
By Dashiel Bennett | The Atlantic Wire
December 10, 2012
Republican Senators have gotten little traction trying to pin the Benghazi disaster on U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, but new details about the role she’s played in the ongoing Congolese war might be more damaging to her possible nomination for Secretary of State. The New York Times has a damning report today on the relationship between Rice and the government of Rwanda, which was a client of hers when she worked for a Washington consulting firm a decade ago.
Since being appointed U.N. ambassador in 2008, Rice has frequently intervened to protect Rwandan president Paul Kagame from criticism and condemnation for his support for the rebel group M23. The militant army has been accused of gross human rights violations, including mass rape, executions, and the use of child soldiers in the conflict in the Congo, which is Rwanda’s neighbor. Rwanda’s backing of M23 is seen as a major factor in prolonging the decade-long conflict that has been filled with horrific brutality and violence.
On more than one occasion Rice has stepped in to soften the language of Security Council resolutions and blocked attempts to publicly shame and criticize Kagame. Last week, Foreign Policy reported that two months ago, during a private meeting with her French and British counterparts, Rice objected to the idea of “naming and shaming” Kagame, saying, “This is the D.R.C. [Democratic Republic of Congo.] If it weren’t the M23 doing this, it would be some other group.”
Rice’s relationship with Kagame goes all the way back to her days in the Clinton Administration, when she was one of the leading members in the administration on African affairs. She served on the National Security Council during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which ended when Kagame’s party took over the government. After leaving the White House in 2000, Rice became a managing director at Intellibridge, a “security analysis” firm that had Kagame government’s as a client.
Rice and other American diplomats have argued that silent diplomacy is the best course of action in the Congo, and that publicly attacking Kagame or Rwanda would undermine ongoing peace negotiations. However, with the Congolese war so far from being resolved—and over three million dead in the last decade—its hard to see the wisdom of that approach. The failure of U.S. and U.N. to take more decisive action against the Rwandan genocide is still seen as a major black mark on the Clinton administration’s legacy. (“Bystanders to Genocide” is what Samantha Power called them in The Atlantic in 2001.) There are many who feel those same mistakes are being repeated in the Congo today.
As a purely political matter, however, the stories are resurfacing at the worst time for Rice. The ties between her and Rwanda are not a secret, and have been reported in depth elsewhere. But as with any previously under-the-radar issue, a banner headline on The New York Times website goes a long way toward turning a footnote into a scandal. It’s clear that should Rice be nominated to be the next Secretary of State, she’s going to face a lot of tough questions beyond just her statements on the Benghazi mess. It’s also clear that those who are opposed to her nomination are going to play up any and all angles that might reflect negatively on her foreign affairs credentials. Rather than a petty squabble over a harmless set of talking points, Rice’s actual conduct in the halls of the United Nations should have a much bigger impact on whether or not she gets the big promotion she’s been waiting for.
Rice herself said back in 2001 that, “I swore to myself that if I ever faced such a crisis again, I would come down on the side of dramatic action, going down in flames if that was required.” Even if she doesn’t stop the war in the Congo, the going down in flames part could still happen.
Want to add to this story? Let us know in comments or send an email to the author at firstname.lastname@example.org
Eritrea denies reports that president Aferwerki is to step-down
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle
December 10, 2012 (ADDIS ABABA) – The Eritrean government has dismissed recent reports alleging that the long-time leader of Eritrea, Isaias Afewerki, has decided to stand-down in 2013.
Eritrean president, Isias Afewerki (AFP/Getty)
Citing sources in Asmara, Ethiopian Review, an online journal, recently reported that Afewerki is planning to step down within a year, along with most of the senior leadership and will transfer power to younger leaders.
However, Eritrea’s presidential spokesperson, Yemane Gebremeskel, told the German Deutsche Welle Radio’s Amharic program, that the rumours are baseless.
“In a recent post I asserted that there is a pattern to these rumours. They are usually engendered when some within Ethiopia who want to hide or obscure some event inside Ethiopia,” he said adding they “are just distractions.”
Ethiopian Review claimed that “the Eritrean president wants to be a Mandela or George Washington-like figure to his country by overseeing a smooth transfer of power on his own terms.”
Anonymous Eritrean opposition political groups based in Addis Ababa told Sudan Tribune on Monday that it is “totally unlikely” that the “Eritrean dictator” will resign or allow a smooth power transfer.
The opposition officials further stressed that the only way to remove Aferwerki from power is by military means or with an uprising, as seen in other countries during the Arab spring.
An Eritrean political analyst, on a condition of anonymity, said that Aferwerki’s alleged decision to resign is "no surprise" because of his deteriorating health and mounting discontent amongst the country’s defence forces.
The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO), chairman, Ibrahim Haron, told Sudan Tribune in November that Eritrea is witnessing a growing division among political and military leaders following worsening corruption in the poorly-funded military.
As result of the corruption, the Eritrean army has begun unprecedented protests and there has been public outcry, according to Haron.
With an estimated 200,000-300,000 troops, Eritrea has the largest armies in sub-Saharan Africa, despite its relatively small population.
Afewerki has ruled the country since 1993 when it gained its independence from Ethiopia after more than 30 years of struggle.
Afewerki was seen as a hero by many of the Eritrean people for his role in the fight for freedom, however when he assumed power he shut down independent news outlets, and stifled freedom of speech and religious practise. Eritrea was described by Human Rights Watch in 2012 as "one of the world’s most repressive governments."
Tens of thousands of Eritrea’s citizens have fled to neighbouring countries to seek refuge. UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesperson, Andrej Mahecic said during a visit to East Sudan in January, "This is the area hosting one of the most protracted refugee situations in the world. At the moment there are some 70,000 refugees mostly of Eritrean origin and they reside in 12 camps in this part of the country."
According to UNHCR, approximately 1,700 refugees, mainly from Eritrea, arrive in Sudan every month.
Last week 17 players and the doctor of the Eritrean football squad sought asylum in Uganda after taking part at the East and Central Africa Football Associations senior Challenge Cup.
Similarly, 13 players from Eritrea’s top football club have disappeared in Tanzania after the team was knocked out of a regional tournament in July 2011.
Eritrea’s flag-bearer during the 2012 Olympics sought asylum in the UK in August.
December 9, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese capital on Sunday witnessed intense and at times violent student demonstrations that roamed major streets of Khartoum to protest the mysterious killings of four students from Darfur at the University of El-Gezira on Friday.
Sudanese students run during a demonstration in the capital Khartoum on December 9, 2012, as they rallied in support of four dead students originally from the conflict-plagued Darfur region (Getty Images)
The protestors chanted slogans calling for toppling the regime and avenging their fallen colleagues. Some were holding signs that supported the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel coalition while others shouted in support of Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) leader Abdel-Wahid Mohamed Nur.
"Killing students is the killing of the nation… Peace, justice, freedom " the demonstrators chanted.
The police used teargas and deployed dozens to cordon and chase the students who belonged mostly to the universities of Khartoum, Neelain and Sudan.
The protesters moved through the corridors of the University of Khartoum carrying a symbolic coffin in a mock funeral representing the deceased students and headed towards the offices of the UN to deliver a memorandum demanding an investigation into their demise.
The students and activists accuse the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) of standing behind the deaths of the four students whose bodies were discovered in a canal near El-Gezira university south of Khartoum after a protest earlier in the week over exemption from tuition fees.
The exemption from tuition fees was first included in the Abuja peace agreement signed with the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Minni Minnawi (SLM-MM) in May 2006 but the agreement did not define the Darfurian students that could benefit from the measure.
As a result the exemption has been implemented differently from a one university to another based on the administrative discretion of the university. It also caused regular disputes with Darfuri students who apply to benefit from this affirmative action.
Eyewitnesses told Sudan Tribune that the demonstrations spread to the main streets of central Khartoum and were joined by protesters from Neelain University sparking an intensified security presence in those areas in anticipation. The police fired teargas to disperse protests at al-Hurriya street near Khartoum Stadium.
The students closed a major tunnel near the University of Sudan by forming a human wall that blocked traffic for two hours. They pelted rocks at the police as the latter tried to break up the wall.
Other witnesses said that large numbers of plain clothed security officers disembarked from trucks in streets where students have gathered. Hundreds of ordinary citizens were forced to cross the bridge on foot due to protestors blocking traffic, which included public transportation.
Police continued to chase students through the evening near shops that have already closed its doors fearing violence and looting.
Students also demonstrated to show their support in Port Sudan on the Red Sea, eyewitnesses there said.
The Sudanese Justice Minister Mohammed Bushara Dousa issued a decision today establishing a commission of inquiry to investigate the death of the four students. He expressed regret for the incident and demanded that the commission use all itsl resources and expertise to find out the circumstances surrounding their deaths.
The Sudanese opposition expressed solidarity with the families of the victims and decided to send a delegation to Al-Gezira state to be with them and called for speedy investigation and prosecution of all those involved.
The leader of the Sudanese Consensus Forces (SCF) Farouk Abu Eissa, speaking at a media forum organized by the SCF urged the government yesterday to put a halt on chasing students in universities and to stop the intrusion of the security agencies into higher education institutions, expressing concern about the physical and psychological torture of students.
The Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) also called for forming an "independent and impartial" committee comprised of representatives from political forces and students to investigate the recent events in Al-Gezira University and announcing the results of the investigation publicly.
Russia Promises Retaliation After US Human Rights Bill
Posted December 10th, 2012 at 10:35 am (UTC-5)
Russian lawmakers have vowed to respond in kind after the U.S. Congress approved a bill imposing sanctions on Russian officials suspected of human rights violations.
Officials said Monday that Russia’s lower house of parliament, the State Duma, will consider imposing some sort of penalty against U.S. citizens that Moscow suspects of human rights violations.
The Duma’s international affairs committee chairman, Alexei Pushkov, said the Russian Foreign Ministry already has a confidential list of U.S. nationals who will be banned entry to Russia if lawmakers approve the sanctions. The ministry had earlier denounced the U.S. bill — known as the “Magnitsky Act” — as “an absolutely unfriendly, provocative, unilateral move.”
Last week, the U.S. Senate voted to lift trade restrictions on Russia that date back to the Cold War era, normalize trade with Moldova and impose sanctions on Russian officials accused of committing human rights violations. U.S. President Barack Obama has pledged to sign the measure, which cleared the House of Representatives last month.
The bill is named after Sergei Magnitsky, a 37-year-old Russian lawyer who was jailed after he denounced what he called a criminal ring of officials who stole $250 million in tax money. He died in prison in 2009.
The Magnitsky Act combines two bills — the Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act. One part repeals a Cold War-era provision known as the Jackson-Vanik amendment, which linked favorable U.S. tariffs on Russian goods to the rights of Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate.
The bill also includes a provision that denies visas and freezes U.S. bank assets of Russian human rights violators. Moscow has expressed anger over the provision, warning that it would harm diplomatic relations with Washington.
Before the vote, Russian Foreign Ministry officials said that if the measure passed, Moscow would respond in what they called an “appropriate manner.”
http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/ … ghts-bill/
By Salem Solomon | New York Times
ON Sept. 2, Ambassador Susan E. Rice delivered a eulogy for a man she called “a true friend to me.” Before thousands of mourners and more than 20 African heads of state in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ms. Rice, the United States’ representative to the United Nations, lauded the country’s late prime minister, Meles Zenawi. She called him “brilliant” — “a son of Ethiopia and a father to its rebirth.”
Few eulogies give a nuanced account of the decedent’s life, but the speech was part of a disturbing pattern for an official who could become President Obama’s next secretary of state. During her career, she has shown a surprising and unsettling sympathy for Africa’s despots.
This record dates from Ms. Rice’s service as assistant secretary of state for African affairs under President Bill Clinton, who in 1998 celebrated a “new generation” of African leaders, many of whom were ex-rebel commanders; among these leaders were Mr. Meles, Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Jerry J. Rawlings of Ghana, Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and Yoweri K. Museveni of Uganda.
“One hundred years from now your grandchildren and mine will look back and say this was the beginning of an African renaissance,” Mr. Clinton said in Accra, Ghana, in March 1998.
In remarks to a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations that year, Ms. Rice was equally breathless about the continent’s future. “There is a new interest in individual freedom and a movement away from repressive, one-party systems,” she said. “It is with this new generation of Africans that we seek a dynamic, long-term partnership for the 21st century.”
Her optimism was misplaced. In the 14 years since, many of these leaders have tried on the strongman’s cloak and found that it fit nicely. Mr. Meles dismantled the rule of law, silenced political opponents and forged a single-party state. Mr. Isaias, Mr. Kagame and Mr. Museveni cling to their autocratic power. Only Mr. Rawlings and Mr. Mbeki left office willingly.
Ms. Rice’s enthusiasm for these leaders might have blinded her to some of their more questionable activities. Critics, including Howard W. French, a former correspondent for The New York Times, say that in the late 1990s, Ms. Rice tacitly approved of an invasion of the Democratic Republic of Congo that was orchestrated by Mr. Kagame of Rwanda and supported by Mr. Museveni of Uganda. In The New York Review of Books in 2009, Mr. French reported that witnesses had heard Ms. Rice describe the two men as the best insurance against genocide in the region. “They know how to deal with that,” he reported her as having said. “The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Ms. Rice has denied supporting the invasion.
More recently, according to Jason K. Stearns, a scholar of the region, Ms. Rice temporarily blocked a United Nations report documenting Rwanda’s support for the M23 rebel group now operating in eastern Congo, and later moved to delete language critical of Rwanda and Uganda from a Security Council resolution. “According to former colleagues, she feels that more can be achieved by constructive engagement, not public censure,” Mr. Stearns wrote recently on Foreign Policy’s Web site.
Ms. Rice’s relationship with Mr. Meles — which dates from 1998, when she was a mediator in an ultimately unsuccessful effort to prevent war between Eritrea and Ethiopia — also calls her judgment into question.
In fairness, in her eulogy, Ms. Rice said she differed with Mr. Meles on questions like democracy and human rights. But if so, the message did not get through; under Mr. Meles during the past 15 years, democracy and the rule of law in Ethiopia steadily deteriorated. Ethiopia imprisoned dissidents and journalists, used food aid as a political tool, appropriated vast sections of land from its citizens and prevented the United Nations from demarcating its border with Eritrea.
Meanwhile, across multiple administrations, the United States has favored Ethiopia as an ally and a perceived bulwark against extremism in the region. In 2012 the nation received $580 million in American foreign aid.
Eritrea is no innocent. It has closed itself off, stifled dissent and forced its young people to choose between endless military service at home and seeking asylum abroad. But I believe that the Security Council, with Ms. Rice’s support, went too far in imposing sanctions on Eritrea in 2009 for supporting extremists.
President Obama has visited sub-Saharan Africa just once in his first term — a brief stop in Ghana. One signal that he plans to focus more on Africa — and on human rights and democracy, not only economic development and geopolitics — in his next term would be to nominate someone other than Susan Rice as America’s top diplomat.
Salem Solomon is an Eritrean-American journalist who runs Africa Talks, a news and opinion Web site covering Africa and the global African diaspora.
He just got scammed!
Drunken master PF councilor apologizes for $2,000 beer bill
Sheraton Addis Ababa
Written by Editor. Posted in Breaking News, Headlines
Published on December 05, 2012
PF drunkard councilor of Silwiza ward in Lusaka’s Northmead, Chikutano Nkhoma who was detained in Ethiopia after failing to pay for the alcohol he consumed worth $2,000 about K10 million while in that country has shamelessly apologized.
**The Patriotic Front (abbreviated PF) movement is the Zambian ruling political party.
Chikutano who is also a husband and father was in the company of three other council officials accommodated at the Sheraton hotel as guest of the Addis Ababa city council.
According to Minister of Foreign Affairs Given Lubinda, Chikutano Nkhoma was on his first high profile trip and must have gotten carried away with the hotel environment hence his misconduct of excess consumption of alcoholic beverages at the hotel.
Foreign Affairs Minister Given Lubinda told parliament in a ministerial statement on the Ethiopia incident that the councilor apologized in his letter to him after requesting that he furnishes him with the details.
Mr Lubinda further told the house that Councilor Nkhoma has also promised to reimburse the $2,000 the Addis Ababa city council paid Sheraton hotel to clear his bill. The Minister also said government has apologized to the Ethiopian Government and Sheraton hotel over the embarrassing incident.
He adds that the Lusaka City Council has since set up an adhoc disciplinary committee to further probe the incident and make recommendations of its finding to the full council meeting.
Mr Lubinda says the Lusaka city council has been directed to reimburse the Addis Ababa City Council the $2,000 it paid to clear councilor Nkhoma’s bill.
Your Excellency Ato Zewde Retta,
At the outset I would like to congratulate you on the publication of your third book. The last two books impressed your readers including myself. I cannot but help appreciate your tenacity in producing such a voluminous book on the government of His Imperial Majesty HaileSelassie I, the last Emperor of Ethiopia. We find ourselves lucky to witness the detailed account of the few personalities that were steering the government. We are more than glad to witness the genius of H.E. Tsehafi Teezaz Wolde Giorgis Wolde Yohanes in the affairs of the nation.
Having said this, I cannot help but raise one important issue that disturbs me and many people whom I know. The case in question is the role the Vatican played in the Ethio-Italy war of 1936-1941. As you are well aware, Fascist Italy, under the leadership of Benito Mussolini, waged a war of aggression on the peaceful people of Ethiopia primarily to avenge the humiliation of the Italians in losing the famous Battle of Adwa to gallant Ethiopians.
In your book you have resorted to telling us that the head of the Catholic Church, namely His Eminence Pope Pius XI, not to compromise his position and that of the church, preferred to keep quiet while millions of Jews were massacred. But in another occasion he told the world without naming Ethiopia or any other nation that aggression for territorial aggrandizement was wrong. He said the above while he addressed the nurses of the world who were there for a meeting. In his speech he did not condemn the Fascistic aggression on Ethiopia and the killings of Ethiopians. In fact when the Nazis butchered six million Jews in front of his eyes the Pope kept quiet for fear of reprisal from the other “Monster”. After a while, meaning after the war ended, the church found herself in an embarrassing situation and thus opted to apologize to the Jews on two different occasions.
In the Ethiopian case where there is photographic evidence of clergy of the Catholic church blessing the Fascist war machine at the Napoli shipyard which undoubtedly was done with the knowledge of the church since a tribute of this magnitude cannot be done in the name of the church by an independent priest – we cannot fail to see the complicity.
We cannot deny that the war against Ethiopia was considered a Holy War by members of the clergy and that Ethiopians were considered INFIDELS who needed to be rechristened as Catholics.
There is no denying that the clergy was part and parcel of the Fascist war machine even within Ethiopia.
As Ato Kidane Alemayehu tried his best to clearly illustrate, Mr. Avro Manhattan, in his 1949 book, said “Pope Pius XI is credited with much admiration for Mussolini. That the Italian clergy as a whole are pro-Fascist is easy to understand, seeing that Fascism is a nationalist, authoritarian, anti-liberal and anti-socialist force”. This I believe is an empirical truth. One cannot deny the evidence.
When the victorious Fascist force arrived in Addis Ababa in 1936, the Pope was one of the first world leaders to congratulate the Fascist force.
There is no denying that the Pope was one of the first to recognize Ethiopia as part and parcel of Italy. To reaffirm his complicity at the time, the New York Times in its February 13, 1937 edition said ‘—-earlier today the Pontiff had his recognition of Italian sovereignty over Ethiopia by bestowing his Apostolic Benediction upon Victor Emanuel as the “King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia.”
So how can one try to defend that which is irrefutable?
My dear friend, Ato Kidane Alemayehu, (YEETHIOPIA YEQURT KEN LIDJ -meaning the man willing to sacrifice himself for his motherland), in an eleven page message to Your Excellency has gone a long way to prove to you that the Vatican worked hand and glove with Mussolini’s Government. Quite a number of respectable historians, Ethiopians and foreigners alike, share and hold the views that the complicity of the Vatican is self-evident.
Your Excellency, as a former colleague, I would urge you to talk to any knowledgeable person in Ethiopia and you will be surprised to know that the majority think that Vatican has been unjust in its complicity with Fascism. I have yet to meet with an Ethiopian that supports your argument to the contrary.
I would think that the Vatican’s apology to the Ethiopian people for the harm it entailed is paramount to healing the wound.
You claim to have done an exhaustive study of the case while you stayed in Rome, as the Ethiopian Ambassador to Italy, and later visiting the library of the Vatican. I would be most surprised if you were to find the evidence cited herein in such places. The evidence of the complicity is found elsewhere. Whether we like it or not, the evidence that the Pope stood by Fascism is indisputable.
Last but not least, in the name of the victims:
the thirty thousand massacred in Addis Ababa in just three days (Feb. 19-21, 1937);
the three hundred monks massacred at Debre Libanos ( Feb. 1937);
the thousands massacred throughout the war (1936-1941);
the millions of people uprooted and imprisoned;
the execution of the defiant Abune Petros and Abune Michael;
the destruction of thousands of churches and houses; and
the elimination of millions of domestic animals.
We would like to appeal to your conscious to retract your statement
that the Vatican has not colluded with the Fascist Government of Benito Mussolini “the Butcher of Ethiopia”.
If and when you do that, you would have done the greatest service to your
Country. Hence forth we will campaign in union to acquire an apology from Pope Benedict XVI and proceed to demand fair compensation from the Italian government for the atrocities and colossal damage suffered by the Ethiopian people.
In anticipation of a positive response, I remain,
Former Ambassador Alemayehu Abebe Shenkut
(An infant member of a patriot force of Northern Shoa, Ethiopia. A victim of Fascism and a member of the Ethiopian Patriot Association)
VOA – በደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ክልል፤ በቤንች ማጂ ዞን ጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ የሚኖሩ፤ ከዓመታት በፊት ከአማራ ክልል የሄዱ ሠፋሪ አርሦ አደሮች በአካባቢው ባለሥልጣናት ተገድደው ቀያቸውን ልንዲለቅቁ እየተደረጉ መሆኑን መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።
ከረዥም ጊዜ በፊት በአካባቢው እንዲሠፍሩ የተደረጉና አሁንም ድረስ በዚያው ነዋሪ የሆኑ አርሦ አደሮች የእርሻ መሬታችንን እንዳናርስና በማሣ ላይ እርሻ ያለበትን ጨምሮ በጨረታና በሃራጅ እየተሸጠባቸው መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡
ይህንን የአርሦ አደሮቹን ክስ እና ደርሶብናል ወይም እየደረሰብን ነው የሚሏቸውን በደሎች እና እንግልቶች ከሌሎች ወገኖችንም ለማጣራትና በችግሩ ውስጥ አሉ የሚባሉ ወገኖች የሚሉትን ለማዳመጥ ብዙ ጥረቶችን እያደረግን እንገኛለን፡፡
ከእነዚህ መካከል የጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ፣ አቶ መሬሣ ጎዪ እና የወረዳው ፖሊስ አዛዥ አቶ ምሥክር ይገኙበታል፡፡ እነርሱን ለማግኘት በተከታታይና ለብዙ ጊዜ ሙከራ ቢደረግም ማግኘት አልተቻለም፡፡
ጉዳዩን በቅርብ እየተከታተልኩ ነው የሚለው የመላ ኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ድርጅት – መኢአድ ተቀዳሚ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር አቶ ወንድማገኝ ደነቀ “የተፈናቀሉ ሰዎችን ስም ዝርዝር ሳይቀር ይዘናል፤ ሰዎቻችን እቦታው ድረስ ሄደው ሁኔታውን አይተዋል” ብለዋል፡፡
በመኪና እየተጫኑ ተወስደዋል ካሏቸው 150 የሚሆኑት ወደ ምዕራብ ሸዋ፣ አምቦ ከተማ መወሰዳቸውን፣ ሞባይል ስልኮቻቸውን መነጠቃቸውንና ያሉበትን ሁኔታ እንደማያውቁ ገልፀዋል፡፡ ሌሎቹ 200 ሰዎች ደግሞ በወረዳው ከተማ ሚዛን ተፈሪ እሥር ቤት ውስጥ እንደሚገኙ አመልክተዋል፡፡
በሚፈናቀሉት ሰዎች ላይ ድብደባና ሌሎችም ጉዳቶች እንደደረሱባቸው፣ ጥይት እንደሚተኮስባቸው አቶ ወንድማገኝ አመልክተዋል፡፡
(NBC Chicago) — An 18-year-old Schaumburg High School student whose lifeless body was found lying in a roadway in the northwest suburb of Chicago early Saturday was being remembered as a beloved friend and athlete by school officials and classmates.
"I am writing with great sadness to report the loss of one of our students," stated Schaumburg High School Pricipal Tim Little in a letter to parents on Saturday. "Our thoughts and sympathies are with the student’s family at this difficult time."
Mikias T. Tibebu, a native of Ethiopia, was pronounced about dead about 1 a.m. after police and paramedics’ resuscitative efforts failed to revive him, authorities said.
While the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office ruled Tibebu’s death the result of an apparent hit-and-run collision, investigators say they have not yet determined his exact cause of death.
He was “a dedicated student with exceptional academic honors,” Schaumburg High School Principal Tim Little recalled of Tibebu in an email Saturday afternoon.
“A beloved friend and athlete, Mikias was also a committed member of the cross-country and track teams. Our thoughts and sympathies are with Mikias’ family and friends during this difficult time,” Little said in the email.
One of his friends said, “nothing bad could be said about him. He was one of the nicest kids on the team, and always working hard. He was loved by all and will be always.”
Tibebu will be remembered with a moment of silence during Saturday evening’s Schaumburg High School basketball game, school officials said.
Police and paramedics, responding to a report of a body in the road, say they found Tibebu, 18, lying in the street near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive about 12:38 a.m.
The first arriving officer and bystanders performed CPR in an attempt to revive the teen. And life-saving efforts were continued once paramedics arrived on the scene, but Tibebu, of the 800 bock of Westfield Lane in Schaumburg could not be revived
Police are looking for witnesses who may have seen Tibebu’s death or possess information that could help their investigation.
“At this time we are not interested in calling it conclusively a hit-and-run,” said Schaumburg police Sgt. John Nebl. “We don’t want to rule anything out. We have no witnesses. We do not know how he ended up in the roadway.”
According to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office Tibebu was walking near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive when he was hit by a vehicle that drove off, according to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office.
The Schaumburg Police Department’s Investigations Division and Traffic Crash Reconstruction Team are being assisted by the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office with this investigation.
Members of the school district’s Crisis Response Team will be available throughout the day on Monday at the high school to provide support for the Schaumburg High School community, Little said.
Anyone with helpful information is asked to call investigators at (847) 882-3534.
አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)
“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በመባል የሚታወቀውን የጉበት በሽታ ዓይነት አስመልክቶ ከአድማጮች በተላኩ ጥያቄዎች መነሻነት የተሰናዳ ፕሮግራም ነው። የበሽታውን ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ህክምና፤ እንዲሁም ህሙማን በበኩላቸው ሊያደርጓቸው የሚችሏቸውን ጥንቃቄዎች ጨምሮ፥ በህክምናው ረገድ የሚታዩ ልዩ ልዩ ጭብጦች ይዳስሳል። ሞያዊ ማብራሪያውን የሚሰጡን፥ ዶ/ር አድማሱ ጠና በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የህክምና ትምህርት ቤት፥ የጥቁር አንበሳ ሆስፒታል የውስጥ ደዌና የተላላፊ በሽታዎች ህክምና ባለ ሞያ ናቸው።
የቃለ ምልልሱን የመጀመሪያ ክፍል ከዚህ ያዳምጡ
South Africa at crossroads as Mandela hospitalized
By By JON GAMBRELL | Associated Press – 1 hr 2 mins ago.
JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Inside a Catholic church that once served as a major rallying point for anti-apartheid activists, a gray-suited Nelson Mandela appears in stained-glass window that also features angels and the cross.
Worshippers here prayed Sunday for the hospitalized 94-year-old former president, who remains almost a secular saint and a father figure to many in South Africa, a nation of 50 million people that has Africa’s top economy.
Mandela’s admission to the hospital this weekend for unspecified medical tests sparked screaming newspapers headlines and ripples of fear in the public that the frail leader is fading further away.
And as his African National Congress political party stands ready to pick its leader who likely will be the nation’s next president, some believe governing party politicians have abandoned Mandela’s integrity and magnanimity in a seemingly unending string of corruption scandals. That leaves many wondering who can lead the country the way the ailing Mandela once did.
"When you have someone that’s willing to lead by example like he did, it makes things easier for people to follow," said Thabile Manana, who worshipped Sunday at Soweto’s Regina Mundi Catholic church. "Lately, the examples are not so nice. It’s hard. I’m scared for the country."
Mandela, who spent 27 years in prison for fighting racist white rule, became South Africa’s first black president in 1994 and served one five-year term. The Nobel laureate later retired from public life to live in his remote village of Qunu, in the Eastern Cape area, and last made a public appearance when his country hosted the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.
On Saturday, the office of President Jacob Zuma announced Mandela had been admitted to a Pretoria hospital for medical tests and care that was "consistent for his age." Zuma visited Mandela on Sunday morning at the hospital and found the former leader to be "comfortable and in good care," presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said in a statement. Maharaj offered no other details about Mandela, nor what medical tests he had undergone since entering the hospital.
In February, Mandela spent a night in a hospital for a minor diagnostic surgery to determine the cause of an abdominal complaint. In January 2011, Mandela was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection.
Mandela has had other health problems in the past. He contracted tuberculosis during his years in prison and had surgery for an enlarged prostate gland in 1985. In 2001, Mandela underwent seven weeks of radiation therapy for prostate cancer, ultimately beating back the disease.
While South Africa’s government has offered no details about where Mandela is receiving treatment, the nation’s military has taken over medical care for the aging leader since the 2011 respiratory infection. At 1 Military Hospital in Pretoria on Sunday, the facility that previously cared for Mandela in February, soldiers set up a checkpoint to search vehicles heading into the hospital’s grounds. A convoy of cars with flashing lights and sirens entered the hospital grounds Sunday afternoon.
Mandela’s hospitalization quickly dominated news coverage in South Africa, where most have been focused on the upcoming ANC national convention later this month in Mangaung. There, the party that has governed South Africa since Mandela’s election will pick either pick a new leader or reelect Zuma to helm the organization. Becoming leader of the ANC means a nearly automatic ticket to becoming the president in post-apartheid South Africa.
Zuma, 70, he faces ever-increasing criticism as the nation’s poor blacks, who believed the end of apartheid would bring economic prosperity, face the same poverty as before while politicians and the elite get richer. Meanwhile the nation’s economy continues to struggle amid slow growth and the aftermath of violent unrest in the country’s mining industry.
Zuma also faces criticism over millions of dollars of government-paid improvements made at his private homestead. But that’s merely the tip of the corruption allegations swirling around the party, which critics say is increasingly tarnished. Text books have gone undelivered to rural schools, while local ANC officials have been arrested and convicted of corruption charges. Others have been attacked or killed in politically tinged violence as the party’s convention draws closer.
"It’s becoming corrupt every day … and it’s growing worse," said Sidney Matlana, a worshipper at Regina Mundi. "Things are getting worse than it was before."
Yet Zuma remains a charismatic leader and still gets widespread support from Zulus, South Africa’s largest ethnic group. He appears likely to hold onto power as provincial nominations ahead of the national meeting largely have support him.
Despite that, those leaving worship Sunday at Regina Mundi stressed the need for South Africa’s politicians to follow Mandela’s example.
It was here that anti-apartheid crusaders gathered to plan, pray and to mourn their dead, a church Mandela himself once called a "battlefield between forces of democracy and those who did not hesitate to violate a place of religion with tear gas, dogs and guns."
Mandela’s own stained glass image stands just right of another portraying a man carrying the corpse of 13-year-old Hector Pieterson, who was gunned down by police in Soweto in a peaceful 1976 student protest.
Worshippers acknowledged Sunday they didn’t know which politician would be able to live up to Mandela’s legacy.
"Every person has got his time," churchgoer Lerato Mhlala said. "Someone must come in and take his place as well."
Jon Gambrell can be reached at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP .
http://news.yahoo.com/south-africa-cros … 04625.html
PM Hailemariam denies knowing about the request to move the Ethiopia vs Eritrea soccer match from Asmara to SudanSunday, December 9th, 2012
ጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ሀይለማርያም ኢትዮጵያ ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርገው የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ ቦታ እንዲለወጥ መጠየቁን አላውቅም አሉ
ህዳር ፳፱ (ሃያ ዘጠኝ) ቀን ፳፻፭ ዓ/ም
ኢሳት ዜና:-አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ይህን የተናገሩት ከአልጀዚራ ቴሌቪዥን ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለምልልስ ነው። ረዩተር የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ፌዴሬሽን ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑትን አቶ መላኩ አየለን በመጠቀስ ” ለተጫዋቾች ደህንነት ሲባል እግር ኳስ ፌደሬሽኑ የጨዋታው ቦታ እንዲቀየር መጠየቁን ” ዘግቦ ነበር። ቢቢሲና አልጀዚራን የመሳሰሉ ታላላቅ አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀንም ለጉዳዩ የዜና ሽፋን መስጠታቸው ይታወቃል።
በኢትዮጵያ በኩል የቀረበውን ጥያቄ ተከትሎ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የነበራትን ጨዋታ መሰረዙዋን የአፍሪካ እግር ኳስ ኮንፌዴሬሽን መግለጹን ረዩተር ከትናንት በስቲያ ዘግቧል።
እነዚህ ዘገባዎች በስፋት በመገናኛ ብዙሀን በቀረቡበት ሁኔታ ነው፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ” ከኤርትራ ጋር ወዳጅነት ከፈለጋችሁ ለምን ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርጉት የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ የመጫዎቻ ቦታው እንዲቀየር ፈለጋችሁ?” በሚል ለቀረበላቸው ድንገተኛ ጥያቄ በመደናገጥ መረጃ የለኝም ሲሉ መለስ የሰጡት።
የአንድ አገር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በውጭ ፖሊሲ ዙሪያ የመጨረሻውን ውሳኔ የሚሰጥ አካል መሆኑ በህገመንግስቱ ተቀምጧል። አቶ ሀይለማርያም ትልቅ አገራዊ የመነጋጋሪያ አጀንዳ የሆነውን ጉዳይ አለውቅም ማለታቸው አንድም ውሳኔው ከእርሳቸው ውጭ በሆነ አካል የተወሰነ ነው፣ ሌላም ለቃለምልልሱ ሲቀርቡ ረዳቶቻቸው አስቀድመው እንዲዘጋጁ ባለማድረጋቸው አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አሻንጉሊት ናቸው የሚለውን መልእክት ሆን ብሎ ለማስተላለፍ ከእርሳቸው ጀርባ ባሉ ሰዎች የተቀነባበረ ሊሆን ይችላል” በማለት የኢሳት ዘጋቢ አስተያየቱን አስፍሯል።
አቶ ሀይለማርያም አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ዝግጁ መሆናቸውንም ገልጸዋል። የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊም ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ በመሄድ ለመነጋገር ከ50 ጊዜ በላይ መጠየቃቸውን ተናግረዋል። የአቶ መለስ መንግስት ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመነጋገር 5 ቅድመ ሁኔታዎችን አስቀምጦ እንደነበር ይታወሳል። አቶ መለስ እነዚህ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ካልተሙዋሉ በስተቀር ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር እንደማይነጋጋሩ በፓርላማ ፊት በተደጋጋሚ ይናገሩ ነበር። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርም ስለ5ቱ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ምንም አለማለታቸውን ዘገቢያችን ገልጿል።
” አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በቅርቡ ወደ አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ጋር ለመደራደር ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው ገልጸዋል፤ የባድሜን ጉዳይ አላነሱም። በዚህ ላይ የእርስዎ አስተያየት ምንድነው ?’” ተብለው አስተያየታቸውን የተጠየቁት የግንቦት 7 ሊቀመንበር ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ነጋ ፣ “ወያኔዎች ስልጣኑን ለማቆየት እንኳንስ ባድመን አዲግራትንም ስጡን ቢሉዋቸው ሰጥተው ለመደረዳር ዝግጁ ናቸው” በማለት መልሰዋል።
ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመደራደር ከመለመን ይልቅ ቀላሉ መንገድ ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር አይደለም ወይ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ሲመልሱ ” ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር የዲሞክራሲ እና የስልጣን ጥያቄ የሚያስነሳ ነገር በመሆኑ አይፈልገውም” በማለት መልሰዋል
“አንዳንድ ምሁራን ‘ መንግስት ባድመን ካስረከበ ከትግራይ ህዝብና ከህወሀት ታጋይ ተቃውሞ ሊነሳበት ይችላል’ በማለት አስተያየት ይሰጣሉ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ” ወያኔ የትግራይን ህዝብ በሀይል እጨፈልቀዋለሁ ብሎ እንደሚያስብ እና ስልጣኑን የሚያቆይለት መስሎ ከታየው ምንም ነገር ለማድረግ ወደ ሁዋላ አይልም” በማለት መልሰዋል።
Egypt’s Morsi cancels constitutional decree that sparked deadly protests
Move comes hours after military warned of ‘disastrous consequences’ if crisis were to continue.
By The Associated Pressand DPA| Dec.09, 2012 | 1:25 AM | 2
Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday annulled a controversial constitutional decree he issued last month granting him sweeping powers, which led to deadly protests across the country over the past week.
A referendum on an Egyptian draft constitution would still go ahead as planned on December 15, Islamist politician Mohamed Selim al-Awa said after a meeting between the presidency and independent and Islamist figures.
Earlier on Saturday, Egypt’s military warned of "disastrous consequences"’ if the crisis that sent tens of thousands of protesters back into the streets is not resolved, signaling the army’s return to an increasingly polarized and violent political scene.
The military said serious dialogue is the "best and only" way to overcome the nation’s deepening conflict over a disputed draft constitution hurriedly adopted by Islamist allies of President Mohammed Morsi, and recent decrees granting himself near-absolute powers.
"Anything other than that (dialogue) will force us into a dark tunnel with disastrous consequences; something which we won’t allow," the statement said.
Failing to reach a consensus, "is in the interest of neither side. The nation as a whole will pay the price," it added. The statement was read by an unnamed military official on state television.
ኢሳት ዜና:- በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ እስላም ኢትዮጵያውያን በታላቁ የአንዋር መስገድ በመገኘት በስልጣን ላይ ያለው መንግስት እየተከተለ ያለውን ፖሊሲ አምርረው ተቃውመዋል።
ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር የተጻፈበት ወረቀት በማውለብለብ ” አንቀጹ ይከበር፣ ኮሚቴዎቻችን ይፈቱ፣ አሸባሪዎች አይደለንም” በማለት ተቃውሞአቸውን ሲገልጹ ተሰምቷል።
ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር በመያዝ ተቃውሞአቸውን ያስተጋቡት በህገመንግስቱ በአንቀጽ 27 ላይ የተደነነገገው የሀይማኖት እኩልነት መብት ይከበር በማለት ነው።
አዲሱ መንግስት የመለስ መንግስት ይከተለው የነበረውን ችግሮችን በሀይል የመፍታት ዘዴ መከተሉ፣ ከኢትዮጵያውያን አልፎ በጸረ ሽብር ትግሉ ወዳጅ ተደርጋ የምትታየዋን አሜሪካ ሳይቀር እያሳሰበ የመጣ ጉዳይ ሆኗል።
በእስር ላይ በሚገኙት የኮሚቴ አባላት ላይ የሚታየው የተንዛዛ የፍርድ ሄደትና በአባላኦቹ ላይ በእስር ቤት የፈጸመው አሰቃቂ እርምጃ ምእመኑን ማበሳጨቱን ወኪላችን ከአዲስ አበባ ዘግቧል።
‘Zero hour’: Syrian rebels prepare to mount Damascus attack
Syrian rebels are preparing to mount their ‘Zero Hour’ campaign to take Damascus, with fears the capital is facing total destruction in the coming months.
By Ruth Sherlock, Beirut
6:49PM GMT 06 Dec 2012
As rebels fought government troops on the outskirts of the capital, a Damascus based analyst told the Daily Telegraph that the fighting was likely to defeat the aspirations of both sides.
“There is the risk of the total destruction of Damascus,” said Peter Harling, Project Director with the Middle East Programme of the International Crisis Group. “The regime is well entrenched in some key parts of Damascus and the opposition is unable to come up with a political vision to offer an exit to the bulk of people fighting for the regime.
“We could see a repeat of the level of destruction that we have seen in other towns, but it would be worse this time: what transition do you get when you destroy the seat on power?”
As the rebels advance, the United States said they were “very concerned” that Bashar al-Assad’s regime would resort to using chemical weapons.
“I think there is no question that we remain very concerned, very concerned that as the opposition advances – in particular on Damascus – that the regime might very well consider the use of chemical weapons,” Leon Panetta, the US defence secretary said.
“The intelligence that we have raises serious concerns that this is being considered.”
Unconfirmed reports on Wednesday confirmed that the military had loaded precursor chemicals for sarin nerve gas into aerial bombs for potential use.
In recent weeks, armed groups have won control in much of the north of the country and seized key positions in both the northern populous town of Aleppo and in the capital.
Government forces in Damascus fought to keep rebel groups at bay on Thursday, launching shelling attacks to the northeast and southwest of the capital, official and activist sources said.
Increasingly bullish, this week opposition activists launched a video titled ‘Zero Hour – Your Final Chance’, warning residents in the capital to “change sides” before it is too late.
The video, posted on Facebook, promises an imminent offensive that would seize central Damascus and “check mate” the Syrian president.
It gives instructions on how to react to the attack, and how best to survive: “No one will remain in their house during this hour … we will come out in the millions to all of the criminal Assad’s palaces … The floor will shake under Assad and his supporters’ feet,” narrates a voice backed by rousing music. “We invite all members of the Assad Army to defect in masses from this regime.”
Seeking to further boost their successes, commanders of the Free Syrian Army have gathered in Turkey to settle on a new organisational military structure that is intended to increase co-ordination between groups on the ground and improve weapons supply lines.
In another boost, Britain said that it will seek next week to amend an arms embargo on Syria to make it easier to help the rebels.
A Foreign Office official said the increased “practical support” that Britain envisaged would be training and non-lethal equipment. Items such as body armour and night-vision goggles are currently caught up in a European arms embargo aimed at stemming supplies to Assad forces.
Mr Harling however warned that the failure of the opposition’s political wing – first the Syrian National Council and now the National Coalition, to carry a strong message of forgiveness and conciliation to government loyalists means the plan to overthrow the capital is doomed to a bitter and bloody failure that could see Syria become a failed state.
“You can’t just let the armed groups play this out. As the regime is forced into a fighting retreat we could see new conflicts ignite … and the political opposition is totally absent.”
Next week Syria’s international allies, including Britain, will meet for a ‘Friends of Syria’ conference in Morocco where they are expected to endorse the National Coalition with full political recognition, as well as substantial funds.
A Western diplomat monitoring the National Coalition as it tries to elect a leader said the group’s objectives have once again become lost to squabbling.
“The SNC knows it has been sidelined and so is trying as much as it can to sabotage the new project. There is a huge split in National Coalition and they won’t stop fighting.”
(Reuters) – Eritrea’s soccer team has withdrawn from its African Nations Championship qualifiers against Ethiopia, a letter from the Confederation of African football (CAF) showed.
It was not immediately clear if Ethiopia’s request for the match to be played on neutral ground after ruling out traveling to Asmara was behind Eritrea’s move.
Over the weekend, 18 members of the Red Sea state’s national team, including Eritrea’s team doctor, disappeared in Uganda while playing in a regional tournament.
The two east African rivals were set to clash in the Eritrean capital around Jan. 14-16 with the return fixture booked for a fortnight later in Addis Ababa.
"We have just been informed by the Eritrean Football Federation that its national team is withdrawing from the … matches," said a letter from CAF’s Competitions Deputy Director Shereen Arafa seen by Reuters.
The letter did not mention Eritrea’s reasons for its withdrawal. An Ethiopian FA official confirmed the letter and added that his country was now set to face Rwanda in Addis Ababa on June 21-23 in the next qualification round.
Ethiopia and Eritrea are entangled in a bitter border dispute that saw the countries go to war between 1998-2000, a conflict which cost tens of thousands of lives.
The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.
Ethiopia and Eritrea were last drawn against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border. Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches.
Scientists say they have pinpointed genetic changes that allow some Ethiopians to live and work more than a mile and a half above sea level without getting altitude sickness.
The specific genes differ from those reported previously for high-altitude Tibetans, even though both groups cope with low-oxygen in similar physiological ways, the researchers report. If confirmed, the results may help scientists understand why some people are more vulnerable to low blood oxygen levels caused by factors other than altitude — such as asthma, sleep apnea, heart problems or anemia — and point to new ways to treat them, the researchers say.
Living with less
Lower air pressure at high altitude means fewer oxygen molecules for every breath. “At 4000 meters, every lungful of air only has 60% of the oxygen molecules that people at sea level have,” said co-author Cynthia Beall of Case Western Reserve University.
To mop up scarce oxygen from thin air, travelers to high altitude compensate by making more hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of human blood. But high hemoglobin comes with a cost. Over the long term, excessive hemoglobin can increase the risk of blood clots, stroke, and chronic mountain sickness, a disease characterized by thick and viscous blood.
“Altitude affects your thinking, your breathing, and your ability to sleep. But high-altitude natives don’t have these problems,” said Beall, who has studied high altitude adaptation in different populations in Ethiopia, Peru and Tibet for more than 20 years. “They don’t wheeze like we do. Their thinking is fine. They sleep fine. They don’t complain of headaches. They’re able to live a healthy life, and they do it completely comfortably,” she added.
[size=130]How do they do it?[size]
Research over the last four decades has revealed that people born and raised in mountainous regions cope with altitude in different ways. Native highlanders in Tibet and some in Ethiopia, for example, are able to maintain relatively low blood hemoglobin concentrations at high altitude compared to their counterparts in the Andes, a trait that makes them less susceptible to chronic mountain sickness.
Tibetans and some Ethiopians have both evolved a dampened response to low oxygen, explained study co-authors Anna Di Rienzo and Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu of the University of Chicago.
The researchers wanted to pinpoint the genetic changes that enable Ethiopians to thrive in thin air, and to see if the same genes play a role for Ethiopians as found in recent studies for Tibetans.
To find out, they analyzed the genomes of nearly 260 Ethiopian villagers belonging to two ethnic groups: the Oromo, who began settling at high altitude in the Bale Mountains of southeast Ethiopia about 500 years ago, and the Amhara, who have lived at high altitude in the Semien Mountains of northwest Ethiopia for at least 5,000 years.
Research by Beall and colleagues in the early 2000s revealed that Oromo cope with thin air in much the same way that lowlanders visiting high altitude do — i.e., by making more hemoglobin.
In contrast, Amhara highlanders — whose ancestors have inhabited mountainous regions for thousands of years longer than the Omoro — are able to maintain blood hemoglobin levels that are roughly 10% lower than Omoro living at the same altitude.
In a study to appear in the December 6, 2012 online issue of the journal PLoS Genetics, a team led by Beall, Di Rienzo and Alkorta-Aranburu analyzed both groups’ DNA, which was extracted from blood and saliva samples donated by Amhara and Omoro villagers born and raised at high (3700-4000m) and low (1200-1560m) elevations.
Using a statistical technique called a genome-wide association study, the researchers scanned the genomes of highland and lowland Ethiopians from both ethnic groups in search of variants associated with hemoglobin levels in the blood.
Same solution, different genes
When they scanned the villagers’ DNA, the researchers found a genetic variant associated with low hemoglobin levels in the Amhara.
This variant was located in a different region of the genome than those previously found to be associated with low hemoglobin in Tibetans. In other words, the physiological coping mechanisms shared by Amhara and Tibetans in response to life at high altitude — ie., dampened hemoglobin levels — are due to different underlying genes.
It is still unclear whether the first settlers of high altitude regions in Ethiopia and Tibet carried different genetic variants with them when they arrived, or whether different mutations occurred in these populations after they got there. But it’s clear that each group followed a different evolutionary pathway.
“They have a similar physiologic solution, but that doesn’t necessarily amount to a similar genetic solution,” Di Rienzo said.
For the Omoro — who are relative newcomers to high altitude — the researchers also found differences between highlanders and lowlanders in DNA methylation, a chemical process that causes changes in gene activity, but doesn’t necessarily alter the genetic code. While the differences aren’t linked to hemoglobin levels, the results suggest that such changes may play a role in the early stages of high altitude adaptation, the researchers say.
Paris: NATO-Arab Syria intervention imminent
DEBKAfile Special Report December 7, 2012, 3:09 PM (GMT+02:00)
Sources close to the French Defense Ministry reported Friday, Dec. 7, that a Western-Arab military intervention against the Assad regime is due to begin shortly with the participation of the US, France, Britain, Turkey, Jordan and other anti-Assad Arab nations.
Our military sources add that the French aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle carrying a complement of marines is deployed in the Mediterranean, having joined the USS Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group and at least five British warships which are also carrying a large marine force.
In the second and third weeks of November, British and French naval forces, plus 2,600 special ops combatants from both nations, performed landing-and-capture exercises against fortified locations on the coast and mountains of Albania as practice for potential operations against similar terrain in Syria, where the Alawite Mountains loom over the coastal towns of Latakia and Tartus.
The troops landing there would head for the Alawite Mts. to prevent Assad and his loyal units from retreating to his mountain stronghold and fighting on from there – as he plans to do if he is forced to flee Damascus.
French sources told Le Point magazine that the NATO mission for Syria, including the UK and the US, would be modeled on the Western intervention in Libya in 2011. It would combine an aerial blitz with ground action by special forces for destroying Assad’s chemical weapons stocks, his air force and his air defense systems.
ኢሳት ዜና:- በአማራ ክልል የሚገኙ መምህራን ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በሰሜን ወሎ በሚገኝ አንድ ትምህርት ቤት ብቻ ከመስከረም እስከ ታህሳስ ወር ከ 5ኛ እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል ባሉት ክፍሎች ውስጥ 44 ሴት ተማሪዎች ትምህርታቸውን አቋርጠው ወደ አረብ አገራት ሄደዋል። በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩት ደግሞ ፓስፖርት በማውጣት ጉዞአቸውን እየተጠባበቁ ነው። መምህራንም እንደ ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱ መሆናቸው ችግሩን አሳሳቢ አድርጎታል። መንግስት መምህራንን በመሰብሰብ ለማወያየት ሙከራ አድርጓል።
መንግስት የችግሩን ምንጭ ፈልጎ እንደማግኘትና መፍትሄ እንደመፈለግ በመምህራን ላይ ማሳበብን መርጧል። የመንግስት አቋም መምህራን ወደ አረብ አገራት ስለሚደረገው ስደት በቂ የሆነ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ትምህርት ለተማሪዎች አልሰጡም የሚል ሲሆን፣ የመምህራን አቋም ደግሞ ” ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱት ተስፋ በማጣታቸው ነው” የሚል ነው ።
እድሉ ቢገኝ ከአገሪቱ ህዝብ 40 በመቶው አገሩን ጥሎ ለመሰደድ ፍላጎት እንዳለው በውጭ አገር የተደረገ አንድ ጥናት ከአመት በፊት ማመላከቱ ይታወሳል።
ቁጥራቸው በውል ያልታወቀ ኢትዮጵያውያን በየመን የባህር ሰላጤ እንዲሁም በሰሀራ በረሀ የውሀ ሽታ ሆነው መቅረታቸውን አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን በተደጋጋሚ መዘገባቸው ይታወሳል።
VOA – ተማሪዎቹ በፆሙ ምክንያት “የሚቀርብልን ዳቦ መጠን ይጨመርልን፣ የሚቀርቡትን ቅንጬና የመሣሰሉ ቅቤ የሚገባባቸውን ምግቦች እንደማይጠቀሙ አመልክተው ተጨማሪ ዳቦ እንዲሰጣቸው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡
ያ ጥያቄአቸው እስኪመለስም ከነበሩበት የመመገቢያ አዳራሽ እንደማይወጡ በመግለፃቸው ፖሊስ ተጠርቶ መግባቱንና በተማሪዎች ላይ ጉዳት መድረሱን ገልፃለች፡፡
የግቢው ሁኔታ ዛሬ የተረጋጋ መሆኑንና ተማሪዎቹ ወደ ትምህርታቸው መመለሣቸውንም ተናግራለች፡፡
ስለሁኔታው መግለጫ የሰጠን የዩኒቨርሲቲው የተማሪዎች ኅብረት ፕሬዚዳንት ዳዊት ጌታቸውም ያመፁት ተማሪዎች ጥያቄ አግባብነት የለውም ብሎ እንደማያምን ይሁን እንጂ ጥያቄአቸውን ያቀረቡት አግባብነት ባለው መንገድና ሁኔታ እንዳልሆነ ገልፆ ጥያቄአቸውን ለማየት ጥረት መደረጉን አመልክቷል፡፡
ተማሪዎቹ ከመመገቢያ አዳራሹ ለመውጣት ፍቃደኛ ባለመሆናቸው ምክንያት ፌደራል ፖሊስ ወደግቢው እንዲገባ መደረጉ ትክክል ነው ብሎ እንደሚያምን ገልጿል፡፡ ተማሪዎቹ ሙሉ በሙሉ ሠላማዊ እንደነበሩ፣ ያጠፉት ንብረትም ሆነ የጎዱት ሰው አለመኖሩግ ዳዊት ጠቅሶ በተማሪዎቹ እና በፖሊሶቹ መካከል ግን ግጭት አለመፈጠሩን፤ የተጎዳ ተማሪም እንደሌለ ተናግሯል፡፡
የዩኒቨርሲቲው የሥርዓተ-ትምህርት፣ የምርምርና የተማሪዎች ጉዳዮች ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንትና የፕሬዚዳንቱ ተወካይ ዶ/ር ታየ ቶለማርያም ተማሪዎቹ ያነሷቸውን ጥያቄዎች ወዲያውኑ ለመፍታት እንደሚያስቸግር፣ ምግብ የሚቀርበው በጨረታ ከሚያሸንፍ ድርጅት በመሆኑ ጊዜ እንደሚወስድ ተነግሯቸው ወደ ትምህርታቸው እንዲመለሱ መጠየቃቸውንና ተማሪዎቹ ለመመለስ ፍቃደኞች ሳይሆኑ መቅረታቸውን ገልፀዋል፡፡
አምስት ሺህ የሚሆኑ ሌሎች ተማሪዎችም መመገብ ስለነበረባቸው አዳራሹን ለማስለቀቅ የውጭ የፖሊስ ኃይል መጋበዛቸውን ደ/ር ታየ አመልክተዋል፡፡ የግቢው የፀጥታ ኃይል ቢኖርም ሁኔታው ከአቅሙ በላይ ነበር ብለዋል፡፡
“በተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ያልተደሰቱት ተማሪዎች፤ ከውጭ የተቀላቀሏቸውም ሊኖሩ ይችላሉ፤ ከዚያ ወጥተው በመኖሪያቸው አካባቢ ባሉ ሕንፃዎች ላይ ድንጋይ ወርውረዋል፣ መስኮቶችንና በሮችንም ሰብረዋል” ብለዋል ዶ/ር ታየ፡፡
ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡ embed
ኢሳት ዜና:- ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የፈለጉ ፖሊሶች ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በእስር ላይ የሚገኙት ተማሪዎች ቁጥር 115 ሲሆን፣ ከእነዚህም መካከል የተወሰኑት ትናንት ተለቀዋል። 2 ተማሪዎች ለህይወት አስጊ በሆነ ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል። መጠነኛ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ተማሪዎች በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ መሆኑን የገለጡት ፖሊሶች፣ ትምህርት አንጀምርም ያሉትን ተማሪዎች ከሙስሊም እንቅስቃሴና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በማያያዝ ለመክሰስ መታቀዱን ገልጸዋል።
ተማሪዎች ያነሱት ጥያቄ ከምግብ ጋር የተያያዘ ቢሆንም ፣ መንግስት ግን ጉዳዩን ፖለቲካዊ አንድምታ ሊሰጠው በመፈለግ ፌደራል ፖሊሶችን በመላክ ተማሪዎችን እንዳስደበደ መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።
(VOA) — 4ኛው የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፓትርያርክ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆሬዎስ፣ “ከነ ሙሉ ክብራቸውና ማዕርጋቸው ወደ አገራቸው እንዲገቡና መንበራቸው ላይ እንዲሆኑ” የሚጋብዝ፣ ከኢትዮጵያው ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የተፃፈ ደብዳቤ በማግኘታችን እውነት ስለመሆኑ ወደፕሬዚደንቱ ስንደውል፣ ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ «እውነት ነው፣ እኔ ነኝ የፃፍኩት» ብለው አረጋገጡልን።
የስልኩ ጥሪ ብዙም ጥራት ስላልነበረው እንደገና ስንደውል ደግሞ ቀደም ሲል ደብዳቤውን የፃፉት ሰዎች አሣስተዋቸው መሆኑን ጠቁመው የሻሩት መሆናቸውን ገለፁልን፡፡
ሁለቱም ውይይት ላይ ድምፃቸው አለ፤ የአዲሱ አበበን ዘገባ ያዳምጡ።
Eritrean players seek asylum in Uganda
The 17 Eritrean footballers and team doctor who vanished in Uganda on Tuesday have all applied for asylum in the country.
David Apollo Kazungu, the Commissioner for Refugees in the Office of the Prime Minister, told BBC Sport that the Eritreans had met them this morning seeking asylum.
"They told us that conditions in their country are not good and we are looking at their conditions and papers," he explained.
"But they remain under our authority now since they have registered."
Kazungi added they are working with United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to see how they can help the 18 Eritreans.
The men failed to return to the team hotel on Sunday after claiming that they were going shopping, eventually just five officials and two players returned to Eritrea yesterday.
The Eritrean team had been eliminated from the on-going regional Cecafa Senior Challenge Cup at the group stage, where they drew with Zanzibar and lost to Malawi and Rwanda.
Nicholas Musonye, the secretary general of Cecafa, the east and central African regional football body, said it was good news the Eritrean players had been found.
However, he added it was a bad trend for Eritrean players to disappear at such tournaments on a regular basis, after similar incidents at the Cecafa tournaments in 2009 and 2010.
Syria loads chemical weapons into bombs; military awaits Assad’s order
By Jim Miklaszewski and M. Alex Johnson, NBC News
The Syrian military is prepared to use chemical weapons against its own people and is awaiting final orders from President Bashar Assad, U.S. officials told NBC News on Wednesday.
The military has loaded the precursor chemicals for sarin, a deadly nerve gas, into aerial bombs that could be dropped onto the Syrian people from dozens of fighter-bombers, the officials said.
As recently as Tuesday, officials had said there was as yet no evidence that the process of mixing the "precursor" chemicals had begun. But Wednesday, they said their worst fears had been confirmed: The nerve agents were locked and loaded inside the bombs.
Sarin is an extraordinarily lethal agent. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s forces killed 5,000 Kurds with a single sarin attack on Halabja in 1988.
U.S. officials stressed that as of now, the sarin bombs hadn’t been loaded onto planes and that Assad hadn’t issued a final order to use them. But if he does, one of the officials said, "there’s little the outside world can do to stop it."
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton reiterated U.S. warnings to Assad not to use chemical weapons, saying he would be crossing "a red line" if he did so.
Speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Clinton said the Syrian government was on the brink of collapse, raising the prospect that "an increasingly desperate Assad regime" might turn to chemical weapons or that the banned weapons could fall into other hands.
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, said the fall of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government was "inevitable."
"Ultimately, what we should be thinking about is a political transition in Syria and one that should start as soon as possible," Clinton said. "We believe their fall is inevitable. It is just a question of how many people have to die before that occurs."
Aides told NBC News that Clinton was expected next week to officially recognize the main opposition movement, the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, with which she is scheduled to meet in Morocco. Britain, France, Turkey and some key Arab leaders have already recognized the opposition.
Fighting intensified Wednesday in the 21-month civil war, which has left 40,000 people dead. The U.N. withdrew its personnel from Damascus, saying conditions were too dangerous.
The government said this week that it wouldn’t use chemical weapons on its own people after President Barack Obama warned that doing so would be "totally unacceptable."
But U.S. officials said this week that the government had ordered its Chemical Weapons Corps to "be prepared," which Washington interpreted as a directive to begin bringing together the components needed to weaponize Syria’s chemical stockpiles.
U.S. officials had long believed that the Syrian government was stockpiling the banned chemical weapons before it acknowledged possessing them this summer.
NBC News reported in July that U.S. intelligence agencies believed that in addition to sarin, Syria had access to tabun, a chemical nerve agent, as well as traditional chemical weapons like mustard gas and hydrogen cyanide.
Officials told NBC News at the time that the Syrian government was moving the outlawed weapons around the country, leaving foreign intelligence agencies unsure where they might end up.
Syria is one of only seven nations that hasn’t ratified the 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention, the arms control agreement that outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of such weapons.
Bombshells filled with chemicals can be carried by Syrian Air Force fighter-bombers, in particular Sukhoi-22/20, MiG-23 and Sukhoi-24 aircraft. In addition, some reports indicate that unguided short-range Frog-7 artillery rockets may be capable of carrying chemical payloads.
In terms of longer-range delivery systems, Syria has a few dozen SS-21 ballistic missiles with a maximum range of 72 miles; 200 Scud-Bs, with a maximum range of 180 miles; and 60 to 120 Scud-Cs, with a maximum range of 300 miles, all of which are mobile and are capable of carrying chemical weapons, according U.S. intelligence officials.
In an exclusive interview, Hailemariam Desalegn tells Al Jazeera he is ready to speak to President Issaias Afeworki.
05 Dec 2012
Hailemariam Desalegn, Ethiopia’s prime minister, has said that he is willing to hold talks with neighbouring Eritrea, with whom Addis Ababa fought a border war that ended in 2000.
If Desalgen follows through with Wednesday’s statement, it will be the first time a leader in Addis Ababa has held talks with Issaias Afeworki, the Eritrean president, since the end of the conflict which left at least 70,000 people dead.
"If you ask me, ‘Do you want to go to Asmara and sit down and negotiate with Isaias Afwerki?’ Then, I will say yes’," Hailemariam said in an interview with Al Jazeera to be broadcast on Saturday.
The two countries remain at odds over the flashpoint town of Badme, awarded to Eritrea by a UN-backed boundary commission, but still controlled by Ethiopia.
"The most important thing for us is to fight poverty … to have regional integration. If we two do that, it will be much more productive," Hailemariam added.
Eritrea won independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a 30-year struggle, that is considered among the continent’s longest and most bitter.
Hailemariam, who took office after longtime ruler Meles Zenawi died in August, said that reaching out to Asmara was following the policy of his predecessor.
"My predecessor Meles Zenawi had asked for more than 50 times even to go to Asmara and negotiate with Mister Isaias Afwerki," he said.
Ethiopia and Eritrea routinely accuse each other of backing armed groups to destabilise the other.
In March, Ethiopia attacked an Eritrean military base after the killing of five European tourists in blamed on Asmara.
Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) is conveying its best wishes in the holiday season to all Ethiopians. It has been 6 months since ENTC has been officially formed. Although the road to victory is a long and difficult one, the group’s beginning is a promising one. It is with everyone’s participation that the struggle can bear fruit. ENTC is inviting you to participate in their holiday donation drive and also join them in their effort.
ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ
ለውድቀት የተዳረገው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት በኢትዮጵያ
በዚህ ባለፈው ሰኔ ወር ላይ ‹‹ አንድነት ለሃይማኖት›› በሚል ጽሁፍ በኢትዮጵያ ስለሚካሄደው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ገፈፋ ያለኝን ስጋት ገልጬ ነበር፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ አዲሱ የሰብአዊ መብት መጣስ አካሄድ በሃይማኖት ነጻነት ላይ ማነጣጠሩን አሳስቤያለሁ፡፡ ስጋቴን ትንሽ ቀለል ያረገልኝ ስርአት የተላበሱት የክርስቲያኑና የሙስሊሙ የሃይሞነት መሪዎች በሃይማኖት ውስጥ የሚሞከረውን አግባብነት የሌለውን ጣልቃ ገብነት ጠንክረው መቃወማቸውን በማየቴ ነበር፡፡ መጣጣፌ ላይ አንዳልኩት ‹‹ላለፉት በርካታ ዓመታት›› ኢትዮጵያ የወንጀል፤ የጥቃት፤ የሰብአዊ መበት መደፈር፤ተፈጥሮ የቸረውን መብት መርገጫ ማዕከል ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሁን ደግሞ የኢትዮጵያ የሃይመኖት አባቶች ኢትዮጵያ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት የሚገፈፍባት ሃገር ሆነች እያሉ ያማርራሉ›› ፡፡ የሙስሊሙና የክርስትና ሃይማኖት መሪዎችና አማኞች፤ ጠንክረውና እጅ ለእጅ በመያያዝ በአንድነት ሆነው፤ ለዕምነታቸው ነጻነት ለማስገኘትና መብትቸውን ለማስጠበቅ ሕሊናቸው በሚያዛቸው መንቀሳቀስ እንዲችሉ በሰላማዊ አምቢታ ጸንተው ቆመዋል፡፡
የገዢው መንገስት ባለስልጣናት ይህን በሕገ መንግስቱ ላይ በግልጽ የተቀመጠውን ድንጋጌ በመዘንጋት አለያም አውቀው አናውቅም በማለት በቸልተኝነትና በማንአለብኝነት ይህን የነጻነት የእምነት በነጻ የመንቀሳቀስ ሂደት በአክራሪነት በገዲድ በመተርጎም እንቅስቃሴውን ለማዳከም በመጣር ላይ ናቸው፡፡በቅርቡ ያለፉት መለስ ዜናዊ፤ ሲናገሩ ‹‹በቅርቡ በተከናወነው የጌታችን መድሐኒታችን የጥምቀት በዓል በተከበረበት ወቅት አንዳንድ የክርስቲያን እምነት ተከታዮች የክርስቲያን መንግስት ይቋቋምልን በማለት መፈክር ይዘው ወጥተዋል፤ እንዲሁም እምነታቸውን በነጻ ሃይማኖታቸውም ከጣልቃ ገብነት የጸዳ እንዲሆን ያነሱትን የሙስሊሙን ጥያቄ፤ ይህን ጥያቄ የሚያነሱት የአልቃይዳ ተባባሪ የሆኑ የ‹‹ሳላፊ›› ጥገኞች›› በማለት ታርጋ ለጥፈውባቸዋል፡፡ መለስ ውንጀላቸውን ቆርጠው በመቀጠል ‹‹ለመጀመርያ ጊዜያት የአልቃይዳ ሴል በኢትዮጵያ ታየ በማለት፤ አብዛኛዎቹም በባሌ፤እና በአርሲ ይገኛሉ ብለዋል፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን በኢትዮጵያ ያሉት ሳላፊስ በሙሉ አልቃይዳ ናቸው ለማለት አይደለም፡፡ አብዛኛዎቹ አይደሉም፡፡ሆኖም ግን እነዚህ ሳላፊዎች ትክክለኛውን (የሙስሊም) ሃይሞኖታዊ ትምህርት ሲያፋልሱ ታይተዋል ብለው ነበር››፡፡
የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ባወጣው መግለጫ (ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ) ላይ ባለፈው ወር ይህን አክራሪ ናቸው የሚለውን አባባል ማጣጣል ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ በኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ላይ የሚደረገውን የሃይማኖት ተጽእኖና ጭቆና እያሳሰበው መሆኑንም፤ ጥየቄያቸው ግን እንደሚባለው ሳይሆን በሃገሪቱ ላይ ባሉት የሙስሊም አማኞች ላይ በሚደረግ የጉልበትና የግፍ አካሄድ እምነቱ ከሚፈቅደውና ሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ከሚያምንበትና ሲከተለው ከነበረው አካሄድ ውጪ በሆነ አዲስ መጥ ስርአት እንዲያምን ለማስገደድ ሰለሆነ መንግስት ከድርጊቱ እንዲታቀብ አሳስቧል፡፡ ሲዘግቡም፥
የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት ፍላጎቱ አልሃበሽ የሚባለውን የዕምንት አመለካከት በሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ላይ በግዴታ በመጫን ለዝንተዓለም ሲከተሉት ከነበረው የሱፊ አመለካከትና ስነስራት ለመለየት እያስገደደ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት ከዚህም ባሻገር የሙስሊማኑ የሃይማኖት አባቶችን ከባለዕምነቶቹ ፍላጎትና ፈቃደኝነት ውጪ፤ ምርጫውን በራሱ በማካሄድ ሹመኞቹን ጭኖባቸዋል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል በነጻነት የሚንቀሳቀስ ተጽእኖ የሌለበት በመባል ሲታወቅ የነበረው የኢትዮጵያን እስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ምክር ቤትን አሁን ገዢው መንግሰት በራሱ ምደባ ስልጣን በያዙት ለገዢው መንግስት አገልጋይና ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚዎችን አስቀምጦበታል፡፡ የመፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ ብሎ የሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ያስቀመጣቸውን ወኪሎቹን ለኔ መመርያ ካልተገዛችሁ በሚል አመለካከት፤ ሰብስቦ በተፈጠረና አንዳች የእውነት ፍንጣቂ የሌለበት በተደጋጋሚ በንጹሃን ላይ ሲለጠፍ ያለውን ሽብርተኛ በማለት ወደ ወህኒ ማውረድ በሃገሪቱ ባሉት ሙስሊማን ላይ ተጽእኖ ለማድረግና ለመቆጣጠር አንመች ያሉትን በማስፈራራት ማግለል ይዞዋል፡፡ በዚህ ሰበብም በኦክቶበር 29 ላይ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት 29ኙን የሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ወኪሎችና ሰላማዊ ተንቀሳቃሾች ሽብርተኞችና እስላማዋ መንግስት ለመመስረት የተነሳሱ ናቸው በማለት ወንጅሏቸዋል፡፡
የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽነር አዚዝ አል ሂብሪ በግልጽ ሲናገር:
ይህ የወቅቱ መሰረተ ቢስ ክስና ውንጀላ የኢትዮጵያ መነግስት ተቃዋሚዎቹን ዝም ለማሰኘትና ለማሰር፤ የሙስሊሙም ሕብረተሰብ ያነሳውን ሰላማዊና ሕገመንገስታዊ የዕምነት ነጻነት ጥያቄ በሰበብ አስባቡ ለማጨናገፍና ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሆነውን የዕምንት ጥያቄ ለማክሰም የሚጠቀምበት ዘዴ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ በቁጥር አነስተኛ የሆኑት ለእስር ቢዳረጉም የዓላማው ደጋፊዎች የሆኑት በሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ናቸው በሰላማዊ መንገድ ጥያቄውን አንስተው እንደመጥ ያሉት፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት በሙስሊም ዜጎቹ እምነት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባቱን ማቆም አለበት፡፡አለአግባብም ባልሰሩትና ባልፈጸሙት ውንጀላ የታሰሩትንም ሊለቅ ተገቢ ነው ብሏል፡፡
የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽንም ያነሳቸውን ጭብጦች በተመለከተ ሊተኮርባቸው የሚገቡ ጉዳዮች አሉ፡፡ በቅድሚያ ይህ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ድርጅት መንግስታዊ ያልሆነ ድርጅት፤የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች፤ ወይም የመንግስት አፈቀላጤም አይደለም፡፡ የ1998 ዓመቱን ዓለም አቀፍን ሃይማኖታዊ ነጻነት ድንጋጌ አስመልክቶ በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ምከር ቤት (ኮንግሬስ) የተቋቋመ ነጻ የሆነ ኮሚሽን ሲሆን ተግባሩም በዓለም አካባቢ ባሉ ሃይማኖታዊ ክስተቶች ስለሚከናወኑትና ስለነጻነታቸው ሁኔታ ዘገባ እያጠናቀረ፤ አስፈላጊ ሲመስለውም የፖሊሲ ሃሳብ ለፕሬዜዳንቱ፤ለሃገር አስተዳደር፤ እና ለኮንግሬሱ ማቅረብ ነው፡፡ ይህን ኮሚሽን ለመምራትም ዕውቅና ያላቸውና በዓለም አቀፉ ሃይሞኖታዊ እውነታዎችን ስርአት ላይ በቂ ዕውቀትና ግንዛቤ ያላቸው ግለሰቦች፤ ስለውጭ ግንኙነት፤ዓለም አቀፋዊ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጠንቅቀው የተረዱና ግንዛቤያቸውም የሰፋ የሆኑት ተመርጠው የሚካተቱበትና ስራውን የሚያካሂዱበት ነው፡፡ ይህ ኮሚሽን ማንኛቸውንም በዓለም ተቀባይነት ያላቸውን ድንግጌዎች ሁሉ በማክበር የማስከበር ሃሳብ ለሚመለከታቸው በማቅረብ ተግባራዊ እንዲደረግ ይጥራል፤ ይሟገታል፡፡
የዚህ (የ ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ) የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ማስረጃና ምስክርነት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሃይሞነታዊ እምነት ነፃነት መጣሱን መንግስታዊ ጥቃትም እየደረሰበት እንደሆነ በሚገባ ያረጋገጠ ነው፡፡
የኢትዮጵያ ዓለም አቀፋዊና ሕገመንግስታዊ ግዴታ የሃይማኖት ነጻነትንም ያካተተ ነው
የገዢው መንግሥት ባወጣውና ባጸደቀው ሕገመንግስት መሰረት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን የማክበር ግዴታ እንዳለበት ደንግጓል፡፡ በዚህ ድንጋጌውም ገዢው መንግስት ጣልቃ በመግባት ነጻ አንደሆነ በሚገባ ተቀምጧል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንገስት ዓለማዊ መንግስት ነው እንጂ መንፈሳዊ መንግስት አልተመሰረተበትም:: የህገ መንግስቱ አንቀጽ 11 በሃይማኖትና በመንግስት መሃል ደንግጎ መንግስትም በሃይሞነቱ ሃይማኖቱም በመንግስት ውስጥ ጣልቃ እንዳይገቡ ያግዳል፡፡ አንቀጽ 27ም እንደ የሃይመኖቶች የነጻነት አንቀጽ ተብሎ ሊጠቀስ ይችላል፡፡ በመሆኑም ‹‹ሁሉም እንደየእምነታቸውና ፍላጎታቸው በነጻ የማሰብን፤እና የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን›› ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ማንም ሃይማኖትን መቀበልም ሆነ ወይም ወዳሰኘው ሃይማኖታዊ እምነት መዞርን፤ በግልም ሆነ በቡድን አለያም በመሰባሰብ ተደራጅቶ ማምለክን በምርጫው ማከናወንን ይፈቅዳል፡፡
የአንቀጽ 11 እና 27 ሕገመንግስታዊ ቋንቋ አጠቃቀም በቀጥታ ቃል በቃል ከዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ድንጋጌ የተገለበጠ ነው፡፡ይህም በዲሴምበር 10 1948 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቷል፡፡ አንቀጽ 18 የዓለም አቀፍ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብቶች ቃል ኪዳን፤በጁን 11 1993 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቶ ጸድቋል፡፡ በዚህም ድንጋጌ መሰረት ማንም ቢሆን የሃይማኖት የሰብአዊ መብትና በነጻ የማሰብ መብቱ ይጠበቅለት ዘንድ የግድ ነው፡፡ የአፍሪካውም (ባንጁል) ቻርተር ከዓለም አቀፋዊው ድንጋጌ ጋር ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡በየድንጋጌውም ላይ የዓለም አቀፉን ድንግጌ በማክበር መተግበር እንዳለበት ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያም የሁለቱም ቻርተሮች ፈራሚ ነችና ድንጋጌዎቹን በተቀረጹበት መልክ ማክበርና ሕዝቦቿም ተጠቃሚ እንዲሆኑ ቃሏን ማክበር ስላለባት ገዠው መንግስትም ከዚህ ውጪ ትርጓሜ ሊሰጥበት አይችልም፡፡
የኢትዮጵያ ዢው መንግስት ለዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌዎች በገባው ግዴታ መሰረት በራሱ ሕገመንግስት ላይ ያሰፈራቸውን መብቶች መከበርና ሳይሸራረፉ ለሕዝቡ መቆማቸውን ማረጋገጥ ይጠበቅበታል
ግዙፍ የሆነና በነጻ ወገኖች የተረጋገጠ፤ በቂና ታሪካዊ ማስረጃ ያለው፤ የድርጊቱ ሰለባ ከሆኑትና ከሌሎችም የተጠናቀረው እውነታ የሚያሳየው መንግስታዊ የሆነ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥሰት መኖሩንና ጉልህ የሆነ የሰዎች የእምነትና ሕገመንግስታዊ መብትም መጣስ መኖሩን የሚያስረዳ ነው፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ከሃይማኖቱ ተከታዮች ፍላጎትና መሪዎቻቸውም ባላመኑበት መንገድ ጫና በመፍጠርና ሃይልና ማስገደድ ባለው ሂደት መሪዎች መርጦ ከማስቀመጡም ባሻገር አዲስ ስርአት በማምጣት የአልሃበሽን የእስልምና ወገናዊ እምነት ለመጫን ነው ዓላማው፡፡በሃይማኖታዊው ዋና ፍሬ ነገር ላይ በማትኮር የሃይማኖት አባቶች በማለት የእስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ካውንስልን እንዲመሩ መንግስት መርጦ በተለያዩ የሙስሊሙ ኮሙኒቲ አባልታ ባሉበት ሁሉ 11 የሪጂኖች የእስልምና ከውንስል ብሎ ማስቀመጡ አግባብነትም ሆነ ተቀባይነትም የሌለው ተግባር ነው፡፡ መንግስት በመስጊድ ሊደረግ የሚገባውን የምርጫ ሂደት በማፋለስ በመንግስት ቁጥጥር ስር ባሉ ስፍራዎች እንዲካሄድ ማደረጉ የሚፈልጋቸው አገልጋዮቹ ያለአግባብ ስልጣኑን ይዘው እንዲያገለግሉት ለማድረግ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ይህን ሂደት አንቀበልም ሃይማኖታዊ ስርአትም የተከተለ አይደለም በማለት ተቃውሞ ያቀረቡትንም በማግለል፤ ከቦታቸው እንዲነሱ አድርጓል፡፡ ከተነሱም በኋላ ለእስራት ዳርጓቸዋል:: በንጸህናና በሰላማዊ መንገድም የተበላሸው እንዲስተካከል አላግባብ የተከናወነውም ምርጫ እንደቀየር ሃሳብ ያቀረቡትን ከማሰርም አልፎ ቀሪዎቹንም ሱገቡና ሲወጡ በደህንነቶች ቁጥጥርና ክትትል እንዲደረግባቸው በማድረግ ሰላሙን ሁሉ በማደፍረስ ላይ ነው፡፡ በመንግስት ተመርጠው የተቀመጡትም አገልጋዮች ተቀባይነት አጥተው ከቢሮ ማቀፍ አላለፉም፤ ይልቁንስ የመንግስት መጠቀሚያ ሰላዮች ተብለው በብዙሃኑ የሙስሊም እምነት ተከታዮች ከመፈረጅ ውጪ ያገኙት አንዳችም ነገር የለም:: ያገኙት ነገር ቢኖር የመንግስትን ግልጋሎት ማከናወን ብቻና ከመንግስት የሚቸራቸውን ነው፡፡ በዚህም መሰረት የሙስሊሙን ህብረተሰብ ወደማያምንበትና ወደተበላሸ እምነታዊ ስርአት ማካተት ጨርሶ የማይቻል ጉዳይ ነው፡፡
ገዢው መንግስት በጣልቃ ገብነቱ ላይ ተቃውሞ ባነሱት ሙስሊማን ላይ በለጠፈው ሽብርተኝነት የወንጀል ክስና ሌላም ክህደት ለሞላው ውንጀላው አንዳችም ማስረጃ ማቅረብ አልቻለም፡፡ እነዚህ በከንቱ ለእስር የተዳረጉት የነጻነት ተሟጋቾች፤ከውጭ ሃይል ጋር አላቸው ስለተባለው ግንኙነት፤ ሥልጣን ለመያዝ ተብሎም ስለተነሳው ጉዳይ፤ የሙስሊም መንግስት ይቋቋም ብለዋል ስለተባለበትም ቢሆን ወንጃዩ መንግስት አንዳችም ማሰረጃ ለማቅረብ አልበቃም፡፡ ማንኛቸውም ነጻ ወገኖችና ታዛቢዎች ቢሆኑ ያረጋገጡት፤ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን በሰላማዊ መንገድ ለማስከበር መንቀሳቀሳቸውን፤ የራሳቸውን መሪዎችና የእስልምና ጉዳዮች የካወንስል መሪዎች እንምረጥ ከማለት ውጪ አንዳችም ሌላ ሁኔታ እንዳላዩ ነው፡፡ ይሄ ደግሞ ተገቢያልሆነ ጥያቄ አይደለም፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸው ነው፡፡ መንግስት መርጦ ያስቀመጣቸው ሹማምንት ሊያገለግሏቸውም ሆነ መብታቸውን ሊያስጠብቁላቸው የማይችሉና፤ በምርጫውም የሙስሊሙን ይሁንታ ያልተሰጡ በመሆናቸው አይረቡንም ነው አባባላቸው እናም ልክ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ የተመረጡባቸው ሹመኞች እንቅስቃሴያቸው የሙስሊሙን ሕብረተሰብ ለመከፋፈል፤ ሰላማዊውን ሕብረተሰብ ለማበጣበጥ፤ በሃገር አቀፍ ደረጃ በሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ዙርያ ሰላም እንዲጠፋ ማድረግ ነው፡፡
ገዢው መንግስት ‹‹የጸረሽብርተኝነት ሕግ›› ከጥቅም ውጪ ጅራፉን የማጮህ አርማውን የማውለብለብ ሱስ አለበት
ገዢው መንግስት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን፤የጽሁፍና የፕሬስ (ብዙሃን) ነጻነትን፤የሕዝቡን ሃሳቡን በነጻ የመግለጽ ነጻነትን ባገደና በጣሰ ቁጥር የራሱን ሕገመንግስት እየጣሰ መሆኑን እያወቀ ይክዳል፡፡ በትንሹ ለእስር የዳረጋቸውን 29 የሙስሊሙን ታጋዮች፤ በሽብርተኝነት ሲወነጅል ያው በተደጋጋሚ የታየውን የፈጠራ ሽብርተኝነትን ታርጋ መለጠፉን በመቀጠል ሲያደርገው የነበረውንና በብዙ ማስረጃዎች ሊረጋገጥበት የሚችለውን የሃሰት ውንጀላ መድገሙ እንጂ አዲስ አይደለም፡፡ ይህም የዚህ መንግስት መታወቂያው ሆኗል፡፡ አሁን ያለውን የኢትዮጵያ ምስቅልቅል ሁኔታ ለማስተካከል ይሄ በሽብርተኝነት ነጻና ሰላማዊ ሰዎችን መወንጀልና ማሰር መፍትሔ ሊሆን አይችልም፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት ሊገነዘቡት ያልቻሉት የውሃ ቅዳ ውሃ መልስ የሞኝ ጨዋታቸው ‹‹ጸረሽብርተኝነት›› ለገዢው መንግስት ያተረፈለት ነገር ቢኖር ችግሮችን፤ የሚነሱ ሃሳቦችን፤ህዝባዊ ፍላጎቶችን፤ እውነትን ለማየት እንዳይችል አይኑን መጋረድ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ሕዝቦች ሰብአዊ ክብርን ይሻሉ፤ በስልጣን ላይ ባሉ ሁሉ ሕዝብ ሊከበርና ሰብአዊ መብቱም ሊጠበቅለት ተገቢ ነው፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን ባነሱ ቁጥር በስልጣን ላይ የተጣበቁት እየደነበሩ ሊወንጅሏቸው ጨርሶ ተገቢ አይደለም፡፡
የመንግስቱ መሪዎች‹‹ጸረ ሽብርተኝነትን ሕግ›› እንደጋሻ አንጠልጥለው ሰላማዊ ቅዋሜ አንሺዎችንና በሃይመኖታችን ጣልቃ አትግቡብን በማለት ለሰልፍ የሚወጡትን መኮነንንና ማሰርን ማንገላታትን መፍትሔ አድርገው ማሰብ ከጀመሩ ሰነበቱ፡፡ አንድ የማይታያቸው ክፉ ነገር ግን በሕዝቡ ሕሊናና ልብ ውስጥ እየሰፋና እያደገ፤ ምሬቱም እየከረፋውና እየጎፈነነው በመሄድ ላይ ያለውን የህዝብ ብሶት ማወቅ አለመቻል ወይም ችላ ማለታቸው ነው፡፡ ከትምህርት ደረጃ መውደቅና ጨርሶም ለመማር አለመቻል፤ ሥራ አጥነት፤ እና ተስፋ መቁረጥ ጭርሱን ሰብአዊነታቸው ከመሰረቱ እንዲጎዳና ለችገር እንዲጋለጡ በመዳረጋቸው ወጣቱ ትውልድ እራሱን ለማሻሻልም ሆነ ለሃገሩ ልማታዊ እድገት ተሳትፎ ለኑሮው የሚሆን ስራ ላይ እንዳይሳተፍ በመደረጉ ልቡ ለጊዜው ዝም ያለ ቢሆንም እያመረቀዘ አንድ ቀን የሚፈነዳ ነው፡፡ አሁን በስልጣን ላይ ያሉት አሁን ረጋ ያለ የሚመስላቸው ይህ የወጣት ብሶት ምሬት መከራ፤ ግለቱ ጨምሮ ሲፈነዳና ወጣቶቹም ከተጫነባቸው ፍርሃት ሲላቀቁና ፍርሃት አልባነት ሲነግስላቸው፤ የተስፋ መቁረጥ ክረምት ወጥቶ የተስፋና የመልካም ራዕይ ጸደይ ሲመጣ ልክ እንደ ‹‹አረቡ ጸደይ›› ያ የታሰበውና ታፍኖ የነበረው መብት ነጻነት እኩልነት አብቦ ሃገሩን በአዲስ አበባዎችና ልምላሜ እድገት ያለብሰዋል፡፡ የዚያን ጊዜ ታዲያ ያ ሽብርተኝነትና የጸረሽብር አዋጅ ፍለጋውን ወደ እውነተኞች አሸባሪዎችና ሕጉን መቀለጃና ሃጢአት መሸፈኛ ወዳደረጉት ያለፈባቸው በማድረግ ሃቃዊ ስራውን ማከናወን ይቀጥላል፡፡
ይህ አሁን በመኩራራትና በማን አለብኝነት እየተኮፈሰ ያለው ሞኝ ስብስብ ከሁለቱ የአሜሪካን መንግስት ከፍተኛ የህግ ዳኞች ሊማሩ ይችሉ ይሆናል፡፡ ‹‹የራሱን ህግ ማክበር ከተሳነው መንግስት የበለጠ የመንግስትን መሰረት የሚጥል የለም፡፡ የኛ መንግስት በራሱ ምሳሌነት ሕዝቡን ሀሉ ለህግ እንዲገዛ ያስተምራል፡፡ መንግስት እራሱ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ ሕግን መናቅን መጣስን ነው የሚዘራው፡፡በዚህም ሁሉም ሰው ሕግን በእጁ እንዲያደርግና እንደፈቀደ እንዲሆን በመጋበዝ መተረማመስ (አናርኪ) እንዲፈጠር ያደርጋል፡፡››
የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን እንዳለው: መንግስት ያገታቸውን የሙስሊሙን መፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ አባላትና ሌሎቹንም ታጋቾች በመፍታት፤በሃይማኖት ላይ የጣለውን እግድ ማንሳት ኣለበት፡፡
መንግሥት በራስ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ የራሱን ውድቀት ያፋጥናል፡፡
የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from): http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/02/in_defense_of_religious_freedom_in_ethiopia
(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::
Mon Dec 3, 2012
* Ethiopia says not willing to travel to Asmara
* Matches will be first between foes since 1998-2000 war
Dec 3 (Reuters) – Ethiopia has asked African football’s governing body to move its African Nations Championship qualifiers with arch-foe Eritrea to a neutral venue, with the neighbouring countries still embroiled in a bitter border row, its FA said.
The Horn of Africa neighbours are set to lock horns in the Eritrean capital, Asmara, around January 14-16 with the return tie in Addis Ababa set for two weeks later. But Ethiopia said it would not travel to the Red Sea state.
"We want the matches to take place, but we’re not willing to travel there and it is obvious their government won’t allow their team to visit Addis Ababa," said Melaku Ayele, the Ethiopian Football Federation’s spokesman.
"So we’ve proposed an alternative venue, neighbouring Sudan, for both matches to be held in."
Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a border war between 1998-2000 that killed tens of thousands of troops. A Hague-based independent border commission ruled that the flashpoint town of Badme belonged to Eritrea but the village remains in the hands of Ethiopia and the spat remains unresolved.
Asmara is yet to respond to Ethiopia’s request, Melaku said.
The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.
Ethiopia, nicknamed the Walyas, recently sealed a spot at the more glamorous African Nations Cup finals set for January after a three-decade absence.
Ethiopia and Eritrea were last pitched against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border.
Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches. (Reporting by Aaron Maasho; Editing by Richard Lough and Justin Palmer)
Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam – A Mega-Dam With Potentially Mega-Consequences
By Haydar Yousif, 3 December 2012
Without greater oversight, Ethiopia’s secretive new dam could have disastrous environmental, social and political impacts.
While Egypt was undergoing dramatic political changes last year, Ethiopia was secretly moving to unveil "Project X" – a huge hydropower dam it intends to build on the Blue Nile, 40 km from the Sudanese border.
Political commentators, environmental experts and hydrologists have all voiced concerns about the dam’s ecological impact, the strain it might place on relations between the three eastern Nile nations, and the financial burden of this mega-dam on Ethiopian citizens.
Now renamed the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the project (due for completion by 2015) is set to become the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa. The scale of the project is staggering: the plant will be capable of producing almost double the electricity of Aswan High Dam in Egypt, while its 63 billion cubic metre (bcm) reservoir is double the size of Ethiopia’s largest natural lake. Crucially for Ethiopia’s Nile neighbours, the filling of this huge reservoir is also likely to greatly reduce the flow of water to Egypt and Sudan for several years, and could even permanently alter the amount of water those countries are able to draw from the river.
Details trickling through
The planning and implementation of this project has all been decided behind closed doors. Its $4.8 billion contract was awarded without competitive bidding, for example, to Salini Costruttori, an Italian firm favoured by the ruling party; Salini is also building the controversial Gibe III Dam on Ethiopia’s Omo River.
Furthermore, the nature of the project was kept under wraps until after site preparation had already begun, to the great surprise of regional governments, Nile planning agencies, and Ethiopia’s Western donors. It was especially shocking to Norwegian agencies who were working with the Ethiopian government on a similar project for the same stretch of the Nile, now made obsolete by the Renaissance Dam.
This level of official opacity has worryingly prevailed beyond the initial announcement of the project. Expert analysis that would normally accompany such a titanic project has either not been undertaken or kept characteristically secret. No environmental assessment is publicly available for the project. And no steps were taken before its launch to openly discuss the dam’s impacts with downstream Nile neighbours Egypt and Sudan.
Do the environmental and social plans hold water?
The consequences for Ethiopia’s downstream neighbours could potentially be catastrophic. The Renaissance Dam’s reservoir will hold back nearly one and a half times the average annual flow of the Blue Nile. Filling the reservoir – which could take 3 to 5 years – will drastically affect the downstream nations’ agriculture, electricity and water supply. Evaporative losses from the dam’s reservoir could be as much as 3 billion cubic metres per year.
The dam will also retain silt. The Ethiopian government argues that this will be a net positive as it will increase the lifetime of other dams downstream, particularly in Sudan where, for example, the Roseires Dam has been nearly incapacitated by sedimentation. But what about the life expectancy of the Renaissance Dam itself? This is a serious issue for the dam’s viability, and there are no known plans for watershed management or soil conservation to address it. In addition, the retention of silt by the dam reservoir will dramatically reduce the fertility of soils downstream. Sediment-free water released from dams also increases erosion downstream, which can lead to riverbed deepening and a reduction in groundwater recharge.
Some have predicted even more calamitous consequences of the dam’s construction. The Grand Renaissance Dam site is in the Great African Rift Valley near the Afar Depression, an area in which tectonic turmoil is so great it could, according to some accounts, eventually tear the continent in two. The dam could be at risk from damage by earthquakes, yet no one knows if it has even been analysed for this risk, or the largest earthquake it is being designed to withstand. The failure of such a huge structure puts the more than 100 million people living downstream at risk.
On top of that risk is that of ‘reservoir induced seismicity’. A dam with a reservoir as large as this is not just vulnerable to seismic events – it can cause them. Scientists believe that there have been more than 100 instances on six continents of large reservoirs inducing earthquakes. The most serious to date was China’s devastating magnitude 7.9 earthquake in 2008, which some experts believe was induced by Zipingpu Dam.
Holding back the tide of criticism
However, some of the most pressing concerns regarding the dam’s construction are political. Although its timing coincided with Egypt’s political upheaval, the sudden unveiling of the project nevertheless resulted in an outcry. Egypt’s primary fears are a reduction of its main water supply from the Nile, and diminished nutrients and sediment essential for agriculture.
Towards the end of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s rule, Ethiopia adopted a more aggressive stance over the Nile, moving swiftly to build a number of large hydropower dams. However, tension in the region regarding control of the Nile waters has not all be centred on Ethiopia. In May 2010, five upstream Nile states (Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) signed a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) to access more water from the Nile. The move was strongly opposed by Egypt, which brandished a colonial-era treaty from 1929 asserting its exclusive rights to the Nile’s water supply.
With the Renaissance Dam, these tensions seemed to be coming to a head. Following its announcement in March 2011, Egyptian authorities were quick to lobby international support and strongly hinted that a military response was not deemed disproportionate to protect such a vital resource. Indeed, Wikileaks recently released documents detailing a planned Egyptian attack on the dam from Sudan.
However, attitudes appear to have since softened, and dialogue was opened last month between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. In a bid to allay Egypt’s wrath, the Ethiopian government proposed an International Panel of Experts (IPoE) to review and assess the dam’s impacts on downstream neighbours. The panel of ten consists of two members from each of the three countries eastern Nile countries, plus four international experts. Their names have not been released and their meetings are behind closed doors, but they are expected to announce their findings four months from now. This seems to have placated Ethiopia’s neighbours for now. Egypt has toned down its opposition to the dam, while President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan has even pledged Sudanese support for the project.
Yet whatever the IPoE’s findings, the Ethiopian government seems adamant the dam will continue. In September 2012, the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared that Ethiopia would never halt or slow the construction of the dam due to external pressure, calling into question the significance of the panel. Needless to say, many in Sudan and Egypt still have serious concerns about the project.
Whatever the outcome of political arbitration, it remains irresponsible for Ethiopia to build Africa’s biggest hydropower project, on its most contentious river, with no public access to critical information about the dam’s impacts – a flawed process which can hardly result in a sustainable project. If the Ethiopian government is serious about maintaining good relations with its Nile neighbours, and if it truly wishes to develop projects that will carry its people and the broader region into prosperity, it must begin by allowing some light to penetrate this secretive development scheme.
Haydar Yousif is a Sudanese hydrologist who has worked for 35 years on water issues on the Nile.
From sci-fi to reality: The computer-blitzing drone that can cripple a nation’s electronics at the touch of a button
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing have created a weapon that can knock out computers
The missile is thought to be able to penetrate bunkers and caves
Experts warn, in the wrong hands, could bring Western cities to their knees
By Ben Ellery
PUBLISHED: 22:01 GMT, 1 December 2012 | UPDATED: 14:45 GMT, 3 December 2012
Down the years and across the universe, the heroes of science-fiction classics from Dan Dare to Star Wars and The Matrix have fought intergalactic battles with weapons that wipe out enemy electronics at the touch of a button.
Now scientists have turned fantasy into reality by developing a missile that targets buildings with microwaves that disable computers but don’t harm people.
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing successfully tested the weapon on a one-hour flight during which it knocked out the computers of an entire military compound in the Utah desert.
Scroll down for video
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert
Pre-programmed filghtpath: Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert
It is thought the missile could penetrate the bunkers and caves believed to be hiding Iran’s suspected nuclear facilities. But experts have warned that, in the wrong hands, the technology could be used to bring Western cities such as London to their knees.
During Boeing’s experiment, the missile flew low over the Utah Test and Training Range, discharging electromagnetic pulses on to seven targets, permanently shutting down their electronics.
(CAPA) — Kenya Airways CEO Titus Naikuni told delegates at the 44thAFRAA AGA in Johannesburg on 19-Nov-2012 that his airline should come together with fellow sub-Saharan carriers Ethiopian Airlines and SAA to create a large African airline able to take the fight back to foreign carriers, which dominate 80% of intercontinental traffic to and from Africa. While the big three airlines are big in the context of the African market, globally they are small relative to giant competitors such as Emirates, Air France-KLM and British Airways.
“What we need to do is, we need to merge our airlines. There is no way that we are going to survive as small airlines,” Mr Naikuni said. “We are the lambs at the gate.” Bringing the three biggest carriers together would create one large strong airline, Mr Naikuni argued.
Ethiopian CEO Tewolde GebreMariam agrees with the merger proposal “in principle”, saying size matters in the aviation industry which relies on economies of scale. The idea of a major pan-African airline group has to be discussed, “because now we are being challenged by not only big carriers but also governments who treat these carriers as a strategic national asset”, said Mr GebreMariam.
Even some of the world’s biggest airlines have conceded that they need to consolidate to survive. Europe has consolidated to three major airline groups – Lufthansa, Air France-KLM and British Airways/Iberia parent IAG – in a region of 27 countries. In the United States, United and Continental have come together along with Delta and Northwest. In Latin America there have been mega mergers in recent years with LAN and TAM and with Avianca and TACA.
Even if Kenya Airways, Ethiopian and SAA were to combine, they would account for just 37% of Emirates’ revenue and about half the number of passengers.
Combined the Kenya, Ethiopian and SAA groups currently offer about 650,000 weekly seats. This would make it roughly the 30th largest airline group in the world, slightly behind Avianca-TACA.
But for cross-border mergers to become a reality in Africa, governments will need to put to one side their mistrust of each other and resolve the issue of national flag carriers. The desire by all of Africa’s 54 states to have their own flag carrier has led to a litany of airline failures, often due to weak or corrupt management and government interference. So long as every African nation wants to put its flag on the tail of an aircraft it will be difficult to build a pan-African airline with the necessary critical mass to compete.
The Precarious State of Religious Freedom in Ethiopia
In a weekly column entitled “Unity in Divinity” this past June, I expressed grave concern over official encroachments on religious freedom in Ethiopia. I lamented the fact that religious freedom was becoming a new focal target of official human rights violations. But I was also encouraged by the steadfast resistance of some principled Christian and Muslim religious leaders to official interference in religious affairs. I noted that “For the past two decades, Ethiopia has been the scene of crimes against humanity and crimes against nature. Now Ethiopian religious leaders say Ethiopia is the scene of crimes against divinity. Christian and Muslim leaders and followers today are standing together and locking arms to defend religious freedom and each other’s rights to freely exercise their consciences.”
Officials of the ruling regime in Ethiopia see the issue of religious freedom as a problem of “religious extremism”. The late Meles Zenawi alleged that some Christians at the Timket celebrations (baptism of Jesus, epiphany) earlier this year had carried signs and slogans expressing their desire to have a “Christian government in Ethiopia”. He also leveled similar accusations against some Ethiopian Muslims protesting official interference in their religious affairs for being “Salafis” linked to Al Qaeda. Meles claimed that “for the first time, an Al Qaeda cell has been found in Ethiopia. Most of them in Bale and Arsi. All of the members of this cell are Salafis. This is not to say all Salafis in Ethiopia are Al Qaeda members. Most of them are not. But these Salafis have been observed distorting the real teachings [of Islam].”
A Statement issued by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) last month not only dismissed allegations of religious extremism but also expressed “deep concern about the increasing deterioration of religious freedoms for Muslims in Ethiopia.” USCIRF virtually indicted the “the Ethiopian government [for seeking] to force a change in the sect of Islam practiced nationwide” and for “punishing [Muslim] clergy and laity who have resisted.” According to the USCIRF Statement,
since July 2011, the Ethiopian government has sought to impose the al-Ahbash Islamic sect on the country’s Muslim community, a community that traditionally has practiced the Sufi form of Islam. The government also has manipulated the election of the new leaders of the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council (EIASC). Previously viewed as an independent body, EIASC is now viewed as a government-controlled institution. The arrests, terrorism charges and takeover of EIASC signify a troubling escalation in the government’s attempts to control Ethiopia’s Muslim community and provide further evidence of a decline in religious freedom in Ethiopia. Muslims throughout Ethiopia have been arrested during peaceful protests: On October 29, the Ethiopia government charged 29 protestors with terrorism and attempting to establish an Islamic state.
USCIRF Commissioner Azizah al-Hibri bluntly stated,
These charges are only the latest and most concerning attempt by the Ethiopian government to crush opposition to its efforts to control the practice of religion by imposing on Ethiopian Muslims a specific interpretation of Islam. The individuals charged were among tens of thousands peacefully protesting the government’s violations of international standards and their constitutional right to religious freedom. The Ethiopian government should cease interfering in the internal affairs of its Muslim community and immediately and unconditionally release those wrongfully imprisoned.
It is important to note some very important facts about USCIRF to underscore the significance of its findings. First, USCIRF is not an NGO, a partisan human rights advocacy group or organization or a government agency. It is an independent Commission established by the U.S. Congress (the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998) for the purpose of “monitoring the status of freedom of religion or belief abroad and to provide policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and Congress.” Second, Commissioners are appointed in a bipartisan process by the U.S. President and Democratic and Republican leaders in the U.S. House and Senate. Third, Commissioners are “selected among distinguished individuals noted for their knowledge and experience in fields relevant to the issue of international religious freedom, including foreign affairs, direct experience abroad, human rights, and international law.” Fourth, as an independent body, USCIRF’s mission is to “examine the actions of foreign governments against these universal standards and by their freely undertaken international commitments” such as those found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
The Statement of USCIRF is based on substantial evidence that freedom of religion in Ethiopia is under sustained official attack.
Ethiopia’s International and Constitutional Obligations to Uphold Freedom of Religion
The ruling regime’s constitutional duty to respect the religious freedom of its citizens revolves around its obligations to prevent the establishment of an official religion and refrain from interference in the free exercise of religious belief. Article 11 of the Ethiopian Constitution (which could be described as the “establishment article”) mandates “separation of state and religion” to ensure that the “Ethiopian State is a secular state” and that “no state religion” is established. This article creates a reciprocal obligation between religion and state by prohibiting the “State [from] interfere[ing] in religious affairs” and “religion [from] interfere[ing] in the affairs of the State.” Article 27 (which could be described as the “free exercise of religion article”) guarantees “Everyone the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion” including the “freedom to have or adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 27 prohibits “coercion by force or any other means, which would impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.”
The constitutional language of Articles 11 and 27 is derived almost verbatim from Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on December 10, 1948) and Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on June 11, 1993) which provide that “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 8 of the African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights similarly guarantees “freedom of conscience [and] the profession and free practice of religion” and prohibits States from enacting “measures restricting the exercise of these freedoms”. Article 13 of the Ethiopian Constitution incorporates by explicit reference as the law of the land international legal obligations in securing fundamental freedoms, including religious freedom: “The fundamental rights and freedoms enumerated in this Chapter [“Chapter Three, Fundamental Rights and Freedoms”] shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights covenants and conventions ratified by Ethiopia.
The Ruling Regime in Ethiopia Must Conform Its Actions to Its Own Constitution and Obligations Under International Law
There is substantial and independently verified evidence and a massive amount of anecdotal evidence in the form of testimony by victims of violations of religious freedom that the ruling regime in Ethiopia has engaged and continues to engage in acts that flagrantly violate the constitutional and legal rights of citizens to freely exercise their religion. The regime has sought to impose upon the Muslim community in Ethiopia not only leaders that it has chosen for that community but has also tried to impose its own preferred al-Ahbash Islamic sect on them. It has interfered in quintessentially religious affairs by engineering the election of preferred leaders to the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council which is the “central organizing body of the Muslim Community in Ethiopia” and manages 11 Regional Islamic Affairs Councils in various zones and districts. The regime has usurped established procedures to conduct elections of religious leaders in officially controlled centers instead of mosques. Religious leaders and administrators who have demanded official non-interference or refused to cooperate with officials in protest have been removed from office, persecuted and prosecuted. Religious dissidents and leaders have been placed under surveillance for pursuing purely religious activities and theri vocal opposition to official interference. As a result, the officially engineered Council has little credibility with the vast majority of Muslims and is generally viewed as an agency of the regime created by the regime and for the regime to serve the interests of the regime in politically controlling the Muslim population.
The ruling regime has produced no evidence to support its claims of subversion, terrorism and other allegations of criminality by those protesting official interference. There is no evidence to show that those demanding non-interference in their religious affairs are in alliance with any radical groups or have any intention whatsoever to seize political power or establish an “Islamic state” in Ethiopia. All independent observers confirm that the protesters seek nothing more than their constitutional right to democratically elect their own Islamic Affairs Supreme Council leaders. That is not an unreasonable demand. It is their democratic right. The protesters insist that the “leaders” elected for them by the regime do not have their consent nor can they faithfully represent their interests. They believe the regime selected leaders could ultimately create strife, division and conflict in the Muslim community throughout the country. It is also clear that the leaders that emerged from the regime orchestrated elections do not enjoy much credibility with a significant segment of the Muslim community.
The ruling regime has a bad habit of whipping out its “anti-terrorism law” every time it violates its own Constitution and laws by denying the rights of citizens to religious freedom, the right of the press to report freely and the right of citizens to freely express themselves. Its arrest and detention of at least 29 Muslim leaders on charges of “terrorism” is just the most recent example of the regime’s indiscriminate and predictable use of its so-called anti-terrorism law as a cure all for all of its problems in society.
What the leaders of the regime in Ethiopia do not seem to appreciate is the simple fact that there is a limit to the use of the “anti-terrorism law”. The regime cannot get legitimacy or acceptance by the people by exacting harsh punishment on citizens who exercise their constitutional rights. The “anti-terrorism law” is not a panacea to fix the complex political problems facing Ethiopian society. It does not guarantee stability or permanence for the regime. What the “anti-terrorism law” does is keep the regime blinded to the real problems, issues and demands of citizens in Ethiopian society. Citizens want and demand basic human dignity — to be respected and treated fairly by those in power and to have their human rights protected. They do not want to be treated as criminals for demanding or exercising their constitutional rights.
With their “anti-terrorism law”, the leaders of the regime see peaceful protesters and demonstrators in the streets demanding official non-interference in religious matter; but they are completely blinded to the quiet riot that is raging in the hearts and minds of citizens and communities throughout the country. They are blinded to the quiet riot among the masses of the youth whose sense of despair and hopelessness is deepened daily by lack of educational, employment and other opportunities for self-improvement and participation in the development of their country. For a time, the quiet riot of despair and hopelessness will simmer. But those in power today should not doubt that when hopelessness and despair reaches the boiling point of desperation and citizens overcome their fear of fear, their winter of discontent will be made glorious by an inexorable spring, just like the “Arab Spring”. When that happens, the tables will turn and the “anti-terrorism law” will visit its erstwhile practitioners.
The regime could learn an important lesson from the counsel of two eminent U.S. Supreme Court Justices:
Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws. Our government teaches the whole people by its example. If the government becomes the lawbreaker, it breeds contempt for law; it invites every man to become a law unto himself; it invites anarchy.
As USCIRF deamnded, the regime must “release those it has arrested and end its religious freedom abuses and allow Muslims to practice peacefully their faith as they see fit.”
If government becomes the lawbreaker, it hastens its own demise.
Previous commentaries by the author are available at:
Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:
FUKUOKA, Japan (AFP) – Kenyan runner Joseph Gitau outpaced Polish Olympian Henryk Szost to take the lead for the last eight kilometres and secure a surprise win in the Fukuoka international marathon on Sunday.
The Japan-based 24-year-old, who belongs to the JFE Steel athletics club in Hiroshima, clipped nearly 15 minutes off his personal best of two hours 21 minutes and 54 seconds to cross the finishing line in 2:06:58.
Japan’s Hiroyuki Horibata failed to clear the bottom line to qualify for the world championships next year, finishing second in 2:08:24, while Szost, ninth in the London Olympics, came in third in 2:08:42.
Ethiopian running legend Haile Gebrselassie, the Fukuoka champion in 2006, abandoned the race shortly after passing the 32km point.
When the last pace-setter left the race at the 30km point, six runners, including Gebrselassie, Gitau and Szost, remained in the front-running group.
After Gebrselassie dropped out, Gitau and Szost took the lead ahead of Horibata, Martin Mathathi of Kenya and Arata Fujiwara of Japan after passing the 33km mark before Gitau took the sole lead from 34km.
Mathathi, also training in Japan, abandoned the race after passing the 38km mark.
1. Joseph Gitau (KEN) 2hr 06min 58sec
2. Hiroyuki Horibata (JPN) 2:08:24
3. Henryk Szost (POL) 2:08:42
4. Arata Fujiwara (JPN) 2:09:31
5. Bunta Kuroki (JPN) 2:10:08
6. Yuki Kawauchi (JPN) 2:10:29
7. Mohamed Trafeh (USA) 2:11:41
8. Ryan Vail (USA) 2:11:45
9. Cutbert Nyasango (ZIM) 2:11:48
10. Kota Noguchi (JPN) 2:12:24
(Reporter) – የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ከፍተኛ ሥልጣን በማግኘት አገሪቱን መምራት ከጀመሩ ሁለት ወራት ከቀናት ያስቆጠሩት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ሰሞኑን በሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በመቅረብ ካቢኔያቸውን በአዲስ መልክ እንዳደራጁ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት የሁለት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮችንና የሌሎች ሚኒስትሮችን ሹመት አፀድቀዋል፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አዲሱ የካቢኔ አደረጃጀትም መነጋገሪያ ሆኗል፡፡
ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሚመሩት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት (ካቢኔ) በሕገ መንግሥቱና በመመሥረቻ አዋጁ የተጣለበትን ኃላፊነቶች በብቃት ለመወጣትና የአስፈጻሚነት ሚናውን በአግባቡ እንዲወጣ ለማድረግ፣ እንደ አዲስ በሦስት ዘርፎች መዋቀሩ አስፈላጊ መሆኑን ለፓርላማው አስታውቀዋል፡፡
በዚህም መሠረት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የዲፕሎማሲ፣ የደኅንነት፣ የመከላከያ እንዲሁም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን በቀጥታ እንዲከታተሉ ተደርጓል፡፡ ከዚህ ውጪ ያሉ አስፈጻሚው የሚከታተላቸውን ተግባራት በብቃት ለመምራት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በሦስት ዘርፎች እንዲዋቀር መደረጉን ገልጸዋል፡፡ ማኅበራዊ ጉዳዮችን፣ መልካም አስተዳደርና ረፎርምን፣ ፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚን የሚመለከቱ ሦስት የሥራ ዘርፎች በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር የተፈጠሩ ሲሆን፣ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የትምህርት ሚኒስትሩ ደመቀ መኮንን የማኅበራዊ ዘርፉን የሚመሩ መሆኑ ታውቋል፡፡
ከዚህ ቀደም የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤትና የካቢኔ ጉዳዮች ቢሮን በሚኒስትር ማዕረግ ሲመሩ የነበሩት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር መሠረት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ የመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም ዘርፍን እንዲያስተባብሩና እንዲከታተሉ ተሹመዋል፡፡ በሽብር ተግባር ከተከሰሱት ባለቤታቸው ጉዳይ ጋር በተያያዘ ከኦሕዴድ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ አባልነታቸው የተወገዱት አቶ ጁነዲን ሳዶ የሚመሩትን የሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስቴርን በሚኒስትርነት እንዲመሩም ተሹመዋል፡፡
በቅርቡ የሕወሓት ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ሆነው የተመረጡት ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ገብረ ሚካኤል ከመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ሚኒስትርነታቸው በተጨማሪ፣ የካቢኔውን የፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍ በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ እንዲከታተሉና እንዲያስተባብሩ ተሹመዋል፡፡
የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን ሕልፈት ተከትሎ የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ሥልጣን ማን ይይዛል በሚል በርካታ አስተያየቶች ሲሰነዘሩ መቆየታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ በኢሕአዴግ መተካካት ፖሊሲ መሠረት የፓርቲው ምክትል ሊቀመንበር የነበሩት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ሥልጣን እንደሚይዙ በመንግሥት በኩል ቢገለጽም፣ ተግባራዊነቱ በመዘግየቱ ለጥርጣሬዎችና ለተለያዩ መላምቶች ክፍት እንደነበር ይታወሳል፡፡
አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ከተሾሙ በኋላ ቀደም ሲል ይመሩት የነበረው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ላለፉት ሁለት ወራት በተጠባባቂ ሚኒስትሩ መመራቱ ለተመሳሳይ መላምቶች ሰለባ ሆኗል፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ ተጠባባቂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው እንዲሠሩ መደረጉ፣ በቀጣይነት የሙሉ ሚኒስትርነት ሹመት ይሰጣቸዋል የሚለውን ግምት አጠናክሯል፡፡ በተለይም አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ግንኙነትና ዲፕሎማሲ የረጅም ዓመታት ልምድ ማካበታቸው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ሥልጣንን በርካቶችን ከእሳቸው ውጭ ማንም አይወስድም የሚል ግምት እንዲኖራቸው አድርጓል፡፡
ይሁን እንጂ ሰሞኑን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትሩን ዶክተር ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖንም በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት በማሾም በርካቶችን አስገርመዋል፡፡
ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከፍተኛ ውጤት በማስመዝገብ አድናቆት የተቸራቸው ናቸው፡፡ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከሚፈለገው የውጭ ግንኙነት አንፃርም በቂ የሆነ ተደማጨነትን አግኝተዋል፡፡ የወባ በሽታን ለማጥፋት በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሚደረገውን ርብርብ የሚመሩት ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ መሆናቸው የዚህ አንድ ማሳያ ነው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ኢትዮጵያ ከምትገኝበት የአፍሪካ ቀንድ የሰላምና የፀጥታ አስቸጋሪነት፣ እንዲሁም በዚህ ዘርፍ ምንም ዓይነት ልምድ የሌላቸው ከመሆኑ አንፃር ሲገመገም፣ አሁን የተሾሙበት የሥራ ኃላፊነት አስቸጋሪ ሊሆንባቸው ይችላል የሚሉ አስተያየቶች እየተደመጡ ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በበለጠ ሁኔታ ተጠናክሯል የሚሉ አስተያየት ሰጪዎችም ይገኛሉ፡፡ ለዚህ ምክንያታቸው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ሥልጣናቸው ላይ እንዲቆዩ መደረጉ ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ የውጭ ግንኙነት መስክ ካተረፉት ተደማጭነት ጋር ተዳምሮ ትልቅ ጉልበት ሊሆን እንደሚችል ነው፡፡
የአቶ ሙክታር ከድር በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ለመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም፣ እንዲሁም አቶ ጁነዲንን ተክተው ለሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስትርነት ተሹመዋል፡፡ በወቅቱ ብቸኛው የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ የፓርላማ አባል አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ አቶ ጁነዲን በተነሱበት ምክንያት ላይ ማብራሪያ የጠየቁ ቢሆንም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ግን ምላሽ ሳይሰጡ ዘለውታል፡፡
የመንግሥት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽሕፈት ቤት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ሽመልስ ከማል በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጠይቀው፣ ኦሕዴድ አቶ ጁነዲንን ከሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ አባልነታቸው በማውረድ ተራ አባል እንዲሆኑ በማድረጉና ከባለቤታቸው ጋር በተያያዘ ለመገናኛ ብዙኅን በሰጡት አስተያየትም በመተቸታቸው፣ ይህንኑ ያገናዘበ ዕርምጃም በኢሕአዴግና በመንግሥት በኩል ሊወሰድ እንደቻለ ተናግረዋል፡፡
የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ በመሆን ሲያገለግሉ የነበሩት ዶ/ር ከሰተብርሃን አድማሱ የዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስን መዛወር ተከትሎ በጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትርነት የተሾሙ ሲሆን፣ ላለፈው አንድ ዓመት ያህል በንግድ ሚኒስትርነት ሲሠሩ የነበሩት አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በዚሁ ሥልጣን ላይ እንዲቀጥሉ ተደርጓል፡፡
አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በሚኒስትርነት እየሠሩ የነበረ ቢሆንም፣ የሚኒስትርነታቸውን ሥልጣን የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ያላፀደቀው በመሆኑ ይህንኑ ለማሟላት ብቻ ሹመታቸው ወደ ፓርላማው ሊቀርብ ችሏል፡፡
በአዲሱ የካቢኔ አወቃቀር መሠረት ሦስት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች እንዲኖሩ መደረጉ ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ይጋጫል የሚሉ የተቃውሞ አስተያየቶች እየተሰሙ ነው፡፡ አምባሳደር ዲና ሙፍቲ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ ግን ሕገ መንግሥቱ ስለ ብዛት አያወሳም፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ያሾማል ነው የሚለው በማለት አስተያየቱን ውድቅ አድርገውታል፡፡ ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ግን አሁንም የአገሪቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን ናቸው ይላሉ፡፡ ለዚህ የሚሰጡት ምክንያት ራሳቸው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሌሎቹን ተሿሚዎች ያቀረቡት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ነው በሚል ነው፡፡
‹‹..ይህ ውሳኔ በሕገ መንግሥቱ መሠረት ከዚህ ቀደም ለምክር ቤቱ አቅርቤ ካፀደኩት የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሹመት በተጨማሪ ሁለት የኢሕአዴግ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናትን በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ መሾም አስፈልጓል፤›› በማለት ነበር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ለፓርላማው ያስረዱት፡፡
ይሁን እንጂ አሁንም ሹመቱ ከተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ሕጐች ጋር ተቃርኖ እንዳለው ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡ ለአብነትም የብሔራዊ ባንክና የሥነ ምግባርና ፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን ተቋማትን ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡
ነሐሴ 5 ቀን 2000 ዓ.ም. የተሻሻለው የብሔራዊ ባንክ ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ክፍል ሁለት አንቀጽ 3(4) የብሔራዊ ባንክ ተጠሪነት ለኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይሆናል በማለት ያስረዳል፡፡ በመሆኑም በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መወቅር መሠረት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮችን እንዲከታተሉ ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን በመሾማቸው፣ ከተጠቀሰው አንቀጽ ጋር የሚቃረንና ብሔራዊ ባንክም ከተቋቋመበት አዋጅ ውጭ ለዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ያስገደድዋል ሲሉ አስተያየታቸውን ሰጥተዋል፡፡
በተመሳሳይ የፀረ ሙስናና ሥነ ምግባር ኮሚሽንም በመቋቋሚያ አዋጁ መሠረት ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቢሆንም፣ በአሁኑ መዋቅር መሠረት ግን ለአቶ ሙክታር ከድር ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ይገደዳል ብለዋል፡፡
ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን ራሳቸው ለመከታተል በአዲሱ መዋቅር ኃላፊነት የወሰዱ ቢሆንም፣ እነዚህ ፕሮጀክቶች ከፋይናንስና ከኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮች ጋር በቀጥታ የሚገናኙ በመሆኑ ፕሮጀክቶቹን ነጥሎ መከታተል አዳጋች እንደሚሆን ያስረዳሉ፡፡
ከዚህ በተጨማሪም የአሁኑን ሹመትና ምደባ በሌላ መንገድ የሚመለከቱ ወገኖች አሉ፡፡ እነሱ እንደሚሉት፣ የኢሕአዴግ አራቱ አባል ድርጅቶች በአዲሱ አመራር ሥልጣኖችን ተከፋፍለዋል፡፡ ደኢሕዴን የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ ሲይዝ፣ የተቀሩት ማለትም ሕወሓት፣ ኦሕዴድና ብአዴን ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ተከፋፍለዋል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህ መደባ መሠረት ደግሞ ሕወሓት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍን፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴርን፣ የኢንፎርሜሽንና ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ሚኒስቴርን በመያዙ ከሌሎቹ በተሻለ ሁኔታ ሥልጣን ማግኘቱን ይተቻሉ፡፡
The day after the Powerball drawing, 7-Eleven store owner Zelalem Ayele was surprised to learn he’d sold a $1 million ticket, one of only four bought in Massachusetts. Now his store is abuzz with people eager to buy the next winning ticket. The best part–just for selling the ticket, Ayele gets $10,000.
To win the $1 million, players had to select five correct numbers, missing only the Powerball number.
(አሉላ ከበደ – VOA) የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ወደ ሥልጣን መምጣት፤ የማለዳው ለውጥ አራማጆች፤ በታሪክ የመጀመሪያው የኢትዮጵያ ህገ መንግስት እውን መሆን፤ ባህል፥ ትምህርትና ሥልጣኔ፥ የጣሊያን ወረራ፥ ዘመቻና ፍጻሜው፤ ሌሎች ረዥም መንገድ የሚወስዱ ታሪኮች፤ በመጽሃፉ አያሌ ምዕራፎች ይዳሰሳሉ።
ዳጎስ ያሉ ገጾች ያሉትና የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴን አስተዳደር የመጀመሪያ 25 ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ ከሚዳስሰው ከዚህ መጽሃፍ ደራሲ አቶ ዘውዴ ረታ ጋር የተካሄደ ቃለ ምልልስ ነው።
ደራሲው ከዚህ ቀደም “ተፈሪ መኮንን፤” እና “የኤርትራ ጉዳይ፤” የተባሉ ሌሎች ሁለት የታሪክ መጽሃፍትም ደርሰዋል።
By Lord Aikins Adusei
The death of Meles Zenawi on August 20 at the age of 57 brought to an end more than two decades of controversial rule. In 1991, at the age of 36, Zenawi became the youngest ruler in Africa after leading his Tegrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), an ethnic militia from the country’s north, to crush Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, and helping to save Ethiopia from the ruins of civil war.
Ethiopia under Zenawi can however be summed up in two key words: development and authoritarianism. Ethiopia under Zenawi saw a remarkable economic growth with the economy growing on the average of 10 percent in the last five years. The IMF rated the country the fastest non-oil growing economy in Africa. Confidence in the Ethiopian economy soared with investors from Europe, North America, Asia and Africa, including Tiger Brands of South Africa, Canada’s Allana, Schulze Global Investments of America, Diageo and Heineken, all making their pitch in the country pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into the economy. Apart from direct Chinese investment in the country, the Chinese government has been loaning the country about $3 billion annually, most of which has been used for infrastructure development including schools, clinics, roads, railway lines, hydropower stations and canals.
The consequence is that there has been notable improvement in the lives of ordinary Ethiopians. Although poverty is still pervasive, a majority of the country’s population are not starving. Food security in Ethiopia has drastically improved, and hunger and malnutrition, which featured in the country in the 1970s and 1980s, are not as threatening as before.
The government of Meles Zenawi projected Ethiopia as the pillar of stability in the Horn of Africa and in the process even came to assume the status of policeman of the Horn of Africa. The UN Security Council in 2011 voted to allow Ethiopia to deploy about 4200 soldiers to Abyei, the oil-rich border town between North and South Sudan, which has become a major source of tension between the two countries. Ethiopia also played key role in mediating between the two Sudans.
Since 2006, Ethiopia has played a pivotal role in trying to bring peace, security and stability to Somalia. Together with Kenya and Africa Union forces, Addis Ababa helped to push the al-Shabaab terror group out of Mogadishu and Beledweyne, and the terror group is now on the defensive.
These efforts to bring stability to East Africa and to rid the region of terrorism made Ethiopia the most important ally of the West in East Africa. According to US officials, Ethiopia’s military and security services have become the Central Intelligence Agency’s most trusted allies in the war against extremism and terrorism in East Africa.
Ethiopia’s aggressive attitude towards terrorism has earned the country not only praises, but also more than $4 billion in development assistance annually. The country’s leaders have also been rewarded by the West. Former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, for example, was a regular participant in G8 and G20 gatherings. He also spoke at the World Economic Forum in Davos-Switzerland and during climate change negotiations in Durban and Copenhagen. Zenawi used his presence in these gatherings to project a voice for Africa helping to articulate Africa’s interests on the international stage.
But the development initiatives and the aggressive stance on terrorism came at the expense of democracy, human rights, free speech, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional stability. In the latter part of his reign, Zenawi and his government became increasingly authoritarian and repressive. Democracy and human rights have suffered a terrible blow, particularly since 2005. Many opposition figures have either been imprisoned or have been forced to flee the country. Anti-terrorism laws passed in 2009 have been used to criminalise free speech leading to a number of journalists and activists either being imprisoned or freeing the country for their safety.
Apart from the erosion of democratic values, Ethiopia has become ethnically polarised. This is largely due to the 1994 constitution which divided Ethiopia into ethnically-based regions. The Tigray ethnic group of Meles Zenawi (which makes up about 6.07 percent of the population) dominates not only the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), but also the country’s economy, commerce, political and military sectors much to the chagrin of Amharas, Gurages and other ethnic groups. The ethnicisation of the country has seen separatists’ movements springing up in several places including the Afar, Oromo and Ogaden regions.
The smooth and peaceful transfer of power to Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hailemariam Desalegn put to rest (at least for now) the speculation of leadership battle and the much feared leadership crisis and helped to restore confidence in the country. Desalegn’s confirmation shows that the ruling elite in Ethiopia understand the importance of stability and positive continuity in their country.
The greatest dividend is that the death of Zenawi and the coming into office of Desalegn could mark the end of the old era of authoritarianism, political intolerance, ethnic and religious polarization, and the beginning of a new era of democracy, respect for human rights, and decriminalisation of free speech, inclusive economic development and political stability. In fact, the appointment of Desalegn (a non-Tegrayan) may calm down ethnic tension both in the country and within the ruling EPRDF party. This has the potential to avoid the kind of instability that some analysts predicted.
One of Desalegn’s first acts in office was the release of two Swedes from prison, who were convicted of helping Ogaden National Liberation Front rebels to destabilise the country. Their release signals that the new PM might move away from some of the unpopular policies of his predecessor. The release of the Swedes also raises optimism that Desalegn might release opposition members, journalists and activists who were incarcerated under Zenawi. Any gesture of that nature will mark a new era of relationship between the ruling government, civil society and the opposition parties and will have the potential of returning competitive politics and democracy in the country.
However, this optimism has to be balanced with the realistic and critical question of whether the new PM will continue with the same policies of his predecessor or whether he will be his own man. The first part of the question is true.
To begin with, Desalegn appears to have little influence within the EPRDF and will not be able to control the powerful Tegrayan bloc in the party and in the government. In fact with elections due in 2015, it is unlikely that the new PM will engineer any drastic policy moves that will antagonise the Tegrayan bloc. Even if he succeeds in carrying out major reforms, it is improbable that the Tegrayan elite who dominate the ruling EPRDF party will give grounds so easily and will fight to maintain their power, influence and interests.
The fear is that if the Tegrayan bloc continues to dominate, control and shape government policies, it will further deepen the ethnic polarisation in the country, erode democratic values, possibly break up the ruling EPRDF party, and threaten Ethiopia’s fragile political, social and economic environment. The worst case scenario is that instability is likely to be final outcome.
That said, Desalegn’s is not expected to shift away from the lead role the state plays in driving development. Ethiopia is also likely to continue to be involved in the internal affairs of her neighbours especially Somalia and Sudan. However, is also expected to cooperate with her neighbours in a number of areas including joint infrastructural development, intelligence sharing, defeating terrorism, and promoting regional peace, security and stability.
Given the important role donor funds play in Ethiopia’s development, the country’s relationship with the West, and particularly the United States, is expected to continue unchanged and may deepen even further. The need to attract badly needed investment to promote economic growth, infrastructure development and poverty reduction will see Ethiopia deepening its relationship with China, India and Middle Eastern countries.
Whatever changes that take place in the post-Zenawi era, especially with respect to democracy, human rights, inclusive economic development, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional peace, security, stability among others, will be heavily influenced by the internal politics within the ruling EPRDF party.
Lord Aikins Adusei is an independent energy and security analyst on Africa. His research interests include security, development and energy. He may be reached at Politicalthinker1@yahoo.com
(Charlotte Observer) — Davon Lamont Thomas, an Iraq War veteran who was charged with killing his girlfriend in 2009, has been found not guilty by reason of insanity after he was diagnosed as suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.
Thomas, 30, will be committed to a state mental hospital.
Thomas was charged with murder in connection with the November 2009 killing of his 23-year-old girlfriend, Tigist Yemane.
Yemane, who originally came to Charlotte from Ethiopia for an operation to fix a heart defect, was shot to death in Thomas’ parents’ house in the Reedy Creek community.
Thomas in September 2011 pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity.
His lawyer, Jean Lawson, said the Army veteran had post-traumatic stress disorder and killed his girlfriend because he thought she was part of a terrorist attack on America.
“Davon Thomas volunteered to serve in the North Carolina Army National Guard, was deployed to active combat duty in Iraq and developed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,” Lawson wrote in a court document.
“At the time of the offense, Davon Thomas was in a delusional state and believed that a terrorist attack on the people of the United States of America had commenced and that the deceased was a member of a hostile military force whom he was obliged to kill.”
Lawson called post-traumatic stress disorder a mental illness. “The defense contends that Davon Thomas did not have the requisite mental state for the offenses charged,” the defense lawyer wrote.
Prosecutors announced Friday that Superior Court Judge Eric Levinson had issued an order finding Thomas not guilty by reason of insanity of first-degree murder and possession of a firearm by a felon. The judge ordered that Thomas be indefinitely committed to a state mental hospital.
Prosecutors said that forensic psychologists for both the defense and prosecution testified during a hearing in October that Thomas suffered from severe mental illness and lacked the capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions.
“The State does not intend to appeal the Court’s ruling and believes it is supported by all the evidence presented at the hearing,” prosecutors said.
Thomas’ mother told the Observer in 2011 that she saw her son fatally shoot Yemane.
“That was the most horrifying thing I ever witnessed in my life,” she said. “I prayed to get those visions out of my head.”
Prosecutors said the state’s forensic psychologist, Dr. Nicole Wolfe, evaluated Thomas over a four-week period. The evaluation included reviewing Thomas’ military and medical records.
Wolfe testified that Thomas has a baseline paranoia that continued from the time of his active duty in the Army and since his return home from Iraq in 2005.
“The defendant believes American Muslims are going to launch a mass attack within the United States,” prosecutors said. “The Fort Hood attack played a role in his thoughts of the United States’ infiltration by American Muslims.”
“Dr. Wolfe further testified that the defendant was delusional and believed that his girlfriend, the victim, was a terrorist who planned to kill him.”
Prosecutors said Thomas’ parents witnessed the killing and described their son’s bizarre behavior.
“The defendant’s mother said he was in a combat-like posture, and she described his behavior as acting as if he was in a war zone,” prosecutors said. “She and her husband witnessed the defendant hit the victim in the face with his hand, hit her in the head with a gun and throw a table at her while interrogating her about being a spy and a Muslim. They tried to restrain the defendant, but he broke away and shot the victim.”
“After the defendant’s father fainted and collapsed to the floor, the defendant’s mother ran to a neighbor’s house to call the police.”
Prosecutors said Judge Levinson found that there was “clear, cogent and convincing” evidence that Thomas was suffering from delusions and paranoia caused by his severe mental illnesses which caused him to be unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions at the time of the killing.
Prosecutors said the judge’s ruling requires them to dismiss the charges against Thomas and that Thomas be automatically committed to a state hospital for the mentally ill.
Thomas will remain in custody and can not be released, prosecutors said, unless he can prove at a court hearing that he no longer has a mental illness or is no longer dangerous to others.
As narrated by historians and individuals who were close to the Emperor.
Africa: Politics of Succession – Coping When Leaders Die
By Kingsley Ighobor, 29 November 2012
In December 2008, a Guinean newspaper published a photo of a frail and ailing President Lansana Conté, who appeared to be struggling to stand up. The photo stoked rumours of the president’s ill health.
Its publication also angered the country’s political elite, who hastily ordered the editor’s arrest. By the next day, on the instructions of security operatives, the publication’s front page carried an even bigger photo of Mr. Conté – this time smiling broadly and looking spirited. But he died just a week later, justifying the newspaper’s initial resolve to let Guineans know that his health was failing.
The head of the National Assembly, Aboubacar Somparé, later explained that leaders hid the president’s "physical suffering in order to give happiness to Guinea."
Mr. Somparé’s clumsy explanation implied a need to avoid succession squabbles and potential violence. Yet six hours after the president’s death was officially announced, the army staged a coup, suspended the constitution and threw the West African nation into political turmoil.
While Guinea’s military, after a period of chaos and yet another coup, eventually organized democratic elections, the muddled aftermath of Conté’s death draws attention to the broader issue of how African nations manage successions when their leaders die in service.
Ten of the 13 world leaders who have died in office since 2009 were African. In 2012 alone, presidents Malam Bacai Sanha of Guinea-Bissau, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Bingu wa Mutharika of Malawi, as well as Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, have all died.
Some countries have handled succession better than others. As chaotic as they were, the developments in Guinea were not as dire as the more recent situation in Guinea-Bissau.
Since President Sanha died in January from an illness, the country has been embroiled in an ongoing transition crisis, with the military mostly controlling the affairs of state.
Malawi, on the other hand, had a relatively successful transition after 78-year-old President Mutharika’s fatal heart attack in April. But the process could have gone off the rails when some cabinet members tried to have the late president’s younger brother, Foreign Minister Peter Mutharika, sworn in, instead of Joyce Banda, the vice-president and constitutionally designated successor.
This effort followed the late president’s expulsion of Ms. Banda from the ruling party to pave the way for his brother. When he died the political class was divided between those who cited the late leader’s intentions and those who wanted to follow the constitution.
Many Malawians agitated against any deviation from the constitution, supported by donors, including a strong message from the US State Department: "We trust that the vice-president, who is next in line, will be sworn in shortly." And she soon was.
It is important to avoid such succession problems, argues Tesfaye Habisso, an Ethiopian writer and former diplomat. "Stability, predictability and continuity in leadership are important ingredients of good governance and are assured by a well-planned and -managed succession strategy."
The rule of law
Succession strategies need to be strictly constitutional, argues a 2011 report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a US think tank. The report specifically draws attention to oil-rich Angola, governed since 1979 by José Eduardo dos Santos, who is now 70.
While the country is now at peace, and its economy is growing, the CSIS report expresses concern that the established rules of succession could be violated because of infighting within the ruling People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Some MPLA factions oppose the current vice-president.
Most African countries’ constitutions specify that when a leader dies in office, his or her deputy or the head of the national assembly will step in until an election can be held. Some leaders, however, expect the designated "heir apparent" to display fawning personal loyalty.
If he or she does not, political conflict can arise. In Nigeria, for example, Vice-President Atiku Abubakar had a frosty relationship with then President Olusegun Obasanjo, who wasted no time arranging Mr. Abubakar’s expulsion from the ruling party.
Some African leaders have groomed relatives as successors. When President Omar Bongo of Gabon died in 2009, the ruling party named his son, Ali Bongo Ondima, who was foreign and defence minister, as the new president. Presidents Faure Gnassingbé of Togo and Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo succeeded their deceased fathers.
Yet picking a relative can spark a revolt, maintains the CSIS report, citing the case of Egypt, where President Hosni Mubarak’s intention to install his son as his successor added to the opposition that erupted in the revolution of early 2011. In Burkina Faso, indications that President Blaise Compaoré may be grooming his younger brother, François, as a successor have stirred considerable controversy.
Constitutions should be followed strictly when a president or prime minister dies, says Adewalo Banjo, an expert in African development. Without the rule of law, he argues, there can be "constitutional somersaults which bear all the hallmarks of what ridicules Africa before the world."
Signs of progress
The rule of law certainly prevailed in Ghana after President John Atta Mills died in July. Unlike in Malawi, there was never any doubt as to who should take charge.
Vice-President John Dramani Mahama took over the mantle of leadership in line with constitutional requirements and promptly rallied a distressed nation. Ghana’s seamless transition reflected the strength of its democratic system, in which ruling parties have twice handed over power to the opposition, after electoral defeats in 2000 and 2008.
Nevertheless, while a strong democratic tradition can facilitate smooth successions, considerations of political power may get in the way.
When Nigeria’s Umaru Musa Yar’Adua died in May 2010, some Nigerians demanded that another northerner be sworn in instead of Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, a southerner. Mr. Jonathan eventually prevailed.
Following the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in August, the succession process in Ethiopia was also successful despite initial hitches.
There had been speculation that Mr. Meles’ deputy, Hailemariam Desalegn, although a member of the ruling circle, could not be trusted with power because he did not belong to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), a former militant group once led by the late president and still a powerful faction within the ruling party.
Ironically, the case for Mr. Hailemariam was made on the basis of ethnic considerations: to defuse tensions associated with the TPLF’s domination over the years and to placate the Wolaytas, an ethnic minority that had never had a member at the summit of power.
Ultimately, Ethiopia’s ruling group rallied around Mr. Hailemariam, who was quick to promise a continuation of Mr. Meles’s policies "without any change."
Ethiopia, Ghana and Malawi – the three latest cases of smooth succession following the death of a leader – provide evidence that Africa is gradually getting its transitions right. Succession can be a frequent problem even in developed and stable democracies, because it is all about political power, says Minion Morrison of Mississippi State University in the US.
It is even more problematic if a leader dies in office. After the mess that surrounded the illness and death of Nigeria’s Mr. Yar’Adua, writer and Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka sent a simple message to African leaders: political succession should not be a matter of "do or die" politics.
Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Uganda chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.
Maid suffocates baby fathered by driver
Dubai court awards one-year suspended jail to the maid
By Eman Al Baik
Published Tuesday, November 27, 2012
A 29-year-old Ethiopian maid has been awarded one-year suspended jail for suffocating her one-day old daughter to death by putting her in a bag and closed it for six hours.
The sentence was awarded by the Dubai Criminal Court of First Instance on Monday. The baby was born out of wedlock. The maid, JAA, would be deported after serving the jail term.
The prosecution had accused JAA of killing of her one-day-old baby girl by wrapping her in a cloth and then put her in a bag and closed it with the intention of killing her.
The accused denied killing her and claimed that she was born dead. However, forensic reports said that the baby was born alive and she was breast fed and the cause of the death was suffocation.
AMI, 17, Emirati, student, testified that the accused had been working for the family since July 2011 and used to stay in the servant quarters. On April 26, the maid excused that she cannot work in the house as she is tired. On the following day, the family asked her to go out with them.
“When the maid went to the bathroom, my grandmother searched her bags. She searched the first bag and opened the second one when maid came out of the bathroom. She tried to prevent her from carrying out search, but my grandmother insisted. So the maid pulled out a wrapped piece of cloth and towel and said that there is a baby in it. She claimed that she brought the baby from outside. After checking it we found a dead baby in it,” he testified.
The 60-year-old grandmother, AHS, repeated the same testimony.
Police investigated the case and found that the baby was born alive after completing nine months pregnancy. Forensic reported that the baby’s lungs were in a floating condition which clearly indicated that she breathed after the delivery, refuting the mother’s claim that the baby was born dead. In addition, milk residues were found in her digestive organs in addition to hard waste in her intestine which means that the baby was fed more than once.
The maid claimed that the baby was “not moving when born. I cut the umbilical cord with a knife which was in the room. I wrapped her in a cloth and put her on the bed. On the next day morning at 8am, I was very scared that other would know about my illicit relationship with a man so I wrapped the body in a towel and put her in a bag and closed it till 2pm,” she testified.
The accused later admitted giving birth to a baby girl in her room alone on April 26, testified Police officer Saeed Salem.
Forensic reports said that the baby was born either on April 25 or 26 as shown from the wet status of the umbilical cord.
The accused confessed before the police that the baby was born from the adulterous relationship with Indian driver AK.
Prosecutors claimed that the maid was made pregnant by AK, 35, a driver from India, in August last year while they were employed by an elderly Emirati couple in Al Muteena 2. She confessed having adulterous relation with a man in August 2011. Forensic tests showed that AK fathered the baby. Police later arrested AK.
The accused, however, again denied in the court on Monday that she killed her daughter.
“I gave birth to a dead baby. I did not kill my baby but she was born dead,” JAA told the Jury presided by Judge Hamad Abdullatif Abdul Jawad who ordered the appointment of a defence lawyer.
Sudan Losing the plot
An attempted coup suggests a regime at war with itself
Dec 1st 2012 | KHARTOUM | from the print edition
THE most surprising thing about a foiled coup in the Sudanese capital on November 22nd was how little it surprised anyone. Rumours of plots have circulated in the city since the secession of South Sudan last year. Within hours of tanks briefly rattling on to a street not far from the palace of Omar al-Bashir, the president, at least 13 of the usual suspects from the army and security services were in detention. They include the former head of intelligence, Salah Gosh, who was the minder of Osama bin Laden when he lived in Sudan in the 1990s and later co-operated with the CIA.
A struggle for power is under way. Mr Bashir has ruled for 23 years by holding together a complex coalition of nationalists, generals, Islamists and money men. They have done well out of him. Gaudy new towers dot the capital, including seven-storey military buildings in the shape of an aeroplane and a ship.
But southern secession, as well as presidential missteps, have undermined Mr Bashir. The loss of a quarter of Sudan’s territory upset nationalists. The generals have related complaints. Peace with the south after decades of war is threatening their budgets. By some estimates they consume 70% of state revenues. Worse, most oilfields, the main source of funds, are in the south. The government there expects eventually to pay fees to use northern pipelines, but it cut off the oil flow earlier this year when negotiations over the two countries’ future links stalled.
Foreign-currency earnings have declined by 95%, triggering an economic crisis. Fed by newly printed money, inflation runs at 45%. The price of fool, Sudan’s traditional bean breakfast, has risen from $0.33 to $1.16. The cost of a sheep slaughtered for the feast at the end of Ramadan has more than doubled. Many educated professionals are leaving the country. A dozen medical specialists resigned from Khartoum University in mid-November to go abroad.
This economic malaise hurts the patronage network at the heart of the regime. Mr Bashir has long funnelled money to almost anyone with a stake in the system. So far he is still able to pay salaries and allowances. But a nine-day delay in the distribution of fuel coupons earlier this year set off a panic. More than 150,000 people have been persuaded to take up artisanal gold mining in the northern desert.
The only constituency not primarily interested in money, the Islamists, is also upset with Mr Bashir. Following the secession of the Christian and animist south, they wanted Sudan to become an Islamic state. Last year the president signalled support for fully enforcing sharia laws already on the books but he has since backtracked. The majority of northern Sudanese have no wish to emulate Saudi Arabia.
Hoping to buy himself time, the president indicated last year that he will retire by 2015. But health problems (doctors removed a possibly cancerous lump from the 68-year-old’s throat last month) have accelerated the jockeying among potential successors. Since opposition parties are weak, change seems more likely to come from the army. It alone can make a deal with the south work and turn the oil tap back on. No matter whether Mr Bashir retires, dies or is pushed aside, his successor will probably wear a uniform.
*Ali Abdu is back to Asmara after a short trip to Europe to write an exam for his distance education in political science. Ali Abdu has been pursuing a masters degree in political science and journalism via distance education for the past few years.
*The appointment of Tedros Adhanom will be a good move in improving Ethio-Eritrean relations. Tedros- born to a Tigrayan parents was born and raised in Asmara and did most of his schooling in Asmara,Eritrea. Tedros is a soft spoken and highly intelligent person. He is well respected by many Eritrean officials and his assignment as Ethiopia’s foreign minister will tremendously help the two countries to solve their crippling border problem. PMHD was given a list of DPMs and new FM apointee after intense discussion among TPLF big wigs in Mekele recently. Bereket simon played a major role in denying Berhane gebrekristose the foriegn minstry job and favoring Tedros Adhanom.
Tedros has also been favored by US administration and many donor nations due to his extraordinary talent in cultivating relationships and also respected for his skill in envisioning and implementing complex projects in the health area and his works have earned him accolade from renowned health policy makers and academia circles.
Ethiopia’s new prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, has made a cabinet reshuffle today and appointed Debretsion Gebremichael, the notorious spy and member of Meles Zenawi’s death squad, as a deputy prime minister. Another TPLF politburo member, Teodros Adhanom, is appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
This is a major blunder on Hailemariam’s part since Debretsion is not only a criminal who was responsible for carrying out assassinations for Meles Zenawi, he is a threat to Hailemariam’s own authority.
On top of being a serial killer, Debretsion’s crime include keeping 99.5 percent of Ethiopians in the information dark age by limiting their access to information technology as Minister of Communication. Because of the policies implemented by him, Ethiopia’s information technology sector is one of the least developed in the world.
The promotion of Debretsion to the deputy premiership is further proof that Ethiopia is sliding deeper into tyranny even after khat-junkie dictator Meles Zenawi is gone.
However, Hailemariam may not have a choice in the matter in the first place. It is likely that he was forced by TPLF to make such cabinet appointments.
It is with tremendous excitement we announce the 30th Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America (ESFNA) Tournament venue and the return of North American’s largest and longest Ethiopian annual sporting and cultural event to the Washington, DC metropolitan area. After evaluating several options, ESFNA has selected the newly modernized, high-tech facility at The University of Maryland Byrd Stadium for its historic 30th anniversary cultural and sports celebration. The week-long event will take place from June 30 to July 6, 2013. Byrd Stadium is located at 2001 Paint Branch Drive, College Park, MD.
A major reason for selecting the University of Maryland Byrd Stadium is its capacity and modern conveniences which are ideal to accommodate the large crowds expected to attend this historic week-long celebration. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is home to the largest Ethiopian community outside of Ethiopia. It is within driving distance of other metropolitan areas with large Ethiopian communities – to name a few; Atlanta in the South, Toronto in the North, New York and Boston in the East, and Columbus, OH and Chicago in the Midwest. It is estimated that more than 600,000 Ethiopians live within these geographic locations. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is served by three major airports: Reagan National Airport, Washington Dulles International and BWI Thurgood Marshall International. Byrd Stadium is also centrally located near many Ethiopian
restaurants and other Ethiopian businesses.
We are currently evaluating several bids to serve as main and overflow hotels with significant discounts for our guests. As soon as the selections are made, we will post information on our website (www.esfna.net). We invite and encourage Ethiopians and friends of Ethiopia to join us during the week of our events so that we can all celebrate our heritage and our 30th year together.
For more information, please visit our website (www.esfna.net) or call 647-701-8527.
For sponsorship and vending matters, please contact our Business Department at 408-373-0606 or 202-257-9791.
Bringing Ethiopians Together
ESFNA prides itself in creating a unique stage where Ethiopians of all backgrounds, ethnicity, religions and political convictions can come together to celebrate our long enduring unique heritage and diversity that has become our strength through the millenniums. Our goal and vision over the past 30 years has been to maintain ESFNA’s annual festivities as the Mecca where ALL Ethiopians and supporters can come together once a year to create our own mini Ethiopia in the land of our refuge.
Founded in 1984, ESFNA is a non-profit organization dedicated to promote the rich Ethiopian culture and heritage as well as building positive environments within Ethiopian-American communities in North America. Its mission is Bringing Ethiopians Together to network, support the business community, empower the young by providing scholarships and mentoring program, primarily using soccer tournaments, other sports activities and
cultural events as vehicles. ESFNA, by virtue of its status is non-political, non-religious and non-ethnic. We adhered to this position all along as legally expected and aligned with our bylaws.
ESFNA Public Relations
Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America
ADDIS ABABA (Reporter) — The House of Peoples’ Representatives today approved the appointment of two new Deputy Prime Ministers. Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Debretsion Gebremichael, and Minister of Cabinet Affairs and head of the Office of the Prime Minister were both appointed to be coordinators for Finance and Economy Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister and Governance and Reform Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister respectively. Muktar was also appointed to be the Minister of Civil Service replacing Junedine Sado.
Hailemariam said that the new portfolio of his deputies is structured in a way that his administration’s focus is on good governance and reform as well as finance and economy.
In an another unprecedented move Hailemariam appointed Tewodros Adhanom (Ph.D.), minister of Health, to be Foreign Minister. Keseteberhan Admasu State Minister of Heath was appointed to be Minister of Health while Kebede Chane, who served as Minister of Trade for over a year without the endorsement of the House, has been confirmed in the same position.
Acting Foreign Minister, Berhane Gebrekristos assumed his previous position of State Minister of Foreign Affairs. The fate of Junedine Sado, former Minister of Civil Service remains unknown.
Lone opposition MP, Girma Seifu, accepted the new cabinet reshuffle but turned down the appointment of Kebede Chanie.
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopia’s leader has fired a government minister whose wife faces terrorism charges.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn on Thursday fired the country’s civil minister, Junedin Sado, whose wife is one of 29 people facing terrorism charges related to protests by Muslims who accuse of the government of meddling in their religious affairs.
Sado published a letter in the country’s independent newspapers in which he defended his wife and criticized the federal prosecutor’s charges.
Also in Thursday’s Cabinet reshuffle, Hailemariam promoted two ministers to double as deputy prime ministers, giving the country three deputy prime ministers for the first time, a sign the ruling party is favoring collective leadership after the August death of its longtime leader Meles Zenawi.
Tedros Adhanom was appointed as the country’s new foreign affairs minister
When Hailemariam Dessalegn became primeminister and the TPLF was sidelined , I knew corruption would be rife and it would be impossible for the system to go on without wallowing in it.
But I never imagined such a blatant corruption that TPLF would just grab all the power. I think I should calibrate my opinion of the TPLF; it appears the bar is not set low enough yet.
King of Saudi Arabia ‘Clinically Dead’
The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.
By Chana Ya’ar
First Publish: 11/28/2012, 8:29 AM
The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.
His reported brain death occurred following complicated back surgery that took place in Riyadh on November 17 at the National Guard’s King Abdulaziz Medical City, according to the report, and the king’s aides claimed he is in good health.
Nevertheless, medical sources told the newspaper the monarch’s condition was “expected to change soon.”
Abdullah has been upon the throne since 2005. The crown has passed down through a line of sons since the death in 1953 of the founder of the kingdom, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud.
The king’s brother, Crown Prince Salman, defense minister of Saudi Arabia, reassured the nation and members of the Gulf Cooperation Council meeting Riyadh “good news that he is well and in good health.” Thirteen years his junior, Salman also “reassured” Saudis about the monarch’s health the day before at a cabinet meeting, according to the SPA state news agency.
But Salman gave no details on Abdullah’s condition, nor any information on when he might be discharged from the hospital.
Salman’s statement Tuesday on Saudi state television was aimed at settling concerns over the stability of the nation, the world’s biggest exporter of oil.
Saudi Arabia holds more than a fifth of world petroleum reserves. Home to the city of Mecca, Islam’s holiest city, the country is also the biggest U.S. ally in the Gulf region.
On Tuesday, the Saudi stock market index dropped to a 10-month low, closing 1.3 points lower.
In the event of his death, King Abdullah has named Salman as heir apparent, a move made in June following the death of Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz.
Wossenu Gizaw is a brave Ethiopian (if he indeed knocked out the Woyanne thug as the lawsuit alleges) and the Ethiopian community in North America needs to rally to his support. His alleged action is pure self-defense and an act of bravery. If we have many Wossenuwoch (Wossenus), Ethiopia would not have been the playground of Woyanne maggots. John Lomax’s article below is full of BS, but read it any way to find out some information about the lawsuit. I am sure the Woyanne junta is financing the lawsuit.
Ethiopian Political Head-Butting in Southwest Houston Spawns Lawsuit, Criminal Charge
By John Nova Lomax | Houston Press
An Ethiopian-American man handing out flyers for a memorial service for Ethiopia’s recently deceased prime minister, Meles Zenawi, claims he was assaulted by a countryman who reviled the repressive leader, according to criminal and civil court documents.
The victim and plaintiff, Tesfai Tsadik, is suing both Wossenu Gizaw, the alleged assailant, and Debre Salam Medahnealem Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Fondren Southwest house of worship near which the alleged assault took place.
According to the pleadings in the civil suit, on August 26, Tsadik attended services at the church. After church let out, Tsadik went across the street and started handing out flyers for Zenawi’s memorial service.
That might not have been the wisest move. According to the suit:
The church founders and many of its members are opponents of Meles Zenawi. The members of the church, including members in leadership positions, have openly shared their views and hatred of Meles Zenawi and his government. In fact, church members and leaders protested outside during the funeral of Mr. Zenawi.
So apparently Tsadik was decidedly not preaching to the choir. Even so, this is a free country, and what allegedly happened next is reprehensible.
According to the suit, an unidentified man drove by and told Tesfai to stop handing out the flyers. When Tesfai refused, the man drove back to the church and re-emerged with Gizaw, a man Tesfai reportedly had known for five years. With absolutely no preamble of any kind, no exchange of heated words, nothing, "Gizaw head-butted Tesfai so hard that he was knocked out cold," according to the suit. And then, the suit goes on to claim, Gizaw and his fellow church members continued to kick Tesfai while he was unconscious.
When he came to minutes later, Tesfai was bruised on his backside, face and left eye, his upper lip was busted, his head was pounding, and he was dizzy. He now claims to be unable to work.
Gizaw has been charged with assault/bodily injury. After bonding out and resetting a court date, he has vanished. A capias warrant has been issued for his arrest. So far, neither he nor the church have filed a response to Tesfai’s suit, which is being handled by attorney Papa M. Dieye.
To broadly summarize a New York Times obituary of late prime minister Zenawi, many observers saw him as an extremely pro-development leader and loyal friend to the American government, especially in its fight against Muslim extremists in the Horn of Africa. His detractors claim he was savagely repressive, a chronic imprisoner of journalists, political opponents and dissidents.
The former rebel leader came to power in 1995 and both his fans and haters could agree that he was an extremely intelligent man and a shrewd operator. The former med student was said to be able to absorb seas of statistics at a single setting and had a penchant for quoting Shakespeare at length.
Which is fitting, as he seems to have left his country a nation of Montagues and Capulets.
How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources
By Regine Andrsen and Tone Wenge | Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI)
In 2005, Ethiopia concluded an agreement with the Dutch company HPFI, sharing its teff genetic resources in return for a part of the benefits that would be achieved from developing teff products for the European market.
In the end, Ethiopia received practically no benefits. Instead, due to a broad patent and a questionable bankruptcy, it lost its right to utilize and reap benefits from its own teff genetic resources in the countries where the patent is valid.
The amazing story of the Teff Agreement has been uncovered and meticulously documented in a recent FNI report by FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge.
Teff is a food grain endemic to the Ethiopian highlands, where it has been cultivated for several thousand years. Rich in nutritional value, it is an important staple crop for Ethiopians. Since it is gluten-free, it is also interesting for markets in other parts of the world.
A 2005 agreement between Ethiopia and the Dutch company HPFI gave HPFI access to 12 Ethiopian teff varieties, which it was to use for developing new teff-based products for the European market. In return, the company was to share substantial benefits with Ethiopia.
The Teff Agreement was hailed as one of the most advanced of its time. It was seen as a pilot case for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in terms of access to and benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources (ABS).
But the high expectations were never met: The only benefits Ethiopia ever received were 4000 Euro and a small, early interrupted research project.
And then, in 2009, the company went bankrupt. In the years prior to bankruptcy, however, HPFI managed to obtain a broad patent on the processing of teff flour in Europe, covering ripe grain, as well as fine flour, dough, batter and non-traditional teff products. This patent, along with other values of the company, had then been transferred to new companies set up by the same owners.
These companies now possess the exclusive rights to a large range of teff-based products. But as it was the now bankrupt HPFI that was Ethiopia’s contract partner, these new companies are not bound by the contractual obligations of HPFI towards Ethiopia.
Ethiopia thus ended up receiving practically none of the benefits promised under the agreement, and its future opportunities to profit from teff in international markets were smaller than before.
How was this possible?
This is what FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge have been looking into in their new report The Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons, published by FNI today.
Their report has been written as part of FNI’s contribution to the German-led ABS Capacity Development Initiative, focusing on mainly African experiences with access to and benefit-sharing from the use of their genetic resources.
Lessons to be learned
Through their in-depth analysis of the course of events with regard to the Teff Agreement and the related patent on the processing of teff flour, Andersen and Winge attempt to extract lessons to ensure that future access and benefit-sharing agreements will have better prospects of success. They also provide recommendations for the implementation of the CBD. Some of the main conclusions can be summarized as follows:
Under the current circumstances, even the very best ABS agreement is without value if there is no willingness to comply with it: As long as there are no measures in place in the user-countries (in the teff case: The Netherlands) such agreements can be seen as gentlemen’s agreements, requiring a basis of good faith.
Provider countries (in the teff case: Ethiopia) need institutional and financial support to enable them to monitor ABS agreements, and to facilitate real access to justice in the user countries. A multilateral instrument for this purpose under the CBD combined with user-country legislation is probably the most realistic possibility to realize the objectives on fair and equitable benefit-sharing of the CBD and its Nagoya Protocol.
Formulations in ABS agreements prohibiting the patenting of genetic resources may be easy to circumvent, and more sophisticated formulations should be chosen if this is to be avoided.
የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በ17 በመቶ ጨምሮ በ16.35 ብር እንዲመነዘር የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ መወሰኑ ይፋ ከተደረገበት መስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ ባሉት ሁለት ዓመታት፣ የብር ምንዛሪ አቅም እየቀነሰ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ መውረዱ ተመለከተ፡፡
በኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የየዕለቱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ ዋጋን በሚያመለክተው መረጃ መሠረት የአንድ ዶላር አማካይ የምንዛሪ ዋጋ 17.211 ብር የነበረ ሲሆን፣ በኅዳር 2005 ዓ.ም. ያለው መረጃ የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ያሳያል፡፡
ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. እስከ ኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የነበረው የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ከ5.3 በመቶ በላይ ሲጨምር፣ በ2005 በጀት ዓመት የኅዳር ወር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በአማካይ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ተከትሎ ከሌሎች መገበያያ ገንዘቦች አኳያ (በዋናነት ከዶላር) የብር የመግዛት አቅምን በአንድ ዓመት ከ5.56 በመቶ በላይ እንዲወርድ አድርጎታል፡፡ በአጠቃላይ ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ የብር የመግዛት አቅም በ30 ከመቶ እንዲወድቅ ምክንያት ሆኗል፡፡
ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ግን በመስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. በብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንዴ ከተደረገው ጭማሪ በተቃራኒው ቀስ በቀስ በየዕለቱ ይካሄድ በነበረው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግብይት ላይ ተመርኩዞ እየጨመረ የመጣ ነው፡፡ ቀስ በቀስ የታየው ለውጥ በፍጥነት እያደገ የመጣው ደግሞ ካለፈው መጋቢት 2004 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ መሆኑንም መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡
ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ብሔራዊ ባንክ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ በአንዴ ከማድረግ ይልቅ፣ ቀስ በቀስ እየጨመረ እንዲሄድ ማድረግ መምረጡን ያሳያል የሚሉ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎች፣ በሁለት ዓመታት ጊዜ ውስጥ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ የደረሰው ጭማሪ ከፍተኛ እንደሆነም ይገልጻሉ፡፡
የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጡን በአንድ ጊዜ ከመለወጥ ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት እንደታየው ቀስ በቀስ እንዲለወጥ ማድረጉ በአንድ በኩል የተወሰነ ጠቀሜታ ቢኖረውም፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት እንዳይወርድ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል ይላሉ፡፡
በ2003 ዓ.ም. በአንድ ጊዜ የ17 በመቶ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ መደረጉን ተከትሎ የዋጋ ግሽበት ተከስቷል፡፡ ባለሙያዎቹ ምንም እንኳ ለዋጋ ግሽበት መከሰት ሌሎች ምክንያቶች ቢኖሩም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ማድረጉን አስታውሰው፣ ለውጡ ቀስ በቀስ መካሄዱ ለተወሰነ ጊዜም ቢሆን የተጋነነ ዋጋ እንዳይኖር ረድቷል ይላሉ፡፡ ሆኖም ቀስ በቀስ የተደረገው ለውጥ አገሪቱ ከፍተኛ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ ያደረገች መሆኑን ጠቋሚ በመሆኑ፣ ለመሠረታዊ ዕቃዎች ዋጋ መጨመር ምክንያት እየሆነ መምጣቱን ይናገራሉ፡፡
የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎቹ እንደሚገልጹት፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት በሚፈለገው ደረጃ ሊቀንስ ካልተቻለባቸው ምክንያቶች አንደኛው የብር አቅም መዳከምና የውጭ ምንዛሪ ጉልበት በየጊዜው እያደገ መምጣቱ ነው፡፡
ይህም ማለት በኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. በአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር ተገዝቶ ከውጭ ይመጣ የነበረ ምርት በወቅቱ ምንዛሪ ዋጋ 82,752 ብር ይፈልግ ነበር፡፡ ይኼው ተመሳሳይ ምርት ከሚመጣበት አገር ምንም ዓይነት የዋጋ ጭማሪ አልተደረገበትም ተብሎ ቢታሰብ፣ በኅዳር ወር 2004 ዓ.ም. ለተመሳሳይ የዶላር መጠን 86,055 ብር ይጠይቃል፡፡ አሁንም ይኼው ምርት ዋጋው ሳይለወጥ በቀድሞው ዋጋ እየተገዛ ነው ቢባል፣ ለአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር በዚህ ወር የሚፈለገው ከ90,905 ብር ነው፡፡
ሪፖርተር ያነጋገራቸው ሌላ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያ እንደሚሉት ደግሞ፣ ብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንድ ጊዜ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከማድረግ ይልቅ በሳምንት ወይም በወር አዝጋሚ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ማድረግን መርጧል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህም አሠራሩ እንደ ቀድሞው በአንድ ጊዜ 15 በመቶ ወይም 20 በመቶ የሚደርስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከሚያደርግ፣ ቀስ በቀስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ እያስኬደ እንዳለ ይገልጻሉ፡፡ በየጊዜው የሚደረገው ጭማሪ የኢትዮጵያ ብር ከሌሎች የውጭ ገንዘቦች ጋር ያለውን የመግዛት አቅም ይበልጥ እያወረደው ስለመምጣቱ ማሳያ ነው ብለዋል፡፡
By Michael Hirsh | National Journal
For a president who rarely shows emotion, Barack Obama’s surprisingly personal blast at Republican critics of Susan Rice, his U.N ambassador, suggested two things. One, Obama genuinely admires Rice and thinks she’s being unfairly criticized for giving a controversial explanation of the Sept. 11 Benghazi attack that later didn’t hold up. And two, he may well intend to name her his second-term secretary of State, as some reports indicate.
Obama made a fair point when he said Rice “had nothing to do with Benghazi and was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received.” All Rice did was to carefully articulate on the Sunday TV talk shows what the administration knew at the time, “based on the best information we have to date,” as she put it.
But there are other issues with Rice’s record, both as U.N. ambassador and earlier as a senior Clinton administration official, that are all but certain to come out at any confirmation hearing, many of them concerning her performance in Africa. Critics say that since her failure to advocate an intervention in the terrible genocide in Rwanda in 1994 — Bill Clinton later said his administration’s unwillingness to act was the worst mistake of his presidency — she has conducted a dubious and naïve policy of looking the other way at allies who commit atrocities, reflecting to some degree the stark and emotionless realpolitik sometimes associated with Obama, who is traveling this week to another formerly isolated dictatorship: Burma.
Most recently, critics say, Rice held up publication of a U.N. report that concluded that the government of Rwandan President Paul Kagame, with whom she has a long and close relationship, was supplying and financing a brutal Congolese rebel force known as the M23 Movement. M23’s leader, Bosco Ntaganda, is wanted by the International Criminal Court for recruiting child soldiers and is accused of committing atrocities. She has even wrangled with Johnnie Carson, the assistant secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs, and others in the department, who all have been more critical of the Rwandans, according to some human-rights activists who speak with State’s Africa team frequently.
Rice claimed she wanted Rwanda to get a fair hearing and examine the report first, and her spokesman, Payton Knopf, says that “it’s patently incorrect to say she slowed [it] down.” But Jason Stearns, a Yale scholar who worked for 10 years in the Congo and wrote a book called Dancing in the Glory of Monsters, says “that is not common practice with these reports. Even when Rwanda did get a hearing, all they did was to use it to smear the report and say how wrong it was.” The report has since been published.
Mark Lagon, a former assistant secretary of State under George W. Bush and a human-rights specialist at Georgetown, has generally positive things to say about Rice’s tenure as U.N. ambassador, especially her leadership in the intervention in Libya against Muammar el-Qaddafi and her revival of the administration’s failing policy on Darfur. But he too says she has fallen short on Africa. “In recent months, there is documentary evidence of atrocities in the DRC [Democratic Republic of the Congo], and their umbilical cord is back in Rwanda. These issues have not been raised in the Security Council, and Susan has fought the U.N. raising them in the Security Council,” Lagon says.
In September, Rice also delivered a glowing eulogy for the late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, whom many rights activists considered to have been a repressive dictator.
Recently, during a meeting at the U.N. mission of France, after the French ambassador told Rice that the U.N. needed to do more to intervene in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rice was said to have replied: “It’s the eastern DRC. If it’s not M23, it’s going to be some other group,” according to an account given by a human-rights worker who spoke with several people in the room. (Rice’s spokesman said he was familiar with the meeting but did not know if she made the comment.)
If true, that rather jaded observation would appear to echo a Rice remark that Howard French, a long-time New York Times correspondent in Africa, related in an essay in the New York Review of Books in 2009, which was highly critical of Rice. In the article, headlined “Kagame’s Secret War in the Congo,” in which French calls the largely ignored conflict “one of the most destructive wars in modern history,” he suggests that Rice either naïvely or callously trusted new African leaders such as Kagame and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to stop any future genocide, saying, “They know how to deal with that. The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Stearns, the author, says that during Rice’s time in the Clinton administration “they were complicit to the extent that they turned a blind eye and took at face value Rwandan assurances that Rwanda was looking only after its own security interests.”
Knopf, Rice’s spokesman, says “she clearly has relationships, some of which are very close, with African leaders, and Kagame is one of them. Her view and our view is that these relationships have given her an opportunity to influence events.”
At the same time, however, Knopf says Rice has been tough and forthright in criticizing Rwandan abuses, and backed a “very strong statement out of the Security Council in August about M23.” (The statement, though, did not refer to Rwandan support directly.)
In a speech she gave at the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology in November 2011, Rice took Kagame’s government to task for a political culture that “remains comparatively closed. Press restrictions persist. Civil-society activists, journalists, and political opponents of the government often fear organizing peacefully and speaking out. Some have been harassed. Some have been intimidated by late-night callers. Some have simply disappeared.”
The long conflict in Congo has sometimes been called “Africa’s World War,” because it has led to a staggering 5.4 million deaths — far more than any war anywhere since World War II. Throughout it, Kagame has appeared to play a clever game of pretending to intervene to impose peace and deliver Western-friendly policies, while in fact carving out a sphere of influence by which he can control parts of Congo’s mineral wealth.
Ironically, much of the controversy that surrounds Rice’s relationship with Kagame and other African leaders goes back to the event that Rice herself has admitted was personally wrenching for her, and influenced much of her later views: her failure to stop the Rwandan genocide.
At the time, under National Security Adviser Anthony Lake, Rice was in charge of advising Clinton’s National Security Council on peacekeeping and international organizations such as the United Nations. “Essentially, they wanted [Rwanda] to go away,” scholar Michael Barnett, who worked at the U.S. mission to the United Nations then and later wrote the book Eyewitness to Genocide, told me in an interview in 2008. “There was little interest by Rice or Lake in trying to stir up any action in Washington.”
Both Lake and Rice later said they were haunted by their inaction. In an interview in 2008, Rice told me that she was too “junior”at the time to have affected decision-making then, but that “everyone who lived through that feels profoundly remorseful and bothered by it.”
“I will never forget the horror of walking through a church and an adjacent schoolyard where one of the massacres had occurred,” Rice said in her 2011 speech in Kigali. “Six months later, the decomposing bodies of those who had been so cruelly murdered still lay strewn around what should have been a place of peace. For me, the memory of stepping around and over those corpses will remain the most searing reminder imaginable of what humans can do to one another.”
Rice’s relationship with Kagame began with her efforts to form a new African leaders group in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Among them were Museveni and Ethiopia’s Zenawi. The Clinton administration “believed in an African renaissance,” says Stearns. “She backed this somewhat naïvely, because they were forward-looking leaders who spoke a different language. They spoke about markets.”
While Rice was serving — and despite her later denials before Congress — the Clinton administration appeared to back an invasion of the troubled Congo by Rwanda and Uganda, according to a 2002 article in the journal Current History by Columbia University scholar Peter Rosenblum. In the article, titled “Irrational Exuberance: The Clinton Administration in Africa,” Rosenblum called the invasion “a public relations disaster from which the United States has not recovered.”
ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የአንድነት ፓርቲ ሊቀመንበር
(REPORTER) – ባለፈው እሑድ ኅዳር 16 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. አንድነት ለዲሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ ፓርቲ በአገሪቱ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ ላይ ባደረገው ውይይት ላይ የመነሻ ሐሳብ ያቀረቡት የፓርቲው ሊቀመንበር ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ብሶተኛና በማጉረምረም ደረጃ ላይ የሚገኝ እንጂ፣ ንዴቱን በእንቅስቃሴ ለማሳየት ዝግጁ የሆነበት ደረጃ ላይ የደረሰ አይመስልም አሉ፡፡
የአገሪቱን ወቅታዊ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታ በዳሰሱበት ክፍል ላይ በሰጡት ማብራሪያ ሕዝቡ በርካታ ማኅበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮች እንዳሉበት ገልጸው፣ ይህንን ሰቆቃውንና ብሶቱን ያማርራል እንጂ በይፋና በአደባባይ አይገልጽም ብለዋል፡፡ “ብሶቱ በማጉረምረም ደረጃ የሚገለጽ ነው እንጂ ወደ ኅብረተሰባዊ ንዴት አልተለወጠም ብለው፣” የተናጠል ንዴቶች አልፎ አልፎ ቢገለጹም ሰፊና የአጠቃላይ ኅብረተሰቡ አለመሆናቸውን አመልክተዋል፡፡
“እነዚህ የተናጠል ትናንሽ ንዴቶች ወደተደራጀና ሕዝባዊ የእምቢተኝነት እንቅስቃሴዎች አልተለወጡም፡፡ በሌሎች አገሮች በዳቦ ወይም በነዳጅ ዋጋ ላይ ትንሽ ጭማሪ ከታየ የኅብረተሰቡ ንዴት ይገነፍላል፡፡ በእኛ ሕዝብ ዘንድ ግን ይህ አይታይም፡፡ ምልክቶች ከታዩ ጥቂት፣ የተናጠል፣ ያልተደራጁና ያልተቀናጁ ናቸው፤” ብለዋል፡፡
ዶክተር ነጋሶ ገዥው ፓርቲ አምባገነን መሆኑን ባሰፈሩበት ክፍል፣ ኢሕአዴግ ለሕዝብ ደንታ የሌለው ድርጅት መሆኑን ገልጸው፣ የሕዝብን ፍላጎት አያዳምጥም ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡ “ሕዝብ እሱን ብቻ መስሎ እንዲያድር ነው የሚፈልገው፡፡ ከአገርና ከሕዝብ ይልቅ ፓርቲውን ያስቀድማል፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተረጋገጡትንና በአንቀጽ 29፣ 30፣ 31 እና 38 የተዘረዘሩትን መብቶች አፍኗል፤” ካሉ በኋላ፣ ተቃዋሚዎችን ለማጥቃት ብሎ ሕጎችን በማውጣት ሕግ አስከብራለሁ በማለት ሰብዓዊ መብቶችን እንደሚጥስ አስታውቀዋል፡፡
ኢሕአዴግ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ተቋማት እንዳይኖሩ አድርጎአል ብለው ሦስቱ የመንግሥት አካላት የሕዝብ አገልጋዮች ሳይሆኑ የፓርቲው መሣርያ ሆነዋል ብለዋል፡፡ “ገዥው ፓርቲ ሕገ መንግሥቱን አያከብርም፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተከበሩ መብቶች ተግባራዊ ይሁኑ ሲባል አይፈቅድም፡፡ ሕገ መንግሥቱ የሚሻሻልበትን መንገድ ከመክፈት ይልቅ በሚያወጣቸው ሕጎች በእጅ አዙር ያሻሽላል፡፡ በአሠራሩ ሕገ መንግሥታዊ አስተሳሰብን ዋጋ አሳጥቷል፤” ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡
የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓቱን በገለጹበት ክፍል ደግሞ የፓርቲ ሥርዓቱ ዲሞክራሲያዊ አለመሆኑን አውስተው፣ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ቢደነገግም ዲሞክራሲያዊ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በኢትዮጵያ የለም ብለዋል፡፡ በንጉሡ ዘመን በፓርቲ መደራጀት ክልክል መሆኑን፣ በደርግ የመጀመሪያ ዓመታት ለደርግ ታማኝ የሆኑ ለስሙ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ቢወለዱም በመጨረሻ አገሪቱ በአንድ ብቸኛ ፓርቲ (ኢሠፓ) ሥር መውደቋን፣ ኢሕአዴግ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት ይመሠርታል ተብሎ ቢጠበቅም የአውራ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት መመሥረቱን ገልጸዋል፡፡
“ይህም አውራ ፓርቲነት እንደ አሜሪካና እንደ ታላቋ ብሪታኒያ ዴሞክራሲያዊ የሆኑ የሁለት ፓርቲዎች አውራነት ቢሆን ባልገረመን፣ ወይም እንደ ጃፓንና እንደ እስራኤል ዴሞክራሲያዊና መድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በሰፈነበት አውራ ሆኖ ቢመጣ እንቀበል ነበር፡፡ እርሱ ግን በአስገዳጅነት አንድ አውራ ፓርቲ ሆኖ ሌሎች ግን እንደ ጫጩት እንኳ እንዳይኖሩ በሙስና አሠራርና በልዩ ልዩ ተፅዕኖ ሥር ለማዳ ያደርጋቸዋል ብሎም ከነጭራሹ እንዲጠፉ ያደርጋል፤” ብለዋል፡፡
የምርጫ ሥርዓቱን ብልሹ ነው ያሉት ዶክተር ነጋሶ፣ የምርጫ ሥርዓቱ ለአገሪቱ ውስብስብ ሁኔታዎች ምቹ አለመሆኑን፣ በርካታ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦች፣ ብዙ ሃይማኖቶችና የተለያዩ ርዕዮተ ዓለሞች ባሉበት አገር አሸናፊው ሁሉንም የሚወስድበት ሥርዓት እንደማይች አስረድተዋል፡፡ “ማኅበረሰባዊ ውክልና፣ ተጠያቂነትና የአሳታፊነት መርህን የተከተለ የተመጣጠነ ሥርዓት እንዲኖር አይፈለግም፡፡ ይባስ ብሎ በምርጫዎች መካከልና በምርጫዎች ወቅት ያለው የፖለቲካ ምኅዳር የተስተካከለ አይደለም፡፡ ዲሞክራሲያዊ፣ ፍትሐዊና ነፃነት የተሟላበት አይደለም፡፡ በዚህ የምርጫ ሥርዓት ውስጥ ተሸናፊ ፓርቲዎችን የሚመርጥ ብዙ ሚሊዮን የሕዝብ ክፍል በፓርላማ ደረጃ ድምፅ አልባ ይሆናል፤” ሲሉ በምሬት ገልጸዋል፡፡
ዶክተር ነጋሶ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችና ችግሮች የሚፈቱት በሰላማዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር ሳይሆን በጉልበት መሆኑን፣ የሕዝብ ወሳኝነት እንደማይፈለግ፣ ለሕዝብና ለአገር ጥቅም ሲባል ሰፊና አገራዊ የትብብር መድረክ ለመፍጠር ፈቃደኝነትና ዝግጁነቱ ደካማ መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፣ በፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች የተለመደው በአሸናፊነት የማንበርከክ ፍላጎትና የበላይነት ማስፈን አካሄድ በመሆኑ እምቢ ከተባለ ደግሞ ለማጥፋት መንቀሳቀስ መኖሩን አውስተዋል፡፡ ሰላማዊ የትግል ስልቶችን መጠቀም አለመጀመሩን ገልጸው ሰላማዊ ትግል ኃይል አልባ፣ ሕጋዊ፣ ሕገ መንግሥታዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ በመሆኑ፣ አንዳንድ ሕጎችና ተቋማት የሌሎችን መብቶች የሚነኩ ከሆነ እምቢ ማለትና ያለመታዘዝን እንደሚያካትት ጠቁመዋል፡፡ “ሰላማዊ ትግል የተቃውሞ መሣርያ እንጂ የአመፅ መሣርያ አይደለም፤” ብለው፣ ሰላማዊ ትግል ሰፊ የመደራጀትና የዝግጅት ሥራ ይጠይቃል ብለዋል፡፡
የወደፊት የትግል አቅጣጫ ምን መሆን እንዳለበት ሲገልጹ፣ ሕዝብን ለለውጥ እንዲንቀሳቀስ ማድረግ፣ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ሥራዎችን መሥራትና በሕዝብ ውስጥ የማደራጀትና የማቀናጀት ሥራዎች መሠራት አለባቸው ብለዋል፡፡ ገዥውን ፓርቲ ለለውጥ በማስገደድ ሰፊ ሕዝባዊ እንቅስቃሴ መጀመር እንዳለበት አስረድተዋል፡፡ ብልሹ ያሉትን የፓርቲ ሥርዓት በመለወጥ የፖለቲካ ምኅዳሩ እንዲስተካከል በቁርጠኝነት ትግል መደረግ አለበት ሲሉ አመልክተዋል፡፡
“በአገራችን ለችግሮች መፍትሔ ለማፈላለግ ሁሉን አቀፍ ብሔራዊ እርቅ መፍጠር አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችን ወይም ችግሮችን ለመፍታት አንድነት በፕሮግራሙ ያስቀመጠው አቅጣጫ ትክክል ነው፡፡ ስለሆነም ችግሮችን በሰላማዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር የመፍታትን ባህል የበለጠ ማዳበር የትግላችን አቅጣጫ መሆን አለበት፤” በማለትና አንዳንድ ነጥቦችን በማከል ዳሰሳቸውን ደምድመዋል፡፡
Well-known Ethiopians narrate how Emperor HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia.
Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Kenya chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.
"Captain Tristram Charles Sawyer Speedy is minor historical figure from the reign of Victoria, but nonetheless a very colourful one. The six-foot-five red-bearded soldier is thought to have been the inspiration for a Kipling character and appears in the Flashman series (Flashman on the March).
He also had a long association with Ethiopia, and was known for his efforts to adopt native dress and speak Amharic. Now, a rare collection of travel photographs and portraits recording his travels will shortly go under the hammer in London"
GOP Senators ‘Significantly Troubled’ After Susan Rice Meeting
By SUNLEN MILLER | ABC OTUS News – 3 hrs ago
United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice’s attempts to "make nice" with a trio of Republican senators who have criticized her response to the Sept. 11 terror attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, seem to have backfired.
The senators said they left their face-to-face meeting with Rice this morning "more concerned" and "significantly troubled."
It was suspected that Yasir Arafat died due to exposure to this radiation. He was suffering throat cancer, later died of heart attack as reported. Alexander Litvinenko former officer of Russian security also a victim of polonium 210. Former president of Ghana John Atta sudden death of unknown reason but it was said that he died of throat cancer. Former Malawi president Bingu wa Mutharika also died due to unexplained reason. Even though it was first reported as heart attack. Our ex PM Meles Zenawi also died in a short period of time and yet the cause of his death is mystery to many of us. I am suspecting that he might had been exposed to this radiation called polonium 210. Have your say please.
We Ethiopians have a much stronger case for suing the Obama Administration than Israelis.
By BYRON TAU
A group of Israeli-Americans has filed suit against the Obama administration, alleging that U.S. aid money to the Palestinian Authority funds terrorist activities.
The lawsuit charges that federal aid money directed to the Palestinian Authority ultimately ends up in the hands of Hamas and other militant groups committed to war against Israel. Hamas is designed as a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. government.
The lawsuit charges that the State Department is ignoring congressionally-mandated safeguards to keep money out of the hands of such entities.
"The American people are opposed to terror and do not want to fund it via their taxes," plaintiff attorney Norman Steiner said in a statement. "The ongoing non-compliance of the White House and State Department with congressionally mandated protections cannot be allowed to continue."
The plaintiffs are 24 American citizens living in Israel. Two have been victims of terrorist attacks in the past, and all "live in fear of Palestinian terrorist attacks," the lawsuit charges. They name Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, as well as several other government officials as defendants in the suit.
The Shurat HaDin Israel Law Center, whose director is one of the attorneys representing the defendants, estimates that the U.S. government has given more than $4 billion to Palestinian groups since 1993 — mostly through its development arm USAID.
Federal law mandates that U.S. aid only go towards the establishment of a Palestinian state if its governing entity "demonstrated a firm commitment to peaceful co-existence with the State of Israel."
(AFP) — GONDAR, Ethiopia — It was one of the most daring operations in Ethiopian history: Israel’s 1991 airlift of Ethiopian Jews, when nearly 15,000 people were crammed into a series of non-stop flights lasting 36 hours.
Clutching only a few belongings, in planes with seats removed to make more space, they left a nation their ancestors had called home for two millennia for a land they knew only from scripture.
More than two decades later, some 2,000 descendants and relatives of those Israel had identified as original Jews are set to join them in the Holy Land.
All that’s left of Ethiopia’s Jewish population, called the Falash Mura, or "wanderers" in Ethiopia’s Amharic language — is expected to move to Israel over the next 18 months, the end of an ancient chapter of Ethiopian history.
"It is God’s promise to us to go to the Promised Land and fulfill his prophecy… but that doesn’t change the fact that I am Ethiopian," said Gasho Abenet, 25.
Ethiopia’s remaining Falash Mura live in Gondar in the north of the country, supported by the Jerusalem-based organisation The Jewish Agency for Israel, where many have waited for years to complete bureaucratic hurdles and win approval to move.
Many say they feel frozen in limbo, not quite at home in Ethiopia, eager to become Israeli, and suffering from a long separation from family members who have already left.
"Once… you’re in this halfway status of being internal refugees, you’re certainly better off in Israel than being internal refugees in Ethiopia," said Steven Kaplan, professor of religion and African studies at Jerusalem’s Hebrew University.
Many Jews in Ethiopia — a small minority in a country where officially 62 percent are Christian and 34 percent are Muslim — say they have been misunderstood and even discriminated against.
Housing rents are arbitrarily hiked, some say, and many report name-calling from those who do not understand or accept Judaism.
"It is difficult to live here in Ethiopia as an Israelite because we get insulted," 22-year-old Amhare Fantahun said.
For Gasho, it means never feeling fully at home in the land of his birth.
"The life that we are living here is a nightmare, we can never settle," he said, donning a black and white skullcap and a Star of David pin.
Despite their feeling of apparent transience, the history of Judaism in Ethiopia dates back about 2,000 years.
The precise roots are disputed: some say Ethiopia’s ancient Jews — called Beta Israel, or "House of Israel" — are descendants of Jewish nomads who travelled first to Egypt, then on to Ethiopia.
Others say they are direct descendants of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon.
The Falash Mura, descendants of the Beta Israeli — many of whom were forced to convert to Christianity in the 18th and 19th centuries — have observed a unique interpretation of Judaism for generations.
Practices include separating menstruating women from men and burying their dead in Christian cemeteries. They must learn Rabbinic law and Hebrew before moving to Israel.
In skullcaps and draped in prayer scarves, they gather every week in Gondar’s makeshift synagogue, a corrugated iron shed painted the blue and white of Israel’s flag, chanting verses from the Torah in Ethiopia’s Amharic language.
The push to transport Ethiopia’s Jews to Israel began in the 1980s, under Ethiopia’s brutal Communist dictator Mengistu Hailemariam, who used Ethiopia’s Jews as pawns and tried to trade them for weapons from Israel.
Many left Ethiopia illegally, travelling by foot to Sudan, where 20,000 people were eventually flown to Israel in Operation Moses in 1985, the precursor to the 1991 airlift from the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.
The airlift, known as Operation Solomon, came as Mengistu lost his grip on power.
There are about 130,000 Jews of Ethiopian descent in Israel today. By March 2014, the immigration of Ethiopia’s Jews to Israel is expected to finish, closing an ancient chapter of Ethiopia’s history.
Under Ethiopia’s Emperor Haile Selassie, departure for Israel was blocked as he said the country would lose a key cornerstone of its heritage.
"Haile Selassie said, ‘If we did that we would lose one of the key elements in the Ethiopian tapestry. They represent a tradition that we all think we’re descended from,’" said Stephen Spector, author of a book about the airlift.
But for Israeli ambassador to Ethiopia Belyanesh Zevadia — who was born in Ethiopia and lived in Israel for 28 years — the end of the returns to Israel merely marks a new chapter in relations between the two countries.
"Maybe (we are) losing the culture, the Jewish culture," she said. "But there are so many of them coming back and investing here… so we are building the bridge between the two countries."
Gasho said the heritage lives on in other ways too, even though most of the Falash Mura have left the country.
"We Jewish who are living here in Ethiopia, we taught our wisdom and knowledge," he said. "Our culture is well understood throughout the community… learning, metallurgy, handcraftsmanship, it is all passed on," Gasho added.
At Addis Ababa’s transit centre, where the Falash Mura gather before boarding a flight to Israel, new shoes and clothes are passed around as children play table tennis and table football under the beating afternoon sun.
Despite not knowing what to expect when they reach Israel, there is a sense of happiness from those about to leave Ethiopia for good.
"I am going to miss Ethiopia, of course, but this is life, so I have to go to Israel, and that is the path decided for me," said Malefeya Zelelu, 84, who waited in Gondar for 14 years before being approved to leave.
"I am now going to be an Israelite," he added, smiling widely.
አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)
ጥልቀት ባላቸው ትንታኔዎቹና ቀላል አቀራረቡ የሚታቀው ጋዜጠኛና መምህር በተለይ ለኢትዮጵያ አድማጮች “ጠቀሜታ ይኖራቸዋል፤” ባላቸው ርእሰ ጉዳዮች፥ ውጥኖችና ገቢሮች ዙሪያ በትጋትና በኃላፊነት ለረዥም ጊዜ ያለ መታከት ያበረከተው አስተዋጽኦ ጎልቶ የሚነገርለት ነው።
የመገናኛ ብዙኃንና ጋዜጠኝነትን የሚመለከቱ ፕሮግራሞችና የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ፖለቲካ የውይይት ርዕስ ሆኖ በሚቀርብባቸው ዝግጅቶች የሚዛናዊ ባለ ሞያ ድምጽ በመሆን ለረዥም ዓመታት በንቃት ተሳትፏል።
ያ ድምጽ ዛሬ ግን ከእኛ ጋር የለም።
ዶ/ር መሠረት ቸኮል፥ በዚህ በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በዊስኮንሰን ክፍለ ግዛት ሪቨር ፎልስ በጋዜጠኝነት ሞያና የመገናኛ ብዙኃን መምህርነት አገልግሏል።
ለመሆኑ ዶ/ር መሠረት ማን ነው? ምን ዓይነት ሠው ነበር?
ልጅነት፥ የቀድሞው መርሃ እውራን ተማሪ ቤትና ኮሌጅ? ሞያና ህይወት በተከታታዩ ቅንብሮች ተካተዋል።
(1) የኢትዮጵያውያን የህይወት ታሪክ መረጃ ማዕከል
Ethiopia: Meles rules from beyond the grave, but for how long?
René Lefort 26 November 2012
Democracy and government
Security in Sub-Saharan Africa
Printer-friendly versionSend to friendPDF version Facebook Twitter
The trade-off offered by authoritarianism to its client-constituents is security and high growth rates. After Meles challenges may force change, or build the case domestically for a new strong man.
Meles Zenawi, the former Prime Minister of Ethiopia, has been dead for around three months. But the “Melesmania” personality cult, though discreet in his lifetime, shows no sign of fading. From giant portraits in the streets to stickers on the windscreens of almost any vehicle, a smiling Meles is still everywhere.
The sudden death of Meles shook the whole of Ethiopia. The shock quickly gave way to fear of an unknown and threatening future.
The regime did everything to exploit this fear for its own benefit. It has issued continuous calls for the nation to unite around the memory of the dead leader and, above all, around the project he designed and imposed with an iron hand. The new Prime Minister, Hailemariam Selassie, endlessly repeats that he will pursue “Meles’s legacy without any change”. He has replaced not a single cabinet minister. It could be said that the regime is running on autopilot, with the Meles software driving the leadership computer. Plunged into disarray, the governing team is hanging on to this software like a lifebelt. Why?
The making of Melesmania
Until the crisis of 2001, the handful of leaders of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the dominant force in the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in power since 1991, worked in a remarkably collective way. Within this group Meles was – and not always – the primus inter pares, surrounded by strong, clever and articulate figures united by a radical Marxism. The crisis culminated in the expulsion of most of these figures, in a massive purge and finally in a threefold power shift.
The first shift saw Meles emerge as the unchallenged supremo, moving quickly to clip the wings of the few leaders who seemed to be acquiring a solid political base. He promoted only those whose loyalty he considered unshakeable, whose positions depended entirely on his goodwill, people like Hailemariam Dessalegn. Radiating outwards from a first circle of “advisers”, almost all Tigrayan, all the lines of real power penetrated down to the base of the State apparatus, whether federal or regional, to the Party and to whole sectors of the economy.
Although the government reflected the country’s ethnic diversity, most ministers had authority only in name. Parliament, as it had since 1991, remained a rubberstamp chamber. No institution was able to escape this dominance and achieve autonomy. Moreover, this personal power was also intellectual. The one politically correct doctrine (“revolutionary democracy” and the “developmental state”) was devised and imposed on the country by Meles and Meles alone. This monopoly prevented the emergence of any other body of ideas and, inevitably, of any alternative line of thinking.
The army and security services were represented within this central authority, which held sway over them. Later, although Meles Zenawi maintained a grip on the security forces, the army gradually became “bunkerized”, a sort of state within the State. Meles himself had to acknowledge the autonomy of the military command, by agreeing a kind of pact: I will grant you substantial autonomy, and in particular turn a blind eye to your wheeling and dealing; you support me, especially since if I fall, you fall with me. Hence, no doubt, the remarked upon reticence of the army during the recent period of succession, as if it felt so powerful that its fortress would remain impregnable, away from the turbulent currents within the new governing team. Hence, also, the procedure followed in announcing, on September 12, the appointment of 37 new generals – including at least 23 from Tigray – a reminder that no one, not even Hailamariam Dessalegn, can interfere in the affairs of the military.
The third change concerned the TPLF and, concomitantly, the EPRDF. It was contradictory. On the one hand, the tentacles of the single party penetrate to every level of the administration: it has consumed the State from the inside. Its agenda takes absolute precedence. The TPLF holds the key positions in the nationalised companies and the web of “private” firms that in reality it controls, the so-called “parastatal companies”. Overall, this structure accounts for two thirds of the modern economy, excluding traditional agriculture. With its 5 million members – 300,000 in 2001 – the Party controls and directs the population as never before, right down to the smallest echelon of five or six households. On the other hand, the Party has been marginalised as a political institution and therefore left lifeless, if not brainless. The TPLF, not to mention the three other satellite parties, were reduced to mere instruments for the exercise of Meles’ personal power, an essential institution but nevertheless no more than an instrument.
This extreme concentration of multifarious powers in the hands of Meles Zenawi is one of the darkest aspects of his legacy: his death leaves a profound and multifaceted vacuum. Conversely, however, it also opens up an exceptional opportunity for change. First, politics and power, like nature, abhor a vacuum. Second, the Meles “model” is running out of steam. It will inevitably have to be refashioned.
Challenging the regime to change
Contestation from the Muslim opposition poses the most immediate challenge, perhaps the most serious for the regime since 1991. In order to counter what it sees as the rise of radical Islam, it is seeking to impose a “moderate” but completely marginal Islamic doctrine and to back its affiliates within the Islamic Affairs Supreme Council. Thirty-five percent of the population is officially Muslim – the real figure is probably higher – along with around half of the Oromos, who also have strong aspirations to autonomy. Muslims, the vast majority of whom reject extremism of any kind, are calling – peacefully – for nothing more than the right to decide their religious affairs for themselves. The government is responding by repression. The stakes are huge: protest continues; so far, the government has never been ready to lose control of a large “civil society” organisation.
For a whole section of opinion, in particular within the diaspora, the major challenge that the regime will need to tackle and which will inevitably demand change is “the widespread democratic aspiration of Ethiopians”. But the scope and nature of this aspiration is open to question. The traditional and historical culture, which permeates the overwhelming majority of Ethiopian society, is still hierarchical and authoritarian. It is in perfect harmony with the “communist engineering” that moulded the TPLF from its inception and still shapes the ruling power.
With very few exceptions, the demand for a “strong leader”, who guarantees “peace and security”, is a national constant. Weak leadership opens the door to power struggles, which inevitably leads to “disorder” and the suffering that arises from it. Even the emerging middle class, usually seen as the spearhead of opposition to authoritarian regimes, largely shares this view. Whatever its criticisms of the regime, it desires stability above all. It largely believes that the country is too divided to undergo profound change without the risk of tragic turmoil.
Nevertheless, the aspiration for change is undeniable, though within certain limits. These relate first to inflation, which in September hit a peak of 40% overall, and 50% for food. More profoundly, in this urban middle class and in the emerging group of “kulaks” in the countryside, this aspiration centres around what might be called personal professional empowerment, in other words: “let us go about our business as we want”, without the constant intervention and intrusion of the authorities, without having to swear fealty to the Party, without arbitrariness exacerbated by erratic and opaque regulations.
However, this change is not simply a matter of aspiration. Although the “developmental state”, in its current form, has brought remarkable progress, it has reached its limits. The first question concerns the reality of its achievements, notably the famous “double digit growth” since 2004, which the authorities constantly extol. In fact, this figure is the product of a vicious circle. The government sets absurdly ambitious targets. The work of every public servant is assessed against those targets. Their careers depend on it. And of course, they claim to have achieved them. Then the targets are raised again. Once again, they claim to have met them. The lie becomes institutionalised. The gap between basic national realities and the image that the authorities perceive and communicate, from summit to base, has become so great that it could be said that Ethiopia has turn out to be not so much a Potemkin village, as a Potemkin country. Sooner or later, the authorities will have to deal with the shockwave that results when the truth inevitably comes out.
Another shock will arise from the unsustainability of the funding of the developmental state. The government will no longer be able to invest enough to maintain growth at the same high levels as in recent years, unless it continues to print money, further fuelling inflation, or alternatively runs a continuing trade deficit, exacerbating its foreign currency crisis. But apart from stability, high growth is all the regime can offer in return for its authoritarianism. This is particularly true for the middle classes, which the regime wants as its constituency.
This is all the more significant because in the last generation the land has reached saturation point. Smallholder agriculture (employing four fifths of the workforce) is absolutely unable to absorb the 2 to 2.5 million young people who enter the labour market every year. Only massive private investment, mainly from abroad, can take up the slack. However, this investment is slow to come because the Ethiopian-style developmental state distorts and inhibits normal market mechanisms too much for investors to be able to enjoy the entrepreneurial freedom they find elsewhere.
Finally, the future of the Ethiopian-style developmental state is interlocked with the “national question”, whether in regard to the unresolved legacy of the conquest and submission of the borders of the Abyssinian empire at the turn of the 20th century, or to the unequal distribution of powers and assets in favour of the Tigrayans. The Ogaden National Liberation Front continues its armed struggle. The Oromo Liberation Front, although militarily a spent force, retains a large following.
After long containment, centrifugal forces are intensifying. The Oromo and Amhara elites in particular want a fairer balance. Two recent examples give a flavour of the tensions. The Oromo party does not want the chairman that the leadership wants to impose on it, but cannot impose the chairman that it wants. This deadlock was unthinkable when it was under Meles’ orders. Regions are beginning to demand a more tangible application of the federal system, in other words the beginnings of genuine autonomy, starting with… Tigray. However, in its current form, the ultra-centralism of the interwoven developmental state and revolutionary democracy is incompatible with authentic federalism.
To reshape either would threaten the very essence of power in Ethiopia, and its immemorial imperative: to control. This entails maintaining a constant and intrusive hold over the whole of society, with a single, ultimate and supreme goal: to retain power.
End of the "Meles line"? Four scenarios
However, the writing is on the wall. The “Meles line” will not always have an answer for everything. Forthcoming events will demand change, even the partial rejection of that line. An accumulation of tensions and conflicts, kept in check by Meles’ iron grip, will inevitably emerge. The floodgates are beginning to open. Never before, for example, has a major newspaper, whose survival depends on continuous self-censorship, dared to go so far in its criticism of the EPRDF. Beginning with a statement of fact – that the Front does not have “a popular base and support” – The Reporter then calls on the party “to clean up its house” because “it is riddled with corruption from top to bottom!”. A change of direction and a reshuffling of the cards seem inevitable. In my view, there are four possible ways these changes could go.
In one scenario, the current leaders, who largely equate to the dominant oligarchy, cling to their positions and privileges. Economic, social and political tensions rise. They respond with more repression, for which all the necessary instruments are in place. However, this does seem a likely scenario. According to confidences shared with people close to them, most are convinced that Meles’ death signals the end of an era and that the status quo is untenable.
A second possibility that cannot be completely ruled out, despite the leaden weight that bears down on society and the intense fear it arouses, is a popular, spontaneous and unforeseeable explosion, triggered by a minor incident, spreading like wildfire, fuelled by social and, in particular, ethnic tensions. The regime would spare no effort to suppress it, but could ultimately be overwhelmed by events.
In the developmental state, government revenues are certainly centralised at the top, but then largely redistributed to implement a long-term development plan, although this redistribution is becoming increasingly limited as corruption rises. Meles was the final guarantor of this redistributive process. Who, what political force, what counterbalancing element could protect Ethiopia from the predatory evolution observed in so many developing countries, in particular those where a “revolutionary elite” holds all the levers of power (in black Africa, for example, Angola or Mozambique)? In this third scenario, these revenues would continue to be centralised but would remain mostly with the central oligarchy, the residue being redistributed through a structure of cronyism. Growth could continue at a sufficient level for the oligarchic regime to survive, but “development” would fall by the wayside.
In the fourth scenario, this party/state control would be relaxed, obviously not to the point of genuine democratisation, but through some liberalisation in the economic sphere. More or less the Chinese “model”. Circumstances and events favour this scenario. Meles’ death has led to a fragmentation of power centres, which are weakly structured and cancel each other out, because none at this stage is in a position to take a lead. For example, no agreement could be reached on filling the only vacant cabinet post, that of Minister of Foreign Affairs. And for weeks no one was able to force Azeb Mesfin, wife of the late prime minister, to leave the National Palace, where she no longer had any reason to remain.
Contest at the top
The TPLF’s current leadership no longer has the intellectual capacity or sufficiently strong personalities to become what historically it was, at least in the short term: the epicentre of power, exercising full political hegemony. It has also been weakened by its many divisions. Divisions between “hardliners”, holding fast to their historic dominance, and “moderates”, for whom a relaxation is unavoidable; between Tigreans in Tigray and those outside; between generations, the “old timers” and the “fortysomethings”. The former include many who, sidelined by Meles in the name of generational change, want to get back into the game. However, they are old, and even in many cases physically enfeebled. The second group, recently promoted by Meles, and much less political than technocratic, individualistic, opportunistic and even – according to their detractors – cynical, have no intention of giving ground.
Two major factions can also be identified: one that the major losers of 2001 want to build (including Siye Abraha and Gebru Asrat, who are still very popular with rank-and-file members of the Front), the other centred around its patriarch, Shebat Nega, a master schemer and long-time mentor of Meles before the latter marginalised him.
And finally, there is the enigma Azeb Mesfin. Fiery and unpredictable, she was the main troublemaker in the succession process, the leading figure in the minority that opposed the appointment of Hailemariam Dessalegn. She holds a strong hand, including an intimate understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of all the players, close links with the security services, leadership of the TPLF’s economic conglomerate and supporters amongst cadres of the Front, those who would have the most to lose if the cards were reshuffled.
A few other names stand out from the pack. The intelligent and highly respected Arkebe Enquay won more votes than Meles at the 2008 TPLF conference, but lost out in 2010. Debretsion Gebremichael is seen as the Front’s rising star. This young engineering graduate, a senior figure in the security services, has a reputation as a hardliner. His sudden promotion to number two in the Front is all the more significant in that the titular number one, Abay Wolde, is widely perceived as something of a cipher. And then finally, there are a pair of Amhara party bosses, Addissu Leguesse, its former chairman, and the ever-present Berket Simon, who was also very close to Meles.
However, understanding the game being played out at the top is exceptionally difficult, and not only because of the wall of secrecy around it. A political analysis provides only a small part of the picture. Much more important now are each player’s economic positions – since most of the leaders also have their own businesses – the very close family ties within the Tigrayan elite, geographical origins, personal friendships and enmities. The web these form is virtually impossible to untangle.
Nonetheless, three dominant poles seem to be emerging: the brainless but still tentacular TPLF, and the security services with their osmotic relations with certain leaders of the Front; the army, closely intertwined with the TPLF, though more ethnically than institutionally; and finally, the new Prime Minister.
Hailemarian Dessalegn has taken great care to stress his desire “to work on the basis of collective leadership”. In fact, within the small fringe of public opinion that has a view on the matter, he is seen almost unanimously as a transitional prime minister, a sort of regent accountable to what might be described as a “regency committee” comprising, according to sources, four to six members, all from the old guard and all but one from Tigray. The view is that Hailemariam’s interim mandate will end once the TPLF has finally designated the real successor. For the Front’s supremacy is still perceived as irrevocable and the history of Ethiopia as immutable: “collective leaderships” are temporary and unfailingly end with the ascent of a new “strong leader”.
A renewal of the authoritarian compact?
At 47, Dessalegn has stated that he wants to remain in post at least until the 2015 selections, and even that he may seek re-election. He is said to be intelligent, open, unshakeable in his principles, possessed of great natural authority. He appears as a Meles clone in terms of policy. But no one knows if he would be able to go his own way, develop his own doctrine, be his own man. He belongs to none of the three big ethnic groups. He is a Protestant. No Ethiopian leader has ever had to overcome these two handicaps. Could Medvedev step into Putin’s shoes?
His trump card is his twofold legitimacy. The first legitimacy he owes to Meles. Even his putative rivals, particularly within the TPLF, cannot at this stage contest this without undermining other aspects of the “great leader’s” legacy. It is doubtful that they would do so as long as Meles’ long shadow lies across the political stage. In addition, it is this legacy that continues to bind and guide the current leadership. And finally, it is this that they need to use to legitimise the maintenance of their current positions.
The second source of legitimacy is more deep-rooted and lasting. “The ruling king is my king”, as the saying goes. The whole country is impregnated with an ancestral sense of hierarchy, of submission to established authority. The aspiration for an incontestable and uncontested leader is strong. Hailemariam Dessalegn is now simultaneously executive leader and chair of what is essentially the single party, and therefore, at least in name, also heads the TPLF, the army and the security services. In this capacity, he has his hands on virtually all the institutional levers of power. These levers are not only intrinsic; their strength is also significantly increased by this ancestral sense of hierarchy. Finally, he stands at the summit of the infrastructure of absolute power passed on intact by Meles.
The forces facing him, for the moment at least, are disunited, scattered and disparate. There is no tangible, structured counterforce, underpinned by a strong base and possessing a strategy commensurate with the challenges. The army is in its bunker, but there is no reason why he should not find the same modus vivendi with it as Meles, especially as there is no sign of a Bonaparte waiting in the wings.
Finally, Hailemariam Dessalegn has the time to patiently forge his own position, if he has the capacity. There does not seem to be any single figure strong enough to open hostilities in the near future, or adventurous enough to take the country into the unknown.
 Its four components each represents a major ethnic group: Tigrayan (6% of the population), Oromo (37%), Amhara (23%) and the mosaic of Southern peoples (20%). The Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front was the spearhead and major winner of the victory over the Derg military junta in 1991.
 Ethiopia is a federal republic.
 Compared with 41% Orthodox Christians and 20% Protestants.
 In a two-year period, civil servants lost around half their purchasing power. Peasants, half of whom are net buyers of food, often claim that “inflation is worse than prison”.
 Although, officially, the annual growth rate has been more than 10% since 2004, in reality it has been considerably less, probably some 6% to 7%. It continues to fall. “Even before the onset of the 2008 crisis, Ethiopia’s economy was already slowing down” (World Bank Report N°71884-ET, August 29, 2012).
 International organisations like the IMF, and large donor countries, have finally begun to doubt the official statistics, including those for growth rate and agricultural production. According to assessments by certain large international development institutions, official grain production is overstated by some 30%.
 Foreign direct investment is amongst the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa per head of population.
 “Despite some positive developments in industry and service sectors, Ethiopia has been a difficult place to do business”, World Bank Report N°71884-ET, August 29, 2012.
 Siye Abraha was one of the founders of the Front and its leading military figure. Gebru Asrat, a historic leader of the TPLF, was the president of the Tigray region at the time of his expulsion.
በራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም የተሰየመው ት/ቤት በመለስ ዜናዊ ተቀየረ
በትግራይ ተምቤን – አቢይ አዲ የሚገኘውና በጀግናው ራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም ተሰይሞ የቆየው የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ት/ቤት ስያሜው ተቀይሮ በመለስ ዜናዊ ስም እንዲሰየም መወሰኑን ታማኝ ምንጮች አስታወቁ።
በደርግ ዘመን የተሰራውና በራስ አሉላ ስም ተሰይሞ የ 9 – 10ኛ ክፍል ተማሪዎችን ተቀብሎ ሲያስተምር ከቆየ በኋላ ከ2002 ዓ.ም ጀምሮ የት/ቤቱን አቅም ለማሳደግ በሚል የ11-12ኛ መመሪያ ክፍሎችን ለመገንባት በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ አገራት የሚገኙ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ገንዘብ አዋጥተው ስራው መከናወኑን ምንጮቹ ጠቁመዋል። ግንባታው ተጠናቆ ባለፈው ነሃሴ ወር ለማስመረቅ በዝግጅት ላይ እንዳለ አቶ መለስ በማለፋቸው ፕሮግራሙ መሰረዙን ሲታወቅ; ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት በተከናወነው የምረቃ ስነ-ስርአት የክልሉ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት በስፍራው እንደተገኙ ማወቅ ተችሎዋል።
ከምረቃው ጋር በተያያዘ የራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም ተሰርዞ “መለስ ዜናዊ ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ት/ቤት” ተብሎ መሰየሙን ባለስልጣናቱ በይፋ እንደገለጹ ምንጮች አረጋግጠዋል። በት/ቤቱ በይፋ የመለስ ስም ተፅፎ መለጠፉ ተጠቁሞዋል። በህዝብ ገንዘብ መዋጮ የተገነባን ት/ቤት በጡንቻና በማን አለብኝነት ህዝብን በመናቅ የተፈጸመ ተግባር ነው ሲሉ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ማውገዛቸው ታውቁዋል።
በተለይ በአውስትራሊያ፡ ጀርመን፡ ኖርዌይ፡ አሜሪካ፡ ካናዳና… ሌሎች አገራት የሚኖሩ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ባካሄዱት ቴሌ ኮንፈረንስ ከፍተኛ ተቃውሞ ማሰማታቸውን ተሳታፊዎቹ ገልጸዋል። ተሳታፊዎቹ እንዳሉት « የአፄ ምንሊክን፡ የሰማዕቱ አቡነ ጴጥሮስን ሃውልት ለማፍረስ የተጀመረው አፍራሽ እንቅስቃሴ ወደ ራስ አሉላ ተሻግሮዋል። ይህ የሚያመለክተው የቆየውን የኢትዮጲያን ታሪክ ለማጥፋት ቆርጠው መነሳታቸውን ነው። ይህ ትውልድ ታሪኩን አስጠብቆ የማቆየትና የተጀመረው አደገኛ አፍራሽ እንቅስቃሴ ከማውገዝ ባለፈ ለትግል መነሳሳት አለበት።ኢትዮጲያዊያን እጅ ለእጅ መያያዝ አለብን፤» ብለዋል። አክለውም « የኢትዮጲያዊነት ጉልህ መታወቂያና መገለጫ የሆኑ አኩሪ ታሪኰችንና ታሪክ ሰሪ ጀግኖችን ለማጥፋት ኤርትራዊው ቴውድሮስ ሃጎስ፡ በረከት ስሞንና ስብሃት ነጋ የሚመሩት አካል በአገራችን ላይ የጥፋት ዘመቻ ከፍተዋል» ሲሉ አንድ ተሳታፊ ተናግረዋል። « የዶጋሊ ዘመቻ » በሚል በየአመቱ ራስ አሉላ የሚዘከሩበት ታሪካዊ ቀን እንደነበረና ሕወሓት ወደ ስልጣን ከመጣ በሑዋላ ግን ይህ እንዲቀር መደረጉን እነዚሁ ወገኖች ያስታውሳሉ።
በሌላም በኩል በመቀሌ ከተማ ፒያሳ አካባቢ የአፄ ዮሃንስን መታሰቢያ ሃውልት ለማቆም ተጀምሮ የነበረው እንቀስቃሴ እንዲቆም መደረጉን የቅርብ ምንጮች አጋልጠዋል። ባለፈው አመት ከህዝብ በተዋጣ ገንዘብ ሓውልቱን ለማቆም የመሰረት ድንጋይ ተጥሎ እንደነበር ጠቁመው፤ በኋላ ግን “የእስልምና ሀይማኖት ተከታዮች ስለተቃወሙ ሃውልቱን መስራት አይቻልም» በማለት እነ ቴውድሮስ ሃጎስ መወሰናቸውን ምንጮቹ ገልፀው፦ “አሳፋሪና ተቀባይነት የሌለው ተራ ምክንያት» ሲሉ ሁኔታውን በቅርብ የተከታተሉት ምንጮች አጣጥለውታል።
ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ በአድዋ ከተማ አደባባይ ላይ ተሰቅሎ የነበረ የመለስ ፖስተር ተቀዳዶ መጣሉን ምንጮች ጠቆሙ። የክልሉ ካድሬዎች «የመድረክ ተለጣፊ የሆነው አረና ፓርቲ ነው ይህን የፈፀመው » በማለት ያልተጨበጠ የፈጠራ ወሬ እያሰራጩና እየዛቱ ነው ያሉት ምንጮች አክለውም ድርጊቱን የፈፀመው የአካባቢው ህዝብ እንጂ የትኛውም ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አይደለም ብለዋል።
McCain threatens to end aid to Egypt
Power grab stirs protest in Cairo
By Sean Lengell, The Washington Times
As U.S. political leaders rebuked Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Sunday for his decree to assume sweeping new powers, police in central Cairo fired tear gas at protesters who accused him of a blatant power grab.
Sen. John McCain, Arizona Republican, said that while the U.S. is thankful for Mr. Morsi’s help facilitating a cease-fire between Israel and the Gaza Strip’s Hamas rulers, he criticized Mr. Morsi’s decision to give himself near-absolute power, which has prompted days of violent street protests in Egypt.
"To assume this kind of power is unacceptable to the United States of America," Mr. McCain said on "Fox News Sunday."
The senator warned that Egypt risks a "repeat of the Iranian experience in the 1970s," referring to the 1979 Iranian revolution in which street demonstrations overthrew the regime of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, a pro-American dictator, only to put into power a repressive Islamist theocracy.
Mr. McCain, who is the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the U.S. should threaten to withhold billions of dollars in aid to Egypt unless Mr. Morsi returns to a more democratic path.
"This is not what the United States and American taxpayers expect and our dollars will be directly related to the progress towards democracy, which you promised the people of Egypt, when your party and you were elected president," he said.
Mr. McCain also blamed Iran for escalating violence in the Middle East, saying it’s time "to start facing up to what is one of the prime reasons why there is the kind of unrest."
"Where did the missiles come from that were being fired [by Hamas on Israel]? Iran. Where are the Iranian Revolutionary Guard on the ground? In Syria. The [nuclear] centrifuges continue to spin in Tehran," he said.
Sen. Carl Levin, a Michigan Democrat who heads the Senate Armed Services Committee, urged Mr. Morsi "to point out that behind all of this is Iran" and to take a defiant stance against Tehran and its growing influence in the Middle East.
"Iran’s support of Hamas, Hezbollah, Syria and the way that is then filtered into weaponry that goes through Egypt into Gaza — if that could be stopped by Egypt … [then that] is going to take leverage away from Iran," Mr. Levin said on NBC’s "Meet the Press."
"If Egypt will take a strong role here to stop the tunnels from being used for weaponry getting to Gaza, this could lead to a real plus."
Egyptian protesters clashed Sunday with police in Cairo’s Tahrir Square — birthplace of the popular uprising that last year toppled President Hosni Mubarak — and in the side streets and avenues leading off the plaza.
The Interior Ministry, which is in charge of the police, said 267 protesters had been arrested and 164 policemen injured since the unrest began a week ago, initially to mark the anniversary of street protests against the military rulers in place last year.
Fighting between supporters and opponents of Mr. Morsi wasn’t limited to Cairo. A young Muslim was killed Sunday in clashes outside a Muslim Brotherhood office in the town of Damanhour, south of Egypt’s second city, Alexandria, an Islamist leader told Agence France-Presse. It’s the first reported casualty since the Egyptian leader’s constitutional declaration Thursday that places him above oversight of any kind, including that of the courts.
The judiciary has resisted Mr. Morsi’s decrees, as judges and prosecutors stayed away from several courts in Cairo and across much of the country.
Egyptian democracy advocate Mohamed ElBaradei warned Saturday of increasing turmoil that could lead to military intervention unless Mr. Morsi rescinds his new powers, as the country’s long-fragmented opposition sought to unite and rally protests. Last week, Mr. ElBaradei accused Mr. Morsi of making himself a "new pharaoh" with his power grab.
Mr. Morsi’s office Sunday issued an English-language statement defending his decrees, repeating the argument he used when addressing supporters Friday outside his Cairo palace that the measures were designed to bolster the country’s transition to democratic rule and dismantle the Mubarak regime.
"The presidency reiterates the temporary nature of the said measures, which are not meant to concentrate powers," it stated.
Egypt’s benchmark stock index plunged by nearly 10 percent Sunday in the first trading session since Mr. Morsi’s edicts.
The losses, estimated to be about $5 billion, were among the biggest since the turbulent days and weeks immediately after Mr. Mubarak’s ouster.
Experts are wary of South Sudan, considering that it controls the White Nile, the other source of the Great Nile. That is problematic because the West and Israel could use their influence with South Sudan to put pressure on Egypt.
By Ibrahim Al-Jack
The African Research and Studies Centre at the International University of Africa held a forum last week titled "Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and Its Effects on Egypt and Sudan."
The minister of electricity and irrigation, Dr. Tabitha Butrus; the Ethiopian irrigation minister; the Ethiopian ambassador to Sudan, Abadi Zemo; and many experts in agriculture, irrigation, and environment attended the forum.
Ethiopia denies any intention to block water from Egypt and Sudan.
The Ethiopian irrigation minister, Ilambo Timno, denied any intentions to block water saying that Ethiopia only wants to use the dam to generate electricity. He mentioned that late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zinawi called on both Sudan and Egypt to take part in establishing the dam, but they have not.
He promised that Ethiopia has no hidden agenda. "The dam has many positive effects on the Nile Basin countries," he claimed.
He continued, "Forums like these offer the chance to exchange points of view, opinions, and more research."
He explained that the dam will help maintain the water level all year round and increase fishery production. Sudan will also benefit immensely, considering that there will be an abundance of water supply, especially in River Atbara, that can be used to improve agriculture and develop areas on the border between Sudan and Ethiopia. He called for partnerships to be built among Nile Basin countries to realise mutual benefits. Again, he denied that there is any reason for Egypt and Sudan to be wary of the dam.
Former Irrigation Minister Professor Saif Aldin Hamad said Ethiopia has 123 billion cubic metres of water, of which 97% is not used. He added that very little land is cultivated where water is scarce. The area surrounding the dam is not incapable of cultivation, he continued, but Sudan will benefit from the dam, considering it is dependent on the natural flow of the Nile and does not have and does not have the means to store its waters. That is where the Ethiopian dam comes in. It will help by storing up water, from which Sudan will benefit in more than way, such as: limited evaporation and doubled electricity production in Roseiris, Sinnar, and Meroe.
The benefits from the Ethiopian dam can be fairly imaginable, given that it stores up 74 billion cubic metres of water.
Advantages of the dam
The Ethiopian minister of energy and mining, Alfakki Ahmed Najash, said Ethiopia and Sudan will benefit immensely from this dam in irrigation and agriculture. But, he added, Nile Basin countries have different opinions on it.
Engineer Abdulhalim Alturabi said there are many benefits that can be reaped from this dam, but cooperation in establishing and running it is a prerequisite. He went on to say, "Ethiopia does not have vast land that can be farmed, and Sudan does. Ethiopia, therefore, cannot afford hostile relations with Sudan. The two countries must build their relations around being totally open with each other. They must exchange benefits because, in Sudan’s perspective, Ethiopia has a lot of potential and a work force that Sudan is in need of.”
Importance of Consensus on the Dam
A political analyst, Professor Hassan Alsaori, said it is important for the Nile Basin countries to have a consensus on the dam, especially as Ethiopia will control 86% of the Nile’s water after the dam is completed.
He said consensus is important, because without it, Ethiopia will have the upper hand and leverage in any dispute among Nile Basin countries because it will hold the “Nile water card.”
He said it is only fair that Egypt and Sudan take part in establishing and running the dam to be certain that their part of the Nile is safe.
Fears are steered south
Many experts argue that Ethiopia does not want to make a unilateral move regarding the dam to ensure it does not threaten regional security. In that regard, it is most careful to reassure Sudan and Egypt.
But the same experts were wary of South Sudan, considering that it controls the White Nile, the other source of the Great Nile. That is problematic because the West and Israel could use their influence with South Sudan to put pressure on Egypt. Sudan and Egypt have doubts that the newly founded and politically unstable country of South Sudan would take unilateral steps to decrease the portions of Nile water to which Sudan and Egypt are entitled. Such a step would jeopardise the regional and national security of Egypt and that of Sudan in the process.
The U.N.’s Internet Sneak Attack
Letting the Internet be rewired by bureaucrats would be like handing a Stradivarius to a gorilla.
The Wall Street Journal
November 25, 2012, 4:24 p.m. ET
By L. GORDON CROVITZ
Who runs the Internet? For now, the answer remains no one, or at least no government, which explains the Web’s success as a new technology. But as of next week, unless the U.S. gets serious, the answer could be the United Nations.
Many of the U.N.’s 193 member states oppose the open, uncontrolled nature of the Internet. Its interconnected global networks ignore national boundaries, making it hard for governments to censor or tax. And so, to send the freewheeling digital world back to the state control of the analog era, China, Russia, Iran and Arab countries are trying to hijack a U.N. agency that has nothing to do with the Internet.
For more than a year, these countries have lobbied an agency called the International Telecommunications Union to take over the rules and workings of the Internet. Created in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union, the ITU last drafted a treaty on communications in 1988, before the commercial Internet, when telecommunications meant voice telephone calls via national telephone monopolies.
Next week the ITU holds a negotiating conference in Dubai, and past months have brought many leaks of proposals for a new treaty. U.S. congressional resolutions and much of the commentary, including in this column, have focused on proposals by authoritarian governments to censor the Internet. Just as objectionable are proposals that ignore how the Internet works, threatening its smooth and open operations.
Having the Internet rewired by bureaucrats would be like handing a Stradivarius to a gorilla. The Internet is made up of 40,000 networks that interconnect among 425,000 global routes, cheaply and efficiently delivering messages and other digital content among more than two billion people around the world, with some 500,000 new users a day.
Many of the engineers and developers who built and operate these networks belong to virtual committees and task forces coordinated by an international nonprofit called the Internet Society. The society is home to the Internet Engineering Task Force (the main provider of global technical standards) and other volunteer groups such as the Internet Architecture Board and the Internet Research Task Force. Another key nongovernmental group is Icann, which assigns Internet addresses and domain names.
The self-regulating Internet means no one has to ask for permission to launch a website, and no government can tell network operators how to do their jobs. The arrangement has made the Internet a rare place of permissionless innovation. As former Federal Communications Commission Chairman William Kennard recently pointed out, 90% of cooperative "peering" agreements among networks are "made on a handshake," adjusting informally as needs change.
Proposals for the new ITU treaty run to more than 200 pages. One idea is to apply the ITU’s long-distance telephone rules to the Internet by creating a "sender-party-pays" rule. International phone calls include a fee from the originating country to the local phone company at the receiving end. Under a sender-pays approach, U.S.-based websites would pay a local network for each visitor from overseas, effectively taxing firms such as Google and Facebook . The idea is technically impractical because unlike phone networks, the Internet doesn’t recognize national borders. But authoritarians are pushing the tax, hoping their citizens will be cut off from U.S. websites that decide foreign visitors are too expensive to serve.
Regimes such as Russia and Iran also want an ITU rule letting them monitor Internet traffic routed through or to their countries, allowing them to eavesdrop or block access.
"The Internet is highly complex and highly technical," Sally Wentworth of the Internet Society told me recently, "yet governments are the only ones making decisions at the ITU, putting the Internet at their mercy." She says the developers and engineers who actually run the Internet find it "mind boggling" that governments would claim control. As the Internet Society warns, "Technology moves faster than any treaty process ever can."
Google has started an online petition for a "free and open Internet" saying: "Governments alone, working behind closed doors, should not direct its future." The State Department’s top delegate to the Dubai conference, Terry Kramer, has pledged that the U.S. won’t let the ITU expand its authority to the Internet. But he hedged his warning in a recent presentation in Washington: "We don’t want to come across like we’re preaching to others."
To the contrary, the top job for the U.S. delegation at the ITU conference is to preach the virtues of the open Internet as forcefully as possible. Billions of online users are counting on America to make sure that their Internet is never handed over to authoritarian governments or to the U.N.
A version of this article appeared November 25, 2012, on page A15 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: The U.N.’s Internet Sneak Attack.
On September 2, 2012, Susan Rice, the U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., delivered a nauseatingly sentimental oration at the funeral of Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. She called Meles “selfless and tireless” and “totally dedicated to his work and family.” She said he was “tough, unsentimental and sometimes unyielding. And, of course, he had little patience for fools, or idiots, as he liked to call them.” The “fools” and “idiots” that Rice caricatured with rhetorical gusto and flair are Ethiopia’s independent journalists, opposition leaders, dissidents, political prisoners, civil society leaders and human rights advocates.Watching the video of her eulogy, one could easily say she “had gone native” completely. But it was clear that her aim was to deliver the last punch to the gut of Meles’ opponents as a sendoff present.
As the old saying goes, “birds of a feather flock together”. Rice, like Meles, likes to insult and humiliate those who disagree with her. She had a reputation in the State Department as boor and a bit of a bully; or as those who knew her say, she was a “bull-in-a-china-shop”. She is known for verbal pyrotechnics, shouting matches and finger wagging at meetings. On one occasion, she is reported to have flipped her middle finger at the late Richard Holbrooke, the dean of American diplomats, at a senior State Department staff meeting. Prior to the onset of the air campaign in Libya in March 2012, France’s U.N. ambassador, Gerard Araud, advised Rice that the European Union would seek a no-fly zone resolution from the Security Council regardless of U.S. support. She gave Araud the verbal equivalent of a kick in the rear end: “You’re not going to drag us into your shitty war.” She later tried to claim full credit for the effort: “We need to be prepared to contemplate steps that include, but perhaps go beyond, a no-fly zone at this point, as the situation on the ground has evolved, and as a no-fly zone has inherent limitations in terms of protection of civilians at immediate risk.” This past July when China and Russia at the U.N. blocked adoption of language linking climate change to international security, she lambasted them as “pathetic” and “shortsighted” and accused them of “dereliction of duty.”
That was then. In the past several days, Rice was on the receiving end. Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham virtually called Rice a fool and an idiot for her statements following the U.S. Consulate attack in Benghazi, Libya on September 11 in which four Americans were murdered. Rice appeared on five national Sunday talk shows five days after the attack and made the boldfaced claim that the attack on the consulate “was a spontaneous — not a premeditated — response to what had transpired in Cairo in response to this very offensive video that was disseminated”. According to Rice, the protest by a “small number of people who came to the consulate” was “hijacked” by “clusters of extremists who came with heavier weapons.”
Senator McCain showed “little patience for fools, or idiots” and fairy tales when he angrily threatened to block Rice if she were nominated to become Secretary of State: “Susan Rice should have known better, and if she didn’t know better, she’s not qualified. She has proven that she either doesn’t understand or she is not willing to accept evidence on its face. There is no doubt five days later what this attack was and for.” Rice’s Benghazi story was reminiscent of the bedtime stories of the late Meles Zenawi.
Truth be told, only a “fool” or an “idiot” would not know or reasonably surmise the attack on the U.S. consulate was a terrorist act. CIA Director David Petraeus recently testified that from the moment he heard of the attack, he knew it was a terrorist act. He included this fact in the talking points he sent to the White House which somehow got redacted form Rice’s public statements. The experts and pundits also called it a terrorist act. For Rice, it was a protest gone wrong.
But there remain a number of puzzling questions: Why was Rice selected to become the point person on the attack in light of President Obama’s defense that Rice “had nothing to do with Benghazi.” Why didn’t Hilary Clinton step up to explain what happened? Did the White House throw Rice under the bus to save Hilary? Was Rice supposed to provide plausible deniability and political cover until the election was over by calling a manifest terrorist attack a protest over an offensive anti-Muslim video? Did Rice have to fall on the Benghazi sword to divert attention or delay accountability for the Administration’s failure to take appropriate preventive action in Benghazi as the price for nomination to the job of Secretary of State? Or was the White House trying to showcase Rice’s diplomatic adroitness and savvy in a futile attempt to bridge her unbridgeable competence and “stature gap” to become America’s foreign policy chief?
President Obama was ready to drive a lance through the heart of Republican villains hell bent on capturing and devouring his prevaricating damsel in distress. He told McCain and Graham to bring it on. If the Republican duo and their buddies “want to go after somebody, they should go after me. But for them to go after the U.N. ambassador? Who had nothing to do with Benghazi? And was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received? To besmirch her reputation is outrageous.” That was great drama staged by “no drama Obama.”
What is mindboggling is the fact that Rice would believe and earnestly propagate such a cock-and-bull story about the Benghazi attack. Rice is a person with extraordinary credentials. She is a graduate of Stanford and Oxford Universities and a Rhodes scholar to boot! She was a top official in the National Security Agency and an Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs in the Clinton Administration. She has two decades of solid high level foreign policy experience. Yet five days after the attack, Rice shuttled from one news talk show to another telling the American people the Benghazi attack was not an act of terrorism. Is that willful ignorance, foolishness or idiocy?
The fact that the attack occurred on September 11 – a day that shall live in infamy in American history — and the attackers used their trademark “heavier weapons” (to use Rice’s words) of terrorism — pickup mounted machine guns, AK-47s, RPGs, hand grenades, mortars and IEDs — meant nothing to Rice. The fact that in Libya today there are all sorts of militias, rebel groups, Islamist radicals and terrorist cells are operating freely did not suggest the strong possibility of a terrorist attack for Rice. The fact that Gadhafi made Libya a state sponsor of terrorism for decades provided no historical context for Rice. Simply stated, in the Benghazi attack Rice saw something that looked like a duck, walked like a duck and quacked like a duck, but she concluded it was a giraffe.
The race card-ists and race baiters came out in full battle dress to defend Rice against charges of “incompetence”. Rep. Jim Clyburn, House Assistant Democratic Leader, was the first to strike a blow by politicizing Rice’s incompetence. “You know, these are code words. These kinds of terms that those of us — especially those of us who were grown and raised in the South — we’ve been hearing these little words and phrases all of our lives and we get insulted by them. Susan Rice is as competent as anybody you will find.” A group of democratic lawmakers delivered a second salvo charging “sexism and racism”. That was the shot across the bow and the message to the Republicans is clear:
Obama wants Rice as Secretary of State. He has won re-election. Rice will be nominated. Republicans who oppose her will be tarred and feathered as racists, sexists and misogynists persecuting a competent black woman. They will be demonized, dehumanized and discredited in the media. The democrats have 55 votes in the Senate and will be able to peel off at least 5 Republicans to end a filibuster. Rice will get the job of Secretary of State. Republicans will have eggs on their faces and will look like fools and idiots at the end of the day.
Such is the Democrat game plan and screenplay for victory and triumph in the Rice nomination. The Republicans will probably put up a nominal fight but will eventually fold under a withering Democrat attack. Rice will rise triumphant.
Rice’s confirmation as Secretary of State will be a sad day for American foreign policy because she is simply not qualified to be America’s diplomat-in-chief. Her confirmation will mark the saddest day for human rights throughout the world and particularly in Africa. Thetired, the poor, the huddled masses of Africa yearning to breath free will continue to find themselves in the iron chokehold of African dictators for another four years as Rice turns a blind eye to massive human rights violations. African dictators will be beating their drums and dancing in the streets. They will be happier than pigs in mud. They know she will have their backs for another four years. With Rice at the helm, there will be more money, more aid and more loans for African dictators. But the truth must be told. Calling Rice “incompetent” is a fact, not a racially coded denigration of African Americans. To paraphrase Clyburn, Rice is as incompetent as you will find.
The Peter Principle essentially states that in an organization where promotion is based on achievement, success, and merit, that organization’s members will eventually be promoted beyond their level of ability. In other words, “employees tend to rise to their level of incompetence.” The Dilbert principle states organizations tend to systematically promote their least-competent employees to higher management positions in order to limit the amount of damage they are capable of doing. If Rice succeeds Hilary Clinton, she will be a living example of the fusion of the Peter and Dilbert Principles at the highest level of the American government.
Let the truth be told: Susan Rice is simply not competent to become U.S. Secretary of State! To be a competent diplomat-in-chief of a great country, fundamental moral integrity is a necessity. Rice is incompetent because she lacks not only the moral judgment to tell right from wrong and truth from falsehood, but she is also incapable of distinguishing between two wrongs. In March 2012, Rice scathingly condemned Iran, North Korea and Syria “for their mass violations of human rights”. On September 2, 2012, she delivered a canonizing oration at the funeral of one of the ruthless dictators in recent African history. Twelve days before Rice recited Meles’ hagiography, Human Rights Watch issued a report stating, “Ethiopia has seen a sharp deterioration in civil and political rights, with mounting restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and assembly. The ruling party has increasingly consolidated its power, weakening the independence of core institutions such as the judiciary and the independent media that are crucial to the rule of law.”
A competent Secretary of State must have a working knowledge of military operations. Rice is clueless about military and paramilitary operations. She said the Benghazi attackers used “heavier weapons” but she could not connect the signature weapons of terrorists to the attackers who used them. Cluelessly or disingenuously, she tried to convince Americans and the world that a coordinated assault on a U.S. consulate in Benghazi was caused by “a small number of people” whose “protest” had gone awry!
A competent Secretary of State must have sound political judgment. Despite her stellar education and broad experience in foreign policy, Rice has traded intellectual integrity and prudence for blind political ambition. She seems incapable of discerning truth from falsehood even when it is obvious. She seems to have little concern for the truth or falsity of what she says; and evidently, she will say anything to advance her political ambitions in reckless disregard for the manifest truth. As Senator McCain perceptively observed, “she either doesn’t understand or she is not willing to accept evidence on its face”. She also does not seem to understand or appreciate the fact that a high level public official in her position has an obligation to undertake due diligence to find out what is true and what is false before swaggering in public peddling boldfaced lies.
A competent Secretary of State diplomat must subordinate his/her political ambitions to his/her patriotic duty to those who put their lives on the line to defend American values. Rice is incompetent because she will put her own political ambitions and loyalties to her political party above her patriotic duty to her fallen compatriots. She is a person for whom political expediency and opportunism are the creed of life. She will blindly tow the party line and support a policy without regard to principles or scruples. In other words, Susan Rice is a party hack and not material for the job of America’s diplomat-in-chief.
A competent Secretary of State must have intellectual courage and conviction. Rice is incompetent because she lacks intellectual courage, commitment and conviction. In a scholarly writing in 2006, Rice energetically argued that “Mali [as] an example of a well-governed country that suffers from capacity gaps that extremist groups have been able to exploit. Mali cooperates fully with the United States on counterterrorism matters.” In April 2012, when radical Islamist rebels took over Northern Mali and split the country in half, all she could offer was an empty statement calling on “all parties in Mali (including murderous terrorists) to seek a peaceful solution through appropriate political dialogue.” She folded her hands and watched for nearly four years doing nothing as Mali spiraled from a “well-governed country” to a divided strife-stricken country half of which today is a haven for murderous terrorists. Rice will talk the talk but not walk the talk.
A competent Secretary of State must be tempered in language and demeanor. Rice is incompetent because she lacks diplomatic temperament and thrives on being antagonistic, condescending and disrespectful to colleagues and other diplomats. A bullying and loose cannon Secretary of State cannot perform his/her job competently. She has a disgusting scatological lexicon. She is intolerant and arrogant and will try to vilify into submission those who disagree with her.
It is said that “stupid is as stupid does”; so “incompetent is as incompetent does”. I hope President Obama will not nominate Rice to replace Clinton. But I believe he will and we will all get to see a Shakespearean mini-drama at the confirmation hearings: “To be, or not to be (Secretary of State): that is the question (for Rice):/Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer (for all the lies she has told)/ The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune (in a Senate confirmation hearing),/ Or to take arms against a sea of troubles (by coming clean and telling the truth)…/.
I believe Rice will be will be exposed for what she really is at the confirmation hearing– a grand obfuscator of the truth, an artful dodger and a masterful artist of political expediency and intrigue. In 1994, when the Clinton Administration pretended to be ignorant of the terror in Rwanda and the death toll continued to rise by the thousands, Rice’s concern was not taking immediate action to stop the genocide and saving lives but the political consequences of calling the Rwandan tragedy a “genocide” and saving her job and others in her party. She had the audacity, moral depravity and sheer callous indifference to ask, “If we use the word ‘genocide’ and are seen as doing nothing, what will be the effect on the November [congressional] election?”
Did Rice avoid using the word “terrorism” in explaining the Benghazi attack because she was concerned about the political costs the President would have to pay in the November election if the voters were to see him as doing nothing to prevent it?
At the end of the day, what Rice told the American people five days after the Benghazi attack, to quote Shakespeare, “is a (tall) tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.”
Previous commentaries by the author are available at:
Africa Rolls Back HIV/Aids, Namibia Scores Well
By Alvine Kapitako, 22 November 2012
Windhoek — A United Nations report reveals a more than 50 percent reduction in new HIV infections has been achieved across 25 low- and middle-income countries, including Namibia.
More than half of these countries are in Africa – a region affected the most by HIV/AIDS.
In some of the countries which have the highest HIV prevalence in the world, rates of new HIV infections have been cut dramatically since 2001 – by 68 percent in Namibia, 73 percent in Malawi, 71 percent in Botswana, 58 percent in Zambia, 50 percent in Zimbabwe and 41 percent in South Africa and Swaziland, a press release from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) reveals.
"In addition to welcome results in HIV prevention, sub-Saharan Africa has reduced AIDS-related deaths by one third in the last six years and increased the number of people on antiretroviral treatment by 59 percent in the last two years alone. Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most affected regions in terms of HIV/AIDS prevalence rates."
The report reveals that antiretroviral therapy has emerged as a powerful force for saving lives. In the last 24 months, the number of people accessing treatment increased by 63 percent globally. In sub-Saharan Africa, a record 2.3 million people have access to treatment. China has increased the number of people on HIV treatment by nearly 50 percent in the last year alone.
Furthermore, there were more than half a million fewer deaths in 2011 than in 2005.
The largest drop in AIDS-related deaths is being experienced in countries where HIV has the strongest grip. Neighbouring South Africa saw 100 000 fewer deaths, Zimbabwe nearly 90 000, Kenya 71 000 and Ethiopia 48 000 fewer deaths than in 2005. The report also indicates that impressive gains were made in reducing tuberculosis (TB) related AIDS deaths in people living with HIV.
The UNAIDS Executive Director, Michel Sidibé, in response to the report was quoted as saying the pace of progress is quickening. "What used to take a decade is now being achieved in 24 months," Sidibé said, adding that "we are scaling up faster and smarter than ever before. It is the proof that with political will we can reach our shared goals by 2015."
According to the Namibian National Sentinel Survey report of 2010, HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Namibia was down to 18.8 percent compared to 22 percent – the highest peak during 2002. In Namibia, about 95 percent of people living with the HIV virus are on antiretroviral treatment.
There is also a reduction in new HIV infections in children. Half of the global reductions in new HIV infections in the last two years have been among newborn children. "It is becoming evident that achieving zero new infections in children is possible," said the UNAIDS executive director.
"I am excited that far fewer babies are being born with HIV. We are moving from despair to hope," Sidibé further said.
Despite the encouraging progress in stopping new HIV infections, the total number of new HIV infections remains high at 2.5 million, the report indicates.
It further outlines that to reduce new HIV infections globally a combination of HIV prevention services needs to be brought to scale. An example is scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision, which has the potential to prevent an estimated one in five new HIV infections in eastern and southern Africa.
Sidibé said UNAIDS would focus on supporting countries to accelerate access to HIV testing and treatment. "Now that we know that a rapid and massive scale-up is possible, we need to do more to reach key populations with crucial HIV services," said Sidibé. The report was launched in Geneva, Switzerland, on Tuesday ahead of the World AIDS Day commemoration.
World AIDS Day is commemorated on December 01, every year.
ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ
በሴፕቴምበር 2 2012 የአሜሪካዋ አምባሳደር በተባበሩት መንግስታት: ሱዛን ራይስ በኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ የቀብር ስርአት ላይ ስሜታዊ ሆና የሚያቅለሸልሽ ቃላት ያዘለ ንግግር አነብንባ ነበር፡፡ መለስን፤ ‹‹የማይደክምና ራሱን የማይወድ››በአጠቃላይ እሱነቱ ለስራውና ለቤተሰቡ የሆነ ብላዋለች፡፡ ‹‹ጠንካራ፤ በእምነቱ የጸና እና በእርግጥም ለጂሎችና ለደደቦች እሱ እንደሚጠራቸው ትእግስቱ ትንሽ ነበር፡፡ ሱዛን ራይስ ይህን ቅጥ ያጣና ከአንድ አሜሪካን ከሚያህል ሃገር ወኪል ጨርሶ ሊሰማ የማይገባ ያልተገራ ንግግር ስታደርግ ጅልና ደደብ የሚለውን ቃል በድፍረትና በአጥንኦት የለጠፈችው በኢትዮጵያዊያን ነጻ ጋዜጠኞች፤የተቃዋሚ መሪዎች፤ተሟጋቾች፤የፖለቲካ እስረኞች፤የሲቪል ማሕበረ ሰብ መሪዎች፤እና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ላይ ነው፡፡ የንግግሯን ቪዲዮ በመመልከት ሴትዮዋ ይህን ንግግር የመለስን ተቃዋሚዎች በመጨረሻ ጡጫ ደረታቸዉን ብላ ለመለስ የአስከሬን መሸኛ አድርጋ ማቅረቧ እንደነበር ያስታውቃል፡፡
‹‹ አንድ አይነት ላባ ያላቸው ወፎች አብረው ይከንፋሉ›› ይባባል፡፡ ራይስ እንደ መለስ ሁሉ ተቃዋሚዎቿንና ሃሳቧን የማይጋሯትን ትሳደባለች ታንቋሽሻለች፡፡ በስቴት ዲፓርትመንት አካባቢ የሚያውቋት በዘለፋ በቁጣና በማስፈራራት አነጋገራዎ ነው፡፡ በዚህም አጉል ደንፊ ተብላ ትታወቃለች፡፡ አለያም በጣም በሚያውቋት ዘንድ ‹‹የቻይና መደብር በሬ›› (አተራማሽ ወይም በጥባጭ ማለት ነው) ይሏታል፡፡ በስብሰባዎች ላይ በቃላት ርችት፤በአፈነበልባል፤በጣት ቀሳሪነት ራይስ ትታወቃለች፡፡ በአንድ ወቅት በአሜሪካን ዲፕሎማቶች ዋና ታዋቂ በነበሩት ሪቻርድ ሆል ብሩክ ላይ የበላዮች ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት አባላት ስብሰባ ላይ በአሜሪካንና በሌላውም ዓለም በሳቸው ደረጃ ካሉ ሰዎች የማይጠበቀውንና ጸያፍ ተብሎ የሚጠራውን ድርጊት በአደባባይ የመሃል ጣታቸውን ቀስረውባቸዋል ይባላል፡፡
በማርች 2012 የፈረንሳዩ የተባበሩት መንግስታት አምባሳደር ለራይስ እንደምክር የአውሮፓ ዩኒየን አሜሪካ ደገፈም አልደገፈም የበረራ ክልከላ ዞን ከተባበሩት መንግስታት የደህንነት ካውንስል ይፈልጋል በማለት ላቀረቡላት ሃሳብ ራይስ ለአምባሳደሩ ወሽመጥ በሚቆርጥ አነጋገር ‹‹መቼም ወደ አዛባ ጦርነታችሁ እንደማትጎትቱን አምናለሁ›› በማለት ከያዘችው ስልጣንና ከፈረንሳይ አቻዋ ጋር ሊደረግ በማይገባ የጋጠ ወጥ አባባል መልሳላቸዋል፡፡ በኋላ ግን ይህ ያጥላላችው ሃሳብ አመርቂ ውጤት በማስገኘቱ የሃሰቡ አፍላቂ በመምሰል ምስጋናውን ጠቅላ ለራሷ ለማድረግ በመዘየድ ‹‹ከማሰብና ከማቀድ ባለፈ የበረራ ክልከላውን ዞን በማጠናከር ልናተኩርበትና ልንተገብረውም አስፈላጊነቱ ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ የምድሩ ፍልሚያ ብዙም ስላላዋጣና ሲቪል ማህበረሰቡንም ከአደጋው ለመጠበቅ አዋጪው ይሄው ነውና›› በማለት ቀድማ ያጣጣለችውንና የፈረንሳዩን አቻዋን የሰደበችበትን ሃሳብ መልሳ በራሷ አፍላቂነት የተገኘ ለማስመሰል ጥራበታለች፡፡ ባለፈው ጁላይ ቻይናና ሩስያ ስለዓየር ለውጥ የቀረበውን ሂደት በተቃወሙበት ወቅት ራይስ ጉደኛዋ እዚህም ላይ ‹‹እርባና ቢስ›› ‹‹ሃሳበ ቢስ›› በማለት በማጣጣል ‹‹ የተግባር ውድቀት›› በማለት ኮንናቸዋለች፡፡
ያ እንግዲህ ያ ነበር፡፡ባለፈው ሳምንት በቤንጋዚ ሊቢያ ውስጥ በሴፕቴምበር 11 የ አራት አሜሪካውያንን ሕይወት የቀጠፈውን በአሜሪካን ኮንሱሌት የደረሰውን ፍንዳታ አስመልክቶ ራይስ በሰጠችው ዘገባ የተነሳ የሪፓብሊካን ሴኔተሮች ጆን ማኬይንና ሊንድሲ ግራሃም ሱዛን ራይስን ጅል ደደብ ስራዋን የማታዉቅ ናት የሚል ሃያል አስተያየታቸውን ሰንዝረውባታል፡፡ ራይስ ከፍንዳታው አምስት ቀናት በኋላ በአምስት የተሌቪዝን ዜና ፕሮግራሞች ላይ ቀርባ፤ “በኮንስሌቱ ላይ የደረሰው ፍንዳታ ግብታዊ፤ በእቅድ ያልተደረገ፤ ነው:: በካይሮ በተነሳሳው ተቃውሞ ላይ የተመሰረተና ዋናው አነሳሽም አጸያፊውና አሳዛኝ የሆነው የእስላምን እምነት የሚያንቁያሽሽ የቪዲዮ ዝግጅት ያስከተለው ነው” በማለት ገለጠች፡፡ እንደ ራይስ አባባል፤በጥቂት ሰዎች ስብስብ ወደ ኤምባሲው የሄደው የተቃውሞ ትዕይንት በድንገት በተጠናከረ መሳርያ በታጠቁ አክራሪ ስብስቦች ‹‹ተጠልፎ›› ነው አደጋው የተፈጸመው ብላ ነበር፡፡
‹‹ሴኔተር ማኬይን ለ‹‹ጅሎችና ለደደቦች ትዕግስታቸው ማለቁን›› እና ለራይስ ተረት ተረት ጨዋታ ቁጣቸው ገንፍሎ ራይስ የውጭ ጉዳይ ዋና አስተዳደሪ ሆና ስሟ ለምርጫ ቢቀርብ ተቃውሟቸው የከረረ እንደሚሆንና ለማሳገድም እንደሚጥሩ አስጠንቅቀው ነበር፡፡ ‹‹ሱዛን ራይስ ቀድማ ልታውቅ ይገባት ነበር፡፡ ሳታውቅ ከቀረች ደግሞ ለቦታው ጨርሶ አትመጥንም፡፡ አንድ ያረጋገጠችው ጉዳይ ቢኖር፤ ወይ አይገባትም ደድባለች አለያም፤ ያገጠጠውን ሃቅ መቀበል ቸግሯታል” ብለው በሃይል ቃል ተናግረዋል፡፡ ይህ የጥቃት ድርጊት ከአምስት ቀን በኋላ በእውነታነት የተረጋገጠው ነገር ነበር፡፡ለነገሩ የራይስ የቤንጋዚ ታሪክ የቀድሞው መለስ ዜናዊ የመኝታ ሰአት ተረት ተረት ቅሪትን ያስታዉሳል፡፡››
ሃቅ በገሃድ ይውጣ:: በቤንጋዚ የአሜሪካን ኮንሱሌት ላይ የደረሰው ጥቃት የሽብርተኞች መሆኑን ማወቅ የተሳነው አለያም መገመት ያቃተው ‹‹ጅል››ና ‹‹ደደብ›› ብቻ ነው፡፡ የሲ አይ ኤ ዋና ሹም የነበሩት ፔትራዩስ፤ በቅርቡ በሰጡት መግለጫ መሰረት፤ ፍንዳታው መፈጸሙን እነደሰሙ ድርጊቱ የሽብርተኛች መሆኑን ወዲው ማወቃቸውንና ማረጋገጣቸውን ይፋ አድርገዋል፡፡ ይህን መግለጫ ለሁዋይት ሃውስ የመነጋገርያ ነጥብ እንዲሆን ቢያቀርቡትም ከራይስ ንግግር ላይ አልገባም ነበር:: ለነገሩ ግራ የሚያጋባው ጉዳዩ በአግባቡ የሚያገባቸውና መግለጫውንም ሊሰጡ የሚገባቸው ዋና አስተዳዳሪዋ ሂላሪ ክሊንተን ሆነው ሳለ፤በምን ሰበብ ራይስ ጥልቅ እንዳለች ግልጽ አይደለም፡፡ ለምን ሂላሪ መግለጫውን አልሰጡም፤ወይስ ሁዋይት ሃውስ ሂላሪን ለማዳን ሲል ራይስን አውቶቡስ ጎማ ስር እንደታኮ አስቀመጣት? ወይስ ራይስ እውነት የሚመስል ቅጥፈትና የፖለቲካ ሽፋን ለመስጠት ነበር የሽብርተኞች ድርጊት አይደለም ያለችው? ካልሆነስ፤ ምናልባት በቤንጋዚው ስለታማ ጉዳይ
ላይ ወድቃ አስፈላጊውን እርምጃ በወቅቱና ባስቸኳይ ባለመወሰዱ ያደረሰውን ጉዳት መከላከያ ለማቅረብ የሞከረችህው? ወይስ በቤንጋዚ ለተፈጸመው እኩይ ተግባር ራይስ መሳርያ በመሆን ወደ፤ የሃገር አስተዳዳሪነቱን ሹመት ለማግኘትበቀላማጅነት መቅረቧ ነው፡፡ ወይስ ሁዋይት ሃውስ የራይስን የእውቀት ደረጃ፤ ጥንካሬ፤ያላትን አይደፈሬነትማስመሰልና የተፈጠረውን ክፍተት ለማጥበብ ሲባል ለሹመቱ ያላትን ብቃት ለማረጋገጥ የተፈጸመ ነው?
ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ የሪፓብሊካን ራይስ አቀንቃኞች ላይ ጎራዴአቸዉን መዘው ነበር የወጡት፡፡ ማኬይንንና እና ግራሃምን ኦባማ ሲናገርዋቸው ‹‹ሪፓብሊካኖችናወዳጆቻቸው ሰው ማጥቃት ካሰቡ እኔን ማጥቃት ይችላሉ፡፡ ግን በአንዲት የሃገሪቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታትአምባሳደር ላይ መነሳሳት? በቤንጋዚ ጉዳይ በማያገባት ላይ? እና ከደህንነት ክፍሉ ያገኘችውን መግለጫ መሰረትአድርጋ በመናገሯ? ስሟንና ተግባሯን ማጥላላትና ማንቋሸሽ አሳዘኝ ተግባር ነው፡፡›› ይሄ እንግዲህ ‹‹የኦባማ ድራማ ›› በሚባለው አይነት የተቀነባበረ ትእይንት ድራማ ነበር፡፡
ለሕሊና የሚከብደውና አሳፋሪ ነገር ግን ይህን የመሰለውን ቅጥ አምባሩ የጠፋ የቤንጋዚ የጥቃት ታሪክ ራይስ አምና ለአለም ማስተጋባቷ ነው፡፡ራይስ እኮ እንደብዙዎቻችን ዝም ብላ አይደለችም፡፡ የስታንፈርድ እና የኦክስፎርድ ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ተመራቂ፤የሮድስ ስኮላር፤ በናሽናል ሴኪዩሪቲ ኤጀንሲ ከፍተኛ ቦታ ላይ የነበረች፤ በክሊንተን አስተዳደር ወቅት የሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ምክትል ጸሃፊ የነበረች ከፍ ያለች ባለስልጣን እኮ ናት፡፡ በሃገር የውጭ ግንኙነት የበርካታ ዓመታትልምድ ያላት ሰው ናት፡፡ያም ሆኖ አደጋው ከተፈጸመ ከአምስት ቀናት በኋላ ራይስ ከአንዱ ቴሌቪዥን ፕሮግራም ወደ ሌላው እየከነፈች፤ ለአሜሪካን ሕዝብ የቤንጋዚው ፍንዳት የአስሸባሪዎች (ቴሬሪስቶች) ጥቃት አይደለም በማለት ታስተጋባ ጀመር፡፡ ታዲያ ይሄ የአውቆ ደደብነት ነው ወይስ የጅል መልካም አስተሳብ? ፍንዳታው በሴፕቴምበር 11 መፈጸሙ፤ጥቃቱን የፈጸሙት መታወቂያቸው የሆነውን (ራይስ እንደአለችው) የሽብር መፈጸሚያቸውን ‹‹ከባድ መሳርያዎች›› የተተቀሙ፤ ……..በመኪና ላይ የተደገነ መትረየስ፤ ኤኬ-47ቶች (ካላሽ)፤ አርፒጂዎች የእጅ ቦምቦች፤ ሞርታሮች፤ ይሄ ሁሉ የጥፋት ቁሳቁስ ለራይስ ምንም ነገር መስሎ አልታያትም፡፡ ከጋዳፊ ከስልጣን መወገድ ቀደም ብሎ፤ብዙ ዓይነት ሚሊሺያዎች አመጸኞች፤ በርካታ የሽብር ድርጅቶች (ሴሎች) በቤንጋዚ መኖራቸው ለራይስ የሽብር ጥቀቱን ሊያመጣ እንደሚችል ሊያስገምታት አልቻለም:: ጋዳፊ ሊቢያን ለብዙ ዓመታት ለሽብርተኞች ሃገራዊ እርዳታ ለጋሽ አድርጓት እንደነበር ለራይስ ምንም አይነት ታሪካዊ እንድምታ ሊያስገነዝባት አልቻለም፡፡ በቀላሉ አነጋገር ለራይስ ጉዳዩ እንደ ወፍ መስሎ እንደ ወፍ ተራምዶ ቢታያትም እሷ ግን ግመል ነው ብላ ደመደመች፡፡
የእሽቅድድሙ አባሎችና የሩጫው አራጋቢዎች የራይስን የችሎታ ማነስ ሊያስተባብሉ ከያሉበት ተጠራርተው የጦር ልብሳቸውን ተላብሰው ተሰባሰቡ፡፡ የዴሞክራት ምከር ቤት መሪ ጂም ክላይበርን የመጀመርያው ተከላካይ ነበር፡፡‹‹አያችሁ እነዚህ እኮ የሚስጥር አነጋገር ቃላቶች ናቸው፡፡ እኛ እነዚህን አባባሎች በተለይም እኛ በደቡብ ተወልደን ያደግነው፤ህይወታችንን ሙሉ እነዚህን ቃላት (የስራ ችሎታ የላቸዉም) ስነባል ስንሰደብ ነው የኖርነው:: ሱዛን ራይስ ከማንም የማታንስ አዋቂ ናት:›› ብለው ተናገሩ:: ሌሎች ዴሞክራቶችም ጉዳዩን ‹‹የጾታና የዘር›› አድርገው መኮነን ጀመሩ፡፡ ምን አይነት እሳቤ ማጣት ነው? ሆኖም: ራይስን ‹‹ችሎታ ቢስ ማለት?›› ስም ማጥፋት አይደለም:: እውነት ነው እንጂ::
ጥረቱ ማኬይንንና ግራሃምን ለማዋረድ ተብሎ የተቃጣና የራይስን ችሎታ ቢስነት ለማድበስበስ ተብሎ የታቀደ ነው፡፡ መልክቱ ለሪፕቡሊካኖች ግልጥ ነው። ፕሬዝደንት ኦባማ ራይስን ዉጭ ጉዳይ መሪ እንድትሆን ይፈለጋሉ። ተቃዋሚ ረፑብሊካኖች ከወጡ እንደ ዘርኛና ሴቶችን እንደሚጠሉ ሆነው በብዙሃን ይቀርባሉ። ራይስ ቩመቱን ታገኛለች፥ ረፑብሊካንስ ይከሽፋሉ የሚል ዝየዳ ነው ደሞክራቶች የያዙት። ሊሰራላችው ይችላል።
ዕውነቱ ግን ራይስ የትም ቢጓዙ የማትገኝ ችሎታ ቢስ ፍጡር ናት፡፡ የአንድ ታላቅ ሃገር ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት ለመሆን መሰረታዊ የሞራል ብቃት ዋነኛ ተፈላጊው ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ራይስ ሃቁን ከውሸቱ ለይታ ለማወቅ የሞራል የፍርድ ሚዛን የጎደላት በመሆኗ ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ ሁለት ውሸቶችን ለመለየትም ቢሆን ችሎታው እጅጉን ይጎድላታል፡፡ በማርች 2012፤ ራይስ በጭፍኗ ኢራንን፤ ሰሜን ኮርያን፤ሲሪያን ስለሚያካሂዱት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት እስከመጨረሻ ድረስ ኮነነቻቸው፡፡ በሴፕቴምበር 2, 2012 በአሁኑ የአፍሪካ ታሪክ ተወዳዳሪ የማይገኝለት ፈላጭ ቆራጭ በሆነው መሪ ቀብር ላይ ተገኝታ በሙገሳ መላክ የሚያስመስል የተካበ ንግግሯን አሰማች፡፡ ራይስ የመለስን የሕይወት ታሪክ ከማቅረቧ አስራ ሁለት ቀናት ቀደም ብሎ፤ሁመን ራይትስ ዎች የተባለው ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ጠባቂ ድርጅት‹‹በኢትዮጵያ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብት ሂደት እያሽቆለቆለ በመሄድ ላይ ነው፡፡ ሃሳብን በነጻ መግለጽ፤በማህበርመደራጀት፤ መሰብሰብ፤ ሁሉ እገዳ እየተደረገባቸው ነው፡፡ ገዢው ፓርቲ የጉልበት ስልጣኑን በመቆጣጠር፤ የፍትሕ አካላትን ፤የመገናኛ ብዙሃንን ነጻነት ለሕግ የበላይነት በእጅጉ አስፈላጊ የሆኑትን በመቆጣጠር በደል መፈጸሙእየባሰበት ነው›› በማለት መግለጫ አውቷል፡፡
ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት ስለወታደራዊ ተቋም በቂ እውቀት ሊኖረው ይገባል፡፡ በውጭ ጉዳይ ተግባር ላይ በቂ ልምድና ትምህርት ቢኖራትም: ራይስ የስልጣን መጨበጫውን መንገድ በጭፍን የፖለቲካ ምኞቷ ሸቅጣዋለች፡፡ ዕውነትን ከመቀላመድ ለመለየት ችሎታ ያነሳት ትመስላለች፡፡ ራይስ የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት እስካሳካላት ድረስ አውነት ይሁን ሃሰትጉዳይዋ አይደለምና ምንም ነገር ከማለት ወደኋላ አትልም፡፡ ሴኔተር ማኬይን እንደታዘቡትና እንዳሰቀመጡት ‹‹ሴትዮዋ ወይም ምንም አይገባትም፤ አለያም ማስረጃን ከነማስረጃው ሲቀርብ መቀበል አትፈቅድም›› ብለዋል:: ከዚያም አልፎእንደ አንድ በሷ ደረጃ ያለ ከፍተኛ ሕዝባዊ ባለስልጣን በሕዝብ ፊት ቀርቦ ያገጠጠ ውሸትን ከማቅረብ በፊት እውነቱንና ሃሰቱን አጥርቶ ማወቅ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡
ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት፤የሷን/የሱን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ከሱ/ከሷ ብሔራዊ ግዳጅ ጋር ማዛመድ ጠበቅበታል፡፡ የራሷንየፖለቲካ ምኞትና ጠቀሜታ ለፓርቲዋ መገልገያ አድርጋ በማስቀደም፤ ብሔራዊ ሃላፊነቷን ስለምትተወው ራይስ ችሎታ ይጎድላታል ብሔራዊ ተአመኒነትም የላትም፡፡ ራይስ የፖለቲካ ጥቅም እና ጥቅም አሳዳጅነት፤ ከምንም በላይቅድሚያ የምትሰጣቸው መመሪያዎቿ ናቸው፡፡ በጭፍኗ የፓርቲዋን መስመር በመከተል ምንም አይነት ፖሊሲ ቢሆን ያለምንም ዓላማና ግንዛቤ የምታራምድ ናት፡፡ የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት እስካሳካለት ድረስ ምንም ይሁን ምንም የአለምንም ይሉኝታ ተግባራዊ ከማድረግ የማትመለስ፤የሞራል ግዴታዋን ጠቅልላ የጣለች አደራ በላ ናት፡፡ በአጭሩ የፓርቲ አናፋሽ ሆና የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ብቻ ለማሳካት የምትኖር ግለ ሰብ ናት፡፡
ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት የችሎታ ጥንካሬ ሊኖረው ግድ ነው፡፡ የችሎታ ጥንካሬና ሃለፊነት ስለሚጎላት ራይስ ችሎታ ያንሳታል፡፡ በ2006 ባቀረበችው ምሁራዊ ጽሁፏ፤ ራይስ ማሊ እንደ መልካም አስተዳደር ያላት ሃገር በችሎታ ማነስ የምትሰቃይ ሃገርና አክራሪዎች ሲመዘብሯት የኖረች ሀጋር ናት በማለት ጽፋ ነበር፡፡ ማሊ በጸረሽብርተኝነት ከአሜሪካ መንግስት ጋር የጠበቀ ትስስር ያላት ናት፡፡ በኤፕሪል 2012 አክራሪ የሙስሊም አፈንጋጮች ሰሜናዊ ማሊን በመያዝ ሃገሪቱን ለሁለት በከፈሉበት ወቅት ግን፤ራይስ ያደረሰችው ዕርዳታ ‹‹በማሊ ያሉት ፓርቲዎች ሁሉ አግባብነት ባለው የፖለቲካ ውይይት ሰላማዊ ኑሮን ሊቀጥሉ ይገባል›› የሚል የቃላት ድርደራ ብቻ ነበር፡፡ ያቺ‹‹የመልካም አስተዳደር›› ሃገር የነበረች ማሊ የተከፋፈለችና ለመከራ የተዳረገች፤ የሽብርተኞች መናሃርያ ስትሆን በትንሹ ለአራት ዓመታት ራይስ ቃላት ከመደርደር ባሻገር እርምጃውን መራመድ ግን አልቻለችም፡፡
ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት በቃላት አጠቃቀሙና በምግባሩ ሁሉ የታረመ ሊሆን ተገቢ ነው፡፡ የዲፕሎማቲክ አስተሳሰብ ስለሚጎድላት፤ዘወትር ነገር ጫሪ ሆና ስለምትገኝ፤ አብረዋት ለሚሰሩትና ለሌሎች ዲፕሎማቶች አክብሮት ስለሌላት፤ጉረኛና ደንፊ በመሆኗ ራይስ የችሎታ ማነስ ችግር አለባትና ብቃት የላትም፡፡ ሱዛን ራይስን ‹‹ጅል››አለያም ‹‹ግሳንግስ››ብዬ ዝቅ ለማለት አልፈልግም፡፡ ለነገሩ፤ ሁለቱንም እንዳይደለች አምናለሁ:: ይልቁንስ፤የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ለማሳክት ስትል እሷነቷን ለሽያጭ የምታቀርብ፤ አስሊ፤ሸፍጠኛ፤ተንኮለኛ፤ሰሪ፤ ሃሳብ ሰላቢ፤ራስ ወዳድ፤ የሆነች ፖለቲከኛ ናት፡፡ ሃሰትን ለመሸፋፈን በሚደረግ ሴራ ውስጥ ፈቃደኛ ሽፋን ሆና የምታገለግል እኩይ ባህሪ ያላት ናት፡፡ በዚህም በመሸፋፈን ተግባሯ ስለሽብርተኞቹ ሁኔታ በማለባበስ በድርጊቱ ሕይወታቸው ያለፉትን አራት አሜሪካዊያን አርበኞች የግድያ መንስኤ ምንነት አሳንሳ አቅርባ የአሜሪካንንና የዓለምን ሕብረተሰብ ለማታለል ከንቱ ጥረት አሳየች፡፡
‹‹ውዳቂ እንደውዳቂው ሁኔታ ነው›› እንደሚባለው ‹‹የችሎታ ማነስም እንደችሎታው አናሳነት ነው››፡፡ ፕሬዜዳንትኦባማ ራይስ ክሊንተንን እንድትተካ አይመርጧትም የሚል ተስፋ አለኝ፡፡ ከመረጧትም ከባድና ትልቅ ሼክስፒራዊ ችግር ይገጥማታል፡፡ (የሃገር አስተዳደር) ‹‹መሆን ወይም አለመሆን›› ያ ነው ጥያቄው፡፡‹‹ከሕሊና ጭንቀት መላቀቅ ያ ነው ክብር የሞላው›› (ለቀላመደቻቸው እብለቶች ሁሉ) ላልታሰበው ሽንቆጣና ቀስቶች ፍላጻ ላልታሰበው መጻኢ እድል ውሳኔ (በሴኔቱ ዘንድ ለሚደረገው እሰጥ አገባ) አለያም በባሀሩ ላይ ላለው ሞገድ መሳርያ መምዘዝ፤ (ዕውነትን በመናገርን ጸህናን ማስመስከር) ራይስ በምርጫው ቀንቷት ወደ ሴኔት ውሳኔ ከደረሰች፤እውነተኛ እሷነቷ፤ እውነትን ለፖለቲካ መጠቀሚያነትና የራሷን ምኞት ለማሳካት ስትል የምትዳክር ሃቅ አልባ መሆኗ ይጋለጣል፡፡ በ1994 የክሊንተን አስተዳደር በሩዋንዳ በመካሄድ ላይ የነበረውን እልቂትና የዘር ማጥፋት ጭፍጨፋ እንደማያውቅ አስመስሎ በቸልታ ሊያልፈው ሲሞክር የሞቱ ቁጥር በሺዎች እየጨመረ ሄዶ ጭፍጨፋውንና የዘር እልቂቱን ለማቆም አፋጣኝ እርምጃ በመውሰድ ሕወት ማትረፍሲቻል፤የራሷን ስልጣን ላለማጣትና የሷንና የመሰል የፓርቲ ባለስልጣናትን ስምና ሁኔታ ለመጠበቅ ስትል ብቻ ሰው አስጨረሰች፡፡ ስትናገርም “የዘር ማጥፋት የሚለውን ቃል የተጠቀምን እንደሆነና ምንም ሳናደርግ ብንቀር፤ የኖቬምበሩ የምክር ብት ምርጫ ምን ሊያጋጥው ይችላል?” አለች:: የሱዛን ራይስ ችሎታ ይህ እውንታዊ ምስክር ነው::
አሁንም: ራይስ በቤንጋዚ የተፈጸመውን ድርጊት ሽብር ብላ ለመጥራት ያስፈራትና ያሳሰባት በኖቬምበር በሚካሄደው ፕሬዜዳንታዊ ምርጫ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለው ችግር አስጨንቋት ነውን?
እመት: ሱዛን ራይስ ሆይ! ‹‹ጅሉስ›› ማነው? ‹‹ደደቡስ›› ማነው አሁን?
የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):
ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::
Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced that it completed the successful formation of the South African chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.
email: email@example.com tel: 27-745768381
Sudan: Is Bashir’s Regime Crumbling?
By William Lloyd George / KigaliNov. 24, 2012
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir is greeted by supporters upon arrival at Khartoum airport on November 14, 2012.
Shortly after midnight on Thursday a column of tanks drove slowly down one of the main boulevards of Khartoum. Although residents of Sudan‘s capital of Khartoum awoke hours later to what seemed like another normal day, something significant had taken place during the wee hours. Amid a flurry of conflicting reports and wild rumors, information minister Ahmed Belal Osman announced Thursday that 13 suspects — among them senior officials — had been arrested for plotting against the state. “The government has decided to abort this plot just before the zero hour as a preventive measure to avoid entering the country into chaos,” Osman said.
The news of a coup attempt would have come as little surprise to countless Sudan watchers, who for months have watched storm clouds gather around the regime of President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. Facing armed resistance from restive ethnic groups in all corners of the country, as well as unrest on city streets from a population resentful of the state’s repressive tendencies, the regime has shown signs of losing it’s grip on power. The regime’s problems are exacerbated by delays in the flow of oil from South Sudan, sinking the Sudanese pound to an all time low. As economic woes deepen, many observers suspect that Bashir, subject of a war-crime indictment at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, will face an internal power struggle that he may not survive.
Although discontent has been simmering within the regime for some time, the catalyst for the latest plot appears to have been a disagreement during a conference held last week for the Islamic Movement — an organisation supposedly created to guide the ruling National Congress Party (NCP). Some ministers and religious leaders had hoped to use the conference to push for reforms in the NCP, but were thwarted by Bashir’s allies. Several delegates walked out of the congress even before it ended.
“This is a clear sign that something was brewing, says Dr. Alhajj Hamad, a Khartoum based analyst. “These people wanted the congress to reform the government but instead the Islamic Movement ended up being under al-Bashir’s control. Infuriated by the lack reform to come out of the meeting, many believe that the senior political figures and islamists currently in detention were discussing how to change the status quo.”
“I don’t think they were anywhere near plotting a coup, one Western diplomat told TIME. “[But]there was definitely an alliance being formed, and this spooked the government.”
Salal Gosh, the former intelligence chief, who is currently in detention did not even attend the conference. After Gosh voiced a desire to rule the country, Bashir removed him from his post in April 2011. Since then, rumours have since circulated he planned to do something about it. In a sign that the government may be readying to punish Gosh, his parliamentary impunity was lifted on Friday.
Those detained overnight on Thursday were not only obvious foes of Bashir. Senior military official, Mohammed Ibrahim, considered a hero by the Islamist youth for his military operations and leadership against several of the ethnic rebel groups and South Sudan, has also been held. Sources in Khartoum say the state has also arrested over 40 members of the the islamist youth group Al-Sae’hoon which was created earlier this year to push for reforms. Many of it’s members fought under Ibrahim against the south as jihadists and up till recently has voiced undeterred support of the regime. In recent months, though, the group and other Islamists have voiced discontent with Bashir ally Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein’s tenure as defence minister. They blame him for concessions made to South Sudan, territory lost to rebel groups and airstrike attacks by Israel on weapon storage facilities.
Despite initial claims that opposition groups had incited a coup attempt, there is clearly a power struggle underway within the regime. While several of the detainees have already been released, indicating that some were just taken in to aid the investigation, others could be held for a while. Dr. Amgad Fareid Eltayeb argues, though, that most Sudanese are indifferent to the regime’s infighting. “These are all bad guys fighting for power and wealth, Eltayeb, spokesman for opposition group Sudan Change Now (SCN) told TIME. “Not one of them cares about the Sudanese people With the oil agreement seemingly about to break down, tensions mounting on the border over a recent airstrike by Khartoum, and internal power struggles developing, the regime’s ability to survive will be increasingly tested. “The state is crumbing and every regime in its final days shows similar trends,” says Hamad. “It is now merely just the usual process of self destruction.”
"There are also far less influential voices of opposition to Rice. “A lot of people within the Washington DC foreign policy apparatus hate her,” said a former State Department official who wished to remain anonymous. “They think she’s overly demanding, strident, and undiplomatic in how she engages with staff under her. Right now they’re saying: ‘Oh God, I hope it’s not her!’”"
ሰሞኑን የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የመነጋገርያ አጀንዳ የሆነ አንድ ጉዳይ አለ። የአቡነ ጴጥሮስና የምኒሊክ ሐውልትና የባቡሩ መሥመር ያላቸው ዝምድና። ስለ ባቡር በመዝፈን ከመቶ ዓመት በላይ ያሳለፍን ሕዝቦች የከተማ ባቡር ማግኘታችንን በዕልልታ የምንቀበለው ነገር ነው። ዘግይተን ይሆናል እንጂ አልቸኮልንም። ሥራው በቁርጠኝነት መጀመሩና ከወሬ አልፎ ሲተገበር ማየታችንም እሰዬው የሚያሰኝ ሆኗል።
ግን ደግሞ ጥያቄ አለን።
ይህ የባቡር መሥመር የአቡነ ጴጥሮስንና የዐፄ ምኒሊክን ሐውልት እንዲነሡ ያደርጋል?
ለዚህ ጥያቄ ምላሹ ”አዎን” ከሆነ ስለ ባቡሩ የሚኖረን ግምት ይለያል። ኢትዮጵያን እናሳድጋለን ስንል ያሳደጓትን እየዘነጋንና መታሰቢያቸውን እያፈረስን መሆን የለበትም። ”በማን ላይ ቆመሽ እግዜርን ታሚያለሽ” አለ ያገሬ ሰው። የምናመጣው አዲስ ነገር ባለን ላይ የሚጨመር እንጂ ያለንን የሚያጠፋ መሆን የለበትም። መኪና ያስፈልገናል፣ ግን እግር የሚቆርጥ መሆን የለበትም። ወደድንም ጠላንም ይህች ሀገር የታሪክና የቅርስ ሀገር ናት።
ይህ ታሪኳና ቅርሷ ደግሞ የህልውናዋም ምንጭና መሰንበቻም ጭምር ነው። ይህን ታሪክና ቅርስ እያጠፉና እያበላሹ የሚመጣ ለውጥ አንገት ቆርጦ ፀጉርን እንደማስተካከል ነው የሚቆጠረው። እናም የሚመለከታቸው ሁሉ ወደ እርምጃ ከመግባታቸው በፊት ሦስት ጊዜ ሊያስቡ ይገባል። መቼም የመጀመርያውን ባቡር ያስገቡትን የዐፄ ምኒሊክን ሐውልት አፍርሶ ባቡር እናስገባ ማለት የታሪክ ምጸት ነው። ለነጻነት የተሠዉትን የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ነቅሎ በባቡር ላይ በነጻነት ለመሄድ መከጀል ግፍ መሥራት ነው የሚሆነው።
ምላሹ ”አይደለም” ከሆነ ደግሞ እሰየው!!! … ግን አሁን በሐውልቶቹ አጠገብ የሚከናወነው ቁፋሮ ወደ መሠረታቸው እየሄደ ነው። እንደሚሰማውም የባቡሩ መሥመር በሐውልቶቹ ሥር የሚዘረጋ ነው። ታድያ የሐውልቶቹ ዕጣ ፈንታ ምንድን ነው? ለሕዝቡስ ግልጽ ማብራርያ የማይሰጠው ለምንድን ነው? ”ለጊዜው ተነሥተው በኋላ ይመለሳሉ” የሚል መረጃም እየተሰማ ነው። ለጊዜውስ ተነሥተው የት ነው የሚሄዱት? በኋላስ በምን ሁኔታ ነው የሚመለሱት? ታሪካዊ ቦታቸውንስ ይለቃሉ?
ግልጽ መልስ ያስፈልጋል።
እንዲያውም ሕዝቡ በመንገድ ምክንያት ቤት የፈረሰባቸው ሰዎች ኮንደሚንየም እንደሚሰጣቸው ሁሉ እነርሱም ከዚያ ቦታ ተነሥተው ኮንደሚንየም ሊሰጣቸው ይችላል እያለ መቀለድ ሁሉ ጀምሯል።
ዛሬ ጠዋት በተሰጠ መግለጫ የዐፄ ምኒሊክ ሐውልት አሁን ባለበት እንደሚቀጥል፡፡ የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ግን ተነሥቶ ከግንባታው በኋላ እንደሚመለስ ተነግሯል፡፡ ዘግይቶም ቢሆን መግለጫው መሰጠቱ መልካም ነው፡፡ ነገር ግን አሁንም ዝርዝር የሚፈልጉ ነገሮች አሉ፡፡
የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ተነሥቶ የት ነው የሚቀመጠው?
ማን ነው የሚያነሣው?
የቅርስ ባለሞያዎች ተሳትፎ ምን ያህል ነው?
በቆይታው ጊዜ የሚደረግለት ጥንቃቄስ?
ሲመለስስ የት ነው የሚቆመው? አሁን ከሚሠራው የባቡር መሥመር ጋር ባለው ተዛምዶ የወደፊት አቋቋሙ ምን ይመስላል?
ለወደፊቱ እንደዚህ ዓይነት ሀገራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ አስቀድሞ ዝርዝርና ሙሉ መረጃ መስጠት ሊለመድ ይገባል፡፡
Tikur Sew Concert, Atlanta, Nov. 21, 2012
… asks for asylum in Germany
(DPA) — A 23-year old Ethiopian stowaway fled his homeland by hiding in the cargo section of an aircraft bound for Frankfurt. He was trapped in the cargo area for nine hours after arrival, before he was found safe and uninjured at Frankfurt airport.
The 23-year-old, who was employed at the Airport in Addis Ababa and have only had it his badge. He did not have a passport. The young man has applied for asylum, reported the Federal Police. He was now in the airport transit, until a decision on his application.
FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU reports that he has applied for asylum. The incident took place last Saturday.
November 22, 2012
The Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has sent a communiqué to the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway and the State Minister of International Development Heikki Holmas, requesting a diplomatic recognition. The letter was submitted to the to the Ministry by Dr. Girum Zeleke, ENTC’s diplomatic representative in Norway.
The letter explains ENTC’s mission, and discusses the worsening political, economic and security crises in Ethiopia, as well as the need for the Sweden government to help with a peaceful transition to democracy.
The Transitional Council was founded at a 3-day conference in Dallas, Texas, that was convened from July 1 – 3, 2012, with the participation of representatives from all over the world.
Diplomacy is one of the primary tasks that the ENTC general assembly assigned to the leadership at the July 2012 conference in Dallas.
For more info:
ENTC Foreign Relations Committee
85 S. Bragg St. Alexandria VA, 22312 USA
“If the qualification to be elected to the UNHRC is the human rights record of a country – then Ethiopia should not have been appointed…. the condition of human rights in this country is disastrous,” —- Human Rights Council (HRCO)
yeah… it’s like appointing Hitler to the Hague International Court of Justice to preside over the trials of Nazi criminals.
Ethiopia Throttles Rights Organisations
By Ed McKenna
Heinrich Böll Foundation country director Patrick Berg said the current NGO law makes it impossible for the foundation to carry out its mandate to encourage inclusive political debate. Credit: Ed McKenna/IPS
ADDIS ABABA , Nov 22 2012 (IPS) – The world received contradictory signals about Ethiopia’s human rights record when in the same week it was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council, a major German charity closed its Ethiopian office in protest against a restrictive political environment.
“If the qualification to be elected to the UNHRC is the human rights record of a country – then Ethiopia should not have been appointed…. the condition of human rights in this country is disastrous,” Endalkachew Molla, director of Ethiopia’s oldest rights organisation, the Human Rights Council (HRCO), told IPS.
Ethiopia, together with four other African countries – Kenya, Gabon, Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone – was elected on Nov. 12 to serve as a member of the UNHRC for a three-year term beginning on Jan. 1, 2013.
In the same week, one of Germany’s major civil rights groups, the Heinrich Böll Foundation (HBF), decided to close its office in protest against the human rights restrictions in the Horn of Africa nation. The closure is the most high profile so far in Ethiopia.
Named after the German Nobel Prize winner for literature, the Heinrich
Böll Foundation is an NGO that promotes democracy and human rights, with 30 offices across the globe.
“Our mission, to work together with local partners for democracy, gender equality and sustainable development, can no longer be carried out. The closure of the office in Ethiopia is a sign of protest by the foundation against the ongoing restrictions on civil rights and freedom of speech,” said Barbara Unmüßig, director of the HBF, in a statement on Nov. 7.
Unmüßig was referring to the controversial NGO law passed in 2009 known as the “Charities and Societies Proclamation”.
This law places restrictions on the work, operations and funding of human rights organisations in Ethiopia. It prohibits any human rights organisation from receiving more than 10 percent of their funding from foreign sources.
Because of this law, the HBF office, which opened in 2006, was forced to shrink its mandate over three years from the promotion of democracy and gender equality to doing mostly environmental work to be consistent with the new law, according to country director Patrick Berg.
Other Restrictive Laws in Ethiopia
Other laws passed subsequent to 2005 include the Mass Media Proclamation and the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, launched in 2008 and 2009 respectively.
These laws have attracted opprobrium for their broad and ambiguous language. Peaceful protest and dissent can now be considered terrorism, and critical reporting by the media can be construed as “encouraging terrorism”.
To date 11 journalists have been convicted of terrorism-related offences in Ethiopia under the anti-terror law.
“We are allowed to provide crafts training for women, but we are not allowed to help them demand their constitutional rights. Our mandate is to encourage an inclusive political debate – but the current law makes that impossible,” Berg told IPS.
In addition, a recent guideline to the law states that a maximum of 30 percent of an NGO’s budget can be devoted to administrative costs. Berg studied the definition of what an administrative cost was and he was alarmed to discover that the definition was extensive enough to account for the majority of costs incurred by his organisation.
“Overnight, our core work of producing and disseminating information and providing space for public dialogue is now seen as an administrative task. There is no way to comply with these rules without changing who we are. We are not willing to do that,” Berg said.
In 2009 the HBF had accepted working under the restrictions with the hope of reaching an agreement with the Ethiopian government that would fully restore the organisation’s previous scope of work. However, after three years of fruitless negotiations, the foundation finally decided to close.
The “Charities and Societies Proclamation” has become notorious for granting the government latitude for interference, surveillance and direct involvement in the management and operations of organisations.
Currently there are nearly 3,000 international civil society groups, NGOs and charities operating here, and 400 of these have been warned about operating against the rules and regulations of the law.
The importance of preserving human rights in countries like Ethiopia was stressed by U.N. deputy secretary general Jan Eliasson, who told IPS that “the four crucial pillars of a post-2015 MDG (Millennium Development Goal) world are peace, development, the rule of law and human rights; if one of these pillars is weak then the whole structure is weak.”
Ethiopia’s government spokesman Bereket Simon explained to IPS that “the purpose of the NGO law is to limit foreign intervention, to better enable citizens to participate in political life.” According to Bereket, the recent appointment to the UNHRC “gives the government more energy to pursue democracy and human rights in Ethiopia.”
However, Endalkachew believes that restricting foreign involvement in human rights creates a rationale that is inconsistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the U.N. in 1948.
“Human rights know no borders, they are universal. It is an agenda for all human beings. Why can’t human rights in Ethiopia have the same unlimited access to resources as agriculture and infrastructure do?” he asked.
The HRCO and the country’s leading women’s rights organisation – the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) – had their bank accounts frozen in December 2009 after the passing of the Charities and Societies Proclamation, despite the fact that all their foreign funding had been received prior to passage of the 2009 legislation.
The EWLA had provided free legal aid to over 17,000 women. In 2011, the organisation effectively ceased to function.
In October, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch protested against the decision by Ethiopia’s Supreme Court to uphold the freezing of assets amounting to 500,000 dollars belonging to the HRCO.
The HRCO’s outreach and capacity have been severely restricted by the 2009 law. They have been reduced from 12 branches to three, from 60 staff members to 12 and have had to close offices across the country. The scope of their aid services to victims of human rights violations has been quashed.
“We can remain a human rights organisation but only as a resource-less organisation,” Endalkachew said.
According to Endelkachew, the deterioration of human rights in the country stems from the civil unrest that followed the 2005 elections, when a large number of the opposition was voted into power.
“In the eyes of the ruling party the majority of NGOs and journalists were seen as supportive of the opposition, so they believed something had to be done to restrict their activities.”
After these events, the government introduced a series of proclamations including the 2009 “Charities and Societies Proclamation”.
If the rationale behind the appointment of Ethiopia to the UNHRC is to encourage the new government to improve its human rights record under the watchful gaze of the international community then Enadalkachew believes “there could be reason to be hopeful about the future of human rights in Ethiopia.”
ECONOMIST — Seizures of ships by pirates off the coast of Somalia may be down in recent months, but the interest of social scientists and economists in the country is undiminished. Because the place has been so stateless for so long, it provides a testing ground for theories about how people behave in the absence of meddlesome government. One such question is how two parties bargain when neither has good information available. Negotiations between shipowners and Somali pirates fit that description well.
Economists have been interested in the free-market ways of pirates for a while. Last year a team of three published a paper drawing on data from more than 10,000 negotiations that took place from 1575 to 1739 between North African pirates on one side and monks acting for Spanish families on the other. They found that the Spanish managed to pay lower ransoms by dragging talks out. Data on the activities of present-day pirates in Somalia are more, well, patchy. To fill the gap, the authors of a new paper gathered data from pirate negotiators.
They found that Somali pirates pretend to be more sophisticated than they are, whereas shipowners pretend to be poorer. Nowadays both sides have an interest in a speedy resolution, since a prolonged negotiation incurs costs. For the shipowner, the cargo spoils and the ship goes unused. For the pirates, the captured crew must be fed and the ship guarded. And pirates cannot last long without a resupply of qat, which is to them as rum is to Captain Jack Sparrow. Settle too quickly, though, and one side or other is likely to get a poor deal.
Government intervention can create perverse incentives. Spain paid a ransom of $1.2m for a fishing boat, the Playa del Bakio, in 2008—more than twice the amount previously paid for a vessel of that type, setting a new floor price. Indeed, although the number of ships taken is down, the pirates have adjusted by charging more per release. There are also signs that they are moving inland, grabbing aid workers and other foreigners far from the guns of the US Navy.
Sudan: Tanks Appear in Khartoum After Arrest of Generals and Security Officers
22 November 2012
Khartoum — The Sudan government has arrested at least 14 high ranked army and security officials and several civilians connected to the ruling party of president Omar Al Bashir for an allegedly coupe attempt.
Radio Dabanga reports on Thursday, 22 November, that tanks were roaming the Ebed Khatim-road south of the Kober-bridge in Khartoum where many top officers including the president and vice-president are residing.
It is the first time that internal clashes within the ruling Islamic movements erupted to the surface. The movement sidetracked the leader of the Islamic movement, Ali Osman Taha, the vice-president of Sudan.
He was replaced by Zubair Ahmed Hassan, a Minister of Economic Affairs. The government spokesman said in a public appearance today that the ‘coup’-stagers took disadvantage from rumors about the ‘health situation of President Omar Al Bashir’.
Amongst the arrested people are retired major general Salah Abdalla Gosh (former security chief), general Adil Altayeb of the Sudan Armed Forces and Brigadier-general ‘Wad’ Mohamed Ibrahim. He was in charge to protect the oil fields in Kordofan (Heglig), but it failed after the Southern army walked in easily occupying the oil-wells preventing it from exploration. Only this week the first oil started to flow again.
According to a security spokesperson for Radio Dabanga, the main suspects of the alleged coup were arrested Thursday morning at 01:00, other arrests followed before sunrise. The spokesman of the government, the minister of Information Ahmed Bilal Osman said that the authorities discovered the ‘coup’-attempt ‘a long time ago’. "They initially want to do it last Thursday, but they decided a week later. We arrested them to prevent a bloodshed", Ahmed Bilal told the press.
Radio Dabanga received information that besides the 13 people mentioned by the minister at least one other army officer had been arrested early today.
The minister said the population should remain calm: "Everything is okay and the coup will not affect the Sudanese army, the security organs and the Popular Defense Forces. We intercepted communication about this coup. Let it be a warning: don’t go far with rumors’.
Jesus Diaz, Gizmodo
According to its engineers, this will be the tallest skyscraper in the world by the end of March of 2013. Its name is Sky City, and its 2,749 feet (838 meters) distributed in 220 floors will grow in just 90 days in Changsha city, by the Xiangjiang river.
It’s not a joke. According to the construction company, the skyscraper will be built in just 90 days at the unbelievable rate of five floors per day.
It’s hard to believe, but they claim the building has been designed by some of the engineers who previously worked at the Burj Khalifa. It is also the same firm that built a full 30-story hotel in 15 days—which yes, is still standing and in perfect working condition.
Foundation work is beginning at the end of the month, once the Chinese authorities give the final go ahead to the project.
They will be able to achieve this impossibly fast construction rate by using a prefabricated modular technology developed by Broad Sustainable Building, a company that has built 20 tall structures in China so far, including the that 30-story hotel.
Since they built that hotel, the company has been perfecting their technology, which they are now claiming will turn their project into the world’s tallest skyscraper in just three months. That’s a whooping five floors per day, which seems just absurd. According to Construction Week Online, the company is very serious about it. The senior VP of the Broad Group, Juliet Jiang, has publicly said that they "will go on as planned with the completion of five storeys a day."
Unlike the Burj Khalifa, the tower will be mostly habitable. Its final height will be 2,749 feet high (838 meters). Compared that to the Burj’s 2,719 feet (829 meters), which include the spire at the top resulting in a total of 163 floors.
Sky City will use an astonishing 220,000 tons of steel. The structure will be able to house 31,400 people of both "high and low income communities". The company says that the residential area will use 83-percent of the building, while the rest will be offices, schools, hospitals, shops and restaurants. People will move up and down using 104 high speed elevators.
The record figures don’t stop there: in addition to the 90-day construction time—as opposed to the 210 days initially reported by the Chinese media—the company claims it will cost $1,500 per square meter as opposed to the Burj’s $15,000 per square meter, all thanks to the prefab technology.
They also claim it will be able to sustain earthquakes of a 9.0 magnitude and be resistant to fire for "up to three hours," as well as be extremely energy efficient thanks to thermal insulation, four-panned windows and different air conditioning techniques that were already used in their previous constructions.
(VOA) — Ethiopia’s Federal Supreme Court has postponed hearing an appeal of the conviction of prominent Ethiopian journalist Eskinder Nega and opposition leader Andualem Arage. But the court gave its first indication Thursday that charges brought by prosecutors under the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation may not be that strong by demanding that prosecutors justify the June convictions.
Journalist Eskinder Nega received an 18-year sentence, while opposition politician Andualem Arage is serving life in prison on terrorism-related charges.
Andualem’s lawyer, Abebe Guta, said the court has found many irregularities in the prosecution’s charges.
“As they scrutinized our ground of appeal they found so many legal and factual irregularities," said Abebe. "Therefore, before the ruling passes, that means before our appeal is accepted or approved, they wanted to summon the prosecution officers to come and justify.”
Maran Turner, the executive director of Freedom Now, a Washington D.C.- based organization that works on individual prisoners of conscience cases, said the latest developments are positive. Freedom Now has been supporting Eskinder and brought his case before the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.
“It seems to me that the court also is confounded by the charges against Eskinder and the other defendants," Turner said. "So the fact that the court has postponed the case, it obviously acknowledges the flaws that we see, which is that the charges themselves are flawed. In fact, the case is flawed from the very beginning of arrest.”
Eskinder, Anualem and more than 20 others were found guilty of ties to a U.S.-based opposition group, Ginbot 7, classified as a terrorist organization by the Ethiopian government.
Amnesty International and other rights advocacy groups have said the trial was a sham used to silence dissent.
The prosecution will need to justify its convictions before the court on December 19.