Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

96 Ethiopians arrested in northern Tanzania

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

GLOBAL TIMES — Tanzanian authorities on Monday said that 96 Ethiopians who were found hiding in villages near Kenya boarder.

According to immigration officers, the Ethiopians were arrested on Sunday morning when they were found in a lorry in an area located between Ngeriani and Tingatinga villages in the district waiting to cross Tanzania to one of the southern African countries.

Arusha Regional Immigration Officer Daniel Namomba said the Ethiopians were expected to be taken to court on Monday after long interrogations with immigration officers at Namanga Immigration border post.

He said four Tanzanians, who facilitated the “dirty game,” were also arrested and taken to court to face charges leveled against them.

This occurred few days after 13 Ethiopians, en-route to South Africa, were arrested in Arusha while hiding in a house owned by a taxi driver.

Namomba explained the arrest of the aliens has been possible through collaboration with local Samaritans, immigration officers and wildlife rangers in the area.

He said the problem is getting more complicated as stowaways use illegal routes popularly known as “panya route” to get into Tanzania.

“These people were on transit to one of the southern African countries on the way to European countries and the United States,” he said.

The immigrants were found in a lorry with registration numbers T264 APV, owned by someone identified as Said Augustino Mrembe, a Kilimanjaro-based resident, he said, adding all of them were in good conditions.

The recent Southern African Development Community (SADC) report showed Tanzania is a gate way for illegal immigrants wishing to go to southern African countries especially South Africa.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Raped Ethiopian woman hanged herself inside Woyanne embassy in Dubai

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012


So sad! RIP

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Raped maid commits suicide in consulate

Amira Agarib and Afkar Ali / 17 December 2012

An Ethiopian housemaid has hung herself in the Ethiopian Consulate in Dubai.

Police were informed on Friday that a 26-year-old housemaid had been found dead inside the consulate, before rushing to the site where a number of women with various problems are being kept until they are able to travel back home.

It is understood the woman, who had only been in the country for six months, had earlier been raped by a Pakistani driver, and had left the family where she was working, leaving her without money to return home. She arrived at the consulate last Tuesday.

The woman was apparently scared that her sponsor would come to the consulate and find her and was said to be in a poor psychological state.

The police said they examined the scene and carried out an investigation, with the primary results showing the victim had committed suicide.

A CID official referred the dead woman to the General Department of Forensic Medicine for an autopsy.

The day after the woman arrived at the consulate, on Wednesday, a concerned official apparently tried to solve her problems and offer her help. The next day the woman complained of being sick, but she did not get medical attention, and the day after she was found dead. The woman apparently awoke some time after midnight on Friday morning, walked to a construction area inside the consulate, took a cable, wrapped it around her neck and hung herself from the ceiling.

The body will be handed over by the Dubai police after completion of legal and administrative procedures. A friend of the maid’s, who did not want to be named, told Khaleej Times it was still unclear whether the victim’s family in Ethiopia were aware of her death or not, or whether she would be buried in her birth country or the UAE.

Speaking on condition of anonymity, a member of the Ethiopian community said that after the completion of the police procedures it would be decided whether the body would be repatriated, in coordination with the Ethiopian Consulate and her sponsor.

When contacted, the Ethiopian Consulate said they had no information.

news@khaleejtimes.com
http://www.khaleejtimes.com/kt-article- … tion=crime


ኢህአዴግ ኦነግን እያሰበ አስመራ ላይ አነጣጥሯል!

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

ሃይለማርያም ኢሳያስን አነጋግራለሁ ማለትና የኦህዴድ ዕጣ
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ኢህአዴግ ከወትሮው በበለጠ አስመራ ላይና አስመራን ተገን ያደረጉ ተቃዋሚዎች አስመልክቶ የተንጠለጠሉ ጉዳዮችን አንድም በሰላማዊ መንገድ፣ አለያም በሃይል ለመቋጨት ፍላጎት እንዳለው ከተለያዩ ምንጮች ይሰማል። ይህንኑ መረጃ የሚያጠናክሩ መግለጫዎችና ዜናዎችም በቀጥታና በተዘዋሪ እየተደመጡ ነው። ድርድሩ የሚካሄደው ኦነግን ጨምሮ ከተለያዩ ድርጅት አመራሮች ጋር በተናጠል ስለመሆኑ ለስርዓቱ ቅርብ የሆኑ ሰዎች ጠቁመዋል።
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ኢተፋ ጎበና

ኦነግንና ኢህአዴግን ለማስማማት ከላይ ታች የሚሉት የአገር ሽማግሌዎች የሚባለውን ቁጥሩ በውል የማይታወቅ ኮሚቴ የሚመሩት ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ይስሃቅን ጨምሮ የቀድሞው የኦነግ አመራር አባቢያ አባጆቢር፣ የኢትዮጵያ መካነ ኢየሱስ ቤተክርስቲያን ፕሬዚዳንት የነበሩት ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ከሳቸው ጋር የሚሰሩት ኮሚቴዎች፣ በአሜሪካ የወንጌላዊት ሉትራን ቤ/ክ የአፍሪካ ብሔራዊ አገልግሎቶች ዳይሬክተር የሆኑት ዶ/ር ገመቺስ ቡባ ደስታ ከፊት ለፊት ረድፍ የተቀመጡ አሸናጋዮች መሆናቸው ብዙም የተሰወረ አይደለም።
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አባቢያ አባጆቢር

ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ዶ/ር ገመቺስ “እርቅ ከፍትህ ጋር” የሚል የጸና እምነት ያላቸው ሲሆን “ትግል በቃኝ” በማለት አገር ቤት በመግባት ግጭትን በማስወገድ ላይ መሰረት አድርጎ የሚሰራ ተቋም ከዶ/ር ያዕቆብ ሃይለማርያም ጋር የመሰረቱት አባቢያ አባጆቢርና ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ይስሃቅ የሚመሩት የአገር ሽማግሌዎች ቡድን እርቅ ላይ ስለሚከተለው መሰረታዊ እምነቱ በግልጽ የሚታወቅ ነገር የለም። የቅንጅት አመራሮች እንዲፈቱ በማድረግ ረገድ “ወርቃማ ገድል ፈጽሜያለሁ” የሚሉት ፕሮፌሰር ኤፍሬም በተለያዩ አካላት ተቃውሞ የደረሰባቸውና የ“ኢህአዴግ አፈ ቀላጤ” በሚል የሚያወግዟቸው ጥቂት አይደሉም።
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ገመቺስ ቡባ ደስታ

መንግሥት ሲፈልግ “የለም” ሲያሻው “አሸባሪ” በማለት ከሚከሰው ኦነግ ጋር በተለያዩ ጊዜያት የተደረጉት ድርድሮች ውጤት ሊያመጡ ያልቻሉበት ምክንያት አንዱ ሌላውን እምቢተኛ በማድረግ ከመወቃቀስ በዘለለ እርቁ ስለተበላሸበት ምክንያት ሁለቱም ወገኖች የሚስማሙበት እርግጠኛ ምክንያት አልተደመጠም።

አንዳንዴ ሶስት፣ ሲልም አራት ቦታ መሰነጣጠቁ የሚነገርለትን ኦነግ ከኢህአዴግ ጋር ለማስማማት በተለያዩ ወቅቶች የተደረጉ ድርድሮች ለመሰናከላቸው ትክክለኛው ምክንያት ባይቀርብም ዋናውና ትልቁ ችግር ግን የኦህዴድ ጉዳይ እንደሆነ ይነገራል። በኦህዴድ ውስጥ ድርድሩን የሚደግፉ ያሉትን ያህል የሚቃወሙትም አሉ። ስማቸው እንዳይጠቀስ የሚፈልጉ የኦህዴድ ሰዎች “ኦነግ ቢስማማና ህገ መንግስቱን አከብራለሁ ብሎ አገር ቤት ቢገባ የኦህዴድ እድል ምን ሊሆን ነው?” የሚል ጥያቄ ከሚያነሱት መካከል ይመደባሉ።

በተለያዩ መንገዶች ዋናውን ኦነግ አስማምቶ አገር ቤት የማስገባት ስራ እንደሚሰራ ማወቃቸውን የሚገልጹት ክፍሎች ጡረታ የወጡ የኦነግ ሰዎችን ፕሮፌሰር ኤፍሬም በማነጋገር ላይ መሆናቸውን ይጠቁማሉ። አባቢያም በተመሳሳይ ጀርመንና አሜሪካ ያሉ ወዳጆቻቸውን እያግባቡ እንደሆነ ይናገራሉ። የድርድሩ ደረጃ ምን ያህል እንደተጓዘ ባያብራሩም ድርድሩ ከሰመረ የተወሰኑ ሰዎች አገር ቤት ሊገቡ እንደሚችሉ ነው ያስታወቁት። መረጃው ምንጩ እንዳይታወቅ በመጠንቀቅ ዝርዝር ጉዳዮችን ያላብራሩት የኦህዴድ አባላት አሜሪካ ያሉ የኢህዴግ ዲፕሎማቶችና ወዳጆች በጉዳዩ ዙሪያ እየሰሩ እንደሆነ አመልክተዋል። ድርድሩ ከኦነግ ጋር ብቻም እንዳልሆነ ጠቁመዋል። እነዚህ ክፍሎች ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ዶ/ር ገመቺስ ስለሚመሩት እርቅ ግን ያሉት ነገር የለም።

ከፊሎቹ ደግሞ “ኦነግ ተደራድሮ በሰላም በምርጫ ለመወዳደር አገር ቤት ይገባል የሚለው ጉዳይ ላም አለኝ በሰማይ አይነት ነው” በማለት ከቶውንም ኢህአዴግ እንዲህ ያለ እብደት ውስጥ እንደማይገባ ይከራከራሉ። ምናልባትም በሰላም እንደሚያምን፣ ለእርቅ የተዘጋጀ እንደሆነ ለውጪው ዓለም ለማሳመን ካልሆነ በቀር።

እነዚህ ክፍሎች የማይሸሽጉት አንድ እውነት ግን አለ። ኢህአዴግ ቁልፍ የኦነግ ሰዎችን መማረክ ይፈልጋል። እነዚህ ቁልፍ ሰዎች በድርድር ተማርከው ወይም ተስማምተው አገር ቤት ከገቡ ኦነግ በተደጋጋሚ ከደረሰበት የውስጥ ችግር ጋር ተዳምሮ ከደጋፊዎቹ ጋር ይለያያል ይላሉ። ለዚህ ጠንካራ ነገር ግን ቅዠት የሚመስል ትንታኔያቸው የሚያቀርቡት ማስረጃ አስደንጋጭ ይመስላል።

ለጎልጉል እንደወትሮው ስማቸው እንዳይጠቀስ በማስጠንቀቅ ማብራሪያቸውን የሚያቀርቡት ክፍሎች፣ ታዋቂ የሆኑትን የኦነግ ሰዎች ለማጥመድ ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ አንደኛው አማራጭ ናቸው። ሰሞኑን በግምገማ ተወጥሮ የከረመው ህወሃት በሃይል ኢሳያስን የማስወገድ አቋም እንዳለው ጠቅሶ ኢንዲያን ኦሽን ኒውስ ሌተር የጻፈውን እንደሚስማሙበት የሚጠቅሱት ክፍሎች በየትኛውም መመዘኛ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ወገን የሃይል እርምጃ ቢያጣድፋት የመመከት አቅም አይኖራትም። ይልቁኑም ኦፕሬሽኑ አጭር፣ የማያዳግም፣ ኢሳያስንና አብረዋቸው ያሉትን በሙሉ ሊጠራርግ የሚችል ይሆናል። በዚህ መነሻነት ኢሳያስ ከመለስ ሞት በኋላ ያለውን ህወሃትን እንደፈሩት አስረግጠው ይከራከራሉ።

Imageሃሳባቸውን ሲያጠናክሩ፣ ከወራት በፊት ከኢትዮጵያ በኩል በተደጋጋሚ ድብደባ የተፈጸመባቸው ኢሳያስ የደረሰባቸውን ቁሳዊና ሰብዓዊ ጥፋት ለተባበሩት መንግስታት በክስ መልክ ከማቅረብ የዘለለ የወሰዱት ርምጃ የለም። የወትሮው ኢሳያስ እንኳን ተነክተው እንዲያውም ጸብ የሚሸታቸው እንደነበሩ የሚጠቁሙት ክፍሎች አስመራ ከተማ ጡረታ የወጡ የቀድሞ አዛውንት ታጋዮችን ከማስታጠቅ የዘለለ እርምጃ አለመውሰዳቸው የፍርሃታቸውን መጠን አመላካች መሆኑን ያሳያሉ። ተጨማሪ የማጠናከሪያ ማስረጃም ያቀርባሉ።

“ስለሆነም” ይላሉ የሚያውቁትን የግምገማ ማጠቃለያ ሲያቀርቡ “ኢሳያስ ከኢትዮጵያ ወገን የሚቀርብላቸውን የሰላም ድርድር አልቀበልም የሚሉበት ምክንያት የላቸውም። ሊሉም አይችሉም። ለድርድር ሲቀርቡም በቀድሞው ኃይል፣ ምንጩና መነሻው ኢትዮጵያ ላይ ማንጸባረቅ በሚፈልጉት ግራ የሚያጋባ የበላይነት ስሜት ሊሆን አይችልም” በማለት ኢሳያስ ወደ ድርድር የሚመጡበትን አስገዳጅ ሁኔታዎች ያስቀምጣሉ።

ኢሳያስ ለድርድር ከተቀመጡ የመጀመሪያው ጥያቄ ተቃዋሚዎችን ወደ ሰላም እንዲመጡ ማስገደድ ሲሆን የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትም በተመሳሳይ እርምጃ ይወስዳል። ቀጣዩ የባድመ ጉዳይ አቶ በረከት ስምዖን እንዳሉት “የኢትዮጵያ አይደለም” ይባልና በድንበር ማካለሉ መጠነኛ የሞራል መጠበቂያ ሽግሽግ ተደርጎ ይጠናቀቃል የሚል መደምደሚያ ይሰጣሉ።

“በየቀኑ በርካታ ወታደሮች የሚኮበልሉባቸው ኢሳያስ የሚቀርቧቸውን የተቃዋሚ ቁልፍ ሰዎች በማደራደር ስም ኢህአዴግ እጅ እንዲወድቁ ያደርጓቸዋል። ይህ የማይቀር እውነት ነው። የውጪ አገራትም ድጋፍ አለበት” የሚሉት ክፍሎች “ከዚህ የተለየ ጉዳይና ድርድር ካለ ኦህዴድ እንዲፈርስ ማድረግ ነው። ይህንን ማድረግ ደግሞ እብደት ነው። ይደረግ ከተባለም ስርዓቱ ያከትምለታል” ባይ ናቸው። እነዚሁ ክፍሎች አቶ በረከት በቅርቡ ስለኤርትራ የተናገሩትንና ጠ/ሚ ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ አስመራ ድረስ ለድርደር እንደሚሄዱ መናገራቸውን የቅርቡ ጊዜ ማጣቀሻ አድርገው ያሳያሉ።

ኢህአዴግ ከወትሮው በተለየ የእርቅና የሰላም ድርድር ላይ እየሰራ ባለበት በአሁኑ ወቅት አዲሱ ጠ/ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ ሄደውም ቢሆን ለመደራደር ቢጠየቁ ፈቃደኛነታቸውን ያለ አንዳች ማቅማማት እንደሚያሳዩ መግለጻቸው ኢሳያስን ወደ ድርደር ለመጋበዝና ለማማለል እንደሆነ ተደርጎ ተወስዷል።

አቶ ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከአልጃዚራ እንግሊዝኛ ክፍል ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለ ምልልስ ሲናገሩ “አስመራ ሄደህ ከኢሳያስ ጋር ተቀምጠህ ትደራደራለህ? ብለሽ ብትጠይቂኝ” አሉና ራሳቸውን ጠየቁ። “አዎ! ነው መልሴ” በማለት ለራሳቸው ጥያቄ ምላሽ ሰጡ። አስከትለውም “በርግጥም አደርገዋለሁ” በማለት ማረጋገጫ ሰጡ።
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የደቡብ ሱዳን ፕሬዚዳንት ሳልቫ ኪር

ጠያቂዋ የቀድሞው መሪ አቶ መለስ ሊያደርጉት እንደማይችሉ ስትጠቁም፣ አቶ መለስ ከሃምሳ ጊዜ በላይ አስመራ ሄደው ለመደራደር ለፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ጥያቄ ማቅረባቸውን በማስታወስ ምላሽ የሰነዘሩት አቶ ሃይለማርያም፣ ድህነትን መዋጋት ትልቁ ጉዳይ እንደሆነ በመግለጽ “ሁለታችን ብንስማማ እጅግ ታላቅ ውጤት ይኖረው ነበር” ያሉት።

የጎልጉል ምንጮች እንደሚሉት ደቡብ ሱዳን በውጤት አጠናቅቀዋለሁ የምትለው የሁለቱ ድርጅቶች (ህወሓትና ሻዕቢያ) የሰላም ድርድር ተግባራዊ ይሁንም አይሁን፣ በሌላ አሁን ይፋ ሊያደርጉት በማይፈልጉት አካል አማካይነት የሰላም ስምምነቱ ተግባራዊ ይሆናል።

የኦህዴድ ሰዎች ያቀረቡትን ማብራሪያ የሚያጣጥሉ ክፍሎች በበኩላቸው ፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ከቀድሞው በተሻለ ዲፕሎማሲያቸውን አስተካክለዋል። ይህም ባይሆን ህወሃት ኢሳያስን ተጭኖና ተከራክሮ ያሸነፈበት አንድም ጊዜ ስለሌለ ወደፊትም የተለየ ነገር አይመጣም ይላሉ።

በስልጣን ተዋጽኦና በሃላፊዎች ስብጠር ችግር ገብቶታል የሚባለው የኢትዮጵያ መከላከያ ሰራዊት የመዋጋት ፍላጎቱ እንደቀድሞው እንዳልሆነ የሚያመለክቱት እነዚህ ክፍሎች “ጦሩ አስመራ ለመግባት እየተንደረደረ በነበረበት ሰዓት በተፈጸመበት ክህደት አዝኗል። እንደ ዘመቻ ጸሃይ ግባት በወኔና በእልህ የመዋጋት ፍላጎት የለም። ኢህአዴግም ይህንን ስለሚረዳ ጦርነትን በፍጹም አይሞክርም። ችግር ከተፈጠረ ቀዳሚው ተጎጂ ህወሃት ነው። ህወሃት ላይ የሚደርሰው ጉዳት ደግሞ ህልውናን አስከማጣት ያደርሰዋል። በዚሁ ፍርሃቻ የሰላም ስምምነት ቢኖር እንኳ ኢህአዴግ እንደለመደው ብዙ በመስጠት ጥቂት ተቀብሎ ሊስማማ ይችል እንደሆነ እንጂ አያተርፍም” የሚል መከራከሪያ አላቸው።

ኢሳያስ በተደጋጋሚ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር ስምምነት መፍጠር አስፈላጊ መሆኑን እንዲሁም በቅርቡ ካናዳ ጥገኝነት ጠየቁ ሲባሉ በቅርብ የሚያውቋቸው “የኢሳያስ ልጅ አይከዱም” በማለት የተከራከሩላቸው የኤርትራ ማስታወቂያ ሚኒስትር አሊ አብዶ አሰብን አስመልከቶ “የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ በአሰብ ወደብ የመጠቀም ሙሉ መብት አለው” ማለታቸው ውስጥ ውስጡን ለሚካሄደው ስምምነት አመላካች እንደሆነ ገለልተኛ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ይናገራሉ።

ሌላው የሚያነሱት መከራከሪያ አቶ መለስ ያደረጁዋቸውና ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የስደት መንግስት አቋቁመው የኢሳያስን ውድቀት የሚጠባበቁት የኤርትራ ተቃዋሚዎችን አደረጃጀት ነው።ተቃዋሚዎቹ በውስጣቸው ያቀፏቸው ብሄርን መሰረት ያደረጉ ፓርቲዎች ወደ ስልጣን ከመጡ በኤርትራ ሊከሰት የሚችለው አደጋ ለሁሉም አገር ወዳድ የኤርትራ ዜጎች ስውር አይደለም።በዚህም ሳቢያ ኢሳያስ ከለቀቁ ቀጣይዋ ኤርትራ የብሄርና የጎሳ ፖለቲካ የሚፈለፈልባት ልትሆን ትችላለች የሚለው ስጋት ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያሉትን ጨምሮ በየትኛውም ቦታ የሚገኙ ኤርትራውያን አገራቸውን መስዋዕትነት ከፍለው ለመከላከል ዋናው ምክንያታቸው ነው። በዚህም ምክንያት ግጭት ከተነሳ በአጭር ጊዜ የሚፈጸም አድርጎ መታየቱን ይቃወማሉ። ኢህአዴግም ይህንን እንደሚረዳ ያስገነዝባሉ።

ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የሚፈልገውና የሚያሳስበው ነገር ካለ በሱዳን እንዳደረገው መሬት በመስጠት ጭምር እንደሚደራደር ያመለከቱት አስተያየት ሰጪዎች “በሰላማዊ መንገድ የኤርትራና የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ በዘንድሮው ዓመት አንድ ደረጃ ላይ የሚደርስ ይመስለናል” በማለት ቅድመ ግምታቸውን ያኖራሉ። ኤርትራ ላይ የከተሙ የኢትዮጵያ ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች ድርድርም ሆነ ማግባባት ካለ ከወዲሁ በመጠንቀቅ ራሳቸውን እንዲያዘጋጁ ይመክራሉ።

የሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝን የዕርቅ ጅማሮ ጥቅምና ጉዳት ከሌላ አንጻር የሚያብራሩ ደግሞ አቶ መለስ በአገር መክዳት ከተወነጀሉበት የባድመ Imageጦርነት በኋላ ሌላ የትግራይ ባለሥልጣን ወደ ኤርትራ ሄዶ ከኢሳያስ ጋር እጅ ቢጨባበጥ በትግራይ ተወላጆች ዘንድ የሚፈጥረው ስሜት ጀምሮ በህወሓት ውስጥ ሌላ ህንፍሽፍሽ (ክፍፍል) ከማስነሳቱና ከሻዕቢያም በኩል የኤርትራን ስነልቦና ከመጠበቅ አኳያ አቶ ሃይለማርያም ጥሩ ፊት ሊኖራቸው ስለሚችል የጠ/ሚ/ሩ ሥልጣን በህወሓት ከመወሰዱ በፊት ወቅቱ ጥሩ አጋጣሚ ፈጥሯል ይላሉ፡፡

ከሰባ ሺህ በላይ ወገኖችን ሕይወት የቀጠፈው የባድመ ጦርነት መንስዔ የሆነው የድንበር ውዝግብ እስካሁን እልባት አላገኘም። የተባበሩት መንግስታት የድንበር ኮሚሽን ባድመን ለኤርትራ እንድትሆን አድርጎ ተቀብሏል፤ ሄግ ያስቻለውን ችሎት የፈረደውን ውሳኔ ኢትዮጵያ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ባድመን ለቃ እንድትወጣ ብትታዘዘም አሁን ድረስ መሬቱን የምትቆጣጠረዋ ኢትዮጵያ መሆኗ ይታወሳል። ከዚህ ዘግናኝና ታላቅ ሰብዓዊ ቀውስ ካስከተለ ጦርነት በኋላ ከኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ሃይለማርያም ኤርትራ ከሄዱ ከጦርነቱ በኋላ ኤርትራን የሚረግጡ የመጀመሪያ መሪ ይሆናሉ።

በሌላ ተመሳሳይ ዜና ኦነግን ለማስማማትና ወደ ድርድር ለማቅረብ ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ኖርዌይ መታየታቸውን ተከትሎ ኢህአፓ ለኖርዌይ መንግስት የተቃውሞ ደብዳቤ መላኩን አስታውቋል። ድርጅቱ በደብዳቤው የኖርዌይ መንግስት እንዲህ ካለው ተቃዋሚዎችን የሚጎዳ እንቅስቃሴ ከመፈጸም እንዲትቆጠብ በላከው የተማጽኖና የማሳሰቢያ ደብዳቤ አምባገነኖችን በመርዳት የሚደረገው ድጋፍ ሊቆምና ለዴሞክራሲ መበልጸግ ትኩረት ሊሰጥ እንደሚገባ አመልክቷል።

ማሳሰቢያ፤ በተለይ በስም ወይም በድርጅት ስም እስካልተጠቀሰ ድረስ በጎልጉል የድረገጽ ጋዜጣ® ላይ የሚወጡት ጽሁፎች በሙሉ የጎልጉል የድረገጽ ጋዜጣ®ንብረት ናቸው፡፡ ይህንን ጽሁፍ ለመጠቀም የሚፈልጉ ሁሉ የዚህን ጽሁፍ አስፈንጣሪ (link) ወይም የድረገጻችንን አድራሻ (http://www.goolgule.com/) አብረው መለጠፍ ከጋዜጠኛነት የሚጠበቅና ህጋዊ አሠራር መሆኑን ልናሳስብ እንወዳለን፡፡


ከዳር ቆሞ ለዉጥን መጠበቅ የህልም እንጀራ

Monday, December 17th, 2012

ፍስሀ እሸቱ (ዶ/ር)

በሀገራችን ያለዉን ሁኔታ ስንመለከተዉ በጥቂት ቃላት ማጠቃለል የቻላል። ይህም ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ የሚለዉ በጥሩ ሁኔታ የሚገልጸዉ ይመስለኛል። አበዉ ጉልቻ ቢለዋወጥ እንደሚሉ አፈናዉ፤ ስለላዉ፤ እስሩ፤ ግድያዉ፤ ስደቱ፤ ዘረፋዉና፤ ማናለብኝነቱ ሳይቋረጥ ቀጥሏል። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትርና አጋሮቻቸዉም ደግመዉ ደጋግመዉ አስረግጠዉ እንደተናገሩት ለዉጥ የሚባል ነገር እንደማይታሰብና የነበረዉ ሁኔታ ባለበት እንደሚቀጥል ነዉ። ከዚህ አንጻር የለዉጥ የተስፋ ጭላንጭል እንደሌለ በወሬ ብቻ ሳይሆን በተግባራቸዉም አሳይተዉናል። ምንም መራር ቢሆንም እዉነታዉ ግን ስርአቱ መሪዉን ቢያጣ እንኳን፤ በአላማ፤ በአቅም፤ በድርጅትና፤ በስነልቦና፤ ፍጹም የበላይነቱን ተጎናጽፎ ይገኛል።
አበዉ እንደሚሉት አቅሙን የማያዉቅ ሞቱን አፋጠነ እንደሚሉት በተቃዋሚዉ ባንጻሩ የሚታዉ ደሞ፡
1ኛ. እኛ ከወኔ ወኔ የለን፤ መስእዋትነት ለመክፈል ዝግጁነት የለንም
2ኛ. ከአንድነት አንድነት የለን
3ኛ. ከአቅም አቅም የለን
4ኛ. ነጻነትን በምጽዋት ለማግኘት እንፈልጋለን (በዉጭ ሃይሎች)፤ ሌሎች በታገሉትና መስእዋትነት በከፈሉት ተጠቃሚ መሆን እንፈልጋለን
5ኛ. የስርአቱ አራማጆች ወድቆ መነሳትን ሲችሉበት እኛ ግን የወደቅንበት ቀርተናል፤ ከዚህ በፊት በደረሱብን ሽንፈቶች ለምሳሌ በቅንጅት ሽንፈት ተስፋ ቆርጠን ተበታትነናል
6ኛ. ጠላታችን ማን እንደሆነ ማወቅ ተስኖናል፤ ከስርአቱ ይልቅ እርስ በራሳችን ጦር መማዘዙን መርጠናል
7ኛ. በጭንቅላታችን ሳይሆን በስሜታዊነት የምንመራ ሆነናል፤ በአላማ ሳይሆን በጥላቻ ምንመራ ሆነናል
8ኛ. የረዥም ግዜ ዉጤት ሳይሆን አጭር ዉጤት እንፈልጋለን፤ በዚህም ምክንያት ቶሎ ተስፋ እንቆርጣለን
9ኛ. ሁሉም ፈላስፋ፤ አዋቂ፤ መፍትሄ ሰጪ ሆኖ፤ መደማመጥ ጠፍቷል፤ ሁሉም አዋቂ፤ ተናጋሪ፤ ሆኖ የሚታገለዉ ግን ጥቂት ሆኗል – ወሬ ወሬ ወሬ -ሀሜት ሀሜት ሀሜት – ኩነና ኩነና ኩነና – ተናጋኔ ተናጋሪ ተናጋሪ – አድራጊ ጠፋ (የኢንተርኔት፡ ፓልቶክና ሬድዮ፤ ስብሰባ ታጋዮች ሆነናል)
10ኛ. በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ አብዛኛዉ ህብረተሰብ ያለዉን ስርአት በአያገባኝም ወይም በፍራቻ ወይንም በጥቅም ተቀብሎ አሜን ብሌ መገዛቱን መርጧል
11ኛ. ከዚህ በፊት በነበሩን ችግሮቻችን ተተብትበን ወደፊት መራመድ ተስኖናል
12ኛ. ሁሉም ጠያቂና ተሳዳቢ እንጂ ደጋፊ፡ አይዞኝ ባይ፤ አብሮ ታጋይ ጠፍቷል
13ኛ. ይሀ ሁሉ በእንዲህ እያለ በእንቅርት ላይ ጆሮ ደግፍ እንዲሉ፤ ከዚህ በፊት ያልነበረ
አዲሱ ፈሊጥ ደሞ አዲሱን ጠቅላይ ሚንነስትር ጊዜ እንስጠዉ የሚለዉ ሆኗል፤ አይ መዘናጋት፤ ራስን ማታለል፤ ሰዉየዉ እንደሆነ ለዉጥ እንደማይኖር እቅጩን ነግረዉናል።
14ኛ. የመቃወም ትርጉሙ ግራ ገብቶናል መቃወም ማለት ሁሉንም የምንቃወምበት በተለይም አዲስ ሀሳብ አዲስ ራእይ የተለየ አካሄድ ይዘዉ ትግሉን የተቀላቀሉትን እንደጠላት ተረባርበን መማዉገዝና፤ እንደ እባብ ጭንቅላታቸዉን ቀጥቅጠን ያለ የሌለ ሀይላቸንን በመጠቀም አንገታቸዉን እናሰደፋለን፡ ሀሳባቸዉን እንዲሞክሩ እንኳን እድሉን አንሰጣቸዉም። በዚህም ድልን ተግናጽፈን ተደስተን እርስ በእርስ እየተጠፋፋን እንገኛለን።
በኛ ካምፕ
ወይ አንታገል
ወይ አናዋጣ
ወይ ዝም አንል
ወይ አንረዳዳ
ነገሩ ሁሉ ግራ ሚያጋባ ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ለመዉጣት ልመና
ስብሰባ ለመገኘት ልመና
ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለመታገል ለምኑኝ ሚባልበት ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ባንጻሩ ዘመን ተለዉጦ ስለ እዉነት መቆም፤ ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለሀገር መታገል ሚያሳፍርበት፤ ስለነጻነት መናገር ጀግና ወንድ፤ የሀገር ልጅ፤ ሀገር ወዳድ ማስባሉ ቀርቶ፤ እንደ ቁምጥና ሚያሳፍርበትና አንገት የሚያስደፋበት፤ ስለ ክብርም መናገር የሚያስኮንንበት ዘመን ላይ ደርሰናል፡
ዛሬ ያልታደለችዉ ሀገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ልጆችዎ በሁለት ተከፍለዋል
1. በአንድ ወገን ያለዉ ስርአት በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እንዲቀጥል አስተዋጽኦ እያደረጉ ያሉ አብላጫዎቹ (99.999%) ሲሆኑ
በዚህ ምድብ፡
1. የስርአቱ ዋና አራማጆች
2. ስርአቱን በመደገፍ በቆራጥነት የቆሙለት
3. ከማያዉቁት መላክ የሚያዉቁት ሴይጣን ይሻላል ብለዉ በፍራቻና አንገት በመድፋት የተቀመጡ፤
4. ስለ ኢትዮጵያ አያገባንም ከራሳችንና ጥቅማችን በላይ ነፋስ ብለዉ ክብራቸዉን፤ ስብእናቸዉንና፤ ህሊናቸዉን ዘግተዉ ምን ያገባናል ብለዉ የተቀመጡ
5. ሌሎቹ ደግሞ መታገል እየፈለጉ ግን በፍራቻና ከዚህ በፊት በደረሰባቸዉ መከራ እምነት በማጣት ትግሉን እርግፍ አድርገዉ ተስፋ ቆርተዉ የተቀመጡ
6. ባፋቸዉ ተቃዎሚ ነን የሚሉ ነገር ግን ለዘመናት ምንም ለትግሉ ስተዋጽኦ ሳያደርጉ ለመታገል የመጣዉን ሁሉ ነገር ግን በነሱ አመለካከት የማያምነዉን፤ ለነሱ ያላጎበደደዉን፤ ሁሉ በመቃወም የትግሉን ጎራ በማዳከም የስርአቱን እድሜ እያራዘሙ ያሉ የሚገኙበት ሲሆን
2. በሌላ ጎራ ደሞ ቁጥራቸዉ እጅግ አናሳ ቢሆንም ስርአቱን ሌት ተቀን በመታገል በሀገር ቤትና በዉጭ በአላማ ጽናት፤ በወኔ በመታገልና መስእዋትነት እየከፈሉ ያሉ የቁርጥ ቀን ወገኖች ሲሆኑ ዛሬ ቁጥራቸዉ አናሳ ቢሆንም ዉለዉ አድረዉ ግን ማሸነፋቸዉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። ምክንያቱም እዉነት ከነሱ ጋር ናትና። እነዚህም ዛሬ በየጫካዉ ለኛ ነጻነት እየተዋጉ፤ ለኛ ክብር ወህኒ ቤቶች ተወርዉረዉ የሚገኙ፡ ለኛ ክብር ባሉበት ቦታ ሁሉ ለሃገራቸዉ እየታገሉ ያሉትን ጀግና ዜጎች ሁሉ ያካትታል።
እነዚህ ዜጎች ሀገራቸዉን በቁርጥ ቀን ያልከዱ፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማቸዉ ህሊናቸዉን የማይቆረቁራቸዉ፤ ነገ ስማቸዉና ታሪካቸዉ ዘላለማዊ የሆነ፡ ነገ የልጅ ለጆቻችን የሚዘክሩላቸዉ ብርቅዬ ወገኖቻችን ናቸዉ።
ለሀገር የሚያኮራ ስራ ሰርቶ ስምና ዝና አትርፎ ከማለፍ በላይ ምን የሚያስደስት ነገር ይኖራል። ኖሮ ኖሮ በልቶ፤ ተኝቶ፤ ማለፍማ እንኳን ሰዉ ተብዬዉ እንስሳም ያደርገዉ
የለም። ዋናዉ ጥያቄ ግን እያንዳንዳችን የትኛዉ ምድብ ዉስጥ ነን የሚለዉ ሲሆን የህሊናዉን ሙግት ለናነተዉ እተዎለሁኝ።
ከላይ ያለዉን ተጨባጭ ሁኔታ በዝርዝር ካስቀመጥኩኝ ለዉጥ ከልባችን የምንፈልግ ከሆነ መፍትሄዉ ምንድን ነዉ ወደሚለዉ ሁላችንም ወደ ምንጠይቀዉ ጥያቄ እመጣለሁኝ።
1. ለዉጥ ከልባችን እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ? ? የሚለዉ ጥያቄ በእያንዳንዳችን እዉነትኛ ህሊና መልስ ማግኘት አለበት? በእዉነት ለዉጥ እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ከልብ ካለቀሱ እንባ አይገድም እንደሚባለዉ – ለዉጥን ከልቡ በጽናት የሚፈልግ ፍላጎቱን ለሟሟላት የማይፈነቅለዉ ድንጋይ ስለማይኖር ዉጤት ማግኘቱ አይቀሬ ነዉ
2. የትግሉን ክብደትና ጥልቀት ማወቅ ይጠበቅብናል በዚያዉም ልክ የአቅማችንን መጠን ማወቅ አለብን – ንቀታችንና ጥላቻችን የትም አላደረሰንም
3. ዉጤት የምንፈልግና አቅማችንን የምናዉቅ ከሆነ ከሆነ ለዉጤቱ የሚፈለግብንን ሁሉ ሳናመነታ ኢንቨስት ማድረግ አለብን፤ ጊዜ፤ገንዘብ፤ጉልበት፤እዉቀት፤ሞራል ወዘተ – ነጻነት በምጽዋት አይመጣም – መሄድ የሚገባንን መንገድ ሁሉ መሄድ ይጠበቅብናል
4. ትግሉ የማንም እንዳልሆነ መገንዘብ ይጠበቅብናል (የእያንዳንዳችን ሃላፊነት ነዉ – ምክንያት ድርደራ የትም አላደረሰንም – ስለትግሉ አዲሱ ፈሊጥ
- እኔ ፖለቲካ ዉስጥ የለሁበትም – ጀግንነት ሆኗል
- የምናምናቸዉ ሰዎች የሉም – እገሌ ማነዉ እሱ
- ሁሉም የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አይረቡም
- ዉጭ ያለዉ ሐይል ምንም አያደርግም
- ሀገር ቤት ያለዉ ካልተነሳ የትም አንደርስም

ሁሉም ጣቱን ሲጠቋቆም – ትግሉ ግን እያንዳንዳችን ትከሻ ልይ መሆኑን ዘንግተናል። ስለዚህ
- መሪዎቹንና ድርጅቶቹን ካላመናችሁ ግቡና አስተካክሉ
- ወይንም የራሳችሁን ጠንካራ የተሻለ መንገድ አምጡ- ብቻ በዚህም በዚያም ትግሉን ተቀላቀሉ – አማራጩ ሽንፈትን በጸጋ ተቀብለን – አቅማችንን አዉቀን እየታገሉ ያሉትን ትተን አርፈን መቀመጥ ይኖርብናል – እባካችሁ ባንደግፋቸዉ አናዳክማቸዉ
5. የኢትዮጵያ ተቃዋሚዎች ሁኔታ የዶሮና የእንቁላል ሆኗል። ህዝቡ ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ካልተጠናከሩ ዉጤት ካላሳዩን አንደግፍም ብሎ አኩርፎ ተቀምጧል። እነሱ ደሞ ሊጠናከሩ የሚችሉት ህዝቡ ሲደግፋቸዉ ነዉ። ግራ የሚያጋባ ሁኔታ። ይህ ካልተቀየረና ህዝቡ በተሳትፎ ካላጠናከራቸዉ የትም አይደረስም።
6. ሌላዉ ሁሉም ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አንድ ይሁኑ የሚለዉ ለሀያ አመት የተሞከረዉ ፈሊጥ መቼም አይሰራም – አግባብነት የለዉም – ልዩነት የጥንካሬ መሰረት ነዉ – ዋናዉ ቁም ነገር እርስ በእርስ በመጨራረስ የስርአቱን እድሜ አለማራዘም ነዉ። ስርአቱ እጁን አጣምሮ ደስ ሲለዉም የቤት ስራ እየሰጠን የእርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻ ድራማችንን እያየ ይገናል – መፍትሄዉ ቢቻል ተባብረን ካልተቻለም እርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻችንን አቁመን፤ የተሻሉ ናቸዉ የምንላቸዉን በሙሉ ሀይላችን መደገፍ የትግል አቅማቸዉን ማሳደግ ይኖርብናል – በዚያዉም ልክ ማናቸዉንም ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችን የሚቃወምን ሁሉ ባለ በሌለ ሃይላችን በጋራ ማዉገዝና መዋጋት ይኖርብናል
7. ትግሉ ጊዜ የሚጠይቅ መሆኑን መረዳት በሂደትም መዉደቅና መነሳት መኖሩን መገንዘብ የኖርብናል፤ (ቅንጅት ቅንጅተ እያልን መቀመጡ የት አደረሰን)? አየር ባየር ዉጤት ፈላጊነት የትም አላደረሰንም፤ ዋናዉ ቁምነገር የፈጀዉን ጊዜ ይፍጅ ካላማችን ንቅንቀቀቅ ማለት የለብንም – የኩርፍያ ትግል የትም አላደረሰንም – ያላማ ጽናት ከሌለን አርፈን እንቀመጥ

በዚህ ጉዳይ ብዙ መናገር ለማጠቃለል ያክል ወደድንም ጠላንም
ዉጤት ያለ አዉነተኛ ፍላጎት
ዉጤት ያለ አቅም
ዉጤት ያለ መስእዋትነት
ዉጤት ያለ ጊዜ
በፍጹም አይገኝም፤
ፍላጎት አቅምና መስእዋትነት ሳይከፍሉ ዉጤትን መጠበቅ የዋህነት ነዉ። ይህንንም የያዝነዉን ፈሊጥና ባህል እንካልቀየርን ድረስ ስርአቱም በአሸናፊነቱ መቀጠሉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። የብዙዎቻችን ችግር የትግሉ ድል መፍትሄ በእጅችን ላይ መሆኑን መቀበል አለመፈለጋችን ወይም አለማወቃችን ነዉ። የወደቅነዉ መፍትሄ ከሌላ ቦታ መፈለጋችን ነዉ። ይህ እስካልተወጠ ድረስ ስርአቱ ለዘመናት መግዛቱን እንደማያቆም በእርግጠንነት ላረጋግጥላችሁ። ለዉጥ እንዲመጣ የሚፈልግ ዛሬ ነገ እያለ በቀጠሮ ሳይሆን ከልቡ ለዉጥን የሚፈልግ ከሆነ ዛሬ ካሁኗ ደቂቃ ጀምሮ ለራሱ ለህሊናዉ ለሀገሩ ለወገኑ ቃል መግባት ይኖርበታል። ስለሌላዉ ማሰባችንን ትተን ስለራሳችን እናስብ። በድርጅቶች ችግር አለ ብለን ካሰብን ገብተን እናሻሽላቸዉ፤ አሊያም የኛ አማራጭ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንል ከሆነ የተሻለ ድርጅት መስርተን ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በዚህም በዚያም ገብተን እንታገል። የትም እንፍጨዉ ዉጤቱን እናምጣዉ።

እኔ ይህንን ስናገር የሽግግር ም/ቤቱ ግቡ ብዬ አይደለም፡ ለእናንተ ትግል ዉስጥ መግባት የድርጅቶች ጥንካሬ ቅድመ ሁኔታ አይደለም ወሳኙ። የራሳችሁ የህሊና ዉሳኔ ነዉ። ያንን የዉሳኔ ደረጃ ካለፋችሁና ለራሳችሁ ቃል ከገባችሁና ያለማወላወል ወደተግባር ከለወጣችሁ ሌላዉ ሁሉ ይስተካከላል። የተገላቢጦሹን ከፈለጋችሁ ግን ምን አለ በሉኝ ምንም ለዉጥ እንደማይመጣ በድጋሚ አረጋግጣለሁ።
ስለዚህ ብቸኛዉ ያለን የአካሄድ ቀመር በግልጽ እንዲህ ነዉ
1. እያንዳንድችን ዛሬ ትግሉን በቆራጥነት መቀላቀልና ሚከፈለዉን መስዋትነት ሁሉ መክፈል፤ በተጨማሪም ትግሉ የወሰደዉን ጊዜም ቢወስድ በቁርጠኝነት ለመታገል መዘጋጀት
2. በግል የትም ለመድረስ ስለማይቻል ያሉትን ድርጅቶች መርምሮ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንለዉን ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቅሎ በሙሉ ሀይል መግባትና መታገል
ስለዚህ እመኑኝ የድሉ ቁልፍ እያንዳንዳችሁ ናችሁ። ሌላ ምንም አማራጭ የላችሁም።
ይህንን ለማድረግ ከፈቀድንና ለራሳችን በእዉነተኝነት ቃል ከገባን ምንገነባዉ አቅም የምንመኘዉን ዉጤት ይዞልን ይመጣል። ስለዚህ
የፍላጎት አቅም
የዉሳኔ አቅም
የሞራል አቅም
የአላማ ጽናት አቅም
የማቴርያል አቅም
የድርጅት አቅም
ለድላችን ወሳኝ መሆኑን ተረድተን ዛሬ ነግ ሳንል ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በኛ በኩል እዉነቱን መራራም ቢሆን ተናግረናል፤ ለህሊናችን የሚቆጨን ነገር የለም፡ የህሊና ትግሉን ለናነት ትተናል።

እኛ በራሳችን በኩል የተሻለ ነዉ ያልነዉን አማራጭ አቅርበን ትግላችንን ተያይዘነዋል። በማናቸዉም መንገድ ለማንም ሳንል፤ ለእዉነት ብቻ ብለን፤ ለክብራችን ብለን፤ ለነጻነታችን ብለን፡ ትግሉ ጊዜ እንደማይሰጥ ተረድተን ቀጠሮ ሳንሰጥ የድሉን ጽዋ እስክንጎነጭ፤ ማንም ምንም የበል ምን፤ በቁርጠኝነት እየታገልን እንገኛለን። ልዩነቱ የህሊና እርካታ፤ የመንፈስ የማንነት ጽናትን ሰጥቶናል። ወርቅ በእሳት እንደሚፈተነዉ ችግርና መከራን ለመጋፈጥ ትግሉን በቆራጥነትና በኩራት እያከናወንን እንገኛለን። በስራችንም ኩሩ ኢትዮጵያዉያን እንደምንሆን አንጠራጠርም፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማችንና አምላክም ከቅኖች ጋር በመሆኑ አሸናፊዎች እንደምንሆን ሙሉ እምነት አለን። ከዚህ በላይ ታዲያ ምን የሚያስቀና ነገር ይኖራል።
ሀገራችን ክብራችን፤ የማንነታችን መለያ፤ የነጻነታችን ምልክት ናት። ማንም ይህንን ሊነጥቀን አይገባዉም፤ በትግላችንም የተነጠቅነዉን ማንነታችንን ያለጥርጥር እናስመልሳለን!!!
ድርጅታችንን በለመለከተ ግን አቋማችን ንጥር ያለና ግልጽ ነዉ
1. የማንም ኢትዮጵያዊ ክብርና፤ ነጻነት፤ በማናቸዉም ሁኔታ ሳይሸራረፍ መረጋገጥ ይኖርበታል እንላለን። አምላካችን የሰጠንን መብት ለማንም አሳልፈን አንሰጥም። ስርአቱ የሚሰራዉን ግፍ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ እስካላቆመ ድረስ በፍጹም አለማመንታት መቀየር አለበት በሚለዉ አቋማችን ጸንተን ትግላችንን እንቀጥላለን – ይህም ስርአት ሁሉን ኢትዮጵያዊ አካላትን ባካተተ የሽግግር መንግስት እስኪተካ ትግላችንን በጽናት እንቀጥላለን
2. ህዝባዊ የለዉጥ እንቅስቃሴ በመፍጠር ስርአቱን በህዝባዊ ትግል ለመገርሰስና ትግሉን በድል ለማጠናቀቅ ህዝቡ ትግሉን እንዲቀላቀል ትግላችንን ሌት ተቀን እንቀጥላለን
3. ስርአቱም ሲገረሰስ የሚከሰቱ ችግሮችን ለመቅረፍ ቀድሞ መሰናዳት የተሻለና ብልህነትን የተላበሰ ማራጭ መሆኑን ስለምናምን የሽግግር ሂደቱ ምን መምሰል እንደሚኖርበት ቅድመ ዝግጅቶችን እንደርጋለን
4. ይንንኑም ለማከናወን የሚያስችል ድርጅታዊ አቅም እንገነባለን በዚህም አካሄድ ያለማወላወል እንቀጥላለን።
5. ከሌሎች ሁሉም አሁንም እደግመዋለሁ ከሁሉም የተቃዋሚ ሀይሎች ጋር በጋራ እንሰራለን፤ ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችም በጋራ እንዲሰሩ ማናቸዉንም ሁኔታዎች እናመቻቻለን
ስለዚህ የድርጅታች የነጠረና ግልጽ ያለ አማራጭን ያቀረበ ሲሆን፡ ይሻላል ብላችሁ ካመናችሁ ተቀላቀሉን። አለበለዚያ ሌላ የተሻለዉን ድርጅት ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቀሉ። አንድ ነገር ላረጋግጥላችሁ ትግሉ ይቀጥላል። ተጠናክሮ ይቀጥላል። ባቡሩን በጊዜ ተቀላቅሎ የለዉጡን ሂደት ማፋጠኑ የናንተ ሀላፊነት ነዉ። በታሪክ ተጠያቂነት ምርጫዉን ለናንተ እተዋለሁ። የሚሻለዉን የጽናት መንገድም አምላክ ያሳያችሁ ዘንድ ሁሌም እጸልያለሁ።

ሀገራችንን ኢትዮጵያን አምላክ ይባርክ!!!

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ሃይማኖት የግል ሃገር የጋራ ነው

Monday, December 17th, 2012

ይህን ኣባባል ስንቀባበል የኖርነው ያለ ምክንያት ኣልነበረም። ሃገራችን ብዙህነቷ የሚገለጸው በ ቋንቋና በ ባህል ብቻ ሳይሆን በ ሃይማኖትም በመሆኑ ነው። ብሂሉ ተቻችለን መኖር እንዳለብን ቃል የምንገባበት፣ የሃይማኖት ነጻነታችን የ ግል ሆኖ ኣገራችን ግን የሁላችን መሆኑዋን የምናጸናበት ኪዳን፣ የ ኣንድነት ጉዟችን ደሞ ስንቅ ነበር።

ይሁን እንጂ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ይህን ትልቅ ኣላማ የሚያናጋ ሁኔታ ሲፈጠር ይታያል። የሚያሳዝነው በሃገራችን ከተነሱ ሃይማኖታዊ ግጭቶች መካከል እጅግ ብዙዎቹ ፖለቲካዊ ይዘቶች ያሉዋቸው መሆኑ ነዉ ።

በመሰረቱ ፖለቲካና ሃይማኖት የሚጣሉ ባይሆኑም ኣላማቸው ግን ኣይገናኝም። ሃይማኖታዊ ተቋማት ከዚህ ኣለም ባሻገር ሌላ ኣለም ኣለ ወደዚያ ሄጄ ዘላለም እኖራለሁ የሚል ዋና ግብ ያነገቡ ሲሆን ፖለቲካ የዚህ ኣለም ጣጣ በመሆኑ ለየብቻ መሄድ ኣለባቸው።

ከሁሉ በላይ ግን መንግስት ከሃይማኖት ጣልቃ ገብነት መቆጠቡ የሚጠቅመው ራሱን ነው።የ ሃይማኖት ተቋማት በ ህብረተሰብ ህይወት ውስጥ ካላቸው የጎላ ጠቀሜታ መካከል ኣንዱ የፍትህ ስርዓቱን በመደገፉ ረገድ ያላቸው የጎላ ሚና ነው። ለምሳሌ በሃገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ስናይ ኣንድ ሰው ለ ምስክርነት ወደ ፍርድ ቤት ሲሄድ በ መጀመሪያ እውነት ለ መመስከሩ ቃል የሚገባው ህገ መንግስቱ ላይ እጁን ጭኖ ሳይሆን ክርስቲያን ከሆነ መጽሃፍ ቅዱስ ላይ ሙስሊም ከሆነ በቁራን ላይ ነው። ይህ የሚያሳየው ፍርድ ቤት ወይም የፍትህ ስርዓቱ ከ ሃይማኖት ጣልቃ ገብነት ነጻ ቢሆንም ግን በነዚህ ተቋማት ላይ መደገፉን ነው።

እነዚህ የ ሃይማኖት ተቋማት ኣባሎቻቸውን የሚያስተምሯቸው እሴቶች ለምሳሌ፣ ኣትግደል፣ በሃሰት ኣትመስክር፣ ኣታዳላ፣ ግፍ ኣትስራ፣ ወዘተ. የፍትህ ስርዓቱ ምሶሶዎች ናቸው። እነዚህን እሴቶች መንግስት በሌላ መንገድ ከሚያስተምረው የበለጠ በሃይማኖት ተቋማት በኩል ፍሬ ሲያፈሩ የበለጠ ሃይል ይኖራቸዋልና መንግስት የሃይማኖትን ተቋማት በ ኣክብሮትና በ እንክብካቤ ሊይዛቸው ይገባል።

መንግስት በሃይማኖት ኣስተዳደር ኣካባቢ እጁን ሲያጠልቅ ኣባላት መንፈሳዊ ሽታ እየራቃቸው ይሄዳሉ። ይሰጋሉ። በተቋማቸው ያላቸው መተማመን እየቀነሰ ሲመጣ ደሞ ዞሮ ዞሮ የሚጎዱት ተቋማቱ ብቻ ሳይሆኑ የፍትህ ስርዓቱም ነው።

ዜጎች ምንም ሃይማኖት ባይኖራቸው የሚኖራቸው የህሊና ህግ ያን ያህል ጠንካራ ላይሆን ይችላል። ምንም ሃይማኖት ከሌለ ምን ኣልባትም ገንዘብ ካለህ ሃምሳ የ ሃሰት ምስክር ለመሰብሰብ ላይከብድ ይችላል። በማህበራዊ ግንኙነት ጊዜ ተማምሎ የጋራ ስራ ለመስራት ኣስቸጋሪ ሁኔታ ሊፈጠር ይችላል። ይህ ማለት ግን ሃይማኖት የሌለው ሁሉ ኣይታመንም ማለት ኣይደለም። ኣሉ ኣንዳንድ ዳኞች ለ ሙያቸው የሚሞቱ ኣሉ ኣንዳንድ ፖለቲከኞች ለ ኣላማቸው የሚሞቱ፣ ይሁን እንጂ በሰፊው እንዳገር እንደ ህዝብ ስናስበው ሃይማኖት ጠቃሚ ሃገርን እንደ መልህቅ የሚያቆም ትልቅ የተከበረ ተቋም ነው።

ለነገሩ በሃገራችን መንግስት በ ሃይማኖት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባት የጀመረው በ ደርግ ጊዜ ነበር። ደርጉ የ ሶሻሊዝምን ስርዓት እንገነባለን ብሎ ባበደበት ሰኣት “ጎታች” ብሎ ከፈረጃቸው ተቋማት መካከል ኣንዱ ነበሩ። ዝግ እያለ ገብቶ ቄሱን ሁሉ የጾም እንዲበሉ በማድረግ የ ኦርቶዶክስን ቤተ ክርስቲያን እምነት ሊያስጥል ሞክሯል፤ ጎድቷታልም። የፕሮቴስታንት እምነት ተከታዮችን በፊት ለፊት ሲገድልና ሲያስር እንደነበረ የቅርብ ጊዜ ትዝታ ነው።

ኢህኣዴግ ሲመጣ የተሻለ ነገር ይመጣል ተብሎ ተገምቶ ነበር። በተለይ መንገላታት ያደከመው የፕሮቴስታንቱ ኣማኝ ኣንጻራዊ ነጻነት ያገኛል ተብሎ የታሰበ ቢሆንም ራሳቸው የኢህኣዴግ ካድሬዎች በፈጠሩት ቀውስ በተለይ በሰሜኑ የሃገራችን ክፍል ብዙ የፕሮቴስታንት ና የ ኦርቶዶክስ ሰዎች ተጋጭተው ብዙ ብዙ ጉዳት ደርሷል።

ኣሁን ደሞ የዜጎችን ቀልብ በመልካም ስራ መሳብ ያቃተው መንግስት ዜጎች ልባቸውን የጣሉበትን ባህላዊና ሃይማኖታዊ ተቋማት እያሸተተ ዜጎችን ሊቆጣጠር ይፈልጋል። በተለይ በቅርብ ጊዜ የሚታየው የከፋ ነገር ደሞ በ ኢትዮጵያ ሙሲሞች ዘንድ መንግስት የሚያሳየው ኣስጸያፊ ጣልቃ ገብነት ነው። ይህ ችግር ብዙ መዘዞችን ለሃገራችን ያመጣል ተብሎ የሚታሰብ ሲሆን ኣንዱና ትልቁ ችግር ኣክራሪነትን ይወልዳል የሚለው ስጋት ነው።

የሃይማኖት ሰዎች የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥያቄ ሲያነሱ ፖለቲከኞች ለፖለቲካ መብት ከሚታገሉት የከረረና የመረረ ነው። ከሁሉም በላይ የሃይማኖት ደጃቸው ሲደፈር፣ ኣምላካቸው ሲያዝን ስለሚታያቸው ቁጣቸው ይበዛል። መስዋእትነት ለመክፈልም ቢሆን ለ ሃይማኖታቸው ለ ኣምላካቸው ቢሞቱ በሰማይ ብድራት ስላላቸው ኣይፈሩም።በመሆኑም በሃይማኖት በኩል የሚመጣ ቁጣ እንዲህ በቀላሉ ኣይበርድም። ከሁሉ የሚከፋው ግን በሃይማኖቱ ውስጥ ካሉ ኣባላት ውስጥ በጣም ኣጥባቂ ያልሆኑትን ወደ ሌላ ጽንፍ እየወረወራቸው እልህና ቁጣ ይሞሉና ኣክራሪ ኣሸባሪ ሊያደርጋቸው ይችላል። ጥያቄያቸው እየከረረ ሲሄድ ኣመጹ ራሱ ከሚፈጥራቸው ኣንዳንድ መሪዎች መካከል የሚነሳ ኣስተምህሮም ሊፈጠር ይችላል። ከሁሉም በላይ ሃይማኖታቸው ፖለቲካዊ ይዘት እንዲኖረው ማድረግ ይጀምሩና ኣክራሪነት እየተወለደ ሊመጣ ይችላል። ዛሬ በኣለማችን ያሉ ኣክራሪዎች የተወለዱት ከ መልካም ኣስተዳደር እጦት ከመብት ገፈፋ ጋር እየተያያዙ የመጡ ናቸውና፡፡

መንግስት ሊረዳው የሚገባው ነገር የ ሃይማኖት ጥያቄ የሚፈታው በፖለቲካዊ መንገድ ኣለመሆኑን ነው። ልክ የፖለቲካ መብት እንዳነሱ ኣይነት በቴለቪዥን “ህጉንና ህገ መንግስቱን ኣክብረው መኖር ኣለባቸው” የሚባል ፈሊጥ መልስ ኣይሆንም፡፡ ኣያስፈራቸውምም። የሃይማኖትን ችግር በሸምግልናና በትህትና በሃይማኖት ሰዎች በኩል መፍታት ያስፈልጋል። ኢህኣዴግ የ ሙስሊሙን ጤያቄ ሌሎች የ ህዝብ ኣመጾችን በሚያፍንበት የዘወትር መሳሪያው ሊያበርደው ኣለመቻሉን መረዳት ኣለብት።

እግዚኣብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ!
geletawzeleke@gmail.com

A Friendly Advice to Hailemariam Desalegn

Monday, December 17th, 2012

I hope you have a good friend who can read and provide you this advice.

You have started leading Ethiopia and the Ethiopian people at an important juncture in history.

You seem to be confident in your public appearances so far. That is a good thing.

However, you have made enough political blunders already that could be very hard for you to correct in your future political life.

1. In 2010, while nominating the late Meles Zenawi as Prime Minister, you claimed that Ethiopian Renaissance came from his fertile imagination, as the video at the following link shows: http://www.ethiotube.net/video/10939/Et … -Phonebook.

WHAT YOU CLAIMED IS SIMPLY NOT TRUE.

The idea of Ethiopian Renaissance did not come from his fertile imagination, HE COPIED IT. The irony is that the idea is a counter thesis to the deeds he advanced before he or his cadres read about the idea and quickly copied it, professed dead ends and new beginnings, and started to run with it even before understanding it well enough. That also at least partly explains the double digit economic growth that started around 2004 and possibly his early departure even if the idea was not meant for the latter’s eventuality.

Evidently, copying the idea may be exactly why Helen Epstein wrote … but the Renaissance he’s thinking of seems very different from ours."

2. About a few months later after that political blunder, I think you made another political blunder in your interview with an Indian Journalist. Without elaborating or justification, you claimed that this century is an African and Asian century.

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Don’t you know that that is how your opponent bites to win?

So, by way of advice, which seems to me divinely driven, all the more so as much as I am not superstitious, your historical mission may be to come down to the reality of Ethiopian politics and transition it to civilian leadership. START TO TALK LESS AND LISTEN MORE while working on your public job assignment. Have your assignments in order. Your foreign ministry is there to do international diplomacy. He has more room for such blunders, as he is your junior. YOU DON’T.

And this unsolicited advice is given for the well being of and better future for our people, nothing more. This writer prefers providing advice and suggestions to criticizing unless forced to do so.


Will the U.S. Stand by the Side of Brave Africans?

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

maglIf History is on the Side of Brave Africans, Shouldn’t the U.S. be Too?

When President Obama visited Accra, Ghana in 2009, he delivered two distinct political messages within one overarching moral imperative: “History is on the side of brave Africans”. His message to African governments and leaders was emphatic:

…Make no mistake: history is on the side of these brave Africans, and not with those who use coups or change Constitutions to stay in power. Africa doesn’t need strongmen, it needs strong institutions… [G]overnments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful…

His message to the people of Africa was inspiring, upbeat and passionate:

…You have the power to hold your leaders accountable, and to build institutions that serve the people. You can conquer disease, end conflicts, and make change from the bottom up. You can do that. Yes you can. Because in this moment, history is on the move.

President Obama also made a solemn promise to Africans:

… What we will do is increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance - on parliaments, which check abuses of power and ensure that opposition voices are heard; on the rule of law, which ensures the equal administration of justice; on civic participation, so that young people get involved; and on concrete solutions to corruption… to advance transparency and accountability.

Now, at the cusp of the beginning of President Obama’s second term, we have to ask some tough questions: Are there more African strongmen in 2012 than in 2009? Are there fewer brave Africans on the streets and more of them in jail in 2012 than in 2009? Does Africa today have more debilitated institutions than it had in 2009? Do more African governments respect the will of their people today than they did in 2009? Is there less conflict in Africa today than in 2009? Does Africa today have good governance and is the rule of law the rule in Africa? Are more opposition voices heard, more civic participation seen and more youth and women involved in the political process in Africa today than they did in 2009? Does the U.S. today “stand with all those who seek to advance human dignity”?  Is history in Africa today on the move forward to democracy, freedom and human rights, or is Africa marching backwards into the darkness of dictatorship and tyranny?

Is the U.S. today standing tall with the brave Africans or in bed with Africa’s strongmen?

Whatever Happened to the Brave Africans President Obama Spoke About in 2009? 

According to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), many of the “brave Africans” President Obama spoke about in 2009 are jailed, tortured, silenced, on the run, dead or just scared stiff under relentless official harassment and persecution. Arbitrary arrests, lengthy pretrial detentions, torture, and mistreatment of detainees by security forces, harsh and life-threatening prison conditions, illegal searches and seizures and infringements of citizens’ privacy rights, restrictions on freedom of speech and of the press and assembly in one form or another are the common facts of African daily life. African societies and institutions are decimated by official corruption and bloated bureaucracies. Justice is traded to the highest bidder in politically-controlled judiciaries; and rubberstamp parliaments crank out laws and proclamations like a Chinese toy factory.  African societies are plagued by discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, language, religion, culture and region.

Among the most flagrant violators of human rights in Africa is the regime in Ethiopia. In May 2010, the ruling party in that country “won” 545 of 547 [99.6 %] seats in parliament. A White House Statement on that election turned a blind eye and  voiced muted “concern”:

An environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place even before Election Day. In recent years, the Ethiopian government has taken steps to restrict political space for the opposition through intimidation and harassment, tighten its control over civil society, and curtail the activities of independent media. We are concerned that these actions have restricted freedom of expression and association…

In a speech given at the National Endowment for Democracy in October 2012, Karen J. Hanrahan, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor  characterized the deplorable human rights situation in Ethiopia as merely a “challenge”:

… In Ethiopia, we are faced with a challenge. The principal question is how to work constructively with both the government and civil society to advance democracy and human rights when the government has limited political and civil space. This has included restrictions on civil society organizations, the curtailment of media freedom, and the conviction of journalists and members of the political opposition under the Anti-terrorism Proclamation. We’re particularly concerned about the Charities and Societies Proclamation and the Anti-terrorism Proclamation…

The “challenge” Hanrahan talks about includes the arrest of  “more than 100 opposition political figures, activists, journalists, and bloggers,” massive suppression of the independent press, virtual bans on civil society and nongovernmental organizations,beatings and torturing of detainees by security forces and poor prison conditions. It also includes the unlawful persecution and imprionsment of the 2012 PEN America Freedom to Write Award winner Eskinder Nega;  Reeyot Alemu, the 2012 winner of the International Women’s Media Fund’s Courage in Journalism Award; Woubshet Taye,  editor of a popular weekly, opposition party leaders Andualem Aragie and Natnael Mekonnen among many others. The evidence reported in the  latest U.S. State Department Human Rights Practices Report on Ethiopia (May 2012)  shows that describing the human rights situation in Ethiopia as a “challenge” and glossing it over with a polite expression of “concern” is tantamount to adding insult to injury.  The human rights situation in that country should provoke unmitigated moral outrage and immediate and direct action to uphold democratic principles and standards of universal human rights.

Perhaps current U.S. leaders could learn valuable lessons from their predecessors who faced similar “challenges” posed by tyrannies and dictatorships. President Truman once said, “Once a government is committed to the principle of silencing the voice of the opposition, it has only one way to go, and that is down the path of increasingly repressive measures, until it becomes a source of terror to all citizens and creates a country where everyone lives in fear.” Such is the indisputable fact of life in Ethiopia today and no amount of empty talk  about “concerns” and hollow promises about overcoming  “challenges”  will change the situation!

The U.S. Record in Africa Today Leaves Much to be Desired

According to Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson who heads the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of African Affairs, there are “five pillars that serve as the foundation of U.S. policy toward Africa.” These include “(1) support for democracy and the strengthening of democratic institutions including free, fair, and transparent elections; (2) support for African economic growth and development; (3) conflict prevention, mitigation, and resolution; (4) support for Presidential initiatives such as the Global Health Initiative, Feed the Future, and the Global Climate Change Initiative and (5) working with African nations on transnational issues such as drug smuggling, money laundering and trafficking in persons.” Carson reported that U.S. policy in Africa “in recent years”

has contributed to democratic transitions in Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, and Niger; successful elections in Nigeria; and a referendum that led to the independence of South Sudan. The Bureau promotes African economic development through the annual Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forums. It is actively striving to end sexual and gender-based violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and eliminate the atrocities perpetrated by the Lord’s Resistance Army throughout Central Africa. Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global food security initiative, is focused on 12 African countries…

In her Preface to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), Secretary Hilary Clinton declared:

In my travels around the world as Secretary of State, I have met many individuals who put their lives on the line to advance the cause of human rights and justice. In ways small and large, they hold their governments accountable for upholding universal human rights… The United States stands with all those who seek to advance human dignity…

These quite modest accomplishments in Africa fall far short of President Obama’s lofty and eloquent words and majestic promises in Accra and his Administration’s actions to support good governance and promote human rights in Africa. Shakespeare said, “Action is eloquence.” Though there is always a gap between political rhetoric and political action, one should not confuse the eloquence of words with the eloquence of action. But this is not the time to look back and engage in recriminations, teeth-gnashing, belly-aching and finger pointing. We shall march to our President’s battle cry and “Keep Moving Forward”.

Time to Put Up or Shut Up?

Americans are generally known for straight talk, cutting down to the chase or cutting out the bull. It is one of the great qualities I have always appreciated in ordinary Americans and some of their great leaders. They say what they mean and mean what they say. It was “plain talkin’” President Harry S. Truman who said, “I never did give anybody hell. I just told the truth and they thought it was hell.”  So, I will do a little bit of straight talking. We have heard enough of human rights pontifications and declarations. We know all about the “challenges”, “problems”, “difficulties” and “issues” in improving human rights and good governance in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.  We have also heard enough grousing, whining and complaining in Diaspora Ethiopian communities, particularly in the U.S., about what the U.S. has done, not done or could have done to to promote good governance, democracy and human rights in Ethiopia. In President Obama’s second term, there are only two choices: Put up or Shut Up! Put another way, the U.S. can step up and stand tall with the brave Africans or roll over in bed with the shameless and cowardly dictators who cling to power through handouts, World Bank and IMF loans and the barrel of the gun.

How to Help the Brave Ethiopians: Where to Start?

Many veteran Ethiopian human rights advocates will no doubt remember H.R. 2003 (“Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007”; originally introduced as H.R. 4423 “Ethiopia Consolidation Act of 2005” by Congressman Chris Smith of New Jersey when he chaired the Subcommittee on Africa and later renumbered as H.R. 4423 and H.R. 5680 in the House Committee on Foreign Affairs). Congress Donald Payne of New Jersey took the lead on H.R. 2003 when he became chairman of the Africa Subcommittee in 2007 and obtained the co-sponsorship of  some 85 members of Congress. That bill passed the House in October 2007. Its key provisions focused on a number of issues central to good governance and protection of human rights in Ethiopia, including the release and/or speedy trial of all political prisoners in the country,  prosecution of persons who have committed gross human rights violations, financial support to strengthen human rights and civil society groups and establishment of an independent judiciary, support for independent media operations, training assistance to strengthen legislative bodies, electoral commission and civil society groups, among others. Unfortunately, the bill never made it for a floor vote in the Senate.

Recently, the U.S. Congress passed and the President signed an important piece of legislation last week known as the “Sergei Magnitsky Law” (Senate Bill 1039  sponsored by democratic Senator Ben Cardin of Maryland, a long-time civil rights and civil liberties advocate and co-sponsored by 33 other Senators; and  H.R. 4405 in the House sponsored by the well-known human rights advocate and democratic Congressman Jim McGovern of Massachusetts and co-sponsored by 15 other members). This law is designed to “impose sanctions on persons responsible for the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky, for the conspiracy to defraud the Russian Federation of taxes on corporate profits through fraudulent transactions and lawsuits and for other gross violations of human rights in the Russian Federation.” The “Magnitsky” language was incorporated in a larger legislation (‘‘Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012’’).

Sergei Magnitsky was a brave and principled 37-year-old Russian lawyer who exposed massive government corruption involving money-laundering by Russian officials. He died in prison in 2009. Russian President Dimitry Medvedev, citing the  conclusions of the independent Presidential Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights, reported that Magnitsky was illegally arrested, detained and denied justice by the very courts and prosecutors of the Russian Federation he was investigating and accusing.  While in detention Magnitsky was denied necessary medical care and died from beatings he received by prison guards. Despite overwhelming evidence of official criminality in the Magnitsky case, no officials have yet to be brought to justice.

The key provisions of the Magnitsky Law requires the State Department to maintain a list of human rights abusers in Russia, freeze their assets and deny them U.S. visas.

Section 404 of the law (“Identification of Persons Responsible for the Detention, Abuse and Death of Sergei Magnitsky and Other Gross Violators of Human Rights”) requires the President to submit to Congress within 120 days “a list” of names of persons likely to have been involved directly or indirectly in “the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky” and other individuals “responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed against individuals seeking to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of the Government of the Russian Federation.”

Section 406 requires the President to use his legal authority to “freeze and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in property of a person who is on the list required by section 404(a) if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of  a United States person.” The law further imposes penalties on any “person that violates or conspires to violate” the law to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act.

Helping Ethiopia’s “Magnitskys”

In his 2009 Accra speech, President Obama told Africans that the U.S. will “increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance… to advance transparency and accountability.” He also said that it is possible to “make change from the bottom up because in this moment, history is on the move.” Well, the moment of history to get Ethiopian human rights legislation passed through the U.S. Congress is now! There is a perfect alignment of the bipartisan legislative stars. Human rights as a policy issue is taking front and center among both Democrats and Republicans. The Magnitsky Law was a significant legislative victory not only for the memory of the brave Sergei Magnitsky but for all brave victims of official human rights abuses everywhere. Senator Cardin toiled for years to get the bill through Congress and managed to do so with the support of senior republicans. (Truth be told, the Obama administration did not support linking the human rights legislation to a trade bill, but in the end had to give in.)

The bipartisan support for human rights as evidenced in the Magnitsky Law is refreshing, invigorating, inspiring and long overdue. Republican Arizona Senator John McCain said the United States had a moral obligation to speak out for Magnitsky, as well as others who are still alive and languishing unjustly in Russian prisons: “We are sending a signal to Vladimir Putin and the Russian kleptocracy that these kind of abuses of human rights will not be tolerated without us responding in some appropriate fashion. I believe that this legislation is not anti Russia. I believe it’s pro Russia…. I continue to worry about them and I pray for them.” Republican Arizona Senator Jon Kyl said the bill should have applied to all countries. Democratic New Hampshire Senator  Jeanne Shaheen said that the United States intends to pay attention to human rights everywhere. “We will stand up for those who dare to speak out against corruption. This bill is for all the Magnitskys around the world.” Senator Ben Cardin said he would push to make it universal in scope so it could be used to punish other human rights violators around the world. “Now we start a new chapter in human rights. The legislation sets a precedent for international conduct that we expect will be honored globally.” Even the White House issued a Statement indicating that the President will support legislation that will “promote the rule of law and respect for human rights around the world”.

There are thousands of “Ethiopian Magnitskys” who have been denied justice, languishing in prison and forgotten. For starters, there has been no accountability for the post-2005 election massacres in which, according to an official Ethiopian Inquiry Commission, some 200 unarmed demonstrators were gunned down and another 800 wounded by security and police officials of the regime. There is a certified list of at least 237 individuals known to be involved or strongly suspected of direct involvement in these crimes against humanity.  It is mandatory that these officials be brought to trial without delay.

It is great to see a sea change in the U.S. Congress on the issue of human rights. There seems to be a new attitude and renewed commitment to human rights and good governance and a recognition that human rights are an integral part of international law and civilized humanity. President Ronald Reagan said, “Freedom is one of the deepest and noblest aspirations of the human spirit.” President Jimmy Carter said, “America did not invent human rights. Human rights invented America.” In Ethiopia and many parts of Africa, the noblest aspirations of the human spirit go unfulfilled. And just like human rights invented America, I believe it is time for human rights to reinvent Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.

As far as I am concerned, what is good enough for the brave Sergei Magnitsky of Russia is good enough for the brave Melesachew D. Alemnew, age 16, Hadra S. Osman, age 22, Etenesh Yimam, age 50, Teodros Gidey Hailu, age 23, Gashaw T. Mulugeta, age 24, Lechisa K. Fatasa, age 21…. of Ethiopia! History is on the move. Now Ethiopian Americans, let’s get a move on! Yes, We Can have an “Ethiopian Magnitsky Law”! With a little help from our friends!

Standing tall with the “brave Africans” is standing up on the right side of history. 

Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/ 

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የኢትዮጵያ ዘመናዊ የህፃናት የውጭ ንግድ

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

የጉዲፈቻ ታሪክ በኢትዮጵያ በባህላዊ መንገድ ሲደረግ የቆየ ነው መቼ እንደተጀመረ በእርግጠኝነት ለማወቅ ባይቻልም በ18 ክፍለ ዘመን በኦሮሞ ብሔረሰብ እንደተጀመረ ይታሰባል። ጉዲፈቻ የሚለው ቃል የመጣው ከኦሮሚኛ ቋንቋ ሲሆን ትርጓሜውም ተፈጥሮዓዊ የወላጅነትና የልጅነት የሥጋ ዝምድና ሳይኖር ከሌላ ሰው አብራክ የተወለደን ልጅ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ማህበራዊ ጥቅሙን ጠብቆ እንደ አብራክ ክፋይ ልጅ ማሳደግ ማለት ነው። በኢትዮጵያ የጉዲፈቻ ሕግ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ በ1952 ዓ.ም በወጣው የፍትሐብሔር ሕግ ማዕቀፍ ተሰጥቶታል ይህም ሕግ የሕፃኑን መብት የሚያስጠብቅ ሆኖ የተዘጋጀ ነው።

የጉዲፈቻ ዓላማ ከውርስ ሥርዓት ጋር በተያያዘ የዘር ሃረግን ለመቀጠል፤ የዝምድና ትስስር ለማጠናከር፤ ፖለቲካዊ ሃይማኖታዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጥቅሞችን ለማግኝት፤ … ጥቂቶቹ ናቸው። ለምሳሌ በሀገራችንም የተለያዩ ጦርነቶች በጎሳዎች መካከል ሲነሱ የአንዱን ጎሳ ልጅ አንዱ ጉዲፈቻ ያደርጋል በዚህም ሰበብ በጎሳዎቹ መካከል ሰላም ይፈጠራል።

በተለያዩ ማህበራዊ፣ ኢኮኖሚያዊና ፖለቲካዊ ቀውሶች ምክንያት የድንበር ተሻጋሪ ጉዲፈቻ እየጨመረ መጥቷል። ሀገሮች ለጉዲፈቻ ልጆች ምንጮች የሚሆኑበት ምክንያት በርካታ ናቸው። በሃገራችን እ. ኤ. አ. በ2004 በተደረገ ጥናት ኢትዮጵያ ከቻይና፣ ጓቲማላ፣ ሩሲያና ሶሪያ ቀጥላ በአምስተኛ ደረጃ የጉዲፈቻ ምንጭ ሀገር ለመሆን መብቃቷ ታውቋል። እ. ኤ. አ. በ2006 ላይ የተለያዩ ሀገሮች እየቀነሱ በመምጣታቸው ኢትዮጵያ አራተኛ ደረጃ ላይ ተቀምጣለች። እ. ኤ. አ. በ2010 ደግሞ አብዛኞቹ ሃገሮች በከፍተኛ ደረጃ በመቀነሳቸው ኢትዮጵያ ሁለተኛ ሆናለች።

ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የጉዲፈቻ መስፋፋት ምክንያት የጉዲፈቻ ኤጀንሲ ማቋቋም ቀላል በመሆኑ ነው።መንግስት ቁጥጥር ለማድረግ የሚያስችለው አሰራር እንደሌለው እና ድርጅቶቹን በቀላሉ አቋቁሞ በአንድ ህፃን ከ20ሺ ዶላር በላይ እየተቀበሉ ሕፃናትን ከሃገር ማጋዛቸው የአደባባይ ሚስጥር ነው፡፡ ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚ (Case worker) ተብለው በሚጠሩ ቅጥረኛ ሕፃናት መልማዮች እና ከሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅቶች ከጉዲፈቻ ኤጀንሲዎች ጋር በመመሳጠር ሕፃናትን በመስረቅ ለተለያዩ የውጭና የሃገር ውስጥ የሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅቶች የሚሸጡ እንዳሉ በስፋት ይነገራል።

የልጆቹ አካላዊ፣ ስነልቦናዊ ደህንነት፣ የወላጆች ሁኔታ ከግምት ባልገባበት የጉዲፈቻ ሂደት ሕፃናትን ከሃገር በማስውጣት ረገድ በተለይ ህጻናትን የሚያሳድጉና ለውጭ ሃገር በማደጐነት የሚያስተላልፉ ድርጅቶች፣ ሕፃናቱን ከየትና በምን ሁኔታ እንዳገኟቸው ቁጥጥር ስለሌለ ህገወጥ ንግዱ ተስፋፍቷል። ለዚህም ነው ኢትዮጵያ በዓለም የጉዲፈቻ ተመራጭ መድረሻም መሆኗ በሃገር ውስጥም ሆነ በውጭ መገናኛ ብዙሃን በተደጋጋሚ የሚዘገበው። ከጉዲፈቻ ጋር በተየያዘ በመንግስትና በጉዲፈቻ ድርጅቶች በኩል ያሉ የፖሊሲዎችና የአፈፃፀም ክፍተቶች በመኖራቸው አሠራሩ “የኢትዮጵያ ዘመናዊ የህጻናት የውጭ ንግድ” የሚል ስም ተሰጥቶታል። ይህንን የመንግስት ቅሌት Nov. 19 2012 አምስተርዳም በተከፈተው አለም አቀፍ የዶክመንታሪ ፊልም ፌስቲቫል ላይ Mercy Mercy የተሰኝው ፊልም ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚሰራውን ህግ ወጥ የህፃናት ንግድ አጋልጦዋል። እየተካሄደ ያለው ልቅ አሠራር የውጭ ሃገር ዜግነት ያላቸው ግለሰቦች ሳይቀር በሃገራችን የጉዲፈቻ አገልግሎት ሰጭ ድርጅቶችን በመክፈት እንደፈለጉ እንዲንቀሳቀሱ አስችሏቸዋል።

ሕፃናትን የሚመለከቱ ውሳኔዎች በሚሰጡበት ጊዜ በሕፃናት መብቶች ኮንቬንሽን አንቀጽ 3 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (1) መሠረት የሕፃናት ጥቅምና ደህንነት ከማናቸውም ቅድሚያ እንደሚሰጠው፤ የአፍሪካ የሕፃናት መብቶችና ደህንነት ቻርተር አንቀጽ 4 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (1) መሠረት ለሕፃናቱ ደህንነት ቅድሚያ መሰጠት እንዳለበት፤ እንዲሁም የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ሕገ መንግሥት አንቀጽ 36 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (2) መሠረት የሕፃናት ደህንነት በቀደምትነት መታሰብ እንዳለበትም ይደነግጋሉ፡፡

በብዙ ሃገሮች ዘንድ ተቀባይነት ያለውና ብዙዎችንም የሚያስማማው የጉዲፈቻ ዝምድና ዓይነት “በግልጽ የሚደረግ የጉዲፈቻ ልጅነት” (Open Adoption) የምንለው ነው፡፡ የልጁ ወይም የልጅቷ ተፈጥሮዓዊ ወላጆች የልጃቸውን የጉዲፈቻ ወላጅ በመምረጥና በመለየት በጉዲፈቻ ከተሰጠው ልጃቸው ጋር ያለው የወላጅነት ዝምድና ሳይቋረጥ እንደቀጠለ የሚቆይ የጉዲፈቻ ዝምድና ዓይነት ነው፡፡ ሌላውና በብዙ አገሮችም ሆነ በብዙ ሰዎች ተቀባይነት የሌለው የጉዲፈቻ ዓይነት “በግልጽ ያልተደረገ የጉዲፈቻ ልጅነት ማለት” (Closed Adoption) ተፈጥሮዓዊ የሆኑ ወላጆች ራሳቸውን በመደበቅ ወይም ወላጅነታቸውን በመሰወር የጉዲፈቻ አድራጊ ለሆነው ሰው (አሳዳሪ) በጉዲፈቻ የተሰጠውን ልጅ በመልቀቅ የወላጅነት መብታቸውን የሚያጡበት ነው፡፡

ከእነዚህ ሁለት የጉዲፈቻ የዝምድና ዓይነቶች አገራችን የመጀመሪያውን ማለትም “በግልጽ የሚደረግ የጉዲፈቻ የዝምድናን” ዓይነት እንደመረጠች ከቤተሰብ ሕጉ የተለያዩ ድንጋጌዎች እንረዳለን፡፡ በወረቀት ላይ የሠፈረው አካሄድ ይህን የሚመስል ቢሆንም በሃገራችን የሚደረገው የጉዲፈቻ ሂደት የጉዲፈቻ አድራጊውን ፍላጎት መሰረት ያደረገ ነው፡፡ በመረጃ ደረጃ ከሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅት ጋር ተመሳጥረው ልጆቹ ሲላኩም ምንም ዓይነት የመገናኛ ዘዴ እንዳይኖር ተደርጎ የሚላኩበት ሁኔታም አለ፡፡ በአብዛኛው ጉዲፈቻ አድራጊ ወላጆቻቸው እያሉ የሞቱ መሆኑን እያስመሰከሩ የሚልኩና ጥቅም እንደሚያገኙ ነው፡፡

መንግሥት የመጨረሻ አማራጫቸው ይሄ ነው ብሎ ከሌላ ሀገር ለመጣ ዜጋ በማሳደጊያ ያሉትን ልጆች በሕጋዊ መንገድ ወስዶ የሚያሳድግበት አካሄድ ነው። ሕፃናቱ በሄዱበት አገር ተመችቷቸዋል ወይስ አልተመቻቸውም የሚለውንና የማንነት ችግር እንዳያጋጥማቸው መንግስት መከታተል ሲገባው ህጻናቱ ለአሳዛኝ ድርጊቶች እየተዳረጉ ይገኛሉ፡፡ በተሰጣቸው የተሳሳተ መረጃ በግልፅ ባልተረዱት አሠራር ልጆቻቸውን በጉዲፈቻ ሰጥተው ስለ ልጆቻቸው አንዳችም ነገር ማወቅ ያቃታቸው ኢትዮጵያውያን ወላጆች በርካታ ናቸው፡፡ በዚህ መልኩ በጨቅላነታቸው ወደ ውጭ ሄደው ከማንነት ጥያቄ ባሻገር ለከባድ ሥነልቦናዊና አካላዊ ጉዳት የተጋለጡ ልጆች ቁጥርም ጥቂት አይደለም፡፡ በፈረንሣውያን ባልና ሚስት የሁለት ዓመትና የአራት ዓመት ወንድ ልጆች ሊያሳድጉ ከኢትዮጵያ በወሰዱ ማግስት ነበር በአሳዳጊያቸው የተደፈሩት፡፡ ኢትዮጵያዊቷ ሀና ዊልያምስን አሜሪካ ውስጥ በምግብ እጥረት ሕይወቷ አልፏል፡፡ አምስት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሴት ልጆች በአሳዳጊያቸው የመደፈራቸው ዜና መዘገቡም ይታወሳል፡፡ የማንነት ቀውስ ለአንድ ሕፃን ልጅ የመጨረሻው መጥፎ ክስተት ነው።

መንግሥት ጉዲፈቻን እንደማያበረታታ ይናገራል፡፡ የሴቶች፣ የሕፃናትና የወጣቶች ሚኒስቴር በጉዲፈቻ የሚሄዱ ሕፃናትን ጉዳይ በተመለከተ በቀን ከሀምሳ በላይ የሚሆኑ ማመልከቻዎችን እንደሚያስተናግድ መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡ ሆኖም ምዕራባዊ የዜና አውታሮች በማስረጃ እንደሚዘግቡት በአሜሪካ በጉዲፈቻነት ልጅ ከሚደረጉ አምስት ህጻናት መካከል አንዱ ከኢትዮጵያ መሆኑን አረጋግጠዋል፡፡ በአሜሪካ ብቻ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2004 በጉዲፈቻነት ከኢትዮጵያ የሚመጡት ህጻናት ቁጥር በ2010ዓም በሦስት እጥፍ ያደገ ሲሆን ይህም አገራችንን ከቻይና ቀጥሎ ሁለተኛ አድርጓታል፡፡


Malawi police arrests 42 Ethiopians trying to escape to South Africa

Sunday, December 16th, 2012


AfriqueJet Actualité Afrique

Malawi arrests 42 Ethiopian refugees trying to flee to South Africa

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Blantyre, Malawi – Police in the Malawi capital, Lilongwe, Sunday arrested 42 Ethiopians as they tried to flee to South Africa. Immigration Department spokesman Elack Banda said the refugees had fled the UNHCR-Malawi government-run Dzaleka Refugee Camp in the central district of Dowa.

‘We got a tip from the public that a truck was carrying a lot of strange people,’ he said.

Banda said the truck was traced to the city’s populous Kawale suburb and upon inspection the truck was found to contain sacks of unprocessed Malawi tobacco destined for South Africa with the Ethiopians hiding in between the sacks.

‘When we interrogated them, they claimed they were told there was some work for them in South Africa,’ he said.

Banda said the Malawian driver of the truck has also been arrested and that the refugees will temporarily be kept at the Maula Prison ‘for safe-keeping’.

He said the Ethiopians are likely to be sent back to the Dzaleka refugee camp.

‘We have to process them; we can’t deport them to Ethiopia because for them to be found at the camp they must have been cleared,’ he said.

The Dzaleka Refugee Camp, a former prison farm under the three-decade, one-party dictatorship of founding president Hastings Kamuzu Banda that ended in 1994, currently holds about 15,000 refugees and asylum seekers mainly from the Great Lakes region and the Horn of Africa.

President Joyce Banda recently spoke about closing the camp since wars in most countries ended over a decade ago.

Malawi is used by mainly Ethiopian economic refugees as a transit point on their way to seek greener pastures in South Africa.

They take advantage of porous borders and corrupt police officers in Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique to use uncharted routes to reach their destination.

But sometimes, apart from being arrested, their adventure ends in tragedy. In July, nearly 50 Ethiopians drowned on Lake Malawi when a boat they were travelling in capsized.

A further 42 Malawi-bound Ethiopians suffocated to death in a truck in Tanzania.

Pana 16/12/2012
http://www.afriquejet.com/index.php?opt … Itemid=111


የኢትዮጵያ አሻንጉሊቱ ፓርላማ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎቹን እያካሄደ አይደለም

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

THE REPORTER — በመስከረም ወር የመጨረሻ ሳምንት የሦስተኛ ዓመት የሥራ ዘመኑን የጀመረው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት (ፓርላማ) በሳምንት ሁለት ጊዜ ማክሰኞና ሐሙስ ማካሄድ የሚገባውን መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች በአብዛኛው አላካሄደም፡፡ በምክር ቤቱ የአሠራር ሥነ ሥርዓት ደንብ መሠረት የምክር ቤቱ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች በሳምንት ሁለት ጊዜ መካሄድ ይገባቸዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት ምክር ቤቱ ሥራውን ከጀመረበት የመስከረም ወር መጨረሻ አንስቶ እስከ ታህሳስ ወር የመጀመሪያ ሳምንት ድረስ 18 መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች መካሄድ ነበረባቸው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ እስካሁን ያደረገው ስድስት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎችን ብቻ ሲሆን፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ በምክር ቤቱ ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት ተገኝተው ያፀደቁት አዲስ የካቢኔ አወቃቀርና የሚኒስትሮች ሹመት የመጨረሻው ወይም ስድስተኛው መደበኛ ስብሰባው ነበር፡፡

ኅዳር 20 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከተካሄደው ከዚህ መደበኛ ስብሰባ በኋላ እንኳን አራት የመደበኛ ስብሰባ ቀናት ቢኖሩትም፣ “ዛሬ ይካሄድ የነበረው መደበኛ ስብሰባ የማይካሄድ መሆኑን ከይቅርታ ጋር እንገልጻለን” የሚሉ ማስታወቂያዎችን የምክር ቤቱ አባላት መኖሪያዎች አካባቢ በሚገኙ የማስታወቂያ ሰሌዳዎች፣ እንዲሁም በምክር ቤቱ ሰሌዳዎች ላይ በመለጠፍ የመደበኛ ስብሰባ ፕሮግራሞቹን መዝለል የተለመደ እየሆነ መጥቷል፡፡

የምክር ቤቱ ዋና ሥልጣንና ተግባሮች የሚቀርቡለትን ረቂቅ አዋጆች ተወያይቶ ማፅደቅና አስፈጻሚውን ወይም ራሱ የሚያመነጫቸውን የመንግሥት አካላት መቆጣጠር ናቸው፡፡

እስካሁን ካካሄዳቸው ስድስት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች መካከል የመጀመሪያው ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የዚህን ምክር ቤትና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት የሥራ ዘመን መጀመርን አስመልክተው መንግሥት በዓመቱ ትኩረት ሊያደርግባቸው ይገባል በሚል ያቀረቡት ንግግር ሲሆን፣ ሁለተኛው ስብሰባ በዚሁ የፕሬዚዳንቱ የመክፈቻ ንግግር ላይ የተነሱ ጥያቄዎችን ተንተርሶ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የመንግሥታቸውን አቋም ያብራሩበት ነው፡፡

ቀሪዎቹ ሌሎች ስብሰባዎች ተደራራቢ ግብርን ለማስቀረትና ለመንገድ ግንባታ በተገኘ ብድር ዙሪያ የተደረጉ ስምምነቶች ናቸው፡፡ ምክር ቤቱ በአስፈጻሚው የመንግሥት አካል አመንጭነት ከሚቀርቡለት አዋጆች ውጭ በራሱ ሕግ የማመንጨት ሥልጣን ቢኖረውም፣ ላለፉት ዓመታት ያለው ታሪክ በጣት የሚቆጠሩ ሕጎች በፓርላማው መመንጨታቸውን ነው፡፡ ለአብነት ያህልም በሦስተኛው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት የመጨረሻ የሥራ ዘመን አካባቢ የፀደቀው የሰንደቅ ዓላማ አዋጅ ተጠቃሽ ነው፡፡

ካለፉት ልምዶች መረዳት የሚቻለው በአስፈጻሚው አካል የሚቀርቡ አዋጆች ከሌሉ የፓርላማው መደበኛ የስብሰባ ጊዜያት ጥያቄ ውስጥ መሆናቸውን ነው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ምክር ቤቱ በማናቸውም ጉዳዮች ላይ ጥያቄ ካለው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን በወር አንድ ጊዜ ጠርቶ የመጠየቅ ሥልጣን ሲኖረው፣ በተመሳሳይ መንገድ የተለያዩ የዘርፉ ሚኒስትሮችን በሳምንት አንድ ጊዜ በመጥራት ስለ ሥራ አፈጻጸም ክዋኔያቸውና ሌሎች ተያያዥ ጉዳዮች መጠየቅ ይችላል፡፡

ነገር ግን ባለፉት ወራት ምክር ቤቱ አንዳቸውንም ሳያደርግ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎቹን እያስተላለፈ የግማሽ ዓመቱን የአንድ ወር ዕረፍት በየካቲት ወር ለመውሰድ አንድ ወር ከቀናት ዕድሜ ቀርቶታል፡፡

የምክር ቤቱ የሕዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጠይቀው ለምክር ቤቱ የቀረቡት ረቂቅ አዋጆች ጥቂት መሆናቸውን፣ በዚህም ምክንያት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች እንዳልተካሄዱ፣ ነገር ግን የምክር ቤቱ ቋሚ ኮሚቴዎች በየዘርፋቸው የሚገኙ ተጠሪ አስፈጻሚ መሥሪያ ቤቶችን በመቆጣጠር ሥራ መጠመዳቸውን ገልጸዋል፡፡

ረቂቅ አዋጆችን ከመመልከት በተጨማሪ የተመረጡ አስፈጻሚ መሥሪያ ቤቶችን የሥራ አፈጻጸም ሪፖርቶች በመደበኛ ጉባዔው የማዳመጥ ኃላፊነት ያለበት ሲሆን፣ ከጥር ወር በኋላም እነዚህ መሥሪያ ቤቶች የግማሽ ዓመት ሪፖርታቸውን እንደሚያቀርቡ ገልጸዋል፡፡


Freed Ethiopian prisoners in Israel speak out

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

Save Ethiopia and ENTC members visited freed child-prisoners in Israel.

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[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice built her career on catering to authority, even some of Africa’s most loathsome dictators

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

By Jacob Heilbrunn | The Daily Beast

With her decision to withdraw from consideration as secretary of state, Susan Rice—and her greatest champion, President Obama—is finally bowing to the inevitable. Her supporters concocted any number of reasons to promote her ascension to the top floor of Foggy Bottom. She was, they said, being demonized by the right. She was being subjected to racism. She was just trying to please her superiors. And so on.

Don’t believe a word of it. The real problem is not that she bungled Libya. It’s that she should never have been ambassador to the United Nations in the first place—let alone become secretary of state.

Until recently, Rice was smoothly on track to become the Edmund Hillary of foreign-policy strivers. But unlike the legendary climber, she only glimpsed but never quite reached the summit. Her entire career has been based less on solid accomplishment than on her networking skills. In that regard, she exquisitely represents her generation, which largely consists of unwise men and women.

Even a cursory look at Rice’s résumé should induce some queasiness. Essentially, she was molded in Washington, D.C. She punched all the right tickets—National Cathedral School, Stanford, Rhodes scholarship, Brookings Institution. She is a perfect creature of the Beltway. But the downside is that there is scant evidence that she ever flourished outside the cozy ecosystem of the foreign-policy establishment.

It has not always been thus. Henry Kissinger produced serious books about international affairs. Further back, Dean Acheson was a successful lawyer. James Baker was both a shrewd lawyer and political operative whose wheeler-dealer skills translated well into dealing with foreign allies and adversaries. Now it’s not necessary to be all of these things at once. No one would claim that Hillary Clinton is a Kissingerian-style intellectual. But Clinton’s stature and political prowess allowed her to crack heads during the recent Gaza crisis.

What would Rice have brought to the State Department? The most she seems to have accomplished outside the foreign-policy world is to serve a stint as a management consultant at McKinsey & Co. Otherwise, she has produced no memorable books or articles or even op-ed essays. The most interesting thing about Rice has been the kerfuffle over her move to become secretary of state.

Perhaps it should not be altogether surprising that her record in Africa seems to have been one of catering to some of the most loathsome dictators in the region.

Throughout, her most distinguishing trait seems to be an eagerness to please her superiors, which is entirely consistent with how she rode the escalator to success. Want to avoid declaring that genocide is taking place in Rwanda? Go to Rice. Want to fudge the facts in Libya? Rice is there again. Obama had it right when he observed that she “had nothing to do with Benghazi and was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received.” But why, as Maureen Dowd asked, didn’t she question it? The answer is simple: because she rarely, if ever, questions authority. Instead she has made a career out of catering to it.

Perhaps, then, it should not be altogether surprising that her record in Africa seems to have been one of catering to some of the most loathsome dictators in the region. She fell over herself to praise the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi in September.

In a keen analysis in the National Journal, Michael Hirsh noted that she has come under severe fire from human-rights activists for her insouciance about Africa and that, “recently, during a meeting at the U.N. mission of France, after the French ambassador told Rice that the U.N. needed to do more to intervene in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rice was said to have replied: ‘It’s the eastern DRC. If it’s not M23, it’s going to be some other group,’” according to an account given by a human-rights worker who spoke with several people in the room. (Rice’s spokesman said he was familiar with the meeting, but did not know if she made the comment.)

Once again, this may not have been her personal predilection, but Rice was only too happy to try and bury foreign-policy problems rather than confront them.

Now that Rice has fallen short, she may be succeeded at the U.N. by her former antagonist Samantha Power, who originally reported that Rice had worked to whitewash events in Rwanda. Unlike Rice, Power has traveled extensively in dangerous regions, combining the professions of journalist and activist. She resembles a modern Rebecca West. Whether the acidulous Power can ultimately muster the diplomatic skills to surpass Rice will be one of the tantalizing mysteries of Obama’s second term. For now, it appears that Obama will select either John Kerry or Chuck Hagel to run the State Department. It will allow Rice to try and once more burnish her résumé. But the amazing thing isn’t that she failed to become secretary of state. It’s that Rice rose as high as she did.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ሰለሱሰ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ እጽዋትና ተመሳሳይ ከሚካሎች ጎጂነት

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

በዚህ በአሚሪካ ከምኖርባት ትንሽ ከተማ ወጣ በማለት ብዙ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ወደሚኖሩባቸዉ ትላልቅ ከተማዎች ብቅ ባልኩ ቁጥር በርከት ያሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሲጋራ ሲያጨሱና የአልኮል መጠጥ በገፍ ሲጠጡ ተመልክቻለሁ። ከዘመድና ከጋደኛም ጋር ምን አዲስ ወሪ አንዳለ ጨዋታ ሲጀመር፤ በወሪ መሃል አንዳንድ የአገራችን ስዎች በሱሰ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ እጽዋትና ተመሳሳይ ከሚካሎች አንደተነካኩ ብዙ ጊዚ ሰምቻለሁ። ከትንሸዋ ከተማዮ ሳልወጣም፤ በተለያዩ የዚና ማሰራጭዎች አማካኝነት ኢትዮጵያዊያን አልፎ አልፎ ከጫት ጋር በተያያዙ የወንጀል ድርጊቶች ዓንደተስማሩ ለመገንዘብ ችያለሁ። በአኍኑ ወቅት ሱሰ አምጪ በሆኑ ነግሮች መለከፍ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ችግር ብቻ ሳይሆን የአልም አጠቃላይ ችግር ዓንደሆነ በስፋት ይነገራል፡ በተለይም ወጣቱን ትውልድ አስመንክቶ። ኢትዮጵያዊያንን በተመለከተ ስለዚህ ችግር የምሰማውና የማነበው ስላሳሰበኝና አዝማሚያውም ሰላላማረኝ፤ የሚመለከታቸውን ለማሳሰብ ያህል ይህንን አጭር ጽሁፍ ብዙዎቻችን በይበልጥ በምናውቀው ቃንቃ ለመጻፍ ተነሳሁ። አንዳንድ ቲኪኒካዊ የሆኑ ጉዳዮችን በብቃት ለመግልጽ አስቸጋሪ ቢሆንብኝም፤ አንባቢያን የጽሁፈን አጠቃላይ መልዓክት ይረዳሉ ብዮ ተስፋ አደርጋልሁ።

ለመሆኑ “ሱሰ” ሲባል ምን ማለት ነዉ? ባጭሩ ሱሰ አምጪ የተባለው ነገር ተደጋግሞ ዓንዲወሰድ የሚገፋፋ መጥፎ ልምድ ወይም ሁኒታ ማለት ነው። ዓንደሚወሰደው ነገር አይነትና ዓንደአወሳሰዱ ሁኒታ ዓንደዚሁም ዓንደወሳጁ የአዓምሮና በአካል አቅም የሱሱ አይነት ወይም ደረጃ ሊለያይ ይችላል። ለምሳሊ ያህል የሱሱ ሁኒታ ከፍተኛ ከሆነ፤ ሱሰኛው ለሱሰ አምጪው ነገር የአምሮም ሆነ የአካል ተገዥ ሊሆን ይችላል። በዚህን ጊዚ ሱሰኛው ፍላጎቱን ለማማላት ብዙ የማይጠበቁ ነገሮችን ለማድረግ ይገደዳል። በድርጊቱም ዓራሰን ብቻ ሳይሆን ሊሎችንም ሊጎዳ ይችላል።

በሱሰ ለመያዝ ዋና መነሻ ተብሎ የታመነው፤ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር ከተወሰደ በሃላ በአዓምሮ ላይ በቅድሚያ የሚፈጥረው “የደስታ”፤ የዓርካታንና “የድል” መንፈሰ ነው። ይህ የአዓምሮ ሁኒታ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር በማከታተል ዓንዲወሰድ የገፋፋል። በዚህ ብቻ ሳያበቃ የሚወሰደው ነገር ከጊዚ ወደ ጊዚ መጠኑን ዓየጨመረ ዓንዲወሰድ የሚያሰገድድ ሁኒታም ይፈጠራል። ሱሰኛው በዚህ ከቀጠለ የሚወሰደው መድሀኒት፤ አጽ ወይም ሊላ ተመሳሳይ ኪሚካል በሰዉነቱ ውሰጥ ረዘም ላለ ጊዚ በመቆየት በአካል ላይ አይነተኛ ለውጥ በማምጣት በመጨረሻ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር ዓንደሚፈለገው ካልተወሰደ ሰዉነት በትክክል ለመሰራት ይሳነዋል። ሰለዚህ ይህንን ተደራቢ ችግር ለመቃቃም ሱሰኛው የለመደዉን ነገር ላለማቃረጥ አሰፋላጊውን ሁሉ ያደርጋል። ከላይ የተሰጠው ምሳሊ ከፍተኛ ለሆነ የሱሰ አይነት/ደረጃ ሲሆን፤መለሰተኛ የሆኑ የሱስ ጸባዮችም የሚታዩባቸው ብዙ ሁናታዎች አሉ።

በብዙ አካባቢዎች ሱሰ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ በርካታ ነገሮች ሲኖሩ፡ በሰፋት ከታወቁት መካከል ጥቂቶቹ ቅጥሎ የተዘዘሩት ናቸው።

ማርዋና፡- ይህ ከአጽ የሚገኝ ሱሰ አምጪ የሆነ ነገር ነው። ካናቢስ በመባልም የጠራል። የማርዋና የተላያዩ ዝግጅቶች ሲኖሩ፤ በብዙዎች ዘንድ የታወቅዉ “ሀሽሽ” ዓየተባለ የሚጠራው ነው። ማርዋና የአዓምሮን ቦታና ጊዚን የማገናዘብ ችሎታንና የቅርብ ጊዚን ድርጊቶች የማሰታወስ ሃይል ይቀንሳል። በአንዳንድ ተጠቃሚዎች ላይ መደናገጥን፤ ጥርጣሪንና ቅዥትን ያመጣል። ብዙውን ጊዚ ማርዋና በማጫሰ የሚወሰድ ነው። ሱሰ ከማምጣት ባሻገር ማርዋና ሳንባን፤ ልብንና የርቢ አካላትን ሊጎዳ ይሚችል ነው።

ኮኪን፦ የዚህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገር ምንጩ ዓንደገና ዓጽ ነው። ከማርዋና ጋር ሲወዳደር ኮኪን ከፍ ያለ ሱሰ የሚያመጣና በይበልጥም የሚጎዳ ነው። መረበሸን፤ መጠራጠርን፤ መቃዠትን፤ ፋታ ማጣትንና ቁጡኝነትን ያመጣል። በተጨማሪም ኮኪን የልብ መታወክን፤ የደም ብዛትን፤የሆድ ህመምን የፈጥራል። ኮኪን በተለያዩ መንግዶች የሚዘጋጅና የሚወሰድ ነው።

ሂሮይን፦ ይህ ኪሚካል በከፊል አመጣጡ ከዓጽ ነው። ሂሮይን ከባድ ሱስ ከሚያመጡ ነገሮች በካከል አንዱ ነው። ሲወሰድ ከሚያመጣቸው የጢንነት ቀዉሶች መካከል መፍዘዝን/መደንዘዝን፤ መምታታትን፤ ማቅለሸንሸን፤ የሆድ ድርቀትን፤ የመተንፈሰ ጭንቀትንና ዝግተኝትን ይፈጥራል። ሱሰኞች ሂሮይንን የሚወስዱት በመርፊ መልክ ነው።

የአልኮል መጠጥ፦ ይህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገር ለመጀምሪያ ጊዚ ወይም በመጠኑ ሲወሰድ የሚያነቃቃና አዝናኚ ሲሆን፤ መጠጣቱ ግን ሲቀጥል አደንዛዥ ብሎም ሰውነትን የመቆጣጠር ችሎታን የሚያሳጣ ይሆናል። ረዘም ላለ ጊዚ በብዛት ሲወሰድ የጉበት በሽታን፤ የልብ በሽታን፤ የደም ብዛትን፤ የዐዓምሮና የነርቭ ህመምን ዓንደዚሁም ሊሎች ችግሮችን ያሰከትላል። በተነይ የአልኮል ተግዢ የሆነ ሰው ብዙ ችግሮች የሚታዩበት ነው። ከችግሮቹ መካከል ጠጪው አልኮን በማይወሰድበት ወቅት ከሞላ ጎደል ሁሉንም ሰውነቱን በመነካካት የሚታዩ ዓንደ ቅዥት፤ ትኩረት ማጣትን፤ የምግብ ፍላጎት መቀነስን፤ መንቀጥቅጥን፤ የልብ ትርታና የደም ብዛት መጨመርን የመሳሰሉ ህመሞች ይንጸባርቃሉ።

ጫት፦ ጫት በተለያዩ ህገ ወጥ በሆኑ መንገዶች ዓዚህ አሚሪካ ዓንደሚገባ ብዙ ጊዚ ተገልጻል። ለሚፈለገው አገልግሎት ጫት ብዙውን ጊዚ ቅጠሉን በማላመጥ ነው የሚወሰደው። ጫት ለአዓምሮ ጊዚያዊ ንቃትን የሚሰጥ ነው፤ ስለሆነም ብዙውን ጊዚ የሚወሰደዉ ለዚሁ ሲባል ነው። ጫት ለረጅም ጊዚ በተልይም በብዛት ሲወሰድ በቀላሉ ተናዳጅነትን፤ መሸበርን፤ ቅዠትን፤ መንቅዥቅዥን፤ መደበርን፤ በፍጥነት ተለዋዋጭ መሆንንና ዓንቅልፍ ማጣትን ያመጣል። በአንጎል ላይ ከሚያመጣው ችግር በላይ ጫት የደም ብዛትን ይጨምራል፤ የልብ መምታትን ያፋጥናል፤ የሆድ ድርቀት ያመጥል፤ የምግብ ፍላጎትን ይቀንሳል፤ መተንፈስን ያዳክማል፤ ጉበትን ይጎዳል፤ ጥርስንም ያበላሻል። ስለጫት በይበልጥ ለማወቅ ካሰፈለገ፤ ደራሲው ከዚህ በፊት የጻፋቸው ጽሁፎች በተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ድህረ ገጾች ላይ ይገኛሉ።

ትንባሆ፦ ባጭሩ ትንባሆ አዓምሮ ላይ ከሚያመጣው የንቃት ስሚትና ሱስ በተጨማሪ፤ የደም ድዛትን፤ የልብ ህመምን፤ የሳንባ በሽታን፤ የተልያዩ የካንሰር አይነቶችንና የጥርሰ መበላሸትን ሊፈጥር ዓንደሚችል ተመዝግባል። ትንባሆ በኢትዮጵያዊያን በብዛት የሚወሰደው በሲጋራ መልክ በማጨሰ ነው።

በሳንባ በኩል የሚወሰዱ ሊሎች ኪሚካሎች፦ ዓነዚህ ሱስ አምጪ ኪሚካሎች በአፍ ውይም በአፍንጫ ተሰበው በሳንባ በኩል ሰውነት ውሰጥ የሚገቡ ናቸው። ኪሚካሎቹ በብዙ መንገድ በሰዉነት ዉሰጥ የሚሰሩ ወይም ጉዳት የሚያመጡ ናቸው። ብዙዎቹ ዓንደተወሰዱ ወዲያውኑ የአዓምሮ ንቃት ይሰጡና ቀትሎም ማደንዠዝን፤ ራሰማታትን፤ ማቅንሽንሽን፤ መንገዳገድን፤ መደበርን፤ መርሳትንና የልብና የነርቭ በሽታዎችን ያሰከትላሉ። በስፋት ከሚገኙት ኪሚካሎች መካከል በምሳሊነት የዓቃ ማይይዣ (ግሉ)፤ የግድግዳ ቀለሞ መበጥበጫ፤ የጸጉር ሰፕሪይ፤ ቢንዚን (ጋዝ)፤ ዓንደ ቡቲን ያሉ ጋዞችና አንዳንድ ተናኝነት ያላቸው የላቦራቶሪ ፈሳሽ ኪሚካሎች የሚጠቀሱ ናቸው። አስፈላጊው ጥንቃቂ ካልተወሰደ ዓነዚህ ነገሮች የልብንና የሳንባን አሰራር በማቃወሰ ድንገተኛ ሞት ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ ናቸው። ለረጅም ጊዚ ሲወሰዱ ደግሞ የአዓምሮን የማሰብ ችሎታና የአይንን የማየት ብቃት ይቀንሳሉ፤ በሰውነት ላይ ክሳት ያሰከትላሉ፤ የአጥንት ቅልጥምም ዓንዲበላሽ በማድረግ በደም አስራርና አገልግሎት ላይ ችግር ይፈጥራሉ።

በሀኪም የሚታዘዙ ሱሰ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ መድሃኒቶች፦ ለጭንቅላት/ለራስ በሽታዎች ተብለው ህኪም የሚያዛቸው ብዙ መድህኒቶች በተክክል ከጥቅም ላይ ካልዋሉ፤ ሱስንና ሊሎች ብዙ ችግሮችን ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ ናቸው። ከነዚህም መካከል አደንዛዥ መድህኒቶች፤ ዓንቅልፍ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ አንቂ መድሃኒቶች፤ የመንቀዥቅዥ ማረጋጊያ መድሃኒቶች፤ የስጋት ማስታገሻ መድሃኒቶችና የህመም ስሚት ማብረጃ መድሃኒቶች ይገኙበርታል። መድሃኒቶቹ ያለአግባብ ከተወሰዱ፤ አንደአይነታቸው የተለያዩ የአዓምሮና የሊላ የአካላት ችግር ያመጣሉ። በዚህ ርአስ ስር ሊጠቃለሉ የሚችሉ ዓንደ ባርቢቹሪት፤ ቢንዞዲያዚፕን፤ ኦፒዮይድስ አምፊታሚን የመሳሰሉ መድሃኒቶች ናቸው።

ከላይ ከተዘርዘሩት መሰረታዊ ጊዳዮች በተጨማሪ ሱስ አምጪ ስለሆኑ ነገሮች ቀጥሎ የተመለከቱት መታወቅ ይኖርባቸዋል። ማናቸዉም መድሀኒት ወይም ኪሚካል በብዛትና ለረጅም ጊዚ ሲወሰድ ጉዳቱ ከፍተኛ ይሆናል። የተለያዪ መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች ተደባልቀው ሲወሰዱ ደግሞ ያለተጠበቀ ጊዳት ሊያመጡ ይችላሉ። ሱስኞች የሚወስዳቸው ብዙ ሱስ አምጪ ነገሮች ቁጥጥርና ጥራት ስለሚጎላቸው፤ ያልታወቁ ተጨማሪ ጉዳቶች ይኖራቸዋል። በተጨማሪም በመርፊ መልክ የሚወስዱት መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች በወሳጁ ላይ ዓንደ ኢቻአይቪ/ኢይድስና ሂፓታይተስ የመሳሰሉ በሽታዎችን ሊያስተላልፉ ይችላሉ።

በዚህ ጽሁፍ የተገለጹትንም ሆነ ሊሎች ሱስ አምጪ የሆኑ ነገሮችን ለመቆጣጠርና በአግባብ ከጥቅም ላማዋል ወይም ጥቅም የሊላቸዉን ለማስወገድ፤ በተልያዩ አገሮች የወጡ ደንቦች አሉ። በአሚሪካ ዓነዚህ መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች ባአንድ ላይ “ቁጥጥር የሚደረግባቸው ቁሳቁሶች” በመስለ ስያሚ ታዉቀው በሚያመጡት የሱሰ አይነትና በሊላ መለኪያዎች ተገምግመው በአምስት ክፍል ተዋቅረዋል። ከዚህ አመዳደባቸውጋር በማገናዘብ መድሃኒቶቹን/ኪሚካሎቹን ከህግ ዉጪ ለሚጠቀሙ፤ ለሚሰሩ ወይም ለሚያሰራጩ ሰዎች ተመጣጣኝ የሆኑ ቅጣቶች ደመድበዋል። ሰለዚህ ከዓነዚህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገሮች ዓራስን በተቻለ መጠን ማራቁ፤ በሰዉነትም ሆነ በኢኮኖሚ ላይ ሊያመጡ ከሚችሉት ጉዳት መትረፍ ብቻ ሳይሆን ከወንጀልና ከቅጣትም መዳን ሊሆን ይችላል።

በመድሃኒቶችና በሊላ ተመሳሳይ ነገሮች ሱሰ ላለመጠመድ ዓነዚህን ነገሮች መዉሰድ አለመጀምሩ ከሁሉ በላይ የሚመረጥ ነው። ነገሮቹ ከተወሰዱ በወሳጁ ላይ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉትን ችግሮች በቅድሚያ ማወቁ ለመከላከሉ ዉሳኒ የሚረዳ ነው። ስለዚህ ችግሩን በቅድሚያ ለመከላከል ትምህርት ወሳኝ ነው ለማለት ይቻላል። በቁሳቁሶቹ ሱስ ለተጠመደ ሰውም ቢሆን ሊረዱ የሚችሉ ልዩ ልዩ አገልግሎቶች አሉ። ፈቃደኛ ለሆነ ሱሰኛ የባለሞያ ስነልቦናዊ ምክር ማግኝት፤ የድጋፍ ክለብ አባል መሆንና የህክምና ባለሞያ ዓርዳታ ማግኘት የሚቻል ነው። ዓነዚህና ተመሳሳይ የሆኑ ዓርምጃዎች በየፈርጁ መልካም ውጢት ያሰገኙ ናችው። አሁንም ዓንደገና የተጠቀሱትን አገልግሎቶች በትክክል ለማወቅና ለመጠቀም፤ ስለ ሱሰ አምጪ ቁሳቁሶች ቢያንሰ የተወሰ ትምህርት ማግኘቱ ዓጅግ ጠቃሚ ነው።

ጥረት ከተደረገ ከሱስ ተገዢነት ነጻ መውጣት የሚቻል ነው። ችግር ያለባቸው የመጪው አዲስ ዓመት ይህ አንዱ አላማቸው ዓዲሆን በመጠየቅ፤ 2013 መልካም ዓመት ዓንዲሆንላቸው ዓመኛለሁ።

ወርቁ አበበ (wowokagroup@yahoo.com)


State sponsored child trafficking in Ethiopia exposed

Saturday, December 15th, 2012
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Sudan’s external debt projected to hit record $46 billion in 2013 – IMF

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44035

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) released figures on Thursday projecting that Sudan’s external debts will hit an all-time high next year, the latest evidence of a growing economic crisis engulfing the East African nation.

Sudan’s external debt are estimated to have grown by 27% since 2008 from $32.6 billion to $41.4 billion in 2011. The IMF forecast that the debt level will reach $43.7 billion in 2012 and $45.6 billion in 2013. The latter represents 83% of Sudan’s 2011 GDP, which was $55.1 billion.

In its annual review of the Sudanese economy, the IMF Executive board urged Khartoum to "step up their dialogue with creditors and donors to garner support for debt relief".

Around three quarters of Sudan’s external debt are owed to the Paris Club of creditor nations and other non-member states. The remaining balance is equally divided between commercial banks and international and regional financial bodies.

Sudan’s economy was hit hard since the southern part of the country declared independence in July 2011, taking with it about 75% of the country’s oil output.

On Thursday the negotiating teams from the two countries signed an agreement in the Ethiopian capital by which Khartoum will "retain all external debt liabilities". This will be in return for both countries working jointly on reaching out to international creditors to cancel the debt.

Should the two countries fail to secure a commitment from the creditors on debt relief, new negotiations would commence to split up the liability. This is believed to be a thorny issue as Juba asserted in the past that the loans taken by Khartoum were used primarily towards financing military efforts during the north-south civil war.

Several countries such as United States, United Kingdom and Germany expressed readiness to offer debt relief but political conditions attached will likely slow down the materialization of the pledges.

This year Sudan announced that China – a major investor in oil, construction and other sectors of the Sudanese economy – had agreed to extend Sudan’s debt maturity by an extra five years in light of the loss of revenues.

The loss of oil revenue severely curtailed Sudan’s foreign currency inflows putting pressure on the Sudanese pound and pushing inflation rates even higher.

Sudan’s low levels of foreign currency reserves held by the central bank also meant the latter could do little to intervene to support the pound against other currencies.

The IMF is expecting Sudan’s international reserves to drop from $1.3 billion in 2011 to $1.1 billion in 2012 before rising slightly to $1.2 billion in 2013. These levels are enough to cover a little under two months of imports according to IMF calculations.

Sudanese officials traditionally treated the amount of reserves held in foreign currency as a heavily guarded secret refusing to make it public.

In recent months there were news reports attributed to government officials saying that they have received billions of dollars from Arab nations namely Qatar and Libya.

But critics allege that the government intentionally spread the "false" news for the purpose of pushing the price of the dollar on the black market lower as the pound continued to slip.

A year ago, the Bank of Sudan governor called on Arab states to provide up to $4 billion in deposits to shore up the country’s foreign exchange reserves.

The nationwide Forex shortfall hammered the value of the Sudanese pound on the black market, causing it to fall to as low as 6.2 pounds to the dollar last April while the official rate has remained at around 2.7 pounds.

"In order to stabilize the domestic currency and stop the draw-down on the country’s foreign exchange reserves, the authorities introduced various administrative restrictions. These measures were, however, unsuccessful in preventing the depreciation of the exchange rate in the curb market" the IMF said in its assessment of Sudan’s handling of the deteriorating exchange rate.

Authorities in Khartoum decided last May to devalue the pound in a long awaited bid to stabilize the local currency and reverse the chronic shortage in Forex that has plagued the market and frustrated businesses.

However, the devaluation of the pound that was coupled with lifting other restrictions on Forex trade has yet to bear fruit which analysts attribute to the drop in exports and investment levels.

’MORE ECONOMIC REFORMS NEEDED’

The IMF lauded Sudan’s austerity measures which included raising certain taxes, reducing fuel subsidies and cutting non-priority spending but said more is needed to achieve full potential.

"These measures are a positive step towards restoring macroeconomic stability and addressing Sudan’s macroeconomic imbalances. However, reaching fiscal sustainability and enhancing growth potential will require a determined continuation of the reform momentum. Stepping up structural reforms will also help address the underlying structural challenges facing the economy. Key reforms include: (i) a comprehensive civil service reform, (ii) banking sector restructuring, (iii) ambitious privatization program, and (iv) improving governance" the IMF statement said.

The measures triggered a rare but small outburst of protests in the country last summer demanding that the government rollback the new policies.

IMF figures project a sharp drop in revenue to 12.9% of GDP in 2012 compared to 18.7% last year. Expenditures however fell at a slower rate from 20.0% to 16.6% during the same period leaving a negative net balance that is expected to continue throughout 2013.

Last week the Sudanese finance minister complained that the government is facing a number of obstacles in slashing its spending as planned primarily due to non-responsiveness by state governments in adopting the measures and suggested that this may require an intervention by the central government to force compliance.

The government said it would downsize its bureaucracy through a reduction in the number of constitutional post holders in both federal and regional governments from 572 to 318. It also announced elimination of five ministries, mergers between others, sacking of six presidential advisers and reductions in official perks.

The IMF appeared critical of Sudan government for resorting excessively to the banking sector to finance its budget deficits saying it resulted in reserve money growing at 28% and subduing credit to other sectors of the economy.

But today’s agreements signed between Juba and Khartoum could offer a relief to the beleaguered economy since it will allow the landlocked South Sudan to resume oil exports though Sudan, which will provide both ailing economies with desperately needed cash.

Last January South Sudan suspended its entire output of 350,000 barrels a day over a dispute over transit fees.

The former central bank governor Saber Mohamed Al-Hassan said that the deal will provide Khartoum with $2 billion annually and will enhance trade between the two nations.

(ST)


Eritrea’s Olympic flag bearer seeks political asylum in the U.K.

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

Olympic athlete seeks asylum on Wearside

weynay.jpg
Eritreas flag bearer Weynay Ghebresilasie leads his delegation during the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympics.
Published on Saturday 15 December 2012 10:26

AN Olympic athlete forced to flee his African homeland amid fears he would be executed at the hands of its military regime is hoping to start a new life on Wearside.

Steeplechaser Weynay Ghebresilasie was one of four Eritrean athletes who failed to return home after the London Olympics earlier this year.

The country, which has a population of just five million, has one of the largest armies in Africa.

Made up of soldiers forced indefinitely into national service, it is regularly branded “repressive” by human rights groups and is alleged to subject its conscripts to torture and illegal forced labour.

Weynay, who had been a soldier for 18 months, has three brothers in the army and lost a fourth in the 1998-2000 war with Ethiopia.

After walking out of the Olympic village, he threw away the sim card that had been given to him by the team’s minders.

He embarked on the process of claiming asylum in the UK, spending 11 hours being interviewed by UK Border Agency staff.

Sent to a detention centre in Croydon, he later spent two weeks in Huddersfield before moving to Sunderland last month.

“Conditions back home are so harsh you have no rights and you are controlled by the state,” he said. “I had no freedom even while I was in London.

“We were not treated as athletes.

“The people in charge were high-ranking army officers.

“Once you are forced into the army there is no way of getting out. If I am sent home I will be accused of treason.

“I could be executed or my life will be in danger.”

Weynay, 18, said he did not plan to seek asylum before he came to the UK, hoping that circumstances back home would improve.

However, while competing at the games, he said he received similar harsh treatment by the Eritrean Federation for Sport.

Weynay said his below-par performance in the Olympics was due to mismanagement and he was also suffering from a chest infection.

He finished 10th in his heat in 8.37.57 – his best stands at 8.28.92.

“I was hoping to race to the best of my ability and maybe come close to winning a medal, so I was really disappointed,” he said.

Weynay is Eritrea’s leading junior athlete, finishing sixth in the 3,000m steeplechase in the World Junior Athletics Championships in Barcelona in July and 30th in the World Junior Cross Country Championships last year.

His best times are 1,500m – 3.40, 3,000m – 7.54.55 and 5,000m, 13.53.

While continuing his battle for asylum, Weynay has been welcomed into the Sunderland Harriers, which he joined as a first-claim club member.

Club secretary Michael Hill said: “Weynay has joined us for training for the last three weeks. He started out with the veterans, but he was a bit too quick for us.

“He is now training with athletes who are a bit faster. He is ever-present at the Harriers’ training base at Silksworth and has been warmly welcomed by the members.”

Weynay is keen to get back to competition, having not raced since the Olympics. He has been registered to UK Athletics as a foreign athlete and is free to compete.

He is expected to make his debut in the North Eastern Harrier League at Bedewell Park today, in the senior men’s handicap race. It is not yet decided what pack he will run from.

If all goes well, Weynay hopes to race in the Northern Junior Cross Country Championships, in Liverpool, on January 26 and the National Cross Country Championships at Herrington Country Park, on February 23.

A UK Border Agency spokesman said: “We do not routinely comment on individual cases.”
http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/loca … -1-5228758


The Nile Project launches with its first major event in Aswan, Egypt, from 10 – 29 January 2013

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

PRESS RELEASE

The Nile Project was founded in August 2011 by Egyptian ethnomusicologist Mina Girgis and Ethiopian-American singer Meklit Hadero to address the Nile basin’s cultural and environmental challenges using an innovative approach that combines music, education and an enterprise platform. The world’s longest river runs through 11 countries (Congo DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt) and touches the lives of 400 million people. The Project’s mission is to connect the people of the Nile basin through a cultural dialogue that evokes Africa’s iconic river as a shared ecosystem.

Initial crowd funding was secured by Mina and Meklit to embark on their reconnaissance journey across East Africa in May 2012, where they have engaged with musicians, development organizations and cultural institutions to take part in the Project and help shape its various programs. The first of these programs, the Nile Gathering, takes place at Fekra Cultural Centre in Aswan, Egypt, between 10 – 29 January 2013. The Gathering encompasses a four-day strategic planning workshop (10 – 14 January) that builds on the Project’s vision, followed by a two-week music residency (15 – 29 January) to develop music that can generate empathy and inspire cultural and environmental curiosity.

The workshop will bring together expertise in fields of environment, culture, agriculture, finance, education, development, nonviolent communication, cross-cultural dialogue, conflict resolution and intercultural learning. A team of Art of Hosting (see notes to editors) facilitators will engage participants in conversations that integrate their respective disciplinary and cultural perspectives and contribute to a common understanding of Nile issues. The outcomes will serve as blueprints for intercultural dialogues integral to the Project‘s programs and activities.

During the residency, musicians from the 11 Nile basin countries will collaborate to translate this intercultural dialogue into a new body of songs, drawn from the rich and diverse genres, traditions and instruments found in East Africa. Under the musical direction of Miles Jay (see notes to editors), the music residency will provide a space for the musicians to learn about one another and compose and record new music to be performed in Africa and around the world.

Nile Project programs
Nile Tour: using a boat made of recycled water bottles, a collective of Nile Project musicians and environmental educators will sail down the river, from the Mediterranean to Aswan in 35 days, performing concerts complemented by participatory workshops where local audiences learn about the Nile’s cultural and environmental fabric.

Nile Stories: complementing the Nile Tour, this will be a web-based dialogue platform where Nile citizens can share their perspectives on the river through live conversations as well as short-format videos.

Nile Camps: annual summer camps for young musicians from the 11 Nile basin countries. During the day, they explore local ecosystems and in the evening, they express their learning through music.

Nile Curriculum: an educational initiative that offers a holistic approach to Nile river ecology and its inhabitants with a multidisciplinary curriculum exploring history, geography, cultures and ecosystems of the Nile basin.

TEDxNile: a conference featuring scientists, thinkers and artists with Nile-related ideas worth spreading.

Nile Enterprise Platform / Nile Fellowship Program: this platform will channel newly acquired cultural and environmental understanding towards concrete action. Partnering with social enterprise organizations such as Ashoka (see notes to editors), the project will train and empower East African youth to develop innovative solutions that address social, cultural, environmental and economic challenges relevant to the Nile.

For further information contact

Sarah El Miniawy Hefni
Communications Director
The Nile Project
sarah@nileproject.org
+2 0115 018 3377 (Egypt)
+44 7980 687877 (UK)

Mina Girgis / Executive Director
Mina is an Egyptian ethnomusicologist and arts entrepreneur living between San Francisco, CA and Cairo, Egypt. He has participated in organizing many multicultural events such as the Smithsonian Silk Road Festival in Washington DC and Farah El Bahr Euro-Mediterranean Festival in Alexandria, Egypt. He is the founder and the Executive Director of the Nile Project and the Zambaleta Institute.

Meklit Hadero / Cofounder
Meklit is a critically acclaimed Ethiopian-American singer, musician and cultural activist based in San Francisco, CA. She has been an artist-in-residence at NYU, has completed musical commissions for the Fund for Artists, the Brava Theater, and the De Young Museum, and was recently awarded the 2012 TED Senior Fellowship with the Nile Project as her main focus. She is also co-founder of the Arba Minch Collective.

Miles Jay / Musical Director
Miles has extensive performance experience in the musical traditions of the Middle East, making him one of the most uniquely qualified double bassists in the World Music scene today. Performances have taken him to Cairo, Oslo, Dubai, Dakar, Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center. Musical credits include Youssou N’Dour, Fathy Salama, Naser Shama, the Cairo Symphony Orchestra, Ross Daly (Greece), Trygve Seim (Norway), Omar Faruk Tekbilek, and ‘Weird’ Al Yankovic. Active in various production roles, in 2005 he was the Associate Musical Director / Contractor / Bassist for Youssou N’Dour’s U.S. tour. In 2006, while in Cairo, Miles co-founded, co-produced, and recorded two unique original music ensembles called Bakash and Masar.

The Art of Hosting
The Art of Hosting and Convening Conversations for Social Transformation is both a collection of social technology practices and an international network of its practitioners. While the majority Art of Hosting events are training grounds to new “hosts,” this Nile Project workshop will not provide training to participants. Rather, the workshop will be organized by experienced hosts to lead the participants through a variety of group facilitation techniques (such as the Circle, Appreciative Inquiry, Dragon Dream Planning, the World Café, Open Space Technology, Collective Mind-Map and the Pro Action Café) to best serve the purpose of the Nile Gathering.

Nahdet El Mahrousa (NM)
An Egyptian not-for-profit, non-governmental organization (NPO/NGO) registered with the Ministry of Social Solidarity. Since its founding in 2003, NM has endeavored to create an ecosystem fostering social entrepreneurship and supporting the advancement, development, and scaling-up of social enterprises in Egypt. NM’s flagship program, the Incubator of Innovative Social Enterprises, empowers high-potential social entrepreneurs to act as drivers of social innovation by providing social entrepreneurs with capacity-building, technical support, access to networks, and seed funding. The incubator model is meant to help social entrepreneurs build successful, scalable, and sustainable models addressing social issues in Egypt. The Nile Project operates with support from NM’s incubator program.

Fekra
The Fekra Cultural Center organizes traditional and contemporary music and dance events, poetry evenings, lectures and film screenings. FEKRA also offers courses and workshops with local and international artists and facilitates an international cultural exchange. The center is located on 40’000 sqm of land next to the Nile coves and opposite the island of the Philae Temple, in Southern Egypt. It is situated next to Aswan in the El Shallal region, which borders the red granite rock desert and lies beneath Lake Nasser, the gateway to the Sudan.

Ashoka
Ashoka is the global association of the world’s leading social entrepreneurs —men and women with system changing solutions for the world’s most urgent social problems. Since 1981, Ashoka has elected almost 3,000 leading social entrepreneurs as Ashoka Fellows, providing them with living stipends, professional support, and access to a global network of peers in 70 countries. Ashoka Fellows inspire others to adopt and spread their innovations —demonstrating to all citizens that they too have the potential to be powerful change makers and make a positive difference in their communities. By unleashing the same innovative and entrepreneurial mindset, which has driven business sector growth over the last two centuries, Ashoka is leading a dramatic transformation in society, fueling the citizen sector’s unprecedented growth.

The Danish Egyptian Dialogue Institute (DEDI)
DEDI is an independent institution established in Cairo in 2004 as a project under the "Danish-Arabic Partnership Program" with funding from the Danish Development Agency (DANIDA). The strategic aim of the Institute is to enhance political life in Egypt and Denmark, and in Europe and the Arab World at large, and to improve mutual understanding and dialogue between communities living in these areas. The Institute is funded by grants from the Danish development agency, DANIDA. The first DANIDA grant was spent in the period from late 2004 to early 2008. The Nile Gathering is made possible with support from DEDI.

Wolff Olins
The Nile Project logo and brand identity was developed in collaboration with Wolff Olins, a global brand consultancy that is ambitious for clients and optimistic for the world. Its clients are leaders in all categories including technology, culture, media, retail, industry, and non-profit organizations. Wolff Olins helps clients create game-changing work by developing unique brand experiences, products that drive demand, and creatively-led business strategies. (RED), GE, Mercedes-Benz, New York City, London 2012, Tate, Unilever, Target, Hero MotoCorp, Tata Docomo and AOL are all examples of the positive impact of Wolff Olins’ work. For further information, please visit: http://www.wolffolins.com. Wolff Olins is a part of Diversified Agency Services, a division of Omnicom Group Inc.

Wafaa El Nil
To produce the Nile Gathering, The Nile Project is partnering with Wafaa El Nil, a local NGO devoted to promoting Nile sustainability through cultural events and environmental awareness campaigns.


Susan Rice is now Fried Rice – a great news for her victims in Africa

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

Good news is always welcome. Then there is the extraordinarily good news that jars you from your slumber. And when the good news happens right around Christmas there is nothing one can do other than put more log in the fire place, take a generous helping of the twelve year old scotch light up a fat Cohibas and sit back with Cheshire cat smile imprinted on ones face. That is what I wanted to do yesterday if only I had a fireplace, aged scotch or a fat cigar. Not to worry I had the good news and it brought a wide smile.

The good news is the exit of Susan Rice from the idea of becoming the Secretary of State. Poor Susan she did not even get nominated but they dangled her name out there to be trashed and mangled. They found out she is toxic. It looks like contemplating Susan Rice as foreign policy maker brought queasiness and nausea to some king makers.

Susan’s demise woke me up. The last few weeks I was in ‘Ground hog day’ land. Have you watched the movie ‘Ground Hog Day’? That was what I felt like. In that story the main character finds himself repeating the same day again and again. That is our country Ethiopia in a nutshell. The same crap story told over and over again until we become numb to it.

In the movie Phil the main character comes to face with his shallow and indifferent existence and is compelled to make amends. He was able to break the loop of indifference, apathy and selfishness. You know what my ultimate fear is? As an Ethiopian, it is to think that we are unable to get out of this loser loop we are wallowing for the last few decades.

We pride ourselves as being the oldest Nation State in history. We are quick to point out that we were never colonized. Both are commendable feats. The issue facing us now is what has that got to do with today. Those past accomplishments though daring have no relevance to the situation we are in now. Where exactly are we at today? We are with all due respect technologically backward, quality of life at the bottom any human achievement, a very inadequate educational and health system, an oppressive and lawless political arrangement and the epicenter of famine and starvation.

No need to deny that, no need to cringe and totally useless not to face realty. Unless one comes face to face with one’s ailment solution cannot be found. The first step towards recovery is realizing we have a problem and it is the cause of the many difficulties faced by our country and people. The best approach to bring about change is to look at the specific problems our behavior is causing and tackle that. For example being a coward makes us bow to authority, lack of character makes us lie and cheat to each other, our problem with low self-esteem makes us indifferent to the plight of fellow countrymen, our selfish attitude works against our own self-interest in the long run and we play the blame game to distance ourselves from the problem at hand and avoid responsibility.

The last few months have been trying times extraordinaire. It was like we were caught in a vortex, meaning a whirling mass of nothingness coming at us from all sides. I am of course talking about the US presidential elections and my Ethiopian brethren’s behavior here in good old America. I am sure glad it is over. The unbridled enthusiasm of my fellow Ethiopians escapes any and all explanations. Some were consumed by it, a few were stressed out plenty were hating on the Republican Party while lost souls like myself were diving for cover. It was not easy. There was no place to hide.

It was an impossible mission trying to get a response why my friends were gung ho about Barrack Obamas reelection. To tell you the truth I had nothing against it. At the same time I did not find any reason to be frenzied or extremely emotional either. Of course I will vote for him if given the chance but I wouldn’t be twisted out of shape or lose any sleep regarding the outcome if different.

Please note here that I am speaking as an Ethiopian since choosing someone is based on purely selfish needs. What is he gona do for me is the only question the average person asks of a candidate unless of course one is altruistic and I am afraid that is not what most people are. Most Americans voted for candidate Obama because he promised to lower taxes for the middle class, bring immigration reform, set a dead line regarding the country’s involvement in Afghanistan, killed Osama and seemed to have a functional family. Mr. Romney’s constant foot in the mouth situation and show of absolute detachment from reality was a great help towards Mr. Obama’s reelection attempt.

The crucial question to an Ethiopian is of course what is he going to do for my country Ethiopia? That was what I wanted to be addressed when conversing with my Ethiopian-American family and friends. If their support is due to the fact that he is the son of Africa or he shows empathy towards the middle class I completely agree. My problem was when a few want to drag poor Ethiopia into the equation and claim his reelection will help our country. As they say the devil is in the details and here is one situation where the truth does not jive with reality.

Four years ago Mr. Obama appeared on the scene as the messenger of change. In all his speeches he made it clear that the US under his leadership will stand with the down trodden and the oppressed in a new kind of way. Upon being elected that was his message when he toured the Middle East and that was his message to his African family when he made a brief stopover in Ghana. We were overjoyed when he put dictators everywhere on notice that their days of horror is over. Here is a long excerpt from President Obama’s speech to Africans from Accra, Ghana in July of 2009.

“We must start from the simple premise that Africa’s future is up to Africans…..First, we must support strong and sustainable democratic governments……
As I said in Cairo, each nation gives life to democracy in its own way, and in line with its own traditions. But history offers a clear verdict: governments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful than governments that do not.

This is about more than holding elections – it’s also about what happens between them. Repression takes many forms, and too many nations are plagued by problems that condemn their people to poverty. No country is going to create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy to enrich themselves, or police can be bought off by drug traffickers. No business wants to invest in a place where the government skims 20 percent off the top, or the head of the Port Authority is corrupt. No person wants to live in a society where the rule of law gives way to the rule of brutality and bribery. That is not democracy, that is tyranny, and now is the time for it to end…. But I can promise you this: America will be with you. As a partner. As a friend.”

Beautifully said don’t you think so? No one could have said it better. I distinctly remember the time and place when I read that speech, would it be too much to reveal that it gave me mental orgasm? If mere words can intoxicate this was it. I cried. At last, I said a friend in a place of power, my prayers have been answered.

I waited and waited and waited some more. I told myself may be next week, next month you think next year? Unfortunately what Mr. Obama says and what President Obama does is not the same thing. There is a dis-connect between words and deeds. “Barack Obama became a less ideological but more effective version of George W Bush,” said Professor Aaron Miller, a vice-president at the Woodrow Wilson Centre. How true.

Thus the coddling of dictators continued unabated, the use of drones to kill from afar got accelerated and the marginalization of Africa did not cease. My country Ethiopia became a pawn in America’s war with its enemies. My dictator was invited to sit alongside his masters, the enablers that choose not to see what he was doing to my country as long as he served their purpose.

President Obama’s State department never stopped detailing the crimes of the dictator against his people while President Obama’s Pentagon was generous in furnishing weapons, transportation and training to those who use it against the same people and commit the crimes to be recited by Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the victims themselves. And most of all Mr. Obama’s rhetoric against dictators, deniers of freedom and human right abusers never stopped.

Thus when my Ethiopian American friends were moving heaven and earth to get their candidate reelected I wondered why? What would the other guy running for the office do different than what is being done to us now? If they are supporting the President as an American citizen I understand but why are they throwing the word Ethiopian in front of their designation. That is not fair. To show them that they actually do not matter the newly re-elected President threw Susan Rice at us as a thank you prize. Take that my Ethiopian-American constituent.

Wait a minute isn’t this the same Susan Rice that insulted Meles Zenawi’s victims as fools? Is it the Susan Rice that travelled all the way to Addis to vouch the humanity of the butcher and mad man? Yes the one and only Susan Rice that went to Harlem to preach at the war lord’s memorial. Of course there is more to her than that. During the second term of Bill Clinton’s Presidency our Susan Rice was Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs and how do you think she showed her love to Africa? It was by friending characters such as Rwanda’s Kagame, Uganda’s Museveni, Ethiopia’s Zenawi, and Congo’s Kabila. Could you think of any loathsome characters as these? The five dysfunctional sycophants are responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Africans and Susan Rice shares the credit and blame.

Rumor had it Mr. Obama might nominate Susan Rice to be the next Secretary of State. Shall we say the response has been heartwarming to a marginalized Ethiopian? I have been sitting back and enjoying the dictator lover twist in the wind. Her recent problem started when Obama’s White House used her as a ‘fall guy’ for the Benghazi attack. She was paraded out with false intelligence to keep Mr. Obama out the headlines for the debacle during the election. Our intelligent and highly educated friend went on national TV distorting the truth and reality since making shit up is nothing new to her. I very much enjoy our ‘idiotic and foolish’ friend travelling from one Senator’s office to another with her tail between her legs begging for love. Watching her swatted like a pesky fly is as far as I am concerned a priceless sight.

The one thing I find curious is that when recounting her shortcomings no one seems to mention her love of dictators and mad Africans as worthwhile failing. They talk about her miserable performance at the UN, her Benghazi disinformation campaign and even her investment in the oil pipe line deal but nothing about her involvement in the Rwanda massacre, not a whisper regarding her friendship with the Ethiopian criminal PM and her love for African dictators. It shows you how much we matter.

So a few of my Ethiopian friends started a petition to let Mr. Obama know what they think of the lady. I mean she insulted our struggle for freedom, she mocked us and she did it all in public. It is like one of us calling Martin Luther king a fool or Malcolm X an idiot. How many Ethiopians do you think signed the petition? A minuscule amount did.

Why do you think that is so? You think it is due to that little sickness I mentioned earlier? The matter of low self-esteem, Cowardice, selfishness and ignorance all rolled in one? Thus we campaigned for Mr. Obama so he can look after our interest and when he acts against it we are afraid to say wait a minute that is not why we elected you! I don’t see labor unions, women’s organizations, Hispanic groups playing dead when their interest is threatened. What is it about us that is willing to make excuse when stepped on?

You see that same trait is displayed in our National politics. We are willing to dance with the criminals in powers as long as they throw a piece of land, cheap hotels and brothels to frequent when we visit home. When exactly did we become a nation of lemmings? Watch the YouTube video link at the end and you can see what I mean. Guess what there must be some kind of power that looks after us. The fact that every Christmas the giving to our nation and people never stops is one clue. Three years ago ESAT was established, a year ago OLF denounced the separate trail and joined the mother fold and this year the giving has been a little overwhelming. The sudden death of Dictator Meles Zenawi and the faux patriarch and now Susan Rice’s humiliation begs for an answer. Despite our cheap character and betrayal of our motherland those that harm or conspire to hurt good old Ethiopia live to regret their transgressions. It looks like harming our mother comes with ugly consequences.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC statement on current situation in Ethiopia

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

ENTC issued a press release today on the current Ethiopian situation. The press release strongly denounced the ongoing abuses and injustices by the regime and calls for all Ethiopians to get engaged.

Read full statement

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

With 6 consecutive free and fair elections Ghana becomes the most stable democracy in Africa

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

(UN NEWS CENTER) — United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulates the people of Ghana on the peaceful holding of their presidential and parliamentary elections, according to his spokesperson.

Image
President Mahama is re-elected

“He extends his congratulations to President Mahama and all presidential candidates for their exemplary conduct throughout the campaign period, and for their commitment to maintaining peace, especially as shown in their signing of the Kumasi Declaration,” the spokesperson added in a statement, referring to an agreement made by presidential candidates against electoral violence.

According to media reports, Ghana’s electoral authorities announced on Sunday that the incumbent, John Dramani Mahama, won a new term as president. Mr. Mahama – who replaced former President John Atta Mills after his death in July – reportedly won 50.7 percent of the ballots cast.

The Secretary-General’s spokesperson said that Mr. Ban takes note of the declaration of the final results by the Electoral Commission, which he commends for its continued commitment to the professional and transparent organization of elections.

“He encourages the concerned parties to continue to use legal means to resolve all disputes and he emphasizes that all actions taken in this critical period should contribute to preserving peace and stability in Ghana,” the spokesperson added.

* * * *

(CSM) — Ghana has once again voted freely and fairly in a presidential election, electing its president for four more years and bolstering its image as a stable democracy in a region where smooth elections are rare.

The election victory for President John Dramani Mahama followed the death of former President John Atta Mills in July as well as a contentious campaign largely fought over how best to manage the country’s education system.

“There were hiccups here and there, [which were] purely administrative, and once they were addressed, everything proceeded smoothly,” says Pakalitha Mosisili, chairman of an observer group from the commonwealth. “We have no hesitation in declaring the 2012 Ghana elections free and fair, transparent, and leading to a credible result.”

Those hiccups included problems with a new voter fingerprint verification system and delays in getting ballots to the polls. And the country’s opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP) has claimed widespread fraud and vowed not to accept the official results without an audit, an issue which may be resolved in court.

But compared with its neighbors, Ghana’s sixth presidential election since 1992 was a remarkable example of democracy at work in a region where it is still an exception rather than the rule.

“We have come to accept the fact that politics, even though it divides us, cannot break the family unity we have as Ghanaians,” says Franklin Oduro, deputy director the Center for Democratic Development think tank. “We think that whatever peace we have, no matter how small it is, we need to protect it, we need to consolidate it.”

The first test of that commitment came not on polling day, but in July, when President Mills passed away. President Mahama was smoothly elevated to power, tasked with leading the ruling National Democratic Congress’s campaign against NPP candidate Nana Akufo-Addo, who had run in 2008.

Mr. Akufo-Addo had been defeated so narrowly in the last poll that some NPP supporters claim the election was stolen. Nonetheless, Akufo-Addo stepped aside, returning for the 2012 campaign with a pledge to make high school free.

In the run-up to the election day, both parties traded accusations that their opponents were conspiring to strong-arm voters and rig polls. And when voting started, ballot materials showed up late and some fingerprint verification machines failed. In response, the electoral commission took the unprecedented step of keeping some polls open for a second day, which was met with objections from the ruling party but little organized resistance.

“I think from the experience that Ghana had in 2008, they made a lot of improvement in rule of law,” says David Zounmenou, a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies in South Africa.

Some NPP supporters suspicious of a government attempt to rig the election staged protests in front of the electoral commission building and in an Accra residential area, where they claimed poll rigging was occurring.

But that was the extent, more or less, of any electoral unrest in Ghana. Compare that to neighboring Ivory Coast, whose former president lost last year’s election but refused to cede power, leading to a bloody civil war that haunts the country to this day.

“We’ve seen the commitment from the political actors, we’ve seen commitment from [electoral commission]” toward orderly elections, Mr. Zounmenou says. “I think if the country has made progress to that extent, it needs to be commended.”

Indeed, even the NPP protesters who converged on the electoral commission building on Sunday evening called not for blood and battle, but simply “We want peace!”


An Ethiopian-American returning from Addis Ababa was arrested at Dulles Airport for rape

Friday, December 14th, 2012

(CBP) — Customs and Border Protection officers at Washington Dulles International Airport arrested a U.S. citizen Wednesday who was wanted by Dakota County, Minn. police for strong-arm rape.

Samson Mengesha, 23, of St. Paul, Minn., arrived on a flight from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. CBP officers determined Mengesha to be subject to a warrant of arrest. The officers verified the validity of the warrant and confirmed extradition. Mengesha was arrested by CBP and turned over to Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority Police for further processing and extradition.

“The United States is a welcoming nation,” said Christopher Hess, CBP port director. “And CBP is committed to facilitating legitimate travel; however we stand ever vigilant in identifying those travelers that our laws identify as needing further scrutiny.”

CBP conducts inspection operations and intercepts currency, weapons, prohibited agriculture products or other illicit items, and on average makes 61 criminal arrests a day at U. S. Ports of entry nationwide.


Shooting at a Connecticut elementary school left 26 people dead, including small children

Friday, December 14th, 2012

26 dead after gunman assaults Connecticut elementary school, official says

By Miguel Llanos, NBC News

Updated at 1:30 p.m. ET: A young man clad in black and carrying two handguns shot up an elementary school in a small Connecticut town on Friday, leaving 18 small children and eight adults dead in one the nation’s worst school massacres, law enforcement officials said.

The gunman, described as a 20-year-old man from Connecticut, was later found dead, a federal law enforcement official told NBC News. A second person was in custody for a possible connection to the shooting, NBC’s Pete William reported.

Students – mostly under age 10 — described the terror that gripped Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown when the rampage began around 9:30 a.m., sparking a massive police response that included SWAT officers going room to room to search for victims.

The Hartford Courant, citing unnamed sources, said many of the victims were in a kindergarten classroom.

"I was in the gym and I heard a loud, like seven loud booms, and the gym teachers told us to go in the corner, so we all huddled," one student told NBC Connecticut. "And I kept hearing these booming noises. And we all … started crying.

"All the gym teachers told us to go into the office where no one could find us," she added. "So then a police officer came in and told us to run outside. So we did and we came in the firehouse and waited for our parents."

Dozens of emergency vehicles from across Fairfield County raced to the 600-student school, along with panicked parents hoping to be reunited with their children.

“It was horrendous,” Brenda Lebinski, mother of a third-grader, said at the scene.“Everyone was in hysterics – parents, students. There were kids coming out of the school bloodied. I don’t know if they were shot, but they were bloodied,” she said, according to Reuters.

Children are led from Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., on Friday after a reported shooting there.

One parent picking up his young son said the shooting was “the most terrifying moment a parent can imagine.” He described the anguish of waiting to find out if his son was a victim and then running to his child.

“It was the greatest relief in my existence,” the father said. “I’m just happy that my kid’s OK.”

Bracing for a large influx of wounded, Danbury Hospital went on lockdown and cleared four trauma rooms. It received only three patients, including a teacher shot in the foot, the Associated Press reported.

The motive for the shooting was unknown, and the gunman’s name was not released.

Two 9mm handguns were recovered from the scene, an official told WNBC’s Jonathan Dienst. The Associated Press said one of the guns was a.223-caliber rifle.

The FBI was on the scene, assisting with the investigation.

President Obama was told of the shooting at 10:30 a.m.

"I think it’s important on a day like today to view this as I know the president, as a father does, and I as a father and others who are parents certainly do, which is to feel enormous sympathy for families that are affected,” White House press secretary Jay Carney said.

The death toll is the highest from a school shooting in U.S. history since a gunman killed 32 people at Virginia Tech in 2007. At Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, two teens killed 13 people and wounded 24 in 1999.

Parent Stephen Delgiadice, whose 8-year-old daughter was not hurt, said he never could have imagined such carnage in the small bedroom community – where the police force has only three detectives.

"It’s alarming, especially in Newtown, Connecticut, which we always thought was the safest place in America," he told The Associated Press.

NBC’s Pete Williams and WNBC’s Jonathan Dienst contributed to this report.

http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/12 … ticut?lite


Surviving Anxiety

Friday, December 14th, 2012

Solome Tibebu discusses her experience suffering from anxiety and how she survived it.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮች ትብብር ወይስ ድብቅ ፍጥጫ

Friday, December 14th, 2012

ነጭ ዓባይና ጥቁር ዓባይ የሚመነጬባቸውና የሚያጠጧቸው አገሮች፤ ውሃውን በአግባቡ ፍትኀዊ በሆነ መልኩ በጋራ ለመጠቀም የሚያስችል ትብብር ይኖር ዘንድ ለብዙ ዓመታት ጥረት ሲያደርጉ መቆየታቸው አይካድም። ብዙኀኑ አባላት ይህን የትብብር ፈለግ ሲመርጡ፤ ሱዳንና ግብፅ፣ በተለይ አሁን የህዝቧ ቁጥር 80 ሚሊዮን መድረሱ የሚነግርላት ግብፅ፤ ከትብብር ይልቅ ወታደራዊ ጡንቻን እንደ አማራጭ ይዛ ከማሰላሰል አለመቦዘኗን አንዳንድ መገናኛ ብዙኀን ይጠቁማሉ። የተፋሰሱን ሃገራት የትብብር አቋም የሚመረምሩ ምን ይላሉ?

ውሃ ህይወት ነው። በተለይ ምድረ በዳ የሆነ አገር ላላቸው ሰዎች፤ የውሃ ሀብት እጅግ ላቅ ያለ ትርጉም ነው የሚሰጠው።ለዚህ ጥሩ ምሳሌ ግብፅ ናት። በዐባይ ወንዝ ላይ ህልውናዋ የተመሠረተው ግብፅ፤ ለውሃው ከመሠሠቷ የተነሣ፣ ውሃው የሚመንጭባቸው አገሮች በተፈጥሮ ሃብታቸው ያላቸውን የመጠቀም መብት በጭፍኑ ማወቅ እንደማትሻ ተስተውሏል።

ከሞላ ጎደል ሁሉም የተፋሰሱ ሃገራት ውሃውን ፍትኃዊ በሆነ መልኩ ለራሳቸውና በጋራም መጠቀም አግባብነት አለው ብለው ቢያምኑም፤ በተለይ ግብፅና ሱዳን የሚፈለገውን ያህል ሲተባበሩ አይታዩም። አንዳንዴም በምሥጢር ፤ በተለይ ግብፅ የኃይል እርምጃ የመውሰድ፣ ማለት በጦር ኃይል የመጠቀም ዓላማ ያላት መሆኑን አንዳንድ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን አውታሮች መጠቆማቸውን ልብ ይሏል።

የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮችየወደፊት አካሄድ በትብብር ወይስ በፍጥጫ የተመረኮዘ ነው?ባለፉት 38,39 ዓመታት ገደማበውሃና አካባቢ ጥበቃ መሥክ ሥራ ላይ ፤ በመንግሥት መ/ቤትም በግልም የሠሩት፤ ካርቱም ውስጥ፤ ለ 6 ዓመታት ያህል በናይል ተፋሰስ አገሮች፣ የትብብር መድረክ ቢሮ የሠሩትና አሁን፤ በግል በማማከር ተግባር ላይ የተሠማሩት ኢንጂኔር ጌዴዎን አስፋው ፣ እንዲህ ይላሉ።

6 የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮች፤ የትብብሩን ውል የፈረሙ ሲሆን፣ ኮንጎ ዴሞክራቲክ ሪፓብሊክም ይህን ታደረጋለች ተብላ በመጠበቅ ላይ ናት። ደቡብ ሱዳንም የብዙኀኑን ፈለግ የመከተል ፍላጎት እንዳላት ነው የሚነገረው። ግብፅና ሱዳን፤ ኢንጂኔር ጌዴዎን ጌታሁን እንደሚሉት፤ የሁኔታዎች ለውጥ መኖሩን በመገንዘብ፤ ከመተባበር ሌላ ተቃራኒውን መንገድ የመከተሉ ሂደት እንደማያዋጣ ሳይገነዘቡ አልቀሩም።

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ
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The 2012 Africa-Korea Forum: What about Human Rights?

Friday, December 14th, 2012

By Geletaw Zeleke

The 3rd Korea-Africa forum was held this year from October 16th to 18th in Seoul, South Korea. The forum discussed three themes in particular development cooperation, trade and investment and peace and security. These issues will be the major guiding principles of Africa-Korea bilateral relationships for the coming 3 years. Though the themes are important for the bilateral relationships of both parties another relevant issue which is human rights and democracy did not receive adequate emphasis at the forum.

The quest for human rights and democracy cannot be bundled up with other issues; it is a separate issue, especially when it comes to the nature of Africa and its current contexts. It is apparent that for many African countries the low status of human rights and lack of political freedom is playing a negative role in overall development. No matter how well these countries equip themselves with outstanding development plans and policies they still have problems implementing them due to such poor politic climates.

Africans expect Koreans to play out their roles in human rights, good governance and democracy issues in relation to bilateral cooperation. Notably, although Korea’s ODA is growing when we look at it year by year, its effectiveness through time is also important to reconsider.

In African countries, such as Ethiopia, we see that the quest for democracy and justice is hot in people’s hearts and minds. One indicator to this is that many civic movements and political parties are found upon democratic ideals or human rights and justice issues. This implies that people are interested in safeguarding freedoms. Human rights and democracy issues are quicker in people’s hearts because they believe for all socio political and socio economic problems the low status of human rights and lack of good governance are the main sources of their complicated problems. They associate their overall problems with these political and human rights problems. Their beliefs emulate a fundamental human truth.

Below let us examine why; and especially, why so in Africa, should human rights and democracy be a focus for bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other parties.

1.The Nature of Africa

Almost all African countries are characterized as multi ethnic countries. Some of the African countries like Nigeria for instance have hundreds of ethnic groups. Ethiopia has more than 82 linguistic groups. Cameroon, Ghana and even the smaller country of Gabon and more, are made up of multi cultural groups. In fact, this diverse nature is a potential quality for development and one of the most valuable strengths of African countries. It can also, however, be a source for potential civil conflict when not harmonized with democracy, justice and valuing human rights. Africa’s nature incurs democracy more so than any other thing; in order to accommodate itself and to survive as both a continent and independent countries.

When differing cultural groups come together in an environment shaped by democracy which, grows common values and strengthens unity their security relies very much so on democracy. Whenever Africans lose the conditional support of democracy it usually forces them to politicize their cultural groups and then to rebel over their existing government. As a result, development in addition to peace and security issues will always be in a state of insecurity. This is one of the rationales for the question of why Africans desperately need protection of human rights and freedom.

Any bilateral development and peace cooperation agreement, without prioritizing the quest for human rights, will not bear fruit nor will it be sustainable.

Africans can learn from Korea’s democratic growth. Although some seem to believe that democracy did not play a significant role in Korea’s economic growth, Korea is a country which has benefited markedly by democracy.

When we take a look at Koreas economic growth between the years of popular democracy we can see how well a truly democratic environment accelerates economic growth.

Rapid Economic Development: 1960-2010
196019701980199020002010
GNP per capita (dollars)792541,6456,14710,84120,265
GNP (billions dollars)2.08.163.8263.7511.8986.3
Source: The World Bank database

When we compare the 1960 economic state when Korea was one of the poorest countries on earth and where the GNP per capita income was only 79 dollars, we see the growth between 1960 and 1980 multiply 21 times. This may have been a time while was Korea was still under dictatorial style rule, however, the aggressive development strategy worked not because dictatorship helped them but because Saemaul Undong (New village movement) was leading the economic development movement while Koreans struggled hand over fist for democracy. Once the people won concord and were able to oust the dictatorial regime Korea was rapidly transformed to an exemplarily functioning democratic country.
When we compare the growth of Korea from 1960 to that of 2010 we see the miracle. Korean GNP per capita income has grown about 257 times compared to that of the 1960s. Korea was lifted to the rank of one of the world’s most developed countries by the help of democracy. Beginning in 1989 Korea would fully transform to a democratic country.

Those who believe that democracy did not play a great role in Korea’s development history mention the notorious Korean development plan, the Saemaul Undong movement. For them, since the Saemaul Undong (the New Village Movement of the 1970s) was established during a dictatorial regime and their economy was boosted during that time, they believe we cannot say that democracy played a catalytic role in Korea’s economic growth. It seems that Saemaul Undong can then be characterized as a dictatorial type institution. This argument can easily be turned upside down to say that since Saemaul Undong was established under a dictatorial regime then having a dictator will boost your economy.

In this inept interpretation of Saemaul Undong it seems some truth has been lost. First of all, Saemaul Undong was not a politically motivated institution. It was an aggressive developmental institution. As an organization it was not a political institution rather it was the manifestation of a Korean need for social change. Whosoever established it, Saemaul Undong remains the result of a social transformation era of the Korean people and not the reverse. Above all the institution was not dictatorial in and of itself since when we look at its grass roots we see that village leaders themselves were not politicians. The village leaders were those who held high social status and were respected or had influence in the society. Some of the village leaders were not even paid for their leadership role. Saemaul Undong was neither a political nor a dictatorial institution in its nature.

This does not mean that the movement did not face any political or government interference. There was interference. However, since its motive was a movement of growth it could win all its temptations and it is still working and it still exists. If it was the institution of a dictatorial regime it would have been dismantled in the process of Korean social and political changes like other dictatorial institutions. So the logic can not be that since Saemaul Undong was established in an era of dictatorship and Korea registered better economic growth under Saemaul Undong that being under rule of a dictatorial government helped boost Korean economic growth. Africans can not take this kind of unfounded example from Korea and also dictators cannot use this headstand argument as escapisms for the quest of human rights and respect.

2.To Build Trust

African nations need democracy to maintain trust for building social networks. As mentioned earlier, since their nature is characterized by the multi ethnic country, Africans need to build trust from within their social and economic systems. One of the tools to building trust for African countries is that of building democratic institutions. Within these institutions is where their trust lies. In many African countries we see low levels of trust when relying upon institutions. This shows that the level of confidence between the government and the people is low. There is no question that this problem hurts the overall developmental processes of Africa; without trust planning for sustainable development and peace cannot be fruitful.

African nations want Korea and other parties to focus on the causes of their problems, in order to boost their security. To bring about sustainable development in African countries and the African continent any bilateral relationships and development aids have to be prerequisite to the status of human rights. This trend can push Africa forward in the process of developing trust and democracy within, throughout and outside of the continent.

3.The Quest for Human Rights Is Not a Solely Internal Issue

The human rights issues of the 21st century have to be seen as the crown jewel of all cultures and polities. There is no need to justify this truth with philosophical prejudices. Human rights in and of itself is a practical call to action for human beings. It is self justified. What is more, it is an independent issue that stands on its own. Requesting to justify the quest for human rights with other developmental issues seems wrong.

Africans need their human rights to be addressed and respected so that they can solve their problems righteously. Africans want and deserve a society where researchers research without any frustration, writers express their opinions without any anxiety, and teachers teach without any fear. In this regard, I think that Africans expect Korea to play a greater role in the development of human rights in Africa.

Generally speaking, development peace and, security and trade are the results of conducive political conditions. These issues need a fertile place to grow in order to bear fruit, as it ought to be. Any bilateral aid without prerequisite human rights stipulations has two potential problems. One reason for problems to arise is that democratic institutions functioning under weaker conditions, or without trust, will not give aid effectively to the program it is meant for. Some oligarchic type leaders even use aid to strengthen their security when it was meant specifically to be spent on non-military developmental issues.

A second reason for problems to arise is that, any aid given can become the victim of illicit outflows. According to the Global Financial Integrity Report 2011 Africa has lost 854 billion dollars over 39 years to illicit financial outflows. Recently over the 9 years from 2000-2008 Africa has lost a shocking 437 billion of dollars in cumulative illicit outflow. A more alarming problem is that capital flight is increasing when we compare it to 30 years ago.

These realities make the issue of democracy and human rights of primary importance in Africa. This huge portion of money grew wings and learned to fly at the hands of weak of democratic institutions in Africa; money that otherwise could have been being used at this very minute in universities, at hospitals and in schools on and around the African continent. If aid were spent on democracy and development the Africa we would be viewing could have a totally different image. Generally, the facts show that aid with tort pockets does not bring about the desired change.

The Africa-Korea bilateral cooperation seems need to focus on human rights development in its package to boost the benefit of both parties. Since Korea’s trade dependency rate hit about 90 percent Korea will be the beneficiary of growth supported by developing democracy and human rights movements in Africa. The market of the 21st century creates interdependence wherein demand and supply have to be harmonized while parallel growth is sharpened and maintained, in order to fully sustain both parties’ benefit. The forum slogan “share today, shine tomorrow” will be real when Korea and Africa work together to lift up the status of human rights.
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I can be reached at geletawzeleke@gmail.com
Reference: http://www.gfintegrity.org/


Eritrea could release high profile prisoners in New Year 2013

Friday, December 14th, 2012

PIA of Eritrea will release high profile prisoners in New Year!
In spirit of New Year and planed Eritrea’s version of perestroika & glasnost, PIA will incrementally introduce various changes starting 2013. To restore hope and confidence in his people, he will release prisoners commonly known as “G-15”. Despite the widely spread rumors about the death of some of these prisoners, they are all alive with some suffering from some kind of ailment.
PIA, lately has been confronted by some of his ministers and top generals that the need for change has never been so critical and he acknowledged the fact that change is inevitable but he pleaded with his ministers and generals that any change has to be incremental and has to be made from point of strength not that of weakness.
A western diplomat in Asmara revealed that PIA promised him that his number one agenda for 2013 will be normalizing relationship with regional countries including Ethiopia. PIA told this western diplomat stationed in Asmara that he will revise his long held stand on how to resolve the border conflict with Ethiopia. The diplomat added that PIA will sit around round table with his Ethiopian counterpart as long as Ethiopia equivocally accepted the border verdict, Eritrea is willing negotiate everything under the sun with Ethiopia. The diplomat continued that: PIA will drop the precondition he has placed : for him to negotiate withEthiopia, it has to vacate its forces from the occupied territories first. His current condition for Ethiopia is to officially declare that it has accepted the verdict in its spirit and letter! The western diplomat also hinted that Doha could be the possible venue for Ethiopia’s new prime minster and PIA to kick off the long awaited talk to settle the festering conflict between the two brotherly people.
Mining CEOs also have been notified of the proposed changes that will take into effect in the country in 2013 and many are expressing their hope that the promised changes will clear of the cloud of sanctions that has been hovering over their ventures for the last few years.


Two Ethiopian women fight to death in UAE

Friday, December 14th, 2012

Image

Maids at war: One killed, other found alive with steel bar in her neck

By Eman Al Baik
Published Monday, December 10, 2012

Two Ethiopian maids fought each other at the sponsor’s house, one was killed while the other was found alive in a pool of blood with steel bar pierced through her neck.

FYO, 28-year-old Ethiopian maid, has been accused of premeditated murder of her co-worker and compatriot by stabbing her several times in different part of her body, the Dubai Criminal Court heard on Sunday.

The prosecution accused that FYO grabbed the victim, HSS, and stabbed in her face, neck and belly a number of times in the employer’s wardrobe room.

On hearing screams of the two women, other workers rushed to the room but but found its door locked from inside. The women, who’re fighting and screaming, didn’t respond to their colleague’s calls to open the door.

Then one worker climbed a ladder and saw traces of blood in the room through the bathroom window. They immediately called the police; soon later the screams had also stopped.

MI, 48, Indian, cook, testified that he was in the kitchen preparing food with other workers.

“Anisa, a co-worker, came and told us about hearing screams from the wardrobe room in the yard. We rushed there and heard loud screams of the two women. The room’s door was locked from inside. I also heard gargling sound which lasted for about 10 minutes; then it all became quiet. I climbed a ladder and broke the glass of the bathroom window adjacent to the wardrobe room where I saw blood in the basin; so we called the police,” he testified.

Anisa, 35, Indonesian maid, testified that she was sleeping in the villa and woke up at hearing screams.

“I tried to open the door but it was locked from inside. I rushed to the kitchen and informed other workers who all rushed to the scene and asked the women who were screaming and quarrelling inside to open the door; but there was no response. Then MI broke the window of the bathroom and saw blood,” she testified.

Police found two women inside the room; one of them was found dead while the other was still alive with a steel bar in her neck.

Police found blood stains and traces all over the room and bathroom. There was a knife found next to the body of the dead woman. The seriously-injured accused removed the steel bar from the neck herself at the Rashid Hospital, according to the records.

Forensic reported that the dead woman sustained a number of injuries in her hands that were of defensive nature. She also sustained fatal injuries in her neck and belly that caused her death.

The accused confessed to killing the victim. Records did not mention the reason for the murder.

Criminal evidences reported that the blade of the knife carried the DNA of the victim while its handle carried the DNA of the accused.

The court will reconvene on December 23.

http://www.emirates247.com/crime/local/ … 0-1.486551


DLA Piper back in London court to harass Ethiopian Review

Friday, December 14th, 2012

DLA Piper goes to a London court again representing the Woyanne junta and their money launderer and fellow thief Mohammed Al Amoudi to harass me and try to shut down Ethiopian Review (see here). Last time, in 2011, they succeeded in getting the London court to award them £175,000. I took the low amount as an insult. Why not $1 million or $100 million? This time I urge the London court to award DLA Piper and its clients a much bigger amount or else I may sue them for slander.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

በሁለት ቀናት ልዩነት ሦስት ጊዜ ቀብሯ የተፈጸመው ወላድ ጉዳይ እያነጋገረ ነው … very sad

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

(ሪፖርተር) — የመጀመርያ ልጇን በቀዶ ሕክምና ከተገላገለች በኋላ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷ ያለፈው የ27 ዓመት ወጣት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ባለፈው ቅዳሜ፣ እሑድና ከትናንት በስቲያ ሰኞ የመፈጸሙ ጉዳይ እያነጋገረ ነው፡፡ ሟች ቤተልሔም ሰለሞን ልጅ ወልዳ ለመሳም ዘጠኝ ወራትን ስትጠብቅና የእርግዝናዋንም ሁኔታ ስትከታተል ቆይታ የመውለጃዋ ዕለት በመድረሱ፣ ጎፋ ማዞሪያ ወደሚገኘው ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ የሄደችው ኅዳር 27 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ነበር፡፡

ክትትል ስታደርግበት የነበረው ክሊኒክ ተቀብሎአት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገባት በኋላ የምጥ መርፌ ቢወጋትም፣ በዕለቱ ልትወልድ አለመቻሏንና ወደ ቤቷ መመለሷን ወላጅ እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ አበበና ባለቤቷ አቶ ፍስሐ እሸቴ ገልጸዋል፡፡

ቤተሰቦቿ እንደሚሉት፣ ቤተልሔም ምጧ እየተፋፋመ በመምጣቱ ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ተመልሳ ወደ ክሊኒኩ ትሄዳለች፡፡ የክሊኒኩ ሐኪሞች ተቀብለዋት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገቧት ከጥቂት ደቂቃዎች በኋላ፣ ቤተሰቦቿ ተጠርተው “እንኳን ደስ ያላችሁ፤ በሰላም ተገላግላለችና የሕፃኗን ማቀፊያ አምጡ፤” ይባላሉ፡፡ በክሊኒኩ የተገኙት እናቷና ባለቤቷ ደስታቸውን በእልልታና እርስ በርስ በመሳሳም ገልጸው ለጥቂት ደቂቃዎች እንደቆዩ፣ ቤተልሔም “እናቴን፣ ባለቤቴንና ልጄን አሳዩኝ፤” ብላለች ተባሉና ሁሉም ገቡ፡፡ ቤተልሔም ከማደንዘዣ ነቅታ በደንብ እንዳነጋገረቻቸው ተናግረው፣ “ጠብቁ አሁን ትወጣለች” በመባላቸው ሕፃኗን ይዘው ከነበረችበት ክፍል ወጥተው መጠባበቅ መጀመራቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡ ሐኪሞቹ “ትንሽ ቆዩና ባለቤቷን ጠሩት” የሚሉት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ እሳቸው ግራ ገብቷቸው በመጠባበቅ ላይ እያሉ፣ ባለቤቷ መኪናቸውን ይዘው ሲወጡ መመልከታቸውንና በዚያው መቅረታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ልጃቸው ምን እንደሆነች ያላወቁትና ግራ ተጋብተው ሲንቆራጠጡ ለነበሩት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ አንዲት ነርስና ዶክተር መጥተው የባለቤቷን ስልክ ሲጠይቋቸው፣ “ምነው ልጄ ምን ሆነች?” ሲሏቸው፣ “ደም ስላነሳት ደም እንዲሰጥ ነው” እንዳሏቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡

የቤተልሔም ባለቤትና ጓደኞች ደም ቢሰጡም እየደከመች ስለመጣችባቸው ያዋለዷት ዶክተር ሪፈር ጽፈው በመስጠት ኦክስጂን የተገጠመለት አምቡላንስ እንዲያመጡ ይነግሯቸዋል፡፡ ደክማለች በተባለችው ልጃቸው የተጨናነቁት ቤተሰቦች፣ ሩጫቸውን ወደ ተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል እንዳደረጉ ይናገራሉ፡፡ የተጻፈውን ሪፈር ወረቀት የተመለከቱት የተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል ሐኪም፣ “ብዙ ደም ስለፈሰሳት አንሠራም፤ ኃላፊነት አንወስድም፤” ሲሏቸው እግራቸው ሥር ቢወድቁም ሌላ ምላሽ ሊሰጧቸው እንዳልቻሉ ገልጸዋል፡፡

ግራ የተጋቡት ቤተሰቦች ጉዟቸውን ሜክሲኮ ገነት ሆቴል አካባቢ ወደሚገኘው ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል በማድረጋቸው፣ የታዘዙትን ኦክስጂን የጫነ አምቡላንስ ማግኘታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ የሆስፒታሉ ሠራተኞች፣ “እናንተ እዚህ ጠብቁን፤ እኛ ይዘናት እንመጣለን፤” ብለው ቤተልሔም ወደተኛችበት ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ በማምራት ይዘዋት መምጣታቸውን እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ ተናግረዋል፡፡ የቤተሰቦቿ መሯሯጥና እሷን ለማትረፍ ያደረጉት ጥረት ውጤት ሳያገኝ ቤተልሔም ላንድማርክ ስትደርስ ማረፏን እናቷና ባለቤቷ አስረድተዋል፡፡

ይኼ ሁሉ የሆነው ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ሙሉቀን እስከ ምሽት ድረስ በመሆኑ፣ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል እንዲያድር ይደረግና ቤተሰቦቿ በቀዶ ሕክምና የተወለደችውን ሕፃን ታቅፈው ወደ ቤታቸው ይመለሳሉ፡፡

“ማንኛውም እናት በወሊድ ምክንያት መሞት የለባትም” የሚለው መሪ ቃል ባልሠራበት ሁኔታ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷን መታደግ ሳይቻል በመቅረቱ ቤተልሔም ሕይወቷ ማለፉንም አስረድተዋል፡፡ ቤተሰቦቿና ወዳጅ ዘመዶቿ በተገኙበት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ገርጂ በሚገኘው ደብረገነት ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስና ቅዱስ ገብርኤል ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት መፈጸሙን ቤተሰቦቿ አረጋግጠዋል፡፡

የቀብር ሥርዓቷን ፈጽመው በሐዘን እየተብሰለሰሉ የዋሉትና ያደሩት የቤተልሔም ቤተሰቦች፣ በማግሥቱ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. የተነገራቸውን ማመን አቅቷቸው ወደ ቀብር ቦታዋ ተሯሩጠው ይሄዳሉ፡፡

ቤተሰቦቿ የቀብር ቦታው ሲደርሱ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ጉድጓድ ወጥቶ ዳር ላይ በፊቱ ተደፍቶ ማየታቸውን ይገልጻሉ፡፡ አስከሬን ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከገባ በኋላ በባዞላ ድንጋይ ጉድጓዱ ተደፍኖ በላዩ ላይ በሲሚንቶ ይለሰናል፡፡ ከዚያም በላይ አፈር ይለብሳል፡፡ ይኼንን ሁሉ አልፎ እንዴት ሊፈጸም እንደቻለ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ አስተዳዳሪ ሊቀ ማዕምራን ጽጌ ከበረ ምላሽ እንዲሰጡ በሪፖርተር ተጠይቀው ነበር፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው እንደነገሩን፣ ሟች የኦርቶዶክስ እምነት ተከታይ በመሆኗ ሥርዓተ ፍትኃት ተፈጽሞላት ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ተከናውኗል፡፡ በዚያኑ ቀን ለእሑድ አጥቢያ እሳቸው ቅዳሴ ላይ እያሉ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ጥበቃዎች አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ወጥቶ መገኘቱን ነግረዋቸዋል፡፡

ጥበቃዎቹ እንደነገሯቸው አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ወጥቶ በመገኘቱ ለፖሊስ ተደውሎለት መጥቷል፡፡ የሟች ቤተሰቦችም መጥተዋል፡፡ ውጭ ላይ የተገኘው አስከሬን የተገነዘበት ጨርቅም የለም፡፡ አስከሬኑ ልብስ ባለመልበሱ ምክንያት ነጠላ ተሸፍኖ አባዲና እስኪመጣ ቢጠበቅም ሊመጣ ባለመቻሉ፣ ፖሊስና የሟች ቤተሰቦች ተመካክረውና ተስማምተው ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከጠዋቱ አምስት ሰዓት አካባቢ በድጋሚ ቀብሩ መፈጸሙን አስረድተዋል፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው ያዩትን እንደተናገሩት፣ አስከሬኑ የወጣው ባንድ በኩል አንድ ባዞላ ድንጋይ ተፈንቅሎና በጠባብ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ ሲሆን፣ ቀብር የተፈጸመበት ሳጥንም ጉድጓዱ ውስጥ መሆኑንና አስከሬኑ በማበጡ ምክንያት እንዴት በዚያ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ እንደወጣ ተዓምር እንደሆነባቸው ነው፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው እንደገለጹት ሁሉ የሟች ቤተሰቦች ያዩትን ተናግረዋል፡፡ በሲሚንቶ የተደፈነ መቃብርን ደም ፈሷት የሞተች፣ ከ12 ሰዓታት በላይ ታፍና የቆየችና አቅም የሌላት ወላድ፣ ቀጭን ሰው በማያስወጣ ቀዳዳ እንዴት እንደወጣች፣ አፈሩ ሳይነሳና ከአንድ ባዞላ በስተቀር ሌላው ሳይነካ አስከሬን ወጥቶ በደረቱ ተደፍቶ መገኘቱ ግራ እንዳጋባቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡

የሟች ቤተልሔም አስከሬን ጉዳይ በሁለት ጊዜ ቀብር ሳያበቃ ከተቀበረ ከሰዓታት በኋላ “ጩኸት ይሰማል፤ ሳጥን እየተንኳኳ ነው፤” በማለት ፖሊሶች፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና ሕዝቡ አካባቢውን አጥለቅልቆት እንደገና መጠራታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ገልጸዋል፡፡ እነሱ ሲደርሱ “ሆን ብለው ከነነፍሷ ቀብረዋት ነው፤ አምልኮ ቢኖር ነው፤ ስትጮህ ሰምተናታል፤ ውኃ ስጡኝ ስትል ነበር፣ ወዘተ” ከሚል ሹክሹክታና ትርምስ በስተቀር የቀብር ቦታው እንዳልተከፈተ መመልከታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ተናግረዋል፡፡

ፖሊሶች የሟች ቤተሰቦችን “እኛም ምንም የሰማነውና ያየነው ነገር የለም፤ ፈቃደኛ ከሆናችሁ ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” የሚል ጥያቄ ሲያቀርቡላቸው፣ “የተሰበሰበው ሰው የተለያየ ነገር ሲል እየሰማን እንዴት አይሆንም እንላለን? ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” በማለት መፍቀዳቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

አስከሬኑ በፖሊስ ተቆፍሮ እንዲወጣ ከተደረገ በኋላ ሳጥኑ ሲከፈትና አባዲና ሲመረምረው መሞቷ መረጋገጡን፣ ነገር ግን ሰውነቷ ፎርማሊን የተወጋ ቢሆንም፣ መተጣጠፍና መዘረጋጋት እንደሚችል የገለጹት ቤተሰቦቿ፣ ሕይወቷ ለማለፉ የመጨረሻ ማረጋገጫ ለማግኘት አስከሬኑ ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ ሆስፒታል ገብቶ እንዲመረመር ከተደረገ በኋላ፣ ለሦስተኛ ጊዜ ታኅሣሥ 1 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ቀብሯ መፈጸሙን አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ልጃቸው በሕክምና ጉድለት ደሟ ፈሶ መሞቷ አንሶ አስከሬኗ ሲንገላታ መክረሙ የበለጠ መሪር ሐዘን እንደሆነባቸው የገለጹት እናቷ፣ አንድ ልጃቸው መሆኗንና እሳቸውም ሆኑ ልጃቸው ከማንም ጋር ፀብም ሆነ ቅያሜ የሌላቸው በመሆኑ የልጃቸውን አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ያወጣውን ማወቅ እንደሚፈልጉ ተናግረዋል፡፡ መንግሥት “ሰምተናል፣ አይተናል፤” በማለት ሕዝቡንና ሐዘንተኞችን ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በደንብ እንዲመረምርና ያለውን እውነት እንዲገልጽላቸውም ጠይቀዋል፡፡

የባለቤታቸውን የአስከሬን ምርመራ ውጤትና በቁጥጥር ሥር የዋሉትን ተጠርጣሪ ሰዎች የምርመራ ውጤት አንድ ላይ ለቤተሰብና ለሕዝቡ ፖሊስ ይፋ እንዲያደርግ አቶ ፍሰሐ እሸቴ ጠይቀዋል፡፡

ፖሊስ ስለደረሰበትና ስለተደረገው ነገር ሁሉ ማብራርያ እንዲሰጥ በሪፖርተር ጥያቄ ቀርቦለት፣ የአስከሬኑ ምርመራ ውጤት ገና እንዳልደረሰ ገልጾ፣ ሕዝብንና ቤተሰብን በተደጋጋሚ ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በቁጥጥር ሥር ማዋሉንና በምርመራ ላይ መሆኑን አስታውቋል፡፡ በምርመራ ላይ በመሆኑም ተጨማሪ ማብራርያ መስጠት እንደማይችል ገልጿል፡፡


Susan Rice asked Obama to withdraw her name from consideration as secretary of state

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice has withdrawn her name from consideration for secretary of state, Brian Williams of NBC News reports.

"If nominated, I am now convinced that the confirmation process would be lengthy, disruptive and costly — to you and to our most pressing national and international priorities," Rice wrote in a letter to President Barack Obama, obtained by NBC News. "That trade-off is simply not worth it to our country…Therefore, I respectfully request that you no longer consider my candidacy at this time."

Rice’s potential nomination was marred by persistent Republican criticism of her response to the Sept. 11 anniversary attack on a U.S. compound Benghazi, Libya.

This story is developing. Check back for more updates…

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/1 … f=politics


Remembering December 13th Massacre in Western Ethiopia

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uaZty97JXzU

Dear Friends and Colleagues;

December 13, 2012 marks the 9-year anniversary of the brutal massacre of 424 disarmed Anuak in Gambella, Ethiopia by the TPLF/EPRDF Defense Forces armed with guns and militia groups armed with machetes. Not just the families of the victims, but all Anuak, will forever remember that dark day that brought so many pains, tears and suffering.

Even after 9 years, some widows, some fathers, some mothers and children are still waiting to bury their loved ones properly. Some day their bodies, which were buried in mass graves, will be exhumed and buried with proper respect by their families and loved ones. Someday a memorial of remembrance may be erected in Gambella in their honor, to remind people that behind every name on that memorial, is a human life, given as a precious gift from God, our Creator.

Such memorials may be erected all over Ethiopia where innocent lives of Ethiopians have been taken. Someday, a large monument—a wall of shame—could be erected in Addis Ababa with the names of the Anuak and the names of all other people throughout Ethiopia who have lost their lives at the hands of this government that devalues human life.

On this Anuak Memorial Day, Anuak in Gambella cannot join with Anuak in the Diaspora in observing this day. It is prohibited by the TPLF or EPRDF government. Instead, they will have to look forward to the day they will be able to join together in a service such as the ones being held in USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, Kenya, South Sudan and in other cities where there are Anuak where they are free to remember the death of more than 1500 other Anuak who were killed in the next two years following the December massacre.

Because public mourning is not allowed, those who want to remember family members, friends and community members who died, must quietly carry out some kind of observances within their homes and hearts.

This TPLF regime wants to erase it from the memory of the Anuak, but this will never happen. Someday, all the details will be revealed for all to see on the shame-filled pages of our Ethiopian history books. Until then, Anuak are still waiting for those responsible to be brought to justice. As one Anuak who lost a family member recently said, “the TPLF and it killers have moved on, but we will never stop grieving or rest until the killers have been brought to justice and until our family members are buried properly.”

For the Anuak people and supporters of the Anuak, let us all remember this day together. Let us take this day of sorrow and make it a day of reconciliation and healing among all peace-loving Ethiopians. This pain we feel was brought because of hate, anger, envy and greed and we want to create a different Ethiopia.

May God bless all of those who are remembering this day of tragedy and may God help bring about an Ethiopia where truth, justice, freedom, reconciliation and harmony prevail over death and destruction.

Please take a few minutes and watch this heartbreaking video below: The testimonies of survivors and other witnesses of the December 13th Massacre. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uaZty97JXzU

Thanks so much for your never-ending support. Don’t give up. Keep your focus on the bigger picture and reach out to others and listen!

I am appealing to all my friends and colleagues to forward it to your friends. If you do, you will not just be giving a voice to our beautiful people, but you would be doing justice to our humanity. Knowing the truth is overcoming the first obstacle to freedom!

Sincerely your severance,

Obang

Executive Director of SMNE

E-mail: obang@solidaritymovement.org

http://www.solidaritymovement.org

————————————————-

The Bible Says (Ecclesiastes 11:4), "

- If You Wait for Perfect Conditions, You Will Never Get Anything Done – "

" – One Action is More Valuable Than a Thousand Good Intentions -


Report TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael to the U.S. Homeland Security’s War Crimes Unit

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

DebretsionI have been informed that the TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael, who has recently been promoted as deputy prime minister, will come to the U.S. in the coming few weeks. An American friend who is a regular reader of Ethiopian Review suggested to me that Ethiopians who reside in U.S. can try to prevent him from coming to the U.S. or if he comes, he may be placed under arrest, if the U.S. officials follow the law.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has a Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU), and it says the following on its website:

The unit conducts investigations focused on human rights violations in an effort to prevent the United States from becoming a safe haven to those individuals who engage in the commission of war crimes, genocide, torture and other forms of serious human rights abuses from conflicts around the globe. When foreign war crimes suspects, persecutors and human rights abusers are identified within U.S. borders, the unit utilizes its powers and authorities to the fullest extent of the law to investigate, prosecute and, whenever possible, remove any such offenders from the United States.

Debretsion is responsible for carrying out the TPLF regime’s assassinations and he has been fully immersed in the Ogaden and Gambella genocidal war. As head of the regime’s security commission, he is also responsible for the savage beatings, torture and murder of peaceful protesters and innocent civilians.

If Debretsion is allowed to enter the U.S. and he is not arrested, the U.S. authorities will be violating the law, and we can take our case to the U.S. Congress.

Here is what we can do: As soon as he is observed at any location in the U.S., please contact ICE HSI at 866-DHS-2-ICE or send email to HRV.ICE@ice.dhs.gov
You can remain anonymous.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC has formed a new chapter in Norway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Norway chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entcnorway@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Laser beaming could make power lines obsolete (video)

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

(Reuters) — A company in Washington state is developing wireless technology that delivers electricity via laser beams. The scientists and engineers who run the company, Lasermotive, are using the lasers to power aerial drones but say their technology could also replace conventional power lines to deliver electricity to homes. Jane Ross paid them a visit.

Watch the video in the following link,

http://www.reuters.com/video/2012/12/11 … nel=118065


BOOK REVIEW: The Great Land Giveaway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Review by Lisanu Betaw

The recently released book by Dr. Aklog Birara (hereafter referred to as the author) on Ethiopia titled “The Great Land Giveaway” is a phenomenal piece of work reflecting the culmination of a dedicated research effort by an economic pundit with a hallmark of professional excellence and experiential richness. It goes into great depth of analysis of the socio-economic and political realities of Ethiopia today and, predicated on the outcome of the analysis, foresees a looming misfortune befalling Ethiopia if the present anomaly of land giveaway and socio-economic mismanagement are to be allowed to continue to prevail in the times to come. Summarized in broad terms, uncontrolled access, by invitation, to fertile farm land by outsiders with no veritable returns to Ethiopia, corruption and nepotism at all levels of the system, insatiable greed at the highest level, ethnic and political considerations for entitlement to economic assets including land and, in total, unbounded control of the economic and social life of the people are the troubling features that the author brings out in the book. Towards the end the author highlights painstaking measures to be taken in unity if the travesty of development and the menacing trend are to be reversed. Mirrored in the book are the arbitrariness of socio-economic management and the looming dangers facing Ethiopia not just vis-a-vis the generation today but also as a recorded history for posterity.

What are the salient issues that the author underscores in his intensive and extensive analysis of Ethiopia’s socio-economic disorder? Are there other authoritative Africa-wide and other findings of studies and established experiences that underpin the author’s findings and arguments about Ethiopia?

1. Issues that have taken centre stage in the book

1.1 Giving away fertile farm land (at nominal fees) to foreign companies and individuals (with a select few of local elites also having some share) in the name of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

The foreign investors are given an unprecedented carte blanche. With no binding and enforceable conditions included in the grant the foreign investors use the farm lands to grow products of their choices, use technologies to maximize production and export the produce to their countries of origin and, what are left there-from, to the highest external bidders. The continued wellbeing of the communities they displace and the growth and development of Ethiopia at large as well as the protections of environmental resources including wildlife do not go into their calculations. What is left for the displaced communities is the chance of seasonally selling their labour for meagre compensations.

The official arguments of (i) promoting growth and development through the land grant and (ii) the grant being only of unoccupied or unutilized land are a travesty. First, the author convincingly argues that the nation’s genuine and sustainable growth and development can occur only when Ethiopians own economic assets including land, produce what they consider are possible and economical, process their raw outputs into final use products and finally offer the fruits of their labour to the markets within and without. Second, there is no unoccupied or unutilized land except those lying fallow or are grazing areas left to regenerate. Further, the highlands of Ethiopia constituting areas above 1500 metres above sea level and representing 40 percent of the nation’s land mass are home for over 80 percent (87 percent to be exact) of the population and correspondingly of the farming households. The farming households are in dire need of farm lands. Contrary to the land use master plan of the 1980s (jointly produced with FAO and UNDP) which prevents cultivation of land with inclination of 30 percent and above, small holding farmers continue to expand their cultivation of hillsides thereby degrading the vitality of the soil on them.

In the context of these vivid lines of the author’s arguments, the role of the Government should have been one of creating enabling conditions through distribution of land with the right of ownership, building of farm and market infrastructure and provision of inputs (including fertilizers) in the types and magnitudes required.

In a rare occurrence and providing the validity of the author’s argument the new Head of FAO and a Kenyan prominent businessman (the latter taking Ethiopia as a case in point) in an interview with Aljazeera, call land grant a complete failure.

1.2 Development for the author, as for others, means improvement of the lives of Ethiopians across the land. Fundamental in this argument is that when Ethiopians are not empowered to be active role players in their own development and continue to be side spectators development in the nation’s context becomes a misnomer. Growth can occur without development but only to raise the fortunes of a select group of elites and to improve income for the state treasury.

1.3 A misconceived view of the regime in power that the author brings to light in his researched findings is that development is faster and impacting when it is state-led. This, of course, is antithesis to the recorded experiences of development. The lessons from the defunct command economies of the past did not seem to have made a dent in the understanding of the power controlling the economy. Present day Vietnam, according to Greg Mills (Greg Mills, 2010) raised itself from a net importer of agricultural commodities including rice to the world’s second largest exporter of rice and coffee only after its land reform in which private ownership created a stake for those working on the farms.

1.4 The private sector, normally considered as the engine of development has been, according to the researched findings of the author, wantonly weakened principally through monopoly of the major business and industry sectors by the state-cum-party enterprises but also through discouraging policies, tax burdens and bureaucratic machineries to reduce the level playing field. Evidenced by the findings is that there is a void in the enabling environment for the sector to function with freedom, fairness and unfettered drive.

A researched revelation by Greg Mills about private sector in Africa in his book “Why Africa is Poor” shows great similarities to the fate of private sector in Ethiopia. The following is what Greg Mills writes:

“Africa’s people are poverty stricken not because the private sector does not exist or was unwilling to work in sometimes difficult settings. These people and companies do exist, though the private sector is often not private at all, but rather an elite-linked system of rent seeking. Even where there is a degree of independence, government attitudes towards private businesses range from suspicion to outright hostility.

1.5 Ethiopia, as truly and convincingly explained in the book, possesses bountiful supply of natural and human resources. The troubling reality, however, is that there is a web of man-made factors that continue to militate against the deployment of these resources to its growth and development: They included distorted policies, divisive and non-inclusive governance, state and party control of the economy, nepotism, rampant corruption, weakening of the private sector, absence of fair and impartial access to opportunities and declining relevance of education to growth and development. The regime in power preaches about agro-based industrialization which is a travesty in the absence of Ethiopians owning economic assets, playing the roles of producers, processors, exporters, importers and, in general, participants in their nation’s growth and development. The concept and practice of what the author calls “virtuous cycle” take root only when the latter conditions prevail.

1.6 Finally, the book makes extensive coverage of small holder farms and the inherent economic benefits they create. In particular, the following superior values of the farms are articulated:

- Intensive use of land

- Capacity for rural labour absorption

- Crop-livestock integration

- High labour input per unit of area

- High responsiveness to incentives

- Great opportunity for land augmenting

Some living examples reinforcing the author’s down-to-earth analysis and convincing conclusions are the pathway to development followed by South Asian countries in the past and the remarkable development performance of Vietnam today which placed emphasis on small-scale agriculture.

To the deserved credit of the author, he does not underestimate the significance of large-scale farming. In fact, he reminisces about graduates of the then Alemaya agricultural college and retired citizens of the nation going into operating large-size farms with impressive successes. His prime contention is that that ought to be left to native Ethiopians.

2. “The primary reason why Africa’s people are poor is because

their leaders make this choice” (Greg Mills, 2010).

A few statements are quoted from Greg Mills in some of the preceding paragraphs to support the arguments of the author about some of the issues on Ethiopia. Greg Mills, in fact, highlights many more retarding factors regarding the development of Africa which have astounding similarities to those that the author discusses on Ethiopia. The following are some of them:

- Reliance on primary commodities for exports and incorrect policies and procedures to facilitate trade

- Inefficient land use

- Ruinous and self-interested decisions taken by single parties and with no bottom up pressure

- A system thriving on corruption and nepotism

- Land holding structure in which it is distributed on the basis of political allegiances thereby impeding ownership and entrepreneurship

- Top down imposition of the will of governments and resulting institutionalization of weak governance

- Bad choices in place of better ones in the broader public interest because the latter is not in the leaders’ personal and often financial self-interests.

- Leaders externalizing their problems making them the responsibility of others.

An interesting conclusion comes out visibly from the research outputs by Greg Mills about Africa and by the author on Ethiopia: The issues highlighted for Africa as a whole and for Ethiopia as part of Africa greatly coincide. This certainly is not because the two authors came together and shared or reconciled findings but rather each independently carrying out his own research supported by his own vast experiences led him to the conclusion that happened to be similar to that of the other. This is a telling evidence that the book by the author on Ethiopia is the outcome of a dedicated research by one who has his country at heart. The regime in power opted for almost all the failing strategies that stunted and still continue to stunt the development of Africa. The book deserves not only to be read but also owned by all Ethiopians and by those whose hearts go out to Ethiopia.

Final Point:

A considered suggestion to the author is to produce an abridged version of the book both in English and Amharic to serve as handbooks of this historic work. This, of course, implies more in terms of effort, time and material resources but the potential rewarding impact will outweigh all of these.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Interview with Ethiopian entrepreneur Bethlehem Tilahun

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania interviews world renowned Ethiopian entrepreneur Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu

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Making recycled tires from Africa into fashionable footwear that sells around the world? That’s the amazing success story of soleRebels, which just opened a second store in Taiwan. The Ethiopian shoe brand sells in over 50 countries and counts Urban Outfitters, Whole Foods and Amazon.com among its retailers. Offering generous benefits to its employees and using only environmentally friendly materials, it is the first company certified by the World Fair Trade Organization for its practices. Stating its ambition, soleRebels hails itself as "Africa’s Nike."

Just eight years ago, Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu started soleRebels with her first five employees on her grandmother’s plot of land in Ethiopia. She has since seen her business grow, and has received a number of accolades. Forbes recently listed her as one of the most powerful women to watch, along with Kate Middleton and South Carolina governor Nikki Haley. She was recently featured on a BBC series with business leaders around the world.

Alemu aims to pay "proud" wages, offers her employees on-site medical checkups and free transportation for her disabled employees. She explains that having grown up in Ethiopia, the real solution to poverty is to give people jobs that they are proud and happy to do. "The best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method," she tells Arabic Knowledge@Wharton. "Create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner."

An edited transcript of the conversation follows.

Q: You started soleRebels in 2004. What was it like at the beginning?

A: From a physical standpoint, it was pretty basic: Five workers plus myself working inside a workshop situated on my grandmother’s plot of land inside our village of Zenabework [in Addis Ababa]. But from an idea and vision standpoint it was immense. We aimed from day one to create, grow and control a world-class footwear brand right from our community that would create ever more jobs and growing prosperity for the workers, and to do this by leveraging the artisan skills of the community and the natural resources of the nation. That created an intoxicating sense of motivation and ambition that, eight years later, is stronger than ever inside the company, even as we have grown to hundreds of workers.

Q: What made you decide to start it in your own community?

A: We had lots of talented people in my community, especially artisan talent, and there were little to no job opportunities for these people. That struck me as both an immense tragedy but also an immense opportunity. I knew if we could leverage these talents in the correct format, the response from the market would be incredible. We selected footwear as the platform and away we went.

Layered on top of this was that I kept hearing over and over the phrase "poverty alleviation" in the wider context of Ethiopia and specifically with regard to the community where I grew up. As I entered college and started working to support my brothers and myself it had become clear to me that poverty alleviation is a myth. It also became clear to me that prosperity creation is the sole route to the elimination of poverty. And to create prosperity, you have to create something world class. So that’s what started to really crystallize my thinking.

Poverty alleviation sounds great. After all, who could not be for alleviating poverty, right? But poverty alleviation is, in my experience, persons unaffiliated or unaffected by poverty arbitrarily establishing a line that says to the poor: "Hey, guess what? By my calculations, you’re not poor anymore. You make ‘x’ per day."

That’s the reason we said soleRebels would never be about poverty alleviation. I saw first-hand what the alleviators of poverty were doing from the time I was a little girl. Without getting into too many details, let’s just say poverty was at best a sideline to their main pursuits. So I vowed that I would impact my community in a way that all those who said they were impacting it never had and never could.

We have always said this company is about maximizing local talent and local resources to create good-paying jobs. In turn, let’s us pursue our core mission, which is to create awesome and extraordinary footwear and apparel products that make us into a hyper successful global brand that creates prosperity for its workforce, its suppliers and its stakeholders. We have proudly done just that, all while being the planet’s only World Fair Trade Organization [WFTO] fair trade-certified footwear company. WFTO is the sole accreditation that certifies companies’ practices and not simply the product as fair trade. That’s a big difference, especially in an era when gigantic mega corporations claim to make fair-trade goods or people who claim they are fair trade with no certification to back up that claim.

Setting our goals this way is totally different from setting a low-bar goal like poverty alleviation. Those who say they run their companies on that as their aim have set the bar so low they are missing the point: people don’t want to be "not poor." They want some form of prosperity. That doesn’t mean [they want] to be millionaires or billionaires but prosperous. And the best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method: create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner — all of which in turn creates a hyper successful company.

Q: What made you start your own company?

A: I was born and raised in the same community where I funded and continue to run my business. I had to make this company happen for myself and for all those who came to depend on it for their livelihoods. From day one, I realized that’s the deal, and that’s what drives me every single day. That’s what allows me to create world-class footwear and world-class retail stores, which in turn allow us to achieve sales targets, which in turn allow us to pay great salaries, hire more people and continue to grow organically with no outside control. If my skin was not in this game from day one, I never could have created soleRebels and fashioned it into what it is today. I would have simply seen it as a nice pastime that, win or lose, the outcome for me personally would be the same.

It’s pretty motivating to see talented people you have grown up with, who possess immense potential and talent and yet have zero opportunity to properly leverage that talent. Add to that an abundance of natural resources here in Ethiopia from which to craft footwear — everything from free-range leathers to organic cotton, jute and Abyssinian hemp. You’ve got a perfect platform for something big to happen.

Q: What were some particular challenges and benefits to start your business in the small community you came from?

A: The challenges have been immense, as have the benefits. In the benefits box, the idea of a global company being community grown and based is a deeply competitive advantage. Our roots are here. Our past, present and future is here. Not a lot of companies can say that with a straight face these days.

Q: The foundation of the shoe is the traditional "selate" and "barabasso" shoe, where the sole is made out of recycled car tires. Was there a light-bulb moment or was the fashion concept something you had been thinking about even from when you were a child?

A: There wasn’t a light-bulb moment in the classic sense. It was more like an evolution. The selate/barabasso was all around us and so were the myriad of artisan crafts and natural inputs that I described previously. When the final push came down to found the company, I knew at that point that footwear was the platform as it would allow us a broad palate on which to express our creativity and also employ a wide range of incredible artisan-crafted and artisan-engineered materials.

And not only have we re-imagined the selate/barabasso but soleRebels has re-imagined what artisan footwear and artisan craft can be. We never did, nor do we now, just simply employ artisans. We have refined and redefined their craft to help them and us reach entirely new levels of craftsmanship, so that the product they create for our shoes is something totally new. This ethos is innovation in action and has given us innovations like totally new thread types that our hand spinners have imagined and a new weave technique that gave birth to a new, more breathable and absorbent fabric for lining our shoes and sandal straps. When people think of innovation, they think of a new technology, but innovation is in fact substantively improving the state of what was before. And so innovation can and must be applied to areas like artisan crafting. In fact it’s this approach that will keep them vital and relevant. This is one of the reasons soleRebels has found success. We have embraced the idea that tradition and innovation go hand in hand, so that yesterday’s hand-loomer of fabrics is tomorrow’s textile innovator, yesterday’s cobbler is tomorrow’s added-value shoe artisan, pioneering style and comfort through the use of the improved artisan inputs. When we look at artisan crafting through this prism, we can see a whole new future of possibilities. That’s the ethos we employ and that’s one of the assets that makes what soleRebels does totally unique, vibrant, dynamic and exciting. And it’s one of the key reasons people the world over love our products and our brand. It’s a totally new presentation of artisan craft, relevant and dynamic, one that simultaneously reaches back into the past and into the present and the future.

Q: Ethiopia was one of the only African countries to successfully fight off colonialists, which was one of the reasons why the company is called soleRebels. What made you decide to pay homage to the proud history of Ethiopia remaining independent?

A: Rather than looking at Ethiopia’s pedigree and heritage of independence as something that is backward looking, I chose my "homage" to Ethiopian independence to be something forward looking and active as it’s related to soleRebels. I believe that for Ethiopia to properly create prosperity — and for Africa as a whole — we must be at the forefront of, and in full control of the commercialization of our culture, realizing all the gains from the same. soleRebels is at the forefront of an unstoppable movement that proves the creative agency and business acumen of the people of Africa. Our desire to control the fruits of our land and labor and the processing of these will never be squelched. We will never let any usurpation of those resources and our rights to them happen again.

Q: soleRebels pays wages on average over 233% higher than industry standards and four to five times the legal minimum wage with opportunities to earn more. Why do you think more companies are hesitant about offering such wages?

A: I am proud that soleRebels has been at the forefront of creating the change that is showing that Ethiopia and Africa can create, deliver and grow world-class products and brands that can compete globally and win! We have stores opening around the planet – from Taiwan to Switzerland. We are opening these in conjunction with partners — experienced business folks who have staked their money on our ideas. Now that’s change and that’s the forefront of the possibilities that face Ethiopia, not simply selling a product or some raw materials but rather getting people around the world to buy into our ideas and support, promote and grow those ideas.

Q: Your company offers some fantastic employee benefits, like 100 percent medical coverage and bringing doctors for on-site medical checks, an artisans’ education fund (for the education of artisans’ children) and transportation for workers with disabilities. How did you come up with these ideas that are rarely offered in most companies around the world?

A: It’s rooted in a few things but mostly it’s just great business to treat people as I would want to be treated. That includes employees, partners, and customers. Once you apply that ethos, it’s pretty easy to always find yourself doing the right thing.

Q: As you build your first state-of-the-art production facility, what kind of policies will you have to maintain eco-friendly ways?

A: It’s important to understand that at our core soleRebels is an artisan-driven company. We are creative artisans who aim to craft the coolest and most comfortable footwear. We do this by combining our heritage artisan crafts with modern design sensibilities, while pouring our creative selves into our shoes. The final result is that when our footwear is bought, the purchaser can see, feel and enjoy all the elements of heart, soul and creative craftsmanship that have gone into their construction.

It’s challenging but anything good is challenging. It requires an obsession with quality, attention to detail and craftsmanship. And in a world of faceless, production line-assembled, made-in-who-knows-where shoes, soleRebels proudly stand apart and offers a much desired alternative for the informed global consumer.

This type of business model centers on eco-sensibility and community empowerment. Product design and development involves a great deal of effort to achieve fashionable and appealing quality products that use local materials. Our model maximizes local development by creating a vibrant local supply chain while creating world-class footwear that is loaded with style, comfort and appeal. We do this by directly training and employing artisans who craft each and every one of our shoes by hand, one pair at a time making it a truly zero-carbon production process.

soleRebels products are proudly made in this low-impact manner because historically that is the way it’s been done in Ethiopia. And working by hand as we do is not only the truest expression of zero-carbon production but is a study in artisan empowerment. The quality and beauty of every pair we make is literally in the hands and mind and eyes and soul of our artisans so working this way is the ultimate expression of our faith and confidence in the skill and craftsmanship of every single one of our artisans.

We make our own inputs, as other footwear manufacturers buy mass-produced materials to make their shoes. We handcraft our Abyssinian pure leathers, re-purpose materials like car and truck tires into soles and incorporate as many recycled and sustainable materials as possible including Abyssinian hemp and pure Abyssinian koba [plant fiber]. We proudly hand-spin and hand-loom every single meter of our own fabrics in our own facilities right inside our community. This ensures we get the highest quality, most gorgeous, unique and colorful fabrics that make the most amazing looking and super comfy footwear while simultaneously creating ever more high-quality jobs for talented hands.

Many of these talented hands are women who have mastered these heritage artisanal arts but were unable to find an outlet for them in modern business. I am very proud that as a company we have created a vital and sustainable outlet for these historic skills to be used in a highly productive manner. Doing our own designing, as other footwear manufacturers outsource their shoe design to big design firms, we conceive and develop everything we make by ourselves in house, in our workshop in Addis Ababa. The result is that we can conceive the coolest, comfiest and most stylish footwear while also elevating both our own creative capabilities and creating additional, higher-level jobs for the designers that we groom and train.

Q: What kinds of changes are needed for more African companies to participate in global markets?

A: Aid won’t create jobs, and cannot and never will create prosperity, especially in the Ethiopian or African context. The aid and charity industries are driven by agendas that have very little to do with ensuring development and prosperity and everything to do with sustaining themselves. They are simply diversions from the larger issues of sustainable development. Period.

We have created world-class jobs, a world-class company and brand while empowering our community and country. We have done this while simultaneously presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market. These actions, I believe, have forever shifted the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. And that’s key because no one was positioning things like that before soleRebels emerged and certainly no one was implementing it on the scale we have.

This model will not simply forever end aid dependency, but it will allow Africa to compete in the global marketplace of ideas on our own terms, and at full value for those ideas. And once we do that, then the images associated with Africa will be forever changed in a way that is real and meaningful and tangible. After all, Africa’s image is our brand, and if that overall brand has value and worth, then all our endeavors, whatever the sector we are in, becomes enhanced by that brands value.

Q: What was been key to your success?

A: One of the elements of our success is the fact that we have always seen ourselves as a creative-force company first and foremost who manifest our creativity and craft through shoes.

Anyone can make a shoe. But not anyone can, year in and year out, create top-flight products that feel as amazing as they look. Not anyone can synthesize multiple artisan crafts, invigorate them and make them relevant in multiple forms of footwear. Not anyone can invent a supply chain from scratch specifically oriented to service this type of footwear company, and keep that supply chain growing and evolving and flourishing, and have, as core underpinnings of that supply chain, eco-sensibility and fair trade. Not anyone can create deep and lasting bonds with customers through the delivery of top-grade customer service that delivers lasting customer satisfaction. Not anyone can create a brand that engages and excites people globally. Not anyone can meld Old World craftsmanship with contemporary design and technology.

It takes a deeply talented and creative company to do what we do while keeping customers looking great and feeling comfortable, engaged and excited by both the company and the brand. It’s a totally different endeavor than simply being a "shoe company" and its one where soleRebels is just getting warmed up. Our vision is based on creating value over decades.

Q: Can you tell me about your professional background?

A: I am an accountant by training. I was born and raised in the Zenabwork community here in Addis Ababa. It’s the community where I grew up, and it is the same community where I started soleRebels and continue to run it from.

I completed all my education here in Ethiopia as well, and I have never lived anywhere else but Ethiopia. This is a small but critical point. You see there is a distorted but powerful conventional wisdom, here and across Africa, that says if you want to succeed, then get out and go, especially West.

But growing up, and later more intensely as I graduated from college, I was always thinking about what an idea like that really means. Should somebody have to leave their country of birth and family just to survive? Or to be successful? In addition to wanting to build a successful company, I wanted to show that it is possible to be a local person, in Ethiopia and in Africa and also be globally successful, to show that it is possible to deploy local resources while creating a market leading global brand and to do it all from scratch. Exactly what we have done.

It’s a powerful idea and one that has provided a much needed and real example for many up-and-coming young women and men here in Ethiopia and across Africa at large. They see soleRebels and myself, I suppose, as an example that local Ethiopians and local Africans by extension, can and have made it globally. And this is, in turn, inspiring a whole new generation of young entrepreneurs.

My success has also served as a powerful counter to generations of media that have attempted to show Ethiopians as helpless passive recipients of aid. My story runs directly counter to that narrative, and has in fact flipped the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. I have shown that it is we Ethiopians and Africans who can create prosperous jobs, world-class brands while empowering our communities. And I have done so while presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market.

Q: soleRebels brings in revenues over US$2 million, according to the British newspaper The Observer. What are your future goals for the company?

A: Roll out thirty soleRebels-branded corporate and franchised retail stores around the globe by 2016 – 17. Achieve over US$25 million to US$40 million in annual revenues by 2018. Keep generating real wealth by creating thousands of creative, dignified and well-paying jobs inside our wider community. We are aiming to add thousands of domestic full-time creative and well-paid jobs over the next 12 to 36 months and over 600 global jobs by 2015.

Continue building our thriving network of local entrepreneurs though our suppliers’ web for material inputs. This network employs hundreds and creates multi-millions in local supplier purchases. Create our state-of-the-arts production facility that will preserve, promote and keep indigenous artisan crafts relevant through their continued use as inputs in our world-class footwear products.


ሱዛን ራይስና የአፍሪካ ሰለስተ እርኩሳን

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

የሰለስተ  እርኩሳን  እመቤት

ሱዛን ራይስ፤የወቅቱ በተባበሩት መንግስታት የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ አምባሳደር ከአፍሪካ አታላይ፤ጮሌ፤ስግብግብ ራስ ወዳድ ዲክታተሮች ጋር ላለፉት አሰርት ዓመታት ስታሽቃብጥና አሸሸ ገዳሜ ስትል ነበር፡፡ ከዚህ ያለፈ ውግዘታዊ አስተያየት በተቺዎችች ተሰንዝሮባታል::

በአፍሪካ የራይስ አፍቃሪ መሪዎችም ‹‹ሰለስተ እርኩሳን › ናቸው: — የሩዋንዳው ፓውል ካጋሚ፤ የዩጋንዳው ዩዌሪ ሙሳቪኒ፤ እና በቅርቡ ወደማይቀረው የሄዱት የኢትዮጵያው መለስ ዜናዊ፡፡ (ተጠቃሾቹ በሙሉ ቀድሞ የተቃዋሚ ጦረኞች የነበሩና በቢል ክሊንተንና በቶኒ ብሌይር ቡራኬ ስመ ክርስትናቸው ‹‹የአፍሪካ የአዲሱ ትውልድ ›› መሪዎች የተሰኙ) በክሊንተንና ራይስ ራዕይ እነዚህ የአዲሱ ትውልድ መሪዎች ለአፍሪካ አዲስ አስተሳሰብ በማምጣት፤ነጻነትንና ልማትን ያፋጥናሉ ተብለው የታጩ ነበሩ፡፡ ራይስም ለዚህ ራዕይ ጠባቂ መልአክ፤ተጋዳይ፤ረቺ፤ አሳዳጊ፤ጠበቃ፤እና የነዚህ ሰለስቱ ጓደኞች ታላቋ እመቤትና የሴት አስተዳዳሪ ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሰቃቂዎቹን ሰለስቱ ቡድኖች ጋሻ መከታ በመሆን ከፍትህና ከፖለቲካ ተጠያቂነት በመከላከል፤ ከበርካታ ውግዘታዊ  ነቀፌታና ትችቶች ተድበስብሰው እንዲታለፉ በማሰናከል የተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካም ማዕቀብ እንዳያደርጉባቸው ከፍተኛውን ሚና ሱዛን ራይስ፤ ተጫውታለች፡፡

ራይስ፤ካጋሚ፤ሩዋንዳ እና ያልታመነው የዘር ማጥፋት

በኤፕሪል 1994 የክሊንተን አስተዳደር በሩዋንዳ ይካሄድ የነበረውን ጭፍጨፋና ግድያ ያላወቁ በማስመሰል ከእውነቱ ሁኔታ አይናቸውን ሲጋርዱ፤ ራይስ በራሷ አገላለጽ “ወጣቷ የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ዋስትና ዲረክተር” የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ዋስትና ካውንስለሩ (አማካሪ) አንቶኒ ሌክ በሩዋንዳ ስለሚካሄደው ጭፍጨፋ ያሁኗ የሃገር አስተዳደር ክሊንተን ወቅታዊ ምላሽ ለጭፍጨፋውና ለሩዋንዳ ሕዝብ እልቂት አጣዳፊ ምላሽ እንዳይሰጥ የማከላከልን የደርጊቱን ገጽታ በመሸፋፈን እልቂቱ ወደ ከፍተኛ ደረጃ እንዲደርስ የደረገችው ይቺው ሱዛን ራይስ ነበረች፡፡ እውነቱን በማውጣት ሂደቱን በማቆም ፈንታ፤ራይስ ሁኔታውን በመሸላለም፤የሩዋንዳን  እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት በማለት መናገሩ፤በዚያን ወቅት በሚደረገው የዴሞክራቶች ምርጫ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለውን ውድቀት በማጋጋል እያስቀመጠች ጉዳዩ እንዲታለፍ ጭፍጨፋው ግን እንዲቀጥልና የዘር እልቂቱንም ታሪክ በማይረሳው መንገድ እንዲዘገብ አደረገችው፡፡ አጥፊና አበላሽ በሆነ መልኩ የሩዋንዳን እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት ብለን ግን ምንም ሳናደርግ ብናልፈው በኖቬምበር በሚካሄደው የኮንግሬስ ምርጫ ወቅት ምን ይውጠናል›› በሚል ማስፈራሪያ: ራይስ ሃላፊ ወዳጆቿን በማማከር በዝምታ እንዲታለፍ አድረገች፡፡

ጭፍጨፋው በተጀመረ ከ100 ቀናት ባነሰ በሩዋንዳው የዘር ማጥፋት እልቂት ሳቢያ ከ800 ሺህ ያላነሱ ሩዋንዳዊያን ንጹኃን ዜጎች ለሞት ተዳረጉ፡፡ በዚህ እልቂት ወቅት ራይስና አለቃዋ ሌክ፤ እና ሌሎችም በጎ ፈቃድ ያጡ ቢሮክራቶች ውጣ ውረድ የሞላበትን ጨዋታቸውን በመቀጠል ስለሩዋንዳው እልቂት፤ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ የዘር ማጥፋት አንዳችም ሕጋዊና ግልጽ መግለጫ እንዳይሰጥ ተደረገ፡፡ በኋላ ግን ራይስ ስለሁኔታው እንዲህ አይነት መግለጫ መስጠቷ እንደማይታወሳት የአዞ እንባዋን እየረጨች ለማስተባበል ጣረች፡፡ ራይስ በድርጊቷ በመጸጸትና ራሷን ለንስሃ ከማስገዛት ይልቅ አውነቱን በመካድና የራሷን አባባል የዘነጋች በማስመሰል፤ ካለፈው ተምራ ወደፊት እንዳትደግመውና ከተጠያቂነት ከማምለጥ ይልቅ የለመደባትን  ቅጥፈት ራት ምሳዋ በማድረግ ከሶስቱ የአፍሪካ ውጉዞች ጋር እጅና ጓንት በመሆንድ ጋፏን ከመስጠት አልታቀበችም፡፡  እነዚህን ዋጋቢስ አርባና ቢስ የአፍሪካን ሰለስቱ እኩዮች ማሞላቀቅ፤ሞግዚት ሆና ማንቆላበስ፤ማበላሸት፤መጥፎ ተግባራቸውን በማለባበስና በመደበቅና የሌለ ተግባራቸውን፤ በማውሳትና በማሞካሸት ስትዘፍንላቸው፤ ስታዋድዳቸው፤ ስታሞግሳቸው እስካሁን አለች ማለት አንዳችም ግነት የሌለው ሃቅ ነው፡፡

የ1994ቱ በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋና የዘር ማጥፋት የአሜሪካ ፖሊሲ፤የዲፕሎማቲክ አታላይነት  ዲፕሎማሲያዊ ማደናገሪያ እና ቅጥፈት  እስከዝንተ ዓለም የማፈሪያ ምስክር ሆኖ ይኖራል፡፡ በ1994 ኤፕሪል 6 የሩዋንዳን ፕሬዜዳንት ጁቫኔል ሃቢያርማናን እና ሌሎችንም ከታንዛንያ ወደ ኪጋሊ፤ ሩዋንዳ ሲያጓጉዝ የነበረው አውሮፕላን፤ ተመትቶ ወደቀ፡፡ለዚህም ግድያ ተጠያቂ የሆኑት የሩዋንዳ የጦርሃይሎች አባላት ባለፈው ዓመት (1993) የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ለመቀበል ፈቃደኛ ያልሆኑት የተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች የሩዋንዳ የአርበኞች ግንባር ነበሩ፡፡ ወዲያው የሃቢያርማናን ግድያ ተከትሎ የዚሁ የተቃዋሚዎች አባላት እና አፈንጋጭ የሚሊሺያ አባላት (ኢንተርሃምዌይ) ጭፍጨፋቸውንና አሰቃቂውን የዘር ማጥፋት ግድያቸውን ማካሄድ ቀጠሉ፡፡ በዚህም የግድያ እልቂት በርካታ ቱትሲዎችና ገለልተኛ የሆኑ ሁቱዎች ሰለባ ሆኑ፡፡

አር ኤ ኤፍ ይህን ጭፍጨፋውንና ሲጀምርና አለአንዳች ልዩነት በየመንገዱ ላይና በየመንደሩ ግድያውን ሲያከናውን ራይስና ሌሎችም የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት የዘር ማጥፋት ሂደት መጀመሩን ሊገነዘቡ ይገባነበር፡፡ ከተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ከራሳቸውም የስለላ መዋቅሮች በታሪክ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ ግድያና ጭፍጨፋ በኪጋሊ ከኤፕሪል 6 ጀምሮ በመካሄድ ላይ እንደሆነ ማስታወሻው በኤፕሪል 6 በተጣፈ ደብዳቤ እንደደረሳቸው ያሳያል፡፡ የሃገር አስተዳደር ምክትል ጸሃፊ የነበረችዉና የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ሁለተኛው ባለስልጣን ፕሩዳንስ ቡሽኔል ሲተነብይ፡-

“እንደተገመተው ሁለቱም ፕሬዜዳንቶች ሞተው ከሆነ በሁለቱም አለያም በአንዱ ሃገር ስር የሰደደና ማለቂያ የሌለውእልቂት ሊከሰት እንደሚችል ይገመታል፡፡ በተለይም የአውሮፕላኑ ተመትቶ መውደቅ ከተረጋገጠ የኛ ሚና ሊሆን የሚገባው፤በሁለቱም ሃገሮች ሰላም እንዲሰፍን ጥሪ ማድረግ ነው፡፡ ለሁለቱም ገሃራት ይፋ መግለጫ በማውጣት አለያም መሰል ዘዴን በመጠቀም……..

በኤፕሪል 11 1994 ለመነጋገርያ የሚሆን ማስታወሻ ለምክትል የመከላከያ ጉዳዮች ጸሃፊ ቀረበ፡፡ የመካከለኛው አፍሪካ የመከላከያ ዲፒዩቲ ምክትል ጸሃፊም ሲያጠቃልል፤ “ሁለቱም ወገኖች ለሰላሙ ጥሪ መልካም ምላሽ ለመስጠት ፈቃደኛ ሳይሆኑ ከቀሩ የተጀመረው እልቂት ማቆሚያ ወደሌለው ግድያ እልቂት የደም መፋሰስ ሁኔታ ከመሸጋገርም አልፎ ወደ ብሩንዲም መዛመቱ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩት ወደ  አጎራባች ሃገራት ኡጋንዳ፤ታንዛኒያ፤ እና ዛይር መሰደዳቸው አይቀርም፡፡  ፈረንሳዮችም ሁኑ ቤልጂጎች በሁለቱም ወገን ታማኝነት ስለሌላቸው አሜሪካ ታማኝ አሻሻ ጭ ሆኖ መቅረብ ይኖርበታል::››

ራይስና ባልደረባዎቿ ግን ሆን ብለው ያፈጠጠውን የእልቂት አደጋ በማንኳሰስና በማሳነስ፤ ሁሉም የተኩስ አቁም ማድረግ አለባቸው የሚል ባዶ መግለጫ በማውጣት ብቻ ተገደቡ፡፡ የእልቂቱ ሂደት ለሁለት ሳምንታት ከተካሄደና እልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለው ሰብአዊ ፍጡራን ካለቁ በኋላ፤ የራይስ አለቃ አንቶኒ ሌክ ‹‹አስደናጋጩን የሩዋንዳና የብሩንዲን ፕሬዜዳንቶች ድንገተኛ ሞት ተከትሎ የተቀሰቀሰው እልቂት ሁሉም የጦር ሃላፊዎችና መሪዎች እነዚህን የግድያውን ተካፋይ የጦር አባላት በአስቸኳይ ወደ ድርድሩ ማቅረብ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ ይህ ሳይሆን ቢቀር ግን፤እልቂቱ የከፋና አሰቃቂ እንደሚሆን መገንዘብ ተገቢ ነው›› በማለት መግለጫ አወጣ፡፡ በኤፕሪል ማብቂያ ድረስ የአሜሪካን መንግስት አንዳችም ጄኖሳይድ አላየንም፤ አልሰማንም፤ አላወራንም የሚል ጨዋታውን ቀጥሎ ነበር፡፡›› በኤፕሪል 28 ቡሽኔል ለሩዋንዳው የመከላከያ ሚኒስቴር ካብኔት ዳይረክተር ኮሎኔል ባጋሶራ ግድያውን እንዲያስቆም ተማጽኖ ላከች››:: በመልእክቱም ቡሽኔል ለባጋሶራ ‹‹በዓለም አመለካከት የሩዋንዳ የጦር ሃይል በወንጀልና ግድያ ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርቶ የሲቪሎችን ግድያ በማደፋፈር ላይ ነው፡፡›› በማለት ‹‹የሩዋንዳ መንግስት ይህን ሁኔታ እንዲቆም ለማድረግና ሁኔታውን ወደ ሰላም ለማምጣት ማንኛውንም ጥረት ሊያደርግ ይገባል›› አለች፡፡

በሜይ 1 ሁኔታው ሶስት ሳምንታት ከሆነውና ብዙ እልቂት ከተፈጸመ በኋላ፤ በሩዋንዳ መደረግ ስለሚገባው ጉዳይ እንደአዲስና ጨርሶ ያለፈውን ሁሉ ሽምጥጥ አድርጎ በመካድ፤አሜሪካ ሁኔታውን ለመከላከል ሊወስድ የሚገባውን ተግባር ልክ ቀደም ሲል ራይስ እንዳረገችው ሁሉ በመሸፋፈንና እውነቱን በማለባበስ አረቀቁ፡፡ እንደ ቡድኑ የ ‹‹ውይይቱ ረቂቅ ጽሁፍ››  ማእከላዊው ጥያቄ ይህን ዘግናኝና ለሕሊና የሚከብድ ጭፍጨፋ ምን ስም ሊሰጠው እንደሚችል ነበር፡፡

1. የጭፍጨፋው ምርመራ፡:  በዚህ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት የዓለም አቀፉን ምርመራ ተሳትፎ በሚጠየቅበት ጊዜ ጥንቃቄ ሊደረግ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ትናንትም ቢሆን ያሳስብ የነበረው ይሄው ነው፡፡ የጭፍጨፋው ጉዳይ ሲጣራ የአሜሪካ መንግስት ‹‹ምንም አላደረገም›› ሊያሰኝ ወደሚችል ትችትና አመለካከት ያስኬዳል፡፡

በሜይ 5 ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ የሚል:ኮሊንስን ሬዲዮ ጣቢያ ያስተላልፍ በነበረው አበጠባጭና ሞት ጠሪ፤ እርስ በእርስ ቱትሲዎችን  እንዲሁም ቤልጂኮችንና አሜሪካንንም ጨምሮ በመኮነን ሲያስተላልፍና ለግድያውም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ በማድረጉ ሳቢያ የጣቢያውን ማስተላለፍ ለማፈን  ቢስማሙም ወጪው የናረ ሆነና ተዉት፡፡

በሜይ 21 እልቂቱ ስድስት ሳምንታት ከሆነው በኋላ፤እልቂቱን የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንበለው አንበለው በሚል ክርክር ላይ ነበሩ፡፡ የመከላከያ ስለላ ተቋም ዘገባ በሜይ 9 1994 ከጭፍጨፋው ከወር ባነሰ ጊዜ ውስጥ ውሳኔ ላይ ደረሰ፡: በቱትሲዎች ላይ በሁቱ ሚሊሺያዎችና በግለሰቦች በዘፈቀደ በተወሰደው ጭፍጨፋ ባሻገር የተደራጀ የጦሩ የግድያ ሂደትም የቱትሲዎችን የአመራር አሻራ ጨርሶ ለማጥፋት በሚል ይካሄድ የነበረ ደባም ነበረ፡፡ ቅድሚያ እቅዱ እርቅን የሚደግፉትን ምሁራንና የፖለቲካ መሪዎችንና ደጋፊዎቻቸውን ማጥፋት የሚል ሲሆን፤ መንግስት ሂደቱን መቆጣተርና ሚሊሺያውንም ስርአት ማስያዝ ባለመቻሉ፤ግድያው እንደሰደድ እሳት ተቀጣጠለ፡፡  ሂደቱም የማይቆምና ሊገታም የማይችል ሆነ፡፡

ለውጭ ሃገር አስተዳደሩ ጸሃፊ ክሪስቶፈር በተላከው ‹‹የስምምነቱ አጭር የማስታወሻ ውል›› እንደሚለው ያስከተለው ጥያቄ ‹‹እውነት በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋ ተፈጽሟል›› የሚል ነበር፡፡ ምንም እንኳን የአሜሪካን ባለስልጣናት ሀ ብሎ ግድያው ሲጀመር ጀምሮ ቱትሲዎችና የዘር ማጥፋቱ ትኩረትም የቱትሲን ስመጥር ባለስልጣናትና  መሃል ሰፋሪ ሁቱዎችንና ሌሎችንም ባለስልጣናት ግድያ እውቅናው ቢኖራቸውም፤መላልሰው ያነሱ የነበረው ጥያቄ የሚታወቀውን ጉዳይ ነበር፡፡የቀረበውም ማስታወሻ ‹‹ለውሳኔው ሃሳብ መንስኤ” በማለት የፖሊሲ ጥያቄ የያዘ ነበር፡፡

የዲፓርትመንቱ ሃለፊዎች በይፋ ‹‹የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ›› መካሄዱን መናገር እንደሚችሉ:  2. የአሜሪካን  ልኡካን በሚሳተፉበት ዓለም አቀፉ ስብሰባ ላይ በሚተላለፈው ውሳኔ ላይና ከዚሁ ጋር ተያይዘው በሚነሱ ነጥቦች ላይ ሁሉ በረዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መኖሩን እንዲያምኑ መመርያ መስጠት: በሩዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ በመኖሩና ባለመኖሩ ላይ ትክክለኛውና  ሕጋዊ የሆነው ትንታኔ  ከተግባራዊው ማስታወሻ ቀድሞ ሲወጣ ቀጥተኛ ነበር፡፡ በ1948 የጸደቀውን ኮንቬንሽን ተንተርሶ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መከላከልንና የሚያስከትለውንም መቀጮ ዝርዝር ያካተተ ሆኖ ነው የተጠናቀረው፡፡

በሩዋንዳ የዘር ማጥፋት መኖር የተዘረዘሩት ሁኔታዎች በሩዋንዳ ለመፈጸማቸው የሚነሳ ጥያቄ ቢኖርም ከቁጥር የማይገባ ነው፡፡እጅግ ለቁጥር ያሚያታክቱ ግድያዎችና ለሕሊና ማጣት መነሾ የሆኑ፤ በአካላት ላይ የሚዘገንን ጉዳት ያስከተሉ ድርጊቶችተከናውነዋል፡፡ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች በማስረጃ የተደገፈና ሊካድ በማይችል ሁኔታእንዳስረዱት፤የግድያውን መጠን በኤፕሪል 6 ዕለት ከ200000 እስከ 500000 እንደሆነ መስክረዋል፡፡(ድርጅቶቹ ከላይ የተገለጸው አሃዝ ግነት ሊኖርበት ይችላል ቢሉም የሚከተለውን ግምገማ የሚያፋልስ አይሆንም:: (ከኤፕሪል 6፣ 1994 ጀምሮ የተፈጸመውን ግድያ ቁጥር የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሩዋንዳ መንግሥት ካቀረበው 1071 000 በተለየ  መጠኑን 800000 መሆኑን ይዘግባል፡፡)

ሕዝቡ በሩዋንዳ ስለነበረው ጭፍጨፋ ባለማወቁ ሳቢያ ተቃውሞ ባያነሳም፤ራይስና ሌሎች በክሊንተን አስተዳደር ስር የነበሩት ካለአንዳች ጥርጣሬ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በመታቀድ ላይ በነበረና ተግባራዊም መሆን ሲጀምር ሃባሪማና ከሞተበት ዕለት አንስቶ በሚገባ ቢያውቁትም የራይስ ቅጥፈት ማለቂያ የሌለው ነውና አሁንም ድረስ ክህደቷ ያው እውነትን መሸምጠጥ ነው፡፡

ራይስ ካጋሚ፤ ሙሴቪኒ፤ኤም 23፤እና ‹‹አይቶ እንዳላየ››

በ1966 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ባለቀ ከሁለት ዓመታት በኋላ፤ የሁቱን ወንጀለኞች እና የሚሊሺያ አመጸኞች በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ተጠያቂዎች ናቸው በሚል ሰበብና እንዲሁም ኮንጎ(በወቅቱ ዛይር) ካለው ሰፈራቸው መልሰው ወረራ እንዳያደርጉ  በማለት ካጋሚ በስተምስራቅ ክፍል የሚገኙትን የቱትሲ ነገዶች መሳርያ ማስታጠቅ ያዙ፡፡በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ዜጎችን ለሞት የዳረገው የኮንጎ ጦርነት በመባል የሚጠራው በዚያን ወቅት ጀምሮ እስካሁን ድረስ ጦሱ ሞትን ከማስከተልና ደም ከማፋሰስ አልቆመም፡፡

የመጀመርያው የኮንጎ ጦርነት የዘለቀው ከ1966  እስከ 1997 ነበር፡፡ የኮንጎው የተቃዋሚ መሪ ሎውረንት-ዴዚሬ ካቢላ ለረጂም ዘመን በስልጣን ላይ የኖሩትን ሞቡቱ ሴ ሴ ሴኮን ከስልጣን አውርዶ ስልጣኑን ጨበጠ፡፡ በስተምስራቅ ኮንጎ መረጋጋትና ያጠፋው የሩዋንዴው ሂኔታ ለሞቡቱ መውደቅ ዋናዋ መረማመጃ ነበር፡፡ ካቢላም በ1997 ስልጣን ለመያዝ ቢበቃም ወዲያው በጃንዋሪ 18 2001 በራሱ የጥበቃ አባል ተገደለ፡፡በማርች 2012 የቀድሞው ካጋሚ የቀኝ እጅ የነበረውና የአር ፒ ኤፍ ዋና ጸሃፊ ቲዎጎኔ  ሩዳስኢነጉዋ  አስደንጋጭ  የሆነውን ወሬ ይፋ በማድረግ የኮንጎውን ፕሬዜዳንት ካቢላን የገደላቸው ፖውል ካጋሚ ነው በማለት ተናገረ፡፡ ሁለተኛው የኮንጎ ጦርነት ካቢላ ስልጣን ከያዙ ከጥቂት ጊዜያት በኋላ ተጀምሮ እስከ 2003 ተካሄደ፡፡ በዚህም ከ 8 ያላነሱ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት እና ከ12 የማያንሱ መሳርያ የታጠቁ ቡድኖች በግጭቱ ተሳትፈውበታል፡፡

በማርች 2009 የዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ኮንጎ መንግስት ከናሽናል ኮንግሬስ ኢን ዘ ዲፌንስ ኦፍ ዘ ፒፕል ፓርቲ ጋር ሲ ኤን ዲ ፒን እንደ ፓርቲ በመቀበል የሰላም ውል ተፈራረሙ፡፡ በኤፕሪል 2012 በርካታ የሲ ኤን ዲ ፒ ፓርቲ አባላት የሆኑ የቱትሲ ጎሳዎች፤ በማርች 2009 የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ተግባራዊ ሳይደረግ በመቅረቱ ሳቢያ በዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ቾንጎ አመራር ላይ በማመጽ  ኤም 23 የተባለውን እንቅስቃሴ መስርተው ትግል ገቡ፡፡ መሪያቸውም በጦር ወንጀል ስሙ የታወቀው ጄኔራል ቦስኮ እንታጋንዳ  (አጥፊው (ዘ ትረሚሜተር) በመባልም ይጠራል):: እንታጋንዳ በዓለም የጦር ፍርድ ቤት ሕጻናትን በማስታጠቅና ጦር ሜዳ በማዋልና በጦር ወንጀል ግፍ ተፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜም በአይ ሲ ሲ በጁላይ 13 2012 በሶስት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ወንጀሎች፤ በአራት የጦር ወንጀል፤በተጨማሪም፤ በግድያ፤በአስገድዶ  መድፈር፤ በሲቪል ማሕበረሰቡ ላይ በፈጸመው ደባ ክስ ተመስርቶበታል፡፡ በጁላይ 2012 በአይ ሲ ሲ የተፈረደበት ቶማስ ሉባንጋ ዳይሎ የ እንታንጋደ አለቃ ነበር፡፡የእንታንጋንዳ  ኤም 23 አመጸኞች የክልል ከተማ የሆነችውንና አንድ ሚሊዮን ነዋሪ ያለባትን ጎማን ሲቆ ጣጠሩ 140000 ነዋሪዎች   ሀብት ንብረታቸውን ጥለው ለስደት ተዳረጉ፡፡

የኤም 23 ጠንካራ ደጋፊዎች ካጋሚና ሙሴቪኒ ነበሩ:: ይህንን ድጋፍና ደጋፊዎቹን በተመለከተ በርካታ ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ማስረጃዎችን አሰባስበዋል፡፡ በቅርቡ በተባበሩት መንግስታት በወጣው የዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ባለሙያዎች ዘገባ፤ (ኦክቶበር 2012) “የኤም 23ን የአመጽ ቡድን መፈጠርና የወታደራዊ እንቅስቃሴውንም በማጠናከሩ ረገድ ተቀዳሚ የኡጋንዳ ባለስልጣናት መሆናቸውንና ከዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ጋር ባለው ወሰናቸው መሳርያ በማስተላለፍ፤ የቴክኒካል ድጋፍ በመስጠት፤እቅድ በማውጣት፤የፖለቲካ ማማከር፤የውጭ ግንኙነትም በማስተባበር በኩል፤ ወታደራዊ ድጋፍም በማድረግ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ ሁለቱም መንግስታት የ ኤም 23ን የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ ቅርንጫፎች መስፋፋትና መደርጀት ከይ በአመጸኞች ወገን ቆመውም ይሟገቱላቸዋል፡፡ የኤም 23 ደጋፊዎች 6 ሕግን በመጣስ ተፈላጊዎችና ወደ ሩዋንዳና ኡጋንዳ በተደጋጋሚ የሚመላለሱ ናቸው፡፡”

ባለፈው ኦገስት ሙሴቪኒ በሚስጢር ከኢንታጋንዳ ጋር ተገናኝቶ ነበር፡፡ባለፈው ሳምንትም የኤም 23 አማጽያን ታላቅ የማዕድን ክምችት ያላትን ጎማን እንዲለቁ ከሙሴቪኒና ከካጋሚ ዓለም አቀፉ ማሕበረሰብ ባደረገው ጫና የቀረበላቸውን ጥሪ አሻፈረን አሉ፡፡ የኮሎምቢያ ዩኒቨርሲቲው ፕሮፌሰር ሆዋርድ ፍሬንች በኒውዮርክ ታይምስ ላይ ባወጣው ‹‹የካጋሚ ስውር ጦርነት በኮንጎ››  ‹‹የኮንጎውን ግጭት አስመልክቶ፤ ስድስት ሚሊዮን ሰዎች በታላቁ ሃይቅ ክፈለ ሃገር በጦርነቱ፤በችጋር፤እና በበሽታ ለሞት ተዳርገዋል፡፡ ይህም ጦርነቱን በዘመናችን ካጋጠሙት ሁሉ የከፋና አጥፊ ያደርገዋል›› በማለት ይሞግታሉ፡፡ ይህን ግጭት በመምራተ ቀዳሚ የሆነው በአጎራባች ሩዋንዳ የሚገኘው የቱትሲ ነገዶች ጥርቅምና በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉ በርካታ የኮንጎ ተወላጆች መሆናቸውን የሚያውቁ ጥቂት ናቸው፡፡ እስካሁን ድረስ አሜሪካና ሌሎችም የአውሮፓ ሀገራት ካጋሚን በዲፕሎማቲኩ በመደገፍ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ላለፉት ዓመታትም በኮንጎ ለተፈጠረው ሁከት በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉት ሃይሎች ለብጥብጥ በሃላፊነት ተጠያቂ ናቸው፡፡ የሩዋንዳ ፓትሪዮቲክ ፍሮንት፤በኮንጎ ውስጥ የማዕድን ማምረት ተግባር ያካሂዳል፤ እንደ ተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ዘገባ መሰረት ሩዋንዳ የምስራቁን ኮንጎ ግዛት በተለያዩ ወኪል ጦረኞች ለመቆጣጠር ጥረት እንደምታደርግ ይናገራሉ፡፡

ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ የሚያከናውኑትን ደባ ራይስ ጋሻ መከታ ሆና ትሸፋፍናለች፡፡ ካጋሚ ኤም 23ን  መደገፉንና የገንዘብና የመሳርያ ድጋፍ መስጠቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ይፋ እንዳያደርግ ያላደረገችው ጥረት የለም፡፡ እንደ ናሽናል ጆርናል አባባል ራይስ በሩዋንዳ ላይ ጠንካራ ትችት ለማቅረብ በማስረጃ የተደገፈ ሃቅ ያነሱትን የሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ምክትል ጸሃፊ ከሆነው ጆኒ ካርሰንና ከሌሎችም የቢሮው አባላት ጋር ሙሴቪኒንና ካጋሚን አትንኩብኝ ጭቅጭቅ አንስታ አንደነበር ዘግቧል፡፡ ጆርናሉ በዘገባው፤ የፈረንሳይ አምባሳደር የተባበሩት መንግስታት በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ችግር ጣልቃ መግባት እንደሚገባው ሲያማክራት ሃሳቡን አጣጥላ ችላ እንዲባል አድርጋለች፡፡ ራይስ ለፈረንሳዩ አምባሳደር፤ ‹‹የምስራቁ ዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ነው፡፡ ኤም 23 ካልሆነም አንድ ሌላ ቡድን ይሆናል›› እንዳለችው ጆርናሉ የፓሪሱን ዩኒቨርሲቲ ፕሮፌሰር ጌራርድ ፕሩኒየርን ጠቅሶ ዘግቧል፡፡

በሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳዮች ምክትሏ ሱዛን ራይስ ከታላቁ ሃይቅ ክልል የመጀመርያ ጉዞዋ ስትመለስ፤ አንድ የቡድኗ አባል፤ የዩጋንዳው ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ የክልሉ መሰረታዊ ችግር የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ግርሻ ነው በመሆኑ መደረግ ያለበትን እናውቃለን፡፡ እኛ (የአሜሪካን መንግስት) ማድረግ ያለበት አይቶ እንዳላየ መሆን ብቻ ነው›› ብለውናል ብሏል፡፡ ይህ ነው የራይስ በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው እልቂት የአዞ እንባ እዬዬ፡፡ በአጠቃላይ በቀላሉ ራይስ ስለአፍሪካውያን የጅምላ ጨፍጫፊዎች ‹‹መጥፎ አናይም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንሰማም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንናገርም›› እንደማለት ነው ማለት ይቻላል፡፡

ሱዛን ራይስና መለስ ዜናዊን ማከባበሯ

በመስከረም 2/2012 ራይስ በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ላይ ከመገኘቷ አስቀድሞ ያዘጋጀችውን 3 “የድንቢጥ ጫጫታ” (ትዊተር) አክብሮተ መለሷን ለአንባቢ መሰሎቿ ልካ ነበር፤ ጫጫታዋም፡-

‹‹ከባድ የሃዘን ስሜት በአዲስ አበባ ይታያል፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ያደረብንን ሃዘን እንገልጻለን፡፡ መለስ ለኢትዮጵያ  #ሕዝብ ከተቃዋሚ እስከ አፈንጋጭ፤ ከድሆች እስከ መርዳት የማይጠፋ ቅርጽ ትቷል፡፡ በዚህ የ#ኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የቀብር ስነ ስርአት ላይ የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ በመገኘቴ ክብር ይሰማኛል››

ምናልባት ራይስ ‹‹የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክያለሁ›› ብላ ታምን ይሆናል፤ የቀብር ዋይታ ጫጫታዋ ግን የሚያሳየው በግል መለስን መባረኳን ነው፡፡ በከንቱ ውዳሴዋ መለስን ታይቶ የማይታወቅ፤ ያልተለመደ ባለራዕይ፤ ለኔና ለብዙዎች ታማኝ ወዳጅ ብላለች፡፡  በመቀጠልም ‹‹ቁጣን ማብረድ የሚችል፤ የማያስመስል፤ ቀጥተኛ፤ራሴን የማይል፤ የማይደክም፤ሙሉ በሙሉ ለቤተሰቡና ለሥራው እሱን ያሳደረ›› በማለት ተንጫጭታ ያለፈውን ተሞክሯቸውን እያስታወሰች ከመለስ ጋር የዝምድና ያህል መተሳሰራቸውንም ይፋ አደረገች፡፡

“በተገናኘን ቁጥር ምንም ያህል በሌላ ነገር ቢዋጥ ንግግሩን ሲጀምር ስለ ልጆቼ በመጠየቅ ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቼ ሲጠይቀኝም ለይስሙላ ብሎ አልነበረም፡፡ ስለዕለት ተዕለት እድገታቸው ዝርዝር ማወቅ ይፈልጋል፡፡ የኔን ካዳመጠ በኋላ ስለራሱ ልጆች በዝርዝር ይነግረኛል:: መለስ ኩሩ አባትን ታማኝ ባል ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቹ ተግባር ይነግረኝና ስለእድገታቸው ያወራኛል፡፡ በሃሳብና በጭንቀት የተዋጠ ገጹ ወዲያው በደስታ ይሞላል፡፡ መለስ በራሱና በሌሎችም ልጆች የወደፊት ተስፋና የተለየ ደስታ ይታየው ነበር፡፡”

‹‹የመለስ አይኖች መቁለጭለጫቸውን አያቆሙም፤የዘወትር ዝግጁ ፈገግታው፤የማያቋርጠው ሳቁ፤የቀልድ ችሎታው ዘወትር ያለ ነበር››  መለስ ‹‹ምን ያህል ቆራጥ፤ ስሜቱ የማይነካ፤ አልፎ አልፎም የማይበገር ….. እናም እሱ እንደሚጠራቸው ለሞኞችና ለደደቦች ደንታ የሌለው›› ነበር፡፡

ይህ የራይስ የክብርና ሞገስ ጫጫታዋ ግን ያቺን ኮከብ ተከትለው ወደ ቤተልሔም የተጓዙትን ሰብአ ሰገሎችን የሚያሳፍር ነው፡፡

ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ብዙ የሚደነቁ ችሎታዎች ውስጥ ከሁሉም በላይ አቻ የማይገኝለት ጭንቅላቱ ነው፡፡ የእድሜ ልክ ተማሪ በመሆን እራሱንና ሌሎችንም ብዙ አስተማረ፡፡ ግን ብልህ ብቻ አልነበረም፤ የማይደክም ተደራዳሪና ተከራካሪ ነበረ፡፡ የተጠማ ያገኘውን ጠጪም እውቀት ፈላጊ አይነትም ነበረ፡፡ ከሚታመን በላይ ብልጥ ነበር፡፡ትልቁን የጨዋታውን እቅድ መመዘን የሚችል ነበር፡፡ ያጋጠሙት አሳሳቢና ያልተለመዱ አጋጣሚዎች አስተምረውታል፡፡

ለበርካታ ጊዜያት እንደ መንግስትና እንደ ወዳጅ ያልተጋጨንባቸውና ያልተስማማንባቸው ወቀውቶች አልነበሩም አይባልም፡፡ ስንከራከር፤ ስለኤኮኖሚ ስለ ዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለ ስብአዊ መብቶች፤ ስለአካባቢ ደህንነት፤ ወይም የየግላችን የውጭ ግንኙነት ፖሊሲም ስንከራከር በተለይ ሁለት ጉዳዮች ያገርሙኝ ነበር፡፡ መለስ በተከታታይነት በአመለካከቱ ምክንያታዊ፤ በውሳኔዎቹም በሚገባ የሚያስብ ነበር፡፡ የሚመራውም በፍልስፍና ሳይሆን፤ወደፊት ስለሚታየው የውድ ሃገሩ እድገትና ልማት እንጂ፡፡በድርድራችንና በውይይታችን ወቅቶች የምናነሳቸው ጠቃሚ ነጥቦች በሞቱ ይጎድሉብኛል፡፡

ራይስ በስንብት ጫጫታዋ መለስ አሰቃቂ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሬኮርድ ጨርሳ ታውራ ነበር፡፡ የራሷ የአሜሪካ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት ያወጣውን የ2011 የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሜይ 2012 የወጣውን ዘገባ  ሆን ብላ ችላ ብላዋለች፡፡ ዘገባውም፡-

በኢትዮጵያ አግጥጦና በግልጽ የሚታየው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት መንግስት 100 የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎቹን መሪዎች፤ ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎችን፤የነጣውን ፕሬስ አባላት፤ ማሰሩ ነው፡፡ መንግስት የፕሬስ ነጻነትን አፍኗል፤ የመያዝና ለእስር መዳረግን፤ ጥቃትን በመፍራት ጋዜጠኞች በራሳቸው ላይ ሳንሱር ማድረግ ግድ እየሆነባቸው ነው፡፡ የችሮታና መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድጋፍ ሰጪዎች ላይ የተደቀነው እገዳና አዲስ ደንብ፤……ሌሎች የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች በዘፈቀደ በየቦታው መያዝ፤መታገት፤ያለክስ በእስር መጉላላት፤ ማለቂያ የሌው የቀጠሮ ጊዜ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ተእዛዝ የግለሰቦች መኖርያ ብርበራ፤አላስፈላጊ በሆኑ ሰበቦች ክስ መመስረትና ማስረጃ ሳይኖር አስሮ ማስፈረድ፤………የሚል ነበር፡፡

ራይስ እንደገናም በኦክቶበር 2ር›› 2012 ‹‹ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ መታሰቢያ ጸሎት በጥቂት አፍቃሪ መለሶች በተዘጋጀበት ስርአት ላይ ተገኝታ ነበረ›› በአቢሲኒያ ቤተክርስቲያን ተገኝታ ያደረገቸው ሁለተኛው ውዳሴዋ፤ እንደገና አመጣጤ እንደ አሜሪካን መንግስት ወኪልነቴና በግል እጅጉን ላጣሁት ሰው ወዳጅነቴም ነው፡፡ እኔ የማውቀው ለሰብአዊ መብት ተጨናቂና በተጨበጠ ነገር የሚመራ ሰው ነበር፡፡ ምናልባትም መለስ በአካባቢው ካሉት ሁሉ እጅግ ብልህ ነኝ ብሎ ያስብ ይሆናል:: እናም ብዙ ጊዜ እሱ ልክ ነበር፡፡ ትቶት ያለፈው ውርስ ከአፍሪካ ፈጣን የኤኮኖሚ ዕድገት ማስገኘትን ነው፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ የፈጣን እድገት መሰረት ጥሎላታል፡፡ ስለ ዓየር ጠባይ ለውጥም ለአፍሪካ ታላቅ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል፡፡ ለሕዝቦቹም የምግብ ምርት እድገቱ በእጥፍ እንዲያድግ ሲያደርግ ያ በተደጋጋሚ ሕዝቡን ለሞት ሲዳርግ የነበረው ችጋርም ዳግም እንዳይከሰት ዘዴ ፈጥሯል፡፡………..›› እና ሌሎችም ድርጊቶች ማከናወኑን በመግለጽ እዚያም ተንጫጭታ ስታጠቃልል፤‹‹የመለስ ዜናዊ መንፈስ ለበለጠ ስራ ለአንድነት እና ለተሸለች ኢትዮጵያ እንድንሰራ ይኮርኩረን፤ ለተሻለች አፍሪካ፤ ለተሻለ ዓለም፡፡›› አለች፡፡

ሱዛን ራይስ 2005 ምርጫን ተከትሎ ባዶ እጃቸውን ለመብታቸው ጥያቄና ሕገ መንግስቱ እንዲከበር ለማስገደድ ሰላማዊ ተቃውሞ በማድረግ ላይ የነበሩትን ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሕገ መንግሰቱን በመተማመን ባዶ እጃቸውን የወጡትን ከአፍ እስከገደፋቸው ዘመናዊ መሳርያ በታጠቁና የግዳጃቸውን ተልዕኮ በቀጥታ ከመለስ ዜናዊ ብቻ በሚቀበሉት በፖለስና በደህንነት አባላት በተከፈተ ተኩስ 200 ንጹሃን ዜጎች ለሞት መዳረጋቸውንና ከ800 በላይ ደግሞ የመቁሰል አደጋ እንደደረሰባቸው ለዚህም ትዕዛዙን በሏቸው ብሎ ያስተላለፈው ይሄው በራይስ ጫጫታ ክብርና ሞገስ የተቸረው መለስ ዜናዊ መሆኑን ጨርሶ ችላ ብላ አልፋዋለች፡፡

በ2004ም በጋምቤላ ስለተፈጸመው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትና ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ዓይኔን ግምባር ያድርገው ብላ ሽምጥ ክህደት ፈጽማለች፡፡መለስ በ2010 በተሰረቀና በተጭበረበረ የምርጫ ሂደት 99.6 በመቶ አሸንፌያለሁ በማለት፤የፓርላማ ወንበሮችን የብቻው ንብረት ማድረጉንም እያወቀች ግን አታስታውስም፡፡ራይስ ያን የመሰለ ውዳሴዋን ስትዥጎደጉድ በሺ የሚቆጠሩ የፖለቲካ እስረኞች፤በእስር ላይ ያሉ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች አመራሮች፤ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት፤ በእስር ለበርካታ ጊዜያት በመማቀቅ ላይ መሆናቸውን ወዳ የዘነጋችው ይመስላል፡፡ ያንን ሁሉ ሁልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለውን የውዳሴ ጫጫታ ስታስተጋባ ይታያት የነበረው፤ተወዳዳሪ የሌለው ብልጠቱ እንጂ  አላዋቂነቱ ብልጭም አላለላት፤ከፍተኛ ችሎታው እንጂ የልቡ ጥቁረትና ጭካኔ አልታወሳትም፤ በማያወላዳ ብልጣብልጥ ነበር ትበለው እንጂ ከንቱነቱ አልታወሳትም፤ስለ ዴሞክራሲና ሰብአዊ መብት ጥልቅ የሆነ አለመግባባት እንደነበራቸው ብታስታውስም ያንን ግን በመሃከላቸው የነበረው የጠበቀ ወዳጅነት እንድትረሳው አድረጓታል፡፡

በእጅጉ አስገራሚ የሆነው ደግሞ በኖቬምበር 23 2011 ራይስ ኪጋሊን በጎበኘችበት ጊዜ ጸጸት የተሞላበት ንግግርዋን ያዘነች አስመስላ ማቅረብ ታውቅበታለችና፤ በአዲስ አበባ ባደረገችው ውዳሴ ጫጫታው ወቅት ልትለው ተገቢ ይሆን በነረ መልኩ ስትመልስ፡ ዛሬ እዚህ ያለሁት የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ ነው፡፡ በሌላ በኩልም በግሌም ከልቤ ነው ለመናገር ይምፈልገው፡፡ እኔ ሩዋንዳን ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ የጎበኘሁት በዲሴምበር 1994 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደ ስድስት ወራት በኋላ ነው፡፡ በዚያን ጊዜ በሁዋይት ሀውስ  የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ወጣቷ ዳይረክተር ነበርኩና የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ደህንነት አማካሪውን አንቶኒ ሊክ አጅቤ ነበር የመጣሁት፡፡ ያን ጊዜ የተባበሩት መንግስታትንና ሰላም ጥበቃን በተመለከተ ሃላፊነቱ የኔ ነበር፡፡ በወቅቱ በተወሰደው ልፍስፍስ ውሳኔ ሳቢያ የተከተለውን አሰቃቂ ውጤት በዓይናችን ለመመልከት ስንበቃ፤ ያንን ውሳኔ የወሰዱትን ሃገራት የኔንም የናንተንም ሃገራት በእጅጉ የሴኪውሪቲ ካውንስሉንም አባላት ለትዝብት እንዳበቃ ተረድቻለሁ፡፡

በዚያ ቤተ ክርስቲያንና በአጎራባቹ  ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደበት ትምህርት ቤት ጎዳናዎች መራመድ ያሳደረብኝን ታላቅ ድንጋጤ ጨርሶ ልረሳው አልችልም፡፡ ከስድስት ወራት በኋላ አካባቢው ለሰላም እንቅስቃሴ ሊውል ሲገባ እስካሁን ድረስ የበሰበሱ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች መታያና መከማቻ ሆኗል፡፡ በነዚያ የሙታን በድን ላይ መረማመድና ባጠገባቸው ማለፌ  የሰው ልጅ በሰው ልጅ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት ግፍና ጭካኔ ሊረው እንደሚችል አስታዋሽና የማይጠፋ ጠባሳ ጥሎብኛል፡፡ዛሬ በማከናውነው ተግባሬ ላይ እነዚህ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች አብረውኝ ይኖራሉ፡፡ጨርሶ እንደማይረሱኝ በማረጋገጥ ወደፊትም ይህን መሰሉ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንዳይደገም ማስታወሻ ይሆነናል፡፡

አላስፈላጊና አጥፊ የሆነው ይህን መሰሉ ተግባር ለመከላከል ለሁላችንም በተለይም ለሱዛን ራይስ ምን ያህል አስፈላጊና አሳሳቢ ይሆን፡፡ ሕግን በማፍረስ ስቃይ፤ እስራት፤በዘፈቀደ መታገት፤ያለክስ እስር፤ የሚጠየቅ የተጨማሪ እስር ቀጠሮ፤የዜጎች ግላዊ መብት መጣስ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ትዕዛዝ ብርበራ ማካሄድ፤ በነጻነት ላይ የሚጣል ገደብ፤የመሰብሰብ ነጻነት እገዳ፤ ማህበራት፤እንቅስቃሴዎች፤ መከልከል…….. በአፍሪካ አህጉር?

ሱዛን ራይስና የኢትዮጵያ ጣዕረሞቶች

በሴፕቴምበር2 እና በኦክቶበር 27 2012 ባዶ እጃቸውን በወጡ ንጹሃን ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች ላይ የደረሰው የሞት አደጋ ጭፍጨፋ፤ በአነጣጥሮ ተኳሾች በጎዳና ላይ የተቀጠፉት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ዜጎች፤ ለራይስ ምንም ማለት አይደሉም ትውስታም አላሳደሩባትም፡፡ዛሬም ቢሆን በኢትዮጵያ ወህኒ ቤቶች ስቃይ የሚቀበሉትንና ፍዳቸውን የሚያዩ ንጹሃን አይታወሷትም፤ራይስ በሩዋንዳ የተካሄደውንም ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ላለማስታወስ ሕሊናዋን ሆን ብላ ዘግታው ነበር፡፡በ2012 በኢትዮጵያ ለተፈጸመው ግድያና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ደንታ የላትም፡፡ከአፍሪካ ጭራቅ ፈላጭ ቆራጮች ጋር እጅን ጓንት የሆነና በፍቅር የሰከረ የሃገር አስተዳዳሪ ለአሜሪካ አየስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ያየሁትን አላየሁም የሰማሁትን አልሰማሁም የተናገርኩትን አልተነፈስኩም ባይ ሹም አያስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ልበ ድንጋይ የሆነ የአዞ እንባ አንቢ ሹመኛ አያስፈልጋትም፡፡አሜሪካ የሚያስፈልጋት የሃገር አስተዳደር የሚያዩ አይኖች ያሉት፤የሚያዳምጡ ጆሮዎች፤የሚናገሩ አፎች፤ የሚያመዛዝን ሕሊና፤የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትን ከመንግስታት ስህተት የሚለይ እንጂ፡፡

ማንም ቢሆን ወንድን ይሁን ሴትንም በጓደኞቻቸው ማንነታቸውን ማወቅ ይቻላል የተባለው ሃቅ አይደለምን?

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/10/susan_rice_and_africas_unholy_trinity

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ኦህዴድ ውስጥ የማረጋጋትና የማጽዳት እርምጃዎች እየተወሰዱ ነው

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- የኢሳት ምንጮች እንደገለጡት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው መሾማቸውን ተከትሎ በመካከለኛው ደረጃ ያለውን አመራር የማጠናከር፣ የማረጋጋትና የማጽዳት እርምጃዎች እየተወሰዱ ነው። ከፍተኛ ችግር በሚታይበት በምስራቅ ኦሮሚያ እና በሀረሪ ክልል የሚገኙ በመካከለኛ ደረጃ የሚገኙ የኦህዴድ አመራሮች ፣ መምህራንና ርእሰ መምህራን፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና የድርጅት አባላቶች ከህዳር 27 ጀምሮ ስብሰባ ላይ ናቸው። በሀረሪ ክልል በአሚር አብዱላሂ አዳራሽ መጋቢት 28፣ ቀን 2005 ዓም በኦሮሚያ ክልል ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንት በአቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ሰብሳቢነት ስብሰባ ተካሂዷል። በመስራቅ ሀረርጌ ደግሞ መካከለኛ አመራር፣ ርእሰ መምህራንና የድርጅት አባላት የሚሳተፉበት ስብሰባ ዛሬ ተጀምሯል።

ከ700 በላይ የሚሆኑ የኦህዴድ አባላት በተሳተፉበት ስበሰባ ዋነኛ የመወያያ ጉዳዮች ሆነው ከቀረቡት መካከል በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው ልዩነት፣ የሙስሊሙ እንቅስቃሴና፣ ትምህርት ቤቶች የአንድ ለአምስት አደረጃጃትን ስለሚተገብሩበት ሁኔታ የሚሉት ይገኙበታል።

የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በብሄር ብሄረሰቦች ቀን ማንነቱን ያስከበረ መሆኑን፣ ኦነግ የሚያቀነቅነው ሀሳብ በአንቀጽ 39 የተከበረ መሆኑ፣ እንዲሁም በአመራሩ መካከል የታዩ ክፍተቶች የተዘጉ መሆኑን ሰብሳቢው ገልጸዋል።

ተሰብሳቢዎች በበኩላቸው “ ይህ በቂ አይደለም ፣ ምስራቅ ሀረርጌ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ስር መሆን ሲገባው በሀረሪ ክልል ሆኗል፣ ቋንቋችን ተግባራዊ ይሁን ከተባለ በሁዋላ እስካሁን ተግባራዊ አልሆንም።” በማለት ጥያቄ አቅርበዋል።

ኦነግ አመለካከት ያላቸው ሰርጎ ገቦች በቂ የስልጣን ቦታ አላገኘንም በማለት የሚያስወሩት ሀሰት መሆኑንና ኦህዴድ የምክትል ጠ/ሚኒስትርነት ስልጣን ማግኘቱን ሰብሰባዊው ገልጸዋል። የኦሮሚያ ክልል በፕሬዝዳንቱ መታመም ምክንያት ያለፕሬዚዳንት ለ2 አመታት መመራቱና ኦህዴድም ራሱን ችሎ ሊቆም አለመቻሉ ጥያቄ ሆኖ ተነስቷል።

ድርጅቱ ራሱን የማጠናከርና የማረጋጋት ስራ እየወሰደ መሆኑን በስብሰባው የተካፈሉ ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የጠየቁ የኦህዴድ አባላት ገልጸዋል።

በተመሳሳይ ዜናም የኦሮሚያ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ለህክምና ተመልሰው ወደ ውጭ መውጣታቸው ታውቋል። ከአንድ አመት በፊት ጀምሮ በህክምና ላይ የሚገኙት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ህክምናቸውን ሳይጨርሱ ፣ ለአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ወደ አዲስ አበባ እንዲመጡ ተደርጎ እንደነበር ይታወቃል። ከፍተኛ የሰውነት መጎሳቆል የሚታይባቸው አቶ አለማየሁ ከሀላፊነት እንዲነሱ በመርህ ደረጃ ውሳኔ ላይ ቢደረስም ፣ እርሳቸውን በሚተካቸው ሰው ላይ በካቢኔ አባላቱ መካካል ስምምነት ላይ ሊደረስ ባለመቻሉ ቦታው ክፍት እንዲሆን ተደርጓል።

ባለፈው ሳምንት በአዳማ በተካሄደው የምክር ቤት ስብሰባ ላይ ምክትሉ ሲገኙ ዋናው ፕሬዚዳንት አልተገኙም ነበር። የኦህዴድ መካካለኛ አመራሮችን በመሰብሰብ እያወያዩ ያሉትም ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንቱ አቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ናቸው። የኦህዴድ አመራር አባላት እንደገለጡት በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የሚታየው መከፋፋል ከፍተኛ ደረጃ በመድረሱ ስራ መስራት በማይቻልበት ደረጃ ተደርሷል።

ኢህአዴግ በድርጅቶቹ መካካል የተፈጠረውን መከፋፈል ለማስቀረት ከኦህዴድ እና ከብአዴንና ከህወሀት የተውጣጡ 3 ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሮችን መሾሙ ይታወሳል።


Ethiopian scientist at IBM explains progress being made in silicon nanophotonics technology

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Joab Jackson

IBM researchers have been working on silicon nanophotonics for over 10 years, said Solomon Assefa, a scientist for IBM Research, who was involved in the work. He explains that it is now commercially feasible to bake optical circuitry into silicon processors using existing fabrication techniques, which could set the stage for radically faster and lower-cost computer communications.

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IBM Scientists (L to R) Yurii Vlasov, William Green and Solomon Assefa unveiled a new CMOS Integrated Silicon Nanophotonics chip technology

Silicon nanophotonics, as IBM calls its technology, could radically simplify and extend the design of optical networking equipment. In much the same way integrated circuits provided a way to easily bundle billions of individual transistors into powerful microprocessors, silicon nanophotonics could shrink optical componentry into far smaller, and way more powerful, form factors.

The researchers will discuss their work at the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting this week in San Francisco. They will describe how IBM was able to build optical modulators and photodetectors on a single silicon chip, using standard 90-nanometer semiconductor fabrication techniques — an industry first, they claim.

Such components could be used to create a WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) transceiver on a chip that could communicate data at rates up to 25Gbps. With this fabrication process, it would be theoretically possible to develop a single chip that could communicate data at a terabit per second or more.

The company published a proof of concept for these technologies in 2010, but this new work focuses on how to build optical components using existing fabrication processes, without compromising the reliability or performance of individual transistors. Additional work was done on formulating a way to fabricate components at reasonable costs.

In general, transmitting data with light signals can be superior to using electrons over wire, Assefa said. Light signals move more quickly than electronic signals. Multiple light signals of different wavelengths can be run over one another in the same conduit. Also, in optimum conditions, light can travel for longer distances without the need for regeneration.

Today, optical networking components used to run fiber optic networks are assembled from different individual silicon and photonic components. Putting all the functionality onto a single chip would save money because it would "leverage the tools and the processes that already exist in the micro-electronics industry," Assefa said.

Silicon also allows for "very dense integration," Assefa said. "Instead of just having one lane, you can have 50 of them. Out of a single chip, you could get a huge amount of bandwidth."

As a result, silicon nanophotonics could simplify and lower the cost of the routing componentry needed to run fiber optic networks. It could also be used to facilitate faster data communication inside computers themselves, replacing the electronics-based buses now in use.

One eager user of this technology might be the field of high-performance computing. The bottlenecks in today’s supercomputers are not the processors themselves, but the rate at which data can be moved across processors and memory. "They are suffering because the interconnects that exist are limited in bandwidth, not scalable and expensive," Assefa said.

Joab Jackson covers enterprise software and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Joab’s e-mail address is Joab_Jackson@idg.com


How Susan Rice embraced psychotic murderers and alienated a continent

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

GLOBAL VIEW | Updated December 11, 2012

How to embrace psychotic murderers and alienate a continent.

The trouble with a newspaper column lies in the word limit. Last week, I wrote about some of Susan Rice’s diplomatic misadventures in Africa during her years in the Clinton administration: Rwanda, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of Congo. But there wasn’t enough space to get to them all.

And Sierra Leone deserves a column of its own.

On June 8, 1999, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Ms. Rice, then the assistant secretary of state for African affairs, delivered testimony on a range of issues, and little Sierra Leone was high on the list. An elected civilian government led by a former British barrister named Ahmad Kabbah had been under siege for years by a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front, led by a Libyan-trained guerrilla named Foday Sankoh. Events were coming to a head.

Even by the standards of Africa in the 1990s, the RUF set a high bar for brutality. Its soldiers were mostly children, abducted from their parents, fed on a diet of cocaine and speed. Its funding came from blood diamonds. It was internationally famous for chopping off the limbs of its victims. Its military campaigns bore such names as "Operation No Living Thing."

In January 1999, six months before Ms. Rice’s Senate testimony, the RUF laid siege to the capital city of Freetown. "The RUF burned down houses with their occupants still inside, hacked off limbs, gouged out eyes with knives, raped children, and gunned down scores of people in the street," wrote Ryan Lizza in the New Republic. "In three weeks, the RUF killed some 6,000 people, mostly civilians."

What to do with a group like this? The Clinton administration had an idea. Initiate a peace process.

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A victim of Sierra Leone’s Revolutionary United Front.

It didn’t seem to matter that Sankoh was demonstrably evil and probably psychotic. It didn’t seem to matter, either, that he had violated previous agreements to end the war. "If you treat Sankoh like a statesman, he’ll be one," was the operative theory at the State Department, according to one congressional staffer cited by Mr. Lizza. Instead of treating Sankoh as part of the problem, if not the problem itself, State would treat him as part of the solution. An RUF representative was invited to Washington for talks. Jesse Jackson was appointed to the position of President Clinton’s special envoy.

It would be tempting to blame Rev. Jackson for the debacle that would soon follow. But as Ms. Rice was keen to insist in her Senate testimony that June, it was the Africa hands at the State Department who were doing most of the heavy lifting.

"It’s been through active U.S. diplomacy behind the scenes," she explained. "It hasn’t gotten a great deal of press coverage, that we and others saw the rebels and the government of Sierra Leone come to the negotiating table just a couple of weeks ago, in the context of a negotiated cease-fire, in which the United States played an important role."

A month later, Ms. Rice got her wish with the signing of the Lomé Peace Accord. It was an extraordinary document. In the name of reconciliation, RUF fighters were given amnesty. Sankoh was made Sierra Leone’s vice president. To sweeten the deal, he was also put in charge of the commission overseeing the country’s diamond trade. All this was foisted on President Kabbah.

In September 1999, Ms. Rice praised the "hands-on efforts" of Rev. Jackson, U.S. Ambassador Joe Melrose "and many others" for helping bring about the Lomé agreement.

For months thereafter, Ms. Rice cheered the accords at every opportunity. Rev. Jackson, she said, had "played a particularly valuable role," as had Howard Jeter, her deputy at State. In a Feb. 16, 2000, Q&A session with African journalists, she defended Sankoh’s participation in the government, noting that "there are many instances where peace agreements around the world have contemplated rebel movements converting themselves into political parties."

What was more, the U.S. was even prepared to lend Sankoh a helping hand, provided he behaved himself. "Among the institutions of government that we are prepared to assist," she said, "is of coursethe Commission on Resources which Mr. Sankoh heads."

Of course.

Three months later, the RUF took 500 U.N. peacekeepers as hostages and was again threatening Freetown. Lomé had become a dead letter. The State Department sought to send Rev. Jackson again to the region, but he was so detested that his trip had to be canceled. The U.N.’s Kofi Annan begged for Britain’s help. Tony Blair obliged him.

"Over a number of weeks," Mr. Blair recalls in his memoirs, British troops "did indeed sort out the RUF. . . . The RUF leader Foday Sankoh was arrested, and during the following months there was a buildup of the international presence, a collapse of the rebels and over time a program of comprehensive disarmament. . . . The country’s democracy was saved."

Today Mr. Blair is a national hero in Sierra Leone. As for Ms. Rice and the administration she represented, history will deliver its own verdict.

Write to bstephens@wsj.com

A version of this article appeared December 11, 2012, on page A17 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: The Other Susan Rice File.


Israel reportedly engaged in racist sterilization of Ethiopian women

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Talila Nesher | Haaretz

Women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia they were coaxed into agreeing to injections of long-acting birth control drugs.

Women who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago say they were told they would not be allowed into Israel unless they agreed to be injected with the long-acting birth control drug Depo Provera, according to an investigative report aired yesterday on the Israel Educational Television program “Vacuum.”

The women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia prior to immigration they were placed in family planning workshops where they were coaxed into agreeing to the injection – a charge denied by both the Joint Distribution Committee, which ran the clinics, and the Health Ministry.

“We said we won’t have the shot. They told us, if you don’t you won’t go to Israel And also you won’t be allowed into the Joint (American Joint Distribution Committee ) office, you won’t get aid or medical care. We were afraid… We didn’t have a choice. Without them and their aid we couldn’t leave there. So we accepted the injection. It was only with their permission that we were allowed to leave,”

recounted Emawayish, who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago. She was one of 35 women, whose stories were recorded by Sebba Reuven, that relate how they were coaxed and threatened into agreeing to receive the injectable birth control drug.

The birth rate among Israel’s Ethiopian immigrant population has dropped nearly 20 percent in 10 years.

According to the report, the women were given the Depo Provera injections in the family planning workshops in transit camps, a practice that continued once they reached Israel. The women who were interviewed for the investigation reported that they were told at the transit camps that having many children would make their lives more difficult in Ethiopia and in Israel, and even that they would be barred from coming to Israel if they refused.

The Joint said in a response to “Vacuum” that its family planning workshops are among the services it provides to immigrants, who learn about spacing out their children’s birth, “but we do not advise them to have small families. It is a matter of personal choice, but we tell them it is possible. The claims by the women according to which ‘refusal to have the injection will bar them from medical care [and] economic aid and threaten their chances to immigrate to Israel are nonsense. The medical team does not intervene directly or indirectly in economic aid and the Joint is not involved in the aliyah procedures. With regard to the use of Depo Provera, studies indicate that is the most popular form of birth control among women in Ethiopia,” the Joint said.

In its response to “Vacuum,” the Health Ministry said it did not “recommend or try to encourage the use of Depo Provera, and that if these injections were used it was against our position. The Health Ministry provides individual family counseling in the framework of its well baby clincs and this advice is also provided by the physicians of the health maintenance organizations.”

The Jewish Agency, which is responsible for Jewish immigration from abroad, said in response that it takes a harsh view of any effort to interfere in the family planning processes of Ethiopian immigrants, adding that “while the JA has never held family planning workshops for this group in Ethiopia or at immigrant absorption centers in Israel, the immigrant transit camp in Gondar, as the investigation noted, was previously operated by other agencies.”

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice’s dalliance with dictators coming back to haunt her: The Atlantic Wire

Monday, December 10th, 2012

This New Susan Rice Charge May Stick

By Dashiel Bennett | The Atlantic Wire

December 10, 2012

Republican Senators have gotten little traction trying to pin the Benghazi disaster on U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, but new details about the role she’s played in the ongoing Congolese war might be more damaging to her possible nomination for Secretary of State. The New York Times has a damning report today on the relationship between Rice and the government of Rwanda, which was a client of hers when she worked for a Washington consulting firm a decade ago.

Since being appointed U.N. ambassador in 2008, Rice has frequently intervened to protect Rwandan president Paul Kagame from criticism and condemnation for his support for the rebel group M23. The militant army has been accused of gross human rights violations, including mass rape, executions, and the use of child soldiers in the conflict in the Congo, which is Rwanda’s neighbor. Rwanda’s backing of M23 is seen as a major factor in prolonging the decade-long conflict that has been filled with horrific brutality and violence.

On more than one occasion Rice has stepped in to soften the language of Security Council resolutions and blocked attempts to publicly shame and criticize Kagame. Last week, Foreign Policy reported that two months ago, during a private meeting with her French and British counterparts, Rice objected to the idea of “naming and shaming” Kagame, saying, “This is the D.R.C. [Democratic Republic of Congo.] If it weren’t the M23 doing this, it would be some other group.”

Rice’s relationship with Kagame goes all the way back to her days in the Clinton Administration, when she was one of the leading members in the administration on African affairs. She served on the National Security Council during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which ended when Kagame’s party took over the government. After leaving the White House in 2000, Rice became a managing director at Intellibridge, a “security analysis” firm that had Kagame government’s as a client.

Rice and other American diplomats have argued that silent diplomacy is the best course of action in the Congo, and that publicly attacking Kagame or Rwanda would undermine ongoing peace negotiations. However, with the Congolese war so far from being resolved—and over three million dead in the last decade—its hard to see the wisdom of that approach. The failure of U.S. and U.N. to take more decisive action against the Rwandan genocide is still seen as a major black mark on the Clinton administration’s legacy. (“Bystanders to Genocide” is what Samantha Power called them in The Atlantic in 2001.) There are many who feel those same mistakes are being repeated in the Congo today.

As a purely political matter, however, the stories are resurfacing at the worst time for Rice. The ties between her and Rwanda are not a secret, and have been reported in depth elsewhere. But as with any previously under-the-radar issue, a banner headline on The New York Times website goes a long way toward turning a footnote into a scandal. It’s clear that should Rice be nominated to be the next Secretary of State, she’s going to face a lot of tough questions beyond just her statements on the Benghazi mess. It’s also clear that those who are opposed to her nomination are going to play up any and all angles that might reflect negatively on her foreign affairs credentials. Rather than a petty squabble over a harmless set of talking points, Rice’s actual conduct in the halls of the United Nations should have a much bigger impact on whether or not she gets the big promotion she’s been waiting for.

Rice herself said back in 2001 that, “I swore to myself that if I ever faced such a crisis again, I would come down on the side of dramatic action, going down in flames if that was required.” Even if she doesn’t stop the war in the Congo, the going down in flames part could still happen.

Want to add to this story? Let us know in comments or send an email to the author at dashiell@dashiellbennett.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Eritrea denies reports that President Isaias Afwerki is to step-down

Monday, December 10th, 2012

Eritrea denies reports that president Aferwerki is to step-down
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

December 10, 2012 (ADDIS ABABA) – The Eritrean government has dismissed recent reports alleging that the long-time leader of Eritrea, Isaias Afewerki, has decided to stand-down in 2013.
Eritrean president, Isias Afewerki (AFP/Getty)
Citing sources in Asmara, Ethiopian Review, an online journal, recently reported that Afewerki is planning to step down within a year, along with most of the senior leadership and will transfer power to younger leaders.

However, Eritrea’s presidential spokesperson, Yemane Gebremeskel, told the German Deutsche Welle Radio’s Amharic program, that the rumours are baseless.

“In a recent post I asserted that there is a pattern to these rumours. They are usually engendered when some within Ethiopia who want to hide or obscure some event inside Ethiopia,” he said adding they “are just distractions.”

Ethiopian Review claimed that “the Eritrean president wants to be a Mandela or George Washington-like figure to his country by overseeing a smooth transfer of power on his own terms.”

Anonymous Eritrean opposition political groups based in Addis Ababa told Sudan Tribune on Monday that it is “totally unlikely” that the “Eritrean dictator” will resign or allow a smooth power transfer.

The opposition officials further stressed that the only way to remove Aferwerki from power is by military means or with an uprising, as seen in other countries during the Arab spring.

An Eritrean political analyst, on a condition of anonymity, said that Aferwerki’s alleged decision to resign is "no surprise" because of his deteriorating health and mounting discontent amongst the country’s defence forces.

The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO), chairman, Ibrahim Haron, told Sudan Tribune in November that Eritrea is witnessing a growing division among political and military leaders following worsening corruption in the poorly-funded military.

As result of the corruption, the Eritrean army has begun unprecedented protests and there has been public outcry, according to Haron.

With an estimated 200,000-300,000 troops, Eritrea has the largest armies in sub-Saharan Africa, despite its relatively small population.

Afewerki has ruled the country since 1993 when it gained its independence from Ethiopia after more than 30 years of struggle.

Afewerki was seen as a hero by many of the Eritrean people for his role in the fight for freedom, however when he assumed power he shut down independent news outlets, and stifled freedom of speech and religious practise. Eritrea was described by Human Rights Watch in 2012 as "one of the world’s most repressive governments."

Tens of thousands of Eritrea’s citizens have fled to neighbouring countries to seek refuge. UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesperson, Andrej Mahecic said during a visit to East Sudan in January, "This is the area hosting one of the most protracted refugee situations in the world. At the moment there are some 70,000 refugees mostly of Eritrean origin and they reside in 12 camps in this part of the country."

According to UNHCR, approximately 1,700 refugees, mainly from Eritrea, arrive in Sudan every month.

Last week 17 players and the doctor of the Eritrean football squad sought asylum in Uganda after taking part at the East and Central Africa Football Associations senior Challenge Cup.

Similarly, 13 players from Eritrea’s top football club have disappeared in Tanzania after the team was knocked out of a regional tournament in July 2011.

Eritrea’s flag-bearer during the 2012 Olympics sought asylum in the UK in August.

(ST)
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44809


Student protesters clash with police in Khartoum

Monday, December 10th, 2012

December 9, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese capital on Sunday witnessed intense and at times violent student demonstrations that roamed major streets of Khartoum to protest the mysterious killings of four students from Darfur at the University of El-Gezira on Friday.

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Sudanese students run during a demonstration in the capital Khartoum on December 9, 2012, as they rallied in support of four dead students originally from the conflict-plagued Darfur region (Getty Images)

The protestors chanted slogans calling for toppling the regime and avenging their fallen colleagues. Some were holding signs that supported the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel coalition while others shouted in support of Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) leader Abdel-Wahid Mohamed Nur.

"Killing students is the killing of the nation… Peace, justice, freedom " the demonstrators chanted.

The police used teargas and deployed dozens to cordon and chase the students who belonged mostly to the universities of Khartoum, Neelain and Sudan.

The protesters moved through the corridors of the University of Khartoum carrying a symbolic coffin in a mock funeral representing the deceased students and headed towards the offices of the UN to deliver a memorandum demanding an investigation into their demise.

The students and activists accuse the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) of standing behind the deaths of the four students whose bodies were discovered in a canal near El-Gezira university south of Khartoum after a protest earlier in the week over exemption from tuition fees.

The exemption from tuition fees was first included in the Abuja peace agreement signed with the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Minni Minnawi (SLM-MM) in May 2006 but the agreement did not define the Darfurian students that could benefit from the measure.

As a result the exemption has been implemented differently from a one university to another based on the administrative discretion of the university. It also caused regular disputes with Darfuri students who apply to benefit from this affirmative action.

Eyewitnesses told Sudan Tribune that the demonstrations spread to the main streets of central Khartoum and were joined by protesters from Neelain University sparking an intensified security presence in those areas in anticipation. The police fired teargas to disperse protests at al-Hurriya street near Khartoum Stadium.

The students closed a major tunnel near the University of Sudan by forming a human wall that blocked traffic for two hours. They pelted rocks at the police as the latter tried to break up the wall.

Other witnesses said that large numbers of plain clothed security officers disembarked from trucks in streets where students have gathered. Hundreds of ordinary citizens were forced to cross the bridge on foot due to protestors blocking traffic, which included public transportation.

Police continued to chase students through the evening near shops that have already closed its doors fearing violence and looting.

Students also demonstrated to show their support in Port Sudan on the Red Sea, eyewitnesses there said.

The Sudanese Justice Minister Mohammed Bushara Dousa issued a decision today establishing a commission of inquiry to investigate the death of the four students. He expressed regret for the incident and demanded that the commission use all itsl resources and expertise to find out the circumstances surrounding their deaths.

The Sudanese opposition expressed solidarity with the families of the victims and decided to send a delegation to Al-Gezira state to be with them and called for speedy investigation and prosecution of all those involved.

The leader of the Sudanese Consensus Forces (SCF) Farouk Abu Eissa, speaking at a media forum organized by the SCF urged the government yesterday to put a halt on chasing students in universities and to stop the intrusion of the security agencies into higher education institutions, expressing concern about the physical and psychological torture of students.

The Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) also called for forming an "independent and impartial" committee comprised of representatives from political forces and students to investigate the recent events in Al-Gezira University and announcing the results of the investigation publicly.

(ST)


US Congress imposes sanctions on Russia for human rights violations

Monday, December 10th, 2012

Russia Promises Retaliation After US Human Rights Bill
Posted December 10th, 2012 at 10:35 am (UTC-5)

Russian lawmakers have vowed to respond in kind after the U.S. Congress approved a bill imposing sanctions on Russian officials suspected of human rights violations.

Officials said Monday that Russia’s lower house of parliament, the State Duma, will consider imposing some sort of penalty against U.S. citizens that Moscow suspects of human rights violations.

The Duma’s international affairs committee chairman, Alexei Pushkov, said the Russian Foreign Ministry already has a confidential list of U.S. nationals who will be banned entry to Russia if lawmakers approve the sanctions. The ministry had earlier denounced the U.S. bill — known as the “Magnitsky Act” — as “an absolutely unfriendly, provocative, unilateral move.”

Last week, the U.S. Senate voted to lift trade restrictions on Russia that date back to the Cold War era, normalize trade with Moldova and impose sanctions on Russian officials accused of committing human rights violations. U.S. President Barack Obama has pledged to sign the measure, which cleared the House of Representatives last month.

The bill is named after Sergei Magnitsky, a 37-year-old Russian lawyer who was jailed after he denounced what he called a criminal ring of officials who stole $250 million in tax money. He died in prison in 2009.

The Magnitsky Act combines two bills — the Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act. One part repeals a Cold War-era provision known as the Jackson-Vanik amendment, which linked favorable U.S. tariffs on Russian goods to the rights of Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate.

The bill also includes a provision that denies visas and freezes U.S. bank assets of Russian human rights violators. Moscow has expressed anger over the provision, warning that it would harm diplomatic relations with Washington.

Before the vote, Russian Foreign Ministry officials said that if the measure passed, Moscow would respond in what they called an “appropriate manner.”
http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/ … ghts-bill/


Susan Rice and Africa’s Despots

Monday, December 10th, 2012

By Salem Solomon | New York Times

ON Sept. 2, Ambassador Susan E. Rice delivered a eulogy for a man she called “a true friend to me.” Before thousands of mourners and more than 20 African heads of state in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ms. Rice, the United States’ representative to the United Nations, lauded the country’s late prime minister, Meles Zenawi. She called him “brilliant” — “a son of Ethiopia and a father to its rebirth.”

Few eulogies give a nuanced account of the decedent’s life, but the speech was part of a disturbing pattern for an official who could become President Obama’s next secretary of state. During her career, she has shown a surprising and unsettling sympathy for Africa’s despots.

This record dates from Ms. Rice’s service as assistant secretary of state for African affairs under President Bill Clinton, who in 1998 celebrated a “new generation” of African leaders, many of whom were ex-rebel commanders; among these leaders were Mr. Meles, Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Jerry J. Rawlings of Ghana, Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and Yoweri K. Museveni of Uganda.

“One hundred years from now your grandchildren and mine will look back and say this was the beginning of an African renaissance,” Mr. Clinton said in Accra, Ghana, in March 1998.

In remarks to a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations that year, Ms. Rice was equally breathless about the continent’s future. “There is a new interest in individual freedom and a movement away from repressive, one-party systems,” she said. “It is with this new generation of Africans that we seek a dynamic, long-term partnership for the 21st century.”

Her optimism was misplaced. In the 14 years since, many of these leaders have tried on the strongman’s cloak and found that it fit nicely. Mr. Meles dismantled the rule of law, silenced political opponents and forged a single-party state. Mr. Isaias, Mr. Kagame and Mr. Museveni cling to their autocratic power. Only Mr. Rawlings and Mr. Mbeki left office willingly.

Ms. Rice’s enthusiasm for these leaders might have blinded her to some of their more questionable activities. Critics, including Howard W. French, a former correspondent for The New York Times, say that in the late 1990s, Ms. Rice tacitly approved of an invasion of the Democratic Republic of Congo that was orchestrated by Mr. Kagame of Rwanda and supported by Mr. Museveni of Uganda. In The New York Review of Books in 2009, Mr. French reported that witnesses had heard Ms. Rice describe the two men as the best insurance against genocide in the region. “They know how to deal with that,” he reported her as having said. “The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Ms. Rice has denied supporting the invasion.

More recently, according to Jason K. Stearns, a scholar of the region, Ms. Rice temporarily blocked a United Nations report documenting Rwanda’s support for the M23 rebel group now operating in eastern Congo, and later moved to delete language critical of Rwanda and Uganda from a Security Council resolution. “According to former colleagues, she feels that more can be achieved by constructive engagement, not public censure,” Mr. Stearns wrote recently on Foreign Policy’s Web site.

Ms. Rice’s relationship with Mr. Meles — which dates from 1998, when she was a mediator in an ultimately unsuccessful effort to prevent war between Eritrea and Ethiopia — also calls her judgment into question.

In fairness, in her eulogy, Ms. Rice said she differed with Mr. Meles on questions like democracy and human rights. But if so, the message did not get through; under Mr. Meles during the past 15 years, democracy and the rule of law in Ethiopia steadily deteriorated. Ethiopia imprisoned dissidents and journalists, used food aid as a political tool, appropriated vast sections of land from its citizens and prevented the United Nations from demarcating its border with Eritrea.

Meanwhile, across multiple administrations, the United States has favored Ethiopia as an ally and a perceived bulwark against extremism in the region. In 2012 the nation received $580 million in American foreign aid.

Eritrea is no innocent. It has closed itself off, stifled dissent and forced its young people to choose between endless military service at home and seeking asylum abroad. But I believe that the Security Council, with Ms. Rice’s support, went too far in imposing sanctions on Eritrea in 2009 for supporting extremists.

President Obama has visited sub-Saharan Africa just once in his first term — a brief stop in Ghana. One signal that he plans to focus more on Africa — and on human rights and democracy, not only economic development and geopolitics — in his next term would be to nominate someone other than Susan Rice as America’s top diplomat.

Salem Solomon is an Eritrean-American journalist who runs Africa Talks, a news and opinion Web site covering Africa and the global African diaspora.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

A Visting Zambian Diplomat Charged US$2,000 for Beers at Sheraton Addis Ababa

Monday, December 10th, 2012


He just got scammed!
:lol: :lol: :lol: :lol: :lol:

Image

Drunken master PF councilor apologizes for $2,000 beer bill

Image
Sheraton Addis Ababa

Written by Editor. Posted in Breaking News, Headlines
Published on December 05, 2012

PF drunkard councilor of Silwiza ward in Lusaka’s Northmead, Chikutano Nkhoma who was detained in Ethiopia after failing to pay for the alcohol he consumed worth $2,000 about K10 million while in that country has shamelessly apologized.
**The Patriotic Front (abbreviated PF) movement is the Zambian ruling political party.

Chikutano who is also a husband and father was in the company of three other council officials accommodated at the Sheraton hotel as guest of the Addis Ababa city council.

According to Minister of Foreign Affairs Given Lubinda, Chikutano Nkhoma was on his first high profile trip and must have gotten carried away with the hotel environment hence his misconduct of excess consumption of alcoholic beverages at the hotel.

Foreign Affairs Minister Given Lubinda told parliament in a ministerial statement on the Ethiopia incident that the councilor apologized in his letter to him after requesting that he furnishes him with the details.

Mr Lubinda further told the house that Councilor Nkhoma has also promised to reimburse the $2,000 the Addis Ababa city council paid Sheraton hotel to clear his bill.

The Minister also said government has apologized to the Ethiopian Government and Sheraton hotel over the embarrassing incident.

He adds that the Lusaka City Council has since set up an adhoc disciplinary committee to further probe the incident and make recommendations of its finding to the full council meeting.

Mr Lubinda says the Lusaka city council has been directed to reimburse the Addis Ababa City Council the $2,000 it paid to clear councilor Nkhoma’s bill.

http://www.mwebantu.com/2012/12/05/drun … beer-bill/


Open letter to Ambassador Zewde Reta regarding the role the Vatican played in the Ethio-Italy war

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

Your Excellency Ato Zewde Retta,

At the outset I would like to congratulate you on the publication of your third book. The last two books impressed your readers including myself. I cannot but help appreciate your tenacity in producing such a voluminous book on the government of His Imperial Majesty HaileSelassie I, the last Emperor of Ethiopia. We find ourselves lucky to witness the detailed account of the few personalities that were steering the government. We are more than glad to witness the genius of H.E. Tsehafi Teezaz Wolde Giorgis Wolde Yohanes in the affairs of the nation.

Having said this, I cannot help but raise one important issue that disturbs me and many people whom I know. The case in question is the role the Vatican played in the Ethio-Italy war of 1936-1941. As you are well aware, Fascist Italy, under the leadership of Benito Mussolini, waged a war of aggression on the peaceful people of Ethiopia primarily to avenge the humiliation of the Italians in losing the famous Battle of Adwa to gallant Ethiopians.

In your book you have resorted to telling us that the head of the Catholic Church, namely His Eminence Pope Pius XI, not to compromise his position and that of the church, preferred to keep quiet while millions of Jews were massacred. But in another occasion he told the world without naming Ethiopia or any other nation that aggression for territorial aggrandizement was wrong. He said the above while he addressed the nurses of the world who were there for a meeting. In his speech he did not condemn the Fascistic aggression on Ethiopia and the killings of Ethiopians. In fact when the Nazis butchered six million Jews in front of his eyes the Pope kept quiet for fear of reprisal from the other “Monster”. After a while, meaning after the war ended, the church found herself in an embarrassing situation and thus opted to apologize to the Jews on two different occasions.

In the Ethiopian case where there is photographic evidence of clergy of the Catholic church blessing the Fascist war machine at the Napoli shipyard which undoubtedly was done with the knowledge of the church since a tribute of this magnitude cannot be done in the name of the church by an independent priest – we cannot fail to see the complicity.

We cannot deny that the war against Ethiopia was considered a Holy War by members of the clergy and that Ethiopians were considered INFIDELS who needed to be rechristened as Catholics.

There is no denying that the clergy was part and parcel of the Fascist war machine even within Ethiopia.

As Ato Kidane Alemayehu tried his best to clearly illustrate, Mr. Avro Manhattan, in his 1949 book, said “Pope Pius XI is credited with much admiration for Mussolini. That the Italian clergy as a whole are pro-Fascist is easy to understand, seeing that Fascism is a nationalist, authoritarian, anti-liberal and anti-socialist force”. This I believe is an empirical truth. One cannot deny the evidence.

When the victorious Fascist force arrived in Addis Ababa in 1936, the Pope was one of the first world leaders to congratulate the Fascist force.

There is no denying that the Pope was one of the first to recognize Ethiopia as part and parcel of Italy. To reaffirm his complicity at the time, the New York Times in its February 13, 1937 edition said ‘—-earlier today the Pontiff had his recognition of Italian sovereignty over Ethiopia by bestowing his Apostolic Benediction upon Victor Emanuel as the “King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia.”

So how can one try to defend that which is irrefutable?

My dear friend, Ato Kidane Alemayehu, (YEETHIOPIA YEQURT KEN LIDJ -meaning the man willing to sacrifice himself for his motherland), in an eleven page message to Your Excellency has gone a long way to prove to you that the Vatican worked hand and glove with Mussolini’s Government. Quite a number of respectable historians, Ethiopians and foreigners alike, share and hold the views that the complicity of the Vatican is self-evident.

Your Excellency, as a former colleague, I would urge you to talk to any knowledgeable person in Ethiopia and you will be surprised to know that the majority think that Vatican has been unjust in its complicity with Fascism. I have yet to meet with an Ethiopian that supports your argument to the contrary.

I would think that the Vatican’s apology to the Ethiopian people for the harm it entailed is paramount to healing the wound.

You claim to have done an exhaustive study of the case while you stayed in Rome, as the Ethiopian Ambassador to Italy, and later visiting the library of the Vatican. I would be most surprised if you were to find the evidence cited herein in such places. The evidence of the complicity is found elsewhere. Whether we like it or not, the evidence that the Pope stood by Fascism is indisputable.

Last but not least, in the name of the victims:

the thirty thousand massacred in Addis Ababa in just three days (Feb. 19-21, 1937);
the three hundred monks massacred at Debre Libanos ( Feb. 1937);
the thousands massacred throughout the war (1936-1941);
the millions of people uprooted and imprisoned;
the execution of the defiant Abune Petros and Abune Michael;
the destruction of thousands of churches and houses; and
the elimination of millions of domestic animals.

We would like to appeal to your conscious to retract your statement

that the Vatican has not colluded with the Fascist Government of Benito Mussolini “the Butcher of Ethiopia”.

If and when you do that, you would have done the greatest service to your

Country. Hence forth we will campaign in union to acquire an apology from Pope Benedict XVI and proceed to demand fair compensation from the Italian government for the atrocities and colossal damage suffered by the Ethiopian people.

In anticipation of a positive response, I remain,

Sincerely Yours,

Former Ambassador Alemayehu Abebe Shenkut

(An infant member of a patriot force of Northern Shoa, Ethiopia. A victim of Fascism and a member of the Ethiopian Patriot Association)


በደቡብ ክልል ቤንች ማጂ ዞን ከጉራ ፈርዳ የተፈናቀሉ አማራዎች መታሠራቸውና ገሚሶቹም ወደአምቦ መወሰዳቸው ተገለጸ

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

VOA – በደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ክልል፤ በቤንች ማጂ ዞን ጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ የሚኖሩ፤ ከዓመታት በፊት ከአማራ ክልል የሄዱ ሠፋሪ አርሦ አደሮች በአካባቢው ባለሥልጣናት ተገድደው ቀያቸውን ልንዲለቅቁ እየተደረጉ መሆኑን መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።

ከረዥም ጊዜ በፊት በአካባቢው እንዲሠፍሩ የተደረጉና አሁንም ድረስ በዚያው ነዋሪ የሆኑ አርሦ አደሮች የእርሻ መሬታችንን እንዳናርስና በማሣ ላይ እርሻ ያለበትን ጨምሮ በጨረታና በሃራጅ እየተሸጠባቸው መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ይህንን የአርሦ አደሮቹን ክስ እና ደርሶብናል ወይም እየደረሰብን ነው የሚሏቸውን በደሎች እና እንግልቶች ከሌሎች ወገኖችንም ለማጣራትና በችግሩ ውስጥ አሉ የሚባሉ ወገኖች የሚሉትን ለማዳመጥ ብዙ ጥረቶችን እያደረግን እንገኛለን፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል የጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ፣ አቶ መሬሣ ጎዪ እና የወረዳው ፖሊስ አዛዥ አቶ ምሥክር ይገኙበታል፡፡ እነርሱን ለማግኘት በተከታታይና ለብዙ ጊዜ ሙከራ ቢደረግም ማግኘት አልተቻለም፡፡

ጉዳዩን በቅርብ እየተከታተልኩ ነው የሚለው የመላ ኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ድርጅት – መኢአድ ተቀዳሚ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር አቶ ወንድማገኝ ደነቀ “የተፈናቀሉ ሰዎችን ስም ዝርዝር ሳይቀር ይዘናል፤ ሰዎቻችን እቦታው ድረስ ሄደው ሁኔታውን አይተዋል” ብለዋል፡፡

በመኪና እየተጫኑ ተወስደዋል ካሏቸው 150 የሚሆኑት ወደ ምዕራብ ሸዋ፣ አምቦ ከተማ መወሰዳቸውን፣ ሞባይል ስልኮቻቸውን መነጠቃቸውንና ያሉበትን ሁኔታ እንደማያውቁ ገልፀዋል፡፡ ሌሎቹ 200 ሰዎች ደግሞ በወረዳው ከተማ ሚዛን ተፈሪ እሥር ቤት ውስጥ እንደሚገኙ አመልክተዋል፡፡

በሚፈናቀሉት ሰዎች ላይ ድብደባና ሌሎችም ጉዳቶች እንደደረሱባቸው፣ ጥይት እንደሚተኮስባቸው አቶ ወንድማገኝ አመልክተዋል፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡
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Ethiopian high school student in Chicago died after a hit-and-run accident

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

(NBC Chicago) — An 18-year-old Schaumburg High School student whose lifeless body was found lying in a roadway in the northwest suburb of Chicago early Saturday was being remembered as a beloved friend and athlete by school officials and classmates.

"I am writing with great sadness to report the loss of one of our students," stated Schaumburg High School Pricipal Tim Little in a letter to parents on Saturday. "Our thoughts and sympathies are with the student’s family at this difficult time."

Mikias T. Tibebu, a native of Ethiopia, was pronounced about dead about 1 a.m. after police and paramedics’ resuscitative efforts failed to revive him, authorities said.
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While the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office ruled Tibebu’s death the result of an apparent hit-and-run collision, investigators say they have not yet determined his exact cause of death.

He was “a dedicated student with exceptional academic honors,” Schaumburg High School Principal Tim Little recalled of Tibebu in an email Saturday afternoon.

“A beloved friend and athlete, Mikias was also a committed member of the cross-country and track teams. Our thoughts and sympathies are with Mikias’ family and friends during this difficult time,” Little said in the email.

One of his friends said, “nothing bad could be said about him. He was one of the nicest kids on the team, and always working hard. He was loved by all and will be always.”

Tibebu will be remembered with a moment of silence during Saturday evening’s Schaumburg High School basketball game, school officials said.

Police and paramedics, responding to a report of a body in the road, say they found Tibebu, 18, lying in the street near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive about 12:38 a.m.

The first arriving officer and bystanders performed CPR in an attempt to revive the teen. And life-saving efforts were continued once paramedics arrived on the scene, but Tibebu, of the 800 bock of Westfield Lane in Schaumburg could not be revived

Police are looking for witnesses who may have seen Tibebu’s death or possess information that could help their investigation.

“At this time we are not interested in calling it conclusively a hit-and-run,” said Schaumburg police Sgt. John Nebl. “We don’t want to rule anything out. We have no witnesses. We do not know how he ended up in the roadway.”

According to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office Tibebu was walking near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive when he was hit by a vehicle that drove off, according to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office.

The Schaumburg Police Department’s Investigations Division and Traffic Crash Reconstruction Team are being assisted by the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office with this investigation.

Members of the school district’s Crisis Response Team will be available throughout the day on Monday at the high school to provide support for the Schaumburg High School community, Little said.

Anyone with helpful information is asked to call investigators at (847) 882-3534.

Source: http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/Te … z2Eb8hT2f4


OBEDIENCE to Tyrants – the root causes

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

The most important single quality of any government, without which it would not exist, must be the obedience and submission of its subjects… [read more]

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የ“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በሽታ ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ሕክምና

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)

“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በመባል የሚታወቀውን የጉበት በሽታ ዓይነት አስመልክቶ ከአድማጮች በተላኩ ጥያቄዎች መነሻነት የተሰናዳ ፕሮግራም ነው። የበሽታውን ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ህክምና፤ እንዲሁም ህሙማን በበኩላቸው ሊያደርጓቸው የሚችሏቸውን ጥንቃቄዎች ጨምሮ፥ በህክምናው ረገድ የሚታዩ ልዩ ልዩ ጭብጦች ይዳስሳል። ሞያዊ ማብራሪያውን የሚሰጡን፥ ዶ/ር አድማሱ ጠና በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የህክምና ትምህርት ቤት፥ የጥቁር አንበሳ ሆስፒታል የውስጥ ደዌና የተላላፊ በሽታዎች ህክምና ባለ ሞያ ናቸው።

የቃለ ምልልሱን የመጀመሪያ ክፍል ከዚህ ያዳምጡ
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Nelson Mandela hospitalized

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

South Africa at crossroads as Mandela hospitalized
By By JON GAMBRELL | Associated Press – 1 hr 2 mins ago.

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Inside a Catholic church that once served as a major rallying point for anti-apartheid activists, a gray-suited Nelson Mandela appears in stained-glass window that also features angels and the cross.

Worshippers here prayed Sunday for the hospitalized 94-year-old former president, who remains almost a secular saint and a father figure to many in South Africa, a nation of 50 million people that has Africa’s top economy.

Mandela’s admission to the hospital this weekend for unspecified medical tests sparked screaming newspapers headlines and ripples of fear in the public that the frail leader is fading further away.

And as his African National Congress political party stands ready to pick its leader who likely will be the nation’s next president, some believe governing party politicians have abandoned Mandela’s integrity and magnanimity in a seemingly unending string of corruption scandals. That leaves many wondering who can lead the country the way the ailing Mandela once did.

"When you have someone that’s willing to lead by example like he did, it makes things easier for people to follow," said Thabile Manana, who worshipped Sunday at Soweto’s Regina Mundi Catholic church. "Lately, the examples are not so nice. It’s hard. I’m scared for the country."

Mandela, who spent 27 years in prison for fighting racist white rule, became South Africa’s first black president in 1994 and served one five-year term. The Nobel laureate later retired from public life to live in his remote village of Qunu, in the Eastern Cape area, and last made a public appearance when his country hosted the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.

On Saturday, the office of President Jacob Zuma announced Mandela had been admitted to a Pretoria hospital for medical tests and care that was "consistent for his age." Zuma visited Mandela on Sunday morning at the hospital and found the former leader to be "comfortable and in good care," presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said in a statement. Maharaj offered no other details about Mandela, nor what medical tests he had undergone since entering the hospital.

In February, Mandela spent a night in a hospital for a minor diagnostic surgery to determine the cause of an abdominal complaint. In January 2011, Mandela was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection.

Mandela has had other health problems in the past. He contracted tuberculosis during his years in prison and had surgery for an enlarged prostate gland in 1985. In 2001, Mandela underwent seven weeks of radiation therapy for prostate cancer, ultimately beating back the disease.

While South Africa’s government has offered no details about where Mandela is receiving treatment, the nation’s military has taken over medical care for the aging leader since the 2011 respiratory infection. At 1 Military Hospital in Pretoria on Sunday, the facility that previously cared for Mandela in February, soldiers set up a checkpoint to search vehicles heading into the hospital’s grounds. A convoy of cars with flashing lights and sirens entered the hospital grounds Sunday afternoon.

Mandela’s hospitalization quickly dominated news coverage in South Africa, where most have been focused on the upcoming ANC national convention later this month in Mangaung. There, the party that has governed South Africa since Mandela’s election will pick either pick a new leader or reelect Zuma to helm the organization. Becoming leader of the ANC means a nearly automatic ticket to becoming the president in post-apartheid South Africa.

Zuma, 70, he faces ever-increasing criticism as the nation’s poor blacks, who believed the end of apartheid would bring economic prosperity, face the same poverty as before while politicians and the elite get richer. Meanwhile the nation’s economy continues to struggle amid slow growth and the aftermath of violent unrest in the country’s mining industry.

Zuma also faces criticism over millions of dollars of government-paid improvements made at his private homestead. But that’s merely the tip of the corruption allegations swirling around the party, which critics say is increasingly tarnished. Text books have gone undelivered to rural schools, while local ANC officials have been arrested and convicted of corruption charges. Others have been attacked or killed in politically tinged violence as the party’s convention draws closer.

"It’s becoming corrupt every day … and it’s growing worse," said Sidney Matlana, a worshipper at Regina Mundi. "Things are getting worse than it was before."

Yet Zuma remains a charismatic leader and still gets widespread support from Zulus, South Africa’s largest ethnic group. He appears likely to hold onto power as provincial nominations ahead of the national meeting largely have support him.

Despite that, those leaving worship Sunday at Regina Mundi stressed the need for South Africa’s politicians to follow Mandela’s example.

It was here that anti-apartheid crusaders gathered to plan, pray and to mourn their dead, a church Mandela himself once called a "battlefield between forces of democracy and those who did not hesitate to violate a place of religion with tear gas, dogs and guns."

Mandela’s own stained glass image stands just right of another portraying a man carrying the corpse of 13-year-old Hector Pieterson, who was gunned down by police in Soweto in a peaceful 1976 student protest.

Worshippers acknowledged Sunday they didn’t know which politician would be able to live up to Mandela’s legacy.

"Every person has got his time," churchgoer Lerato Mhlala said. "Someone must come in and take his place as well."
___

Jon Gambrell can be reached at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP .
http://news.yahoo.com/south-africa-cros … 04625.html


PM Hailemariam denies knowing about the request to move the Ethiopia vs Eritrea soccer match from Asmara to Sudan

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

ጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ሀይለማርያም ኢትዮጵያ ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርገው የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ ቦታ እንዲለወጥ መጠየቁን አላውቅም አሉ

ህዳር ፳፱ (ሃያ ዘጠኝ) ቀን ፳፻፭ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ይህን የተናገሩት ከአልጀዚራ ቴሌቪዥን ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለምልልስ ነው። ረዩተር የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ፌዴሬሽን ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑትን አቶ መላኩ አየለን በመጠቀስ ” ለተጫዋቾች ደህንነት ሲባል እግር ኳስ ፌደሬሽኑ የጨዋታው ቦታ እንዲቀየር መጠየቁን ” ዘግቦ ነበር። ቢቢሲና አልጀዚራን የመሳሰሉ ታላላቅ አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀንም ለጉዳዩ የዜና ሽፋን መስጠታቸው ይታወቃል።

በኢትዮጵያ በኩል የቀረበውን ጥያቄ ተከትሎ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የነበራትን ጨዋታ መሰረዙዋን የአፍሪካ እግር ኳስ ኮንፌዴሬሽን መግለጹን ረዩተር ከትናንት በስቲያ ዘግቧል።

እነዚህ ዘገባዎች በስፋት በመገናኛ ብዙሀን በቀረቡበት ሁኔታ ነው፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ” ከኤርትራ ጋር ወዳጅነት ከፈለጋችሁ ለምን ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርጉት የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ የመጫዎቻ ቦታው እንዲቀየር ፈለጋችሁ?” በሚል ለቀረበላቸው ድንገተኛ ጥያቄ በመደናገጥ መረጃ የለኝም ሲሉ መለስ የሰጡት።

የአንድ አገር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በውጭ ፖሊሲ ዙሪያ የመጨረሻውን ውሳኔ የሚሰጥ አካል መሆኑ በህገመንግስቱ ተቀምጧል። አቶ ሀይለማርያም ትልቅ አገራዊ የመነጋጋሪያ አጀንዳ የሆነውን ጉዳይ አለውቅም ማለታቸው አንድም ውሳኔው ከእርሳቸው ውጭ በሆነ አካል የተወሰነ ነው፣ ሌላም ለቃለምልልሱ ሲቀርቡ ረዳቶቻቸው አስቀድመው እንዲዘጋጁ ባለማድረጋቸው አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አሻንጉሊት ናቸው የሚለውን መልእክት ሆን ብሎ ለማስተላለፍ ከእርሳቸው ጀርባ ባሉ ሰዎች የተቀነባበረ ሊሆን ይችላል” በማለት የኢሳት ዘጋቢ አስተያየቱን አስፍሯል።

አቶ ሀይለማርያም አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ዝግጁ መሆናቸውንም ገልጸዋል። የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊም ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ በመሄድ ለመነጋገር ከ50 ጊዜ በላይ መጠየቃቸውን ተናግረዋል። የአቶ መለስ መንግስት ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመነጋገር 5 ቅድመ ሁኔታዎችን አስቀምጦ እንደነበር ይታወሳል። አቶ መለስ እነዚህ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ካልተሙዋሉ በስተቀር ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር እንደማይነጋጋሩ በፓርላማ ፊት በተደጋጋሚ ይናገሩ ነበር። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርም ስለ5ቱ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ምንም አለማለታቸውን ዘገቢያችን ገልጿል።

” አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በቅርቡ ወደ አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ጋር ለመደራደር ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው ገልጸዋል፤ የባድሜን ጉዳይ አላነሱም። በዚህ ላይ የእርስዎ አስተያየት ምንድነው ?’” ተብለው አስተያየታቸውን የተጠየቁት የግንቦት 7 ሊቀመንበር ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ነጋ ፣ “ወያኔዎች ስልጣኑን ለማቆየት እንኳንስ ባድመን አዲግራትንም ስጡን ቢሉዋቸው ሰጥተው ለመደረዳር ዝግጁ ናቸው” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመደራደር ከመለመን ይልቅ ቀላሉ መንገድ ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር አይደለም ወይ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ሲመልሱ ” ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር የዲሞክራሲ እና የስልጣን ጥያቄ የሚያስነሳ ነገር በመሆኑ አይፈልገውም” በማለት መልሰዋል

“አንዳንድ ምሁራን ‘ መንግስት ባድመን ካስረከበ ከትግራይ ህዝብና ከህወሀት ታጋይ ተቃውሞ ሊነሳበት ይችላል’ በማለት አስተያየት ይሰጣሉ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ” ወያኔ የትግራይን ህዝብ በሀይል እጨፈልቀዋለሁ ብሎ እንደሚያስብ እና ስልጣኑን የሚያቆይለት መስሎ ከታየው ምንም ነገር ለማድረግ ወደ ሁዋላ አይልም” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ESAT


Egypt’s president cancels controversial decree after a statement by the military

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

Egypt’s Morsi cancels constitutional decree that sparked deadly protests

Move comes hours after military warned of ‘disastrous consequences’ if crisis were to continue.

By The Associated Pressand DPA| Dec.09, 2012 | 1:25 AM | 2

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday annulled a controversial constitutional decree he issued last month granting him sweeping powers, which led to deadly protests across the country over the past week.

A referendum on an Egyptian draft constitution would still go ahead as planned on December 15, Islamist politician Mohamed Selim al-Awa said after a meeting between the presidency and independent and Islamist figures.

Earlier on Saturday, Egypt’s military warned of "disastrous consequences"’ if the crisis that sent tens of thousands of protesters back into the streets is not resolved, signaling the army’s return to an increasingly polarized and violent political scene.

The military said serious dialogue is the "best and only" way to overcome the nation’s deepening conflict over a disputed draft constitution hurriedly adopted by Islamist allies of President Mohammed Morsi, and recent decrees granting himself near-absolute powers.

"Anything other than that (dialogue) will force us into a dark tunnel with disastrous consequences; something which we won’t allow," the statement said.

Failing to reach a consensus, "is in the interest of neither side. The nation as a whole will pay the price," it added. The statement was read by an unnamed military official on state television.

http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east … s-1.483504


በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሙስሊም ኢትዮጵያውያን በአዲስ አበባ አንዋር መስገድ ተቃውሟቸውን ሲያሰሙ ውለዋል

Saturday, December 8th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ እስላም ኢትዮጵያውያን በታላቁ የአንዋር መስገድ በመገኘት በስልጣን ላይ ያለው መንግስት እየተከተለ ያለውን ፖሊሲ አምርረው ተቃውመዋል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር የተጻፈበት ወረቀት በማውለብለብ ” አንቀጹ ይከበር፣ ኮሚቴዎቻችን ይፈቱ፣ አሸባሪዎች አይደለንም” በማለት ተቃውሞአቸውን ሲገልጹ ተሰምቷል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር በመያዝ ተቃውሞአቸውን ያስተጋቡት በህገመንግስቱ በአንቀጽ 27 ላይ የተደነነገገው የሀይማኖት እኩልነት መብት ይከበር በማለት ነው።

አዲሱ መንግስት የመለስ መንግስት ይከተለው የነበረውን ችግሮችን በሀይል የመፍታት ዘዴ መከተሉ፣ ከኢትዮጵያውያን አልፎ በጸረ ሽብር ትግሉ ወዳጅ ተደርጋ የምትታየዋን አሜሪካ ሳይቀር እያሳሰበ የመጣ ጉዳይ ሆኗል።

በእስር ላይ በሚገኙት የኮሚቴ አባላት ላይ የሚታየው የተንዛዛ የፍርድ ሄደትና በአባላኦቹ ላይ በእስር ቤት የፈጸመው አሰቃቂ እርምጃ ምእመኑን ማበሳጨቱን ወኪላችን ከአዲስ አበባ ዘግቧል።


Syrian rebels prepare to attack Damascus

Friday, December 7th, 2012

‘Zero hour’: Syrian rebels prepare to mount Damascus attack

Syrian rebels are preparing to mount their ‘Zero Hour’ campaign to take Damascus, with fears the capital is facing total destruction in the coming months.

By Ruth Sherlock, Beirut

6:49PM GMT 06 Dec 2012

As rebels fought government troops on the outskirts of the capital, a Damascus based analyst told the Daily Telegraph that the fighting was likely to defeat the aspirations of both sides.

“There is the risk of the total destruction of Damascus,” said Peter Harling, Project Director with the Middle East Programme of the International Crisis Group. “The regime is well entrenched in some key parts of Damascus and the opposition is unable to come up with a political vision to offer an exit to the bulk of people fighting for the regime.

“We could see a repeat of the level of destruction that we have seen in other towns, but it would be worse this time: what transition do you get when you destroy the seat on power?”

As the rebels advance, the United States said they were “very concerned” that Bashar al-Assad’s regime would resort to using chemical weapons.

“I think there is no question that we remain very concerned, very concerned that as the opposition advances – in particular on Damascus – that the regime might very well consider the use of chemical weapons,” Leon Panetta, the US defence secretary said.

“The intelligence that we have raises serious concerns that this is being considered.”

Unconfirmed reports on Wednesday confirmed that the military had loaded precursor chemicals for sarin nerve gas into aerial bombs for potential use.

In recent weeks, armed groups have won control in much of the north of the country and seized key positions in both the northern populous town of Aleppo and in the capital.

Government forces in Damascus fought to keep rebel groups at bay on Thursday, launching shelling attacks to the northeast and southwest of the capital, official and activist sources said.

Increasingly bullish, this week opposition activists launched a video titled ‘Zero Hour – Your Final Chance’, warning residents in the capital to “change sides” before it is too late.

The video, posted on Facebook, promises an imminent offensive that would seize central Damascus and “check mate” the Syrian president.

It gives instructions on how to react to the attack, and how best to survive: “No one will remain in their house during this hour … we will come out in the millions to all of the criminal Assad’s palaces … The floor will shake under Assad and his supporters’ feet,” narrates a voice backed by rousing music. “We invite all members of the Assad Army to defect in masses from this regime.”

Seeking to further boost their successes, commanders of the Free Syrian Army have gathered in Turkey to settle on a new organisational military structure that is intended to increase co-ordination between groups on the ground and improve weapons supply lines.

In another boost, Britain said that it will seek next week to amend an arms embargo on Syria to make it easier to help the rebels.

A Foreign Office official said the increased “practical support” that Britain envisaged would be training and non-lethal equipment. Items such as body armour and night-vision goggles are currently caught up in a European arms embargo aimed at stemming supplies to Assad forces.

Mr Harling however warned that the failure of the opposition’s political wing – first the Syrian National Council and now the National Coalition, to carry a strong message of forgiveness and conciliation to government loyalists means the plan to overthrow the capital is doomed to a bitter and bloody failure that could see Syria become a failed state.

“You can’t just let the armed groups play this out. As the regime is forced into a fighting retreat we could see new conflicts ignite … and the political opposition is totally absent.”

Next week Syria’s international allies, including Britain, will meet for a ‘Friends of Syria’ conference in Morocco where they are expected to endorse the National Coalition with full political recognition, as well as substantial funds.

A Western diplomat monitoring the National Coalition as it tries to elect a leader said the group’s objectives have once again become lost to squabbling.

“The SNC knows it has been sidelined and so is trying as much as it can to sabotage the new project. There is a huge split in National Coalition and they won’t stop fighting.”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne … ttack.html


Eritrea’s football team forfeits match against Ethiopia

Friday, December 7th, 2012

(Reuters) – Eritrea’s soccer team has withdrawn from its African Nations Championship qualifiers against Ethiopia, a letter from the Confederation of African football (CAF) showed.

It was not immediately clear if Ethiopia’s request for the match to be played on neutral ground after ruling out traveling to Asmara was behind Eritrea’s move.

Over the weekend, 18 members of the Red Sea state’s national team, including Eritrea’s team doctor, disappeared in Uganda while playing in a regional tournament.

The two east African rivals were set to clash in the Eritrean capital around Jan. 14-16 with the return fixture booked for a fortnight later in Addis Ababa.

"We have just been informed by the Eritrean Football Federation that its national team is withdrawing from the … matches," said a letter from CAF’s Competitions Deputy Director Shereen Arafa seen by Reuters.

The letter did not mention Eritrea’s reasons for its withdrawal. An Ethiopian FA official confirmed the letter and added that his country was now set to face Rwanda in Addis Ababa on June 21-23 in the next qualification round.

Ethiopia and Eritrea are entangled in a bitter border dispute that saw the countries go to war between 1998-2000, a conflict which cost tens of thousands of lives.

The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.

Ethiopia and Eritrea were last drawn against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border. Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches.


Scientists identified genetic changes that allow Ethiopians to live comfortably at high altitude

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Scientists say they have pinpointed genetic changes that allow some Ethiopians to live and work more than a mile and a half above sea level without getting altitude sickness.

The specific genes differ from those reported previously for high-altitude Tibetans, even though both groups cope with low-oxygen in similar physiological ways, the researchers report. If confirmed, the results may help scientists understand why some people are more vulnerable to low blood oxygen levels caused by factors other than altitude — such as asthma, sleep apnea, heart problems or anemia — and point to new ways to treat them, the researchers say.
Living with less

Lower air pressure at high altitude means fewer oxygen molecules for every breath. “At 4000 meters, every lungful of air only has 60% of the oxygen molecules that people at sea level have,” said co-author Cynthia Beall of Case Western Reserve University.

To mop up scarce oxygen from thin air, travelers to high altitude compensate by making more hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of human blood. But high hemoglobin comes with a cost. Over the long term, excessive hemoglobin can increase the risk of blood clots, stroke, and chronic mountain sickness, a disease characterized by thick and viscous blood.

“Altitude affects your thinking, your breathing, and your ability to sleep. But high-altitude natives don’t have these problems,” said Beall, who has studied high altitude adaptation in different populations in Ethiopia, Peru and Tibet for more than 20 years. “They don’t wheeze like we do. Their thinking is fine. They sleep fine. They don’t complain of headaches. They’re able to live a healthy life, and they do it completely comfortably,” she added.

[size=130]How do they do it?[size]

Research over the last four decades has revealed that people born and raised in mountainous regions cope with altitude in different ways. Native highlanders in Tibet and some in Ethiopia, for example, are able to maintain relatively low blood hemoglobin concentrations at high altitude compared to their counterparts in the Andes, a trait that makes them less susceptible to chronic mountain sickness.

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Tibetans and some Ethiopians have both evolved a dampened response to low oxygen, explained study co-authors Anna Di Rienzo and Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu of the University of Chicago.

The researchers wanted to pinpoint the genetic changes that enable Ethiopians to thrive in thin air, and to see if the same genes play a role for Ethiopians as found in recent studies for Tibetans.

To find out, they analyzed the genomes of nearly 260 Ethiopian villagers belonging to two ethnic groups: the Oromo, who began settling at high altitude in the Bale Mountains of southeast Ethiopia about 500 years ago, and the Amhara, who have lived at high altitude in the Semien Mountains of northwest Ethiopia for at least 5,000 years.

Research by Beall and colleagues in the early 2000s revealed that Oromo cope with thin air in much the same way that lowlanders visiting high altitude do — i.e., by making more hemoglobin.

In contrast, Amhara highlanders — whose ancestors have inhabited mountainous regions for thousands of years longer than the Omoro — are able to maintain blood hemoglobin levels that are roughly 10% lower than Omoro living at the same altitude.

In a study to appear in the December 6, 2012 online issue of the journal PLoS Genetics, a team led by Beall, Di Rienzo and Alkorta-Aranburu analyzed both groups’ DNA, which was extracted from blood and saliva samples donated by Amhara and Omoro villagers born and raised at high (3700-4000m) and low (1200-1560m) elevations.

Using a statistical technique called a genome-wide association study, the researchers scanned the genomes of highland and lowland Ethiopians from both ethnic groups in search of variants associated with hemoglobin levels in the blood.

Same solution, different genes

When they scanned the villagers’ DNA, the researchers found a genetic variant associated with low hemoglobin levels in the Amhara.

This variant was located in a different region of the genome than those previously found to be associated with low hemoglobin in Tibetans. In other words, the physiological coping mechanisms shared by Amhara and Tibetans in response to life at high altitude — ie., dampened hemoglobin levels — are due to different underlying genes.

It is still unclear whether the first settlers of high altitude regions in Ethiopia and Tibet carried different genetic variants with them when they arrived, or whether different mutations occurred in these populations after they got there. But it’s clear that each group followed a different evolutionary pathway.

“They have a similar physiologic solution, but that doesn’t necessarily amount to a similar genetic solution,” Di Rienzo said.

For the Omoro — who are relative newcomers to high altitude — the researchers also found differences between highlanders and lowlanders in DNA methylation, a chemical process that causes changes in gene activity, but doesn’t necessarily alter the genetic code. While the differences aren’t linked to hemoglobin levels, the results suggest that such changes may play a role in the early stages of high altitude adaptation, the researchers say.

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A Western-Arab military intervention in Syria due to begin shortly

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Paris: NATO-Arab Syria intervention imminent

DEBKAfile Special Report December 7, 2012, 3:09 PM (GMT+02:00)

Sources close to the French Defense Ministry reported Friday, Dec. 7, that a Western-Arab military intervention against the Assad regime is due to begin shortly with the participation of the US, France, Britain, Turkey, Jordan and other anti-Assad Arab nations.

Our military sources add that the French aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle carrying a complement of marines is deployed in the Mediterranean, having joined the USS Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group and at least five British warships which are also carrying a large marine force.

In the second and third weeks of November, British and French naval forces, plus 2,600 special ops combatants from both nations, performed landing-and-capture exercises against fortified locations on the coast and mountains of Albania as practice for potential operations against similar terrain in Syria, where the Alawite Mountains loom over the coastal towns of Latakia and Tartus.

The troops landing there would head for the Alawite Mts. to prevent Assad and his loyal units from retreating to his mountain stronghold and fighting on from there – as he plans to do if he is forced to flee Damascus.

French sources told Le Point magazine that the NATO mission for Syria, including the UK and the US, would be modeled on the Western intervention in Libya in 2011. It would combine an aerial blitz with ground action by special forces for destroying Assad’s chemical weapons stocks, his air force and his air defense systems.

http://www.debka.com/article/22594/Pari … n-imminent


በአማራ ክልል በሀገራቸው ተስፋ ያጡ ወጣት ኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች ወደ አረብ ሀገሮች እየጎረፉ ነው

Friday, December 7th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በአማራ ክልል የሚገኙ መምህራን ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በሰሜን ወሎ በሚገኝ አንድ ትምህርት ቤት ብቻ ከመስከረም እስከ ታህሳስ ወር ከ 5ኛ እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል ባሉት ክፍሎች ውስጥ 44 ሴት ተማሪዎች ትምህርታቸውን አቋርጠው ወደ አረብ አገራት ሄደዋል። በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩት ደግሞ ፓስፖርት በማውጣት ጉዞአቸውን እየተጠባበቁ ነው። መምህራንም እንደ ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱ መሆናቸው ችግሩን አሳሳቢ አድርጎታል። መንግስት መምህራንን በመሰብሰብ ለማወያየት ሙከራ አድርጓል።

መንግስት የችግሩን ምንጭ ፈልጎ እንደማግኘትና መፍትሄ እንደመፈለግ በመምህራን ላይ ማሳበብን መርጧል። የመንግስት አቋም መምህራን ወደ አረብ አገራት ስለሚደረገው ስደት በቂ የሆነ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ትምህርት ለተማሪዎች አልሰጡም የሚል ሲሆን፣ የመምህራን አቋም ደግሞ ” ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱት ተስፋ በማጣታቸው ነው” የሚል ነው ።

እድሉ ቢገኝ ከአገሪቱ ህዝብ 40 በመቶው አገሩን ጥሎ ለመሰደድ ፍላጎት እንዳለው በውጭ አገር የተደረገ አንድ ጥናት ከአመት በፊት ማመላከቱ ይታወሳል።

ቁጥራቸው በውል ያልታወቀ ኢትዮጵያውያን በየመን የባህር ሰላጤ እንዲሁም በሰሀራ በረሀ የውሀ ሽታ ሆነው መቅረታቸውን አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን በተደጋጋሚ መዘገባቸው ይታወሳል።


የተማሪዎች አድማ በጂማ ዩኒቨርሲቲ

Friday, December 7th, 2012

VOA – ተማሪዎቹ በፆሙ ምክንያት “የሚቀርብልን ዳቦ መጠን ይጨመርልን፣ የሚቀርቡትን ቅንጬና የመሣሰሉ ቅቤ የሚገባባቸውን ምግቦች እንደማይጠቀሙ አመልክተው ተጨማሪ ዳቦ እንዲሰጣቸው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡

ያ ጥያቄአቸው እስኪመለስም ከነበሩበት የመመገቢያ አዳራሽ እንደማይወጡ በመግለፃቸው ፖሊስ ተጠርቶ መግባቱንና በተማሪዎች ላይ ጉዳት መድረሱን ገልፃለች፡፡

የግቢው ሁኔታ ዛሬ የተረጋጋ መሆኑንና ተማሪዎቹ ወደ ትምህርታቸው መመለሣቸውንም ተናግራለች፡፡

ስለሁኔታው መግለጫ የሰጠን የዩኒቨርሲቲው የተማሪዎች ኅብረት ፕሬዚዳንት ዳዊት ጌታቸውም ያመፁት ተማሪዎች ጥያቄ አግባብነት የለውም ብሎ እንደማያምን ይሁን እንጂ ጥያቄአቸውን ያቀረቡት አግባብነት ባለው መንገድና ሁኔታ እንዳልሆነ ገልፆ ጥያቄአቸውን ለማየት ጥረት መደረጉን አመልክቷል፡፡

ተማሪዎቹ ከመመገቢያ አዳራሹ ለመውጣት ፍቃደኛ ባለመሆናቸው ምክንያት ፌደራል ፖሊስ ወደግቢው እንዲገባ መደረጉ ትክክል ነው ብሎ እንደሚያምን ገልጿል፡፡ ተማሪዎቹ ሙሉ በሙሉ ሠላማዊ እንደነበሩ፣ ያጠፉት ንብረትም ሆነ የጎዱት ሰው አለመኖሩግ ዳዊት ጠቅሶ በተማሪዎቹ እና በፖሊሶቹ መካከል ግን ግጭት አለመፈጠሩን፤ የተጎዳ ተማሪም እንደሌለ ተናግሯል፡፡

የዩኒቨርሲቲው የሥርዓተ-ትምህርት፣ የምርምርና የተማሪዎች ጉዳዮች ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንትና የፕሬዚዳንቱ ተወካይ ዶ/ር ታየ ቶለማርያም ተማሪዎቹ ያነሷቸውን ጥያቄዎች ወዲያውኑ ለመፍታት እንደሚያስቸግር፣ ምግብ የሚቀርበው በጨረታ ከሚያሸንፍ ድርጅት በመሆኑ ጊዜ እንደሚወስድ ተነግሯቸው ወደ ትምህርታቸው እንዲመለሱ መጠየቃቸውንና ተማሪዎቹ ለመመለስ ፍቃደኞች ሳይሆኑ መቅረታቸውን ገልፀዋል፡፡

አምስት ሺህ የሚሆኑ ሌሎች ተማሪዎችም መመገብ ስለነበረባቸው አዳራሹን ለማስለቀቅ የውጭ የፖሊስ ኃይል መጋበዛቸውን ደ/ር ታየ አመልክተዋል፡፡ የግቢው የፀጥታ ኃይል ቢኖርም ሁኔታው ከአቅሙ በላይ ነበር ብለዋል፡፡

“በተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ያልተደሰቱት ተማሪዎች፤ ከውጭ የተቀላቀሏቸውም ሊኖሩ ይችላሉ፤ ከዚያ ወጥተው በመኖሪያቸው አካባቢ ባሉ ሕንፃዎች ላይ ድንጋይ ወርውረዋል፣ መስኮቶችንና በሮችንም ሰብረዋል” ብለዋል ዶ/ር ታየ፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡ embed

ኢሳት ዜና:- ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የፈለጉ ፖሊሶች ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በእስር ላይ የሚገኙት ተማሪዎች ቁጥር 115 ሲሆን፣ ከእነዚህም መካከል የተወሰኑት ትናንት ተለቀዋል። 2 ተማሪዎች ለህይወት አስጊ በሆነ ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል። መጠነኛ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ተማሪዎች በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ መሆኑን የገለጡት ፖሊሶች፣ ትምህርት አንጀምርም ያሉትን ተማሪዎች ከሙስሊም እንቅስቃሴና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በማያያዝ ለመክሰስ መታቀዱን ገልጸዋል።

ተማሪዎች ያነሱት ጥያቄ ከምግብ ጋር የተያያዘ ቢሆንም ፣ መንግስት ግን ጉዳዩን ፖለቲካዊ አንድምታ ሊሰጠው በመፈለግ ፌደራል ፖሊሶችን በመላክ ተማሪዎችን እንዳስደበደ መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።


ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ ለአቡነ መርቆርዮስ ደብዳቤ ፅፈው ሠረዙት – VOA

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

(VOA) — 4ኛው የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፓትርያርክ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆሬዎስ፣ “ከነ ሙሉ ክብራቸውና ማዕርጋቸው ወደ አገራቸው እንዲገቡና መንበራቸው ላይ እንዲሆኑ” የሚጋብዝ፣ ከኢትዮጵያው ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የተፃፈ ደብዳቤ በማግኘታችን እውነት ስለመሆኑ ወደፕሬዚደንቱ ስንደውል፣ ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ «እውነት ነው፣ እኔ ነኝ የፃፍኩት» ብለው አረጋገጡልን።
አቡነ መርቆርዮስ
​​
የስልኩ ጥሪ ብዙም ጥራት ስላልነበረው እንደገና ስንደውል ደግሞ ቀደም ሲል ደብዳቤውን የፃፉት ሰዎች አሣስተዋቸው መሆኑን ጠቁመው የሻሩት መሆናቸውን ገለፁልን፡፡

ሁለቱም ውይይት ላይ ድምፃቸው አለ፤ የአዲሱ አበበን ዘገባ ያዳምጡ።
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17 Eritrean footballers and team doctor who vanished in Uganda applied for asylum

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

Eritrean players seek asylum in Uganda
The 17 Eritrean footballers and team doctor who vanished in Uganda on Tuesday have all applied for asylum in the country.

David Apollo Kazungu, the Commissioner for Refugees in the Office of the Prime Minister, told BBC Sport that the Eritreans had met them this morning seeking asylum.

"They told us that conditions in their country are not good and we are looking at their conditions and papers," he explained.

"But they remain under our authority now since they have registered."

Kazungi added they are working with United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to see how they can help the 18 Eritreans.

The men failed to return to the team hotel on Sunday after claiming that they were going shopping, eventually just five officials and two players returned to Eritrea yesterday.

The Eritrean team had been eliminated from the on-going regional Cecafa Senior Challenge Cup at the group stage, where they drew with Zanzibar and lost to Malawi and Rwanda.

Nicholas Musonye, the secretary general of Cecafa, the east and central African regional football body, said it was good news the Eritrean players had been found.

However, he added it was a bad trend for Eritrean players to disappear at such tournaments on a regular basis, after similar incidents at the Cecafa tournaments in 2009 and 2010.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/20610675


Syria military poised to launch chemical weapons against freedom fighters

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

Syria loads chemical weapons into bombs; military awaits Assad’s order

By Jim Miklaszewski and M. Alex Johnson, NBC News

The Syrian military is prepared to use chemical weapons against its own people and is awaiting final orders from President Bashar Assad, U.S. officials told NBC News on Wednesday.

The military has loaded the precursor chemicals for sarin, a deadly nerve gas, into aerial bombs that could be dropped onto the Syrian people from dozens of fighter-bombers, the officials said.

As recently as Tuesday, officials had said there was as yet no evidence that the process of mixing the "precursor" chemicals had begun. But Wednesday, they said their worst fears had been confirmed: The nerve agents were locked and loaded inside the bombs.

Sarin is an extraordinarily lethal agent. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s forces killed 5,000 Kurds with a single sarin attack on Halabja in 1988.

U.S. officials stressed that as of now, the sarin bombs hadn’t been loaded onto planes and that Assad hadn’t issued a final order to use them. But if he does, one of the officials said, "there’s little the outside world can do to stop it."

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton reiterated U.S. warnings to Assad not to use chemical weapons, saying he would be crossing "a red line" if he did so.

Speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Clinton said the Syrian government was on the brink of collapse, raising the prospect that "an increasingly desperate Assad regime" might turn to chemical weapons or that the banned weapons could fall into other hands.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, said the fall of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government was "inevitable."

"Ultimately, what we should be thinking about is a political transition in Syria and one that should start as soon as possible," Clinton said. "We believe their fall is inevitable. It is just a question of how many people have to die before that occurs."

Aides told NBC News that Clinton was expected next week to officially recognize the main opposition movement, the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, with which she is scheduled to meet in Morocco. Britain, France, Turkey and some key Arab leaders have already recognized the opposition.

Fighting intensified Wednesday in the 21-month civil war, which has left 40,000 people dead. The U.N. withdrew its personnel from Damascus, saying conditions were too dangerous.

The government said this week that it wouldn’t use chemical weapons on its own people after President Barack Obama warned that doing so would be "totally unacceptable."

But U.S. officials said this week that the government had ordered its Chemical Weapons Corps to "be prepared," which Washington interpreted as a directive to begin bringing together the components needed to weaponize Syria’s chemical stockpiles.

U.S. officials had long believed that the Syrian government was stockpiling the banned chemical weapons before it acknowledged possessing them this summer.

NBC News reported in July that U.S. intelligence agencies believed that in addition to sarin, Syria had access to tabun, a chemical nerve agent, as well as traditional chemical weapons like mustard gas and hydrogen cyanide.

Officials told NBC News at the time that the Syrian government was moving the outlawed weapons around the country, leaving foreign intelligence agencies unsure where they might end up.

Syria is one of only seven nations that hasn’t ratified the 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention, the arms control agreement that outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of such weapons.

Bombshells filled with chemicals can be carried by Syrian Air Force fighter-bombers, in particular Sukhoi-22/20, MiG-23 and Sukhoi-24 aircraft. In addition, some reports indicate that unguided short-range Frog-7 artillery rockets may be capable of carrying chemical payloads.

In terms of longer-range delivery systems, Syria has a few dozen SS-21 ballistic missiles with a maximum range of 72 miles; 200 Scud-Bs, with a maximum range of 180 miles; and 60 to 120 Scud-Cs, with a maximum range of 300 miles, all of which are mobile and are capable of carrying chemical weapons, according U.S. intelligence officials.

http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012 … order?lite


Hailemariam Desalegn wants to go to Asmara – Aljazeera

Wednesday, December 5th, 2012

In an exclusive interview, Hailemariam Desalegn tells Al Jazeera he is ready to speak to President Issaias Afeworki.

05 Dec 2012

Hailemariam Desalegn, Ethiopia’s prime minister, has said that he is willing to hold talks with neighbouring Eritrea, with whom Addis Ababa fought a border war that ended in 2000.

If Desalgen follows through with Wednesday’s statement, it will be the first time a leader in Addis Ababa has held talks with Issaias Afeworki, the Eritrean president, since the end of the conflict which left at least 70,000 people dead.

"If you ask me, ‘Do you want to go to Asmara and sit down and negotiate with Isaias Afwerki?’ Then, I will say yes’," Hailemariam said in an interview with Al Jazeera to be broadcast on Saturday.

The two countries remain at odds over the flashpoint town of Badme, awarded to Eritrea by a UN-backed boundary commission, but still controlled by Ethiopia.

"The most important thing for us is to fight poverty … to have regional integration. If we two do that, it will be much more productive," Hailemariam added.

Eritrea won independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a 30-year struggle, that is considered among the continent’s longest and most bitter.

Hailemariam, who took office after longtime ruler Meles Zenawi died in August, said that reaching out to Asmara was following the policy of his predecessor.

"My predecessor Meles Zenawi had asked for more than 50 times even to go to Asmara and negotiate with Mister Isaias Afwerki," he said.

Ethiopia and Eritrea routinely accuse each other of backing armed groups to destabilise the other.

In March, Ethiopia attacked an Eritrean military base after the killing of five European tourists in blamed on Asmara.

Al Jazeera


ENTC continues seasonal campaign

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) is conveying its best wishes in the holiday season to all Ethiopians. It has been 6 months since ENTC has been officially formed. Although the road to victory is a long and difficult one, the group’s beginning is a promising one. It is with everyone’s participation that the struggle can bear fruit. ENTC is inviting you to participate in their holiday donation drive and also join them in their effort.

View this short slide

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥብቅና በኢትዮጵያ

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

ለውድቀት የተዳረገው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት በኢትዮጵያ

በዚህ ባለፈው ሰኔ ወር ላይ ‹‹ አንድነት ለሃይማኖት›› በሚል ጽሁፍ በኢትዮጵያ ስለሚካሄደው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ገፈፋ ያለኝን ስጋት ገልጬ  ነበር፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ አዲሱ የሰብአዊ መብት መጣስ  አካሄድ በሃይማኖት ነጻነት ላይ ማነጣጠሩን አሳስቤያለሁ፡፡ ስጋቴን  ትንሽ ቀለል ያረገልኝ ስርአት የተላበሱት የክርስቲያኑና የሙስሊሙ የሃይሞነት መሪዎች በሃይማኖት ውስጥ የሚሞከረውን አግባብነት የሌለውን ጣልቃ ገብነት ጠንክረው መቃወማቸውን በማየቴ ነበር፡፡ መጣጣፌ ላይ አንዳልኩት ‹‹ላለፉት በርካታ ዓመታት›› ኢትዮጵያ የወንጀል፤ የጥቃት፤ የሰብአዊ መበት መደፈር፤ተፈጥሮ የቸረውን መብት መርገጫ ማዕከል ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሁን ደግሞ የኢትዮጵያ የሃይመኖት አባቶች ኢትዮጵያ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት የሚገፈፍባት ሃገር ሆነች እያሉ ያማርራሉ›› ፡፡  የሙስሊሙና የክርስትና ሃይማኖት መሪዎችና አማኞች፤ ጠንክረውና እጅ ለእጅ በመያያዝ በአንድነት ሆነው፤ ለዕምነታቸው ነጻነት ለማስገኘትና መብትቸውን ለማስጠበቅ ሕሊናቸው በሚያዛቸው መንቀሳቀስ እንዲችሉ በሰላማዊ አምቢታ ጸንተው ቆመዋል፡፡

የገዢው መንገስት ባለስልጣናት ይህን በሕገ መንግስቱ ላይ በግልጽ የተቀመጠውን ድንጋጌ በመዘንጋት አለያም አውቀው አናውቅም በማለት በቸልተኝነትና በማንአለብኝነት ይህን የነጻነት የእምነት በነጻ የመንቀሳቀስ ሂደት በአክራሪነት በገዲድ በመተርጎም እንቅስቃሴውን ለማዳከም በመጣር ላይ ናቸው፡፡በቅርቡ ያለፉት መለስ ዜናዊ፤ ሲናገሩ ‹‹በቅርቡ በተከናወነው የጌታችን መድሐኒታችን የጥምቀት በዓል በተከበረበት ወቅት አንዳንድ የክርስቲያን እምነት ተከታዮች የክርስቲያን መንግስት ይቋቋምልን በማለት መፈክር ይዘው ወጥተዋል፤ እንዲሁም እምነታቸውን በነጻ ሃይማኖታቸውም ከጣልቃ ገብነት የጸዳ እንዲሆን ያነሱትን የሙስሊሙን ጥያቄ፤ ይህን ጥያቄ የሚያነሱት የአልቃይዳ ተባባሪ የሆኑ የ‹‹ሳላፊ›› ጥገኞች›› በማለት ታርጋ ለጥፈውባቸዋል፡፡ መለስ ውንጀላቸውን ቆርጠው በመቀጠል ‹‹ለመጀመርያ ጊዜያት የአልቃይዳ ሴል በኢትዮጵያ ታየ በማለት፤ አብዛኛዎቹም በባሌ፤እና በአርሲ ይገኛሉ ብለዋል፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን በኢትዮጵያ ያሉት ሳላፊስ በሙሉ አልቃይዳ ናቸው ለማለት አይደለም፡፡ አብዛኛዎቹ አይደሉም፡፡ሆኖም ግን እነዚህ ሳላፊዎች ትክክለኛውን (የሙስሊም) ሃይሞኖታዊ ትምህርት ሲያፋልሱ ታይተዋል ብለው ነበር››፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ባወጣው መግለጫ  (ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ)  ላይ ባለፈው ወር ይህን አክራሪ ናቸው የሚለውን አባባል ማጣጣል ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ በኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ላይ የሚደረገውን የሃይማኖት ተጽእኖና ጭቆና እያሳሰበው መሆኑንም፤ ጥየቄያቸው ግን እንደሚባለው ሳይሆን በሃገሪቱ ላይ ባሉት የሙስሊም አማኞች ላይ በሚደረግ የጉልበትና የግፍ አካሄድ እምነቱ ከሚፈቅደውና ሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ከሚያምንበትና ሲከተለው ከነበረው አካሄድ ውጪ በሆነ አዲስ መጥ ስርአት እንዲያምን ለማስገደድ ሰለሆነ መንግስት ከድርጊቱ እንዲታቀብ አሳስቧል፡፡ ሲዘግቡም፥

የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት ፍላጎቱ አልሃበሽ የሚባለውን የዕምንት አመለካከት በሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ላይ በግዴታ በመጫን ለዝንተዓለም ሲከተሉት ከነበረው የሱፊ አመለካከትና ስነስራት ለመለየት እያስገደደ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት ከዚህም ባሻገር የሙስሊማኑ የሃይማኖት አባቶችን ከባለዕምነቶቹ ፍላጎትና ፈቃደኝነት ውጪ፤ ምርጫውን በራሱ በማካሄድ ሹመኞቹን ጭኖባቸዋል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል በነጻነት የሚንቀሳቀስ ተጽእኖ የሌለበት በመባል ሲታወቅ የነበረው የኢትዮጵያን እስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ምክር ቤትን አሁን ገዢው መንግሰት በራሱ ምደባ ስልጣን በያዙት ለገዢው መንግስት አገልጋይና ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚዎችን አስቀምጦበታል፡፡ የመፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ ብሎ የሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ያስቀመጣቸውን ወኪሎቹን ለኔ መመርያ ካልተገዛችሁ በሚል አመለካከት፤ ሰብስቦ በተፈጠረና አንዳች የእውነት ፍንጣቂ የሌለበት በተደጋጋሚ በንጹሃን ላይ ሲለጠፍ ያለውን ሽብርተኛ በማለት ወደ ወህኒ ማውረድ በሃገሪቱ ባሉት ሙስሊማን ላይ ተጽእኖ ለማድረግና ለመቆጣጠር አንመች ያሉትን በማስፈራራት ማግለል ይዞዋል፡፡ በዚህ ሰበብም በኦክቶበር 29 ላይ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት 29ኙን የሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ወኪሎችና ሰላማዊ ተንቀሳቃሾች ሽብርተኞችና እስላማዋ መንግስት ለመመስረት የተነሳሱ ናቸው በማለት ወንጅሏቸዋል፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽነር አዚዝ አል ሂብሪ በግልጽ ሲናገር:

ይህ የወቅቱ መሰረተ ቢስ ክስና ውንጀላ የኢትዮጵያ መነግስት ተቃዋሚዎቹን ዝም ለማሰኘትና ለማሰር፤ የሙስሊሙም ሕብረተሰብ ያነሳውን ሰላማዊና ሕገመንገስታዊ የዕምነት ነጻነት ጥያቄ በሰበብ አስባቡ ለማጨናገፍና ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሆነውን የዕምንት ጥያቄ ለማክሰም የሚጠቀምበት ዘዴ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ በቁጥር አነስተኛ የሆኑት ለእስር ቢዳረጉም የዓላማው ደጋፊዎች የሆኑት በሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ናቸው በሰላማዊ መንገድ ጥያቄውን አንስተው እንደመጥ ያሉት፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት በሙስሊም ዜጎቹ እምነት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባቱን ማቆም አለበት፡፡አለአግባብም ባልሰሩትና ባልፈጸሙት ውንጀላ የታሰሩትንም ሊለቅ ተገቢ ነው ብሏል፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽንም ያነሳቸውን ጭብጦች በተመለከተ ሊተኮርባቸው የሚገቡ ጉዳዮች አሉ፡፡ በቅድሚያ ይህ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ድርጅት መንግስታዊ ያልሆነ ድርጅት፤የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች፤ ወይም የመንግስት አፈቀላጤም  አይደለም፡፡ የ1998 ዓመቱን ዓለም አቀፍን ሃይማኖታዊ ነጻነት ድንጋጌ አስመልክቶ በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ምከር ቤት (ኮንግሬስ) የተቋቋመ ነጻ የሆነ ኮሚሽን ሲሆን ተግባሩም በዓለም አካባቢ ባሉ ሃይማኖታዊ ክስተቶች ስለሚከናወኑትና ስለነጻነታቸው ሁኔታ ዘገባ እያጠናቀረ፤ አስፈላጊ ሲመስለውም የፖሊሲ ሃሳብ ለፕሬዜዳንቱ፤ለሃገር አስተዳደር፤ እና ለኮንግሬሱ ማቅረብ ነው፡፡  ይህን ኮሚሽን ለመምራትም ዕውቅና ያላቸውና በዓለም አቀፉ ሃይሞኖታዊ እውነታዎችን ስርአት ላይ በቂ ዕውቀትና ግንዛቤ ያላቸው ግለሰቦች፤ ስለውጭ ግንኙነት፤ዓለም አቀፋዊ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጠንቅቀው የተረዱና ግንዛቤያቸውም የሰፋ የሆኑት ተመርጠው የሚካተቱበትና ስራውን የሚያካሂዱበት ነው፡፡ ይህ ኮሚሽን ማንኛቸውንም በዓለም ተቀባይነት ያላቸውን ድንግጌዎች ሁሉ በማክበር የማስከበር ሃሳብ ለሚመለከታቸው በማቅረብ ተግባራዊ እንዲደረግ ይጥራል፤ ይሟገታል፡፡

የዚህ (የ ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ) የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ማስረጃና ምስክርነት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሃይሞነታዊ እምነት ነፃነት መጣሱን መንግስታዊ ጥቃትም እየደረሰበት እንደሆነ በሚገባ ያረጋገጠ ነው፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ  ዓለም አቀፋዊና  ሕገመንግስታዊ  ግዴታ  የሃይማኖት  ነጻነትንም  ያካተተ ነው

የገዢው መንግሥት ባወጣውና ባጸደቀው ሕገመንግስት መሰረት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን የማክበር ግዴታ እንዳለበት ደንግጓል፡፡ በዚህ ድንጋጌውም ገዢው መንግስት ጣልቃ በመግባት ነጻ አንደሆነ በሚገባ ተቀምጧል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንገስት ዓለማዊ መንግስት ነው እንጂ መንፈሳዊ መንግስት አልተመሰረተበትም:: የህገ መንግስቱ አንቀጽ 11 በሃይማኖትና በመንግስት መሃል ደንግጎ መንግስትም በሃይሞነቱ ሃይማኖቱም በመንግስት ውስጥ ጣልቃ እንዳይገቡ ያግዳል፡፡ አንቀጽ 27ም እንደ የሃይመኖቶች የነጻነት አንቀጽ ተብሎ ሊጠቀስ ይችላል፡፡ በመሆኑም ‹‹ሁሉም እንደየእምነታቸውና ፍላጎታቸው በነጻ የማሰብን፤እና የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን›› ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ማንም ሃይማኖትን መቀበልም ሆነ ወይም ወዳሰኘው ሃይማኖታዊ እምነት መዞርን፤ በግልም ሆነ በቡድን አለያም በመሰባሰብ ተደራጅቶ ማምለክን በምርጫው ማከናወንን ይፈቅዳል፡፡

የአንቀጽ 11 እና 27 ሕገመንግስታዊ ቋንቋ አጠቃቀም በቀጥታ ቃል በቃል ከዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ድንጋጌ የተገለበጠ ነው፡፡ይህም በዲሴምበር 10 1948 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቷል፡፡ አንቀጽ 18 የዓለም አቀፍ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብቶች ቃል ኪዳን፤በጁን 11 1993 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቶ ጸድቋል፡፡ በዚህም ድንጋጌ መሰረት ማንም ቢሆን የሃይማኖት የሰብአዊ መብትና በነጻ የማሰብ መብቱ ይጠበቅለት ዘንድ የግድ ነው፡፡ የአፍሪካውም (ባንጁል) ቻርተር ከዓለም አቀፋዊው ድንጋጌ ጋር ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡በየድንጋጌውም ላይ የዓለም አቀፉን ድንግጌ በማክበር መተግበር እንዳለበት ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያም የሁለቱም ቻርተሮች ፈራሚ ነችና ድንጋጌዎቹን በተቀረጹበት መልክ ማክበርና ሕዝቦቿም ተጠቃሚ እንዲሆኑ  ቃሏን ማክበር ስላለባት ገዠው መንግስትም ከዚህ ውጪ ትርጓሜ ሊሰጥበት አይችልም፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ዢው መንግስት ለዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌዎች በገባው ግዴታ መሰረት በራሱ ሕገመንግስት ላይ ያሰፈራቸውን መብቶች መከበርና ሳይሸራረፉ ለሕዝቡ መቆማቸውን ማረጋገጥ ይጠበቅበታል

ግዙፍ የሆነና በነጻ ወገኖች የተረጋገጠ፤ በቂና ታሪካዊ ማስረጃ ያለው፤ የድርጊቱ ሰለባ ከሆኑትና ከሌሎችም የተጠናቀረው እውነታ የሚያሳየው መንግስታዊ የሆነ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥሰት መኖሩንና ጉልህ የሆነ የሰዎች የእምነትና ሕገመንግስታዊ መብትም መጣስ መኖሩን የሚያስረዳ ነው፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ከሃይማኖቱ ተከታዮች ፍላጎትና መሪዎቻቸውም ባላመኑበት መንገድ ጫና በመፍጠርና ሃይልና ማስገደድ ባለው ሂደት መሪዎች መርጦ ከማስቀመጡም ባሻገር አዲስ ስርአት በማምጣት የአልሃበሽን የእስልምና ወገናዊ እምነት ለመጫን ነው ዓላማው፡፡በሃይማኖታዊው ዋና ፍሬ ነገር ላይ በማትኮር የሃይማኖት አባቶች በማለት የእስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ካውንስልን እንዲመሩ መንግስት መርጦ  በተለያዩ የሙስሊሙ ኮሙኒቲ አባልታ ባሉበት ሁሉ 11 የሪጂኖች የእስልምና ከውንስል ብሎ ማስቀመጡ  አግባብነትም ሆነ ተቀባይነትም የሌለው ተግባር ነው፡፡ መንግስት በመስጊድ ሊደረግ የሚገባውን የምርጫ ሂደት በማፋለስ በመንግስት ቁጥጥር ስር ባሉ ስፍራዎች እንዲካሄድ ማደረጉ  የሚፈልጋቸው አገልጋዮቹ ያለአግባብ ስልጣኑን ይዘው እንዲያገለግሉት ለማድረግ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ይህን ሂደት አንቀበልም ሃይማኖታዊ ስርአትም የተከተለ አይደለም በማለት ተቃውሞ ያቀረቡትንም በማግለል፤ ከቦታቸው እንዲነሱ አድርጓል፡፡ ከተነሱም በኋላ ለእስራት ዳርጓቸዋል::  በንጸህናና በሰላማዊ መንገድም የተበላሸው እንዲስተካከል አላግባብ የተከናወነውም ምርጫ እንደቀየር ሃሳብ ያቀረቡትን ከማሰርም አልፎ ቀሪዎቹንም ሱገቡና ሲወጡ በደህንነቶች ቁጥጥርና ክትትል እንዲደረግባቸው በማድረግ ሰላሙን ሁሉ በማደፍረስ ላይ ነው፡፡ በመንግስት ተመርጠው የተቀመጡትም አገልጋዮች ተቀባይነት አጥተው ከቢሮ ማቀፍ አላለፉም፤ ይልቁንስ የመንግስት መጠቀሚያ ሰላዮች ተብለው በብዙሃኑ የሙስሊም እምነት ተከታዮች ከመፈረጅ ውጪ ያገኙት አንዳችም ነገር የለም:: ያገኙት ነገር ቢኖር የመንግስትን ግልጋሎት ማከናወን ብቻና ከመንግስት የሚቸራቸውን ነው፡፡ በዚህም መሰረት የሙስሊሙን ህብረተሰብ ወደማያምንበትና ወደተበላሸ እምነታዊ ስርአት ማካተት ጨርሶ የማይቻል ጉዳይ ነው፡፡

ገዢው መንግስት በጣልቃ ገብነቱ ላይ ተቃውሞ ባነሱት ሙስሊማን ላይ  በለጠፈው ሽብርተኝነት የወንጀል ክስና  ሌላም ክህደት ለሞላው ውንጀላው አንዳችም ማስረጃ ማቅረብ አልቻለም፡፡  እነዚህ በከንቱ ለእስር የተዳረጉት የነጻነት ተሟጋቾች፤ከውጭ ሃይል ጋር አላቸው ስለተባለው ግንኙነት፤ ሥልጣን ለመያዝ ተብሎም ስለተነሳው ጉዳይ፤ የሙስሊም መንግስት ይቋቋም ብለዋል ስለተባለበትም ቢሆን ወንጃዩ መንግስት አንዳችም ማሰረጃ ለማቅረብ አልበቃም፡፡ ማንኛቸውም ነጻ ወገኖችና ታዛቢዎች ቢሆኑ ያረጋገጡት፤ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን በሰላማዊ መንገድ ለማስከበር መንቀሳቀሳቸውን፤ የራሳቸውን መሪዎችና የእስልምና ጉዳዮች የካወንስል መሪዎች እንምረጥ ከማለት ውጪ አንዳችም ሌላ ሁኔታ እንዳላዩ ነው፡፡ ይሄ ደግሞ ተገቢያልሆነ ጥያቄ አይደለም፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸው ነው፡፡ መንግስት መርጦ ያስቀመጣቸው ሹማምንት ሊያገለግሏቸውም ሆነ መብታቸውን ሊያስጠብቁላቸው የማይችሉና፤ በምርጫውም የሙስሊሙን ይሁንታ ያልተሰጡ በመሆናቸው አይረቡንም ነው አባባላቸው እናም ልክ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ የተመረጡባቸው ሹመኞች እንቅስቃሴያቸው የሙስሊሙን ሕብረተሰብ ለመከፋፈል፤ ሰላማዊውን ሕብረተሰብ ለማበጣበጥ፤ በሃገር አቀፍ ደረጃ በሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ዙርያ ሰላም እንዲጠፋ ማድረግ ነው፡፡

ገዢው መንግስት ‹‹የጸረሽብርተኝነት ሕግ›› ከጥቅም ውጪ ጅራፉን የማጮህ አርማውን  የማውለብለብ  ሱስ  አለበት

ገዢው መንግስት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን፤የጽሁፍና የፕሬስ (ብዙሃን) ነጻነትን፤የሕዝቡን ሃሳቡን በነጻ የመግለጽ ነጻነትን ባገደና በጣሰ ቁጥር የራሱን ሕገመንግስት እየጣሰ መሆኑን እያወቀ ይክዳል፡፡ በትንሹ ለእስር የዳረጋቸውን 29 የሙስሊሙን ታጋዮች፤ በሽብርተኝነት ሲወነጅል ያው በተደጋጋሚ የታየውን የፈጠራ ሽብርተኝነትን ታርጋ መለጠፉን በመቀጠል ሲያደርገው የነበረውንና በብዙ ማስረጃዎች ሊረጋገጥበት የሚችለውን የሃሰት ውንጀላ መድገሙ እንጂ አዲስ አይደለም፡፡ ይህም የዚህ መንግስት መታወቂያው ሆኗል፡፡ አሁን ያለውን የኢትዮጵያ ምስቅልቅል ሁኔታ ለማስተካከል ይሄ በሽብርተኝነት ነጻና ሰላማዊ ሰዎችን መወንጀልና ማሰር መፍትሔ ሊሆን አይችልም፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት ሊገነዘቡት ያልቻሉት የውሃ ቅዳ ውሃ መልስ የሞኝ ጨዋታቸው ‹‹ጸረሽብርተኝነት›› ለገዢው መንግስት ያተረፈለት ነገር ቢኖር ችግሮችን፤ የሚነሱ ሃሳቦችን፤ህዝባዊ ፍላጎቶችን፤ እውነትን ለማየት እንዳይችል አይኑን መጋረድ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ሕዝቦች ሰብአዊ ክብርን ይሻሉ፤ በስልጣን ላይ ባሉ ሁሉ ሕዝብ ሊከበርና ሰብአዊ መብቱም ሊጠበቅለት ተገቢ ነው፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን ባነሱ ቁጥር በስልጣን ላይ የተጣበቁት እየደነበሩ ሊወንጅሏቸው ጨርሶ ተገቢ አይደለም፡፡

የመንግስቱ መሪዎች‹‹ጸረ ሽብርተኝነትን ሕግ›› እንደጋሻ አንጠልጥለው ሰላማዊ ቅዋሜ አንሺዎችንና በሃይመኖታችን ጣልቃ አትግቡብን በማለት ለሰልፍ የሚወጡትን መኮነንንና ማሰርን ማንገላታትን መፍትሔ አድርገው ማሰብ ከጀመሩ ሰነበቱ፡፡ አንድ የማይታያቸው ክፉ ነገር ግን በሕዝቡ ሕሊናና ልብ ውስጥ እየሰፋና እያደገ፤ ምሬቱም እየከረፋውና እየጎፈነነው በመሄድ ላይ ያለውን የህዝብ ብሶት ማወቅ አለመቻል ወይም ችላ ማለታቸው ነው፡፡ ከትምህርት ደረጃ መውደቅና ጨርሶም ለመማር አለመቻል፤ ሥራ አጥነት፤ እና ተስፋ መቁረጥ ጭርሱን ሰብአዊነታቸው ከመሰረቱ እንዲጎዳና ለችገር እንዲጋለጡ በመዳረጋቸው ወጣቱ ትውልድ እራሱን ለማሻሻልም ሆነ ለሃገሩ ልማታዊ እድገት ተሳትፎ ለኑሮው የሚሆን ስራ ላይ እንዳይሳተፍ በመደረጉ ልቡ ለጊዜው ዝም ያለ ቢሆንም እያመረቀዘ አንድ ቀን የሚፈነዳ ነው፡፡ አሁን በስልጣን ላይ ያሉት አሁን ረጋ ያለ የሚመስላቸው ይህ የወጣት ብሶት ምሬት መከራ፤ ግለቱ ጨምሮ ሲፈነዳና ወጣቶቹም ከተጫነባቸው ፍርሃት ሲላቀቁና ፍርሃት አልባነት ሲነግስላቸው፤ የተስፋ መቁረጥ ክረምት ወጥቶ የተስፋና የመልካም ራዕይ ጸደይ ሲመጣ ልክ እንደ ‹‹አረቡ ጸደይ›› ያ የታሰበውና ታፍኖ የነበረው መብት ነጻነት እኩልነት አብቦ ሃገሩን በአዲስ አበባዎችና ልምላሜ እድገት ያለብሰዋል፡፡ የዚያን ጊዜ ታዲያ ያ ሽብርተኝነትና የጸረሽብር አዋጅ ፍለጋውን ወደ እውነተኞች አሸባሪዎችና ሕጉን መቀለጃና ሃጢአት መሸፈኛ ወዳደረጉት ያለፈባቸው በማድረግ ሃቃዊ ስራውን ማከናወን ይቀጥላል፡፡

ይህ አሁን በመኩራራትና በማን አለብኝነት እየተኮፈሰ ያለው ሞኝ ስብስብ ከሁለቱ የአሜሪካን መንግስት ከፍተኛ የህግ ዳኞች ሊማሩ ይችሉ ይሆናል፡፡ ‹‹የራሱን ህግ ማክበር ከተሳነው መንግስት የበለጠ የመንግስትን መሰረት የሚጥል የለም፡፡ የኛ መንግስት በራሱ ምሳሌነት ሕዝቡን ሀሉ ለህግ እንዲገዛ ያስተምራል፡፡ መንግስት እራሱ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ ሕግን መናቅን መጣስን ነው የሚዘራው፡፡በዚህም ሁሉም ሰው ሕግን በእጁ እንዲያደርግና እንደፈቀደ እንዲሆን በመጋበዝ መተረማመስ (አናርኪ) እንዲፈጠር ያደርጋል፡፡››

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን እንዳለው: መንግስት ያገታቸውን የሙስሊሙን መፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ አባላትና ሌሎቹንም ታጋቾች በመፍታት፤በሃይማኖት ላይ የጣለውን እግድ ማንሳት ኣለበት፡፡

መንግሥት በራስ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ የራሱን ውድቀት ያፋጥናል፡፡

የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from): http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/02/in_defense_of_religious_freedom_in_ethiopia

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Ethiopian football officials want neutral venue for match with Eritrea

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Mon Dec 3, 2012

* Ethiopia says not willing to travel to Asmara

* Matches will be first between foes since 1998-2000 war

Dec 3 (Reuters) – Ethiopia has asked African football’s governing body to move its African Nations Championship qualifiers with arch-foe Eritrea to a neutral venue, with the neighbouring countries still embroiled in a bitter border row, its FA said.

The Horn of Africa neighbours are set to lock horns in the Eritrean capital, Asmara, around January 14-16 with the return tie in Addis Ababa set for two weeks later. But Ethiopia said it would not travel to the Red Sea state.

"We want the matches to take place, but we’re not willing to travel there and it is obvious their government won’t allow their team to visit Addis Ababa," said Melaku Ayele, the Ethiopian Football Federation’s spokesman.

"So we’ve proposed an alternative venue, neighbouring Sudan, for both matches to be held in."

Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a border war between 1998-2000 that killed tens of thousands of troops. A Hague-based independent border commission ruled that the flashpoint town of Badme belonged to Eritrea but the village remains in the hands of Ethiopia and the spat remains unresolved.

Asmara is yet to respond to Ethiopia’s request, Melaku said.

The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.

Ethiopia, nicknamed the Walyas, recently sealed a spot at the more glamorous African Nations Cup finals set for January after a three-decade absence.

Ethiopia and Eritrea were last pitched against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border.

Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches. (Reporting by Aaron Maasho; Editing by Richard Lough and Justin Palmer)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/ … TP20121203


Ethiopia’s Mega-Dam With Potentially Mega-Consequences

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam – A Mega-Dam With Potentially Mega-Consequences

By Haydar Yousif, 3 December 2012

analysis

Without greater oversight, Ethiopia’s secretive new dam could have disastrous environmental, social and political impacts.

While Egypt was undergoing dramatic political changes last year, Ethiopia was secretly moving to unveil "Project X" – a huge hydropower dam it intends to build on the Blue Nile, 40 km from the Sudanese border.

Political commentators, environmental experts and hydrologists have all voiced concerns about the dam’s ecological impact, the strain it might place on relations between the three eastern Nile nations, and the financial burden of this mega-dam on Ethiopian citizens.

Now renamed the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the project (due for completion by 2015) is set to become the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa. The scale of the project is staggering: the plant will be capable of producing almost double the electricity of Aswan High Dam in Egypt, while its 63 billion cubic metre (bcm) reservoir is double the size of Ethiopia’s largest natural lake. Crucially for Ethiopia’s Nile neighbours, the filling of this huge reservoir is also likely to greatly reduce the flow of water to Egypt and Sudan for several years, and could even permanently alter the amount of water those countries are able to draw from the river.

Details trickling through

The planning and implementation of this project has all been decided behind closed doors. Its $4.8 billion contract was awarded without competitive bidding, for example, to Salini Costruttori, an Italian firm favoured by the ruling party; Salini is also building the controversial Gibe III Dam on Ethiopia’s Omo River.

Furthermore, the nature of the project was kept under wraps until after site preparation had already begun, to the great surprise of regional governments, Nile planning agencies, and Ethiopia’s Western donors. It was especially shocking to Norwegian agencies who were working with the Ethiopian government on a similar project for the same stretch of the Nile, now made obsolete by the Renaissance Dam.

This level of official opacity has worryingly prevailed beyond the initial announcement of the project. Expert analysis that would normally accompany such a titanic project has either not been undertaken or kept characteristically secret. No environmental assessment is publicly available for the project. And no steps were taken before its launch to openly discuss the dam’s impacts with downstream Nile neighbours Egypt and Sudan.

Do the environmental and social plans hold water?

The consequences for Ethiopia’s downstream neighbours could potentially be catastrophic. The Renaissance Dam’s reservoir will hold back nearly one and a half times the average annual flow of the Blue Nile. Filling the reservoir – which could take 3 to 5 years – will drastically affect the downstream nations’ agriculture, electricity and water supply. Evaporative losses from the dam’s reservoir could be as much as 3 billion cubic metres per year.

The dam will also retain silt. The Ethiopian government argues that this will be a net positive as it will increase the lifetime of other dams downstream, particularly in Sudan where, for example, the Roseires Dam has been nearly incapacitated by sedimentation. But what about the life expectancy of the Renaissance Dam itself? This is a serious issue for the dam’s viability, and there are no known plans for watershed management or soil conservation to address it. In addition, the retention of silt by the dam reservoir will dramatically reduce the fertility of soils downstream. Sediment-free water released from dams also increases erosion downstream, which can lead to riverbed deepening and a reduction in groundwater recharge.

Some have predicted even more calamitous consequences of the dam’s construction. The Grand Renaissance Dam site is in the Great African Rift Valley near the Afar Depression, an area in which tectonic turmoil is so great it could, according to some accounts, eventually tear the continent in two. The dam could be at risk from damage by earthquakes, yet no one knows if it has even been analysed for this risk, or the largest earthquake it is being designed to withstand. The failure of such a huge structure puts the more than 100 million people living downstream at risk.

On top of that risk is that of ‘reservoir induced seismicity’. A dam with a reservoir as large as this is not just vulnerable to seismic events – it can cause them. Scientists believe that there have been more than 100 instances on six continents of large reservoirs inducing earthquakes. The most serious to date was China’s devastating magnitude 7.9 earthquake in 2008, which some experts believe was induced by Zipingpu Dam.

Holding back the tide of criticism

However, some of the most pressing concerns regarding the dam’s construction are political. Although its timing coincided with Egypt’s political upheaval, the sudden unveiling of the project nevertheless resulted in an outcry. Egypt’s primary fears are a reduction of its main water supply from the Nile, and diminished nutrients and sediment essential for agriculture.

Towards the end of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s rule, Ethiopia adopted a more aggressive stance over the Nile, moving swiftly to build a number of large hydropower dams. However, tension in the region regarding control of the Nile waters has not all be centred on Ethiopia. In May 2010, five upstream Nile states (Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) signed a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) to access more water from the Nile. The move was strongly opposed by Egypt, which brandished a colonial-era treaty from 1929 asserting its exclusive rights to the Nile’s water supply.

With the Renaissance Dam, these tensions seemed to be coming to a head. Following its announcement in March 2011, Egyptian authorities were quick to lobby international support and strongly hinted that a military response was not deemed disproportionate to protect such a vital resource. Indeed, Wikileaks recently released documents detailing a planned Egyptian attack on the dam from Sudan.

However, attitudes appear to have since softened, and dialogue was opened last month between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. In a bid to allay Egypt’s wrath, the Ethiopian government proposed an International Panel of Experts (IPoE) to review and assess the dam’s impacts on downstream neighbours. The panel of ten consists of two members from each of the three countries eastern Nile countries, plus four international experts. Their names have not been released and their meetings are behind closed doors, but they are expected to announce their findings four months from now. This seems to have placated Ethiopia’s neighbours for now. Egypt has toned down its opposition to the dam, while President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan has even pledged Sudanese support for the project.

Yet whatever the IPoE’s findings, the Ethiopian government seems adamant the dam will continue. In September 2012, the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared that Ethiopia would never halt or slow the construction of the dam due to external pressure, calling into question the significance of the panel. Needless to say, many in Sudan and Egypt still have serious concerns about the project.

Whatever the outcome of political arbitration, it remains irresponsible for Ethiopia to build Africa’s biggest hydropower project, on its most contentious river, with no public access to critical information about the dam’s impacts – a flawed process which can hardly result in a sustainable project. If the Ethiopian government is serious about maintaining good relations with its Nile neighbours, and if it truly wishes to develop projects that will carry its people and the broader region into prosperity, it must begin by allowing some light to penetrate this secretive development scheme.

Haydar Yousif is a Sudanese hydrologist who has worked for 35 years on water issues on the Nile.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201212031873.html


Boeing tested new drone capable of crippling computers and other electronics

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

From sci-fi to reality: The computer-blitzing drone that can cripple a nation’s electronics at the touch of a button

Aircraft manufacturer Boeing have created a weapon that can knock out computers
The missile is thought to be able to penetrate bunkers and caves
Experts warn, in the wrong hands, could bring Western cities to their knees

By Ben Ellery

PUBLISHED: 22:01 GMT, 1 December 2012 | UPDATED: 14:45 GMT, 3 December 2012

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Down the years and across the universe, the heroes of science-fiction classics from Dan Dare to Star Wars and The Matrix have fought intergalactic battles with weapons that wipe out enemy electronics at the touch of a button.

Now scientists have turned fantasy into reality by developing a missile that targets buildings with microwaves that disable computers but don’t harm people.

Aircraft manufacturer Boeing successfully tested the weapon on a one-hour flight during which it knocked out the computers of an entire military compound in the Utah desert.

Scroll down for video
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert

Pre-programmed filghtpath: Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert

It is thought the missile could penetrate the bunkers and caves believed to be hiding Iran’s suspected nuclear facilities. But experts have warned that, in the wrong hands, the technology could be used to bring Western cities such as London to their knees.

During Boeing’s experiment, the missile flew low over the Utah Test and Training Range, discharging electromagnetic pulses on to seven targets, permanently shutting down their electronics.

……

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ … onics.html


Kenya Airways proposes merger with Ethiopian Airlines

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

(CAPA) — Kenya Airways CEO Titus Naikuni told delegates at the 44thAFRAA AGA in Johannesburg on 19-Nov-2012 that his airline should come together with fellow sub-Saharan carriers Ethiopian Airlines and SAA to create a large African airline able to take the fight back to foreign carriers, which dominate 80% of intercontinental traffic to and from Africa. While the big three airlines are big in the context of the African market, globally they are small relative to giant competitors such as Emirates, Air France-KLM and British Airways.

“What we need to do is, we need to merge our airlines. There is no way that we are going to survive as small airlines,” Mr Naikuni said. “We are the lambs at the gate.” Bringing the three biggest carriers together would create one large strong airline, Mr Naikuni argued.

Ethiopian CEO Tewolde GebreMariam agrees with the merger proposal “in principle”, saying size matters in the aviation industry which relies on economies of scale. The idea of a major pan-African airline group has to be discussed, “because now we are being challenged by not only big carriers but also governments who treat these carriers as a strategic national asset”, said Mr GebreMariam.

Even some of the world’s biggest airlines have conceded that they need to consolidate to survive. Europe has consolidated to three major airline groups – Lufthansa, Air France-KLM and British Airways/Iberia parent IAG – in a region of 27 countries. In the United States, United and Continental have come together along with Delta and Northwest. In Latin America there have been mega mergers in recent years with LAN and TAM and with Avianca and TACA.

Even if Kenya Airways, Ethiopian and SAA were to combine, they would account for just 37% of Emirates’ revenue and about half the number of passengers.

Combined the Kenya, Ethiopian and SAA groups currently offer about 650,000 weekly seats. This would make it roughly the 30th largest airline group in the world, slightly behind Avianca-TACA.

But for cross-border mergers to become a reality in Africa, governments will need to put to one side their mistrust of each other and resolve the issue of national flag carriers. The desire by all of Africa’s 54 states to have their own flag carrier has led to a litany of airline failures, often due to weak or corrupt management and government interference. So long as every African nation wants to put its flag on the tail of an aircraft it will be difficult to build a pan-African airline with the necessary critical mass to compete.


In Defense of Religious Freedom in Ethiopia

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

rfThe Precarious State of Religious Freedom in Ethiopia

In a weekly column entitled “Unity in Divinity” this past June, I expressed grave concern over official encroachments on religious freedom in Ethiopia. I lamented the fact that religious freedom was becoming a new focal target of official human rights violations. But I was also encouraged by the steadfast resistance of some principled Christian and Muslim religious leaders to official interference in religious affairs. I noted that “For the past two decades, Ethiopia has been the scene of crimes against humanity and crimes against nature. Now Ethiopian religious leaders say Ethiopia is the scene of crimes against divinity. Christian and Muslim leaders and followers today are standing together and locking arms to defend religious freedom and each other’s rights to freely exercise their consciences.”

Officials of the ruling regime in Ethiopia see the issue of religious freedom as a problem of “religious extremism”.  The late Meles Zenawi alleged that some Christians at the Timket celebrations (baptism of Jesus, epiphany) earlier this year had carried signs and slogans expressing their desire to have a “Christian government in Ethiopia”.  He also leveled similar accusations against some Ethiopian Muslims protesting official interference in their religious affairs for being “Salafis” linked to Al Qaeda. Meles claimed that “for the first time, an Al Qaeda cell has been found in Ethiopia. Most of them in Bale and Arsi. All of the members of this cell are Salafis. This is not to say all Salafis in Ethiopia are Al Qaeda members. Most of them are not. But these Salafis have been observed distorting the real teachings [of Islam].”

A Statement issued by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) last month not only dismissed allegations of religious extremism but also expressed “deep concern about the increasing deterioration of religious freedoms for Muslims in Ethiopia.” USCIRF virtually indicted the “the Ethiopian government [for seeking] to force a change in the sect of Islam practiced nationwide” and for “punishing [Muslim] clergy and laity who have resisted.” According to the USCIRF Statement,

since July 2011, the Ethiopian government has sought to impose the al-Ahbash Islamic sect on the country’s Muslim community, a community that traditionally has practiced the Sufi form of Islam.   The government also has manipulated the election of the new leaders of the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council (EIASC).  Previously viewed as an independent body, EIASC is now viewed as a government-controlled institution.  The arrests, terrorism charges and takeover of EIASC signify a troubling escalation in the government’s attempts to control Ethiopia’s Muslim community and provide further evidence of a decline in religious freedom in Ethiopia. Muslims throughout Ethiopia have been arrested during peaceful protests: On October 29, the Ethiopia government charged 29 protestors with terrorism and attempting to establish an Islamic state.

USCIRF Commissioner Azizah al-Hibri bluntly stated,

These charges are only the latest and most concerning attempt  by the Ethiopian government to crush opposition to its efforts to control the practice of religion by imposing on Ethiopian Muslims a specific interpretation of Islam. The individuals charged were among tens of thousands peacefully protesting the government’s violations of international standards and their constitutional right to religious freedom.  The Ethiopian government should cease interfering in the internal affairs of its Muslim community and immediately and unconditionally release those wrongfully imprisoned.

It is important to note some very important facts about USCIRF to underscore the significance of its findings. First, USCIRF is not an NGO, a partisan human rights advocacy group or organization or a government agency. It is an independent Commission established by the U.S. Congress (the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998) for the purpose of “monitoring the status of freedom of religion or belief abroad and to provide policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and Congress.”  Second, Commissioners are appointed in a bipartisan process by the U.S. President and Democratic and Republican leaders in the U.S. House and Senate.  Third, Commissioners are “selected among distinguished individuals noted for their knowledge and experience in fields relevant to the issue of international religious freedom, including foreign affairs, direct experience abroad, human rights, and international law.” Fourth, as an independent body, USCIRF’s mission is to “examine the actions of foreign governments against these universal standards and by their freely undertaken international commitments” such as those found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

The Statement of USCIRF is based on substantial evidence that freedom of religion in Ethiopia is under sustained official attack.

Ethiopia’s International and Constitutional Obligations to Uphold Freedom of Religion

The ruling regime’s constitutional duty to respect the religious freedom of its citizens revolves around its obligations to prevent the establishment of an official religion and refrain from interference in the free exercise of religious belief. Article 11 of the Ethiopian Constitution (which could be described as the “establishment article”) mandates “separation of state and religion” to ensure that the “Ethiopian State is a secular state” and that “no state religion” is established. This article creates a reciprocal obligation between religion and state by prohibiting the “State [from] interfere[ing] in religious affairs” and “religion [from] interfere[ing] in the affairs of the State.” Article 27 (which could be described as the “free exercise of religion article”) guarantees “Everyone the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion” including the “freedom to have or adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 27 prohibits “coercion by force or any other means, which would impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.”

The constitutional language of Articles 11 and 27 is derived almost verbatim from Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on December 10, 1948) and Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on June 11, 1993) which provide  that  “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 8 of the African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights similarly guarantees “freedom of conscience [and] the profession and free practice of religion” and prohibits States from enacting “measures restricting the exercise of these freedoms”. Article 13 of the Ethiopian Constitution incorporates by explicit reference as the law of the land international legal obligations in securing fundamental freedoms, including religious freedom: “The fundamental rights and freedoms enumerated in this Chapter [“Chapter Three, Fundamental Rights and Freedoms”] shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights covenants and conventions ratified by Ethiopia.

The Ruling Regime in Ethiopia Must Conform Its Actions to Its Own Constitution and Obligations Under International Law

There is substantial and independently verified evidence and a massive amount of anecdotal evidence in the form of testimony by victims of violations of religious freedom that the ruling regime in Ethiopia has engaged and continues to engage in acts that flagrantly violate the constitutional and legal rights of citizens to freely exercise their religion. The regime has sought to impose upon the Muslim community in Ethiopia not only leaders that it has chosen for that community but has also tried to impose its own preferred al-Ahbash Islamic sect on them. It has interfered in quintessentially religious affairs by engineering the election of preferred leaders to the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council which is the “central organizing body of the Muslim Community in Ethiopia” and manages 11 Regional Islamic Affairs Councils in various zones and districts. The regime has usurped established procedures to conduct elections of religious leaders in officially controlled centers instead of mosques. Religious leaders and administrators who have demanded official non-interference or refused to cooperate with officials in protest have been removed from office, persecuted and prosecuted. Religious dissidents and leaders have been placed under surveillance for pursuing purely religious activities and theri vocal opposition to official interference. As a result, the officially engineered Council has little credibility with the vast majority of Muslims and is generally viewed as an agency of the regime created by the regime and for the regime to serve the interests of the regime in politically controlling the Muslim population.

The ruling regime has produced no evidence to support its claims of subversion, terrorism and other allegations of criminality by those protesting official interference. There is no evidence to show that those demanding non-interference in their religious affairs are in alliance with any radical groups or have any intention whatsoever to seize political power or establish an “Islamic state” in Ethiopia. All independent observers confirm that the protesters seek nothing more than their constitutional right to democratically elect their own Islamic Affairs Supreme Council leaders. That is not an unreasonable demand. It is their democratic right. The protesters insist that the “leaders” elected for them by the regime do not have their consent nor can they faithfully represent their interests. They believe the regime selected leaders  could ultimately create strife, division  and conflict in the Muslim community throughout the country. It is also clear that the leaders that emerged from the regime orchestrated elections do not enjoy much credibility with a significant segment of the Muslim community.

The ruling regime has a bad habit of whipping out its “anti-terrorism law” every time it violates its own Constitution and laws by denying the rights of citizens to religious freedom, the right of the press to report freely and the right of citizens to freely express themselves.  Its arrest and detention of at least 29 Muslim leaders on charges of “terrorism” is just the most recent example of the regime’s indiscriminate and predictable use of its so-called anti-terrorism law as a cure all for all of its problems in society.

What the leaders of the regime in Ethiopia do not seem to  appreciate is the simple fact that there is a limit to the use of the “anti-terrorism law”. The regime cannot get legitimacy or acceptance by the people by exacting harsh punishment on citizens who exercise their constitutional rights. The “anti-terrorism law” is not a panacea to fix the complex political problems facing Ethiopian society. It does not guarantee stability or permanence for the regime. What the “anti-terrorism law” does is keep the regime blinded to the real problems, issues and demands of citizens in Ethiopian society. Citizens want and demand basic human dignity — to be respected and treated fairly by those in power and to have their human rights protected. They do not want to be treated as criminals for demanding or exercising their constitutional rights.

With their “anti-terrorism law”, the leaders of the regime see peaceful protesters and demonstrators in the streets demanding official non-interference in religious matter; but they are completely blinded to the quiet riot that is raging in the hearts and minds of citizens and communities throughout the country. They are blinded to the quiet riot among the masses of the youth whose sense of despair and hopelessness is deepened daily by lack of educational, employment and other opportunities for self-improvement and participation in the development of their country. For a time, the quiet riot of despair and hopelessness will simmer. But those in power today should not doubt that when hopelessness and despair reaches the boiling point of desperation and citizens  overcome their fear of fear, their winter of discontent will be made glorious by an inexorable spring, just like the “Arab Spring”. When that happens, the tables will turn and the “anti-terrorism law” will visit its erstwhile practitioners.

The regime could learn an important lesson from the counsel of two eminent U.S. Supreme Court Justices:

Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws. Our government teaches the whole people by its example. If the government becomes the lawbreaker, it breeds contempt for law; it invites every man to become a law unto himself; it invites anarchy.

As USCIRF deamnded, the regime must “release those it has arrested and end its religious freedom abuses and allow Muslims to practice peacefully their faith as they see fit.”

If government becomes the lawbreaker, it hastens its own demise.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/   and

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

and

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Haile Gebrselassie drops out of Fukuoka

Sunday, December 2nd, 2012

FUKUOKA, Japan (AFP) – Kenyan runner Joseph Gitau outpaced Polish Olympian Henryk Szost to take the lead for the last eight kilometres and secure a surprise win in the Fukuoka international marathon on Sunday.

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The Japan-based 24-year-old, who belongs to the JFE Steel athletics club in Hiroshima, clipped nearly 15 minutes off his personal best of two hours 21 minutes and 54 seconds to cross the finishing line in 2:06:58.

Japan’s Hiroyuki Horibata failed to clear the bottom line to qualify for the world championships next year, finishing second in 2:08:24, while Szost, ninth in the London Olympics, came in third in 2:08:42.

Ethiopian running legend Haile Gebrselassie, the Fukuoka champion in 2006, abandoned the race shortly after passing the 32km point.

When the last pace-setter left the race at the 30km point, six runners, including Gebrselassie, Gitau and Szost, remained in the front-running group.

After Gebrselassie dropped out, Gitau and Szost took the lead ahead of Horibata, Martin Mathathi of Kenya and Arata Fujiwara of Japan after passing the 33km mark before Gitau took the sole lead from 34km.

Mathathi, also training in Japan, abandoned the race after passing the 38km mark.

LEADING RESULTS

1. Joseph Gitau (KEN) 2hr 06min 58sec

2. Hiroyuki Horibata (JPN) 2:08:24

3. Henryk Szost (POL) 2:08:42

4. Arata Fujiwara (JPN) 2:09:31

5. Bunta Kuroki (JPN) 2:10:08

6. Yuki Kawauchi (JPN) 2:10:29

7. Mohamed Trafeh (USA) 2:11:41

8. Ryan Vail (USA) 2:11:45

9. Cutbert Nyasango (ZIM) 2:11:48

10. Kota Noguchi (JPN) 2:12:24


የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አዲሱ የካቢኔ አደረጃጀት እያነጋገረ ነው

Sunday, December 2nd, 2012

(Reporter) – የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ከፍተኛ ሥልጣን በማግኘት አገሪቱን መምራት ከጀመሩ ሁለት ወራት ከቀናት ያስቆጠሩት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ሰሞኑን በሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በመቅረብ ካቢኔያቸውን በአዲስ መልክ እንዳደራጁ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት የሁለት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮችንና የሌሎች ሚኒስትሮችን ሹመት አፀድቀዋል፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አዲሱ የካቢኔ አደረጃጀትም መነጋገሪያ ሆኗል፡፡

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ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሚመሩት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት (ካቢኔ) በሕገ መንግሥቱና በመመሥረቻ አዋጁ የተጣለበትን ኃላፊነቶች በብቃት ለመወጣትና የአስፈጻሚነት ሚናውን በአግባቡ እንዲወጣ ለማድረግ፣ እንደ አዲስ በሦስት ዘርፎች መዋቀሩ አስፈላጊ መሆኑን ለፓርላማው አስታውቀዋል፡፡

በዚህም መሠረት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የዲፕሎማሲ፣ የደኅንነት፣ የመከላከያ እንዲሁም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን በቀጥታ እንዲከታተሉ ተደርጓል፡፡ ከዚህ ውጪ ያሉ አስፈጻሚው የሚከታተላቸውን ተግባራት በብቃት ለመምራት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በሦስት ዘርፎች እንዲዋቀር መደረጉን ገልጸዋል፡፡ ማኅበራዊ ጉዳዮችን፣ መልካም አስተዳደርና ረፎርምን፣ ፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚን የሚመለከቱ ሦስት የሥራ ዘርፎች በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር የተፈጠሩ ሲሆን፣ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የትምህርት ሚኒስትሩ ደመቀ መኮንን የማኅበራዊ ዘርፉን የሚመሩ መሆኑ ታውቋል፡፡

ከዚህ ቀደም የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤትና የካቢኔ ጉዳዮች ቢሮን በሚኒስትር ማዕረግ ሲመሩ የነበሩት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር መሠረት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ የመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም ዘርፍን እንዲያስተባብሩና እንዲከታተሉ ተሹመዋል፡፡ በሽብር ተግባር ከተከሰሱት ባለቤታቸው ጉዳይ ጋር በተያያዘ ከኦሕዴድ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ አባልነታቸው የተወገዱት አቶ ጁነዲን ሳዶ የሚመሩትን የሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስቴርን በሚኒስትርነት እንዲመሩም ተሹመዋል፡፡

በቅርቡ የሕወሓት ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ሆነው የተመረጡት ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ገብረ ሚካኤል ከመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ሚኒስትርነታቸው በተጨማሪ፣ የካቢኔውን የፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍ በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ እንዲከታተሉና እንዲያስተባብሩ ተሹመዋል፡፡

ያልተጠበቁ ሹመቶች
የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን ሕልፈት ተከትሎ የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ሥልጣን ማን ይይዛል በሚል በርካታ አስተያየቶች ሲሰነዘሩ መቆየታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ በኢሕአዴግ መተካካት ፖሊሲ መሠረት የፓርቲው ምክትል ሊቀመንበር የነበሩት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ሥልጣን እንደሚይዙ በመንግሥት በኩል ቢገለጽም፣ ተግባራዊነቱ በመዘግየቱ ለጥርጣሬዎችና ለተለያዩ መላምቶች ክፍት እንደነበር ይታወሳል፡፡

አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ከተሾሙ በኋላ ቀደም ሲል ይመሩት የነበረው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ላለፉት ሁለት ወራት በተጠባባቂ ሚኒስትሩ መመራቱ ለተመሳሳይ መላምቶች ሰለባ ሆኗል፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ ተጠባባቂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው እንዲሠሩ መደረጉ፣ በቀጣይነት የሙሉ ሚኒስትርነት ሹመት ይሰጣቸዋል የሚለውን ግምት አጠናክሯል፡፡ በተለይም አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ግንኙነትና ዲፕሎማሲ የረጅም ዓመታት ልምድ ማካበታቸው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ሥልጣንን በርካቶችን ከእሳቸው ውጭ ማንም አይወስድም የሚል ግምት እንዲኖራቸው አድርጓል፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ ሰሞኑን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትሩን ዶክተር ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖንም በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት በማሾም በርካቶችን አስገርመዋል፡፡

ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከፍተኛ ውጤት በማስመዝገብ አድናቆት የተቸራቸው ናቸው፡፡ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከሚፈለገው የውጭ ግንኙነት አንፃርም በቂ የሆነ ተደማጨነትን አግኝተዋል፡፡ የወባ በሽታን ለማጥፋት በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሚደረገውን ርብርብ የሚመሩት ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ መሆናቸው የዚህ አንድ ማሳያ ነው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ኢትዮጵያ ከምትገኝበት የአፍሪካ ቀንድ የሰላምና የፀጥታ አስቸጋሪነት፣ እንዲሁም በዚህ ዘርፍ ምንም ዓይነት ልምድ የሌላቸው ከመሆኑ አንፃር ሲገመገም፣ አሁን የተሾሙበት የሥራ ኃላፊነት አስቸጋሪ ሊሆንባቸው ይችላል የሚሉ አስተያየቶች እየተደመጡ ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በበለጠ ሁኔታ ተጠናክሯል የሚሉ አስተያየት ሰጪዎችም ይገኛሉ፡፡ ለዚህ ምክንያታቸው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ሥልጣናቸው ላይ እንዲቆዩ መደረጉ ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ የውጭ ግንኙነት መስክ ካተረፉት ተደማጭነት ጋር ተዳምሮ ትልቅ ጉልበት ሊሆን እንደሚችል ነው፡፡

የአቶ ሙክታር ከድር በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ለመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም፣ እንዲሁም አቶ ጁነዲንን ተክተው ለሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስትርነት ተሹመዋል፡፡ በወቅቱ ብቸኛው የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ የፓርላማ አባል አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ አቶ ጁነዲን በተነሱበት ምክንያት ላይ ማብራሪያ የጠየቁ ቢሆንም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ግን ምላሽ ሳይሰጡ ዘለውታል፡፡

የመንግሥት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽሕፈት ቤት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ሽመልስ ከማል በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጠይቀው፣ ኦሕዴድ አቶ ጁነዲንን ከሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ አባልነታቸው በማውረድ ተራ አባል እንዲሆኑ በማድረጉና ከባለቤታቸው ጋር በተያያዘ ለመገናኛ ብዙኅን በሰጡት አስተያየትም በመተቸታቸው፣ ይህንኑ ያገናዘበ ዕርምጃም በኢሕአዴግና በመንግሥት በኩል ሊወሰድ እንደቻለ ተናግረዋል፡፡

የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ በመሆን ሲያገለግሉ የነበሩት ዶ/ር ከሰተብርሃን አድማሱ የዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስን መዛወር ተከትሎ በጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትርነት የተሾሙ ሲሆን፣ ላለፈው አንድ ዓመት ያህል በንግድ ሚኒስትርነት ሲሠሩ የነበሩት አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በዚሁ ሥልጣን ላይ እንዲቀጥሉ ተደርጓል፡፡

አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በሚኒስትርነት እየሠሩ የነበረ ቢሆንም፣ የሚኒስትርነታቸውን ሥልጣን የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ያላፀደቀው በመሆኑ ይህንኑ ለማሟላት ብቻ ሹመታቸው ወደ ፓርላማው ሊቀርብ ችሏል፡፡

የሕግ ጉዳይ
በአዲሱ የካቢኔ አወቃቀር መሠረት ሦስት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች እንዲኖሩ መደረጉ ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ይጋጫል የሚሉ የተቃውሞ አስተያየቶች እየተሰሙ ነው፡፡ አምባሳደር ዲና ሙፍቲ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ ግን ሕገ መንግሥቱ ስለ ብዛት አያወሳም፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ያሾማል ነው የሚለው በማለት አስተያየቱን ውድቅ አድርገውታል፡፡ ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ግን አሁንም የአገሪቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን ናቸው ይላሉ፡፡ ለዚህ የሚሰጡት ምክንያት ራሳቸው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሌሎቹን ተሿሚዎች ያቀረቡት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ነው በሚል ነው፡፡

‹‹..ይህ ውሳኔ በሕገ መንግሥቱ መሠረት ከዚህ ቀደም ለምክር ቤቱ አቅርቤ ካፀደኩት የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሹመት በተጨማሪ ሁለት የኢሕአዴግ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናትን በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ መሾም አስፈልጓል፤›› በማለት ነበር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ለፓርላማው ያስረዱት፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ አሁንም ሹመቱ ከተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ሕጐች ጋር ተቃርኖ እንዳለው ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡ ለአብነትም የብሔራዊ ባንክና የሥነ ምግባርና ፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን ተቋማትን ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡

ነሐሴ 5 ቀን 2000 ዓ.ም. የተሻሻለው የብሔራዊ ባንክ ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ክፍል ሁለት አንቀጽ 3(4) የብሔራዊ ባንክ ተጠሪነት ለኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይሆናል በማለት ያስረዳል፡፡ በመሆኑም በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መወቅር መሠረት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮችን እንዲከታተሉ ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን በመሾማቸው፣ ከተጠቀሰው አንቀጽ ጋር የሚቃረንና ብሔራዊ ባንክም ከተቋቋመበት አዋጅ ውጭ ለዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ያስገደድዋል ሲሉ አስተያየታቸውን ሰጥተዋል፡፡

በተመሳሳይ የፀረ ሙስናና ሥነ ምግባር ኮሚሽንም በመቋቋሚያ አዋጁ መሠረት ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቢሆንም፣ በአሁኑ መዋቅር መሠረት ግን ለአቶ ሙክታር ከድር ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ይገደዳል ብለዋል፡፡

ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን ራሳቸው ለመከታተል በአዲሱ መዋቅር ኃላፊነት የወሰዱ ቢሆንም፣ እነዚህ ፕሮጀክቶች ከፋይናንስና ከኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮች ጋር በቀጥታ የሚገናኙ በመሆኑ ፕሮጀክቶቹን ነጥሎ መከታተል አዳጋች እንደሚሆን ያስረዳሉ፡፡

ከዚህ በተጨማሪም የአሁኑን ሹመትና ምደባ በሌላ መንገድ የሚመለከቱ ወገኖች አሉ፡፡ እነሱ እንደሚሉት፣ የኢሕአዴግ አራቱ አባል ድርጅቶች በአዲሱ አመራር ሥልጣኖችን ተከፋፍለዋል፡፡ ደኢሕዴን የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ ሲይዝ፣ የተቀሩት ማለትም ሕወሓት፣ ኦሕዴድና ብአዴን ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ተከፋፍለዋል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህ መደባ መሠረት ደግሞ ሕወሓት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍን፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴርን፣ የኢንፎርሜሽንና ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ሚኒስቴርን በመያዙ ከሌሎቹ በተሻለ ሁኔታ ሥልጣን ማግኘቱን ይተቻሉ፡፡


World dangerous roads – Ethiopia edition (video)

Saturday, December 1st, 2012

Ethiopian 7-Eleven owner in Boston gets $10,000 for selling a winning Powerball ticket

Friday, November 30th, 2012

The day after the Powerball drawing, 7-Eleven store owner Zelalem Ayele was surprised to learn he’d sold a $1 million ticket, one of only four bought in Massachusetts. Now his store is abuzz with people eager to buy the next winning ticket. The best part–just for selling the ticket, Ayele gets $10,000.

To win the $1 million, players had to select five correct numbers, missing only the Powerball number.

Source: iCNN


የታሪክ መጽሃፍ ቅኝት፤ የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ መንግስት

Friday, November 30th, 2012

(አሉላ ከበደ – VOA) የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ወደ ሥልጣን መምጣት፤ የማለዳው ለውጥ አራማጆች፤ በታሪክ የመጀመሪያው የኢትዮጵያ ህገ መንግስት እውን መሆን፤ ባህል፥ ትምህርትና ሥልጣኔ፥ የጣሊያን ወረራ፥ ዘመቻና ፍጻሜው፤ ሌሎች ረዥም መንገድ የሚወስዱ ታሪኮች፤ በመጽሃፉ አያሌ ምዕራፎች ይዳሰሳሉ።

ዳጎስ ያሉ ገጾች ያሉትና የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴን አስተዳደር የመጀመሪያ 25 ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ ከሚዳስሰው ከዚህ መጽሃፍ ደራሲ አቶ ዘውዴ ረታ ጋር የተካሄደ ቃለ ምልልስ ነው።

ደራሲው ከዚህ ቀደም “ተፈሪ መኮንን፤” እና “የኤርትራ ጉዳይ፤” የተባሉ ሌሎች ሁለት የታሪክ መጽሃፍትም ደርሰዋል።

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Meles Zenawi’s death dividend

Friday, November 30th, 2012

By Lord Aikins Adusei

The death of Meles Zenawi on August 20 at the age of 57 brought to an end more than two decades of controversial rule. In 1991, at the age of 36, Zenawi became the youngest ruler in Africa after leading his Tegrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), an ethnic militia from the country’s north, to crush Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, and helping to save Ethiopia from the ruins of civil war.

Ethiopia under Zenawi can however be summed up in two key words: development and authoritarianism. Ethiopia under Zenawi saw a remarkable economic growth with the economy growing on the average of 10 percent in the last five years. The IMF rated the country the fastest non-oil growing economy in Africa. Confidence in the Ethiopian economy soared with investors from Europe, North America, Asia and Africa, including Tiger Brands of South Africa, Canada’s Allana, Schulze Global Investments of America, Diageo and Heineken, all making their pitch in the country pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into the economy. Apart from direct Chinese investment in the country, the Chinese government has been loaning the country about $3 billion annually, most of which has been used for infrastructure development including schools, clinics, roads, railway lines, hydropower stations and canals.

The consequence is that there has been notable improvement in the lives of ordinary Ethiopians. Although poverty is still pervasive, a majority of the country’s population are not starving. Food security in Ethiopia has drastically improved, and hunger and malnutrition, which featured in the country in the 1970s and 1980s, are not as threatening as before.

The government of Meles Zenawi projected Ethiopia as the pillar of stability in the Horn of Africa and in the process even came to assume the status of policeman of the Horn of Africa. The UN Security Council in 2011 voted to allow Ethiopia to deploy about 4200 soldiers to Abyei, the oil-rich border town between North and South Sudan, which has become a major source of tension between the two countries. Ethiopia also played key role in mediating between the two Sudans.

Since 2006, Ethiopia has played a pivotal role in trying to bring peace, security and stability to Somalia. Together with Kenya and Africa Union forces, Addis Ababa helped to push the al-Shabaab terror group out of Mogadishu and Beledweyne, and the terror group is now on the defensive.

These efforts to bring stability to East Africa and to rid the region of terrorism made Ethiopia the most important ally of the West in East Africa. According to US officials, Ethiopia’s military and security services have become the Central Intelligence Agency’s most trusted allies in the war against extremism and terrorism in East Africa.

Ethiopia’s aggressive attitude towards terrorism has earned the country not only praises, but also more than $4 billion in development assistance annually. The country’s leaders have also been rewarded by the West. Former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, for example, was a regular participant in G8 and G20 gatherings. He also spoke at the World Economic Forum in Davos-Switzerland and during climate change negotiations in Durban and Copenhagen. Zenawi used his presence in these gatherings to project a voice for Africa helping to articulate Africa’s interests on the international stage.

But the development initiatives and the aggressive stance on terrorism came at the expense of democracy, human rights, free speech, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional stability. In the latter part of his reign, Zenawi and his government became increasingly authoritarian and repressive. Democracy and human rights have suffered a terrible blow, particularly since 2005. Many opposition figures have either been imprisoned or have been forced to flee the country. Anti-terrorism laws passed in 2009 have been used to criminalise free speech leading to a number of journalists and activists either being imprisoned or freeing the country for their safety.

Apart from the erosion of democratic values, Ethiopia has become ethnically polarised. This is largely due to the 1994 constitution which divided Ethiopia into ethnically-based regions. The Tigray ethnic group of Meles Zenawi (which makes up about 6.07 percent of the population) dominates not only the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), but also the country’s economy, commerce, political and military sectors much to the chagrin of Amharas, Gurages and other ethnic groups. The ethnicisation of the country has seen separatists’ movements springing up in several places including the Afar, Oromo and Ogaden regions.

The smooth and peaceful transfer of power to Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hailemariam Desalegn put to rest (at least for now) the speculation of leadership battle and the much feared leadership crisis and helped to restore confidence in the country. Desalegn’s confirmation shows that the ruling elite in Ethiopia understand the importance of stability and positive continuity in their country.

The greatest dividend is that the death of Zenawi and the coming into office of Desalegn could mark the end of the old era of authoritarianism, political intolerance, ethnic and religious polarization, and the beginning of a new era of democracy, respect for human rights, and decriminalisation of free speech, inclusive economic development and political stability. In fact, the appointment of Desalegn (a non-Tegrayan) may calm down ethnic tension both in the country and within the ruling EPRDF party. This has the potential to avoid the kind of instability that some analysts predicted.

One of Desalegn’s first acts in office was the release of two Swedes from prison, who were convicted of helping Ogaden National Liberation Front rebels to destabilise the country. Their release signals that the new PM might move away from some of the unpopular policies of his predecessor. The release of the Swedes also raises optimism that Desalegn might release opposition members, journalists and activists who were incarcerated under Zenawi. Any gesture of that nature will mark a new era of relationship between the ruling government, civil society and the opposition parties and will have the potential of returning competitive politics and democracy in the country.

However, this optimism has to be balanced with the realistic and critical question of whether the new PM will continue with the same policies of his predecessor or whether he will be his own man. The first part of the question is true.

To begin with, Desalegn appears to have little influence within the EPRDF and will not be able to control the powerful Tegrayan bloc in the party and in the government. In fact with elections due in 2015, it is unlikely that the new PM will engineer any drastic policy moves that will antagonise the Tegrayan bloc. Even if he succeeds in carrying out major reforms, it is improbable that the Tegrayan elite who dominate the ruling EPRDF party will give grounds so easily and will fight to maintain their power, influence and interests.

The fear is that if the Tegrayan bloc continues to dominate, control and shape government policies, it will further deepen the ethnic polarisation in the country, erode democratic values, possibly break up the ruling EPRDF party, and threaten Ethiopia’s fragile political, social and economic environment. The worst case scenario is that instability is likely to be final outcome.

That said, Desalegn’s is not expected to shift away from the lead role the state plays in driving development. Ethiopia is also likely to continue to be involved in the internal affairs of her neighbours especially Somalia and Sudan. However, is also expected to cooperate with her neighbours in a number of areas including joint infrastructural development, intelligence sharing, defeating terrorism, and promoting regional peace, security and stability.

Given the important role donor funds play in Ethiopia’s development, the country’s relationship with the West, and particularly the United States, is expected to continue unchanged and may deepen even further. The need to attract badly needed investment to promote economic growth, infrastructure development and poverty reduction will see Ethiopia deepening its relationship with China, India and Middle Eastern countries.

Whatever changes that take place in the post-Zenawi era, especially with respect to democracy, human rights, inclusive economic development, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional peace, security, stability among others, will be heavily influenced by the internal politics within the ruling EPRDF party.

Lord Aikins Adusei is an independent energy and security analyst on Africa. His research interests include security, development and energy. He may be reached at Politicalthinker1@yahoo.com


Man who murdered an Ethiopian girl in North Carolina found not guilty by reason of insanty

Friday, November 30th, 2012

(Charlotte Observer) — Davon Lamont Thomas, an Iraq War veteran who was charged with killing his girlfriend in 2009, has been found not guilty by reason of insanity after he was diagnosed as suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.

Thomas, 30, will be committed to a state mental hospital.

Thomas was charged with murder in connection with the November 2009 killing of his 23-year-old girlfriend, Tigist Yemane.

Yemane, who originally came to Charlotte from Ethiopia for an operation to fix a heart defect, was shot to death in Thomas’ parents’ house in the Reedy Creek community.
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Thomas in September 2011 pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity.

His lawyer, Jean Lawson, said the Army veteran had post-traumatic stress disorder and killed his girlfriend because he thought she was part of a terrorist attack on America.

“Davon Thomas volunteered to serve in the North Carolina Army National Guard, was deployed to active combat duty in Iraq and developed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,” Lawson wrote in a court document.

“At the time of the offense, Davon Thomas was in a delusional state and believed that a terrorist attack on the people of the United States of America had commenced and that the deceased was a member of a hostile military force whom he was obliged to kill.”

Lawson called post-traumatic stress disorder a mental illness. “The defense contends that Davon Thomas did not have the requisite mental state for the offenses charged,” the defense lawyer wrote.

Prosecutors announced Friday that Superior Court Judge Eric Levinson had issued an order finding Thomas not guilty by reason of insanity of first-degree murder and possession of a firearm by a felon. The judge ordered that Thomas be indefinitely committed to a state mental hospital.

Prosecutors said that forensic psychologists for both the defense and prosecution testified during a hearing in October that Thomas suffered from severe mental illness and lacked the capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions.

“The State does not intend to appeal the Court’s ruling and believes it is supported by all the evidence presented at the hearing,” prosecutors said.

Thomas’ mother told the Observer in 2011 that she saw her son fatally shoot Yemane.

“That was the most horrifying thing I ever witnessed in my life,” she said. “I prayed to get those visions out of my head.”

Prosecutors said the state’s forensic psychologist, Dr. Nicole Wolfe, evaluated Thomas over a four-week period. The evaluation included reviewing Thomas’ military and medical records.

Wolfe testified that Thomas has a baseline paranoia that continued from the time of his active duty in the Army and since his return home from Iraq in 2005.

“The defendant believes American Muslims are going to launch a mass attack within the United States,” prosecutors said. “The Fort Hood attack played a role in his thoughts of the United States’ infiltration by American Muslims.”

“Dr. Wolfe further testified that the defendant was delusional and believed that his girlfriend, the victim, was a terrorist who planned to kill him.”

Prosecutors said Thomas’ parents witnessed the killing and described their son’s bizarre behavior.

“The defendant’s mother said he was in a combat-like posture, and she described his behavior as acting as if he was in a war zone,” prosecutors said. “She and her husband witnessed the defendant hit the victim in the face with his hand, hit her in the head with a gun and throw a table at her while interrogating her about being a spy and a Muslim. They tried to restrain the defendant, but he broke away and shot the victim.”

“After the defendant’s father fainted and collapsed to the floor, the defendant’s mother ran to a neighbor’s house to call the police.”

Prosecutors said Judge Levinson found that there was “clear, cogent and convincing” evidence that Thomas was suffering from delusions and paranoia caused by his severe mental illnesses which caused him to be unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions at the time of the killing.

Prosecutors said the judge’s ruling requires them to dismiss the charges against Thomas and that Thomas be automatically committed to a state hospital for the mentally ill.

Thomas will remain in custody and can not be released, prosecutors said, unless he can prove at a court hearing that he no longer has a mental illness or is no longer dangerous to others.

Source: http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2012/1 … rylink=cpy


How Emperor HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia

Friday, November 30th, 2012

As narrated by historians and individuals who were close to the Emperor.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

The politics of succession in Africa – do or die

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Africa: Politics of Succession – Coping When Leaders Die

By Kingsley Ighobor, 29 November 2012

In December 2008, a Guinean newspaper published a photo of a frail and ailing President Lansana Conté, who appeared to be struggling to stand up. The photo stoked rumours of the president’s ill health.

Its publication also angered the country’s political elite, who hastily ordered the editor’s arrest. By the next day, on the instructions of security operatives, the publication’s front page carried an even bigger photo of Mr. Conté – this time smiling broadly and looking spirited. But he died just a week later, justifying the newspaper’s initial resolve to let Guineans know that his health was failing.

The head of the National Assembly, Aboubacar Somparé, later explained that leaders hid the president’s "physical suffering in order to give happiness to Guinea."

Mr. Somparé’s clumsy explanation implied a need to avoid succession squabbles and potential violence. Yet six hours after the president’s death was officially announced, the army staged a coup, suspended the constitution and threw the West African nation into political turmoil.

Succession squabbles

While Guinea’s military, after a period of chaos and yet another coup, eventually organized democratic elections, the muddled aftermath of Conté’s death draws attention to the broader issue of how African nations manage successions when their leaders die in service.

Ten of the 13 world leaders who have died in office since 2009 were African. In 2012 alone, presidents Malam Bacai Sanha of Guinea-Bissau, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Bingu wa Mutharika of Malawi, as well as Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, have all died.

Some countries have handled succession better than others. As chaotic as they were, the developments in Guinea were not as dire as the more recent situation in Guinea-Bissau.

Since President Sanha died in January from an illness, the country has been embroiled in an ongoing transition crisis, with the military mostly controlling the affairs of state.

Malawi, on the other hand, had a relatively successful transition after 78-year-old President Mutharika’s fatal heart attack in April. But the process could have gone off the rails when some cabinet members tried to have the late president’s younger brother, Foreign Minister Peter Mutharika, sworn in, instead of Joyce Banda, the vice-president and constitutionally designated successor.

This effort followed the late president’s expulsion of Ms. Banda from the ruling party to pave the way for his brother. When he died the political class was divided between those who cited the late leader’s intentions and those who wanted to follow the constitution.

Many Malawians agitated against any deviation from the constitution, supported by donors, including a strong message from the US State Department: "We trust that the vice-president, who is next in line, will be sworn in shortly." And she soon was.

It is important to avoid such succession problems, argues Tesfaye Habisso, an Ethiopian writer and former diplomat. "Stability, predictability and continuity in leadership are important ingredients of good governance and are assured by a well-planned and -managed succession strategy."

The rule of law

Succession strategies need to be strictly constitutional, argues a 2011 report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a US think tank. The report specifically draws attention to oil-rich Angola, governed since 1979 by José Eduardo dos Santos, who is now 70.

While the country is now at peace, and its economy is growing, the CSIS report expresses concern that the established rules of succession could be violated because of infighting within the ruling People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Some MPLA factions oppose the current vice-president.

Most African countries’ constitutions specify that when a leader dies in office, his or her deputy or the head of the national assembly will step in until an election can be held. Some leaders, however, expect the designated "heir apparent" to display fawning personal loyalty.

If he or she does not, political conflict can arise. In Nigeria, for example, Vice-President Atiku Abubakar had a frosty relationship with then President Olusegun Obasanjo, who wasted no time arranging Mr. Abubakar’s expulsion from the ruling party.

Some African leaders have groomed relatives as successors. When President Omar Bongo of Gabon died in 2009, the ruling party named his son, Ali Bongo Ondima, who was foreign and defence minister, as the new president. Presidents Faure Gnassingbé of Togo and Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo succeeded their deceased fathers.

Yet picking a relative can spark a revolt, maintains the CSIS report, citing the case of Egypt, where President Hosni Mubarak’s intention to install his son as his successor added to the opposition that erupted in the revolution of early 2011. In Burkina Faso, indications that President Blaise Compaoré may be grooming his younger brother, François, as a successor have stirred considerable controversy.

Constitutions should be followed strictly when a president or prime minister dies, says Adewalo Banjo, an expert in African development. Without the rule of law, he argues, there can be "constitutional somersaults which bear all the hallmarks of what ridicules Africa before the world."

Signs of progress

The rule of law certainly prevailed in Ghana after President John Atta Mills died in July. Unlike in Malawi, there was never any doubt as to who should take charge.

Vice-President John Dramani Mahama took over the mantle of leadership in line with constitutional requirements and promptly rallied a distressed nation. Ghana’s seamless transition reflected the strength of its democratic system, in which ruling parties have twice handed over power to the opposition, after electoral defeats in 2000 and 2008.

Nevertheless, while a strong democratic tradition can facilitate smooth successions, considerations of political power may get in the way.

When Nigeria’s Umaru Musa Yar’Adua died in May 2010, some Nigerians demanded that another northerner be sworn in instead of Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, a southerner. Mr. Jonathan eventually prevailed.

Following the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in August, the succession process in Ethiopia was also successful despite initial hitches.

There had been speculation that Mr. Meles’ deputy, Hailemariam Desalegn, although a member of the ruling circle, could not be trusted with power because he did not belong to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), a former militant group once led by the late president and still a powerful faction within the ruling party.

Ironically, the case for Mr. Hailemariam was made on the basis of ethnic considerations: to defuse tensions associated with the TPLF’s domination over the years and to placate the Wolaytas, an ethnic minority that had never had a member at the summit of power.

Ultimately, Ethiopia’s ruling group rallied around Mr. Hailemariam, who was quick to promise a continuation of Mr. Meles’s policies "without any change."

Ethiopia, Ghana and Malawi – the three latest cases of smooth succession following the death of a leader – provide evidence that Africa is gradually getting its transitions right. Succession can be a frequent problem even in developed and stable democracies, because it is all about political power, says Minion Morrison of Mississippi State University in the US.

It is even more problematic if a leader dies in office. After the mess that surrounded the illness and death of Nigeria’s Mr. Yar’Adua, writer and Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka sent a simple message to African leaders: political succession should not be a matter of "do or die" politics.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201211301280.html


ENTC has formed a new chapter in Uganda

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Uganda chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entcuganda@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Dubai: Ethiopian Maid Charged with Killing Her NewBorn Baby

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Image

Maid suffocates baby fathered by driver
Dubai court awards one-year suspended jail to the maid

Image

By Eman Al Baik
Published Tuesday, November 27, 2012

A 29-year-old Ethiopian maid has been awarded one-year suspended jail for suffocating her one-day old daughter to death by putting her in a bag and closed it for six hours.

The sentence was awarded by the Dubai Criminal Court of First Instance on Monday. The baby was born out of wedlock. The maid, JAA, would be deported after serving the jail term.

The prosecution had accused JAA of killing of her one-day-old baby girl by wrapping her in a cloth and then put her in a bag and closed it with the intention of killing her.

The accused denied killing her and claimed that she was born dead. However, forensic reports said that the baby was born alive and she was breast fed and the cause of the death was suffocation.

AMI, 17, Emirati, student, testified that the accused had been working for the family since July 2011 and used to stay in the servant quarters. On April 26, the maid excused that she cannot work in the house as she is tired. On the following day, the family asked her to go out with them.

“When the maid went to the bathroom, my grandmother searched her bags. She searched the first bag and opened the second one when maid came out of the bathroom. She tried to prevent her from carrying out search, but my grandmother insisted. So the maid pulled out a wrapped piece of cloth and towel and said that there is a baby in it. She claimed that she brought the baby from outside. After checking it we found a dead baby in it,” he testified.

The 60-year-old grandmother, AHS, repeated the same testimony.

Police investigated the case and found that the baby was born alive after completing nine months pregnancy. Forensic reported that the baby’s lungs were in a floating condition which clearly indicated that she breathed after the delivery, refuting the mother’s claim that the baby was born dead. In addition, milk residues were found in her digestive organs in addition to hard waste in her intestine which means that the baby was fed more than once.

The maid claimed that the baby was “not moving when born. I cut the umbilical cord with a knife which was in the room. I wrapped her in a cloth and put her on the bed. On the next day morning at 8am, I was very scared that other would know about my illicit relationship with a man so I wrapped the body in a towel and put her in a bag and closed it till 2pm,” she testified.

The accused later admitted giving birth to a baby girl in her room alone on April 26, testified Police officer Saeed Salem.

Forensic reports said that the baby was born either on April 25 or 26 as shown from the wet status of the umbilical cord.

The accused confessed before the police that the baby was born from the adulterous relationship with Indian driver AK.

Prosecutors claimed that the maid was made pregnant by AK, 35, a driver from India, in August last year while they were employed by an elderly Emirati couple in Al Muteena 2. She confessed having adulterous relation with a man in August 2011. Forensic tests showed that AK fathered the baby. Police later arrested AK.

The accused, however, again denied in the court on Monday that she killed her daughter.

“I gave birth to a dead baby. I did not kill my baby but she was born dead,” JAA told the Jury presided by Judge Hamad Abdullatif Abdul Jawad who ordered the appointment of a defence lawyer.

http://www.emirates247.com/crime/local/ … 7-1.484884


Sudan’s regime at war with itself?

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

Sudan Losing the plot

An attempted coup suggests a regime at war with itself

Dec 1st 2012 | KHARTOUM | from the print edition

THE most surprising thing about a foiled coup in the Sudanese capital on November 22nd was how little it surprised anyone. Rumours of plots have circulated in the city since the secession of South Sudan last year. Within hours of tanks briefly rattling on to a street not far from the palace of Omar al-Bashir, the president, at least 13 of the usual suspects from the army and security services were in detention. They include the former head of intelligence, Salah Gosh, who was the minder of Osama bin Laden when he lived in Sudan in the 1990s and later co-operated with the CIA.

A struggle for power is under way. Mr Bashir has ruled for 23 years by holding together a complex coalition of nationalists, generals, Islamists and money men. They have done well out of him. Gaudy new towers dot the capital, including seven-storey military buildings in the shape of an aeroplane and a ship.

But southern secession, as well as presidential missteps, have undermined Mr Bashir. The loss of a quarter of Sudan’s territory upset nationalists. The generals have related complaints. Peace with the south after decades of war is threatening their budgets. By some estimates they consume 70% of state revenues. Worse, most oilfields, the main source of funds, are in the south. The government there expects eventually to pay fees to use northern pipelines, but it cut off the oil flow earlier this year when negotiations over the two countries’ future links stalled.

Foreign-currency earnings have declined by 95%, triggering an economic crisis. Fed by newly printed money, inflation runs at 45%. The price of fool, Sudan’s traditional bean breakfast, has risen from $0.33 to $1.16. The cost of a sheep slaughtered for the feast at the end of Ramadan has more than doubled. Many educated professionals are leaving the country. A dozen medical specialists resigned from Khartoum University in mid-November to go abroad.

This economic malaise hurts the patronage network at the heart of the regime. Mr Bashir has long funnelled money to almost anyone with a stake in the system. So far he is still able to pay salaries and allowances. But a nine-day delay in the distribution of fuel coupons earlier this year set off a panic. More than 150,000 people have been persuaded to take up artisanal gold mining in the northern desert.

The only constituency not primarily interested in money, the Islamists, is also upset with Mr Bashir. Following the secession of the Christian and animist south, they wanted Sudan to become an Islamic state. Last year the president signalled support for fully enforcing sharia laws already on the books but he has since backtracked. The majority of northern Sudanese have no wish to emulate Saudi Arabia.

Hoping to buy himself time, the president indicated last year that he will retire by 2015. But health problems (doctors removed a possibly cancerous lump from the 68-year-old’s throat last month) have accelerated the jockeying among potential successors. Since opposition parties are weak, change seems more likely to come from the army. It alone can make a deal with the south work and turn the oil tap back on. No matter whether Mr Bashir retires, dies or is pushed aside, his successor will probably wear a uniform.

http://www.economist.com/news/middle-ea … osing-plot


Tedros Adhanom’s assignment as FM and Ali Abdu’s return to Asmara

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

*Ali Abdu is back to Asmara after a short trip to Europe to write an exam for his distance education in political science. Ali Abdu has been pursuing a masters degree in political science and journalism via distance education for the past few years.

*The appointment of Tedros Adhanom will be a good move in improving Ethio-Eritrean relations. Tedros- born to a Tigrayan parents was born and raised in Asmara and did most of his schooling in Asmara,Eritrea. Tedros is a soft spoken and highly intelligent person. He is well respected by many Eritrean officials and his assignment as Ethiopia’s foreign minister will tremendously help the two countries to solve their crippling border problem. PMHD was given a list of DPMs and new FM apointee after intense discussion among TPLF big wigs in Mekele recently. Bereket simon played a major role in denying Berhane gebrekristose the foriegn minstry job and favoring Tedros Adhanom.
Tedros has also been favored by US administration and many donor nations due to his extraordinary talent in cultivating relationships and also respected for his skill in envisioning and implementing complex projects in the health area and his works have earned him accolade from renowned health policy makers and academia circles.


Hailemariam Desalegn commits his first major blunder since he took office 3 months ago

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

Ethiopia’s new prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, has made a cabinet reshuffle today and appointed Debretsion Gebremichael, the notorious spy and member of Meles Zenawi’s death squad, as a deputy prime minister. Another TPLF politburo member, Teodros Adhanom, is appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.

This is a major blunder on Hailemariam’s part since Debretsion is not only a criminal who was responsible for carrying out assassinations for Meles Zenawi, he is a threat to Hailemariam’s own authority.

On top of being a serial killer, Debretsion’s crime include keeping 99.5 percent of Ethiopians in the information dark age by limiting their access to information technology as Minister of Communication. Because of the policies implemented by him, Ethiopia’s information technology sector is one of the least developed in the world.

The promotion of Debretsion to the deputy premiership is further proof that Ethiopia is sliding deeper into tyranny even after khat-junkie dictator Meles Zenawi is gone.

However, Hailemariam may not have a choice in the matter in the first place. It is likely that he was forced by TPLF to make such cabinet appointments.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ESFNA selects the University of Maryland for its 30th Year Event

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

ESFNA
PRESS RELEASE

It is with tremendous excitement we announce the 30th Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America (ESFNA) Tournament venue and the return of North American’s largest and longest Ethiopian annual sporting and cultural event to the Washington, DC metropolitan area. After evaluating several options, ESFNA has selected the newly modernized, high-tech facility at The University of Maryland Byrd Stadium for its historic 30th anniversary cultural and sports celebration. The week-long event will take place from June 30 to July 6, 2013. Byrd Stadium is located at 2001 Paint Branch Drive, College Park, MD.

A major reason for selecting the University of Maryland Byrd Stadium is its capacity and modern conveniences which are ideal to accommodate the large crowds expected to attend this historic week-long celebration. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is home to the largest Ethiopian community outside of Ethiopia. It is within driving distance of other metropolitan areas with large Ethiopian communities – to name a few; Atlanta in the South, Toronto in the North, New York and Boston in the East, and Columbus, OH and Chicago in the Midwest. It is estimated that more than 600,000 Ethiopians live within these geographic locations. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is served by three major airports: Reagan National Airport, Washington Dulles International and BWI Thurgood Marshall International. Byrd Stadium is also centrally located near many Ethiopian
restaurants and other Ethiopian businesses.

We are currently evaluating several bids to serve as main and overflow hotels with significant discounts for our guests. As soon as the selections are made, we will post information on our website (www.esfna.net). We invite and encourage Ethiopians and friends of Ethiopia to join us during the week of our events so that we can all celebrate our heritage and our 30th year together.

For more information, please visit our website (www.esfna.net) or call 647-701-8527.
For sponsorship and vending matters, please contact our Business Department at 408-373-0606 or 202-257-9791.

Bringing Ethiopians Together
ESFNA prides itself in creating a unique stage where Ethiopians of all backgrounds, ethnicity, religions and political convictions can come together to celebrate our long enduring unique heritage and diversity that has become our strength through the millenniums. Our goal and vision over the past 30 years has been to maintain ESFNA’s annual festivities as the Mecca where ALL Ethiopians and supporters can come together once a year to create our own mini Ethiopia in the land of our refuge.

Founded in 1984, ESFNA is a non-profit organization dedicated to promote the rich Ethiopian culture and heritage as well as building positive environments within Ethiopian-American communities in North America. Its mission is Bringing Ethiopians Together to network, support the business community, empower the young by providing scholarships and mentoring program, primarily using soccer tournaments, other sports activities and
cultural events as vehicles. ESFNA, by virtue of its status is non-political, non-religious and non-ethnic. We adhered to this position all along as legally expected and aligned with our bylaws.

Yohannes Berhanu
ESFNA Public Relations
Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Spy chief Debretsion Gebrmicheal appointed as Deputy Prime Minister

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

ADDIS ABABA (Reporter) — The House of Peoples’ Representatives today approved the appointment of two new Deputy Prime Ministers. Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Debretsion Gebremichael, and Minister of Cabinet Affairs and head of the Office of the Prime Minister were both appointed to be coordinators for Finance and Economy Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister and Governance and Reform Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister respectively. Muktar was also appointed to be the Minister of Civil Service replacing Junedine Sado.

Hailemariam said that the new portfolio of his deputies is structured in a way that his administration’s focus is on good governance and reform as well as finance and economy.

In an another unprecedented move Hailemariam appointed Tewodros Adhanom (Ph.D.), minister of Health, to be Foreign Minister. Keseteberhan Admasu State Minister of Heath was appointed to be Minister of Health while Kebede Chane, who served as Minister of Trade for  over a year without the endorsement of the House, has been confirmed in the same position.

Acting Foreign Minister, Berhane Gebrekristos assumed his previous position of State Minister of Foreign Affairs. The fate of Junedine Sado, former Minister of Civil Service remains unknown.

Lone opposition MP, Girma Seifu, accepted the new cabinet reshuffle but turned down the appointment of Kebede Chanie.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Civll Service Minister Junedin Sado fired

Thursday, November 29th, 2012
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopia’s leader has fired a government minister whose wife faces terrorism charges.

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn on Thursday fired the country’s civil minister, Junedin Sado, whose wife is one of 29 people facing terrorism charges related to protests by Muslims who accuse of the government of meddling in their religious affairs.

Sado published a letter in the country’s independent newspapers in which he defended his wife and criticized the federal prosecutor’s charges.

Also in Thursday’s Cabinet reshuffle, Hailemariam promoted two ministers to double as deputy prime ministers, giving the country three deputy prime ministers for the first time, a sign the ruling party is favoring collective leadership after the August death of its longtime leader Meles Zenawi.

Tedros Adhanom :shock: was appointed as the country’s new foreign affairs minister

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/afr … story.html


A TPLF power-grab

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

When Hailemariam Dessalegn became primeminister and the TPLF was sidelined , I knew corruption would be rife and it would be impossible for the system to go on without wallowing in it.

But I never imagined such a blatant corruption that TPLF would just grab all the power. I think I should calibrate my opinion of the TPLF; it appears the bar is not set low enough yet. :lol:


Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz ‘clinically dead’

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

King of Saudi Arabia ‘Clinically Dead’

The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.

By Chana Ya’ar
First Publish: 11/28/2012, 8:29 AM

Reuters

The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.

His reported brain death occurred following complicated back surgery that took place in Riyadh on November 17 at the National Guard’s King Abdulaziz Medical City, according to the report, and the king’s aides claimed he is in good health.

Nevertheless, medical sources told the newspaper the monarch’s condition was “expected to change soon.”

Abdullah has been upon the throne since 2005. The crown has passed down through a line of sons since the death in 1953 of the founder of the kingdom, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud.

The king’s brother, Crown Prince Salman, defense minister of Saudi Arabia, reassured the nation and members of the Gulf Cooperation Council meeting Riyadh “good news that he is well and in good health.” Thirteen years his junior, Salman also “reassured” Saudis about the monarch’s health the day before at a cabinet meeting, according to the SPA state news agency.

But Salman gave no details on Abdullah’s condition, nor any information on when he might be discharged from the hospital.

Salman’s statement Tuesday on Saudi state television was aimed at settling concerns over the stability of the nation, the world’s biggest exporter of oil.

Saudi Arabia holds more than a fifth of world petroleum reserves. Home to the city of Mecca, Islam’s holiest city, the country is also the biggest U.S. ally in the Gulf region.

On Tuesday, the Saudi stock market index dropped to a 10-month low, closing 1.3 points lower.

In the event of his death, King Abdullah has named Salman as heir apparent, a move made in June following the death of Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz.

http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/ … La2P2dCiyM


Meles Zenawi supporter in Houston files lawsuit against an Ethiopian man for alleged assault

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Wossenu Gizaw is a brave Ethiopian (if he indeed knocked out the Woyanne thug as the lawsuit alleges) and the Ethiopian community in North America needs to rally to his support. His alleged action is pure self-defense and an act of bravery. If we have many Wossenuwoch (Wossenus), Ethiopia would not have been the playground of Woyanne maggots. John Lomax’s article below is full of BS, but read it any way to find out some information about the lawsuit. I am sure the Woyanne junta is financing the lawsuit.

Ethiopian Political Head-Butting in Southwest Houston Spawns Lawsuit, Criminal Charge

By John Nova Lomax | Houston Press

An Ethiopian-American man handing out flyers for a memorial service for Ethiopia’s recently deceased prime minister, Meles Zenawi, claims he was assaulted by a countryman who reviled the repressive leader, according to criminal and civil court documents.

The victim and plaintiff, Tesfai Tsadik, is suing both Wossenu Gizaw, the alleged assailant, and Debre Salam Medahnealem Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Fondren Southwest house of worship near which the alleged assault took place.

According to the pleadings in the civil suit, on August 26, Tsadik attended services at the church. After church let out, Tsadik went across the street and started handing out flyers for Zenawi’s memorial service.

That might not have been the wisest move. According to the suit:

The church founders and many of its members are opponents of Meles Zenawi. The members of the church, including members in leadership positions, have openly shared their views and hatred of Meles Zenawi and his government. In fact, church members and leaders protested outside during the funeral of Mr. Zenawi.

So apparently Tsadik was decidedly not preaching to the choir. Even so, this is a free country, and what allegedly happened next is reprehensible.

According to the suit, an unidentified man drove by and told Tesfai to stop handing out the flyers. When Tesfai refused, the man drove back to the church and re-emerged with Gizaw, a man Tesfai reportedly had known for five years. With absolutely no preamble of any kind, no exchange of heated words, nothing, "Gizaw head-butted Tesfai so hard that he was knocked out cold," according to the suit. And then, the suit goes on to claim, Gizaw and his fellow church members continued to kick Tesfai while he was unconscious.

When he came to minutes later, Tesfai was bruised on his backside, face and left eye, his upper lip was busted, his head was pounding, and he was dizzy. He now claims to be unable to work.

Gizaw has been charged with assault/bodily injury. After bonding out and resetting a court date, he has vanished. A capias warrant has been issued for his arrest. So far, neither he nor the church have filed a response to Tesfai’s suit, which is being handled by attorney Papa M. Dieye.

To broadly summarize a New York Times obituary of late prime minister Zenawi, many observers saw him as an extremely pro-development leader and loyal friend to the American government, especially in its fight against Muslim extremists in the Horn of Africa. His detractors claim he was savagely repressive, a chronic imprisoner of journalists, political opponents and dissidents.

The former rebel leader came to power in 1995 and both his fans and haters could agree that he was an extremely intelligent man and a shrewd operator. The former med student was said to be able to absorb seas of statistics at a single setting and had a penchant for quoting Shakespeare at length.

Which is fitting, as he seems to have left his country a nation of Montagues and Capulets.


How the TPLF ruling junta gave away Ethiopia’s genetic rights to teff

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources

By Regine Andrsen and Tone Wenge | Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI)
Photo: Marit Fikke / Development Fund

In 2005, Ethiopia concluded an agreement with the Dutch company HPFI, sharing its teff genetic resources in return for a part of the benefits that would be achieved from developing teff products for the European market.

In the end, Ethiopia received practically no benefits. Instead, due to a broad patent and a questionable bankruptcy, it lost its right to utilize and reap benefits from its own teff genetic resources in the countries where the patent is valid.

The amazing story of the Teff Agreement has been uncovered and meticulously documented in a recent FNI report by FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge.

Teff is a food grain endemic to the Ethiopian highlands, where it has been cultivated for several thousand years. Rich in nutritional value, it is an important staple crop for Ethiopians. Since it is gluten-free, it is also interesting for markets in other parts of the world.

A 2005 agreement between Ethiopia and the Dutch company HPFI gave HPFI access to 12 Ethiopian teff varieties, which it was to use for developing new teff-based products for the European market. In return, the company was to share substantial benefits with Ethiopia.

The Teff Agreement was hailed as one of the most advanced of its time. It was seen as a pilot case for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in terms of access to and benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources (ABS).

But the high expectations were never met: The only benefits Ethiopia ever received were 4000 Euro and a small, early interrupted research project.

And then, in 2009, the company went bankrupt. In the years prior to bankruptcy, however, HPFI managed to obtain a broad patent on the processing of teff flour in Europe, covering ripe grain, as well as fine flour, dough, batter and non-traditional teff products. This patent, along with other values of the company, had then been transferred to new companies set up by the same owners.

These companies now possess the exclusive rights to a large range of teff-based products. But as it was the now bankrupt HPFI that was Ethiopia’s contract partner, these new companies are not bound by the contractual obligations of HPFI towards Ethiopia.

Ethiopia thus ended up receiving practically none of the benefits promised under the agreement, and its future opportunities to profit from teff in international markets were smaller than before.

Regine AndersenHow was this possible?

This is what FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge have been looking into in their new report The Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons, published by FNI today.

Their report has been written as part of FNI’s contribution to the German-led ABS Capacity Development Initiative, focusing on mainly African experiences with access to and benefit-sharing from the use of their genetic resources.

Lessons to be learned

Tone WingeThrough their in-depth analysis of the course of events with regard to the Teff Agreement and the related patent on the processing of teff flour, Andersen and Winge attempt to extract lessons to ensure that future access and benefit-sharing agreements will have better prospects of success. They also provide recommendations for the implementation of the CBD. Some of the main conclusions can be summarized as follows:

   Under the current circumstances, even the very best ABS agreement is without value if there is no willingness to comply with it: As long as there are no measures in place in the user-countries (in the teff case: The Netherlands) such agreements can be seen as gentlemen’s agreements, requiring a basis of good faith.

   Provider countries (in the teff case: Ethiopia) need institutional and financial support to enable them to monitor ABS agreements, and to facilitate real access to justice in the user countries. A multilateral instrument for this purpose under the CBD combined with user-country legislation is probably the most realistic possibility to realize the objectives on fair and equitable benefit-sharing of the CBD and its Nagoya Protocol.

   Formulations in ABS agreements prohibiting the patenting of genetic resources may be easy to circumvent, and more sophisticated formulations should be chosen if this is to be avoided.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ወደ ብር 18.181 ከፍ አለ

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በ17 በመቶ ጨምሮ በ16.35 ብር እንዲመነዘር የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ መወሰኑ ይፋ ከተደረገበት መስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ ባሉት ሁለት ዓመታት፣ የብር ምንዛሪ አቅም እየቀነሰ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ መውረዱ ተመለከተ፡፡

በኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የየዕለቱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ ዋጋን በሚያመለክተው መረጃ መሠረት የአንድ ዶላር አማካይ የምንዛሪ ዋጋ 17.211 ብር የነበረ ሲሆን፣ በኅዳር 2005 ዓ.ም. ያለው መረጃ የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ያሳያል፡፡

ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. እስከ ኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የነበረው የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ከ5.3 በመቶ በላይ ሲጨምር፣ በ2005 በጀት ዓመት የኅዳር ወር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በአማካይ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ተከትሎ ከሌሎች መገበያያ ገንዘቦች አኳያ (በዋናነት ከዶላር) የብር የመግዛት አቅምን በአንድ ዓመት ከ5.56 በመቶ በላይ እንዲወርድ አድርጎታል፡፡ በአጠቃላይ ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ የብር የመግዛት አቅም በ30 ከመቶ እንዲወድቅ ምክንያት ሆኗል፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ግን በመስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. በብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንዴ ከተደረገው ጭማሪ በተቃራኒው ቀስ በቀስ በየዕለቱ ይካሄድ በነበረው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግብይት ላይ ተመርኩዞ እየጨመረ የመጣ ነው፡፡ ቀስ በቀስ የታየው ለውጥ በፍጥነት እያደገ የመጣው ደግሞ ካለፈው መጋቢት 2004 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ መሆኑንም መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ብሔራዊ ባንክ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ በአንዴ ከማድረግ ይልቅ፣ ቀስ በቀስ እየጨመረ እንዲሄድ ማድረግ መምረጡን ያሳያል የሚሉ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎች፣ በሁለት ዓመታት ጊዜ ውስጥ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ የደረሰው ጭማሪ ከፍተኛ እንደሆነም ይገልጻሉ፡፡

የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጡን በአንድ ጊዜ ከመለወጥ ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት እንደታየው ቀስ በቀስ እንዲለወጥ ማድረጉ በአንድ በኩል የተወሰነ ጠቀሜታ ቢኖረውም፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት እንዳይወርድ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል ይላሉ፡፡

በ2003 ዓ.ም. በአንድ ጊዜ የ17 በመቶ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ መደረጉን ተከትሎ የዋጋ ግሽበት ተከስቷል፡፡ ባለሙያዎቹ ምንም እንኳ ለዋጋ ግሽበት መከሰት ሌሎች ምክንያቶች ቢኖሩም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ማድረጉን አስታውሰው፣ ለውጡ ቀስ በቀስ መካሄዱ ለተወሰነ ጊዜም ቢሆን የተጋነነ ዋጋ እንዳይኖር ረድቷል ይላሉ፡፡ ሆኖም ቀስ በቀስ የተደረገው ለውጥ አገሪቱ ከፍተኛ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ ያደረገች መሆኑን ጠቋሚ በመሆኑ፣ ለመሠረታዊ ዕቃዎች ዋጋ መጨመር ምክንያት እየሆነ መምጣቱን ይናገራሉ፡፡

የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎቹ እንደሚገልጹት፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት በሚፈለገው ደረጃ ሊቀንስ ካልተቻለባቸው ምክንያቶች አንደኛው የብር አቅም መዳከምና የውጭ ምንዛሪ ጉልበት በየጊዜው እያደገ መምጣቱ ነው፡፡

ይህም ማለት በኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. በአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር ተገዝቶ ከውጭ ይመጣ የነበረ ምርት በወቅቱ ምንዛሪ ዋጋ 82,752 ብር ይፈልግ ነበር፡፡ ይኼው ተመሳሳይ ምርት ከሚመጣበት አገር ምንም ዓይነት የዋጋ ጭማሪ አልተደረገበትም ተብሎ ቢታሰብ፣ በኅዳር ወር 2004 ዓ.ም. ለተመሳሳይ የዶላር መጠን 86,055 ብር ይጠይቃል፡፡ አሁንም ይኼው ምርት ዋጋው ሳይለወጥ በቀድሞው ዋጋ እየተገዛ ነው ቢባል፣ ለአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር በዚህ ወር የሚፈለገው ከ90,905 ብር ነው፡፡

ሪፖርተር ያነጋገራቸው ሌላ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያ እንደሚሉት ደግሞ፣ ብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንድ ጊዜ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከማድረግ ይልቅ በሳምንት ወይም በወር አዝጋሚ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ማድረግን መርጧል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህም አሠራሩ እንደ ቀድሞው በአንድ ጊዜ 15 በመቶ ወይም 20 በመቶ የሚደርስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከሚያደርግ፣ ቀስ በቀስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ እያስኬደ እንዳለ ይገልጻሉ፡፡ በየጊዜው የሚደረገው ጭማሪ የኢትዮጵያ ብር ከሌሎች የውጭ ገንዘቦች ጋር ያለውን የመግዛት አቅም ይበልጥ እያወረደው ስለመምጣቱ ማሳያ ነው ብለዋል፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … eview=true


Susan Rice’s love affair with genocidal dictators in Africa (Michael Hirsh)

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

By Michael Hirsh | National Journal

For a president who rarely shows emotion, Barack Obama’s surprisingly personal blast at Republican critics of Susan Rice, his U.N ambassador, suggested two things. One, Obama genuinely admires Rice and thinks she’s being unfairly criticized for giving a controversial explanation of the Sept. 11 Benghazi attack that later didn’t hold up. And two, he may well intend to name her his second-term secretary of State, as some reports indicate.

Obama made a fair point when he said Rice “had nothing to do with Benghazi and was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received.” All Rice did was to carefully articulate on the Sunday TV talk shows what the administration knew at the time, “based on the best information we have to date,” as she put it.

But there are other issues with Rice’s record, both as U.N. ambassador and earlier as a senior Clinton administration official, that are all but certain to come out at any confirmation hearing, many of them concerning her performance in Africa. Critics say that since her failure to advocate an intervention in the terrible genocide in Rwanda in 1994 — Bill Clinton later said his administration’s unwillingness to act was the worst mistake of his presidency — she has conducted a dubious and naïve policy of looking the other way at allies who commit atrocities, reflecting to some degree the stark and emotionless realpolitik sometimes associated with Obama, who is traveling this week to another formerly isolated dictatorship: Burma.

Most recently, critics say, Rice held up publication of a U.N. report that concluded that the government of Rwandan President Paul Kagame, with whom she has a long and close relationship, was supplying and financing a brutal Congolese rebel force known as the M23 Movement. M23’s leader, Bosco Ntaganda, is wanted by the International Criminal Court for recruiting child soldiers and is accused of committing atrocities. She has even wrangled with Johnnie Carson, the assistant secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs, and others in the department, who all have been more critical of the Rwandans, according to some human-rights activists who speak with State’s Africa team frequently.

Rice claimed she wanted Rwanda to get a fair hearing and examine the report first, and her spokesman, Payton Knopf, says that “it’s patently incorrect to say she slowed [it] down.” But Jason Stearns, a Yale scholar who worked for 10 years in the Congo and wrote a book called Dancing in the Glory of Monsters, says “that is not common practice with these reports. Even when Rwanda did get a hearing, all they did was to use it to smear the report and say how wrong it was.” The report has since been published.

Mark Lagon, a former assistant secretary of State under George W. Bush and a human-rights specialist at Georgetown, has generally positive things to say about Rice’s tenure as U.N. ambassador, especially her leadership in the intervention in Libya against Muammar el-Qaddafi and her revival of the administration’s failing policy on Darfur. But he too says she has fallen short on Africa. “In recent months, there is documentary evidence of atrocities in the DRC [Democratic Republic of the Congo], and their umbilical cord is back in Rwanda. These issues have not been raised in the Security Council, and Susan has fought the U.N. raising them in the Security Council,” Lagon says.

In September, Rice also delivered a glowing eulogy for the late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, whom many rights activists considered to have been a repressive dictator.

Recently, during a meeting at the U.N. mission of France, after the French ambassador told Rice that the U.N. needed to do more to intervene in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rice was said to have replied: “It’s the eastern DRC. If it’s not M23, it’s going to be some other group,” according to an account given by a human-rights worker who spoke with several people in the room. (Rice’s spokesman said he was familiar with the meeting but did not know if she made the comment.)

If true, that rather jaded observation would appear to echo a Rice remark that Howard French, a long-time New York Times correspondent in Africa, related in an essay in the New York Review of Books in 2009, which was highly critical of Rice. In the article, headlined “Kagame’s Secret War in the Congo,” in which French calls the largely ignored conflict “one of the most destructive wars in modern history,” he suggests that Rice either naïvely or callously trusted new African leaders such as Kagame and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to stop any future genocide, saying, “They know how to deal with that. The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Stearns, the author, says that during Rice’s time in the Clinton administration “they were complicit to the extent that they turned a blind eye and took at face value Rwandan assurances that Rwanda was looking only after its own security interests.”

Knopf, Rice’s spokesman, says “she clearly has relationships, some of which are very close, with African leaders, and Kagame is one of them. Her view and our view is that these relationships have given her an opportunity to influence events.”

At the same time, however, Knopf says Rice has been tough and forthright in criticizing Rwandan abuses, and backed a “very strong statement out of the Security Council in August about M23.” (The statement, though, did not refer to Rwandan support directly.)

In a speech she gave at the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology in November 2011, Rice took Kagame’s government to task for a political culture that “remains comparatively closed. Press restrictions persist. Civil-society activists, journalists, and political opponents of the government often fear organizing peacefully and speaking out. Some have been harassed. Some have been intimidated by late-night callers. Some have simply disappeared.”

The long conflict in Congo has sometimes been called “Africa’s World War,” because it has led to a staggering 5.4 million deaths — far more than any war anywhere since World War II. Throughout it, Kagame has appeared to play a clever game of pretending to intervene to impose peace and deliver Western-friendly policies, while in fact carving out a sphere of influence by which he can control parts of Congo’s mineral wealth.

Ironically, much of the controversy that surrounds Rice’s relationship with Kagame and other African leaders goes back to the event that Rice herself has admitted was personally wrenching for her, and influenced much of her later views: her failure to stop the Rwandan genocide.

At the time, under National Security Adviser Anthony Lake, Rice was in charge of advising Clinton’s National Security Council on peacekeeping and international organizations such as the United Nations. “Essentially, they wanted [Rwanda] to go away,” scholar Michael Barnett, who worked at the U.S. mission to the United Nations then and later wrote the book Eyewitness to Genocide, told me in an interview in 2008. “There was little interest by Rice or Lake in trying to stir up any action in Washington.”

Both Lake and Rice later said they were haunted by their inaction. In an interview in 2008, Rice told me that she was too “junior”at the time to have affected decision-making then, but that “everyone who lived through that feels profoundly remorseful and bothered by it.”

“I will never forget the horror of walking through a church and an adjacent schoolyard where one of the massacres had occurred,” Rice said in her 2011 speech in Kigali. “Six months later, the decomposing bodies of those who had been so cruelly murdered still lay strewn around what should have been a place of peace. For me, the memory of stepping around and over those corpses will remain the most searing reminder imaginable of what humans can do to one another.”

Rice’s relationship with Kagame began with her efforts to form a new African leaders group in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Among them were Museveni and Ethiopia’s Zenawi. The Clinton administration “believed in an African renaissance,” says Stearns. “She backed this somewhat naïvely, because they were forward-looking leaders who spoke a different language. They spoke about markets.”

While Rice was serving — and despite her later denials before Congress — the Clinton administration appeared to back an invasion of the troubled Congo by Rwanda and Uganda, according to a 2002 article in the journal Current History by Columbia University scholar Peter Rosenblum. In the article, titled “Irrational Exuberance: The Clinton Administration in Africa,” Rosenblum called the invasion “a public relations disaster from which the United States has not recovered.”

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

“ሕዝቡ ከማጉረምረም አልፎ ንዴቱን በእንቅስቃሴ ለማሳየት ዝግጁ የሆነ አይመስልም” – ዶ/ር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የአንድነት ፓርቲ ሊቀመንበር
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(REPORTER) – ባለፈው እሑድ ኅዳር 16 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. አንድነት ለዲሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ ፓርቲ በአገሪቱ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ ላይ ባደረገው ውይይት ላይ የመነሻ ሐሳብ ያቀረቡት የፓርቲው ሊቀመንበር ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ብሶተኛና በማጉረምረም ደረጃ ላይ የሚገኝ እንጂ፣ ንዴቱን በእንቅስቃሴ ለማሳየት ዝግጁ የሆነበት ደረጃ ላይ የደረሰ አይመስልም አሉ፡፡

የአገሪቱን ወቅታዊ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታ በዳሰሱበት ክፍል ላይ በሰጡት ማብራሪያ ሕዝቡ በርካታ ማኅበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮች እንዳሉበት ገልጸው፣ ይህንን ሰቆቃውንና ብሶቱን ያማርራል እንጂ በይፋና በአደባባይ አይገልጽም ብለዋል፡፡ “ብሶቱ በማጉረምረም ደረጃ የሚገለጽ ነው እንጂ ወደ ኅብረተሰባዊ ንዴት አልተለወጠም ብለው፣” የተናጠል ንዴቶች አልፎ አልፎ ቢገለጹም ሰፊና የአጠቃላይ ኅብረተሰቡ አለመሆናቸውን አመልክተዋል፡፡

“እነዚህ የተናጠል ትናንሽ ንዴቶች ወደተደራጀና ሕዝባዊ የእምቢተኝነት እንቅስቃሴዎች አልተለወጡም፡፡ በሌሎች አገሮች በዳቦ ወይም በነዳጅ ዋጋ ላይ ትንሽ ጭማሪ ከታየ የኅብረተሰቡ ንዴት ይገነፍላል፡፡ በእኛ ሕዝብ ዘንድ ግን ይህ አይታይም፡፡ ምልክቶች ከታዩ ጥቂት፣ የተናጠል፣ ያልተደራጁና ያልተቀናጁ ናቸው፤” ብለዋል፡፡

ዶክተር ነጋሶ ገዥው ፓርቲ አምባገነን መሆኑን ባሰፈሩበት ክፍል፣ ኢሕአዴግ ለሕዝብ ደንታ የሌለው ድርጅት መሆኑን ገልጸው፣ የሕዝብን ፍላጎት አያዳምጥም ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡ “ሕዝብ እሱን ብቻ መስሎ እንዲያድር ነው የሚፈልገው፡፡ ከአገርና ከሕዝብ ይልቅ ፓርቲውን ያስቀድማል፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተረጋገጡትንና በአንቀጽ 29፣ 30፣ 31 እና 38 የተዘረዘሩትን መብቶች አፍኗል፤” ካሉ በኋላ፣ ተቃዋሚዎችን ለማጥቃት ብሎ ሕጎችን በማውጣት ሕግ አስከብራለሁ በማለት ሰብዓዊ መብቶችን እንደሚጥስ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ኢሕአዴግ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ተቋማት እንዳይኖሩ አድርጎአል ብለው ሦስቱ የመንግሥት አካላት የሕዝብ አገልጋዮች ሳይሆኑ የፓርቲው መሣርያ ሆነዋል ብለዋል፡፡ “ገዥው ፓርቲ ሕገ መንግሥቱን አያከብርም፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተከበሩ መብቶች ተግባራዊ ይሁኑ ሲባል አይፈቅድም፡፡ ሕገ መንግሥቱ የሚሻሻልበትን መንገድ ከመክፈት ይልቅ በሚያወጣቸው ሕጎች በእጅ አዙር ያሻሽላል፡፡ በአሠራሩ ሕገ መንግሥታዊ አስተሳሰብን ዋጋ አሳጥቷል፤” ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡

የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓቱን በገለጹበት ክፍል ደግሞ የፓርቲ ሥርዓቱ ዲሞክራሲያዊ አለመሆኑን አውስተው፣ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ቢደነገግም ዲሞክራሲያዊ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በኢትዮጵያ የለም ብለዋል፡፡ በንጉሡ ዘመን በፓርቲ መደራጀት ክልክል መሆኑን፣ በደርግ የመጀመሪያ ዓመታት ለደርግ ታማኝ የሆኑ ለስሙ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ቢወለዱም በመጨረሻ አገሪቱ በአንድ ብቸኛ ፓርቲ (ኢሠፓ) ሥር መውደቋን፣ ኢሕአዴግ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት ይመሠርታል ተብሎ ቢጠበቅም የአውራ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት መመሥረቱን ገልጸዋል፡፡

“ይህም አውራ ፓርቲነት እንደ አሜሪካና እንደ ታላቋ ብሪታኒያ ዴሞክራሲያዊ የሆኑ የሁለት ፓርቲዎች አውራነት ቢሆን ባልገረመን፣ ወይም እንደ ጃፓንና እንደ እስራኤል ዴሞክራሲያዊና መድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በሰፈነበት አውራ ሆኖ ቢመጣ እንቀበል ነበር፡፡ እርሱ ግን በአስገዳጅነት አንድ አውራ ፓርቲ ሆኖ ሌሎች ግን እንደ ጫጩት እንኳ እንዳይኖሩ በሙስና አሠራርና በልዩ ልዩ ተፅዕኖ ሥር ለማዳ ያደርጋቸዋል ብሎም ከነጭራሹ እንዲጠፉ ያደርጋል፤” ብለዋል፡፡

የምርጫ ሥርዓቱን ብልሹ ነው ያሉት ዶክተር ነጋሶ፣ የምርጫ ሥርዓቱ ለአገሪቱ ውስብስብ ሁኔታዎች ምቹ አለመሆኑን፣ በርካታ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦች፣ ብዙ ሃይማኖቶችና የተለያዩ ርዕዮተ ዓለሞች ባሉበት አገር አሸናፊው ሁሉንም የሚወስድበት ሥርዓት እንደማይች አስረድተዋል፡፡ “ማኅበረሰባዊ ውክልና፣ ተጠያቂነትና የአሳታፊነት መርህን የተከተለ የተመጣጠነ ሥርዓት እንዲኖር አይፈለግም፡፡ ይባስ ብሎ በምርጫዎች መካከልና በምርጫዎች ወቅት ያለው የፖለቲካ ምኅዳር የተስተካከለ አይደለም፡፡ ዲሞክራሲያዊ፣ ፍትሐዊና ነፃነት የተሟላበት አይደለም፡፡ በዚህ የምርጫ ሥርዓት ውስጥ ተሸናፊ ፓርቲዎችን የሚመርጥ ብዙ ሚሊዮን የሕዝብ ክፍል በፓርላማ ደረጃ ድምፅ አልባ ይሆናል፤” ሲሉ በምሬት ገልጸዋል፡፡

ዶክተር ነጋሶ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችና ችግሮች የሚፈቱት በሰላማዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር ሳይሆን በጉልበት መሆኑን፣ የሕዝብ ወሳኝነት እንደማይፈለግ፣ ለሕዝብና ለአገር ጥቅም ሲባል ሰፊና አገራዊ የትብብር መድረክ ለመፍጠር ፈቃደኝነትና ዝግጁነቱ ደካማ መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፣ በፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች የተለመደው በአሸናፊነት የማንበርከክ ፍላጎትና የበላይነት ማስፈን አካሄድ በመሆኑ እምቢ ከተባለ ደግሞ ለማጥፋት መንቀሳቀስ መኖሩን አውስተዋል፡፡ ሰላማዊ የትግል ስልቶችን መጠቀም አለመጀመሩን ገልጸው ሰላማዊ ትግል ኃይል አልባ፣ ሕጋዊ፣ ሕገ መንግሥታዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ በመሆኑ፣ አንዳንድ ሕጎችና ተቋማት የሌሎችን መብቶች የሚነኩ ከሆነ እምቢ ማለትና ያለመታዘዝን እንደሚያካትት ጠቁመዋል፡፡ “ሰላማዊ ትግል የተቃውሞ መሣርያ እንጂ የአመፅ መሣርያ አይደለም፤” ብለው፣ ሰላማዊ ትግል ሰፊ የመደራጀትና የዝግጅት ሥራ ይጠይቃል ብለዋል፡፡

የወደፊት የትግል አቅጣጫ ምን መሆን እንዳለበት ሲገልጹ፣ ሕዝብን ለለውጥ እንዲንቀሳቀስ ማድረግ፣ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ሥራዎችን መሥራትና በሕዝብ ውስጥ የማደራጀትና የማቀናጀት ሥራዎች መሠራት አለባቸው ብለዋል፡፡ ገዥውን ፓርቲ ለለውጥ በማስገደድ ሰፊ ሕዝባዊ እንቅስቃሴ መጀመር እንዳለበት አስረድተዋል፡፡ ብልሹ ያሉትን የፓርቲ ሥርዓት በመለወጥ የፖለቲካ ምኅዳሩ እንዲስተካከል በቁርጠኝነት ትግል መደረግ አለበት ሲሉ አመልክተዋል፡፡

“በአገራችን ለችግሮች መፍትሔ ለማፈላለግ ሁሉን አቀፍ ብሔራዊ እርቅ መፍጠር አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችን ወይም ችግሮችን ለመፍታት አንድነት በፕሮግራሙ ያስቀመጠው አቅጣጫ ትክክል ነው፡፡ ስለሆነም ችግሮችን በሰላማዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር የመፍታትን ባህል የበለጠ ማዳበር የትግላችን አቅጣጫ መሆን አለበት፤” በማለትና አንዳንድ ነጥቦችን በማከል ዳሰሳቸውን ደምድመዋል፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … eview=true


How Atse HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia (video)

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Well-known Ethiopians narrate how Emperor HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia.

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ENTC has formed a new chapter in Kenya

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Kenya chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entc.kenya@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Rare collection of pics from 19th century Ethiopia

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

"Captain Tristram Charles Sawyer Speedy is minor historical figure from the reign of Victoria, but nonetheless a very colourful one. The six-foot-five red-bearded soldier is thought to have been the inspiration for a Kipling character and appears in the Flashman series (Flashman on the March).

He also had a long association with Ethiopia, and was known for his efforts to adopt native dress and speak Amharic. Now, a rare collection of travel photographs and portraits recording his travels will shortly go under the hammer in London"

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/activ … me=2412317