Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

40 soldiers killed each other in eastern Ethiopia

Saturday, December 29th, 2012

http://ethsat.com/2012/12/28/%e1%8a%a2% … %e1%8a%a5/

TPLF army units in Bure front clash with each other.A number of troops killed and wounded.The clash still goes on.


የኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ የሰው ኃይልን በርካሽ ዋጋ ሊያቀርብ እንደሚችል በኩዌትና በሳዑዲ ዓረቢያ መገናኛ ብዙኃን ማስታወቂያው እያስነገረ ነው

Friday, December 28th, 2012

በኩዌት በሳዑዲ ዓረቢያና ጅዳ የኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ የሰው ኃይልን በርካሽ ዋጋ ሊያቀርብ እንደሚችል በአገሪቱ መገናኛ ብዙኃን ማስታወቂያው እያስነገረ ነው፡፡
Hellen Zewdu

ሰው በፈለገበት ቦታና አገር የመዘዋወር መብቱ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ተረጋግጦለታል፡፡ በኮንትራት በቤት ሠራተኝነት ወደ አረብ አገሮች የሚሄዱ ኢትዮጵያዉያን የሚደርስባቸዉ በደል ከጊዜ ወደ ጊዜ መባባሱ ይሰማል። ኢትዮጵያውያኑ ላይ ከፍተኛ የሆነ አካላዊና ሥነ ልቦናዊ ጉዳት እየደረሰ ነው። ለዚህም በዋነኛነት ማሳያ የሚሆነው በተለያዩ የዓረብ አገሮች በቤት ሠራተኛነት በሚሄዱት እህቶቻችን ላይ የሚታየው የሞት፣ የአካል መጉደል፣ የመደፈርና ያለደመወዝ ማባረር ጥቂቶች ናቸው፡፡ በዚህ ዓመት እንኳን ከዓለም ደቻሳ ጀምሮ በድብደባ ህይወታቸውን ያጡትን ለከፍተኛ የአካል ጉዳት የተዳረጉትን የተደፈሩትን ከፎቅ የተወረወሩትን ለአእምሮ መቃወስ የተዳረጉት የትየለሌ ናቸው ኢትዮጵያዉያን የኮንትራት ሰራተኞች በአሰሪወቻቸው የሚደርስባቸውን ጥቃት ታዋቂ የሳዉዲ ጋዜጦች ሳይቀሩ በዝርዝር እየዘገቡት ነው፡፡

የወገኖቻችን እንግልት የሚጀምረው አገራቸው ላይ ነው፡፡ የሳዑዲ ዓረቢያ ዜግነት ያላቸው ኢትዮጵያውያንም በዜጎቻችን ላይ ክብራቸውን ጭምር የሚነካ ተግባር የሚፈጽሙ አሉ፡፡ በተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ክልሎች በደላላዎች እየተደለሉ ከየቀያቸው እየተፈናቀሉ ዜጎቻችን ለጉዳት እየተዳረጉ ነው፡፡ ሁሉም ነገር አልጋ ባልጋ እንደሆነና ወርቅ ተነጥፎ እንደሚጠብቃቸው በመስበክ ወጎኖቻችንን እያስጨረሱ ነው፡፡ ከእነዚህ ደላሎች በስተጀርባ የመንግስት እጅ አለበት መንግሥት ዜጎችን ከመጠበቅና ካለበት ኃላፊነት አንጻር እሱም ተጠያቂ ነው፡፡ ዕድሜያቸው እንዳልሞላ እየታወቀ ከ13-15 ዓመትን ልጅን 23-26 ዓመት በማለት በማጣራትና አይቶም መገመት ሲቻል ፓስፖርት ይሰጧቸዋል የሚያስደነግጥ ነው፡፡ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ወደ ሳዑዲና ኩዌት ለመሄድ የሚመጡት መጻፍ፣ ማንበብ የማይችሉና መታወቂያና ፓስፖርት መሆኑን መለየት የማይችሉ ናቸው፡፡ ፓስፖርት እስከሚያወጡና የሕክምና ምርመራ እስከሚደረግላቸው ድረስ ብዙ ችግሮችን ያሳልፋሉ ሁሉም ነገር ተሳክቶላቸው እስከሚሄዱ ድረስ የደላሎቹ የወሲብ መፈጸሚያ ይሆናሉ፡፡ የጤና ምርመራ ሲደረግላቸውም የHIV ተጠቂ ሆነው ይገኛሉ ውጤታቸው ሲነገራቸው እንደ ውርደት ስለሚቆጥሩት ተመልሰው ወደቀያቸው መግባትን ይተዉና ራሳቸውን በመሸጥ ለመተዳደር ይሞክራሉ፡፡ በሽታውንም ያስተላልፋሉ ላልተፈለገ እርግዝና ለ አደንዛዥ ዕፆች ተጋላጭ እየሆኑ ነው፡፡

የጤና ምርመራ ውጤቱን አግኝተው ከተጓዙ በኋላ በተቀባይ አገሮችም ችግር ይደርስባቸዋል፡፡ እዚያ ሲመረመሩ ብቁ አይደላችሁም ተብለው እንዲመለሱ ይገደዳሉ ወይም የት እንዳሉና ማን እንደቀጠራቸው፣ ስንት ቤተሰብ ያለበት ቤት እንደሚገቡ በስንት እንደተቀጠሩ፣ ቀጣሪዎች ለሕገወጦች ከፍለናል የሚሉት ገንዘብ ስንት እንደሆነና ከሄዱ ከስንት ጊዜ በኋላ ደመወዛቸውን እንደሚያገኙ አያውቁትም፡፡ ዱባይ ከደረሱ በኋላ ወደ አፍጋኒስታንና ኢራን ሳይቀር ለቤት ሠራተኝነት ያግዟቸዋል፡፡ ወይም ዱባይ አየር መንገድ ደርሰው የሚቀበላቸው ሰው ባለማግኘት አየር ማረፊያው አካባቢ ሜዳ ላይ ለመዋልና ለማደር፣ ለምኖ ለመብላትም የተገደዱ በርካቶች ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ ልጆች ወዴት እንደሚሄዱና ለምን እንደሚሄዱ እነሱ ብቻ ሳይሆኑ መንግሥት ራሱ ማወቅ ነበረበት፡፡ የዜጎቹን መብት የሚያስከብር መንግስት የለንም በዚህ የተነሳ ዜጎች በተለያዩ መንገዶች በሕገወጥ መንገድ እየወጡ ነው፡፡ የሚደርስባቸውን አደጋ መንግሥት ጠንቅቆ ያውቀዋል፡

የዚህ ምክንያት ብዙ ነው፡፡ አንዱና ዋነኛው ቁጥጥሩና ክትትሉ በአግባቡ አለመቃኘቱ ነው፡፡ ዜጎች በየትኛውም ቦታ የመዘዋወር ሕገመንግሥታዊ መብት አላቸው፡፡ ነገር ግን በተለይ ወደ መካከለኛው ምሥራቅ የሚደረገው ጉዞ ለሥራ መሆኑን መንግሥት ጠንቅቆ ያውቃል፡፡ ጉዞው በህጋዊ መንገድ መሆን ሲገባው፣ በተለያየ መንገድ የሚመጣላቸውን ቪዛ ሕጋዊ ሳያስደርጉና ሳይመዘገቡ ዝም ብለው ነው የሚሄዱት፡፡ ይኽ ደግሞ በውጭ አገር ያሉ ሕገወጦች ቪዛዎችን እያወጡ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ሲልኩ እዚህ ያሉት ሕገወጦች ተቀብለውና በሕገወጥ መንገድ ለመለመሏቸው ዜጎች ይሰጣሉ፡፡ በዚህ መካከል ሕገወጦቹ እየተጠቀሙባቸው ይገኛሉ፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ የኩዌት ኤምባሲ ከሚሠሩ የበታች ሠራተኞች ጋር በሚደረግ የምስጢር ግንኙነት ሕጋዊ ሥርዓቱን በሚቃረን መልኩ እየተሠራ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም ሕጋዊዎቹ ኤጀንሲዎች ሥራቸው እየተዳከመ ነው፡፡ መንግስት ባለበት አገር ሕግ እየተጣሰ በሕጋዊ መንገድ በሚላከው ቪዛ ዜጎች በሕገወጥ መንገድ እየሄዱ ነው፡፡

በሳዑዲ ዓረቢያ ያሉ የኢትዮጵያ ቆንስላዎች ወደ ሳዑዲ የሚላኩ ሠራተኞች ስለሚያገኙት ደመወዝ መወሰን የሚችሉት እነሱ እንደሆኑና እጅግ በወረደ ደመወዝ እንደሚያስቀጥሩ መረጃ አለ፡፡ በኩዌትና በሳዑዲ ዓረቢያ በተለይ ጅዳ ላይ ኤምባሲው የሰው ኃይልን በርካሽ ዋጋ ሊያቀርብ እንደሚችል በአገሪቱ መገናኛ ብዙኃን እያስነገረና በጋዜጣ ላይ ማስታወቂያው እየወጣ ነው፡፡ ተልዕኮአቸውና ኃላፊነታቸው አይደለም፡፡ በዚህ ጉዳይ የሚሳተፉ የኤምባሲ ሠራተኞች አሉ፡፡ በኩዌት አካባቢም ከአሠሪዎቻቸው ሸሽተው ከለላ ለማግኝት ወደ ኤምባሲ ለመጠለል ስሄዱ ኤምባሲው ውስጥ ባሉ ሰራተኞች አማካይነት ለሌላ አሠሪ አሳልፈው እንደሚሸጧቸው ነው መረጃዎች የሚያመለክቱት፡፡ ይህንን ጉዳይ ለማስቆም የተንቀሳቀሱትን ወገን ወዳድ ዜጎች በመንግስት ባለስልጣናት ታፍነዋል፡፡

በአሁኑም ጊዜ ወደ ሳዑዲ ዓረቢያ በቀን ከአንድ ሺሕ እስከ አንድ ሺሕ አምስት መቶ ይሄዳሉ፡፡ ተቀባይ አገሮች ከሌሎች ሠራተኛ አቅራቢ አገሮች ጋር ያላቸው ግንኙነት ጥሩ ስላልሆነ ፊታቸውን መሪና መንግስት ወደ ሌላት ኢትዮጵያ አዙረዋል ምክንያቱም ሌሎች አገሮች የዜጎቻቸውን መብት እያስከበሩ ሰለሚልኩ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ብዙ አገሮች ወደ መንግስት አልባዋ ኢትዮጵያ ትኩረት እያደረጉ ነው፡፡

ለምሳሌ ፊሊፒንን ብንወስድ በዱባይ የሚገኘው ኤምባሲያቸው ጉዟቸውን ሳያፀድቅ አገራቸውን ለቀው አይወጡም፡፡ የአገራቸው መንግሥትም ማንኛውም የቤት ሠራተኛ ሆኖ የሚሄድ ዜጋው ከ450 ዶላር በታች ተከፋይ ሆኖ እንዳይጓዝ በሕግ ደንግጓል፡፡ ችሎታና የትምህርት ደረጃቸውን በሚመለከት የሚሞሉት የቅጥር ፎርም ትክክለኛና እውነተኛ ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውያኑ ለሚያጋጥሟቸው አስከፊ ችግሮች፣ ለሚደርስባቸው ከፍተኛ የሰብዓዊ መብት ረገጣና የጉልበት ብዝበዛ መነሻ የሴቶቹ የአገሩን ባህልና አኗኗር ዘይቤ አለማወቅና ለሥራቸው የሚያስፈልጋቸውን ሥልጠና አለማግኘት ነው፡፡ እንደ ልብስ ማጠቢያ ወይም ምግብ ማብሰያ ባሉ ማሽኖች ግራ ይጋባሉ፡፡ ስለሚቀጠሩበት ቤት ሁኔታ፣ የቤተሰብ ብዛት ሌላም ሌላም አንድም የሚያውቁት ነገር ሳይኖር ከአገር ይወጣሉ፡፡ በተለይም ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ እንደሚታየው ወደ አረብ አገሮች በመሔድ ላይ ያሉት ለአዲስ አበባ እንኳ እንግዳ የሆኑ ከገጠር አካባቢ የሚመጡ ልጆች ናቸው፡፡

በሌላ በኩል የሚቀጥራቸው እንዲገኝ ሲባል የኢትዮጵያውያኑ የቅጥር ፎርም ችሎታቸው ምንም ይሁን ምን ሁሉንም ዘመናዊ የቤት ውስጥ መገልገያ ማሽን መጠቀም እንደሚችሉ፤ ማንኛውንም ሥራ ለመሥራትም ብቃት እንዳላቸው ተደርጎ ይሞላል፡፡ ይህን ከፍተኛ ቁጥር የተመለከቱ ዱባይ ውስጥ የሚገኙ ህንድና ፓኪስታናዊ ደላሎች አማርኛ ለምደው ሥራቸውን እያቀላጠፉ ኢትዮጵያውያኑ በወር የሚከፈላቸው 135 ዶላር ሲሆን፣ ኤጀንሲዎች አንዲት ኢትዮጵያዊትን በማስቀጠር የሚያገኙት 500 አልያም 550 ዶላር ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው አንዲት ፈሊፒን የቤት ሠራተኛን በማስቀጠር ኤጀንሲዎች ከ2700 ዶላር በላይ ያገኛሉ፡፡ ‹‹አንዲት ፊሊፒን ለሚቀጥር ኢትዮጵያዊ ይመረቅለታል›› የሚሉ ማስታወቂያዎች በተለያዩ የሥራ ማስታወቂያ ጋዜጦችና ድረ ገጾች ላይ መመልከትም የተለመደ ሆኖአል፡፡

እግዚአብሔር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ


የኢህአዴግ መደበኛ ጠቅላላ ጉባዔ በየካቲት ወር በመቀሌ ከተማ ይካሄዳል፥ የግንባሩን አመራር ይመርጣል

Thursday, December 27th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- የኢህአዴግ ጉባዔ በየካቲት ወር በመቀሌ ከተማ የግንባሩን አመራር ይመርጣል ተብሎ የሚጠበቅ ቢሆንም ምርጫው ግን
ብዙም አዳዲሰ ለውጦች እንደማይኖሩት ለድርጅቱ ቅርበት ያላቸው ሰዎች ገለጡ

በግንባሩ ሕገደንብ መሰረት ከሁለት እስከ ሁለት ዓመት ተኩል ባለው ጊዜ ውስጥ የሚካሄደው ይኸው ጉባዔ በየካቲት
ወር 2005 ሲካሄድ ግንባሩን ለቀጣይ ሁለት ዓመት የሚያገለግሉ አመራሮችን ይመርጣል፡፡

በዚሁ መሰረት የግንባሩ አባል ድርጅቶች እስከቀጣዩ ወር የራሳቸውን ጉባዔ በማካሄድ ለኢህአዴግ ሥራ አስፈጻሚነት የሚያገለግሉ
እያንዳንዳቸው ዘጠኝ አባላትን የሚመርጡ ሲሆን እነዚህ በጠቅላላው 36 አባላት የግንባሩ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ በመሆን
ከመካከላቸው የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበር፣ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ምርጫ በጉባዔው ላይ ያከናወናሉ፡፡

ይህ ጉባዔ ከአቶ መለስ ሞት በኃላ በቅርቡ የተሾሙትን የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበር አቶ ኃይለማርም ደሳለኝ እና ምክትላቸውን አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን ያነሳል ተብሎ እንደማይገመት ታውቋል፡፡

በሕመም ምክንያት ረዥም የሕክምና ክትትል ላይ የሚገኙት የአህዴድ ሊቀመንበር አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ በምክትላቸው
አቶ ሙክታር ከድር ይተካሉ ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡

አቶ አለማየሁ ቀደም ሲልም መልቀቂያ ከማቅረባቸው ጋር ተያይዞ በቅርቡ በተካሄደው የሶስት ምክትል ጠ/ሚኒስትሮች ሹመት ውስጥ ኦህዴድን መወከል የሚገባቸው እሳቸው የነበሩ ቢሆንም ምክትላቸው አቶ ሙክታር እንዲሾሙ ኦህዴድ በወከላቸው መሰረት አቶ ኃይለማርያም ካቢኔ ውስጥ መካተታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡
በተያያዘ ዜና በቅርቡ የተካሄደው ሹመት ብዙም ያላስደሰታቸው የህወሃት አባላት የቀድሞ የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትር
የነበሩትን አቶ ቴዎድሮስ አድሃኖምን ወደ ውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት እንዲዛወሩ ያደረጉት ከሁለት ዓመት በኃላ
የጠ/ሚኒስትርነትን ቦታ እንዲይዙ ታቅዶ ሊሆን ይችላል የሚሉ አስተያየቶች አሉ።

የአቶ መለስ ሞት ከማንም በላይ ህወሃቶችን ያደናገጠና ሁኔታውንም ተከትሎ የተሰጡ ሹመቶች ነባር የሚባሉ ከፍተኛ
የህወሃት አመራሮችን ጭምር እንዳላረካ የሚጠቅሱት የቅርብ ሰዎች፣ ትልቁ የህወሃቶች ስጋት ከእጃቸው የወጣውን ስልጣን መቼ
መልሰው እንደሚያገኙት እርግጠኛ መሆን አለመቻላቸውና ብዙዎቹ አመራሮች ከፍተኛ ሃብት ከማፍራታቸው ጋር ተያይዞ
ስጋት ላይ በመውደቃቸው ነው ተብሎአል፡፡

ይህ ጉዳይ በህወሃቶች በሚስጢር ተመክሮበት አቶ ቴዎድሮስ ከጠ/ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርም ጋር በቅርበት መስራት በሚያስችላቸው ቦታ በማስጠጋት በ2007 ዓ.ም አገራዊ ምርጫን ተከትሎ በሚደረገው የጠ/ሚኒስትር ሹመት ብቁ ማድረግ የሚለው ዕቅዳቸው በፓርቲያቸው ተቀባይነት አግኝቶ መተግበሩን አስረድተዋል፡፡

እንደ ህወሃቶች ዕቅድ ከሆነ አቶ ኃይለማርያም ከሁለት ዓመት ስልጣን በኃላ መሰናበታቸው ግድ ይሆናል፡፡ ይሁን እንጅ ይህ የተባለው ዕቅድ መኖርና አለመኖሩን ከገለልተኛ ወገን ማረጋገጥ አልተቻለም።

ኢህአዴግ ባስቀመጠው የመተካካት ዕቅድ መሰረት የብአዴን ጎምቱ የተባሉ አመራሮች በአዲስ መተካት ሚኖርባቸው ቢሆንም እስካሁን ባለው መረጃ መሰረት እንደ እነአቶ በረከት ስምኦን የመሳሰሉ ነባር አመራሮች ከፓርቲው ስራ አስፈጻሚ ስለመነሳታቸው ጉዳይ ምንም ዓይነት ፍንጭ አለመኖሩን ጠቁሟል።


የህወሀት ከፍተኛ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት አሜሪካ በመምጣት ከትግራይ ተወላጆች ጋር ሊመክሩ ነው

Thursday, December 27th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-ምክትል የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዶክተር ደብረ-ጽዮን ገብረሚካኤል፣ የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖም እና አቶ አባይ ወልዱ በመጪው ጥር ወር አሜሪካ በመምጣት ስለ ኢትዮጵያ ወቅታዊ ጉዳይ ከትግራይ ተወላጆች ጋር ብቻ እንደሚመክሩ ተመለከተ።

የመንግስት ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናቱ በ ኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካዊ ጉዳይ ከትግራይ ተወላጆች ጋር እንዲመካከሩ መድረኩን ያመቻቸው የትግራይ ልማት ማህበር ነው።

ደብረብርሀን ብሎግ እንደዘገበው የትግራይ ልማት ማህበር በዲያስፓራ ራሱን የቻለ የትግራይ መንግስት እየፈጠረ ያለ ድርጅት ነው።

አንድ የትግራይ ተወላጅ ወደ ውጪ አገር በሚመጣበት ጊዜ ወዲያው በመመዝገብ ታክስ እንደሚሰበስብ የጠቀሰው ብሎጉ፤ ማህበሩ ከረዥም ጊዜ አንስቶ በዲያስፖራ የሚገኙ የትግራይ ተወላጆችን ከሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ወንድሞቻቸው ለመለየት እየደከመ የሚገኝ ጽንፈኛ ማህበር መሆኑን ጠቁሟል።

ይህ ጽንፈኛ ማህበር ከኢትዮጵያዊነት ይልቅ የትግራይ ብሄርተኝነትን ለማስፋፋት እየተንቀሳቀሰ መሆኑን በማውሳትም፤ በመጪው ጥር ወር ወደ አሜሪካ የሚመጡት ከፍተኛ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት በ አገር ጉዳይ ከትግራይ ተወላጆች ጋር ብቻ እንዲሰበሰቡ የግብዣ ጥሪ ያቀረበውና ፕሮግራሙን ያዘጋጀውም ይኸው የትግራይ ልማት ማህበር መሆኑን አመልክቷል።

በሚኒሶታና አካባቢው የሚኒሩ የትግራይ ተወላጆች በተደጋጋሚ ባወጧቸው መግለጫዎች ፦የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት ወደ ወጪ አገር ሲመጡ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ጋር ብቻ ስብሰባ ማድረጋቸውን በማውገዝ፤ የህወሀት መሪዎች የትግራይን ህዝብ ከሌላው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ጋር ለመለያዬት ከሚከተሉት ጠባብ የጎሰኝነት መንገድ እንዲታረሙ ማሻሰባቸው ይታወሳል።


Kenya Hospital Imprisons New Mothers Who Can’t Pay Bills

Thursday, December 27th, 2012

I thought I heard it all before, but the outrageous actions of African governments never ends, it gets worse with time.

Kenya Hospital Imprisons New Mothers Who Can’t Pay Bills

By JASON STRAZIUSO 12/27/12 11:05 AM ET EST AP

NAIROBI, Kenya — The director of the Pumwani Maternity Hospital, located in a hardscrabble neighborhood of downtown Nairobi, freely acknowledges what he’s accused of: detaining mothers who can’t pay their bills. Lazarus Omondi says it’s the only way he can keep his medical center running.

Two mothers who live in a mud-wall and tin-roof slum a short walk from the maternity hospital, which is affiliated with the Nairobi City Council, told The Associated Press that Pumwani wouldn’t let them leave after delivering their babies. The bills the mothers couldn’t afford were $60 and $160. Guards would beat mothers with sticks who tried to leave without paying, one of the women said.

Now, a New York-based group has filed a lawsuit on the women’s behalf in hopes of forcing Pumwani to stop the practice, a practice Omondi is candid about.

"We hold you and squeeze you until we get what we can get. We must be self-sufficient," Omondi said in an interview in his hospital office. "The hospital must get money to pay electricity, to pay water. We must pay our doctors and our workers."

"They stay there until they pay. They must pay," he said of the 350 mothers who give birth each week on average. "If you don’t pay the hospital will collapse."

The Center for Reproductive Rights, which filed the suit this month in the High Court of Kenya, says detaining women for not paying is illegal. Pumwani is associated with the Nairobi City Council, one reason it might be able to get away with such practices, and the patients are among Nairobi’s poorest with hardly anyone to stand up for them.

Maimouna Awuor was an impoverished mother of four when she was to give birth to her fifth in October 2010. Like many who live in Nairobi’s slums, Awuor performs odd jobs in the hopes of earning enough money to feed her kids that day. Awuor, who is named in the lawsuit, says she had saved $12 and hoped to go to a lower-cost clinic but was turned away and sent to Pumwani. After giving birth, she couldn’t pay the $60 bill, and was held with what she believes was about 60 other women and their infants.

"We were sleeping three to a bed, sometimes four," she said. "They abuse you, they call you names," she said of the hospital staff.

She said saw some women tried to flee but they were beaten by the guards and turned back. While her husband worked at a faraway refugee camp, Awuor’s 9-year-old daughter took care of her siblings. A friend helped feed them, she said, while the children stayed in the family’s 50-square-foot shack, where rent is $18 a month. She says she was released after 20 days after Nairobi’s mayor paid her bill. Politicians in Kenya in general are expected to give out money and get a budget to do so.

A second mother named in the lawsuit, Margaret Anyoso, says she was locked up in Pumwani for six days in 2010 because she could not pay her $160 bill. Her pregnancy was complicated by a punctured bladder and heavy bleeding.

"I did not see my child until the sixth day after the surgery. The hospital staff were keeping her away from me and it was only when I caused a scene that they brought her to me," said Anyoso, a vegetable seller and a single mother with five children who makes $5 on a good day.

Anyoso said she didn’t have clothes for her child so she wrapped her in a blood-stained blouse. She was released after relatives paid the bill.

One woman says she was detained for nine months and was released only after going on a hunger strike. The Center for Reproductive Rights says other hospitals also detain non-paying patients.

Judy Okal, the acting Africa director for the Center for Reproductive Rights, said her group filed the lawsuit so all Kenyan women, regardless of socio-economic status, are able to receive health care without fear of imprisonment. The hospital, the attorney general, the City Council of Nairobi and two government ministries are named in the suit.
___

Associated Press reporter Tom Odula contributed to this report.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/2 … 69972.html


New Jersey Bisrate-Gebriel Church 1st annual celebration of Tahisas Gebriel

Thursday, December 27th, 2012

Bisrate Gebriel Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church would like to extend this special invitation to you and your family for the 1st annual celebration of Tahisas Gebriel.

For those of you who are coming by train to Jersey City by train/mass transit, the church will provide shuttle service from Journal Square train Station. Please contact us with the following phone numbers up on arrival to the station.
917-214-5492 or 973-452-6169

Please visit our New Website for more information: http://gebriel.org/

Bisrate Gebriel Ethiopian O.T. Church
Service Address: 214 Martin Luther King Jr Dr
Jersey City, NJ 07305


In Ethiopia, a daily struggle for clean water (video)

Thursday, December 27th, 2012

In the first in a series of collaborative reports about water problems around the world, Fred de Sam Lazaro of PBS reports on the shortage of potable water in Ethiopia and how the effort required to maintain existing watering points affects millions of people every day.

Transcript

WOMAN (through translator): We have no choice, this is the only option we have. We’re really desperate. We don’t have strength and we don’t have donkeys. Yes, my children are always getting ill, stomach aches, stomach aches, stomach aches.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: Keria Salo must balance concerns about her kids health against the perils of walking miles to what is called a community water point, or sometimes to an open pond or a river.

WOMAN (through translator): We usually go to the town to get water, but, even there, we always have to fight for a place in line. If you’re not from that area, you don’t get first preference. When you go further out, you always run into conflicts. The people with access to water are stronger.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: Perhaps three quarters of Ethiopia’s population do not have easy access to clean drinking water.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: It causes ripples throughout society. At a nearby school, the principal says water chores fall mostly to girls, who often come late or not at all.

ZERIHUN TEKLE, principal (through translator): It causes severe problems like dropouts, coming late, repeating classes, just regressing in terms of education. Plus, when they go further in the summer, when there’s less water, they get beaten up or abducted for marriages, which is another problem.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: For years, development experts thought, if they just put in enough water points, the problem would be solved. It didn’t take long for many they did install to stop functioning, says Meselich Seyoum, who works for a Britain-based non-government organization called Water Aid.

MESELICH SEYOUM, Water Aid: In most cases, those failures happened because there was no involvement of community from the beginning. There was this feeling of, we know what’s good for the people, and then we just go in, put the system, and leave. There was — there was no ownership, and there was no capacity of the community, not knowing how to even manage the system, so that it can last for a longer period of time.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: She says her agency now works in partnership with groups based in the country and with local communities.

In the village of Falka, this well-used facility was designed by an Ethiopian non-government group, Water Action. Because it’s arid here, the well is more than 1,000 feet deep and the water pumped up has to be treated for excessive fluoride.

Under the new approach, the aid groups provide engineering and scientific expertise, but it’s the villagers who must chip in, at least with their labor. In Falka, the community was given ownership and responsibility to maintain this facility. Every household pays about 50 cents a week, a rate set by local leaders. So far, the user fees have generated a fund balance of more than $1,000.

ABARRASH MUNATI, committee member (through translator): We have seven committee members who collect the money. They also educate on health issues. They bring it in once a week. So far, we have not had any complaints.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: Abarrash Munati is on a committee set up by community leaders to manage the water point. She lacks much formal education, but she knows about her community’s system and what it has accomplished.

ABARRASH MUNATI (through translator): The white tank takes water from down below. The blue one treats this thing fluoride, which we hear is bad for people. Our kids used to suffer from diarrhea, stomach aches, typhoid. It was also difficult for us to keep clean because we couldn’t get water and we couldn’t afford it. Plus, also, pregnant women would have to go a long way to get water. We had a lot of miscarriages.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: The fact that Abarrash Munati does not have to spend hours every day fetching water allows her time to be productive in other ways. And her family’s relative affluence is immediately visible in this home when you see these bags, stockpiles of cereals good for months for her family.

Her husband, Muhammad Hajji Siraj, agrees life is a lot easier for him and their five children.

MUHAMMAD HAJJI SIRAJ, Ethiopia (through translator): When she was away, we had to tend the farm, as well as the household. When the kids want their mommy, we have to tend them. Also, when they are late, we have to leave home and go in search of them. Now, with water closer by, we don’t have to worry about such things.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: They also don’t have to worry about interruptions in their water supply. Several local residents have been trained to maintain it. Some day, they plan to install another water point.

The key question, why are villages like Falka so rare? Experts say there isn’t enough money to cover all of rural Ethiopia. Yet, at the same time, only a fraction of funds the government has set aside have been spent.

Adane Kassa heads the group Water Action.

ADANE KASSA, Water Action: Fund scarcity, on one hand, is a problem, but, in reality, fund absorption is also a problem. This is because of the lack of — of capacity, capacity in terms of manpower, absorption, capacity in terms manpower and skills.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: That shows up in the report card from regions like Alaba, where the village of Falka is located, says Nuredin Hassan Lamacho, a regional government executive

NUREDIN HASSAN LAMACHO, regional government executive (through translator): So far, we have 16 dug wells. In addition, with help of governments and donors and our administration, we have dug a total of 34 boreholes. But this only reaches a third of the population. Two-thirds remain without clean water access.

FRED DE SAM LAZARO: At the rate they’re going, he says, it will take 40 years to get a source of clean water to every village in his jurisdiction. So, mud puddles and risky treks will continue to be a way of life.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Woyannes turn on each other?

Wednesday, December 26th, 2012

Could someone translate for us what this Woyanne is crying about? It seems like he is saying TPLF is losing power.

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Hailemariam Desalegn meets with Al-Bashir in Khartoum

Wednesday, December 26th, 2012

Image

Khartoum – President of the Republic, Field Marshal Omer Al Bashir and the visiting Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn held joint talks yesterday on bilateral relations between the two countries in the political and social fields.

State Minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Salah Wanasi, in press statement following talks said President Al Bashir and Prime Minister Desalegn discussed social and political relations and Ethiopia’s role towards sustainable peace in Sudan.

He said the President and the Premier also discussed a range of issues between the two countries including the role of the Ethiopian troops to achieve peace in Abyei.

The Prime Minister arrived in Khartoum yesterday leading a high level ministerial delegation on his first visit to Sudan since taking over reigns of government in Ethiopia. He told reporters at the airport that the visit comes as part of efforts to strengthen relations between the two countries based on the foundation laid by the late Prime Minister Melez Zenawi.

Everybody knows that Sudan and Ethiopia maintain brotherly relations, they are not only two neighbouring countries, he said, and praised the warn reception accorded to him by President Al Bashir at the airport.

Emad Sayed Ahmed, presidency press secretary told reporters that talks between the two leaders focused on bilateral cooperation and issues of mutual concern. He said the visiting premier met with several Sudanese officials.

The visit is a continuation of efforts by Ethiopia to push the peace process between Sudan and South Sudan forward, Ahmed said. Desalegn will leave for Juba today, he added.

http://news.sudanvisiondaily.com/detail … pid=217675


Two Eritrean journalists detained in Sudan

Wednesday, December 26th, 2012

Eritrean journalists detained in Sudan

KHARTOUM: Two Eritrean opposition journalists in Sudan have been detained by Khartoum’s intelligence service, an Eritrean opposition source said on Tuesday.

Abdalal Mahmoud of the Eritrean Centre for Media Services (www.adoulis.com) and Haroun Adam, who has also written for the foreign-based opposition website, have been held since Monday, according to the Khartoum-based opposition source.

Eritrean opposition groups are banned in neighbouring Sudan.

Agents called both writers to report to the security office on Monday but neither has returned and their phones are off, the source said, asking for anonymity.

French-based watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ranks Eritrea last of 179 countries on its 2011-12 Press Freedom Index. Sudan fares little better, at 170.

Agence France-Presse

http://gulftoday.ae/portal/646b9221-a0c … 0079d.aspx


The 2012 Most Valuable Members of the Ethiopian Review Forum

Wednesday, December 26th, 2012

To encourage a more productive discussion in this forum, starting this year we will select The Top 5 Most Valuable Members.

The 2012 Most Valuable Members are:

1. Revolutions – For consistently posting informative posts and thoughtful messages without resorting to a word of insult.

2. Conformist – For his insightful messages and sharing with us articles on various non-Ethiopia/Eritrea topics that help us widen our scope of knowledge about the world we live in. His messages are also free of offensive words.

3. Revelations – For sharing with us on a consistent basis information about the crimes that are being perpetrated by the TPLF junta in Ethiopia.

4. Aragaw – His selection of news and Amharic articles are great — but not some of the words he chooses for his message when responding to other members he is disagreeing with.

5. Beles – For sharing with us breaking news inside the country as they happen.

Thank you for your contributions in helping make this forum a valuable place for exchanging ideas and sharing information.

There are many other members also who make valuable contributions, but their choice of offensive words has been a big disappointment. Hopefully, we all will improve our communication style in 2013. Let’s use this forum to help make peace between people and advance the cause of unity and freedom. The terrible ethnic slur that some members use are hurtful to themselves as well, not just the targeted groups. We will keep this forum the most free Ethiopian website while continuing to remind each other about the responsibility that comes with freedom.

Thank you.
Elias


የኦብነግ አንጃ ለድርድር አዲስ አበባ ገባ

Wednesday, December 26th, 2012

(ሪፖርተር) – ከጥቂት ወራት በፊት በኦጋዴን ብሔራዊ ነፃነት ግንባር (ኦብነግ) እና በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት መካከል ሊካሄድ የታሰበው ድርድር ከተቋረጠ በኋላ አንድ የቡድኑ አንጃ ከመንግሥት ጋር ለመደራደር አዲስ አበባ መግባቱ ታወቀ፡፡ ከውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር የተገኘው መረጃ እንደሚጠቁመው፣ አብዲኑር አብዱላሂ ፋራህ የሚመራው የኦብነግ አጀንዳ በኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ ክልል እየተካሄደ ስላለው ልማት ደስተኛ መሆኑን አምኖ፣ በአካባቢው ሰላም ለመፍጠር ከመንግሥት ጋር ለመደራደር ወስኗል፡፡

object

ባለፈው ጥቅምት ወር በናይሮቢ ሊካሄደ ታስቦ የነበረው ድርድር አንዳንድ የድርጅቱ አመራሮች የኢትዮጵያን ሕገ መንግሥት አንቀበልም በማለታቸው በተነሳው አለመግባባት የተኮላሸ ሲሆን፣ ለድርድሩ መቋረጥ ምክንያት የሆኑት አድሚራል መሐመድ ኡስማን በአሁኑ ወቅት በአስመራ እንደሚገኙ ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡ በድርጅቱ ብዙም ሕዝባዊ ተቀባይነት እንደሌላቸው የአንጃው መሪ አብዲኑር መግለጻቸው ታውቋል፡፡

የኦብነግን አንጃ በመወከል አዲስ አበባ የተገኙት አብዲኑር እንደሚሉት፣ በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በአሸባሪነት የተፈረጀው ኦብነግ ውስጥ ሕገ መንግሥቱን በመቀበልና ባለመቀበል በተፈጠረ አለመግባባት መከፋፈል ተፈጥሯል፡፡

በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ድንገተኛ ሕልፈት ምክንያት በኢትዮጵያ የሥልጣን ክፍተት ይፈጠራል የሚል ግምት የነበረው ኦብነግ በመከፋፈሉ፣ በአካባቢው ሰላምና ደኅንነት ለመፍጠር ሕገ መንግሥቱን ተቀብለው ስምምነት ከመፍጠር ውጪ አማራጭ የለም ብለዋል፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት የሰላም ስምምነቱ በሚፈረምበት ሁኔታ ላይ ከአንዳንድ የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናት ጋር እየተነጋገሩ ይገኛሉ፡፡

አሁን አዲስ አበባ ገብተው ከመንግሥት ጋር የሰላም ድርድር ለማድረግ የመጡት አብዲኑር የኦብነግ የምሥራቅ አፍሪካ ወኪል፣ የማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ ሥራ አስፈጻሚና የድርድሩ ቃል አቀባይና የግንባሩ ምክትል የውጭ ጉዳይ ኃላፊ መሆናቸው ታውቋል፡፡ ‹‹ሕገ መንግሥታዊውን ሥርዓት አንቀበልም ማለታችን ስህተት ነበር፤›› ብለው አሁን ግን ድርድር ማድረጉ አስፈላጊ ነው ሲሉ ተናግረዋል፡፡

ባለፈው ዓመት በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥትና በአንዱ የኦብነግ አንጃ መካከል በአዲስ አበባ የሰላም ስምምነት መፈረሙ የሚታወስ ሲሆን፣ ይህ አሊታህት ተብሎ የሚጠራው አንጃ በኢንጂነር ማኦና በሐሰን አብዲ ካህን ይመራል፡፡

ኦብነግ በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት አሸባሪ ተብለው ከተሰየሙት ኦነግና ግንቦት ሰባት ከሚሰኙ የአገር ውስጥ ድርጅቶች ተርታ ይመደባል፡፡


With the death of Meles Zenawi, the power of Adwa elite is buried for good

Tuesday, December 25th, 2012

Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia’s prime minister for 17 years from 1995-2012 has taken the short lived power held by him and by his comrades from Adwa for good to the grave when he died in August of 2012.

Currently no Adwa Tigrian holds major position of prominence, be it at the foreign ministry, defence department or security apparatus, besides Sibhat Nega’s illusion of acting as if he matters and as if he makes things happen. He is best described as giving conflicting and provocative interviews in sympathetic media outlets—that are sheepish, that are known not to push for details and that are known for less on grilling.

More disturbing is that, Sibhat Nega primarily dismissed by Azeb Mesfin in 2010, has not been reinstated to TPLF cc and doesn’t hold any official position with in TPLF. Azeb Mesfin in the other hand is still the Chief executive officer and president as well as chairman of EFFORT, a position she stole from Sibhat Nega. Sibhat Nega is so powerless, he can’t even push Azeb out of EFFORT as well as TPLF’s politbureau in which the is executive member.

Azeb’s refusal to evacuate Minilik palace is an indication to the support she enjoys from melese’s trusted and close friend Getachew Assefa who knows every TPLF’s dirty secretes and himself a non-Adwa Tigrian Security Chief, and we are told the only person who had firsthand account of the where about of meles zeanwi and the hour by hour update of his situation, when he was sick and absent from duty for almost a month and half. Getachew and Debrtsion were the only two individuals who had the full knowledge of Meles’s serious illness the months of July and August of 2012 according to what is being talked in Tigray during those black out months.


ሰብአዊ መብትና: መንግሥታዊ ግፊት በኢትዮጵያ (2012)

Tuesday, December 25th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም                                                                                                                     ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

በዲሴምበር 2008 ላይ በኢትዮጵያ የ‹‹ለውጥ የሌሽ ዓመት›› በማለት እንጉርጉሮ መሰል መልእክት ጽፌ ነበር፡፡

2008 የ2007፤2006፤2005፤2004 ቅጂ ነበር… በየቀኑ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሲነቁ ልክ እንደተሰበረ የሙዚቃ ሸክላ ባለፈው የሕይወት ስቃያቸው ድግግሞሽ መከራ ውስጥ በመዳከር ነበር የሚገኙት፡፡ እያንዳንዱ አዲስ ቀን ካለፈው የወረሰውን ይዞ ነበር የሚመጣው፡፡ ጫና፤ ማስፈራራት፤ ንቅዘት፤እስራት፤ ማጭበርበር… ጭካኔና የሰብአዊ መብት ገፈፋ… ከዚህ ክፉ ከሆነው የስቃይ፤ የጣረሞት ግርዶሽ፤ አዙሪት፤ የተስፋ እጦት፤ ውጣ ውረድ መከራ እንዴት እንደሚገላገሉ መንገዱን አያውቁትም፡፡ ስለዚህም ከዚህ መዓት ለመገላገል ያላቸው አንድ ተስፋ መጸለይ፤ መጸለይ፤ ደሞ መጸለይ ብቻ ነበር::

አሁን 2012 ዲሴምበር ነው::

ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች በ 2008፤ 2009፤ 2010፤ 2011፤ ከነበሩበት ሁኔታ አሁን የተሸለ ላይ ናቸው?

የጤፍ ዋጋ በ2008 ከነበረው ዋጋ ቀነሳል? አምና ከነበረው?

የምግብ ዘይት፤ የምርት ውጤቶች፤መሰረታዊ የምግብ አቅርቦት፤ ሥጋ፤ ዶሮ፤ እንቁላል፤ ቤት፤ ውሃ፤ መብራት፤ የምድጃ ጋዝ፤ ናፍጣ…..?

ዛሬ በኢትዮጵያ በ2008 ከነበሩት ድሆች ቁጥራቸው ጨምሯል? የባሰ ችጋር፤ ቤት አልባነት፤ ሥራ አጥነት፤ የጤና ችግር፤ አንስተኛ የትምህርት እድል ለወጣቶቹስ?

በ2008 ከነበረው ያነሰ ሙስና  አለ? ድብቅነት: ያነሰ ግልጽነት ተጠያቂነት በ2012 አለ?

በ2008 ከታየው የምርጫ ነጻነትና ፍትሃዊነት በ2012 አለ?

በ2008 ከነበሩት የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ቁጥር አሁን ቁጥራቸው የበዛ ይገኛሉ?

በ2008 ከነበረው የፕሬስ ነጻነት ያነሰ እና ካለፈው በጣም የበዙ ጋዜጠኞች በወህኒ ቤት በ2012 ይገኛሉ?

በ2012 ኢትዮጵያ ለዜጎቿ ምግብ አቅርቦት ከውጭ በሚቸር ምጽዋት ላይ በ2008 ከለመነችው የበለጠ ትጠይቃለች?

ኢትዮጵያ አሁንም በሰብአዊ መብት መድፈር  በተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት መዝገብ ላይ በመጨረሻው ደረጃ ላይ ነች? 

በ2012 የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የስርአት ግፊቶች ማስረጃዎች

አሁንም በተባባሰ ሁኔታ በኢትዮጵያ የሰብአዊ መብት ደፈራ ሁኔታ፤ በማያቋርጥ መልኩ በዋናነት ከሚጠቀሱ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችና እና ከሌሎች ከሚመለከታቸውና ከሚያሳስባቸው፤ አካላት ያለው አገዛዝ ውግዘቱ እየደረሰበት ነው፡፡ በ2012 ገዢው ፓርቲ፤ በባሰ ሁኔታ ከማይስማሙትና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በመግባባትና መቻቻል ፈንታ በመታበት  ጨቋኝና አዳዲስ አመለካከቶችን ለመቀበል የማይሻ ሆኗል፡፡ ይሄ አገዛዝ የራሱን ሕገ መንግሥት መናድ፤ ውል የገባበትን ዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌዎች መጣስ እና ነቃፊዎቹ ላይ ተጸኖ ማድረጉን አላቆመም:: አንዳንድ ሰዎች መለስ ካለፈ በሆላ የተሻለ ሊሆን ይችላል ብለው ቢያስቡም፤ የተቃዋሚዎችን አንዳንድ ሃሳቦች መቀበል፤የሰብአዊ መብት ወንጀሉንም በመጠኑም ቢሆን ለማስመሰልና በማለባበስ፤ የመሻሻል ቀን ቢጠበቅም ከራስ ጸጉራቸው እስከ እግር ጥፍራቸው ድረስ ስብእናቸውን ወደ መለስ ግልባጭነት ለመለወጥ በሚጣጣሩት በኩል ያለው ሁኔታ፤ ‹‹ወይ ፍንክች ያባ ቢላ ልጅ›› ከመለስ መርህ ሌላ ብለዋል፡፡ በእውር ድንብራችንም ቢሆን የመለስን ራእይ  እንከተላለን፤ ማለትም 2013፤ 2014፤ 2015… ከ20012 ወይም ከ2008 አንዳችም ለውጥ አይኖርም ባይ ናቸው፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ የሚታየው ሥልጣንን መከታ ያደረገ ግፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር እንደሚያረጋግጠው እጅጉን የከፋ ለመሆኑ ማስረጃው በራሱ ይመሰክራል፡፡

የዩ ኤስ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት እንቅስቃሴ መንግስታዊ ድፍረት በኢትዮጵያ (ሜይ 2012) ድምዳሜ፡-

በኢትዮጵያ ጉልሁ የዜጎች ሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር 100 የፐለቲካ ተቃዋሚ አባላት፤ ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎች፤ ጋዜጠኞች፤ ብሎግ አድራጊዎች በመንግስት ለእስር መዳረጋቸው ነው፡፡……. መንግሥት የፕሬስ ነጻነትን ገድቧል፤የእስርና የእንልት ፍርሃት ጋዜጠኞችን እራሳቸውን ሳንሱር እንዲያደርጉ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ የችሮታና የማሕበረሰቦች አዋጅ (ሲ ኤስ ኦ ሕግ) መንግስታዊ ያለሆኑ ድርጅቶች እንቅስቃሴና ተግባርና ሌሎችም የሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር ድርጊቶች፤ስቃይን፤ድብደባን፤ጉስቁልናንና ማዋረድን፤በደህንነት ሰዎች መንገላታትን፤ሕይወትን የሚፈታተንና ለሞትም ሊያደርስ በሚችል የወህኒ ቤት ሁኔታ መታሰርን፤ ያለ ፍርድ ቤት ትእዛዝ መያዝንና ከእስርም በኋላ በማያልቅ ቀጠሮ መቸገርን፤ ሕገ ወጥና ማስረጃ ያለቀረበበት በሶማሌ ግዛት በሚካሄደው ግጭት ላይ በሚመሰረት መሰረተ ቢስ ክስ ለስቃይ መዳረግ፤የመሰብሰብ ነጻነትን፤ የማሕበራት መደራጀትን፤ ማገድ፤ የፖሊስ አባላትና አመራሩ፤የመስተዳድሮች፤ የፍትህ አካላት በሙስና መዘፈቅ…

ላይ ይገኛል ሲል  አተቶል:: 

የሁማን ራይትስ ዎች ድምዳሜ

የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽን የማህበራትን በነጻ የመደራጀትን፤የመሰብሰብን፤መከልከልን በባሰ ሁኔታ ቀጥሎበታል፡፡በ2011 በመቶ የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ከሕግ ውጪ ተይዘው በወህኒ ይገኛሉ፤እስካሁንም ድረስ በስቃይና በሚጎዳ እስር ውስጥ ስቃያቸው እንዳለ ነው፡፡ሴፕቴምበር 2011 ድረስና ከዚያም በኋላ፤ የኦሮሞ ተወላጆችን በገፍ ማሰር፤የተቃዋሚውን የኦሮሞ ነጻ አውጪ ድርጅትን አባላት ጨምሮ በማርች ጋዜጠኞችን፤የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አባላትን፤ከጁን እስከ ሴፕቴምበር ድረስ አፈናውን በማጠናከር የጸረ ሽብርተኛ አዋጅን መሳርያ በማድረግ ብዙዎች ለግፍ ወህኒ ተዳርገዋል፡፡

የፍሪደም ሃውስ ድምዳሜ:

የፖለቲካ መብትንና የሲቪል ማሕበረሰቡን መብት በመድፈር ረገድ አሁን ኢትዮጵያ በ2012 በዓለም አሁንም ዝቅ ብላ 6ትገኛለች:: በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የፖለቲካ ሕይወት አሁንም በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ከ1995 ጀምሮ እስከ ህልፈታቸው ድረስ ይመራ በነበረው በገዢው ፓርቲ ኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ መዳፍ ስር ነው፡፡ የሜይ 2011 የፌዴራልና የክልል ምርጫዎች፤በጥብቅ በኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ ቁጥጥር ስር ነበረ:: ገዢውን ፓርቲ ያልደገፉ መራጮች ዛቻና ማስፈራሪያ ይደረግባቸውና ገዢውን ፓርቲ እንዲመርጡ ይገደዱ ነበር፡፡ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ስብሰባ በደህነነቶችና በፖሊስ ሃይል ይበተኑና መሪዎችም በቁጥጥር ስር ይውሉ ነበር፡፡ ኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ የጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጁን፤ተቃዋሚዎችንና የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላትን ለማሰርና ለማንገላታት የሚጠቀምበት መሳርያ ነው፡፡ ፓርላማው በርካታ ተቃዋሚዎችን ሽብርተኞች በማለት የተቃዋሚዎችንም ዘገባ የሚያትሙትን የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት በሽብርተኝነት ፈርጇል፡፡ ለእስር ዳርጓል፤ ለስደት አብቅቷል፡፡ ሚዲያው የተያዘው በመንግስትና መበንግስት ቁጥጥር በሚንቀሳቀሱ ጣቢያዎችና ሰራተኞቻቸው ሕትመቶችና የመንግስት ተቀጣሪ ሰራተኞች ነው፡፡ በ2009 የወጣው የመንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ መጽዋች ድርጅቶች ሕግ ድርጅቶቹ በሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይና በፖለቲካ የፋይናንስ አርድታ ላይ እንዳይንቀሳቀሱ አግዷቸዋል፡፡ ማንኛውም ሃገራዊ ድርጅትም ከውጪ ለጋሽ ድርጅቶች ሊያገኝ የሚገባውን መጠን ገድቦታል፡፡ ይህም ሕግ መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድርጅቶችን እንዳይንቀሳቀሱ ግዑዝ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ የፍትሕ አካሉ ለይስሙላ ነጻ ነው ይባላል፤ ውሳኔውም በአብዛኛው መንግስታዊ ሃሳብን ብቻ የሚደግፍ ነው፡፡

አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ‹‹የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የመለስን መተካት እንደ አለፈው ማረሚያና ማስተካከያ በመውሰድ ካለፈው በተለየ ሁኔታ፤በመንቀሳቀስ ተቃዋሚ የሆነን ማንንም ከመያዝና ማንም ለእስር እንዳይደረግ›› መሆን አንዳለበት ገልጻል፡፡ 

የማጣራያ ባለሙያዎች የሆኑትና በተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት ካውንስል እውቅናና ይሁንታ የተሰጣቸው ልዩ ራፖርተ ማዕና ኪያይ በ2012 ይፋ የውግዘት መግለጫ በማውጣት ገዢው ፓርቲ የጅምላ ክስ በጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጁ በመታገዝና አዋጁን ለራሱ በሚጠቅም መልኩ መጠቀሚያ በማድረግ፤ ነጻነትን በመግፈፍ፤ በሚያሳዝንና  በዓይነ ደረቅነት፤ቀጣይ እንዲሆን እያደረገ፤ የሰብአዊ መብትን መድፈሩን ቀጥሎበታል፡፡ በሰላማዊ መንገድ የመሰብሰብና የሙያ ማሕበራት መደራጀት ልዩ የተባበሩት መንግስታት ባለሙያ ራፖርተር፤ ሲደመድም፡-

በአሁኑ ወቅት በኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ማሕበራት ላይ ታላቅ ችግር በመፍጠር እንቅስቃሴያቸውን እያገደ ያለው፤ በሃገሪቱ ላይ የተጫነው የጸረሽብር አዋጅ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት በሁሉም ዘርፍ ያሉትን በተለይም የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችን እንቅስቃሴ የነጻነት ዋስትና ሊሰጥ የግድ ነው፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግሥታት በጸረሽብርና ሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ ልዩ ራፖርተር ቤን ኤመርሰን፤  ሲናገሩ የጸረሽብርተኝነቱ አዋጅ ለመጉጃነት ሊውል ስለማይገባ በኢትዮጵያ የወንጀለኛ መቅጫ ሕግ ላይ የዓለም አቀፉን የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ የማይጥስና በተቃርኖ የማይጓዝ መሆኑ ሊረጋገጥ ተገቢ ነው ብለዋል፡፡

ማርግሬት ስካግያ፤ የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት ድፍረት መከላከያ ራፖርተር  ጋዜጠኞች፤ ብሎገርስ፤እና ሌሎችም ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበር የሚሟገቱ ገና ለገና ሃሳባቸው ከኢትዮጵያ መንግስት አስተሳሰብና አካሄድ ጋር ስለማይስማማ ብቻ ጫና ሊፈጠርባቸው አይገባም ብለዋል፡፡

ገብሪየላ ናውል የተባበሩት መንግስታት በዳኞችና በጠበቆች ነጻነት ልዩ ራፐርቱዋር በወንጀል ፍርድ ሂደት ተከሳሾች ማስረጃ በማያጠራጥር መልኩ እስካልቀረበባቸውና ወንጀለኛነታቸው እስክላተረጋገጠባቸው ድረስ በኢትዮጵያ ሕገ መንግስት ላይ በሰፈረው አይነት ንጽህናቸው በተግባር ሊረጋገጥላቸው ተገቢ ነው::  እንዲሁም ተከሳሾች የሕግ ጠበቃቸውን ከችሎት ቀጠሯቸው አስቀድሞ የማነጋገር መብታቸው ሊጠበቅና የመከላከያ ሃሳባቸውን ለማቅረብ እንዲችሉ ሊመቻችላቸው ይገባል:: 

16 የአውሮፓ ፓርላማ አባላት በዲሴምበር 18/2012 አንድ ግልጽ ደብዳቤ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ አቅርበዋል፡፡ ደብዳቤውም ጋዜጠኛና ብሎገር እስክንድር ነጋ በእስር መንገላታቱን የሚያሳስብ ነበር›› በደብዳቤያቸው ላይ ሲፅፉ የፓርላማ አባላቱ አንዳሉት የአቶ ሃእለማርአም መንግስት ኢትዮጵያ በፈረመችውና ልታከብረውም ቃል በገባችው በዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌው እንደሰፈረው በአርቲክል 19 ላይ በተቀመጠው መሰረት፤ኢትዮጵያ ቃሏን ማክበርና ለሕጉም ተገዢ የመሆን የአባልነት ግዴታ አስገንዝበዋል፡፡ 

ገዢው መንግሥት በሃይማኖት ተቋማት ላይ የሚያካሂደውን ሕገ ወጥ ጣልቃ ገብነት መተው፤ ጉዳዩን ለባለቤቶቹ መልቀቅ አለበት

የኢትዮጵያ ሕገመንግስት አንቀፅ 11 ‹‹የሃይሞኖትንና የመንግስትን ልዩነት›› በሚገባ አስቀምጧል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ዓለማዊ መንግሥት ለመሆኑ ዋስትና ስለሚሰጠው ‹‹ሃይማኖታዊ መንግሥት የለም››:: አርቲክል 27 ማንም ሰው በፍላጎቱና በምርጫው ያሻውንና ይሆነኛል ያለውን ሃይሞነት የመከተል መብቱ በራሱ ፈቃድ ላይ የተመሰረተና ማንም በጫናና በእዝ ሊያሳምነው እንደማይችል በግልጽ ሰፍሯል፡፡ በግልጽ የተቀመጠውን የሃይሞነት ተቋማትንና አማኞቹን የዜግነት ነጻነት  በኢትዮጵያ ያለው ገዢ መንግሥት በሙስሊም አማኞች ላይ ሕጉን በሚጥስ መልኩ የራሳቸውን የሃይሞኖት መሪዎች በነጻ እንዳይመርጡ ጣልቃ በመግባት ችግር ፈጥሮባቸዋል፡፡ የራሱን ሕገመንግስትም እያፈረሰው ነው፡፡ እንደ አሜሪካው የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን በኮንግሬስና በአሜሪካ ፕሬዜዳንት የተዋቀረ ነጻ አካል በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሃይሞኖትን ነጻነት የሚቆጣጠር ሲገመግም: -

ከጁላይ 2011 ጀምሮ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በሙስሊም አማኝ ዜጎች ላይ በተለምዶ ለዘመናት ሲከተሉት የነበረውን ሱፊ የእስልምና እምነት አል-አባሽ በተባለው የአስልምና እምነት ሊተካባቸው እያስገደደ ነው፡፡ መንግስት በሌላ በኩልም የእስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ካውንስል ምርጫ በራሱ ሰዎች ለመሙላት ምርጫ አካሂዷል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል እንደነጻ አካል ሆኖ ሲያገለግል የነበረው  አሁን እንደመንግስት ተቋም ሆኖ በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ነው፡፡ አሁን ሽብርተኛ ተብሎ መፈረጅ መያዝ ለእስርም መዳረጉ መንግስት የኢትዮጵያን ሙስሊም አማኞች ለመቆጣጠር ያደረገው ሲሆን፤ ድርጊቱ በሃገሪቱ ላይ ያለውን የሃይማኖት ነጻነት መገደብ በግልጽ ያሳያል፡፡ በሃገሪቱ በመላ የሙስሊም አማኞች ሰላማዊ ተቃውሟቸውን በሚያሰሙበት ጊዜ በመያዝ ላይ ናቸው:: በኦክቶበር 29 የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት 29 ተሟጋቾች በሽብርተኝነት ስምና የእስልምና መንግስት ለማቋቋም በሚል ማስረጃ ያለተሰጠበት ሰበብ አስሯል፡፡

ገዢው አስተዳደር የራሱን ሕገመንግሥትና ዓለምአቀፋዊ ሕጋዊ ግዴታዎችን በማክበሩና በመተግበሩ ረገድ መታመን መቻልና የሙስሊሙን ሕብረተሰብ እምነታቸውን በነጻነት እንዲከተሉ ጣልቃ ገብነቱን ሊያቆም ይገባል፡፡ ከተቃውሞው ሰላማዊ እንቅስቃሴ ጋር በተያያዘ በሕገወጥ መንገድ የተያዙትና የሃይሞነት እምነታዊ ነጻነታቸው ተገፎ ለእስር የተዳረጉት ሁሉም በነጻ መለቀቅ አለባቸው፡፡ 

ሁሉም የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይፈቱ

ሰፋ ባለ አመለካከት በአሁኑ ጊዜ በኢትዮጵያ ሁለት አይነት የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይገኛሉ፡፡ የሕሊና እስረኞች አሉ፤ በገዛ ሕሊናቸው  የታሰሩ ደሞ አሉ፡፡ የሕሊና እሰረኞቹ የታሰሩበት ሰበብ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መሪዎች እና ጋዜጠኞች በመሆናቸው የነው፡፡ ምንም አይነት ሕግ አልጣሱም ደንብ አላፈረሱም፡፡ የፈጸሙት ነገር ቢኖር ለሕሊናም ሆነ ለደንቡ ትክክል የሆነውን ብቻ ነው፡፡ ስለዕውነት መስክረዋል ዕውነትን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ለባለስልጣናትም እውነቱን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ፍትሕ ሲጓደል ተሟግተዋል፡፡ ስለነጻነት፤ ስለዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበር፤የሕይወታቸውን ከፍተኛ ዋጋ በመሰዋት፤በነፍሳቸውና በነጻነታቸው ተሟግተው ጠብቀዋል፡፡ በአንዲት የብዕር ጠብታ ነጻ ሊሆኑ ይችላሉ፡፡

በገዛ ሕሊናቸው የታሰሩት ደግሞ በሰብአዊ ፍጡር ላይ ከፍተኛውን ወንጀል በመፈጸማቸው፤ ይህንንም ሲያከናውኑ በመሃይምነት በመመራት የራሳቸውን ሕሊና ስተው ነው፡፡ እነዚህ እስረኞች በስልጣን የእ ንቅልፍ ኪኒን ደንዝዘውና ራሳቸውን ስተው ነው የሚገኙት፡፡ በአንድ ዕለት ለፍርድና በሕግ  የበላይነት ተጠያቂ መሆናቸው እያባነናቸው ከራሳቸው ጋር በሙግትና ፍርሃት ላይ ናቸው፡፡ አንድ ቀን ሌሎችን በዳኙበት ሁኔታ ለፍርድ ቀርበው እንደሚፈረድባቸው ያውቃሉ፡፡ በሰፈሩት ቁና አንድ ቀን መሰፈር አይቀሬ ነው::

በራሳቸው ሕሊና የታሰሩት የሕሊና እስረኞችን ቢለቁና ነጻነታቸውን ቢመልሱላቸው እነሱም ይፈታል ነጻም ይወጣሉ፡፡ አንድ ብቸኛ መዳኛቸው ይሄው ብቻ ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የጋንዲን አደገኛውን ማስጠንቀቂያ መቀበል ነው፡፡ ‹‹ገዳዮችና ጨካኝ አምባገነኖች ነበሩ፤ ለጊዜውም የማይደፈሩ መስለው ነበር፤ በመጨረሻው ግን ዕጣ ፈንታቸው መውደቅ ነው፡፡—ምንግዜም መውደቃቸው አይቀሬ ነው:: ስለዚህ አስቡ!›› 

የሕትመት ውጤቶችን ማፈኑ ይብቃ

ናፖሊዮን ቦናባርት ‹‹ከሺ ጥይቶች ይበልጥ የሚያስፈሩት አራት የተቃዋሚ ጋዜጠኞት ናቸው ይል ነበር:: (ወይም ከሺ ጦረኛ 4 ጋዜጠኛ ይፈራል::) ይህ አባባል በኢትዮጵያ ላለው ገዢ ቡድን ትክክለኛ መልእክት ነው፡፡ ባለፈው ሳምንት 3 በእስር ወህኒ ቤት ያሉና አንድ ተገፍቶ ከሃገሩ የተሰደደ አራት ጋዜጠኞች፤ የ2012 ን እጅጉን የተከበረውን ሄልማን/ሄሜት የሚባለውን ሽልማት ተሸላሚ ሆነዋል፡፡ ‹‹በዓለም እጅጉን በከፋ ሁኔታ ታፍኖ ያለውን  የመናገር ነጻነትን እውን ለማድረግ ያደረጉትን ጥረት እውቅና በመስጠት ነው የተከበሩት፡፡ ተሸላሚዎቹም፤ እስክንድር ነጋ በግል የሚታገል ጋዜጠኛ ብሎገርና የ2012 የኢንተርናሽናል ፔን ተሸላሚ፤ በሃገሪቱ ካሉት ጥቂት እንስት ጋዜጠኞች አንዷ የሆነችውና በጥንካሬና በአልበገር በይነት  የዓለም አቀፍ የሴቶች ሚዲያ ተሸላሚዋ ርዕዮት ዓለሙ፤ ውብሸት ታዬ በመንግስት ጫና የፈረሰው የሳምንታዊው የአውራምባ ታይምስ ጋዜጣ ኤዲተር፤ በመንግስት ጫና የፈረሰውና አሁን በኢንተር ኔት ስራውን የቀጠለው የአዲስ ነገር ጋዜጣው መስፍን ነጋሽ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ የሚዲያ ጀግኖች ለዚህ ታላቅ ሽልማት የበቁት ከተለያየ ሃገር ከቀረቡ 41 ጸሃፊዎች፤ ጋዜጠኞች ጋር ነው በማለት ሁማን ራይትስ ዎች ሲዘግብ:-

የእነዚህ 4 የታሰሩና ለስደት የተዳረጉ ጋዜጠኞች አርአያነት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለውን የነጻ ጋዜጠኝነት አልበገር ባይነትና  አደጋውን ያሳያል፡፡ በነጻ ሃሳብን መግለጽ እንደ ክፉ ደዌ በሚቆጠርበት ዕውቀትና ነጻነት እንደጦር በሚፈሩ አምባገነኖች በምትመራ ሃገር ውስጥ አደጋውና ስቃዩ የሚያሳየው ለነጻነት በቆሙና መስዋዕት ለመሆን በቆረጡ ላይ የሚያስከፍለውን መራር አበሳና ዋጋ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት በነዚህ በተሸላሚዎቹ ለስራቸውና ለቆሙለት ዓላማቸው ተግባራዊ አለመሆን ምን ያህል ጫና እንደተደረገባቸውና ነጻ እስትንፋስ ሳይቀር ሊታገድ በሚሞከርበት የማያዛልቅ ጀብደኝነት የተቃጣባቸውን እንግልት እስራትና መከራ የሚያሳይ ነው፡፡እነዚህ ተሸላሚዎች በኢትዮጵያ እየኖሩ እራሳቸውን ሳንሱር በማድረግ የቻሉትን ያህል ለመተንፈስ የሚሞክሩትንና ግፍና መከራው ሲበዛባቸው ሃገርን ጥሎ በመሰደድ በእስራት የተንገላቱትን  ሁሉ የሚወክሉ ናቸው፡፡

ሁሉም ዲክታተሮችና ፈላጭ ቆራጭ ገዢዎች የነጻውን ፕሬስ የማስተማርና የማንቃት የማደራጀትና ለፍትሕ ለነጻነት መቆም ለዴሞክራሲ መታገልን እጅጉን ይፈሩታል፡፡ የሚዲያዎቹን ንብረትነት በግላቸው በመቆጣጠርና የነሱን ቱልቱላ ብቻ እንዲያስተላልፉ ሕሊናቸውን ለጊዜያዊ ጥቅምና ለራስ ወዳድነት ባሳደሩ ፓሮት ጋዜጠኞች ስለሚታገዙና የሃሳብን በነጻ መንሸራሸር ስላገዱ በዚህ ልክፍታቸው የሕዝቡን ልብና ህሊና ያሸነፉ ይመስላቸዋል፡፡ ይሄ ደሞ የቅዠት ምኞት ነው፡፡ ናፖሊዮን እንዳለው ‹‹ጋዜጠኛ ቁማርተኛ ነው፡፡ ገሳጭ ነው፡፡መካሪና የሃሳብ አጋሪ ነው፡፡ የነገስታት እንደራሴ ነው፡፡ የሕዝብ መምህር ነው›› ልክ እንደናፖሊዮን ፍርሃት የኢትዮጵያ እውቀት አልባ ዲካታተር ገዢዎችም ፍርሃት፤ የነጻው ፕሬስ የማስተማር ሃይል ነው፡፡—-ማስተማር፤ ኢንፎርሜሽን ባለቤት ማድረግ፤ማስረዳት፤ ማሳወቅ፤ ሕዝቡን የዕውቀት ባለቤት ማድረግን፡፡….. የነጻው ፕሬስ፤ ገዢዎች የሚፈጽሙትን ደባና ቅጥ ያጣ ድርጊታቸውን፤ በሕዝቡ ላይ የሚያሳድሩትና መከራ፤ በማጋለጥ ተጠያቂ እንደሚያደርጋቸውና የሕዝብ አጋርነቱን በሚገባ ስለሚረዱ ነው ፍርሃታቸው፡፡ ገዢዎቹ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናትም  እንደ ናፖሊዮን ነጻ የፕሬስ ሰዎችን፤ ማሰቃየት፤ ማሰር፤ ሳንሱር ማድረግ፤በመሳርያ ማስጨነቅን ስራዬ ብለው ተያይዘውታል፡፡ ሕዝቡን ማለቂያ የሌላቸው በሚመስሉ በሆዳቸው በሚያስቡ ሕሊና ቢስ የደህንነት አባላት በመክበብ፤በመግደል በማሰር የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎቻቸውን ለእስር በመዳረግ፤ በሰላማዊ መንገድ መብታቸውን ለማስከበር በባዶ እጃቸው የወጡ ዜጎችን ኢላማ እያደረጉ በመግደል ዘለአለማዊ መሆን የሚቻል ይመስላቸዋል፡፡ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት የሚያስተምሩት የሚያሳውቁት፤ የነጻነትን ጥቅም የሚገልጡት ለተወሰነ ማሕበረሰብ ሳይሆን ለገዢው መንግስትና በገዢው መንግስት ቁጥጥር ስር ለዋሉትም ጭምር ነው፡፡ እሱም ገዢው ፓርቲ ጥፋቱን ሲረዳውና የሚያስከትልበትን ተጠያቂነት፤ የኔ በሚላቸውም አገልጋዮቹ ሳይቀር ለምን? ማለት እንደሚጀመር ሲረዳው ከፍርሃቱ የተነሳ የነጻውን ፕሬስ አባላት ለግፍና መከራ መዳረጉን ያጠናክራል፡፡ እነዚህ ተሸላሚዎችም የዚህ መከራና ጫና ፍትህ እጦት ሰለባ ናቸው፡፡

ሁሉም ለእስር የተዳረጉ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት አሁኑኑ ሊፈቱ ይገባል::

“ሠላማዊ ለውጥን  የሚያግዱ በቁጣ የሚቀሰቀስ አመጽን ያስነሳሉ::” ጆን ኤፍ ኬነዲ

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ፕሮፌስር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም በካሊፎርኒያ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሳን በርናርዲኆ የፖሊቲካ ሳይንስ መምሀርና የህግ ጠበቃ ናችው።

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):   http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/23/ethiopia_2012_human_rights_and_government_wrongs

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ:: http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Recording devices found hidden in Hailemariam Desalegn’s bedroom

Monday, December 24th, 2012

ከጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ሃይለማርያም መኝታ ቤት እና የቤተሰብ ሳሎን ውስጥ ምስጥራዊ የድምጽ መቅጃ ተገኙ !!!

ከቤተ መንግስት ታማኝ ምንጮች ዛሬ ባገኘሁት መረጃ መሰረት የአቶ ሃይለማርያም ትንሽዋ ልጅ እጹብ ባባትዋ መኝታ ቤት በረቀቀ መንገድ ከአልጋው ተያይዞ የተቀመጠ ምስጢራዊ የድምጽ መቅጃ በማግኘትዋ…ይህንን ተከትሎ በተደረገው ከፍተኛ ፍተሻ በቤተሰቡ ሳሎን ውስጥም ሌላ ተመሳሳይ መገኘቱን የምንሊክ ሳልሳዊ ምንጮች አሳብቀዋል::

ቤተሰቡ በከፍተኛ ውጥረት ውስጥ እንደገባ እየተነገረ ባለበት በዚህ ወቅት ይህ መገኘቱ ከሌላ የስነልቦና ቀውስ እንዳይዳረጉ በመስጋት የሃዋርያ ቤተ ክርስቲያን መሪዎች ከነተከታዮቻቸው ለጽሎት በጠ/ሚ መኖርያ ከትመዋል::

ምንጮቼ እንዳሉኝ በከፍተኛ አይነቁራኛ የሚጠበቁት ሃ/ማርያም እያንዳንዱ እንቅስቃሴያቸው በየሰአቱ ለ ሕወሓት አመራሮች ወኪል ዸብረጺሆን ሪፖርት ይደረጋል::ከጥቂት ቀናት በፊት ሶስና ለተባለች ልጃቸው ካልታወቀ ሰው..በሞባይል ቁጥርዋ በኢንተርኔት መስመር ተደውሎ “ አባትሽ የስልጣን መልቀቂያ እንዲያቀርብ ግፊት አድርጉበት ….“ የተባለች ሲሆን ` ይህንን ንግግር ሪኮርድ አድርጋ ለአባትዋ እንድታሰማ በታዘዘችው መሰረት አድርጋዋለች:: ይህንን ደሞ ሊያደርግ የሚችለው ሕወሓት ብቻ ነው ሲሉ ምንጮቹ ጠቁመዋል::

የቤተሰቡ ምንጮች እንደሚሉት አቶ ሃ/ማርያም …እነዚህ ሰዎች ሊያሰሩን አልቻሉም ከጌታ ሊያጣሉኝ ነው ሲሉ ተሰምተዋል::

ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ አቶ ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከቀድሞው ወድጆቻቸው ጋር ተገናኝተው በነበረ ጊዜ ሕወሃት ሊያሰራቸው እንዳልቻለ / http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/43279 / ገልጠዋል::
የወታደሩን ክፍል እና ቢሮክራሲውን በተለየ የተቆጣተሩት ህወሃቶች አቶ ህ/ማርያም ምንም አይነት ዉሳኔ እንዳያደርጉ ተጽእኖ ፈጥረውባቸዋል ሲሉ አንድ ወዳጃቸው ተናግረዋል:: በደህንነት የተከበቡት እኚህ ምስኪን ሰው እንደ በላይ ተቆጣጣሪ ሃገራዊ ጉዳዮችን የተመለከቱ ሪፖርቶችን በወቅቱ እንደማያገኙ ተናግረዋል::

አቶ ሃይለማርያም ለፖለቲካ እስረኞች ምህረት ማድረግ እየፈለጉ በሕዋሓት ተጽእኖ ምንም ሊወስኑ አልቻሉም::
ከኤርትራ መንግስት ጋር ለአከባቢው ሰላም ሰላማዊ ግንኙነት እንዲፈጠር ለመስራት ቢፈልጉም ህወሃት በዚህ ጉዳይ እንዳይገቡበት አስጠንቅቁዋቸዋል::
የአባይን ግድብ በተመለከት ሃይለማርያም የፖለቲካ መጭበርበር እንደተደረገባቸው እየተናገሩ ሲሆን መለስ ዜናዊ ካረፉ በሁዋላ ሕወሓት ፕሮጀክቱ እንዳይንቀሳቀስ እንቅፋት በመሆን የፕሮጀክቱ ገንዘብ እና ንብረት እንዲመዘበር አድርጉዋል…ሰራተኞች ክፍያቸዉን እንዳያገኙ ችግር ፈጥሩዋል…እስከዛሬ የተሰበሰበው ገንዘብ እንዳይታወቅ እንቅፋት ሆነዋል ሕወሓቶች!!!! እንዳሉት የቤተ መንግስት ምንጮች::

ሰበር ዜናhttp://minilik-salsawi.blogspot.com/2012/12/blog-post_24.html


PM Hailemariam in hot seat for his gesture to travel to Asmara

Monday, December 24th, 2012

Stepping out of the scripted instructions is putting the humble PMHD of Ethiopia in hot seat. In his recent trip to Doha, PMHD signaled that he would even travel to Asmara to talk to PIA of Eritrea if Eritrea is willing to negotiate. PMHD was criticized by TPLF kingmakers that he should have confined his comments to the scripted one i.e., Eritrea has to accept the five point plan put in place by his predecessor PMMZ. Despite Bereket Simon’s public rhetoric against PIA regime, he would like PMHD to extend olive tree to Eritrea. Bereket’s opinion on solving the Ethio-Eritrean disputed is also supported by the newly appointed FM Dr. Tedros Adhanom, However hardcore TPLFites like Seyum Mesfin and Abay Tsehaye would like Ethiopia to pursue a policy that goes beyond containing the PIA regime i.e., they would like to see regime change in Eritrea while Breket and Tedros Adhanom advocate that EPRDF has enough internal problems and adding the Eritrean issue into the mix would endanger the very existence of the front.
US administration is slowly distancing itself from TPLF and would like PMHD to assume more authority, as Eliase Kifle, Publisher of Ethiopian Review, wrote in his recent note that PMHD is sharing his day to day frustration in running the nation with his close confidants. He also has been telling his frustration to US and UK ambassadors that he has been suffocated by the hardcore TPLF veteran leaders and he admitted that the opposition’s assertion that he is nothing more than figurehead in the government is not far from truth.
Those signs of frustrations by PMHD will be more likely to get worse and lead to more friction. And, such frictions will more likely push TPLF even resort to more authoritherian style of governance.


TPLF Inc. as a ‘silent killer’

Monday, December 24th, 2012

Aklog Birara, PhD

Have you ever wondered, as I have, why Ethiopia and the Ethiopian people are caught in a vicious cycle of disillusionment, dispossession and disempowerment? Have you pondered, as I have, the simple truth that the vast majority of the Ethiopian people have less say and thus less power over their political and economic affairs in their own country compared to a few ethnic elites and foreign investors such as Saudi Star and Karuturi? Have reflected on the implications for this and the coming generation of the virtual control of the pillars of the Ethiopian economy by foreign entities, and a few ethnic elites allied to TPLF Inc.? Have you taken one second of your time to ponder the destruction of the environment by unscrupulous investors and the regime that encourages them? Have you taken a few minutes of your time to reflect why Ethiopian Christians working in Saudi Arabia find themselves in a predicament for praying in a Muslim State while Saudis are free to build mosques and to pray as they wish anywhere in Ethiopia?

Anywhere one looks, Ethiopians within and outside the country cry for a government leadership to protect theirs and their country’s national interests. These and other core policy related questions on Ethiopia and Ethiopians suggest an enormous gap in organization and leadership that is purpose-driven. What we see in every global indicator is a country where there is growth without improvement in wellbeing for the majority. In fact, data shows that the poor are getting poorer; and the no of those in absolute poverty is growing at or above the rate of economic growth that benefits only a few. This is the reason why I suggest consistently that Ethiopia and all Ethiopians are crying for a caring and inclusive alternative in governance.

I would argue that the urgent gap in responsive governance is ethnicity, religious and demography neutral. All Ethiopians feel it in some form or another. So, division makes no sense. Only a strong and prosperous multiethnic state that responds to all stakeholders can survive and thrive. Accordingly, we need to recognize that all Ethiopians have a stake; and are thus responsible in filling the vacuum. In light of this, it is time that we expand and embrace the definition and action steps that will lead the entire society to a better and more promising alternative than the current one. We cannot do this as long as we are guided by the ethnic and divisive script imposed on us by TPLF Inc. This system survives and gains from growth that does not improve the lives of people.

We need to consider the higher moral ground that the same way “families and friends need leaders who model purpose-driven lives,” Ethiopian society and communities anywhere and everywhere should expect to defend their human rights; improve their lot; and chart a more promising future for their children. Can this really be done? Can Ethiopian political, civic and faith leaders and intellectuals surmount their own narrow interests and prejudices for the sake of the country and its diverse population? The simple answer is that there is no other choice. If those who oppose the current system are genuine, they must discard old animosities and forge ahead with renewed optimism and cooperate with one another. Otherwise, we should stop the entire business of protest politics and politics as a business enterprise: the model TPLF Inc. has imposed on each of us.

I suggest in this piece that Ethiopians who wish to be treated with respect and dignity anywhere in the world and who wish a better future for this and the coming generation stop the none sense of ethnic and religious or demographic divisions. What TPLF Inc. has and is doing is enough as it is. They can start with baby steps: stop demeaning and undermining one another. Stop the culture of revenge and innuendos. Reach-out to and talk to one another as adults. Work with and collaborate with one another. Campaign against all forms of injustice collaboratively. Treat individual dissenters as Ethiopians and not as members of this or that tribe. Accept our diversity as a source of strength and celebrate one another. Demand and promote innovative, inclusive, smart and wiser alternative organization and leadership–with demonstrated capability of grasping what is at stake (the bigger picture of the country and its people; and committing self to set aside minor differences; and practicing the discipline and consistency of forging a unity of purpose among all ethnic, religious and demographic groups. Here, it is commitment to the common good that matters most. If we fail to do this fast, we have no one to blame but ourselves. These baby steps will not be easy; but can be done.

In the Ethiopian context, a unity of purpose must affirm failures of the past without being trapped in it. It must affirm commitment to justice, the rule of law, passion for unfettered and equitable access to economic and social opportunities, and representative governance based on free and fair elections. A child in Gambella must believe that he/she is an Ethiopian and deserves the same rights as a child in Tigray or Oromia or Addis Ababa and so on. We must decide and work day and night to create favorable conditions that embrace each child regardless of ethnic or religious affiliation. This has the best chance of safeguarding past gains while advancing a more promising future for the vast majority of Ethiopians that the current system is unable to deliver. This will not happen unless adults show commitment that transcends ethnicity and partisanship. This is not a world for the weak, timid and partisan. A strong, just, inclusive, fair and prosperous Ethiopia will be good for everyone. This is why I suggest that it is not just the so-called “unity crowd” that will benefit from a just, fair and inclusive system. It is all Ethiopians.

The acid test of alternative organization and leadership is readiness and ability of political, civic, religious and other elites to mobilize the country’s mosaic and establish a brighter and more inclusive alternative that restores faith and confidence in the political process of the future. This will not be as easy as it seems. If it were; it would have been achieved by now. Take a look back at political history that is still fresh. MEISONE and EPRPP decided to fight one another rather than to advance the common goals of the Ethiopian people and the sacred interests of the country. I do not have to tell you what happened and who paid a huge price. Division for the sake of power and narrow ideology or ego or tribe is disastrous. Hypocrisy is the mantra of those who are afraid to take a principled stand for a bigger and larger cause.

How does one explain divisions among Ethiopian Orthodox Church leaders and followers? I believe that, within the Ethiopian Orthodox faith, we need one creed and leadership as we need one country. I reject factionalism and tribalism within the Ethiopian Orthodox faith as much as I reject narrow nationalism and big nation chauvinism in political doctrine. Divisions reinforce hypocrisy and cynicism. I will give you a simple example on hypocrisy of faith. A group of activists tried to mobilize the Ethiopian Diaspora in the Washington Metropolitan Area for a protest against Saudi Government mistreatment and human rights violations of Ethiopian Christians. Religious leaders failed to participate and give moral support. How do they explain this to their followers?

Given the formidable forces we face as people , any alternative organization and leadership would have little chance of success unless and until we unlearn the debilitating impacts of divisive ethnic politics: the ‘silent killer.’ How can we do this? Why not embrace and practice such fundamental principles as integrity, purity of heart, spirit of cooperation with one another, commitment to serve the entire population and the country in our day to day lives? Why not show capacity to reject all forms of ethnic, religious, gender and age based bigotry, prejudice, corruption, nepotism and discrimination ourselves? Why not subordinate narrow, personal and group agendas to the common good of saving the country and serving the Ethiopian people as a whole? How difficult are these to do? How would we triumph over TPLF Inc. without dramatic changes in our own mindset, values and how we treat one another as Ethiopians? What form of coalition or transition are we after if we do not answer these and other fundamental questions? I suggest that discussing alternatives without demonstrating real change in our own mindsets and in our dealings with one another will not be credible in the eyes of the Ethiopian people or the global community. The London Conference of 1991 took place without sober analysis and discussion of similar questions. This is a real challenge for all activists and opponents to TPLF Inc.
Seventy Five to Eighty percent reject TPLF Inc.

At the risk of repeating, those of us who wish to pursue a more promising future for all Ethiopians must appreciate that our own bickering and division are the most constraining contributors to the strength of TPLF Inc. By all accounts, less than a quarter of Ethiopians accept the legitimacy of the current governing party (Gallop). It is thus an understatement to say that regardless of ethnic, religious or demographic affiliation, close to 80 percent of the Ethiopian people reject TPLF Inc. and want change. Western powers would want an alternative that would serve their interests best as was the case in London in 1991. The root causes of disillusionment, disempowerment, dispossession, abject poverty, hunger and intellectual and financial capital flight out of Ethiopia is deliberate ethnicization of politics and economics by TPLF Inc., a monopoly.

Almost everyone is reduced to subservient status. If you cannot count in your own homeland; you cannot expect to count anywhere else in the world. This is why nation states that are strong and defend your interests overseas have a voice. Almost everyone anywhere in the world is forced to fear the system that keeps them entrapped and powerless. People know this but cannot contest that the primary motive of ethnicization is to run the country purely as a business monopoly. The formation of political parties on the basis of ethnic affiliation serves the ultimate purpose of command and control over local, regional and national politics, resources and markets. Your rights mean nothing at all. This is by no means to suggest that there are no second class type beneficiaries. Some prefer second class status because they have not experienced a better system; and are suspicious of change. TPLF Inc. is smart enough to remind secondary beneficiaries that they should guard against restoration of the old system. The hidden message is specific to one so called dominant ethnic group. The tragedy is not so much that this camouflage persists; but that the rest of us fall into the trap. The result is a reinforcement of ethnic division and disempowerment that serve TPLF Inc.

Duality of ‘silent violence or killing’

Ethnicization of politics and economics serves two strategic objectives: divide and rule and extract as much rent as possible from the national economy. Please note that division serves TPLF Inc. most. The greater the division among Ethiopians; the larger is the opportunity to extract rents in different forms; and to make people believe that they are beneficiaries. Where have you seen growth that expands poverty? Extraction is hard to do in a multiethnic society unless some of the benefits go to supporters and ethnic elites who serve as intermediaries. If you want to justify a system, hire small beneficiaries who believe that the sky is blue. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) operates within this environment and serves TPLF Inc. best. Whether we accept it or not, it is, largely intermediaries (middle management) who facilitate the policy and decision-making authority of TPLF Inc. When you are a subordinate, the likelihood of dissenting against the dictates of the merged state is negligible. The Constitution, laws and regulations are bendable and changeable in accordance with the demands of TPLF Inc. Anyone who threatens TPLF Inc. risks the possibility of losing his or her private property or citizenship at any time. There is nowhere to hide except fleeing the country. More intellectual flight, especially those who are national leaning means more domestic vacuum that can compete and safeguard national resources and markets. Ethiopia is void of this asset.

What do regulations and laws do?

Under this system, regulations, laws, banks and other financial intermediaries serve political purposes: the staying power of TPLF Inc. They are therefore not value neutral. How else would you explain the phenomenon that generals and high officers–paid modest salaries to defend the country–are among the wealthiest and most powerful people in the country? Their powerful and wealth status resembles corrupt governance in Egypt and Pakistan than Ghana, Mauritius or Brazil. These generals and high officials are coopted through financial and economic incentives the same way as ethnic elites who belong to the EPRDF and who serve as intermediaries (middle men). Both are among the lead proponents of TPLF Inc. This phenomenon leads me to assert that the business of ethnic politics in Ethiopia today is financial and economic reward. It is the notion of “what is in it for me” that seems to prevail throughout the entire system. Some in the Diaspora reflect the same values. This is why the Diaspora’s role in prolonging the system that divides and disempowers is coming under increasing scrutiny by activists. In any case, it is fair to conclude that the system does not encourage commitment to and service to ordinary citizens, communities and the country.

In this sense, the Ethiopian Prime Minister is absolutely right when he said to business leaders last year that if people are not careful they will more or less lose their country. Why did he say this? Increasingly, foreign firms are assuming the pillars of the economy while Ethiopians with wealth are either investing in consumption oriented ventures or taking their monies out of the country at an alarming rate. They have no confidence in the government or the future of the country. How sad? Contrast this with Indonesian corruption that emphasized growing the economy and benefitting Indonesians as a commitment.

The Prime Minister is right and wrong. The problem is that it is the system he set up that created selfishness, greed, capital flight and unbelievable income inequality. His extended family and ethnic elites are the lead beneficiaries. This phenomenon does not surprise me a bit. It takes an enabling social, economic and political environment to encourage saving and investment in productive sectors that will change the system radically. It takes national leadership to motivate the private sector to do what is right for the country and its diverse population. Some of the most corrupt nations in the world, Indonesia for one, were and are still led by nationalist groups. At least, what is stolen is invested domestically in factories that generate jobs; raise incomes; and expand the middle class. This is not the case in Ethiopia. It seems that the system has created a culture of greed, fear of the future and total disregard for this and the coming generation and the overall development of the country. The current motto is “What is in it for me?” and not “what am I doing for the country and its people while enriching myself?” There is a huge difference between the two.

In this reward and punishment type of arrangement that serves TPLF Inc. and its allies well, the real and potential losses for communities, the society and the country are self-evident. They are everywhere for anyone willing to see. Sad but true, some in the Diaspora who run back and forth on a visit to the country as tourists or to manage their assets or to access opportunities fail to reflect on how the vast majority of the population lives. It is glitz of villas, apartments, eating places, hotels, roads and other physical infrastructure– that needs to be maintained and paid for—that catch their fancy and immediate attention. I often wonder whether Diaspora tourists ask the prudent question of how road infrastructure that lasts an average of five years will be maintained. Who will pay the maintenance costs? Dig deep into the artificial economy; and you will find that most Ethiopians are poorer today than they were 21 years ago. They barely eat one meal a day.

A properly and well integrated and planned economy stimulates productivity and raises individual incomes from large numbers of people. Investments in industry, agro-industry, agriculture and so on trigger structural changes in dramatic and sustainable ways. Infrastructure alone will not do that. The Ethiopian economy is import dependent. Industry accounts for about 4 percent of exports. By structural changes I have in mind factories that offer job opportunities to millions. Factories that produce fertilizers that feed agriculture. I have in mind a smallholder farming revolution that is supported by low cost inputs such as fertilizers, better seeds, access to credits and markets and so on. A smallholder farming revolution would do wonders for the country and the rural and urban population than land giveaways to Saudi Star to feed rich consumers in the Gulf or to Karuturi to supply cheap foods to Indian consumers. For citizens to benefit, Ethiopian smallholders deserve tenure security and freedom to produce and market and gain higher incomes so that they can send their children to school and so on. In short, I suggest that glitz alone does not contribute to sustainable and equitable growth and development regardless of the number of high-rises, condominiums, hotels, eating places for the few well-to-do, including Diaspora tourists, villas etc. Ask a simple question. Who, among the Ethiopian poor or low level civil servants or soldiers or factory workers or Saudi Star employee can afford to live in a condo in Addis Ababa, Mekele or Gondar? Who can afford food that Diaspora visitors or donors or high level government officials can afford? This is among the reasons why the system is a ‘silent killer.”

Portrayal of ‘silent violence or killing’

The Socialist military dictatorship killed innocent people in public and boasted about it. It triggered domestic and global outrage. In contrast, TPLF Inc. learned from this mistake and ‘kills quietly or silently’ than its predecessor. This makes it more dangerous and sinister. We see this vividly in the brutal beating of Andualem Aragie in jail. Given this most recent example, dissidents and reasonable people in the Diaspora cannot afford to forget and neglect enormous losses for the society and the country under TPLF Inc. Loses occur on a recurring basis. The concern I have is that we seem to be in a mode of just accepting loses as normal; and go on as if nothing has happened. Here are clear and harmful examples with devastating impacts. Ethiopia lost its sea ports for which the society pays billions of dollars for services. This loss took place without the consent of the Ethiopian people. No voice.

In a secret deal with the now northern Sudanese government led by President Bashir, Prime Minister Meles’ government granted substantial pieces of Ethiopian territory to Bashir’s regime. During the initial period if TPLF Inc. lands from Gondar, Wollo and other regions, were carved out and reconfigured for the benefit of what is commonly known as “Greater Tigray,” a condition that will not serve the greater good. This ethnic based reconfiguration and incorporation will create animosity among the population for generations to come. The regime will no doubt go; but the animosity will persist for generations.

TPLF Inc. granted millions of ha of the most fertile farmlands and water basins to businesses and individuals from 36 countries and to Tigrean elites. Oakland Institute reported that 75 percent of domestic owners in Gambella are Tigrean. This comes across as internal ‘land colonization.’ Tigreans should not blame other Ethiopians why they perceive that they are part of the problem. The medicine is to contest this outright; and to join others in rejecting TPLF Inc. Like the reset, they should accept the notion that Ethiopians suffer silently from a double whammy: foreign large-scale commercial farm colonization by invitation and real natural resource transfers to ethnic allies. Karuturi, Saudi Star and other foreign owned large-scale commercial farms are the new landlords in the country. These new land lords gain profits by dispossessing Ethiopians. How would an Anuak child feel about a condition that displaces and dispossess her/him? What are the rest of us doing about it? Transparency International, Global Financial Integrity and UNDP all confirm that billions of dollars of scarce foreign exchange is stolen from Ethiopian society each year. Corruption is a net cost to this and the coming generation in multiple ways. It is the current and future generations who will pay a huge price for this.

Ironically, foreign owned large-scale commercial farms are protected by branches of Ethiopia’s police, security and defense forces. In Central America and Pakistan, Special Forces paid for by investors protected such establishment against the population. Those who struggle for alternative organization and leadership ought to ask, “Whose interests do police, security and armed forces protect in Gambella or the Ogaden or anywhere?” It certainly is not the interests of the people who are forced out of their lands or the long-term interests of the country.

Opponents have a moral responsibility to educate ordinary soldiers, police and others that their repressive roles on behalf of TPLF Inc. or foreign investors will alienate them from their own extended families and communities. We cannot do this in meaningful ways if we are detached from the Ethiopian reality on the ground.

‘Silent violence or killing’ does not discriminate

Regardless of ethnic or religious affiliation, those who dissent against the above and other social, political and economic injustices are subjected to cruel and inhumane treatment without any let up. Andualem Aragie, an individual who hails from Gondar, was beaten up in his cell by an inmate because he stood for justice, democratic freedom and the rule of law. He did not dare to challenge the system because of his ethnic affiliation. He did this as an Ethiopian. His is a prime example of ‘silent killing’ by TPLF Inc. I do not have any proof to suggest that the inmate who assaulted him was planted by the governing party. However, I challenge the notion that anyone imprisoned by the one party state cannot and should not expect safety and security even in jail. It is a travesty that says more about the cruel and unjust system than about the inmate. The system does not tolerate dissent or symbols of dissent whether in jail, in the Diaspora or within the country. It does its job silently and methodically.

This takes me back to the formation and acceptability of ethnic-based political parties under TPLF Inc. I argue that this is part of the strategy of divide and rule; and a clever mechanism to coopt and subordinate the majority by using ethnic elite and other self-serving intermediaries. The more division there is; the less challenge to and dissent against TPLF Inc. Aspiring elites are recruited to the club on the basis of their submission, commitment to defend and serve the system while advancing self-interest. The business of ethnic politics is therefore to ensure that narrow band of-largely ethnic elites- are well served. Those of us who want a better future for all Ethiopians need to accept the truth that ethnic division and narrow self-interest entail enormous costs for the majority of people; and for the long-term viability and security of the country. The economic and financial incentives that accrue from this system are so critical for the beneficiaries that they become both pawns and the most avid supporters of ethnicization of politics and economics. At one level, it is hard to blame secondary beneficiaries. It is a matter of survival. What other option do they have? Those of us who oppose the system do not show consistent commitment to come to the aid of those who suffer within the country. We just react or protest for a day and stop. Secondary beneficiaries who may resent the system know our weakness, namely, our inability to mobilize resources and aid those who advance justice and fair treatment. The challenge for us is to make distinctions between the top leadership of TPLF Inc. and the rest and determine to expose this cruel and repressive system consistently. We can plant seeds of separation among constituent parts that sustain TPLF Inc.

Focus on the system that sustains ‘silent violence and killing’

I suggest that our singular focus should be less on our division and more on the system that sustains repression through division; and breeds social and economic inequality. I further suggest that the real political and social foundation of the struggle for a better and more inclusive society is in Ethiopia and not overseas. TPLF Inc. created the EPRDF to mobilize dissatisfied ethnic-based political elites in order to enlarge the party’s narrow political power base. To some, this strategy gave ethnic politics a democratic façade. This façade has no human face. However, it is, ultimately, the Ethiopian people who should judge in a free and fair election. The system now uses this ethnic architecture against those it perceives inimical to its well-designed political, social, financial and economic goals and interests. This is why Andualem and others are paying with their lives. Like other patriotic and nationalist individuals who stand for justice, the rule of law and political pluralism, he represents the hopes and aspirations we all share. He is thus a symbol of a brighter future for all Ethiopians and must be treated as such. TPLF Inc. applies the same methodology of punishing him, his family and friends and his community by making life totally intolerable. The intent is to make sure that others fear the brutality of the regime. This happens to Anuak, Somali, Amhara, Oromo, Gurage, and Tigray alike. Why can’t we recognize this and collaborate?

Given this recurring history of gross human rights violations against the innocent and the dispossession of the Ethiopian people as a whole, and acknowledging those who stand firm for justice and freedom, I am saddened to note that even Andualem’s dire and deplorable condition does not move and revolt those of us in the Diaspora in meaningful and sustainable ways. We seem to possess souls that do not move; hearts that do not empathize; minds that do not distinguish; and actions that do not make a dent. These are not Ethiopians values. I opine that we can no longer see people such as Andualem or others like him just as another individual activist individual in trouble. Rather, we must see him as a symbol of resistance and defiance from a new generation of potential leaders who represent hope and promise: “purpose-driven lives.”

It is time that we wake up and reject ‘silent violence and killing’ against any Ethiopian such as Andualem who stands for justice and freedom.
2/21/2012

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

3 Ethiopians are wanted by police in Saudi Arabia for murder

Sunday, December 23rd, 2012

Saudi Gazette is reporting the police in Al-Namas, Asir (a southwestern province in Saudi Arabia) are searching for three Ethiopians who are suspected of killing another Ethiopian in the village of Bani Amr. The murder weapon was identified as a sharp instrument. The body has been transferred to the mortuary, while a search is underway for the culprits. City Council member, Sad Al-Faiman complained of the increase in crimes by illegal expat. Selling liquor to the young and armed robberies has increased, he said. (Saudi Gazette)


4 Ethiopian ‘peacekeepers’ killed in each other in Darfur

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

2012-12-22

Khartoum – Three peacekeepers shot dead by one of their comrades in Sudan’s troubled Darfur region were all Ethiopian, a source familiar with the incident told AFP on Saturday.

The shooter, who subsequently killed himself, was also from the East African country, the source said, asking for anonymity.

"All of them are Ethiopian," said the source.

The African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (Unamid) has not released the nationalities of the dead or details of what led to the shooting.

While Unamid is investigating circumstances surrounding the incident, the source told AFP that the peacekeepers are in a stressful environment, "all the time in a dangerous place and all the time away from families."

In October five peacekeepers died in hostile action.

A South African member of the force was killed during an ambush en route to the Hashaba area of North Darfur, and four Nigerians lost their lives in an attack near El-Geneina, West Darfur.

The attack on the Nigerians was the deadliest in Unamid history, according to UN sources.

The October killings brought to 43 the number of Unamid troops killed in hostile action in the nearly five-year history of the world’s largest peacekeeping mission.

Unamid has a mandate to protect civilians in Sudan’s far-west region, where rebels began an uprising against the Arab-dominated Khartoum government almost a decade ago.

- SAPA
http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Dead- … n-20121222


Leveling the playing field in Ethiopia

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

The press release was short and to the point. It was only six paragraphs long and was written in a matter of fact way. There were no trumpets blaring, no press conference with TV lights and no lavish dinner to commemorate the event. The announcement reminded me of the proverb ‘best things come in small packages.’ So it was without much fanfare I read the most important announcement on Abbay Media and Quatero. Tucked among the news was the announcement regarding the formation of Ginbot 7 Popular Force (GPF).

It is vintage G7. Doing what needs to be done in a deliberate and intelligent manner. Since their inception the folks of G7 have gone about building their organization, finding common ground with others and laying a firm and solid foundation to move our quest for freedom and dignity in a purposeful manner. Their accomplishment the last four years speaks volumes to their ability as leaders of a new style of struggle that is beginning to bear fruit.
As the establishment of ESAT was a game changer, as the successful meeting of mind with the OLF was a ground shaking event this announcement regarding the formation of Ginbot 7 Popular Forces is a monumental achievement in the annals of our struggle. It is a milestone in the evolution of our struggle to be free and democratic.

It is a brand new day in Ethiopia. Our struggle is entering a new phase. It is a necessary phase imposed upon our people by the belligerent and lawless regime. It was not an easy decision for the Front to make. No one relishes the idea of an armed confrontation especially with one’s own brothers and sisters but there comes a time when self-preservation becomes a vital issue. The short announcement makes that fact clear.
The TPLF regime has been in power for over twenty years now. The last twenty years have been a period of destabilization, conflict and agony for our people. No one can deny that. The result of this chaotic and illegal system is laid in front of us. Despite the much heralded so called ‘economic miracle’ thrown on our face our country is mired in famine and poverty, our children are scattered all over the world, our daughters are enslaved in the Middle East by the thousands, our people are denied the simple luxury of reading a free paper or listening to independent news and our jails are filled by innocent victims of a mad system.

This is what makes the formation of GPF a must and important component of our struggle. The Ethiopian people have tried every avenue open to let the regime know that the monopoly of power is not conducive to a just and harmonious system. Our people have bent backwards to accommodate the regime to change its aggressive ways. International organizations such as the European Union and others have tried to mediate. The arrogant and petty government has shown complete disregard to our needs and concerns.

That is why I wrote ‘leveling the playing field’ in the title. Violence is a two way street. Up until now the TPLF regime has the monopoly of violence. It has used it with impunity. The late dictator even used to taunt as to try fighting back. We are patient people. But despite the failings of the last few years we are also brave people. At long last we have decided to stand our ground and defend our people from evil. Self-defense is a God given right to every human being. It is time we in Ethiopia exercise that right.

We celebrate those that are still trying to let the TPLF regime know their peaceful intentions to bring change. It is to no one’s interest to shed blood in anger. The death of a single Ethiopian should be avoided at all cost. That can only happen when there is the rule of law in the country we call Ethiopia. It could not come about by a government based on a single ethnic group, by a government hell bent on monopolizing army, commerce, communications and politics by a chosen few.

GPF is our shield. GPF will prove to the arrogant TPLF army and security there will be consequences to aggression. As anything started by the seasoned leaders of Ginbot 7 there is no question GPF will prove itself to be a worthy child of Tewodros, Yohanes, Minilik, Aba Jifar, Tona and many other patriots. There is no question in my mind that the Ethiopian people will take GPF into their fold, love and nurture it. Our wish has been fulfilled and TPLF nightmare has just started.

There will be those that will try to belittle our effort and mock our resolve. Some will accuse the Diaspora of fanning the flames of war. No matter the die has been cast and the long journey has started. It is sad that in this day and age we have to pick up arms instead of the ballot to bring change. But one cannot choose his battle. This has been forced upon us. We have waited too long to respond in kind. Once we have started the process our job is to try to make it a short and less costly endeavor. Our responsibility is to encourage, support in any way possible and push our family, friends and the international community to stand with us at this time of great need.

We salute the combatants of GPF for their sacrifice on our behalf. We want them to know they are in our hearts and minds every waking moment of our life. We promise we will do all that we could in our part to help them achieve the goal of liberating our mother land from the clutches of darkness. Forward with the brave sons and daughters of Ethiopia, we your people in exile raise our hands in salute and shout so all can hear ‘Ethiopia is rising and a new day has begun!!!’ May you march in triumph as your ancestors did thru the millennium.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Deadly trip to Yemen

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

ETHIOPIA: Jemmal Ahmed, “I survived a deadly trip to Yemen"

Photo: Contributor/IRIN
Image
Many young Ethiopians migrate in search of economic opportunities in Yemen (file photo)

ADDIS ABABA, 21 December 2012 (IRIN) – Jemmal Ahmed, 21, was recently deported back to Ethiopia after a nine-month stay in a prison in Yemen for illegally entering the country a few months earlier. His intention had been to cross over into Saudi Arabia to find work.

He shared his experience with IRIN:

I dreamed of going Saudi Arabia since the moment my neighbours, in my home town, told me of the possibility of getting out of poverty after someone went there and worked for a year.

“I was broke within days of arriving in Yemen, as I paid most of [my money] to the people who took me from Ethiopia to Yemen and [spent] the remainder of my money on those who briefly hosted me in Yemen. They threatened to report me to the police if I didn’t.”

But he was still handed over to the police.

Instead of taking me to Saudi Arabia, he [the broker in Yemen] took me straight to the police. At first I didn’t know what they were talking about since I don’t know their language. But the moment I entered a place where a lot of police were swarming around, I recognized that I was being detained.”

Ahmed and his friends had travelled for 15 days by road and ship, at a cost of about 9,000 birr each (about US$500), to get to Yemen. The money was paid to brokers who take irregular migrants out of Ethiopia to Saudi Arabia via Djibouti and Yemen.

“Al Amdulilahi [by God’s grace], I survived a deadly trip to Yemen by a small boat that took more than a hundred migrants on board, and then [afterward] an uprising that set the prison cell I was in on fire.”

Ahmed’s three friends were not as lucky. “The voyage took a toll on them. The first one died on the same day we arrived there [in Yemen] due to diarrhoea. I feel disheartened whenever I think of that day. There was nothing I could do about it other than watch him die.

“Later on, I was also told the two others passed away for reasons I still don’t know.”

bt/aw/rz

http://www.irinnews.org/Report/97104/ET … p-to-Yemen


Is the Eritrean opposition turning away from PM Hailemariam’s regime in Ethiopia?

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

It is unprecedented to read an article as highly critical of Woyane as the following from awiate.com website. Though some articles that were coming out of awiate recently were indicating some shift in the relation of the website with Woayne, no one would have anticipated an article as extreme as this coming from it. In my opinion, this new stand may bring them some support from Eritreans, though at the expense of loosing their financiers. It is also entertaining to read the comments section, which is full of angry woyane foot soldiers venting their frustration.

:lol: :lol: :lol: :lol:

http://awate.com/the-political-chess-game-to-tame-the-woyanes/


British gov’t aid agency under fire for mishandling human rights concerns in Ethiopia

Friday, December 21st, 2012

DfID under fire for poor response to human rights concerns in Ethiopia
Aid officials accused of failing to fully investigate reports of abuse by Ethiopian authorities against ethnic groups. Britain’s Department for International Development (DfID) is under fire for failing to adequately address allegations of human rights abuses in Ethiopia, a major recipient of UK aid. A DfID official promised to raise their complaints "very strongly with the [Ethiopian] government", according to the transcript, saying: "Obviously, we agree it’s unacceptable, beating and rapes and lack of consultation or proper compensation."

A joint USAid-DfID report of the January trip, published only after the UK international development secretary, Justine Greening, had been questioned on the issue in parliament, said: "As a consequence of these events, the Mursi and Bodi in particular stated that they were living in fear, resorting to other food sources or going hungry. The phrase ‘waiting to die’ was used."

However, the report added that "although these allegations are extremely serious, they could not be substantiated by this visit", and suggested a "more detailed investigation" was made. Almost 10 months after the trip, however, Greening told parliament on 5 November that her department had still not been able to substantiate the claims.

A DfID spokesman confirmed that the Ethiopian government had been asked about these allegations, but he refused to comment on whether the department had received a response, or what the British government was doing to press Ethiopian ministers on the issue, or if the UK was planning to further investigate the claims.

See the details at this link http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-develo … s-ethiopia


ኢትዮጵያስ በህወሓት የብረት መዳፍ ስር እስከ መቼ ትቀጥል?

Friday, December 21st, 2012

የህወሓት የብረት መዳፍ
(ተመስገን ደሳለኝ)
የድህረ-መለስ ዝግመተኛውና መቋጫ ያጣው የፖለቲካ ማዕበል፣ አሁንም አዳዲስ ክስተቶችን ማሳየቱን አላቋረጠም፡፡ ዝነኛው ‹‹የመለስ ራዕይ›› መፈክርም ግንባሩን የታሰበውን ያህል ወደ አንድ ለማሰባሰብ አቅም ያጠረው ይመስላል፡፡ ጥገናዊ ለውጦቹም እንዲሁ አትራፊ መሆን አልቻሉም፡፡ መሀል አራት ኪሎ በሚገኘው የኢህአዴግ ጽ/ቤት ግድግዳ ላይ የተሰቀለው የመለስ ፎቶም ‹‹ሸምጋይ›› አልሆናቸውም፡፡ በብሄር ተኮር ፍላጎት የሚወዛወዘው የኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ መንግስትም ለሁለት ወር ከአስር ቀን ያህል ያለ ሚንስትሮች ምክር ቤት (ካቢኒ) ስልጣን ላይ የቆየ ቢሆንም፣ ህዳር 20/2005 ዓ.ም. ካቢኔውን ሲያቋቁም ሁለት ተጨማሪ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች እና ሶስት ሚኒስትሮችን ለፓርላማው በማቅረብ እንዲሾሙ አድርጓል፡፡ በዚህ ፅሁፍም የሁለቱን ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሮች ሹመት ከህገ-መንግስቱ አኳያ ያለውን ህጋዊነት እና ከሹመቱ ጀርባ ያሉ ፖለቲካዊ መግፍኤዎችን እንዳስሳለን፡፡
ስንት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች?
በኢትዮጵያ አውድ ስለስልጣን ስንነጋገር ለህጋዊነቱ ማረጋገጫ የሚሆነን በራሱ በገዥው ፓርቲ ‹‹ፊታውራሪነት›› በ1987 ዓ.ም. የፀደቀው ህገ-መንግስት ነው፡፡ ስለዚህም የሶስቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሮች ሹመት ምዘና መነሻም ይህ ይሆናል፡፡
ህገ-መንግስቱ በአንቀጽ 9 በግልፅ ‹‹የሕገ-መንግስት የበላይነት›› በሚል ርዕስ፣ በቁጥር ሶስት ላይ ያስቀመጠው እንዲህ ይነበባል፡-
‹‹በዚህ ህገ-መንግስት ከተደነገገው ውጭ በማናቸውም አኳኋን የመንግስት ስልጣን መያዝ የተከለከለ ነው፡፡››
እንግዲህ ይህ ድንጋጌ በግልጽ በመቀመጡ ይመስለኛል የ‹‹ሶስቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች›› ሹመት ‹‹ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊ›› የሚል የተቃውሞ ወጀብ የከበበው፡፡ የዚህ ተጠየቅም ሄዶ ሄዶ የሚያርፈው ህገ-መንግስቱ ላይ በመሆኑ፣ መከራከሪያ የሚሆነው ህገ-መንግስቱ ስለምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አሿሿም በአንቀፅ 75 ላይ ያስቀመጠው ነው፡፡ በዚህ አንቀፅ መሰረትም አንድ እንጂ፣ ሶስት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መሾም አይቻልም፡፡ በተጨማሪም ህገ-መንግስቱ በእንዲህ አይነቱ ድንገቴ የውስጥ አብዮት በሚነሳበት ወቅትም ቢሆን የሁለቱ ምክትሎቹን የመሰለ ሹመት እንዳይኖር በር የዘጋ ነው፡፡ የህግ ባለሙያዎች ትንታኔም ‹‹በህግ ያልተገለፀ ነገር፣ እንዳልተፈቀደ ይቆጠራል›› ሲል ይህንን ሀሳብ ያጠናክራል፡፡
አዲሱ ሹመትም ያፈረሰው የህገ-መንግስቱ አንቀጽ 75 ‹‹ስለምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር›› በሚል ርዕስ ስር የገለፀው እንዲህ ይላል፡-
1. ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ
ሀ) በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ተለይተው የሚሰጡትን ተግባሮች ያከናውናል፣
ለ) ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በማይኖሩበት ጊዜ ተክቶት ይሰራል
መቼም እንዲህ ተብራርቶ የተቀመጠ ህግን ‹‹ለትርጉም አሻሚ ነው›› ልንለው አንችልም፡፡ ምክንያቱም ይህ አንቀጽ ሌላ ቀርቶ ‹‹ወዘተ›› እንኳ ብሎ ያልተገለፀ ስልጣን አልሰጠም፡፡ በአናቱም ‹‹ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮቹ እንዲህ ያደርጋሉ፣ ይህንን ይቆጣጠራሉ፣ በክላስተር ይታቀፋሉ…›› ሲል የደነገገው ነገር የለም፡፡ ስለዚህ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የስልጣን ንቅፈ-ክበብ ግልፅና አጭር ነው ማለት ነው፡፡ ይኸውም ‹‹ዋናው በሌለበት ጊዜ ተክቶ መስራት››፣ እና ‹‹በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ተለይቶ የሚሰጠውን መተግበር››፡፡ ከዚህ አኳያም ነው በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ማዕረግ ‹‹የመልካም አስተዳደር ክላስተር አስተባባሪ›› እና ‹‹የኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮች ክላስተር አስተባባሪ›› የሚለው የሁለቱ ሰዎች ሹመት ህገ-መንግስታዊ ዕውቅና የለውም ወደሚል መደምደሚያ የሚያደርሰን፡፡
በእርግጥም ጉዳዩን በጥቅሉ ስናየው የሁለቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች ሹመት የህገ-መንግስት ድጋፍም ሆነ ተቀባይነት ሊኖረው እንደማይችል ግልፅ ነው፡፡ ስለዚህም ሹመቱ ሊያያዝ የሚችለው ከፖለቲካ ውሳኔ ጋር ብቻ ነው፡፡ በዚህም ሕገ-መንግስቱ በይፋ ተጥሷል፡፡ ይህ ማለት ስርዓቱ ከህግ-ውጭ ሲሰራ ይህ የመጀመሪያው ነው እንደ ማለት አይደለም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የኢህአዴግ የኋላ ታሪኩ የሚነግረን ዘመኑን ሙሉ ህገ-መንግስቱን እንዳሻው ሲጥሰው፣ አሳስቶ ሲተረጉመው፣ ሲያሴስነው፣ ሲገፋው እንደነበር ነው፡፡ ይህን የሚያደርገው
የፖለቲካ ጠቀሜታውን በማስላት ነው፡፡ አሳዛኙ ነገር ግን ይህ ህገ-መንግስት ህልውናው የሚገለፀው ተቀናቃኞቹን ለማጥቃት ባስፈለገ ጊዜ ብቻ መሆኑ ነው፡፡ (በድህረ ምርጫ 97 ለእስር የበቁት የቅንጅት አመራሮች ‹‹ህገ-መንግስቱን ለመናድ አሲረዋል›› በሚል ክስ ነው፡፡ እስክንድር ነጋ፣ ርዕዮት አለሙ፣ አንዱአለም አራጌ፣ በቀለ ገርባ፣ እነ ጄኔራል ማሞ ተፈራ… የመሳሰሉትም ቃሊቲ የተወረወሩት ‹‹ህገ-መንግስቱን ለመናድ ተንቀሳቅሰዋል›› ተብለው እንደሆነ ይታወሳል)
የሆነ ሆኖ ህገ-መንግስቱ በአቶ መለስ ዘመን እንደ ግለሰብ፣ እንደ ህወሓት እና እንደ ኢህአዴግ በተደጋጋሚ ጊዜያት ሲጣስ ተመልክተናል፡፡ ለምሳሌ በ93ቱ የህወሓት ክፍፍል ወቅት መለስ ራሳቸው ህወሓት ውስጥ የተፈጠረውን የልዩነት ችግር ለመፍታት ሲሉ ‹‹የህወሓት ህገ-ደንብ ድርጅቱን ከአደጋ ስለማይከላከለው፣ ከህግ ውጭ ተጉዘን በህገ መንግስቱ መጠቀም መቻል አለብን›› ብለው በአደባባይ ተከራክረዋል፡፡ የተከራከሩበትንም ወደተግባር መቀየራቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ የተቃወማቸውም አልነበረም፡፡ ይህን የሰውዬውን መከራከሪያ አሁን ለተከሰተው ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊነት የህወሓት ሰዎች እንዴት እንዳዋሉት አንድ መላምት ልንሰጥ እንችላለን፡፡ እንደሚታወቀው፤ ኢህአዴግ ላረቀቀው ህገ-መንግስት ተከብሮ መኖር ራሱን ብቸኛ ዕምነት የሚጣልበት ቡድን አድርጎት ያስባል፡፡ ‹‹እኛ ከሌለን ሀገሪቱ ትበታተናለች›› የሚለው ፍልስፍናው፤ እርሱ በስልጣን ላይ ካልቆየ ህገ-መንግስቱ በአንድ ምሽት ብትንትኑ ሊወጣ እንደሚችል ከልቡ እንዲያምን አድርጎታል፡፡ ስለዚህም፤ በፓርቲው ውስጥ የተፈጠረውን ሽኩቻ ህገ-ወጥ በሆነ መንገድም ቢሆን ማርገብ ካልተቻለ ፓርቲው ሊፈራርስ ከዚያም እነርሱ እንደሚያምኑት ህገ-መንግስታዊ ስርዓቱ ሊያበቃለት ይችላል፡፡ ይህ ከመሆኑ በፊትም ፓርቲውን ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊ በሆነ መንገድ በማቆየት፣ ህገ-መንግስታዊ ስርዓቱን መጠበቅ ያስፈልጋል የሚል ይሆናል፡፡ እንግዲህ የአቶ መለስ ተተኪዎችቸውም እናስቀጥለዋለን የሚሉት ‹‹ሌጋሲ›› በዋናነት ህግ መጣሱን እንደሆነ እያሳዩን ነው፡፡
ይህንን የስርዓቱ ድርጊት በማስረጃ ለማሳየት ያህል የሚከተሉትን የህግ ጥሰቶች ማንሳት እንችላለን፡፡ የሰላሳ ሰባቱ ከፍተኛ ወታደራዊ ሹመት አንዱ ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ህገ-መንግስቱ የጄነራሎችን የማዕረግ አሰጣጥ የሚፈቅደው በጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ አቅራቢነት ሲሆን ብቻ ነው፡፡ እዚህ ጋር ያለው የህግ ጥሰት ለመኮንኖች የተሰጠው ሹመት አቶ መለስ ህይወታቸው አልፎ ተተኪ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ባልተመረጠበት ወቅት መሆኑ ነው፡፡ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ‹‹ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር›› ተብለው የቆዩበት ጊዜም እንዲሁ ህገ ወጥነት ነው፤ ህገ-መንግስቱ ‹‹ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር›› ለሚባል ሹመት እውቅና አይሰጥምና፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ተብለው ሳይሾሙም ለሁለት ወር ያህል ሀገሪቱ ያለመንግስት የቆየችበት ጊዜም የዚሁ ተመሳሳይ የህግ ጥሰት ነው፡፡ በተጨማሪም ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ሆነው ከተሾሙ በኋላ ካቢኔያቸውን ሳያቋቁሙ እስከ ህዳር ሃያ ቀን ድረስ የቆዩበት ሁኔታም ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊ ነው፡፡
የሹመቱ አደጋ
ስርዓቱ ጉልበታም መሪውን በሞት ከተነጠቀ በኋላ የተለያዩ ክፍተቶች ተፈጥረውበታል፡፡ እነዚም ክፍተቶች በሂደት በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ተስፋፍተው ሊጠራርጉት እንደሚችሉ ስጋት ላይ በመውደቁ ይመስለኛል-የህገ-ወጡ ሹመት አላማ፡፡ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮቹን ብዛት ከአንድ ወደ ሶስት ከፍ ያደረገው ይህ ሁናቴ እንደ አንድ መፍትሄ በመውሰዱ ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡ ሆኖም ይህ አካሄድ በአራቱ ፓርቲዎች ውስጥ ለተፈጠረው የኃይል ሽኩቻ እንደ እሳት ማጥፊያነት ካልጠቀመ በቀር ዘላቂ መረጋጋትን ማስፈን አያስችልም፡፡ እንዲያውም በግልባጩ አደጋውን ሊያባብሰው ይችላል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ማዓከላዊ መንግስቱ በህገ-መንግስቱ ውስጥ ‹‹ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሳይኖር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ተክቶት ይሰራል›› የሚለውን ድንጋጌ የመተግበር ግዴታ ውስጥ ቢገባ ለመተግበር ከባድ ነውና፡፡ መላ ምቱን ይበልጥ ግልፅ ለማድረግ አቶ ኃይለማርያም፣ የአቶ መለስ ዕጣ ቢያጋጥማቸው ማን ነው የሚተካቸው? የሚል ጥያቄ ቢነሳ ሙክታር ከድር ወይስ ደብረጽዮን ገ/ሚካኤል ወይስ ደመቀ መኮንን? ግልፅ የሆነ ነገር ስለሌለ ‹‹እገሌ ይተካል›› ማለት አይቻልም፡፡ ምክትሎቹ በተመሳሳይ ደረጃ ያሉ ይሁኑ ወይም የተለያዩ አልተነገረም፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ ሶስቱም እኩል የአልጋው ወራሽ ሆነው ሊፋጠጡ የሚችሉበትን ዕድል ያሰፋዋል (ቢያንስ እንዲህ አይነት አደጋዎች ቢከሰቱ እንደ መውጫ በር ለመጠቀም ‹‹ተቀዳሚ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር…›› የሚል አንደኛው ከሁለቱ ሚኒስትሮች የሚለይበት ደረጃ ቢሰጥ ወይም ሁለቱ ምክትሎች ለአንደኛው ምክትል ተጠሪ ለማድረግ አለመሞከሩ የሰዎቹን ችኮላ በግላጭ ያሳያል፡፡ ምናልባት ደመቀ ቀድመው የተሾሙ በመሆናቸው ብኩርናውን ይወስዱ ይሆናል ተብሎ ታስቦም ከሆነ አሁንም ይህ የቢሆን ምልከታ ህገ-ወጥነቱ ከማባባስ ውጪ የሚጨምረው አንዳች ነገር የለም)
በአናቱም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን የመተካቱ ስራ ከታሰበው በተቃራኒ ሄዶ ቀላል ቢሆን እንኳ ምክትሎቻቸው ብቁ አይደሉም፡፡ በልምድም በተቀባይነትም፡፡ እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች በቀጣይ ሊከሰቱ የሚችሉ የፓርቲው ግዙፍ አደጋዎች ሊሆኑ ይችላሉ፡፡ ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ይህ የስልጣን ሹመት የብሄር ተዋፅዖን ለማቻቻል የተደረገ ሊሆን ይችላል የሚለው መከራከሪያ ከኢህአዴግ ሁለንተናዊ ባህሪ ጋር ሲዛመድ አንድ ከባድ መዘዝ ይዞ ሊመጣ ይችላል፡፡ ፓርቲው እስከአሁን ከሄደበት መንገድ አንፃር ከውስጡ አንድ ብቸኛ ጡንቸኛ ሰው መምጣቱ
ላይቀር ይችላል፡፡ የዴሞክራሲ ማዕከላዊነት የፓርቲው መርህ እና በድህረ-93 መንግስታዊ ተቋማት እንጂ የፓርቲው ጠቀሜታ በአቶ መለስ ስልጣን ጠቅላይነት የተነሳ እየሟሸሹ መጥተዋል፡፡ ከዚህ በተጨማሪ በአቶ መለስ አርቃቂነት ፓርቲው በሀገሪቱ ላይ ሊከውናቸው ያሰባቸው የተንሻፈፉ የልማታዊ መንግስት ፅንሰ-ሀሳቦች የአንድን ጉልበታም መሪነት መምጣት የግድ ይላሉ (መለስ ይህን ጉዳይ ተቋማዊነት ለማልበስ መሞከራቸው ሳንዘነጋ) በዚህን ወቅት የትኛው ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር፣ አልያም ከየትኛው ብሄር የሚነሳ ሰው ወደዚህ መንበር ይመጣል? …መልስ የሚሻ ጥያቄ ነው፡፡ መቼም ከህወሓት ለሚነሳ ሰው የሌሎቹ ብሄር አባላት እንደበፊቱ በዝምታ ያዩታል ማለቱ ያስቸግራል፡፡
ሌላኛው የአዲሱ ሹመት አደጋ የስልጣን ተዋረድን ለመጠበቅ ወይም በሚኒስትሮች መካከል ተግባብቶ ለመስራት እንቅፋት መሆኑ ነው፡፡ የስራ ልምድ እና ቀደምትነትን (ሲነየሪቲን) መሰረት ያደረገ አይደለም፡፡ ለምሳሌ ከ15 አመታት በላይ የኢኮኖሚ ሚኒስትር ሆነው በመስራት በቦታው ላይ የዳበረ ልምድ ያላቸው ሶፊያን አህመድ፣ አሁን ተጠሪነታቸውም ሆነ ሪፖርት የሚያቀርቡት ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሳይሆን፣ ‹‹የፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚ ክላስተር አስተባባሪ›› ሆነው ለተሾሙት (በልምድም በቀደምትነትም ከእርሳቸው በእጅጉ ለሚያንሱት) ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ደብረጽዮን ገ/ሚካኤል ነው፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ ኃላፊነትን በአግባቡ ለመወጣት እንቅፋቶች መፍጠሩ አይቀርም፡፡ ምናልባትም በእንዲህ አይነት ልዩነት የተነሳ በሁለቱ ባለስልጣኖች መካከል ቅሬታ ወይም አለመግባባት ቢፈጠር ችግሩ ከእነርሱ አልፎ የድርጅቶቻቸው ኦህዴድ እና ህወሓት የመሆን ዕድል አለው፡፡ እዚህ ጋ ሊነሳ የሚችለው ሌላው የሹመቱ ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊነት በራሱ በህገ-መንግስቱ አንቀፅ ሰባ ስድስት፣ በቁጥር አራት እና ስድስት ላይ ‹‹የሚንስትሮች ምክር ቤት›› ስልጣን ተብሎ የተቀመጠው ፋይናንስን እና ኢኮኖሚን የሚመለከተው ለዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን መሰጠቱ ነው፡፡ …እናም እነዚህ ብጥስጣሽ ምክንያች እርስ በእርሳቸው የሚጋመዱበት አጋጣሚ ከተፈጠረ አደጋው እውን ይሆናል፡፡
ከሹመቱ ጀርባ
ትልቁ ጉዳይ ኢህአዴግ በዚህ ደረጃ ህገ-መንግስቱን ንዶ፣ አዲስ የስልጣን ቦታ ለመፍጠር ያስገደደው ምንድር ነው? የሚለው ይመስለኛል፡፡ ከዚህም አኳያ የተወሰኑ ነጥቦችን ከሹመቱ አንጓ ውስጥ እንምዘዝ፡፡
ደህና! ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ተሿሚዎቹን ለተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አቅርበው ባፀደቁበት ወቅት ‹‹ምክንያቴ›› ብለው ከዘረዘሩት እንነሳ፡-
‹‹የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤትን ለማጠናከር፣ ያስፈፃሚነት ሚናውን በአግባቡ እንዲወጣ ለማድረግ የተጀመረው ጥናት በመጠናቀቁ፣ በጥናቱ በርካታ ልምዶች በመቀመሩ፣ በአዲሱ ትውልድ የኢህአዴግ አመራር የመተካካት ሂደትን መሰረት በማድረግ አስፈፃሚ አካል ለማጠናከር ዓላማ ያደረገ…››
ይህ ምን ማለት ነው? ምክንያትስ ብሎ ማን ይሆን ያዘጋጃው? ይህ ሁኔታ ሰዎቹ ምን እየሰሩ ነው ብለን እንድንጠይቅ ያስገድደናል፡፡ የምክንያቱ ቅሽምና የሚጀምረው በተገለፀው ዝባዝንኬ ነገር ብቻ አይደለም፣ በዝርዝሩ ውስጥ ‹‹ህገ-መንግስቱን መሰረት በማድረግ›› የሚል ነገር ለይስሙላ እንኳ ባለመካተቱ ነው፡፡ መቼም ይህ ምክንያት ሌላውን ቀርቶ ራሳቸውንም ሊያሳምን አይችልም፡፡ ባይሆን በግልፅ እንዲህ ቢሉ የተሻለ ነበር፡-
‹‹እኔ እንደ መለስ ዜናዊ ሀገር ለመምራት የሚያስችል አቅም ስለሌለኝ፣ ስልጣኔን ህገ-መንግስቱ ከሚፈቅደው ውጪ አከፋፍያለሁ፤ ወይም መለስ ዜናዊ ስልጣን ጠቅልለው የያዙ አምባገነን ስለነበሩና አሁን ደግሞ እርሳቸው ስለሌሉ ዴሞክራሲያዊ አሰራር ተከትለን የስልጣን ክፍፍል አድርገናል››
ይህ ቢያንስ ለአንድ ሀይማኖታዊ መፅሄት በሰጡት ቃለ-መጠይቅ ላይ ‹‹እኔም እንደ ዳዊት ጨርቄን ልጣልለት›› እያልኩ እዘምርለታለሁ ካሉት አምላካቸው ጋር እንዳይቀያየሙ ያደርጋቸው ነበር፡፡
የሆነ ሆኖ ከዚህ ሹመት ጀርባ ያደፈጠው እውነታ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው የፖለቲካ ሽኩቻ ከቁጥጥር ውጭ እየሆነ መምጣቱን አመላካች ያደረገው ይመስለኛል-በተለይም በህወሓት እና ኦህዴድ ውስጥ፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን ህወሓትና ኦህዴድ ተቃቅረዋል ማለት አይደለም፡፡ በእኔ እምነት ቅሬታ አለ ብዬ የማስበው በሁለቱም ድርጅቶች በራሳቸው ውስጥ ነው-በላይኛው የአመራር አባል እና በካድሬዎች መካከል፡፡
በዚህ ከተስማማን የህወሓት ብቸኛ ችግር የሚመስለኝ መካከለኛና የበታች ካድሬዎቹ ‹‹መሪዎቻችን በደምና አጥንት ያገኘነውን ስልጣን፤ በመተካካት ስም አስወሰዱብን›› የሚል ግሩምሩምታ ከማሰማታቸው ነው የሚተሳሰር ነው፡፡ እናም ከዚህ አንፃር ሊሆን ይችላል ድርጅቱ ከህገ-መንግስቱ ይልቅ የፖለቲካ ጉልበቱን ለመጠቀም የተገደደው፡፡ የኦህዴድ የውስጥ ንትርክም የዚሁ ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡ ‹‹ኦሮሞ መቼ ነው በቁመቱ ልክ ስልጣን የሚይዘው?››፡፡ ለዚህም ነው ይህ አይነቱ የብዙሀኑ ካድሬ ቅሬታ በሰፊው ከተዛመተ ከራሱ አልፎ አባል ድርጅቶችንም ጠራርጎ የሚያጠፋ አብዮት ሊቀሰቅስ ይችላል የሚል ስጋት የገባቸው ‹‹አስማት ማሳየት›› የማይሳናቸው የህወሓት ወሳኝ የአመራር አባላት፣ ኢ-ህገ-መንግስታዊ በሆነ አካሄድ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ቦታ ለኦህዴድ በመስጠት ለቅራኔው ጊዜያዊ ማስተንፈሻ መዘየዱ ተሳክቶላቸውል፡፡
‹‹ህወሓት እየመጣ ነው!››?
በርከት ያሉ የፖለቲካ ተንታኞች ‹‹ህወሓት ወደ ስልጣን እየመጣ ነው›› የሚል አንድምታ ያለው ትንተና እያቀረቡ ነው፡፡ ይህ ግን ስህተት ይመስለኛል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ህወሓት መጀመሪያውንም የትም አልሄደምና (ከመንግስታዊነት ይልቅ ብሄር ተኮር ገፅታ ያላቸው መከላከያ፣ ደህንነት፣ ኢኮኖሚ…የመሳሰሉት በመለስ ዘመንም ሆነ መለስ ካለፉ በኋላ በፓርቲው የብረት መዳፍ ስር እንደዋሉ ናቸው)፡፡ እነዚህ ተቋማት ደግሞ ለህልውናው እና የበላይነቱን ለማስከበር ወይም እንደ ተቺዎች አገላለፅ ‹‹ለፖለቲካ አስማቱ›› ቁልፍ የስልጣን መገልገያ መሳሪያዎች መሆናቸው አያከራክርም፡፡ እናም ደብረጽዮን ገ/ሚካኤል ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ተደርገው መሾማቸው ለህወሓት የሚጨምረው የፖለቲካ ጉልበት የለም፡፡ ባይሾሙም የሚያጎሉት ነገር የለም፡፡ መጀመሪያውንም የተቀነሰ ነገር አልነበረምና፡፡
ይህ አንድ እውነት ነው፡ ድርጅቱ በመለስ ሞት የተነሳ በተፈጠረበት የፖለቲካ መሳሳት ችግር ላይ መውደቁ ደግሞ ሌላ እውነት ነው፡፡
ህወሓት ፩
የአቶ መለስን ሞት ተከትሎ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ እና ደመቀ መኮንን ወደ ስልጣን በመምጣታቸው የህወሓት አመራር የተሰማው ቅሬታ አልነበረም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የኃይለማርያምም ሆነ የደመቀ ሹመትን የቀመረው ራሱ ህወሓት ነው፡፡ ከዚህም ተነስተን የቅሬታ እና የተፈነገልን ስሜት የበረታው በመካከለኛና በታችኛው ካድሬ ሰፈር ነው ወደሚል መደምደሚያ እንደርሳለን፡፡ እዚህ ጋ እንደ አይነኬ ነገር ተሸፍኖ ማለፍ የሌለበት አንድ ጉዳይ አለ፡፡ ይኸውም ጥቂት ሚዲያዎች እንደሚሉት ‹‹የትግራይ ህዝብ ስልጣን ለምን ከትግራይ ሰው ተወስዶ ለወላይታ ተሰጠ›› የሚል ተቃውሞ የሌለው መሆኑን ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ የዚህ አይነቱ ፍረጃ የትግራይ ህዝብንና ህወሓትን አንድ አድርጎ ከመመልከት አባዜ የሚመጣ ስለሆነ ስህተት ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም የጠመንጃው አስተዳደር በኦሮሞ ወይም በአማራ ብቻ የተገደበ ሳይሆን፣ ትግራይንም የሚጨምር ነውና፡፡ ህወሓት ወላይታን በጊንጥ እየገረፈ፣ ትግራይ ሲደርስ በልምጭ አይቀይረውም፡፡ ወጥ አምባገነን ባህሪይ የተጠናወተው ነውና፡፡ (ይህንን በህወሓት ውስጥ የተፈጠረውን የተገፋን ስሜት በማጋጋሉ ረገድ ለድርጅቱ የንግስቲቷን ‹‹ሸረሪት›› ያህል ተፅእኖ ፈጣሪ የነበሩትና በአቶ መለስ የተንገዋለሉት የአቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ እጅ ያለበት ይመስለኛል)
የሆነ ሆኖ ህወሓት በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ያለውን ተጽእኖ በመጠቀም ዶ/ር ደብረጽዮን ገ/ሚካኤልን ህገ-መንግስታዊውን አሰራር ባልተከተለ መልኩ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንዲሆኑ ያደረገው፣ ለካድሬዎቹ ‹‹የሞትንም እኛ፣ ያለንም እኛ! ተረጋጉ›› የሚል መልዕክት ለማስተላለፍ ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡
ህወሓት ፪
ህወሓት ከመለስ ህልፈት በኋላ በ1993 ዓ.ም. ከድርጅቱ ተባረው ከወጡት አመራር (የእነስዬ፣ ተወልደ ቡድን) ጋር ዕርቅ ፈጥሮ በጋራ እንዲሰራ ከካድሬውና ከደጋፊው ግፊት እየበረታበት እንደሆነ ተሰምቷል፡፡ ይህ እውነት ከሆነ ደግሞ የህወሓት የመከራ ወራት እየተቃረበ መሆኑ ግልፅ ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም የ93ቱ ልዩነት ከድርጅቱ በወጡት የአመራር አባላት እና በአቶ መለስ መካከል ‹‹ለኃይል የበላይነት›› የተደረገውን ትግል ተከትሎ የመጣ እንጂ እንደ ድርጅት የተስተዋለ ወይም በርዕዮተ-ዓለም አለመስማማት የተከሰተ አይደለም፡፡ እናም አሁን ያለው የህወሐት አመራር ‹‹የመለስን ራዕይ አስቀጥላለሁ›› በሚል ከሚያቀነቅነው መፈክሩ አኳያ ‹‹ከነስዬ ቡድን ጋር ታረቁ›› የሚለው ውትወታ ሲደመርበት ፓርቲውን ቅርቃር ውስጥ ይከተዋል፡፡ መለስ ራሳቸው በክፍፍሉ ወቅት ‹‹ህወሓትን ከአናት ያበሰበሱ›› በሚል የወነጀሏቸውን የአመራር አባላት ወደ ድርጅቱ እንዲመለሱ በማድረግ ‹‹ከመለስ ራዕይ ጋር ወደፊት›› እየተባለለት ካለው ፖለቲካ ጋር ማስታረቁ የሚቻል ነው ብሎ ማሰብ ይከብዳል፡፡
ይህም ሁኔታ በሁለት መንገድ ህወሓት ላይ ተጽእኖ ያሳደረ ይመስላል፡፡ የመጀመሪያው ‹‹አሁን ያለው የህወሓት አመራር አቅም ስለሌለው ከተባረሩት የቀድሞ አመራር ጋር እርቅ በመፍጠርና ወደ ድርጅቱ እንዲመለሱ በማድረግ አቅሙን ማጠናከር አለበት›› የሚለውን የካድሬዎቹን ጉትጎታ አልሰማም ማለቱ አስቸጋሪ ስለሚሆን ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ ህወሓት ለዚህ ግፊት ምላሽ ይሆን ዘንድ ደብረጽዮንን ህገ-ወጥ በሆነ መንገድ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ እንዲይዙ በማድረግ፣ ለሀሳቡ አቀንቃኞች ‹‹ጠንካሮች ነን!! እነስዬ አያስፈልጉንም!! ባስፈለገን ጊዜ የፈለግነውን ስልጣን መያዝ እንችላለን!!›› የሚል ስውር መልዕክት አስተላልፏል፡፡ የሹመቱ ህጋዊ አለመሆንም ትንተናውን በደንብ የሚያጠናክር ይመስለኛል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ከኃይለማርያም ጀርባ ያለው ጠንካራ የህወሓት መዳፍ በፈለገ ጊዜ የፈቀደውን ለማድረግ ህገ-መንግስቱም ሆነ የተቀጥላ ፓርቲዎቹ ፖለቲካዊ ጉልበት ሊያቆመው እንደማይችል ያሳየበት አጋጣሚ ነውና፡፡ (በነገራችን ላይ ሰሞኑን ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ እነስዬ የህወሓት ጉባኤን ረግጠው ሲወጡ የሚያሳየው የቪዲዮ ሙሉ ፊልም ‹‹We will never forget this day›› /መቼም የማንረሳው ዕለት/ ከሚል መልዕክት ጋር በተለያዩ ሚዲያዎች እንድናየው መለቀቁ የተፈጠረውን ውጥረት የሚያሳይ ይመስለኛል)
ሁለተኛው የሹመቱን ፖለቲካዊ አንድምታ የሚያመላክተው ‹‹ከእነ ስዬ ጋር ካልታረቃችሁ ውርድ ከራሴ›› ለሚሉ ካድሬዎች እና ደጋፊዎች በክፍፍሉ ዘመን፣ ከመለስ ይልቅ ከእነ ስዬ ጎን ቆመው የነበሩትን ደብረጽዮንን ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በማድረግ ‹‹ከጀርባ እነሱም ከጎናችን ናቸው›› የሚል ነጠላ ዜማ በመልቀቅ ግፊቱን ለማቀዝቀዝ የተደረገ የሚያስመስሉ ነገሮች መኖራቸው ነው፡፡ (እንደሚታወቀው ደብረጽዮን ከክፍፍሉ በፊት በደህንነት መስሪያ ቤት ውስጥ ‹‹የመምሪያ ኃላፊ›› የነበሩ ሲሆን፣ ክፍፍሉን ተከትሎ አሰላለፋቸው ከድርጅቱ ከተወገዱት ጋር በመሆኑ፣ በአቶ መለስ ትዕዛዝ ከሀላፊነታቸው ተነስተው፣ በትግራይ ክልል የአንድ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ ተደርገው መወርወራቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ ሰውዬው የወረደባቸውን ‹‹መዓት›› ችለው ድምፃቸውን በማጥፋት እስከ ዶክትሬት ዲግሪያቸው ድረስ መማር እንደቻሉና በሂደት ፀባያቸውን አርቀው፣ ግለሂሳቸውን አውርደው፣ በአቶ መለስ የመጨረሻ ዘመን አካባቢ ወደ ስልጣን ሊመጡ ችለዋል)
ህወሓት ፫
ሶስተኛው የሹመቱ የቢሆን ምልከታ (ሴናሪዮ)፣ አቶ መለስ ህይወታቸው ባለፈ ጊዜ ህወሓትን ችግር ውስጥ የከተተው ጉዳይ ዳግም እንዳይፈጠር ለመከላከል ታስቦ የተደረገው ነው፡፡ እንደሚታወሰው የሰውየውን መሞት ተከትሎ ህወሐት በህግም ሆነ በአሰራር ቦታውን ሊወርስ የሚችልበት ምንም አይነት ክፍተት አልነበረውም፡፡ ምክንያቱም ቦታው በቀጥታ የሚገባው ለምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ኃ/ማርያም ደሳለኝ ነውና፡፡ ስለዚህም ከዚህ በተወሰደ ትምህርት በቀጣይ እንዲህ አይነት ሁናቴ ቢፈጠር ለመከላከል ይረዳ ዘንድ፣ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን መንበር ይዞ መጠባበቅ ለነገ የማይባል የቤት ስራ በመሆኑ ይመስለኛል፣ ደብረጽዮንን በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ወደ ስልጣን ማምጣት ያስፈለገው፡፡
እዚህ ጋ የሚነሳው ሌላኛው መላ-ምት፣ የህወሓት ዕቅድ ደብረጽዮንን ለድንገቴ ለውጥ ተጠባባቂ እንዲሆኑ አድርጎ አስቀመጠ እንጂ፣ በሚቀጥለው ምርጫ ወደ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት እንዲመጡ ይፈልጋል የሚል አለመሆኑ ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ህወሓት እንደ አቶ መለስ አይነት ድንገተኛ ተፈጥሮአዊ አደጋ ካልተፈጠረ በስተቀር፣ ወቅቱን ጠብቆ በሚቀጥለው ጊዜ በሚካሄደው ምርጫ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ቦታ መልሶ ለመያዝ የሚፈልገው በደብረጽዮን በኩል ሳይሆን፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር አድርጎ ባስሾማቸው ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖም ሊሆን እንደሚችል የሚጠቁሙ ምልክቶች አሉ፡፡
ይህንን መከራከሪያ የሚያጠናክርልን ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖም እስከ አዲሱ ሹመታቸው ጊዜ ድረስ በሰሩበት የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትር መስሪያ ቤት የተሻለ የተባለለት ተቋማዊ ለውጥ ያመጡ (በአንፃራዊነት ከሌሎች ተቋማቶች የእርሳቸው የተሻለ እንደሆነ ተደጋግሞ ተነግሮለታል) ሆነው ሳለ ወደ ሌላ ኃላፊነት መቀየራቸው ነው፡፡ እናም ህወሓት ሹመቱን ሀገሪቱን ለመጥቀም እና የተሻለ ስራ ለመስራት አቅዶ የሰጠው ቢሆን ኖሮ፣ ሰውዬው በሀላፊነታቸው ቢቀጥሉ ይበልጥ ጠቃሚ መሆናቸውን ከማንም የተሻለ ስለሚያውቅ፣ ልምድ ካካበቱበትና ውጤታማ ሆነውበታል ከተባለው ሀላፊነታቸው ወደ ማያውቁት አዲስ ስራ ባልቀየራቸውም ነበር፡፡ ይህ ያለአንዳች ቅድመ-ዝግጅት ድንገት በነሲብ የተደረገም አይመስልም፡፡ ምክንያቱም ብርሃነ ገብርክርስቶስ በትጥቅ ትግሉ ዘመን የህወሓት የውጭ ግንኙነት ሠራተኛ፤ እንዲሁም ከድል በኋላ በአሜሪካ እና በቤልጂዬም አምባሳደር ሆነው ከመስራታቸውም በላይ፣ ከ2003 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ ምክትል የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው እየሰሩ በመሆናቸው ለቦታው ከቴዎድሮስ በእጅጉ በላቀ ሁኔታ መመጠናቸው ሌላውን ቀርቶ የህወሓትን ተቀናቃኞቹ ሳይቀር ስለሚያሳምን ኃላፊነቱን ለእርሳቸው ይሰጥ ነበር፡፡
እናም ህወሓት በቀጣይ በምዕራባውያንም ሆነ በበርካታ የፖለቲካ ተንታኞች ‹‹የተሻሉ›› እንደሆነ የሚነገርላቸውን ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖምን በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ ላይ አስቀምጦ፣ ከእጁ ላመለጠው ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ስልጣን እያዘጋጃቸው ይመስላል፡፡ ሬኒ ሌፎርት የተባለ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ የረዥም ጊዜ አጥኚም ‹‹Ethiopia: Meles rules from beyond the grave, but for how long?›› በተባለ ጽሁፉ ይህንን ሁኔታ ‹‹ኃይለማርያም በህወሓት ዘንድ እንደ ሽግግር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ነው የሚታዩት›› በማለት አብራርቶታል፡፡ በዚህም ቴዎድሮስ አዳህኖም በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር መስሪያ ቤት ሆነው ‹‹ሰውነታቸውን እያፍታቱ›› ያሉት ህወሓት የቤት ስራውን አጠናቅቆ ወደ ቤተመንግስቱ እንዲገቡ እስኪያመቻችላቸው ነው የሚለው ሙግት ጠንክሮ የሚወጣ ሆኗል፡፡
በእርግጥ ይህንን አይነቱን ‹‹ቼዝ›› ለመጫወት ብአዴንም የህወሓትን ያህል ምኞት ያለው ይመስለኛል፡፡ ሆኖም ምኞቱ ‹‹ያለጠንካራ መዳፍ›› ብቻውን የሚፈጥረው ነገር ያለመኖሩ ‹‹እጅ ሰጥቶ›› እንዲቀመጥ ሳያደርገው አልቀረም፡፡ ይህ የህወሓት አቅም በዚሁ የሚቀጥል ከሆነ፣ ፖለቲካውም በተመሳሳይ መንገድ መጓዙን ይቀጥላል፡፡ …ኢትዮጵያስ በፓርቲው የብረት መዳፍ ስር እስከ መቼ ልትቀጥል ይገባል?
ኢትዮሚድያ – Ethiomedia.com
December 18, 2012


Will the World End Today? – U.S. Geological Survey says ‘Be Prepared, Every Day’

Friday, December 21st, 2012

(USGS) — Based on interpretations of the ancient Mayan calendar, some people are predicting the world will end on December 21, 2012, Others believe that instead of doomsday and destruction, the day will mark a new era for humanity and will be a time for celebration.

Such beliefs aside, what we know with certainty is that Earth has a tremendous capacity to generate natural disasters on any day of any year. For this reason, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists continue to look for ways to better forecast a wide range of natural hazards and protect our communities.

Let’s take a closer look at the state of the science – what we know and what we don’t know – about our ability to forecast natural disasters.

Can We Predict Earthquakes?

Despite claims to the contrary, no reliable short-term earthquake prediction method has ever been developed. Nor do scientists expect to develop a method in the foreseeable future.

However, based on scientific data, probabilities can be calculated for future earthquakes. For example, comprehensive assessments of long-term earthquake rates in California tell us there is roughly a 2-in-3 chance that a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake will strike in the next 30 years in the greater San Francisco Bay Area. Within the state of California as a whole, earthquakes this large are virtually certain (a 99% probability) in that same time frame.

USGS scientists are also working with university colleagues to gather objective and quantitative information on which to base shorter-term earthquake forecasts. This work includes developing better methods to quantify changes in probability based on recent earthquake activity. For example, scientists are looking at the probability for a larger earthquake after an initial earthquake. They are also developing approaches to communicate these probabilities that will be most effective at supporting appropriate decision making.

Signs of Volcanic Unrest
The United States is home to 169 active volcanoes, many of which could erupt at any time. Fortunately, volcanoes generally show signs of unrest hours, weeks and months before they erupt. Changes in gas emissions, swelling of a volcano, and swarms of small earthquakes are signs that a volcano is awakening. All of these changes can be detected with proper monitoring equipment.

The USGS National Volcano Early Warning System is designed to detect these signs of unrest at the earliest stages. The USGS issues warnings and alerts of potential volcanic hazards—including imminent or ongoing eruptions, ash fall forecasts, and when eruptions have ended—to responsible emergency-management authorities and those potentially affected. These warnings prevent episodes of volcanic unrest from becoming volcanic disasters.

Learn more and see current alerts and status for volcanoes in the United States by visiting the USGS Volcano Hazards website.

Landslide Hazard Potential

Landslides occur in all 50 states and pose a significant risk in many areas. Scientists know landslides are likely on the west coast during its rainy season from November to March, during spring and summer thunderstorms in the western mountain states, and during hurricane season along the east coast. People at especially high risk for landslide damage are those living on or below steep hill slopes.

Wildfires can lead to flash flooding and debris flow, as vegetation is removed that would have served as a stabilizing factor and the remaining burned soil is less able to absorb rainwater. Landslides can also occur from earthquakes, volcanic activity, changes in groundwater, or disturbance and change of a slope by man-made construction activities.

USGS scientists produce maps of areas susceptible to landslides and identify what sort of rainfall conditions will lead to such events. The USGS is working with the National Weather Service on a prototype Debris Flow Warning System to help provide forecasts and warnings about what areas are at imminent risk of having a debris flow or mudslide when rainfall thresholds are met.

Tracking Wildfires

Wildfires are a great concern when there is a lack of precipitation, particularly during the summer months when the weather becomes hot and dry. When there is no water, wildfires can spread very quickly and can be hard to control. Climate change and the resulting hotter and arid conditions are expected to significantly increase wildfire frequency and severity.

The USGS plays an integral role in preparing for and responding to wildfires. The USGS provides tools and information before, during and after fire disasters to identify wildfire risks and reduce subsequent hazards. By looking at previous wildfires, scientists can learn more about ignition sources, burn severity, patterns, season of burning, and fire size. The USGS also provides real-time geospatial support for firefighters during the events. This includes up-to-the minute maps and satellite imagery about current wildfire extent and behavior.

Hurricanes, Storms, Floods and More

Hurricane season runs from June 1 through November, with September as the peak time when they are most likely to strike. But hurricanes and tropical storms can hit at other times as well.

NOAA is responsible for monitoring and issuing warnings for hurricanes and tropical storms. The USGS works with NOAA and provides information on associated coastal vulnerability and change. Before, during and after these events, the USGS assesses the likelihood of beach erosion, overwash, or inundation. Scientists also measure storm surge and monitor water levels of inland rivers and streams.

Flooding from storms is another concern, as is drought from lack of rainfall. The USGS conducts real-time monitoring of the nation’s rivers and streams, and you can visit USGS WaterWatch to see whether river levels are higher or lower than normal. You can also use USGS WaterAlert to receive texts or emails when water levels at a specific streamgage exceed certain thresholds. The National Weather Service relies on timely and accurate USGS data to issue flood warnings, and the partnership between the two agencies runs deep. Together, the USGS, the National Weather Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are also developing flood inundation maps that show, street by street, block by block, and hour by hour exactly where the flood waters will be.

Monitoring Magnetic Storms

What is a magnetic storm? The sun is always emitting a wind of electrically charged particles that flows outward into space. If these concentrations of solar wind are directed towards the Earth, then the magnetic field of the Earth in space (the magnetosphere) can be disturbed, sometimes for days.

Large magnetic storms can cause loss of radio communication, affect global-positioning systems, damage satellite electronics and cause electrical blackouts. Damaging storms occur about 4 times a decade, with smaller events occurring more frequently. Magnetic storms can be detected up to 2 days in advance by monitoring the sun. They come in all sizes, but the largest storms tend to occur when sunspots (concentrations of magnetic energy on the surface of the sun) are most numerous.

The monitoring of “space weather” conditions is a responsibility of several U.S. government agencies, including NOAA, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force. The USGS has the unique responsibility of monitoring geomagnetic activity at the Earth’s surface, close to where most of the effects of magnetic storms are actually realized. Learn more and view near-real time conditions of the magnetic field.

Be Prepared, Every Day

The question to consider on December 21, 2012, and every day is: Have I done everything I can to ensure that my family and I are prepared, should a disaster strike? This includes preparing and practicing your emergency plan and building a disaster supplies kit with food, water and basic needs. Natural disasters will continue to occur, on any given day, but a more informed scientific understanding can lead to better preparedness and safer communities.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

አቶ አንዱአለም አራጌ ላለፉት 15 ወራት በጨለማ ቤት ታስረዋል

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-የአንድነት ፓርቲ ምክትል ሊ/መንበርና የህዝብ ግንኙነት ሐላፊ የሆነው አቶ አንዱዓለም አራጌ በጨለማ ቤት ውስጥ ታስሮ፣ ቀዝቃዛ መሬት ላይ እንዲተኛ መደረጉ በየጤናው ላይ ከፍተኛ ችግር እየፈጠረበት መሆኑን ትናንት ለጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት ተናግሯል።

አቶ አንዱዓለም የመተንፈሻ ችግር እንዳለባቸው ይሁን እንጅ በጠባብ ክፍል 6 ሆነው በመታጎራቸው መታመማቸውንና ከባለቤታቸውና ጥቂት ቤተሰባቸው ውጪ ሌሎች ጓደኞቻቸውና የስራ ባልደረቦቻቸው እንዳይጠይቁዋቸው መደረጉን ተናግረዋል፡፡

የቀድሞው የፓርላማ አባል አቶ አንዷለም አያሌው በበኩላቸው ጠበቆቻቸው መጥተው ሊያናግሩዋቸው እንዳልተፈቀደለቻው ገልጸዋል።ዳኛው አቶ ዳኘ መላኩ ስርአቱን አልጠበክም በሚል የመናገር እድል ነፍገውታል፡፡ ዛሬ መንግስት ያቀረበለት ጠበቃ ቢቀርብም በጊዜ ቀጠሮ ለታህሳስ 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም እንዲቀርብ ተነግሮታል፡፡

ጠበቃ ደርበው ተመስገን ይግባኙ እንኳን ሳይጠናቀቅ ከፍተኛው ፍርድ ቤት የተከሳሾችን ንብረት ለመውረስ በመጣደፍ ላይ ነው በማለት በቃል ሊያቀርቡ ቢፈልጉም ፍርድ ቤቱ በጽሑፍ ያቅርቡ ሲል አስቁሟቸዋል፡፡

ጠበቃ አበበ ጉታ በበኩላቸው ደንበኞቻችን በአንድ የክስ መዝገብ ቢከሰሱም ቃሊቲ እና ቂሊንጦ ተበትነው በመታሰራቸው ለጠበቆች ጥየቃ እንዳልተመቻቸውና በበቂ መጎብኘትና ማነጋገር አለመቻላቸውን ለፍርድ ቤት አሳውቀዋል፡፡

ፍርድ ቤቱ መዝገቡን ለውሳኔ ለጥር 10 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም በጊዜ ቀጠሮ ያሻገረ ሲሆን ክርክሩ በጽሑፍ ተገልብጦ እንዲቀርብለት አዟል፡፡

በትናንት ዘገባችን የተከሳሾችን የመቃወሚያ ሀሳብ ማቅረባችን ይታወሳል።


The Fog Over Eritrea

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

The Fog Over the Red Sea
By Armin Rosen

Dec 20 2012, 2:40 PM ET2

Eritrean information minister Ali Abdu, who is rumored to have defected this past week, helped build one of the world’s strictest systems of media control.

Eritrea sits on some of the most important real estate in Africa, occupying a thin sliver of coastline at the mouth of the Red Sea. The country straddles one side of a globally significant shipping lane, and the actions of whoever’s ruling in Asmara affects the stability of every neighboring country, from already troublesome places like Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to Yemen and Saudi Arabia, which lie just across the sea. Yet Eritrea itself is one of the most opaque places on earth. Under the 21-year rule of Isaias Afewerki, the country has aided al Qaeda-affiliated militants in Somalia, warred against Ethiopia, and precipitated a refugee crisis that has percolated throughout the Horn of Africa and the greater Middle East, cloaked in a fog that even other governments have a difficult time penetrating. Ali Abdu, the country’s all-powerful information minister, is part of the reason why. In an ironic development, it is now unclear whether Abdu is still working with the government, or even if he is still in Eritrea. Thanks to the strict information controls Abdu helped erect during his decade-long tenure as information minister, his movements over the past month have been shrouded in mystery, his possible defection from Afewerki’s government shielded from public view by the very system he helped create.

Evidence of Abdu’s defection mostly lies in a French-language report by freelance journalist Leonard Vincent, who supposedly based his findings on both defectors and sources within the Eritrean ministries of information and defense. According to Eritrean diaspora sources, Abdu, who left Eritrea for Europe in November, had been traveling with state TV producer Daniel Kiflom, who is also rumored to have defected from Afewerki’s government (Kiflom did not comment when reached by email). In late November, when an Ethiopian website claimed that Abdu had defected during his trip abroad, media reports quickly circulated that the minister had already returned to Asmara, and that reports of his departure were fabrications meant to destabilize Eritrea. Vincent’s article asserts otherwise: that no one has seen Abdu in the capital for several weeks, or even spoken to him. Abdu already has family living abroad: his wife has been living in Canada for several years, and he has a brother who lives in California, a cofounder of an English-language Eritrean news site. And he hasn’t been spotted in public for several weeks.

"The rumors are symptomatic of the
regime’s draconian grip on information."

Mohammed Keita of the Committee to Protect Journalists is not sure if the reports of Abdu’s defection are true. But Keita, who covers Eritrea for CPJ and who has communicated with Abdu to voice his concerns on media freedom issues on several occasions, wouldn’t dismiss them either. "It’s definitely the case that he hasn’t been seen in public," Keita told me. "And even when we were trying to get in touch with him three weeks ago [after the earlier reports of his defection], none of his numbers worked, or he didn’t respond." Something is up, but that may or may not mean that Abdu is on his way to Canada or the United States, as some sources in the diaspora have already indicated. When reached for comment, an official at Eritrea’s permanent mission to the U.N. said that Abdu is in the capital, and was still information minister. For Keita, this week’s reports at least "point to an unanswered question about [Abdu's] unusual disappearance from public view."

And they point to a larger, related issue as well. Abdu played a central role in one of the most oppressive governments on earth. The opacity that now surrounds his whereabouts is a symptom of more general problems in Eritrea, issues that have made life virtually impossible for much of the population — indeed, over a quarter-million Eritreans are living as refugees in surrounding countries, despite the absence of war or (for the most part) famine conditions within Eritrea itself. "The rumors are symptomatic of the regime’s draconian grip on information," says Keita. And that, in turn, is symptomatic of Afewerki’s draconian grip on nearly everything else.

* * *

Some countries in the Horn of Africa are worrying because of the potential for instability — after all, Somalia is just emerging from 20 years of anarchy. Eritrea is the exact opposite. According to Salem Solomon, an Eritrean-American journalist and television producer who worked for Abdu’s information ministry before moving to the United States, the country is run on a highly "systematic" basis, especially for its young adults. "If you are a young person working in Eritrea, you’re either doing [national] service or you’re a student. That’s how it works," she said, describing a system where most of the country is conscripted into either the military or civil service at the end of their high school years. "You don’t look for a job. It’s all laid out for you. It’s not in your hands" (as for the private sector, Eritrea is one of the hardest places in the world to do business, according to the World Bank).

Solomon said that thanks to recent reforms, some Eritreans spend their senior years of high school in military camps, preparing for several subsequent years of national service. "Your understanding of politics and what it means to be Eritrean starts when you’re young and it plays into your career," she says. "Before you graduate high school, you’re already in the military. Whether you’re a doctor or a journalist or whatever you become later, you’ve already had political education and military training in your system to understand how things work." During military service, Solomon says there is "political education every day. It’s just part of the routine."

The strict control over the lives and career trajectory of the country’s youth is an outgrowth of Afewerki’s aggressive stance towards Ethiopia, Eritrea’s far more populous eastern neighbor. Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1992. Even though Afewerki fought alongside the late Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi in the struggle against Ethiopia’s communist regime, the two became bitter opponents, waging a brutal war over a disputed border–and likely over more opaque and personal matters — in the late 1990s. The enmity between the two countries continues, even after Zenawi’s death in August.

Solomon served in the military, and then was able to earn a journalism degree from Asmara University, on the government’s dime — she says her education was repaid in the form of her later work for the English-language desk at Eri-TV, the state television station. "It’s all about growth and achievement, you know," she said of Eri-TV’s programming. "Only good stuff." The station focused much of its energies on covering "things a government should do," like development projects or meetings.

Bealfan Tesfay, a U.S.-based journalist who worked in Eritrean state media as late as 2010, has a similar view of the ministry’s narrow editorial priorities. "It was not exactly journalism," he told me of his work as an editor and television producer. "It was propaganda… In the west, we think of the press as the watchdog of the society. In Eritrea, it’s used for the purposes of upholding the interests of the state of Eritrea." He wrote about national holidays and celebrations, and churned out stories with a clear anti-western and anti-American tilt — Afewerki is still suspicious of the United States for what he views as its refusal to pressure Ethiopia, a close American ally, into accepting international arbitration on the countries’ border dispute. Story topics would be passed down from on high, and he would sometimes need official approval to even conduct interviews. Some stories were completely off limits, including one that would turn out to be arguably the largest event in the entire world. "Back in February of 2010 there was a total blackout of the Arab Spring," he said. "I was working in the office and was instructed not to print anything about the Arab Spring. As far as the government media in our country was concerned, there was no Arab Spring. The events in Egypt weren’t reported."

According to CPJ, Eritrea is has the strictest media censorship of any country on earth. Journalists are imprisoned and even killed, and Abdu and Afewerki have ensured that there is no independent press, period. "[Abdu] was the architect of the government’s control and direction of the media," says Keita. "He directs the media on what it should report, and all the censors report to him. He dictates and directs the regime’s propaganda infrastructure…there’s no media that can operate in Eritrea without Ali Abdu’s approval or direction."

Journalism, at least in the sense that much of
the world understands it, is effectively illegal in Eritrea.

A decree issued just a week after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 — a moment when the international community had other, more seemingly-pressing concerns than governance and press freedom in the Horn of Africa — outlawed any journalism conducted by entities other than the country’s government. According to Keita, that directive, which suspended most constitutional rights and basically made journalism as much of the world understands it illegal in Eritrea, came from Abdu’s office, just three months before scheduled national elections. "[Government officials] essentially went on national radio to order all private newspapers to suspend operations indefinitely. And in the hours and days following that order, they just arrested all the editors of these newspapers, and they rounded up all the reformists who had been calling for the implementation of the constitution and the holding of elections," says Keita.

There are no shortage of blogs and independent news sources maintained by Eritreans in the diaspora. But the only news available inside the country — and virtually the only news that’s being reported from inside Eritrea itself — is gathered under Abdu’s auspices. For those who are interested in what’s going inside of the Eritrean government, things are no clearer for those in the country as they are for those watching from the outside. "I am as informed as I am now as I would be if I was living there" in terms of the country’s politics, Solomon says.

Tesfay remembers Abdu — the man responsible for maintaining the thick fog of secrecy surrounding the country — as a secretive and arbitrary individual who would promote, demote or fire his subordinates with little explanation. His mandate to enforce an absolute control of information seemed to inform his managerial style: "He was very much engaged or concerned with office politics," says Tesfay. "He ran the ministry as if it was his backyard…he controlled the office through everybody informing on one another." Tesfay said Abdu would reassign career journalists to clerical jobs for no apparent reason, including one of the country’s most accomplished news photographers. His subordinates lived in fear of him. "He was an extremely cruel person. Sometimes you would think he would have some sadist tendencies or something like that."

Yet Tesfay says that conscious fear wasn’t exactly what motivated him and his colleagues. "People shut up and did their work," he recalls. "They didn’t even care about it. They just did it." He says life in Eritrea is the same way: faced with the possibility of being fired or even imprisoned for taking an interest in the country’s political affairs, most people’s first instinct is simply to keep out of trouble,. They internalized the constant self-censorship needed in order to survive. "No one is politically aware even in Eritrea. They couldn’t care less about what goes on in their country. They hate it, they don’t like the system, but they just go about their lives," says Tesfay. "No one talks about politics, no one cares about politics. No one wants to go to prison."

An unintended consequence of this is that even within the information ministry, few people seem to be convinced of the government’s propaganda (and a fascinating Wikileaks cable suggests that Abdu might not have been that convinced either). Solomon, who left the country legally (and did not defect), says that one of her former bosses defected while she was still working for the ministry. "Everybody I knew in my generation…they’re all out," Solmon says.

Tesfay says that many of his old colleagues and acquaintances have defected as well. After all, leaving Eritrea is one of the only forms of political dissent available. "If you have a problem with the way the country is being run, you leave the country," he says. "That’s the only option you have in that sense.

And even leaving is extremely difficult: the government often won’t grant exit visas to its citizens; when it does, it can charge them up to $10,000. Fleeing Eritrea means walking to the border and wandering into a refugee camp in Ethiopia or Sudan, a journey that not everyone survives. Even so, nearly 250,000 Eritreans are now living in neighboring countries, and another 8,500 live in Israel, which is over 1100 miles away. Many of the people who have fled are of military age, according to a UN Humanitarian News Agency report that estimated that between 1,200 and 1,500 people were fleeing the country each month. Living in a place as isolated and restrictive as Eritrea, along with the prospect of spending the period between your senior year of high school and your mid-to-late twenties in the military or national service is, for tens of thousands of people, less attractive than the dangers and indignities of fleeing the country. The U.N. expects it to continue that way: in their country assessments for Ethiopia and Sudan, UN High Commission for Refugees is budgeting for an additional 25,000 Eritrean refugees in 2013.

***

News of Abdu’s defection barely rises above a rumor at this point. Yet the incident offers a glimpse of some of the challenges that Eritrea’s opacity creates. "The fact that someone’s not in a meeting doesn’t say anything," says Saleh Gadi, editor of the diaspora news site Awate, of Abdu’s absence. "It’s a situation where people have to guess why somebody was not in a meeting. It just shows how closed the government is." For a country with as crucial a strategic position as Eritrea, the fog has some very tangible dangers attached to it. It is a problem when a country with a military with over 200,000 personnel according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and a history of bellicosity towards its neighbors, is so difficult to read.

David Shinn, who served as the U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia during Bill Clinton’s second term, and during the late 90s war between Ethiopia and Eritrea, says that American diplomacy in the region was often hampered by both sides’ steadfast unwillingness to cede any ground to the other, and by the secretive nature of the decision-making process within each government. "Neither Isaias nor Meles nor the people around him thought that it was accurate to see balance in the situation because they thought they were 100% right and the other guy was 100% wrong, and therefore how could the U.S. possibly see any rightness in the position of the other country?" say Shinn. "It cut both ways, and it made life difficult for me, and for my colleague in Asmara." The U.S. was able to repair its relationship with Ethiopia in the years after the flare-up. The same was not true of Eritrea, whose government only became more unpredictable, disruptive and isolated in the ensuing decade.

In the late 2000s, Afewerki provided arms to Al Shabaab, an Al Qaeda affiliate fighting the Ethiopian military in Somalia — a decision that resulted in U.N. sanctions that are still in place. Although Shinn notes that official anti-Ethiopian activity has dramatically decreased since the onset of sanctions and the death of Meles Zeanwi, two major Ethiopian insurgent groups, the Omoro Liberation Front and the Ogaden National Liberation Front, were allowed to maintain offices in Asmara in the years after the war. Afewerki’s hostilities have hardly been limited to Ethiopia, and he has initiated acrimonious border disputes with both Yemen and Djibouti. "Over the years they’ve managed at one time or another to irritate all their neighbors," says Shinn. And because of the U.S.’s perceived favoritism towards Ethiopia, Afewerki has ensured that relations between his country and the U.S. have remained chilly — there’s no U.S. ambassador in Asmara anymore, and Shinn says that high-level contacts are "non-existent."

It’s possible that even one of the people most responsible for building Eritrea’s system of opacity and total control — a situation that has raised the temperature of an already-unstable and strategically-vital region — has decided he’s had enough. And he’s hardly alone. Over the past year, everyone from high-ranking air force pilots to the flag-bearer at the London Olympics to nearly the entire national soccer team has defected. The defections might suggest that Afewerki’s control is beginning to slip, or that even people close to his inner circle have lost faith in the system he’s built in the 21 years since Eritrea gained its independence. But as Solomon notes, even something as important as the possible disappearance of someone of Abdu’s stature can have the misleading effect of suggesting that the defection crisis is a recent development, or that things are significantly different now than they were in previous years. But, as the hundreds of thousands of young Eritreans refugees living throughout the Horn of Africa and the Middle East attest, nothing could be further from the truth.

"Ali Abdu’s one person," she says. "It doesn’t compare to the border, if you see the number of people in Ethiopia and Sudan, in refugee camps all along the borders of the country. This is a significant issue. So if you want to look at that, you can start speculating and saying the government has been weakening for a very long time. But it only grabs your attention or my attention, and only becomes news, when somebody big runs away."

http://www.theatlantic.com/internationa … ea/266528/


Squeezing breasts can prevent cancer – University of California-Berkeley scientists

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

(MSN News) – A little squeeze may be all that it takes to prevent malignant breast cells triggering cancer, research has shown.

Laboratory experiments showed that applying physical pressure to the cells guided them back to a normal growth pattern.

Scientists do not envisage fighting breast cancer with a new range of compression bras, but they believe the research provides clues that could lead to new treatments.

"People have known for centuries that physical force can influence our bodies," said Gautham Venugopalan, a leading member of the research team at the University of California in Berkeley, United States.

"When we lift weights our muscles get bigger. The force of gravity is essential to keeping our bones strong. Here we show that physical force can play a role in the growth – and reversion – of cancer cells."

The study involved growing malignant breast epithelial cells within a gel injected into flexible silicone chambers. This allowed the scientists to apply compression during the first stages of cell growth, effectively squashing the cells.

Over time, the squeezed malignant cells began to grow in a more normal and organised way.

Once the breast tissue structure was formed the cells stopped growing, even when the compressive force was removed. Non-compressed cells continued to display the haphazard and uncontrolled growth that leads to cancer.

"Malignant cells have not completely forgotten how to be healthy; they just need the right cues to guide them back to a healthy growth pattern," said Mr Venugopalan, a doctoral student.

The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology in San Francisco.


Genes reveal grain of truth to Queen of Sheba story

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

By Hannah Krakauer  |  New Scientist

The genomes of Ethiopian people hold echoes of the meeting between a legendary king and queen.

queen of sheba

 

About 3000 years ago, the Queen of Sheba purportedly travelled from what is now Ethiopia to meet King Solomon in Israel. Ethiopian folklore even tells of a child between the pair. But that’s just a story, right?

Perhaps not entirely. Luca Pagani of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK, examined samples of Ethiopian genomes and noticed that some individuals had components of both African and non-African lineages. Delving deeper, Pagani and his colleagues discovered that the non-African genetic components had much more in common with people living in Syria and around the eastern Mediterranean than in the nearer Arabian peninsula. What’s more, the gene flow probably took place around 3000 years ago.

The finding is backed by linguistic research, which shows that one of the four language families of Ethiopia migrated from the same region about 3000 years ago. “Middle Eastern language came to Ethiopia along with Middle Eastern genes,” Pagani says. “And that is when the Queen of Sheba legend is supposed to have happened.”

The meeting between the queen and Solomon remains a story, but the populations they came from did meet around that time, says Pagani.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Kenya’s president says he is retiring; delivers farewell speech

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

Nairobi (Capital FM) — Retiring President Mwai Kibaki delivered his farewell speech in Parliament on Wednesday, with a conclusion that for the first time since 1963, he will not be on any ballot.

Kibaki who has served as a Member of Parliament for 49 years said he has dedicated much of his life to serving Kenyans.

"I have been honored to serve my country as a member of this House since 1963. I thank God for his guidance through this long period. I also thank my constituents both in the then Donholm in Nairobi and Othaya for their faith in my leadership," said the president as he addressed a special sitting of the House.

In stamping his legacy since becoming MP in 1963 and Kenya’s third President from 2002, Kibaki said the new constitution is one of his memorable achievements to Kenyans.

The Head of State thanked Kenyans for giving him an opportunity to serve in various capacities.

"In my different roles in Parliament as a member of various parliamentary committees, Leader of the Opposition and Leader of Government Business, I have developed the conviction that Parliament holds in its hands the ability to determine the destiny of our nation. Members of this House have the potential to radically improve the lives of the people of Kenya," he stated.

President Kibaki urged Kenyans to vote wisely in the forthcoming General Election to ensure that they install leaders who can continue with his development agenda.

"I urge all Kenyans to vote wisely in the forthcoming General Election to ensure that the leaders you choose will take this country forward," said the Head of State.

"For the first time in nearly 50 years, I will not be on the ballot paper. It is critical that Kenyans are led by competent leaders with high moral standards."

He has released a book containing his contributions in Parliament from the time he was first appointed as MP for Donholm Constituency – now Makadara – on a KANU ticket.

He has also commended the current Parliament for keeping the Executive accountable, and urged the 11th Parliament due to be elected next year, to raise the bar even higher.

The president said Parliament’s role in vetting public office holders had ushered a new era of accountability and transparency.

"For the first time, Kenyans have watched members of the Executive account for their action as people’s representatives thanks to House oversight committees, including the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) and Public Investment Committee (PIC)," President Kibaki observed.

In his 10-year tenure, the president saw three of his closest allies including his Finance Ministers David Mwiraria, Amos Kimunya, Constitutional Affairs Minister Kiraitu Murungi face votes of no-confidence after parliamentary committees claimed they were involved in governance abuses.

The president also had challenging times especially when Parliament disagreed with him. For instance in 2010, MPs threatened to shoot down the supplementary budget unless the president rescinded his appointment of anti-graft czar Justice (Rtd) Aaron Ringera. Ringera and three commissioners resigned after public outrage.

In 2009, the Executive was forced to eat humble pie after Speaker Kenneth Marende overlooked conflicting letters from the Offices of the President and Prime Minister and declared himself the Leader of Government Business in Parliament.

The principals had disagreed over the nomination of Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka for the position, as Odinga wrote to the House nominating himself.

Soon after delivering his farewell speech, Members of Parliament and ministers showered praise on the Head of State, with many wishing him long life after retirement.

"The president has had the humility and the sense of leadership to accept those difficult decisions which most chief executives may not have to take the country forward. It is for that humility and for that sense of dedication that this House extends its gratitude to His Excellency the President for 50 years of service to this nation and this House," said the Mandera Central MP Abdikadir Mohammed who chaired the parliamentary select team credited with mid-wifing the new constitution.

Vice President Musyoka, Marakwet East MP Jebii Kilimo and her Kathiani counterpart Wavinya Ndeti described the president as the best example who should be emulated by many leaders in the country.

"We appreciate you for the good work that you have done for this country. You became a Member of Parliament before I was born… I am pleased to have worked with you at my age thank you very much and may god bless you," said Ndeti.

"Since he took leadership, my constitutes who slept in caves now sleep in houses. I want to thank you for the security we have enjoyed in your tenure" added Kilimo.

Medical Services Minister Anyang’ Nyong’o said President Kibaki will be remembered for leading Kenyans from authoritarian to democratic rule.

"It is not easy to preside over a transition from an authoritarian rule to democratic one. We must thank His Excellency for having presided over this transition and made it possible for us to build a democratic society. Mr President was capable of giving room to new thought to guide this country to economic growth," Nyong’o told the House.

Former Vice-President Moody Awori, the President’s daughter Judy Kibaki, Former Finance Minister David Mwiraria and Former Kenya Airport Authority boss George Muhoho were present at the farewell.


የጉራ ፈርዳ አማሮች መሬታቸው በሃራጅ ተሸጠ

Wednesday, December 19th, 2012

የጉራ ፈርዳ አማሮች መሬታቸው በሃራጅ ተሸጠ

ቪኦኤ ሰለባዎችን በማነጋገር እንደዘገበው የጉራ ፈርዳ ነዋሪ አማሮች መሬታቸውን እንዳያርሱ ከተከለከሉ በኋላ መሬታቸው በሃራጅ እየተሸጠባቸው እንደሆነ ይፋ አድርጓል። መሬታቸውን በህጋዊ መንገድ የግላቸው እንዳደረጉና ግብር እየከፈሉ የሚኖሩት ተበዳዮች ርምጃው የተወሰደባቸው ቅንጅትን በመምረጣቸውና ለመኢአድ መረጃ ትሰጣላችሁ በሚል እንደሆነ ተናግረዋል።

በተደጋጋሚ መታሰራቸውንና በከሰሳቸውን የተናገሩት የጉራ ፈርዳ ነዋሪ ከእስር ከተፈቱ በኋላ “መሬታችሁን የያዛችሁት በህጋዊ መንገድ ነው” በማለት ለመኢአድ መረጃ መስጠታቸው እንደ ጥፋት እንደተወሰደባቸው አመልክተዋል። በ1997 ምርጫ ወቅት በምስጢር የድምጽ መስጫ ክፍል ውስጥ የጤና ባለሙያዎችን በማስቀመጥ ማንን እንደመረጡ መሰለላቸውንም አመልክተዋል። የሚሸጠውን መሬት የወረዳ፣ የቀበሌ፣ የባለስልጣናትና የፖሊስ አባላት በሚስቶቻቸውና በዘመዶቻቸው ሚስት እንደሚገዙት ተናግረዋል። መንግስትም ሆነ የአካባቢው ሃላፊዎች አስተያየት ለመስጠት አልተገኙም። ቀደም ሲል ሰባ ሺህ የሚጠጉ የአማራ ተወላጆች እንዲፈናቀሉ መደረጉ አይዘነጋም።
ሙስሊሞች የህገመንግስት ያለህ እያሉ ነው

መንግሥት ሕገ-መንግሥቱን ጥሶ በሐይማኖታዊ ጉዳያችን ጣልቃ ገብቷል የሚሉት ሙስሊሞች፣ ሕገ-መንግሥቱ እንዲከበር አበክረዉ እያሳሰቡ ነዉ። የአዲስ አበባ ሙስሊሞች ዓርብ ከጁመዓ ሶላት በኋላ በተለይ የሐይማኖት ነፃነት የተደነገገበት አንቀፅ ሃያ-ሰባት መጣሱን ቁጥሩን በማሳየት ጭምር አዉግዘዋል።

“ሕገ-መንግሥት የማስከበሩ ሃላፊነት ከአገሪቱ መንግሥት ይልቅ የመብት፣ የነፃነት ተሟጋቾችና ሃላፊነት የሚሰማቸዉ ወጣቶች የመሆኑ እንቆቅልሽ ገሐድ እየወጣ ነዉ” ሲል የዘገበው የጀርመን ሬዲዮ፣ ዞን-ዘጠኝ በሚል መጠሪያ የተደራጁ የድረ-ገፅ ወጣቶች ታዳሚዎች ሕገ-መንግሥቱ የፀደቀበትን አስራ-ስምተኛ ዓመት ምክንያት በማድረግ «ሕገ-መንግሥቱ ይከበር» የሚል ዘመቻ ትናንት ከዓርብ የጸሎት ስነስርዓት በኋላ መጀመራቸውን አስታውቋል። የሙስሊሙ ህብረተሰብ ተቃውሞውን እየገለጸ ያለበት አግባብ ሰላማዊና ከመሆኑ አኳያ ስለ ሰላማዊ ትግልና ‹‹በኢትዮጵያ ሰላማዊ ትግል አይሰራም›› ለሚሉና ለሌሎች ትምህርት የሚሰጥ እንደሆነ እየተገለጸ ነው።
“ጣጣ የለውም” ግርማ ወ/ጊዮርጊስ

ከካው ቦይ ባርኔጣቸው ጋር ምስላቸውና ዜናቸው ሰሞኑን የተሰማው ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወ/ጊዮርጊስ፣ ከቪኦኤ የአማርኛ ሬዲዮ ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለ ምልልስ አነጋጋሪ ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል። በስደት አሜሪካ የሚገኙትን የኦርቶዶክስ ፓትሪያርክ ከነሙሉ መንበራቸው አገር ቤት እንዲገቡ የሚፈቅድ ደብዳቤ መላካቸውን ተከትሎ አዲሱ አበበ ማረጋገጫ ሲጠይቃቸው አለ ምንም ማቅማማት ነበር ደብዳቤውን እሳቸው እንደጻፉት የተናገሩት፡፡

ደብዳቤው መበተኑን ተከትሎ የእምነቱ ተከታዮች ምርቃትና ምስጋና ውሎ ሳያድር አዲሱ አበበ ተጨማሪ ዘገባውን በድምጽ ጥራት አሳቦ አስከተለ። ይህኔ ነበር “ውሳኔው የግሌ ነው። የመንግስት አይደለም። አንስቼዋለሁ” በማለት እንደ አራዳ ልጆች “ጣጣ የለውም” አይነት ምላሽ ነው የሰጡት። መቶ አለቃ ግርማ ተጠባባቂው አቡነ ህዝቅኤል እንደተቆጧቸው ገልጸው ሃሳባቸውን መቀየራቸውን ሲያስታውቁ በስህተት “እገሌ ነው የተቆጣው” አለማለታቸው ድምጻቸው ከመቆራረጡ በስተቀር የሶፍትዌር ችግር እንደሌለባቸው ያረጋገጠ ሆኗል። ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ሃሳባቸውን ለመቀየራቸው በተደጋጋሚ ሲጠየቁ አቃለውና ተረጋግተው “ሃሳቤን ትቼዋለሁ፣ የመንግስት ውሳኔ አይደለም፣ በችኮላ የተደረገ ነው፣ የሄዱት ቢመለሱ ምንም አይደለም ከሚል ነው። አቡነ ናትናኤል ጣልቃ አትገባ አሉኝ፣ እኔ እንደዚህ ከኋላው ጣጣ ያለው አልመሰለኝም” በማለት ሌላ የፖለቲካ ዝርዝር ሳይቀላቅሉ ጨርሰዋል።
የመለስ ውርስ (ሌጋሲ)፡ ወደብ አልባነታችን!!

በጅቡቲ ወደብ ላይ ያለውን ክምችት በመቀነስ የኪራይ ወጪ ለመቀነስ ታስቦ የተገነባው የሰመራ ደረቅ ወደብ ግንባታ በርቀቱ ሳቢያ ተጠቃሚ ማጣቱ ተሰምቷል።ስራውን ከሚመራው ክፍል ያገኘውን መረጃ ጠቅሶ ሸገር ኤፍ ኤም እንደዘገበው የሰመራ ወደብ የተቋቋመለትን ዓላማ አላሳክም። ዘገባው ዳር ዳር ቢልም የሰማራ ደረቅ ወደብ ሙሉ በሙሉ ለተዋለለት ውሎ ለጅቡቲ የሚከፈለውን ወጪ መቀነስ አላስቻለም።

በ650 ሚሊዮን ብር ወጪ፣ በ14 ሄክታር ሞጆ ላይ የሚገነባው ደረቅ ወደብ ግንባታ ከቅርበቱ አንጻር ባስቸኳይ ለማጠናቀቅና ለወደብ ኪራይ የሚወጣውን ወጪ ለመቀነስ ትኩረት መሰጠቱን የሚመለከታቸው ሃላፊዎች ለሸገር ተናግረዋል። የሞጆ ደረቅ ወደብ ግንባታ ከተጀመረ አራት ዓመት አስቆጥሯል። ወደቧን አስረክባ በየበረሃው የምትዳክረዋ አገራችን ለዚህ ችግር የተዳረገችው በራስዋ መሪዎች መሆኑ ከችግሩ በላይ የሚያቃጥል የታሪክና የዘመን ሁሉ በሽታዋ መሆኑ ነው። ምስጋና ለህወሓትና መለስ!!
ብሄራዊ ባንክ በወርቅ ስም ተጭበረበረ

የኢትዮጵያ ብሄራዊ ባንክ በሚያካሂደው የወርቅ ግብይት ከአንድ የወርቅ አቅራቢ ወርቅ ነው ተብሎ ቁርጥራጭ ብረቶችና እንጨቶች በሳጥን እየታሸጉ ይደርሱታል፡፡ለራሱ ከፍያለው ኡመታ የሚል ሀሰተኛ ስም፣ መታወቂያና የንግድ ፈቃድ በማወጣት ሲንቀሳቀስ የነበረው ግለሰብ ፥ ከባንኩ ከፍተኛ የስራ ሃላፊዎች ጋር በነበረው የጥቅም ግንኙነት 29 ጊዜ ወርቅ ነው እያለ ይህን ባእድ ነገር ሲያቀርብ ቆይቷል። በባንኩ የስራ ሃላፊዎች የሻኪሶ ቅርንጫፍ ጥፍጥፍ ወርቅ ተረክበናል የሚል ማረጋገጫ ተሰጥቶት ክፍያው እንዲፈጸም ተደርጎ ፥ ከ95 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ የሆነ ገንዘብ በመቀበል ለግል ጥቅሙ ማዋሉን የዘገበው ፋና ብሮድካስቲንግ ነው።

ጉዳዩን ሲከታተል የቆየው የፌዴራሉ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት 15ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት በዚህ ተከሳሽ ላይ ከዚህ ቀደም የጥፋተኝነት ብይን ያሳለፈ ሲሆን ባሳለፍነው ሳምንት በዋለው ችሎት ደግሞ ፥ በወቅቱ የባንኩ የውጭ ምንዛሬ ዳይሬክቶሬት ዳይሬክተር የነበሩትን አቶ ሰይፈ ደስታን ጨምሮ በ5 የባንኩ ሀላፊዎች ላይ የጥፋተኝነት ብይን ቢሰጥም ፣ፍርድ ቤቱ 3ኛ ተከሳሽ የነበሩትን አቶ ዋሱ አደም አሊን የቀረበባቸውን ክስ በሚገባ ተከላክለዋል በማለት በነጻ አሰናበቷቸዋል፡፡ ለመጨረሻ ውሳኔም ቀጠሮ ሰጥቷል፡፡ ብሄራዊ ባንክ ወርቅ ገዛሁ እያለ ባዕድ ነገር በመግዛት በተደጋጋሚ ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ መጭበርበሩ የሚታወስ ነው።
አላሙዲ የተለመደው ማስጠንቀቂያ ደረሳቸው

የሚድሮክ እህት ኩባንያ የሆነው ሁዳ ሪል ስቴት ከ15 ዓመታት በፊት መሀል ፒያሳ ላይ ወስዶ ያጠረውን መሬት ግንባታ የማይጀምርበትና በፍጥነት ገንብቶ የማያጠናቅቅ ከሆነ እንደሚነጠቁ አስጠነቀቀ። ቦታውን ወስዶ ለሌላ ልማት እንደሚያውለው ሪፖርተር የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር የመሬት ልማትና ማኔጅመንት ቢሮ ኃላፊ ጠቅሶ ዘግቧል።

በምክትል ከንቲባ ማዕረግ የመሬት ልማትና ማኔጅመንት ቢሮ ኃላፊ አቶ ጌታቸው አምባዬ እንዳስታወቁት፣ ሁዳ ሪል ስቴት ፒያሳ ላይ አጥሮ ያስቀመጠው መሬት ላይ ጅምር ሥራዎች አሉ፡፡ በሚፈለገው መንገድና ፍጥነት ግን አልሄደም፡፡ እስካሁን ለመዘግየቱ የራሱ ምክንያቶች ይኖሩታል፡፡ ምክንያቶቹ እንደተጠበቁ ሆነው መዘግየቱ ሁሉንም ያስማማል፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት ግን ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ወደ ግንባታ መግባት አለበት፡፡ ካልሆነ መሬቱን እንደሚረከቡ አስጠንቅቀዋል። አስተዳደሩ ላለፉት አስራ ሁለት ዓመታት ከማስጠንቀቅ የዘለለ ርምጃ መውሰድ አለመቻሉ ትዝብት ላይ ጥሎታል። ሼኽ መሀመድ አላሙዲ ቦታውን የተረከቡት ከሊዝ ክፍያ ነጻ መሆኑ የሚታወቅ ነው። (በተዛማጅ ጉዳይ ላይ ጎልጉል፡ የድረገጽ ጋዜጣ ሰሞኑን አጠር ያለ ዘገባ ያቀርባል)
ዘራፊዎቹ ፖሊሶች ተፈረደባቸው

የአዲስ አበባ ፖሊስ አባል የሆኑ ሶስት ታጣቂዎች በመሳሪያ በማስፈረራት ወንጀል የሌለበትን ሰው ቦሌ ካራማራ ሆቴል አጠገብ በማስቆም በህግ እንደሚፈለግ ከገለጹ በኋላ ካቴና በማውጣት እጁን ያስሩታል። ተከሳሽ ኮንስታብል አዲስ ደሳለኝ እና እንደሻው መላኩ ወንጀሉን ካልተያዘው ተባባሪያቸው አቶ ገመችስ ጋር በመሆን ያከናወኑት ጥቅምት 15, 2005 ዓ.ም ረፋድ ላይ ነው። ሸገር ኤፍ ኤም ራዲዮ እንዳስታወቀው ተበዳይ አቶ መሃመድ ዑመርን የሰራኸው ህገ ወጥ ስራ ስላለ ለጥያቄ እንፈልግሃለን ብለው በማስፈራራት በዕለቱ 20 ሺህ ብር ካላመጣ እንደሚገሉት ያስፈራሩታል። ለጊዜው የያዘውን 8100 ብር እና የኪስ ቦርሳውን ይረከቡታል።

የቀረውን ብር ለማግኘትም ለጓደኛው እንዲደውል በማስገደድና በማስደወል 10 ሺህ ብር ተጨማሪ ይወስዳሉ። የተረፈውን ብር ከ2 ቀን በኋላ ለመቀበል ቦሌ ሚካኤል አካባቢ ይቀጣጠሩና ስፍራው ይደርሳሉ። በውላቸው መሰረት ሃያ ሺህ ለመሙላት የጎደለውን 1900 ብር ሲቀበሉ እጅ ከፍንጅ በመያዛቸው የክስ ሂደቱ በፌደራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት ቦሌ ምድብ 2ኛ የወንጀል ችሎት ሲታይ ቆይቶ ፥ እያንዳንዳቸው በ4 አመት ጽኑ እስራትና 7 ሺህ ብር እንዲቀጡ ተደርጓል። በባንክ የተገኘው አስራ አራት ሺህ ብር ለተበዳይ እንዲመለስ ተደርጓል። ገመቺስ የተባለው ተጠርጣሪ ፖሊስ አልተያዘም። ቅጣቱም ተመጣጣኝ አይደለም ከመባል አልፎ በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ሕግ ማስከበር የሚገባቸው ሥልጣናቸውን ከለላ በማድረግ የሚያካሂዱትን ግልጽ ዘረፋ በጨረፍታ የሚያሳይ ነው ተብሏል።
http://www.goolgule.com/brief-7/


ባለፉት 6 አመታት 250,000 ኢትዮጵያን ወደ አረብ አገራት ተሰደዋል

Wednesday, December 19th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- የሚዲያ ዊዝ ኮንሳይስ ዋና አዘጋጅ ግርሀም ፔብልስ ባወጣው ጽሁፍ እንዳመለከተው ባለፉት 6 ዓመታት 250 ሺ ኢትዮጵያውያን ወደ አረብ አገራት ተሰደዋል። የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት የስደተኞችን ኮሚሽን በመጥቀስ ባሰራጨው ዘገባ ደግሞ በዚህ አመት 85 ሺ አትዮጵያውያን በመንገድ ላይ የሚያጋጥማቸውን አስቸጋሪ ሁኔታ ተቋቁመው የመን ገብተዋል።

በየመን ከሚደርሱት ስደተኞች መካከል 50 በመቶ የሚሆኑት ስደተኞች የኦነግና የኦብነግ አባላት መሆናቸውን ይገልጻሉ ብሎአል።

ስደተኞቹ የመን እንደደረሱ ሚስቶች ከባሎቻቸው፣ ሴት ልጆች ከአባቶቻቸው እንዲለዩ እንደሚደረጉ እና ግድያ፣ ድብደባ፣ ጠለፋ፣ አስገድዶ መድፈር እና የተለያዩ ወንጀሎች እንደሚፈጸሙባቸው ገልጿል።


ጂጂና ቴዲ፣ እንደ ቦብ ማርሊ እንደ ፌላ ኩቲ

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

ጃማይካዊውን የጥበብ ሰው ጋሪሰን ሃውክን በመንተራስ አርቲስት ጂጂ እና ቴዲ አፍሮ ሰሞኑን የለቀቁት ‘ጀግና አይፈራም … ተስፋ አይቆርጥም’´ ነጠላ ዜማ በብዙዎች አድናቆትን እየተቻረ ይገኛል። ብዙዎችንም አነቀቅቷል። ሙዚቃው የተለየ ነው፣ የሚያበረታታ እና የሚያነቃቃም ነው።

object

"ጀግና አይፈራም … ተስፋ አይቆርጥም’!"

ብዙውን ግዜ በጦር ጀብዱ የፈጸመን ወይንም ድል ያደረገን ሰው ጅግና ብለን እንጠራዋለን።

ጀግንነትን በዚህ መስፈርት ብቻ ከለካነው – ይህ ቀላሉ ጀግንነት ሊሆን ይችላል። ከባዱ እና እውነተኛው ጀግንነት ግን ጦርነትን ሳይሆን ሰላምን ማሸነፍ መቻል ነው።

ምንም አይነት ጅብዱ ቢፈጽም ራእይ ግን የሌለው ሰው ጀግና ሊሆን አይችልም። ህይወት ካለ ተስፋ አለ። ተስፋ ካለ ህልም አለ። ህልም ካለ ራዕይ አለ። ራእይ ያለው ሰው ነው ጀግና። ‘ጀግና አይፈራም … ተስፋ አይቆርጥም’!

የኢትዮጵያ አርቲስቶች በተለያዩ ወቅቶች ከፍቅር ወጣ ያሉ የተለያዩ ሙዚቃዎችን ሲጫወቱ አስተውለናል። በአብዮት ዘመን፣ በጦርነት ዘመን፣ በድል ዘመን፣ ወዘተ … አብዛኞቹ ዘፈኖችም ሆኑ ቀረርቶዎች ታዲያ ፈረንጆቹ ኢንስፓሬሽናል እንደሚሉት መንፈስን የሚያነቃቁና የጀግነነት ሞራልን ከፍ የሚያደርጉ አልነበሩም።

አንቱ የሚባሉ የሃገራችን አርቲስቶች ካቀነቀኗቸው የፍቅር ዜማዎች አንዳንዶቹ የሚደንቁ ናቸው።

“ቆዳዬ ተገፎ፣ ይሁንልሽ ጫማ፣
ስጋየም ይደገም፣ ላንቺ ከተስማማ…”

“ፍየል ቅጠል እንጂ፣ አትበላም እንጉዳይ፣
በጥርሷ ሰላሳ፣ ባይኗ መቶ ገዳይ…”

“አንድ፣ ሁለት፣ ሶስት፣ አራት፣ እስቲ ቁጥር ጥሩ፣
እኔ ልጣራ ነው፣ እናንተ ሞክሩ

የሚሉ ስንኞችን እናያለን::”

አርቲስቶቹ ከፍቅር ወጣ ሲሉ ደግሞ፣

“ይለያል ዘንደሮ…ይለያል!”
“አባረህ በለው… ፍለጠው ቁረጠው..”

አያ ሆሆ ማታነው ድሌ …
ደም በደም ይሁን መረማመጃው!

ወዘተ የመሳሰሉትን ስራዎቻቸውን መጥቀስ ይቻላል።

በርግጥ እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ሃገሮች የድምጽ ተሰጥኦ ብቻውን የአንድ ጥበብ ሰው መመዘኛ ተደርጎ ስለሚወሰድ መልዕክቶቹ ላይ ትኩረት ሰጥቶ የሚያዳምጥና የሚተች እምብዛም አይኖርም። ችግሩ ያለው የአርቲስቶቹ የአካዳሚ እውቀት እና የግጥም ስራ ችሎታ ማነስ ላይ ነው።

በአርቲስቶቹ ላይ በሚደረጉ ተጽእኖዎች እና አምባገነን መሪዎች አስገዳጅ ሁኔታዎች ሲፈጠሩባቸው አልያም የአርቲስቶቹ መሃል ሰፋሪነት ባህርይ ለችግሮቹ ምክንያቶች ሆነው ሊጠቀሱ ይታያል።

አንዳንድ እንደነዚህ አይነት ዘፈኖችና ቅኝቶች የሰውን ስሜት በጊዜው እና ለጊዜው ሊቀሰቅሱ ቢችሉም ዘላቂነት ላይኖራቸው ይችላል። ግዜያዊም ሆነው የመጥፋት እድላቸው የሰፋ ነው።

በዚያኑ መጠን ደግሞ… “ቅንድቡ ያማረ…” ብሎ ወንዱ ለወንድ አቀንቅኖ ሲያበቃ፤ ቅንድቡም ወደ አፈር፤ ዘፋኙም ወደ ማፈር ደረጃ የሚሸጋገሩበትን አጋጣሚ ታዝበን እናልፋለን። እንግዲህ በአገርኛ ለአገር ልጅ የሚቀነቀኑ መልካም ዜማዎች እንዳሉ ሁሉ፤ ጭራሽ የሃፍረት ማቅ አጥልቀው፤ እኛንም የሚያሸማቅቁ አይጠፉም። በዚያው መጠን ደግሞ በአገራችንም ሆነ በውጭ አለም ተስፋ ሰጪ ሙዚቃዎችን በመጫወት የህዝብን መንፈስ ከፍ ለሚያደርጉት ከፍ ያለ ክብር ያለን መሆኑ ይሰመረበት።

በሌላ በኩል የሬጌ ሙዚቃ ዘውግ ብዙውን ጊዜ የሚያጠነጥነው ተስፋን በሚሰጥ፣ መንፈስን በሚያበረታታና የጀግንነት ሞራልን በሚጭር የዜማ መልእክቶች ላይ ነው:: የሬጌ እና የአር. ኤንድቢ. ዘውግ በማቀላቀል የሚያቀነቅነው አርቲስቶቹ ጋሪሰን ሃውክም ስለ ተስፋ ብዙ አዚሟል።

አርቲስት ጂጂ እና ቴዲ ተንተርሰው ያዜሙትም ‘ሰርቫይቭ’’ በተሰኘው የጋሪሰን አልበም ነው – የመኖርን እና የመቆየትን ተስፋ የሚያጭር የጋሪሰን የሙዚቃ ስራ። ጂጂ እና ቴዲ ውብ የአማርኛግጥም ጨምረውበት ለሙዚቃው ሌላ ኢትዮጵያዊ ነፍስ ዘሩለት።

እነዚህ ሁለት አርቲስቶች የሚጋሯቸው ብዙ ነገሮች አሉ። ሁለቱም ወደ ሬጌው ዘውግ የሙዚቃ ቅኝት ያዘነብላሉ። ሁለቱም ልዩ የጥበብ ተሰጥዖ ያላቸው፣ በስራቸው የሌላ ጥገኛ ያልሆኑ፣ሁለቱም የሚሰሩትን የሚያውቁ፤ የሚያውቁትንም የሚሰሩ አርቲስቶች ናቸው። ሁለቱም ለጥበብ ስራቸው መስዋእትነትን የከፈሉ ናቸው። የህዝብን ቀልብ ሊስቡ ፤ የህዝብን ልብ ሊገዙ ያስቻላቸውምስጢርም ይኸው ነው። የኢትዮጵያው የሙዚቃ አባት አቶ አለማየሁ ፈንቴ በኢቲቪ ቀርበው የሚያደንቁትን የሙዚቃ ሰው ሲጠየቁ ሳይግደረደሩ ነበር "ጂጂ" (እጅጋየሁ ሽባባው) ፤ ሲሉ የመለሱት።የኦሮምኛ ሙዚቃ ባህሉን ሳይቀይር አገርኛና አለም አቀፍኛ ቃናና እውቅናን የሰጠው ታዋቂው ድምጻዊ አሊ ቢራ ደግሞ ከዘፋኞች ቴዲ አፍሮን እንደሚያደንቅ በዚሁ ቴሌቭዥን ተሰምቷል።

በአለማችን የጥበብ ሰዎች ሚና ጎልቶ የሚታየው ተፈጥሮ ባደላቸው የጥበብ ስራ ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ እነዚህ ሰዎች በጥበብ ስራቸው ውስጥ ለህዝብ በሚያስተላልፉት መልእክትም ጭምር ነው።ጥበብ አንድን ህብረተሰብ ይቀርጻል:: የሙዚቃ አርቲስቶች ስለ ስጋዊ ፍቀር ብቻ ሳይሆን ስለ ህዝብ፣ ስለ ሃገር፣ ሰለ መብት ወዘት የሚቀኙዋቸው ቅኝቶች ህብረተሰብን የመለወጥ ሃይል አላቸው።የናይጄሪያው ፌላ ኩቲ እና ጃማይካዊው የሬጌ አባት ቦብ ማርሊይ በዚህ ረድፍ ያበረከቱት ሚና ቀላል አይደለም።

እናቱ በጸረ- ቅኝ ግዛት እንቅስቃሴ ግንባር ቀደም ታጋይ ፤ አባቱ ደግሞ የቤተ ክርስትያን አገልጋይ ቄስ ነበሩ – ፌላ ኩቲ። እ.ኤ.አ. በ1958 ህክምና እንዲያጠና ቤተሰቦቹ ወደ ለንደን ቢልኩትም፣የህክምና ዶክትሬቱን ወደ ጎን በመተው ሙዚቃ ማጥናትን መረጠ። ሁለቱ ወንድሞቹ በህክምና ተመርቀው ዶክተር ሲባሉ ፌላ ኩቲ ግን ዶክተር ሆኖ አንቱ መባልን አልመረጠም።

የሙዚቃውን ትምህርት አጠናቅቆ ልዩ የጃዝ ባንድ መሰረተ። ፌላ ኩቲ ሃኪም ሆኖ ስጋዊ በሽታን ከማከም የላቅ ህክምና እንዳለ የተረዳው ገና በለጋ እድሜው ነበር። የጥቁር ዘር መረገጥ እናየበታችነት ስሜት ያመጣው በሽታም ህክምና እንደሚያስፈልገው ጠንቅቆ የተረዳ ባለ ራእይ መሆኑን የኋላ ኋላ ስራዎቹ መስክረዋል። የሰው ልጅ ጭቆና እንዲወገድ ማድረግ የሚገባውን ሁሉ በሙያውአበርክቷል። ከነጮች የበላይነት እና ከአንባገነኖች ግፍ ህዝብ ነጻ እንዲሆን በሙዚቃው የታገለ ጀግና ነው። ለዚህም መስዋእትነትን መክፈል ነበረበት።

ፌላ ኩቲ በሙያው ያመነበትን በማድረጉ ምክንያት ታስሯል፣ ተደብድቧል፣ ከሃገርም እንዲወጣ ተደርጓል። ፌላ ጥቁሮችን በመንፈስ ነጻ የማውጣት ህልም ነበረውና አሜሪካ በመጓዝ ‘ ብላክ ፓወር’ የተሰኘ ንቅናቄን መድስርቶ ነበር። የኋላ ኋላ የአሜሪካ ባለስልጣናት ከሃገር እንዲወጣ አደረጉት እንጂ። አንባገነን መሪዎች በአካሉ ላይ ያደርሱት የነበረው ስቃይ ለሱ ኩራቱ ብቻ አልነበረም። የባሰ መንፈሰ ጠንካራ አደረገው። በአለም ዘንድ ዝናንና ከበሬታንም አተረፈለት።

ወደ ሬጌው ዘውግ ስንገባ ደግሞ የቦብ ማርሊ ስራዎች እናገኛለን። የቦብ ስራዎች በእጅጉ የሚያንጸባርቁት በማህበራዊና ፖለቲካ ጉዳዮች ላይ ነው። ቦብ ለጥቁሮች በተለይ ለአፍሪካ ነጻነትና ሰላም ብዙ አቀንቅኗል። በተለይ ዋር፣ ጌት አፕ ስታንድ አፕ እና ኦነ ላቭ በሚሉት ስራዎቹ ሚሊዮኖችን ከማነቃቃት አልፎ በአለም ላይ ትልቅ ለውጥ አምጥቷል።

ወደ ሬጌው ዘውግ ስንገባ ደግሞ የቦብ ማርሊ ስራዎች እናገኛለን:። የቦብ ስራዎች በእጅጉ የሚያንጸባርቁት በማህበራዊና ፖለቲካ ጉዳዮች ላይ ነው። ቦብ ለጥቁሮች በተለይ ለአፍሪካ ነጻነትና ሰላም ብዙ አቀንቅኗል። በተለይ ‘ዎር’ ፣ ‘ ጌት አፕ ስታንድ አፕ’ ፣ እና ‘ ዋን ላቭ’ በሚሉት ስራዎቹ ሚሊዮኖችን ከማነቃቃት አልፎ በአለም ላይ ትልቅ ለውጥ አምጥቷል። በቦብ ማርሊ ስራዎች የተነሳሱ የሬጌ አቀንቃኞች ዛሬ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሆነዋል።

ሙዚቃ በህብረተሰቡ ላይ ምን ያህል ተጽእኖ እንዳለው በተለይ አንባገነን መሪዎች ጠንቅቀው ያውቁታል። በ1800ዎቹ ናፖሊዮን ንግስናውን ሲያውጅ በወቅቱ አንቱ የተባለው ሲንፎኒስት ቤትሆቨንን ሰስተኛ ስራ በቦናፓርት ስም እንዲወጣ አዞት ነበር። ቢቶቨን ግን ከህይወቱ ይልቅ ጥበቡን መርጦ አሻፈረኝ አለ:: አቶ አርከበ እቁባይ የአዲስ አበባ ከትማ ከንቲባ በነበሩ ግዜም ከታፊ አርቲስቶችን ሰብስበው አርከበ የሚል አልበም እንዲለቁላቸው ጠይቀው ነበር። አርቲስቶቹ ግን እንቢም እሺም ሳይሉ እንዳመለጡ አጫውተውኛል። አርቲስቶቹ የተጠየቁትን ቢያደርጉ ኖሮ ህዝብ ዋጋ ያስከፍላቸው እንደነበር ማጤናቸውም ትልቅ ነገር ነው።

እ.ኤ.አ. በ1960ዎቹ ተለቆ የነበረው We shall overcome (እንወጣዋለን) የሚለው የአፍሪካ አሜሪካን የነጻነት መዝሙር በህዝብ አእምሮ ሰርጾ በመግባት ለጥቁሮች የነጻነት ትግል ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ነበረው።

ዛሬ እነ ጂጂ እነ ቴዲ ተስፋን ስለመሰነቅ አቀነቀኑ። ተስፋ ባለመቁረጥ ውስጥ ስለሚገኝ ጀግንነት። ተስፋ ያለው ሰው አይፈራም። የሚገድል ሳይሆን የማይፈራ ሁሉ ጀግና ነው።

‘ጀግና አይፈራም … ተስፋ አይቆርጥም’!


World-renowned journalists speak up about Eskinder Nega

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

“Who among us could write what I’m about to read,” asked Carl Bernstein, “spirit unbowed, faith in freedom and the power of the written word untrammeled?” That is how Bernstein, a legend of American journalism, paid tribute to one of Ethiopia’s most improbable convicted “terrorist,” Eskinder Nega, a brave fellow journalist who sits in jail for speaking truth to power at the  Public Forum program about imprisoned writers and artists presented by The Public Theater and PEN American Center on December 3, 2012. Bernstein was reading an article Eskinder published just five days before his arrest. The article criticized the government’s arrest of a 72-old-year actor on terrorism charges and discussed the improbability of critical journalists and dissidents as terror suspects.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

“But if I go, none of Syria remains” – Assad

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2 … 55465.html


Ethiopian migrants abused and unwelcome in Yemen

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

Desperately seeking a future

By Graham Peebles | mwcnews.net

December 18, 2012

Year on year the numbers of men women and children leaving Ethiopia in search of work and freedom from repression in one of the Gulf States and beyond is increasing. Lured by the often hollow prospect of earning enough money to support their family, United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) estimate around 85,000 men women and children, desperate and naïve, have this year, no matter the severe risks, made their way to Yemen, the hub of migration out of the Horn of Africa.

In the last six years around 250,000 Ethiopians have made the dangerous journey into this very poor, deeply divided country besieged with internal problems, which has limited resources, the second highest rate of chronic child malnutrition in the world and where 45% of the populations live in poverty.

Into this chaos step the Ethiopian migrants, who, unlike Somali’s have no refugee status, suffer from poor consular support and are seen by most Yemenis as an unwelcome burden. They sit low on the domestic workers hierarchy and, along with other African nationals are discriminated against throughout the Gulf region where xenophobia and racism has found expression in the region’s politics and government policies.

The majority of migrants leave the security of their home, the love and comfort of their families, not because they want to, but because they have, they believe, no alternative. Overwhelmingly young, 18–30 years of age, from rural or semi-rural environments, poorly educated with many lacking basic literacy, driven by poverty the majority go in search of work, whist around 25% are estimated to be from political opposition parties.  The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) who make up almost 50% of all registered migrants arriving in Yemen, and the Ogoden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Legitimate groups persecuted and branded terrorists, by the EPRDF government that in all but name, rules over a single party state and allows no form of political dissent or opposition, no matter the constitutional content to the contrary.

The influence of smugglers, masquerading under the acceptable guise of ‘broker’ on many vulnerable individuals living in rural areas, with no knowledge of the wider world, is great. Imbedded within the community they paint a picture of migration coloured by wealth and prosperity, opportunity and excitement. Accounts of horrific migration experiences are known, but all too often ignored,’ smoking kills’ deterring nobody. Arguments of self-persuasion and denial reinforced by brokers who see another victim, another human commodity, to be wrung dry. Migrants and smugglers alike are pushed to extremes, desperately trying to survive in a ‘dog eat dog’ world, dominated by an unjust, corrupt market economy, that persecutes the poor and concentrates unlimited wealth and power in the hands of the few; causing extreme inequality, hardship and unbridled human and environmental destruction. A system In which huge corporations, banks and financial institutions of the developed nations along with their allied governments condition and define developing countries as they try against all odds to haul themselves out of poverty.

Hopeless journeys made in hope

Djibouti city is the first major stage in the harrowing journey to Yemen, here or at sea all possessions, including mobile phones, cash and clothes are stolen, by smugglers, corrupt police or border guards. The journey to Djibouti’s capital is harsh and dangerous, in which many Ethiopian migrants die of starvation, dehydration or are killed by bandits. Trafficking is also serious a danger, Djibouti the US state department  say is “a transit, source, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking… [Migrant] women and girls may fall victim to domestic servitude or forced prostitution after reaching Djibouti City, the Ethiopia-Djibouti trucking corridor, or Obock – the preferred crossing point into Yemen,” and gateway to the Gulf. Here migrants “have no access to food, safe drinking water or shelter from the sun,” the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) report, ‘Desperate Choices’,  states, and wait for days or weeks for favourable conditions to cross the perilous waters of the Gulf of Aden, in flimsy boats manned by vicious criminal gangs. They have usually come from Ethiopia by truck, although occasionally the entire journey is made on foot, over weeks through one of the hottest, most inhospitable areas in the world. Some aren’t lucky enough to get to the port, in September last year, IRIN 15/11/11  report, 60 Ethiopian migrants were found dead about 120 km west of Djibouti’s capital.

Abduction murder and rape

More shocking even than the numbers of people is the violent treatment they face. Murder, abduction and ransom demands, torture, rape, sexual abuse and more rape, are the nightmares many are subjected to by criminal gangs and smugglers. And all in the pursuit, not of happiness, which they left behind, but $100 a month, to feed and clothe their families 1000 kilometers or more away.

On arrival in Yemen men and women are separated, wives taken from husbands, daughters from Fathers brothers from sisters. Trafficking and multiple rape of women is widespread, IRIN 12/03/12 state “the majority of the approximately 3,000 women held by smugglers in Haradh [on the border with Saudi Arabia] over the past year were raped, many of them repeatedly.”DRC relate this account from a 15-year-old boy, who “was captured by Abd al-Qawi’s gang. They tied a rope round my legs and hung me upside down and beat me almost to death for three days. I was made to watch an Ethiopian woman being raped and an Ethiopian baby about one year old being killed.”Cases of male rape, punishment for trying to stop the rape of a wife or sister, have also been documented.

On a positive note, deaths at the hands of smugglers have dramatically decreased, only to be replaced by another atrocity – abduction, the terrifying experience of the majority. With $100 – 300 being demanded from family members who can barely feed themselves, let alone pay a ransom. Torture and violence at the hands of hostage takers is brutal; pulling teeth, gouging eyes, driving nails through hands and feet, cigarette burns are all reported, and if ransoms are not paid, migrants, after this hell are often beaten to death. In March this year 70 Ethiopian men and women were discovered in Yemen’s Hajjah Governorate, again near the border with Saudi Arabia, the UN humanitarian news and analysis,  reports, “their captors, they said, had beaten them with pipes, burned them with cigarettes and poured liniment in their eyes making them scream in pain.” This horrific incident indicative of many follows close on the heels of the killing of three Ethiopian men in January, shot while trying to escape from smugglers. They had made the arduous journey from rural Ethiopia to Yemen, full of hope, only to be tortured and finally murdered.

The ordeal of women begins in Djibouti, DRC report an Ethiopian man recounting the sea passage when “four Yemeni smugglers were on board the boat. They raped the girls in front of us, we were not able to move or to speak, and those girls were already sold to Yemeni traffickers.” Many are abducted and held captive, sometimes for months on end, their experiences are harrowing in the extreme, DRC tell of a 16 year old girl from Wollo who was imprisoned for six months and repeatedly raped by gang members. Far from being the exception the majority relate incidents of sexual abuse, with “many reporting being raped at almost every stage in their journey and stay within Yemen.” They “are often captured, kidnapped and disappear and it is believed they are trafficked for sexual or domestic slavery”. It is unclear where women are trafficked, it is suggested they are sold to Saudi families as “virtual slaves”, many no doubt end up in some kind of sex trade, those that eventually make it out of Saudi Arabia relate incidents of rape at the hands of brokers or employers. The horrific stories are endless, extreme abuse and brutality by vicious criminals who are destroying lives in the thousands, and it seems, with impunity. Those victims lucky enough to make it home need therapeutic support and time to gently heal, the Ethiopian government in partnership with international and national NGO’s, in addition addressing the reasons why their citizens are leaving home, need to provide professional care to help the victims overcame such trauma.

Yemeni collusion

The smugglers are organized and well armed, raiding their houses, the Chief of Police for Haradh District that borders Saudi Arabia, where 4,000Ethiopians currently await repatriation, said, Reuters  report, “we face fierce resistance and shootouts. It’s like fighting an insurgency… As long as these people keep arriving the smugglers will keep taking them. There is nothing we can do.” The Yemeni and Ethiopian governments have been discussing ways to present “all facilities required to return the Ethiopian refugees to their home,” said the Yemeni Interior Minister, with standard political ambiguity, failing to mention the brutal criminality taking place inside his country, the security services corruption and the complete lack of police activity to apprehend the smugglers, protect the migrants and bring the trafficking to an end.

The Yemeni authorities shamefully complicit in the violence are portraying Ethiopian and other migrants as the cause of and reason for the increased level of extreme criminality, and as UNHCR report with internal instability giving rise to “reduced police presence…[that is] giving human traffickers and smugglers more room to operate.” And in a sign that suggests further state collusion with criminal gangs, we are informed that police activity “is also frequently preventing patrols along Yemen’s shores by humanitarian teams as they try to reach new arrivals before the smugglers.” Corruption is endemic, with security officials coordinating with smugglers on the border with Saudi Arabia, “a climate of collusion and low political will to apprehend and prosecute smugglers is allowing the trade and abuse of migrants to flourish” (Reuters). The country is run, a military officer on the payroll of the smugglers to the tune of $2,000 a month says, “by tribes not policemen: these people are my friends.” ‘These people’ are turning a blind eye to the murder, rape and trafficking of innocent migrants seeking work to feed their families.

The right to be free and safe

The realization of freedom for the people is the solemn duty of the Ethiopian government, it is the foundation of democracy without which no true and lasting human development will take place, it is however a duty regarded by the TPLF/EPRDF with contempt and disregarded totally. The quest and heartfelt desire of the people of Ethiopia is for social justice and liberty not migration to the Gulf or beyond. They are deeply proud, dignified and many devoutly religious, who love the land of their birth. Overwhelmingly they risk life and limb not in search of material wealth but to escape economic hardship and political imprisonment at the hands of a highly repressive regime that seeks total control and denies all freedom of speech, acknowledged as a human right in the federal constitution.

The political space, narrow in the extreme must be opened, to allow, indeed encourage political and social participation and responsibility. Participation feared only and always by the dictator, would enrich the society, allowing the free flow of ideas to address the many issues facing the country. Such inclusive measures, in keeping with the time and the aspirations of the people would cultivate an atmosphere of hope and strengthen the community. A nationwide programme to raise awareness of the dangers inherent in migration via Yemen and to Gulf countries more broadly, aimed at deterring the unknowing is an imperative responsibility of the government, designed and delivered perhaps in collaboration with international NGO’s working throughout the country, further facilitating involvement and cooperation.

The non-partisan distribution of development aid, an ignored legal requirement, would be a positive step in bringing relief from extreme economic hardship and curtailing migration. Currently, grain fertilizer and food, are selectively distributed by regime stooges based, not on need, but on political affiliation. Ethiopia’s primary donors, America Britain and the European Union, have a responsibility to ensure this is addressed, in addition to insisting the Ethiopian government observes human rights, adheres to federal and international law and dismantles mechanisms of state repression. All such steps would build confidence in change, reducing the need to migrate. Development that does not address humanitarian needs justly, and denies the observation of basic human rights enshrined in law, pollutes the notion of change, allows state corruption and limits government responsibility to the realization of targets set by international institutions seeking to maximize their return and build political/economic models of conformity and control.

In accordance with the responsibilities of office, the Ethiopian government must take all necessary steps to safeguard its citizens. Appropriate consular support is essential in offering protection, advice and sanctuary to migrants, no matter their political affiliation or ethnicity. Urgent, sustained and coordinated efforts are needed by the affected countries law enforcement agencies and judiciary to close down the criminal networks, route out corruption and safeguard migrants. The innocent men women and children from Ethiopia making an impossible choice, with they see no alternatives, are not the villains in this ongoing human tragedy they are the victims trapped in a terrifying nightmare.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

አሜሪካ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን ጎን ትቆማለች ?

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ


magl3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ታሪክ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን  ጋር ከወገነ፤  አሜሪካስ  ለምን  አትወግንም ?

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ አክራ፤ ጋናን በ2009 ሲጎበኙ ሁለት አስቸኳይና አስፈላጊ መልዕክቶችን አስተላልፈው ነበር፡፡ ‹‹ታሪክ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን ጋር ወግኗል›› ሲሉ: ለአፍሪካ መሪዎችና ገዢዎች ደግሞ ጠበቅ ያለ መልክት ኣስተላፈው ነበር፡፡

………እንዳትሳሳቱ፡ ታሪክ ወገናዊነቱ ከጀግኖቹ አፍሪካውያን ጋር እንጂ በሥላጣን ላይ እራሳቸውን እንዳነገሱ ለማቆየት መፈንቅለ መንግሥት ከሚያካሂዱ ጋር አለያም ሕገ መንግሥታቸውን እንዳሻቸው ከሚለዋውጡት ጋር አይደለም፡፡ አፍሪካ የሚያስፈልጓት ጡንቻቸው የፈረጠሙ መሪዎች ሳይሆን የዳበሩ ተቋሞች እንጂ … የሕዝቦቻቸውን ፈቃድ ከማያከብሩት እጅጉን በበለጠ  ሕዝባቸውን የሚያከብሩ መንግሥታት የከፍተኛ ሃብታም፤ በጣም የተረጋጉ እና የበለጠ የተዋጣላቸው ይሆናሉ… የልማት መሰረቱ  መልካም አስተዳደር ነው፡፡ በበርካታ ቦታዎች እጅጉን ለረዘመ ብዙ ጊዜ ጎድሎ የነበረው ቅመም ይህ ነው፡፡ ይህ ነው የአፍሪካን እምቅ ችሎታ ሊያወጣው የሚችለው፡፡ ይህም ሃላፊነት በአፍሪካውያን ብቻ ነው ግቡን ሊመታ የሚችለው፡:

ለአፍሪካውያን ህዝቦች የላኩት መልእክት አነሳሽ ተስፋ ሰጪ፤አደፋፋሪ ነበር፡፡

መሪዎቻችሁን በተጠያቂነት ለመያዝና ለሕዝቡ አስፈላጊውን ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ ተቋማትን ለመገንባት ስልጣኑ አላችሁ፡፡ በመንደራችሁ አገልግሎት መስጠት ትችላላችሁ፤ አቅማችሁንና እውቀታችሁን አዲስ ሃብት መፍጠሪያ፤ ከሌላው ዓለም ጋር መገናኛም ልታደርጉት ትችላላችሁ:: ከመሰረቱ አንስታችሁ የእርስ በርስ ግጭትን፤ በሽታን በማጥፋት  ለውጥ ማምጣት ችላላችሁ፡፡ ያንን ማድረግ ትችላላችሁ፡፡ አዎን ይቻላል! ምክንያቱም በዚህ ሰአት ታሪክ በመገስገስ ላይ ነውና፡፡

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በተጨማሪም የተከበረና የረጋ ቃል ለአፍሪካ ህዝቦች ገቡ፡

አሜሪካ በማንም ሕዝብ ላይ ምንኛውንም አይነት የመንግስት ስርአት ለመጫን ፍላጎት የላትም፡፡… ማድረግ የምንፈልገው፤ ትኩረታችንን በመልካም አስተዳደር ላይ፤ የስልጣንጣን  መባለግን በሚቆጣጠር  እና ተቃዋሚ ሃይላት ድምጻቸው እንዲሰማ በሚያደርግ፤ የሕግ የበላይነት ለሚያስከብር፤ የፍትሕ ስርአቱን አስተዳደር በእኩል መብት በሚያካፍል፤ የሕዝባዊ ማሕበራት ተሳትፎን በሚያረጋግጥ ፓርላማ ላይ፤ ወጣቱ ትውልድ በስፋት የሚሳተፍበትን በሙስና ላይ ግልጽ አቋም የሚይዝ፤ ከሕጉ ጋር የተያያዘ ቁጥጥር፤ አግልግሎቶችን በማፋጠን፤ ሃላፊነት ለሚሰማቸው ግለሰቦችና ተቋማት፤ ተጠያቂነትንና ግልጽነትን ለሚያረጋግጡ ሁሉ ድጋፋችንን መጨመር ነው እቅዳችን፡፡

አሁን ግልጽ በሆነው የፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ሁለተኛው የስልጣን ዘመናቸው ላለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት ያስተላለፍናቸውን አንዳንድ አስቸጋሪ ጥያቄዎችን ማንሳት ይኖርብናል፡፡ ከ2009 ይልቅ በ2012 በአፍሪካ የበዙ ባለ ጡንቻ መሪዎች አሉ? በየጎዳናውና በየወህኒ ቤቱ ጠንካራ የአፍሪካ ልጆች በ2009 ከነበረው በ2012  ያሉት ኣይበልጡም?  አፍሪካ በ2009 ከነበሯት ደካማ ተቋማት አሁን ያሉት ይበዛሉ? በ2009 ከነበሩት የሕዝባቸውን ፍቃድና ፍላጎት የሚያሟላ የአፍሪካ መሪዎች የበለጡ አሁን አሉ? በአፍሪካ በ2009 ከነበረው የእርስ በርስ ግጭት አሁን ያለው ያንሳል? አሁን አፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደር አላት? በርካታ የተቃዋሚዎች ድምጽ ይሰማል?  ሕዝባዊ ተሳትፎስ በርክቷል? የወጣቱስ ተሳትፎ በ2009 ከነበረው አሁን ተሸሏል? የታሪክስ ሂደት ወደ ዴሞክራሲ፤ወደ ነጻነት፤ ሰብአዊ ምብት፤በመራመድ ላይ ነው? ወይስ አፍሪካ የኋሊት ፈላጭ ቆራጭነት ወደ ነገሰበት የጭለማው ዘመን፤ ወደ ማን አለብኝነትና የጭቆና አገዛዝ፤ አምባገነናዊ አስተዳደር እየተጓዘች ነው?

አሜሪካ ዛሬ ከጠንካራ አፍሪካውያን ጋር በጥንካሬ ቆማለች ወይስ ከነዚያ አምባገነን ገዢዎች ጋር ተቃቅፋ ኣልጋ ላይ ተጋድማለች?

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ  ሲያነሳሱዋቸው የነበሩት  የአፍሪካ ጀግና ልጆችስ የት ገቡ?

እንደ አሜሪካው ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት ትግበራ የ2011 (ሜይ 2012) ዘገባ እነዚያ ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ያሏቸው በርካታ ‹‹ጠንካራ አፍሪካውያን›› አሁን በወህኒ ቤት፤ በመከራ መቀበል፤ በስቃይ በመገረፍ፤ በመለጎም፤ በሽሽት ላይ፤ በሞት በመቀጠፍ፤ አለያም በስጋት ማቅ ተሸፍነው፤ ወከባውን በመሸሽ፤ በዘፈቀደ በየቦታው መያዝን፤ ከፍርድ በፊት በወህኒ መማቀቅን፤ስቃይን፤ ዱላን፤ ኢሰብአዊ  መከራን፤ለሕይወት አስጊ የሆነውን እስራት፤ በንግግ ር ነጻነት መገደብን፤ የፕሬስ ነጻነትን ማጣት፤ ሕገ ወጥ ብርበራን፤ ይህና ሌሎችም መሰል ስቃዮች ናቸው የአፍሪካውያን የእለት ተእለት ሕይወት፡፡ የአፍሪካ ማሕበረሰብና ተቋማት በምግባረ ብልሹ ባለስልጣናት፤ በሙስና፤ ግልጽነት በመጥፋቱ፤በማያስፈልግና ወደኋላ ጎታች፤በሆነ ቢሮክራሲ ማነቆ ተይዘው፤ ማንኛውም ጉዳይ በገዢዎቹ መዋቅር ውስጥ ባሉትና ትዕዛዝ ተቀብለው በሚተነፍሱ፤ በፖለቲካ ቁጥጥር ስር በሆኑ የፍትህ መዋቅሮች፤የተባሉትን ብቻ እሺ በሚሉና በራሳቸው ህሊና በማይገዙና በማይመሩ የፓርላማ አባላት ተከበው በጭለማ ውስጥ በመዳከር ላይ ናቸው፡፡  የአፍሪካውያን ማሕበረሰብ በሚያለያይ በሽታ ተከትበው፤በዘር፤ በነገድ፤ በጎሳ፤ በመንደር፤በጾታ፤ በቋንቋ፤በሃይማኖት፤በባህል፤በወረዳ ተለያይተው ነው ያሉት፡፡

የሰብአዊ መብትን ከሚደፍሩ ሃገራት ሁሉ ድፍረቱ በእጅጉ የበዛባት ሃገር ኢትዮጵያ ነች፡፡ በሜይ 2010 ገዢው ፓርቲ በፓርላማ ካሉት 547 ወንበሮች 545ቱን (99.6%) መቀመጫዎችን ‹‹አሸነፈ››:: በዚያ የምርጫ ወቅት የሁዋይት ሀውስ መግለጫ ያሳየው ጉዳዩ ‹‹አሳሳቢ››  የሚል ነበር:-

ፍትሃዊና ነጻ ምርጫን ለማካሄድ ሁኔታው ከምርጫው ቀናት አስቀድሞም የተመቻቸና ትክክል አልነበረም፡፡ በቅርብ ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት የፖለቲካወን ምህዳር በማጥበብ የተቃዋሚዎችን አካሄድም ለመስንከል በማስፈራራትና በማዋከብ፤የራሱን ሜዳ እያሰፋ በማመቻቸት የሲቪክ ማሕበረሰቡን በማግለል፤የነጻ መገናኛ ብዙሃንንም ተግባራቸውንና ክዋኔያቸውን በመቀነጣጠስና በማገድ ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች ደግሞ ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽን ሂደት በእጅጉ የሚገድቡ ሲሆኑ ገዢው መንግስት እራሱ ከተቀበለውና ከፈረመው የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ጋር ጨርሶ የሚጻረርና ተለዋዋጭ ነው፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የሰብአዊ መብት ሁኔታ ‹‹ያሳስባል›› ከሚል በጨዋነት ከተሰነዘረው  የበለጠ ግንዛቤ የሚያስፈልገው ነው፡፡ድርጊቱ ቁጣን ሊያጭር ከድርገቱ ጋር ተመጣጣኝ የሆነ ና ከዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ጋር የሚዛመድ እንዲሆን ግፊት ያስፈልገዋል፡፡  በቅርቡ በወጣው ኢትዮጵያን የሚመለከተው የዩ ኤስ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት ዘገባ (ሜይ 2012) ‹‹ ከ100 የሚበልጡ የፖለቲካ ሰዎች፤ጋዜጠኞች፤እና የድረገጽ ተሳታፊዎች (በዓለም አቀፍ በተወገዘው የጸረሽብርተኝነት ሕግ) መንግስት የፕሬስን ነጻነት ገደበ፤የመያዝና የመጠቃት ፍርሃት ጋዜጠኞች እራሳቸውን እንዲቆጣጠሩ አስገድዷቸዋል፡፡ የእርዳታና የሰብአዊ ግልጋሎት ሰጪዎች  (CSO law)  አሁንም የጠነከረ እገዳ በማድረግ የማሕበረሰቡና የእርዳታ ሰጪ ድርጅቶች እንቅስቃሴዎች ከመዳከም ወደ መቆም እየተጓዙ ነው፡፡በጣም አሳሳቢ የሚባሉት የሰብአዊ መብት ችግሮች፤ ድብደባን በደህንነት ሰዎች መሰቃየትን፤ወህኒ ማጎርን፤በጣም የተበላሸ የወህኒ ሁኔታን፤ የሴቶችን ሕብረተሰባዊ  ልዩነትን፤…… በጁንና ሴፕቴምበር (2011) የተካሄደው ሁለተኛው ዙር አፈናና እስር፤በርካታ ስመጥር ጋዜጠኞችን፤የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚ አባላትን፤ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎችን፤አንዱዓለም አራጌን የአንድነትለፍትሕና ለዴሞክራሲና የመድረክን ፓርቲ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ጭምር፤ታዋቂውን የድረገጽ ጸሃፊና ተሟጋች እስክንድር ነጋ፤ የአንድነት ለዴሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ አባልን ናትናኤል መኮንንን ያካተተ ነው;;›››››››››

ካረን ጄ ሃንራሃን የዴሞክራሲ ቢሮ፤ የሰብአዊ መብትና የሌበር ዲፒዩቲ ምክትል  ጸሃፊ ለብሔራዊ አንዳውመንት በኦክቶበር 2012 ባደረጉት ንግግር

….በኢትዮጵያ ግብግብ ገጥሞናል፡፡ መሰረታዊው ጥየቄም ገዢው መንግስት በፖለቲካና ማሕበረሰቡ ተቋማት ላይ ጫናውን ሲያበዛና ገደቡ ልክ ሲያጣ፤ዴሞክራሲንና የሰብአዊ መብትን በአግባቡ ማራመድ የሚቻለው እንዴት ተብሎ ነው፡፡ ይህም በሲቪል ማሕበረሱ ላይ የሚደረግ ጫና፤የሜዲያዎች ነጻነት ማጣት፤በጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጅ ሰበብ ጋዜጠኞችን የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አባላት አፈናና ማሳደድ፤ለአእስር መዳርግ የሚያካትት ነው፡፡ ወደፊት መራመዱ ለመንግስትም ቢሆን የተቃዋሚዎችንና የሲቪል ሕበረሰቡን እድገት የሚያስከትል ይሆናል፡፡ኢትዮጵያዊያን ዜጎች መብቶቻቸውን ሙሉ በሙሉ ለመጠቀም ማስቻል ብቻ ሳይሆን የአሜሪካንና የኢትዮጵያ መንግስታት ሁለቱም የመረጋጋትና የልማት እድገትና ዋስትና ያገኛሉ፡፡

የአሜሪካን መሪዎች ምናልባትም ቀደም ሲሉ በቦታው ከነበሩትና ከፈላጭ ቆራጭና አምባገነኖች ተመሳሳይ ጥሪ የአሁኖቹ የአሜሪካ መሪዎች ሊማሩ ይችሉ ይሆናል፡፡ አንድ ወቅት ላይ ፕሬዜዳንት ትሩማን እንዳሉት፡‹‹ የተቃዋሚውን የመናገር ነጻነት ለማፈን የቆረጠ መንግስት የጉዞው አቅጣጫ አንድ ብቻ ነው፤ተደራራቢ ወደ ሆነና ለሁሉም ዜጎች የሽብርና ሁሉም በፍርሃት የሚኖርበት አካባቢ እንዲሆን በማድረግ አምቆ የመግዛት ስርአት፤›› ይህ ነው በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የማያከራክርና የማይካድ ሕይወትና ‹‹ጥሪ›› ‹‹አሳሳቢ›› የሚሉ ባዶ ቃላት አንዳችም ፋይዳ ሊናራቸው ሁኔታዎችን ሊቀይሩና የዜጎችን ሕይወት ሊለውጡ አይችሉም!

ዛሬ በአፍሪካ ያለው ያሜሪካ መምሪያ ብዙ ጉድለቶች ኣሉት

በዩ ኤስ ዲፓርትመንት ኦፍ ስቴት የአፍሪካ ጉዳዮች ሃላፊ የሆኑት ጆኒ ካርሰን አባባል  በአፍሪካ ውስጥ ሊያገለግሉ የሚችሉ ‹‹አምስት የአሜሪካንን ፍላጎት የሚያሟሉ ምሶዎች አሉ›› ይህም የሚያካትተው፤ (1) ዴሞክራሲውን የሚያግዙ እና የዴሞክራሲ መዋቅሮችን፤ ነጻ፤ ፍትሃዊና ግልጽ ምርጫዎችን የሚያጠናክሩ፤ (2) የአፍሪካን እድገት ልማት የሚያግዝ፤ (3) ግጭቶችን መከላከል፤ ማቅለል እና ውሳኔዎችን ማስፈጸም (4)ፕሬዜዳንታዊ ጅማሮዎችን እንደ ዓለም አቀፍ የጤና ጅማሮዎችን መደገፍ፤የወደፊቱን መመገብ፤ዓለም አቀፍ የዓየር ንብረትን ጅማሮዎችን መደገፍ (5) ከአፍሪካ ሃገርና ሕዝብ ጋር በሽግግር ሂደቶች ላይ እንደ አደንዛዥ እጽ ቁጥጥርን፤ ሕግ ወጥ የገንዘብ ዝውውርን፤ የሰዎች ሽያጭን›› ያካትታል:: እንደ ካርሰን አባባል ‹‹በአሁኑ ወቅት›› የዩ ኤስ ፖሊሲ በአፍሪካ በኮት ዲ ቩዋር በጊኒ፤በናይጄር፤መንግስታዊ ሰላማዊ ሽግግሮችን ረድቷል፡፡በናይጄርያ የተሳካ ምርጫ እንዲካሄድ አድርጓል፤የደቡብ ሱዳንን ነጻነት አረጋግጧል፡፡ በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎም የጾታንና የወሲባዊን ሁከቶችን ለማቆም በንቃት በመንቀሳቀስ ላይና በመካከለኛው አፍሪካ በመላው በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ያለውን የሎርድ ሬዚስታነስ ሠራዊት ለማክሸፍም በጽናት በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ነው፡፡ የወደፊቱን መመገብ የሚለው የዩ ኤስ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የምግብ ዋስትና ጅማሮ 12 የአፍሪካ ሃገራትን ያካትታል፡፡

የዩ ኤስ ዲፓርትመንት ኦፍ ስቴት የሰብአዊ መብት ዘገባ (ሜይ 2012)  የሂላሪ ክሊንተን ገለጻ፡ “እንደሃገር አስተዳደሪነቴ በዓለም ዙርያ ባደረግሁት ጉዞ የሰብአዊ መብትን ለማስከበርና የፍትሕና ስርአት ለማስከበር ሲሉ የራሳቸውን ሕይወት ለአደጋ ያጋለጡ በርካታ ሰዎች አጋጥመውኛል፤ በትልቁም ይሁን መጠኑ ባነሰ መልክ መንግስቶቻቸውን ተጠያቂ እንዲሆንና ለዓለም አቀፉ ሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ ተገዢነት ይሞግታሉ፤ ቆራጥነታቸውና ድፍረታቸው ለሰላማዊ  መሻሻል አነሳሥ ነው፡፡ይህ ዘገባ ድፍረትና ጥንካሬያቸውን በሚገባ ዕውቅና በመስጠት እንደማሳሰቢያነትም ያገለግላል፡ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ሰብአዊ ክብርን ለማራመድ ከሚጥሩ ጋር አብሮ በመቆም በጥረታቸውም ላይ የዓለም ትኩረትና ድጋፍ ብርሃን እንዲያበራ ከማድረግ አንቆጠብም፡፡”

እነዚህ መጠነኛ ክንዋኔዎች ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ከሰነዘሩዋቸው እነዚያ ግዙፍ፤ ተስፋ ሰጪ ቃላቶች ጋርና አስተዳደራቸው መልካም አስተዳደርንና ሰብአዊ መብትን በማስከበሩ ረገድ በአፍሪካ የተደረገው  ሲመዘን እጅጉን ተራርቀውና በማይመጣጠን ደረጃ ኣንሰው ይገኛሉ፡፡ አሁን ጊዜው ያለፈውን በማንሳት መወነጃጀያ፤ ጥርስ ማፋጪያ፤ ሆድ ማከኪያ፤ እና ጣት መቀሳሰርያ ግዜ አይደለም፡፡ ወደ ፕሬዜዳንታችን የትግል ጥሪ በመመልከትና ትኩረታችንን በማገናኘት ‹‹ወደፊት እንቀጥል›› በማለት የሞረሽ ጥሪ ማድረግ ነው የሚገባን፡፡

አሜሪካኖች በአብዛኛው የሚታወቁበት በቀጥታ አነጋገራቸው አካፋን አካፋ በማለታቸው ነው፡፡ እኔ ዘወትር በተራ አሜሪካውያንና በጥቂት ታላላቅ መሪዎቻቸው የማደንቅላቸው ባሕሪያቸው ነው፡፡የሚሉትን ያደርጋሉ የሚያደርጉትን ይላሉ፡፡ ‹‹ቀጥተኛ ተናጋሪው›› የሚባሉት ፕሬዜዳንት ሃሪ ኤስ ትሩማን ‹‹ለማንም መከራና ስቃይ አልመኝም፡፡ እውነቱን በምናገርበት ጊዜ እነሱ ግን መከራ ነው ይላሉ::›› ስለዚህም እኔም ትንሽ ቀጥተኛ ንግግር አደርገ ለሁ፡፡ ስለ ሰብአዊ መብት ጉራና እወጃ በቂ ያህል ሰምተናል፡፡ የአፍሪካን የሰብአዊ መብት ችግር ስለ መቅረፍ፤ በአፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርን ስለመገንባት ‹‹ስለ ግጥሚያው ጥሪ ወይም ስለፍላጎት ቅስቀሳው›› ‹‹ችግሮች‹› ‹‹አከራካሪ ጉዳይነት›› ስለሁሉም ርዕሶች በሚገባ እናውቃለን፡፡ በዲያስፖራው ኢትዮጵያዊያንም አሜሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርን ለማስፈንና ዴሞክራሲና ሰብአዊ መብትን ለማረጋገጥ ስላደረገውና ሳያደርገው በቸልታ ስለታለፈው፤ በቂ ጉርምርምታም፤ መነጫነጭ፤እንዲሁም ምሬት በበቂ አድምጠናል፡፡ ከእንግዲ ምንም የጎንዮሽ ንግግር አያስፈልግም ግልጡን በቀጥታ እና ቀጥተኛ የሆነ ድርጊት ማሳየት ብቻ ነው፡፡ በፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ሁለተኛ የስልጣን ዘመን፤በአፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርንና ሰብአዊ መብትን በሚገባ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ሁለት ምርጫዎች ብቻ ናቸው ያሉት፤ በቃን ብሎ በቁርጥ ‹‹ብድግ‹‹ : አለያም  እጅን  ኣጣጥፎ ኣፍን ለጉሞ ጭጭ በማለት ነው:: በሌላ አነጋገር: አሜሪካ ቆርጦ ከጠንካራዎቹ አፍሪካውያን ጋር በመቆም ትልቅነቱን ያስመሰክራል::  ካልሆነ ደግሞ ተሸመድምዶ በመድከም በ ምጽዋት፤በዓለም ባንክ፤ በአይ ኤም ኤፍ ገንዘብና ብድር በአፈሙዝ ሃይል ሥላጣን ይዘው ከሚገዙት ከጨካኞቹ ፈላጭ ቆራጭ የአፍሪካ መሪዎች ጋር ተቃቅፎ በውርደት መጋደም ነው፡፡

ጀግኖች  ኢትዮጵያውያን  መርጃው መንገድ፡ የት  ይጀመር?

በርካታ ልምድ ያካበቱት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ኤች አር 2003ን  (“Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007”) በሚገባ ያስታውሱታል፡፡ያ የሕግ ረቂቅ በኣመሪካን ምክር  ቤት ቀርቦ ነበር፡፡ (H.R. 4423 “Ethiopia Consolidation Act of 2005”) በቅድሚያ በኮንግሬስማን በኒው ጀርሲው ክሪስ ስሚዝ የአፍሪካን የውጭ ጉዳይ ንዑስ ኮሚቴ በሚመሩበት ጊዜ የቀረበ ነው፡፡(ረቂቁ ቆየት ብሎ  በውጭ ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ H.R. 4423 and H.R. 5680 ብሎ ተሰይሞ ነበር፡፡) በ2007 የኒው ጀርሲው ኮንግሬስማን ዶናልድ ፔይን የኮሚቴው ሰብሳቢ ሲሆኑ ጉዳዩን ተረክበው  የ85 የኮንግሬስ አባላትን ድጋፍ ለማግኘት ችለዋል፡፡ ረቂቁ በ2007 የቤቱን ድጋፍ ቢያገኝም ወደ ሴኔት ቀርቦ ድምጽ ሊያገኝ አድል ኣልነበረዉም፡፡ በረቂቁ ሕግ ውስጥ በርካታ ለመልካም አስተዳደር፤ ለተጠያቂነት፤ ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበረና መረጋገጥ፤ ስለዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለፍትህ መከበርና ስለ ሕግ የበላይነት ስለነጣ የፍትህ ስርአት፤ ስለፍትህ ባለሙያዎች ስልጠና፤ስለምርጫ ቦርድ ነጻና ገለልተኛ መሆንና ሌሎችንም አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ሕዝባዊና ሃገራዊ ጉዳዮችን ያቀፈ ነበር፡፡

የኢትጵያን ‹‹ማግኒቲስኪ  ሕግ”  

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በ2009 በአክራ ባደረጉት ንግግር አፍሪካውያን ‹‹በሽታንና አለመግባባትን ሊያሸንፉ፤ከመሰረቱ ጀምሮ ወደ ላይ ለውጥ ማምጣት ይችላሉ፡፡ ማድረግ ትችላላችሁ፡፡ ምክንያቱም በዚህ ሰአት ታሪክ እየገሰገሰ ነው›› አዎን ትችላላችሁ ብለው ለኣፍሪካኖች ተናግረው ነበር፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብቶች ሕግ በአሜሪካ ኮንግሬስ ማለፍ የሚገባው አሁን ነው፡፡በሁለቱም ወገኖች የፓርቲ አሰላለፍ በኩል ስምምነቱ አለና፡፡ በዴሞክራቶችም ሆነ በሪፓብሊካንስ የሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይ ቅድሚያ የአየተሰተጠው ነዉ፡፡ የማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ ተብሎ ኣዲስ የዎጣው አመላከችና  ፈር ቀዳጅ የሆነ የሰብአዊ መብትን መደፈር የሚያስከብር ድንጋጌ ነው፡፡ይህን ሕግ በቅድሚያ ያነሱትና ያቀረቡት እንዲሁም በተዘዋዋሪ መልክ ድጋፋቸውንና በመጨረሻም ድምጻቸውን በመስጠት ያሳለፉት ሊመሰገኑ የሚገባቸው ናቸው፡፡ (* የለነገሩ ኦባማ አስተዳደር የንግዱን ሕግና የሰብአዊ መብቱን ድንጋጌ ማቀላቀል አያስፈልግም  የሚል አቋም ቢይዝም በመጨረሻው ላይ ግን ተስማምቷል::)

“የማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ”  በጣም ከፍተኛ የሆነ የሪፓብሊካኖች ድጋፍ ነበረው፡፡ የሪፓብሊካኑ አሪዞና ሴኔተር ጆን ማኬይን ‹‹ ስለማግኔቲስኪ ግፍና በደል ለመናገር፤ እንዲሁም ሌሎችም አሁን በሕይወት ያሉና በሩስያ ወህኒ ቤቶች አለ አግባብ በመሰቃየት ላይ ስላሉት መታገልና ለነጻነታቸው መቆም  አሜሪካ የሞራል ግዴታ አለበት››  በማለት አሳስበዋል፡፡ ‹‹ለቭላድሚር ፑቲንና ለሩስያ የሰርቆት መንግስት እንዲህ አይነቱ ኢሰብአዊ ድርጊትና የዜጎች በተለያየ መልኩ መብቶች መገፈፍና ለእስር መዳረግ፤ በወህኒ ስቃይ ማየትን እኛ አሜሪካውያን ልንቀበለው የሚገባን አለመሆኑን የምናሳውቅበት ነው፡፡ ይህ ሕግ ደግሞ ጸረ ሩስያ አይደለም፡፡ይልቅስ ሩስያን ደጋፊ ሕግ ነው:: እኔ ስለነሱ ግፍ ስተፈጸመባቸው እጨነቃለሁ፤በጸሎቴም አስባቸዋለሁ፡፡›› የአሪዞናው ሴኔተር ጆን ማኬን፤ ይህ ሕግ በሁሉም ሃገራት ላይ ተፈጻሚ ሊሆን ይገባል፡፡ የዴሞክራቲኩ ኒው ሃምፕሻየር ሴኔተር ጂያን ሻሂን አሜሪካ በሁሉም ቦታዎች ስለሰብአዊ  መብት ትኩረት ያደርጋል፤ ‹‹ስለ ሃገራቸው የሙስና ዝቅጠት ደፍረው ከሚናገሩት ጋር አብረን እንቆማለን፤ ይህ ሕግ በዓለም ላይ ላሉት ማግኒቲሰኪዎች ሁሉ ነው፡፡›› ሕጉ በዓለም አቀፍ ሁሉ እንደ ምሳሌ የሚወሰድ ነውና በየትም ቦታ እንደሚከበር እምነት አለኝ፡፡ ሁዋይት ሀውስም በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ መግለጫ አውጥቶ ፕሬዜዳንቱ እንደሚፈርሙት ጠቁሟል፡፡  ‹‹አስተዳደሩ በሩስያ የዴሞክራሲ እውነታና የህግን የበላይነት ለማረጋገጥ ከሚሹና በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃም እውን እንዲሆን ከሚጥሩ ከኮንግሬስና ከአጋሮቻችን ጋር መስራቱን ይቀጥላል›› ብለዋል ኦባማ::

ማግኒትኪ የሩስያ መሪዎች ሙስና ያጋለጠ ወጣት ጠበቃ ነበር፥ በዚህ ምክኒያት ባለስጣኖችጭ ኣስረው ኣሰቃይተው በስር ገደሉት:: የየሩስያ ፕሬዜዳንቱ ነጻ ካውንስል ለሲቪል ማሕበረሰብ ልማትና ሰብአዊ መብት ዋስትና በደረሰበት ማጣራት መሰረት፤ የማግኒቲስኪ ተይዞ መታሰር ከሕግ ውጪ የተፈጸመ መሆኑን አረጋግጧል፡፡  የፍርድ ቤቱ ሂደትም ማግኒቲስኪ በሩስያ ፌዴሬሽን ፍትህ በፍርድ ቤቱ፤ በአቃቤ ሕጉ፤ እንደተነፈገውና ምርመራ የተካሄደበትም በስርቆት በወነጀላቸውና ማንነታቸውን ይፋ ባወጣባቸው ግለሰቦች ነበር፡፡ በእስር ላይ በነበረበት ጊዜም አስፈላጊ የሆነውን የህክምና እርዳታ እንዳያገኝ ሆኖ በ8 የወህኒ ቤቱ ጠባቂዎች በመጨረሻው የሕይወቱ ሰአት በግፍ እንደተደበደበ ተገሎኣል፡፡ ድርጊቱንም ባለስላጣናቱ ከመካዳቸውም ባሻገር አንዳቸውም በድርጊታቸው የተነሳ ለጥያቄ እንኳን ወደ ፍርድ ቤት አልቀረቡም፡፡

ፍትሕን ተነፍገው በወህኒ በመሰቃየት ላይ ያሉ በርካታ ‹‹ኢትዮጵያዊያን ማግቲሰኪዎች›› አሉ፡፡ በ2005 በተካሄደው ምርጫ ወቅት ባዶ እጃቸውን ዴሞክራሲንና ሰብአዊ መብትን ለማስከበር ገዢው መንግስት እራሱ ያጸደቀውን ሕገ መንግስት እንዲከበር ለመጠየቅ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ያደረጉትን ንጹሃን 200 ዜጎች በፖሊስና በደህንነት አባላት ከቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በተሰጠ ቀጥታ ትዕዛዝ በጥይት ተደብድበው መሞታቸውና ከ800 የማያንሱት በጠና መቁሰላቸው ተረጋግጦ እያለ፤ ይ ህንንም  በቀጥታና በተዘዋዋሪ የፈጸሙት ይከበርልኝ የዜግነት ክብሬ አይደፈር በማለቱ የተፈጸመበት የሰብአዊ መብት መገርሰስ ዓልም ሊፋረደው የሚገባ እንጂ በሕግ ማውጣትና በማስፈራራት ብቻ ሊታለፍ የሚገባው ሊሆን አይገባም፡፡ የነዚህና የሌሎችም በግፍ የተገደሉና ለመከራ የተዳረጉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ድምጽ ከያሉበት ከፍ ብሎ ይጣራልና ሰሚ ሊያጣ አይገባውም፡፡

በዩ ኤስ ኮንግሬስ ለውጥ ማየት ታላቅ ደስታ ነው፡፡ በሰብአዊ መብትና በመልካም አስተዳደር አዲስ አስተሳሰብና አመለካከት ያለ ይመስላል:: እነዚህ ሁነቶችም የዓለም አቀፉ ድንጋጌዎችና የሰለጠነ ሕብረተሰብ አንድ አካል ናቸው፡፡ ለምንግስት ብቻ ሊተው የሚገባም አይደለም››:: ሰብአዊ መብት የሁሉም ሰብአዊ ፍጡር የጋራ ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ለሩስያው ጀግና  ሰርጂ ማግኒቲስኪ ጥሩ የሆነው  ህግ ለኢትዮጵያዊያኖቹ ጀግኖች ለ 16 ዓመቱ መለስካቸው አላምነውም ፤ ለ22 ዓመቱ ሃድራ ኦስማንም፤፤ለ50 ዓመቷ እቴነሽ ይማምም፤ለ23 ዓመቱም ቴዎድሮስ ግደይ፤ ለ24 ዓመቱም ጋሻው ሙሉጌታ፤ለ21 ዓመቱም ሌቺሳ ፋታሳም…..  በግፍ የተገደሉ ሰማታት ተገቢ ነው፡፡

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በ2009 በአክራ ‹‹አሜሪካ ራዕዩን (መልካም አስተዳደርና ሰብአዊ መብት መከበርን) በቃላት ብቻ ሳይሆን የአፍሪካን አቅም ሊያጠናክር በሚገባ መልኩ የማሻሻልና ቅድሚያ የመስጠት ሃላፊነት አለበት፡፡ በሞስኮ የዓለምአቀፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ሊከበሩ የሚገባበት ማስገደጃዎች ሊኖሩ እንደሚገባና እነዚህ ድንጋጌዎች መፋለስም እንደሌለባቸው በማሳሰብ ንግግር አድረጌያለሁ፡፡›› ብለው ነበር፡፡ ታሪክ በሂደት ላይ ነው! ‹‹የኢትዮጵየዊያን ማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ›› ሊኖረን ተገቢ ነው፡፡ይህም ከወዳጆቻችንና አጋሮችቻን በምናገኘው ትንሽ ድጋፍ እውን ይሆናል!

በትክክለኛው የአፍሪካ የሰብአዊ መብት ጎን መቆም ማለት በትክክለኛው የታሪክ ጎን መቆም ማለት ነው፡፡

ፕሮፌስር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም በካሊፎርኒያ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሳን በርናርዲኆ የፖሊቲካ ሳይንስ መምሀርና የህግ ጠበቃ ናችው።

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/15/will_the_us_stand_by_the_side_of_brave_africans

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

96 Ethiopians arrested in northern Tanzania

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

GLOBAL TIMES — Tanzanian authorities on Monday said that 96 Ethiopians who were found hiding in villages near Kenya boarder.

According to immigration officers, the Ethiopians were arrested on Sunday morning when they were found in a lorry in an area located between Ngeriani and Tingatinga villages in the district waiting to cross Tanzania to one of the southern African countries.

Arusha Regional Immigration Officer Daniel Namomba said the Ethiopians were expected to be taken to court on Monday after long interrogations with immigration officers at Namanga Immigration border post.

He said four Tanzanians, who facilitated the “dirty game,” were also arrested and taken to court to face charges leveled against them.

This occurred few days after 13 Ethiopians, en-route to South Africa, were arrested in Arusha while hiding in a house owned by a taxi driver.

Namomba explained the arrest of the aliens has been possible through collaboration with local Samaritans, immigration officers and wildlife rangers in the area.

He said the problem is getting more complicated as stowaways use illegal routes popularly known as “panya route” to get into Tanzania.

“These people were on transit to one of the southern African countries on the way to European countries and the United States,” he said.

The immigrants were found in a lorry with registration numbers T264 APV, owned by someone identified as Said Augustino Mrembe, a Kilimanjaro-based resident, he said, adding all of them were in good conditions.

The recent Southern African Development Community (SADC) report showed Tanzania is a gate way for illegal immigrants wishing to go to southern African countries especially South Africa.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Raped Ethiopian woman hanged herself inside Woyanne embassy in Dubai

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012


So sad! RIP

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Raped maid commits suicide in consulate

Amira Agarib and Afkar Ali / 17 December 2012

An Ethiopian housemaid has hung herself in the Ethiopian Consulate in Dubai.

Police were informed on Friday that a 26-year-old housemaid had been found dead inside the consulate, before rushing to the site where a number of women with various problems are being kept until they are able to travel back home.

It is understood the woman, who had only been in the country for six months, had earlier been raped by a Pakistani driver, and had left the family where she was working, leaving her without money to return home. She arrived at the consulate last Tuesday.

The woman was apparently scared that her sponsor would come to the consulate and find her and was said to be in a poor psychological state.

The police said they examined the scene and carried out an investigation, with the primary results showing the victim had committed suicide.

A CID official referred the dead woman to the General Department of Forensic Medicine for an autopsy.

The day after the woman arrived at the consulate, on Wednesday, a concerned official apparently tried to solve her problems and offer her help. The next day the woman complained of being sick, but she did not get medical attention, and the day after she was found dead. The woman apparently awoke some time after midnight on Friday morning, walked to a construction area inside the consulate, took a cable, wrapped it around her neck and hung herself from the ceiling.

The body will be handed over by the Dubai police after completion of legal and administrative procedures. A friend of the maid’s, who did not want to be named, told Khaleej Times it was still unclear whether the victim’s family in Ethiopia were aware of her death or not, or whether she would be buried in her birth country or the UAE.

Speaking on condition of anonymity, a member of the Ethiopian community said that after the completion of the police procedures it would be decided whether the body would be repatriated, in coordination with the Ethiopian Consulate and her sponsor.

When contacted, the Ethiopian Consulate said they had no information.

news@khaleejtimes.com
http://www.khaleejtimes.com/kt-article- … tion=crime


ኢህአዴግ ኦነግን እያሰበ አስመራ ላይ አነጣጥሯል!

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

ሃይለማርያም ኢሳያስን አነጋግራለሁ ማለትና የኦህዴድ ዕጣ
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ኢህአዴግ ከወትሮው በበለጠ አስመራ ላይና አስመራን ተገን ያደረጉ ተቃዋሚዎች አስመልክቶ የተንጠለጠሉ ጉዳዮችን አንድም በሰላማዊ መንገድ፣ አለያም በሃይል ለመቋጨት ፍላጎት እንዳለው ከተለያዩ ምንጮች ይሰማል። ይህንኑ መረጃ የሚያጠናክሩ መግለጫዎችና ዜናዎችም በቀጥታና በተዘዋሪ እየተደመጡ ነው። ድርድሩ የሚካሄደው ኦነግን ጨምሮ ከተለያዩ ድርጅት አመራሮች ጋር በተናጠል ስለመሆኑ ለስርዓቱ ቅርብ የሆኑ ሰዎች ጠቁመዋል።
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ኢተፋ ጎበና

ኦነግንና ኢህአዴግን ለማስማማት ከላይ ታች የሚሉት የአገር ሽማግሌዎች የሚባለውን ቁጥሩ በውል የማይታወቅ ኮሚቴ የሚመሩት ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ይስሃቅን ጨምሮ የቀድሞው የኦነግ አመራር አባቢያ አባጆቢር፣ የኢትዮጵያ መካነ ኢየሱስ ቤተክርስቲያን ፕሬዚዳንት የነበሩት ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ከሳቸው ጋር የሚሰሩት ኮሚቴዎች፣ በአሜሪካ የወንጌላዊት ሉትራን ቤ/ክ የአፍሪካ ብሔራዊ አገልግሎቶች ዳይሬክተር የሆኑት ዶ/ር ገመቺስ ቡባ ደስታ ከፊት ለፊት ረድፍ የተቀመጡ አሸናጋዮች መሆናቸው ብዙም የተሰወረ አይደለም።
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አባቢያ አባጆቢር

ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ዶ/ር ገመቺስ “እርቅ ከፍትህ ጋር” የሚል የጸና እምነት ያላቸው ሲሆን “ትግል በቃኝ” በማለት አገር ቤት በመግባት ግጭትን በማስወገድ ላይ መሰረት አድርጎ የሚሰራ ተቋም ከዶ/ር ያዕቆብ ሃይለማርያም ጋር የመሰረቱት አባቢያ አባጆቢርና ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ይስሃቅ የሚመሩት የአገር ሽማግሌዎች ቡድን እርቅ ላይ ስለሚከተለው መሰረታዊ እምነቱ በግልጽ የሚታወቅ ነገር የለም። የቅንጅት አመራሮች እንዲፈቱ በማድረግ ረገድ “ወርቃማ ገድል ፈጽሜያለሁ” የሚሉት ፕሮፌሰር ኤፍሬም በተለያዩ አካላት ተቃውሞ የደረሰባቸውና የ“ኢህአዴግ አፈ ቀላጤ” በሚል የሚያወግዟቸው ጥቂት አይደሉም።
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ገመቺስ ቡባ ደስታ

መንግሥት ሲፈልግ “የለም” ሲያሻው “አሸባሪ” በማለት ከሚከሰው ኦነግ ጋር በተለያዩ ጊዜያት የተደረጉት ድርድሮች ውጤት ሊያመጡ ያልቻሉበት ምክንያት አንዱ ሌላውን እምቢተኛ በማድረግ ከመወቃቀስ በዘለለ እርቁ ስለተበላሸበት ምክንያት ሁለቱም ወገኖች የሚስማሙበት እርግጠኛ ምክንያት አልተደመጠም።

አንዳንዴ ሶስት፣ ሲልም አራት ቦታ መሰነጣጠቁ የሚነገርለትን ኦነግ ከኢህአዴግ ጋር ለማስማማት በተለያዩ ወቅቶች የተደረጉ ድርድሮች ለመሰናከላቸው ትክክለኛው ምክንያት ባይቀርብም ዋናውና ትልቁ ችግር ግን የኦህዴድ ጉዳይ እንደሆነ ይነገራል። በኦህዴድ ውስጥ ድርድሩን የሚደግፉ ያሉትን ያህል የሚቃወሙትም አሉ። ስማቸው እንዳይጠቀስ የሚፈልጉ የኦህዴድ ሰዎች “ኦነግ ቢስማማና ህገ መንግስቱን አከብራለሁ ብሎ አገር ቤት ቢገባ የኦህዴድ እድል ምን ሊሆን ነው?” የሚል ጥያቄ ከሚያነሱት መካከል ይመደባሉ።

በተለያዩ መንገዶች ዋናውን ኦነግ አስማምቶ አገር ቤት የማስገባት ስራ እንደሚሰራ ማወቃቸውን የሚገልጹት ክፍሎች ጡረታ የወጡ የኦነግ ሰዎችን ፕሮፌሰር ኤፍሬም በማነጋገር ላይ መሆናቸውን ይጠቁማሉ። አባቢያም በተመሳሳይ ጀርመንና አሜሪካ ያሉ ወዳጆቻቸውን እያግባቡ እንደሆነ ይናገራሉ። የድርድሩ ደረጃ ምን ያህል እንደተጓዘ ባያብራሩም ድርድሩ ከሰመረ የተወሰኑ ሰዎች አገር ቤት ሊገቡ እንደሚችሉ ነው ያስታወቁት። መረጃው ምንጩ እንዳይታወቅ በመጠንቀቅ ዝርዝር ጉዳዮችን ያላብራሩት የኦህዴድ አባላት አሜሪካ ያሉ የኢህዴግ ዲፕሎማቶችና ወዳጆች በጉዳዩ ዙሪያ እየሰሩ እንደሆነ አመልክተዋል። ድርድሩ ከኦነግ ጋር ብቻም እንዳልሆነ ጠቁመዋል። እነዚህ ክፍሎች ቄስ ኢተፋ ጎበናና ዶ/ር ገመቺስ ስለሚመሩት እርቅ ግን ያሉት ነገር የለም።

ከፊሎቹ ደግሞ “ኦነግ ተደራድሮ በሰላም በምርጫ ለመወዳደር አገር ቤት ይገባል የሚለው ጉዳይ ላም አለኝ በሰማይ አይነት ነው” በማለት ከቶውንም ኢህአዴግ እንዲህ ያለ እብደት ውስጥ እንደማይገባ ይከራከራሉ። ምናልባትም በሰላም እንደሚያምን፣ ለእርቅ የተዘጋጀ እንደሆነ ለውጪው ዓለም ለማሳመን ካልሆነ በቀር።

እነዚህ ክፍሎች የማይሸሽጉት አንድ እውነት ግን አለ። ኢህአዴግ ቁልፍ የኦነግ ሰዎችን መማረክ ይፈልጋል። እነዚህ ቁልፍ ሰዎች በድርድር ተማርከው ወይም ተስማምተው አገር ቤት ከገቡ ኦነግ በተደጋጋሚ ከደረሰበት የውስጥ ችግር ጋር ተዳምሮ ከደጋፊዎቹ ጋር ይለያያል ይላሉ። ለዚህ ጠንካራ ነገር ግን ቅዠት የሚመስል ትንታኔያቸው የሚያቀርቡት ማስረጃ አስደንጋጭ ይመስላል።

ለጎልጉል እንደወትሮው ስማቸው እንዳይጠቀስ በማስጠንቀቅ ማብራሪያቸውን የሚያቀርቡት ክፍሎች፣ ታዋቂ የሆኑትን የኦነግ ሰዎች ለማጥመድ ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ አንደኛው አማራጭ ናቸው። ሰሞኑን በግምገማ ተወጥሮ የከረመው ህወሃት በሃይል ኢሳያስን የማስወገድ አቋም እንዳለው ጠቅሶ ኢንዲያን ኦሽን ኒውስ ሌተር የጻፈውን እንደሚስማሙበት የሚጠቅሱት ክፍሎች በየትኛውም መመዘኛ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ወገን የሃይል እርምጃ ቢያጣድፋት የመመከት አቅም አይኖራትም። ይልቁኑም ኦፕሬሽኑ አጭር፣ የማያዳግም፣ ኢሳያስንና አብረዋቸው ያሉትን በሙሉ ሊጠራርግ የሚችል ይሆናል። በዚህ መነሻነት ኢሳያስ ከመለስ ሞት በኋላ ያለውን ህወሃትን እንደፈሩት አስረግጠው ይከራከራሉ።

Imageሃሳባቸውን ሲያጠናክሩ፣ ከወራት በፊት ከኢትዮጵያ በኩል በተደጋጋሚ ድብደባ የተፈጸመባቸው ኢሳያስ የደረሰባቸውን ቁሳዊና ሰብዓዊ ጥፋት ለተባበሩት መንግስታት በክስ መልክ ከማቅረብ የዘለለ የወሰዱት ርምጃ የለም። የወትሮው ኢሳያስ እንኳን ተነክተው እንዲያውም ጸብ የሚሸታቸው እንደነበሩ የሚጠቁሙት ክፍሎች አስመራ ከተማ ጡረታ የወጡ የቀድሞ አዛውንት ታጋዮችን ከማስታጠቅ የዘለለ እርምጃ አለመውሰዳቸው የፍርሃታቸውን መጠን አመላካች መሆኑን ያሳያሉ። ተጨማሪ የማጠናከሪያ ማስረጃም ያቀርባሉ።

“ስለሆነም” ይላሉ የሚያውቁትን የግምገማ ማጠቃለያ ሲያቀርቡ “ኢሳያስ ከኢትዮጵያ ወገን የሚቀርብላቸውን የሰላም ድርድር አልቀበልም የሚሉበት ምክንያት የላቸውም። ሊሉም አይችሉም። ለድርድር ሲቀርቡም በቀድሞው ኃይል፣ ምንጩና መነሻው ኢትዮጵያ ላይ ማንጸባረቅ በሚፈልጉት ግራ የሚያጋባ የበላይነት ስሜት ሊሆን አይችልም” በማለት ኢሳያስ ወደ ድርድር የሚመጡበትን አስገዳጅ ሁኔታዎች ያስቀምጣሉ።

ኢሳያስ ለድርድር ከተቀመጡ የመጀመሪያው ጥያቄ ተቃዋሚዎችን ወደ ሰላም እንዲመጡ ማስገደድ ሲሆን የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትም በተመሳሳይ እርምጃ ይወስዳል። ቀጣዩ የባድመ ጉዳይ አቶ በረከት ስምዖን እንዳሉት “የኢትዮጵያ አይደለም” ይባልና በድንበር ማካለሉ መጠነኛ የሞራል መጠበቂያ ሽግሽግ ተደርጎ ይጠናቀቃል የሚል መደምደሚያ ይሰጣሉ።

“በየቀኑ በርካታ ወታደሮች የሚኮበልሉባቸው ኢሳያስ የሚቀርቧቸውን የተቃዋሚ ቁልፍ ሰዎች በማደራደር ስም ኢህአዴግ እጅ እንዲወድቁ ያደርጓቸዋል። ይህ የማይቀር እውነት ነው። የውጪ አገራትም ድጋፍ አለበት” የሚሉት ክፍሎች “ከዚህ የተለየ ጉዳይና ድርድር ካለ ኦህዴድ እንዲፈርስ ማድረግ ነው። ይህንን ማድረግ ደግሞ እብደት ነው። ይደረግ ከተባለም ስርዓቱ ያከትምለታል” ባይ ናቸው። እነዚሁ ክፍሎች አቶ በረከት በቅርቡ ስለኤርትራ የተናገሩትንና ጠ/ሚ ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ አስመራ ድረስ ለድርደር እንደሚሄዱ መናገራቸውን የቅርቡ ጊዜ ማጣቀሻ አድርገው ያሳያሉ።

ኢህአዴግ ከወትሮው በተለየ የእርቅና የሰላም ድርድር ላይ እየሰራ ባለበት በአሁኑ ወቅት አዲሱ ጠ/ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ ሄደውም ቢሆን ለመደራደር ቢጠየቁ ፈቃደኛነታቸውን ያለ አንዳች ማቅማማት እንደሚያሳዩ መግለጻቸው ኢሳያስን ወደ ድርደር ለመጋበዝና ለማማለል እንደሆነ ተደርጎ ተወስዷል።

አቶ ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ከአልጃዚራ እንግሊዝኛ ክፍል ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለ ምልልስ ሲናገሩ “አስመራ ሄደህ ከኢሳያስ ጋር ተቀምጠህ ትደራደራለህ? ብለሽ ብትጠይቂኝ” አሉና ራሳቸውን ጠየቁ። “አዎ! ነው መልሴ” በማለት ለራሳቸው ጥያቄ ምላሽ ሰጡ። አስከትለውም “በርግጥም አደርገዋለሁ” በማለት ማረጋገጫ ሰጡ።
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የደቡብ ሱዳን ፕሬዚዳንት ሳልቫ ኪር

ጠያቂዋ የቀድሞው መሪ አቶ መለስ ሊያደርጉት እንደማይችሉ ስትጠቁም፣ አቶ መለስ ከሃምሳ ጊዜ በላይ አስመራ ሄደው ለመደራደር ለፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ጥያቄ ማቅረባቸውን በማስታወስ ምላሽ የሰነዘሩት አቶ ሃይለማርያም፣ ድህነትን መዋጋት ትልቁ ጉዳይ እንደሆነ በመግለጽ “ሁለታችን ብንስማማ እጅግ ታላቅ ውጤት ይኖረው ነበር” ያሉት።

የጎልጉል ምንጮች እንደሚሉት ደቡብ ሱዳን በውጤት አጠናቅቀዋለሁ የምትለው የሁለቱ ድርጅቶች (ህወሓትና ሻዕቢያ) የሰላም ድርድር ተግባራዊ ይሁንም አይሁን፣ በሌላ አሁን ይፋ ሊያደርጉት በማይፈልጉት አካል አማካይነት የሰላም ስምምነቱ ተግባራዊ ይሆናል።

የኦህዴድ ሰዎች ያቀረቡትን ማብራሪያ የሚያጣጥሉ ክፍሎች በበኩላቸው ፕሬዚዳንት ኢሳያስ ከቀድሞው በተሻለ ዲፕሎማሲያቸውን አስተካክለዋል። ይህም ባይሆን ህወሃት ኢሳያስን ተጭኖና ተከራክሮ ያሸነፈበት አንድም ጊዜ ስለሌለ ወደፊትም የተለየ ነገር አይመጣም ይላሉ።

በስልጣን ተዋጽኦና በሃላፊዎች ስብጠር ችግር ገብቶታል የሚባለው የኢትዮጵያ መከላከያ ሰራዊት የመዋጋት ፍላጎቱ እንደቀድሞው እንዳልሆነ የሚያመለክቱት እነዚህ ክፍሎች “ጦሩ አስመራ ለመግባት እየተንደረደረ በነበረበት ሰዓት በተፈጸመበት ክህደት አዝኗል። እንደ ዘመቻ ጸሃይ ግባት በወኔና በእልህ የመዋጋት ፍላጎት የለም። ኢህአዴግም ይህንን ስለሚረዳ ጦርነትን በፍጹም አይሞክርም። ችግር ከተፈጠረ ቀዳሚው ተጎጂ ህወሃት ነው። ህወሃት ላይ የሚደርሰው ጉዳት ደግሞ ህልውናን አስከማጣት ያደርሰዋል። በዚሁ ፍርሃቻ የሰላም ስምምነት ቢኖር እንኳ ኢህአዴግ እንደለመደው ብዙ በመስጠት ጥቂት ተቀብሎ ሊስማማ ይችል እንደሆነ እንጂ አያተርፍም” የሚል መከራከሪያ አላቸው።

ኢሳያስ በተደጋጋሚ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር ስምምነት መፍጠር አስፈላጊ መሆኑን እንዲሁም በቅርቡ ካናዳ ጥገኝነት ጠየቁ ሲባሉ በቅርብ የሚያውቋቸው “የኢሳያስ ልጅ አይከዱም” በማለት የተከራከሩላቸው የኤርትራ ማስታወቂያ ሚኒስትር አሊ አብዶ አሰብን አስመልከቶ “የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ በአሰብ ወደብ የመጠቀም ሙሉ መብት አለው” ማለታቸው ውስጥ ውስጡን ለሚካሄደው ስምምነት አመላካች እንደሆነ ገለልተኛ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ይናገራሉ።

ሌላው የሚያነሱት መከራከሪያ አቶ መለስ ያደረጁዋቸውና ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የስደት መንግስት አቋቁመው የኢሳያስን ውድቀት የሚጠባበቁት የኤርትራ ተቃዋሚዎችን አደረጃጀት ነው።ተቃዋሚዎቹ በውስጣቸው ያቀፏቸው ብሄርን መሰረት ያደረጉ ፓርቲዎች ወደ ስልጣን ከመጡ በኤርትራ ሊከሰት የሚችለው አደጋ ለሁሉም አገር ወዳድ የኤርትራ ዜጎች ስውር አይደለም።በዚህም ሳቢያ ኢሳያስ ከለቀቁ ቀጣይዋ ኤርትራ የብሄርና የጎሳ ፖለቲካ የሚፈለፈልባት ልትሆን ትችላለች የሚለው ስጋት ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያሉትን ጨምሮ በየትኛውም ቦታ የሚገኙ ኤርትራውያን አገራቸውን መስዋዕትነት ከፍለው ለመከላከል ዋናው ምክንያታቸው ነው። በዚህም ምክንያት ግጭት ከተነሳ በአጭር ጊዜ የሚፈጸም አድርጎ መታየቱን ይቃወማሉ። ኢህአዴግም ይህንን እንደሚረዳ ያስገነዝባሉ።

ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የሚፈልገውና የሚያሳስበው ነገር ካለ በሱዳን እንዳደረገው መሬት በመስጠት ጭምር እንደሚደራደር ያመለከቱት አስተያየት ሰጪዎች “በሰላማዊ መንገድ የኤርትራና የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ በዘንድሮው ዓመት አንድ ደረጃ ላይ የሚደርስ ይመስለናል” በማለት ቅድመ ግምታቸውን ያኖራሉ። ኤርትራ ላይ የከተሙ የኢትዮጵያ ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች ድርድርም ሆነ ማግባባት ካለ ከወዲሁ በመጠንቀቅ ራሳቸውን እንዲያዘጋጁ ይመክራሉ።

የሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝን የዕርቅ ጅማሮ ጥቅምና ጉዳት ከሌላ አንጻር የሚያብራሩ ደግሞ አቶ መለስ በአገር መክዳት ከተወነጀሉበት የባድመ Imageጦርነት በኋላ ሌላ የትግራይ ባለሥልጣን ወደ ኤርትራ ሄዶ ከኢሳያስ ጋር እጅ ቢጨባበጥ በትግራይ ተወላጆች ዘንድ የሚፈጥረው ስሜት ጀምሮ በህወሓት ውስጥ ሌላ ህንፍሽፍሽ (ክፍፍል) ከማስነሳቱና ከሻዕቢያም በኩል የኤርትራን ስነልቦና ከመጠበቅ አኳያ አቶ ሃይለማርያም ጥሩ ፊት ሊኖራቸው ስለሚችል የጠ/ሚ/ሩ ሥልጣን በህወሓት ከመወሰዱ በፊት ወቅቱ ጥሩ አጋጣሚ ፈጥሯል ይላሉ፡፡

ከሰባ ሺህ በላይ ወገኖችን ሕይወት የቀጠፈው የባድመ ጦርነት መንስዔ የሆነው የድንበር ውዝግብ እስካሁን እልባት አላገኘም። የተባበሩት መንግስታት የድንበር ኮሚሽን ባድመን ለኤርትራ እንድትሆን አድርጎ ተቀብሏል፤ ሄግ ያስቻለውን ችሎት የፈረደውን ውሳኔ ኢትዮጵያ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ባድመን ለቃ እንድትወጣ ብትታዘዘም አሁን ድረስ መሬቱን የምትቆጣጠረዋ ኢትዮጵያ መሆኗ ይታወሳል። ከዚህ ዘግናኝና ታላቅ ሰብዓዊ ቀውስ ካስከተለ ጦርነት በኋላ ከኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ሃይለማርያም ኤርትራ ከሄዱ ከጦርነቱ በኋላ ኤርትራን የሚረግጡ የመጀመሪያ መሪ ይሆናሉ።

በሌላ ተመሳሳይ ዜና ኦነግን ለማስማማትና ወደ ድርድር ለማቅረብ ፕ/ር ኤፍሬም ኖርዌይ መታየታቸውን ተከትሎ ኢህአፓ ለኖርዌይ መንግስት የተቃውሞ ደብዳቤ መላኩን አስታውቋል። ድርጅቱ በደብዳቤው የኖርዌይ መንግስት እንዲህ ካለው ተቃዋሚዎችን የሚጎዳ እንቅስቃሴ ከመፈጸም እንዲትቆጠብ በላከው የተማጽኖና የማሳሰቢያ ደብዳቤ አምባገነኖችን በመርዳት የሚደረገው ድጋፍ ሊቆምና ለዴሞክራሲ መበልጸግ ትኩረት ሊሰጥ እንደሚገባ አመልክቷል።

ማሳሰቢያ፤ በተለይ በስም ወይም በድርጅት ስም እስካልተጠቀሰ ድረስ በጎልጉል የድረገጽ ጋዜጣ® ላይ የሚወጡት ጽሁፎች በሙሉ የጎልጉል የድረገጽ ጋዜጣ®ንብረት ናቸው፡፡ ይህንን ጽሁፍ ለመጠቀም የሚፈልጉ ሁሉ የዚህን ጽሁፍ አስፈንጣሪ (link) ወይም የድረገጻችንን አድራሻ (http://www.goolgule.com/) አብረው መለጠፍ ከጋዜጠኛነት የሚጠበቅና ህጋዊ አሠራር መሆኑን ልናሳስብ እንወዳለን፡፡


ከዳር ቆሞ ለዉጥን መጠበቅ የህልም እንጀራ

Monday, December 17th, 2012

ፍስሀ እሸቱ (ዶ/ር)

በሀገራችን ያለዉን ሁኔታ ስንመለከተዉ በጥቂት ቃላት ማጠቃለል የቻላል። ይህም ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ የሚለዉ በጥሩ ሁኔታ የሚገልጸዉ ይመስለኛል። አበዉ ጉልቻ ቢለዋወጥ እንደሚሉ አፈናዉ፤ ስለላዉ፤ እስሩ፤ ግድያዉ፤ ስደቱ፤ ዘረፋዉና፤ ማናለብኝነቱ ሳይቋረጥ ቀጥሏል። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትርና አጋሮቻቸዉም ደግመዉ ደጋግመዉ አስረግጠዉ እንደተናገሩት ለዉጥ የሚባል ነገር እንደማይታሰብና የነበረዉ ሁኔታ ባለበት እንደሚቀጥል ነዉ። ከዚህ አንጻር የለዉጥ የተስፋ ጭላንጭል እንደሌለ በወሬ ብቻ ሳይሆን በተግባራቸዉም አሳይተዉናል። ምንም መራር ቢሆንም እዉነታዉ ግን ስርአቱ መሪዉን ቢያጣ እንኳን፤ በአላማ፤ በአቅም፤ በድርጅትና፤ በስነልቦና፤ ፍጹም የበላይነቱን ተጎናጽፎ ይገኛል።
አበዉ እንደሚሉት አቅሙን የማያዉቅ ሞቱን አፋጠነ እንደሚሉት በተቃዋሚዉ ባንጻሩ የሚታዉ ደሞ፡
1ኛ. እኛ ከወኔ ወኔ የለን፤ መስእዋትነት ለመክፈል ዝግጁነት የለንም
2ኛ. ከአንድነት አንድነት የለን
3ኛ. ከአቅም አቅም የለን
4ኛ. ነጻነትን በምጽዋት ለማግኘት እንፈልጋለን (በዉጭ ሃይሎች)፤ ሌሎች በታገሉትና መስእዋትነት በከፈሉት ተጠቃሚ መሆን እንፈልጋለን
5ኛ. የስርአቱ አራማጆች ወድቆ መነሳትን ሲችሉበት እኛ ግን የወደቅንበት ቀርተናል፤ ከዚህ በፊት በደረሱብን ሽንፈቶች ለምሳሌ በቅንጅት ሽንፈት ተስፋ ቆርጠን ተበታትነናል
6ኛ. ጠላታችን ማን እንደሆነ ማወቅ ተስኖናል፤ ከስርአቱ ይልቅ እርስ በራሳችን ጦር መማዘዙን መርጠናል
7ኛ. በጭንቅላታችን ሳይሆን በስሜታዊነት የምንመራ ሆነናል፤ በአላማ ሳይሆን በጥላቻ ምንመራ ሆነናል
8ኛ. የረዥም ግዜ ዉጤት ሳይሆን አጭር ዉጤት እንፈልጋለን፤ በዚህም ምክንያት ቶሎ ተስፋ እንቆርጣለን
9ኛ. ሁሉም ፈላስፋ፤ አዋቂ፤ መፍትሄ ሰጪ ሆኖ፤ መደማመጥ ጠፍቷል፤ ሁሉም አዋቂ፤ ተናጋሪ፤ ሆኖ የሚታገለዉ ግን ጥቂት ሆኗል – ወሬ ወሬ ወሬ -ሀሜት ሀሜት ሀሜት – ኩነና ኩነና ኩነና – ተናጋኔ ተናጋሪ ተናጋሪ – አድራጊ ጠፋ (የኢንተርኔት፡ ፓልቶክና ሬድዮ፤ ስብሰባ ታጋዮች ሆነናል)
10ኛ. በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ አብዛኛዉ ህብረተሰብ ያለዉን ስርአት በአያገባኝም ወይም በፍራቻ ወይንም በጥቅም ተቀብሎ አሜን ብሌ መገዛቱን መርጧል
11ኛ. ከዚህ በፊት በነበሩን ችግሮቻችን ተተብትበን ወደፊት መራመድ ተስኖናል
12ኛ. ሁሉም ጠያቂና ተሳዳቢ እንጂ ደጋፊ፡ አይዞኝ ባይ፤ አብሮ ታጋይ ጠፍቷል
13ኛ. ይሀ ሁሉ በእንዲህ እያለ በእንቅርት ላይ ጆሮ ደግፍ እንዲሉ፤ ከዚህ በፊት ያልነበረ
አዲሱ ፈሊጥ ደሞ አዲሱን ጠቅላይ ሚንነስትር ጊዜ እንስጠዉ የሚለዉ ሆኗል፤ አይ መዘናጋት፤ ራስን ማታለል፤ ሰዉየዉ እንደሆነ ለዉጥ እንደማይኖር እቅጩን ነግረዉናል።
14ኛ. የመቃወም ትርጉሙ ግራ ገብቶናል መቃወም ማለት ሁሉንም የምንቃወምበት በተለይም አዲስ ሀሳብ አዲስ ራእይ የተለየ አካሄድ ይዘዉ ትግሉን የተቀላቀሉትን እንደጠላት ተረባርበን መማዉገዝና፤ እንደ እባብ ጭንቅላታቸዉን ቀጥቅጠን ያለ የሌለ ሀይላቸንን በመጠቀም አንገታቸዉን እናሰደፋለን፡ ሀሳባቸዉን እንዲሞክሩ እንኳን እድሉን አንሰጣቸዉም። በዚህም ድልን ተግናጽፈን ተደስተን እርስ በእርስ እየተጠፋፋን እንገኛለን።
በኛ ካምፕ
ወይ አንታገል
ወይ አናዋጣ
ወይ ዝም አንል
ወይ አንረዳዳ
ነገሩ ሁሉ ግራ ሚያጋባ ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ለመዉጣት ልመና
ስብሰባ ለመገኘት ልመና
ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለመታገል ለምኑኝ ሚባልበት ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ባንጻሩ ዘመን ተለዉጦ ስለ እዉነት መቆም፤ ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለሀገር መታገል ሚያሳፍርበት፤ ስለነጻነት መናገር ጀግና ወንድ፤ የሀገር ልጅ፤ ሀገር ወዳድ ማስባሉ ቀርቶ፤ እንደ ቁምጥና ሚያሳፍርበትና አንገት የሚያስደፋበት፤ ስለ ክብርም መናገር የሚያስኮንንበት ዘመን ላይ ደርሰናል፡
ዛሬ ያልታደለችዉ ሀገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ልጆችዎ በሁለት ተከፍለዋል
1. በአንድ ወገን ያለዉ ስርአት በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እንዲቀጥል አስተዋጽኦ እያደረጉ ያሉ አብላጫዎቹ (99.999%) ሲሆኑ
በዚህ ምድብ፡
1. የስርአቱ ዋና አራማጆች
2. ስርአቱን በመደገፍ በቆራጥነት የቆሙለት
3. ከማያዉቁት መላክ የሚያዉቁት ሴይጣን ይሻላል ብለዉ በፍራቻና አንገት በመድፋት የተቀመጡ፤
4. ስለ ኢትዮጵያ አያገባንም ከራሳችንና ጥቅማችን በላይ ነፋስ ብለዉ ክብራቸዉን፤ ስብእናቸዉንና፤ ህሊናቸዉን ዘግተዉ ምን ያገባናል ብለዉ የተቀመጡ
5. ሌሎቹ ደግሞ መታገል እየፈለጉ ግን በፍራቻና ከዚህ በፊት በደረሰባቸዉ መከራ እምነት በማጣት ትግሉን እርግፍ አድርገዉ ተስፋ ቆርተዉ የተቀመጡ
6. ባፋቸዉ ተቃዎሚ ነን የሚሉ ነገር ግን ለዘመናት ምንም ለትግሉ ስተዋጽኦ ሳያደርጉ ለመታገል የመጣዉን ሁሉ ነገር ግን በነሱ አመለካከት የማያምነዉን፤ ለነሱ ያላጎበደደዉን፤ ሁሉ በመቃወም የትግሉን ጎራ በማዳከም የስርአቱን እድሜ እያራዘሙ ያሉ የሚገኙበት ሲሆን
2. በሌላ ጎራ ደሞ ቁጥራቸዉ እጅግ አናሳ ቢሆንም ስርአቱን ሌት ተቀን በመታገል በሀገር ቤትና በዉጭ በአላማ ጽናት፤ በወኔ በመታገልና መስእዋትነት እየከፈሉ ያሉ የቁርጥ ቀን ወገኖች ሲሆኑ ዛሬ ቁጥራቸዉ አናሳ ቢሆንም ዉለዉ አድረዉ ግን ማሸነፋቸዉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። ምክንያቱም እዉነት ከነሱ ጋር ናትና። እነዚህም ዛሬ በየጫካዉ ለኛ ነጻነት እየተዋጉ፤ ለኛ ክብር ወህኒ ቤቶች ተወርዉረዉ የሚገኙ፡ ለኛ ክብር ባሉበት ቦታ ሁሉ ለሃገራቸዉ እየታገሉ ያሉትን ጀግና ዜጎች ሁሉ ያካትታል።
እነዚህ ዜጎች ሀገራቸዉን በቁርጥ ቀን ያልከዱ፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማቸዉ ህሊናቸዉን የማይቆረቁራቸዉ፤ ነገ ስማቸዉና ታሪካቸዉ ዘላለማዊ የሆነ፡ ነገ የልጅ ለጆቻችን የሚዘክሩላቸዉ ብርቅዬ ወገኖቻችን ናቸዉ።
ለሀገር የሚያኮራ ስራ ሰርቶ ስምና ዝና አትርፎ ከማለፍ በላይ ምን የሚያስደስት ነገር ይኖራል። ኖሮ ኖሮ በልቶ፤ ተኝቶ፤ ማለፍማ እንኳን ሰዉ ተብዬዉ እንስሳም ያደርገዉ
የለም። ዋናዉ ጥያቄ ግን እያንዳንዳችን የትኛዉ ምድብ ዉስጥ ነን የሚለዉ ሲሆን የህሊናዉን ሙግት ለናነተዉ እተዎለሁኝ።
ከላይ ያለዉን ተጨባጭ ሁኔታ በዝርዝር ካስቀመጥኩኝ ለዉጥ ከልባችን የምንፈልግ ከሆነ መፍትሄዉ ምንድን ነዉ ወደሚለዉ ሁላችንም ወደ ምንጠይቀዉ ጥያቄ እመጣለሁኝ።
1. ለዉጥ ከልባችን እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ? ? የሚለዉ ጥያቄ በእያንዳንዳችን እዉነትኛ ህሊና መልስ ማግኘት አለበት? በእዉነት ለዉጥ እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ከልብ ካለቀሱ እንባ አይገድም እንደሚባለዉ – ለዉጥን ከልቡ በጽናት የሚፈልግ ፍላጎቱን ለሟሟላት የማይፈነቅለዉ ድንጋይ ስለማይኖር ዉጤት ማግኘቱ አይቀሬ ነዉ
2. የትግሉን ክብደትና ጥልቀት ማወቅ ይጠበቅብናል በዚያዉም ልክ የአቅማችንን መጠን ማወቅ አለብን – ንቀታችንና ጥላቻችን የትም አላደረሰንም
3. ዉጤት የምንፈልግና አቅማችንን የምናዉቅ ከሆነ ከሆነ ለዉጤቱ የሚፈለግብንን ሁሉ ሳናመነታ ኢንቨስት ማድረግ አለብን፤ ጊዜ፤ገንዘብ፤ጉልበት፤እዉቀት፤ሞራል ወዘተ – ነጻነት በምጽዋት አይመጣም – መሄድ የሚገባንን መንገድ ሁሉ መሄድ ይጠበቅብናል
4. ትግሉ የማንም እንዳልሆነ መገንዘብ ይጠበቅብናል (የእያንዳንዳችን ሃላፊነት ነዉ – ምክንያት ድርደራ የትም አላደረሰንም – ስለትግሉ አዲሱ ፈሊጥ
- እኔ ፖለቲካ ዉስጥ የለሁበትም – ጀግንነት ሆኗል
- የምናምናቸዉ ሰዎች የሉም – እገሌ ማነዉ እሱ
- ሁሉም የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አይረቡም
- ዉጭ ያለዉ ሐይል ምንም አያደርግም
- ሀገር ቤት ያለዉ ካልተነሳ የትም አንደርስም

ሁሉም ጣቱን ሲጠቋቆም – ትግሉ ግን እያንዳንዳችን ትከሻ ልይ መሆኑን ዘንግተናል። ስለዚህ
- መሪዎቹንና ድርጅቶቹን ካላመናችሁ ግቡና አስተካክሉ
- ወይንም የራሳችሁን ጠንካራ የተሻለ መንገድ አምጡ- ብቻ በዚህም በዚያም ትግሉን ተቀላቀሉ – አማራጩ ሽንፈትን በጸጋ ተቀብለን – አቅማችንን አዉቀን እየታገሉ ያሉትን ትተን አርፈን መቀመጥ ይኖርብናል – እባካችሁ ባንደግፋቸዉ አናዳክማቸዉ
5. የኢትዮጵያ ተቃዋሚዎች ሁኔታ የዶሮና የእንቁላል ሆኗል። ህዝቡ ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ካልተጠናከሩ ዉጤት ካላሳዩን አንደግፍም ብሎ አኩርፎ ተቀምጧል። እነሱ ደሞ ሊጠናከሩ የሚችሉት ህዝቡ ሲደግፋቸዉ ነዉ። ግራ የሚያጋባ ሁኔታ። ይህ ካልተቀየረና ህዝቡ በተሳትፎ ካላጠናከራቸዉ የትም አይደረስም።
6. ሌላዉ ሁሉም ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አንድ ይሁኑ የሚለዉ ለሀያ አመት የተሞከረዉ ፈሊጥ መቼም አይሰራም – አግባብነት የለዉም – ልዩነት የጥንካሬ መሰረት ነዉ – ዋናዉ ቁም ነገር እርስ በእርስ በመጨራረስ የስርአቱን እድሜ አለማራዘም ነዉ። ስርአቱ እጁን አጣምሮ ደስ ሲለዉም የቤት ስራ እየሰጠን የእርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻ ድራማችንን እያየ ይገናል – መፍትሄዉ ቢቻል ተባብረን ካልተቻለም እርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻችንን አቁመን፤ የተሻሉ ናቸዉ የምንላቸዉን በሙሉ ሀይላችን መደገፍ የትግል አቅማቸዉን ማሳደግ ይኖርብናል – በዚያዉም ልክ ማናቸዉንም ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችን የሚቃወምን ሁሉ ባለ በሌለ ሃይላችን በጋራ ማዉገዝና መዋጋት ይኖርብናል
7. ትግሉ ጊዜ የሚጠይቅ መሆኑን መረዳት በሂደትም መዉደቅና መነሳት መኖሩን መገንዘብ የኖርብናል፤ (ቅንጅት ቅንጅተ እያልን መቀመጡ የት አደረሰን)? አየር ባየር ዉጤት ፈላጊነት የትም አላደረሰንም፤ ዋናዉ ቁምነገር የፈጀዉን ጊዜ ይፍጅ ካላማችን ንቅንቀቀቅ ማለት የለብንም – የኩርፍያ ትግል የትም አላደረሰንም – ያላማ ጽናት ከሌለን አርፈን እንቀመጥ

በዚህ ጉዳይ ብዙ መናገር ለማጠቃለል ያክል ወደድንም ጠላንም
ዉጤት ያለ አዉነተኛ ፍላጎት
ዉጤት ያለ አቅም
ዉጤት ያለ መስእዋትነት
ዉጤት ያለ ጊዜ
በፍጹም አይገኝም፤
ፍላጎት አቅምና መስእዋትነት ሳይከፍሉ ዉጤትን መጠበቅ የዋህነት ነዉ። ይህንንም የያዝነዉን ፈሊጥና ባህል እንካልቀየርን ድረስ ስርአቱም በአሸናፊነቱ መቀጠሉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። የብዙዎቻችን ችግር የትግሉ ድል መፍትሄ በእጅችን ላይ መሆኑን መቀበል አለመፈለጋችን ወይም አለማወቃችን ነዉ። የወደቅነዉ መፍትሄ ከሌላ ቦታ መፈለጋችን ነዉ። ይህ እስካልተወጠ ድረስ ስርአቱ ለዘመናት መግዛቱን እንደማያቆም በእርግጠንነት ላረጋግጥላችሁ። ለዉጥ እንዲመጣ የሚፈልግ ዛሬ ነገ እያለ በቀጠሮ ሳይሆን ከልቡ ለዉጥን የሚፈልግ ከሆነ ዛሬ ካሁኗ ደቂቃ ጀምሮ ለራሱ ለህሊናዉ ለሀገሩ ለወገኑ ቃል መግባት ይኖርበታል። ስለሌላዉ ማሰባችንን ትተን ስለራሳችን እናስብ። በድርጅቶች ችግር አለ ብለን ካሰብን ገብተን እናሻሽላቸዉ፤ አሊያም የኛ አማራጭ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንል ከሆነ የተሻለ ድርጅት መስርተን ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በዚህም በዚያም ገብተን እንታገል። የትም እንፍጨዉ ዉጤቱን እናምጣዉ።

እኔ ይህንን ስናገር የሽግግር ም/ቤቱ ግቡ ብዬ አይደለም፡ ለእናንተ ትግል ዉስጥ መግባት የድርጅቶች ጥንካሬ ቅድመ ሁኔታ አይደለም ወሳኙ። የራሳችሁ የህሊና ዉሳኔ ነዉ። ያንን የዉሳኔ ደረጃ ካለፋችሁና ለራሳችሁ ቃል ከገባችሁና ያለማወላወል ወደተግባር ከለወጣችሁ ሌላዉ ሁሉ ይስተካከላል። የተገላቢጦሹን ከፈለጋችሁ ግን ምን አለ በሉኝ ምንም ለዉጥ እንደማይመጣ በድጋሚ አረጋግጣለሁ።
ስለዚህ ብቸኛዉ ያለን የአካሄድ ቀመር በግልጽ እንዲህ ነዉ
1. እያንዳንድችን ዛሬ ትግሉን በቆራጥነት መቀላቀልና ሚከፈለዉን መስዋትነት ሁሉ መክፈል፤ በተጨማሪም ትግሉ የወሰደዉን ጊዜም ቢወስድ በቁርጠኝነት ለመታገል መዘጋጀት
2. በግል የትም ለመድረስ ስለማይቻል ያሉትን ድርጅቶች መርምሮ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንለዉን ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቅሎ በሙሉ ሀይል መግባትና መታገል
ስለዚህ እመኑኝ የድሉ ቁልፍ እያንዳንዳችሁ ናችሁ። ሌላ ምንም አማራጭ የላችሁም።
ይህንን ለማድረግ ከፈቀድንና ለራሳችን በእዉነተኝነት ቃል ከገባን ምንገነባዉ አቅም የምንመኘዉን ዉጤት ይዞልን ይመጣል። ስለዚህ
የፍላጎት አቅም
የዉሳኔ አቅም
የሞራል አቅም
የአላማ ጽናት አቅም
የማቴርያል አቅም
የድርጅት አቅም
ለድላችን ወሳኝ መሆኑን ተረድተን ዛሬ ነግ ሳንል ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በኛ በኩል እዉነቱን መራራም ቢሆን ተናግረናል፤ ለህሊናችን የሚቆጨን ነገር የለም፡ የህሊና ትግሉን ለናነት ትተናል።

እኛ በራሳችን በኩል የተሻለ ነዉ ያልነዉን አማራጭ አቅርበን ትግላችንን ተያይዘነዋል። በማናቸዉም መንገድ ለማንም ሳንል፤ ለእዉነት ብቻ ብለን፤ ለክብራችን ብለን፤ ለነጻነታችን ብለን፡ ትግሉ ጊዜ እንደማይሰጥ ተረድተን ቀጠሮ ሳንሰጥ የድሉን ጽዋ እስክንጎነጭ፤ ማንም ምንም የበል ምን፤ በቁርጠኝነት እየታገልን እንገኛለን። ልዩነቱ የህሊና እርካታ፤ የመንፈስ የማንነት ጽናትን ሰጥቶናል። ወርቅ በእሳት እንደሚፈተነዉ ችግርና መከራን ለመጋፈጥ ትግሉን በቆራጥነትና በኩራት እያከናወንን እንገኛለን። በስራችንም ኩሩ ኢትዮጵያዉያን እንደምንሆን አንጠራጠርም፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማችንና አምላክም ከቅኖች ጋር በመሆኑ አሸናፊዎች እንደምንሆን ሙሉ እምነት አለን። ከዚህ በላይ ታዲያ ምን የሚያስቀና ነገር ይኖራል።
ሀገራችን ክብራችን፤ የማንነታችን መለያ፤ የነጻነታችን ምልክት ናት። ማንም ይህንን ሊነጥቀን አይገባዉም፤ በትግላችንም የተነጠቅነዉን ማንነታችንን ያለጥርጥር እናስመልሳለን!!!
ድርጅታችንን በለመለከተ ግን አቋማችን ንጥር ያለና ግልጽ ነዉ
1. የማንም ኢትዮጵያዊ ክብርና፤ ነጻነት፤ በማናቸዉም ሁኔታ ሳይሸራረፍ መረጋገጥ ይኖርበታል እንላለን። አምላካችን የሰጠንን መብት ለማንም አሳልፈን አንሰጥም። ስርአቱ የሚሰራዉን ግፍ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ እስካላቆመ ድረስ በፍጹም አለማመንታት መቀየር አለበት በሚለዉ አቋማችን ጸንተን ትግላችንን እንቀጥላለን – ይህም ስርአት ሁሉን ኢትዮጵያዊ አካላትን ባካተተ የሽግግር መንግስት እስኪተካ ትግላችንን በጽናት እንቀጥላለን
2. ህዝባዊ የለዉጥ እንቅስቃሴ በመፍጠር ስርአቱን በህዝባዊ ትግል ለመገርሰስና ትግሉን በድል ለማጠናቀቅ ህዝቡ ትግሉን እንዲቀላቀል ትግላችንን ሌት ተቀን እንቀጥላለን
3. ስርአቱም ሲገረሰስ የሚከሰቱ ችግሮችን ለመቅረፍ ቀድሞ መሰናዳት የተሻለና ብልህነትን የተላበሰ ማራጭ መሆኑን ስለምናምን የሽግግር ሂደቱ ምን መምሰል እንደሚኖርበት ቅድመ ዝግጅቶችን እንደርጋለን
4. ይንንኑም ለማከናወን የሚያስችል ድርጅታዊ አቅም እንገነባለን በዚህም አካሄድ ያለማወላወል እንቀጥላለን።
5. ከሌሎች ሁሉም አሁንም እደግመዋለሁ ከሁሉም የተቃዋሚ ሀይሎች ጋር በጋራ እንሰራለን፤ ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችም በጋራ እንዲሰሩ ማናቸዉንም ሁኔታዎች እናመቻቻለን
ስለዚህ የድርጅታች የነጠረና ግልጽ ያለ አማራጭን ያቀረበ ሲሆን፡ ይሻላል ብላችሁ ካመናችሁ ተቀላቀሉን። አለበለዚያ ሌላ የተሻለዉን ድርጅት ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቀሉ። አንድ ነገር ላረጋግጥላችሁ ትግሉ ይቀጥላል። ተጠናክሮ ይቀጥላል። ባቡሩን በጊዜ ተቀላቅሎ የለዉጡን ሂደት ማፋጠኑ የናንተ ሀላፊነት ነዉ። በታሪክ ተጠያቂነት ምርጫዉን ለናንተ እተዋለሁ። የሚሻለዉን የጽናት መንገድም አምላክ ያሳያችሁ ዘንድ ሁሌም እጸልያለሁ።

ሀገራችንን ኢትዮጵያን አምላክ ይባርክ!!!

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ሃይማኖት የግል ሃገር የጋራ ነው

Monday, December 17th, 2012

ይህን ኣባባል ስንቀባበል የኖርነው ያለ ምክንያት ኣልነበረም። ሃገራችን ብዙህነቷ የሚገለጸው በ ቋንቋና በ ባህል ብቻ ሳይሆን በ ሃይማኖትም በመሆኑ ነው። ብሂሉ ተቻችለን መኖር እንዳለብን ቃል የምንገባበት፣ የሃይማኖት ነጻነታችን የ ግል ሆኖ ኣገራችን ግን የሁላችን መሆኑዋን የምናጸናበት ኪዳን፣ የ ኣንድነት ጉዟችን ደሞ ስንቅ ነበር።

ይሁን እንጂ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ይህን ትልቅ ኣላማ የሚያናጋ ሁኔታ ሲፈጠር ይታያል። የሚያሳዝነው በሃገራችን ከተነሱ ሃይማኖታዊ ግጭቶች መካከል እጅግ ብዙዎቹ ፖለቲካዊ ይዘቶች ያሉዋቸው መሆኑ ነዉ ።

በመሰረቱ ፖለቲካና ሃይማኖት የሚጣሉ ባይሆኑም ኣላማቸው ግን ኣይገናኝም። ሃይማኖታዊ ተቋማት ከዚህ ኣለም ባሻገር ሌላ ኣለም ኣለ ወደዚያ ሄጄ ዘላለም እኖራለሁ የሚል ዋና ግብ ያነገቡ ሲሆን ፖለቲካ የዚህ ኣለም ጣጣ በመሆኑ ለየብቻ መሄድ ኣለባቸው።

ከሁሉ በላይ ግን መንግስት ከሃይማኖት ጣልቃ ገብነት መቆጠቡ የሚጠቅመው ራሱን ነው።የ ሃይማኖት ተቋማት በ ህብረተሰብ ህይወት ውስጥ ካላቸው የጎላ ጠቀሜታ መካከል ኣንዱ የፍትህ ስርዓቱን በመደገፉ ረገድ ያላቸው የጎላ ሚና ነው። ለምሳሌ በሃገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ስናይ ኣንድ ሰው ለ ምስክርነት ወደ ፍርድ ቤት ሲሄድ በ መጀመሪያ እውነት ለ መመስከሩ ቃል የሚገባው ህገ መንግስቱ ላይ እጁን ጭኖ ሳይሆን ክርስቲያን ከሆነ መጽሃፍ ቅዱስ ላይ ሙስሊም ከሆነ በቁራን ላይ ነው። ይህ የሚያሳየው ፍርድ ቤት ወይም የፍትህ ስርዓቱ ከ ሃይማኖት ጣልቃ ገብነት ነጻ ቢሆንም ግን በነዚህ ተቋማት ላይ መደገፉን ነው።

እነዚህ የ ሃይማኖት ተቋማት ኣባሎቻቸውን የሚያስተምሯቸው እሴቶች ለምሳሌ፣ ኣትግደል፣ በሃሰት ኣትመስክር፣ ኣታዳላ፣ ግፍ ኣትስራ፣ ወዘተ. የፍትህ ስርዓቱ ምሶሶዎች ናቸው። እነዚህን እሴቶች መንግስት በሌላ መንገድ ከሚያስተምረው የበለጠ በሃይማኖት ተቋማት በኩል ፍሬ ሲያፈሩ የበለጠ ሃይል ይኖራቸዋልና መንግስት የሃይማኖትን ተቋማት በ ኣክብሮትና በ እንክብካቤ ሊይዛቸው ይገባል።

መንግስት በሃይማኖት ኣስተዳደር ኣካባቢ እጁን ሲያጠልቅ ኣባላት መንፈሳዊ ሽታ እየራቃቸው ይሄዳሉ። ይሰጋሉ። በተቋማቸው ያላቸው መተማመን እየቀነሰ ሲመጣ ደሞ ዞሮ ዞሮ የሚጎዱት ተቋማቱ ብቻ ሳይሆኑ የፍትህ ስርዓቱም ነው።

ዜጎች ምንም ሃይማኖት ባይኖራቸው የሚኖራቸው የህሊና ህግ ያን ያህል ጠንካራ ላይሆን ይችላል። ምንም ሃይማኖት ከሌለ ምን ኣልባትም ገንዘብ ካለህ ሃምሳ የ ሃሰት ምስክር ለመሰብሰብ ላይከብድ ይችላል። በማህበራዊ ግንኙነት ጊዜ ተማምሎ የጋራ ስራ ለመስራት ኣስቸጋሪ ሁኔታ ሊፈጠር ይችላል። ይህ ማለት ግን ሃይማኖት የሌለው ሁሉ ኣይታመንም ማለት ኣይደለም። ኣሉ ኣንዳንድ ዳኞች ለ ሙያቸው የሚሞቱ ኣሉ ኣንዳንድ ፖለቲከኞች ለ ኣላማቸው የሚሞቱ፣ ይሁን እንጂ በሰፊው እንዳገር እንደ ህዝብ ስናስበው ሃይማኖት ጠቃሚ ሃገርን እንደ መልህቅ የሚያቆም ትልቅ የተከበረ ተቋም ነው።

ለነገሩ በሃገራችን መንግስት በ ሃይማኖት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባት የጀመረው በ ደርግ ጊዜ ነበር። ደርጉ የ ሶሻሊዝምን ስርዓት እንገነባለን ብሎ ባበደበት ሰኣት “ጎታች” ብሎ ከፈረጃቸው ተቋማት መካከል ኣንዱ ነበሩ። ዝግ እያለ ገብቶ ቄሱን ሁሉ የጾም እንዲበሉ በማድረግ የ ኦርቶዶክስን ቤተ ክርስቲያን እምነት ሊያስጥል ሞክሯል፤ ጎድቷታልም። የፕሮቴስታንት እምነት ተከታዮችን በፊት ለፊት ሲገድልና ሲያስር እንደነበረ የቅርብ ጊዜ ትዝታ ነው።

ኢህኣዴግ ሲመጣ የተሻለ ነገር ይመጣል ተብሎ ተገምቶ ነበር። በተለይ መንገላታት ያደከመው የፕሮቴስታንቱ ኣማኝ ኣንጻራዊ ነጻነት ያገኛል ተብሎ የታሰበ ቢሆንም ራሳቸው የኢህኣዴግ ካድሬዎች በፈጠሩት ቀውስ በተለይ በሰሜኑ የሃገራችን ክፍል ብዙ የፕሮቴስታንት ና የ ኦርቶዶክስ ሰዎች ተጋጭተው ብዙ ብዙ ጉዳት ደርሷል።

ኣሁን ደሞ የዜጎችን ቀልብ በመልካም ስራ መሳብ ያቃተው መንግስት ዜጎች ልባቸውን የጣሉበትን ባህላዊና ሃይማኖታዊ ተቋማት እያሸተተ ዜጎችን ሊቆጣጠር ይፈልጋል። በተለይ በቅርብ ጊዜ የሚታየው የከፋ ነገር ደሞ በ ኢትዮጵያ ሙሲሞች ዘንድ መንግስት የሚያሳየው ኣስጸያፊ ጣልቃ ገብነት ነው። ይህ ችግር ብዙ መዘዞችን ለሃገራችን ያመጣል ተብሎ የሚታሰብ ሲሆን ኣንዱና ትልቁ ችግር ኣክራሪነትን ይወልዳል የሚለው ስጋት ነው።

የሃይማኖት ሰዎች የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥያቄ ሲያነሱ ፖለቲከኞች ለፖለቲካ መብት ከሚታገሉት የከረረና የመረረ ነው። ከሁሉም በላይ የሃይማኖት ደጃቸው ሲደፈር፣ ኣምላካቸው ሲያዝን ስለሚታያቸው ቁጣቸው ይበዛል። መስዋእትነት ለመክፈልም ቢሆን ለ ሃይማኖታቸው ለ ኣምላካቸው ቢሞቱ በሰማይ ብድራት ስላላቸው ኣይፈሩም።በመሆኑም በሃይማኖት በኩል የሚመጣ ቁጣ እንዲህ በቀላሉ ኣይበርድም። ከሁሉ የሚከፋው ግን በሃይማኖቱ ውስጥ ካሉ ኣባላት ውስጥ በጣም ኣጥባቂ ያልሆኑትን ወደ ሌላ ጽንፍ እየወረወራቸው እልህና ቁጣ ይሞሉና ኣክራሪ ኣሸባሪ ሊያደርጋቸው ይችላል። ጥያቄያቸው እየከረረ ሲሄድ ኣመጹ ራሱ ከሚፈጥራቸው ኣንዳንድ መሪዎች መካከል የሚነሳ ኣስተምህሮም ሊፈጠር ይችላል። ከሁሉም በላይ ሃይማኖታቸው ፖለቲካዊ ይዘት እንዲኖረው ማድረግ ይጀምሩና ኣክራሪነት እየተወለደ ሊመጣ ይችላል። ዛሬ በኣለማችን ያሉ ኣክራሪዎች የተወለዱት ከ መልካም ኣስተዳደር እጦት ከመብት ገፈፋ ጋር እየተያያዙ የመጡ ናቸውና፡፡

መንግስት ሊረዳው የሚገባው ነገር የ ሃይማኖት ጥያቄ የሚፈታው በፖለቲካዊ መንገድ ኣለመሆኑን ነው። ልክ የፖለቲካ መብት እንዳነሱ ኣይነት በቴለቪዥን “ህጉንና ህገ መንግስቱን ኣክብረው መኖር ኣለባቸው” የሚባል ፈሊጥ መልስ ኣይሆንም፡፡ ኣያስፈራቸውምም። የሃይማኖትን ችግር በሸምግልናና በትህትና በሃይማኖት ሰዎች በኩል መፍታት ያስፈልጋል። ኢህኣዴግ የ ሙስሊሙን ጤያቄ ሌሎች የ ህዝብ ኣመጾችን በሚያፍንበት የዘወትር መሳሪያው ሊያበርደው ኣለመቻሉን መረዳት ኣለብት።

እግዚኣብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ!
geletawzeleke@gmail.com

A Friendly Advice to Hailemariam Desalegn

Monday, December 17th, 2012

I hope you have a good friend who can read and provide you this advice.

You have started leading Ethiopia and the Ethiopian people at an important juncture in history.

You seem to be confident in your public appearances so far. That is a good thing.

However, you have made enough political blunders already that could be very hard for you to correct in your future political life.

1. In 2010, while nominating the late Meles Zenawi as Prime Minister, you claimed that Ethiopian Renaissance came from his fertile imagination, as the video at the following link shows: http://www.ethiotube.net/video/10939/Et … -Phonebook.

WHAT YOU CLAIMED IS SIMPLY NOT TRUE.

The idea of Ethiopian Renaissance did not come from his fertile imagination, HE COPIED IT. The irony is that the idea is a counter thesis to the deeds he advanced before he or his cadres read about the idea and quickly copied it, professed dead ends and new beginnings, and started to run with it even before understanding it well enough. That also at least partly explains the double digit economic growth that started around 2004 and possibly his early departure even if the idea was not meant for the latter’s eventuality.

Evidently, copying the idea may be exactly why Helen Epstein wrote … but the Renaissance he’s thinking of seems very different from ours."

2. About a few months later after that political blunder, I think you made another political blunder in your interview with an Indian Journalist. Without elaborating or justification, you claimed that this century is an African and Asian century.

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Don’t you know that that is how your opponent bites to win?

So, by way of advice, which seems to me divinely driven, all the more so as much as I am not superstitious, your historical mission may be to come down to the reality of Ethiopian politics and transition it to civilian leadership. START TO TALK LESS AND LISTEN MORE while working on your public job assignment. Have your assignments in order. Your foreign ministry is there to do international diplomacy. He has more room for such blunders, as he is your junior. YOU DON’T.

And this unsolicited advice is given for the well being of and better future for our people, nothing more. This writer prefers providing advice and suggestions to criticizing unless forced to do so.


Will the U.S. Stand by the Side of Brave Africans?

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

maglIf History is on the Side of Brave Africans, Shouldn’t the U.S. be Too?

When President Obama visited Accra, Ghana in 2009, he delivered two distinct political messages within one overarching moral imperative: “History is on the side of brave Africans”. His message to African governments and leaders was emphatic:

…Make no mistake: history is on the side of these brave Africans, and not with those who use coups or change Constitutions to stay in power. Africa doesn’t need strongmen, it needs strong institutions… [G]overnments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful…

His message to the people of Africa was inspiring, upbeat and passionate:

…You have the power to hold your leaders accountable, and to build institutions that serve the people. You can conquer disease, end conflicts, and make change from the bottom up. You can do that. Yes you can. Because in this moment, history is on the move.

President Obama also made a solemn promise to Africans:

… What we will do is increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance - on parliaments, which check abuses of power and ensure that opposition voices are heard; on the rule of law, which ensures the equal administration of justice; on civic participation, so that young people get involved; and on concrete solutions to corruption… to advance transparency and accountability.

Now, at the cusp of the beginning of President Obama’s second term, we have to ask some tough questions: Are there more African strongmen in 2012 than in 2009? Are there fewer brave Africans on the streets and more of them in jail in 2012 than in 2009? Does Africa today have more debilitated institutions than it had in 2009? Do more African governments respect the will of their people today than they did in 2009? Is there less conflict in Africa today than in 2009? Does Africa today have good governance and is the rule of law the rule in Africa? Are more opposition voices heard, more civic participation seen and more youth and women involved in the political process in Africa today than they did in 2009? Does the U.S. today “stand with all those who seek to advance human dignity”?  Is history in Africa today on the move forward to democracy, freedom and human rights, or is Africa marching backwards into the darkness of dictatorship and tyranny?

Is the U.S. today standing tall with the brave Africans or in bed with Africa’s strongmen?

Whatever Happened to the Brave Africans President Obama Spoke About in 2009? 

According to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), many of the “brave Africans” President Obama spoke about in 2009 are jailed, tortured, silenced, on the run, dead or just scared stiff under relentless official harassment and persecution. Arbitrary arrests, lengthy pretrial detentions, torture, and mistreatment of detainees by security forces, harsh and life-threatening prison conditions, illegal searches and seizures and infringements of citizens’ privacy rights, restrictions on freedom of speech and of the press and assembly in one form or another are the common facts of African daily life. African societies and institutions are decimated by official corruption and bloated bureaucracies. Justice is traded to the highest bidder in politically-controlled judiciaries; and rubberstamp parliaments crank out laws and proclamations like a Chinese toy factory.  African societies are plagued by discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, language, religion, culture and region.

Among the most flagrant violators of human rights in Africa is the regime in Ethiopia. In May 2010, the ruling party in that country “won” 545 of 547 [99.6 %] seats in parliament. A White House Statement on that election turned a blind eye and  voiced muted “concern”:

An environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place even before Election Day. In recent years, the Ethiopian government has taken steps to restrict political space for the opposition through intimidation and harassment, tighten its control over civil society, and curtail the activities of independent media. We are concerned that these actions have restricted freedom of expression and association…

In a speech given at the National Endowment for Democracy in October 2012, Karen J. Hanrahan, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor  characterized the deplorable human rights situation in Ethiopia as merely a “challenge”:

… In Ethiopia, we are faced with a challenge. The principal question is how to work constructively with both the government and civil society to advance democracy and human rights when the government has limited political and civil space. This has included restrictions on civil society organizations, the curtailment of media freedom, and the conviction of journalists and members of the political opposition under the Anti-terrorism Proclamation. We’re particularly concerned about the Charities and Societies Proclamation and the Anti-terrorism Proclamation…

The “challenge” Hanrahan talks about includes the arrest of  “more than 100 opposition political figures, activists, journalists, and bloggers,” massive suppression of the independent press, virtual bans on civil society and nongovernmental organizations,beatings and torturing of detainees by security forces and poor prison conditions. It also includes the unlawful persecution and imprionsment of the 2012 PEN America Freedom to Write Award winner Eskinder Nega;  Reeyot Alemu, the 2012 winner of the International Women’s Media Fund’s Courage in Journalism Award; Woubshet Taye,  editor of a popular weekly, opposition party leaders Andualem Aragie and Natnael Mekonnen among many others. The evidence reported in the  latest U.S. State Department Human Rights Practices Report on Ethiopia (May 2012)  shows that describing the human rights situation in Ethiopia as a “challenge” and glossing it over with a polite expression of “concern” is tantamount to adding insult to injury.  The human rights situation in that country should provoke unmitigated moral outrage and immediate and direct action to uphold democratic principles and standards of universal human rights.

Perhaps current U.S. leaders could learn valuable lessons from their predecessors who faced similar “challenges” posed by tyrannies and dictatorships. President Truman once said, “Once a government is committed to the principle of silencing the voice of the opposition, it has only one way to go, and that is down the path of increasingly repressive measures, until it becomes a source of terror to all citizens and creates a country where everyone lives in fear.” Such is the indisputable fact of life in Ethiopia today and no amount of empty talk  about “concerns” and hollow promises about overcoming  “challenges”  will change the situation!

The U.S. Record in Africa Today Leaves Much to be Desired

According to Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson who heads the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of African Affairs, there are “five pillars that serve as the foundation of U.S. policy toward Africa.” These include “(1) support for democracy and the strengthening of democratic institutions including free, fair, and transparent elections; (2) support for African economic growth and development; (3) conflict prevention, mitigation, and resolution; (4) support for Presidential initiatives such as the Global Health Initiative, Feed the Future, and the Global Climate Change Initiative and (5) working with African nations on transnational issues such as drug smuggling, money laundering and trafficking in persons.” Carson reported that U.S. policy in Africa “in recent years”

has contributed to democratic transitions in Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, and Niger; successful elections in Nigeria; and a referendum that led to the independence of South Sudan. The Bureau promotes African economic development through the annual Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forums. It is actively striving to end sexual and gender-based violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and eliminate the atrocities perpetrated by the Lord’s Resistance Army throughout Central Africa. Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global food security initiative, is focused on 12 African countries…

In her Preface to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), Secretary Hilary Clinton declared:

In my travels around the world as Secretary of State, I have met many individuals who put their lives on the line to advance the cause of human rights and justice. In ways small and large, they hold their governments accountable for upholding universal human rights… The United States stands with all those who seek to advance human dignity…

These quite modest accomplishments in Africa fall far short of President Obama’s lofty and eloquent words and majestic promises in Accra and his Administration’s actions to support good governance and promote human rights in Africa. Shakespeare said, “Action is eloquence.” Though there is always a gap between political rhetoric and political action, one should not confuse the eloquence of words with the eloquence of action. But this is not the time to look back and engage in recriminations, teeth-gnashing, belly-aching and finger pointing. We shall march to our President’s battle cry and “Keep Moving Forward”.

Time to Put Up or Shut Up?

Americans are generally known for straight talk, cutting down to the chase or cutting out the bull. It is one of the great qualities I have always appreciated in ordinary Americans and some of their great leaders. They say what they mean and mean what they say. It was “plain talkin’” President Harry S. Truman who said, “I never did give anybody hell. I just told the truth and they thought it was hell.”  So, I will do a little bit of straight talking. We have heard enough of human rights pontifications and declarations. We know all about the “challenges”, “problems”, “difficulties” and “issues” in improving human rights and good governance in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.  We have also heard enough grousing, whining and complaining in Diaspora Ethiopian communities, particularly in the U.S., about what the U.S. has done, not done or could have done to to promote good governance, democracy and human rights in Ethiopia. In President Obama’s second term, there are only two choices: Put up or Shut Up! Put another way, the U.S. can step up and stand tall with the brave Africans or roll over in bed with the shameless and cowardly dictators who cling to power through handouts, World Bank and IMF loans and the barrel of the gun.

How to Help the Brave Ethiopians: Where to Start?

Many veteran Ethiopian human rights advocates will no doubt remember H.R. 2003 (“Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007”; originally introduced as H.R. 4423 “Ethiopia Consolidation Act of 2005” by Congressman Chris Smith of New Jersey when he chaired the Subcommittee on Africa and later renumbered as H.R. 4423 and H.R. 5680 in the House Committee on Foreign Affairs). Congress Donald Payne of New Jersey took the lead on H.R. 2003 when he became chairman of the Africa Subcommittee in 2007 and obtained the co-sponsorship of  some 85 members of Congress. That bill passed the House in October 2007. Its key provisions focused on a number of issues central to good governance and protection of human rights in Ethiopia, including the release and/or speedy trial of all political prisoners in the country,  prosecution of persons who have committed gross human rights violations, financial support to strengthen human rights and civil society groups and establishment of an independent judiciary, support for independent media operations, training assistance to strengthen legislative bodies, electoral commission and civil society groups, among others. Unfortunately, the bill never made it for a floor vote in the Senate.

Recently, the U.S. Congress passed and the President signed an important piece of legislation last week known as the “Sergei Magnitsky Law” (Senate Bill 1039  sponsored by democratic Senator Ben Cardin of Maryland, a long-time civil rights and civil liberties advocate and co-sponsored by 33 other Senators; and  H.R. 4405 in the House sponsored by the well-known human rights advocate and democratic Congressman Jim McGovern of Massachusetts and co-sponsored by 15 other members). This law is designed to “impose sanctions on persons responsible for the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky, for the conspiracy to defraud the Russian Federation of taxes on corporate profits through fraudulent transactions and lawsuits and for other gross violations of human rights in the Russian Federation.” The “Magnitsky” language was incorporated in a larger legislation (‘‘Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012’’).

Sergei Magnitsky was a brave and principled 37-year-old Russian lawyer who exposed massive government corruption involving money-laundering by Russian officials. He died in prison in 2009. Russian President Dimitry Medvedev, citing the  conclusions of the independent Presidential Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights, reported that Magnitsky was illegally arrested, detained and denied justice by the very courts and prosecutors of the Russian Federation he was investigating and accusing.  While in detention Magnitsky was denied necessary medical care and died from beatings he received by prison guards. Despite overwhelming evidence of official criminality in the Magnitsky case, no officials have yet to be brought to justice.

The key provisions of the Magnitsky Law requires the State Department to maintain a list of human rights abusers in Russia, freeze their assets and deny them U.S. visas.

Section 404 of the law (“Identification of Persons Responsible for the Detention, Abuse and Death of Sergei Magnitsky and Other Gross Violators of Human Rights”) requires the President to submit to Congress within 120 days “a list” of names of persons likely to have been involved directly or indirectly in “the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky” and other individuals “responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed against individuals seeking to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of the Government of the Russian Federation.”

Section 406 requires the President to use his legal authority to “freeze and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in property of a person who is on the list required by section 404(a) if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of  a United States person.” The law further imposes penalties on any “person that violates or conspires to violate” the law to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act.

Helping Ethiopia’s “Magnitskys”

In his 2009 Accra speech, President Obama told Africans that the U.S. will “increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance… to advance transparency and accountability.” He also said that it is possible to “make change from the bottom up because in this moment, history is on the move.” Well, the moment of history to get Ethiopian human rights legislation passed through the U.S. Congress is now! There is a perfect alignment of the bipartisan legislative stars. Human rights as a policy issue is taking front and center among both Democrats and Republicans. The Magnitsky Law was a significant legislative victory not only for the memory of the brave Sergei Magnitsky but for all brave victims of official human rights abuses everywhere. Senator Cardin toiled for years to get the bill through Congress and managed to do so with the support of senior republicans. (Truth be told, the Obama administration did not support linking the human rights legislation to a trade bill, but in the end had to give in.)

The bipartisan support for human rights as evidenced in the Magnitsky Law is refreshing, invigorating, inspiring and long overdue. Republican Arizona Senator John McCain said the United States had a moral obligation to speak out for Magnitsky, as well as others who are still alive and languishing unjustly in Russian prisons: “We are sending a signal to Vladimir Putin and the Russian kleptocracy that these kind of abuses of human rights will not be tolerated without us responding in some appropriate fashion. I believe that this legislation is not anti Russia. I believe it’s pro Russia…. I continue to worry about them and I pray for them.” Republican Arizona Senator Jon Kyl said the bill should have applied to all countries. Democratic New Hampshire Senator  Jeanne Shaheen said that the United States intends to pay attention to human rights everywhere. “We will stand up for those who dare to speak out against corruption. This bill is for all the Magnitskys around the world.” Senator Ben Cardin said he would push to make it universal in scope so it could be used to punish other human rights violators around the world. “Now we start a new chapter in human rights. The legislation sets a precedent for international conduct that we expect will be honored globally.” Even the White House issued a Statement indicating that the President will support legislation that will “promote the rule of law and respect for human rights around the world”.

There are thousands of “Ethiopian Magnitskys” who have been denied justice, languishing in prison and forgotten. For starters, there has been no accountability for the post-2005 election massacres in which, according to an official Ethiopian Inquiry Commission, some 200 unarmed demonstrators were gunned down and another 800 wounded by security and police officials of the regime. There is a certified list of at least 237 individuals known to be involved or strongly suspected of direct involvement in these crimes against humanity.  It is mandatory that these officials be brought to trial without delay.

It is great to see a sea change in the U.S. Congress on the issue of human rights. There seems to be a new attitude and renewed commitment to human rights and good governance and a recognition that human rights are an integral part of international law and civilized humanity. President Ronald Reagan said, “Freedom is one of the deepest and noblest aspirations of the human spirit.” President Jimmy Carter said, “America did not invent human rights. Human rights invented America.” In Ethiopia and many parts of Africa, the noblest aspirations of the human spirit go unfulfilled. And just like human rights invented America, I believe it is time for human rights to reinvent Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.

As far as I am concerned, what is good enough for the brave Sergei Magnitsky of Russia is good enough for the brave Melesachew D. Alemnew, age 16, Hadra S. Osman, age 22, Etenesh Yimam, age 50, Teodros Gidey Hailu, age 23, Gashaw T. Mulugeta, age 24, Lechisa K. Fatasa, age 21…. of Ethiopia! History is on the move. Now Ethiopian Americans, let’s get a move on! Yes, We Can have an “Ethiopian Magnitsky Law”! With a little help from our friends!

Standing tall with the “brave Africans” is standing up on the right side of history. 

Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/ 

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የኢትዮጵያ ዘመናዊ የህፃናት የውጭ ንግድ

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

የጉዲፈቻ ታሪክ በኢትዮጵያ በባህላዊ መንገድ ሲደረግ የቆየ ነው መቼ እንደተጀመረ በእርግጠኝነት ለማወቅ ባይቻልም በ18 ክፍለ ዘመን በኦሮሞ ብሔረሰብ እንደተጀመረ ይታሰባል። ጉዲፈቻ የሚለው ቃል የመጣው ከኦሮሚኛ ቋንቋ ሲሆን ትርጓሜውም ተፈጥሮዓዊ የወላጅነትና የልጅነት የሥጋ ዝምድና ሳይኖር ከሌላ ሰው አብራክ የተወለደን ልጅ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ማህበራዊ ጥቅሙን ጠብቆ እንደ አብራክ ክፋይ ልጅ ማሳደግ ማለት ነው። በኢትዮጵያ የጉዲፈቻ ሕግ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ በ1952 ዓ.ም በወጣው የፍትሐብሔር ሕግ ማዕቀፍ ተሰጥቶታል ይህም ሕግ የሕፃኑን መብት የሚያስጠብቅ ሆኖ የተዘጋጀ ነው።

የጉዲፈቻ ዓላማ ከውርስ ሥርዓት ጋር በተያያዘ የዘር ሃረግን ለመቀጠል፤ የዝምድና ትስስር ለማጠናከር፤ ፖለቲካዊ ሃይማኖታዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጥቅሞችን ለማግኝት፤ … ጥቂቶቹ ናቸው። ለምሳሌ በሀገራችንም የተለያዩ ጦርነቶች በጎሳዎች መካከል ሲነሱ የአንዱን ጎሳ ልጅ አንዱ ጉዲፈቻ ያደርጋል በዚህም ሰበብ በጎሳዎቹ መካከል ሰላም ይፈጠራል።

በተለያዩ ማህበራዊ፣ ኢኮኖሚያዊና ፖለቲካዊ ቀውሶች ምክንያት የድንበር ተሻጋሪ ጉዲፈቻ እየጨመረ መጥቷል። ሀገሮች ለጉዲፈቻ ልጆች ምንጮች የሚሆኑበት ምክንያት በርካታ ናቸው። በሃገራችን እ. ኤ. አ. በ2004 በተደረገ ጥናት ኢትዮጵያ ከቻይና፣ ጓቲማላ፣ ሩሲያና ሶሪያ ቀጥላ በአምስተኛ ደረጃ የጉዲፈቻ ምንጭ ሀገር ለመሆን መብቃቷ ታውቋል። እ. ኤ. አ. በ2006 ላይ የተለያዩ ሀገሮች እየቀነሱ በመምጣታቸው ኢትዮጵያ አራተኛ ደረጃ ላይ ተቀምጣለች። እ. ኤ. አ. በ2010 ደግሞ አብዛኞቹ ሃገሮች በከፍተኛ ደረጃ በመቀነሳቸው ኢትዮጵያ ሁለተኛ ሆናለች።

ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የጉዲፈቻ መስፋፋት ምክንያት የጉዲፈቻ ኤጀንሲ ማቋቋም ቀላል በመሆኑ ነው።መንግስት ቁጥጥር ለማድረግ የሚያስችለው አሰራር እንደሌለው እና ድርጅቶቹን በቀላሉ አቋቁሞ በአንድ ህፃን ከ20ሺ ዶላር በላይ እየተቀበሉ ሕፃናትን ከሃገር ማጋዛቸው የአደባባይ ሚስጥር ነው፡፡ ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚ (Case worker) ተብለው በሚጠሩ ቅጥረኛ ሕፃናት መልማዮች እና ከሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅቶች ከጉዲፈቻ ኤጀንሲዎች ጋር በመመሳጠር ሕፃናትን በመስረቅ ለተለያዩ የውጭና የሃገር ውስጥ የሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅቶች የሚሸጡ እንዳሉ በስፋት ይነገራል።

የልጆቹ አካላዊ፣ ስነልቦናዊ ደህንነት፣ የወላጆች ሁኔታ ከግምት ባልገባበት የጉዲፈቻ ሂደት ሕፃናትን ከሃገር በማስውጣት ረገድ በተለይ ህጻናትን የሚያሳድጉና ለውጭ ሃገር በማደጐነት የሚያስተላልፉ ድርጅቶች፣ ሕፃናቱን ከየትና በምን ሁኔታ እንዳገኟቸው ቁጥጥር ስለሌለ ህገወጥ ንግዱ ተስፋፍቷል። ለዚህም ነው ኢትዮጵያ በዓለም የጉዲፈቻ ተመራጭ መድረሻም መሆኗ በሃገር ውስጥም ሆነ በውጭ መገናኛ ብዙሃን በተደጋጋሚ የሚዘገበው። ከጉዲፈቻ ጋር በተየያዘ በመንግስትና በጉዲፈቻ ድርጅቶች በኩል ያሉ የፖሊሲዎችና የአፈፃፀም ክፍተቶች በመኖራቸው አሠራሩ “የኢትዮጵያ ዘመናዊ የህጻናት የውጭ ንግድ” የሚል ስም ተሰጥቶታል። ይህንን የመንግስት ቅሌት Nov. 19 2012 አምስተርዳም በተከፈተው አለም አቀፍ የዶክመንታሪ ፊልም ፌስቲቫል ላይ Mercy Mercy የተሰኝው ፊልም ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚሰራውን ህግ ወጥ የህፃናት ንግድ አጋልጦዋል። እየተካሄደ ያለው ልቅ አሠራር የውጭ ሃገር ዜግነት ያላቸው ግለሰቦች ሳይቀር በሃገራችን የጉዲፈቻ አገልግሎት ሰጭ ድርጅቶችን በመክፈት እንደፈለጉ እንዲንቀሳቀሱ አስችሏቸዋል።

ሕፃናትን የሚመለከቱ ውሳኔዎች በሚሰጡበት ጊዜ በሕፃናት መብቶች ኮንቬንሽን አንቀጽ 3 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (1) መሠረት የሕፃናት ጥቅምና ደህንነት ከማናቸውም ቅድሚያ እንደሚሰጠው፤ የአፍሪካ የሕፃናት መብቶችና ደህንነት ቻርተር አንቀጽ 4 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (1) መሠረት ለሕፃናቱ ደህንነት ቅድሚያ መሰጠት እንዳለበት፤ እንዲሁም የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ሕገ መንግሥት አንቀጽ 36 ንዑስ አንቀጽ (2) መሠረት የሕፃናት ደህንነት በቀደምትነት መታሰብ እንዳለበትም ይደነግጋሉ፡፡

በብዙ ሃገሮች ዘንድ ተቀባይነት ያለውና ብዙዎችንም የሚያስማማው የጉዲፈቻ ዝምድና ዓይነት “በግልጽ የሚደረግ የጉዲፈቻ ልጅነት” (Open Adoption) የምንለው ነው፡፡ የልጁ ወይም የልጅቷ ተፈጥሮዓዊ ወላጆች የልጃቸውን የጉዲፈቻ ወላጅ በመምረጥና በመለየት በጉዲፈቻ ከተሰጠው ልጃቸው ጋር ያለው የወላጅነት ዝምድና ሳይቋረጥ እንደቀጠለ የሚቆይ የጉዲፈቻ ዝምድና ዓይነት ነው፡፡ ሌላውና በብዙ አገሮችም ሆነ በብዙ ሰዎች ተቀባይነት የሌለው የጉዲፈቻ ዓይነት “በግልጽ ያልተደረገ የጉዲፈቻ ልጅነት ማለት” (Closed Adoption) ተፈጥሮዓዊ የሆኑ ወላጆች ራሳቸውን በመደበቅ ወይም ወላጅነታቸውን በመሰወር የጉዲፈቻ አድራጊ ለሆነው ሰው (አሳዳሪ) በጉዲፈቻ የተሰጠውን ልጅ በመልቀቅ የወላጅነት መብታቸውን የሚያጡበት ነው፡፡

ከእነዚህ ሁለት የጉዲፈቻ የዝምድና ዓይነቶች አገራችን የመጀመሪያውን ማለትም “በግልጽ የሚደረግ የጉዲፈቻ የዝምድናን” ዓይነት እንደመረጠች ከቤተሰብ ሕጉ የተለያዩ ድንጋጌዎች እንረዳለን፡፡ በወረቀት ላይ የሠፈረው አካሄድ ይህን የሚመስል ቢሆንም በሃገራችን የሚደረገው የጉዲፈቻ ሂደት የጉዲፈቻ አድራጊውን ፍላጎት መሰረት ያደረገ ነው፡፡ በመረጃ ደረጃ ከሕፃናት ማሳደጊያ ድርጅት ጋር ተመሳጥረው ልጆቹ ሲላኩም ምንም ዓይነት የመገናኛ ዘዴ እንዳይኖር ተደርጎ የሚላኩበት ሁኔታም አለ፡፡ በአብዛኛው ጉዲፈቻ አድራጊ ወላጆቻቸው እያሉ የሞቱ መሆኑን እያስመሰከሩ የሚልኩና ጥቅም እንደሚያገኙ ነው፡፡

መንግሥት የመጨረሻ አማራጫቸው ይሄ ነው ብሎ ከሌላ ሀገር ለመጣ ዜጋ በማሳደጊያ ያሉትን ልጆች በሕጋዊ መንገድ ወስዶ የሚያሳድግበት አካሄድ ነው። ሕፃናቱ በሄዱበት አገር ተመችቷቸዋል ወይስ አልተመቻቸውም የሚለውንና የማንነት ችግር እንዳያጋጥማቸው መንግስት መከታተል ሲገባው ህጻናቱ ለአሳዛኝ ድርጊቶች እየተዳረጉ ይገኛሉ፡፡ በተሰጣቸው የተሳሳተ መረጃ በግልፅ ባልተረዱት አሠራር ልጆቻቸውን በጉዲፈቻ ሰጥተው ስለ ልጆቻቸው አንዳችም ነገር ማወቅ ያቃታቸው ኢትዮጵያውያን ወላጆች በርካታ ናቸው፡፡ በዚህ መልኩ በጨቅላነታቸው ወደ ውጭ ሄደው ከማንነት ጥያቄ ባሻገር ለከባድ ሥነልቦናዊና አካላዊ ጉዳት የተጋለጡ ልጆች ቁጥርም ጥቂት አይደለም፡፡ በፈረንሣውያን ባልና ሚስት የሁለት ዓመትና የአራት ዓመት ወንድ ልጆች ሊያሳድጉ ከኢትዮጵያ በወሰዱ ማግስት ነበር በአሳዳጊያቸው የተደፈሩት፡፡ ኢትዮጵያዊቷ ሀና ዊልያምስን አሜሪካ ውስጥ በምግብ እጥረት ሕይወቷ አልፏል፡፡ አምስት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሴት ልጆች በአሳዳጊያቸው የመደፈራቸው ዜና መዘገቡም ይታወሳል፡፡ የማንነት ቀውስ ለአንድ ሕፃን ልጅ የመጨረሻው መጥፎ ክስተት ነው።

መንግሥት ጉዲፈቻን እንደማያበረታታ ይናገራል፡፡ የሴቶች፣ የሕፃናትና የወጣቶች ሚኒስቴር በጉዲፈቻ የሚሄዱ ሕፃናትን ጉዳይ በተመለከተ በቀን ከሀምሳ በላይ የሚሆኑ ማመልከቻዎችን እንደሚያስተናግድ መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡ ሆኖም ምዕራባዊ የዜና አውታሮች በማስረጃ እንደሚዘግቡት በአሜሪካ በጉዲፈቻነት ልጅ ከሚደረጉ አምስት ህጻናት መካከል አንዱ ከኢትዮጵያ መሆኑን አረጋግጠዋል፡፡ በአሜሪካ ብቻ እ.ኤ.አ. በ2004 በጉዲፈቻነት ከኢትዮጵያ የሚመጡት ህጻናት ቁጥር በ2010ዓም በሦስት እጥፍ ያደገ ሲሆን ይህም አገራችንን ከቻይና ቀጥሎ ሁለተኛ አድርጓታል፡፡


Malawi police arrests 42 Ethiopians trying to escape to South Africa

Sunday, December 16th, 2012


AfriqueJet Actualité Afrique

Malawi arrests 42 Ethiopian refugees trying to flee to South Africa

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Blantyre, Malawi – Police in the Malawi capital, Lilongwe, Sunday arrested 42 Ethiopians as they tried to flee to South Africa. Immigration Department spokesman Elack Banda said the refugees had fled the UNHCR-Malawi government-run Dzaleka Refugee Camp in the central district of Dowa.

‘We got a tip from the public that a truck was carrying a lot of strange people,’ he said.

Banda said the truck was traced to the city’s populous Kawale suburb and upon inspection the truck was found to contain sacks of unprocessed Malawi tobacco destined for South Africa with the Ethiopians hiding in between the sacks.

‘When we interrogated them, they claimed they were told there was some work for them in South Africa,’ he said.

Banda said the Malawian driver of the truck has also been arrested and that the refugees will temporarily be kept at the Maula Prison ‘for safe-keeping’.

He said the Ethiopians are likely to be sent back to the Dzaleka refugee camp.

‘We have to process them; we can’t deport them to Ethiopia because for them to be found at the camp they must have been cleared,’ he said.

The Dzaleka Refugee Camp, a former prison farm under the three-decade, one-party dictatorship of founding president Hastings Kamuzu Banda that ended in 1994, currently holds about 15,000 refugees and asylum seekers mainly from the Great Lakes region and the Horn of Africa.

President Joyce Banda recently spoke about closing the camp since wars in most countries ended over a decade ago.

Malawi is used by mainly Ethiopian economic refugees as a transit point on their way to seek greener pastures in South Africa.

They take advantage of porous borders and corrupt police officers in Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique to use uncharted routes to reach their destination.

But sometimes, apart from being arrested, their adventure ends in tragedy. In July, nearly 50 Ethiopians drowned on Lake Malawi when a boat they were travelling in capsized.

A further 42 Malawi-bound Ethiopians suffocated to death in a truck in Tanzania.

Pana 16/12/2012
http://www.afriquejet.com/index.php?opt … Itemid=111


የኢትዮጵያ አሻንጉሊቱ ፓርላማ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎቹን እያካሄደ አይደለም

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

THE REPORTER — በመስከረም ወር የመጨረሻ ሳምንት የሦስተኛ ዓመት የሥራ ዘመኑን የጀመረው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት (ፓርላማ) በሳምንት ሁለት ጊዜ ማክሰኞና ሐሙስ ማካሄድ የሚገባውን መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች በአብዛኛው አላካሄደም፡፡ በምክር ቤቱ የአሠራር ሥነ ሥርዓት ደንብ መሠረት የምክር ቤቱ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች በሳምንት ሁለት ጊዜ መካሄድ ይገባቸዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት ምክር ቤቱ ሥራውን ከጀመረበት የመስከረም ወር መጨረሻ አንስቶ እስከ ታህሳስ ወር የመጀመሪያ ሳምንት ድረስ 18 መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች መካሄድ ነበረባቸው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ እስካሁን ያደረገው ስድስት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎችን ብቻ ሲሆን፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ በምክር ቤቱ ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት ተገኝተው ያፀደቁት አዲስ የካቢኔ አወቃቀርና የሚኒስትሮች ሹመት የመጨረሻው ወይም ስድስተኛው መደበኛ ስብሰባው ነበር፡፡

ኅዳር 20 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከተካሄደው ከዚህ መደበኛ ስብሰባ በኋላ እንኳን አራት የመደበኛ ስብሰባ ቀናት ቢኖሩትም፣ “ዛሬ ይካሄድ የነበረው መደበኛ ስብሰባ የማይካሄድ መሆኑን ከይቅርታ ጋር እንገልጻለን” የሚሉ ማስታወቂያዎችን የምክር ቤቱ አባላት መኖሪያዎች አካባቢ በሚገኙ የማስታወቂያ ሰሌዳዎች፣ እንዲሁም በምክር ቤቱ ሰሌዳዎች ላይ በመለጠፍ የመደበኛ ስብሰባ ፕሮግራሞቹን መዝለል የተለመደ እየሆነ መጥቷል፡፡

የምክር ቤቱ ዋና ሥልጣንና ተግባሮች የሚቀርቡለትን ረቂቅ አዋጆች ተወያይቶ ማፅደቅና አስፈጻሚውን ወይም ራሱ የሚያመነጫቸውን የመንግሥት አካላት መቆጣጠር ናቸው፡፡

እስካሁን ካካሄዳቸው ስድስት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች መካከል የመጀመሪያው ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የዚህን ምክር ቤትና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት የሥራ ዘመን መጀመርን አስመልክተው መንግሥት በዓመቱ ትኩረት ሊያደርግባቸው ይገባል በሚል ያቀረቡት ንግግር ሲሆን፣ ሁለተኛው ስብሰባ በዚሁ የፕሬዚዳንቱ የመክፈቻ ንግግር ላይ የተነሱ ጥያቄዎችን ተንተርሶ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የመንግሥታቸውን አቋም ያብራሩበት ነው፡፡

ቀሪዎቹ ሌሎች ስብሰባዎች ተደራራቢ ግብርን ለማስቀረትና ለመንገድ ግንባታ በተገኘ ብድር ዙሪያ የተደረጉ ስምምነቶች ናቸው፡፡ ምክር ቤቱ በአስፈጻሚው የመንግሥት አካል አመንጭነት ከሚቀርቡለት አዋጆች ውጭ በራሱ ሕግ የማመንጨት ሥልጣን ቢኖረውም፣ ላለፉት ዓመታት ያለው ታሪክ በጣት የሚቆጠሩ ሕጎች በፓርላማው መመንጨታቸውን ነው፡፡ ለአብነት ያህልም በሦስተኛው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት የመጨረሻ የሥራ ዘመን አካባቢ የፀደቀው የሰንደቅ ዓላማ አዋጅ ተጠቃሽ ነው፡፡

ካለፉት ልምዶች መረዳት የሚቻለው በአስፈጻሚው አካል የሚቀርቡ አዋጆች ከሌሉ የፓርላማው መደበኛ የስብሰባ ጊዜያት ጥያቄ ውስጥ መሆናቸውን ነው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ምክር ቤቱ በማናቸውም ጉዳዮች ላይ ጥያቄ ካለው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን በወር አንድ ጊዜ ጠርቶ የመጠየቅ ሥልጣን ሲኖረው፣ በተመሳሳይ መንገድ የተለያዩ የዘርፉ ሚኒስትሮችን በሳምንት አንድ ጊዜ በመጥራት ስለ ሥራ አፈጻጸም ክዋኔያቸውና ሌሎች ተያያዥ ጉዳዮች መጠየቅ ይችላል፡፡

ነገር ግን ባለፉት ወራት ምክር ቤቱ አንዳቸውንም ሳያደርግ መደበኛ ስብሰባዎቹን እያስተላለፈ የግማሽ ዓመቱን የአንድ ወር ዕረፍት በየካቲት ወር ለመውሰድ አንድ ወር ከቀናት ዕድሜ ቀርቶታል፡፡

የምክር ቤቱ የሕዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጠይቀው ለምክር ቤቱ የቀረቡት ረቂቅ አዋጆች ጥቂት መሆናቸውን፣ በዚህም ምክንያት መደበኛ ስብሰባዎች እንዳልተካሄዱ፣ ነገር ግን የምክር ቤቱ ቋሚ ኮሚቴዎች በየዘርፋቸው የሚገኙ ተጠሪ አስፈጻሚ መሥሪያ ቤቶችን በመቆጣጠር ሥራ መጠመዳቸውን ገልጸዋል፡፡

ረቂቅ አዋጆችን ከመመልከት በተጨማሪ የተመረጡ አስፈጻሚ መሥሪያ ቤቶችን የሥራ አፈጻጸም ሪፖርቶች በመደበኛ ጉባዔው የማዳመጥ ኃላፊነት ያለበት ሲሆን፣ ከጥር ወር በኋላም እነዚህ መሥሪያ ቤቶች የግማሽ ዓመት ሪፖርታቸውን እንደሚያቀርቡ ገልጸዋል፡፡


Freed Ethiopian prisoners in Israel speak out

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

Save Ethiopia and ENTC members visited freed child-prisoners in Israel.

Watch Video

 

 

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice built her career on catering to authority, even some of Africa’s most loathsome dictators

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

By Jacob Heilbrunn | The Daily Beast

With her decision to withdraw from consideration as secretary of state, Susan Rice—and her greatest champion, President Obama—is finally bowing to the inevitable. Her supporters concocted any number of reasons to promote her ascension to the top floor of Foggy Bottom. She was, they said, being demonized by the right. She was being subjected to racism. She was just trying to please her superiors. And so on.

Don’t believe a word of it. The real problem is not that she bungled Libya. It’s that she should never have been ambassador to the United Nations in the first place—let alone become secretary of state.

Until recently, Rice was smoothly on track to become the Edmund Hillary of foreign-policy strivers. But unlike the legendary climber, she only glimpsed but never quite reached the summit. Her entire career has been based less on solid accomplishment than on her networking skills. In that regard, she exquisitely represents her generation, which largely consists of unwise men and women.

Even a cursory look at Rice’s résumé should induce some queasiness. Essentially, she was molded in Washington, D.C. She punched all the right tickets—National Cathedral School, Stanford, Rhodes scholarship, Brookings Institution. She is a perfect creature of the Beltway. But the downside is that there is scant evidence that she ever flourished outside the cozy ecosystem of the foreign-policy establishment.

It has not always been thus. Henry Kissinger produced serious books about international affairs. Further back, Dean Acheson was a successful lawyer. James Baker was both a shrewd lawyer and political operative whose wheeler-dealer skills translated well into dealing with foreign allies and adversaries. Now it’s not necessary to be all of these things at once. No one would claim that Hillary Clinton is a Kissingerian-style intellectual. But Clinton’s stature and political prowess allowed her to crack heads during the recent Gaza crisis.

What would Rice have brought to the State Department? The most she seems to have accomplished outside the foreign-policy world is to serve a stint as a management consultant at McKinsey & Co. Otherwise, she has produced no memorable books or articles or even op-ed essays. The most interesting thing about Rice has been the kerfuffle over her move to become secretary of state.

Perhaps it should not be altogether surprising that her record in Africa seems to have been one of catering to some of the most loathsome dictators in the region.

Throughout, her most distinguishing trait seems to be an eagerness to please her superiors, which is entirely consistent with how she rode the escalator to success. Want to avoid declaring that genocide is taking place in Rwanda? Go to Rice. Want to fudge the facts in Libya? Rice is there again. Obama had it right when he observed that she “had nothing to do with Benghazi and was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received.” But why, as Maureen Dowd asked, didn’t she question it? The answer is simple: because she rarely, if ever, questions authority. Instead she has made a career out of catering to it.

Perhaps, then, it should not be altogether surprising that her record in Africa seems to have been one of catering to some of the most loathsome dictators in the region. She fell over herself to praise the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi in September.

In a keen analysis in the National Journal, Michael Hirsh noted that she has come under severe fire from human-rights activists for her insouciance about Africa and that, “recently, during a meeting at the U.N. mission of France, after the French ambassador told Rice that the U.N. needed to do more to intervene in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rice was said to have replied: ‘It’s the eastern DRC. If it’s not M23, it’s going to be some other group,’” according to an account given by a human-rights worker who spoke with several people in the room. (Rice’s spokesman said he was familiar with the meeting, but did not know if she made the comment.)

Once again, this may not have been her personal predilection, but Rice was only too happy to try and bury foreign-policy problems rather than confront them.

Now that Rice has fallen short, she may be succeeded at the U.N. by her former antagonist Samantha Power, who originally reported that Rice had worked to whitewash events in Rwanda. Unlike Rice, Power has traveled extensively in dangerous regions, combining the professions of journalist and activist. She resembles a modern Rebecca West. Whether the acidulous Power can ultimately muster the diplomatic skills to surpass Rice will be one of the tantalizing mysteries of Obama’s second term. For now, it appears that Obama will select either John Kerry or Chuck Hagel to run the State Department. It will allow Rice to try and once more burnish her résumé. But the amazing thing isn’t that she failed to become secretary of state. It’s that Rice rose as high as she did.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ሰለሱሰ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ እጽዋትና ተመሳሳይ ከሚካሎች ጎጂነት

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

በዚህ በአሚሪካ ከምኖርባት ትንሽ ከተማ ወጣ በማለት ብዙ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ወደሚኖሩባቸዉ ትላልቅ ከተማዎች ብቅ ባልኩ ቁጥር በርከት ያሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሲጋራ ሲያጨሱና የአልኮል መጠጥ በገፍ ሲጠጡ ተመልክቻለሁ። ከዘመድና ከጋደኛም ጋር ምን አዲስ ወሪ አንዳለ ጨዋታ ሲጀመር፤ በወሪ መሃል አንዳንድ የአገራችን ስዎች በሱሰ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ እጽዋትና ተመሳሳይ ከሚካሎች አንደተነካኩ ብዙ ጊዚ ሰምቻለሁ። ከትንሸዋ ከተማዮ ሳልወጣም፤ በተለያዩ የዚና ማሰራጭዎች አማካኝነት ኢትዮጵያዊያን አልፎ አልፎ ከጫት ጋር በተያያዙ የወንጀል ድርጊቶች ዓንደተስማሩ ለመገንዘብ ችያለሁ። በአኍኑ ወቅት ሱሰ አምጪ በሆኑ ነግሮች መለከፍ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ችግር ብቻ ሳይሆን የአልም አጠቃላይ ችግር ዓንደሆነ በስፋት ይነገራል፡ በተለይም ወጣቱን ትውልድ አስመንክቶ። ኢትዮጵያዊያንን በተመለከተ ስለዚህ ችግር የምሰማውና የማነበው ስላሳሰበኝና አዝማሚያውም ሰላላማረኝ፤ የሚመለከታቸውን ለማሳሰብ ያህል ይህንን አጭር ጽሁፍ ብዙዎቻችን በይበልጥ በምናውቀው ቃንቃ ለመጻፍ ተነሳሁ። አንዳንድ ቲኪኒካዊ የሆኑ ጉዳዮችን በብቃት ለመግልጽ አስቸጋሪ ቢሆንብኝም፤ አንባቢያን የጽሁፈን አጠቃላይ መልዓክት ይረዳሉ ብዮ ተስፋ አደርጋልሁ።

ለመሆኑ “ሱሰ” ሲባል ምን ማለት ነዉ? ባጭሩ ሱሰ አምጪ የተባለው ነገር ተደጋግሞ ዓንዲወሰድ የሚገፋፋ መጥፎ ልምድ ወይም ሁኒታ ማለት ነው። ዓንደሚወሰደው ነገር አይነትና ዓንደአወሳሰዱ ሁኒታ ዓንደዚሁም ዓንደወሳጁ የአዓምሮና በአካል አቅም የሱሱ አይነት ወይም ደረጃ ሊለያይ ይችላል። ለምሳሊ ያህል የሱሱ ሁኒታ ከፍተኛ ከሆነ፤ ሱሰኛው ለሱሰ አምጪው ነገር የአምሮም ሆነ የአካል ተገዥ ሊሆን ይችላል። በዚህን ጊዚ ሱሰኛው ፍላጎቱን ለማማላት ብዙ የማይጠበቁ ነገሮችን ለማድረግ ይገደዳል። በድርጊቱም ዓራሰን ብቻ ሳይሆን ሊሎችንም ሊጎዳ ይችላል።

በሱሰ ለመያዝ ዋና መነሻ ተብሎ የታመነው፤ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር ከተወሰደ በሃላ በአዓምሮ ላይ በቅድሚያ የሚፈጥረው “የደስታ”፤ የዓርካታንና “የድል” መንፈሰ ነው። ይህ የአዓምሮ ሁኒታ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር በማከታተል ዓንዲወሰድ የገፋፋል። በዚህ ብቻ ሳያበቃ የሚወሰደው ነገር ከጊዚ ወደ ጊዚ መጠኑን ዓየጨመረ ዓንዲወሰድ የሚያሰገድድ ሁኒታም ይፈጠራል። ሱሰኛው በዚህ ከቀጠለ የሚወሰደው መድሀኒት፤ አጽ ወይም ሊላ ተመሳሳይ ኪሚካል በሰዉነቱ ውሰጥ ረዘም ላለ ጊዚ በመቆየት በአካል ላይ አይነተኛ ለውጥ በማምጣት በመጨረሻ ሱሰ አምጪው ነገር ዓንደሚፈለገው ካልተወሰደ ሰዉነት በትክክል ለመሰራት ይሳነዋል። ሰለዚህ ይህንን ተደራቢ ችግር ለመቃቃም ሱሰኛው የለመደዉን ነገር ላለማቃረጥ አሰፋላጊውን ሁሉ ያደርጋል። ከላይ የተሰጠው ምሳሊ ከፍተኛ ለሆነ የሱሰ አይነት/ደረጃ ሲሆን፤መለሰተኛ የሆኑ የሱስ ጸባዮችም የሚታዩባቸው ብዙ ሁናታዎች አሉ።

በብዙ አካባቢዎች ሱሰ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ በርካታ ነገሮች ሲኖሩ፡ በሰፋት ከታወቁት መካከል ጥቂቶቹ ቅጥሎ የተዘዘሩት ናቸው።

ማርዋና፡- ይህ ከአጽ የሚገኝ ሱሰ አምጪ የሆነ ነገር ነው። ካናቢስ በመባልም የጠራል። የማርዋና የተላያዩ ዝግጅቶች ሲኖሩ፤ በብዙዎች ዘንድ የታወቅዉ “ሀሽሽ” ዓየተባለ የሚጠራው ነው። ማርዋና የአዓምሮን ቦታና ጊዚን የማገናዘብ ችሎታንና የቅርብ ጊዚን ድርጊቶች የማሰታወስ ሃይል ይቀንሳል። በአንዳንድ ተጠቃሚዎች ላይ መደናገጥን፤ ጥርጣሪንና ቅዥትን ያመጣል። ብዙውን ጊዚ ማርዋና በማጫሰ የሚወሰድ ነው። ሱሰ ከማምጣት ባሻገር ማርዋና ሳንባን፤ ልብንና የርቢ አካላትን ሊጎዳ ይሚችል ነው።

ኮኪን፦ የዚህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገር ምንጩ ዓንደገና ዓጽ ነው። ከማርዋና ጋር ሲወዳደር ኮኪን ከፍ ያለ ሱሰ የሚያመጣና በይበልጥም የሚጎዳ ነው። መረበሸን፤ መጠራጠርን፤ መቃዠትን፤ ፋታ ማጣትንና ቁጡኝነትን ያመጣል። በተጨማሪም ኮኪን የልብ መታወክን፤ የደም ብዛትን፤የሆድ ህመምን የፈጥራል። ኮኪን በተለያዩ መንግዶች የሚዘጋጅና የሚወሰድ ነው።

ሂሮይን፦ ይህ ኪሚካል በከፊል አመጣጡ ከዓጽ ነው። ሂሮይን ከባድ ሱስ ከሚያመጡ ነገሮች በካከል አንዱ ነው። ሲወሰድ ከሚያመጣቸው የጢንነት ቀዉሶች መካከል መፍዘዝን/መደንዘዝን፤ መምታታትን፤ ማቅለሸንሸን፤ የሆድ ድርቀትን፤ የመተንፈሰ ጭንቀትንና ዝግተኝትን ይፈጥራል። ሱሰኞች ሂሮይንን የሚወስዱት በመርፊ መልክ ነው።

የአልኮል መጠጥ፦ ይህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገር ለመጀምሪያ ጊዚ ወይም በመጠኑ ሲወሰድ የሚያነቃቃና አዝናኚ ሲሆን፤ መጠጣቱ ግን ሲቀጥል አደንዛዥ ብሎም ሰውነትን የመቆጣጠር ችሎታን የሚያሳጣ ይሆናል። ረዘም ላለ ጊዚ በብዛት ሲወሰድ የጉበት በሽታን፤ የልብ በሽታን፤ የደም ብዛትን፤ የዐዓምሮና የነርቭ ህመምን ዓንደዚሁም ሊሎች ችግሮችን ያሰከትላል። በተነይ የአልኮል ተግዢ የሆነ ሰው ብዙ ችግሮች የሚታዩበት ነው። ከችግሮቹ መካከል ጠጪው አልኮን በማይወሰድበት ወቅት ከሞላ ጎደል ሁሉንም ሰውነቱን በመነካካት የሚታዩ ዓንደ ቅዥት፤ ትኩረት ማጣትን፤ የምግብ ፍላጎት መቀነስን፤ መንቀጥቅጥን፤ የልብ ትርታና የደም ብዛት መጨመርን የመሳሰሉ ህመሞች ይንጸባርቃሉ።

ጫት፦ ጫት በተለያዩ ህገ ወጥ በሆኑ መንገዶች ዓዚህ አሚሪካ ዓንደሚገባ ብዙ ጊዚ ተገልጻል። ለሚፈለገው አገልግሎት ጫት ብዙውን ጊዚ ቅጠሉን በማላመጥ ነው የሚወሰደው። ጫት ለአዓምሮ ጊዚያዊ ንቃትን የሚሰጥ ነው፤ ስለሆነም ብዙውን ጊዚ የሚወሰደዉ ለዚሁ ሲባል ነው። ጫት ለረጅም ጊዚ በተልይም በብዛት ሲወሰድ በቀላሉ ተናዳጅነትን፤ መሸበርን፤ ቅዠትን፤ መንቅዥቅዥን፤ መደበርን፤ በፍጥነት ተለዋዋጭ መሆንንና ዓንቅልፍ ማጣትን ያመጣል። በአንጎል ላይ ከሚያመጣው ችግር በላይ ጫት የደም ብዛትን ይጨምራል፤ የልብ መምታትን ያፋጥናል፤ የሆድ ድርቀት ያመጥል፤ የምግብ ፍላጎትን ይቀንሳል፤ መተንፈስን ያዳክማል፤ ጉበትን ይጎዳል፤ ጥርስንም ያበላሻል። ስለጫት በይበልጥ ለማወቅ ካሰፈለገ፤ ደራሲው ከዚህ በፊት የጻፋቸው ጽሁፎች በተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ድህረ ገጾች ላይ ይገኛሉ።

ትንባሆ፦ ባጭሩ ትንባሆ አዓምሮ ላይ ከሚያመጣው የንቃት ስሚትና ሱስ በተጨማሪ፤ የደም ድዛትን፤ የልብ ህመምን፤ የሳንባ በሽታን፤ የተልያዩ የካንሰር አይነቶችንና የጥርሰ መበላሸትን ሊፈጥር ዓንደሚችል ተመዝግባል። ትንባሆ በኢትዮጵያዊያን በብዛት የሚወሰደው በሲጋራ መልክ በማጨሰ ነው።

በሳንባ በኩል የሚወሰዱ ሊሎች ኪሚካሎች፦ ዓነዚህ ሱስ አምጪ ኪሚካሎች በአፍ ውይም በአፍንጫ ተሰበው በሳንባ በኩል ሰውነት ውሰጥ የሚገቡ ናቸው። ኪሚካሎቹ በብዙ መንገድ በሰዉነት ዉሰጥ የሚሰሩ ወይም ጉዳት የሚያመጡ ናቸው። ብዙዎቹ ዓንደተወሰዱ ወዲያውኑ የአዓምሮ ንቃት ይሰጡና ቀትሎም ማደንዠዝን፤ ራሰማታትን፤ ማቅንሽንሽን፤ መንገዳገድን፤ መደበርን፤ መርሳትንና የልብና የነርቭ በሽታዎችን ያሰከትላሉ። በስፋት ከሚገኙት ኪሚካሎች መካከል በምሳሊነት የዓቃ ማይይዣ (ግሉ)፤ የግድግዳ ቀለሞ መበጥበጫ፤ የጸጉር ሰፕሪይ፤ ቢንዚን (ጋዝ)፤ ዓንደ ቡቲን ያሉ ጋዞችና አንዳንድ ተናኝነት ያላቸው የላቦራቶሪ ፈሳሽ ኪሚካሎች የሚጠቀሱ ናቸው። አስፈላጊው ጥንቃቂ ካልተወሰደ ዓነዚህ ነገሮች የልብንና የሳንባን አሰራር በማቃወሰ ድንገተኛ ሞት ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ ናቸው። ለረጅም ጊዚ ሲወሰዱ ደግሞ የአዓምሮን የማሰብ ችሎታና የአይንን የማየት ብቃት ይቀንሳሉ፤ በሰውነት ላይ ክሳት ያሰከትላሉ፤ የአጥንት ቅልጥምም ዓንዲበላሽ በማድረግ በደም አስራርና አገልግሎት ላይ ችግር ይፈጥራሉ።

በሀኪም የሚታዘዙ ሱሰ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ መድሃኒቶች፦ ለጭንቅላት/ለራስ በሽታዎች ተብለው ህኪም የሚያዛቸው ብዙ መድህኒቶች በተክክል ከጥቅም ላይ ካልዋሉ፤ ሱስንና ሊሎች ብዙ ችግሮችን ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ ናቸው። ከነዚህም መካከል አደንዛዥ መድህኒቶች፤ ዓንቅልፍ አምጪ መድሃኒቶች፤ አንቂ መድሃኒቶች፤ የመንቀዥቅዥ ማረጋጊያ መድሃኒቶች፤ የስጋት ማስታገሻ መድሃኒቶችና የህመም ስሚት ማብረጃ መድሃኒቶች ይገኙበርታል። መድሃኒቶቹ ያለአግባብ ከተወሰዱ፤ አንደአይነታቸው የተለያዩ የአዓምሮና የሊላ የአካላት ችግር ያመጣሉ። በዚህ ርአስ ስር ሊጠቃለሉ የሚችሉ ዓንደ ባርቢቹሪት፤ ቢንዞዲያዚፕን፤ ኦፒዮይድስ አምፊታሚን የመሳሰሉ መድሃኒቶች ናቸው።

ከላይ ከተዘርዘሩት መሰረታዊ ጊዳዮች በተጨማሪ ሱስ አምጪ ስለሆኑ ነገሮች ቀጥሎ የተመለከቱት መታወቅ ይኖርባቸዋል። ማናቸዉም መድሀኒት ወይም ኪሚካል በብዛትና ለረጅም ጊዚ ሲወሰድ ጉዳቱ ከፍተኛ ይሆናል። የተለያዪ መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች ተደባልቀው ሲወሰዱ ደግሞ ያለተጠበቀ ጊዳት ሊያመጡ ይችላሉ። ሱስኞች የሚወስዳቸው ብዙ ሱስ አምጪ ነገሮች ቁጥጥርና ጥራት ስለሚጎላቸው፤ ያልታወቁ ተጨማሪ ጉዳቶች ይኖራቸዋል። በተጨማሪም በመርፊ መልክ የሚወስዱት መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች በወሳጁ ላይ ዓንደ ኢቻአይቪ/ኢይድስና ሂፓታይተስ የመሳሰሉ በሽታዎችን ሊያስተላልፉ ይችላሉ።

በዚህ ጽሁፍ የተገለጹትንም ሆነ ሊሎች ሱስ አምጪ የሆኑ ነገሮችን ለመቆጣጠርና በአግባብ ከጥቅም ላማዋል ወይም ጥቅም የሊላቸዉን ለማስወገድ፤ በተልያዩ አገሮች የወጡ ደንቦች አሉ። በአሚሪካ ዓነዚህ መድሃኒቶች/ኪሚካሎች ባአንድ ላይ “ቁጥጥር የሚደረግባቸው ቁሳቁሶች” በመስለ ስያሚ ታዉቀው በሚያመጡት የሱሰ አይነትና በሊላ መለኪያዎች ተገምግመው በአምስት ክፍል ተዋቅረዋል። ከዚህ አመዳደባቸውጋር በማገናዘብ መድሃኒቶቹን/ኪሚካሎቹን ከህግ ዉጪ ለሚጠቀሙ፤ ለሚሰሩ ወይም ለሚያሰራጩ ሰዎች ተመጣጣኝ የሆኑ ቅጣቶች ደመድበዋል። ሰለዚህ ከዓነዚህ ሱሰ አምጪ ነገሮች ዓራስን በተቻለ መጠን ማራቁ፤ በሰዉነትም ሆነ በኢኮኖሚ ላይ ሊያመጡ ከሚችሉት ጉዳት መትረፍ ብቻ ሳይሆን ከወንጀልና ከቅጣትም መዳን ሊሆን ይችላል።

በመድሃኒቶችና በሊላ ተመሳሳይ ነገሮች ሱሰ ላለመጠመድ ዓነዚህን ነገሮች መዉሰድ አለመጀምሩ ከሁሉ በላይ የሚመረጥ ነው። ነገሮቹ ከተወሰዱ በወሳጁ ላይ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉትን ችግሮች በቅድሚያ ማወቁ ለመከላከሉ ዉሳኒ የሚረዳ ነው። ስለዚህ ችግሩን በቅድሚያ ለመከላከል ትምህርት ወሳኝ ነው ለማለት ይቻላል። በቁሳቁሶቹ ሱስ ለተጠመደ ሰውም ቢሆን ሊረዱ የሚችሉ ልዩ ልዩ አገልግሎቶች አሉ። ፈቃደኛ ለሆነ ሱሰኛ የባለሞያ ስነልቦናዊ ምክር ማግኝት፤ የድጋፍ ክለብ አባል መሆንና የህክምና ባለሞያ ዓርዳታ ማግኘት የሚቻል ነው። ዓነዚህና ተመሳሳይ የሆኑ ዓርምጃዎች በየፈርጁ መልካም ውጢት ያሰገኙ ናችው። አሁንም ዓንደገና የተጠቀሱትን አገልግሎቶች በትክክል ለማወቅና ለመጠቀም፤ ስለ ሱሰ አምጪ ቁሳቁሶች ቢያንሰ የተወሰ ትምህርት ማግኘቱ ዓጅግ ጠቃሚ ነው።

ጥረት ከተደረገ ከሱስ ተገዢነት ነጻ መውጣት የሚቻል ነው። ችግር ያለባቸው የመጪው አዲስ ዓመት ይህ አንዱ አላማቸው ዓዲሆን በመጠየቅ፤ 2013 መልካም ዓመት ዓንዲሆንላቸው ዓመኛለሁ።

ወርቁ አበበ (wowokagroup@yahoo.com)


State sponsored child trafficking in Ethiopia exposed

Saturday, December 15th, 2012
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Sudan’s external debt projected to hit record $46 billion in 2013 – IMF

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44035

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) released figures on Thursday projecting that Sudan’s external debts will hit an all-time high next year, the latest evidence of a growing economic crisis engulfing the East African nation.

Sudan’s external debt are estimated to have grown by 27% since 2008 from $32.6 billion to $41.4 billion in 2011. The IMF forecast that the debt level will reach $43.7 billion in 2012 and $45.6 billion in 2013. The latter represents 83% of Sudan’s 2011 GDP, which was $55.1 billion.

In its annual review of the Sudanese economy, the IMF Executive board urged Khartoum to "step up their dialogue with creditors and donors to garner support for debt relief".

Around three quarters of Sudan’s external debt are owed to the Paris Club of creditor nations and other non-member states. The remaining balance is equally divided between commercial banks and international and regional financial bodies.

Sudan’s economy was hit hard since the southern part of the country declared independence in July 2011, taking with it about 75% of the country’s oil output.

On Thursday the negotiating teams from the two countries signed an agreement in the Ethiopian capital by which Khartoum will "retain all external debt liabilities". This will be in return for both countries working jointly on reaching out to international creditors to cancel the debt.

Should the two countries fail to secure a commitment from the creditors on debt relief, new negotiations would commence to split up the liability. This is believed to be a thorny issue as Juba asserted in the past that the loans taken by Khartoum were used primarily towards financing military efforts during the north-south civil war.

Several countries such as United States, United Kingdom and Germany expressed readiness to offer debt relief but political conditions attached will likely slow down the materialization of the pledges.

This year Sudan announced that China – a major investor in oil, construction and other sectors of the Sudanese economy – had agreed to extend Sudan’s debt maturity by an extra five years in light of the loss of revenues.

The loss of oil revenue severely curtailed Sudan’s foreign currency inflows putting pressure on the Sudanese pound and pushing inflation rates even higher.

Sudan’s low levels of foreign currency reserves held by the central bank also meant the latter could do little to intervene to support the pound against other currencies.

The IMF is expecting Sudan’s international reserves to drop from $1.3 billion in 2011 to $1.1 billion in 2012 before rising slightly to $1.2 billion in 2013. These levels are enough to cover a little under two months of imports according to IMF calculations.

Sudanese officials traditionally treated the amount of reserves held in foreign currency as a heavily guarded secret refusing to make it public.

In recent months there were news reports attributed to government officials saying that they have received billions of dollars from Arab nations namely Qatar and Libya.

But critics allege that the government intentionally spread the "false" news for the purpose of pushing the price of the dollar on the black market lower as the pound continued to slip.

A year ago, the Bank of Sudan governor called on Arab states to provide up to $4 billion in deposits to shore up the country’s foreign exchange reserves.

The nationwide Forex shortfall hammered the value of the Sudanese pound on the black market, causing it to fall to as low as 6.2 pounds to the dollar last April while the official rate has remained at around 2.7 pounds.

"In order to stabilize the domestic currency and stop the draw-down on the country’s foreign exchange reserves, the authorities introduced various administrative restrictions. These measures were, however, unsuccessful in preventing the depreciation of the exchange rate in the curb market" the IMF said in its assessment of Sudan’s handling of the deteriorating exchange rate.

Authorities in Khartoum decided last May to devalue the pound in a long awaited bid to stabilize the local currency and reverse the chronic shortage in Forex that has plagued the market and frustrated businesses.

However, the devaluation of the pound that was coupled with lifting other restrictions on Forex trade has yet to bear fruit which analysts attribute to the drop in exports and investment levels.

’MORE ECONOMIC REFORMS NEEDED’

The IMF lauded Sudan’s austerity measures which included raising certain taxes, reducing fuel subsidies and cutting non-priority spending but said more is needed to achieve full potential.

"These measures are a positive step towards restoring macroeconomic stability and addressing Sudan’s macroeconomic imbalances. However, reaching fiscal sustainability and enhancing growth potential will require a determined continuation of the reform momentum. Stepping up structural reforms will also help address the underlying structural challenges facing the economy. Key reforms include: (i) a comprehensive civil service reform, (ii) banking sector restructuring, (iii) ambitious privatization program, and (iv) improving governance" the IMF statement said.

The measures triggered a rare but small outburst of protests in the country last summer demanding that the government rollback the new policies.

IMF figures project a sharp drop in revenue to 12.9% of GDP in 2012 compared to 18.7% last year. Expenditures however fell at a slower rate from 20.0% to 16.6% during the same period leaving a negative net balance that is expected to continue throughout 2013.

Last week the Sudanese finance minister complained that the government is facing a number of obstacles in slashing its spending as planned primarily due to non-responsiveness by state governments in adopting the measures and suggested that this may require an intervention by the central government to force compliance.

The government said it would downsize its bureaucracy through a reduction in the number of constitutional post holders in both federal and regional governments from 572 to 318. It also announced elimination of five ministries, mergers between others, sacking of six presidential advisers and reductions in official perks.

The IMF appeared critical of Sudan government for resorting excessively to the banking sector to finance its budget deficits saying it resulted in reserve money growing at 28% and subduing credit to other sectors of the economy.

But today’s agreements signed between Juba and Khartoum could offer a relief to the beleaguered economy since it will allow the landlocked South Sudan to resume oil exports though Sudan, which will provide both ailing economies with desperately needed cash.

Last January South Sudan suspended its entire output of 350,000 barrels a day over a dispute over transit fees.

The former central bank governor Saber Mohamed Al-Hassan said that the deal will provide Khartoum with $2 billion annually and will enhance trade between the two nations.

(ST)


Eritrea’s Olympic flag bearer seeks political asylum in the U.K.

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

Olympic athlete seeks asylum on Wearside

weynay.jpg
Eritreas flag bearer Weynay Ghebresilasie leads his delegation during the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympics.
Published on Saturday 15 December 2012 10:26

AN Olympic athlete forced to flee his African homeland amid fears he would be executed at the hands of its military regime is hoping to start a new life on Wearside.

Steeplechaser Weynay Ghebresilasie was one of four Eritrean athletes who failed to return home after the London Olympics earlier this year.

The country, which has a population of just five million, has one of the largest armies in Africa.

Made up of soldiers forced indefinitely into national service, it is regularly branded “repressive” by human rights groups and is alleged to subject its conscripts to torture and illegal forced labour.

Weynay, who had been a soldier for 18 months, has three brothers in the army and lost a fourth in the 1998-2000 war with Ethiopia.

After walking out of the Olympic village, he threw away the sim card that had been given to him by the team’s minders.

He embarked on the process of claiming asylum in the UK, spending 11 hours being interviewed by UK Border Agency staff.

Sent to a detention centre in Croydon, he later spent two weeks in Huddersfield before moving to Sunderland last month.

“Conditions back home are so harsh you have no rights and you are controlled by the state,” he said. “I had no freedom even while I was in London.

“We were not treated as athletes.

“The people in charge were high-ranking army officers.

“Once you are forced into the army there is no way of getting out. If I am sent home I will be accused of treason.

“I could be executed or my life will be in danger.”

Weynay, 18, said he did not plan to seek asylum before he came to the UK, hoping that circumstances back home would improve.

However, while competing at the games, he said he received similar harsh treatment by the Eritrean Federation for Sport.

Weynay said his below-par performance in the Olympics was due to mismanagement and he was also suffering from a chest infection.

He finished 10th in his heat in 8.37.57 – his best stands at 8.28.92.

“I was hoping to race to the best of my ability and maybe come close to winning a medal, so I was really disappointed,” he said.

Weynay is Eritrea’s leading junior athlete, finishing sixth in the 3,000m steeplechase in the World Junior Athletics Championships in Barcelona in July and 30th in the World Junior Cross Country Championships last year.

His best times are 1,500m – 3.40, 3,000m – 7.54.55 and 5,000m, 13.53.

While continuing his battle for asylum, Weynay has been welcomed into the Sunderland Harriers, which he joined as a first-claim club member.

Club secretary Michael Hill said: “Weynay has joined us for training for the last three weeks. He started out with the veterans, but he was a bit too quick for us.

“He is now training with athletes who are a bit faster. He is ever-present at the Harriers’ training base at Silksworth and has been warmly welcomed by the members.”

Weynay is keen to get back to competition, having not raced since the Olympics. He has been registered to UK Athletics as a foreign athlete and is free to compete.

He is expected to make his debut in the North Eastern Harrier League at Bedewell Park today, in the senior men’s handicap race. It is not yet decided what pack he will run from.

If all goes well, Weynay hopes to race in the Northern Junior Cross Country Championships, in Liverpool, on January 26 and the National Cross Country Championships at Herrington Country Park, on February 23.

A UK Border Agency spokesman said: “We do not routinely comment on individual cases.”
http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/loca … -1-5228758


The Nile Project launches with its first major event in Aswan, Egypt, from 10 – 29 January 2013

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

PRESS RELEASE

The Nile Project was founded in August 2011 by Egyptian ethnomusicologist Mina Girgis and Ethiopian-American singer Meklit Hadero to address the Nile basin’s cultural and environmental challenges using an innovative approach that combines music, education and an enterprise platform. The world’s longest river runs through 11 countries (Congo DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt) and touches the lives of 400 million people. The Project’s mission is to connect the people of the Nile basin through a cultural dialogue that evokes Africa’s iconic river as a shared ecosystem.

Initial crowd funding was secured by Mina and Meklit to embark on their reconnaissance journey across East Africa in May 2012, where they have engaged with musicians, development organizations and cultural institutions to take part in the Project and help shape its various programs. The first of these programs, the Nile Gathering, takes place at Fekra Cultural Centre in Aswan, Egypt, between 10 – 29 January 2013. The Gathering encompasses a four-day strategic planning workshop (10 – 14 January) that builds on the Project’s vision, followed by a two-week music residency (15 – 29 January) to develop music that can generate empathy and inspire cultural and environmental curiosity.

The workshop will bring together expertise in fields of environment, culture, agriculture, finance, education, development, nonviolent communication, cross-cultural dialogue, conflict resolution and intercultural learning. A team of Art of Hosting (see notes to editors) facilitators will engage participants in conversations that integrate their respective disciplinary and cultural perspectives and contribute to a common understanding of Nile issues. The outcomes will serve as blueprints for intercultural dialogues integral to the Project‘s programs and activities.

During the residency, musicians from the 11 Nile basin countries will collaborate to translate this intercultural dialogue into a new body of songs, drawn from the rich and diverse genres, traditions and instruments found in East Africa. Under the musical direction of Miles Jay (see notes to editors), the music residency will provide a space for the musicians to learn about one another and compose and record new music to be performed in Africa and around the world.

Nile Project programs
Nile Tour: using a boat made of recycled water bottles, a collective of Nile Project musicians and environmental educators will sail down the river, from the Mediterranean to Aswan in 35 days, performing concerts complemented by participatory workshops where local audiences learn about the Nile’s cultural and environmental fabric.

Nile Stories: complementing the Nile Tour, this will be a web-based dialogue platform where Nile citizens can share their perspectives on the river through live conversations as well as short-format videos.

Nile Camps: annual summer camps for young musicians from the 11 Nile basin countries. During the day, they explore local ecosystems and in the evening, they express their learning through music.

Nile Curriculum: an educational initiative that offers a holistic approach to Nile river ecology and its inhabitants with a multidisciplinary curriculum exploring history, geography, cultures and ecosystems of the Nile basin.

TEDxNile: a conference featuring scientists, thinkers and artists with Nile-related ideas worth spreading.

Nile Enterprise Platform / Nile Fellowship Program: this platform will channel newly acquired cultural and environmental understanding towards concrete action. Partnering with social enterprise organizations such as Ashoka (see notes to editors), the project will train and empower East African youth to develop innovative solutions that address social, cultural, environmental and economic challenges relevant to the Nile.

For further information contact

Sarah El Miniawy Hefni
Communications Director
The Nile Project
sarah@nileproject.org
+2 0115 018 3377 (Egypt)
+44 7980 687877 (UK)

Mina Girgis / Executive Director
Mina is an Egyptian ethnomusicologist and arts entrepreneur living between San Francisco, CA and Cairo, Egypt. He has participated in organizing many multicultural events such as the Smithsonian Silk Road Festival in Washington DC and Farah El Bahr Euro-Mediterranean Festival in Alexandria, Egypt. He is the founder and the Executive Director of the Nile Project and the Zambaleta Institute.

Meklit Hadero / Cofounder
Meklit is a critically acclaimed Ethiopian-American singer, musician and cultural activist based in San Francisco, CA. She has been an artist-in-residence at NYU, has completed musical commissions for the Fund for Artists, the Brava Theater, and the De Young Museum, and was recently awarded the 2012 TED Senior Fellowship with the Nile Project as her main focus. She is also co-founder of the Arba Minch Collective.

Miles Jay / Musical Director
Miles has extensive performance experience in the musical traditions of the Middle East, making him one of the most uniquely qualified double bassists in the World Music scene today. Performances have taken him to Cairo, Oslo, Dubai, Dakar, Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center. Musical credits include Youssou N’Dour, Fathy Salama, Naser Shama, the Cairo Symphony Orchestra, Ross Daly (Greece), Trygve Seim (Norway), Omar Faruk Tekbilek, and ‘Weird’ Al Yankovic. Active in various production roles, in 2005 he was the Associate Musical Director / Contractor / Bassist for Youssou N’Dour’s U.S. tour. In 2006, while in Cairo, Miles co-founded, co-produced, and recorded two unique original music ensembles called Bakash and Masar.

The Art of Hosting
The Art of Hosting and Convening Conversations for Social Transformation is both a collection of social technology practices and an international network of its practitioners. While the majority Art of Hosting events are training grounds to new “hosts,” this Nile Project workshop will not provide training to participants. Rather, the workshop will be organized by experienced hosts to lead the participants through a variety of group facilitation techniques (such as the Circle, Appreciative Inquiry, Dragon Dream Planning, the World Café, Open Space Technology, Collective Mind-Map and the Pro Action Café) to best serve the purpose of the Nile Gathering.

Nahdet El Mahrousa (NM)
An Egyptian not-for-profit, non-governmental organization (NPO/NGO) registered with the Ministry of Social Solidarity. Since its founding in 2003, NM has endeavored to create an ecosystem fostering social entrepreneurship and supporting the advancement, development, and scaling-up of social enterprises in Egypt. NM’s flagship program, the Incubator of Innovative Social Enterprises, empowers high-potential social entrepreneurs to act as drivers of social innovation by providing social entrepreneurs with capacity-building, technical support, access to networks, and seed funding. The incubator model is meant to help social entrepreneurs build successful, scalable, and sustainable models addressing social issues in Egypt. The Nile Project operates with support from NM’s incubator program.

Fekra
The Fekra Cultural Center organizes traditional and contemporary music and dance events, poetry evenings, lectures and film screenings. FEKRA also offers courses and workshops with local and international artists and facilitates an international cultural exchange. The center is located on 40’000 sqm of land next to the Nile coves and opposite the island of the Philae Temple, in Southern Egypt. It is situated next to Aswan in the El Shallal region, which borders the red granite rock desert and lies beneath Lake Nasser, the gateway to the Sudan.

Ashoka
Ashoka is the global association of the world’s leading social entrepreneurs —men and women with system changing solutions for the world’s most urgent social problems. Since 1981, Ashoka has elected almost 3,000 leading social entrepreneurs as Ashoka Fellows, providing them with living stipends, professional support, and access to a global network of peers in 70 countries. Ashoka Fellows inspire others to adopt and spread their innovations —demonstrating to all citizens that they too have the potential to be powerful change makers and make a positive difference in their communities. By unleashing the same innovative and entrepreneurial mindset, which has driven business sector growth over the last two centuries, Ashoka is leading a dramatic transformation in society, fueling the citizen sector’s unprecedented growth.

The Danish Egyptian Dialogue Institute (DEDI)
DEDI is an independent institution established in Cairo in 2004 as a project under the "Danish-Arabic Partnership Program" with funding from the Danish Development Agency (DANIDA). The strategic aim of the Institute is to enhance political life in Egypt and Denmark, and in Europe and the Arab World at large, and to improve mutual understanding and dialogue between communities living in these areas. The Institute is funded by grants from the Danish development agency, DANIDA. The first DANIDA grant was spent in the period from late 2004 to early 2008. The Nile Gathering is made possible with support from DEDI.

Wolff Olins
The Nile Project logo and brand identity was developed in collaboration with Wolff Olins, a global brand consultancy that is ambitious for clients and optimistic for the world. Its clients are leaders in all categories including technology, culture, media, retail, industry, and non-profit organizations. Wolff Olins helps clients create game-changing work by developing unique brand experiences, products that drive demand, and creatively-led business strategies. (RED), GE, Mercedes-Benz, New York City, London 2012, Tate, Unilever, Target, Hero MotoCorp, Tata Docomo and AOL are all examples of the positive impact of Wolff Olins’ work. For further information, please visit: http://www.wolffolins.com. Wolff Olins is a part of Diversified Agency Services, a division of Omnicom Group Inc.

Wafaa El Nil
To produce the Nile Gathering, The Nile Project is partnering with Wafaa El Nil, a local NGO devoted to promoting Nile sustainability through cultural events and environmental awareness campaigns.


Susan Rice is now Fried Rice – a great news for her victims in Africa

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

Good news is always welcome. Then there is the extraordinarily good news that jars you from your slumber. And when the good news happens right around Christmas there is nothing one can do other than put more log in the fire place, take a generous helping of the twelve year old scotch light up a fat Cohibas and sit back with Cheshire cat smile imprinted on ones face. That is what I wanted to do yesterday if only I had a fireplace, aged scotch or a fat cigar. Not to worry I had the good news and it brought a wide smile.

The good news is the exit of Susan Rice from the idea of becoming the Secretary of State. Poor Susan she did not even get nominated but they dangled her name out there to be trashed and mangled. They found out she is toxic. It looks like contemplating Susan Rice as foreign policy maker brought queasiness and nausea to some king makers.

Susan’s demise woke me up. The last few weeks I was in ‘Ground hog day’ land. Have you watched the movie ‘Ground Hog Day’? That was what I felt like. In that story the main character finds himself repeating the same day again and again. That is our country Ethiopia in a nutshell. The same crap story told over and over again until we become numb to it.

In the movie Phil the main character comes to face with his shallow and indifferent existence and is compelled to make amends. He was able to break the loop of indifference, apathy and selfishness. You know what my ultimate fear is? As an Ethiopian, it is to think that we are unable to get out of this loser loop we are wallowing for the last few decades.

We pride ourselves as being the oldest Nation State in history. We are quick to point out that we were never colonized. Both are commendable feats. The issue facing us now is what has that got to do with today. Those past accomplishments though daring have no relevance to the situation we are in now. Where exactly are we at today? We are with all due respect technologically backward, quality of life at the bottom any human achievement, a very inadequate educational and health system, an oppressive and lawless political arrangement and the epicenter of famine and starvation.

No need to deny that, no need to cringe and totally useless not to face realty. Unless one comes face to face with one’s ailment solution cannot be found. The first step towards recovery is realizing we have a problem and it is the cause of the many difficulties faced by our country and people. The best approach to bring about change is to look at the specific problems our behavior is causing and tackle that. For example being a coward makes us bow to authority, lack of character makes us lie and cheat to each other, our problem with low self-esteem makes us indifferent to the plight of fellow countrymen, our selfish attitude works against our own self-interest in the long run and we play the blame game to distance ourselves from the problem at hand and avoid responsibility.

The last few months have been trying times extraordinaire. It was like we were caught in a vortex, meaning a whirling mass of nothingness coming at us from all sides. I am of course talking about the US presidential elections and my Ethiopian brethren’s behavior here in good old America. I am sure glad it is over. The unbridled enthusiasm of my fellow Ethiopians escapes any and all explanations. Some were consumed by it, a few were stressed out plenty were hating on the Republican Party while lost souls like myself were diving for cover. It was not easy. There was no place to hide.

It was an impossible mission trying to get a response why my friends were gung ho about Barrack Obamas reelection. To tell you the truth I had nothing against it. At the same time I did not find any reason to be frenzied or extremely emotional either. Of course I will vote for him if given the chance but I wouldn’t be twisted out of shape or lose any sleep regarding the outcome if different.

Please note here that I am speaking as an Ethiopian since choosing someone is based on purely selfish needs. What is he gona do for me is the only question the average person asks of a candidate unless of course one is altruistic and I am afraid that is not what most people are. Most Americans voted for candidate Obama because he promised to lower taxes for the middle class, bring immigration reform, set a dead line regarding the country’s involvement in Afghanistan, killed Osama and seemed to have a functional family. Mr. Romney’s constant foot in the mouth situation and show of absolute detachment from reality was a great help towards Mr. Obama’s reelection attempt.

The crucial question to an Ethiopian is of course what is he going to do for my country Ethiopia? That was what I wanted to be addressed when conversing with my Ethiopian-American family and friends. If their support is due to the fact that he is the son of Africa or he shows empathy towards the middle class I completely agree. My problem was when a few want to drag poor Ethiopia into the equation and claim his reelection will help our country. As they say the devil is in the details and here is one situation where the truth does not jive with reality.

Four years ago Mr. Obama appeared on the scene as the messenger of change. In all his speeches he made it clear that the US under his leadership will stand with the down trodden and the oppressed in a new kind of way. Upon being elected that was his message when he toured the Middle East and that was his message to his African family when he made a brief stopover in Ghana. We were overjoyed when he put dictators everywhere on notice that their days of horror is over. Here is a long excerpt from President Obama’s speech to Africans from Accra, Ghana in July of 2009.

“We must start from the simple premise that Africa’s future is up to Africans…..First, we must support strong and sustainable democratic governments……
As I said in Cairo, each nation gives life to democracy in its own way, and in line with its own traditions. But history offers a clear verdict: governments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful than governments that do not.

This is about more than holding elections – it’s also about what happens between them. Repression takes many forms, and too many nations are plagued by problems that condemn their people to poverty. No country is going to create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy to enrich themselves, or police can be bought off by drug traffickers. No business wants to invest in a place where the government skims 20 percent off the top, or the head of the Port Authority is corrupt. No person wants to live in a society where the rule of law gives way to the rule of brutality and bribery. That is not democracy, that is tyranny, and now is the time for it to end…. But I can promise you this: America will be with you. As a partner. As a friend.”

Beautifully said don’t you think so? No one could have said it better. I distinctly remember the time and place when I read that speech, would it be too much to reveal that it gave me mental orgasm? If mere words can intoxicate this was it. I cried. At last, I said a friend in a place of power, my prayers have been answered.

I waited and waited and waited some more. I told myself may be next week, next month you think next year? Unfortunately what Mr. Obama says and what President Obama does is not the same thing. There is a dis-connect between words and deeds. “Barack Obama became a less ideological but more effective version of George W Bush,” said Professor Aaron Miller, a vice-president at the Woodrow Wilson Centre. How true.

Thus the coddling of dictators continued unabated, the use of drones to kill from afar got accelerated and the marginalization of Africa did not cease. My country Ethiopia became a pawn in America’s war with its enemies. My dictator was invited to sit alongside his masters, the enablers that choose not to see what he was doing to my country as long as he served their purpose.

President Obama’s State department never stopped detailing the crimes of the dictator against his people while President Obama’s Pentagon was generous in furnishing weapons, transportation and training to those who use it against the same people and commit the crimes to be recited by Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the victims themselves. And most of all Mr. Obama’s rhetoric against dictators, deniers of freedom and human right abusers never stopped.

Thus when my Ethiopian American friends were moving heaven and earth to get their candidate reelected I wondered why? What would the other guy running for the office do different than what is being done to us now? If they are supporting the President as an American citizen I understand but why are they throwing the word Ethiopian in front of their designation. That is not fair. To show them that they actually do not matter the newly re-elected President threw Susan Rice at us as a thank you prize. Take that my Ethiopian-American constituent.

Wait a minute isn’t this the same Susan Rice that insulted Meles Zenawi’s victims as fools? Is it the Susan Rice that travelled all the way to Addis to vouch the humanity of the butcher and mad man? Yes the one and only Susan Rice that went to Harlem to preach at the war lord’s memorial. Of course there is more to her than that. During the second term of Bill Clinton’s Presidency our Susan Rice was Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs and how do you think she showed her love to Africa? It was by friending characters such as Rwanda’s Kagame, Uganda’s Museveni, Ethiopia’s Zenawi, and Congo’s Kabila. Could you think of any loathsome characters as these? The five dysfunctional sycophants are responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Africans and Susan Rice shares the credit and blame.

Rumor had it Mr. Obama might nominate Susan Rice to be the next Secretary of State. Shall we say the response has been heartwarming to a marginalized Ethiopian? I have been sitting back and enjoying the dictator lover twist in the wind. Her recent problem started when Obama’s White House used her as a ‘fall guy’ for the Benghazi attack. She was paraded out with false intelligence to keep Mr. Obama out the headlines for the debacle during the election. Our intelligent and highly educated friend went on national TV distorting the truth and reality since making shit up is nothing new to her. I very much enjoy our ‘idiotic and foolish’ friend travelling from one Senator’s office to another with her tail between her legs begging for love. Watching her swatted like a pesky fly is as far as I am concerned a priceless sight.

The one thing I find curious is that when recounting her shortcomings no one seems to mention her love of dictators and mad Africans as worthwhile failing. They talk about her miserable performance at the UN, her Benghazi disinformation campaign and even her investment in the oil pipe line deal but nothing about her involvement in the Rwanda massacre, not a whisper regarding her friendship with the Ethiopian criminal PM and her love for African dictators. It shows you how much we matter.

So a few of my Ethiopian friends started a petition to let Mr. Obama know what they think of the lady. I mean she insulted our struggle for freedom, she mocked us and she did it all in public. It is like one of us calling Martin Luther king a fool or Malcolm X an idiot. How many Ethiopians do you think signed the petition? A minuscule amount did.

Why do you think that is so? You think it is due to that little sickness I mentioned earlier? The matter of low self-esteem, Cowardice, selfishness and ignorance all rolled in one? Thus we campaigned for Mr. Obama so he can look after our interest and when he acts against it we are afraid to say wait a minute that is not why we elected you! I don’t see labor unions, women’s organizations, Hispanic groups playing dead when their interest is threatened. What is it about us that is willing to make excuse when stepped on?

You see that same trait is displayed in our National politics. We are willing to dance with the criminals in powers as long as they throw a piece of land, cheap hotels and brothels to frequent when we visit home. When exactly did we become a nation of lemmings? Watch the YouTube video link at the end and you can see what I mean. Guess what there must be some kind of power that looks after us. The fact that every Christmas the giving to our nation and people never stops is one clue. Three years ago ESAT was established, a year ago OLF denounced the separate trail and joined the mother fold and this year the giving has been a little overwhelming. The sudden death of Dictator Meles Zenawi and the faux patriarch and now Susan Rice’s humiliation begs for an answer. Despite our cheap character and betrayal of our motherland those that harm or conspire to hurt good old Ethiopia live to regret their transgressions. It looks like harming our mother comes with ugly consequences.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC statement on current situation in Ethiopia

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

ENTC issued a press release today on the current Ethiopian situation. The press release strongly denounced the ongoing abuses and injustices by the regime and calls for all Ethiopians to get engaged.

Read full statement

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

With 6 consecutive free and fair elections Ghana becomes the most stable democracy in Africa

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

(UN NEWS CENTER) — United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulates the people of Ghana on the peaceful holding of their presidential and parliamentary elections, according to his spokesperson.

Image
President Mahama is re-elected

“He extends his congratulations to President Mahama and all presidential candidates for their exemplary conduct throughout the campaign period, and for their commitment to maintaining peace, especially as shown in their signing of the Kumasi Declaration,” the spokesperson added in a statement, referring to an agreement made by presidential candidates against electoral violence.

According to media reports, Ghana’s electoral authorities announced on Sunday that the incumbent, John Dramani Mahama, won a new term as president. Mr. Mahama – who replaced former President John Atta Mills after his death in July – reportedly won 50.7 percent of the ballots cast.

The Secretary-General’s spokesperson said that Mr. Ban takes note of the declaration of the final results by the Electoral Commission, which he commends for its continued commitment to the professional and transparent organization of elections.

“He encourages the concerned parties to continue to use legal means to resolve all disputes and he emphasizes that all actions taken in this critical period should contribute to preserving peace and stability in Ghana,” the spokesperson added.

* * * *

(CSM) — Ghana has once again voted freely and fairly in a presidential election, electing its president for four more years and bolstering its image as a stable democracy in a region where smooth elections are rare.

The election victory for President John Dramani Mahama followed the death of former President John Atta Mills in July as well as a contentious campaign largely fought over how best to manage the country’s education system.

“There were hiccups here and there, [which were] purely administrative, and once they were addressed, everything proceeded smoothly,” says Pakalitha Mosisili, chairman of an observer group from the commonwealth. “We have no hesitation in declaring the 2012 Ghana elections free and fair, transparent, and leading to a credible result.”

Those hiccups included problems with a new voter fingerprint verification system and delays in getting ballots to the polls. And the country’s opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP) has claimed widespread fraud and vowed not to accept the official results without an audit, an issue which may be resolved in court.

But compared with its neighbors, Ghana’s sixth presidential election since 1992 was a remarkable example of democracy at work in a region where it is still an exception rather than the rule.

“We have come to accept the fact that politics, even though it divides us, cannot break the family unity we have as Ghanaians,” says Franklin Oduro, deputy director the Center for Democratic Development think tank. “We think that whatever peace we have, no matter how small it is, we need to protect it, we need to consolidate it.”

The first test of that commitment came not on polling day, but in July, when President Mills passed away. President Mahama was smoothly elevated to power, tasked with leading the ruling National Democratic Congress’s campaign against NPP candidate Nana Akufo-Addo, who had run in 2008.

Mr. Akufo-Addo had been defeated so narrowly in the last poll that some NPP supporters claim the election was stolen. Nonetheless, Akufo-Addo stepped aside, returning for the 2012 campaign with a pledge to make high school free.

In the run-up to the election day, both parties traded accusations that their opponents were conspiring to strong-arm voters and rig polls. And when voting started, ballot materials showed up late and some fingerprint verification machines failed. In response, the electoral commission took the unprecedented step of keeping some polls open for a second day, which was met with objections from the ruling party but little organized resistance.

“I think from the experience that Ghana had in 2008, they made a lot of improvement in rule of law,” says David Zounmenou, a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies in South Africa.

Some NPP supporters suspicious of a government attempt to rig the election staged protests in front of the electoral commission building and in an Accra residential area, where they claimed poll rigging was occurring.

But that was the extent, more or less, of any electoral unrest in Ghana. Compare that to neighboring Ivory Coast, whose former president lost last year’s election but refused to cede power, leading to a bloody civil war that haunts the country to this day.

“We’ve seen the commitment from the political actors, we’ve seen commitment from [electoral commission]” toward orderly elections, Mr. Zounmenou says. “I think if the country has made progress to that extent, it needs to be commended.”

Indeed, even the NPP protesters who converged on the electoral commission building on Sunday evening called not for blood and battle, but simply “We want peace!”


An Ethiopian-American returning from Addis Ababa was arrested at Dulles Airport for rape

Friday, December 14th, 2012

(CBP) — Customs and Border Protection officers at Washington Dulles International Airport arrested a U.S. citizen Wednesday who was wanted by Dakota County, Minn. police for strong-arm rape.

Samson Mengesha, 23, of St. Paul, Minn., arrived on a flight from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. CBP officers determined Mengesha to be subject to a warrant of arrest. The officers verified the validity of the warrant and confirmed extradition. Mengesha was arrested by CBP and turned over to Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority Police for further processing and extradition.

“The United States is a welcoming nation,” said Christopher Hess, CBP port director. “And CBP is committed to facilitating legitimate travel; however we stand ever vigilant in identifying those travelers that our laws identify as needing further scrutiny.”

CBP conducts inspection operations and intercepts currency, weapons, prohibited agriculture products or other illicit items, and on average makes 61 criminal arrests a day at U. S. Ports of entry nationwide.


Shooting at a Connecticut elementary school left 26 people dead, including small children

Friday, December 14th, 2012

26 dead after gunman assaults Connecticut elementary school, official says

By Miguel Llanos, NBC News

Updated at 1:30 p.m. ET: A young man clad in black and carrying two handguns shot up an elementary school in a small Connecticut town on Friday, leaving 18 small children and eight adults dead in one the nation’s worst school massacres, law enforcement officials said.

The gunman, described as a 20-year-old man from Connecticut, was later found dead, a federal law enforcement official told NBC News. A second person was in custody for a possible connection to the shooting, NBC’s Pete William reported.

Students – mostly under age 10 — described the terror that gripped Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown when the rampage began around 9:30 a.m., sparking a massive police response that included SWAT officers going room to room to search for victims.

The Hartford Courant, citing unnamed sources, said many of the victims were in a kindergarten classroom.

"I was in the gym and I heard a loud, like seven loud booms, and the gym teachers told us to go in the corner, so we all huddled," one student told NBC Connecticut. "And I kept hearing these booming noises. And we all … started crying.

"All the gym teachers told us to go into the office where no one could find us," she added. "So then a police officer came in and told us to run outside. So we did and we came in the firehouse and waited for our parents."

Dozens of emergency vehicles from across Fairfield County raced to the 600-student school, along with panicked parents hoping to be reunited with their children.

“It was horrendous,” Brenda Lebinski, mother of a third-grader, said at the scene.“Everyone was in hysterics – parents, students. There were kids coming out of the school bloodied. I don’t know if they were shot, but they were bloodied,” she said, according to Reuters.

Children are led from Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., on Friday after a reported shooting there.

One parent picking up his young son said the shooting was “the most terrifying moment a parent can imagine.” He described the anguish of waiting to find out if his son was a victim and then running to his child.

“It was the greatest relief in my existence,” the father said. “I’m just happy that my kid’s OK.”

Bracing for a large influx of wounded, Danbury Hospital went on lockdown and cleared four trauma rooms. It received only three patients, including a teacher shot in the foot, the Associated Press reported.

The motive for the shooting was unknown, and the gunman’s name was not released.

Two 9mm handguns were recovered from the scene, an official told WNBC’s Jonathan Dienst. The Associated Press said one of the guns was a.223-caliber rifle.

The FBI was on the scene, assisting with the investigation.

President Obama was told of the shooting at 10:30 a.m.

"I think it’s important on a day like today to view this as I know the president, as a father does, and I as a father and others who are parents certainly do, which is to feel enormous sympathy for families that are affected,” White House press secretary Jay Carney said.

The death toll is the highest from a school shooting in U.S. history since a gunman killed 32 people at Virginia Tech in 2007. At Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, two teens killed 13 people and wounded 24 in 1999.

Parent Stephen Delgiadice, whose 8-year-old daughter was not hurt, said he never could have imagined such carnage in the small bedroom community – where the police force has only three detectives.

"It’s alarming, especially in Newtown, Connecticut, which we always thought was the safest place in America," he told The Associated Press.

NBC’s Pete Williams and WNBC’s Jonathan Dienst contributed to this report.

http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/12 … ticut?lite


Surviving Anxiety

Friday, December 14th, 2012

Solome Tibebu discusses her experience suffering from anxiety and how she survived it.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮች ትብብር ወይስ ድብቅ ፍጥጫ

Friday, December 14th, 2012

ነጭ ዓባይና ጥቁር ዓባይ የሚመነጬባቸውና የሚያጠጧቸው አገሮች፤ ውሃውን በአግባቡ ፍትኀዊ በሆነ መልኩ በጋራ ለመጠቀም የሚያስችል ትብብር ይኖር ዘንድ ለብዙ ዓመታት ጥረት ሲያደርጉ መቆየታቸው አይካድም። ብዙኀኑ አባላት ይህን የትብብር ፈለግ ሲመርጡ፤ ሱዳንና ግብፅ፣ በተለይ አሁን የህዝቧ ቁጥር 80 ሚሊዮን መድረሱ የሚነግርላት ግብፅ፤ ከትብብር ይልቅ ወታደራዊ ጡንቻን እንደ አማራጭ ይዛ ከማሰላሰል አለመቦዘኗን አንዳንድ መገናኛ ብዙኀን ይጠቁማሉ። የተፋሰሱን ሃገራት የትብብር አቋም የሚመረምሩ ምን ይላሉ?

ውሃ ህይወት ነው። በተለይ ምድረ በዳ የሆነ አገር ላላቸው ሰዎች፤ የውሃ ሀብት እጅግ ላቅ ያለ ትርጉም ነው የሚሰጠው።ለዚህ ጥሩ ምሳሌ ግብፅ ናት። በዐባይ ወንዝ ላይ ህልውናዋ የተመሠረተው ግብፅ፤ ለውሃው ከመሠሠቷ የተነሣ፣ ውሃው የሚመንጭባቸው አገሮች በተፈጥሮ ሃብታቸው ያላቸውን የመጠቀም መብት በጭፍኑ ማወቅ እንደማትሻ ተስተውሏል።

ከሞላ ጎደል ሁሉም የተፋሰሱ ሃገራት ውሃውን ፍትኃዊ በሆነ መልኩ ለራሳቸውና በጋራም መጠቀም አግባብነት አለው ብለው ቢያምኑም፤ በተለይ ግብፅና ሱዳን የሚፈለገውን ያህል ሲተባበሩ አይታዩም። አንዳንዴም በምሥጢር ፤ በተለይ ግብፅ የኃይል እርምጃ የመውሰድ፣ ማለት በጦር ኃይል የመጠቀም ዓላማ ያላት መሆኑን አንዳንድ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን አውታሮች መጠቆማቸውን ልብ ይሏል።

የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮችየወደፊት አካሄድ በትብብር ወይስ በፍጥጫ የተመረኮዘ ነው?ባለፉት 38,39 ዓመታት ገደማበውሃና አካባቢ ጥበቃ መሥክ ሥራ ላይ ፤ በመንግሥት መ/ቤትም በግልም የሠሩት፤ ካርቱም ውስጥ፤ ለ 6 ዓመታት ያህል በናይል ተፋሰስ አገሮች፣ የትብብር መድረክ ቢሮ የሠሩትና አሁን፤ በግል በማማከር ተግባር ላይ የተሠማሩት ኢንጂኔር ጌዴዎን አስፋው ፣ እንዲህ ይላሉ።

6 የዐባይ ተፋሰስ አገሮች፤ የትብብሩን ውል የፈረሙ ሲሆን፣ ኮንጎ ዴሞክራቲክ ሪፓብሊክም ይህን ታደረጋለች ተብላ በመጠበቅ ላይ ናት። ደቡብ ሱዳንም የብዙኀኑን ፈለግ የመከተል ፍላጎት እንዳላት ነው የሚነገረው። ግብፅና ሱዳን፤ ኢንጂኔር ጌዴዎን ጌታሁን እንደሚሉት፤ የሁኔታዎች ለውጥ መኖሩን በመገንዘብ፤ ከመተባበር ሌላ ተቃራኒውን መንገድ የመከተሉ ሂደት እንደማያዋጣ ሳይገነዘቡ አልቀሩም።

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ
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The 2012 Africa-Korea Forum: What about Human Rights?

Friday, December 14th, 2012

By Geletaw Zeleke

The 3rd Korea-Africa forum was held this year from October 16th to 18th in Seoul, South Korea. The forum discussed three themes in particular development cooperation, trade and investment and peace and security. These issues will be the major guiding principles of Africa-Korea bilateral relationships for the coming 3 years. Though the themes are important for the bilateral relationships of both parties another relevant issue which is human rights and democracy did not receive adequate emphasis at the forum.

The quest for human rights and democracy cannot be bundled up with other issues; it is a separate issue, especially when it comes to the nature of Africa and its current contexts. It is apparent that for many African countries the low status of human rights and lack of political freedom is playing a negative role in overall development. No matter how well these countries equip themselves with outstanding development plans and policies they still have problems implementing them due to such poor politic climates.

Africans expect Koreans to play out their roles in human rights, good governance and democracy issues in relation to bilateral cooperation. Notably, although Korea’s ODA is growing when we look at it year by year, its effectiveness through time is also important to reconsider.

In African countries, such as Ethiopia, we see that the quest for democracy and justice is hot in people’s hearts and minds. One indicator to this is that many civic movements and political parties are found upon democratic ideals or human rights and justice issues. This implies that people are interested in safeguarding freedoms. Human rights and democracy issues are quicker in people’s hearts because they believe for all socio political and socio economic problems the low status of human rights and lack of good governance are the main sources of their complicated problems. They associate their overall problems with these political and human rights problems. Their beliefs emulate a fundamental human truth.

Below let us examine why; and especially, why so in Africa, should human rights and democracy be a focus for bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other parties.

1.The Nature of Africa

Almost all African countries are characterized as multi ethnic countries. Some of the African countries like Nigeria for instance have hundreds of ethnic groups. Ethiopia has more than 82 linguistic groups. Cameroon, Ghana and even the smaller country of Gabon and more, are made up of multi cultural groups. In fact, this diverse nature is a potential quality for development and one of the most valuable strengths of African countries. It can also, however, be a source for potential civil conflict when not harmonized with democracy, justice and valuing human rights. Africa’s nature incurs democracy more so than any other thing; in order to accommodate itself and to survive as both a continent and independent countries.

When differing cultural groups come together in an environment shaped by democracy which, grows common values and strengthens unity their security relies very much so on democracy. Whenever Africans lose the conditional support of democracy it usually forces them to politicize their cultural groups and then to rebel over their existing government. As a result, development in addition to peace and security issues will always be in a state of insecurity. This is one of the rationales for the question of why Africans desperately need protection of human rights and freedom.

Any bilateral development and peace cooperation agreement, without prioritizing the quest for human rights, will not bear fruit nor will it be sustainable.

Africans can learn from Korea’s democratic growth. Although some seem to believe that democracy did not play a significant role in Korea’s economic growth, Korea is a country which has benefited markedly by democracy.

When we take a look at Koreas economic growth between the years of popular democracy we can see how well a truly democratic environment accelerates economic growth.

Rapid Economic Development: 1960-2010
196019701980199020002010
GNP per capita (dollars)792541,6456,14710,84120,265
GNP (billions dollars)2.08.163.8263.7511.8986.3
Source: The World Bank database

When we compare the 1960 economic state when Korea was one of the poorest countries on earth and where the GNP per capita income was only 79 dollars, we see the growth between 1960 and 1980 multiply 21 times. This may have been a time while was Korea was still under dictatorial style rule, however, the aggressive development strategy worked not because dictatorship helped them but because Saemaul Undong (New village movement) was leading the economic development movement while Koreans struggled hand over fist for democracy. Once the people won concord and were able to oust the dictatorial regime Korea was rapidly transformed to an exemplarily functioning democratic country.
When we compare the growth of Korea from 1960 to that of 2010 we see the miracle. Korean GNP per capita income has grown about 257 times compared to that of the 1960s. Korea was lifted to the rank of one of the world’s most developed countries by the help of democracy. Beginning in 1989 Korea would fully transform to a democratic country.

Those who believe that democracy did not play a great role in Korea’s development history mention the notorious Korean development plan, the Saemaul Undong movement. For them, since the Saemaul Undong (the New Village Movement of the 1970s) was established during a dictatorial regime and their economy was boosted during that time, they believe we cannot say that democracy played a catalytic role in Korea’s economic growth. It seems that Saemaul Undong can then be characterized as a dictatorial type institution. This argument can easily be turned upside down to say that since Saemaul Undong was established under a dictatorial regime then having a dictator will boost your economy.

In this inept interpretation of Saemaul Undong it seems some truth has been lost. First of all, Saemaul Undong was not a politically motivated institution. It was an aggressive developmental institution. As an organization it was not a political institution rather it was the manifestation of a Korean need for social change. Whosoever established it, Saemaul Undong remains the result of a social transformation era of the Korean people and not the reverse. Above all the institution was not dictatorial in and of itself since when we look at its grass roots we see that village leaders themselves were not politicians. The village leaders were those who held high social status and were respected or had influence in the society. Some of the village leaders were not even paid for their leadership role. Saemaul Undong was neither a political nor a dictatorial institution in its nature.

This does not mean that the movement did not face any political or government interference. There was interference. However, since its motive was a movement of growth it could win all its temptations and it is still working and it still exists. If it was the institution of a dictatorial regime it would have been dismantled in the process of Korean social and political changes like other dictatorial institutions. So the logic can not be that since Saemaul Undong was established in an era of dictatorship and Korea registered better economic growth under Saemaul Undong that being under rule of a dictatorial government helped boost Korean economic growth. Africans can not take this kind of unfounded example from Korea and also dictators cannot use this headstand argument as escapisms for the quest of human rights and respect.

2.To Build Trust

African nations need democracy to maintain trust for building social networks. As mentioned earlier, since their nature is characterized by the multi ethnic country, Africans need to build trust from within their social and economic systems. One of the tools to building trust for African countries is that of building democratic institutions. Within these institutions is where their trust lies. In many African countries we see low levels of trust when relying upon institutions. This shows that the level of confidence between the government and the people is low. There is no question that this problem hurts the overall developmental processes of Africa; without trust planning for sustainable development and peace cannot be fruitful.

African nations want Korea and other parties to focus on the causes of their problems, in order to boost their security. To bring about sustainable development in African countries and the African continent any bilateral relationships and development aids have to be prerequisite to the status of human rights. This trend can push Africa forward in the process of developing trust and democracy within, throughout and outside of the continent.

3.The Quest for Human Rights Is Not a Solely Internal Issue

The human rights issues of the 21st century have to be seen as the crown jewel of all cultures and polities. There is no need to justify this truth with philosophical prejudices. Human rights in and of itself is a practical call to action for human beings. It is self justified. What is more, it is an independent issue that stands on its own. Requesting to justify the quest for human rights with other developmental issues seems wrong.

Africans need their human rights to be addressed and respected so that they can solve their problems righteously. Africans want and deserve a society where researchers research without any frustration, writers express their opinions without any anxiety, and teachers teach without any fear. In this regard, I think that Africans expect Korea to play a greater role in the development of human rights in Africa.

Generally speaking, development peace and, security and trade are the results of conducive political conditions. These issues need a fertile place to grow in order to bear fruit, as it ought to be. Any bilateral aid without prerequisite human rights stipulations has two potential problems. One reason for problems to arise is that democratic institutions functioning under weaker conditions, or without trust, will not give aid effectively to the program it is meant for. Some oligarchic type leaders even use aid to strengthen their security when it was meant specifically to be spent on non-military developmental issues.

A second reason for problems to arise is that, any aid given can become the victim of illicit outflows. According to the Global Financial Integrity Report 2011 Africa has lost 854 billion dollars over 39 years to illicit financial outflows. Recently over the 9 years from 2000-2008 Africa has lost a shocking 437 billion of dollars in cumulative illicit outflow. A more alarming problem is that capital flight is increasing when we compare it to 30 years ago.

These realities make the issue of democracy and human rights of primary importance in Africa. This huge portion of money grew wings and learned to fly at the hands of weak of democratic institutions in Africa; money that otherwise could have been being used at this very minute in universities, at hospitals and in schools on and around the African continent. If aid were spent on democracy and development the Africa we would be viewing could have a totally different image. Generally, the facts show that aid with tort pockets does not bring about the desired change.

The Africa-Korea bilateral cooperation seems need to focus on human rights development in its package to boost the benefit of both parties. Since Korea’s trade dependency rate hit about 90 percent Korea will be the beneficiary of growth supported by developing democracy and human rights movements in Africa. The market of the 21st century creates interdependence wherein demand and supply have to be harmonized while parallel growth is sharpened and maintained, in order to fully sustain both parties’ benefit. The forum slogan “share today, shine tomorrow” will be real when Korea and Africa work together to lift up the status of human rights.
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I can be reached at geletawzeleke@gmail.com
Reference: http://www.gfintegrity.org/


Eritrea could release high profile prisoners in New Year 2013

Friday, December 14th, 2012

PIA of Eritrea will release high profile prisoners in New Year!
In spirit of New Year and planed Eritrea’s version of perestroika & glasnost, PIA will incrementally introduce various changes starting 2013. To restore hope and confidence in his people, he will release prisoners commonly known as “G-15”. Despite the widely spread rumors about the death of some of these prisoners, they are all alive with some suffering from some kind of ailment.
PIA, lately has been confronted by some of his ministers and top generals that the need for change has never been so critical and he acknowledged the fact that change is inevitable but he pleaded with his ministers and generals that any change has to be incremental and has to be made from point of strength not that of weakness.
A western diplomat in Asmara revealed that PIA promised him that his number one agenda for 2013 will be normalizing relationship with regional countries including Ethiopia. PIA told this western diplomat stationed in Asmara that he will revise his long held stand on how to resolve the border conflict with Ethiopia. The diplomat added that PIA will sit around round table with his Ethiopian counterpart as long as Ethiopia equivocally accepted the border verdict, Eritrea is willing negotiate everything under the sun with Ethiopia. The diplomat continued that: PIA will drop the precondition he has placed : for him to negotiate withEthiopia, it has to vacate its forces from the occupied territories first. His current condition for Ethiopia is to officially declare that it has accepted the verdict in its spirit and letter! The western diplomat also hinted that Doha could be the possible venue for Ethiopia’s new prime minster and PIA to kick off the long awaited talk to settle the festering conflict between the two brotherly people.
Mining CEOs also have been notified of the proposed changes that will take into effect in the country in 2013 and many are expressing their hope that the promised changes will clear of the cloud of sanctions that has been hovering over their ventures for the last few years.


Two Ethiopian women fight to death in UAE

Friday, December 14th, 2012

Image

Maids at war: One killed, other found alive with steel bar in her neck

By Eman Al Baik
Published Monday, December 10, 2012

Two Ethiopian maids fought each other at the sponsor’s house, one was killed while the other was found alive in a pool of blood with steel bar pierced through her neck.

FYO, 28-year-old Ethiopian maid, has been accused of premeditated murder of her co-worker and compatriot by stabbing her several times in different part of her body, the Dubai Criminal Court heard on Sunday.

The prosecution accused that FYO grabbed the victim, HSS, and stabbed in her face, neck and belly a number of times in the employer’s wardrobe room.

On hearing screams of the two women, other workers rushed to the room but but found its door locked from inside. The women, who’re fighting and screaming, didn’t respond to their colleague’s calls to open the door.

Then one worker climbed a ladder and saw traces of blood in the room through the bathroom window. They immediately called the police; soon later the screams had also stopped.

MI, 48, Indian, cook, testified that he was in the kitchen preparing food with other workers.

“Anisa, a co-worker, came and told us about hearing screams from the wardrobe room in the yard. We rushed there and heard loud screams of the two women. The room’s door was locked from inside. I also heard gargling sound which lasted for about 10 minutes; then it all became quiet. I climbed a ladder and broke the glass of the bathroom window adjacent to the wardrobe room where I saw blood in the basin; so we called the police,” he testified.

Anisa, 35, Indonesian maid, testified that she was sleeping in the villa and woke up at hearing screams.

“I tried to open the door but it was locked from inside. I rushed to the kitchen and informed other workers who all rushed to the scene and asked the women who were screaming and quarrelling inside to open the door; but there was no response. Then MI broke the window of the bathroom and saw blood,” she testified.

Police found two women inside the room; one of them was found dead while the other was still alive with a steel bar in her neck.

Police found blood stains and traces all over the room and bathroom. There was a knife found next to the body of the dead woman. The seriously-injured accused removed the steel bar from the neck herself at the Rashid Hospital, according to the records.

Forensic reported that the dead woman sustained a number of injuries in her hands that were of defensive nature. She also sustained fatal injuries in her neck and belly that caused her death.

The accused confessed to killing the victim. Records did not mention the reason for the murder.

Criminal evidences reported that the blade of the knife carried the DNA of the victim while its handle carried the DNA of the accused.

The court will reconvene on December 23.

http://www.emirates247.com/crime/local/ … 0-1.486551


DLA Piper back in London court to harass Ethiopian Review

Friday, December 14th, 2012

DLA Piper goes to a London court again representing the Woyanne junta and their money launderer and fellow thief Mohammed Al Amoudi to harass me and try to shut down Ethiopian Review (see here). Last time, in 2011, they succeeded in getting the London court to award them £175,000. I took the low amount as an insult. Why not $1 million or $100 million? This time I urge the London court to award DLA Piper and its clients a much bigger amount or else I may sue them for slander.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

በሁለት ቀናት ልዩነት ሦስት ጊዜ ቀብሯ የተፈጸመው ወላድ ጉዳይ እያነጋገረ ነው … very sad

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

(ሪፖርተር) — የመጀመርያ ልጇን በቀዶ ሕክምና ከተገላገለች በኋላ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷ ያለፈው የ27 ዓመት ወጣት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ባለፈው ቅዳሜ፣ እሑድና ከትናንት በስቲያ ሰኞ የመፈጸሙ ጉዳይ እያነጋገረ ነው፡፡ ሟች ቤተልሔም ሰለሞን ልጅ ወልዳ ለመሳም ዘጠኝ ወራትን ስትጠብቅና የእርግዝናዋንም ሁኔታ ስትከታተል ቆይታ የመውለጃዋ ዕለት በመድረሱ፣ ጎፋ ማዞሪያ ወደሚገኘው ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ የሄደችው ኅዳር 27 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ነበር፡፡

ክትትል ስታደርግበት የነበረው ክሊኒክ ተቀብሎአት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገባት በኋላ የምጥ መርፌ ቢወጋትም፣ በዕለቱ ልትወልድ አለመቻሏንና ወደ ቤቷ መመለሷን ወላጅ እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ አበበና ባለቤቷ አቶ ፍስሐ እሸቴ ገልጸዋል፡፡

ቤተሰቦቿ እንደሚሉት፣ ቤተልሔም ምጧ እየተፋፋመ በመምጣቱ ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ተመልሳ ወደ ክሊኒኩ ትሄዳለች፡፡ የክሊኒኩ ሐኪሞች ተቀብለዋት ወደ ማዋለጃ ክፍል ካስገቧት ከጥቂት ደቂቃዎች በኋላ፣ ቤተሰቦቿ ተጠርተው “እንኳን ደስ ያላችሁ፤ በሰላም ተገላግላለችና የሕፃኗን ማቀፊያ አምጡ፤” ይባላሉ፡፡ በክሊኒኩ የተገኙት እናቷና ባለቤቷ ደስታቸውን በእልልታና እርስ በርስ በመሳሳም ገልጸው ለጥቂት ደቂቃዎች እንደቆዩ፣ ቤተልሔም “እናቴን፣ ባለቤቴንና ልጄን አሳዩኝ፤” ብላለች ተባሉና ሁሉም ገቡ፡፡ ቤተልሔም ከማደንዘዣ ነቅታ በደንብ እንዳነጋገረቻቸው ተናግረው፣ “ጠብቁ አሁን ትወጣለች” በመባላቸው ሕፃኗን ይዘው ከነበረችበት ክፍል ወጥተው መጠባበቅ መጀመራቸውን አስረድተዋል፡፡ ሐኪሞቹ “ትንሽ ቆዩና ባለቤቷን ጠሩት” የሚሉት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ እሳቸው ግራ ገብቷቸው በመጠባበቅ ላይ እያሉ፣ ባለቤቷ መኪናቸውን ይዘው ሲወጡ መመልከታቸውንና በዚያው መቅረታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ልጃቸው ምን እንደሆነች ያላወቁትና ግራ ተጋብተው ሲንቆራጠጡ ለነበሩት የቤተልሔም እናት፣ አንዲት ነርስና ዶክተር መጥተው የባለቤቷን ስልክ ሲጠይቋቸው፣ “ምነው ልጄ ምን ሆነች?” ሲሏቸው፣ “ደም ስላነሳት ደም እንዲሰጥ ነው” እንዳሏቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡

የቤተልሔም ባለቤትና ጓደኞች ደም ቢሰጡም እየደከመች ስለመጣችባቸው ያዋለዷት ዶክተር ሪፈር ጽፈው በመስጠት ኦክስጂን የተገጠመለት አምቡላንስ እንዲያመጡ ይነግሯቸዋል፡፡ ደክማለች በተባለችው ልጃቸው የተጨናነቁት ቤተሰቦች፣ ሩጫቸውን ወደ ተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል እንዳደረጉ ይናገራሉ፡፡ የተጻፈውን ሪፈር ወረቀት የተመለከቱት የተክለሃይማኖት ሆስፒታል ሐኪም፣ “ብዙ ደም ስለፈሰሳት አንሠራም፤ ኃላፊነት አንወስድም፤” ሲሏቸው እግራቸው ሥር ቢወድቁም ሌላ ምላሽ ሊሰጧቸው እንዳልቻሉ ገልጸዋል፡፡

ግራ የተጋቡት ቤተሰቦች ጉዟቸውን ሜክሲኮ ገነት ሆቴል አካባቢ ወደሚገኘው ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል በማድረጋቸው፣ የታዘዙትን ኦክስጂን የጫነ አምቡላንስ ማግኘታቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡ የሆስፒታሉ ሠራተኞች፣ “እናንተ እዚህ ጠብቁን፤ እኛ ይዘናት እንመጣለን፤” ብለው ቤተልሔም ወደተኛችበት ሮያል የጽንስና የማኅፀን ሕክምና ከፍተኛ ክሊኒክ በማምራት ይዘዋት መምጣታቸውን እናቷ ወይዘሮ በለጡ ተናግረዋል፡፡ የቤተሰቦቿ መሯሯጥና እሷን ለማትረፍ ያደረጉት ጥረት ውጤት ሳያገኝ ቤተልሔም ላንድማርክ ስትደርስ ማረፏን እናቷና ባለቤቷ አስረድተዋል፡፡

ይኼ ሁሉ የሆነው ኅዳር 28 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ሙሉቀን እስከ ምሽት ድረስ በመሆኑ፣ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ላንድማርክ ሆስፒታል እንዲያድር ይደረግና ቤተሰቦቿ በቀዶ ሕክምና የተወለደችውን ሕፃን ታቅፈው ወደ ቤታቸው ይመለሳሉ፡፡

“ማንኛውም እናት በወሊድ ምክንያት መሞት የለባትም” የሚለው መሪ ቃል ባልሠራበት ሁኔታ ደም ፈሷት ሕይወቷን መታደግ ሳይቻል በመቅረቱ ቤተልሔም ሕይወቷ ማለፉንም አስረድተዋል፡፡ ቤተሰቦቿና ወዳጅ ዘመዶቿ በተገኙበት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ገርጂ በሚገኘው ደብረገነት ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስና ቅዱስ ገብርኤል ቤተ ክርስቲያን ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት መፈጸሙን ቤተሰቦቿ አረጋግጠዋል፡፡

የቀብር ሥርዓቷን ፈጽመው በሐዘን እየተብሰለሰሉ የዋሉትና ያደሩት የቤተልሔም ቤተሰቦች፣ በማግሥቱ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. የተነገራቸውን ማመን አቅቷቸው ወደ ቀብር ቦታዋ ተሯሩጠው ይሄዳሉ፡፡

ቤተሰቦቿ የቀብር ቦታው ሲደርሱ የቤተልሔም አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ጉድጓድ ወጥቶ ዳር ላይ በፊቱ ተደፍቶ ማየታቸውን ይገልጻሉ፡፡ አስከሬን ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከገባ በኋላ በባዞላ ድንጋይ ጉድጓዱ ተደፍኖ በላዩ ላይ በሲሚንቶ ይለሰናል፡፡ ከዚያም በላይ አፈር ይለብሳል፡፡ ይኼንን ሁሉ አልፎ እንዴት ሊፈጸም እንደቻለ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ አስተዳዳሪ ሊቀ ማዕምራን ጽጌ ከበረ ምላሽ እንዲሰጡ በሪፖርተር ተጠይቀው ነበር፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው እንደነገሩን፣ ሟች የኦርቶዶክስ እምነት ተከታይ በመሆኗ ሥርዓተ ፍትኃት ተፈጽሞላት ኅዳር 29 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከቀኑ ዘጠኝ ሰዓት የቀብር ሥርዓቷ ተከናውኗል፡፡ በዚያኑ ቀን ለእሑድ አጥቢያ እሳቸው ቅዳሴ ላይ እያሉ የቤተ ክርስቲያኑ ጥበቃዎች አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ወጥቶ መገኘቱን ነግረዋቸዋል፡፡

ጥበቃዎቹ እንደነገሯቸው አስከሬን ከተቀበረበት ወጥቶ በመገኘቱ ለፖሊስ ተደውሎለት መጥቷል፡፡ የሟች ቤተሰቦችም መጥተዋል፡፡ ውጭ ላይ የተገኘው አስከሬን የተገነዘበት ጨርቅም የለም፡፡ አስከሬኑ ልብስ ባለመልበሱ ምክንያት ነጠላ ተሸፍኖ አባዲና እስኪመጣ ቢጠበቅም ሊመጣ ባለመቻሉ፣ ፖሊስና የሟች ቤተሰቦች ተመካክረውና ተስማምተው ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ ኅዳር 30 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ከጠዋቱ አምስት ሰዓት አካባቢ በድጋሚ ቀብሩ መፈጸሙን አስረድተዋል፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው ያዩትን እንደተናገሩት፣ አስከሬኑ የወጣው ባንድ በኩል አንድ ባዞላ ድንጋይ ተፈንቅሎና በጠባብ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ ሲሆን፣ ቀብር የተፈጸመበት ሳጥንም ጉድጓዱ ውስጥ መሆኑንና አስከሬኑ በማበጡ ምክንያት እንዴት በዚያ ቀዳዳ ውስጥ እንደወጣ ተዓምር እንደሆነባቸው ነው፡፡

አስተዳዳሪው እንደገለጹት ሁሉ የሟች ቤተሰቦች ያዩትን ተናግረዋል፡፡ በሲሚንቶ የተደፈነ መቃብርን ደም ፈሷት የሞተች፣ ከ12 ሰዓታት በላይ ታፍና የቆየችና አቅም የሌላት ወላድ፣ ቀጭን ሰው በማያስወጣ ቀዳዳ እንዴት እንደወጣች፣ አፈሩ ሳይነሳና ከአንድ ባዞላ በስተቀር ሌላው ሳይነካ አስከሬን ወጥቶ በደረቱ ተደፍቶ መገኘቱ ግራ እንዳጋባቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡

የሟች ቤተልሔም አስከሬን ጉዳይ በሁለት ጊዜ ቀብር ሳያበቃ ከተቀበረ ከሰዓታት በኋላ “ጩኸት ይሰማል፤ ሳጥን እየተንኳኳ ነው፤” በማለት ፖሊሶች፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና ሕዝቡ አካባቢውን አጥለቅልቆት እንደገና መጠራታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ገልጸዋል፡፡ እነሱ ሲደርሱ “ሆን ብለው ከነነፍሷ ቀብረዋት ነው፤ አምልኮ ቢኖር ነው፤ ስትጮህ ሰምተናታል፤ ውኃ ስጡኝ ስትል ነበር፣ ወዘተ” ከሚል ሹክሹክታና ትርምስ በስተቀር የቀብር ቦታው እንዳልተከፈተ መመልከታቸውን ቤተሰቦቿ ተናግረዋል፡፡

ፖሊሶች የሟች ቤተሰቦችን “እኛም ምንም የሰማነውና ያየነው ነገር የለም፤ ፈቃደኛ ከሆናችሁ ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” የሚል ጥያቄ ሲያቀርቡላቸው፣ “የተሰበሰበው ሰው የተለያየ ነገር ሲል እየሰማን እንዴት አይሆንም እንላለን? ይቆፈርና ይውጣ፤” በማለት መፍቀዳቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

አስከሬኑ በፖሊስ ተቆፍሮ እንዲወጣ ከተደረገ በኋላ ሳጥኑ ሲከፈትና አባዲና ሲመረምረው መሞቷ መረጋገጡን፣ ነገር ግን ሰውነቷ ፎርማሊን የተወጋ ቢሆንም፣ መተጣጠፍና መዘረጋጋት እንደሚችል የገለጹት ቤተሰቦቿ፣ ሕይወቷ ለማለፉ የመጨረሻ ማረጋገጫ ለማግኘት አስከሬኑ ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ ሆስፒታል ገብቶ እንዲመረመር ከተደረገ በኋላ፣ ለሦስተኛ ጊዜ ታኅሣሥ 1 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ቀብሯ መፈጸሙን አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ልጃቸው በሕክምና ጉድለት ደሟ ፈሶ መሞቷ አንሶ አስከሬኗ ሲንገላታ መክረሙ የበለጠ መሪር ሐዘን እንደሆነባቸው የገለጹት እናቷ፣ አንድ ልጃቸው መሆኗንና እሳቸውም ሆኑ ልጃቸው ከማንም ጋር ፀብም ሆነ ቅያሜ የሌላቸው በመሆኑ የልጃቸውን አስከሬን ከጉድጓድ ያወጣውን ማወቅ እንደሚፈልጉ ተናግረዋል፡፡ መንግሥት “ሰምተናል፣ አይተናል፤” በማለት ሕዝቡንና ሐዘንተኞችን ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በደንብ እንዲመረምርና ያለውን እውነት እንዲገልጽላቸውም ጠይቀዋል፡፡

የባለቤታቸውን የአስከሬን ምርመራ ውጤትና በቁጥጥር ሥር የዋሉትን ተጠርጣሪ ሰዎች የምርመራ ውጤት አንድ ላይ ለቤተሰብና ለሕዝቡ ፖሊስ ይፋ እንዲያደርግ አቶ ፍሰሐ እሸቴ ጠይቀዋል፡፡

ፖሊስ ስለደረሰበትና ስለተደረገው ነገር ሁሉ ማብራርያ እንዲሰጥ በሪፖርተር ጥያቄ ቀርቦለት፣ የአስከሬኑ ምርመራ ውጤት ገና እንዳልደረሰ ገልጾ፣ ሕዝብንና ቤተሰብን በተደጋጋሚ ሲያሸብሩ የነበሩትን በቁጥጥር ሥር ማዋሉንና በምርመራ ላይ መሆኑን አስታውቋል፡፡ በምርመራ ላይ በመሆኑም ተጨማሪ ማብራርያ መስጠት እንደማይችል ገልጿል፡፡


Susan Rice asked Obama to withdraw her name from consideration as secretary of state

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice has withdrawn her name from consideration for secretary of state, Brian Williams of NBC News reports.

"If nominated, I am now convinced that the confirmation process would be lengthy, disruptive and costly — to you and to our most pressing national and international priorities," Rice wrote in a letter to President Barack Obama, obtained by NBC News. "That trade-off is simply not worth it to our country…Therefore, I respectfully request that you no longer consider my candidacy at this time."

Rice’s potential nomination was marred by persistent Republican criticism of her response to the Sept. 11 anniversary attack on a U.S. compound Benghazi, Libya.

This story is developing. Check back for more updates…

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/1 … f=politics


Remembering December 13th Massacre in Western Ethiopia

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uaZty97JXzU

Dear Friends and Colleagues;

December 13, 2012 marks the 9-year anniversary of the brutal massacre of 424 disarmed Anuak in Gambella, Ethiopia by the TPLF/EPRDF Defense Forces armed with guns and militia groups armed with machetes. Not just the families of the victims, but all Anuak, will forever remember that dark day that brought so many pains, tears and suffering.

Even after 9 years, some widows, some fathers, some mothers and children are still waiting to bury their loved ones properly. Some day their bodies, which were buried in mass graves, will be exhumed and buried with proper respect by their families and loved ones. Someday a memorial of remembrance may be erected in Gambella in their honor, to remind people that behind every name on that memorial, is a human life, given as a precious gift from God, our Creator.

Such memorials may be erected all over Ethiopia where innocent lives of Ethiopians have been taken. Someday, a large monument—a wall of shame—could be erected in Addis Ababa with the names of the Anuak and the names of all other people throughout Ethiopia who have lost their lives at the hands of this government that devalues human life.

On this Anuak Memorial Day, Anuak in Gambella cannot join with Anuak in the Diaspora in observing this day. It is prohibited by the TPLF or EPRDF government. Instead, they will have to look forward to the day they will be able to join together in a service such as the ones being held in USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, Kenya, South Sudan and in other cities where there are Anuak where they are free to remember the death of more than 1500 other Anuak who were killed in the next two years following the December massacre.

Because public mourning is not allowed, those who want to remember family members, friends and community members who died, must quietly carry out some kind of observances within their homes and hearts.

This TPLF regime wants to erase it from the memory of the Anuak, but this will never happen. Someday, all the details will be revealed for all to see on the shame-filled pages of our Ethiopian history books. Until then, Anuak are still waiting for those responsible to be brought to justice. As one Anuak who lost a family member recently said, “the TPLF and it killers have moved on, but we will never stop grieving or rest until the killers have been brought to justice and until our family members are buried properly.”

For the Anuak people and supporters of the Anuak, let us all remember this day together. Let us take this day of sorrow and make it a day of reconciliation and healing among all peace-loving Ethiopians. This pain we feel was brought because of hate, anger, envy and greed and we want to create a different Ethiopia.

May God bless all of those who are remembering this day of tragedy and may God help bring about an Ethiopia where truth, justice, freedom, reconciliation and harmony prevail over death and destruction.

Please take a few minutes and watch this heartbreaking video below: The testimonies of survivors and other witnesses of the December 13th Massacre. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uaZty97JXzU

Thanks so much for your never-ending support. Don’t give up. Keep your focus on the bigger picture and reach out to others and listen!

I am appealing to all my friends and colleagues to forward it to your friends. If you do, you will not just be giving a voice to our beautiful people, but you would be doing justice to our humanity. Knowing the truth is overcoming the first obstacle to freedom!

Sincerely your severance,

Obang

Executive Director of SMNE

E-mail: obang@solidaritymovement.org

http://www.solidaritymovement.org

————————————————-

The Bible Says (Ecclesiastes 11:4), "

- If You Wait for Perfect Conditions, You Will Never Get Anything Done – "

" – One Action is More Valuable Than a Thousand Good Intentions -


Report TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael to the U.S. Homeland Security’s War Crimes Unit

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

DebretsionI have been informed that the TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael, who has recently been promoted as deputy prime minister, will come to the U.S. in the coming few weeks. An American friend who is a regular reader of Ethiopian Review suggested to me that Ethiopians who reside in U.S. can try to prevent him from coming to the U.S. or if he comes, he may be placed under arrest, if the U.S. officials follow the law.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has a Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU), and it says the following on its website:

The unit conducts investigations focused on human rights violations in an effort to prevent the United States from becoming a safe haven to those individuals who engage in the commission of war crimes, genocide, torture and other forms of serious human rights abuses from conflicts around the globe. When foreign war crimes suspects, persecutors and human rights abusers are identified within U.S. borders, the unit utilizes its powers and authorities to the fullest extent of the law to investigate, prosecute and, whenever possible, remove any such offenders from the United States.

Debretsion is responsible for carrying out the TPLF regime’s assassinations and he has been fully immersed in the Ogaden and Gambella genocidal war. As head of the regime’s security commission, he is also responsible for the savage beatings, torture and murder of peaceful protesters and innocent civilians.

If Debretsion is allowed to enter the U.S. and he is not arrested, the U.S. authorities will be violating the law, and we can take our case to the U.S. Congress.

Here is what we can do: As soon as he is observed at any location in the U.S., please contact ICE HSI at 866-DHS-2-ICE or send email to HRV.ICE@ice.dhs.gov
You can remain anonymous.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC has formed a new chapter in Norway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Norway chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entcnorway@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Laser beaming could make power lines obsolete (video)

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

(Reuters) — A company in Washington state is developing wireless technology that delivers electricity via laser beams. The scientists and engineers who run the company, Lasermotive, are using the lasers to power aerial drones but say their technology could also replace conventional power lines to deliver electricity to homes. Jane Ross paid them a visit.

Watch the video in the following link,

http://www.reuters.com/video/2012/12/11 … nel=118065


BOOK REVIEW: The Great Land Giveaway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Review by Lisanu Betaw

The recently released book by Dr. Aklog Birara (hereafter referred to as the author) on Ethiopia titled “The Great Land Giveaway” is a phenomenal piece of work reflecting the culmination of a dedicated research effort by an economic pundit with a hallmark of professional excellence and experiential richness. It goes into great depth of analysis of the socio-economic and political realities of Ethiopia today and, predicated on the outcome of the analysis, foresees a looming misfortune befalling Ethiopia if the present anomaly of land giveaway and socio-economic mismanagement are to be allowed to continue to prevail in the times to come. Summarized in broad terms, uncontrolled access, by invitation, to fertile farm land by outsiders with no veritable returns to Ethiopia, corruption and nepotism at all levels of the system, insatiable greed at the highest level, ethnic and political considerations for entitlement to economic assets including land and, in total, unbounded control of the economic and social life of the people are the troubling features that the author brings out in the book. Towards the end the author highlights painstaking measures to be taken in unity if the travesty of development and the menacing trend are to be reversed. Mirrored in the book are the arbitrariness of socio-economic management and the looming dangers facing Ethiopia not just vis-a-vis the generation today but also as a recorded history for posterity.

What are the salient issues that the author underscores in his intensive and extensive analysis of Ethiopia’s socio-economic disorder? Are there other authoritative Africa-wide and other findings of studies and established experiences that underpin the author’s findings and arguments about Ethiopia?

1. Issues that have taken centre stage in the book

1.1 Giving away fertile farm land (at nominal fees) to foreign companies and individuals (with a select few of local elites also having some share) in the name of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

The foreign investors are given an unprecedented carte blanche. With no binding and enforceable conditions included in the grant the foreign investors use the farm lands to grow products of their choices, use technologies to maximize production and export the produce to their countries of origin and, what are left there-from, to the highest external bidders. The continued wellbeing of the communities they displace and the growth and development of Ethiopia at large as well as the protections of environmental resources including wildlife do not go into their calculations. What is left for the displaced communities is the chance of seasonally selling their labour for meagre compensations.

The official arguments of (i) promoting growth and development through the land grant and (ii) the grant being only of unoccupied or unutilized land are a travesty. First, the author convincingly argues that the nation’s genuine and sustainable growth and development can occur only when Ethiopians own economic assets including land, produce what they consider are possible and economical, process their raw outputs into final use products and finally offer the fruits of their labour to the markets within and without. Second, there is no unoccupied or unutilized land except those lying fallow or are grazing areas left to regenerate. Further, the highlands of Ethiopia constituting areas above 1500 metres above sea level and representing 40 percent of the nation’s land mass are home for over 80 percent (87 percent to be exact) of the population and correspondingly of the farming households. The farming households are in dire need of farm lands. Contrary to the land use master plan of the 1980s (jointly produced with FAO and UNDP) which prevents cultivation of land with inclination of 30 percent and above, small holding farmers continue to expand their cultivation of hillsides thereby degrading the vitality of the soil on them.

In the context of these vivid lines of the author’s arguments, the role of the Government should have been one of creating enabling conditions through distribution of land with the right of ownership, building of farm and market infrastructure and provision of inputs (including fertilizers) in the types and magnitudes required.

In a rare occurrence and providing the validity of the author’s argument the new Head of FAO and a Kenyan prominent businessman (the latter taking Ethiopia as a case in point) in an interview with Aljazeera, call land grant a complete failure.

1.2 Development for the author, as for others, means improvement of the lives of Ethiopians across the land. Fundamental in this argument is that when Ethiopians are not empowered to be active role players in their own development and continue to be side spectators development in the nation’s context becomes a misnomer. Growth can occur without development but only to raise the fortunes of a select group of elites and to improve income for the state treasury.

1.3 A misconceived view of the regime in power that the author brings to light in his researched findings is that development is faster and impacting when it is state-led. This, of course, is antithesis to the recorded experiences of development. The lessons from the defunct command economies of the past did not seem to have made a dent in the understanding of the power controlling the economy. Present day Vietnam, according to Greg Mills (Greg Mills, 2010) raised itself from a net importer of agricultural commodities including rice to the world’s second largest exporter of rice and coffee only after its land reform in which private ownership created a stake for those working on the farms.

1.4 The private sector, normally considered as the engine of development has been, according to the researched findings of the author, wantonly weakened principally through monopoly of the major business and industry sectors by the state-cum-party enterprises but also through discouraging policies, tax burdens and bureaucratic machineries to reduce the level playing field. Evidenced by the findings is that there is a void in the enabling environment for the sector to function with freedom, fairness and unfettered drive.

A researched revelation by Greg Mills about private sector in Africa in his book “Why Africa is Poor” shows great similarities to the fate of private sector in Ethiopia. The following is what Greg Mills writes:

“Africa’s people are poverty stricken not because the private sector does not exist or was unwilling to work in sometimes difficult settings. These people and companies do exist, though the private sector is often not private at all, but rather an elite-linked system of rent seeking. Even where there is a degree of independence, government attitudes towards private businesses range from suspicion to outright hostility.

1.5 Ethiopia, as truly and convincingly explained in the book, possesses bountiful supply of natural and human resources. The troubling reality, however, is that there is a web of man-made factors that continue to militate against the deployment of these resources to its growth and development: They included distorted policies, divisive and non-inclusive governance, state and party control of the economy, nepotism, rampant corruption, weakening of the private sector, absence of fair and impartial access to opportunities and declining relevance of education to growth and development. The regime in power preaches about agro-based industrialization which is a travesty in the absence of Ethiopians owning economic assets, playing the roles of producers, processors, exporters, importers and, in general, participants in their nation’s growth and development. The concept and practice of what the author calls “virtuous cycle” take root only when the latter conditions prevail.

1.6 Finally, the book makes extensive coverage of small holder farms and the inherent economic benefits they create. In particular, the following superior values of the farms are articulated:

- Intensive use of land

- Capacity for rural labour absorption

- Crop-livestock integration

- High labour input per unit of area

- High responsiveness to incentives

- Great opportunity for land augmenting

Some living examples reinforcing the author’s down-to-earth analysis and convincing conclusions are the pathway to development followed by South Asian countries in the past and the remarkable development performance of Vietnam today which placed emphasis on small-scale agriculture.

To the deserved credit of the author, he does not underestimate the significance of large-scale farming. In fact, he reminisces about graduates of the then Alemaya agricultural college and retired citizens of the nation going into operating large-size farms with impressive successes. His prime contention is that that ought to be left to native Ethiopians.

2. “The primary reason why Africa’s people are poor is because

their leaders make this choice” (Greg Mills, 2010).

A few statements are quoted from Greg Mills in some of the preceding paragraphs to support the arguments of the author about some of the issues on Ethiopia. Greg Mills, in fact, highlights many more retarding factors regarding the development of Africa which have astounding similarities to those that the author discusses on Ethiopia. The following are some of them:

- Reliance on primary commodities for exports and incorrect policies and procedures to facilitate trade

- Inefficient land use

- Ruinous and self-interested decisions taken by single parties and with no bottom up pressure

- A system thriving on corruption and nepotism

- Land holding structure in which it is distributed on the basis of political allegiances thereby impeding ownership and entrepreneurship

- Top down imposition of the will of governments and resulting institutionalization of weak governance

- Bad choices in place of better ones in the broader public interest because the latter is not in the leaders’ personal and often financial self-interests.

- Leaders externalizing their problems making them the responsibility of others.

An interesting conclusion comes out visibly from the research outputs by Greg Mills about Africa and by the author on Ethiopia: The issues highlighted for Africa as a whole and for Ethiopia as part of Africa greatly coincide. This certainly is not because the two authors came together and shared or reconciled findings but rather each independently carrying out his own research supported by his own vast experiences led him to the conclusion that happened to be similar to that of the other. This is a telling evidence that the book by the author on Ethiopia is the outcome of a dedicated research by one who has his country at heart. The regime in power opted for almost all the failing strategies that stunted and still continue to stunt the development of Africa. The book deserves not only to be read but also owned by all Ethiopians and by those whose hearts go out to Ethiopia.

Final Point:

A considered suggestion to the author is to produce an abridged version of the book both in English and Amharic to serve as handbooks of this historic work. This, of course, implies more in terms of effort, time and material resources but the potential rewarding impact will outweigh all of these.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Interview with Ethiopian entrepreneur Bethlehem Tilahun

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania interviews world renowned Ethiopian entrepreneur Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu

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Making recycled tires from Africa into fashionable footwear that sells around the world? That’s the amazing success story of soleRebels, which just opened a second store in Taiwan. The Ethiopian shoe brand sells in over 50 countries and counts Urban Outfitters, Whole Foods and Amazon.com among its retailers. Offering generous benefits to its employees and using only environmentally friendly materials, it is the first company certified by the World Fair Trade Organization for its practices. Stating its ambition, soleRebels hails itself as "Africa’s Nike."

Just eight years ago, Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu started soleRebels with her first five employees on her grandmother’s plot of land in Ethiopia. She has since seen her business grow, and has received a number of accolades. Forbes recently listed her as one of the most powerful women to watch, along with Kate Middleton and South Carolina governor Nikki Haley. She was recently featured on a BBC series with business leaders around the world.

Alemu aims to pay "proud" wages, offers her employees on-site medical checkups and free transportation for her disabled employees. She explains that having grown up in Ethiopia, the real solution to poverty is to give people jobs that they are proud and happy to do. "The best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method," she tells Arabic Knowledge@Wharton. "Create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner."

An edited transcript of the conversation follows.

Q: You started soleRebels in 2004. What was it like at the beginning?

A: From a physical standpoint, it was pretty basic: Five workers plus myself working inside a workshop situated on my grandmother’s plot of land inside our village of Zenabework [in Addis Ababa]. But from an idea and vision standpoint it was immense. We aimed from day one to create, grow and control a world-class footwear brand right from our community that would create ever more jobs and growing prosperity for the workers, and to do this by leveraging the artisan skills of the community and the natural resources of the nation. That created an intoxicating sense of motivation and ambition that, eight years later, is stronger than ever inside the company, even as we have grown to hundreds of workers.

Q: What made you decide to start it in your own community?

A: We had lots of talented people in my community, especially artisan talent, and there were little to no job opportunities for these people. That struck me as both an immense tragedy but also an immense opportunity. I knew if we could leverage these talents in the correct format, the response from the market would be incredible. We selected footwear as the platform and away we went.

Layered on top of this was that I kept hearing over and over the phrase "poverty alleviation" in the wider context of Ethiopia and specifically with regard to the community where I grew up. As I entered college and started working to support my brothers and myself it had become clear to me that poverty alleviation is a myth. It also became clear to me that prosperity creation is the sole route to the elimination of poverty. And to create prosperity, you have to create something world class. So that’s what started to really crystallize my thinking.

Poverty alleviation sounds great. After all, who could not be for alleviating poverty, right? But poverty alleviation is, in my experience, persons unaffiliated or unaffected by poverty arbitrarily establishing a line that says to the poor: "Hey, guess what? By my calculations, you’re not poor anymore. You make ‘x’ per day."

That’s the reason we said soleRebels would never be about poverty alleviation. I saw first-hand what the alleviators of poverty were doing from the time I was a little girl. Without getting into too many details, let’s just say poverty was at best a sideline to their main pursuits. So I vowed that I would impact my community in a way that all those who said they were impacting it never had and never could.

We have always said this company is about maximizing local talent and local resources to create good-paying jobs. In turn, let’s us pursue our core mission, which is to create awesome and extraordinary footwear and apparel products that make us into a hyper successful global brand that creates prosperity for its workforce, its suppliers and its stakeholders. We have proudly done just that, all while being the planet’s only World Fair Trade Organization [WFTO] fair trade-certified footwear company. WFTO is the sole accreditation that certifies companies’ practices and not simply the product as fair trade. That’s a big difference, especially in an era when gigantic mega corporations claim to make fair-trade goods or people who claim they are fair trade with no certification to back up that claim.

Setting our goals this way is totally different from setting a low-bar goal like poverty alleviation. Those who say they run their companies on that as their aim have set the bar so low they are missing the point: people don’t want to be "not poor." They want some form of prosperity. That doesn’t mean [they want] to be millionaires or billionaires but prosperous. And the best way to create prosperity is the tried and true method: create amazing products with service to match, pay your workers very well, and operate in a highly ethical and transparent manner — all of which in turn creates a hyper successful company.

Q: What made you start your own company?

A: I was born and raised in the same community where I funded and continue to run my business. I had to make this company happen for myself and for all those who came to depend on it for their livelihoods. From day one, I realized that’s the deal, and that’s what drives me every single day. That’s what allows me to create world-class footwear and world-class retail stores, which in turn allow us to achieve sales targets, which in turn allow us to pay great salaries, hire more people and continue to grow organically with no outside control. If my skin was not in this game from day one, I never could have created soleRebels and fashioned it into what it is today. I would have simply seen it as a nice pastime that, win or lose, the outcome for me personally would be the same.

It’s pretty motivating to see talented people you have grown up with, who possess immense potential and talent and yet have zero opportunity to properly leverage that talent. Add to that an abundance of natural resources here in Ethiopia from which to craft footwear — everything from free-range leathers to organic cotton, jute and Abyssinian hemp. You’ve got a perfect platform for something big to happen.

Q: What were some particular challenges and benefits to start your business in the small community you came from?

A: The challenges have been immense, as have the benefits. In the benefits box, the idea of a global company being community grown and based is a deeply competitive advantage. Our roots are here. Our past, present and future is here. Not a lot of companies can say that with a straight face these days.

Q: The foundation of the shoe is the traditional "selate" and "barabasso" shoe, where the sole is made out of recycled car tires. Was there a light-bulb moment or was the fashion concept something you had been thinking about even from when you were a child?

A: There wasn’t a light-bulb moment in the classic sense. It was more like an evolution. The selate/barabasso was all around us and so were the myriad of artisan crafts and natural inputs that I described previously. When the final push came down to found the company, I knew at that point that footwear was the platform as it would allow us a broad palate on which to express our creativity and also employ a wide range of incredible artisan-crafted and artisan-engineered materials.

And not only have we re-imagined the selate/barabasso but soleRebels has re-imagined what artisan footwear and artisan craft can be. We never did, nor do we now, just simply employ artisans. We have refined and redefined their craft to help them and us reach entirely new levels of craftsmanship, so that the product they create for our shoes is something totally new. This ethos is innovation in action and has given us innovations like totally new thread types that our hand spinners have imagined and a new weave technique that gave birth to a new, more breathable and absorbent fabric for lining our shoes and sandal straps. When people think of innovation, they think of a new technology, but innovation is in fact substantively improving the state of what was before. And so innovation can and must be applied to areas like artisan crafting. In fact it’s this approach that will keep them vital and relevant. This is one of the reasons soleRebels has found success. We have embraced the idea that tradition and innovation go hand in hand, so that yesterday’s hand-loomer of fabrics is tomorrow’s textile innovator, yesterday’s cobbler is tomorrow’s added-value shoe artisan, pioneering style and comfort through the use of the improved artisan inputs. When we look at artisan crafting through this prism, we can see a whole new future of possibilities. That’s the ethos we employ and that’s one of the assets that makes what soleRebels does totally unique, vibrant, dynamic and exciting. And it’s one of the key reasons people the world over love our products and our brand. It’s a totally new presentation of artisan craft, relevant and dynamic, one that simultaneously reaches back into the past and into the present and the future.

Q: Ethiopia was one of the only African countries to successfully fight off colonialists, which was one of the reasons why the company is called soleRebels. What made you decide to pay homage to the proud history of Ethiopia remaining independent?

A: Rather than looking at Ethiopia’s pedigree and heritage of independence as something that is backward looking, I chose my "homage" to Ethiopian independence to be something forward looking and active as it’s related to soleRebels. I believe that for Ethiopia to properly create prosperity — and for Africa as a whole — we must be at the forefront of, and in full control of the commercialization of our culture, realizing all the gains from the same. soleRebels is at the forefront of an unstoppable movement that proves the creative agency and business acumen of the people of Africa. Our desire to control the fruits of our land and labor and the processing of these will never be squelched. We will never let any usurpation of those resources and our rights to them happen again.

Q: soleRebels pays wages on average over 233% higher than industry standards and four to five times the legal minimum wage with opportunities to earn more. Why do you think more companies are hesitant about offering such wages?

A: I am proud that soleRebels has been at the forefront of creating the change that is showing that Ethiopia and Africa can create, deliver and grow world-class products and brands that can compete globally and win! We have stores opening around the planet – from Taiwan to Switzerland. We are opening these in conjunction with partners — experienced business folks who have staked their money on our ideas. Now that’s change and that’s the forefront of the possibilities that face Ethiopia, not simply selling a product or some raw materials but rather getting people around the world to buy into our ideas and support, promote and grow those ideas.

Q: Your company offers some fantastic employee benefits, like 100 percent medical coverage and bringing doctors for on-site medical checks, an artisans’ education fund (for the education of artisans’ children) and transportation for workers with disabilities. How did you come up with these ideas that are rarely offered in most companies around the world?

A: It’s rooted in a few things but mostly it’s just great business to treat people as I would want to be treated. That includes employees, partners, and customers. Once you apply that ethos, it’s pretty easy to always find yourself doing the right thing.

Q: As you build your first state-of-the-art production facility, what kind of policies will you have to maintain eco-friendly ways?

A: It’s important to understand that at our core soleRebels is an artisan-driven company. We are creative artisans who aim to craft the coolest and most comfortable footwear. We do this by combining our heritage artisan crafts with modern design sensibilities, while pouring our creative selves into our shoes. The final result is that when our footwear is bought, the purchaser can see, feel and enjoy all the elements of heart, soul and creative craftsmanship that have gone into their construction.

It’s challenging but anything good is challenging. It requires an obsession with quality, attention to detail and craftsmanship. And in a world of faceless, production line-assembled, made-in-who-knows-where shoes, soleRebels proudly stand apart and offers a much desired alternative for the informed global consumer.

This type of business model centers on eco-sensibility and community empowerment. Product design and development involves a great deal of effort to achieve fashionable and appealing quality products that use local materials. Our model maximizes local development by creating a vibrant local supply chain while creating world-class footwear that is loaded with style, comfort and appeal. We do this by directly training and employing artisans who craft each and every one of our shoes by hand, one pair at a time making it a truly zero-carbon production process.

soleRebels products are proudly made in this low-impact manner because historically that is the way it’s been done in Ethiopia. And working by hand as we do is not only the truest expression of zero-carbon production but is a study in artisan empowerment. The quality and beauty of every pair we make is literally in the hands and mind and eyes and soul of our artisans so working this way is the ultimate expression of our faith and confidence in the skill and craftsmanship of every single one of our artisans.

We make our own inputs, as other footwear manufacturers buy mass-produced materials to make their shoes. We handcraft our Abyssinian pure leathers, re-purpose materials like car and truck tires into soles and incorporate as many recycled and sustainable materials as possible including Abyssinian hemp and pure Abyssinian koba [plant fiber]. We proudly hand-spin and hand-loom every single meter of our own fabrics in our own facilities right inside our community. This ensures we get the highest quality, most gorgeous, unique and colorful fabrics that make the most amazing looking and super comfy footwear while simultaneously creating ever more high-quality jobs for talented hands.

Many of these talented hands are women who have mastered these heritage artisanal arts but were unable to find an outlet for them in modern business. I am very proud that as a company we have created a vital and sustainable outlet for these historic skills to be used in a highly productive manner. Doing our own designing, as other footwear manufacturers outsource their shoe design to big design firms, we conceive and develop everything we make by ourselves in house, in our workshop in Addis Ababa. The result is that we can conceive the coolest, comfiest and most stylish footwear while also elevating both our own creative capabilities and creating additional, higher-level jobs for the designers that we groom and train.

Q: What kinds of changes are needed for more African companies to participate in global markets?

A: Aid won’t create jobs, and cannot and never will create prosperity, especially in the Ethiopian or African context. The aid and charity industries are driven by agendas that have very little to do with ensuring development and prosperity and everything to do with sustaining themselves. They are simply diversions from the larger issues of sustainable development. Period.

We have created world-class jobs, a world-class company and brand while empowering our community and country. We have done this while simultaneously presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market. These actions, I believe, have forever shifted the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. And that’s key because no one was positioning things like that before soleRebels emerged and certainly no one was implementing it on the scale we have.

This model will not simply forever end aid dependency, but it will allow Africa to compete in the global marketplace of ideas on our own terms, and at full value for those ideas. And once we do that, then the images associated with Africa will be forever changed in a way that is real and meaningful and tangible. After all, Africa’s image is our brand, and if that overall brand has value and worth, then all our endeavors, whatever the sector we are in, becomes enhanced by that brands value.

Q: What was been key to your success?

A: One of the elements of our success is the fact that we have always seen ourselves as a creative-force company first and foremost who manifest our creativity and craft through shoes.

Anyone can make a shoe. But not anyone can, year in and year out, create top-flight products that feel as amazing as they look. Not anyone can synthesize multiple artisan crafts, invigorate them and make them relevant in multiple forms of footwear. Not anyone can invent a supply chain from scratch specifically oriented to service this type of footwear company, and keep that supply chain growing and evolving and flourishing, and have, as core underpinnings of that supply chain, eco-sensibility and fair trade. Not anyone can create deep and lasting bonds with customers through the delivery of top-grade customer service that delivers lasting customer satisfaction. Not anyone can create a brand that engages and excites people globally. Not anyone can meld Old World craftsmanship with contemporary design and technology.

It takes a deeply talented and creative company to do what we do while keeping customers looking great and feeling comfortable, engaged and excited by both the company and the brand. It’s a totally different endeavor than simply being a "shoe company" and its one where soleRebels is just getting warmed up. Our vision is based on creating value over decades.

Q: Can you tell me about your professional background?

A: I am an accountant by training. I was born and raised in the Zenabwork community here in Addis Ababa. It’s the community where I grew up, and it is the same community where I started soleRebels and continue to run it from.

I completed all my education here in Ethiopia as well, and I have never lived anywhere else but Ethiopia. This is a small but critical point. You see there is a distorted but powerful conventional wisdom, here and across Africa, that says if you want to succeed, then get out and go, especially West.

But growing up, and later more intensely as I graduated from college, I was always thinking about what an idea like that really means. Should somebody have to leave their country of birth and family just to survive? Or to be successful? In addition to wanting to build a successful company, I wanted to show that it is possible to be a local person, in Ethiopia and in Africa and also be globally successful, to show that it is possible to deploy local resources while creating a market leading global brand and to do it all from scratch. Exactly what we have done.

It’s a powerful idea and one that has provided a much needed and real example for many up-and-coming young women and men here in Ethiopia and across Africa at large. They see soleRebels and myself, I suppose, as an example that local Ethiopians and local Africans by extension, can and have made it globally. And this is, in turn, inspiring a whole new generation of young entrepreneurs.

My success has also served as a powerful counter to generations of media that have attempted to show Ethiopians as helpless passive recipients of aid. My story runs directly counter to that narrative, and has in fact flipped the discourse on African development from one of poverty alleviation orchestrated by external actors, to one about prosperity creation driven by local Africans maximizing their talents and resources. I have shown that it is we Ethiopians and Africans who can create prosperous jobs, world-class brands while empowering our communities. And I have done so while presenting a galvanized, dynamic face of African creativity to the global market.

Q: soleRebels brings in revenues over US$2 million, according to the British newspaper The Observer. What are your future goals for the company?

A: Roll out thirty soleRebels-branded corporate and franchised retail stores around the globe by 2016 – 17. Achieve over US$25 million to US$40 million in annual revenues by 2018. Keep generating real wealth by creating thousands of creative, dignified and well-paying jobs inside our wider community. We are aiming to add thousands of domestic full-time creative and well-paid jobs over the next 12 to 36 months and over 600 global jobs by 2015.

Continue building our thriving network of local entrepreneurs though our suppliers’ web for material inputs. This network employs hundreds and creates multi-millions in local supplier purchases. Create our state-of-the-arts production facility that will preserve, promote and keep indigenous artisan crafts relevant through their continued use as inputs in our world-class footwear products.


ሱዛን ራይስና የአፍሪካ ሰለስተ እርኩሳን

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

የሰለስተ  እርኩሳን  እመቤት

ሱዛን ራይስ፤የወቅቱ በተባበሩት መንግስታት የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ አምባሳደር ከአፍሪካ አታላይ፤ጮሌ፤ስግብግብ ራስ ወዳድ ዲክታተሮች ጋር ላለፉት አሰርት ዓመታት ስታሽቃብጥና አሸሸ ገዳሜ ስትል ነበር፡፡ ከዚህ ያለፈ ውግዘታዊ አስተያየት በተቺዎችች ተሰንዝሮባታል::

በአፍሪካ የራይስ አፍቃሪ መሪዎችም ‹‹ሰለስተ እርኩሳን › ናቸው: — የሩዋንዳው ፓውል ካጋሚ፤ የዩጋንዳው ዩዌሪ ሙሳቪኒ፤ እና በቅርቡ ወደማይቀረው የሄዱት የኢትዮጵያው መለስ ዜናዊ፡፡ (ተጠቃሾቹ በሙሉ ቀድሞ የተቃዋሚ ጦረኞች የነበሩና በቢል ክሊንተንና በቶኒ ብሌይር ቡራኬ ስመ ክርስትናቸው ‹‹የአፍሪካ የአዲሱ ትውልድ ›› መሪዎች የተሰኙ) በክሊንተንና ራይስ ራዕይ እነዚህ የአዲሱ ትውልድ መሪዎች ለአፍሪካ አዲስ አስተሳሰብ በማምጣት፤ነጻነትንና ልማትን ያፋጥናሉ ተብለው የታጩ ነበሩ፡፡ ራይስም ለዚህ ራዕይ ጠባቂ መልአክ፤ተጋዳይ፤ረቺ፤ አሳዳጊ፤ጠበቃ፤እና የነዚህ ሰለስቱ ጓደኞች ታላቋ እመቤትና የሴት አስተዳዳሪ ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሰቃቂዎቹን ሰለስቱ ቡድኖች ጋሻ መከታ በመሆን ከፍትህና ከፖለቲካ ተጠያቂነት በመከላከል፤ ከበርካታ ውግዘታዊ  ነቀፌታና ትችቶች ተድበስብሰው እንዲታለፉ በማሰናከል የተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካም ማዕቀብ እንዳያደርጉባቸው ከፍተኛውን ሚና ሱዛን ራይስ፤ ተጫውታለች፡፡

ራይስ፤ካጋሚ፤ሩዋንዳ እና ያልታመነው የዘር ማጥፋት

በኤፕሪል 1994 የክሊንተን አስተዳደር በሩዋንዳ ይካሄድ የነበረውን ጭፍጨፋና ግድያ ያላወቁ በማስመሰል ከእውነቱ ሁኔታ አይናቸውን ሲጋርዱ፤ ራይስ በራሷ አገላለጽ “ወጣቷ የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ዋስትና ዲረክተር” የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ዋስትና ካውንስለሩ (አማካሪ) አንቶኒ ሌክ በሩዋንዳ ስለሚካሄደው ጭፍጨፋ ያሁኗ የሃገር አስተዳደር ክሊንተን ወቅታዊ ምላሽ ለጭፍጨፋውና ለሩዋንዳ ሕዝብ እልቂት አጣዳፊ ምላሽ እንዳይሰጥ የማከላከልን የደርጊቱን ገጽታ በመሸፋፈን እልቂቱ ወደ ከፍተኛ ደረጃ እንዲደርስ የደረገችው ይቺው ሱዛን ራይስ ነበረች፡፡ እውነቱን በማውጣት ሂደቱን በማቆም ፈንታ፤ራይስ ሁኔታውን በመሸላለም፤የሩዋንዳን  እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት በማለት መናገሩ፤በዚያን ወቅት በሚደረገው የዴሞክራቶች ምርጫ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለውን ውድቀት በማጋጋል እያስቀመጠች ጉዳዩ እንዲታለፍ ጭፍጨፋው ግን እንዲቀጥልና የዘር እልቂቱንም ታሪክ በማይረሳው መንገድ እንዲዘገብ አደረገችው፡፡ አጥፊና አበላሽ በሆነ መልኩ የሩዋንዳን እልቂት የዘር ማጥፋት ብለን ግን ምንም ሳናደርግ ብናልፈው በኖቬምበር በሚካሄደው የኮንግሬስ ምርጫ ወቅት ምን ይውጠናል›› በሚል ማስፈራሪያ: ራይስ ሃላፊ ወዳጆቿን በማማከር በዝምታ እንዲታለፍ አድረገች፡፡

ጭፍጨፋው በተጀመረ ከ100 ቀናት ባነሰ በሩዋንዳው የዘር ማጥፋት እልቂት ሳቢያ ከ800 ሺህ ያላነሱ ሩዋንዳዊያን ንጹኃን ዜጎች ለሞት ተዳረጉ፡፡ በዚህ እልቂት ወቅት ራይስና አለቃዋ ሌክ፤ እና ሌሎችም በጎ ፈቃድ ያጡ ቢሮክራቶች ውጣ ውረድ የሞላበትን ጨዋታቸውን በመቀጠል ስለሩዋንዳው እልቂት፤ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ የዘር ማጥፋት አንዳችም ሕጋዊና ግልጽ መግለጫ እንዳይሰጥ ተደረገ፡፡ በኋላ ግን ራይስ ስለሁኔታው እንዲህ አይነት መግለጫ መስጠቷ እንደማይታወሳት የአዞ እንባዋን እየረጨች ለማስተባበል ጣረች፡፡ ራይስ በድርጊቷ በመጸጸትና ራሷን ለንስሃ ከማስገዛት ይልቅ አውነቱን በመካድና የራሷን አባባል የዘነጋች በማስመሰል፤ ካለፈው ተምራ ወደፊት እንዳትደግመውና ከተጠያቂነት ከማምለጥ ይልቅ የለመደባትን  ቅጥፈት ራት ምሳዋ በማድረግ ከሶስቱ የአፍሪካ ውጉዞች ጋር እጅና ጓንት በመሆንድ ጋፏን ከመስጠት አልታቀበችም፡፡  እነዚህን ዋጋቢስ አርባና ቢስ የአፍሪካን ሰለስቱ እኩዮች ማሞላቀቅ፤ሞግዚት ሆና ማንቆላበስ፤ማበላሸት፤መጥፎ ተግባራቸውን በማለባበስና በመደበቅና የሌለ ተግባራቸውን፤ በማውሳትና በማሞካሸት ስትዘፍንላቸው፤ ስታዋድዳቸው፤ ስታሞግሳቸው እስካሁን አለች ማለት አንዳችም ግነት የሌለው ሃቅ ነው፡፡

የ1994ቱ በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋና የዘር ማጥፋት የአሜሪካ ፖሊሲ፤የዲፕሎማቲክ አታላይነት  ዲፕሎማሲያዊ ማደናገሪያ እና ቅጥፈት  እስከዝንተ ዓለም የማፈሪያ ምስክር ሆኖ ይኖራል፡፡ በ1994 ኤፕሪል 6 የሩዋንዳን ፕሬዜዳንት ጁቫኔል ሃቢያርማናን እና ሌሎችንም ከታንዛንያ ወደ ኪጋሊ፤ ሩዋንዳ ሲያጓጉዝ የነበረው አውሮፕላን፤ ተመትቶ ወደቀ፡፡ለዚህም ግድያ ተጠያቂ የሆኑት የሩዋንዳ የጦርሃይሎች አባላት ባለፈው ዓመት (1993) የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ለመቀበል ፈቃደኛ ያልሆኑት የተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች የሩዋንዳ የአርበኞች ግንባር ነበሩ፡፡ ወዲያው የሃቢያርማናን ግድያ ተከትሎ የዚሁ የተቃዋሚዎች አባላት እና አፈንጋጭ የሚሊሺያ አባላት (ኢንተርሃምዌይ) ጭፍጨፋቸውንና አሰቃቂውን የዘር ማጥፋት ግድያቸውን ማካሄድ ቀጠሉ፡፡ በዚህም የግድያ እልቂት በርካታ ቱትሲዎችና ገለልተኛ የሆኑ ሁቱዎች ሰለባ ሆኑ፡፡

አር ኤ ኤፍ ይህን ጭፍጨፋውንና ሲጀምርና አለአንዳች ልዩነት በየመንገዱ ላይና በየመንደሩ ግድያውን ሲያከናውን ራይስና ሌሎችም የዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት የዘር ማጥፋት ሂደት መጀመሩን ሊገነዘቡ ይገባነበር፡፡ ከተባበሩት መንግሥታትና ከራሳቸውም የስለላ መዋቅሮች በታሪክ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ ግድያና ጭፍጨፋ በኪጋሊ ከኤፕሪል 6 ጀምሮ በመካሄድ ላይ እንደሆነ ማስታወሻው በኤፕሪል 6 በተጣፈ ደብዳቤ እንደደረሳቸው ያሳያል፡፡ የሃገር አስተዳደር ምክትል ጸሃፊ የነበረችዉና የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ሁለተኛው ባለስልጣን ፕሩዳንስ ቡሽኔል ሲተነብይ፡-

“እንደተገመተው ሁለቱም ፕሬዜዳንቶች ሞተው ከሆነ በሁለቱም አለያም በአንዱ ሃገር ስር የሰደደና ማለቂያ የሌለውእልቂት ሊከሰት እንደሚችል ይገመታል፡፡ በተለይም የአውሮፕላኑ ተመትቶ መውደቅ ከተረጋገጠ የኛ ሚና ሊሆን የሚገባው፤በሁለቱም ሃገሮች ሰላም እንዲሰፍን ጥሪ ማድረግ ነው፡፡ ለሁለቱም ገሃራት ይፋ መግለጫ በማውጣት አለያም መሰል ዘዴን በመጠቀም……..

በኤፕሪል 11 1994 ለመነጋገርያ የሚሆን ማስታወሻ ለምክትል የመከላከያ ጉዳዮች ጸሃፊ ቀረበ፡፡ የመካከለኛው አፍሪካ የመከላከያ ዲፒዩቲ ምክትል ጸሃፊም ሲያጠቃልል፤ “ሁለቱም ወገኖች ለሰላሙ ጥሪ መልካም ምላሽ ለመስጠት ፈቃደኛ ሳይሆኑ ከቀሩ የተጀመረው እልቂት ማቆሚያ ወደሌለው ግድያ እልቂት የደም መፋሰስ ሁኔታ ከመሸጋገርም አልፎ ወደ ብሩንዲም መዛመቱ የማይቀር ነው፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩት ወደ  አጎራባች ሃገራት ኡጋንዳ፤ታንዛኒያ፤ እና ዛይር መሰደዳቸው አይቀርም፡፡  ፈረንሳዮችም ሁኑ ቤልጂጎች በሁለቱም ወገን ታማኝነት ስለሌላቸው አሜሪካ ታማኝ አሻሻ ጭ ሆኖ መቅረብ ይኖርበታል::››

ራይስና ባልደረባዎቿ ግን ሆን ብለው ያፈጠጠውን የእልቂት አደጋ በማንኳሰስና በማሳነስ፤ ሁሉም የተኩስ አቁም ማድረግ አለባቸው የሚል ባዶ መግለጫ በማውጣት ብቻ ተገደቡ፡፡ የእልቂቱ ሂደት ለሁለት ሳምንታት ከተካሄደና እልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለው ሰብአዊ ፍጡራን ካለቁ በኋላ፤ የራይስ አለቃ አንቶኒ ሌክ ‹‹አስደናጋጩን የሩዋንዳና የብሩንዲን ፕሬዜዳንቶች ድንገተኛ ሞት ተከትሎ የተቀሰቀሰው እልቂት ሁሉም የጦር ሃላፊዎችና መሪዎች እነዚህን የግድያውን ተካፋይ የጦር አባላት በአስቸኳይ ወደ ድርድሩ ማቅረብ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ ይህ ሳይሆን ቢቀር ግን፤እልቂቱ የከፋና አሰቃቂ እንደሚሆን መገንዘብ ተገቢ ነው›› በማለት መግለጫ አወጣ፡፡ በኤፕሪል ማብቂያ ድረስ የአሜሪካን መንግስት አንዳችም ጄኖሳይድ አላየንም፤ አልሰማንም፤ አላወራንም የሚል ጨዋታውን ቀጥሎ ነበር፡፡›› በኤፕሪል 28 ቡሽኔል ለሩዋንዳው የመከላከያ ሚኒስቴር ካብኔት ዳይረክተር ኮሎኔል ባጋሶራ ግድያውን እንዲያስቆም ተማጽኖ ላከች››:: በመልእክቱም ቡሽኔል ለባጋሶራ ‹‹በዓለም አመለካከት የሩዋንዳ የጦር ሃይል በወንጀልና ግድያ ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርቶ የሲቪሎችን ግድያ በማደፋፈር ላይ ነው፡፡›› በማለት ‹‹የሩዋንዳ መንግስት ይህን ሁኔታ እንዲቆም ለማድረግና ሁኔታውን ወደ ሰላም ለማምጣት ማንኛውንም ጥረት ሊያደርግ ይገባል›› አለች፡፡

በሜይ 1 ሁኔታው ሶስት ሳምንታት ከሆነውና ብዙ እልቂት ከተፈጸመ በኋላ፤ በሩዋንዳ መደረግ ስለሚገባው ጉዳይ እንደአዲስና ጨርሶ ያለፈውን ሁሉ ሽምጥጥ አድርጎ በመካድ፤አሜሪካ ሁኔታውን ለመከላከል ሊወስድ የሚገባውን ተግባር ልክ ቀደም ሲል ራይስ እንዳረገችው ሁሉ በመሸፋፈንና እውነቱን በማለባበስ አረቀቁ፡፡ እንደ ቡድኑ የ ‹‹ውይይቱ ረቂቅ ጽሁፍ››  ማእከላዊው ጥያቄ ይህን ዘግናኝና ለሕሊና የሚከብድ ጭፍጨፋ ምን ስም ሊሰጠው እንደሚችል ነበር፡፡

1. የጭፍጨፋው ምርመራ፡:  በዚህ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት የዓለም አቀፉን ምርመራ ተሳትፎ በሚጠየቅበት ጊዜ ጥንቃቄ ሊደረግ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ትናንትም ቢሆን ያሳስብ የነበረው ይሄው ነው፡፡ የጭፍጨፋው ጉዳይ ሲጣራ የአሜሪካ መንግስት ‹‹ምንም አላደረገም›› ሊያሰኝ ወደሚችል ትችትና አመለካከት ያስኬዳል፡፡

በሜይ 5 ዩ ኤስ አሜሪካ የሚል:ኮሊንስን ሬዲዮ ጣቢያ ያስተላልፍ በነበረው አበጠባጭና ሞት ጠሪ፤ እርስ በእርስ ቱትሲዎችን  እንዲሁም ቤልጂኮችንና አሜሪካንንም ጨምሮ በመኮነን ሲያስተላልፍና ለግድያውም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ በማድረጉ ሳቢያ የጣቢያውን ማስተላለፍ ለማፈን  ቢስማሙም ወጪው የናረ ሆነና ተዉት፡፡

በሜይ 21 እልቂቱ ስድስት ሳምንታት ከሆነው በኋላ፤እልቂቱን የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንበለው አንበለው በሚል ክርክር ላይ ነበሩ፡፡ የመከላከያ ስለላ ተቋም ዘገባ በሜይ 9 1994 ከጭፍጨፋው ከወር ባነሰ ጊዜ ውስጥ ውሳኔ ላይ ደረሰ፡: በቱትሲዎች ላይ በሁቱ ሚሊሺያዎችና በግለሰቦች በዘፈቀደ በተወሰደው ጭፍጨፋ ባሻገር የተደራጀ የጦሩ የግድያ ሂደትም የቱትሲዎችን የአመራር አሻራ ጨርሶ ለማጥፋት በሚል ይካሄድ የነበረ ደባም ነበረ፡፡ ቅድሚያ እቅዱ እርቅን የሚደግፉትን ምሁራንና የፖለቲካ መሪዎችንና ደጋፊዎቻቸውን ማጥፋት የሚል ሲሆን፤ መንግስት ሂደቱን መቆጣተርና ሚሊሺያውንም ስርአት ማስያዝ ባለመቻሉ፤ግድያው እንደሰደድ እሳት ተቀጣጠለ፡፡  ሂደቱም የማይቆምና ሊገታም የማይችል ሆነ፡፡

ለውጭ ሃገር አስተዳደሩ ጸሃፊ ክሪስቶፈር በተላከው ‹‹የስምምነቱ አጭር የማስታወሻ ውል›› እንደሚለው ያስከተለው ጥያቄ ‹‹እውነት በሩዋንዳ ጭፍጨፋ ተፈጽሟል›› የሚል ነበር፡፡ ምንም እንኳን የአሜሪካን ባለስልጣናት ሀ ብሎ ግድያው ሲጀመር ጀምሮ ቱትሲዎችና የዘር ማጥፋቱ ትኩረትም የቱትሲን ስመጥር ባለስልጣናትና  መሃል ሰፋሪ ሁቱዎችንና ሌሎችንም ባለስልጣናት ግድያ እውቅናው ቢኖራቸውም፤መላልሰው ያነሱ የነበረው ጥያቄ የሚታወቀውን ጉዳይ ነበር፡፡የቀረበውም ማስታወሻ ‹‹ለውሳኔው ሃሳብ መንስኤ” በማለት የፖሊሲ ጥያቄ የያዘ ነበር፡፡

የዲፓርትመንቱ ሃለፊዎች በይፋ ‹‹የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ›› መካሄዱን መናገር እንደሚችሉ:  2. የአሜሪካን  ልኡካን በሚሳተፉበት ዓለም አቀፉ ስብሰባ ላይ በሚተላለፈው ውሳኔ ላይና ከዚሁ ጋር ተያይዘው በሚነሱ ነጥቦች ላይ ሁሉ በረዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መኖሩን እንዲያምኑ መመርያ መስጠት: በሩዋንዳ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ በመኖሩና ባለመኖሩ ላይ ትክክለኛውና  ሕጋዊ የሆነው ትንታኔ  ከተግባራዊው ማስታወሻ ቀድሞ ሲወጣ ቀጥተኛ ነበር፡፡ በ1948 የጸደቀውን ኮንቬንሽን ተንተርሶ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ መከላከልንና የሚያስከትለውንም መቀጮ ዝርዝር ያካተተ ሆኖ ነው የተጠናቀረው፡፡

በሩዋንዳ የዘር ማጥፋት መኖር የተዘረዘሩት ሁኔታዎች በሩዋንዳ ለመፈጸማቸው የሚነሳ ጥያቄ ቢኖርም ከቁጥር የማይገባ ነው፡፡እጅግ ለቁጥር ያሚያታክቱ ግድያዎችና ለሕሊና ማጣት መነሾ የሆኑ፤ በአካላት ላይ የሚዘገንን ጉዳት ያስከተሉ ድርጊቶችተከናውነዋል፡፡ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች በማስረጃ የተደገፈና ሊካድ በማይችል ሁኔታእንዳስረዱት፤የግድያውን መጠን በኤፕሪል 6 ዕለት ከ200000 እስከ 500000 እንደሆነ መስክረዋል፡፡(ድርጅቶቹ ከላይ የተገለጸው አሃዝ ግነት ሊኖርበት ይችላል ቢሉም የሚከተለውን ግምገማ የሚያፋልስ አይሆንም:: (ከኤፕሪል 6፣ 1994 ጀምሮ የተፈጸመውን ግድያ ቁጥር የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሩዋንዳ መንግሥት ካቀረበው 1071 000 በተለየ  መጠኑን 800000 መሆኑን ይዘግባል፡፡)

ሕዝቡ በሩዋንዳ ስለነበረው ጭፍጨፋ ባለማወቁ ሳቢያ ተቃውሞ ባያነሳም፤ራይስና ሌሎች በክሊንተን አስተዳደር ስር የነበሩት ካለአንዳች ጥርጣሬ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በመታቀድ ላይ በነበረና ተግባራዊም መሆን ሲጀምር ሃባሪማና ከሞተበት ዕለት አንስቶ በሚገባ ቢያውቁትም የራይስ ቅጥፈት ማለቂያ የሌለው ነውና አሁንም ድረስ ክህደቷ ያው እውነትን መሸምጠጥ ነው፡፡

ራይስ ካጋሚ፤ ሙሴቪኒ፤ኤም 23፤እና ‹‹አይቶ እንዳላየ››

በ1966 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ባለቀ ከሁለት ዓመታት በኋላ፤ የሁቱን ወንጀለኞች እና የሚሊሺያ አመጸኞች በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ተጠያቂዎች ናቸው በሚል ሰበብና እንዲሁም ኮንጎ(በወቅቱ ዛይር) ካለው ሰፈራቸው መልሰው ወረራ እንዳያደርጉ  በማለት ካጋሚ በስተምስራቅ ክፍል የሚገኙትን የቱትሲ ነገዶች መሳርያ ማስታጠቅ ያዙ፡፡በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ዜጎችን ለሞት የዳረገው የኮንጎ ጦርነት በመባል የሚጠራው በዚያን ወቅት ጀምሮ እስካሁን ድረስ ጦሱ ሞትን ከማስከተልና ደም ከማፋሰስ አልቆመም፡፡

የመጀመርያው የኮንጎ ጦርነት የዘለቀው ከ1966  እስከ 1997 ነበር፡፡ የኮንጎው የተቃዋሚ መሪ ሎውረንት-ዴዚሬ ካቢላ ለረጂም ዘመን በስልጣን ላይ የኖሩትን ሞቡቱ ሴ ሴ ሴኮን ከስልጣን አውርዶ ስልጣኑን ጨበጠ፡፡ በስተምስራቅ ኮንጎ መረጋጋትና ያጠፋው የሩዋንዴው ሂኔታ ለሞቡቱ መውደቅ ዋናዋ መረማመጃ ነበር፡፡ ካቢላም በ1997 ስልጣን ለመያዝ ቢበቃም ወዲያው በጃንዋሪ 18 2001 በራሱ የጥበቃ አባል ተገደለ፡፡በማርች 2012 የቀድሞው ካጋሚ የቀኝ እጅ የነበረውና የአር ፒ ኤፍ ዋና ጸሃፊ ቲዎጎኔ  ሩዳስኢነጉዋ  አስደንጋጭ  የሆነውን ወሬ ይፋ በማድረግ የኮንጎውን ፕሬዜዳንት ካቢላን የገደላቸው ፖውል ካጋሚ ነው በማለት ተናገረ፡፡ ሁለተኛው የኮንጎ ጦርነት ካቢላ ስልጣን ከያዙ ከጥቂት ጊዜያት በኋላ ተጀምሮ እስከ 2003 ተካሄደ፡፡ በዚህም ከ 8 ያላነሱ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት እና ከ12 የማያንሱ መሳርያ የታጠቁ ቡድኖች በግጭቱ ተሳትፈውበታል፡፡

በማርች 2009 የዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ኮንጎ መንግስት ከናሽናል ኮንግሬስ ኢን ዘ ዲፌንስ ኦፍ ዘ ፒፕል ፓርቲ ጋር ሲ ኤን ዲ ፒን እንደ ፓርቲ በመቀበል የሰላም ውል ተፈራረሙ፡፡ በኤፕሪል 2012 በርካታ የሲ ኤን ዲ ፒ ፓርቲ አባላት የሆኑ የቱትሲ ጎሳዎች፤ በማርች 2009 የተደረሰበትን ስምምነት ተግባራዊ ሳይደረግ በመቅረቱ ሳቢያ በዴሞክራቲክ ሪፑብሊክ ቾንጎ አመራር ላይ በማመጽ  ኤም 23 የተባለውን እንቅስቃሴ መስርተው ትግል ገቡ፡፡ መሪያቸውም በጦር ወንጀል ስሙ የታወቀው ጄኔራል ቦስኮ እንታጋንዳ  (አጥፊው (ዘ ትረሚሜተር) በመባልም ይጠራል):: እንታጋንዳ በዓለም የጦር ፍርድ ቤት ሕጻናትን በማስታጠቅና ጦር ሜዳ በማዋልና በጦር ወንጀል ግፍ ተፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜም በአይ ሲ ሲ በጁላይ 13 2012 በሶስት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ወንጀሎች፤ በአራት የጦር ወንጀል፤በተጨማሪም፤ በግድያ፤በአስገድዶ  መድፈር፤ በሲቪል ማሕበረሰቡ ላይ በፈጸመው ደባ ክስ ተመስርቶበታል፡፡ በጁላይ 2012 በአይ ሲ ሲ የተፈረደበት ቶማስ ሉባንጋ ዳይሎ የ እንታንጋደ አለቃ ነበር፡፡የእንታንጋንዳ  ኤም 23 አመጸኞች የክልል ከተማ የሆነችውንና አንድ ሚሊዮን ነዋሪ ያለባትን ጎማን ሲቆ ጣጠሩ 140000 ነዋሪዎች   ሀብት ንብረታቸውን ጥለው ለስደት ተዳረጉ፡፡

የኤም 23 ጠንካራ ደጋፊዎች ካጋሚና ሙሴቪኒ ነበሩ:: ይህንን ድጋፍና ደጋፊዎቹን በተመለከተ በርካታ ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ማስረጃዎችን አሰባስበዋል፡፡ በቅርቡ በተባበሩት መንግስታት በወጣው የዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ባለሙያዎች ዘገባ፤ (ኦክቶበር 2012) “የኤም 23ን የአመጽ ቡድን መፈጠርና የወታደራዊ እንቅስቃሴውንም በማጠናከሩ ረገድ ተቀዳሚ የኡጋንዳ ባለስልጣናት መሆናቸውንና ከዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ጋር ባለው ወሰናቸው መሳርያ በማስተላለፍ፤ የቴክኒካል ድጋፍ በመስጠት፤እቅድ በማውጣት፤የፖለቲካ ማማከር፤የውጭ ግንኙነትም በማስተባበር በኩል፤ ወታደራዊ ድጋፍም በማድረግ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ ሁለቱም መንግስታት የ ኤም 23ን የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ ቅርንጫፎች መስፋፋትና መደርጀት ከይ በአመጸኞች ወገን ቆመውም ይሟገቱላቸዋል፡፡ የኤም 23 ደጋፊዎች 6 ሕግን በመጣስ ተፈላጊዎችና ወደ ሩዋንዳና ኡጋንዳ በተደጋጋሚ የሚመላለሱ ናቸው፡፡”

ባለፈው ኦገስት ሙሴቪኒ በሚስጢር ከኢንታጋንዳ ጋር ተገናኝቶ ነበር፡፡ባለፈው ሳምንትም የኤም 23 አማጽያን ታላቅ የማዕድን ክምችት ያላትን ጎማን እንዲለቁ ከሙሴቪኒና ከካጋሚ ዓለም አቀፉ ማሕበረሰብ ባደረገው ጫና የቀረበላቸውን ጥሪ አሻፈረን አሉ፡፡ የኮሎምቢያ ዩኒቨርሲቲው ፕሮፌሰር ሆዋርድ ፍሬንች በኒውዮርክ ታይምስ ላይ ባወጣው ‹‹የካጋሚ ስውር ጦርነት በኮንጎ››  ‹‹የኮንጎውን ግጭት አስመልክቶ፤ ስድስት ሚሊዮን ሰዎች በታላቁ ሃይቅ ክፈለ ሃገር በጦርነቱ፤በችጋር፤እና በበሽታ ለሞት ተዳርገዋል፡፡ ይህም ጦርነቱን በዘመናችን ካጋጠሙት ሁሉ የከፋና አጥፊ ያደርገዋል›› በማለት ይሞግታሉ፡፡ ይህን ግጭት በመምራተ ቀዳሚ የሆነው በአጎራባች ሩዋንዳ የሚገኘው የቱትሲ ነገዶች ጥርቅምና በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉ በርካታ የኮንጎ ተወላጆች መሆናቸውን የሚያውቁ ጥቂት ናቸው፡፡ እስካሁን ድረስ አሜሪካና ሌሎችም የአውሮፓ ሀገራት ካጋሚን በዲፕሎማቲኩ በመደገፍ ላይ ናቸው፡፡ላለፉት ዓመታትም በኮንጎ ለተፈጠረው ሁከት በሩዋንዳ የሚደገፉት ሃይሎች ለብጥብጥ በሃላፊነት ተጠያቂ ናቸው፡፡ የሩዋንዳ ፓትሪዮቲክ ፍሮንት፤በኮንጎ ውስጥ የማዕድን ማምረት ተግባር ያካሂዳል፤ እንደ ተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ዘገባ መሰረት ሩዋንዳ የምስራቁን ኮንጎ ግዛት በተለያዩ ወኪል ጦረኞች ለመቆጣጠር ጥረት እንደምታደርግ ይናገራሉ፡፡

ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ የሚያከናውኑትን ደባ ራይስ ጋሻ መከታ ሆና ትሸፋፍናለች፡፡ ካጋሚ ኤም 23ን  መደገፉንና የገንዘብና የመሳርያ ድጋፍ መስጠቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታት አጥኚ ቡድን ይፋ እንዳያደርግ ያላደረገችው ጥረት የለም፡፡ እንደ ናሽናል ጆርናል አባባል ራይስ በሩዋንዳ ላይ ጠንካራ ትችት ለማቅረብ በማስረጃ የተደገፈ ሃቅ ያነሱትን የሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ምክትል ጸሃፊ ከሆነው ጆኒ ካርሰንና ከሌሎችም የቢሮው አባላት ጋር ሙሴቪኒንና ካጋሚን አትንኩብኝ ጭቅጭቅ አንስታ አንደነበር ዘግቧል፡፡ ጆርናሉ በዘገባው፤ የፈረንሳይ አምባሳደር የተባበሩት መንግስታት በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ችግር ጣልቃ መግባት እንደሚገባው ሲያማክራት ሃሳቡን አጣጥላ ችላ እንዲባል አድርጋለች፡፡ ራይስ ለፈረንሳዩ አምባሳደር፤ ‹‹የምስራቁ ዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎ ነው፡፡ ኤም 23 ካልሆነም አንድ ሌላ ቡድን ይሆናል›› እንዳለችው ጆርናሉ የፓሪሱን ዩኒቨርሲቲ ፕሮፌሰር ጌራርድ ፕሩኒየርን ጠቅሶ ዘግቧል፡፡

በሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳዮች ምክትሏ ሱዛን ራይስ ከታላቁ ሃይቅ ክልል የመጀመርያ ጉዞዋ ስትመለስ፤ አንድ የቡድኗ አባል፤ የዩጋንዳው ሙሴቪኒና ካጋሚ የክልሉ መሰረታዊ ችግር የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው ግርሻ ነው በመሆኑ መደረግ ያለበትን እናውቃለን፡፡ እኛ (የአሜሪካን መንግስት) ማድረግ ያለበት አይቶ እንዳላየ መሆን ብቻ ነው›› ብለውናል ብሏል፡፡ ይህ ነው የራይስ በሩዋንዳ ለተፈጸመው እልቂት የአዞ እንባ እዬዬ፡፡ በአጠቃላይ በቀላሉ ራይስ ስለአፍሪካውያን የጅምላ ጨፍጫፊዎች ‹‹መጥፎ አናይም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንሰማም›› ‹‹መጥፎ አንናገርም›› እንደማለት ነው ማለት ይቻላል፡፡

ሱዛን ራይስና መለስ ዜናዊን ማከባበሯ

በመስከረም 2/2012 ራይስ በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ላይ ከመገኘቷ አስቀድሞ ያዘጋጀችውን 3 “የድንቢጥ ጫጫታ” (ትዊተር) አክብሮተ መለሷን ለአንባቢ መሰሎቿ ልካ ነበር፤ ጫጫታዋም፡-

‹‹ከባድ የሃዘን ስሜት በአዲስ አበባ ይታያል፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ያደረብንን ሃዘን እንገልጻለን፡፡ መለስ ለኢትዮጵያ  #ሕዝብ ከተቃዋሚ እስከ አፈንጋጭ፤ ከድሆች እስከ መርዳት የማይጠፋ ቅርጽ ትቷል፡፡ በዚህ የ#ኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የቀብር ስነ ስርአት ላይ የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ በመገኘቴ ክብር ይሰማኛል››

ምናልባት ራይስ ‹‹የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክያለሁ›› ብላ ታምን ይሆናል፤ የቀብር ዋይታ ጫጫታዋ ግን የሚያሳየው በግል መለስን መባረኳን ነው፡፡ በከንቱ ውዳሴዋ መለስን ታይቶ የማይታወቅ፤ ያልተለመደ ባለራዕይ፤ ለኔና ለብዙዎች ታማኝ ወዳጅ ብላለች፡፡  በመቀጠልም ‹‹ቁጣን ማብረድ የሚችል፤ የማያስመስል፤ ቀጥተኛ፤ራሴን የማይል፤ የማይደክም፤ሙሉ በሙሉ ለቤተሰቡና ለሥራው እሱን ያሳደረ›› በማለት ተንጫጭታ ያለፈውን ተሞክሯቸውን እያስታወሰች ከመለስ ጋር የዝምድና ያህል መተሳሰራቸውንም ይፋ አደረገች፡፡

“በተገናኘን ቁጥር ምንም ያህል በሌላ ነገር ቢዋጥ ንግግሩን ሲጀምር ስለ ልጆቼ በመጠየቅ ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቼ ሲጠይቀኝም ለይስሙላ ብሎ አልነበረም፡፡ ስለዕለት ተዕለት እድገታቸው ዝርዝር ማወቅ ይፈልጋል፡፡ የኔን ካዳመጠ በኋላ ስለራሱ ልጆች በዝርዝር ይነግረኛል:: መለስ ኩሩ አባትን ታማኝ ባል ነበር፡፡ ስለልጆቹ ተግባር ይነግረኝና ስለእድገታቸው ያወራኛል፡፡ በሃሳብና በጭንቀት የተዋጠ ገጹ ወዲያው በደስታ ይሞላል፡፡ መለስ በራሱና በሌሎችም ልጆች የወደፊት ተስፋና የተለየ ደስታ ይታየው ነበር፡፡”

‹‹የመለስ አይኖች መቁለጭለጫቸውን አያቆሙም፤የዘወትር ዝግጁ ፈገግታው፤የማያቋርጠው ሳቁ፤የቀልድ ችሎታው ዘወትር ያለ ነበር››  መለስ ‹‹ምን ያህል ቆራጥ፤ ስሜቱ የማይነካ፤ አልፎ አልፎም የማይበገር ….. እናም እሱ እንደሚጠራቸው ለሞኞችና ለደደቦች ደንታ የሌለው›› ነበር፡፡

ይህ የራይስ የክብርና ሞገስ ጫጫታዋ ግን ያቺን ኮከብ ተከትለው ወደ ቤተልሔም የተጓዙትን ሰብአ ሰገሎችን የሚያሳፍር ነው፡፡

ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ብዙ የሚደነቁ ችሎታዎች ውስጥ ከሁሉም በላይ አቻ የማይገኝለት ጭንቅላቱ ነው፡፡ የእድሜ ልክ ተማሪ በመሆን እራሱንና ሌሎችንም ብዙ አስተማረ፡፡ ግን ብልህ ብቻ አልነበረም፤ የማይደክም ተደራዳሪና ተከራካሪ ነበረ፡፡ የተጠማ ያገኘውን ጠጪም እውቀት ፈላጊ አይነትም ነበረ፡፡ ከሚታመን በላይ ብልጥ ነበር፡፡ትልቁን የጨዋታውን እቅድ መመዘን የሚችል ነበር፡፡ ያጋጠሙት አሳሳቢና ያልተለመዱ አጋጣሚዎች አስተምረውታል፡፡

ለበርካታ ጊዜያት እንደ መንግስትና እንደ ወዳጅ ያልተጋጨንባቸውና ያልተስማማንባቸው ወቀውቶች አልነበሩም አይባልም፡፡ ስንከራከር፤ ስለኤኮኖሚ ስለ ዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለ ስብአዊ መብቶች፤ ስለአካባቢ ደህንነት፤ ወይም የየግላችን የውጭ ግንኙነት ፖሊሲም ስንከራከር በተለይ ሁለት ጉዳዮች ያገርሙኝ ነበር፡፡ መለስ በተከታታይነት በአመለካከቱ ምክንያታዊ፤ በውሳኔዎቹም በሚገባ የሚያስብ ነበር፡፡ የሚመራውም በፍልስፍና ሳይሆን፤ወደፊት ስለሚታየው የውድ ሃገሩ እድገትና ልማት እንጂ፡፡በድርድራችንና በውይይታችን ወቅቶች የምናነሳቸው ጠቃሚ ነጥቦች በሞቱ ይጎድሉብኛል፡፡

ራይስ በስንብት ጫጫታዋ መለስ አሰቃቂ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሬኮርድ ጨርሳ ታውራ ነበር፡፡ የራሷ የአሜሪካ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት ያወጣውን የ2011 የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ሜይ 2012 የወጣውን ዘገባ  ሆን ብላ ችላ ብላዋለች፡፡ ዘገባውም፡-

በኢትዮጵያ አግጥጦና በግልጽ የሚታየው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት መንግስት 100 የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎቹን መሪዎች፤ ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎችን፤የነጣውን ፕሬስ አባላት፤ ማሰሩ ነው፡፡ መንግስት የፕሬስ ነጻነትን አፍኗል፤ የመያዝና ለእስር መዳረግን፤ ጥቃትን በመፍራት ጋዜጠኞች በራሳቸው ላይ ሳንሱር ማድረግ ግድ እየሆነባቸው ነው፡፡ የችሮታና መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድጋፍ ሰጪዎች ላይ የተደቀነው እገዳና አዲስ ደንብ፤……ሌሎች የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች በዘፈቀደ በየቦታው መያዝ፤መታገት፤ያለክስ በእስር መጉላላት፤ ማለቂያ የሌው የቀጠሮ ጊዜ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ተእዛዝ የግለሰቦች መኖርያ ብርበራ፤አላስፈላጊ በሆኑ ሰበቦች ክስ መመስረትና ማስረጃ ሳይኖር አስሮ ማስፈረድ፤………የሚል ነበር፡፡

ራይስ እንደገናም በኦክቶበር 2ር›› 2012 ‹‹ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ መታሰቢያ ጸሎት በጥቂት አፍቃሪ መለሶች በተዘጋጀበት ስርአት ላይ ተገኝታ ነበረ›› በአቢሲኒያ ቤተክርስቲያን ተገኝታ ያደረገቸው ሁለተኛው ውዳሴዋ፤ እንደገና አመጣጤ እንደ አሜሪካን መንግስት ወኪልነቴና በግል እጅጉን ላጣሁት ሰው ወዳጅነቴም ነው፡፡ እኔ የማውቀው ለሰብአዊ መብት ተጨናቂና በተጨበጠ ነገር የሚመራ ሰው ነበር፡፡ ምናልባትም መለስ በአካባቢው ካሉት ሁሉ እጅግ ብልህ ነኝ ብሎ ያስብ ይሆናል:: እናም ብዙ ጊዜ እሱ ልክ ነበር፡፡ ትቶት ያለፈው ውርስ ከአፍሪካ ፈጣን የኤኮኖሚ ዕድገት ማስገኘትን ነው፡፡ ለኢትዮጵያ የፈጣን እድገት መሰረት ጥሎላታል፡፡ ስለ ዓየር ጠባይ ለውጥም ለአፍሪካ ታላቅ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል፡፡ ለሕዝቦቹም የምግብ ምርት እድገቱ በእጥፍ እንዲያድግ ሲያደርግ ያ በተደጋጋሚ ሕዝቡን ለሞት ሲዳርግ የነበረው ችጋርም ዳግም እንዳይከሰት ዘዴ ፈጥሯል፡፡………..›› እና ሌሎችም ድርጊቶች ማከናወኑን በመግለጽ እዚያም ተንጫጭታ ስታጠቃልል፤‹‹የመለስ ዜናዊ መንፈስ ለበለጠ ስራ ለአንድነት እና ለተሸለች ኢትዮጵያ እንድንሰራ ይኮርኩረን፤ ለተሻለች አፍሪካ፤ ለተሻለ ዓለም፡፡›› አለች፡፡

ሱዛን ራይስ 2005 ምርጫን ተከትሎ ባዶ እጃቸውን ለመብታቸው ጥያቄና ሕገ መንግስቱ እንዲከበር ለማስገደድ ሰላማዊ ተቃውሞ በማድረግ ላይ የነበሩትን ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሕገ መንግሰቱን በመተማመን ባዶ እጃቸውን የወጡትን ከአፍ እስከገደፋቸው ዘመናዊ መሳርያ በታጠቁና የግዳጃቸውን ተልዕኮ በቀጥታ ከመለስ ዜናዊ ብቻ በሚቀበሉት በፖለስና በደህንነት አባላት በተከፈተ ተኩስ 200 ንጹሃን ዜጎች ለሞት መዳረጋቸውንና ከ800 በላይ ደግሞ የመቁሰል አደጋ እንደደረሰባቸው ለዚህም ትዕዛዙን በሏቸው ብሎ ያስተላለፈው ይሄው በራይስ ጫጫታ ክብርና ሞገስ የተቸረው መለስ ዜናዊ መሆኑን ጨርሶ ችላ ብላ አልፋዋለች፡፡

በ2004ም በጋምቤላ ስለተፈጸመው የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትና ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ዓይኔን ግምባር ያድርገው ብላ ሽምጥ ክህደት ፈጽማለች፡፡መለስ በ2010 በተሰረቀና በተጭበረበረ የምርጫ ሂደት 99.6 በመቶ አሸንፌያለሁ በማለት፤የፓርላማ ወንበሮችን የብቻው ንብረት ማድረጉንም እያወቀች ግን አታስታውስም፡፡ራይስ ያን የመሰለ ውዳሴዋን ስትዥጎደጉድ በሺ የሚቆጠሩ የፖለቲካ እስረኞች፤በእስር ላይ ያሉ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች አመራሮች፤ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት፤ በእስር ለበርካታ ጊዜያት በመማቀቅ ላይ መሆናቸውን ወዳ የዘነጋችው ይመስላል፡፡ ያንን ሁሉ ሁልቆ መሳፍርት የሌለውን የውዳሴ ጫጫታ ስታስተጋባ ይታያት የነበረው፤ተወዳዳሪ የሌለው ብልጠቱ እንጂ  አላዋቂነቱ ብልጭም አላለላት፤ከፍተኛ ችሎታው እንጂ የልቡ ጥቁረትና ጭካኔ አልታወሳትም፤ በማያወላዳ ብልጣብልጥ ነበር ትበለው እንጂ ከንቱነቱ አልታወሳትም፤ስለ ዴሞክራሲና ሰብአዊ መብት ጥልቅ የሆነ አለመግባባት እንደነበራቸው ብታስታውስም ያንን ግን በመሃከላቸው የነበረው የጠበቀ ወዳጅነት እንድትረሳው አድረጓታል፡፡

በእጅጉ አስገራሚ የሆነው ደግሞ በኖቬምበር 23 2011 ራይስ ኪጋሊን በጎበኘችበት ጊዜ ጸጸት የተሞላበት ንግግርዋን ያዘነች አስመስላ ማቅረብ ታውቅበታለችና፤ በአዲስ አበባ ባደረገችው ውዳሴ ጫጫታው ወቅት ልትለው ተገቢ ይሆን በነረ መልኩ ስትመልስ፡ ዛሬ እዚህ ያለሁት የአሜሪካንን መንግስት ወክዬ ነው፡፡ በሌላ በኩልም በግሌም ከልቤ ነው ለመናገር ይምፈልገው፡፡ እኔ ሩዋንዳን ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ የጎበኘሁት በዲሴምበር 1994 የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደ ስድስት ወራት በኋላ ነው፡፡ በዚያን ጊዜ በሁዋይት ሀውስ  የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ወጣቷ ዳይረክተር ነበርኩና የወቅቱን የብሔራዊ ደህንነት አማካሪውን አንቶኒ ሊክ አጅቤ ነበር የመጣሁት፡፡ ያን ጊዜ የተባበሩት መንግስታትንና ሰላም ጥበቃን በተመለከተ ሃላፊነቱ የኔ ነበር፡፡ በወቅቱ በተወሰደው ልፍስፍስ ውሳኔ ሳቢያ የተከተለውን አሰቃቂ ውጤት በዓይናችን ለመመልከት ስንበቃ፤ ያንን ውሳኔ የወሰዱትን ሃገራት የኔንም የናንተንም ሃገራት በእጅጉ የሴኪውሪቲ ካውንስሉንም አባላት ለትዝብት እንዳበቃ ተረድቻለሁ፡፡

በዚያ ቤተ ክርስቲያንና በአጎራባቹ  ጭፍጨፋው በተካሄደበት ትምህርት ቤት ጎዳናዎች መራመድ ያሳደረብኝን ታላቅ ድንጋጤ ጨርሶ ልረሳው አልችልም፡፡ ከስድስት ወራት በኋላ አካባቢው ለሰላም እንቅስቃሴ ሊውል ሲገባ እስካሁን ድረስ የበሰበሱ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች መታያና መከማቻ ሆኗል፡፡ በነዚያ የሙታን በድን ላይ መረማመድና ባጠገባቸው ማለፌ  የሰው ልጅ በሰው ልጅ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት ግፍና ጭካኔ ሊረው እንደሚችል አስታዋሽና የማይጠፋ ጠባሳ ጥሎብኛል፡፡ዛሬ በማከናውነው ተግባሬ ላይ እነዚህ የንጹሃን አስከሬኖች አብረውኝ ይኖራሉ፡፡ጨርሶ እንደማይረሱኝ በማረጋገጥ ወደፊትም ይህን መሰሉ የጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ እንዳይደገም ማስታወሻ ይሆነናል፡፡

አላስፈላጊና አጥፊ የሆነው ይህን መሰሉ ተግባር ለመከላከል ለሁላችንም በተለይም ለሱዛን ራይስ ምን ያህል አስፈላጊና አሳሳቢ ይሆን፡፡ ሕግን በማፍረስ ስቃይ፤ እስራት፤በዘፈቀደ መታገት፤ያለክስ እስር፤ የሚጠየቅ የተጨማሪ እስር ቀጠሮ፤የዜጎች ግላዊ መብት መጣስ፤ያለፍርድ ቤት ትዕዛዝ ብርበራ ማካሄድ፤ በነጻነት ላይ የሚጣል ገደብ፤የመሰብሰብ ነጻነት እገዳ፤ ማህበራት፤እንቅስቃሴዎች፤ መከልከል…….. በአፍሪካ አህጉር?

ሱዛን ራይስና የኢትዮጵያ ጣዕረሞቶች

በሴፕቴምበር2 እና በኦክቶበር 27 2012 ባዶ እጃቸውን በወጡ ንጹሃን ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች ላይ የደረሰው የሞት አደጋ ጭፍጨፋ፤ በአነጣጥሮ ተኳሾች በጎዳና ላይ የተቀጠፉት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ዜጎች፤ ለራይስ ምንም ማለት አይደሉም ትውስታም አላሳደሩባትም፡፡ዛሬም ቢሆን በኢትዮጵያ ወህኒ ቤቶች ስቃይ የሚቀበሉትንና ፍዳቸውን የሚያዩ ንጹሃን አይታወሷትም፤ራይስ በሩዋንዳ የተካሄደውንም ጅምላ ጭፍጨፋ ላለማስታወስ ሕሊናዋን ሆን ብላ ዘግታው ነበር፡፡በ2012 በኢትዮጵያ ለተፈጸመው ግድያና የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት ደንታ የላትም፡፡ከአፍሪካ ጭራቅ ፈላጭ ቆራጮች ጋር እጅን ጓንት የሆነና በፍቅር የሰከረ የሃገር አስተዳዳሪ ለአሜሪካ አየስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ያየሁትን አላየሁም የሰማሁትን አልሰማሁም የተናገርኩትን አልተነፈስኩም ባይ ሹም አያስፈልጋትም:: አሜሪካ ልበ ድንጋይ የሆነ የአዞ እንባ አንቢ ሹመኛ አያስፈልጋትም፡፡አሜሪካ የሚያስፈልጋት የሃገር አስተዳደር የሚያዩ አይኖች ያሉት፤የሚያዳምጡ ጆሮዎች፤የሚናገሩ አፎች፤ የሚያመዛዝን ሕሊና፤የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰትን ከመንግስታት ስህተት የሚለይ እንጂ፡፡

ማንም ቢሆን ወንድን ይሁን ሴትንም በጓደኞቻቸው ማንነታቸውን ማወቅ ይቻላል የተባለው ሃቅ አይደለምን?

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/10/susan_rice_and_africas_unholy_trinity

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ኦህዴድ ውስጥ የማረጋጋትና የማጽዳት እርምጃዎች እየተወሰዱ ነው

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- የኢሳት ምንጮች እንደገለጡት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው መሾማቸውን ተከትሎ በመካከለኛው ደረጃ ያለውን አመራር የማጠናከር፣ የማረጋጋትና የማጽዳት እርምጃዎች እየተወሰዱ ነው። ከፍተኛ ችግር በሚታይበት በምስራቅ ኦሮሚያ እና በሀረሪ ክልል የሚገኙ በመካከለኛ ደረጃ የሚገኙ የኦህዴድ አመራሮች ፣ መምህራንና ርእሰ መምህራን፣ የወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዎችና የድርጅት አባላቶች ከህዳር 27 ጀምሮ ስብሰባ ላይ ናቸው። በሀረሪ ክልል በአሚር አብዱላሂ አዳራሽ መጋቢት 28፣ ቀን 2005 ዓም በኦሮሚያ ክልል ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንት በአቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ሰብሳቢነት ስብሰባ ተካሂዷል። በመስራቅ ሀረርጌ ደግሞ መካከለኛ አመራር፣ ርእሰ መምህራንና የድርጅት አባላት የሚሳተፉበት ስብሰባ ዛሬ ተጀምሯል።

ከ700 በላይ የሚሆኑ የኦህዴድ አባላት በተሳተፉበት ስበሰባ ዋነኛ የመወያያ ጉዳዮች ሆነው ከቀረቡት መካከል በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው ልዩነት፣ የሙስሊሙ እንቅስቃሴና፣ ትምህርት ቤቶች የአንድ ለአምስት አደረጃጃትን ስለሚተገብሩበት ሁኔታ የሚሉት ይገኙበታል።

የኦሮሞ ህዝብ በብሄር ብሄረሰቦች ቀን ማንነቱን ያስከበረ መሆኑን፣ ኦነግ የሚያቀነቅነው ሀሳብ በአንቀጽ 39 የተከበረ መሆኑ፣ እንዲሁም በአመራሩ መካከል የታዩ ክፍተቶች የተዘጉ መሆኑን ሰብሳቢው ገልጸዋል።

ተሰብሳቢዎች በበኩላቸው “ ይህ በቂ አይደለም ፣ ምስራቅ ሀረርጌ በኦሮሚያ ክልል ስር መሆን ሲገባው በሀረሪ ክልል ሆኗል፣ ቋንቋችን ተግባራዊ ይሁን ከተባለ በሁዋላ እስካሁን ተግባራዊ አልሆንም።” በማለት ጥያቄ አቅርበዋል።

ኦነግ አመለካከት ያላቸው ሰርጎ ገቦች በቂ የስልጣን ቦታ አላገኘንም በማለት የሚያስወሩት ሀሰት መሆኑንና ኦህዴድ የምክትል ጠ/ሚኒስትርነት ስልጣን ማግኘቱን ሰብሰባዊው ገልጸዋል። የኦሮሚያ ክልል በፕሬዝዳንቱ መታመም ምክንያት ያለፕሬዚዳንት ለ2 አመታት መመራቱና ኦህዴድም ራሱን ችሎ ሊቆም አለመቻሉ ጥያቄ ሆኖ ተነስቷል።

ድርጅቱ ራሱን የማጠናከርና የማረጋጋት ስራ እየወሰደ መሆኑን በስብሰባው የተካፈሉ ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የጠየቁ የኦህዴድ አባላት ገልጸዋል።

በተመሳሳይ ዜናም የኦሮሚያ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ለህክምና ተመልሰው ወደ ውጭ መውጣታቸው ታውቋል። ከአንድ አመት በፊት ጀምሮ በህክምና ላይ የሚገኙት አቶ አለማየሁ አቶምሳ ህክምናቸውን ሳይጨርሱ ፣ ለአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቀብር ወደ አዲስ አበባ እንዲመጡ ተደርጎ እንደነበር ይታወቃል። ከፍተኛ የሰውነት መጎሳቆል የሚታይባቸው አቶ አለማየሁ ከሀላፊነት እንዲነሱ በመርህ ደረጃ ውሳኔ ላይ ቢደረስም ፣ እርሳቸውን በሚተካቸው ሰው ላይ በካቢኔ አባላቱ መካካል ስምምነት ላይ ሊደረስ ባለመቻሉ ቦታው ክፍት እንዲሆን ተደርጓል።

ባለፈው ሳምንት በአዳማ በተካሄደው የምክር ቤት ስብሰባ ላይ ምክትሉ ሲገኙ ዋናው ፕሬዚዳንት አልተገኙም ነበር። የኦህዴድ መካካለኛ አመራሮችን በመሰብሰብ እያወያዩ ያሉትም ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንቱ አቶ ረጋሳ ከፍያለው ናቸው። የኦህዴድ አመራር አባላት እንደገለጡት በድርጅቱ ውስጥ የሚታየው መከፋፋል ከፍተኛ ደረጃ በመድረሱ ስራ መስራት በማይቻልበት ደረጃ ተደርሷል።

ኢህአዴግ በድርጅቶቹ መካካል የተፈጠረውን መከፋፈል ለማስቀረት ከኦህዴድ እና ከብአዴንና ከህወሀት የተውጣጡ 3 ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሮችን መሾሙ ይታወሳል።


Ethiopian scientist at IBM explains progress being made in silicon nanophotonics technology

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Joab Jackson

IBM researchers have been working on silicon nanophotonics for over 10 years, said Solomon Assefa, a scientist for IBM Research, who was involved in the work. He explains that it is now commercially feasible to bake optical circuitry into silicon processors using existing fabrication techniques, which could set the stage for radically faster and lower-cost computer communications.

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IBM Scientists (L to R) Yurii Vlasov, William Green and Solomon Assefa unveiled a new CMOS Integrated Silicon Nanophotonics chip technology

Silicon nanophotonics, as IBM calls its technology, could radically simplify and extend the design of optical networking equipment. In much the same way integrated circuits provided a way to easily bundle billions of individual transistors into powerful microprocessors, silicon nanophotonics could shrink optical componentry into far smaller, and way more powerful, form factors.

The researchers will discuss their work at the IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting this week in San Francisco. They will describe how IBM was able to build optical modulators and photodetectors on a single silicon chip, using standard 90-nanometer semiconductor fabrication techniques — an industry first, they claim.

Such components could be used to create a WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) transceiver on a chip that could communicate data at rates up to 25Gbps. With this fabrication process, it would be theoretically possible to develop a single chip that could communicate data at a terabit per second or more.

The company published a proof of concept for these technologies in 2010, but this new work focuses on how to build optical components using existing fabrication processes, without compromising the reliability or performance of individual transistors. Additional work was done on formulating a way to fabricate components at reasonable costs.

In general, transmitting data with light signals can be superior to using electrons over wire, Assefa said. Light signals move more quickly than electronic signals. Multiple light signals of different wavelengths can be run over one another in the same conduit. Also, in optimum conditions, light can travel for longer distances without the need for regeneration.

Today, optical networking components used to run fiber optic networks are assembled from different individual silicon and photonic components. Putting all the functionality onto a single chip would save money because it would "leverage the tools and the processes that already exist in the micro-electronics industry," Assefa said.

Silicon also allows for "very dense integration," Assefa said. "Instead of just having one lane, you can have 50 of them. Out of a single chip, you could get a huge amount of bandwidth."

As a result, silicon nanophotonics could simplify and lower the cost of the routing componentry needed to run fiber optic networks. It could also be used to facilitate faster data communication inside computers themselves, replacing the electronics-based buses now in use.

One eager user of this technology might be the field of high-performance computing. The bottlenecks in today’s supercomputers are not the processors themselves, but the rate at which data can be moved across processors and memory. "They are suffering because the interconnects that exist are limited in bandwidth, not scalable and expensive," Assefa said.

Joab Jackson covers enterprise software and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Joab’s e-mail address is Joab_Jackson@idg.com


How Susan Rice embraced psychotic murderers and alienated a continent

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

GLOBAL VIEW | Updated December 11, 2012

How to embrace psychotic murderers and alienate a continent.

The trouble with a newspaper column lies in the word limit. Last week, I wrote about some of Susan Rice’s diplomatic misadventures in Africa during her years in the Clinton administration: Rwanda, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of Congo. But there wasn’t enough space to get to them all.

And Sierra Leone deserves a column of its own.

On June 8, 1999, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Ms. Rice, then the assistant secretary of state for African affairs, delivered testimony on a range of issues, and little Sierra Leone was high on the list. An elected civilian government led by a former British barrister named Ahmad Kabbah had been under siege for years by a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front, led by a Libyan-trained guerrilla named Foday Sankoh. Events were coming to a head.

Even by the standards of Africa in the 1990s, the RUF set a high bar for brutality. Its soldiers were mostly children, abducted from their parents, fed on a diet of cocaine and speed. Its funding came from blood diamonds. It was internationally famous for chopping off the limbs of its victims. Its military campaigns bore such names as "Operation No Living Thing."

In January 1999, six months before Ms. Rice’s Senate testimony, the RUF laid siege to the capital city of Freetown. "The RUF burned down houses with their occupants still inside, hacked off limbs, gouged out eyes with knives, raped children, and gunned down scores of people in the street," wrote Ryan Lizza in the New Republic. "In three weeks, the RUF killed some 6,000 people, mostly civilians."

What to do with a group like this? The Clinton administration had an idea. Initiate a peace process.

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A victim of Sierra Leone’s Revolutionary United Front.

It didn’t seem to matter that Sankoh was demonstrably evil and probably psychotic. It didn’t seem to matter, either, that he had violated previous agreements to end the war. "If you treat Sankoh like a statesman, he’ll be one," was the operative theory at the State Department, according to one congressional staffer cited by Mr. Lizza. Instead of treating Sankoh as part of the problem, if not the problem itself, State would treat him as part of the solution. An RUF representative was invited to Washington for talks. Jesse Jackson was appointed to the position of President Clinton’s special envoy.

It would be tempting to blame Rev. Jackson for the debacle that would soon follow. But as Ms. Rice was keen to insist in her Senate testimony that June, it was the Africa hands at the State Department who were doing most of the heavy lifting.

"It’s been through active U.S. diplomacy behind the scenes," she explained. "It hasn’t gotten a great deal of press coverage, that we and others saw the rebels and the government of Sierra Leone come to the negotiating table just a couple of weeks ago, in the context of a negotiated cease-fire, in which the United States played an important role."

A month later, Ms. Rice got her wish with the signing of the Lomé Peace Accord. It was an extraordinary document. In the name of reconciliation, RUF fighters were given amnesty. Sankoh was made Sierra Leone’s vice president. To sweeten the deal, he was also put in charge of the commission overseeing the country’s diamond trade. All this was foisted on President Kabbah.

In September 1999, Ms. Rice praised the "hands-on efforts" of Rev. Jackson, U.S. Ambassador Joe Melrose "and many others" for helping bring about the Lomé agreement.

For months thereafter, Ms. Rice cheered the accords at every opportunity. Rev. Jackson, she said, had "played a particularly valuable role," as had Howard Jeter, her deputy at State. In a Feb. 16, 2000, Q&A session with African journalists, she defended Sankoh’s participation in the government, noting that "there are many instances where peace agreements around the world have contemplated rebel movements converting themselves into political parties."

What was more, the U.S. was even prepared to lend Sankoh a helping hand, provided he behaved himself. "Among the institutions of government that we are prepared to assist," she said, "is of coursethe Commission on Resources which Mr. Sankoh heads."

Of course.

Three months later, the RUF took 500 U.N. peacekeepers as hostages and was again threatening Freetown. Lomé had become a dead letter. The State Department sought to send Rev. Jackson again to the region, but he was so detested that his trip had to be canceled. The U.N.’s Kofi Annan begged for Britain’s help. Tony Blair obliged him.

"Over a number of weeks," Mr. Blair recalls in his memoirs, British troops "did indeed sort out the RUF. . . . The RUF leader Foday Sankoh was arrested, and during the following months there was a buildup of the international presence, a collapse of the rebels and over time a program of comprehensive disarmament. . . . The country’s democracy was saved."

Today Mr. Blair is a national hero in Sierra Leone. As for Ms. Rice and the administration she represented, history will deliver its own verdict.

Write to bstephens@wsj.com

A version of this article appeared December 11, 2012, on page A17 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: The Other Susan Rice File.


Israel reportedly engaged in racist sterilization of Ethiopian women

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Talila Nesher | Haaretz

Women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia they were coaxed into agreeing to injections of long-acting birth control drugs.

Women who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago say they were told they would not be allowed into Israel unless they agreed to be injected with the long-acting birth control drug Depo Provera, according to an investigative report aired yesterday on the Israel Educational Television program “Vacuum.”

The women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia prior to immigration they were placed in family planning workshops where they were coaxed into agreeing to the injection – a charge denied by both the Joint Distribution Committee, which ran the clinics, and the Health Ministry.

“We said we won’t have the shot. They told us, if you don’t you won’t go to Israel And also you won’t be allowed into the Joint (American Joint Distribution Committee ) office, you won’t get aid or medical care. We were afraid… We didn’t have a choice. Without them and their aid we couldn’t leave there. So we accepted the injection. It was only with their permission that we were allowed to leave,”

recounted Emawayish, who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago. She was one of 35 women, whose stories were recorded by Sebba Reuven, that relate how they were coaxed and threatened into agreeing to receive the injectable birth control drug.

The birth rate among Israel’s Ethiopian immigrant population has dropped nearly 20 percent in 10 years.

According to the report, the women were given the Depo Provera injections in the family planning workshops in transit camps, a practice that continued once they reached Israel. The women who were interviewed for the investigation reported that they were told at the transit camps that having many children would make their lives more difficult in Ethiopia and in Israel, and even that they would be barred from coming to Israel if they refused.

The Joint said in a response to “Vacuum” that its family planning workshops are among the services it provides to immigrants, who learn about spacing out their children’s birth, “but we do not advise them to have small families. It is a matter of personal choice, but we tell them it is possible. The claims by the women according to which ‘refusal to have the injection will bar them from medical care [and] economic aid and threaten their chances to immigrate to Israel are nonsense. The medical team does not intervene directly or indirectly in economic aid and the Joint is not involved in the aliyah procedures. With regard to the use of Depo Provera, studies indicate that is the most popular form of birth control among women in Ethiopia,” the Joint said.

In its response to “Vacuum,” the Health Ministry said it did not “recommend or try to encourage the use of Depo Provera, and that if these injections were used it was against our position. The Health Ministry provides individual family counseling in the framework of its well baby clincs and this advice is also provided by the physicians of the health maintenance organizations.”

The Jewish Agency, which is responsible for Jewish immigration from abroad, said in response that it takes a harsh view of any effort to interfere in the family planning processes of Ethiopian immigrants, adding that “while the JA has never held family planning workshops for this group in Ethiopia or at immigrant absorption centers in Israel, the immigrant transit camp in Gondar, as the investigation noted, was previously operated by other agencies.”

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice’s dalliance with dictators coming back to haunt her: The Atlantic Wire

Monday, December 10th, 2012

This New Susan Rice Charge May Stick

By Dashiel Bennett | The Atlantic Wire

December 10, 2012

Republican Senators have gotten little traction trying to pin the Benghazi disaster on U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, but new details about the role she’s played in the ongoing Congolese war might be more damaging to her possible nomination for Secretary of State. The New York Times has a damning report today on the relationship between Rice and the government of Rwanda, which was a client of hers when she worked for a Washington consulting firm a decade ago.

Since being appointed U.N. ambassador in 2008, Rice has frequently intervened to protect Rwandan president Paul Kagame from criticism and condemnation for his support for the rebel group M23. The militant army has been accused of gross human rights violations, including mass rape, executions, and the use of child soldiers in the conflict in the Congo, which is Rwanda’s neighbor. Rwanda’s backing of M23 is seen as a major factor in prolonging the decade-long conflict that has been filled with horrific brutality and violence.

On more than one occasion Rice has stepped in to soften the language of Security Council resolutions and blocked attempts to publicly shame and criticize Kagame. Last week, Foreign Policy reported that two months ago, during a private meeting with her French and British counterparts, Rice objected to the idea of “naming and shaming” Kagame, saying, “This is the D.R.C. [Democratic Republic of Congo.] If it weren’t the M23 doing this, it would be some other group.”

Rice’s relationship with Kagame goes all the way back to her days in the Clinton Administration, when she was one of the leading members in the administration on African affairs. She served on the National Security Council during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which ended when Kagame’s party took over the government. After leaving the White House in 2000, Rice became a managing director at Intellibridge, a “security analysis” firm that had Kagame government’s as a client.

Rice and other American diplomats have argued that silent diplomacy is the best course of action in the Congo, and that publicly attacking Kagame or Rwanda would undermine ongoing peace negotiations. However, with the Congolese war so far from being resolved—and over three million dead in the last decade—its hard to see the wisdom of that approach. The failure of U.S. and U.N. to take more decisive action against the Rwandan genocide is still seen as a major black mark on the Clinton administration’s legacy. (“Bystanders to Genocide” is what Samantha Power called them in The Atlantic in 2001.) There are many who feel those same mistakes are being repeated in the Congo today.

As a purely political matter, however, the stories are resurfacing at the worst time for Rice. The ties between her and Rwanda are not a secret, and have been reported in depth elsewhere. But as with any previously under-the-radar issue, a banner headline on The New York Times website goes a long way toward turning a footnote into a scandal. It’s clear that should Rice be nominated to be the next Secretary of State, she’s going to face a lot of tough questions beyond just her statements on the Benghazi mess. It’s also clear that those who are opposed to her nomination are going to play up any and all angles that might reflect negatively on her foreign affairs credentials. Rather than a petty squabble over a harmless set of talking points, Rice’s actual conduct in the halls of the United Nations should have a much bigger impact on whether or not she gets the big promotion she’s been waiting for.

Rice herself said back in 2001 that, “I swore to myself that if I ever faced such a crisis again, I would come down on the side of dramatic action, going down in flames if that was required.” Even if she doesn’t stop the war in the Congo, the going down in flames part could still happen.

Want to add to this story? Let us know in comments or send an email to the author at dashiell@dashiellbennett.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Eritrea denies reports that President Isaias Afwerki is to step-down

Monday, December 10th, 2012

Eritrea denies reports that president Aferwerki is to step-down
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

December 10, 2012 (ADDIS ABABA) – The Eritrean government has dismissed recent reports alleging that the long-time leader of Eritrea, Isaias Afewerki, has decided to stand-down in 2013.
Eritrean president, Isias Afewerki (AFP/Getty)
Citing sources in Asmara, Ethiopian Review, an online journal, recently reported that Afewerki is planning to step down within a year, along with most of the senior leadership and will transfer power to younger leaders.

However, Eritrea’s presidential spokesperson, Yemane Gebremeskel, told the German Deutsche Welle Radio’s Amharic program, that the rumours are baseless.

“In a recent post I asserted that there is a pattern to these rumours. They are usually engendered when some within Ethiopia who want to hide or obscure some event inside Ethiopia,” he said adding they “are just distractions.”

Ethiopian Review claimed that “the Eritrean president wants to be a Mandela or George Washington-like figure to his country by overseeing a smooth transfer of power on his own terms.”

Anonymous Eritrean opposition political groups based in Addis Ababa told Sudan Tribune on Monday that it is “totally unlikely” that the “Eritrean dictator” will resign or allow a smooth power transfer.

The opposition officials further stressed that the only way to remove Aferwerki from power is by military means or with an uprising, as seen in other countries during the Arab spring.

An Eritrean political analyst, on a condition of anonymity, said that Aferwerki’s alleged decision to resign is "no surprise" because of his deteriorating health and mounting discontent amongst the country’s defence forces.

The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization (RSADO), chairman, Ibrahim Haron, told Sudan Tribune in November that Eritrea is witnessing a growing division among political and military leaders following worsening corruption in the poorly-funded military.

As result of the corruption, the Eritrean army has begun unprecedented protests and there has been public outcry, according to Haron.

With an estimated 200,000-300,000 troops, Eritrea has the largest armies in sub-Saharan Africa, despite its relatively small population.

Afewerki has ruled the country since 1993 when it gained its independence from Ethiopia after more than 30 years of struggle.

Afewerki was seen as a hero by many of the Eritrean people for his role in the fight for freedom, however when he assumed power he shut down independent news outlets, and stifled freedom of speech and religious practise. Eritrea was described by Human Rights Watch in 2012 as "one of the world’s most repressive governments."

Tens of thousands of Eritrea’s citizens have fled to neighbouring countries to seek refuge. UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesperson, Andrej Mahecic said during a visit to East Sudan in January, "This is the area hosting one of the most protracted refugee situations in the world. At the moment there are some 70,000 refugees mostly of Eritrean origin and they reside in 12 camps in this part of the country."

According to UNHCR, approximately 1,700 refugees, mainly from Eritrea, arrive in Sudan every month.

Last week 17 players and the doctor of the Eritrean football squad sought asylum in Uganda after taking part at the East and Central Africa Football Associations senior Challenge Cup.

Similarly, 13 players from Eritrea’s top football club have disappeared in Tanzania after the team was knocked out of a regional tournament in July 2011.

Eritrea’s flag-bearer during the 2012 Olympics sought asylum in the UK in August.

(ST)
http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44809


Student protesters clash with police in Khartoum

Monday, December 10th, 2012

December 9, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese capital on Sunday witnessed intense and at times violent student demonstrations that roamed major streets of Khartoum to protest the mysterious killings of four students from Darfur at the University of El-Gezira on Friday.

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Sudanese students run during a demonstration in the capital Khartoum on December 9, 2012, as they rallied in support of four dead students originally from the conflict-plagued Darfur region (Getty Images)

The protestors chanted slogans calling for toppling the regime and avenging their fallen colleagues. Some were holding signs that supported the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel coalition while others shouted in support of Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) leader Abdel-Wahid Mohamed Nur.

"Killing students is the killing of the nation… Peace, justice, freedom " the demonstrators chanted.

The police used teargas and deployed dozens to cordon and chase the students who belonged mostly to the universities of Khartoum, Neelain and Sudan.

The protesters moved through the corridors of the University of Khartoum carrying a symbolic coffin in a mock funeral representing the deceased students and headed towards the offices of the UN to deliver a memorandum demanding an investigation into their demise.

The students and activists accuse the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) of standing behind the deaths of the four students whose bodies were discovered in a canal near El-Gezira university south of Khartoum after a protest earlier in the week over exemption from tuition fees.

The exemption from tuition fees was first included in the Abuja peace agreement signed with the Sudan Liberation Movement led by Minni Minnawi (SLM-MM) in May 2006 but the agreement did not define the Darfurian students that could benefit from the measure.

As a result the exemption has been implemented differently from a one university to another based on the administrative discretion of the university. It also caused regular disputes with Darfuri students who apply to benefit from this affirmative action.

Eyewitnesses told Sudan Tribune that the demonstrations spread to the main streets of central Khartoum and were joined by protesters from Neelain University sparking an intensified security presence in those areas in anticipation. The police fired teargas to disperse protests at al-Hurriya street near Khartoum Stadium.

The students closed a major tunnel near the University of Sudan by forming a human wall that blocked traffic for two hours. They pelted rocks at the police as the latter tried to break up the wall.

Other witnesses said that large numbers of plain clothed security officers disembarked from trucks in streets where students have gathered. Hundreds of ordinary citizens were forced to cross the bridge on foot due to protestors blocking traffic, which included public transportation.

Police continued to chase students through the evening near shops that have already closed its doors fearing violence and looting.

Students also demonstrated to show their support in Port Sudan on the Red Sea, eyewitnesses there said.

The Sudanese Justice Minister Mohammed Bushara Dousa issued a decision today establishing a commission of inquiry to investigate the death of the four students. He expressed regret for the incident and demanded that the commission use all itsl resources and expertise to find out the circumstances surrounding their deaths.

The Sudanese opposition expressed solidarity with the families of the victims and decided to send a delegation to Al-Gezira state to be with them and called for speedy investigation and prosecution of all those involved.

The leader of the Sudanese Consensus Forces (SCF) Farouk Abu Eissa, speaking at a media forum organized by the SCF urged the government yesterday to put a halt on chasing students in universities and to stop the intrusion of the security agencies into higher education institutions, expressing concern about the physical and psychological torture of students.

The Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) also called for forming an "independent and impartial" committee comprised of representatives from political forces and students to investigate the recent events in Al-Gezira University and announcing the results of the investigation publicly.

(ST)


US Congress imposes sanctions on Russia for human rights violations

Monday, December 10th, 2012

Russia Promises Retaliation After US Human Rights Bill
Posted December 10th, 2012 at 10:35 am (UTC-5)

Russian lawmakers have vowed to respond in kind after the U.S. Congress approved a bill imposing sanctions on Russian officials suspected of human rights violations.

Officials said Monday that Russia’s lower house of parliament, the State Duma, will consider imposing some sort of penalty against U.S. citizens that Moscow suspects of human rights violations.

The Duma’s international affairs committee chairman, Alexei Pushkov, said the Russian Foreign Ministry already has a confidential list of U.S. nationals who will be banned entry to Russia if lawmakers approve the sanctions. The ministry had earlier denounced the U.S. bill — known as the “Magnitsky Act” — as “an absolutely unfriendly, provocative, unilateral move.”

Last week, the U.S. Senate voted to lift trade restrictions on Russia that date back to the Cold War era, normalize trade with Moldova and impose sanctions on Russian officials accused of committing human rights violations. U.S. President Barack Obama has pledged to sign the measure, which cleared the House of Representatives last month.

The bill is named after Sergei Magnitsky, a 37-year-old Russian lawyer who was jailed after he denounced what he called a criminal ring of officials who stole $250 million in tax money. He died in prison in 2009.

The Magnitsky Act combines two bills — the Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act. One part repeals a Cold War-era provision known as the Jackson-Vanik amendment, which linked favorable U.S. tariffs on Russian goods to the rights of Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate.

The bill also includes a provision that denies visas and freezes U.S. bank assets of Russian human rights violators. Moscow has expressed anger over the provision, warning that it would harm diplomatic relations with Washington.

Before the vote, Russian Foreign Ministry officials said that if the measure passed, Moscow would respond in what they called an “appropriate manner.”
http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/ … ghts-bill/


Susan Rice and Africa’s Despots

Monday, December 10th, 2012

By Salem Solomon | New York Times

ON Sept. 2, Ambassador Susan E. Rice delivered a eulogy for a man she called “a true friend to me.” Before thousands of mourners and more than 20 African heads of state in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Ms. Rice, the United States’ representative to the United Nations, lauded the country’s late prime minister, Meles Zenawi. She called him “brilliant” — “a son of Ethiopia and a father to its rebirth.”

Few eulogies give a nuanced account of the decedent’s life, but the speech was part of a disturbing pattern for an official who could become President Obama’s next secretary of state. During her career, she has shown a surprising and unsettling sympathy for Africa’s despots.

This record dates from Ms. Rice’s service as assistant secretary of state for African affairs under President Bill Clinton, who in 1998 celebrated a “new generation” of African leaders, many of whom were ex-rebel commanders; among these leaders were Mr. Meles, Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, Jerry J. Rawlings of Ghana, Thabo Mbeki of South Africa and Yoweri K. Museveni of Uganda.

“One hundred years from now your grandchildren and mine will look back and say this was the beginning of an African renaissance,” Mr. Clinton said in Accra, Ghana, in March 1998.

In remarks to a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations that year, Ms. Rice was equally breathless about the continent’s future. “There is a new interest in individual freedom and a movement away from repressive, one-party systems,” she said. “It is with this new generation of Africans that we seek a dynamic, long-term partnership for the 21st century.”

Her optimism was misplaced. In the 14 years since, many of these leaders have tried on the strongman’s cloak and found that it fit nicely. Mr. Meles dismantled the rule of law, silenced political opponents and forged a single-party state. Mr. Isaias, Mr. Kagame and Mr. Museveni cling to their autocratic power. Only Mr. Rawlings and Mr. Mbeki left office willingly.

Ms. Rice’s enthusiasm for these leaders might have blinded her to some of their more questionable activities. Critics, including Howard W. French, a former correspondent for The New York Times, say that in the late 1990s, Ms. Rice tacitly approved of an invasion of the Democratic Republic of Congo that was orchestrated by Mr. Kagame of Rwanda and supported by Mr. Museveni of Uganda. In The New York Review of Books in 2009, Mr. French reported that witnesses had heard Ms. Rice describe the two men as the best insurance against genocide in the region. “They know how to deal with that,” he reported her as having said. “The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Ms. Rice has denied supporting the invasion.

More recently, according to Jason K. Stearns, a scholar of the region, Ms. Rice temporarily blocked a United Nations report documenting Rwanda’s support for the M23 rebel group now operating in eastern Congo, and later moved to delete language critical of Rwanda and Uganda from a Security Council resolution. “According to former colleagues, she feels that more can be achieved by constructive engagement, not public censure,” Mr. Stearns wrote recently on Foreign Policy’s Web site.

Ms. Rice’s relationship with Mr. Meles — which dates from 1998, when she was a mediator in an ultimately unsuccessful effort to prevent war between Eritrea and Ethiopia — also calls her judgment into question.

In fairness, in her eulogy, Ms. Rice said she differed with Mr. Meles on questions like democracy and human rights. But if so, the message did not get through; under Mr. Meles during the past 15 years, democracy and the rule of law in Ethiopia steadily deteriorated. Ethiopia imprisoned dissidents and journalists, used food aid as a political tool, appropriated vast sections of land from its citizens and prevented the United Nations from demarcating its border with Eritrea.

Meanwhile, across multiple administrations, the United States has favored Ethiopia as an ally and a perceived bulwark against extremism in the region. In 2012 the nation received $580 million in American foreign aid.

Eritrea is no innocent. It has closed itself off, stifled dissent and forced its young people to choose between endless military service at home and seeking asylum abroad. But I believe that the Security Council, with Ms. Rice’s support, went too far in imposing sanctions on Eritrea in 2009 for supporting extremists.

President Obama has visited sub-Saharan Africa just once in his first term — a brief stop in Ghana. One signal that he plans to focus more on Africa — and on human rights and democracy, not only economic development and geopolitics — in his next term would be to nominate someone other than Susan Rice as America’s top diplomat.

Salem Solomon is an Eritrean-American journalist who runs Africa Talks, a news and opinion Web site covering Africa and the global African diaspora.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

A Visting Zambian Diplomat Charged US$2,000 for Beers at Sheraton Addis Ababa

Monday, December 10th, 2012


He just got scammed!
:lol: :lol: :lol: :lol: :lol:

Image

Drunken master PF councilor apologizes for $2,000 beer bill

Image
Sheraton Addis Ababa

Written by Editor. Posted in Breaking News, Headlines
Published on December 05, 2012

PF drunkard councilor of Silwiza ward in Lusaka’s Northmead, Chikutano Nkhoma who was detained in Ethiopia after failing to pay for the alcohol he consumed worth $2,000 about K10 million while in that country has shamelessly apologized.
**The Patriotic Front (abbreviated PF) movement is the Zambian ruling political party.

Chikutano who is also a husband and father was in the company of three other council officials accommodated at the Sheraton hotel as guest of the Addis Ababa city council.

According to Minister of Foreign Affairs Given Lubinda, Chikutano Nkhoma was on his first high profile trip and must have gotten carried away with the hotel environment hence his misconduct of excess consumption of alcoholic beverages at the hotel.

Foreign Affairs Minister Given Lubinda told parliament in a ministerial statement on the Ethiopia incident that the councilor apologized in his letter to him after requesting that he furnishes him with the details.

Mr Lubinda further told the house that Councilor Nkhoma has also promised to reimburse the $2,000 the Addis Ababa city council paid Sheraton hotel to clear his bill.

The Minister also said government has apologized to the Ethiopian Government and Sheraton hotel over the embarrassing incident.

He adds that the Lusaka City Council has since set up an adhoc disciplinary committee to further probe the incident and make recommendations of its finding to the full council meeting.

Mr Lubinda says the Lusaka city council has been directed to reimburse the Addis Ababa City Council the $2,000 it paid to clear councilor Nkhoma’s bill.

http://www.mwebantu.com/2012/12/05/drun … beer-bill/


Open letter to Ambassador Zewde Reta regarding the role the Vatican played in the Ethio-Italy war

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

Your Excellency Ato Zewde Retta,

At the outset I would like to congratulate you on the publication of your third book. The last two books impressed your readers including myself. I cannot but help appreciate your tenacity in producing such a voluminous book on the government of His Imperial Majesty HaileSelassie I, the last Emperor of Ethiopia. We find ourselves lucky to witness the detailed account of the few personalities that were steering the government. We are more than glad to witness the genius of H.E. Tsehafi Teezaz Wolde Giorgis Wolde Yohanes in the affairs of the nation.

Having said this, I cannot help but raise one important issue that disturbs me and many people whom I know. The case in question is the role the Vatican played in the Ethio-Italy war of 1936-1941. As you are well aware, Fascist Italy, under the leadership of Benito Mussolini, waged a war of aggression on the peaceful people of Ethiopia primarily to avenge the humiliation of the Italians in losing the famous Battle of Adwa to gallant Ethiopians.

In your book you have resorted to telling us that the head of the Catholic Church, namely His Eminence Pope Pius XI, not to compromise his position and that of the church, preferred to keep quiet while millions of Jews were massacred. But in another occasion he told the world without naming Ethiopia or any other nation that aggression for territorial aggrandizement was wrong. He said the above while he addressed the nurses of the world who were there for a meeting. In his speech he did not condemn the Fascistic aggression on Ethiopia and the killings of Ethiopians. In fact when the Nazis butchered six million Jews in front of his eyes the Pope kept quiet for fear of reprisal from the other “Monster”. After a while, meaning after the war ended, the church found herself in an embarrassing situation and thus opted to apologize to the Jews on two different occasions.

In the Ethiopian case where there is photographic evidence of clergy of the Catholic church blessing the Fascist war machine at the Napoli shipyard which undoubtedly was done with the knowledge of the church since a tribute of this magnitude cannot be done in the name of the church by an independent priest – we cannot fail to see the complicity.

We cannot deny that the war against Ethiopia was considered a Holy War by members of the clergy and that Ethiopians were considered INFIDELS who needed to be rechristened as Catholics.

There is no denying that the clergy was part and parcel of the Fascist war machine even within Ethiopia.

As Ato Kidane Alemayehu tried his best to clearly illustrate, Mr. Avro Manhattan, in his 1949 book, said “Pope Pius XI is credited with much admiration for Mussolini. That the Italian clergy as a whole are pro-Fascist is easy to understand, seeing that Fascism is a nationalist, authoritarian, anti-liberal and anti-socialist force”. This I believe is an empirical truth. One cannot deny the evidence.

When the victorious Fascist force arrived in Addis Ababa in 1936, the Pope was one of the first world leaders to congratulate the Fascist force.

There is no denying that the Pope was one of the first to recognize Ethiopia as part and parcel of Italy. To reaffirm his complicity at the time, the New York Times in its February 13, 1937 edition said ‘—-earlier today the Pontiff had his recognition of Italian sovereignty over Ethiopia by bestowing his Apostolic Benediction upon Victor Emanuel as the “King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia.”

So how can one try to defend that which is irrefutable?

My dear friend, Ato Kidane Alemayehu, (YEETHIOPIA YEQURT KEN LIDJ -meaning the man willing to sacrifice himself for his motherland), in an eleven page message to Your Excellency has gone a long way to prove to you that the Vatican worked hand and glove with Mussolini’s Government. Quite a number of respectable historians, Ethiopians and foreigners alike, share and hold the views that the complicity of the Vatican is self-evident.

Your Excellency, as a former colleague, I would urge you to talk to any knowledgeable person in Ethiopia and you will be surprised to know that the majority think that Vatican has been unjust in its complicity with Fascism. I have yet to meet with an Ethiopian that supports your argument to the contrary.

I would think that the Vatican’s apology to the Ethiopian people for the harm it entailed is paramount to healing the wound.

You claim to have done an exhaustive study of the case while you stayed in Rome, as the Ethiopian Ambassador to Italy, and later visiting the library of the Vatican. I would be most surprised if you were to find the evidence cited herein in such places. The evidence of the complicity is found elsewhere. Whether we like it or not, the evidence that the Pope stood by Fascism is indisputable.

Last but not least, in the name of the victims:

the thirty thousand massacred in Addis Ababa in just three days (Feb. 19-21, 1937);
the three hundred monks massacred at Debre Libanos ( Feb. 1937);
the thousands massacred throughout the war (1936-1941);
the millions of people uprooted and imprisoned;
the execution of the defiant Abune Petros and Abune Michael;
the destruction of thousands of churches and houses; and
the elimination of millions of domestic animals.

We would like to appeal to your conscious to retract your statement

that the Vatican has not colluded with the Fascist Government of Benito Mussolini “the Butcher of Ethiopia”.

If and when you do that, you would have done the greatest service to your

Country. Hence forth we will campaign in union to acquire an apology from Pope Benedict XVI and proceed to demand fair compensation from the Italian government for the atrocities and colossal damage suffered by the Ethiopian people.

In anticipation of a positive response, I remain,

Sincerely Yours,

Former Ambassador Alemayehu Abebe Shenkut

(An infant member of a patriot force of Northern Shoa, Ethiopia. A victim of Fascism and a member of the Ethiopian Patriot Association)


በደቡብ ክልል ቤንች ማጂ ዞን ከጉራ ፈርዳ የተፈናቀሉ አማራዎች መታሠራቸውና ገሚሶቹም ወደአምቦ መወሰዳቸው ተገለጸ

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

VOA – በደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ክልል፤ በቤንች ማጂ ዞን ጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ የሚኖሩ፤ ከዓመታት በፊት ከአማራ ክልል የሄዱ ሠፋሪ አርሦ አደሮች በአካባቢው ባለሥልጣናት ተገድደው ቀያቸውን ልንዲለቅቁ እየተደረጉ መሆኑን መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።

ከረዥም ጊዜ በፊት በአካባቢው እንዲሠፍሩ የተደረጉና አሁንም ድረስ በዚያው ነዋሪ የሆኑ አርሦ አደሮች የእርሻ መሬታችንን እንዳናርስና በማሣ ላይ እርሻ ያለበትን ጨምሮ በጨረታና በሃራጅ እየተሸጠባቸው መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ይህንን የአርሦ አደሮቹን ክስ እና ደርሶብናል ወይም እየደረሰብን ነው የሚሏቸውን በደሎች እና እንግልቶች ከሌሎች ወገኖችንም ለማጣራትና በችግሩ ውስጥ አሉ የሚባሉ ወገኖች የሚሉትን ለማዳመጥ ብዙ ጥረቶችን እያደረግን እንገኛለን፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል የጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ፣ አቶ መሬሣ ጎዪ እና የወረዳው ፖሊስ አዛዥ አቶ ምሥክር ይገኙበታል፡፡ እነርሱን ለማግኘት በተከታታይና ለብዙ ጊዜ ሙከራ ቢደረግም ማግኘት አልተቻለም፡፡

ጉዳዩን በቅርብ እየተከታተልኩ ነው የሚለው የመላ ኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ድርጅት – መኢአድ ተቀዳሚ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር አቶ ወንድማገኝ ደነቀ “የተፈናቀሉ ሰዎችን ስም ዝርዝር ሳይቀር ይዘናል፤ ሰዎቻችን እቦታው ድረስ ሄደው ሁኔታውን አይተዋል” ብለዋል፡፡

በመኪና እየተጫኑ ተወስደዋል ካሏቸው 150 የሚሆኑት ወደ ምዕራብ ሸዋ፣ አምቦ ከተማ መወሰዳቸውን፣ ሞባይል ስልኮቻቸውን መነጠቃቸውንና ያሉበትን ሁኔታ እንደማያውቁ ገልፀዋል፡፡ ሌሎቹ 200 ሰዎች ደግሞ በወረዳው ከተማ ሚዛን ተፈሪ እሥር ቤት ውስጥ እንደሚገኙ አመልክተዋል፡፡

በሚፈናቀሉት ሰዎች ላይ ድብደባና ሌሎችም ጉዳቶች እንደደረሱባቸው፣ ጥይት እንደሚተኮስባቸው አቶ ወንድማገኝ አመልክተዋል፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡
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Ethiopian high school student in Chicago died after a hit-and-run accident

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

(NBC Chicago) — An 18-year-old Schaumburg High School student whose lifeless body was found lying in a roadway in the northwest suburb of Chicago early Saturday was being remembered as a beloved friend and athlete by school officials and classmates.

"I am writing with great sadness to report the loss of one of our students," stated Schaumburg High School Pricipal Tim Little in a letter to parents on Saturday. "Our thoughts and sympathies are with the student’s family at this difficult time."

Mikias T. Tibebu, a native of Ethiopia, was pronounced about dead about 1 a.m. after police and paramedics’ resuscitative efforts failed to revive him, authorities said.
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While the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office ruled Tibebu’s death the result of an apparent hit-and-run collision, investigators say they have not yet determined his exact cause of death.

He was “a dedicated student with exceptional academic honors,” Schaumburg High School Principal Tim Little recalled of Tibebu in an email Saturday afternoon.

“A beloved friend and athlete, Mikias was also a committed member of the cross-country and track teams. Our thoughts and sympathies are with Mikias’ family and friends during this difficult time,” Little said in the email.

One of his friends said, “nothing bad could be said about him. He was one of the nicest kids on the team, and always working hard. He was loved by all and will be always.”

Tibebu will be remembered with a moment of silence during Saturday evening’s Schaumburg High School basketball game, school officials said.

Police and paramedics, responding to a report of a body in the road, say they found Tibebu, 18, lying in the street near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive about 12:38 a.m.

The first arriving officer and bystanders performed CPR in an attempt to revive the teen. And life-saving efforts were continued once paramedics arrived on the scene, but Tibebu, of the 800 bock of Westfield Lane in Schaumburg could not be revived

Police are looking for witnesses who may have seen Tibebu’s death or possess information that could help their investigation.

“At this time we are not interested in calling it conclusively a hit-and-run,” said Schaumburg police Sgt. John Nebl. “We don’t want to rule anything out. We have no witnesses. We do not know how he ended up in the roadway.”

According to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office Tibebu was walking near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive when he was hit by a vehicle that drove off, according to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office.

The Schaumburg Police Department’s Investigations Division and Traffic Crash Reconstruction Team are being assisted by the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office with this investigation.

Members of the school district’s Crisis Response Team will be available throughout the day on Monday at the high school to provide support for the Schaumburg High School community, Little said.

Anyone with helpful information is asked to call investigators at (847) 882-3534.

Source: http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/Te … z2Eb8hT2f4


OBEDIENCE to Tyrants – the root causes

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

The most important single quality of any government, without which it would not exist, must be the obedience and submission of its subjects… [read more]

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የ“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በሽታ ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ሕክምና

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)

“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በመባል የሚታወቀውን የጉበት በሽታ ዓይነት አስመልክቶ ከአድማጮች በተላኩ ጥያቄዎች መነሻነት የተሰናዳ ፕሮግራም ነው። የበሽታውን ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ህክምና፤ እንዲሁም ህሙማን በበኩላቸው ሊያደርጓቸው የሚችሏቸውን ጥንቃቄዎች ጨምሮ፥ በህክምናው ረገድ የሚታዩ ልዩ ልዩ ጭብጦች ይዳስሳል። ሞያዊ ማብራሪያውን የሚሰጡን፥ ዶ/ር አድማሱ ጠና በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የህክምና ትምህርት ቤት፥ የጥቁር አንበሳ ሆስፒታል የውስጥ ደዌና የተላላፊ በሽታዎች ህክምና ባለ ሞያ ናቸው።

የቃለ ምልልሱን የመጀመሪያ ክፍል ከዚህ ያዳምጡ
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Nelson Mandela hospitalized

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

South Africa at crossroads as Mandela hospitalized
By By JON GAMBRELL | Associated Press – 1 hr 2 mins ago.

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Inside a Catholic church that once served as a major rallying point for anti-apartheid activists, a gray-suited Nelson Mandela appears in stained-glass window that also features angels and the cross.

Worshippers here prayed Sunday for the hospitalized 94-year-old former president, who remains almost a secular saint and a father figure to many in South Africa, a nation of 50 million people that has Africa’s top economy.

Mandela’s admission to the hospital this weekend for unspecified medical tests sparked screaming newspapers headlines and ripples of fear in the public that the frail leader is fading further away.

And as his African National Congress political party stands ready to pick its leader who likely will be the nation’s next president, some believe governing party politicians have abandoned Mandela’s integrity and magnanimity in a seemingly unending string of corruption scandals. That leaves many wondering who can lead the country the way the ailing Mandela once did.

"When you have someone that’s willing to lead by example like he did, it makes things easier for people to follow," said Thabile Manana, who worshipped Sunday at Soweto’s Regina Mundi Catholic church. "Lately, the examples are not so nice. It’s hard. I’m scared for the country."

Mandela, who spent 27 years in prison for fighting racist white rule, became South Africa’s first black president in 1994 and served one five-year term. The Nobel laureate later retired from public life to live in his remote village of Qunu, in the Eastern Cape area, and last made a public appearance when his country hosted the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.

On Saturday, the office of President Jacob Zuma announced Mandela had been admitted to a Pretoria hospital for medical tests and care that was "consistent for his age." Zuma visited Mandela on Sunday morning at the hospital and found the former leader to be "comfortable and in good care," presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said in a statement. Maharaj offered no other details about Mandela, nor what medical tests he had undergone since entering the hospital.

In February, Mandela spent a night in a hospital for a minor diagnostic surgery to determine the cause of an abdominal complaint. In January 2011, Mandela was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection.

Mandela has had other health problems in the past. He contracted tuberculosis during his years in prison and had surgery for an enlarged prostate gland in 1985. In 2001, Mandela underwent seven weeks of radiation therapy for prostate cancer, ultimately beating back the disease.

While South Africa’s government has offered no details about where Mandela is receiving treatment, the nation’s military has taken over medical care for the aging leader since the 2011 respiratory infection. At 1 Military Hospital in Pretoria on Sunday, the facility that previously cared for Mandela in February, soldiers set up a checkpoint to search vehicles heading into the hospital’s grounds. A convoy of cars with flashing lights and sirens entered the hospital grounds Sunday afternoon.

Mandela’s hospitalization quickly dominated news coverage in South Africa, where most have been focused on the upcoming ANC national convention later this month in Mangaung. There, the party that has governed South Africa since Mandela’s election will pick either pick a new leader or reelect Zuma to helm the organization. Becoming leader of the ANC means a nearly automatic ticket to becoming the president in post-apartheid South Africa.

Zuma, 70, he faces ever-increasing criticism as the nation’s poor blacks, who believed the end of apartheid would bring economic prosperity, face the same poverty as before while politicians and the elite get richer. Meanwhile the nation’s economy continues to struggle amid slow growth and the aftermath of violent unrest in the country’s mining industry.

Zuma also faces criticism over millions of dollars of government-paid improvements made at his private homestead. But that’s merely the tip of the corruption allegations swirling around the party, which critics say is increasingly tarnished. Text books have gone undelivered to rural schools, while local ANC officials have been arrested and convicted of corruption charges. Others have been attacked or killed in politically tinged violence as the party’s convention draws closer.

"It’s becoming corrupt every day … and it’s growing worse," said Sidney Matlana, a worshipper at Regina Mundi. "Things are getting worse than it was before."

Yet Zuma remains a charismatic leader and still gets widespread support from Zulus, South Africa’s largest ethnic group. He appears likely to hold onto power as provincial nominations ahead of the national meeting largely have support him.

Despite that, those leaving worship Sunday at Regina Mundi stressed the need for South Africa’s politicians to follow Mandela’s example.

It was here that anti-apartheid crusaders gathered to plan, pray and to mourn their dead, a church Mandela himself once called a "battlefield between forces of democracy and those who did not hesitate to violate a place of religion with tear gas, dogs and guns."

Mandela’s own stained glass image stands just right of another portraying a man carrying the corpse of 13-year-old Hector Pieterson, who was gunned down by police in Soweto in a peaceful 1976 student protest.

Worshippers acknowledged Sunday they didn’t know which politician would be able to live up to Mandela’s legacy.

"Every person has got his time," churchgoer Lerato Mhlala said. "Someone must come in and take his place as well."
___

Jon Gambrell can be reached at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP .
http://news.yahoo.com/south-africa-cros … 04625.html


PM Hailemariam denies knowing about the request to move the Ethiopia vs Eritrea soccer match from Asmara to Sudan

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

ጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ሀይለማርያም ኢትዮጵያ ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርገው የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ ቦታ እንዲለወጥ መጠየቁን አላውቅም አሉ

ህዳር ፳፱ (ሃያ ዘጠኝ) ቀን ፳፻፭ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ይህን የተናገሩት ከአልጀዚራ ቴሌቪዥን ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለምልልስ ነው። ረዩተር የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ፌዴሬሽን ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑትን አቶ መላኩ አየለን በመጠቀስ ” ለተጫዋቾች ደህንነት ሲባል እግር ኳስ ፌደሬሽኑ የጨዋታው ቦታ እንዲቀየር መጠየቁን ” ዘግቦ ነበር። ቢቢሲና አልጀዚራን የመሳሰሉ ታላላቅ አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀንም ለጉዳዩ የዜና ሽፋን መስጠታቸው ይታወቃል።

በኢትዮጵያ በኩል የቀረበውን ጥያቄ ተከትሎ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የነበራትን ጨዋታ መሰረዙዋን የአፍሪካ እግር ኳስ ኮንፌዴሬሽን መግለጹን ረዩተር ከትናንት በስቲያ ዘግቧል።

እነዚህ ዘገባዎች በስፋት በመገናኛ ብዙሀን በቀረቡበት ሁኔታ ነው፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ” ከኤርትራ ጋር ወዳጅነት ከፈለጋችሁ ለምን ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርጉት የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ የመጫዎቻ ቦታው እንዲቀየር ፈለጋችሁ?” በሚል ለቀረበላቸው ድንገተኛ ጥያቄ በመደናገጥ መረጃ የለኝም ሲሉ መለስ የሰጡት።

የአንድ አገር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በውጭ ፖሊሲ ዙሪያ የመጨረሻውን ውሳኔ የሚሰጥ አካል መሆኑ በህገመንግስቱ ተቀምጧል። አቶ ሀይለማርያም ትልቅ አገራዊ የመነጋጋሪያ አጀንዳ የሆነውን ጉዳይ አለውቅም ማለታቸው አንድም ውሳኔው ከእርሳቸው ውጭ በሆነ አካል የተወሰነ ነው፣ ሌላም ለቃለምልልሱ ሲቀርቡ ረዳቶቻቸው አስቀድመው እንዲዘጋጁ ባለማድረጋቸው አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አሻንጉሊት ናቸው የሚለውን መልእክት ሆን ብሎ ለማስተላለፍ ከእርሳቸው ጀርባ ባሉ ሰዎች የተቀነባበረ ሊሆን ይችላል” በማለት የኢሳት ዘጋቢ አስተያየቱን አስፍሯል።

አቶ ሀይለማርያም አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ዝግጁ መሆናቸውንም ገልጸዋል። የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊም ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ በመሄድ ለመነጋገር ከ50 ጊዜ በላይ መጠየቃቸውን ተናግረዋል። የአቶ መለስ መንግስት ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመነጋገር 5 ቅድመ ሁኔታዎችን አስቀምጦ እንደነበር ይታወሳል። አቶ መለስ እነዚህ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ካልተሙዋሉ በስተቀር ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር እንደማይነጋጋሩ በፓርላማ ፊት በተደጋጋሚ ይናገሩ ነበር። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርም ስለ5ቱ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ምንም አለማለታቸውን ዘገቢያችን ገልጿል።

” አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በቅርቡ ወደ አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ጋር ለመደራደር ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው ገልጸዋል፤ የባድሜን ጉዳይ አላነሱም። በዚህ ላይ የእርስዎ አስተያየት ምንድነው ?’” ተብለው አስተያየታቸውን የተጠየቁት የግንቦት 7 ሊቀመንበር ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ነጋ ፣ “ወያኔዎች ስልጣኑን ለማቆየት እንኳንስ ባድመን አዲግራትንም ስጡን ቢሉዋቸው ሰጥተው ለመደረዳር ዝግጁ ናቸው” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመደራደር ከመለመን ይልቅ ቀላሉ መንገድ ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር አይደለም ወይ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ሲመልሱ ” ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር የዲሞክራሲ እና የስልጣን ጥያቄ የሚያስነሳ ነገር በመሆኑ አይፈልገውም” በማለት መልሰዋል

“አንዳንድ ምሁራን ‘ መንግስት ባድመን ካስረከበ ከትግራይ ህዝብና ከህወሀት ታጋይ ተቃውሞ ሊነሳበት ይችላል’ በማለት አስተያየት ይሰጣሉ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ” ወያኔ የትግራይን ህዝብ በሀይል እጨፈልቀዋለሁ ብሎ እንደሚያስብ እና ስልጣኑን የሚያቆይለት መስሎ ከታየው ምንም ነገር ለማድረግ ወደ ሁዋላ አይልም” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ESAT


Egypt’s president cancels controversial decree after a statement by the military

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

Egypt’s Morsi cancels constitutional decree that sparked deadly protests

Move comes hours after military warned of ‘disastrous consequences’ if crisis were to continue.

By The Associated Pressand DPA| Dec.09, 2012 | 1:25 AM | 2

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday annulled a controversial constitutional decree he issued last month granting him sweeping powers, which led to deadly protests across the country over the past week.

A referendum on an Egyptian draft constitution would still go ahead as planned on December 15, Islamist politician Mohamed Selim al-Awa said after a meeting between the presidency and independent and Islamist figures.

Earlier on Saturday, Egypt’s military warned of "disastrous consequences"’ if the crisis that sent tens of thousands of protesters back into the streets is not resolved, signaling the army’s return to an increasingly polarized and violent political scene.

The military said serious dialogue is the "best and only" way to overcome the nation’s deepening conflict over a disputed draft constitution hurriedly adopted by Islamist allies of President Mohammed Morsi, and recent decrees granting himself near-absolute powers.

"Anything other than that (dialogue) will force us into a dark tunnel with disastrous consequences; something which we won’t allow," the statement said.

Failing to reach a consensus, "is in the interest of neither side. The nation as a whole will pay the price," it added. The statement was read by an unnamed military official on state television.

http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east … s-1.483504


በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሙስሊም ኢትዮጵያውያን በአዲስ አበባ አንዋር መስገድ ተቃውሟቸውን ሲያሰሙ ውለዋል

Saturday, December 8th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ እስላም ኢትዮጵያውያን በታላቁ የአንዋር መስገድ በመገኘት በስልጣን ላይ ያለው መንግስት እየተከተለ ያለውን ፖሊሲ አምርረው ተቃውመዋል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር የተጻፈበት ወረቀት በማውለብለብ ” አንቀጹ ይከበር፣ ኮሚቴዎቻችን ይፈቱ፣ አሸባሪዎች አይደለንም” በማለት ተቃውሞአቸውን ሲገልጹ ተሰምቷል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር በመያዝ ተቃውሞአቸውን ያስተጋቡት በህገመንግስቱ በአንቀጽ 27 ላይ የተደነነገገው የሀይማኖት እኩልነት መብት ይከበር በማለት ነው።

አዲሱ መንግስት የመለስ መንግስት ይከተለው የነበረውን ችግሮችን በሀይል የመፍታት ዘዴ መከተሉ፣ ከኢትዮጵያውያን አልፎ በጸረ ሽብር ትግሉ ወዳጅ ተደርጋ የምትታየዋን አሜሪካ ሳይቀር እያሳሰበ የመጣ ጉዳይ ሆኗል።

በእስር ላይ በሚገኙት የኮሚቴ አባላት ላይ የሚታየው የተንዛዛ የፍርድ ሄደትና በአባላኦቹ ላይ በእስር ቤት የፈጸመው አሰቃቂ እርምጃ ምእመኑን ማበሳጨቱን ወኪላችን ከአዲስ አበባ ዘግቧል።


Syrian rebels prepare to attack Damascus

Friday, December 7th, 2012

‘Zero hour’: Syrian rebels prepare to mount Damascus attack

Syrian rebels are preparing to mount their ‘Zero Hour’ campaign to take Damascus, with fears the capital is facing total destruction in the coming months.

By Ruth Sherlock, Beirut

6:49PM GMT 06 Dec 2012

As rebels fought government troops on the outskirts of the capital, a Damascus based analyst told the Daily Telegraph that the fighting was likely to defeat the aspirations of both sides.

“There is the risk of the total destruction of Damascus,” said Peter Harling, Project Director with the Middle East Programme of the International Crisis Group. “The regime is well entrenched in some key parts of Damascus and the opposition is unable to come up with a political vision to offer an exit to the bulk of people fighting for the regime.

“We could see a repeat of the level of destruction that we have seen in other towns, but it would be worse this time: what transition do you get when you destroy the seat on power?”

As the rebels advance, the United States said they were “very concerned” that Bashar al-Assad’s regime would resort to using chemical weapons.

“I think there is no question that we remain very concerned, very concerned that as the opposition advances – in particular on Damascus – that the regime might very well consider the use of chemical weapons,” Leon Panetta, the US defence secretary said.

“The intelligence that we have raises serious concerns that this is being considered.”

Unconfirmed reports on Wednesday confirmed that the military had loaded precursor chemicals for sarin nerve gas into aerial bombs for potential use.

In recent weeks, armed groups have won control in much of the north of the country and seized key positions in both the northern populous town of Aleppo and in the capital.

Government forces in Damascus fought to keep rebel groups at bay on Thursday, launching shelling attacks to the northeast and southwest of the capital, official and activist sources said.

Increasingly bullish, this week opposition activists launched a video titled ‘Zero Hour – Your Final Chance’, warning residents in the capital to “change sides” before it is too late.

The video, posted on Facebook, promises an imminent offensive that would seize central Damascus and “check mate” the Syrian president.

It gives instructions on how to react to the attack, and how best to survive: “No one will remain in their house during this hour … we will come out in the millions to all of the criminal Assad’s palaces … The floor will shake under Assad and his supporters’ feet,” narrates a voice backed by rousing music. “We invite all members of the Assad Army to defect in masses from this regime.”

Seeking to further boost their successes, commanders of the Free Syrian Army have gathered in Turkey to settle on a new organisational military structure that is intended to increase co-ordination between groups on the ground and improve weapons supply lines.

In another boost, Britain said that it will seek next week to amend an arms embargo on Syria to make it easier to help the rebels.

A Foreign Office official said the increased “practical support” that Britain envisaged would be training and non-lethal equipment. Items such as body armour and night-vision goggles are currently caught up in a European arms embargo aimed at stemming supplies to Assad forces.

Mr Harling however warned that the failure of the opposition’s political wing – first the Syrian National Council and now the National Coalition, to carry a strong message of forgiveness and conciliation to government loyalists means the plan to overthrow the capital is doomed to a bitter and bloody failure that could see Syria become a failed state.

“You can’t just let the armed groups play this out. As the regime is forced into a fighting retreat we could see new conflicts ignite … and the political opposition is totally absent.”

Next week Syria’s international allies, including Britain, will meet for a ‘Friends of Syria’ conference in Morocco where they are expected to endorse the National Coalition with full political recognition, as well as substantial funds.

A Western diplomat monitoring the National Coalition as it tries to elect a leader said the group’s objectives have once again become lost to squabbling.

“The SNC knows it has been sidelined and so is trying as much as it can to sabotage the new project. There is a huge split in National Coalition and they won’t stop fighting.”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne … ttack.html


Eritrea’s football team forfeits match against Ethiopia

Friday, December 7th, 2012

(Reuters) – Eritrea’s soccer team has withdrawn from its African Nations Championship qualifiers against Ethiopia, a letter from the Confederation of African football (CAF) showed.

It was not immediately clear if Ethiopia’s request for the match to be played on neutral ground after ruling out traveling to Asmara was behind Eritrea’s move.

Over the weekend, 18 members of the Red Sea state’s national team, including Eritrea’s team doctor, disappeared in Uganda while playing in a regional tournament.

The two east African rivals were set to clash in the Eritrean capital around Jan. 14-16 with the return fixture booked for a fortnight later in Addis Ababa.

"We have just been informed by the Eritrean Football Federation that its national team is withdrawing from the … matches," said a letter from CAF’s Competitions Deputy Director Shereen Arafa seen by Reuters.

The letter did not mention Eritrea’s reasons for its withdrawal. An Ethiopian FA official confirmed the letter and added that his country was now set to face Rwanda in Addis Ababa on June 21-23 in the next qualification round.

Ethiopia and Eritrea are entangled in a bitter border dispute that saw the countries go to war between 1998-2000, a conflict which cost tens of thousands of lives.

The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.

Ethiopia and Eritrea were last drawn against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border. Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches.


Scientists identified genetic changes that allow Ethiopians to live comfortably at high altitude

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Scientists say they have pinpointed genetic changes that allow some Ethiopians to live and work more than a mile and a half above sea level without getting altitude sickness.

The specific genes differ from those reported previously for high-altitude Tibetans, even though both groups cope with low-oxygen in similar physiological ways, the researchers report. If confirmed, the results may help scientists understand why some people are more vulnerable to low blood oxygen levels caused by factors other than altitude — such as asthma, sleep apnea, heart problems or anemia — and point to new ways to treat them, the researchers say.
Living with less

Lower air pressure at high altitude means fewer oxygen molecules for every breath. “At 4000 meters, every lungful of air only has 60% of the oxygen molecules that people at sea level have,” said co-author Cynthia Beall of Case Western Reserve University.

To mop up scarce oxygen from thin air, travelers to high altitude compensate by making more hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of human blood. But high hemoglobin comes with a cost. Over the long term, excessive hemoglobin can increase the risk of blood clots, stroke, and chronic mountain sickness, a disease characterized by thick and viscous blood.

“Altitude affects your thinking, your breathing, and your ability to sleep. But high-altitude natives don’t have these problems,” said Beall, who has studied high altitude adaptation in different populations in Ethiopia, Peru and Tibet for more than 20 years. “They don’t wheeze like we do. Their thinking is fine. They sleep fine. They don’t complain of headaches. They’re able to live a healthy life, and they do it completely comfortably,” she added.

[size=130]How do they do it?[size]

Research over the last four decades has revealed that people born and raised in mountainous regions cope with altitude in different ways. Native highlanders in Tibet and some in Ethiopia, for example, are able to maintain relatively low blood hemoglobin concentrations at high altitude compared to their counterparts in the Andes, a trait that makes them less susceptible to chronic mountain sickness.

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Tibetans and some Ethiopians have both evolved a dampened response to low oxygen, explained study co-authors Anna Di Rienzo and Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu of the University of Chicago.

The researchers wanted to pinpoint the genetic changes that enable Ethiopians to thrive in thin air, and to see if the same genes play a role for Ethiopians as found in recent studies for Tibetans.

To find out, they analyzed the genomes of nearly 260 Ethiopian villagers belonging to two ethnic groups: the Oromo, who began settling at high altitude in the Bale Mountains of southeast Ethiopia about 500 years ago, and the Amhara, who have lived at high altitude in the Semien Mountains of northwest Ethiopia for at least 5,000 years.

Research by Beall and colleagues in the early 2000s revealed that Oromo cope with thin air in much the same way that lowlanders visiting high altitude do — i.e., by making more hemoglobin.

In contrast, Amhara highlanders — whose ancestors have inhabited mountainous regions for thousands of years longer than the Omoro — are able to maintain blood hemoglobin levels that are roughly 10% lower than Omoro living at the same altitude.

In a study to appear in the December 6, 2012 online issue of the journal PLoS Genetics, a team led by Beall, Di Rienzo and Alkorta-Aranburu analyzed both groups’ DNA, which was extracted from blood and saliva samples donated by Amhara and Omoro villagers born and raised at high (3700-4000m) and low (1200-1560m) elevations.

Using a statistical technique called a genome-wide association study, the researchers scanned the genomes of highland and lowland Ethiopians from both ethnic groups in search of variants associated with hemoglobin levels in the blood.

Same solution, different genes

When they scanned the villagers’ DNA, the researchers found a genetic variant associated with low hemoglobin levels in the Amhara.

This variant was located in a different region of the genome than those previously found to be associated with low hemoglobin in Tibetans. In other words, the physiological coping mechanisms shared by Amhara and Tibetans in response to life at high altitude — ie., dampened hemoglobin levels — are due to different underlying genes.

It is still unclear whether the first settlers of high altitude regions in Ethiopia and Tibet carried different genetic variants with them when they arrived, or whether different mutations occurred in these populations after they got there. But it’s clear that each group followed a different evolutionary pathway.

“They have a similar physiologic solution, but that doesn’t necessarily amount to a similar genetic solution,” Di Rienzo said.

For the Omoro — who are relative newcomers to high altitude — the researchers also found differences between highlanders and lowlanders in DNA methylation, a chemical process that causes changes in gene activity, but doesn’t necessarily alter the genetic code. While the differences aren’t linked to hemoglobin levels, the results suggest that such changes may play a role in the early stages of high altitude adaptation, the researchers say.

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A Western-Arab military intervention in Syria due to begin shortly

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Paris: NATO-Arab Syria intervention imminent

DEBKAfile Special Report December 7, 2012, 3:09 PM (GMT+02:00)

Sources close to the French Defense Ministry reported Friday, Dec. 7, that a Western-Arab military intervention against the Assad regime is due to begin shortly with the participation of the US, France, Britain, Turkey, Jordan and other anti-Assad Arab nations.

Our military sources add that the French aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle carrying a complement of marines is deployed in the Mediterranean, having joined the USS Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group and at least five British warships which are also carrying a large marine force.

In the second and third weeks of November, British and French naval forces, plus 2,600 special ops combatants from both nations, performed landing-and-capture exercises against fortified locations on the coast and mountains of Albania as practice for potential operations against similar terrain in Syria, where the Alawite Mountains loom over the coastal towns of Latakia and Tartus.

The troops landing there would head for the Alawite Mts. to prevent Assad and his loyal units from retreating to his mountain stronghold and fighting on from there – as he plans to do if he is forced to flee Damascus.

French sources told Le Point magazine that the NATO mission for Syria, including the UK and the US, would be modeled on the Western intervention in Libya in 2011. It would combine an aerial blitz with ground action by special forces for destroying Assad’s chemical weapons stocks, his air force and his air defense systems.

http://www.debka.com/article/22594/Pari … n-imminent


በአማራ ክልል በሀገራቸው ተስፋ ያጡ ወጣት ኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች ወደ አረብ ሀገሮች እየጎረፉ ነው

Friday, December 7th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በአማራ ክልል የሚገኙ መምህራን ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በሰሜን ወሎ በሚገኝ አንድ ትምህርት ቤት ብቻ ከመስከረም እስከ ታህሳስ ወር ከ 5ኛ እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል ባሉት ክፍሎች ውስጥ 44 ሴት ተማሪዎች ትምህርታቸውን አቋርጠው ወደ አረብ አገራት ሄደዋል። በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩት ደግሞ ፓስፖርት በማውጣት ጉዞአቸውን እየተጠባበቁ ነው። መምህራንም እንደ ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱ መሆናቸው ችግሩን አሳሳቢ አድርጎታል። መንግስት መምህራንን በመሰብሰብ ለማወያየት ሙከራ አድርጓል።

መንግስት የችግሩን ምንጭ ፈልጎ እንደማግኘትና መፍትሄ እንደመፈለግ በመምህራን ላይ ማሳበብን መርጧል። የመንግስት አቋም መምህራን ወደ አረብ አገራት ስለሚደረገው ስደት በቂ የሆነ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ትምህርት ለተማሪዎች አልሰጡም የሚል ሲሆን፣ የመምህራን አቋም ደግሞ ” ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱት ተስፋ በማጣታቸው ነው” የሚል ነው ።

እድሉ ቢገኝ ከአገሪቱ ህዝብ 40 በመቶው አገሩን ጥሎ ለመሰደድ ፍላጎት እንዳለው በውጭ አገር የተደረገ አንድ ጥናት ከአመት በፊት ማመላከቱ ይታወሳል።

ቁጥራቸው በውል ያልታወቀ ኢትዮጵያውያን በየመን የባህር ሰላጤ እንዲሁም በሰሀራ በረሀ የውሀ ሽታ ሆነው መቅረታቸውን አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን በተደጋጋሚ መዘገባቸው ይታወሳል።


የተማሪዎች አድማ በጂማ ዩኒቨርሲቲ

Friday, December 7th, 2012

VOA – ተማሪዎቹ በፆሙ ምክንያት “የሚቀርብልን ዳቦ መጠን ይጨመርልን፣ የሚቀርቡትን ቅንጬና የመሣሰሉ ቅቤ የሚገባባቸውን ምግቦች እንደማይጠቀሙ አመልክተው ተጨማሪ ዳቦ እንዲሰጣቸው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡

ያ ጥያቄአቸው እስኪመለስም ከነበሩበት የመመገቢያ አዳራሽ እንደማይወጡ በመግለፃቸው ፖሊስ ተጠርቶ መግባቱንና በተማሪዎች ላይ ጉዳት መድረሱን ገልፃለች፡፡

የግቢው ሁኔታ ዛሬ የተረጋጋ መሆኑንና ተማሪዎቹ ወደ ትምህርታቸው መመለሣቸውንም ተናግራለች፡፡

ስለሁኔታው መግለጫ የሰጠን የዩኒቨርሲቲው የተማሪዎች ኅብረት ፕሬዚዳንት ዳዊት ጌታቸውም ያመፁት ተማሪዎች ጥያቄ አግባብነት የለውም ብሎ እንደማያምን ይሁን እንጂ ጥያቄአቸውን ያቀረቡት አግባብነት ባለው መንገድና ሁኔታ እንዳልሆነ ገልፆ ጥያቄአቸውን ለማየት ጥረት መደረጉን አመልክቷል፡፡

ተማሪዎቹ ከመመገቢያ አዳራሹ ለመውጣት ፍቃደኛ ባለመሆናቸው ምክንያት ፌደራል ፖሊስ ወደግቢው እንዲገባ መደረጉ ትክክል ነው ብሎ እንደሚያምን ገልጿል፡፡ ተማሪዎቹ ሙሉ በሙሉ ሠላማዊ እንደነበሩ፣ ያጠፉት ንብረትም ሆነ የጎዱት ሰው አለመኖሩግ ዳዊት ጠቅሶ በተማሪዎቹ እና በፖሊሶቹ መካከል ግን ግጭት አለመፈጠሩን፤ የተጎዳ ተማሪም እንደሌለ ተናግሯል፡፡

የዩኒቨርሲቲው የሥርዓተ-ትምህርት፣ የምርምርና የተማሪዎች ጉዳዮች ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንትና የፕሬዚዳንቱ ተወካይ ዶ/ር ታየ ቶለማርያም ተማሪዎቹ ያነሷቸውን ጥያቄዎች ወዲያውኑ ለመፍታት እንደሚያስቸግር፣ ምግብ የሚቀርበው በጨረታ ከሚያሸንፍ ድርጅት በመሆኑ ጊዜ እንደሚወስድ ተነግሯቸው ወደ ትምህርታቸው እንዲመለሱ መጠየቃቸውንና ተማሪዎቹ ለመመለስ ፍቃደኞች ሳይሆኑ መቅረታቸውን ገልፀዋል፡፡

አምስት ሺህ የሚሆኑ ሌሎች ተማሪዎችም መመገብ ስለነበረባቸው አዳራሹን ለማስለቀቅ የውጭ የፖሊስ ኃይል መጋበዛቸውን ደ/ር ታየ አመልክተዋል፡፡ የግቢው የፀጥታ ኃይል ቢኖርም ሁኔታው ከአቅሙ በላይ ነበር ብለዋል፡፡

“በተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ያልተደሰቱት ተማሪዎች፤ ከውጭ የተቀላቀሏቸውም ሊኖሩ ይችላሉ፤ ከዚያ ወጥተው በመኖሪያቸው አካባቢ ባሉ ሕንፃዎች ላይ ድንጋይ ወርውረዋል፣ መስኮቶችንና በሮችንም ሰብረዋል” ብለዋል ዶ/ር ታየ፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡ embed

ኢሳት ዜና:- ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የፈለጉ ፖሊሶች ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በእስር ላይ የሚገኙት ተማሪዎች ቁጥር 115 ሲሆን፣ ከእነዚህም መካከል የተወሰኑት ትናንት ተለቀዋል። 2 ተማሪዎች ለህይወት አስጊ በሆነ ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል። መጠነኛ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ተማሪዎች በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ መሆኑን የገለጡት ፖሊሶች፣ ትምህርት አንጀምርም ያሉትን ተማሪዎች ከሙስሊም እንቅስቃሴና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በማያያዝ ለመክሰስ መታቀዱን ገልጸዋል።

ተማሪዎች ያነሱት ጥያቄ ከምግብ ጋር የተያያዘ ቢሆንም ፣ መንግስት ግን ጉዳዩን ፖለቲካዊ አንድምታ ሊሰጠው በመፈለግ ፌደራል ፖሊሶችን በመላክ ተማሪዎችን እንዳስደበደ መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።


ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ ለአቡነ መርቆርዮስ ደብዳቤ ፅፈው ሠረዙት – VOA

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

(VOA) — 4ኛው የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፓትርያርክ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆሬዎስ፣ “ከነ ሙሉ ክብራቸውና ማዕርጋቸው ወደ አገራቸው እንዲገቡና መንበራቸው ላይ እንዲሆኑ” የሚጋብዝ፣ ከኢትዮጵያው ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የተፃፈ ደብዳቤ በማግኘታችን እውነት ስለመሆኑ ወደፕሬዚደንቱ ስንደውል፣ ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ «እውነት ነው፣ እኔ ነኝ የፃፍኩት» ብለው አረጋገጡልን።
አቡነ መርቆርዮስ
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የስልኩ ጥሪ ብዙም ጥራት ስላልነበረው እንደገና ስንደውል ደግሞ ቀደም ሲል ደብዳቤውን የፃፉት ሰዎች አሣስተዋቸው መሆኑን ጠቁመው የሻሩት መሆናቸውን ገለፁልን፡፡

ሁለቱም ውይይት ላይ ድምፃቸው አለ፤ የአዲሱ አበበን ዘገባ ያዳምጡ።
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