Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

Kenya swears in Uhuru Kenyatta as president

Tuesday, April 9th, 2013

Eritrean Air Force captain defects to Saudi Arabia

Tuesday, April 9th, 2013 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?ar … um=twitter

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MP Girma Seifu in Washington DC – Sunday April 14, 3pm

Monday, April 8th, 2013

Margaret Thatcher passed away

Monday, April 8th, 2013

Ethiopian National Transitional Council town hall meeting in Frankfurt, Germany

Sunday, April 7th, 2013

ESAT Weekl in Review – 7 April 2013

Sunday, April 7th, 2013

አቶ መለስን የተኩት ሰዎች ከእረሱም የባሱ ጭፍን አምባገነኖች ናቸው (ከተመስገን ደሳለኝ)

Sunday, April 7th, 2013

Ethiopia: The early travel photographs of Captain Speedy

Sunday, April 7th, 2013 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/activ … peedy.html

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Yemen deports 300 Ethiopian refugees

Saturday, April 6th, 2013 http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/sub … /28824.htm

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Protest against ethnic cleansing in Ethiopia – White House – Monday April 8 at 9am

Saturday, April 6th, 2013

MP Girma Seifu visits Houston on Sunday, April 7

Saturday, April 6th, 2013

Nile project: a hidden bomb? or a pomise for shared prosperity?

Saturday, April 6th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 5 April 2013

Friday, April 5th, 2013

ENTC Dallas-Houston volunteers telconference – Sat., Apr 6

Friday, April 5th, 2013 pr@etntc.org to register.

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4 prominent Ethiopian physicians arrested in Nekemte, western Ethiopia (VOA)

Friday, April 5th, 2013

Growing up white in Ethiopia and America

Friday, April 5th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 4 April 2013

Thursday, April 4th, 2013

Kenya Declares Public Holiday to Allow for Swearing in of the New President

Thursday, April 4th, 2013

China mobilizing troops, fighter jets near Korea

Thursday, April 4th, 2013 http://freebeacon.com/border-patrol/

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Djibouti: A nation high on drug

Thursday, April 4th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 3 April 2013

Wednesday, April 3rd, 2013

A letter to Prof. Getatchew Haile

Wednesday, April 3rd, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 2 April 2013

Tuesday, April 2nd, 2013

Ethiopia: Muslim Protesters Face Unfair Trial | Human Rights Watch

Tuesday, April 2nd, 2013

የአቶ በላይ አባይ የእድሜ ልክ ጉዞ ሲዘከር

Tuesday, April 2nd, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 1 April 2013

Monday, April 1st, 2013

The Scramble for Ethiopia

Monday, April 1st, 2013 mkebede1@udayton.edu)

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Addis Ababa’s sprawling slum

Monday, April 1st, 2013

ESAT Week in Review – 30 March 2013

Sunday, March 31st, 2013

ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሃርነት ትግራይ በአማራው ላይ የሚያደረገውን የዘር ማጥፋት ዘመቻ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ሽግግር ምክርቤት በጥብቅ ያወግዛል

Sunday, March 31st, 2013

Kenya Supreme Court upholds Kenyatta’s election victory

Saturday, March 30th, 2013

Is Ethiopia worth your sacrifice?

Friday, March 29th, 2013

Several Oromo political activists left the Eritrea-based OLF and formed a new party

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 27 March 2013

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 27 March 2013

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

Ethiopian diplomat appointed as Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

DLA Piper is taken to court for overcharging clients

Wednesday, March 27th, 2013

Book Review: “Tower in the Sky"

Tuesday, March 26th, 2013

The abject living condition of Ethiopians stranded in Saudi Arabia – photo

Monday, March 25th, 2013

Egypt and Ethiopia heading toward a war?

Monday, March 25th, 2013 http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/politic … z2OXAAPw1k

Egypt and Ethiopia Heading Toward a War Over Water
By Mustafa al-Labbad Translated from As-Safir (Lebanon).

In the coming years, Egypt and Ethiopia may be forced to fight a “water war” because Ethiopia’s ambitions contradict Egypt’s historical and legal rights in the Nile waters. Ethiopia can only be deterred by the regional and international balance of powers, which in recent years has favored Ethiopia.

For any Egyptian government, Egypt’s water share and securing the Nile’s headwaters are the top national security priorities, irrespective of the Egyptian government’s ideology or domestic policies. This fact is dictated by geography. For thousands of years, Egyptian rulers have been aware how important water is for Egypt. Water is the lifeline of Egypt (97.5% of Egypt is barren desert). Egyptian rulers have always used any means to defend their country’s historic rights to the Nile waters. As Greek historian Herodotus said, “Egypt is the gift of the Nile.” Egyptian civilization, which is one of history’s greatest civilizations, depends on the Nile. To illustrate the Nile’s importance, we should remember that Egypt is the largest desert oasis in the world. Life in Egypt is concentrated on the river banks where 90 million people live. In short, any Egyptian government should have one eye on the Horn of Africa — on Ethiopia, where the source of the Nile lies — and another eye on the Sinai Peninsula and the Levant, and the balance of power there. History has shown that most of Egypt’s invaders entered through that door.

Egypt’s sentries against the country’s internal and external foes have been sleeping on the job. Their first eye failed to notice the developments at the Blue Nile’s source in Ethiopia (the Blue Nile constitutes 86% and the White Nile 14% of the Nile water volume. The two tributaries meet in Sudan before flowing to Egypt). Their second eye had lost the ability to distinguish friend from foe. Now, with the worsening economic crisis and the political deterioration between the ruling Muslim Brotherhood and the opposition, the balance of power is more and more tilting toward Ethiopia, which may unilaterally increase its water usage. That will affect Egypt’s historic rights of the Nile water and cause a serious threat.

In the report below, we will try to shed light on the Nile conflict and on why Ethiopia’s negotiating position toward Egypt has improved. We will end with a recommendation.

The conflict over the Nile waters

The two groups fighting over the right waters are as follows: the first group are the downstream countries, it includes Egypt and Sudan. The other group are the upstream countries which includes Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Congo, Burundi, Tanzania, Southern Sudan, Rwanda and Kenya.

Egypt depends on the Nile River for 95% of its water needs for drinking, agriculture and electricity generation. The growing Egyptian population is increasingly dependent on Nile water. Egypt has historical rights to these waters under the Nile Water Agreement signed with Britain in 1929. It gave Egypt the right to veto any project in upstream countries affecting Egypt’s share of water flowing to it. It is worth mentioning that the 1929 agreement is binding for the three upstream countries — Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda — on the grounds that Britain, which colonized these countries, was their legal representative and could sign binding international agreements on their behalf.

Egypt codified its legal status in an agreement with Sudan in 1959. The agreement gave Cairo 55.5 billion cubic meters of water (or 66% of the total water flow), which would go to the Aswan Dam, and Sudan received 18.5 billion cubic meters (22%). The remainder, 12%, is lost to evaporation.

The downstream countries argue that they were not a party to those agreements at the time, and therefore do not recognize their legitimacy. The upstream countries want to modify the water-sharing agreement and keep more of the water by building dams, which will directly affect the water share of the downstream states, Egypt and Sudan.

The problem is compounded by the projected large population increase in the Nile basin. The UN projects that the population in the 11 basin states will reach 860 million people by 2050. This is pressuring both sides to try to improve their positions in the conflict over the Nile waters.

In May 2010, Ethiopia drafted the Entebbe Agreement to modify the historical and legal basis for the sharing of water. Most upstream countries supported the agreement but Egypt and Sudan refused it. It is true that the Entebbe Agreement is not legally binding for Egypt and Sudan, but it does show that Ethiopia is aware of the balance of power and its ambition to impose facts on the ground regarding the construction of dams, which will necessarily affect Egypt’s share in the Nile waters and thus represent an existential threat to Egypt. It is true that Ethiopia cannot force Cairo to sign, but the Entebbe Agreement shows that a major crisis between Cairo and Addis Ababa is on the way. What follows is an explanation of the Ethiopian diplomatic attack on Egypt and Sudan.

The geopolitical framework strengthens Ethiopia’s position

In recent years, the geopolitical framework has clearly shifted in Ethiopia’s favor, and it shifted the balance of power between Ethiopia and Egypt. The geopolitical changes that favor Ethiopia can be seen in six key indicators:

First, the disintegration of Somalia, Ethiopia’s traditional rival with which it fought a tough war over the Ogaden region, removed the geopolitical balance facing Ethiopia’s political ambitions in the region. Ethiopia exploited Somalia’s disintegration to strengthen its regional presence in the Horn of Africa. For years, Ethiopia has been “fighting terrorism” emerging from Somalia. Ethiopia has been doing that under an American umbrella from 2006 to 2009 and then again since 2011 until now.

The second indicator is represented by the partition of Sudan into two states: Sudan and South Sudan. That development has weakened Sudan (and thus Egypt) in the Horn of Africa and allowed Ethiopia to participate, since 2012, in the UN peacekeeping forces in the Abyei region, which is disputed between Sudan and South Sudan.

The third indicator is the following: the weakening of Sudan has shifted the balance of power in Ethiopia’s favor. The crisis in Darfur and the international isolation of the Sudanese president (an international arrest warrant was issued against him by the International Court of Justice in The Hague in 2009) has significantly limited Khartoum’s ability to maneuver in the Nile conflict.

The fourth indicator is the improved relationship between Ethiopia and the West in general, and between Ethiopia and the US in particular, after Addis Ababa emerged as a reliable partner in the Horn of Africa. Every year, Ethiopia gets $4 billion in military, development and food assistance. But the matter is not limited to direct aid. The West has started looking at Ethiopia differently in regard to development projects, such as the construction of dams in Ethiopia. The West had opposed such projects for decades because they were considered a threat to regional security.

The fifth indicator is about China. China is Ethiopia’s primary trade partner and Beijing has expressed willingness to finance a dam construction in Ethiopia and offered Chinese expertise in building large dams. China wishes to have a foothold in the region. There is oil in South Sudan and the Congo has mineral resources.

The sixth indicator is the weakening of Egypt’s political weight in the Horn of Africa. Egypt has no role in Somalia and was not even a key party in the negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan. Egypt’s preoccupation with internal matters is weakening its ability to confront regional and international players, such as China. Even though Egypt is the biggest market for Chinese goods among the 11 basin countries, China has favored other considerations over Egyptian priorities and Egypt’s rights in the Nile waters. So much so that China has offered its technological expertise in constructing dams, which is a complete disregard to Egyptian rights. What will Egypt do about all that? Only God knows.

A recommendation

In the coming years, Egypt and Ethiopia may be forced to fight a “water war” because Ethiopia’s ambitions contradict Egypt’s historical and legal rights in river waters. Ethiopia can only be deterred by the regional and international balance of powers, which in recent years has favored Ethiopia.

The government of Hisham Qandil (an irrigation expert, not a diplomat, legal expert or strategist) seems unable to manage such a complex issue with legal, political, economic, military and international aspects. His government is unable to solve everyday problems that are less complex, such as security, traffic, and fuel and food supplies. This portends dire consequences for Egypt.

What is needed is a way to manage the crisis and use Egyptian soft power toward Ethiopia, especially the Coptic Orthodox Church, which is the Ethiopian Church’s mother church. It is necessary to form a fixed Egyptian team to manage this highly sensitive issue. The team should go beyond party affiliation and include leading Egyptian Nile specialists. Ideological or religious affiliation should not be a factor in choosing that Egyptian crisis team. What is important should be the capabilities and competencies of the team members, who will come from the “clay” of the country, not from a particular group, party or political current. Clay, to those who don’t know, is what Egyptians call their country’s soil, which is a fertile soil resulting from the mixing with the Nile water.

Will Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi realize the seriousness of the situation and deal with that issue as a major national matter and quickly implement the required policies and procedures, or will he hesitate, as usual, and go down in history as someone who squandered the historic rights of Egypt and its future generations?


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Assad Shot By Bodyguard – Hospitalized in Damascus

Monday, March 25th, 2013 http://www.eltira.org , Bashar al-Assad would have been seriously wounded by gunfire last night Saturday, March 23 by his bodyguard but Iran is not dead. He is currently hospitalized, between life and death, Shami Hospital in Damascus which the streets were closed.

Read here for more: http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2013/03 … -damascus/


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Ethiopia keeps World Cup dream alive

Sunday, March 24th, 2013

Dinknesh (Lucy) to return to Ethiopia

Saturday, March 23rd, 2013 rchang@ocregister.com

http://www.ocregister.com/entertainment … iopia.html


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ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 22 March 2013

Saturday, March 23rd, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 23 March 2013

Saturday, March 23rd, 2013

Federal Police rounded up hundreds of young Ethiopians in Addis Ababa

Saturday, March 23rd, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 21 March 21 2013

Friday, March 22nd, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 21 MARCH 2013

Friday, March 22nd, 2013

Miss Israel meets Mr Obama (photo)

Friday, March 22nd, 2013

Sudan’s president promises to step down in 2015

Thursday, March 21st, 2013

Special report on London DebreTsion Ethiopia Orthodox Church – 20 March 2013

Thursday, March 21st, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 20 March 2013

Thursday, March 21st, 2013

Ethiopia in the 14th Century vs. Now (2013)

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pl … ZdU3WJ76t0

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The ruling junta in Ethiopia removed 4 senior members: Seyoum Mesfin, Arkebe Oqubay, Berhane Gebrekristos, and Zer’ay Asgedom

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013

Saudi Arabia police torture Ethiopians (shocking video)

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013

Woyanne police harass anti-Graziani protesters in Addis Ababa (video)

Wednesday, March 20th, 2013

Eritrean refugees in Libya are being used to clear land mines

Tuesday, March 19th, 2013 www.hrc-eritrea.org

http://assenna.com/eritrean-refugees-in … arch-2013/


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Young Ethiopians in Addis Ababa promote a protest rally against Graziani statue – Sat. March 16 (video)

Tuesday, March 19th, 2013

Worldbank to investigate forced evictions in western Ethiopia

Tuesday, March 19th, 2013

The mysterious death of 18-year-old Ethiopian girl in Chicago

Monday, March 18th, 2013

Al Amoudi companies that are looting Ethiopia

Monday, March 18th, 2013

Saudi Arabia border police torture Ethiopian refugees (video)

Monday, March 18th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 15 March 2013

Monday, March 18th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 16 March 2013

Monday, March 18th, 2013

ESAT Week in Review – 15 March 2013

Monday, March 18th, 2013

43 anti-Graziani statute protesters arrested in Addis Ababa

Sunday, March 17th, 2013

The selling of Ethiopia to the highest bidder.

Saturday, March 16th, 2013

Malawi police detain 29 Ethiopians

Saturday, March 16th, 2013

Extremely limited prospects drive Ethiopian youth out of their country – Catherine Weisner

Saturday, March 16th, 2013

Ethiopian Muslims took their protest to Pissaa area in Addis Ababa today

Friday, March 15th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 14 March 2013 Ethiopia

Friday, March 15th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 15 March 2013

Friday, March 15th, 2013

ENTC-Atlanta hosts discussion on transitional government formation in Ethiopia

Friday, March 15th, 2013

Why is the U.S. Funding Abuse in Ethiopia? – Helen Epstein

Thursday, March 14th, 2013

Ethiopian National Transitional Council sends well wishes to His Holiness Pope Francis

Thursday, March 14th, 2013

Emergency Message for U.S. Citizens in Ethiopia

Thursday, March 14th, 2013 consacs@state.gov, andis open Monday-Thursday, 7:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Our hours for routine consular services, including passport applications and notary services, are 1:00 p.m. – 3:30 p.m., Monday – Thursday.

For after-hours emergencies, U.S. citizens should call +251-11-130-6911 or 011-130-6000 and ask to speak with the duty officer.

https://www.osac.gov/Pages/ContentRepor … ?cid=13734


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Barack Obama to dine with Ethiopian-born Miss Israel

Thursday, March 14th, 2013 editor@ethiomedia.com

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ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam 13 – March 13 2013

Thursday, March 14th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 13 March 2013

Thursday, March 14th, 2013

Leaked document from Prime Minister’s Office on confrontation with Ethiopian Muslims

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

See you at the ENTC Atlanta meeting – Sunday, March 17

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

Norway court stops the deportation of 7-year-old Ethiopian

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013 http://theforeigner.no/pages/news/norwa … opia-case/

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ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 12 March 2013

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 12 March 2013

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

Special report on London DebreTsion Ethiopian Orthodox Church (video)

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

A U.S. citizen and 5 Ethiopian civilians were ambushed and killed in western Ethiopia

Wednesday, March 13th, 2013

ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 11 March 11 2013

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013

Prof. Mesfin WM and other guests prevented from having dinner at Wabi Shebele Hotel (video)

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013 https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=10 … =2&theater

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ESAT Ethiopian News from DC – 11 March 2013

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013

Saudi Arabia police hunting down undocumented Ethiopians (photo)

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013

ENTC 2nd General Assembly conference Press Release

Tuesday, March 12th, 2013

Suffering of Ethiopian Refugees in Yemen (video documentary)

Monday, March 11th, 2013

Smooth handover of power critical to building Kenya’s reputation as a stable democracy

Sunday, March 10th, 2013

The life of Ethiopian poet Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin

Sunday, March 10th, 2013 http://www.tsehaipublishers.com ትጎበኙ ዘንድ ይሁን፡፡

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ESAT Ethiopian News from Amsterdam – 09 March 2013

Saturday, March 9th, 2013

ENTC congratulates the people of Kenya

Saturday, March 9th, 2013

Disinformation against ESFNA

Saturday, March 9th, 2013

21-year-old Ethiopian becomes Miss Israel (video)

Saturday, March 9th, 2013

Uhuru Kenyatta is declared the winner of Kenya’s presidential election

Friday, March 8th, 2013

Uhuru Kenyatta wins Kenya presidential election – AP

Friday, March 8th, 2013