Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

በደቡብ ክልል ቤንች ማጂ ዞን ከጉራ ፈርዳ የተፈናቀሉ አማራዎች መታሠራቸውና ገሚሶቹም ወደአምቦ መወሰዳቸው ተገለጸ

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

VOA – በደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ክልል፤ በቤንች ማጂ ዞን ጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ የሚኖሩ፤ ከዓመታት በፊት ከአማራ ክልል የሄዱ ሠፋሪ አርሦ አደሮች በአካባቢው ባለሥልጣናት ተገድደው ቀያቸውን ልንዲለቅቁ እየተደረጉ መሆኑን መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።

ከረዥም ጊዜ በፊት በአካባቢው እንዲሠፍሩ የተደረጉና አሁንም ድረስ በዚያው ነዋሪ የሆኑ አርሦ አደሮች የእርሻ መሬታችንን እንዳናርስና በማሣ ላይ እርሻ ያለበትን ጨምሮ በጨረታና በሃራጅ እየተሸጠባቸው መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ይህንን የአርሦ አደሮቹን ክስ እና ደርሶብናል ወይም እየደረሰብን ነው የሚሏቸውን በደሎች እና እንግልቶች ከሌሎች ወገኖችንም ለማጣራትና በችግሩ ውስጥ አሉ የሚባሉ ወገኖች የሚሉትን ለማዳመጥ ብዙ ጥረቶችን እያደረግን እንገኛለን፡፡

ከእነዚህ መካከል የጉራ ፈርዳ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪ፣ አቶ መሬሣ ጎዪ እና የወረዳው ፖሊስ አዛዥ አቶ ምሥክር ይገኙበታል፡፡ እነርሱን ለማግኘት በተከታታይና ለብዙ ጊዜ ሙከራ ቢደረግም ማግኘት አልተቻለም፡፡

ጉዳዩን በቅርብ እየተከታተልኩ ነው የሚለው የመላ ኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ድርጅት – መኢአድ ተቀዳሚ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር አቶ ወንድማገኝ ደነቀ “የተፈናቀሉ ሰዎችን ስም ዝርዝር ሳይቀር ይዘናል፤ ሰዎቻችን እቦታው ድረስ ሄደው ሁኔታውን አይተዋል” ብለዋል፡፡

በመኪና እየተጫኑ ተወስደዋል ካሏቸው 150 የሚሆኑት ወደ ምዕራብ ሸዋ፣ አምቦ ከተማ መወሰዳቸውን፣ ሞባይል ስልኮቻቸውን መነጠቃቸውንና ያሉበትን ሁኔታ እንደማያውቁ ገልፀዋል፡፡ ሌሎቹ 200 ሰዎች ደግሞ በወረዳው ከተማ ሚዛን ተፈሪ እሥር ቤት ውስጥ እንደሚገኙ አመልክተዋል፡፡

በሚፈናቀሉት ሰዎች ላይ ድብደባና ሌሎችም ጉዳቶች እንደደረሱባቸው፣ ጥይት እንደሚተኮስባቸው አቶ ወንድማገኝ አመልክተዋል፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡
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Ethiopian high school student in Chicago died after a hit-and-run accident

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

(NBC Chicago) — An 18-year-old Schaumburg High School student whose lifeless body was found lying in a roadway in the northwest suburb of Chicago early Saturday was being remembered as a beloved friend and athlete by school officials and classmates.

"I am writing with great sadness to report the loss of one of our students," stated Schaumburg High School Pricipal Tim Little in a letter to parents on Saturday. "Our thoughts and sympathies are with the student’s family at this difficult time."

Mikias T. Tibebu, a native of Ethiopia, was pronounced about dead about 1 a.m. after police and paramedics’ resuscitative efforts failed to revive him, authorities said.
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While the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office ruled Tibebu’s death the result of an apparent hit-and-run collision, investigators say they have not yet determined his exact cause of death.

He was “a dedicated student with exceptional academic honors,” Schaumburg High School Principal Tim Little recalled of Tibebu in an email Saturday afternoon.

“A beloved friend and athlete, Mikias was also a committed member of the cross-country and track teams. Our thoughts and sympathies are with Mikias’ family and friends during this difficult time,” Little said in the email.

One of his friends said, “nothing bad could be said about him. He was one of the nicest kids on the team, and always working hard. He was loved by all and will be always.”

Tibebu will be remembered with a moment of silence during Saturday evening’s Schaumburg High School basketball game, school officials said.

Police and paramedics, responding to a report of a body in the road, say they found Tibebu, 18, lying in the street near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive about 12:38 a.m.

The first arriving officer and bystanders performed CPR in an attempt to revive the teen. And life-saving efforts were continued once paramedics arrived on the scene, but Tibebu, of the 800 bock of Westfield Lane in Schaumburg could not be revived

Police are looking for witnesses who may have seen Tibebu’s death or possess information that could help their investigation.

“At this time we are not interested in calling it conclusively a hit-and-run,” said Schaumburg police Sgt. John Nebl. “We don’t want to rule anything out. We have no witnesses. We do not know how he ended up in the roadway.”

According to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office Tibebu was walking near Schaumburg Road and Branchwood Drive when he was hit by a vehicle that drove off, according to the Cook County Medical Examiner’s office.

The Schaumburg Police Department’s Investigations Division and Traffic Crash Reconstruction Team are being assisted by the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office with this investigation.

Members of the school district’s Crisis Response Team will be available throughout the day on Monday at the high school to provide support for the Schaumburg High School community, Little said.

Anyone with helpful information is asked to call investigators at (847) 882-3534.

Source: http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/Te … z2Eb8hT2f4


OBEDIENCE to Tyrants – the root causes

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

The most important single quality of any government, without which it would not exist, must be the obedience and submission of its subjects… [read more]

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የ“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በሽታ ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ሕክምና

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)

“ሄፓታይተስ – ሲ” (hepatitis-c) በመባል የሚታወቀውን የጉበት በሽታ ዓይነት አስመልክቶ ከአድማጮች በተላኩ ጥያቄዎች መነሻነት የተሰናዳ ፕሮግራም ነው። የበሽታውን ምንነት፥ መንስኤና ህክምና፤ እንዲሁም ህሙማን በበኩላቸው ሊያደርጓቸው የሚችሏቸውን ጥንቃቄዎች ጨምሮ፥ በህክምናው ረገድ የሚታዩ ልዩ ልዩ ጭብጦች ይዳስሳል። ሞያዊ ማብራሪያውን የሚሰጡን፥ ዶ/ር አድማሱ ጠና በአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የህክምና ትምህርት ቤት፥ የጥቁር አንበሳ ሆስፒታል የውስጥ ደዌና የተላላፊ በሽታዎች ህክምና ባለ ሞያ ናቸው።

የቃለ ምልልሱን የመጀመሪያ ክፍል ከዚህ ያዳምጡ
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Nelson Mandela hospitalized

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

South Africa at crossroads as Mandela hospitalized
By By JON GAMBRELL | Associated Press – 1 hr 2 mins ago.

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Inside a Catholic church that once served as a major rallying point for anti-apartheid activists, a gray-suited Nelson Mandela appears in stained-glass window that also features angels and the cross.

Worshippers here prayed Sunday for the hospitalized 94-year-old former president, who remains almost a secular saint and a father figure to many in South Africa, a nation of 50 million people that has Africa’s top economy.

Mandela’s admission to the hospital this weekend for unspecified medical tests sparked screaming newspapers headlines and ripples of fear in the public that the frail leader is fading further away.

And as his African National Congress political party stands ready to pick its leader who likely will be the nation’s next president, some believe governing party politicians have abandoned Mandela’s integrity and magnanimity in a seemingly unending string of corruption scandals. That leaves many wondering who can lead the country the way the ailing Mandela once did.

"When you have someone that’s willing to lead by example like he did, it makes things easier for people to follow," said Thabile Manana, who worshipped Sunday at Soweto’s Regina Mundi Catholic church. "Lately, the examples are not so nice. It’s hard. I’m scared for the country."

Mandela, who spent 27 years in prison for fighting racist white rule, became South Africa’s first black president in 1994 and served one five-year term. The Nobel laureate later retired from public life to live in his remote village of Qunu, in the Eastern Cape area, and last made a public appearance when his country hosted the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.

On Saturday, the office of President Jacob Zuma announced Mandela had been admitted to a Pretoria hospital for medical tests and care that was "consistent for his age." Zuma visited Mandela on Sunday morning at the hospital and found the former leader to be "comfortable and in good care," presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said in a statement. Maharaj offered no other details about Mandela, nor what medical tests he had undergone since entering the hospital.

In February, Mandela spent a night in a hospital for a minor diagnostic surgery to determine the cause of an abdominal complaint. In January 2011, Mandela was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection.

Mandela has had other health problems in the past. He contracted tuberculosis during his years in prison and had surgery for an enlarged prostate gland in 1985. In 2001, Mandela underwent seven weeks of radiation therapy for prostate cancer, ultimately beating back the disease.

While South Africa’s government has offered no details about where Mandela is receiving treatment, the nation’s military has taken over medical care for the aging leader since the 2011 respiratory infection. At 1 Military Hospital in Pretoria on Sunday, the facility that previously cared for Mandela in February, soldiers set up a checkpoint to search vehicles heading into the hospital’s grounds. A convoy of cars with flashing lights and sirens entered the hospital grounds Sunday afternoon.

Mandela’s hospitalization quickly dominated news coverage in South Africa, where most have been focused on the upcoming ANC national convention later this month in Mangaung. There, the party that has governed South Africa since Mandela’s election will pick either pick a new leader or reelect Zuma to helm the organization. Becoming leader of the ANC means a nearly automatic ticket to becoming the president in post-apartheid South Africa.

Zuma, 70, he faces ever-increasing criticism as the nation’s poor blacks, who believed the end of apartheid would bring economic prosperity, face the same poverty as before while politicians and the elite get richer. Meanwhile the nation’s economy continues to struggle amid slow growth and the aftermath of violent unrest in the country’s mining industry.

Zuma also faces criticism over millions of dollars of government-paid improvements made at his private homestead. But that’s merely the tip of the corruption allegations swirling around the party, which critics say is increasingly tarnished. Text books have gone undelivered to rural schools, while local ANC officials have been arrested and convicted of corruption charges. Others have been attacked or killed in politically tinged violence as the party’s convention draws closer.

"It’s becoming corrupt every day … and it’s growing worse," said Sidney Matlana, a worshipper at Regina Mundi. "Things are getting worse than it was before."

Yet Zuma remains a charismatic leader and still gets widespread support from Zulus, South Africa’s largest ethnic group. He appears likely to hold onto power as provincial nominations ahead of the national meeting largely have support him.

Despite that, those leaving worship Sunday at Regina Mundi stressed the need for South Africa’s politicians to follow Mandela’s example.

It was here that anti-apartheid crusaders gathered to plan, pray and to mourn their dead, a church Mandela himself once called a "battlefield between forces of democracy and those who did not hesitate to violate a place of religion with tear gas, dogs and guns."

Mandela’s own stained glass image stands just right of another portraying a man carrying the corpse of 13-year-old Hector Pieterson, who was gunned down by police in Soweto in a peaceful 1976 student protest.

Worshippers acknowledged Sunday they didn’t know which politician would be able to live up to Mandela’s legacy.

"Every person has got his time," churchgoer Lerato Mhlala said. "Someone must come in and take his place as well."
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Jon Gambrell can be reached at www.twitter.com/jongambrellAP .
http://news.yahoo.com/south-africa-cros … 04625.html


PM Hailemariam denies knowing about the request to move the Ethiopia vs Eritrea soccer match from Asmara to Sudan

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

ጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ሀይለማርያም ኢትዮጵያ ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርገው የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ ቦታ እንዲለወጥ መጠየቁን አላውቅም አሉ

ህዳር ፳፱ (ሃያ ዘጠኝ) ቀን ፳፻፭ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ይህን የተናገሩት ከአልጀዚራ ቴሌቪዥን ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለምልልስ ነው። ረዩተር የኢትዮጵያ እግር ኳስ ፌዴሬሽን ቃል አቀባይ የሆኑትን አቶ መላኩ አየለን በመጠቀስ ” ለተጫዋቾች ደህንነት ሲባል እግር ኳስ ፌደሬሽኑ የጨዋታው ቦታ እንዲቀየር መጠየቁን ” ዘግቦ ነበር። ቢቢሲና አልጀዚራን የመሳሰሉ ታላላቅ አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀንም ለጉዳዩ የዜና ሽፋን መስጠታቸው ይታወቃል።

በኢትዮጵያ በኩል የቀረበውን ጥያቄ ተከትሎ ኤርትራ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የነበራትን ጨዋታ መሰረዙዋን የአፍሪካ እግር ኳስ ኮንፌዴሬሽን መግለጹን ረዩተር ከትናንት በስቲያ ዘግቧል።

እነዚህ ዘገባዎች በስፋት በመገናኛ ብዙሀን በቀረቡበት ሁኔታ ነው፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ” ከኤርትራ ጋር ወዳጅነት ከፈለጋችሁ ለምን ከኤርትራ ጋር ለምታደርጉት የእግር ኳስ ጨዋታ የመጫዎቻ ቦታው እንዲቀየር ፈለጋችሁ?” በሚል ለቀረበላቸው ድንገተኛ ጥያቄ በመደናገጥ መረጃ የለኝም ሲሉ መለስ የሰጡት።

የአንድ አገር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በውጭ ፖሊሲ ዙሪያ የመጨረሻውን ውሳኔ የሚሰጥ አካል መሆኑ በህገመንግስቱ ተቀምጧል። አቶ ሀይለማርያም ትልቅ አገራዊ የመነጋጋሪያ አጀንዳ የሆነውን ጉዳይ አለውቅም ማለታቸው አንድም ውሳኔው ከእርሳቸው ውጭ በሆነ አካል የተወሰነ ነው፣ ሌላም ለቃለምልልሱ ሲቀርቡ ረዳቶቻቸው አስቀድመው እንዲዘጋጁ ባለማድረጋቸው አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አሻንጉሊት ናቸው የሚለውን መልእክት ሆን ብሎ ለማስተላለፍ ከእርሳቸው ጀርባ ባሉ ሰዎች የተቀነባበረ ሊሆን ይችላል” በማለት የኢሳት ዘጋቢ አስተያየቱን አስፍሯል።

አቶ ሀይለማርያም አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር ለመነጋገር ዝግጁ መሆናቸውንም ገልጸዋል። የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊም ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር አስመራ በመሄድ ለመነጋገር ከ50 ጊዜ በላይ መጠየቃቸውን ተናግረዋል። የአቶ መለስ መንግስት ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመነጋገር 5 ቅድመ ሁኔታዎችን አስቀምጦ እንደነበር ይታወሳል። አቶ መለስ እነዚህ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ካልተሙዋሉ በስተቀር ከአቶ ኢሳያስ ጋር እንደማይነጋጋሩ በፓርላማ ፊት በተደጋጋሚ ይናገሩ ነበር። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርም ስለ5ቱ ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ምንም አለማለታቸውን ዘገቢያችን ገልጿል።

” አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በቅርቡ ወደ አስመራ በመሄድ ከአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ጋር ለመደራደር ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው ገልጸዋል፤ የባድሜን ጉዳይ አላነሱም። በዚህ ላይ የእርስዎ አስተያየት ምንድነው ?’” ተብለው አስተያየታቸውን የተጠየቁት የግንቦት 7 ሊቀመንበር ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ነጋ ፣ “ወያኔዎች ስልጣኑን ለማቆየት እንኳንስ ባድመን አዲግራትንም ስጡን ቢሉዋቸው ሰጥተው ለመደረዳር ዝግጁ ናቸው” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ከኤርትራ ጋር ለመደራደር ከመለመን ይልቅ ቀላሉ መንገድ ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር አይደለም ወይ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ሲመልሱ ” ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር መደራደር የዲሞክራሲ እና የስልጣን ጥያቄ የሚያስነሳ ነገር በመሆኑ አይፈልገውም” በማለት መልሰዋል

“አንዳንድ ምሁራን ‘ መንግስት ባድመን ካስረከበ ከትግራይ ህዝብና ከህወሀት ታጋይ ተቃውሞ ሊነሳበት ይችላል’ በማለት አስተያየት ይሰጣሉ ተብለው ለተጠየቁት ደግሞ ፣ ዶ/ር ብርሀኑ ” ወያኔ የትግራይን ህዝብ በሀይል እጨፈልቀዋለሁ ብሎ እንደሚያስብ እና ስልጣኑን የሚያቆይለት መስሎ ከታየው ምንም ነገር ለማድረግ ወደ ሁዋላ አይልም” በማለት መልሰዋል።

ESAT


Egypt’s president cancels controversial decree after a statement by the military

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

Egypt’s Morsi cancels constitutional decree that sparked deadly protests

Move comes hours after military warned of ‘disastrous consequences’ if crisis were to continue.

By The Associated Pressand DPA| Dec.09, 2012 | 1:25 AM | 2

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday annulled a controversial constitutional decree he issued last month granting him sweeping powers, which led to deadly protests across the country over the past week.

A referendum on an Egyptian draft constitution would still go ahead as planned on December 15, Islamist politician Mohamed Selim al-Awa said after a meeting between the presidency and independent and Islamist figures.

Earlier on Saturday, Egypt’s military warned of "disastrous consequences"’ if the crisis that sent tens of thousands of protesters back into the streets is not resolved, signaling the army’s return to an increasingly polarized and violent political scene.

The military said serious dialogue is the "best and only" way to overcome the nation’s deepening conflict over a disputed draft constitution hurriedly adopted by Islamist allies of President Mohammed Morsi, and recent decrees granting himself near-absolute powers.

"Anything other than that (dialogue) will force us into a dark tunnel with disastrous consequences; something which we won’t allow," the statement said.

Failing to reach a consensus, "is in the interest of neither side. The nation as a whole will pay the price," it added. The statement was read by an unnamed military official on state television.

http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east … s-1.483504


በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሙስሊም ኢትዮጵያውያን በአዲስ አበባ አንዋር መስገድ ተቃውሟቸውን ሲያሰሙ ውለዋል

Saturday, December 8th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በመቶ ሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ እስላም ኢትዮጵያውያን በታላቁ የአንዋር መስገድ በመገኘት በስልጣን ላይ ያለው መንግስት እየተከተለ ያለውን ፖሊሲ አምርረው ተቃውመዋል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር የተጻፈበት ወረቀት በማውለብለብ ” አንቀጹ ይከበር፣ ኮሚቴዎቻችን ይፈቱ፣ አሸባሪዎች አይደለንም” በማለት ተቃውሞአቸውን ሲገልጹ ተሰምቷል።

ምእመናኑ 27 ቁጥር በመያዝ ተቃውሞአቸውን ያስተጋቡት በህገመንግስቱ በአንቀጽ 27 ላይ የተደነነገገው የሀይማኖት እኩልነት መብት ይከበር በማለት ነው።

አዲሱ መንግስት የመለስ መንግስት ይከተለው የነበረውን ችግሮችን በሀይል የመፍታት ዘዴ መከተሉ፣ ከኢትዮጵያውያን አልፎ በጸረ ሽብር ትግሉ ወዳጅ ተደርጋ የምትታየዋን አሜሪካ ሳይቀር እያሳሰበ የመጣ ጉዳይ ሆኗል።

በእስር ላይ በሚገኙት የኮሚቴ አባላት ላይ የሚታየው የተንዛዛ የፍርድ ሄደትና በአባላኦቹ ላይ በእስር ቤት የፈጸመው አሰቃቂ እርምጃ ምእመኑን ማበሳጨቱን ወኪላችን ከአዲስ አበባ ዘግቧል።


Syrian rebels prepare to attack Damascus

Friday, December 7th, 2012

‘Zero hour’: Syrian rebels prepare to mount Damascus attack

Syrian rebels are preparing to mount their ‘Zero Hour’ campaign to take Damascus, with fears the capital is facing total destruction in the coming months.

By Ruth Sherlock, Beirut

6:49PM GMT 06 Dec 2012

As rebels fought government troops on the outskirts of the capital, a Damascus based analyst told the Daily Telegraph that the fighting was likely to defeat the aspirations of both sides.

“There is the risk of the total destruction of Damascus,” said Peter Harling, Project Director with the Middle East Programme of the International Crisis Group. “The regime is well entrenched in some key parts of Damascus and the opposition is unable to come up with a political vision to offer an exit to the bulk of people fighting for the regime.

“We could see a repeat of the level of destruction that we have seen in other towns, but it would be worse this time: what transition do you get when you destroy the seat on power?”

As the rebels advance, the United States said they were “very concerned” that Bashar al-Assad’s regime would resort to using chemical weapons.

“I think there is no question that we remain very concerned, very concerned that as the opposition advances – in particular on Damascus – that the regime might very well consider the use of chemical weapons,” Leon Panetta, the US defence secretary said.

“The intelligence that we have raises serious concerns that this is being considered.”

Unconfirmed reports on Wednesday confirmed that the military had loaded precursor chemicals for sarin nerve gas into aerial bombs for potential use.

In recent weeks, armed groups have won control in much of the north of the country and seized key positions in both the northern populous town of Aleppo and in the capital.

Government forces in Damascus fought to keep rebel groups at bay on Thursday, launching shelling attacks to the northeast and southwest of the capital, official and activist sources said.

Increasingly bullish, this week opposition activists launched a video titled ‘Zero Hour – Your Final Chance’, warning residents in the capital to “change sides” before it is too late.

The video, posted on Facebook, promises an imminent offensive that would seize central Damascus and “check mate” the Syrian president.

It gives instructions on how to react to the attack, and how best to survive: “No one will remain in their house during this hour … we will come out in the millions to all of the criminal Assad’s palaces … The floor will shake under Assad and his supporters’ feet,” narrates a voice backed by rousing music. “We invite all members of the Assad Army to defect in masses from this regime.”

Seeking to further boost their successes, commanders of the Free Syrian Army have gathered in Turkey to settle on a new organisational military structure that is intended to increase co-ordination between groups on the ground and improve weapons supply lines.

In another boost, Britain said that it will seek next week to amend an arms embargo on Syria to make it easier to help the rebels.

A Foreign Office official said the increased “practical support” that Britain envisaged would be training and non-lethal equipment. Items such as body armour and night-vision goggles are currently caught up in a European arms embargo aimed at stemming supplies to Assad forces.

Mr Harling however warned that the failure of the opposition’s political wing – first the Syrian National Council and now the National Coalition, to carry a strong message of forgiveness and conciliation to government loyalists means the plan to overthrow the capital is doomed to a bitter and bloody failure that could see Syria become a failed state.

“You can’t just let the armed groups play this out. As the regime is forced into a fighting retreat we could see new conflicts ignite … and the political opposition is totally absent.”

Next week Syria’s international allies, including Britain, will meet for a ‘Friends of Syria’ conference in Morocco where they are expected to endorse the National Coalition with full political recognition, as well as substantial funds.

A Western diplomat monitoring the National Coalition as it tries to elect a leader said the group’s objectives have once again become lost to squabbling.

“The SNC knows it has been sidelined and so is trying as much as it can to sabotage the new project. There is a huge split in National Coalition and they won’t stop fighting.”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne … ttack.html


Eritrea’s football team forfeits match against Ethiopia

Friday, December 7th, 2012

(Reuters) – Eritrea’s soccer team has withdrawn from its African Nations Championship qualifiers against Ethiopia, a letter from the Confederation of African football (CAF) showed.

It was not immediately clear if Ethiopia’s request for the match to be played on neutral ground after ruling out traveling to Asmara was behind Eritrea’s move.

Over the weekend, 18 members of the Red Sea state’s national team, including Eritrea’s team doctor, disappeared in Uganda while playing in a regional tournament.

The two east African rivals were set to clash in the Eritrean capital around Jan. 14-16 with the return fixture booked for a fortnight later in Addis Ababa.

"We have just been informed by the Eritrean Football Federation that its national team is withdrawing from the … matches," said a letter from CAF’s Competitions Deputy Director Shereen Arafa seen by Reuters.

The letter did not mention Eritrea’s reasons for its withdrawal. An Ethiopian FA official confirmed the letter and added that his country was now set to face Rwanda in Addis Ababa on June 21-23 in the next qualification round.

Ethiopia and Eritrea are entangled in a bitter border dispute that saw the countries go to war between 1998-2000, a conflict which cost tens of thousands of lives.

The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.

Ethiopia and Eritrea were last drawn against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border. Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches.


Scientists identified genetic changes that allow Ethiopians to live comfortably at high altitude

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Scientists say they have pinpointed genetic changes that allow some Ethiopians to live and work more than a mile and a half above sea level without getting altitude sickness.

The specific genes differ from those reported previously for high-altitude Tibetans, even though both groups cope with low-oxygen in similar physiological ways, the researchers report. If confirmed, the results may help scientists understand why some people are more vulnerable to low blood oxygen levels caused by factors other than altitude — such as asthma, sleep apnea, heart problems or anemia — and point to new ways to treat them, the researchers say.
Living with less

Lower air pressure at high altitude means fewer oxygen molecules for every breath. “At 4000 meters, every lungful of air only has 60% of the oxygen molecules that people at sea level have,” said co-author Cynthia Beall of Case Western Reserve University.

To mop up scarce oxygen from thin air, travelers to high altitude compensate by making more hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of human blood. But high hemoglobin comes with a cost. Over the long term, excessive hemoglobin can increase the risk of blood clots, stroke, and chronic mountain sickness, a disease characterized by thick and viscous blood.

“Altitude affects your thinking, your breathing, and your ability to sleep. But high-altitude natives don’t have these problems,” said Beall, who has studied high altitude adaptation in different populations in Ethiopia, Peru and Tibet for more than 20 years. “They don’t wheeze like we do. Their thinking is fine. They sleep fine. They don’t complain of headaches. They’re able to live a healthy life, and they do it completely comfortably,” she added.

[size=130]How do they do it?[size]

Research over the last four decades has revealed that people born and raised in mountainous regions cope with altitude in different ways. Native highlanders in Tibet and some in Ethiopia, for example, are able to maintain relatively low blood hemoglobin concentrations at high altitude compared to their counterparts in the Andes, a trait that makes them less susceptible to chronic mountain sickness.

Image
Tibetans and some Ethiopians have both evolved a dampened response to low oxygen, explained study co-authors Anna Di Rienzo and Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu of the University of Chicago.

The researchers wanted to pinpoint the genetic changes that enable Ethiopians to thrive in thin air, and to see if the same genes play a role for Ethiopians as found in recent studies for Tibetans.

To find out, they analyzed the genomes of nearly 260 Ethiopian villagers belonging to two ethnic groups: the Oromo, who began settling at high altitude in the Bale Mountains of southeast Ethiopia about 500 years ago, and the Amhara, who have lived at high altitude in the Semien Mountains of northwest Ethiopia for at least 5,000 years.

Research by Beall and colleagues in the early 2000s revealed that Oromo cope with thin air in much the same way that lowlanders visiting high altitude do — i.e., by making more hemoglobin.

In contrast, Amhara highlanders — whose ancestors have inhabited mountainous regions for thousands of years longer than the Omoro — are able to maintain blood hemoglobin levels that are roughly 10% lower than Omoro living at the same altitude.

In a study to appear in the December 6, 2012 online issue of the journal PLoS Genetics, a team led by Beall, Di Rienzo and Alkorta-Aranburu analyzed both groups’ DNA, which was extracted from blood and saliva samples donated by Amhara and Omoro villagers born and raised at high (3700-4000m) and low (1200-1560m) elevations.

Using a statistical technique called a genome-wide association study, the researchers scanned the genomes of highland and lowland Ethiopians from both ethnic groups in search of variants associated with hemoglobin levels in the blood.

Same solution, different genes

When they scanned the villagers’ DNA, the researchers found a genetic variant associated with low hemoglobin levels in the Amhara.

This variant was located in a different region of the genome than those previously found to be associated with low hemoglobin in Tibetans. In other words, the physiological coping mechanisms shared by Amhara and Tibetans in response to life at high altitude — ie., dampened hemoglobin levels — are due to different underlying genes.

It is still unclear whether the first settlers of high altitude regions in Ethiopia and Tibet carried different genetic variants with them when they arrived, or whether different mutations occurred in these populations after they got there. But it’s clear that each group followed a different evolutionary pathway.

“They have a similar physiologic solution, but that doesn’t necessarily amount to a similar genetic solution,” Di Rienzo said.

For the Omoro — who are relative newcomers to high altitude — the researchers also found differences between highlanders and lowlanders in DNA methylation, a chemical process that causes changes in gene activity, but doesn’t necessarily alter the genetic code. While the differences aren’t linked to hemoglobin levels, the results suggest that such changes may play a role in the early stages of high altitude adaptation, the researchers say.

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A Western-Arab military intervention in Syria due to begin shortly

Friday, December 7th, 2012

Paris: NATO-Arab Syria intervention imminent

DEBKAfile Special Report December 7, 2012, 3:09 PM (GMT+02:00)

Sources close to the French Defense Ministry reported Friday, Dec. 7, that a Western-Arab military intervention against the Assad regime is due to begin shortly with the participation of the US, France, Britain, Turkey, Jordan and other anti-Assad Arab nations.

Our military sources add that the French aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle carrying a complement of marines is deployed in the Mediterranean, having joined the USS Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group and at least five British warships which are also carrying a large marine force.

In the second and third weeks of November, British and French naval forces, plus 2,600 special ops combatants from both nations, performed landing-and-capture exercises against fortified locations on the coast and mountains of Albania as practice for potential operations against similar terrain in Syria, where the Alawite Mountains loom over the coastal towns of Latakia and Tartus.

The troops landing there would head for the Alawite Mts. to prevent Assad and his loyal units from retreating to his mountain stronghold and fighting on from there – as he plans to do if he is forced to flee Damascus.

French sources told Le Point magazine that the NATO mission for Syria, including the UK and the US, would be modeled on the Western intervention in Libya in 2011. It would combine an aerial blitz with ground action by special forces for destroying Assad’s chemical weapons stocks, his air force and his air defense systems.

http://www.debka.com/article/22594/Pari … n-imminent


በአማራ ክልል በሀገራቸው ተስፋ ያጡ ወጣት ኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች ወደ አረብ ሀገሮች እየጎረፉ ነው

Friday, December 7th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በአማራ ክልል የሚገኙ መምህራን ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በሰሜን ወሎ በሚገኝ አንድ ትምህርት ቤት ብቻ ከመስከረም እስከ ታህሳስ ወር ከ 5ኛ እስከ 8ኛ ክፍል ባሉት ክፍሎች ውስጥ 44 ሴት ተማሪዎች ትምህርታቸውን አቋርጠው ወደ አረብ አገራት ሄደዋል። በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩት ደግሞ ፓስፖርት በማውጣት ጉዞአቸውን እየተጠባበቁ ነው። መምህራንም እንደ ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱ መሆናቸው ችግሩን አሳሳቢ አድርጎታል። መንግስት መምህራንን በመሰብሰብ ለማወያየት ሙከራ አድርጓል።

መንግስት የችግሩን ምንጭ ፈልጎ እንደማግኘትና መፍትሄ እንደመፈለግ በመምህራን ላይ ማሳበብን መርጧል። የመንግስት አቋም መምህራን ወደ አረብ አገራት ስለሚደረገው ስደት በቂ የሆነ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ትምህርት ለተማሪዎች አልሰጡም የሚል ሲሆን፣ የመምህራን አቋም ደግሞ ” ተማሪዎች የሚሰደዱት ተስፋ በማጣታቸው ነው” የሚል ነው ።

እድሉ ቢገኝ ከአገሪቱ ህዝብ 40 በመቶው አገሩን ጥሎ ለመሰደድ ፍላጎት እንዳለው በውጭ አገር የተደረገ አንድ ጥናት ከአመት በፊት ማመላከቱ ይታወሳል።

ቁጥራቸው በውል ያልታወቀ ኢትዮጵያውያን በየመን የባህር ሰላጤ እንዲሁም በሰሀራ በረሀ የውሀ ሽታ ሆነው መቅረታቸውን አለማቀፍ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን በተደጋጋሚ መዘገባቸው ይታወሳል።


የተማሪዎች አድማ በጂማ ዩኒቨርሲቲ

Friday, December 7th, 2012

VOA – ተማሪዎቹ በፆሙ ምክንያት “የሚቀርብልን ዳቦ መጠን ይጨመርልን፣ የሚቀርቡትን ቅንጬና የመሣሰሉ ቅቤ የሚገባባቸውን ምግቦች እንደማይጠቀሙ አመልክተው ተጨማሪ ዳቦ እንዲሰጣቸው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡

ያ ጥያቄአቸው እስኪመለስም ከነበሩበት የመመገቢያ አዳራሽ እንደማይወጡ በመግለፃቸው ፖሊስ ተጠርቶ መግባቱንና በተማሪዎች ላይ ጉዳት መድረሱን ገልፃለች፡፡

የግቢው ሁኔታ ዛሬ የተረጋጋ መሆኑንና ተማሪዎቹ ወደ ትምህርታቸው መመለሣቸውንም ተናግራለች፡፡

ስለሁኔታው መግለጫ የሰጠን የዩኒቨርሲቲው የተማሪዎች ኅብረት ፕሬዚዳንት ዳዊት ጌታቸውም ያመፁት ተማሪዎች ጥያቄ አግባብነት የለውም ብሎ እንደማያምን ይሁን እንጂ ጥያቄአቸውን ያቀረቡት አግባብነት ባለው መንገድና ሁኔታ እንዳልሆነ ገልፆ ጥያቄአቸውን ለማየት ጥረት መደረጉን አመልክቷል፡፡

ተማሪዎቹ ከመመገቢያ አዳራሹ ለመውጣት ፍቃደኛ ባለመሆናቸው ምክንያት ፌደራል ፖሊስ ወደግቢው እንዲገባ መደረጉ ትክክል ነው ብሎ እንደሚያምን ገልጿል፡፡ ተማሪዎቹ ሙሉ በሙሉ ሠላማዊ እንደነበሩ፣ ያጠፉት ንብረትም ሆነ የጎዱት ሰው አለመኖሩግ ዳዊት ጠቅሶ በተማሪዎቹ እና በፖሊሶቹ መካከል ግን ግጭት አለመፈጠሩን፤ የተጎዳ ተማሪም እንደሌለ ተናግሯል፡፡

የዩኒቨርሲቲው የሥርዓተ-ትምህርት፣ የምርምርና የተማሪዎች ጉዳዮች ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንትና የፕሬዚዳንቱ ተወካይ ዶ/ር ታየ ቶለማርያም ተማሪዎቹ ያነሷቸውን ጥያቄዎች ወዲያውኑ ለመፍታት እንደሚያስቸግር፣ ምግብ የሚቀርበው በጨረታ ከሚያሸንፍ ድርጅት በመሆኑ ጊዜ እንደሚወስድ ተነግሯቸው ወደ ትምህርታቸው እንዲመለሱ መጠየቃቸውንና ተማሪዎቹ ለመመለስ ፍቃደኞች ሳይሆኑ መቅረታቸውን ገልፀዋል፡፡

አምስት ሺህ የሚሆኑ ሌሎች ተማሪዎችም መመገብ ስለነበረባቸው አዳራሹን ለማስለቀቅ የውጭ የፖሊስ ኃይል መጋበዛቸውን ደ/ር ታየ አመልክተዋል፡፡ የግቢው የፀጥታ ኃይል ቢኖርም ሁኔታው ከአቅሙ በላይ ነበር ብለዋል፡፡

“በተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ያልተደሰቱት ተማሪዎች፤ ከውጭ የተቀላቀሏቸውም ሊኖሩ ይችላሉ፤ ከዚያ ወጥተው በመኖሪያቸው አካባቢ ባሉ ሕንፃዎች ላይ ድንጋይ ወርውረዋል፣ መስኮቶችንና በሮችንም ሰብረዋል” ብለዋል ዶ/ር ታየ፡፡

ዘገባውን ያዳምጡ፡፡ embed

ኢሳት ዜና:- ስማቸው እንዳይገለጥ የፈለጉ ፖሊሶች ለኢሳት እንደገለጡት በእስር ላይ የሚገኙት ተማሪዎች ቁጥር 115 ሲሆን፣ ከእነዚህም መካከል የተወሰኑት ትናንት ተለቀዋል። 2 ተማሪዎች ለህይወት አስጊ በሆነ ሁኔታ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል። መጠነኛ ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ተማሪዎች በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ መሆኑን የገለጡት ፖሊሶች፣ ትምህርት አንጀምርም ያሉትን ተማሪዎች ከሙስሊም እንቅስቃሴና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በማያያዝ ለመክሰስ መታቀዱን ገልጸዋል።

ተማሪዎች ያነሱት ጥያቄ ከምግብ ጋር የተያያዘ ቢሆንም ፣ መንግስት ግን ጉዳዩን ፖለቲካዊ አንድምታ ሊሰጠው በመፈለግ ፌደራል ፖሊሶችን በመላክ ተማሪዎችን እንዳስደበደ መዘገባችን ይታወሳል።


ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ ለአቡነ መርቆርዮስ ደብዳቤ ፅፈው ሠረዙት – VOA

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

(VOA) — 4ኛው የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተ-ክርስቲያን ፓትርያርክ ብፁዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆሬዎስ፣ “ከነ ሙሉ ክብራቸውና ማዕርጋቸው ወደ አገራቸው እንዲገቡና መንበራቸው ላይ እንዲሆኑ” የሚጋብዝ፣ ከኢትዮጵያው ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ ወልደጊዮርጊስ የተፃፈ ደብዳቤ በማግኘታችን እውነት ስለመሆኑ ወደፕሬዚደንቱ ስንደውል፣ ፕሬዚደንት ግርማ «እውነት ነው፣ እኔ ነኝ የፃፍኩት» ብለው አረጋገጡልን።
አቡነ መርቆርዮስ
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የስልኩ ጥሪ ብዙም ጥራት ስላልነበረው እንደገና ስንደውል ደግሞ ቀደም ሲል ደብዳቤውን የፃፉት ሰዎች አሣስተዋቸው መሆኑን ጠቁመው የሻሩት መሆናቸውን ገለፁልን፡፡

ሁለቱም ውይይት ላይ ድምፃቸው አለ፤ የአዲሱ አበበን ዘገባ ያዳምጡ።
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17 Eritrean footballers and team doctor who vanished in Uganda applied for asylum

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

Eritrean players seek asylum in Uganda
The 17 Eritrean footballers and team doctor who vanished in Uganda on Tuesday have all applied for asylum in the country.

David Apollo Kazungu, the Commissioner for Refugees in the Office of the Prime Minister, told BBC Sport that the Eritreans had met them this morning seeking asylum.

"They told us that conditions in their country are not good and we are looking at their conditions and papers," he explained.

"But they remain under our authority now since they have registered."

Kazungi added they are working with United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to see how they can help the 18 Eritreans.

The men failed to return to the team hotel on Sunday after claiming that they were going shopping, eventually just five officials and two players returned to Eritrea yesterday.

The Eritrean team had been eliminated from the on-going regional Cecafa Senior Challenge Cup at the group stage, where they drew with Zanzibar and lost to Malawi and Rwanda.

Nicholas Musonye, the secretary general of Cecafa, the east and central African regional football body, said it was good news the Eritrean players had been found.

However, he added it was a bad trend for Eritrean players to disappear at such tournaments on a regular basis, after similar incidents at the Cecafa tournaments in 2009 and 2010.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/20610675


Syria military poised to launch chemical weapons against freedom fighters

Thursday, December 6th, 2012

Syria loads chemical weapons into bombs; military awaits Assad’s order

By Jim Miklaszewski and M. Alex Johnson, NBC News

The Syrian military is prepared to use chemical weapons against its own people and is awaiting final orders from President Bashar Assad, U.S. officials told NBC News on Wednesday.

The military has loaded the precursor chemicals for sarin, a deadly nerve gas, into aerial bombs that could be dropped onto the Syrian people from dozens of fighter-bombers, the officials said.

As recently as Tuesday, officials had said there was as yet no evidence that the process of mixing the "precursor" chemicals had begun. But Wednesday, they said their worst fears had been confirmed: The nerve agents were locked and loaded inside the bombs.

Sarin is an extraordinarily lethal agent. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s forces killed 5,000 Kurds with a single sarin attack on Halabja in 1988.

U.S. officials stressed that as of now, the sarin bombs hadn’t been loaded onto planes and that Assad hadn’t issued a final order to use them. But if he does, one of the officials said, "there’s little the outside world can do to stop it."

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton reiterated U.S. warnings to Assad not to use chemical weapons, saying he would be crossing "a red line" if he did so.

Speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Clinton said the Syrian government was on the brink of collapse, raising the prospect that "an increasingly desperate Assad regime" might turn to chemical weapons or that the banned weapons could fall into other hands.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, speaking Wednesday at NATO headquarters in Brussels, said the fall of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government was "inevitable."

"Ultimately, what we should be thinking about is a political transition in Syria and one that should start as soon as possible," Clinton said. "We believe their fall is inevitable. It is just a question of how many people have to die before that occurs."

Aides told NBC News that Clinton was expected next week to officially recognize the main opposition movement, the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, with which she is scheduled to meet in Morocco. Britain, France, Turkey and some key Arab leaders have already recognized the opposition.

Fighting intensified Wednesday in the 21-month civil war, which has left 40,000 people dead. The U.N. withdrew its personnel from Damascus, saying conditions were too dangerous.

The government said this week that it wouldn’t use chemical weapons on its own people after President Barack Obama warned that doing so would be "totally unacceptable."

But U.S. officials said this week that the government had ordered its Chemical Weapons Corps to "be prepared," which Washington interpreted as a directive to begin bringing together the components needed to weaponize Syria’s chemical stockpiles.

U.S. officials had long believed that the Syrian government was stockpiling the banned chemical weapons before it acknowledged possessing them this summer.

NBC News reported in July that U.S. intelligence agencies believed that in addition to sarin, Syria had access to tabun, a chemical nerve agent, as well as traditional chemical weapons like mustard gas and hydrogen cyanide.

Officials told NBC News at the time that the Syrian government was moving the outlawed weapons around the country, leaving foreign intelligence agencies unsure where they might end up.

Syria is one of only seven nations that hasn’t ratified the 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention, the arms control agreement that outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of such weapons.

Bombshells filled with chemicals can be carried by Syrian Air Force fighter-bombers, in particular Sukhoi-22/20, MiG-23 and Sukhoi-24 aircraft. In addition, some reports indicate that unguided short-range Frog-7 artillery rockets may be capable of carrying chemical payloads.

In terms of longer-range delivery systems, Syria has a few dozen SS-21 ballistic missiles with a maximum range of 72 miles; 200 Scud-Bs, with a maximum range of 180 miles; and 60 to 120 Scud-Cs, with a maximum range of 300 miles, all of which are mobile and are capable of carrying chemical weapons, according U.S. intelligence officials.

http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012 … order?lite


Hailemariam Desalegn wants to go to Asmara – Aljazeera

Wednesday, December 5th, 2012

In an exclusive interview, Hailemariam Desalegn tells Al Jazeera he is ready to speak to President Issaias Afeworki.

05 Dec 2012

Hailemariam Desalegn, Ethiopia’s prime minister, has said that he is willing to hold talks with neighbouring Eritrea, with whom Addis Ababa fought a border war that ended in 2000.

If Desalgen follows through with Wednesday’s statement, it will be the first time a leader in Addis Ababa has held talks with Issaias Afeworki, the Eritrean president, since the end of the conflict which left at least 70,000 people dead.

"If you ask me, ‘Do you want to go to Asmara and sit down and negotiate with Isaias Afwerki?’ Then, I will say yes’," Hailemariam said in an interview with Al Jazeera to be broadcast on Saturday.

The two countries remain at odds over the flashpoint town of Badme, awarded to Eritrea by a UN-backed boundary commission, but still controlled by Ethiopia.

"The most important thing for us is to fight poverty … to have regional integration. If we two do that, it will be much more productive," Hailemariam added.

Eritrea won independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a 30-year struggle, that is considered among the continent’s longest and most bitter.

Hailemariam, who took office after longtime ruler Meles Zenawi died in August, said that reaching out to Asmara was following the policy of his predecessor.

"My predecessor Meles Zenawi had asked for more than 50 times even to go to Asmara and negotiate with Mister Isaias Afwerki," he said.

Ethiopia and Eritrea routinely accuse each other of backing armed groups to destabilise the other.

In March, Ethiopia attacked an Eritrean military base after the killing of five European tourists in blamed on Asmara.

Al Jazeera


ENTC continues seasonal campaign

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) is conveying its best wishes in the holiday season to all Ethiopians. It has been 6 months since ENTC has been officially formed. Although the road to victory is a long and difficult one, the group’s beginning is a promising one. It is with everyone’s participation that the struggle can bear fruit. ENTC is inviting you to participate in their holiday donation drive and also join them in their effort.

View this short slide

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥብቅና በኢትዮጵያ

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

ለውድቀት የተዳረገው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት በኢትዮጵያ

በዚህ ባለፈው ሰኔ ወር ላይ ‹‹ አንድነት ለሃይማኖት›› በሚል ጽሁፍ በኢትዮጵያ ስለሚካሄደው የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ገፈፋ ያለኝን ስጋት ገልጬ  ነበር፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ ኢትዮጵያ ዉስጥ አዲሱ የሰብአዊ መብት መጣስ  አካሄድ በሃይማኖት ነጻነት ላይ ማነጣጠሩን አሳስቤያለሁ፡፡ ስጋቴን  ትንሽ ቀለል ያረገልኝ ስርአት የተላበሱት የክርስቲያኑና የሙስሊሙ የሃይሞነት መሪዎች በሃይማኖት ውስጥ የሚሞከረውን አግባብነት የሌለውን ጣልቃ ገብነት ጠንክረው መቃወማቸውን በማየቴ ነበር፡፡ መጣጣፌ ላይ አንዳልኩት ‹‹ላለፉት በርካታ ዓመታት›› ኢትዮጵያ የወንጀል፤ የጥቃት፤ የሰብአዊ መበት መደፈር፤ተፈጥሮ የቸረውን መብት መርገጫ ማዕከል ሆና ኖራለች፡፡ አሁን ደግሞ የኢትዮጵያ የሃይመኖት አባቶች ኢትዮጵያ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት የሚገፈፍባት ሃገር ሆነች እያሉ ያማርራሉ›› ፡፡  የሙስሊሙና የክርስትና ሃይማኖት መሪዎችና አማኞች፤ ጠንክረውና እጅ ለእጅ በመያያዝ በአንድነት ሆነው፤ ለዕምነታቸው ነጻነት ለማስገኘትና መብትቸውን ለማስጠበቅ ሕሊናቸው በሚያዛቸው መንቀሳቀስ እንዲችሉ በሰላማዊ አምቢታ ጸንተው ቆመዋል፡፡

የገዢው መንገስት ባለስልጣናት ይህን በሕገ መንግስቱ ላይ በግልጽ የተቀመጠውን ድንጋጌ በመዘንጋት አለያም አውቀው አናውቅም በማለት በቸልተኝነትና በማንአለብኝነት ይህን የነጻነት የእምነት በነጻ የመንቀሳቀስ ሂደት በአክራሪነት በገዲድ በመተርጎም እንቅስቃሴውን ለማዳከም በመጣር ላይ ናቸው፡፡በቅርቡ ያለፉት መለስ ዜናዊ፤ ሲናገሩ ‹‹በቅርቡ በተከናወነው የጌታችን መድሐኒታችን የጥምቀት በዓል በተከበረበት ወቅት አንዳንድ የክርስቲያን እምነት ተከታዮች የክርስቲያን መንግስት ይቋቋምልን በማለት መፈክር ይዘው ወጥተዋል፤ እንዲሁም እምነታቸውን በነጻ ሃይማኖታቸውም ከጣልቃ ገብነት የጸዳ እንዲሆን ያነሱትን የሙስሊሙን ጥያቄ፤ ይህን ጥያቄ የሚያነሱት የአልቃይዳ ተባባሪ የሆኑ የ‹‹ሳላፊ›› ጥገኞች›› በማለት ታርጋ ለጥፈውባቸዋል፡፡ መለስ ውንጀላቸውን ቆርጠው በመቀጠል ‹‹ለመጀመርያ ጊዜያት የአልቃይዳ ሴል በኢትዮጵያ ታየ በማለት፤ አብዛኛዎቹም በባሌ፤እና በአርሲ ይገኛሉ ብለዋል፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን በኢትዮጵያ ያሉት ሳላፊስ በሙሉ አልቃይዳ ናቸው ለማለት አይደለም፡፡ አብዛኛዎቹ አይደሉም፡፡ሆኖም ግን እነዚህ ሳላፊዎች ትክክለኛውን (የሙስሊም) ሃይሞኖታዊ ትምህርት ሲያፋልሱ ታይተዋል ብለው ነበር››፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ባወጣው መግለጫ  (ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ)  ላይ ባለፈው ወር ይህን አክራሪ ናቸው የሚለውን አባባል ማጣጣል ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ በኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ላይ የሚደረገውን የሃይማኖት ተጽእኖና ጭቆና እያሳሰበው መሆኑንም፤ ጥየቄያቸው ግን እንደሚባለው ሳይሆን በሃገሪቱ ላይ ባሉት የሙስሊም አማኞች ላይ በሚደረግ የጉልበትና የግፍ አካሄድ እምነቱ ከሚፈቅደውና ሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ከሚያምንበትና ሲከተለው ከነበረው አካሄድ ውጪ በሆነ አዲስ መጥ ስርአት እንዲያምን ለማስገደድ ሰለሆነ መንግስት ከድርጊቱ እንዲታቀብ አሳስቧል፡፡ ሲዘግቡም፥

የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት ፍላጎቱ አልሃበሽ የሚባለውን የዕምንት አመለካከት በሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ላይ በግዴታ በመጫን ለዝንተዓለም ሲከተሉት ከነበረው የሱፊ አመለካከትና ስነስራት ለመለየት እያስገደደ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት ከዚህም ባሻገር የሙስሊማኑ የሃይማኖት አባቶችን ከባለዕምነቶቹ ፍላጎትና ፈቃደኝነት ውጪ፤ ምርጫውን በራሱ በማካሄድ ሹመኞቹን ጭኖባቸዋል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል በነጻነት የሚንቀሳቀስ ተጽእኖ የሌለበት በመባል ሲታወቅ የነበረው የኢትዮጵያን እስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ምክር ቤትን አሁን ገዢው መንግሰት በራሱ ምደባ ስልጣን በያዙት ለገዢው መንግስት አገልጋይና ጉዳይ አስፈጻሚዎችን አስቀምጦበታል፡፡ የመፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ ብሎ የሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ያስቀመጣቸውን ወኪሎቹን ለኔ መመርያ ካልተገዛችሁ በሚል አመለካከት፤ ሰብስቦ በተፈጠረና አንዳች የእውነት ፍንጣቂ የሌለበት በተደጋጋሚ በንጹሃን ላይ ሲለጠፍ ያለውን ሽብርተኛ በማለት ወደ ወህኒ ማውረድ በሃገሪቱ ባሉት ሙስሊማን ላይ ተጽእኖ ለማድረግና ለመቆጣጠር አንመች ያሉትን በማስፈራራት ማግለል ይዞዋል፡፡ በዚህ ሰበብም በኦክቶበር 29 ላይ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት 29ኙን የሙስሊሙ ማሕበረሰብ ወኪሎችና ሰላማዊ ተንቀሳቃሾች ሽብርተኞችና እስላማዋ መንግስት ለመመስረት የተነሳሱ ናቸው በማለት ወንጅሏቸዋል፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽነር አዚዝ አል ሂብሪ በግልጽ ሲናገር:

ይህ የወቅቱ መሰረተ ቢስ ክስና ውንጀላ የኢትዮጵያ መነግስት ተቃዋሚዎቹን ዝም ለማሰኘትና ለማሰር፤ የሙስሊሙም ሕብረተሰብ ያነሳውን ሰላማዊና ሕገመንገስታዊ የዕምነት ነጻነት ጥያቄ በሰበብ አስባቡ ለማጨናገፍና ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሆነውን የዕምንት ጥያቄ ለማክሰም የሚጠቀምበት ዘዴ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ በቁጥር አነስተኛ የሆኑት ለእስር ቢዳረጉም የዓላማው ደጋፊዎች የሆኑት በሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ናቸው በሰላማዊ መንገድ ጥያቄውን አንስተው እንደመጥ ያሉት፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት በሙስሊም ዜጎቹ እምነት ውስጥ ጣልቃ መግባቱን ማቆም አለበት፡፡አለአግባብም ባልሰሩትና ባልፈጸሙት ውንጀላ የታሰሩትንም ሊለቅ ተገቢ ነው ብሏል፡፡

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽንም ያነሳቸውን ጭብጦች በተመለከተ ሊተኮርባቸው የሚገቡ ጉዳዮች አሉ፡፡ በቅድሚያ ይህ የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ድርጅት መንግስታዊ ያልሆነ ድርጅት፤የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች፤ ወይም የመንግስት አፈቀላጤም  አይደለም፡፡ የ1998 ዓመቱን ዓለም አቀፍን ሃይማኖታዊ ነጻነት ድንጋጌ አስመልክቶ በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ምከር ቤት (ኮንግሬስ) የተቋቋመ ነጻ የሆነ ኮሚሽን ሲሆን ተግባሩም በዓለም አካባቢ ባሉ ሃይማኖታዊ ክስተቶች ስለሚከናወኑትና ስለነጻነታቸው ሁኔታ ዘገባ እያጠናቀረ፤ አስፈላጊ ሲመስለውም የፖሊሲ ሃሳብ ለፕሬዜዳንቱ፤ለሃገር አስተዳደር፤ እና ለኮንግሬሱ ማቅረብ ነው፡፡  ይህን ኮሚሽን ለመምራትም ዕውቅና ያላቸውና በዓለም አቀፉ ሃይሞኖታዊ እውነታዎችን ስርአት ላይ በቂ ዕውቀትና ግንዛቤ ያላቸው ግለሰቦች፤ ስለውጭ ግንኙነት፤ዓለም አቀፋዊ ስለሆነው የሰብአዊ መብት ጠንቅቀው የተረዱና ግንዛቤያቸውም የሰፋ የሆኑት ተመርጠው የሚካተቱበትና ስራውን የሚያካሂዱበት ነው፡፡ ይህ ኮሚሽን ማንኛቸውንም በዓለም ተቀባይነት ያላቸውን ድንግጌዎች ሁሉ በማክበር የማስከበር ሃሳብ ለሚመለከታቸው በማቅረብ ተግባራዊ እንዲደረግ ይጥራል፤ ይሟገታል፡፡

የዚህ (የ ዩ ኤስ ሲ አይ አር ኤፍ) የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን ማስረጃና ምስክርነት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሃይሞነታዊ እምነት ነፃነት መጣሱን መንግስታዊ ጥቃትም እየደረሰበት እንደሆነ በሚገባ ያረጋገጠ ነው፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ  ዓለም አቀፋዊና  ሕገመንግስታዊ  ግዴታ  የሃይማኖት  ነጻነትንም  ያካተተ ነው

የገዢው መንግሥት ባወጣውና ባጸደቀው ሕገመንግስት መሰረት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን የማክበር ግዴታ እንዳለበት ደንግጓል፡፡ በዚህ ድንጋጌውም ገዢው መንግስት ጣልቃ በመግባት ነጻ አንደሆነ በሚገባ ተቀምጧል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንገስት ዓለማዊ መንግስት ነው እንጂ መንፈሳዊ መንግስት አልተመሰረተበትም:: የህገ መንግስቱ አንቀጽ 11 በሃይማኖትና በመንግስት መሃል ደንግጎ መንግስትም በሃይሞነቱ ሃይማኖቱም በመንግስት ውስጥ ጣልቃ እንዳይገቡ ያግዳል፡፡ አንቀጽ 27ም እንደ የሃይመኖቶች የነጻነት አንቀጽ ተብሎ ሊጠቀስ ይችላል፡፡ በመሆኑም ‹‹ሁሉም እንደየእምነታቸውና ፍላጎታቸው በነጻ የማሰብን፤እና የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን›› ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ማንም ሃይማኖትን መቀበልም ሆነ ወይም ወዳሰኘው ሃይማኖታዊ እምነት መዞርን፤ በግልም ሆነ በቡድን አለያም በመሰባሰብ ተደራጅቶ ማምለክን በምርጫው ማከናወንን ይፈቅዳል፡፡

የአንቀጽ 11 እና 27 ሕገመንግስታዊ ቋንቋ አጠቃቀም በቀጥታ ቃል በቃል ከዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ድንጋጌ የተገለበጠ ነው፡፡ይህም በዲሴምበር 10 1948 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቷል፡፡ አንቀጽ 18 የዓለም አቀፍ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብቶች ቃል ኪዳን፤በጁን 11 1993 በኢትዮጵያ ተቀባይነት አግኝቶ ጸድቋል፡፡ በዚህም ድንጋጌ መሰረት ማንም ቢሆን የሃይማኖት የሰብአዊ መብትና በነጻ የማሰብ መብቱ ይጠበቅለት ዘንድ የግድ ነው፡፡ የአፍሪካውም (ባንጁል) ቻርተር ከዓለም አቀፋዊው ድንጋጌ ጋር ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡በየድንጋጌውም ላይ የዓለም አቀፉን ድንግጌ በማክበር መተግበር እንዳለበት ያረጋግጣል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያም የሁለቱም ቻርተሮች ፈራሚ ነችና ድንጋጌዎቹን በተቀረጹበት መልክ ማክበርና ሕዝቦቿም ተጠቃሚ እንዲሆኑ  ቃሏን ማክበር ስላለባት ገዠው መንግስትም ከዚህ ውጪ ትርጓሜ ሊሰጥበት አይችልም፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ዢው መንግስት ለዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌዎች በገባው ግዴታ መሰረት በራሱ ሕገመንግስት ላይ ያሰፈራቸውን መብቶች መከበርና ሳይሸራረፉ ለሕዝቡ መቆማቸውን ማረጋገጥ ይጠበቅበታል

ግዙፍ የሆነና በነጻ ወገኖች የተረጋገጠ፤ በቂና ታሪካዊ ማስረጃ ያለው፤ የድርጊቱ ሰለባ ከሆኑትና ከሌሎችም የተጠናቀረው እውነታ የሚያሳየው መንግስታዊ የሆነ የሃይማኖት ነጻነት ጥሰት መኖሩንና ጉልህ የሆነ የሰዎች የእምነትና ሕገመንግስታዊ መብትም መጣስ መኖሩን የሚያስረዳ ነው፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ከሃይማኖቱ ተከታዮች ፍላጎትና መሪዎቻቸውም ባላመኑበት መንገድ ጫና በመፍጠርና ሃይልና ማስገደድ ባለው ሂደት መሪዎች መርጦ ከማስቀመጡም ባሻገር አዲስ ስርአት በማምጣት የአልሃበሽን የእስልምና ወገናዊ እምነት ለመጫን ነው ዓላማው፡፡በሃይማኖታዊው ዋና ፍሬ ነገር ላይ በማትኮር የሃይማኖት አባቶች በማለት የእስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ካውንስልን እንዲመሩ መንግስት መርጦ  በተለያዩ የሙስሊሙ ኮሙኒቲ አባልታ ባሉበት ሁሉ 11 የሪጂኖች የእስልምና ከውንስል ብሎ ማስቀመጡ  አግባብነትም ሆነ ተቀባይነትም የሌለው ተግባር ነው፡፡ መንግስት በመስጊድ ሊደረግ የሚገባውን የምርጫ ሂደት በማፋለስ በመንግስት ቁጥጥር ስር ባሉ ስፍራዎች እንዲካሄድ ማደረጉ  የሚፈልጋቸው አገልጋዮቹ ያለአግባብ ስልጣኑን ይዘው እንዲያገለግሉት ለማድረግ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ይህን ሂደት አንቀበልም ሃይማኖታዊ ስርአትም የተከተለ አይደለም በማለት ተቃውሞ ያቀረቡትንም በማግለል፤ ከቦታቸው እንዲነሱ አድርጓል፡፡ ከተነሱም በኋላ ለእስራት ዳርጓቸዋል::  በንጸህናና በሰላማዊ መንገድም የተበላሸው እንዲስተካከል አላግባብ የተከናወነውም ምርጫ እንደቀየር ሃሳብ ያቀረቡትን ከማሰርም አልፎ ቀሪዎቹንም ሱገቡና ሲወጡ በደህንነቶች ቁጥጥርና ክትትል እንዲደረግባቸው በማድረግ ሰላሙን ሁሉ በማደፍረስ ላይ ነው፡፡ በመንግስት ተመርጠው የተቀመጡትም አገልጋዮች ተቀባይነት አጥተው ከቢሮ ማቀፍ አላለፉም፤ ይልቁንስ የመንግስት መጠቀሚያ ሰላዮች ተብለው በብዙሃኑ የሙስሊም እምነት ተከታዮች ከመፈረጅ ውጪ ያገኙት አንዳችም ነገር የለም:: ያገኙት ነገር ቢኖር የመንግስትን ግልጋሎት ማከናወን ብቻና ከመንግስት የሚቸራቸውን ነው፡፡ በዚህም መሰረት የሙስሊሙን ህብረተሰብ ወደማያምንበትና ወደተበላሸ እምነታዊ ስርአት ማካተት ጨርሶ የማይቻል ጉዳይ ነው፡፡

ገዢው መንግስት በጣልቃ ገብነቱ ላይ ተቃውሞ ባነሱት ሙስሊማን ላይ  በለጠፈው ሽብርተኝነት የወንጀል ክስና  ሌላም ክህደት ለሞላው ውንጀላው አንዳችም ማስረጃ ማቅረብ አልቻለም፡፡  እነዚህ በከንቱ ለእስር የተዳረጉት የነጻነት ተሟጋቾች፤ከውጭ ሃይል ጋር አላቸው ስለተባለው ግንኙነት፤ ሥልጣን ለመያዝ ተብሎም ስለተነሳው ጉዳይ፤ የሙስሊም መንግስት ይቋቋም ብለዋል ስለተባለበትም ቢሆን ወንጃዩ መንግስት አንዳችም ማሰረጃ ለማቅረብ አልበቃም፡፡ ማንኛቸውም ነጻ ወገኖችና ታዛቢዎች ቢሆኑ ያረጋገጡት፤ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን በሰላማዊ መንገድ ለማስከበር መንቀሳቀሳቸውን፤ የራሳቸውን መሪዎችና የእስልምና ጉዳዮች የካወንስል መሪዎች እንምረጥ ከማለት ውጪ አንዳችም ሌላ ሁኔታ እንዳላዩ ነው፡፡ ይሄ ደግሞ ተገቢያልሆነ ጥያቄ አይደለም፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸው ነው፡፡ መንግስት መርጦ ያስቀመጣቸው ሹማምንት ሊያገለግሏቸውም ሆነ መብታቸውን ሊያስጠብቁላቸው የማይችሉና፤ በምርጫውም የሙስሊሙን ይሁንታ ያልተሰጡ በመሆናቸው አይረቡንም ነው አባባላቸው እናም ልክ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ የተመረጡባቸው ሹመኞች እንቅስቃሴያቸው የሙስሊሙን ሕብረተሰብ ለመከፋፈል፤ ሰላማዊውን ሕብረተሰብ ለማበጣበጥ፤ በሃገር አቀፍ ደረጃ በሙስሊሙ ሕብረተሰብ ዙርያ ሰላም እንዲጠፋ ማድረግ ነው፡፡

ገዢው መንግስት ‹‹የጸረሽብርተኝነት ሕግ›› ከጥቅም ውጪ ጅራፉን የማጮህ አርማውን  የማውለብለብ  ሱስ  አለበት

ገዢው መንግስት የሃይማኖት ነጻነትን፤የጽሁፍና የፕሬስ (ብዙሃን) ነጻነትን፤የሕዝቡን ሃሳቡን በነጻ የመግለጽ ነጻነትን ባገደና በጣሰ ቁጥር የራሱን ሕገመንግስት እየጣሰ መሆኑን እያወቀ ይክዳል፡፡ በትንሹ ለእስር የዳረጋቸውን 29 የሙስሊሙን ታጋዮች፤ በሽብርተኝነት ሲወነጅል ያው በተደጋጋሚ የታየውን የፈጠራ ሽብርተኝነትን ታርጋ መለጠፉን በመቀጠል ሲያደርገው የነበረውንና በብዙ ማስረጃዎች ሊረጋገጥበት የሚችለውን የሃሰት ውንጀላ መድገሙ እንጂ አዲስ አይደለም፡፡ ይህም የዚህ መንግስት መታወቂያው ሆኗል፡፡ አሁን ያለውን የኢትዮጵያ ምስቅልቅል ሁኔታ ለማስተካከል ይሄ በሽብርተኝነት ነጻና ሰላማዊ ሰዎችን መወንጀልና ማሰር መፍትሔ ሊሆን አይችልም፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት ሊገነዘቡት ያልቻሉት የውሃ ቅዳ ውሃ መልስ የሞኝ ጨዋታቸው ‹‹ጸረሽብርተኝነት›› ለገዢው መንግስት ያተረፈለት ነገር ቢኖር ችግሮችን፤ የሚነሱ ሃሳቦችን፤ህዝባዊ ፍላጎቶችን፤ እውነትን ለማየት እንዳይችል አይኑን መጋረድ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ሕዝቦች ሰብአዊ ክብርን ይሻሉ፤ በስልጣን ላይ ባሉ ሁሉ ሕዝብ ሊከበርና ሰብአዊ መብቱም ሊጠበቅለት ተገቢ ነው፡፡ ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸውን ባነሱ ቁጥር በስልጣን ላይ የተጣበቁት እየደነበሩ ሊወንጅሏቸው ጨርሶ ተገቢ አይደለም፡፡

የመንግስቱ መሪዎች‹‹ጸረ ሽብርተኝነትን ሕግ›› እንደጋሻ አንጠልጥለው ሰላማዊ ቅዋሜ አንሺዎችንና በሃይመኖታችን ጣልቃ አትግቡብን በማለት ለሰልፍ የሚወጡትን መኮነንንና ማሰርን ማንገላታትን መፍትሔ አድርገው ማሰብ ከጀመሩ ሰነበቱ፡፡ አንድ የማይታያቸው ክፉ ነገር ግን በሕዝቡ ሕሊናና ልብ ውስጥ እየሰፋና እያደገ፤ ምሬቱም እየከረፋውና እየጎፈነነው በመሄድ ላይ ያለውን የህዝብ ብሶት ማወቅ አለመቻል ወይም ችላ ማለታቸው ነው፡፡ ከትምህርት ደረጃ መውደቅና ጨርሶም ለመማር አለመቻል፤ ሥራ አጥነት፤ እና ተስፋ መቁረጥ ጭርሱን ሰብአዊነታቸው ከመሰረቱ እንዲጎዳና ለችገር እንዲጋለጡ በመዳረጋቸው ወጣቱ ትውልድ እራሱን ለማሻሻልም ሆነ ለሃገሩ ልማታዊ እድገት ተሳትፎ ለኑሮው የሚሆን ስራ ላይ እንዳይሳተፍ በመደረጉ ልቡ ለጊዜው ዝም ያለ ቢሆንም እያመረቀዘ አንድ ቀን የሚፈነዳ ነው፡፡ አሁን በስልጣን ላይ ያሉት አሁን ረጋ ያለ የሚመስላቸው ይህ የወጣት ብሶት ምሬት መከራ፤ ግለቱ ጨምሮ ሲፈነዳና ወጣቶቹም ከተጫነባቸው ፍርሃት ሲላቀቁና ፍርሃት አልባነት ሲነግስላቸው፤ የተስፋ መቁረጥ ክረምት ወጥቶ የተስፋና የመልካም ራዕይ ጸደይ ሲመጣ ልክ እንደ ‹‹አረቡ ጸደይ›› ያ የታሰበውና ታፍኖ የነበረው መብት ነጻነት እኩልነት አብቦ ሃገሩን በአዲስ አበባዎችና ልምላሜ እድገት ያለብሰዋል፡፡ የዚያን ጊዜ ታዲያ ያ ሽብርተኝነትና የጸረሽብር አዋጅ ፍለጋውን ወደ እውነተኞች አሸባሪዎችና ሕጉን መቀለጃና ሃጢአት መሸፈኛ ወዳደረጉት ያለፈባቸው በማድረግ ሃቃዊ ስራውን ማከናወን ይቀጥላል፡፡

ይህ አሁን በመኩራራትና በማን አለብኝነት እየተኮፈሰ ያለው ሞኝ ስብስብ ከሁለቱ የአሜሪካን መንግስት ከፍተኛ የህግ ዳኞች ሊማሩ ይችሉ ይሆናል፡፡ ‹‹የራሱን ህግ ማክበር ከተሳነው መንግስት የበለጠ የመንግስትን መሰረት የሚጥል የለም፡፡ የኛ መንግስት በራሱ ምሳሌነት ሕዝቡን ሀሉ ለህግ እንዲገዛ ያስተምራል፡፡ መንግስት እራሱ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ ሕግን መናቅን መጣስን ነው የሚዘራው፡፡በዚህም ሁሉም ሰው ሕግን በእጁ እንዲያደርግና እንደፈቀደ እንዲሆን በመጋበዝ መተረማመስ (አናርኪ) እንዲፈጠር ያደርጋል፡፡››

የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ዓለምአቀፋዊ የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን እንዳለው: መንግስት ያገታቸውን የሙስሊሙን መፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ አባላትና ሌሎቹንም ታጋቾች በመፍታት፤በሃይማኖት ላይ የጣለውን እግድ ማንሳት ኣለበት፡፡

መንግሥት በራስ ሕግ አፍራሽ ከሆነ፤ የራሱን ውድቀት ያፋጥናል፡፡

የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from): http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/02/in_defense_of_religious_freedom_in_ethiopia

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Ethiopian football officials want neutral venue for match with Eritrea

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Mon Dec 3, 2012

* Ethiopia says not willing to travel to Asmara

* Matches will be first between foes since 1998-2000 war

Dec 3 (Reuters) – Ethiopia has asked African football’s governing body to move its African Nations Championship qualifiers with arch-foe Eritrea to a neutral venue, with the neighbouring countries still embroiled in a bitter border row, its FA said.

The Horn of Africa neighbours are set to lock horns in the Eritrean capital, Asmara, around January 14-16 with the return tie in Addis Ababa set for two weeks later. But Ethiopia said it would not travel to the Red Sea state.

"We want the matches to take place, but we’re not willing to travel there and it is obvious their government won’t allow their team to visit Addis Ababa," said Melaku Ayele, the Ethiopian Football Federation’s spokesman.

"So we’ve proposed an alternative venue, neighbouring Sudan, for both matches to be held in."

Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a border war between 1998-2000 that killed tens of thousands of troops. A Hague-based independent border commission ruled that the flashpoint town of Badme belonged to Eritrea but the village remains in the hands of Ethiopia and the spat remains unresolved.

Asmara is yet to respond to Ethiopia’s request, Melaku said.

The African Nations Championship, played every two years, is the continent’s second biggest tournament in which only domestic-based players can take part.

Ethiopia, nicknamed the Walyas, recently sealed a spot at the more glamorous African Nations Cup finals set for January after a three-decade absence.

Ethiopia and Eritrea were last pitched against each other in 1998 in a qualifying round for the 2000 African Nations Cup, just months after fighting broke out along their sun-blasted border.

Ethiopia declined to take part in those matches. (Reporting by Aaron Maasho; Editing by Richard Lough and Justin Palmer)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/ … TP20121203


Ethiopia’s Mega-Dam With Potentially Mega-Consequences

Tuesday, December 4th, 2012

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam – A Mega-Dam With Potentially Mega-Consequences

By Haydar Yousif, 3 December 2012

analysis

Without greater oversight, Ethiopia’s secretive new dam could have disastrous environmental, social and political impacts.

While Egypt was undergoing dramatic political changes last year, Ethiopia was secretly moving to unveil "Project X" – a huge hydropower dam it intends to build on the Blue Nile, 40 km from the Sudanese border.

Political commentators, environmental experts and hydrologists have all voiced concerns about the dam’s ecological impact, the strain it might place on relations between the three eastern Nile nations, and the financial burden of this mega-dam on Ethiopian citizens.

Now renamed the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the project (due for completion by 2015) is set to become the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa. The scale of the project is staggering: the plant will be capable of producing almost double the electricity of Aswan High Dam in Egypt, while its 63 billion cubic metre (bcm) reservoir is double the size of Ethiopia’s largest natural lake. Crucially for Ethiopia’s Nile neighbours, the filling of this huge reservoir is also likely to greatly reduce the flow of water to Egypt and Sudan for several years, and could even permanently alter the amount of water those countries are able to draw from the river.

Details trickling through

The planning and implementation of this project has all been decided behind closed doors. Its $4.8 billion contract was awarded without competitive bidding, for example, to Salini Costruttori, an Italian firm favoured by the ruling party; Salini is also building the controversial Gibe III Dam on Ethiopia’s Omo River.

Furthermore, the nature of the project was kept under wraps until after site preparation had already begun, to the great surprise of regional governments, Nile planning agencies, and Ethiopia’s Western donors. It was especially shocking to Norwegian agencies who were working with the Ethiopian government on a similar project for the same stretch of the Nile, now made obsolete by the Renaissance Dam.

This level of official opacity has worryingly prevailed beyond the initial announcement of the project. Expert analysis that would normally accompany such a titanic project has either not been undertaken or kept characteristically secret. No environmental assessment is publicly available for the project. And no steps were taken before its launch to openly discuss the dam’s impacts with downstream Nile neighbours Egypt and Sudan.

Do the environmental and social plans hold water?

The consequences for Ethiopia’s downstream neighbours could potentially be catastrophic. The Renaissance Dam’s reservoir will hold back nearly one and a half times the average annual flow of the Blue Nile. Filling the reservoir – which could take 3 to 5 years – will drastically affect the downstream nations’ agriculture, electricity and water supply. Evaporative losses from the dam’s reservoir could be as much as 3 billion cubic metres per year.

The dam will also retain silt. The Ethiopian government argues that this will be a net positive as it will increase the lifetime of other dams downstream, particularly in Sudan where, for example, the Roseires Dam has been nearly incapacitated by sedimentation. But what about the life expectancy of the Renaissance Dam itself? This is a serious issue for the dam’s viability, and there are no known plans for watershed management or soil conservation to address it. In addition, the retention of silt by the dam reservoir will dramatically reduce the fertility of soils downstream. Sediment-free water released from dams also increases erosion downstream, which can lead to riverbed deepening and a reduction in groundwater recharge.

Some have predicted even more calamitous consequences of the dam’s construction. The Grand Renaissance Dam site is in the Great African Rift Valley near the Afar Depression, an area in which tectonic turmoil is so great it could, according to some accounts, eventually tear the continent in two. The dam could be at risk from damage by earthquakes, yet no one knows if it has even been analysed for this risk, or the largest earthquake it is being designed to withstand. The failure of such a huge structure puts the more than 100 million people living downstream at risk.

On top of that risk is that of ‘reservoir induced seismicity’. A dam with a reservoir as large as this is not just vulnerable to seismic events – it can cause them. Scientists believe that there have been more than 100 instances on six continents of large reservoirs inducing earthquakes. The most serious to date was China’s devastating magnitude 7.9 earthquake in 2008, which some experts believe was induced by Zipingpu Dam.

Holding back the tide of criticism

However, some of the most pressing concerns regarding the dam’s construction are political. Although its timing coincided with Egypt’s political upheaval, the sudden unveiling of the project nevertheless resulted in an outcry. Egypt’s primary fears are a reduction of its main water supply from the Nile, and diminished nutrients and sediment essential for agriculture.

Towards the end of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s rule, Ethiopia adopted a more aggressive stance over the Nile, moving swiftly to build a number of large hydropower dams. However, tension in the region regarding control of the Nile waters has not all be centred on Ethiopia. In May 2010, five upstream Nile states (Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania) signed a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) to access more water from the Nile. The move was strongly opposed by Egypt, which brandished a colonial-era treaty from 1929 asserting its exclusive rights to the Nile’s water supply.

With the Renaissance Dam, these tensions seemed to be coming to a head. Following its announcement in March 2011, Egyptian authorities were quick to lobby international support and strongly hinted that a military response was not deemed disproportionate to protect such a vital resource. Indeed, Wikileaks recently released documents detailing a planned Egyptian attack on the dam from Sudan.

However, attitudes appear to have since softened, and dialogue was opened last month between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. In a bid to allay Egypt’s wrath, the Ethiopian government proposed an International Panel of Experts (IPoE) to review and assess the dam’s impacts on downstream neighbours. The panel of ten consists of two members from each of the three countries eastern Nile countries, plus four international experts. Their names have not been released and their meetings are behind closed doors, but they are expected to announce their findings four months from now. This seems to have placated Ethiopia’s neighbours for now. Egypt has toned down its opposition to the dam, while President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan has even pledged Sudanese support for the project.

Yet whatever the IPoE’s findings, the Ethiopian government seems adamant the dam will continue. In September 2012, the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs declared that Ethiopia would never halt or slow the construction of the dam due to external pressure, calling into question the significance of the panel. Needless to say, many in Sudan and Egypt still have serious concerns about the project.

Whatever the outcome of political arbitration, it remains irresponsible for Ethiopia to build Africa’s biggest hydropower project, on its most contentious river, with no public access to critical information about the dam’s impacts – a flawed process which can hardly result in a sustainable project. If the Ethiopian government is serious about maintaining good relations with its Nile neighbours, and if it truly wishes to develop projects that will carry its people and the broader region into prosperity, it must begin by allowing some light to penetrate this secretive development scheme.

Haydar Yousif is a Sudanese hydrologist who has worked for 35 years on water issues on the Nile.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201212031873.html


Boeing tested new drone capable of crippling computers and other electronics

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

From sci-fi to reality: The computer-blitzing drone that can cripple a nation’s electronics at the touch of a button

Aircraft manufacturer Boeing have created a weapon that can knock out computers
The missile is thought to be able to penetrate bunkers and caves
Experts warn, in the wrong hands, could bring Western cities to their knees

By Ben Ellery

PUBLISHED: 22:01 GMT, 1 December 2012 | UPDATED: 14:45 GMT, 3 December 2012

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Down the years and across the universe, the heroes of science-fiction classics from Dan Dare to Star Wars and The Matrix have fought intergalactic battles with weapons that wipe out enemy electronics at the touch of a button.

Now scientists have turned fantasy into reality by developing a missile that targets buildings with microwaves that disable computers but don’t harm people.

Aircraft manufacturer Boeing successfully tested the weapon on a one-hour flight during which it knocked out the computers of an entire military compound in the Utah desert.

Scroll down for video
Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert

Pre-programmed filghtpath: Aircraft manufacturer Boeing has successfully tested a missile which knocked out an entire military compound in the Utah desert

It is thought the missile could penetrate the bunkers and caves believed to be hiding Iran’s suspected nuclear facilities. But experts have warned that, in the wrong hands, the technology could be used to bring Western cities such as London to their knees.

During Boeing’s experiment, the missile flew low over the Utah Test and Training Range, discharging electromagnetic pulses on to seven targets, permanently shutting down their electronics.

……

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ … onics.html


Kenya Airways proposes merger with Ethiopian Airlines

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

(CAPA) — Kenya Airways CEO Titus Naikuni told delegates at the 44thAFRAA AGA in Johannesburg on 19-Nov-2012 that his airline should come together with fellow sub-Saharan carriers Ethiopian Airlines and SAA to create a large African airline able to take the fight back to foreign carriers, which dominate 80% of intercontinental traffic to and from Africa. While the big three airlines are big in the context of the African market, globally they are small relative to giant competitors such as Emirates, Air France-KLM and British Airways.

“What we need to do is, we need to merge our airlines. There is no way that we are going to survive as small airlines,” Mr Naikuni said. “We are the lambs at the gate.” Bringing the three biggest carriers together would create one large strong airline, Mr Naikuni argued.

Ethiopian CEO Tewolde GebreMariam agrees with the merger proposal “in principle”, saying size matters in the aviation industry which relies on economies of scale. The idea of a major pan-African airline group has to be discussed, “because now we are being challenged by not only big carriers but also governments who treat these carriers as a strategic national asset”, said Mr GebreMariam.

Even some of the world’s biggest airlines have conceded that they need to consolidate to survive. Europe has consolidated to three major airline groups – Lufthansa, Air France-KLM and British Airways/Iberia parent IAG – in a region of 27 countries. In the United States, United and Continental have come together along with Delta and Northwest. In Latin America there have been mega mergers in recent years with LAN and TAM and with Avianca and TACA.

Even if Kenya Airways, Ethiopian and SAA were to combine, they would account for just 37% of Emirates’ revenue and about half the number of passengers.

Combined the Kenya, Ethiopian and SAA groups currently offer about 650,000 weekly seats. This would make it roughly the 30th largest airline group in the world, slightly behind Avianca-TACA.

But for cross-border mergers to become a reality in Africa, governments will need to put to one side their mistrust of each other and resolve the issue of national flag carriers. The desire by all of Africa’s 54 states to have their own flag carrier has led to a litany of airline failures, often due to weak or corrupt management and government interference. So long as every African nation wants to put its flag on the tail of an aircraft it will be difficult to build a pan-African airline with the necessary critical mass to compete.


In Defense of Religious Freedom in Ethiopia

Monday, December 3rd, 2012

rfThe Precarious State of Religious Freedom in Ethiopia

In a weekly column entitled “Unity in Divinity” this past June, I expressed grave concern over official encroachments on religious freedom in Ethiopia. I lamented the fact that religious freedom was becoming a new focal target of official human rights violations. But I was also encouraged by the steadfast resistance of some principled Christian and Muslim religious leaders to official interference in religious affairs. I noted that “For the past two decades, Ethiopia has been the scene of crimes against humanity and crimes against nature. Now Ethiopian religious leaders say Ethiopia is the scene of crimes against divinity. Christian and Muslim leaders and followers today are standing together and locking arms to defend religious freedom and each other’s rights to freely exercise their consciences.”

Officials of the ruling regime in Ethiopia see the issue of religious freedom as a problem of “religious extremism”.  The late Meles Zenawi alleged that some Christians at the Timket celebrations (baptism of Jesus, epiphany) earlier this year had carried signs and slogans expressing their desire to have a “Christian government in Ethiopia”.  He also leveled similar accusations against some Ethiopian Muslims protesting official interference in their religious affairs for being “Salafis” linked to Al Qaeda. Meles claimed that “for the first time, an Al Qaeda cell has been found in Ethiopia. Most of them in Bale and Arsi. All of the members of this cell are Salafis. This is not to say all Salafis in Ethiopia are Al Qaeda members. Most of them are not. But these Salafis have been observed distorting the real teachings [of Islam].”

A Statement issued by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) last month not only dismissed allegations of religious extremism but also expressed “deep concern about the increasing deterioration of religious freedoms for Muslims in Ethiopia.” USCIRF virtually indicted the “the Ethiopian government [for seeking] to force a change in the sect of Islam practiced nationwide” and for “punishing [Muslim] clergy and laity who have resisted.” According to the USCIRF Statement,

since July 2011, the Ethiopian government has sought to impose the al-Ahbash Islamic sect on the country’s Muslim community, a community that traditionally has practiced the Sufi form of Islam.   The government also has manipulated the election of the new leaders of the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council (EIASC).  Previously viewed as an independent body, EIASC is now viewed as a government-controlled institution.  The arrests, terrorism charges and takeover of EIASC signify a troubling escalation in the government’s attempts to control Ethiopia’s Muslim community and provide further evidence of a decline in religious freedom in Ethiopia. Muslims throughout Ethiopia have been arrested during peaceful protests: On October 29, the Ethiopia government charged 29 protestors with terrorism and attempting to establish an Islamic state.

USCIRF Commissioner Azizah al-Hibri bluntly stated,

These charges are only the latest and most concerning attempt  by the Ethiopian government to crush opposition to its efforts to control the practice of religion by imposing on Ethiopian Muslims a specific interpretation of Islam. The individuals charged were among tens of thousands peacefully protesting the government’s violations of international standards and their constitutional right to religious freedom.  The Ethiopian government should cease interfering in the internal affairs of its Muslim community and immediately and unconditionally release those wrongfully imprisoned.

It is important to note some very important facts about USCIRF to underscore the significance of its findings. First, USCIRF is not an NGO, a partisan human rights advocacy group or organization or a government agency. It is an independent Commission established by the U.S. Congress (the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998) for the purpose of “monitoring the status of freedom of religion or belief abroad and to provide policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and Congress.”  Second, Commissioners are appointed in a bipartisan process by the U.S. President and Democratic and Republican leaders in the U.S. House and Senate.  Third, Commissioners are “selected among distinguished individuals noted for their knowledge and experience in fields relevant to the issue of international religious freedom, including foreign affairs, direct experience abroad, human rights, and international law.” Fourth, as an independent body, USCIRF’s mission is to “examine the actions of foreign governments against these universal standards and by their freely undertaken international commitments” such as those found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

The Statement of USCIRF is based on substantial evidence that freedom of religion in Ethiopia is under sustained official attack.

Ethiopia’s International and Constitutional Obligations to Uphold Freedom of Religion

The ruling regime’s constitutional duty to respect the religious freedom of its citizens revolves around its obligations to prevent the establishment of an official religion and refrain from interference in the free exercise of religious belief. Article 11 of the Ethiopian Constitution (which could be described as the “establishment article”) mandates “separation of state and religion” to ensure that the “Ethiopian State is a secular state” and that “no state religion” is established. This article creates a reciprocal obligation between religion and state by prohibiting the “State [from] interfere[ing] in religious affairs” and “religion [from] interfere[ing] in the affairs of the State.” Article 27 (which could be described as the “free exercise of religion article”) guarantees “Everyone the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion” including the “freedom to have or adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 27 prohibits “coercion by force or any other means, which would impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.”

The constitutional language of Articles 11 and 27 is derived almost verbatim from Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on December 10, 1948) and Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified by Ethiopia on June 11, 1993) which provide  that  “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.” Article 8 of the African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights similarly guarantees “freedom of conscience [and] the profession and free practice of religion” and prohibits States from enacting “measures restricting the exercise of these freedoms”. Article 13 of the Ethiopian Constitution incorporates by explicit reference as the law of the land international legal obligations in securing fundamental freedoms, including religious freedom: “The fundamental rights and freedoms enumerated in this Chapter [“Chapter Three, Fundamental Rights and Freedoms”] shall be interpreted in a manner consistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights covenants and conventions ratified by Ethiopia.

The Ruling Regime in Ethiopia Must Conform Its Actions to Its Own Constitution and Obligations Under International Law

There is substantial and independently verified evidence and a massive amount of anecdotal evidence in the form of testimony by victims of violations of religious freedom that the ruling regime in Ethiopia has engaged and continues to engage in acts that flagrantly violate the constitutional and legal rights of citizens to freely exercise their religion. The regime has sought to impose upon the Muslim community in Ethiopia not only leaders that it has chosen for that community but has also tried to impose its own preferred al-Ahbash Islamic sect on them. It has interfered in quintessentially religious affairs by engineering the election of preferred leaders to the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council which is the “central organizing body of the Muslim Community in Ethiopia” and manages 11 Regional Islamic Affairs Councils in various zones and districts. The regime has usurped established procedures to conduct elections of religious leaders in officially controlled centers instead of mosques. Religious leaders and administrators who have demanded official non-interference or refused to cooperate with officials in protest have been removed from office, persecuted and prosecuted. Religious dissidents and leaders have been placed under surveillance for pursuing purely religious activities and theri vocal opposition to official interference. As a result, the officially engineered Council has little credibility with the vast majority of Muslims and is generally viewed as an agency of the regime created by the regime and for the regime to serve the interests of the regime in politically controlling the Muslim population.

The ruling regime has produced no evidence to support its claims of subversion, terrorism and other allegations of criminality by those protesting official interference. There is no evidence to show that those demanding non-interference in their religious affairs are in alliance with any radical groups or have any intention whatsoever to seize political power or establish an “Islamic state” in Ethiopia. All independent observers confirm that the protesters seek nothing more than their constitutional right to democratically elect their own Islamic Affairs Supreme Council leaders. That is not an unreasonable demand. It is their democratic right. The protesters insist that the “leaders” elected for them by the regime do not have their consent nor can they faithfully represent their interests. They believe the regime selected leaders  could ultimately create strife, division  and conflict in the Muslim community throughout the country. It is also clear that the leaders that emerged from the regime orchestrated elections do not enjoy much credibility with a significant segment of the Muslim community.

The ruling regime has a bad habit of whipping out its “anti-terrorism law” every time it violates its own Constitution and laws by denying the rights of citizens to religious freedom, the right of the press to report freely and the right of citizens to freely express themselves.  Its arrest and detention of at least 29 Muslim leaders on charges of “terrorism” is just the most recent example of the regime’s indiscriminate and predictable use of its so-called anti-terrorism law as a cure all for all of its problems in society.

What the leaders of the regime in Ethiopia do not seem to  appreciate is the simple fact that there is a limit to the use of the “anti-terrorism law”. The regime cannot get legitimacy or acceptance by the people by exacting harsh punishment on citizens who exercise their constitutional rights. The “anti-terrorism law” is not a panacea to fix the complex political problems facing Ethiopian society. It does not guarantee stability or permanence for the regime. What the “anti-terrorism law” does is keep the regime blinded to the real problems, issues and demands of citizens in Ethiopian society. Citizens want and demand basic human dignity — to be respected and treated fairly by those in power and to have their human rights protected. They do not want to be treated as criminals for demanding or exercising their constitutional rights.

With their “anti-terrorism law”, the leaders of the regime see peaceful protesters and demonstrators in the streets demanding official non-interference in religious matter; but they are completely blinded to the quiet riot that is raging in the hearts and minds of citizens and communities throughout the country. They are blinded to the quiet riot among the masses of the youth whose sense of despair and hopelessness is deepened daily by lack of educational, employment and other opportunities for self-improvement and participation in the development of their country. For a time, the quiet riot of despair and hopelessness will simmer. But those in power today should not doubt that when hopelessness and despair reaches the boiling point of desperation and citizens  overcome their fear of fear, their winter of discontent will be made glorious by an inexorable spring, just like the “Arab Spring”. When that happens, the tables will turn and the “anti-terrorism law” will visit its erstwhile practitioners.

The regime could learn an important lesson from the counsel of two eminent U.S. Supreme Court Justices:

Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws. Our government teaches the whole people by its example. If the government becomes the lawbreaker, it breeds contempt for law; it invites every man to become a law unto himself; it invites anarchy.

As USCIRF deamnded, the regime must “release those it has arrested and end its religious freedom abuses and allow Muslims to practice peacefully their faith as they see fit.”

If government becomes the lawbreaker, it hastens its own demise.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/   and

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

and

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Haile Gebrselassie drops out of Fukuoka

Sunday, December 2nd, 2012

FUKUOKA, Japan (AFP) – Kenyan runner Joseph Gitau outpaced Polish Olympian Henryk Szost to take the lead for the last eight kilometres and secure a surprise win in the Fukuoka international marathon on Sunday.

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The Japan-based 24-year-old, who belongs to the JFE Steel athletics club in Hiroshima, clipped nearly 15 minutes off his personal best of two hours 21 minutes and 54 seconds to cross the finishing line in 2:06:58.

Japan’s Hiroyuki Horibata failed to clear the bottom line to qualify for the world championships next year, finishing second in 2:08:24, while Szost, ninth in the London Olympics, came in third in 2:08:42.

Ethiopian running legend Haile Gebrselassie, the Fukuoka champion in 2006, abandoned the race shortly after passing the 32km point.

When the last pace-setter left the race at the 30km point, six runners, including Gebrselassie, Gitau and Szost, remained in the front-running group.

After Gebrselassie dropped out, Gitau and Szost took the lead ahead of Horibata, Martin Mathathi of Kenya and Arata Fujiwara of Japan after passing the 33km mark before Gitau took the sole lead from 34km.

Mathathi, also training in Japan, abandoned the race after passing the 38km mark.

LEADING RESULTS

1. Joseph Gitau (KEN) 2hr 06min 58sec

2. Hiroyuki Horibata (JPN) 2:08:24

3. Henryk Szost (POL) 2:08:42

4. Arata Fujiwara (JPN) 2:09:31

5. Bunta Kuroki (JPN) 2:10:08

6. Yuki Kawauchi (JPN) 2:10:29

7. Mohamed Trafeh (USA) 2:11:41

8. Ryan Vail (USA) 2:11:45

9. Cutbert Nyasango (ZIM) 2:11:48

10. Kota Noguchi (JPN) 2:12:24


የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አዲሱ የካቢኔ አደረጃጀት እያነጋገረ ነው

Sunday, December 2nd, 2012

(Reporter) – የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ከፍተኛ ሥልጣን በማግኘት አገሪቱን መምራት ከጀመሩ ሁለት ወራት ከቀናት ያስቆጠሩት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ሰሞኑን በሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በመቅረብ ካቢኔያቸውን በአዲስ መልክ እንዳደራጁ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሠረት የሁለት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮችንና የሌሎች ሚኒስትሮችን ሹመት አፀድቀዋል፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አዲሱ የካቢኔ አደረጃጀትም መነጋገሪያ ሆኗል፡፡

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ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሚመሩት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት (ካቢኔ) በሕገ መንግሥቱና በመመሥረቻ አዋጁ የተጣለበትን ኃላፊነቶች በብቃት ለመወጣትና የአስፈጻሚነት ሚናውን በአግባቡ እንዲወጣ ለማድረግ፣ እንደ አዲስ በሦስት ዘርፎች መዋቀሩ አስፈላጊ መሆኑን ለፓርላማው አስታውቀዋል፡፡

በዚህም መሠረት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የዲፕሎማሲ፣ የደኅንነት፣ የመከላከያ እንዲሁም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን በቀጥታ እንዲከታተሉ ተደርጓል፡፡ ከዚህ ውጪ ያሉ አስፈጻሚው የሚከታተላቸውን ተግባራት በብቃት ለመምራት የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በሦስት ዘርፎች እንዲዋቀር መደረጉን ገልጸዋል፡፡ ማኅበራዊ ጉዳዮችን፣ መልካም አስተዳደርና ረፎርምን፣ ፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚን የሚመለከቱ ሦስት የሥራ ዘርፎች በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር የተፈጠሩ ሲሆን፣ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የትምህርት ሚኒስትሩ ደመቀ መኮንን የማኅበራዊ ዘርፉን የሚመሩ መሆኑ ታውቋል፡፡

ከዚህ ቀደም የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤትና የካቢኔ ጉዳዮች ቢሮን በሚኒስትር ማዕረግ ሲመሩ የነበሩት አቶ ሙክታር ከድር በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መዋቅር መሠረት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ የመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም ዘርፍን እንዲያስተባብሩና እንዲከታተሉ ተሹመዋል፡፡ በሽብር ተግባር ከተከሰሱት ባለቤታቸው ጉዳይ ጋር በተያያዘ ከኦሕዴድ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ አባልነታቸው የተወገዱት አቶ ጁነዲን ሳዶ የሚመሩትን የሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስቴርን በሚኒስትርነት እንዲመሩም ተሹመዋል፡፡

በቅርቡ የሕወሓት ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ሆነው የተመረጡት ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ገብረ ሚካኤል ከመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ሚኒስትርነታቸው በተጨማሪ፣ የካቢኔውን የፋይናንስና ኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍ በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ማዕረግ እንዲከታተሉና እንዲያስተባብሩ ተሹመዋል፡፡

ያልተጠበቁ ሹመቶች
የቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን ሕልፈት ተከትሎ የሥራ አስፈጻሚውን ሥልጣን ማን ይይዛል በሚል በርካታ አስተያየቶች ሲሰነዘሩ መቆየታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ በኢሕአዴግ መተካካት ፖሊሲ መሠረት የፓርቲው ምክትል ሊቀመንበር የነበሩት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ሥልጣን እንደሚይዙ በመንግሥት በኩል ቢገለጽም፣ ተግባራዊነቱ በመዘግየቱ ለጥርጣሬዎችና ለተለያዩ መላምቶች ክፍት እንደነበር ይታወሳል፡፡

አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ከተሾሙ በኋላ ቀደም ሲል ይመሩት የነበረው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ላለፉት ሁለት ወራት በተጠባባቂ ሚኒስትሩ መመራቱ ለተመሳሳይ መላምቶች ሰለባ ሆኗል፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ ተጠባባቂ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው እንዲሠሩ መደረጉ፣ በቀጣይነት የሙሉ ሚኒስትርነት ሹመት ይሰጣቸዋል የሚለውን ግምት አጠናክሯል፡፡ በተለይም አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ግንኙነትና ዲፕሎማሲ የረጅም ዓመታት ልምድ ማካበታቸው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ሥልጣንን በርካቶችን ከእሳቸው ውጭ ማንም አይወስድም የሚል ግምት እንዲኖራቸው አድርጓል፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ ሰሞኑን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትሩን ዶክተር ቴዎድሮስ አድሀኖንም በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት በማሾም በርካቶችን አስገርመዋል፡፡

ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከፍተኛ ውጤት በማስመዝገብ አድናቆት የተቸራቸው ናቸው፡፡ በጤናው ዘርፍ ከሚፈለገው የውጭ ግንኙነት አንፃርም በቂ የሆነ ተደማጨነትን አግኝተዋል፡፡ የወባ በሽታን ለማጥፋት በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሚደረገውን ርብርብ የሚመሩት ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ መሆናቸው የዚህ አንድ ማሳያ ነው፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ ኢትዮጵያ ከምትገኝበት የአፍሪካ ቀንድ የሰላምና የፀጥታ አስቸጋሪነት፣ እንዲሁም በዚህ ዘርፍ ምንም ዓይነት ልምድ የሌላቸው ከመሆኑ አንፃር ሲገመገም፣ አሁን የተሾሙበት የሥራ ኃላፊነት አስቸጋሪ ሊሆንባቸው ይችላል የሚሉ አስተያየቶች እየተደመጡ ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በበለጠ ሁኔታ ተጠናክሯል የሚሉ አስተያየት ሰጪዎችም ይገኛሉ፡፡ ለዚህ ምክንያታቸው አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ሥልጣናቸው ላይ እንዲቆዩ መደረጉ ዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስ በጤናው ዘርፍ የውጭ ግንኙነት መስክ ካተረፉት ተደማጭነት ጋር ተዳምሮ ትልቅ ጉልበት ሊሆን እንደሚችል ነው፡፡

የአቶ ሙክታር ከድር በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ለመልካም አስተዳደርና ሪፎርም፣ እንዲሁም አቶ ጁነዲንን ተክተው ለሲቪል ሰርቪስ ሚኒስትርነት ተሹመዋል፡፡ በወቅቱ ብቸኛው የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ የፓርላማ አባል አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ አቶ ጁነዲን በተነሱበት ምክንያት ላይ ማብራሪያ የጠየቁ ቢሆንም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ግን ምላሽ ሳይሰጡ ዘለውታል፡፡

የመንግሥት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽሕፈት ቤት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ሽመልስ ከማል በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጠይቀው፣ ኦሕዴድ አቶ ጁነዲንን ከሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ አባልነታቸው በማውረድ ተራ አባል እንዲሆኑ በማድረጉና ከባለቤታቸው ጋር በተያያዘ ለመገናኛ ብዙኅን በሰጡት አስተያየትም በመተቸታቸው፣ ይህንኑ ያገናዘበ ዕርምጃም በኢሕአዴግና በመንግሥት በኩል ሊወሰድ እንደቻለ ተናግረዋል፡፡

የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ በመሆን ሲያገለግሉ የነበሩት ዶ/ር ከሰተብርሃን አድማሱ የዶ/ር ቴዎድሮስን መዛወር ተከትሎ በጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስትርነት የተሾሙ ሲሆን፣ ላለፈው አንድ ዓመት ያህል በንግድ ሚኒስትርነት ሲሠሩ የነበሩት አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በዚሁ ሥልጣን ላይ እንዲቀጥሉ ተደርጓል፡፡

አቶ ከበደ ጫኔ በሚኒስትርነት እየሠሩ የነበረ ቢሆንም፣ የሚኒስትርነታቸውን ሥልጣን የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ያላፀደቀው በመሆኑ ይህንኑ ለማሟላት ብቻ ሹመታቸው ወደ ፓርላማው ሊቀርብ ችሏል፡፡

የሕግ ጉዳይ
በአዲሱ የካቢኔ አወቃቀር መሠረት ሦስት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች እንዲኖሩ መደረጉ ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ይጋጫል የሚሉ የተቃውሞ አስተያየቶች እየተሰሙ ነው፡፡ አምባሳደር ዲና ሙፍቲ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ቃል አቀባይ ግን ሕገ መንግሥቱ ስለ ብዛት አያወሳም፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ያሾማል ነው የሚለው በማለት አስተያየቱን ውድቅ አድርገውታል፡፡ ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ግን አሁንም የአገሪቱ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን ናቸው ይላሉ፡፡ ለዚህ የሚሰጡት ምክንያት ራሳቸው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሌሎቹን ተሿሚዎች ያቀረቡት በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ ነው በሚል ነው፡፡

‹‹..ይህ ውሳኔ በሕገ መንግሥቱ መሠረት ከዚህ ቀደም ለምክር ቤቱ አቅርቤ ካፀደኩት የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሹመት በተጨማሪ ሁለት የኢሕአዴግ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናትን በምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ማዕረግ መሾም አስፈልጓል፤›› በማለት ነበር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ለፓርላማው ያስረዱት፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ አሁንም ሹመቱ ከተለያዩ የአገሪቱ ሕጐች ጋር ተቃርኖ እንዳለው ሌሎች አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡ ለአብነትም የብሔራዊ ባንክና የሥነ ምግባርና ፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን ተቋማትን ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡

ነሐሴ 5 ቀን 2000 ዓ.ም. የተሻሻለው የብሔራዊ ባንክ ማቋቋሚያ አዋጅ ክፍል ሁለት አንቀጽ 3(4) የብሔራዊ ባንክ ተጠሪነት ለኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይሆናል በማለት ያስረዳል፡፡ በመሆኑም በአዲሱ የካቢኔ መወቅር መሠረት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮችን እንዲከታተሉ ዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን በመሾማቸው፣ ከተጠቀሰው አንቀጽ ጋር የሚቃረንና ብሔራዊ ባንክም ከተቋቋመበት አዋጅ ውጭ ለዶ/ር ደብረፅዮን ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ያስገደድዋል ሲሉ አስተያየታቸውን ሰጥተዋል፡፡

በተመሳሳይ የፀረ ሙስናና ሥነ ምግባር ኮሚሽንም በመቋቋሚያ አዋጁ መሠረት ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቢሆንም፣ በአሁኑ መዋቅር መሠረት ግን ለአቶ ሙክታር ከድር ሪፖርት እንዲያደርግ ይገደዳል ብለዋል፡፡

ከዚህ በተጨማሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ከፍተኛና ግዙፍ (ሜጋ) ፕሮጀክቶችን ራሳቸው ለመከታተል በአዲሱ መዋቅር ኃላፊነት የወሰዱ ቢሆንም፣ እነዚህ ፕሮጀክቶች ከፋይናንስና ከኢኮኖሚ ጉዳዮች ጋር በቀጥታ የሚገናኙ በመሆኑ ፕሮጀክቶቹን ነጥሎ መከታተል አዳጋች እንደሚሆን ያስረዳሉ፡፡

ከዚህ በተጨማሪም የአሁኑን ሹመትና ምደባ በሌላ መንገድ የሚመለከቱ ወገኖች አሉ፡፡ እነሱ እንደሚሉት፣ የኢሕአዴግ አራቱ አባል ድርጅቶች በአዲሱ አመራር ሥልጣኖችን ተከፋፍለዋል፡፡ ደኢሕዴን የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ ሲይዝ፣ የተቀሩት ማለትም ሕወሓት፣ ኦሕዴድና ብአዴን ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ተከፋፍለዋል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህ መደባ መሠረት ደግሞ ሕወሓት የፋይናንስና የኢኮኖሚ ዘርፍን፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴርን፣ የኢንፎርሜሽንና ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ሚኒስቴርን በመያዙ ከሌሎቹ በተሻለ ሁኔታ ሥልጣን ማግኘቱን ይተቻሉ፡፡


World dangerous roads – Ethiopia edition (video)

Saturday, December 1st, 2012

Ethiopian 7-Eleven owner in Boston gets $10,000 for selling a winning Powerball ticket

Friday, November 30th, 2012

The day after the Powerball drawing, 7-Eleven store owner Zelalem Ayele was surprised to learn he’d sold a $1 million ticket, one of only four bought in Massachusetts. Now his store is abuzz with people eager to buy the next winning ticket. The best part–just for selling the ticket, Ayele gets $10,000.

To win the $1 million, players had to select five correct numbers, missing only the Powerball number.

Source: iCNN


የታሪክ መጽሃፍ ቅኝት፤ የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ መንግስት

Friday, November 30th, 2012

(አሉላ ከበደ – VOA) የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ ወደ ሥልጣን መምጣት፤ የማለዳው ለውጥ አራማጆች፤ በታሪክ የመጀመሪያው የኢትዮጵያ ህገ መንግስት እውን መሆን፤ ባህል፥ ትምህርትና ሥልጣኔ፥ የጣሊያን ወረራ፥ ዘመቻና ፍጻሜው፤ ሌሎች ረዥም መንገድ የሚወስዱ ታሪኮች፤ በመጽሃፉ አያሌ ምዕራፎች ይዳሰሳሉ።

ዳጎስ ያሉ ገጾች ያሉትና የቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴን አስተዳደር የመጀመሪያ 25 ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ ከሚዳስሰው ከዚህ መጽሃፍ ደራሲ አቶ ዘውዴ ረታ ጋር የተካሄደ ቃለ ምልልስ ነው።

ደራሲው ከዚህ ቀደም “ተፈሪ መኮንን፤” እና “የኤርትራ ጉዳይ፤” የተባሉ ሌሎች ሁለት የታሪክ መጽሃፍትም ደርሰዋል።

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Meles Zenawi’s death dividend

Friday, November 30th, 2012

By Lord Aikins Adusei

The death of Meles Zenawi on August 20 at the age of 57 brought to an end more than two decades of controversial rule. In 1991, at the age of 36, Zenawi became the youngest ruler in Africa after leading his Tegrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), an ethnic militia from the country’s north, to crush Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, and helping to save Ethiopia from the ruins of civil war.

Ethiopia under Zenawi can however be summed up in two key words: development and authoritarianism. Ethiopia under Zenawi saw a remarkable economic growth with the economy growing on the average of 10 percent in the last five years. The IMF rated the country the fastest non-oil growing economy in Africa. Confidence in the Ethiopian economy soared with investors from Europe, North America, Asia and Africa, including Tiger Brands of South Africa, Canada’s Allana, Schulze Global Investments of America, Diageo and Heineken, all making their pitch in the country pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into the economy. Apart from direct Chinese investment in the country, the Chinese government has been loaning the country about $3 billion annually, most of which has been used for infrastructure development including schools, clinics, roads, railway lines, hydropower stations and canals.

The consequence is that there has been notable improvement in the lives of ordinary Ethiopians. Although poverty is still pervasive, a majority of the country’s population are not starving. Food security in Ethiopia has drastically improved, and hunger and malnutrition, which featured in the country in the 1970s and 1980s, are not as threatening as before.

The government of Meles Zenawi projected Ethiopia as the pillar of stability in the Horn of Africa and in the process even came to assume the status of policeman of the Horn of Africa. The UN Security Council in 2011 voted to allow Ethiopia to deploy about 4200 soldiers to Abyei, the oil-rich border town between North and South Sudan, which has become a major source of tension between the two countries. Ethiopia also played key role in mediating between the two Sudans.

Since 2006, Ethiopia has played a pivotal role in trying to bring peace, security and stability to Somalia. Together with Kenya and Africa Union forces, Addis Ababa helped to push the al-Shabaab terror group out of Mogadishu and Beledweyne, and the terror group is now on the defensive.

These efforts to bring stability to East Africa and to rid the region of terrorism made Ethiopia the most important ally of the West in East Africa. According to US officials, Ethiopia’s military and security services have become the Central Intelligence Agency’s most trusted allies in the war against extremism and terrorism in East Africa.

Ethiopia’s aggressive attitude towards terrorism has earned the country not only praises, but also more than $4 billion in development assistance annually. The country’s leaders have also been rewarded by the West. Former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, for example, was a regular participant in G8 and G20 gatherings. He also spoke at the World Economic Forum in Davos-Switzerland and during climate change negotiations in Durban and Copenhagen. Zenawi used his presence in these gatherings to project a voice for Africa helping to articulate Africa’s interests on the international stage.

But the development initiatives and the aggressive stance on terrorism came at the expense of democracy, human rights, free speech, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional stability. In the latter part of his reign, Zenawi and his government became increasingly authoritarian and repressive. Democracy and human rights have suffered a terrible blow, particularly since 2005. Many opposition figures have either been imprisoned or have been forced to flee the country. Anti-terrorism laws passed in 2009 have been used to criminalise free speech leading to a number of journalists and activists either being imprisoned or freeing the country for their safety.

Apart from the erosion of democratic values, Ethiopia has become ethnically polarised. This is largely due to the 1994 constitution which divided Ethiopia into ethnically-based regions. The Tigray ethnic group of Meles Zenawi (which makes up about 6.07 percent of the population) dominates not only the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), but also the country’s economy, commerce, political and military sectors much to the chagrin of Amharas, Gurages and other ethnic groups. The ethnicisation of the country has seen separatists’ movements springing up in several places including the Afar, Oromo and Ogaden regions.

The smooth and peaceful transfer of power to Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hailemariam Desalegn put to rest (at least for now) the speculation of leadership battle and the much feared leadership crisis and helped to restore confidence in the country. Desalegn’s confirmation shows that the ruling elite in Ethiopia understand the importance of stability and positive continuity in their country.

The greatest dividend is that the death of Zenawi and the coming into office of Desalegn could mark the end of the old era of authoritarianism, political intolerance, ethnic and religious polarization, and the beginning of a new era of democracy, respect for human rights, and decriminalisation of free speech, inclusive economic development and political stability. In fact, the appointment of Desalegn (a non-Tegrayan) may calm down ethnic tension both in the country and within the ruling EPRDF party. This has the potential to avoid the kind of instability that some analysts predicted.

One of Desalegn’s first acts in office was the release of two Swedes from prison, who were convicted of helping Ogaden National Liberation Front rebels to destabilise the country. Their release signals that the new PM might move away from some of the unpopular policies of his predecessor. The release of the Swedes also raises optimism that Desalegn might release opposition members, journalists and activists who were incarcerated under Zenawi. Any gesture of that nature will mark a new era of relationship between the ruling government, civil society and the opposition parties and will have the potential of returning competitive politics and democracy in the country.

However, this optimism has to be balanced with the realistic and critical question of whether the new PM will continue with the same policies of his predecessor or whether he will be his own man. The first part of the question is true.

To begin with, Desalegn appears to have little influence within the EPRDF and will not be able to control the powerful Tegrayan bloc in the party and in the government. In fact with elections due in 2015, it is unlikely that the new PM will engineer any drastic policy moves that will antagonise the Tegrayan bloc. Even if he succeeds in carrying out major reforms, it is improbable that the Tegrayan elite who dominate the ruling EPRDF party will give grounds so easily and will fight to maintain their power, influence and interests.

The fear is that if the Tegrayan bloc continues to dominate, control and shape government policies, it will further deepen the ethnic polarisation in the country, erode democratic values, possibly break up the ruling EPRDF party, and threaten Ethiopia’s fragile political, social and economic environment. The worst case scenario is that instability is likely to be final outcome.

That said, Desalegn’s is not expected to shift away from the lead role the state plays in driving development. Ethiopia is also likely to continue to be involved in the internal affairs of her neighbours especially Somalia and Sudan. However, is also expected to cooperate with her neighbours in a number of areas including joint infrastructural development, intelligence sharing, defeating terrorism, and promoting regional peace, security and stability.

Given the important role donor funds play in Ethiopia’s development, the country’s relationship with the West, and particularly the United States, is expected to continue unchanged and may deepen even further. The need to attract badly needed investment to promote economic growth, infrastructure development and poverty reduction will see Ethiopia deepening its relationship with China, India and Middle Eastern countries.

Whatever changes that take place in the post-Zenawi era, especially with respect to democracy, human rights, inclusive economic development, ethnic and religious cohesion, and regional peace, security, stability among others, will be heavily influenced by the internal politics within the ruling EPRDF party.

Lord Aikins Adusei is an independent energy and security analyst on Africa. His research interests include security, development and energy. He may be reached at Politicalthinker1@yahoo.com


Man who murdered an Ethiopian girl in North Carolina found not guilty by reason of insanty

Friday, November 30th, 2012

(Charlotte Observer) — Davon Lamont Thomas, an Iraq War veteran who was charged with killing his girlfriend in 2009, has been found not guilty by reason of insanity after he was diagnosed as suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.

Thomas, 30, will be committed to a state mental hospital.

Thomas was charged with murder in connection with the November 2009 killing of his 23-year-old girlfriend, Tigist Yemane.

Yemane, who originally came to Charlotte from Ethiopia for an operation to fix a heart defect, was shot to death in Thomas’ parents’ house in the Reedy Creek community.
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Thomas in September 2011 pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity.

His lawyer, Jean Lawson, said the Army veteran had post-traumatic stress disorder and killed his girlfriend because he thought she was part of a terrorist attack on America.

“Davon Thomas volunteered to serve in the North Carolina Army National Guard, was deployed to active combat duty in Iraq and developed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,” Lawson wrote in a court document.

“At the time of the offense, Davon Thomas was in a delusional state and believed that a terrorist attack on the people of the United States of America had commenced and that the deceased was a member of a hostile military force whom he was obliged to kill.”

Lawson called post-traumatic stress disorder a mental illness. “The defense contends that Davon Thomas did not have the requisite mental state for the offenses charged,” the defense lawyer wrote.

Prosecutors announced Friday that Superior Court Judge Eric Levinson had issued an order finding Thomas not guilty by reason of insanity of first-degree murder and possession of a firearm by a felon. The judge ordered that Thomas be indefinitely committed to a state mental hospital.

Prosecutors said that forensic psychologists for both the defense and prosecution testified during a hearing in October that Thomas suffered from severe mental illness and lacked the capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions.

“The State does not intend to appeal the Court’s ruling and believes it is supported by all the evidence presented at the hearing,” prosecutors said.

Thomas’ mother told the Observer in 2011 that she saw her son fatally shoot Yemane.

“That was the most horrifying thing I ever witnessed in my life,” she said. “I prayed to get those visions out of my head.”

Prosecutors said the state’s forensic psychologist, Dr. Nicole Wolfe, evaluated Thomas over a four-week period. The evaluation included reviewing Thomas’ military and medical records.

Wolfe testified that Thomas has a baseline paranoia that continued from the time of his active duty in the Army and since his return home from Iraq in 2005.

“The defendant believes American Muslims are going to launch a mass attack within the United States,” prosecutors said. “The Fort Hood attack played a role in his thoughts of the United States’ infiltration by American Muslims.”

“Dr. Wolfe further testified that the defendant was delusional and believed that his girlfriend, the victim, was a terrorist who planned to kill him.”

Prosecutors said Thomas’ parents witnessed the killing and described their son’s bizarre behavior.

“The defendant’s mother said he was in a combat-like posture, and she described his behavior as acting as if he was in a war zone,” prosecutors said. “She and her husband witnessed the defendant hit the victim in the face with his hand, hit her in the head with a gun and throw a table at her while interrogating her about being a spy and a Muslim. They tried to restrain the defendant, but he broke away and shot the victim.”

“After the defendant’s father fainted and collapsed to the floor, the defendant’s mother ran to a neighbor’s house to call the police.”

Prosecutors said Judge Levinson found that there was “clear, cogent and convincing” evidence that Thomas was suffering from delusions and paranoia caused by his severe mental illnesses which caused him to be unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his actions at the time of the killing.

Prosecutors said the judge’s ruling requires them to dismiss the charges against Thomas and that Thomas be automatically committed to a state hospital for the mentally ill.

Thomas will remain in custody and can not be released, prosecutors said, unless he can prove at a court hearing that he no longer has a mental illness or is no longer dangerous to others.

Source: http://www.charlotteobserver.com/2012/1 … rylink=cpy


How Emperor HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia

Friday, November 30th, 2012

As narrated by historians and individuals who were close to the Emperor.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

The politics of succession in Africa – do or die

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Africa: Politics of Succession – Coping When Leaders Die

By Kingsley Ighobor, 29 November 2012

In December 2008, a Guinean newspaper published a photo of a frail and ailing President Lansana Conté, who appeared to be struggling to stand up. The photo stoked rumours of the president’s ill health.

Its publication also angered the country’s political elite, who hastily ordered the editor’s arrest. By the next day, on the instructions of security operatives, the publication’s front page carried an even bigger photo of Mr. Conté – this time smiling broadly and looking spirited. But he died just a week later, justifying the newspaper’s initial resolve to let Guineans know that his health was failing.

The head of the National Assembly, Aboubacar Somparé, later explained that leaders hid the president’s "physical suffering in order to give happiness to Guinea."

Mr. Somparé’s clumsy explanation implied a need to avoid succession squabbles and potential violence. Yet six hours after the president’s death was officially announced, the army staged a coup, suspended the constitution and threw the West African nation into political turmoil.

Succession squabbles

While Guinea’s military, after a period of chaos and yet another coup, eventually organized democratic elections, the muddled aftermath of Conté’s death draws attention to the broader issue of how African nations manage successions when their leaders die in service.

Ten of the 13 world leaders who have died in office since 2009 were African. In 2012 alone, presidents Malam Bacai Sanha of Guinea-Bissau, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Bingu wa Mutharika of Malawi, as well as Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia, have all died.

Some countries have handled succession better than others. As chaotic as they were, the developments in Guinea were not as dire as the more recent situation in Guinea-Bissau.

Since President Sanha died in January from an illness, the country has been embroiled in an ongoing transition crisis, with the military mostly controlling the affairs of state.

Malawi, on the other hand, had a relatively successful transition after 78-year-old President Mutharika’s fatal heart attack in April. But the process could have gone off the rails when some cabinet members tried to have the late president’s younger brother, Foreign Minister Peter Mutharika, sworn in, instead of Joyce Banda, the vice-president and constitutionally designated successor.

This effort followed the late president’s expulsion of Ms. Banda from the ruling party to pave the way for his brother. When he died the political class was divided between those who cited the late leader’s intentions and those who wanted to follow the constitution.

Many Malawians agitated against any deviation from the constitution, supported by donors, including a strong message from the US State Department: "We trust that the vice-president, who is next in line, will be sworn in shortly." And she soon was.

It is important to avoid such succession problems, argues Tesfaye Habisso, an Ethiopian writer and former diplomat. "Stability, predictability and continuity in leadership are important ingredients of good governance and are assured by a well-planned and -managed succession strategy."

The rule of law

Succession strategies need to be strictly constitutional, argues a 2011 report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a US think tank. The report specifically draws attention to oil-rich Angola, governed since 1979 by José Eduardo dos Santos, who is now 70.

While the country is now at peace, and its economy is growing, the CSIS report expresses concern that the established rules of succession could be violated because of infighting within the ruling People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). Some MPLA factions oppose the current vice-president.

Most African countries’ constitutions specify that when a leader dies in office, his or her deputy or the head of the national assembly will step in until an election can be held. Some leaders, however, expect the designated "heir apparent" to display fawning personal loyalty.

If he or she does not, political conflict can arise. In Nigeria, for example, Vice-President Atiku Abubakar had a frosty relationship with then President Olusegun Obasanjo, who wasted no time arranging Mr. Abubakar’s expulsion from the ruling party.

Some African leaders have groomed relatives as successors. When President Omar Bongo of Gabon died in 2009, the ruling party named his son, Ali Bongo Ondima, who was foreign and defence minister, as the new president. Presidents Faure Gnassingbé of Togo and Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo succeeded their deceased fathers.

Yet picking a relative can spark a revolt, maintains the CSIS report, citing the case of Egypt, where President Hosni Mubarak’s intention to install his son as his successor added to the opposition that erupted in the revolution of early 2011. In Burkina Faso, indications that President Blaise Compaoré may be grooming his younger brother, François, as a successor have stirred considerable controversy.

Constitutions should be followed strictly when a president or prime minister dies, says Adewalo Banjo, an expert in African development. Without the rule of law, he argues, there can be "constitutional somersaults which bear all the hallmarks of what ridicules Africa before the world."

Signs of progress

The rule of law certainly prevailed in Ghana after President John Atta Mills died in July. Unlike in Malawi, there was never any doubt as to who should take charge.

Vice-President John Dramani Mahama took over the mantle of leadership in line with constitutional requirements and promptly rallied a distressed nation. Ghana’s seamless transition reflected the strength of its democratic system, in which ruling parties have twice handed over power to the opposition, after electoral defeats in 2000 and 2008.

Nevertheless, while a strong democratic tradition can facilitate smooth successions, considerations of political power may get in the way.

When Nigeria’s Umaru Musa Yar’Adua died in May 2010, some Nigerians demanded that another northerner be sworn in instead of Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, a southerner. Mr. Jonathan eventually prevailed.

Following the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in August, the succession process in Ethiopia was also successful despite initial hitches.

There had been speculation that Mr. Meles’ deputy, Hailemariam Desalegn, although a member of the ruling circle, could not be trusted with power because he did not belong to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), a former militant group once led by the late president and still a powerful faction within the ruling party.

Ironically, the case for Mr. Hailemariam was made on the basis of ethnic considerations: to defuse tensions associated with the TPLF’s domination over the years and to placate the Wolaytas, an ethnic minority that had never had a member at the summit of power.

Ultimately, Ethiopia’s ruling group rallied around Mr. Hailemariam, who was quick to promise a continuation of Mr. Meles’s policies "without any change."

Ethiopia, Ghana and Malawi – the three latest cases of smooth succession following the death of a leader – provide evidence that Africa is gradually getting its transitions right. Succession can be a frequent problem even in developed and stable democracies, because it is all about political power, says Minion Morrison of Mississippi State University in the US.

It is even more problematic if a leader dies in office. After the mess that surrounded the illness and death of Nigeria’s Mr. Yar’Adua, writer and Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka sent a simple message to African leaders: political succession should not be a matter of "do or die" politics.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201211301280.html


ENTC has formed a new chapter in Uganda

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Uganda chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entcuganda@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Dubai: Ethiopian Maid Charged with Killing Her NewBorn Baby

Friday, November 30th, 2012

Image

Maid suffocates baby fathered by driver
Dubai court awards one-year suspended jail to the maid

Image

By Eman Al Baik
Published Tuesday, November 27, 2012

A 29-year-old Ethiopian maid has been awarded one-year suspended jail for suffocating her one-day old daughter to death by putting her in a bag and closed it for six hours.

The sentence was awarded by the Dubai Criminal Court of First Instance on Monday. The baby was born out of wedlock. The maid, JAA, would be deported after serving the jail term.

The prosecution had accused JAA of killing of her one-day-old baby girl by wrapping her in a cloth and then put her in a bag and closed it with the intention of killing her.

The accused denied killing her and claimed that she was born dead. However, forensic reports said that the baby was born alive and she was breast fed and the cause of the death was suffocation.

AMI, 17, Emirati, student, testified that the accused had been working for the family since July 2011 and used to stay in the servant quarters. On April 26, the maid excused that she cannot work in the house as she is tired. On the following day, the family asked her to go out with them.

“When the maid went to the bathroom, my grandmother searched her bags. She searched the first bag and opened the second one when maid came out of the bathroom. She tried to prevent her from carrying out search, but my grandmother insisted. So the maid pulled out a wrapped piece of cloth and towel and said that there is a baby in it. She claimed that she brought the baby from outside. After checking it we found a dead baby in it,” he testified.

The 60-year-old grandmother, AHS, repeated the same testimony.

Police investigated the case and found that the baby was born alive after completing nine months pregnancy. Forensic reported that the baby’s lungs were in a floating condition which clearly indicated that she breathed after the delivery, refuting the mother’s claim that the baby was born dead. In addition, milk residues were found in her digestive organs in addition to hard waste in her intestine which means that the baby was fed more than once.

The maid claimed that the baby was “not moving when born. I cut the umbilical cord with a knife which was in the room. I wrapped her in a cloth and put her on the bed. On the next day morning at 8am, I was very scared that other would know about my illicit relationship with a man so I wrapped the body in a towel and put her in a bag and closed it till 2pm,” she testified.

The accused later admitted giving birth to a baby girl in her room alone on April 26, testified Police officer Saeed Salem.

Forensic reports said that the baby was born either on April 25 or 26 as shown from the wet status of the umbilical cord.

The accused confessed before the police that the baby was born from the adulterous relationship with Indian driver AK.

Prosecutors claimed that the maid was made pregnant by AK, 35, a driver from India, in August last year while they were employed by an elderly Emirati couple in Al Muteena 2. She confessed having adulterous relation with a man in August 2011. Forensic tests showed that AK fathered the baby. Police later arrested AK.

The accused, however, again denied in the court on Monday that she killed her daughter.

“I gave birth to a dead baby. I did not kill my baby but she was born dead,” JAA told the Jury presided by Judge Hamad Abdullatif Abdul Jawad who ordered the appointment of a defence lawyer.

http://www.emirates247.com/crime/local/ … 7-1.484884


Sudan’s regime at war with itself?

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

Sudan Losing the plot

An attempted coup suggests a regime at war with itself

Dec 1st 2012 | KHARTOUM | from the print edition

THE most surprising thing about a foiled coup in the Sudanese capital on November 22nd was how little it surprised anyone. Rumours of plots have circulated in the city since the secession of South Sudan last year. Within hours of tanks briefly rattling on to a street not far from the palace of Omar al-Bashir, the president, at least 13 of the usual suspects from the army and security services were in detention. They include the former head of intelligence, Salah Gosh, who was the minder of Osama bin Laden when he lived in Sudan in the 1990s and later co-operated with the CIA.

A struggle for power is under way. Mr Bashir has ruled for 23 years by holding together a complex coalition of nationalists, generals, Islamists and money men. They have done well out of him. Gaudy new towers dot the capital, including seven-storey military buildings in the shape of an aeroplane and a ship.

But southern secession, as well as presidential missteps, have undermined Mr Bashir. The loss of a quarter of Sudan’s territory upset nationalists. The generals have related complaints. Peace with the south after decades of war is threatening their budgets. By some estimates they consume 70% of state revenues. Worse, most oilfields, the main source of funds, are in the south. The government there expects eventually to pay fees to use northern pipelines, but it cut off the oil flow earlier this year when negotiations over the two countries’ future links stalled.

Foreign-currency earnings have declined by 95%, triggering an economic crisis. Fed by newly printed money, inflation runs at 45%. The price of fool, Sudan’s traditional bean breakfast, has risen from $0.33 to $1.16. The cost of a sheep slaughtered for the feast at the end of Ramadan has more than doubled. Many educated professionals are leaving the country. A dozen medical specialists resigned from Khartoum University in mid-November to go abroad.

This economic malaise hurts the patronage network at the heart of the regime. Mr Bashir has long funnelled money to almost anyone with a stake in the system. So far he is still able to pay salaries and allowances. But a nine-day delay in the distribution of fuel coupons earlier this year set off a panic. More than 150,000 people have been persuaded to take up artisanal gold mining in the northern desert.

The only constituency not primarily interested in money, the Islamists, is also upset with Mr Bashir. Following the secession of the Christian and animist south, they wanted Sudan to become an Islamic state. Last year the president signalled support for fully enforcing sharia laws already on the books but he has since backtracked. The majority of northern Sudanese have no wish to emulate Saudi Arabia.

Hoping to buy himself time, the president indicated last year that he will retire by 2015. But health problems (doctors removed a possibly cancerous lump from the 68-year-old’s throat last month) have accelerated the jockeying among potential successors. Since opposition parties are weak, change seems more likely to come from the army. It alone can make a deal with the south work and turn the oil tap back on. No matter whether Mr Bashir retires, dies or is pushed aside, his successor will probably wear a uniform.

http://www.economist.com/news/middle-ea … osing-plot


Tedros Adhanom’s assignment as FM and Ali Abdu’s return to Asmara

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

*Ali Abdu is back to Asmara after a short trip to Europe to write an exam for his distance education in political science. Ali Abdu has been pursuing a masters degree in political science and journalism via distance education for the past few years.

*The appointment of Tedros Adhanom will be a good move in improving Ethio-Eritrean relations. Tedros- born to a Tigrayan parents was born and raised in Asmara and did most of his schooling in Asmara,Eritrea. Tedros is a soft spoken and highly intelligent person. He is well respected by many Eritrean officials and his assignment as Ethiopia’s foreign minister will tremendously help the two countries to solve their crippling border problem. PMHD was given a list of DPMs and new FM apointee after intense discussion among TPLF big wigs in Mekele recently. Bereket simon played a major role in denying Berhane gebrekristose the foriegn minstry job and favoring Tedros Adhanom.
Tedros has also been favored by US administration and many donor nations due to his extraordinary talent in cultivating relationships and also respected for his skill in envisioning and implementing complex projects in the health area and his works have earned him accolade from renowned health policy makers and academia circles.


Hailemariam Desalegn commits his first major blunder since he took office 3 months ago

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

Ethiopia’s new prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, has made a cabinet reshuffle today and appointed Debretsion Gebremichael, the notorious spy and member of Meles Zenawi’s death squad, as a deputy prime minister. Another TPLF politburo member, Teodros Adhanom, is appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.

This is a major blunder on Hailemariam’s part since Debretsion is not only a criminal who was responsible for carrying out assassinations for Meles Zenawi, he is a threat to Hailemariam’s own authority.

On top of being a serial killer, Debretsion’s crime include keeping 99.5 percent of Ethiopians in the information dark age by limiting their access to information technology as Minister of Communication. Because of the policies implemented by him, Ethiopia’s information technology sector is one of the least developed in the world.

The promotion of Debretsion to the deputy premiership is further proof that Ethiopia is sliding deeper into tyranny even after khat-junkie dictator Meles Zenawi is gone.

However, Hailemariam may not have a choice in the matter in the first place. It is likely that he was forced by TPLF to make such cabinet appointments.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ESFNA selects the University of Maryland for its 30th Year Event

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

ESFNA
PRESS RELEASE

It is with tremendous excitement we announce the 30th Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America (ESFNA) Tournament venue and the return of North American’s largest and longest Ethiopian annual sporting and cultural event to the Washington, DC metropolitan area. After evaluating several options, ESFNA has selected the newly modernized, high-tech facility at The University of Maryland Byrd Stadium for its historic 30th anniversary cultural and sports celebration. The week-long event will take place from June 30 to July 6, 2013. Byrd Stadium is located at 2001 Paint Branch Drive, College Park, MD.

A major reason for selecting the University of Maryland Byrd Stadium is its capacity and modern conveniences which are ideal to accommodate the large crowds expected to attend this historic week-long celebration. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is home to the largest Ethiopian community outside of Ethiopia. It is within driving distance of other metropolitan areas with large Ethiopian communities – to name a few; Atlanta in the South, Toronto in the North, New York and Boston in the East, and Columbus, OH and Chicago in the Midwest. It is estimated that more than 600,000 Ethiopians live within these geographic locations. The Washington, DC metropolitan area is served by three major airports: Reagan National Airport, Washington Dulles International and BWI Thurgood Marshall International. Byrd Stadium is also centrally located near many Ethiopian
restaurants and other Ethiopian businesses.

We are currently evaluating several bids to serve as main and overflow hotels with significant discounts for our guests. As soon as the selections are made, we will post information on our website (www.esfna.net). We invite and encourage Ethiopians and friends of Ethiopia to join us during the week of our events so that we can all celebrate our heritage and our 30th year together.

For more information, please visit our website (www.esfna.net) or call 647-701-8527.
For sponsorship and vending matters, please contact our Business Department at 408-373-0606 or 202-257-9791.

Bringing Ethiopians Together
ESFNA prides itself in creating a unique stage where Ethiopians of all backgrounds, ethnicity, religions and political convictions can come together to celebrate our long enduring unique heritage and diversity that has become our strength through the millenniums. Our goal and vision over the past 30 years has been to maintain ESFNA’s annual festivities as the Mecca where ALL Ethiopians and supporters can come together once a year to create our own mini Ethiopia in the land of our refuge.

Founded in 1984, ESFNA is a non-profit organization dedicated to promote the rich Ethiopian culture and heritage as well as building positive environments within Ethiopian-American communities in North America. Its mission is Bringing Ethiopians Together to network, support the business community, empower the young by providing scholarships and mentoring program, primarily using soccer tournaments, other sports activities and
cultural events as vehicles. ESFNA, by virtue of its status is non-political, non-religious and non-ethnic. We adhered to this position all along as legally expected and aligned with our bylaws.

Yohannes Berhanu
ESFNA Public Relations
Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Spy chief Debretsion Gebrmicheal appointed as Deputy Prime Minister

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

ADDIS ABABA (Reporter) — The House of Peoples’ Representatives today approved the appointment of two new Deputy Prime Ministers. Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Debretsion Gebremichael, and Minister of Cabinet Affairs and head of the Office of the Prime Minister were both appointed to be coordinators for Finance and Economy Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister and Governance and Reform Cluster with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister respectively. Muktar was also appointed to be the Minister of Civil Service replacing Junedine Sado.

Hailemariam said that the new portfolio of his deputies is structured in a way that his administration’s focus is on good governance and reform as well as finance and economy.

In an another unprecedented move Hailemariam appointed Tewodros Adhanom (Ph.D.), minister of Health, to be Foreign Minister. Keseteberhan Admasu State Minister of Heath was appointed to be Minister of Health while Kebede Chane, who served as Minister of Trade for  over a year without the endorsement of the House, has been confirmed in the same position.

Acting Foreign Minister, Berhane Gebrekristos assumed his previous position of State Minister of Foreign Affairs. The fate of Junedine Sado, former Minister of Civil Service remains unknown.

Lone opposition MP, Girma Seifu, accepted the new cabinet reshuffle but turned down the appointment of Kebede Chanie.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Civll Service Minister Junedin Sado fired

Thursday, November 29th, 2012
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopia’s leader has fired a government minister whose wife faces terrorism charges.

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn on Thursday fired the country’s civil minister, Junedin Sado, whose wife is one of 29 people facing terrorism charges related to protests by Muslims who accuse of the government of meddling in their religious affairs.

Sado published a letter in the country’s independent newspapers in which he defended his wife and criticized the federal prosecutor’s charges.

Also in Thursday’s Cabinet reshuffle, Hailemariam promoted two ministers to double as deputy prime ministers, giving the country three deputy prime ministers for the first time, a sign the ruling party is favoring collective leadership after the August death of its longtime leader Meles Zenawi.

Tedros Adhanom :shock: was appointed as the country’s new foreign affairs minister

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/afr … story.html


A TPLF power-grab

Thursday, November 29th, 2012

When Hailemariam Dessalegn became primeminister and the TPLF was sidelined , I knew corruption would be rife and it would be impossible for the system to go on without wallowing in it.

But I never imagined such a blatant corruption that TPLF would just grab all the power. I think I should calibrate my opinion of the TPLF; it appears the bar is not set low enough yet. :lol:


Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz ‘clinically dead’

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

King of Saudi Arabia ‘Clinically Dead’

The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.

By Chana Ya’ar
First Publish: 11/28/2012, 8:29 AM

Reuters

The king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, is clinically dead, reports the daily Al-Sharq il-Awsat.

His reported brain death occurred following complicated back surgery that took place in Riyadh on November 17 at the National Guard’s King Abdulaziz Medical City, according to the report, and the king’s aides claimed he is in good health.

Nevertheless, medical sources told the newspaper the monarch’s condition was “expected to change soon.”

Abdullah has been upon the throne since 2005. The crown has passed down through a line of sons since the death in 1953 of the founder of the kingdom, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud.

The king’s brother, Crown Prince Salman, defense minister of Saudi Arabia, reassured the nation and members of the Gulf Cooperation Council meeting Riyadh “good news that he is well and in good health.” Thirteen years his junior, Salman also “reassured” Saudis about the monarch’s health the day before at a cabinet meeting, according to the SPA state news agency.

But Salman gave no details on Abdullah’s condition, nor any information on when he might be discharged from the hospital.

Salman’s statement Tuesday on Saudi state television was aimed at settling concerns over the stability of the nation, the world’s biggest exporter of oil.

Saudi Arabia holds more than a fifth of world petroleum reserves. Home to the city of Mecca, Islam’s holiest city, the country is also the biggest U.S. ally in the Gulf region.

On Tuesday, the Saudi stock market index dropped to a 10-month low, closing 1.3 points lower.

In the event of his death, King Abdullah has named Salman as heir apparent, a move made in June following the death of Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz.

http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/ … La2P2dCiyM


Meles Zenawi supporter in Houston files lawsuit against an Ethiopian man for alleged assault

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Wossenu Gizaw is a brave Ethiopian (if he indeed knocked out the Woyanne thug as the lawsuit alleges) and the Ethiopian community in North America needs to rally to his support. His alleged action is pure self-defense and an act of bravery. If we have many Wossenuwoch (Wossenus), Ethiopia would not have been the playground of Woyanne maggots. John Lomax’s article below is full of BS, but read it any way to find out some information about the lawsuit. I am sure the Woyanne junta is financing the lawsuit.

Ethiopian Political Head-Butting in Southwest Houston Spawns Lawsuit, Criminal Charge

By John Nova Lomax | Houston Press

An Ethiopian-American man handing out flyers for a memorial service for Ethiopia’s recently deceased prime minister, Meles Zenawi, claims he was assaulted by a countryman who reviled the repressive leader, according to criminal and civil court documents.

The victim and plaintiff, Tesfai Tsadik, is suing both Wossenu Gizaw, the alleged assailant, and Debre Salam Medahnealem Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Fondren Southwest house of worship near which the alleged assault took place.

According to the pleadings in the civil suit, on August 26, Tsadik attended services at the church. After church let out, Tsadik went across the street and started handing out flyers for Zenawi’s memorial service.

That might not have been the wisest move. According to the suit:

The church founders and many of its members are opponents of Meles Zenawi. The members of the church, including members in leadership positions, have openly shared their views and hatred of Meles Zenawi and his government. In fact, church members and leaders protested outside during the funeral of Mr. Zenawi.

So apparently Tsadik was decidedly not preaching to the choir. Even so, this is a free country, and what allegedly happened next is reprehensible.

According to the suit, an unidentified man drove by and told Tesfai to stop handing out the flyers. When Tesfai refused, the man drove back to the church and re-emerged with Gizaw, a man Tesfai reportedly had known for five years. With absolutely no preamble of any kind, no exchange of heated words, nothing, "Gizaw head-butted Tesfai so hard that he was knocked out cold," according to the suit. And then, the suit goes on to claim, Gizaw and his fellow church members continued to kick Tesfai while he was unconscious.

When he came to minutes later, Tesfai was bruised on his backside, face and left eye, his upper lip was busted, his head was pounding, and he was dizzy. He now claims to be unable to work.

Gizaw has been charged with assault/bodily injury. After bonding out and resetting a court date, he has vanished. A capias warrant has been issued for his arrest. So far, neither he nor the church have filed a response to Tesfai’s suit, which is being handled by attorney Papa M. Dieye.

To broadly summarize a New York Times obituary of late prime minister Zenawi, many observers saw him as an extremely pro-development leader and loyal friend to the American government, especially in its fight against Muslim extremists in the Horn of Africa. His detractors claim he was savagely repressive, a chronic imprisoner of journalists, political opponents and dissidents.

The former rebel leader came to power in 1995 and both his fans and haters could agree that he was an extremely intelligent man and a shrewd operator. The former med student was said to be able to absorb seas of statistics at a single setting and had a penchant for quoting Shakespeare at length.

Which is fitting, as he seems to have left his country a nation of Montagues and Capulets.


How the TPLF ruling junta gave away Ethiopia’s genetic rights to teff

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources

By Regine Andrsen and Tone Wenge | Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI)
Photo: Marit Fikke / Development Fund

In 2005, Ethiopia concluded an agreement with the Dutch company HPFI, sharing its teff genetic resources in return for a part of the benefits that would be achieved from developing teff products for the European market.

In the end, Ethiopia received practically no benefits. Instead, due to a broad patent and a questionable bankruptcy, it lost its right to utilize and reap benefits from its own teff genetic resources in the countries where the patent is valid.

The amazing story of the Teff Agreement has been uncovered and meticulously documented in a recent FNI report by FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge.

Teff is a food grain endemic to the Ethiopian highlands, where it has been cultivated for several thousand years. Rich in nutritional value, it is an important staple crop for Ethiopians. Since it is gluten-free, it is also interesting for markets in other parts of the world.

A 2005 agreement between Ethiopia and the Dutch company HPFI gave HPFI access to 12 Ethiopian teff varieties, which it was to use for developing new teff-based products for the European market. In return, the company was to share substantial benefits with Ethiopia.

The Teff Agreement was hailed as one of the most advanced of its time. It was seen as a pilot case for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in terms of access to and benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources (ABS).

But the high expectations were never met: The only benefits Ethiopia ever received were 4000 Euro and a small, early interrupted research project.

And then, in 2009, the company went bankrupt. In the years prior to bankruptcy, however, HPFI managed to obtain a broad patent on the processing of teff flour in Europe, covering ripe grain, as well as fine flour, dough, batter and non-traditional teff products. This patent, along with other values of the company, had then been transferred to new companies set up by the same owners.

These companies now possess the exclusive rights to a large range of teff-based products. But as it was the now bankrupt HPFI that was Ethiopia’s contract partner, these new companies are not bound by the contractual obligations of HPFI towards Ethiopia.

Ethiopia thus ended up receiving practically none of the benefits promised under the agreement, and its future opportunities to profit from teff in international markets were smaller than before.

Regine AndersenHow was this possible?

This is what FNI researchers Regine Andersen and Tone Winge have been looking into in their new report The Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons, published by FNI today.

Their report has been written as part of FNI’s contribution to the German-led ABS Capacity Development Initiative, focusing on mainly African experiences with access to and benefit-sharing from the use of their genetic resources.

Lessons to be learned

Tone WingeThrough their in-depth analysis of the course of events with regard to the Teff Agreement and the related patent on the processing of teff flour, Andersen and Winge attempt to extract lessons to ensure that future access and benefit-sharing agreements will have better prospects of success. They also provide recommendations for the implementation of the CBD. Some of the main conclusions can be summarized as follows:

   Under the current circumstances, even the very best ABS agreement is without value if there is no willingness to comply with it: As long as there are no measures in place in the user-countries (in the teff case: The Netherlands) such agreements can be seen as gentlemen’s agreements, requiring a basis of good faith.

   Provider countries (in the teff case: Ethiopia) need institutional and financial support to enable them to monitor ABS agreements, and to facilitate real access to justice in the user countries. A multilateral instrument for this purpose under the CBD combined with user-country legislation is probably the most realistic possibility to realize the objectives on fair and equitable benefit-sharing of the CBD and its Nagoya Protocol.

   Formulations in ABS agreements prohibiting the patenting of genetic resources may be easy to circumvent, and more sophisticated formulations should be chosen if this is to be avoided.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ወደ ብር 18.181 ከፍ አለ

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በ17 በመቶ ጨምሮ በ16.35 ብር እንዲመነዘር የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ መወሰኑ ይፋ ከተደረገበት መስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ ባሉት ሁለት ዓመታት፣ የብር ምንዛሪ አቅም እየቀነሰ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ መውረዱ ተመለከተ፡፡

በኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የየዕለቱ የውጭ ምንዛሪ ዋጋን በሚያመለክተው መረጃ መሠረት የአንድ ዶላር አማካይ የምንዛሪ ዋጋ 17.211 ብር የነበረ ሲሆን፣ በኅዳር 2005 ዓ.ም. ያለው መረጃ የአንድ ዶላር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ያሳያል፡፡

ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. እስከ ኅዳር 2004 ዓ.ም. የነበረው የምንዛሪ ዋጋ ከ5.3 በመቶ በላይ ሲጨምር፣ በ2005 በጀት ዓመት የኅዳር ወር የምንዛሪ ዋጋ በአማካይ ወደ 18.181 ብር ማደጉን ተከትሎ ከሌሎች መገበያያ ገንዘቦች አኳያ (በዋናነት ከዶላር) የብር የመግዛት አቅምን በአንድ ዓመት ከ5.56 በመቶ በላይ እንዲወርድ አድርጎታል፡፡ በአጠቃላይ ከኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ የብር የመግዛት አቅም በ30 ከመቶ እንዲወድቅ ምክንያት ሆኗል፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ግን በመስከረም 2003 ዓ.ም. በብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንዴ ከተደረገው ጭማሪ በተቃራኒው ቀስ በቀስ በየዕለቱ ይካሄድ በነበረው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ግብይት ላይ ተመርኩዞ እየጨመረ የመጣ ነው፡፡ ቀስ በቀስ የታየው ለውጥ በፍጥነት እያደገ የመጣው ደግሞ ካለፈው መጋቢት 2004 ዓ.ም. ወዲህ መሆኑንም መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የታየው የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ብሔራዊ ባንክ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ በአንዴ ከማድረግ ይልቅ፣ ቀስ በቀስ እየጨመረ እንዲሄድ ማድረግ መምረጡን ያሳያል የሚሉ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎች፣ በሁለት ዓመታት ጊዜ ውስጥ ከ10 በመቶ በላይ የደረሰው ጭማሪ ከፍተኛ እንደሆነም ይገልጻሉ፡፡

የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጡን በአንድ ጊዜ ከመለወጥ ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት እንደታየው ቀስ በቀስ እንዲለወጥ ማድረጉ በአንድ በኩል የተወሰነ ጠቀሜታ ቢኖረውም፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት እንዳይወርድ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል ይላሉ፡፡

በ2003 ዓ.ም. በአንድ ጊዜ የ17 በመቶ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ መደረጉን ተከትሎ የዋጋ ግሽበት ተከስቷል፡፡ ባለሙያዎቹ ምንም እንኳ ለዋጋ ግሽበት መከሰት ሌሎች ምክንያቶች ቢኖሩም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ ማድረጉን አስታውሰው፣ ለውጡ ቀስ በቀስ መካሄዱ ለተወሰነ ጊዜም ቢሆን የተጋነነ ዋጋ እንዳይኖር ረድቷል ይላሉ፡፡ ሆኖም ቀስ በቀስ የተደረገው ለውጥ አገሪቱ ከፍተኛ የብር ምንዛሪ ለውጥ ያደረገች መሆኑን ጠቋሚ በመሆኑ፣ ለመሠረታዊ ዕቃዎች ዋጋ መጨመር ምክንያት እየሆነ መምጣቱን ይናገራሉ፡፡

የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያዎቹ እንደሚገልጹት፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት በሚፈለገው ደረጃ ሊቀንስ ካልተቻለባቸው ምክንያቶች አንደኛው የብር አቅም መዳከምና የውጭ ምንዛሪ ጉልበት በየጊዜው እያደገ መምጣቱ ነው፡፡

ይህም ማለት በኅዳር 2003 ዓ.ም. በአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር ተገዝቶ ከውጭ ይመጣ የነበረ ምርት በወቅቱ ምንዛሪ ዋጋ 82,752 ብር ይፈልግ ነበር፡፡ ይኼው ተመሳሳይ ምርት ከሚመጣበት አገር ምንም ዓይነት የዋጋ ጭማሪ አልተደረገበትም ተብሎ ቢታሰብ፣ በኅዳር ወር 2004 ዓ.ም. ለተመሳሳይ የዶላር መጠን 86,055 ብር ይጠይቃል፡፡ አሁንም ይኼው ምርት ዋጋው ሳይለወጥ በቀድሞው ዋጋ እየተገዛ ነው ቢባል፣ ለአምስት ሺሕ ዶላር በዚህ ወር የሚፈለገው ከ90,905 ብር ነው፡፡

ሪፖርተር ያነጋገራቸው ሌላ የኢኮኖሚ ባለሙያ እንደሚሉት ደግሞ፣ ብሔራዊ ባንክ በአንድ ጊዜ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከማድረግ ይልቅ በሳምንት ወይም በወር አዝጋሚ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ማድረግን መርጧል ይላሉ፡፡ በዚህም አሠራሩ እንደ ቀድሞው በአንድ ጊዜ 15 በመቶ ወይም 20 በመቶ የሚደርስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ ከሚያደርግ፣ ቀስ በቀስ የምንዛሪ ለውጥ እያስኬደ እንዳለ ይገልጻሉ፡፡ በየጊዜው የሚደረገው ጭማሪ የኢትዮጵያ ብር ከሌሎች የውጭ ገንዘቦች ጋር ያለውን የመግዛት አቅም ይበልጥ እያወረደው ስለመምጣቱ ማሳያ ነው ብለዋል፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … eview=true


Susan Rice’s love affair with genocidal dictators in Africa (Michael Hirsh)

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

By Michael Hirsh | National Journal

For a president who rarely shows emotion, Barack Obama’s surprisingly personal blast at Republican critics of Susan Rice, his U.N ambassador, suggested two things. One, Obama genuinely admires Rice and thinks she’s being unfairly criticized for giving a controversial explanation of the Sept. 11 Benghazi attack that later didn’t hold up. And two, he may well intend to name her his second-term secretary of State, as some reports indicate.

Obama made a fair point when he said Rice “had nothing to do with Benghazi and was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received.” All Rice did was to carefully articulate on the Sunday TV talk shows what the administration knew at the time, “based on the best information we have to date,” as she put it.

But there are other issues with Rice’s record, both as U.N. ambassador and earlier as a senior Clinton administration official, that are all but certain to come out at any confirmation hearing, many of them concerning her performance in Africa. Critics say that since her failure to advocate an intervention in the terrible genocide in Rwanda in 1994 — Bill Clinton later said his administration’s unwillingness to act was the worst mistake of his presidency — she has conducted a dubious and naïve policy of looking the other way at allies who commit atrocities, reflecting to some degree the stark and emotionless realpolitik sometimes associated with Obama, who is traveling this week to another formerly isolated dictatorship: Burma.

Most recently, critics say, Rice held up publication of a U.N. report that concluded that the government of Rwandan President Paul Kagame, with whom she has a long and close relationship, was supplying and financing a brutal Congolese rebel force known as the M23 Movement. M23’s leader, Bosco Ntaganda, is wanted by the International Criminal Court for recruiting child soldiers and is accused of committing atrocities. She has even wrangled with Johnnie Carson, the assistant secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs, and others in the department, who all have been more critical of the Rwandans, according to some human-rights activists who speak with State’s Africa team frequently.

Rice claimed she wanted Rwanda to get a fair hearing and examine the report first, and her spokesman, Payton Knopf, says that “it’s patently incorrect to say she slowed [it] down.” But Jason Stearns, a Yale scholar who worked for 10 years in the Congo and wrote a book called Dancing in the Glory of Monsters, says “that is not common practice with these reports. Even when Rwanda did get a hearing, all they did was to use it to smear the report and say how wrong it was.” The report has since been published.

Mark Lagon, a former assistant secretary of State under George W. Bush and a human-rights specialist at Georgetown, has generally positive things to say about Rice’s tenure as U.N. ambassador, especially her leadership in the intervention in Libya against Muammar el-Qaddafi and her revival of the administration’s failing policy on Darfur. But he too says she has fallen short on Africa. “In recent months, there is documentary evidence of atrocities in the DRC [Democratic Republic of the Congo], and their umbilical cord is back in Rwanda. These issues have not been raised in the Security Council, and Susan has fought the U.N. raising them in the Security Council,” Lagon says.

In September, Rice also delivered a glowing eulogy for the late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, whom many rights activists considered to have been a repressive dictator.

Recently, during a meeting at the U.N. mission of France, after the French ambassador told Rice that the U.N. needed to do more to intervene in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rice was said to have replied: “It’s the eastern DRC. If it’s not M23, it’s going to be some other group,” according to an account given by a human-rights worker who spoke with several people in the room. (Rice’s spokesman said he was familiar with the meeting but did not know if she made the comment.)

If true, that rather jaded observation would appear to echo a Rice remark that Howard French, a long-time New York Times correspondent in Africa, related in an essay in the New York Review of Books in 2009, which was highly critical of Rice. In the article, headlined “Kagame’s Secret War in the Congo,” in which French calls the largely ignored conflict “one of the most destructive wars in modern history,” he suggests that Rice either naïvely or callously trusted new African leaders such as Kagame and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to stop any future genocide, saying, “They know how to deal with that. The only thing we have to do is look the other way.” Stearns, the author, says that during Rice’s time in the Clinton administration “they were complicit to the extent that they turned a blind eye and took at face value Rwandan assurances that Rwanda was looking only after its own security interests.”

Knopf, Rice’s spokesman, says “she clearly has relationships, some of which are very close, with African leaders, and Kagame is one of them. Her view and our view is that these relationships have given her an opportunity to influence events.”

At the same time, however, Knopf says Rice has been tough and forthright in criticizing Rwandan abuses, and backed a “very strong statement out of the Security Council in August about M23.” (The statement, though, did not refer to Rwandan support directly.)

In a speech she gave at the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology in November 2011, Rice took Kagame’s government to task for a political culture that “remains comparatively closed. Press restrictions persist. Civil-society activists, journalists, and political opponents of the government often fear organizing peacefully and speaking out. Some have been harassed. Some have been intimidated by late-night callers. Some have simply disappeared.”

The long conflict in Congo has sometimes been called “Africa’s World War,” because it has led to a staggering 5.4 million deaths — far more than any war anywhere since World War II. Throughout it, Kagame has appeared to play a clever game of pretending to intervene to impose peace and deliver Western-friendly policies, while in fact carving out a sphere of influence by which he can control parts of Congo’s mineral wealth.

Ironically, much of the controversy that surrounds Rice’s relationship with Kagame and other African leaders goes back to the event that Rice herself has admitted was personally wrenching for her, and influenced much of her later views: her failure to stop the Rwandan genocide.

At the time, under National Security Adviser Anthony Lake, Rice was in charge of advising Clinton’s National Security Council on peacekeeping and international organizations such as the United Nations. “Essentially, they wanted [Rwanda] to go away,” scholar Michael Barnett, who worked at the U.S. mission to the United Nations then and later wrote the book Eyewitness to Genocide, told me in an interview in 2008. “There was little interest by Rice or Lake in trying to stir up any action in Washington.”

Both Lake and Rice later said they were haunted by their inaction. In an interview in 2008, Rice told me that she was too “junior”at the time to have affected decision-making then, but that “everyone who lived through that feels profoundly remorseful and bothered by it.”

“I will never forget the horror of walking through a church and an adjacent schoolyard where one of the massacres had occurred,” Rice said in her 2011 speech in Kigali. “Six months later, the decomposing bodies of those who had been so cruelly murdered still lay strewn around what should have been a place of peace. For me, the memory of stepping around and over those corpses will remain the most searing reminder imaginable of what humans can do to one another.”

Rice’s relationship with Kagame began with her efforts to form a new African leaders group in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Among them were Museveni and Ethiopia’s Zenawi. The Clinton administration “believed in an African renaissance,” says Stearns. “She backed this somewhat naïvely, because they were forward-looking leaders who spoke a different language. They spoke about markets.”

While Rice was serving — and despite her later denials before Congress — the Clinton administration appeared to back an invasion of the troubled Congo by Rwanda and Uganda, according to a 2002 article in the journal Current History by Columbia University scholar Peter Rosenblum. In the article, titled “Irrational Exuberance: The Clinton Administration in Africa,” Rosenblum called the invasion “a public relations disaster from which the United States has not recovered.”

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

“ሕዝቡ ከማጉረምረም አልፎ ንዴቱን በእንቅስቃሴ ለማሳየት ዝግጁ የሆነ አይመስልም” – ዶ/ር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የአንድነት ፓርቲ ሊቀመንበር
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(REPORTER) – ባለፈው እሑድ ኅዳር 16 ቀን 2005 ዓ.ም. አንድነት ለዲሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ ፓርቲ በአገሪቱ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ ላይ ባደረገው ውይይት ላይ የመነሻ ሐሳብ ያቀረቡት የፓርቲው ሊቀመንበር ዶክተር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ብሶተኛና በማጉረምረም ደረጃ ላይ የሚገኝ እንጂ፣ ንዴቱን በእንቅስቃሴ ለማሳየት ዝግጁ የሆነበት ደረጃ ላይ የደረሰ አይመስልም አሉ፡፡

የአገሪቱን ወቅታዊ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታ በዳሰሱበት ክፍል ላይ በሰጡት ማብራሪያ ሕዝቡ በርካታ ማኅበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮች እንዳሉበት ገልጸው፣ ይህንን ሰቆቃውንና ብሶቱን ያማርራል እንጂ በይፋና በአደባባይ አይገልጽም ብለዋል፡፡ “ብሶቱ በማጉረምረም ደረጃ የሚገለጽ ነው እንጂ ወደ ኅብረተሰባዊ ንዴት አልተለወጠም ብለው፣” የተናጠል ንዴቶች አልፎ አልፎ ቢገለጹም ሰፊና የአጠቃላይ ኅብረተሰቡ አለመሆናቸውን አመልክተዋል፡፡

“እነዚህ የተናጠል ትናንሽ ንዴቶች ወደተደራጀና ሕዝባዊ የእምቢተኝነት እንቅስቃሴዎች አልተለወጡም፡፡ በሌሎች አገሮች በዳቦ ወይም በነዳጅ ዋጋ ላይ ትንሽ ጭማሪ ከታየ የኅብረተሰቡ ንዴት ይገነፍላል፡፡ በእኛ ሕዝብ ዘንድ ግን ይህ አይታይም፡፡ ምልክቶች ከታዩ ጥቂት፣ የተናጠል፣ ያልተደራጁና ያልተቀናጁ ናቸው፤” ብለዋል፡፡

ዶክተር ነጋሶ ገዥው ፓርቲ አምባገነን መሆኑን ባሰፈሩበት ክፍል፣ ኢሕአዴግ ለሕዝብ ደንታ የሌለው ድርጅት መሆኑን ገልጸው፣ የሕዝብን ፍላጎት አያዳምጥም ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡ “ሕዝብ እሱን ብቻ መስሎ እንዲያድር ነው የሚፈልገው፡፡ ከአገርና ከሕዝብ ይልቅ ፓርቲውን ያስቀድማል፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተረጋገጡትንና በአንቀጽ 29፣ 30፣ 31 እና 38 የተዘረዘሩትን መብቶች አፍኗል፤” ካሉ በኋላ፣ ተቃዋሚዎችን ለማጥቃት ብሎ ሕጎችን በማውጣት ሕግ አስከብራለሁ በማለት ሰብዓዊ መብቶችን እንደሚጥስ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ኢሕአዴግ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ተቋማት እንዳይኖሩ አድርጎአል ብለው ሦስቱ የመንግሥት አካላት የሕዝብ አገልጋዮች ሳይሆኑ የፓርቲው መሣርያ ሆነዋል ብለዋል፡፡ “ገዥው ፓርቲ ሕገ መንግሥቱን አያከብርም፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተከበሩ መብቶች ተግባራዊ ይሁኑ ሲባል አይፈቅድም፡፡ ሕገ መንግሥቱ የሚሻሻልበትን መንገድ ከመክፈት ይልቅ በሚያወጣቸው ሕጎች በእጅ አዙር ያሻሽላል፡፡ በአሠራሩ ሕገ መንግሥታዊ አስተሳሰብን ዋጋ አሳጥቷል፤” ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡

የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓቱን በገለጹበት ክፍል ደግሞ የፓርቲ ሥርዓቱ ዲሞክራሲያዊ አለመሆኑን አውስተው፣ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ቢደነገግም ዲሞክራሲያዊ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በኢትዮጵያ የለም ብለዋል፡፡ በንጉሡ ዘመን በፓርቲ መደራጀት ክልክል መሆኑን፣ በደርግ የመጀመሪያ ዓመታት ለደርግ ታማኝ የሆኑ ለስሙ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ቢወለዱም በመጨረሻ አገሪቱ በአንድ ብቸኛ ፓርቲ (ኢሠፓ) ሥር መውደቋን፣ ኢሕአዴግ የመድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት ይመሠርታል ተብሎ ቢጠበቅም የአውራ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት መመሥረቱን ገልጸዋል፡፡

“ይህም አውራ ፓርቲነት እንደ አሜሪካና እንደ ታላቋ ብሪታኒያ ዴሞክራሲያዊ የሆኑ የሁለት ፓርቲዎች አውራነት ቢሆን ባልገረመን፣ ወይም እንደ ጃፓንና እንደ እስራኤል ዴሞክራሲያዊና መድበለ ፓርቲ ሥርዓት በሰፈነበት አውራ ሆኖ ቢመጣ እንቀበል ነበር፡፡ እርሱ ግን በአስገዳጅነት አንድ አውራ ፓርቲ ሆኖ ሌሎች ግን እንደ ጫጩት እንኳ እንዳይኖሩ በሙስና አሠራርና በልዩ ልዩ ተፅዕኖ ሥር ለማዳ ያደርጋቸዋል ብሎም ከነጭራሹ እንዲጠፉ ያደርጋል፤” ብለዋል፡፡

የምርጫ ሥርዓቱን ብልሹ ነው ያሉት ዶክተር ነጋሶ፣ የምርጫ ሥርዓቱ ለአገሪቱ ውስብስብ ሁኔታዎች ምቹ አለመሆኑን፣ በርካታ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦች፣ ብዙ ሃይማኖቶችና የተለያዩ ርዕዮተ ዓለሞች ባሉበት አገር አሸናፊው ሁሉንም የሚወስድበት ሥርዓት እንደማይች አስረድተዋል፡፡ “ማኅበረሰባዊ ውክልና፣ ተጠያቂነትና የአሳታፊነት መርህን የተከተለ የተመጣጠነ ሥርዓት እንዲኖር አይፈለግም፡፡ ይባስ ብሎ በምርጫዎች መካከልና በምርጫዎች ወቅት ያለው የፖለቲካ ምኅዳር የተስተካከለ አይደለም፡፡ ዲሞክራሲያዊ፣ ፍትሐዊና ነፃነት የተሟላበት አይደለም፡፡ በዚህ የምርጫ ሥርዓት ውስጥ ተሸናፊ ፓርቲዎችን የሚመርጥ ብዙ ሚሊዮን የሕዝብ ክፍል በፓርላማ ደረጃ ድምፅ አልባ ይሆናል፤” ሲሉ በምሬት ገልጸዋል፡፡

ዶክተር ነጋሶ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችና ችግሮች የሚፈቱት በሰላማዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር ሳይሆን በጉልበት መሆኑን፣ የሕዝብ ወሳኝነት እንደማይፈለግ፣ ለሕዝብና ለአገር ጥቅም ሲባል ሰፊና አገራዊ የትብብር መድረክ ለመፍጠር ፈቃደኝነትና ዝግጁነቱ ደካማ መሆኑን ጠቅሰው፣ በፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች የተለመደው በአሸናፊነት የማንበርከክ ፍላጎትና የበላይነት ማስፈን አካሄድ በመሆኑ እምቢ ከተባለ ደግሞ ለማጥፋት መንቀሳቀስ መኖሩን አውስተዋል፡፡ ሰላማዊ የትግል ስልቶችን መጠቀም አለመጀመሩን ገልጸው ሰላማዊ ትግል ኃይል አልባ፣ ሕጋዊ፣ ሕገ መንግሥታዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ በመሆኑ፣ አንዳንድ ሕጎችና ተቋማት የሌሎችን መብቶች የሚነኩ ከሆነ እምቢ ማለትና ያለመታዘዝን እንደሚያካትት ጠቁመዋል፡፡ “ሰላማዊ ትግል የተቃውሞ መሣርያ እንጂ የአመፅ መሣርያ አይደለም፤” ብለው፣ ሰላማዊ ትግል ሰፊ የመደራጀትና የዝግጅት ሥራ ይጠይቃል ብለዋል፡፡

የወደፊት የትግል አቅጣጫ ምን መሆን እንዳለበት ሲገልጹ፣ ሕዝብን ለለውጥ እንዲንቀሳቀስ ማድረግ፣ የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጫ ሥራዎችን መሥራትና በሕዝብ ውስጥ የማደራጀትና የማቀናጀት ሥራዎች መሠራት አለባቸው ብለዋል፡፡ ገዥውን ፓርቲ ለለውጥ በማስገደድ ሰፊ ሕዝባዊ እንቅስቃሴ መጀመር እንዳለበት አስረድተዋል፡፡ ብልሹ ያሉትን የፓርቲ ሥርዓት በመለወጥ የፖለቲካ ምኅዳሩ እንዲስተካከል በቁርጠኝነት ትግል መደረግ አለበት ሲሉ አመልክተዋል፡፡

“በአገራችን ለችግሮች መፍትሔ ለማፈላለግ ሁሉን አቀፍ ብሔራዊ እርቅ መፍጠር አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ የፖለቲካ ልዩነቶችን ወይም ችግሮችን ለመፍታት አንድነት በፕሮግራሙ ያስቀመጠው አቅጣጫ ትክክል ነው፡፡ ስለሆነም ችግሮችን በሰላማዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ መንገድ በውይይትና በድርድር የመፍታትን ባህል የበለጠ ማዳበር የትግላችን አቅጣጫ መሆን አለበት፤” በማለትና አንዳንድ ነጥቦችን በማከል ዳሰሳቸውን ደምድመዋል፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … eview=true


How Atse HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia (video)

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Well-known Ethiopians narrate how Emperor HaileSelassie struggled to modernize Ethiopia.

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ENTC has formed a new chapter in Kenya

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Kenya chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entc.kenya@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Rare collection of pics from 19th century Ethiopia

Wednesday, November 28th, 2012

"Captain Tristram Charles Sawyer Speedy is minor historical figure from the reign of Victoria, but nonetheless a very colourful one. The six-foot-five red-bearded soldier is thought to have been the inspiration for a Kipling character and appears in the Flashman series (Flashman on the March).

He also had a long association with Ethiopia, and was known for his efforts to adopt native dress and speak Amharic. Now, a rare collection of travel photographs and portraits recording his travels will shortly go under the hammer in London"

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/activ … me=2412317


Republican senators more disturbed after meeting with Susan Rice

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

GOP Senators ‘Significantly Troubled’ After Susan Rice Meeting
By SUNLEN MILLER | ABC OTUS News – 3 hrs ago

United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice’s attempts to "make nice" with a trio of Republican senators who have criticized her response to the Sept. 11 terror attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, seem to have backfired.

The senators said they left their face-to-face meeting with Rice this morning "more concerned" and "significantly troubled."

http://news.yahoo.com/gop-senators-sign … 37329.html


Polonium-210 radiation the cause of Meles Zenawi’s death?

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

It was suspected that Yasir Arafat died due to exposure to this radiation. He was suffering throat cancer, later died of heart attack as reported. Alexander Litvinenko former officer of Russian security also a victim of polonium 210. Former president of Ghana John Atta sudden death of unknown reason but it was said that he died of throat cancer. Former Malawi president Bingu wa Mutharika also died due to unexplained reason. Even though it was first reported as heart attack. Our ex PM Meles Zenawi also died in a short period of time and yet the cause of his death is mystery to many of us. I am suspecting that he might had been exposed to this radiation called polonium 210. Have your say please.


Israeli-Americans sue Obama for giving money to the Palestinian Authority

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

We Ethiopians have a much stronger case for suing the Obama Administration than Israelis.

By BYRON TAU

A group of Israeli-Americans has filed suit against the Obama administration, alleging that U.S. aid money to the Palestinian Authority funds terrorist activities.

The lawsuit charges that federal aid money directed to the Palestinian Authority ultimately ends up in the hands of Hamas and other militant groups committed to war against Israel. Hamas is designed as a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. government.

The lawsuit charges that the State Department is ignoring congressionally-mandated safeguards to keep money out of the hands of such entities.

"The American people are opposed to terror and do not want to fund it via their taxes," plaintiff attorney Norman Steiner said in a statement. "The ongoing non-compliance of the White House and State Department with congressionally mandated protections cannot be allowed to continue."

The plaintiffs are 24 American citizens living in Israel. Two have been victims of terrorist attacks in the past, and all "live in fear of Palestinian terrorist attacks," the lawsuit charges. They name Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, as well as several other government officials as defendants in the suit.

The Shurat HaDin Israel Law Center, whose director is one of the attorneys representing the defendants, estimates that the U.S. government has given more than $4 billion to Palestinian groups since 1993 — mostly through its development arm USAID.

Federal law mandates that U.S. aid only go towards the establishment of a Palestinian state if its governing entity "demonstrated a firm commitment to peaceful co-existence with the State of Israel."

http://www.politico.com/politico44/2012 … 50385.html


Ethiopia’s last Jews prepare to head for Israel

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

(AFP) — GONDAR, Ethiopia — It was one of the most daring operations in Ethiopian history: Israel’s 1991 airlift of Ethiopian Jews, when nearly 15,000 people were crammed into a series of non-stop flights lasting 36 hours.

Clutching only a few belongings, in planes with seats removed to make more space, they left a nation their ancestors had called home for two millennia for a land they knew only from scripture.

More than two decades later, some 2,000 descendants and relatives of those Israel had identified as original Jews are set to join them in the Holy Land.

All that’s left of Ethiopia’s Jewish population, called the Falash Mura, or "wanderers" in Ethiopia’s Amharic language — is expected to move to Israel over the next 18 months, the end of an ancient chapter of Ethiopian history.

"It is God’s promise to us to go to the Promised Land and fulfill his prophecy… but that doesn’t change the fact that I am Ethiopian," said Gasho Abenet, 25.

Ethiopia’s remaining Falash Mura live in Gondar in the north of the country, supported by the Jerusalem-based organisation The Jewish Agency for Israel, where many have waited for years to complete bureaucratic hurdles and win approval to move.

Many say they feel frozen in limbo, not quite at home in Ethiopia, eager to become Israeli, and suffering from a long separation from family members who have already left.

"Once… you’re in this halfway status of being internal refugees, you’re certainly better off in Israel than being internal refugees in Ethiopia," said Steven Kaplan, professor of religion and African studies at Jerusalem’s Hebrew University.

Many Jews in Ethiopia — a small minority in a country where officially 62 percent are Christian and 34 percent are Muslim — say they have been misunderstood and even discriminated against.

Housing rents are arbitrarily hiked, some say, and many report name-calling from those who do not understand or accept Judaism.

"It is difficult to live here in Ethiopia as an Israelite because we get insulted," 22-year-old Amhare Fantahun said.

For Gasho, it means never feeling fully at home in the land of his birth.

"The life that we are living here is a nightmare, we can never settle," he said, donning a black and white skullcap and a Star of David pin.

Despite their feeling of apparent transience, the history of Judaism in Ethiopia dates back about 2,000 years.

The precise roots are disputed: some say Ethiopia’s ancient Jews — called Beta Israel, or "House of Israel" — are descendants of Jewish nomads who travelled first to Egypt, then on to Ethiopia.

Others say they are direct descendants of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon.

The Falash Mura, descendants of the Beta Israeli — many of whom were forced to convert to Christianity in the 18th and 19th centuries — have observed a unique interpretation of Judaism for generations.

Practices include separating menstruating women from men and burying their dead in Christian cemeteries. They must learn Rabbinic law and Hebrew before moving to Israel.

In skullcaps and draped in prayer scarves, they gather every week in Gondar’s makeshift synagogue, a corrugated iron shed painted the blue and white of Israel’s flag, chanting verses from the Torah in Ethiopia’s Amharic language.

The push to transport Ethiopia’s Jews to Israel began in the 1980s, under Ethiopia’s brutal Communist dictator Mengistu Hailemariam, who used Ethiopia’s Jews as pawns and tried to trade them for weapons from Israel.

Many left Ethiopia illegally, travelling by foot to Sudan, where 20,000 people were eventually flown to Israel in Operation Moses in 1985, the precursor to the 1991 airlift from the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

The airlift, known as Operation Solomon, came as Mengistu lost his grip on power.

There are about 130,000 Jews of Ethiopian descent in Israel today. By March 2014, the immigration of Ethiopia’s Jews to Israel is expected to finish, closing an ancient chapter of Ethiopia’s history.

Under Ethiopia’s Emperor Haile Selassie, departure for Israel was blocked as he said the country would lose a key cornerstone of its heritage.

"Haile Selassie said, ‘If we did that we would lose one of the key elements in the Ethiopian tapestry. They represent a tradition that we all think we’re descended from,’" said Stephen Spector, author of a book about the airlift.

But for Israeli ambassador to Ethiopia Belyanesh Zevadia — who was born in Ethiopia and lived in Israel for 28 years — the end of the returns to Israel merely marks a new chapter in relations between the two countries.

"Maybe (we are) losing the culture, the Jewish culture," she said. "But there are so many of them coming back and investing here… so we are building the bridge between the two countries."

Gasho said the heritage lives on in other ways too, even though most of the Falash Mura have left the country.

"We Jewish who are living here in Ethiopia, we taught our wisdom and knowledge," he said. "Our culture is well understood throughout the community… learning, metallurgy, handcraftsmanship, it is all passed on," Gasho added.

At Addis Ababa’s transit centre, where the Falash Mura gather before boarding a flight to Israel, new shoes and clothes are passed around as children play table tennis and table football under the beating afternoon sun.

Despite not knowing what to expect when they reach Israel, there is a sense of happiness from those about to leave Ethiopia for good.

"I am going to miss Ethiopia, of course, but this is life, so I have to go to Israel, and that is the path decided for me," said Malefeya Zelelu, 84, who waited in Gondar for 14 years before being approved to leave.

"I am now going to be an Israelite," he added, smiling widely.


«ልበ ብርሃኑ» ጋዜጠኛ

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

አሉላ ከበደ (VOA)

ጥልቀት ባላቸው ትንታኔዎቹና ቀላል አቀራረቡ የሚታቀው ጋዜጠኛና መምህር በተለይ ለኢትዮጵያ አድማጮች “ጠቀሜታ ይኖራቸዋል፤” ባላቸው ርእሰ ጉዳዮች፥ ውጥኖችና ገቢሮች ዙሪያ በትጋትና በኃላፊነት ለረዥም ጊዜ ያለ መታከት ያበረከተው አስተዋጽኦ ጎልቶ የሚነገርለት ነው።

የመገናኛ ብዙኃንና ጋዜጠኝነትን የሚመለከቱ ፕሮግራሞችና የዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ፖለቲካ የውይይት ርዕስ ሆኖ በሚቀርብባቸው ዝግጅቶች የሚዛናዊ ባለ ሞያ ድምጽ በመሆን ለረዥም ዓመታት በንቃት ተሳትፏል።
ያ ድምጽ ዛሬ ግን ከእኛ ጋር የለም።

ዶ/ር መሠረት ቸኮል፥ በዚህ በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ በዊስኮንሰን ክፍለ ግዛት ሪቨር ፎልስ በጋዜጠኝነት ሞያና የመገናኛ ብዙኃን መምህርነት አገልግሏል።

ለመሆኑ ዶ/ር መሠረት ማን ነው? ምን ዓይነት ሠው ነበር?

ልጅነት፥ የቀድሞው መርሃ እውራን ተማሪ ቤትና ኮሌጅ? ሞያና ህይወት በተከታታዩ ቅንብሮች ተካተዋል።

(1) የኢትዮጵያውያን የህይወት ታሪክ መረጃ ማዕከል
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Ruling party-driven Meles personality cult shows no sign of fading

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

http://www.opendemocracy.net/opensecuri … r-how-long

Ethiopia: Meles rules from beyond the grave, but for how long?
René Lefort 26 November 2012
Subjects:

Democracy and government
Ethiopia
Security in Sub-Saharan Africa
Conflict Prevention
Development
Political Economy

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The trade-off offered by authoritarianism to its client-constituents is security and high growth rates. After Meles challenges may force change, or build the case domestically for a new strong man.

Meles Zenawi, the former Prime Minister of Ethiopia, has been dead for around three months. But the “Melesmania” personality cult, though discreet in his lifetime, shows no sign of fading. From giant portraits in the streets to stickers on the windscreens of almost any vehicle, a smiling Meles is still everywhere.

The sudden death of Meles shook the whole of Ethiopia. The shock quickly gave way to fear of an unknown and threatening future.

The regime did everything to exploit this fear for its own benefit. It has issued continuous calls for the nation to unite around the memory of the dead leader and, above all, around the project he designed and imposed with an iron hand. The new Prime Minister, Hailemariam Selassie, endlessly repeats that he will pursue “Meles’s legacy without any change”. He has replaced not a single cabinet minister. It could be said that the regime is running on autopilot, with the Meles software driving the leadership computer. Plunged into disarray, the governing team is hanging on to this software like a lifebelt. Why?

The making of Melesmania

Until the crisis of 2001, the handful of leaders of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the dominant force in the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in power since 1991,[1] worked in a remarkably collective way. Within this group Meles was – and not always – the primus inter pares, surrounded by strong, clever and articulate figures united by a radical Marxism. The crisis culminated in the expulsion of most of these figures, in a massive purge and finally in a threefold power shift.

The first shift saw Meles emerge as the unchallenged supremo, moving quickly to clip the wings of the few leaders who seemed to be acquiring a solid political base. He promoted only those whose loyalty he considered unshakeable, whose positions depended entirely on his goodwill, people like Hailemariam Dessalegn. Radiating outwards from a first circle of “advisers”, almost all Tigrayan, all the lines of real power penetrated down to the base of the State apparatus, whether federal or regional,[2] to the Party and to whole sectors of the economy.

Although the government reflected the country’s ethnic diversity, most ministers had authority only in name. Parliament, as it had since 1991, remained a rubberstamp chamber. No institution was able to escape this dominance and achieve autonomy. Moreover, this personal power was also intellectual. The one politically correct doctrine (“revolutionary democracy” and the “developmental state”) was devised and imposed on the country by Meles and Meles alone. This monopoly prevented the emergence of any other body of ideas and, inevitably, of any alternative line of thinking.

The army and security services were represented within this central authority, which held sway over them. Later, although Meles Zenawi maintained a grip on the security forces, the army gradually became “bunkerized”, a sort of state within the State. Meles himself had to acknowledge the autonomy of the military command, by agreeing a kind of pact: I will grant you substantial autonomy, and in particular turn a blind eye to your wheeling and dealing; you support me, especially since if I fall, you fall with me. Hence, no doubt, the remarked upon reticence of the army during the recent period of succession, as if it felt so powerful that its fortress would remain impregnable, away from the turbulent currents within the new governing team. Hence, also, the procedure followed in announcing, on September 12, the appointment of 37 new generals – including at least 23 from Tigray – a reminder that no one, not even Hailamariam Dessalegn, can interfere in the affairs of the military.

The third change concerned the TPLF and, concomitantly, the EPRDF. It was contradictory. On the one hand, the tentacles of the single party penetrate to every level of the administration: it has consumed the State from the inside. Its agenda takes absolute precedence. The TPLF holds the key positions in the nationalised companies and the web of “private” firms that in reality it controls, the so-called “parastatal companies”. Overall, this structure accounts for two thirds of the modern economy, excluding traditional agriculture. With its 5 million members – 300,000 in 2001 – the Party controls and directs the population as never before, right down to the smallest echelon of five or six households. On the other hand, the Party has been marginalised as a political institution and therefore left lifeless, if not brainless. The TPLF, not to mention the three other satellite parties, were reduced to mere instruments for the exercise of Meles’ personal power, an essential institution but nevertheless no more than an instrument.

This extreme concentration of multifarious powers in the hands of Meles Zenawi is one of the darkest aspects of his legacy: his death leaves a profound and multifaceted vacuum. Conversely, however, it also opens up an exceptional opportunity for change. First, politics and power, like nature, abhor a vacuum. Second, the Meles “model” is running out of steam. It will inevitably have to be refashioned.

Challenging the regime to change

Contestation from the Muslim opposition poses the most immediate challenge, perhaps the most serious for the regime since 1991. In order to counter what it sees as the rise of radical Islam, it is seeking to impose a “moderate” but completely marginal Islamic doctrine and to back its affiliates within the Islamic Affairs Supreme Council. Thirty-five percent of the population is officially Muslim[3] – the real figure is probably higher – along with around half of the Oromos, who also have strong aspirations to autonomy. Muslims, the vast majority of whom reject extremism of any kind, are calling – peacefully – for nothing more than the right to decide their religious affairs for themselves. The government is responding by repression. The stakes are huge: protest continues; so far, the government has never been ready to lose control of a large “civil society” organisation.

For a whole section of opinion, in particular within the diaspora, the major challenge that the regime will need to tackle and which will inevitably demand change is “the widespread democratic aspiration of Ethiopians”. But the scope and nature of this aspiration is open to question. The traditional and historical culture, which permeates the overwhelming majority of Ethiopian society, is still hierarchical and authoritarian. It is in perfect harmony with the “communist engineering” that moulded the TPLF from its inception and still shapes the ruling power.

With very few exceptions, the demand for a “strong leader”, who guarantees “peace and security”, is a national constant. Weak leadership opens the door to power struggles, which inevitably leads to “disorder” and the suffering that arises from it. Even the emerging middle class, usually seen as the spearhead of opposition to authoritarian regimes, largely shares this view. Whatever its criticisms of the regime, it desires stability above all. It largely believes that the country is too divided to undergo profound change without the risk of tragic turmoil.

Nevertheless, the aspiration for change is undeniable, though within certain limits. These relate first to inflation, which in September hit a peak of 40% overall, and 50% for food.[4] More profoundly, in this urban middle class and in the emerging group of “kulaks” in the countryside, this aspiration centres around what might be called personal professional empowerment, in other words: “let us go about our business as we want”, without the constant intervention and intrusion of the authorities, without having to swear fealty to the Party, without arbitrariness exacerbated by erratic and opaque regulations.

However, this change is not simply a matter of aspiration. Although the “developmental state”, in its current form, has brought remarkable progress, it has reached its limits. The first question concerns the reality of its achievements, notably the famous “double digit growth” since 2004, which the authorities constantly extol.[5] In fact, this figure is the product of a vicious circle. The government sets absurdly ambitious targets. The work of every public servant is assessed against those targets. Their careers depend on it. And of course, they claim to have achieved them. Then the targets are raised again. Once again, they claim to have met them. The lie becomes institutionalised. The gap between basic national realities and the image that the authorities perceive and communicate, from summit to base, has become so great that it could be said that Ethiopia has turn out to be not so much a Potemkin village, as a Potemkin country. Sooner or later, the authorities will have to deal with the shockwave that results when the truth inevitably comes out.[6]

Another shock will arise from the unsustainability of the funding of the developmental state. The government will no longer be able to invest enough to maintain growth at the same high levels as in recent years, unless it continues to print money, further fuelling inflation, or alternatively runs a continuing trade deficit, exacerbating its foreign currency crisis. But apart from stability, high growth is all the regime can offer in return for its authoritarianism. This is particularly true for the middle classes, which the regime wants as its constituency.

This is all the more significant because in the last generation the land has reached saturation point. Smallholder agriculture (employing four fifths of the workforce) is absolutely unable to absorb the 2 to 2.5 million young people who enter the labour market every year. Only massive private investment, mainly from abroad, can take up the slack.[7] However, this investment is slow to come because the Ethiopian-style developmental state distorts and inhibits normal market mechanisms too much for investors to be able to enjoy the entrepreneurial freedom they find elsewhere.[8]

Finally, the future of the Ethiopian-style developmental state is interlocked with the “national question”, whether in regard to the unresolved legacy of the conquest and submission of the borders of the Abyssinian empire at the turn of the 20th century, or to the unequal distribution of powers and assets in favour of the Tigrayans. The Ogaden National Liberation Front continues its armed struggle. The Oromo Liberation Front, although militarily a spent force, retains a large following.

After long containment, centrifugal forces are intensifying. The Oromo and Amhara elites in particular want a fairer balance. Two recent examples give a flavour of the tensions. The Oromo party does not want the chairman that the leadership wants to impose on it, but cannot impose the chairman that it wants. This deadlock was unthinkable when it was under Meles’ orders. Regions are beginning to demand a more tangible application of the federal system, in other words the beginnings of genuine autonomy, starting with… Tigray. However, in its current form, the ultra-centralism of the interwoven developmental state and revolutionary democracy is incompatible with authentic federalism.

To reshape either would threaten the very essence of power in Ethiopia, and its immemorial imperative: to control. This entails maintaining a constant and intrusive hold over the whole of society, with a single, ultimate and supreme goal: to retain power.

End of the "Meles line"? Four scenarios

However, the writing is on the wall. The “Meles line” will not always have an answer for everything. Forthcoming events will demand change, even the partial rejection of that line. An accumulation of tensions and conflicts, kept in check by Meles’ iron grip, will inevitably emerge. The floodgates are beginning to open. Never before, for example, has a major newspaper, whose survival depends on continuous self-censorship, dared to go so far in its criticism of the EPRDF. Beginning with a statement of fact – that the Front does not have “a popular base and support” – The Reporter then calls on the party “to clean up its house” because “it is riddled with corruption from top to bottom!”. A change of direction and a reshuffling of the cards seem inevitable. In my view, there are four possible ways these changes could go.

In one scenario, the current leaders, who largely equate to the dominant oligarchy, cling to their positions and privileges. Economic, social and political tensions rise. They respond with more repression, for which all the necessary instruments are in place. However, this does seem a likely scenario. According to confidences shared with people close to them, most are convinced that Meles’ death signals the end of an era and that the status quo is untenable.

A second possibility that cannot be completely ruled out, despite the leaden weight that bears down on society and the intense fear it arouses, is a popular, spontaneous and unforeseeable explosion, triggered by a minor incident, spreading like wildfire, fuelled by social and, in particular, ethnic tensions. The regime would spare no effort to suppress it, but could ultimately be overwhelmed by events.

In the developmental state, government revenues are certainly centralised at the top, but then largely redistributed to implement a long-term development plan, although this redistribution is becoming increasingly limited as corruption rises. Meles was the final guarantor of this redistributive process. Who, what political force, what counterbalancing element could protect Ethiopia from the predatory evolution observed in so many developing countries, in particular those where a “revolutionary elite” holds all the levers of power (in black Africa, for example, Angola or Mozambique)? In this third scenario, these revenues would continue to be centralised but would remain mostly with the central oligarchy, the residue being redistributed through a structure of cronyism. Growth could continue at a sufficient level for the oligarchic regime to survive, but “development” would fall by the wayside.

In the fourth scenario, this party/state control would be relaxed, obviously not to the point of genuine democratisation, but through some liberalisation in the economic sphere. More or less the Chinese “model”. Circumstances and events favour this scenario. Meles’ death has led to a fragmentation of power centres, which are weakly structured and cancel each other out, because none at this stage is in a position to take a lead. For example, no agreement could be reached on filling the only vacant cabinet post, that of Minister of Foreign Affairs. And for weeks no one was able to force Azeb Mesfin, wife of the late prime minister, to leave the National Palace, where she no longer had any reason to remain.

Contest at the top

The TPLF’s current leadership no longer has the intellectual capacity or sufficiently strong personalities to become what historically it was, at least in the short term: the epicentre of power, exercising full political hegemony. It has also been weakened by its many divisions. Divisions between “hardliners”, holding fast to their historic dominance, and “moderates”, for whom a relaxation is unavoidable; between Tigreans in Tigray and those outside; between generations, the “old timers” and the “fortysomethings”. The former include many who, sidelined by Meles in the name of generational change, want to get back into the game. However, they are old, and even in many cases physically enfeebled. The second group, recently promoted by Meles, and much less political than technocratic, individualistic, opportunistic and even – according to their detractors – cynical, have no intention of giving ground.

Two major factions can also be identified: one that the major losers of 2001 want to build (including Siye Abraha and Gebru Asrat,[9] who are still very popular with rank-and-file members of the Front), the other centred around its patriarch, Shebat Nega, a master schemer and long-time mentor of Meles before the latter marginalised him.

And finally, there is the enigma Azeb Mesfin. Fiery and unpredictable, she was the main troublemaker in the succession process, the leading figure in the minority that opposed the appointment of Hailemariam Dessalegn. She holds a strong hand, including an intimate understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of all the players, close links with the security services, leadership of the TPLF’s economic conglomerate and supporters amongst cadres of the Front, those who would have the most to lose if the cards were reshuffled.

A few other names stand out from the pack. The intelligent and highly respected Arkebe Enquay won more votes than Meles at the 2008 TPLF conference, but lost out in 2010. Debretsion Gebremichael is seen as the Front’s rising star. This young engineering graduate, a senior figure in the security services, has a reputation as a hardliner. His sudden promotion to number two in the Front is all the more significant in that the titular number one, Abay Wolde, is widely perceived as something of a cipher. And then finally, there are a pair of Amhara party bosses, Addissu Leguesse, its former chairman, and the ever-present Berket Simon, who was also very close to Meles.

However, understanding the game being played out at the top is exceptionally difficult, and not only because of the wall of secrecy around it. A political analysis provides only a small part of the picture. Much more important now are each player’s economic positions – since most of the leaders also have their own businesses – the very close family ties within the Tigrayan elite, geographical origins, personal friendships and enmities. The web these form is virtually impossible to untangle.

Nonetheless, three dominant poles seem to be emerging: the brainless but still tentacular TPLF, and the security services with their osmotic relations with certain leaders of the Front; the army, closely intertwined with the TPLF, though more ethnically than institutionally; and finally, the new Prime Minister.

Hailemarian Dessalegn has taken great care to stress his desire “to work on the basis of collective leadership”. In fact, within the small fringe of public opinion that has a view on the matter, he is seen almost unanimously as a transitional prime minister, a sort of regent accountable to what might be described as a “regency committee” comprising, according to sources, four to six members, all from the old guard and all but one from Tigray. The view is that Hailemariam’s interim mandate will end once the TPLF has finally designated the real successor. For the Front’s supremacy is still perceived as irrevocable and the history of Ethiopia as immutable: “collective leaderships” are temporary and unfailingly end with the ascent of a new “strong leader”.

A renewal of the authoritarian compact?

At 47, Dessalegn has stated that he wants to remain in post at least until the 2015 selections, and even that he may seek re-election. He is said to be intelligent, open, unshakeable in his principles, possessed of great natural authority. He appears as a Meles clone in terms of policy. But no one knows if he would be able to go his own way, develop his own doctrine, be his own man. He belongs to none of the three big ethnic groups. He is a Protestant. No Ethiopian leader has ever had to overcome these two handicaps. Could Medvedev step into Putin’s shoes?

His trump card is his twofold legitimacy. The first legitimacy he owes to Meles. Even his putative rivals, particularly within the TPLF, cannot at this stage contest this without undermining other aspects of the “great leader’s” legacy. It is doubtful that they would do so as long as Meles’ long shadow lies across the political stage. In addition, it is this legacy that continues to bind and guide the current leadership. And finally, it is this that they need to use to legitimise the maintenance of their current positions.

The second source of legitimacy is more deep-rooted and lasting. “The ruling king is my king”, as the saying goes. The whole country is impregnated with an ancestral sense of hierarchy, of submission to established authority. The aspiration for an incontestable and uncontested leader is strong. Hailemariam Dessalegn is now simultaneously executive leader and chair of what is essentially the single party, and therefore, at least in name, also heads the TPLF, the army and the security services. In this capacity, he has his hands on virtually all the institutional levers of power. These levers are not only intrinsic; their strength is also significantly increased by this ancestral sense of hierarchy. Finally, he stands at the summit of the infrastructure of absolute power passed on intact by Meles.

The forces facing him, for the moment at least, are disunited, scattered and disparate. There is no tangible, structured counterforce, underpinned by a strong base and possessing a strategy commensurate with the challenges. The army is in its bunker, but there is no reason why he should not find the same modus vivendi with it as Meles, especially as there is no sign of a Bonaparte waiting in the wings.

Finally, Hailemariam Dessalegn has the time to patiently forge his own position, if he has the capacity. There does not seem to be any single figure strong enough to open hostilities in the near future, or adventurous enough to take the country into the unknown.

[1] Its four components each represents a major ethnic group: Tigrayan (6% of the population), Oromo (37%), Amhara (23%) and the mosaic of Southern peoples (20%). The Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front was the spearhead and major winner of the victory over the Derg military junta in 1991.

[2] Ethiopia is a federal republic.

[3] Compared with 41% Orthodox Christians and 20% Protestants.

[4] In a two-year period, civil servants lost around half their purchasing power. Peasants, half of whom are net buyers of food, often claim that “inflation is worse than prison”.

[5] Although, officially, the annual growth rate has been more than 10% since 2004, in reality it has been considerably less, probably some 6% to 7%. It continues to fall. “Even before the onset of the 2008 crisis, Ethiopia’s economy was already slowing down” (World Bank Report N°71884-ET, August 29, 2012).

[6] International organisations like the IMF, and large donor countries, have finally begun to doubt the official statistics, including those for growth rate and agricultural production. According to assessments by certain large international development institutions, official grain production is overstated by some 30%.

[7] Foreign direct investment is amongst the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa per head of population.

[8] “Despite some positive developments in industry and service sectors, Ethiopia has been a difficult place to do business”, World Bank Report N°71884-ET, August 29, 2012.

[9] Siye Abraha was one of the founders of the Front and its leading military figure. Gebru Asrat, a historic leader of the TPLF, was the president of the Tigray region at the time of his expulsion.


በራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም የተሰየመው ት/ቤት በመለስ ዜናዊ ተቀየረ

Tuesday, November 27th, 2012

በራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም የተሰየመው ት/ቤት በመለስ ዜናዊ ተቀየረ

(ከእየሩሳሌም አርአያ)

በትግራይ ተምቤን – አቢይ አዲ የሚገኘውና በጀግናው ራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም ተሰይሞ የቆየው የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ት/ቤት ስያሜው ተቀይሮ በመለስ ዜናዊ ስም እንዲሰየም መወሰኑን ታማኝ ምንጮች አስታወቁ።

በደርግ ዘመን የተሰራውና በራስ አሉላ ስም ተሰይሞ የ 9 – 10ኛ ክፍል ተማሪዎችን ተቀብሎ ሲያስተምር ከቆየ በኋላ ከ2002 ዓ.ም ጀምሮ የት/ቤቱን አቅም ለማሳደግ በሚል የ11-12ኛ መመሪያ ክፍሎችን ለመገንባት በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ አገራት የሚገኙ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ገንዘብ አዋጥተው ስራው መከናወኑን ምንጮቹ ጠቁመዋል። ግንባታው ተጠናቆ ባለፈው ነሃሴ ወር ለማስመረቅ በዝግጅት ላይ እንዳለ አቶ መለስ በማለፋቸው ፕሮግራሙ መሰረዙን ሲታወቅ; ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት በተከናወነው የምረቃ ስነ-ስርአት የክልሉ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣናት በስፍራው እንደተገኙ ማወቅ ተችሎዋል።

ከምረቃው ጋር በተያያዘ የራስ አሉላ አባነጋ ስም ተሰርዞ “መለስ ዜናዊ ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ት/ቤት” ተብሎ መሰየሙን ባለስልጣናቱ በይፋ እንደገለጹ ምንጮች አረጋግጠዋል። በት/ቤቱ በይፋ የመለስ ስም ተፅፎ መለጠፉ ተጠቁሞዋል። በህዝብ ገንዘብ መዋጮ የተገነባን ት/ቤት በጡንቻና በማን አለብኝነት ህዝብን በመናቅ የተፈጸመ ተግባር ነው ሲሉ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ማውገዛቸው ታውቁዋል።

በተለይ በአውስትራሊያ፡ ጀርመን፡ ኖርዌይ፡ አሜሪካ፡ ካናዳና… ሌሎች አገራት የሚኖሩ የአካባቢው ተወላጆች ባካሄዱት ቴሌ ኮንፈረንስ ከፍተኛ ተቃውሞ ማሰማታቸውን ተሳታፊዎቹ ገልጸዋል። ተሳታፊዎቹ እንዳሉት « የአፄ ምንሊክን፡ የሰማዕቱ አቡነ ጴጥሮስን ሃውልት ለማፍረስ የተጀመረው አፍራሽ እንቅስቃሴ ወደ ራስ አሉላ ተሻግሮዋል። ይህ የሚያመለክተው የቆየውን የኢትዮጲያን ታሪክ ለማጥፋት ቆርጠው መነሳታቸውን ነው። ይህ ትውልድ ታሪኩን አስጠብቆ የማቆየትና የተጀመረው አደገኛ አፍራሽ እንቅስቃሴ ከማውገዝ ባለፈ ለትግል መነሳሳት አለበት።ኢትዮጲያዊያን እጅ ለእጅ መያያዝ አለብን፤» ብለዋል። አክለውም « የኢትዮጲያዊነት ጉልህ መታወቂያና መገለጫ የሆኑ አኩሪ ታሪኰችንና ታሪክ ሰሪ ጀግኖችን ለማጥፋት ኤርትራዊው ቴውድሮስ ሃጎስ፡ በረከት ስሞንና ስብሃት ነጋ የሚመሩት አካል በአገራችን ላይ የጥፋት ዘመቻ ከፍተዋል» ሲሉ አንድ ተሳታፊ ተናግረዋል። « የዶጋሊ ዘመቻ » በሚል በየአመቱ ራስ አሉላ የሚዘከሩበት ታሪካዊ ቀን እንደነበረና ሕወሓት ወደ ስልጣን ከመጣ በሑዋላ ግን ይህ እንዲቀር መደረጉን እነዚሁ ወገኖች ያስታውሳሉ።

በሌላም በኩል በመቀሌ ከተማ ፒያሳ አካባቢ የአፄ ዮሃንስን መታሰቢያ ሃውልት ለማቆም ተጀምሮ የነበረው እንቀስቃሴ እንዲቆም መደረጉን የቅርብ ምንጮች አጋልጠዋል። ባለፈው አመት ከህዝብ በተዋጣ ገንዘብ ሓውልቱን ለማቆም የመሰረት ድንጋይ ተጥሎ እንደነበር ጠቁመው፤ በኋላ ግን “የእስልምና ሀይማኖት ተከታዮች ስለተቃወሙ ሃውልቱን መስራት አይቻልም» በማለት እነ ቴውድሮስ ሃጎስ መወሰናቸውን ምንጮቹ ገልፀው፦ “አሳፋሪና ተቀባይነት የሌለው ተራ ምክንያት» ሲሉ ሁኔታውን በቅርብ የተከታተሉት ምንጮች አጣጥለውታል።
ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ በአድዋ ከተማ አደባባይ ላይ ተሰቅሎ የነበረ የመለስ ፖስተር ተቀዳዶ መጣሉን ምንጮች ጠቆሙ። የክልሉ ካድሬዎች «የመድረክ ተለጣፊ የሆነው አረና ፓርቲ ነው ይህን የፈፀመው » በማለት ያልተጨበጠ የፈጠራ ወሬ እያሰራጩና እየዛቱ ነው ያሉት ምንጮች አክለውም ድርጊቱን የፈፀመው የአካባቢው ህዝብ እንጂ የትኛውም ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አይደለም ብለዋል።

http://www.ethiomedia.com/assert/alula_name_change.pdf


Senator McCain threatens to withold U.S. aid to Egypt over President Morsi’s power grab

Monday, November 26th, 2012

McCain threatens to end aid to Egypt

Power grab stirs protest in Cairo

By Sean Lengell, The Washington Times

As U.S. political leaders rebuked Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Sunday for his decree to assume sweeping new powers, police in central Cairo fired tear gas at protesters who accused him of a blatant power grab.

Sen. John McCain, Arizona Republican, said that while the U.S. is thankful for Mr. Morsi’s help facilitating a cease-fire between Israel and the Gaza Strip’s Hamas rulers, he criticized Mr. Morsi’s decision to give himself near-absolute power, which has prompted days of violent street protests in Egypt.

"To assume this kind of power is unacceptable to the United States of America," Mr. McCain said on "Fox News Sunday."

The senator warned that Egypt risks a "repeat of the Iranian experience in the 1970s," referring to the 1979 Iranian revolution in which street demonstrations overthrew the regime of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, a pro-American dictator, only to put into power a repressive Islamist theocracy.

Mr. McCain, who is the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the U.S. should threaten to withhold billions of dollars in aid to Egypt unless Mr. Morsi returns to a more democratic path.

"This is not what the United States and American taxpayers expect and our dollars will be directly related to the progress towards democracy, which you promised the people of Egypt, when your party and you were elected president," he said.

Mr. McCain also blamed Iran for escalating violence in the Middle East, saying it’s time "to start facing up to what is one of the prime reasons why there is the kind of unrest."

"Where did the missiles come from that were being fired [by Hamas on Israel]? Iran. Where are the Iranian Revolutionary Guard on the ground? In Syria. The [nuclear] centrifuges continue to spin in Tehran," he said.

Sen. Carl Levin, a Michigan Democrat who heads the Senate Armed Services Committee, urged Mr. Morsi "to point out that behind all of this is Iran" and to take a defiant stance against Tehran and its growing influence in the Middle East.

"Iran’s support of Hamas, Hezbollah, Syria and the way that is then filtered into weaponry that goes through Egypt into Gaza — if that could be stopped by Egypt … [then that] is going to take leverage away from Iran," Mr. Levin said on NBC’s "Meet the Press."

"If Egypt will take a strong role here to stop the tunnels from being used for weaponry getting to Gaza, this could lead to a real plus."

Egyptian protesters clashed Sunday with police in Cairo’s Tahrir Square — birthplace of the popular uprising that last year toppled President Hosni Mubarak — and in the side streets and avenues leading off the plaza.

The Interior Ministry, which is in charge of the police, said 267 protesters had been arrested and 164 policemen injured since the unrest began a week ago, initially to mark the anniversary of street protests against the military rulers in place last year.

Fighting between supporters and opponents of Mr. Morsi wasn’t limited to Cairo. A young Muslim was killed Sunday in clashes outside a Muslim Brotherhood office in the town of Damanhour, south of Egypt’s second city, Alexandria, an Islamist leader told Agence France-Presse. It’s the first reported casualty since the Egyptian leader’s constitutional declaration Thursday that places him above oversight of any kind, including that of the courts.

The judiciary has resisted Mr. Morsi’s decrees, as judges and prosecutors stayed away from several courts in Cairo and across much of the country.

Egyptian democracy advocate Mohamed ElBaradei warned Saturday of increasing turmoil that could lead to military intervention unless Mr. Morsi rescinds his new powers, as the country’s long-fragmented opposition sought to unite and rally protests. Last week, Mr. ElBaradei accused Mr. Morsi of making himself a "new pharaoh" with his power grab.

Mr. Morsi’s office Sunday issued an English-language statement defending his decrees, repeating the argument he used when addressing supporters Friday outside his Cairo palace that the measures were designed to bolster the country’s transition to democratic rule and dismantle the Mubarak regime.

"The presidency reiterates the temporary nature of the said measures, which are not meant to concentrate powers," it stated.

Egypt’s benchmark stock index plunged by nearly 10 percent Sunday in the first trading session since Mr. Morsi’s edicts.

The losses, estimated to be about $5 billion, were among the biggest since the turbulent days and weeks immediately after Mr. Mubarak’s ouster.

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/201 … xtremists/


Nile fears turn toward south

Monday, November 26th, 2012

Experts are wary of South Sudan, considering that it controls the White Nile, the other source of the Great Nile. That is problematic because the West and Israel could use their influence with South Sudan to put pressure on Egypt.

By Ibrahim Al-Jack

The African Research and Studies Centre at the International University of Africa held a forum last week titled "Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and Its Effects on Egypt and Sudan."

The minister of electricity and irrigation, Dr. Tabitha Butrus; the Ethiopian irrigation minister; the Ethiopian ambassador to Sudan, Abadi Zemo; and many experts in agriculture, irrigation, and environment attended the forum.

Ethiopia denies any intention to block water from Egypt and Sudan.

The Ethiopian irrigation minister, Ilambo Timno, denied any intentions to block water saying that Ethiopia only wants to use the dam to generate electricity. He mentioned that late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zinawi called on both Sudan and Egypt to take part in establishing the dam, but they have not.

He promised that Ethiopia has no hidden agenda. "The dam has many positive effects on the Nile Basin countries," he claimed.

He continued, "Forums like these offer the chance to exchange points of view, opinions, and more research."

He explained that the dam will help maintain the water level all year round and increase fishery production. Sudan will also benefit immensely, considering that there will be an abundance of water supply, especially in River Atbara, that can be used to improve agriculture and develop areas on the border between Sudan and Ethiopia. He called for partnerships to be built among Nile Basin countries to realise mutual benefits. Again, he denied that there is any reason for Egypt and Sudan to be wary of the dam.

Former Irrigation Minister Professor Saif Aldin Hamad said Ethiopia has 123 billion cubic metres of water, of which 97% is not used. He added that very little land is cultivated where water is scarce. The area surrounding the dam is not incapable of cultivation, he continued, but Sudan will benefit from the dam, considering it is dependent on the natural flow of the Nile and does not have and does not have the means to store its waters. That is where the Ethiopian dam comes in. It will help by storing up water, from which Sudan will benefit in more than way, such as: limited evaporation and doubled electricity production in Roseiris, Sinnar, and Meroe.

The benefits from the Ethiopian dam can be fairly imaginable, given that it stores up 74 billion cubic metres of water.

Advantages of the dam

The Ethiopian minister of energy and mining, Alfakki Ahmed Najash, said Ethiopia and Sudan will benefit immensely from this dam in irrigation and agriculture. But, he added, Nile Basin countries have different opinions on it.

Engineer Abdulhalim Alturabi said there are many benefits that can be reaped from this dam, but cooperation in establishing and running it is a prerequisite. He went on to say, "Ethiopia does not have vast land that can be farmed, and Sudan does. Ethiopia, therefore, cannot afford hostile relations with Sudan. The two countries must build their relations around being totally open with each other. They must exchange benefits because, in Sudan’s perspective, Ethiopia has a lot of potential and a work force that Sudan is in need of.”

Importance of Consensus on the Dam

A political analyst, Professor Hassan Alsaori, said it is important for the Nile Basin countries to have a consensus on the dam, especially as Ethiopia will control 86% of the Nile’s water after the dam is completed.

He said consensus is important, because without it, Ethiopia will have the upper hand and leverage in any dispute among Nile Basin countries because it will hold the “Nile water card.”
He said it is only fair that Egypt and Sudan take part in establishing and running the dam to be certain that their part of the Nile is safe.

Fears are steered south

Many experts argue that Ethiopia does not want to make a unilateral move regarding the dam to ensure it does not threaten regional security. In that regard, it is most careful to reassure Sudan and Egypt.

But the same experts were wary of South Sudan, considering that it controls the White Nile, the other source of the Great Nile. That is problematic because the West and Israel could use their influence with South Sudan to put pressure on Egypt. Sudan and Egypt have doubts that the newly founded and politically unstable country of South Sudan would take unilateral steps to decrease the portions of Nile water to which Sudan and Egypt are entitled. Such a step would jeopardise the regional and national security of Egypt and that of Sudan in the process.


Governments from authoritarian states meet in Dubai to plot take over of the Internet

Monday, November 26th, 2012

The U.N.’s Internet Sneak Attack

Letting the Internet be rewired by bureaucrats would be like handing a Stradivarius to a gorilla.

The Wall Street Journal

INFORMATION AGE
November 25, 2012, 4:24 p.m. ET

By L. GORDON CROVITZ

Who runs the Internet? For now, the answer remains no one, or at least no government, which explains the Web’s success as a new technology. But as of next week, unless the U.S. gets serious, the answer could be the United Nations.

Many of the U.N.’s 193 member states oppose the open, uncontrolled nature of the Internet. Its interconnected global networks ignore national boundaries, making it hard for governments to censor or tax. And so, to send the freewheeling digital world back to the state control of the analog era, China, Russia, Iran and Arab countries are trying to hijack a U.N. agency that has nothing to do with the Internet.

For more than a year, these countries have lobbied an agency called the International Telecommunications Union to take over the rules and workings of the Internet. Created in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union, the ITU last drafted a treaty on communications in 1988, before the commercial Internet, when telecommunications meant voice telephone calls via national telephone monopolies.

Next week the ITU holds a negotiating conference in Dubai, and past months have brought many leaks of proposals for a new treaty. U.S. congressional resolutions and much of the commentary, including in this column, have focused on proposals by authoritarian governments to censor the Internet. Just as objectionable are proposals that ignore how the Internet works, threatening its smooth and open operations.

Having the Internet rewired by bureaucrats would be like handing a Stradivarius to a gorilla. The Internet is made up of 40,000 networks that interconnect among 425,000 global routes, cheaply and efficiently delivering messages and other digital content among more than two billion people around the world, with some 500,000 new users a day.

Many of the engineers and developers who built and operate these networks belong to virtual committees and task forces coordinated by an international nonprofit called the Internet Society. The society is home to the Internet Engineering Task Force (the main provider of global technical standards) and other volunteer groups such as the Internet Architecture Board and the Internet Research Task Force. Another key nongovernmental group is Icann, which assigns Internet addresses and domain names.

The self-regulating Internet means no one has to ask for permission to launch a website, and no government can tell network operators how to do their jobs. The arrangement has made the Internet a rare place of permissionless innovation. As former Federal Communications Commission Chairman William Kennard recently pointed out, 90% of cooperative "peering" agreements among networks are "made on a handshake," adjusting informally as needs change.

Proposals for the new ITU treaty run to more than 200 pages. One idea is to apply the ITU’s long-distance telephone rules to the Internet by creating a "sender-party-pays" rule. International phone calls include a fee from the originating country to the local phone company at the receiving end. Under a sender-pays approach, U.S.-based websites would pay a local network for each visitor from overseas, effectively taxing firms such as Google and Facebook . The idea is technically impractical because unlike phone networks, the Internet doesn’t recognize national borders. But authoritarians are pushing the tax, hoping their citizens will be cut off from U.S. websites that decide foreign visitors are too expensive to serve.

Regimes such as Russia and Iran also want an ITU rule letting them monitor Internet traffic routed through or to their countries, allowing them to eavesdrop or block access.

"The Internet is highly complex and highly technical," Sally Wentworth of the Internet Society told me recently, "yet governments are the only ones making decisions at the ITU, putting the Internet at their mercy." She says the developers and engineers who actually run the Internet find it "mind boggling" that governments would claim control. As the Internet Society warns, "Technology moves faster than any treaty process ever can."

Google has started an online petition for a "free and open Internet" saying: "Governments alone, working behind closed doors, should not direct its future." The State Department’s top delegate to the Dubai conference, Terry Kramer, has pledged that the U.S. won’t let the ITU expand its authority to the Internet. But he hedged his warning in a recent presentation in Washington: "We don’t want to come across like we’re preaching to others."

To the contrary, the top job for the U.S. delegation at the ITU conference is to preach the virtues of the open Internet as forcefully as possible. Billions of online users are counting on America to make sure that their Internet is never handed over to authoritarian governments or to the U.N.

A version of this article appeared November 25, 2012, on page A15 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: The U.N.’s Internet Sneak Attack.

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB1000142 … 52508.html


The Tall Tale of Susan Rice

Monday, November 26th, 2012

srOn September 2, 2012, Susan Rice, the U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., delivered a nauseatingly sentimental oration at the funeral of Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. She called Meles “selfless and tireless” and “totally dedicated to his work and family.” She said he was “tough, unsentimental and sometimes unyielding. And, of course, he had little patience for fools, or idiots, as he liked to call them.”  The “fools” and “idiots” that Rice caricatured with rhetorical gusto and flair are Ethiopia’s  independent  journalists, opposition leaders, dissidents, political prisoners, civil society leaders and human rights advocates.Watching the video of her eulogy, one could easily say she “had gone native” completely. But it was clear that her aim was to deliver the last punch to the gut of Meles’ opponents as a sendoff present.

As the old saying goes, “birds of a feather flock together”. Rice, like Meles, likes to insult and humiliate those who disagree with her. She had a reputation in the State Department as boor and a bit of a bully; or as those who knew her say, she was a “bull-in-a-china-shop”. She is known for verbal pyrotechnics, shouting matches and finger wagging at meetings. On one occasion, she is reported to have flipped her middle finger at the late Richard Holbrooke, the dean of American diplomats, at a senior State Department staff meeting. Prior to the onset of the air campaign in Libya in March 2012, France’s U.N. ambassador, Gerard Araud, advised Rice that the European Union would seek a no-fly zone resolution from the Security Council regardless of U.S. support. She gave Araud the verbal equivalent of a kick in the rear end: “You’re not going to drag us into your shitty war.” She later tried to claim full credit for the effort: “We need to be prepared to contemplate steps that include, but perhaps go beyond, a no-fly zone at this point, as the situation on the ground has evolved, and as a no-fly zone has inherent limitations in terms of protection of civilians at immediate risk.” This past July when China and Russia at the U.N. blocked adoption of language linking climate change to international security, she lambasted them as “pathetic” and “shortsighted” and accused them of “dereliction of duty.”

That was then. In the past several days, Rice was on the receiving end. Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham virtually called Rice a fool and an idiot for her statements following the U.S. Consulate attack in Benghazi, Libya on September 11 in which four Americans were murdered. Rice appeared on five national Sunday talk shows five days after the attack and made the boldfaced claim that the attack on the consulate “was a spontaneous — not a premeditated — response to what had transpired in Cairo in response to this very offensive video that was disseminated”. According to Rice, the protest by a “small number of people who came to the consulate” was “hijacked” by “clusters of extremists who came with heavier weapons.”

Senator McCain showed “little patience for fools, or idiots” and fairy tales when he angrily threatened  to block Rice if she were nominated to become Secretary of State: “Susan Rice should have known better, and if she didn’t know better, she’s not qualified. She has proven that she either doesn’t understand or she is not willing to accept evidence on its face. There is no doubt five days later what this attack was and for.”  Rice’s Benghazi story was reminiscent of the bedtime stories of the late Meles Zenawi.

Truth be told, only a “fool” or an “idiot” would not know or reasonably surmise the attack on the U.S. consulate  was a terrorist act. CIA Director David Petraeus recently testified that from the moment he heard of the attack, he knew it was a terrorist act. He included this fact in the talking points he sent to the White House which somehow got redacted form Rice’s public statements. The experts and pundits also called it a terrorist act. For Rice, it was a protest gone wrong.

But there remain a number of puzzling questions: Why was Rice selected to become the point person on the attack in light of President Obama’s defense that Rice “had nothing to do with Benghazi.” Why didn’t Hilary Clinton step up to explain what happened? Did the White House throw Rice under the bus to save Hilary? Was Rice supposed to provide plausible deniability and political cover until the election was over by calling a manifest terrorist attack a protest over an offensive anti-Muslim video?  Did Rice have to fall on the Benghazi sword to divert attention or delay accountability for the Administration’s failure to take appropriate preventive action in Benghazi as the price for nomination to the job of Secretary of State? Or was the White House trying to showcase Rice’s diplomatic adroitness and savvy in a futile attempt to bridge her unbridgeable competence and “stature gap” to become America’s foreign policy chief?

President Obama was ready to drive a lance through the heart of Republican villains hell bent on capturing and devouring his prevaricating damsel in distress. He told McCain and Graham to bring it on. If the Republican duo and their buddies “want to go after somebody, they should go after me. But for them to go after the U.N. ambassador? Who had nothing to do with Benghazi? And was simply making a presentation based on intelligence that she had received? To besmirch her reputation is outrageous.” That was great drama staged by “no drama Obama.” 

What is mindboggling is the fact that Rice would believe and earnestly propagate such a cock-and-bull story about the Benghazi attack. Rice is a person with extraordinary credentials. She is a graduate of Stanford and Oxford Universities and a Rhodes scholar to boot! She was a top official in the National Security Agency and an Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs in the Clinton Administration. She has two decades of solid high level foreign policy experience. Yet five days after the attack, Rice shuttled from one news talk show to another telling the American people the Benghazi attack was not an act of terrorism. Is that willful ignorance, foolishness or idiocy?

The fact that the attack occurred on September 11 –  a day that shall live in infamy in American history — and the attackers used their trademark “heavier weapons” (to use Rice’s words) of terrorism — pickup mounted machine guns, AK-47s, RPGs, hand grenades, mortars and IEDs — meant nothing to Rice. The fact that in Libya today there are all sorts of militias, rebel groups, Islamist radicals and terrorist cells are operating freely did not suggest the strong possibility of a terrorist attack for Rice. The fact that Gadhafi made Libya a state sponsor of terrorism for decades provided no historical context for Rice. Simply stated, in the Benghazi attack Rice saw something that looked like a duck, walked like a duck and quacked like a duck, but she concluded it was a giraffe.

The race card-ists and race baiters came out in full battle dress to defend Rice against charges of  “incompetence”. Rep. Jim Clyburn, House Assistant Democratic Leader, was the first to strike a blow by politicizing Rice’s incompetence. “You know, these are code words. These kinds of terms that those of us — especially those of us who were grown and raised in the South — we’ve been hearing these little words and phrases all of our lives and we get insulted by them. Susan Rice is as competent as anybody you will find.”  A group of democratic lawmakers delivered a second salvo charging “sexism and racism”. That was the shot across the bow and the message to the Republicans is clear:

Obama wants Rice as Secretary of State. He has won re-election. Rice will be nominated. Republicans who oppose her will be tarred and feathered as racists, sexists and misogynists persecuting a competent black woman. They will be demonized, dehumanized and discredited in the media. The democrats have 55 votes in the Senate and will be able to peel off at least 5 Republicans to end a filibuster. Rice will get the job of Secretary of State. Republicans will have eggs on their faces and will look like fools and idiots at the end of the day.

Such is the Democrat game plan and screenplay for victory and triumph in the Rice nomination. The Republicans will probably put up a nominal fight but will eventually fold under a withering Democrat attack. Rice will rise triumphant.

Rice’s confirmation as Secretary of State will be a sad day for American foreign policy because she is simply not qualified to be America’s diplomat-in-chief. Her confirmation will mark the saddest day for human rights throughout the world and particularly in Africa. Thetired, the poor, the huddled masses of Africa yearning to breath free will continue to find themselves in the iron chokehold of African dictators for another four years as Rice turns a blind eye to massive human rights violations. African dictators will be beating their drums and dancing in the streets. They will be happier than pigs in mud. They know she will have their backs for another four years. With Rice at the helm, there will be more money, more aid and more loans for African dictators. But the truth must be told. Calling Rice “incompetent” is a fact, not a racially coded denigration of African Americans. To paraphrase Clyburn, Rice is as incompetent as you will find.

The Peter Principle essentially states that in an organization where promotion is based on achievement, success, and merit, that organization’s members will eventually be promoted beyond their level of ability. In other words, “employees tend to rise to their level of incompetence.” The Dilbert principle states organizations tend to systematically promote their least-competent employees to higher management positions in order to limit the amount of damage they are capable of doing. If Rice succeeds Hilary Clinton, she will be a living example of the fusion of the Peter and Dilbert Principles at the highest level of the American government.

Let the truth be told: Susan Rice is simply not competent to become U.S. Secretary of State! To be a competent diplomat-in-chief of a great country, fundamental moral integrity is a necessity. Rice is incompetent because she lacks not only the moral judgment to tell right from wrong and truth from falsehood, but she is also incapable of distinguishing between two wrongs. In March 2012, Rice scathingly condemned Iran, North Korea and Syria “for their mass violations of human rights”. On September 2, 2012, she delivered a canonizing oration at the funeral of one of the ruthless dictators in recent African history. Twelve days before Rice recited Meles’ hagiography, Human Rights Watch issued a report stating, “Ethiopia has seen a sharp deterioration in civil and political rights, with mounting restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and assembly. The ruling party has increasingly consolidated its power, weakening the independence of core institutions such as the judiciary and the independent media that are crucial to the rule of law.”

A competent Secretary of State must have a working knowledge of military operations. Rice is clueless about military and paramilitary operations. She said the Benghazi attackers used “heavier weapons” but she could not connect the signature weapons of terrorists to the attackers who used them. Cluelessly or disingenuously, she tried to convince Americans and the world that a coordinated assault on a U.S. consulate in Benghazi was caused by “a small number of people” whose “protest” had gone awry!

A competent Secretary of State must have sound political judgment. Despite her stellar education and broad experience in foreign policy, Rice has traded intellectual integrity and prudence for blind political ambition. She seems incapable of discerning truth from falsehood even when it is obvious. She seems to have little concern for the truth or falsity of what she says; and evidently, she will say anything to advance her political ambitions in reckless disregard for the manifest truth. As Senator McCain perceptively observed, “she either doesn’t understand or she is not willing to accept evidence on its face”. She also does not seem to understand or appreciate the fact that a high level public official in her position has an obligation to undertake due diligence to find out what is true and what is false before swaggering in public peddling boldfaced lies.

A competent Secretary of State diplomat must subordinate his/her political ambitions to his/her patriotic duty to those who put their lives on the line to defend American values. Rice is incompetent because she will put her own political ambitions and loyalties to her political party above her patriotic duty to her fallen compatriots. She is a person for whom political expediency and opportunism are the creed of life.  She will blindly tow the party line and support a policy without regard to principles or scruples. In other words, Susan Rice is a party hack and not material for the job of America’s diplomat-in-chief.

A competent Secretary of State must have intellectual courage and conviction. Rice is incompetent because she lacks intellectual courage, commitment and conviction. In a scholarly writing in 2006, Rice energetically argued that “Mali [as] an example of a well-governed country that suffers from capacity gaps that extremist groups have been able to exploit.  Mali cooperates fully with the United States on counterterrorism matters.”  In April 2012, when radical Islamist rebels took over Northern Mali and split the country in half, all she could offer was an empty statement calling on “all parties in Mali (including murderous terrorists) to seek a peaceful solution through appropriate political dialogue.” She folded her hands and watched for nearly four years doing nothing as Mali spiraled from a “well-governed country” to a divided strife-stricken country half of which today is a haven for murderous terrorists. Rice will talk the talk but not walk the talk.

A competent Secretary of State must be tempered in language and demeanor. Rice is incompetent because she lacks diplomatic temperament and thrives on being antagonistic, condescending and disrespectful to colleagues and other diplomats. A bullying and loose cannon Secretary of State cannot perform his/her job competently. She has a disgusting scatological lexicon. She is intolerant and arrogant and will try to vilify into submission those who disagree with her.

It is said that “stupid is as stupid does”; so “incompetent is as incompetent does”. I hope President Obama will not nominate Rice to replace Clinton. But I believe he will and we will all get to see a Shakespearean mini-drama at the confirmation hearings: “To be, or not to be (Secretary of State): that is the question (for Rice):/Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer (for all the lies she has told)/ The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune (in a Senate confirmation hearing),/ Or to take arms against a sea of troubles (by coming clean and telling the truth)…/.

I believe Rice will be will be exposed for what she really is at the confirmation hearing– a grand obfuscator of the truth, an artful dodger and a masterful artist of political expediency and intrigue. In 1994, when the Clinton Administration pretended to be ignorant of the terror in Rwanda and the death toll continued to rise by the thousands, Rice’s concern was not taking immediate action to stop the genocide and saving lives but the political consequences of calling the Rwandan tragedy a “genocide” and saving her job and others in her party. She had the audacity, moral depravity and sheer callous indifference to ask, “If we use the word ‘genocide’ and are seen as doing nothing, what will be the effect on the November [congressional] election?”

Did Rice avoid using the word “terrorism” in explaining the Benghazi attack because she was concerned about the political costs the President would have to pay in the November election if the voters were to see him as doing nothing to prevent it?

At the end of the day, what Rice told the American people five days after the Benghazi attack, to quote Shakespeare, “is a (tall) tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.”

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Dramatic reduction of HIV/AIDS reported in Africa

Monday, November 26th, 2012

Africa Rolls Back HIV/Aids, Namibia Scores Well

By Alvine Kapitako, 22 November 2012

Windhoek — A United Nations report reveals a more than 50 percent reduction in new HIV infections has been achieved across 25 low- and middle-income countries, including Namibia.

More than half of these countries are in Africa – a region affected the most by HIV/AIDS.

In some of the countries which have the highest HIV prevalence in the world, rates of new HIV infections have been cut dramatically since 2001 – by 68 percent in Namibia, 73 percent in Malawi, 71 percent in Botswana, 58 percent in Zambia, 50 percent in Zimbabwe and 41 percent in South Africa and Swaziland, a press release from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) reveals.

"In addition to welcome results in HIV prevention, sub-Saharan Africa has reduced AIDS-related deaths by one third in the last six years and increased the number of people on antiretroviral treatment by 59 percent in the last two years alone. Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the most affected regions in terms of HIV/AIDS prevalence rates."

The report reveals that antiretroviral therapy has emerged as a powerful force for saving lives. In the last 24 months, the number of people accessing treatment increased by 63 percent globally. In sub-Saharan Africa, a record 2.3 million people have access to treatment. China has increased the number of people on HIV treatment by nearly 50 percent in the last year alone.

Furthermore, there were more than half a million fewer deaths in 2011 than in 2005.

The largest drop in AIDS-related deaths is being experienced in countries where HIV has the strongest grip. Neighbouring South Africa saw 100 000 fewer deaths, Zimbabwe nearly 90 000, Kenya 71 000 and Ethiopia 48 000 fewer deaths than in 2005. The report also indicates that impressive gains were made in reducing tuberculosis (TB) related AIDS deaths in people living with HIV.

The UNAIDS Executive Director, Michel Sidibé, in response to the report was quoted as saying the pace of progress is quickening. "What used to take a decade is now being achieved in 24 months," Sidibé said, adding that "we are scaling up faster and smarter than ever before. It is the proof that with political will we can reach our shared goals by 2015."

According to the Namibian National Sentinel Survey report of 2010, HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Namibia was down to 18.8 percent compared to 22 percent – the highest peak during 2002. In Namibia, about 95 percent of people living with the HIV virus are on antiretroviral treatment.

There is also a reduction in new HIV infections in children. Half of the global reductions in new HIV infections in the last two years have been among newborn children. "It is becoming evident that achieving zero new infections in children is possible," said the UNAIDS executive director.

"I am excited that far fewer babies are being born with HIV. We are moving from despair to hope," Sidibé further said.

Despite the encouraging progress in stopping new HIV infections, the total number of new HIV infections remains high at 2.5 million, the report indicates.

It further outlines that to reduce new HIV infections globally a combination of HIV prevention services needs to be brought to scale. An example is scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision, which has the potential to prevent an estimated one in five new HIV infections in eastern and southern Africa.

Sidibé said UNAIDS would focus on supporting countries to accelerate access to HIV testing and treatment. "Now that we know that a rapid and massive scale-up is possible, we need to do more to reach key populations with crucial HIV services," said Sidibé. The report was launched in Geneva, Switzerland, on Tuesday ahead of the World AIDS Day commemoration.

World AIDS Day is commemorated on December 01, every year.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201211220628.html


የሱዛን ራይስ ሸፍጥ በቤንጋዚው ጥቃት ላይ!

Sunday, November 25th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

በሴፕቴምበር 2 2012 የአሜሪካዋ አምባሳደር በተባበሩት መንግስታት: ሱዛን ራይስ በኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ የቀብር ስርአት ላይ ስሜታዊ ሆና የሚያቅለሸልሽ ቃላት ያዘለ ንግግር አነብንባ ነበር፡፡ መለስን፤ ‹‹የማይደክምና ራሱን የማይወድ››በአጠቃላይ እሱነቱ ለስራውና ለቤተሰቡ የሆነ ብላዋለች፡፡ ‹‹ጠንካራ፤ በእምነቱ የጸና እና በእርግጥም ለጂሎችና ለደደቦች  እሱ እንደሚጠራቸው ትእግስቱ ትንሽ ነበር፡፡ ሱዛን ራይስ ይህን ቅጥ ያጣና ከአንድ አሜሪካን ከሚያህል ሃገር ወኪል ጨርሶ ሊሰማ የማይገባ ያልተገራ ንግግር ስታደርግ ጅልና ደደብ የሚለውን ቃል በድፍረትና በአጥንኦት የለጠፈችው በኢትዮጵያዊያን ነጻ ጋዜጠኞች፤የተቃዋሚ መሪዎች፤ተሟጋቾች፤የፖለቲካ እስረኞች፤የሲቪል ማሕበረ ሰብ መሪዎች፤እና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ላይ ነው፡፡ የንግግሯን ቪዲዮ በመመልከት  ሴትዮዋ ይህን ንግግር የመለስን ተቃዋሚዎች በመጨረሻ ጡጫ  ደረታቸዉን ብላ ለመለስ የአስከሬን መሸኛ አድርጋ ማቅረቧ እንደነበር ያስታውቃል፡፡

‹‹ አንድ አይነት ላባ ያላቸው ወፎች አብረው ይከንፋሉ›› ይባባል፡፡ ራይስ እንደ መለስ ሁሉ ተቃዋሚዎቿንና ሃሳቧን የማይጋሯትን ትሳደባለች ታንቋሽሻለች፡፡ በስቴት ዲፓርትመንት አካባቢ የሚያውቋት በዘለፋ በቁጣና በማስፈራራት አነጋገራዎ ነው፡፡ በዚህም አጉል ደንፊ ተብላ ትታወቃለች፡፡ አለያም በጣም በሚያውቋት ዘንድ ‹‹የቻይና መደብር በሬ›› (አተራማሽ ወይም በጥባጭ ማለት ነው) ይሏታል፡፡ በስብሰባዎች ላይ በቃላት ርችት፤በአፈነበልባል፤በጣት ቀሳሪነት ራይስ ትታወቃለች፡፡ በአንድ ወቅት በአሜሪካን ዲፕሎማቶች ዋና ታዋቂ በነበሩት ሪቻርድ ሆል ብሩክ ላይ የበላዮች ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት አባላት ስብሰባ ላይ በአሜሪካንና በሌላውም ዓለም በሳቸው ደረጃ ካሉ ሰዎች የማይጠበቀውንና ጸያፍ ተብሎ የሚጠራውን ድርጊት በአደባባይ የመሃል ጣታቸውን ቀስረውባቸዋል ይባላል፡፡

በማርች 2012 የፈረንሳዩ የተባበሩት መንግስታት አምባሳደር ለራይስ እንደምክር የአውሮፓ ዩኒየን አሜሪካ ደገፈም አልደገፈም የበረራ ክልከላ ዞን ከተባበሩት መንግስታት የደህንነት ካውንስል ይፈልጋል በማለት ላቀረቡላት ሃሳብ ራይስ ለአምባሳደሩ ወሽመጥ በሚቆርጥ አነጋገር ‹‹መቼም ወደ አዛባ ጦርነታችሁ እንደማትጎትቱን አምናለሁ›› በማለት ከያዘችው ስልጣንና ከፈረንሳይ አቻዋ ጋር ሊደረግ በማይገባ የጋጠ ወጥ አባባል መልሳላቸዋል፡፡ በኋላ ግን ይህ ያጥላላችው ሃሳብ አመርቂ ውጤት በማስገኘቱ የሃሰቡ አፍላቂ በመምሰል ምስጋናውን ጠቅላ ለራሷ ለማድረግ በመዘየድ ‹‹ከማሰብና ከማቀድ ባለፈ የበረራ ክልከላውን ዞን በማጠናከር ልናተኩርበትና ልንተገብረውም አስፈላጊነቱ ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ የምድሩ ፍልሚያ ብዙም ስላላዋጣና ሲቪል ማህበረሰቡንም ከአደጋው ለመጠበቅ አዋጪው ይሄው ነውና›› በማለት ቀድማ ያጣጣለችውንና የፈረንሳዩን አቻዋን የሰደበችበትን ሃሳብ መልሳ በራሷ አፍላቂነት የተገኘ ለማስመሰል ጥራበታለች፡፡ ባለፈው ጁላይ ቻይናና ሩስያ ስለዓየር ለውጥ የቀረበውን ሂደት በተቃወሙበት ወቅት ራይስ ጉደኛዋ እዚህም ላይ ‹‹እርባና ቢስ›› ‹‹ሃሳበ ቢስ›› በማለት በማጣጣል ‹‹ የተግባር ውድቀት›› በማለት ኮንናቸዋለች፡፡

ያ እንግዲህ ያ ነበር፡፡ባለፈው ሳምንት በቤንጋዚ ሊቢያ ውስጥ በሴፕቴምበር 11 የ አራት አሜሪካውያንን ሕይወት የቀጠፈውን በአሜሪካን ኮንሱሌት የደረሰውን ፍንዳታ አስመልክቶ ራይስ በሰጠችው ዘገባ የተነሳ የሪፓብሊካን ሴኔተሮች ጆን ማኬይንና ሊንድሲ ግራሃም ሱዛን ራይስን ጅል ደደብ ስራዋን የማታዉቅ ናት የሚል ሃያል አስተያየታቸውን ሰንዝረውባታል፡፡ ራይስ ከፍንዳታው አምስት ቀናት በኋላ በአምስት የተሌቪዝን ዜና ፕሮግራሞች ላይ ቀርባ፤ “በኮንስሌቱ ላይ የደረሰው ፍንዳታ ግብታዊ፤ በእቅድ ያልተደረገ፤ ነው:: በካይሮ በተነሳሳው ተቃውሞ ላይ የተመሰረተና ዋናው አነሳሽም አጸያፊውና አሳዛኝ የሆነው የእስላምን እምነት የሚያንቁያሽሽ የቪዲዮ ዝግጅት ያስከተለው ነው” በማለት ገለጠች፡፡ እንደ ራይስ አባባል፤በጥቂት ሰዎች ስብስብ ወደ ኤምባሲው የሄደው የተቃውሞ ትዕይንት በድንገት በተጠናከረ መሳርያ በታጠቁ አክራሪ ስብስቦች ‹‹ተጠልፎ›› ነው አደጋው የተፈጸመው ብላ ነበር፡፡

‹‹ሴኔተር ማኬይን ለ‹‹ጅሎችና ለደደቦች ትዕግስታቸው ማለቁን›› እና ለራይስ ተረት ተረት ጨዋታ ቁጣቸው ገንፍሎ ራይስ የውጭ ጉዳይ  ዋና አስተዳደሪ ሆና ስሟ ለምርጫ ቢቀርብ ተቃውሟቸው የከረረ እንደሚሆንና ለማሳገድም እንደሚጥሩ አስጠንቅቀው ነበር፡፡ ‹‹ሱዛን ራይስ ቀድማ ልታውቅ ይገባት ነበር፡፡ ሳታውቅ ከቀረች ደግሞ ለቦታው ጨርሶ አትመጥንም፡፡ አንድ ያረጋገጠችው ጉዳይ ቢኖር፤ ወይ አይገባትም ደድባለች አለያም፤ ያገጠጠውን ሃቅ መቀበል ቸግሯታል” ብለው በሃይል ቃል ተናግረዋል፡፡ ይህ የጥቃት ድርጊት ከአምስት ቀን በኋላ በእውነታነት የተረጋገጠው ነገር ነበር፡፡ለነገሩ የራይስ የቤንጋዚ ታሪክ የቀድሞው መለስ ዜናዊ የመኝታ ሰአት ተረት ተረት ቅሪትን ያስታዉሳል፡፡››

ሃቅ በገሃድ ይውጣ::  በቤንጋዚ የአሜሪካን ኮንሱሌት ላይ የደረሰው ጥቃት የሽብርተኞች መሆኑን ማወቅ የተሳነው አለያም መገመት ያቃተው ‹‹ጅል››ና ‹‹ደደብ›› ብቻ ነው፡፡ የሲ አይ ኤ ዋና ሹም የነበሩት ፔትራዩስ፤ በቅርቡ በሰጡት መግለጫ መሰረት፤ ፍንዳታው መፈጸሙን እነደሰሙ ድርጊቱ የሽብርተኛች መሆኑን ወዲው ማወቃቸውንና ማረጋገጣቸውን ይፋ አድርገዋል፡፡ ይህን መግለጫ ለሁዋይት ሃውስ የመነጋገርያ ነጥብ  እንዲሆን ቢያቀርቡትም ከራይስ ንግግር ላይ አልገባም ነበር:: ለነገሩ ግራ የሚያጋባው ጉዳዩ በአግባቡ የሚያገባቸውና መግለጫውንም ሊሰጡ የሚገባቸው ዋና አስተዳዳሪዋ ሂላሪ ክሊንተን ሆነው ሳለ፤በምን ሰበብ ራይስ ጥልቅ እንዳለች ግልጽ አይደለም፡፡ ለምን ሂላሪ መግለጫውን አልሰጡም፤ወይስ ሁዋይት ሃውስ ሂላሪን ለማዳን ሲል ራይስን አውቶቡስ ጎማ ስር እንደታኮ አስቀመጣት? ወይስ ራይስ እውነት የሚመስል ቅጥፈትና የፖለቲካ ሽፋን ለመስጠት ነበር የሽብርተኞች ድርጊት አይደለም ያለችው? ካልሆነስ፤ ምናልባት በቤንጋዚው ስለታማ ጉዳይ

ላይ ወድቃ አስፈላጊውን እርምጃ በወቅቱና ባስቸኳይ ባለመወሰዱ ያደረሰውን ጉዳት መከላከያ ለማቅረብ የሞከረችህው? ወይስ በቤንጋዚ ለተፈጸመው እኩይ ተግባር ራይስ መሳርያ በመሆን ወደ፤ የሃገር አስተዳዳሪነቱን ሹመት ለማግኘትበቀላማጅነት መቅረቧ ነው፡፡ ወይስ ሁዋይት ሃውስ የራይስን የእውቀት ደረጃ፤ ጥንካሬ፤ያላትን አይደፈሬነትማስመሰልና የተፈጠረውን ክፍተት ለማጥበብ ሲባል ለሹመቱ ያላትን ብቃት ለማረጋገጥ የተፈጸመ ነው?

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ የሪፓብሊካን ራይስ አቀንቃኞች ላይ ጎራዴአቸዉን መዘው ነበር የወጡት፡፡ ማኬይንንና እና ግራሃምን ኦባማ ሲናገርዋቸው ‹‹ሪፓብሊካኖችናወዳጆቻቸው ሰው ማጥቃት ካሰቡ እኔን ማጥቃት ይችላሉ፡፡ ግን በአንዲት የሃገሪቱን የተባበሩት መንግስታትአምባሳደር ላይ መነሳሳት? በቤንጋዚ ጉዳይ በማያገባት ላይ? እና ከደህንነት ክፍሉ ያገኘችውን መግለጫ መሰረትአድርጋ በመናገሯ? ስሟንና ተግባሯን ማጥላላትና ማንቋሸሽ አሳዘኝ ተግባር ነው፡፡››  ይሄ እንግዲህ ‹‹የኦባማ ድራማ ›› በሚባለው አይነት የተቀነባበረ ትእይንት ድራማ ነበር፡፡

ለሕሊና የሚከብደውና አሳፋሪ ነገር ግን ይህን የመሰለውን ቅጥ አምባሩ የጠፋ የቤንጋዚ የጥቃት ታሪክ ራይስ አምና ለአለም ማስተጋባቷ ነው፡፡ራይስ እኮ እንደብዙዎቻችን ዝም ብላ አይደለችም፡፡ የስታንፈርድ እና የኦክስፎርድ ዩኒቨርስቲዎች ተመራቂ፤የሮድስ ስኮላር፤ በናሽናል ሴኪዩሪቲ ኤጀንሲ ከፍተኛ ቦታ ላይ የነበረች፤ በክሊንተን አስተዳደር ወቅት የሃገር አስተዳደር የአፍሪካ ጉዳይ ምክትል ጸሃፊ የነበረች ከፍ ያለች ባለስልጣን እኮ ናት፡፡ በሃገር የውጭ ግንኙነት የበርካታ ዓመታትልምድ ያላት ሰው ናት፡፡ያም ሆኖ አደጋው ከተፈጸመ ከአምስት ቀናት በኋላ ራይስ ከአንዱ ቴሌቪዥን ፕሮግራም ወደ ሌላው እየከነፈች፤ ለአሜሪካን ሕዝብ የቤንጋዚው ፍንዳት የአስሸባሪዎች (ቴሬሪስቶች) ጥቃት አይደለም በማለት ታስተጋባ ጀመር፡፡ ታዲያ ይሄ የአውቆ ደደብነት ነው ወይስ የጅል መልካም አስተሳብ? ፍንዳታው በሴፕቴምበር 11 መፈጸሙ፤ጥቃቱን የፈጸሙት መታወቂያቸው የሆነውን (ራይስ እንደአለችው) የሽብር መፈጸሚያቸውን ‹‹ከባድ መሳርያዎች›› የተተቀሙ፤ ……..በመኪና ላይ የተደገነ መትረየስ፤ ኤኬ-47ቶች (ካላሽ)፤ አርፒጂዎች የእጅ ቦምቦች፤ ሞርታሮች፤ ይሄ ሁሉ የጥፋት ቁሳቁስ ለራይስ ምንም ነገር መስሎ አልታያትም፡፡ ከጋዳፊ ከስልጣን መወገድ ቀደም ብሎ፤ብዙ ዓይነት ሚሊሺያዎች አመጸኞች፤ በርካታ የሽብር ድርጅቶች (ሴሎች) በቤንጋዚ መኖራቸው ለራይስ የሽብር ጥቀቱን ሊያመጣ እንደሚችል ሊያስገምታት አልቻለም:: ጋዳፊ ሊቢያን ለብዙ ዓመታት ለሽብርተኞች ሃገራዊ እርዳታ ለጋሽ አድርጓት እንደነበር ለራይስ ምንም አይነት ታሪካዊ እንድምታ ሊያስገነዝባት አልቻለም፡፡ በቀላሉ አነጋገር ለራይስ ጉዳዩ እንደ ወፍ መስሎ እንደ ወፍ ተራምዶ ቢታያትም እሷ ግን ግመል ነው ብላ ደመደመች፡፡

የእሽቅድድሙ አባሎችና የሩጫው አራጋቢዎች የራይስን የችሎታ ማነስ ሊያስተባብሉ ከያሉበት ተጠራርተው የጦር ልብሳቸውን ተላብሰው ተሰባሰቡ፡፡ የዴሞክራት ምከር ቤት መሪ ጂም ክላይበርን የመጀመርያው ተከላካይ ነበር፡፡‹‹አያችሁ እነዚህ እኮ የሚስጥር አነጋገር ቃላቶች ናቸው፡፡ እኛ እነዚህን አባባሎች በተለይም እኛ በደቡብ  ተወልደን ያደግነው፤ህይወታችንን ሙሉ እነዚህን ቃላት (የስራ ችሎታ የላቸዉም) ስነባል ስንሰደብ ነው የኖርነው:: ሱዛን ራይስ ከማንም የማታንስ አዋቂ ናት:›› ብለው ተናገሩ::  ሌሎች ዴሞክራቶችም ጉዳዩን ‹‹የጾታና የዘር›› አድርገው መኮነን ጀመሩ፡፡ ምን አይነት እሳቤ ማጣት ነው?  ሆኖም: ራይስን ‹‹ችሎታ ቢስ ማለት?›› ስም  ማጥፋት አይደለም:: እውነት ነው እንጂ::

ጥረቱ ማኬይንንና ግራሃምን ለማዋረድ ተብሎ የተቃጣና የራይስን ችሎታ ቢስነት ለማድበስበስ ተብሎ የታቀደ ነው፡፡ መልክቱ ለሪፕቡሊካኖች ግልጥ ነው። ፕሬዝደንት ኦባማ ራይስን ዉጭ ጉዳይ መሪ እንድትሆን ይፈለጋሉ። ተቃዋሚ ረፑብሊካኖች ከወጡ እንደ ዘርኛና ሴቶችን እንደሚጠሉ ሆነው በብዙሃን ይቀርባሉ። ራይስ ቩመቱን ታገኛለች፥ ረፑብሊካንስ ይከሽፋሉ የሚል ዝየዳ ነው ደሞክራቶች የያዙት። ሊሰራላችው ይችላል።

ዕውነቱ ግን ራይስ የትም ቢጓዙ የማትገኝ ችሎታ ቢስ ፍጡር ናት፡፡ የአንድ ታላቅ ሃገር ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት ለመሆን መሰረታዊ የሞራል ብቃት ዋነኛ ተፈላጊው ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ራይስ ሃቁን ከውሸቱ ለይታ ለማወቅ የሞራል የፍርድ ሚዛን የጎደላት በመሆኗ ብቻ ሳይሆን፤ ሁለት ውሸቶችን ለመለየትም ቢሆን ችሎታው እጅጉን ይጎድላታል፡፡ በማርች 2012፤ ራይስ በጭፍኗ  ኢራንን፤ ሰሜን ኮርያን፤ሲሪያን ስለሚያካሂዱት የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰት እስከመጨረሻ ድረስ ኮነነቻቸው፡፡ በሴፕቴምበር 2, 2012 በአሁኑ የአፍሪካ ታሪክ ተወዳዳሪ የማይገኝለት ፈላጭ ቆራጭ በሆነው መሪ ቀብር ላይ ተገኝታ በሙገሳ መላክ የሚያስመስል የተካበ ንግግሯን አሰማች፡፡ ራይስ የመለስን የሕይወት ታሪክ ከማቅረቧ አስራ ሁለት ቀናት ቀደም ብሎ፤ሁመን ራይትስ ዎች የተባለው ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ጠባቂ ድርጅት‹‹በኢትዮጵያ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብት ሂደት እያሽቆለቆለ በመሄድ ላይ ነው፡፡ ሃሳብን በነጻ መግለጽ፤በማህበርመደራጀት፤ መሰብሰብ፤ ሁሉ እገዳ እየተደረገባቸው ነው፡፡ ገዢው ፓርቲ የጉልበት ስልጣኑን በመቆጣጠር፤ የፍትሕ አካላትን ፤የመገናኛ ብዙሃንን ነጻነት ለሕግ የበላይነት በእጅጉ አስፈላጊ የሆኑትን በመቆጣጠር በደል መፈጸሙእየባሰበት ነው›› በማለት መግለጫ አውቷል፡፡

ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት ስለወታደራዊ ተቋም በቂ እውቀት ሊኖረው ይገባል፡፡ በውጭ ጉዳይ ተግባር ላይ በቂ ልምድና ትምህርት ቢኖራትም: ራይስ የስልጣን መጨበጫውን መንገድ በጭፍን የፖለቲካ ምኞቷ ሸቅጣዋለች፡፡ ዕውነትን ከመቀላመድ ለመለየት ችሎታ ያነሳት ትመስላለች፡፡ ራይስ የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት እስካሳካላት ድረስ አውነት ይሁን ሃሰትጉዳይዋ አይደለምና ምንም ነገር ከማለት ወደኋላ አትልም፡፡ ሴኔተር ማኬይን እንደታዘቡትና እንዳሰቀመጡት ‹‹ሴትዮዋ ወይም ምንም አይገባትም፤ አለያም ማስረጃን ከነማስረጃው ሲቀርብ መቀበል አትፈቅድም›› ብለዋል:: ከዚያም አልፎእንደ አንድ በሷ ደረጃ ያለ ከፍተኛ ሕዝባዊ ባለስልጣን በሕዝብ ፊት ቀርቦ ያገጠጠ ውሸትን ከማቅረብ በፊት እውነቱንና ሃሰቱን አጥርቶ ማወቅ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡

ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት፤የሷን/የሱን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ከሱ/ከሷ ብሔራዊ ግዳጅ ጋር ማዛመድ ጠበቅበታል፡፡ የራሷንየፖለቲካ ምኞትና ጠቀሜታ ለፓርቲዋ መገልገያ አድርጋ በማስቀደም፤ ብሔራዊ ሃላፊነቷን ስለምትተወው ራይስ ችሎታ ይጎድላታል ብሔራዊ ተአመኒነትም የላትም፡፡ ራይስ የፖለቲካ ጥቅም እና ጥቅም አሳዳጅነት፤ ከምንም በላይቅድሚያ የምትሰጣቸው መመሪያዎቿ ናቸው፡፡ በጭፍኗ የፓርቲዋን መስመር በመከተል ምንም አይነት ፖሊሲ ቢሆን ያለምንም ዓላማና ግንዛቤ  የምታራምድ ናት፡፡ የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት እስካሳካለት ድረስ ምንም ይሁን ምንም የአለምንም ይሉኝታ ተግባራዊ ከማድረግ የማትመለስ፤የሞራል ግዴታዋን ጠቅልላ የጣለች አደራ በላ ናት፡፡ በአጭሩ የፓርቲ አናፋሽ ሆና የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ብቻ ለማሳካት የምትኖር ግለ ሰብ ናት፡፡

ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት የችሎታ ጥንካሬ ሊኖረው ግድ ነው፡፡ የችሎታ ጥንካሬና ሃለፊነት ስለሚጎላት ራይስ ችሎታ ያንሳታል፡፡ በ2006 ባቀረበችው ምሁራዊ ጽሁፏ፤ ራይስ ማሊ እንደ መልካም አስተዳደር ያላት ሃገር በችሎታ ማነስ የምትሰቃይ ሃገርና አክራሪዎች ሲመዘብሯት የኖረች ሀጋር ናት በማለት ጽፋ ነበር፡፡ ማሊ በጸረሽብርተኝነት ከአሜሪካ መንግስት ጋር የጠበቀ ትስስር ያላት ናት፡፡ በኤፕሪል 2012 አክራሪ የሙስሊም አፈንጋጮች ሰሜናዊ ማሊን በመያዝ ሃገሪቱን ለሁለት በከፈሉበት ወቅት ግን፤ራይስ ያደረሰችው ዕርዳታ ‹‹በማሊ ያሉት ፓርቲዎች ሁሉ አግባብነት ባለው የፖለቲካ ውይይት ሰላማዊ ኑሮን ሊቀጥሉ ይገባል›› የሚል የቃላት ድርደራ ብቻ ነበር፡፡ ያቺ‹‹የመልካም አስተዳደር›› ሃገር የነበረች ማሊ የተከፋፈለችና ለመከራ የተዳረገች፤ የሽብርተኞች መናሃርያ ስትሆን በትንሹ ለአራት ዓመታት ራይስ ቃላት ከመደርደር ባሻገር እርምጃውን መራመድ ግን አልቻለችም፡፡

ብቃት ያለው ዲፕሎማት በቃላት አጠቃቀሙና በምግባሩ ሁሉ የታረመ ሊሆን ተገቢ ነው፡፡ የዲፕሎማቲክ አስተሳሰብ ስለሚጎድላት፤ዘወትር ነገር ጫሪ ሆና ስለምትገኝ፤ አብረዋት ለሚሰሩትና ለሌሎች ዲፕሎማቶች አክብሮት ስለሌላት፤ጉረኛና ደንፊ በመሆኗ ራይስ የችሎታ ማነስ ችግር አለባትና ብቃት የላትም፡፡ ሱዛን ራይስን ‹‹ጅል››አለያም ‹‹ግሳንግስ››ብዬ ዝቅ ለማለት አልፈልግም፡፡ ለነገሩ፤ ሁለቱንም እንዳይደለች አምናለሁ:: ይልቁንስ፤የራሷን የፖለቲካ ምኞት ለማሳክት ስትል እሷነቷን ለሽያጭ የምታቀርብ፤ አስሊ፤ሸፍጠኛ፤ተንኮለኛ፤ሰሪ፤ ሃሳብ ሰላቢ፤ራስ ወዳድ፤ የሆነች ፖለቲከኛ ናት፡፡ ሃሰትን ለመሸፋፈን በሚደረግ ሴራ ውስጥ ፈቃደኛ ሽፋን ሆና የምታገለግል እኩይ ባህሪ ያላት ናት፡፡ በዚህም በመሸፋፈን ተግባሯ  ስለሽብርተኞቹ ሁኔታ በማለባበስ በድርጊቱ ሕይወታቸው ያለፉትን አራት አሜሪካዊያን አርበኞች የግድያ መንስኤ ምንነት አሳንሳ አቅርባ የአሜሪካንንና የዓለምን ሕብረተሰብ ለማታለል ከንቱ ጥረት አሳየች፡፡

‹‹ውዳቂ እንደውዳቂው ሁኔታ ነው›› እንደሚባለው ‹‹የችሎታ ማነስም እንደችሎታው አናሳነት ነው››፡፡ ፕሬዜዳንትኦባማ ራይስ ክሊንተንን እንድትተካ አይመርጧትም የሚል ተስፋ አለኝ፡፡ ከመረጧትም ከባድና ትልቅ  ሼክስፒራዊ  ችግር ይገጥማታል፡፡ (የሃገር አስተዳደር) ‹‹መሆን ወይም አለመሆን›› ያ ነው ጥያቄው፡፡‹‹ከሕሊና ጭንቀት መላቀቅ ያ ነው ክብር የሞላው›› (ለቀላመደቻቸው እብለቶች ሁሉ) ላልታሰበው ሽንቆጣና ቀስቶች ፍላጻ ላልታሰበው መጻኢ እድል ውሳኔ (በሴኔቱ ዘንድ ለሚደረገው እሰጥ አገባ) አለያም በባሀሩ ላይ ላለው ሞገድ መሳርያ መምዘዝ፤ (ዕውነትን በመናገርን ጸህናን ማስመስከር) ራይስ በምርጫው ቀንቷት ወደ ሴኔት ውሳኔ ከደረሰች፤እውነተኛ እሷነቷ፤ እውነትን ለፖለቲካ መጠቀሚያነትና የራሷን ምኞት ለማሳካት ስትል የምትዳክር ሃቅ አልባ መሆኗ ይጋለጣል፡፡ በ1994 የክሊንተን አስተዳደር በሩዋንዳ በመካሄድ ላይ የነበረውን እልቂትና የዘር ማጥፋት ጭፍጨፋ እንደማያውቅ አስመስሎ በቸልታ ሊያልፈው ሲሞክር የሞቱ ቁጥር በሺዎች እየጨመረ ሄዶ ጭፍጨፋውንና የዘር እልቂቱን ለማቆም አፋጣኝ እርምጃ በመውሰድ ሕወት ማትረፍሲቻል፤የራሷን ስልጣን ላለማጣትና የሷንና የመሰል የፓርቲ ባለስልጣናትን ስምና ሁኔታ ለመጠበቅ ስትል ብቻ ሰው አስጨረሰች፡፡  ስትናገርም “የዘር ማጥፋት የሚለውን ቃል የተጠቀምን እንደሆነና ምንም ሳናደርግ ብንቀር፤ የኖቬምበሩ የምክር ብት ምርጫ ምን ሊያጋጥው ይችላል?”  አለች:: የሱዛን ራይስ ችሎታ ይህ እውንታዊ ምስክር ነው::

አሁንም: ራይስ በቤንጋዚ የተፈጸመውን ድርጊት ሽብር ብላ ለመጥራት ያስፈራትና ያሳሰባት በኖቬምበር በሚካሄደው ፕሬዜዳንታዊ ምርጫ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለው ችግር አስጨንቋት ነውን?

እመት: ሱዛን ራይስ ሆይ! ‹‹ጅሉስ›› ማነው? ‹‹ደደቡስ›› ማነው አሁን?

የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/11/24/the_tall_tale_of_susan_rice

ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC has formed a new chapter in South Africa

Sunday, November 25th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced that it completed the successful formation of the South African chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entc.southafrica@gmail.com  tel: 27-745768381

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Is Bashir’s Regime Crumbling?

Saturday, November 24th, 2012

Sudan: Is Bashir’s Regime Crumbling?

By William Lloyd George / KigaliNov. 24, 2012

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir is greeted by supporters upon arrival at Khartoum airport on November 14, 2012.

Shortly after midnight on Thursday a column of tanks drove slowly down one of the main boulevards of Khartoum. Although residents of Sudan‘s capital of Khartoum awoke hours later to what seemed like another normal day, something significant had taken place during the wee hours. Amid a flurry of conflicting reports and wild rumors, information minister Ahmed Belal Osman announced Thursday that 13 suspects — among them senior officials — had been arrested for plotting against the state. “The government has decided to abort this plot just before the zero hour as a preventive measure to avoid entering the country into chaos,” Osman said.

The news of a coup attempt would have come as little surprise to countless Sudan watchers, who for months have watched storm clouds gather around the regime of President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. Facing armed resistance from restive ethnic groups in all corners of the country, as well as unrest on city streets from a population resentful of the state’s repressive tendencies, the regime has shown signs of losing it’s grip on power. The regime’s problems are exacerbated by delays in the flow of oil from South Sudan, sinking the Sudanese pound to an all time low. As economic woes deepen, many observers suspect that Bashir, subject of a war-crime indictment at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, will face an internal power struggle that he may not survive.

Although discontent has been simmering within the regime for some time, the catalyst for the latest plot appears to have been a disagreement during a conference held last week for the Islamic Movement — an organisation supposedly created to guide the ruling National Congress Party (NCP). Some ministers and religious leaders had hoped to use the conference to push for reforms in the NCP, but were thwarted by Bashir’s allies. Several delegates walked out of the congress even before it ended.

“This is a clear sign that something was brewing, says Dr. Alhajj Hamad, a Khartoum based analyst. “These people wanted the congress to reform the government but instead the Islamic Movement ended up being under al-Bashir’s control. Infuriated by the lack reform to come out of the meeting, many believe that the senior political figures and islamists currently in detention were discussing how to change the status quo.”

“I don’t think they were anywhere near plotting a coup, one Western diplomat told TIME. “[But]there was definitely an alliance being formed, and this spooked the government.”

Salal Gosh, the former intelligence chief, who is currently in detention did not even attend the conference. After Gosh voiced a desire to rule the country, Bashir removed him from his post in April 2011. Since then, rumours have since circulated he planned to do something about it. In a sign that the government may be readying to punish Gosh, his parliamentary impunity was lifted on Friday.

Those detained overnight on Thursday were not only obvious foes of Bashir. Senior military official, Mohammed Ibrahim, considered a hero by the Islamist youth for his military operations and leadership against several of the ethnic rebel groups and South Sudan, has also been held. Sources in Khartoum say the state has also arrested over 40 members of the the islamist youth group Al-Sae’hoon which was created earlier this year to push for reforms. Many of it’s members fought under Ibrahim against the south as jihadists and up till recently has voiced undeterred support of the regime. In recent months, though, the group and other Islamists have voiced discontent with Bashir ally Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein’s tenure as defence minister. They blame him for concessions made to South Sudan, territory lost to rebel groups and airstrike attacks by Israel on weapon storage facilities.

Despite initial claims that opposition groups had incited a coup attempt, there is clearly a power struggle underway within the regime. While several of the detainees have already been released, indicating that some were just taken in to aid the investigation, others could be held for a while. Dr. Amgad Fareid Eltayeb argues, though, that most Sudanese are indifferent to the regime’s infighting. “These are all bad guys fighting for power and wealth, Eltayeb, spokesman for opposition group Sudan Change Now (SCN) told TIME. “Not one of them cares about the Sudanese people With the oil agreement seemingly about to break down, tensions mounting on the border over a recent airstrike by Khartoum, and internal power struggles developing, the regime’s ability to survive will be increasingly tested. “The state is crumbing and every regime in its final days shows similar trends,” says Hamad. “It is now merely just the usual process of self destruction.”

http://world.time.com/2012/11/24/sudan- … crumbling/


Susan ‘Genocide’ Rice a risky replacement for Clinton

Saturday, November 24th, 2012

"There are also far less influential voices of opposition to Rice. “A lot of people within the Washington DC foreign policy apparatus hate her,” said a former State Department official who wished to remain anonymous. “They think she’s overly demanding, strident, and undiplomatic in how she engages with staff under her. Right now they’re saying: ‘Oh God, I hope it’s not her!’”"

http://www.france24.com/en/20121120-usa … -east-asia


የባቡር መስመር ለመዘርጋት የአቡነ ጴጥሮስና የምኒሊክ ሐውልቶች መነሳት አለባቸው?

Saturday, November 24th, 2012

ዳንኤል ክብረት

ሰሞኑን የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የመነጋገርያ አጀንዳ የሆነ አንድ ጉዳይ አለ። የአቡነ ጴጥሮስና የምኒሊክ ሐውልትና የባቡሩ መሥመር ያላቸው ዝምድና። ስለ ባቡር በመዝፈን ከመቶ ዓመት በላይ ያሳለፍን ሕዝቦች የከተማ ባቡር ማግኘታችንን በዕልልታ የምንቀበለው ነገር ነው። ዘግይተን ይሆናል እንጂ አልቸኮልንም። ሥራው በቁርጠኝነት መጀመሩና ከወሬ አልፎ ሲተገበር ማየታችንም እሰዬው የሚያሰኝ ሆኗል።

ግን ደግሞ ጥያቄ አለን።

ይህ የባቡር መሥመር የአቡነ ጴጥሮስንና የዐፄ ምኒሊክን ሐውልት እንዲነሡ ያደርጋል?

ለዚህ ጥያቄ ምላሹ ”አዎን” ከሆነ ስለ ባቡሩ የሚኖረን ግምት ይለያል። ኢትዮጵያን እናሳድጋለን ስንል ያሳደጓትን እየዘነጋንና መታሰቢያቸውን እያፈረስን መሆን የለበትም። ”በማን ላይ ቆመሽ እግዜርን ታሚያለሽ” አለ ያገሬ ሰው። የምናመጣው አዲስ ነገር ባለን ላይ የሚጨመር እንጂ ያለንን የሚያጠፋ መሆን የለበትም። መኪና ያስፈልገናል፣ ግን እግር የሚቆርጥ መሆን የለበትም። ወደድንም ጠላንም ይህች ሀገር የታሪክና የቅርስ ሀገር ናት።

ይህ ታሪኳና ቅርሷ ደግሞ የህልውናዋም ምንጭና መሰንበቻም ጭምር ነው። ይህን ታሪክና ቅርስ እያጠፉና እያበላሹ የሚመጣ ለውጥ አንገት ቆርጦ ፀጉርን እንደማስተካከል ነው የሚቆጠረው። እናም የሚመለከታቸው ሁሉ ወደ እርምጃ ከመግባታቸው በፊት ሦስት ጊዜ ሊያስቡ ይገባል። መቼም የመጀመርያውን ባቡር ያስገቡትን የዐፄ ምኒሊክን ሐውልት አፍርሶ ባቡር እናስገባ ማለት የታሪክ ምጸት ነው። ለነጻነት የተሠዉትን የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ነቅሎ በባቡር ላይ በነጻነት ለመሄድ መከጀል ግፍ መሥራት ነው የሚሆነው።

ምላሹ ”አይደለም” ከሆነ ደግሞ እሰየው!!! … ግን አሁን በሐውልቶቹ አጠገብ የሚከናወነው ቁፋሮ ወደ መሠረታቸው እየሄደ ነው። እንደሚሰማውም የባቡሩ መሥመር በሐውልቶቹ ሥር የሚዘረጋ ነው። ታድያ የሐውልቶቹ ዕጣ ፈንታ ምንድን ነው? ለሕዝቡስ ግልጽ ማብራርያ የማይሰጠው ለምንድን ነው? ”ለጊዜው ተነሥተው በኋላ ይመለሳሉ” የሚል መረጃም እየተሰማ ነው። ለጊዜውስ ተነሥተው የት ነው የሚሄዱት? በኋላስ በምን ሁኔታ ነው የሚመለሱት? ታሪካዊ ቦታቸውንስ ይለቃሉ?

ግልጽ መልስ ያስፈልጋል።

እንዲያውም ሕዝቡ በመንገድ ምክንያት ቤት የፈረሰባቸው ሰዎች ኮንደሚንየም እንደሚሰጣቸው ሁሉ እነርሱም ከዚያ ቦታ ተነሥተው ኮንደሚንየም ሊሰጣቸው ይችላል እያለ መቀለድ ሁሉ ጀምሯል።

ዛሬ ጠዋት በተሰጠ መግለጫ የዐፄ ምኒሊክ ሐውልት አሁን ባለበት እንደሚቀጥል፡፡ የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ግን ተነሥቶ ከግንባታው በኋላ እንደሚመለስ ተነግሯል፡፡ ዘግይቶም ቢሆን መግለጫው መሰጠቱ መልካም ነው፡፡ ነገር ግን አሁንም ዝርዝር የሚፈልጉ ነገሮች አሉ፡፡

የአቡነ ጴጥሮስ ሐውልት ተነሥቶ የት ነው የሚቀመጠው?
ማን ነው የሚያነሣው?
የቅርስ ባለሞያዎች ተሳትፎ ምን ያህል ነው?
በቆይታው ጊዜ የሚደረግለት ጥንቃቄስ?
ሲመለስስ የት ነው የሚቆመው? አሁን ከሚሠራው የባቡር መሥመር ጋር ባለው ተዛምዶ የወደፊት አቋቋሙ ምን ይመስላል?

ለወደፊቱ እንደዚህ ዓይነት ሀገራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ አስቀድሞ ዝርዝርና ሙሉ መረጃ መስጠት ሊለመድ ይገባል፡፡


Teddy Afro rocks Atlanta (video)

Saturday, November 24th, 2012

Tikur Sew Concert, Atlanta, Nov. 21, 2012

Ethiopian man found hiding inside a cargo bound for Germany

Saturday, November 24th, 2012


… asks for asylum in Germany

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(DPA) — A 23-year old Ethiopian stowaway fled his homeland by hiding in the cargo section of an aircraft bound for Frankfurt. He was trapped in the cargo area for nine hours after arrival, before he was found safe and uninjured at Frankfurt airport.

The 23-year-old, who was employed at the Airport in Addis Ababa and have only had it his badge. He did not have a passport. The young man has applied for asylum, reported the Federal Police. He was now in the airport transit, until a decision on his application.

FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU reports that he has applied for asylum. The incident took place last Saturday.

ENTC requests diplomatic recognition from Norway

Friday, November 23rd, 2012

PRESS RELEASE
November 22, 2012

The Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has sent a communiqué to the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway and the State Minister of International Development Heikki Holmas, requesting a diplomatic recognition. The letter was submitted to the to the Ministry by Dr. Girum Zeleke, ENTC’s diplomatic representative in Norway.

The letter explains ENTC’s mission, and discusses the worsening political, economic and security crises in Ethiopia, as well as the need for the Sweden government to help with a peaceful transition to democracy.

The Transitional Council was founded at a 3-day conference in Dallas, Texas, that was convened from July 1 – 3, 2012, with the participation of representatives from all over the world.

Diplomacy is one of the primary tasks that the ENTC general assembly assigned to the leadership at the July 2012 conference in Dallas.

For more info:
ENTC Foreign Relations Committee
85 S. Bragg St. Alexandria VA, 22312 USA
Tel: 202-735-4262
Email: entc.pr@gmail.com
Website: etntc.org

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Human rights groups under attack in Ethiopia

Friday, November 23rd, 2012
“If the qualification to be elected to the UNHRC is the human rights record of a country – then Ethiopia should not have been appointed…. the condition of human rights in this country is disastrous,” —- Human Rights Council (HRCO)

yeah… it’s like appointing Hitler to the Hague International Court of Justice to preside over the trials of Nazi criminals. :evil:

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Ethiopia Throttles Rights Organisations
By Ed McKenna

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Heinrich Böll Foundation country director Patrick Berg said the current NGO law makes it impossible for the foundation to carry out its mandate to encourage inclusive political debate. Credit: Ed McKenna/IPS

ADDIS ABABA , Nov 22 2012 (IPS) – The world received contradictory signals about Ethiopia’s human rights record when in the same week it was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council, a major German charity closed its Ethiopian office in protest against a restrictive political environment.

“If the qualification to be elected to the UNHRC is the human rights record of a country – then Ethiopia should not have been appointed…. the condition of human rights in this country is disastrous,” Endalkachew Molla, director of Ethiopia’s oldest rights organisation, the Human Rights Council (HRCO), told IPS.

Ethiopia, together with four other African countries – Kenya, Gabon, Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone – was elected on Nov. 12 to serve as a member of the UNHRC for a three-year term beginning on Jan. 1, 2013.

In the same week, one of Germany’s major civil rights groups, the Heinrich Böll Foundation (HBF), decided to close its office in protest against the human rights restrictions in the Horn of Africa nation. The closure is the most high profile so far in Ethiopia.

Named after the German Nobel Prize winner for literature, the Heinrich

Böll Foundation is an NGO that promotes democracy and human rights, with 30 offices across the globe.

“Our mission, to work together with local partners for democracy, gender equality and sustainable development, can no longer be carried out. The closure of the office in Ethiopia is a sign of protest by the foundation against the ongoing restrictions on civil rights and freedom of speech,” said Barbara Unmüßig, director of the HBF, in a statement on Nov. 7.

Unmüßig was referring to the controversial NGO law passed in 2009 known as the “Charities and Societies Proclamation”.

This law places restrictions on the work, operations and funding of human rights organisations in Ethiopia. It prohibits any human rights organisation from receiving more than 10 percent of their funding from foreign sources.

Because of this law, the HBF office, which opened in 2006, was forced to shrink its mandate over three years from the promotion of democracy and gender equality to doing mostly environmental work to be consistent with the new law, according to country director Patrick Berg.
Other Restrictive Laws in Ethiopia

Other laws passed subsequent to 2005 include the Mass Media Proclamation and the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, launched in 2008 and 2009 respectively.

These laws have attracted opprobrium for their broad and ambiguous language. Peaceful protest and dissent can now be considered terrorism, and critical reporting by the media can be construed as “encouraging terrorism”.

To date 11 journalists have been convicted of terrorism-related offences in Ethiopia under the anti-terror law.

“We are allowed to provide crafts training for women, but we are not allowed to help them demand their constitutional rights. Our mandate is to encourage an inclusive political debate – but the current law makes that impossible,” Berg told IPS.

In addition, a recent guideline to the law states that a maximum of 30 percent of an NGO’s budget can be devoted to administrative costs. Berg studied the definition of what an administrative cost was and he was alarmed to discover that the definition was extensive enough to account for the majority of costs incurred by his organisation.

“Overnight, our core work of producing and disseminating information and providing space for public dialogue is now seen as an administrative task. There is no way to comply with these rules without changing who we are. We are not willing to do that,” Berg said.

In 2009 the HBF had accepted working under the restrictions with the hope of reaching an agreement with the Ethiopian government that would fully restore the organisation’s previous scope of work. However, after three years of fruitless negotiations, the foundation finally decided to close.

The “Charities and Societies Proclamation” has become notorious for granting the government latitude for interference, surveillance and direct involvement in the management and operations of organisations.

Currently there are nearly 3,000 international civil society groups, NGOs and charities operating here, and 400 of these have been warned about operating against the rules and regulations of the law.

The importance of preserving human rights in countries like Ethiopia was stressed by U.N. deputy secretary general Jan Eliasson, who told IPS that “the four crucial pillars of a post-2015 MDG (Millennium Development Goal) world are peace, development, the rule of law and human rights; if one of these pillars is weak then the whole structure is weak.”

Ethiopia’s government spokesman Bereket Simon explained to IPS that “the purpose of the NGO law is to limit foreign intervention, to better enable citizens to participate in political life.” According to Bereket, the recent appointment to the UNHRC “gives the government more energy to pursue democracy and human rights in Ethiopia.”

However, Endalkachew believes that restricting foreign involvement in human rights creates a rationale that is inconsistent with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the U.N. in 1948.

“Human rights know no borders, they are universal. It is an agenda for all human beings. Why can’t human rights in Ethiopia have the same unlimited access to resources as agriculture and infrastructure do?” he asked.

The HRCO and the country’s leading women’s rights organisation – the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) – had their bank accounts frozen in December 2009 after the passing of the Charities and Societies Proclamation, despite the fact that all their foreign funding had been received prior to passage of the 2009 legislation.

The EWLA had provided free legal aid to over 17,000 women. In 2011, the organisation effectively ceased to function.

In October, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch protested against the decision by Ethiopia’s Supreme Court to uphold the freezing of assets amounting to 500,000 dollars belonging to the HRCO.

The HRCO’s outreach and capacity have been severely restricted by the 2009 law. They have been reduced from 12 branches to three, from 60 staff members to 12 and have had to close offices across the country. The scope of their aid services to victims of human rights violations has been quashed.

“We can remain a human rights organisation but only as a resource-less organisation,” Endalkachew said.

According to Endelkachew, the deterioration of human rights in the country stems from the civil unrest that followed the 2005 elections, when a large number of the opposition was voted into power.

“In the eyes of the ruling party the majority of NGOs and journalists were seen as supportive of the opposition, so they believed something had to be done to restrict their activities.”

After these events, the government introduced a series of proclamations including the 2009 “Charities and Societies Proclamation”.

If the rationale behind the appointment of Ethiopia to the UNHRC is to encourage the new government to improve its human rights record under the watchful gaze of the international community then Enadalkachew believes “there could be reason to be hopeful about the future of human rights in Ethiopia.”

http://www.ipsnews.net/2012/11/ethiopia … nisations/


Bargain like a Somali pirate

Friday, November 23rd, 2012

ECONOMIST — Seizures of ships by pirates off the coast of Somalia may be down in recent months, but the interest of social scientists and economists in the country is undiminished. Because the place has been so stateless for so long, it provides a testing ground for theories about how people behave in the absence of meddlesome government. One such question is how two parties bargain when neither has good information available. Negotiations between shipowners and Somali pirates fit that description well.

Economists have been interested in the free-market ways of pirates for a while. Last year a team of three published a paper drawing on data from more than 10,000 negotiations that took place from 1575 to 1739 between North African pirates on one side and monks acting for Spanish families on the other. They found that the Spanish managed to pay lower ransoms by dragging talks out. Data on the activities of present-day pirates in Somalia are more, well, patchy. To fill the gap, the authors of a new paper gathered data from pirate negotiators.

They found that Somali pirates pretend to be more sophisticated than they are, whereas shipowners pretend to be poorer. Nowadays both sides have an interest in a speedy resolution, since a prolonged negotiation incurs costs. For the shipowner, the cargo spoils and the ship goes unused. For the pirates, the captured crew must be fed and the ship guarded. And pirates cannot last long without a resupply of qat, which is to them as rum is to Captain Jack Sparrow. Settle too quickly, though, and one side or other is likely to get a poor deal.

Government intervention can create perverse incentives. Spain paid a ransom of $1.2m for a fishing boat, the Playa del Bakio, in 2008—more than twice the amount previously paid for a vessel of that type, setting a new floor price. Indeed, although the number of ships taken is down, the pirates have adjusted by charging more per release. There are also signs that they are moving inland, grabbing aid workers and other foreigners far from the guns of the US Navy.


Tanks deployed in Khartoum following a coup d’etat attempt

Friday, November 23rd, 2012

Sudan: Tanks Appear in Khartoum After Arrest of Generals and Security Officers

22 November 2012

Khartoum — The Sudan government has arrested at least 14 high ranked army and security officials and several civilians connected to the ruling party of president Omar Al Bashir for an allegedly coupe attempt.

Radio Dabanga reports on Thursday, 22 November, that tanks were roaming the Ebed Khatim-road south of the Kober-bridge in Khartoum where many top officers including the president and vice-president are residing.

It is the first time that internal clashes within the ruling Islamic movements erupted to the surface. The movement sidetracked the leader of the Islamic movement, Ali Osman Taha, the vice-president of Sudan.

He was replaced by Zubair Ahmed Hassan, a Minister of Economic Affairs. The government spokesman said in a public appearance today that the ‘coup’-stagers took disadvantage from rumors about the ‘health situation of President Omar Al Bashir’.

Amongst the arrested people are retired major general Salah Abdalla Gosh (former security chief), general Adil Altayeb of the Sudan Armed Forces and Brigadier-general ‘Wad’ Mohamed Ibrahim. He was in charge to protect the oil fields in Kordofan (Heglig), but it failed after the Southern army walked in easily occupying the oil-wells preventing it from exploration. Only this week the first oil started to flow again.

According to a security spokesperson for Radio Dabanga, the main suspects of the alleged coup were arrested Thursday morning at 01:00, other arrests followed before sunrise. The spokesman of the government, the minister of Information Ahmed Bilal Osman said that the authorities discovered the ‘coup’-attempt ‘a long time ago’. "They initially want to do it last Thursday, but they decided a week later. We arrested them to prevent a bloodshed", Ahmed Bilal told the press.

Radio Dabanga received information that besides the 13 people mentioned by the minister at least one other army officer had been arrested early today.

The minister said the population should remain calm: "Everything is okay and the coup will not affect the Sudanese army, the security organs and the Popular Defense Forces. We intercepted communication about this coup. Let it be a warning: don’t go far with rumors’.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201211230029.html


China Will Build the World’s Tallest Building In 3 Months

Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

Jesus Diaz, Gizmodo

According to its engineers, this will be the tallest skyscraper in the world by the end of March of 2013. Its name is Sky City, and its 2,749 feet (838 meters) distributed in 220 floors will grow in just 90 days in Changsha city, by the Xiangjiang river.

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It’s not a joke. According to the construction company, the skyscraper will be built in just 90 days at the unbelievable rate of five floors per day.
It’s hard to believe, but they claim the building has been designed by some of the engineers who previously worked at the Burj Khalifa. It is also the same firm that built a full 30-story hotel in 15 days—which yes, is still standing and in perfect working condition.

Foundation work is beginning at the end of the month, once the Chinese authorities give the final go ahead to the project.

Pre-fab magic
They will be able to achieve this impossibly fast construction rate by using a prefabricated modular technology developed by Broad Sustainable Building, a company that has built 20 tall structures in China so far, including the that 30-story hotel.

Since they built that hotel, the company has been perfecting their technology, which they are now claiming will turn their project into the world’s tallest skyscraper in just three months. That’s a whooping five floors per day, which seems just absurd. According to Construction Week Online, the company is very serious about it. The senior VP of the Broad Group, Juliet Jiang, has publicly said that they "will go on as planned with the completion of five storeys a day."

Unlike the Burj Khalifa, the tower will be mostly habitable. Its final height will be 2,749 feet high (838 meters). Compared that to the Burj’s 2,719 feet (829 meters), which include the spire at the top resulting in a total of 163 floors.

Sky City will use an astonishing 220,000 tons of steel. The structure will be able to house 31,400 people of both "high and low income communities". The company says that the residential area will use 83-percent of the building, while the rest will be offices, schools, hospitals, shops and restaurants. People will move up and down using 104 high speed elevators.

The record figures don’t stop there: in addition to the 90-day construction time—as opposed to the 210 days initially reported by the Chinese media—the company claims it will cost $1,500 per square meter as opposed to the Burj’s $15,000 per square meter, all thanks to the prefab technology.

They also claim it will be able to sustain earthquakes of a 9.0 magnitude and be resistant to fire for "up to three hours," as well as be extremely energy efficient thanks to thermal insulation, four-panned windows and different air conditioning techniques that were already used in their previous constructions.


Supreme Court scrutinizes charges against Andualem Aragie and Eskender Nega

Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

(VOA) — Ethiopia’s Federal Supreme Court has postponed hearing an appeal of the conviction of prominent Ethiopian journalist Eskinder Nega and opposition leader Andualem Arage. But the court gave its first indication Thursday that charges brought by prosecutors under the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation may not be that strong by demanding that prosecutors justify the June convictions.

Journalist Eskinder Nega received an 18-year sentence, while opposition politician Andualem Arage is serving life in prison on terrorism-related charges.

Andualem’s lawyer, Abebe Guta, said the court has found many irregularities in the prosecution’s charges.

“As they scrutinized our ground of appeal they found so many legal and factual irregularities," said Abebe. "Therefore, before the ruling passes, that means before our appeal is accepted or approved, they wanted to summon the prosecution officers to come and justify.”

Maran Turner, the executive director of Freedom Now, a Washington D.C.- based organization that works on individual prisoners of conscience cases, said the latest developments are positive. Freedom Now has been supporting Eskinder and brought his case before the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.

“It seems to me that the court also is confounded by the charges against Eskinder and the other defendants," Turner said. "So the fact that the court has postponed the case, it obviously acknowledges the flaws that we see, which is that the charges themselves are flawed. In fact, the case is flawed from the very beginning of arrest.”

Eskinder, Anualem and more than 20 others were found guilty of ties to a U.S.-based opposition group, Ginbot 7, classified as a terrorist organization by the Ethiopian government.

Amnesty International and other rights advocacy groups have said the trial was a sham used to silence dissent.

The prosecution will need to justify its convictions before the court on December 19.


አስታውሳለሁ! እንዴት እረሳለሁ!!

Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

አስታውሳለሁ! እንዴት እረሳለሁ!!

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም

ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

በ ሰኔ 6-8 እና በ ህዳር 1-4 2005 (እንዳሮፓ አቆጣጠር) በ በግንቦት 2005 የተካሄደውን ምርጫ ተከትሎ ኢህአዴግ ያወጣውን ሕገ መንግሥት በማመን ባዶ እጃቸውን ወደ አደባባይ የወጡ ንጹሃን ወንዶች፤ሴቶች፤ሕጻናት ኢትዮጵያዊያን በቅርቡ ሕይወታቸው ባለፈው በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀጥተኛ ትእዛዝና ቁጥጥር ሕይወታቸው በአሰቃቂ ሁኔታ በጥይት ተደብድበው ተገድለዋል። በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊና በፓርላማው ሕጋዊ ሆኖ የተዋቀረው የአጣሪ ኮሚሽን  አጣርቶ እንደዘገበው እውነታ፤ “ባዶ እጃቸውን በሕገ መንግሥቱ ላይ በጸደቀው መብታቸው መሰረት ወደ አደባባይ ከወጡትና ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ በማካሄድ ላይ ከነበሩት መሃል 193ቱ፤ እና እንዲሁም በመንግሥት ወህኒ ቤት ታስረው ባሉት በርካታዎች ላይ ከፖሊስ በተተኮሰ ጥይት ሕይወታቸው አልፏል 763ም ቁስለኛ ሆነዋል፡፡ አጣሪ ኮሚሽኑ ሁኔታውን በአግባቡና ከወገንተኛነት ነጻ በሆነ መንፈስ በማጣራት የንጹሃኑ ደም አለ አግባብ መፍሰሱን ሕይወታቸውም መቀጠፉን ዘግቧል፡፡ ገዢው መንግሥትና የገዢው መንግሥት መገናኛ ብዙሃን፤ እንዲሁም ወንጀሉን የፈጸሙት ፖሊሶችና ሌሎች የጦሩ አባላት የሰነዘሩትን ክስ ኮሚሽኑ በማጣራት ሂደቱ ጨርሶ ተአማኒነት የሌለው ፈጠራ ነው ብሎ አጣጥሎታል፡፡ በአጣሪው ዘገባ መሰረት “በሰላማዊ ሰልፈኞቹ በንብረት ላይ የደረሰ አንዳችም ጥፋት አለመኖሩን አረጋግጧል፡፡ አንድም ሰልፈኛ ሽጉጥም ሆነ ቦምብና ሌላም መሳርያ የያዘ አልነበረም፡፡ ከመንግሥት ታጣቂ ሃይሎችም የተተኮሱት ጥይቶች ሰልፈኛውን አስፈራርቶ ለመበተን የተቃጡ ሳይሆኑ በማነጣጠር ለመግደል ሆን ተብለው መተኮሳቸውን የሚያሳየው ሟቾችና ቁስለኞች የተመቱት ደረታቸውንና ጭንቅላታቸውን መሆኑ ነው፡፡”

(ጠቃሚ መረጃ፡-  የኮሚሽኑ የ193 የሟች ዜጎች ዘገባ የሚያጠቃልለው ሰኔ 6-8 እና በ ህዳር 1-4 2005 (እንዳሮፓ አቆጣጠር) ያለውን ግድያ ብቻ ነው፡፡ የ2005ቱን ምርጫ ተከትሎ በግልጽ ከተመዘገበው ግድያ ውጪ በመንግስት የጦር ሃይሎች ለሞት የተዳረጉት ቁጥራቸው እጅጉን የናረ ሲሆን ይህም የግድያዎቹ ዘገባ ኮሚሽኑ ዘገባውን ከሚያቀርበበት ከተወሰነው ወቅት ካለፈ በኋላ በመታወቃቸው ነው፡፡)

አስታውሳለሁ: እንዴትስ ይረሳል!

የሰማእታት ዝርዝር:

ረቡማ እሸቴ እርጋታ 34  ግንበኛ፡፡ መልሳቸው ደምሴ አላምነው 16 ተማሪ፡፡ ሀድራ ሹክራ ኡስማን 22፤ ስራዋ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ጃፈር ሰይድ ኢብራሂም 2፤8 አነስተኛ ነጋዴ፡፡መኮንን 17 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ወልደሰማያት: ስራ አጥ፡፡ ባሕሩ  ምን ላርግህ ደምለው  ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ፈቃደ ነጋሽ፤ 25 ሜካኒክ፡፡ አብራሃም  ይልማ፤ 17 ታክሲ ረዳት፡፡ ያሬድ በላቸው እሸቴ፤23 አነስተኛ ነጋዴ፡፡ ከበደ ወ/ጊ/ሕይወት፤17 ተማሪ፡፡ ማቲያስ ግርማ ፍልፍሉ 14 ተማሪ፡፡ ጌትነት አያሌው ወዳጆ፤ 48 አነስተኛ ንግድ፡፡ እንዳልካቸው መገርሳ ሁንዴ፤18፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ አልዩ ጠዩሱፍ ኢሳ 20  የቀን ሰራተኛ፡፡ ሳምሶን ንጉሴ ያዕቆብ 23 የህዝብ ትራንስፖርት፡፡ አለበለው አሸናፊ አበበ፤18 ተማሪ፡፡ በልዩ ባዩ ዘአ፤ የትራንስፖርት ረዳት፡፡ ዩሱፍ አብደላ ጀማል፤23 ተማሪ፡፡ አብርሃም ስሜ ወ/አገኘሁ፤23 የትራንስፖርት ረዳት፡፡ ሞሃመድ ሁሴን ቤካ፤ 45 ገበሬ፡፡ ረደላ ክንባዱ አደል፤19 የታክሲ ረዳት፡፡ ሃብታሙ አመንሲሳ ኡርጌሳ፤ አነስተኛ ንግድ፡፡ ዳዊት ፈቃዱ ጸጋዬ፤ 19 ሜካኒክ፡፡ ገዛኸኝ መንገሻ ገረመው፤ 15 ተማሪ፡፡ ዮናስ አሰፋ አበራ፤24 ስራው አልታወቀም:: ግርማ  ዓለሙ ወልዴ፤38 ሾፌር፡፡ ወ/ሮ ደስታ ኡማ ብሩ፤38 አነስተኛ ንግድ፡፡ ለገሰ ቱሉ ፈይሳ፤ 60 ግንበኛ፡፡ ተስፋዬ ድልገባ ቡሽራ፤ 19 ጫማ አዳሽ፡፡ ቢኒያም ደንበላ ደገፋ፤ 18፤ ሥራ አጥ፡፡ ሚሊዪን ከበደ ሮቢ፤32 የትራነስፖርት ረዳት፡፡ ደረጀ ዳመና ደኒ፤24 ተማሪ፡፡ ነቢዩ ዓለማየሁ ሃይሌ፤ 16 ተማሪ፡፡ ምትኩ ኡድማ ሚሶንዳ፤ 24 የቤት ሰራተኛ፡፡ አንዋር ኪያር ሱሩር፤ 22 አነስተኛ ንግድ፡፡ ንጉሴ ዋበኝ፤36 የቤት ሰራተኛ፡፡ ዙልፋ ሱሩር ሃሰን 50 የቤት እመቤት፡፡

ዋሲሁን ከበደ፤ 16 ተማሪ፡፡ ኤርሚያስ ፈቃዱ ከተማ፤ 20 ተማሪ፡፡ 00428፤ 25 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 00429፤26 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡00430 30 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ አዲሱ በላቸው፤ 25 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ደመቀ ካሳ አበበ፤  ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡00432፤ 22፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡00450፤20፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 13903፤25፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 00435 30፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡13906፤25፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ተማም ሙክታር፤ 25 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡በየነ ኑር ቤዛ፤ 25፤ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ወሰን አሰፋ፤ 25፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ አበበ አንተነህ፤ 30 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ፈቃዱ ሃይሌ፤ 25፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ኤልያስ ጉልቴ፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ብርሃኑ አሸሞ ወረቃ፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ አሸብር ዓየለ መኩሪያ፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡  ዳዊት ፈቃዱ ሰማ፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ መርሃ ጽድቅ ሲራክ፤ 22፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ በለጠ ጋሻው ጠና፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ በሃይሉ ተስፋዬ፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 21760፤18፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 21523, 25፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡11657, 24,  ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡21520, 25  ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ; 21781, 60 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ጌታቸው አዘዘ፤ 45 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡; 21762, 75 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 11662,45, ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡21763, 25, ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡  13087, 30, ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 21571, 25, ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ 21761, 21, ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ እንዳልካቸው ወ/ ገብርኤል፤ 27 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡

ሃይለማርያም አምባዬ፤ 20 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ መብራቱ ውብሸት ዘውዱ 27 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ስንታዬሁ እስጢፋኖስ በየነ፤ 14 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ታምሩ ሃይለሚካኤል፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ አድማሱ ተገኝ አበበ፤ 45 ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ እቴነሽ ይማም፤50፤ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ወርቄ አበበ፤ 19፤ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ፍቃዱ ደግፌ 27 ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ሸምሱ ካሊድ፤25፤ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡አብዱዋሂድ አህመዲነ፤30፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ተክሌ ደበሌ፤ 20 ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ታደሰ ፈይሳ 38፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ሰሎሞን ተስፋዬ 25፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ቅጣው ወርቁ፤25፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ እንዳልካቸው ወርቁ፤ 25፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ደስታ አያሌው ነጋሽ፤ 30፤ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ይለፍ ነጋ፤ 15፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ዮሐንስ ሃይሌ፤20፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ በሃይሉ ተሸመ ብርሃኑ፤30፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ሙሉ ኩምሳ ሶሬሳ፤50፤ የቤት እመቤት፡፡ ቴዎድሮስ ግደይ ሃይሉ፤ 23 ጫማ አሻሻጭ፡፡ ደጀኔ ይልማ ገብሬ፤18 ሱቅ ሰራተኛ፡፡ፀጋ ሁን ወልደ ገብርኤል፤18፤ተማሪ፡፡ ደረጃ ማሞ ሃሰን፤27፤ አናጢ፡፡ ረጋሳ ጉቱታ ፈይሳ፤55፤ ላወንድሪ ሰራተኛ፡፡ቴዎድሮስ ገብረወልድ፤28 የግል ስራ፡፡

መኮንን ደስታ ገ/ እግዚአብሔር፤20፤ ሜካኒክ፡፡ ኤልያስ ገ;ጊዮርጊስ23 ተማሪ፡፡ አብርሃም አሰፋ መኮንን፤ 21፤ የቀን ሰራተኛ፡፡ጥሩወርቅ ገ/ ጻድቅ፤ 41፤ የቤት እመቤት፡፡ሄኖክ ቀጸላ መኮንን፤ 28፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ጌቱ ሸዋንጉስ መረታ፤ 24፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ወ/ሮ ክብነሽ መልኬ ታደሰ፤ 52፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ መሳይ አዲሱ ስጦታው፤ 29፤ የግል ስራ፡፡ ሙሉዓለም ንገሤ ወየሳ፤ 15፡፡ አያል ሰው ማሞ፤23፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ስንታየሁ መለሰ፤ 24፤ የቀን ሰራተኝ፡፡ ወ/ሮ ጸዳለ ዓለሙ ቢራ፤50፤ የቤት እመቤት፡፡ አባይነህ ሳራ ሰዴ፤ 35፤ ልብስ ሰፊ፡፡ ፍቅረማርያም ቁምቢ ተሊላ፤ 18፤ ሾፌር፡፡ ዓለማየሁ ገርባ፤ 26፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ጆርጅ ጌትዬ አበበ፤ 36፤ የግል ትራንስፖርት፡፡ ሃብታሙ ዘገየ ቶላ፤ 16፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ምትኩ ዘለቀ ገ/ሥላሴ፤24፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ምትኩ ዘለቀ ገ/ ስላሴ፤ 24 ፤ ተማሪ፡፡  ትእዛዙ ወግል ሰራተኛ፡፡ ፍቃዱ አመላ ዳልጌ፤ 36፤ ልብስ ሰፊ፡፡ ሸዋጋ በቀለ ወ/ ጊዮርጊስ፤ 38፤ የቀን ሰራተኛ፡፡ ዓለማየሁ ኢፋ ዘውዴ፤ 32፤ ጨርቃ ጨርቅ ሰራተኛ፡፡ ዘልዓለም  ቀጸላ ገ/ጻድቅ፤ 31፤ ታክሲ ነጂ፡፡ መቆያ መብራቱ ታደሰ፤ 19 ተማሪ፡፡ ሃይልዬ ግርማ ሁሴን፤ 19፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ወ/ሮ ፍስሐ ጣሰው ውሩፋ፤  23፤ ፖሊስ፡፡ ወጋየሁ ዘርይሁን አርጋው፤ 26 ሥራ አጥ፡፡

መላኩ መኮንን ከበደ፤ 19፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ አባይነህ ደዴ ኦራ፤ 25፤ ልብስ ሰፊ፡፡ ወ/ሮ አበበች በቀለ ሁለቱ፤ 50፤ የቤት እመቤት፡፡ ደመቀ  አበጀ ጀምበሬ፤  30፤ ገበሬ፡፡ ክንዴ መለሰ ወረሱ፤ 22፤ ስራ አጥ፡፡ እንዳለ እውነቱ ገብረመድህን፤ 23፤ የግል ሰራተኛ፡፡ ዓለማየሁ ተሸመ ወልዴ፤ 24፤ መምህር፡፡ ብስራት ተስፋዬ ደምሴ፤ 24፤ መኪና አስመጪ፡፡ መስፍን ገ/ወልድ ሃብተ ጊዮርጊስ፤ 23 የግል ስራ፡፡ ወሊዮ ሁሴን ዳሪ፤ 18፤ የግል ስራ፡፡ በሃይሉ ግርማ ገብረ መድህን፤ 20፤ በግል ስራ፡፡ ሲራጅ ኑሪ ሰኢድ፤ 18፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ኢዮብ ገብረ መድህን፤ 25፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ዳንኤል ወርቁ ሙሉጌታ፤ 25፤ የቀን ሰራተኛ፡፡ ቴዎድሮስ ከበደ ደገፋ፤ 25፤ ጫማ ፋብሪካ ሰራተኛታ፡፡ ጋሻው ታደሰ ሙሉጌታ፤ 24፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ከበደ በዳሶ ኢርኮ፤ 22፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ለቻሳ ከፈና ለታሳ፤  21፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ጃገማ በዳኔ በሻህ፤ 20፤ ተማሪ፡፡  ደበላ አኦለታ ጉታ፤ 15፤ ተማሪ፡፡ መላኩ፤ተረፈ ፈይሳ፤ 16፤ ተማሪ፡፡ ወ/ሮ እልፍነሽ ተክሌ፤ 45፤ ስራው ያልታወቀ፡፡ ሃሰን ዱላ፤ 64፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ሁሴን ሃሰን ዱላ፤ 25፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ጸሃይ ደጀኔ ደምሴ፤ 15፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ስሙ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ስሙ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ስሙ ያልታወቀ፡፡ አግደው ፤ 18፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ጌታቸው  አፈወርቅ ተረፈ፤ 16፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ደለለኝ ክንዴ ዓለሙ፤ 20፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ዩሱፍ ሞሃመድ ኡመር፤ 20፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡

መኩርያ ተፈራ ተበጀ፤ 22፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ባድሜ ሞገስ ተሻማሁ፤ 20፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ አምባው ጌታሁን፤ 38፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ተሾመ  አዲስ ኪዳኔ፤ 65፤ የጤና ተቋም ሰራተኛ፡፡ ዮሴፍ ሙሉጌታ ረጋሣ፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ አቢዩ ንጉሴ፤  ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ታደሰ ሻሬ በሃጋ፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ኤፍሬም ጥላሁን ሻፊ፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ አበበ ሐርቆ ሃማ፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ገበሬ ሞላ፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ሰይዲን ኑረዲን፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ እንየው ጌታቸው ጸጋዬ 32፤ ትራንስፖርት ረዳት፡፡ አብዱራህማን ሁሴን ፈረጀ፤  32፤ አናጢ፡፡ አብዱል መናን ሁሴን፤ 28፤ በግል ሰራተኛ፡፡ ጂግሳ ቶላ ሰጠኝ፤ 18፤ ተማሪ፡፡ አሰፋ  አብሽሮ ነጋሳ፤ 33፤ አናጢ፡፡ ከተማ ኩቦ ኢንኮ 23፤ ልብስ ሰፊ፡፡ ክብረት ዕድሉ እልፍነህ፤ 48፤ ጥበቃ ሰራተኛ፡፡ ኢዮብ ገዛኸኝ ዘመድኩን፤ 24፤ ግል ሰራተኛ፡፡ ተስፋዬ ብርሃኔ መነገሻ፤ 15፤ በግል፡፡ ሻምበል ደበሳ ሰርቤሳ ቶሎሳ፤ 58፤ በግል ስራ፡፡ ትንሳኤ መንግስቱ ዘገየ፤ 14 ልብስ ሰፊ፡፡ ኪዳኔ ገብሬ ሽኩሮው፤ 25፤ የቀን ሰራተኛ፡፡ አንዱዓለም ሽበላው፤ 16፤ ተማሪ፡፡ አዲሱ ዳኜ ተስፋሀን፤ 19፤ በግል፡፡ ካሳ በየነ፤ 28፤ ባለ ልብስ ሱቅ፡፡ ይታገሱ ሲሳይ፤ 22፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ያልታወቀ፡፡ ያልታወቀ፤ 22፤ ስራ ያልታወቀ፡፡

የመንግስት ደህንነት ሰራተኞች ከቡድናቸው በተተኮሰ ጥይት የተገደሉ፤(እርስ በርስ የተገዳደሉ) ነጋ ገብሬ፤ ጀበና ደሳለኝ፤ ሙሊቶ ኢርኮ፤ ዮሐንስ ሰሎሞን፤ አሸናፊ ደሳለኝ፤ ፌያ ገብረመንፈስ፡፡

ኖቬምበር 2/2005 (እንዳሮፓ አቆጣጠር) በቃሊቲ ወህኒ ቤት ተዘግቶባቸው እያሉ የተጨፈጨፉ ፍርደኞችና ፍርድ በመጠበቅ ላይ የነበሩ፡፡

1. ጠይብ ሸምሱ ሞሃመድ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤የመሳርያ ትግል ሲያነሳሳ ተብሎ ክስ የቀረበበት፡፡2. ሳሊ ከበደ፤ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡3. ሰፊው እንድሪስ፤ታፈሰ ወረዳ፤ ዕድሜያቸው ያልታወቀ በአሰገድዶ መድፈር የተከሰሱ፡፡ 4. ዘገየ ተንኮሉ በላይ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 5. ቢያድግልኝ ተማም፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ክሱ ያልታወቀ፡፡ 6. ገብሬ መስፍን ዳኜ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ ክሱ ያልታወቀ፡፡ 7. በቀለ አብርሃም ታዬ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ 8. አበሻ ጉታ ሞላ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ ክሱ ያልታወቀ፡፡ 9. ኩርፋ መልካ ተሊላ፤ በማስፈራራት የተከሰሰ፡፡

10. በጋሻው ተረፈ ጉደታ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በሰላም ማደፍረስ የተከሰሰ፡፡ 11. አብዱዋሂብ አህመዲን፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 12. ተስፋዬ አቢይ ሙሉጌታ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ በመሳርያ ትግል ማነሳሳት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 13. አዳኔ ቢረዳ፤ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ በግድያ የተከሰሰ፡፡ 14. ይርዳው ከርሴማ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 15. ባልቻ ዓለሙ ረጋሳ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 16. አቡሽ በለው ወዳጆ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 17. ዋለልኝ ታምሬ በላይ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ በአስገድዶ መድፈር የተከሰሰ፡፡ 18. ቸርነት ሃይሌ ቶላ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 19. ተማም ሸምሱ ጎሌ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡

20. ገበየሁ በቀለ አለነ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 21. ዳኔኤል ታዬ ለኩ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 22. ሞሃመድ ቱጂ ከኔ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 23. አብዱ ነጂብ ኑር፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 24. የማታው ሰርቤሎ፤ በአስገድዶ መድፈር የተከሰሰ፡፡ 25. ፍቅሩ ናትናኤል ሰው ነህ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ ወንድ፤  በማስፈራራት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 26. ሙኒር ከሊል አደም፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በዋለጌነት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 27. ሃይማኖት በድሉ ተሸመ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤በማጭበርበር የተከሰሰ፡፡ 28. ተስፋዬ ክብሮም ተክኔ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 29. ወርቅነህ ተፈራ ሁንዴ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡

30. ሲሳይ ምትኩ፤ በማጭበርበር የተከሰሰ፤ 31. ሙሉነህ አይናለም ማሞ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 32. ታደሰ ሩፌ የኔነህ፤ በማስፈራራት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 33. አንተነህ በዬቻ ቀበቻ፤ ዕድሜው ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ የመሳርያ ትግል በማነሳሳት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 34. ዘርይሁን መሬሳ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ንብረት በማውደም የተከሰሰ፡፡ 35. ወጋየሁ ዘርይሁን አርጋው፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 36. በከልካይ ታምሩ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 37. የራስወርቅ አንተነህ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ በማጭበርበር የተከሰሰ፡፡ 38. ባዘዘው ብርሀኑ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ በሶዶማዊ ተግባር ማነሳሳት የተከሰሰ፡፡39. ሰሎሞን ኢዮብ ጉታ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ በአስገድዶ መድፈር  የተከሰሰ፡፡

40. አሳዩ ምትኩ አራጌ.ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ በማስፈራራት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 41. ጋሜ ሃይሉ ዘዬ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ጸጥታ በመንሳት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 42. ማሩ እናውጋው ድንበሬ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤በአስገድዶ መድፈር የተከሰሰ፡፡ 43. እጅጉ ምናሌ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በመግደል ሙከራ የተከሰሰ፡፡ 44. ሃይሉ ቦስና ሃቢብ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ መደበቂያ በመስጠት የተከሰሰ፡፡45. ጥላሁን መሰረት፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡46. ንጉሴ በላይነህ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 47. አሸናፊ አበባው፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 48. ፈለቀ ድንቄ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡49. ጀንበሬ ድንቅነህ ቢለው፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ጸጥታ በማወክ የተከሰሰ፡፡

50. ቶሎሳ ወርቁ ደበበ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 51. መካሻ በላይነህ ታምሩ፤ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በዱር አዳሪነት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 52. ይፍሩ አደራው፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያለተመሰረተበት፡፡ 53. ፋንታሁን ዳኜ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 54. ጥበበ ዋኬኔ ቱፋ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤ የመሳርያ ትግል በመቀስቀስ የተከሰሰ፡፡ 55. ሰሎሞን ገብረዓምላክ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ቡር አዳሪነት የተከሰሰ፡፡56. ባንጃው ቹቹ ካሳሁን፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤በስርቆት የተከሰሰ፡፡ 57. ደመቀ አበጀ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ በመግደል ሙከራ የተከሰሰ፡፡.58. እንዳለ እውነቱ መንግስቴ፤ወንድ፤ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡ 59. ዓለማየሁ ገረባ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ወንድ፤በ2004 በተካሄደው የዩኒቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎች እንቅስቃሴ በማነሳሳት የተከሰሰ፡፡60. ሞርኮታ ኢዶሳ፤ ዕድሜ ያልታወቀ፤ ወንድ፤ ክስ ያልተመሰረተበት፡፡

[ለታሪክ መዝገብ፡- ቢያንስ የ237 በዚህ ግድያና ጭፍጨፋ በቀጥታ ተሳትፈው የነበሩት የተረጋገጠ የፖሊስና የደህንነት አባልት ስም ዝርዝር  በመዝገብ አለ፡፡  በአስቸኳይ ወደ ፍርድ ሊቀርቡ ይገባል፡፡

የሰባዊ መብት ተምዋጋች የኔ ሰው ገብሬን አስታውሳለሁ

በ 11/11/11 (እንዳሮፓ አቆጣጠር) መምህርና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች የነበረው የ 29 ዓመቱ የኔ ሰው ገብሬ በዳውሮ ዞን፤ተርቻ ቀበሌ በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ በሕዝብ መሰብሰቢያ ቦታ እራሱን በእሳት አቃጥሎ ተሰዋ፡፡ በቃጠሎው በደረሰበት ጉደት የተነሳ በ3ኛው ቀን ሕይቱ አለፈ፡፡ የኔ ሰው እራሱን በእሳት ከማያያዙ በፊት፤ በቦታው ለተሰበሰቡት ሰዎች ‹‹ሕግና መልካም አስተዳደር በሌለበት፤ ሰብአዊ መብት በሚጣስበት ሃገር፤ እነዚህ ወጣቶች በነጻ እንዲለቀቁ ስል እራሴን እሰዋለሁ›› በማለት ተናገረ፡፡ የኔ ሰው ገብሬን አስታውሳለሁ::

አስታውሳለሁ! እንዴት እረሳለሁ!!

‹‹ ተስፋን ላለማጣት አንድ ሺህ አንድ ሰበቦች ለመፍጠር እየታገልኩም፤ ገዳዮቹን አስታውሳለሁ፤ ሟቾቹን አስታውሳለሁ፡፡ ምክንያቱም እያስታወስኩ ፤እሰቃያለሁ፡፡ስለማስታዉስም ተስፋ አደርጋለሁ::›› ኤሊ ዌይሴል: ከሆሎኮስት የተረፈና የኖቤል የሰላም  ሽልማት ተቀባይ::

አስታውሳለሁ!

እንዴት እረሳለሁ!!

ሁሌም ተስፋ አደርጋለሁ!!!

ሁላችንም ልናስታውስ እንጂ መርሳት አንችልም፡፡

እንዳይደገም!!!

የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/11/12/i_remember

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::)

ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Causes of deaths at Ethiopian hospitals – study

Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

Ethiopia is encountering a growing burden of non-communicable diseases along with infectious diseases, perinatal and nutritional problems that have long been considered major problems of public health importance. This retrospective analysis was carried out to examine the mortality patterns from communicable diseases and non communicable diseases in public and private hospitals of Addis Ababa.

Methods: Approximately 47,153 deaths were captured over eight years (2002–2010) in forty three public and private hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Cardiac CenterData collectors (43 hospital clerks) and coordinators (3 nurses) had been extensively trained on how to review hospital death records. Information obtained included: dates of admission and death, age, sex, address, and principal cause of death.

Only the diseases responsible for deaths are taken as the cause of death. Cause of death was coded using International Classification of Diseases(ICD-10) and data were double entered.

Diseases were classified into: Group I (communicable diseases, maternal conditions and nutritional deficiencies); Group II (non-communicable causes); and Group III (injuries). Percentages, proportional mortality ratios, 95% confidence intervals (CI) and Adjusted odd ratios (OR) were calculated.

Results: Overall, 59% of the deaths were attributed to Group I diseases, and 31% to Group II diseases and 12% to injuries.

Nearly 56% of the males and 68% of the females deaths were due to five leading causes (conditions arising during perinatal period, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory infections). Significantly larger proportions of females died from Group I (67%) and Group II diseases (32%) compared with males (where the respective proportions were 52% and 30%).

Significantly higher proportion of males (17%) than females (6%) were dying from Group III diseases. Deaths due to Group I diseases decreased while those due to Group II diseases increased with age.

Overall Group I diseases and HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and still birth mortality in particular have showed decreasing trend while Group II and III increasing over time. Double burden in mortality was highly observed in the age groups of 15–64 years.

Those aged >45 years were dying more likely with non-communicable diseases compared with children. Children aged below 15 years were 16 times more likely to die from communicable, perinatal and nutritional conditions compared with elders.

Mortality variation with age has been identified between public and private hospitals.

Conclusions: The results of the present study shows that, in addition to the common Group I causes of death, emerging group II diseases are contributing to high proportions of mortality in the public and private hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Thus, priority should be given to the prevention and management of conditions arising during perinatal period such as low birth weight and still birth, HIV/AIDS; tuberculosis, respiratory infections, cardiovascular diseases, malignant neoplasm, chronic respiratory diseases and road traffic accident.

The planning of health resources and activities should take into account the double burden in mortality due to Group I and Group II diseases. This calls for strengthening approaches towards the control and prevention of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular and malignant neoplasm.

By Awoke Misganaw, Damen Haile Mariam, Tekebash Araya and Kidane Ayele
Source: BMC Public Health, Nov. 2012

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC sent an open letter to the UN on the election of Ethiopia to the Human Rights Council

Thursday, November 22nd, 2012

ENTC has sent an open letter to UN Secretery General Mr. Ban Ki-moon regarding the recent election of Ethiopia to the Human Rights Council. ENTC in its letter expressed its disappointment that the election contradicts the fact that Ethiopia currently is being ruled by dictatorial regime that violates human rights of its citizens and cracks down on any form of dissent.

Read the full text

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Killer of the Dallas TX Desta Restaurant owners extradited from Colorado

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

By Robert Wilonsky | The Dallas Morning News

Abey Belete GirmaIt’s been three months since 40-year-old Yayehyirad “Yared” Lemma and 31-year-old Yenenesh “Yenni” Desta were shot to death in front of their Lower Greenville home. The couple was returning home from Desta, the Ethiopian restaurant they ran on Greenville Avenue near Forest Lane, when a man accosted them on their front porch. Police would later say Abey Belette Girma was the shooter, and that he’d followed the couple home from the restaurant because they’d “disrespected him.”

Dallas police issued a capital murder arrest warrant for Girma, who’d left the state: A witness told police the 37-year-old Girma showed him the pistol he used to shoot the couple, then forced him to drive to Goodland, Kansas. Eventually, Girma showed up in Aurora, Colorado, where he was taken into custody and booked into the Arapahoe County jail.

And that’s where he sat till last week. But Dallas County records show that Girma is now being held in the Dallas County jail. He’s being held on a $1 million bond, charged with capital murder.

Sources familiar with the case say it took so long to get Girma back to Dallas because he fought extradition.

Girma is due in court Monday to approve Juan Sanchez as his court-appointed attorney. Sanchez says a pre-trial hearing will follow soon after.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

20 Home Based Business Ideas

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

If you are thinking about starting your own Home Based Business, the available options can be overwhelming. However, there are many tried and true home-based businesses that may be just what you are looking for.

Here are the top 25 home based business ideas, in no particular order:

1. Translator. In a multi-ethnic society such as the United State, translation service is in big demand. American Translators Association can be a good source of information on how to establish a home-based translation service.

2. Tutoring. You can start a business tutoring students by advertising at schools, the local YMCA, and other places frequented by families. If you have children, talk to their teachers and determine the needs of your school district.

3. Consulting. If you are an expert in your industry, such as finance, marketing, or mediation, consider beginning your own consulting business.

4. Medical and legal transcription. If you have transcription skills and the necessary equipment, you can easily work from home for a variety of different companies. Check local community colleges or online for transcription training courses. Medical transcription involves picking up dictation via tape, voice file and digital system using foot pedal for “start-stop” control, ear phones and a “word processing program”. You can either choose to conduct medical transcription as an independent worker or an employee with benefits.

5. Medical claims billing. This industry is one of the most popular work-from-home businesses — so much so that suspect companies have been popping up on the Internet and in classified advertisements. ELearners.com can help you locate transcription training courses online. Home based medical transcription is one of the most popular choices for a home business. Medical transcription provides flexibility, ease of training and the ability to be your own boss without the high cost of getting started. Medical transcriptionists quickly and accurately interpret through doctor’s dictation, the medical records of patients into medically and grammatically precise reports. The interactions between the patient and his physician require transcription. Some of these include: Surgical procedures, Medical consultations, Diagnoses, Prognoses, Prescriptions, Radiological or other laboratory results, Dissemination of the patients “medical history”, Autopsy reports

6. Accounting. There are many franchises and opportunities available for certified public accountants. If you are interested in getting certified, take a look at the Web site of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants for information on specific state requirements.

7. Web design. If you can design quality Web sites, consider turning your skills into a home-based business. Although the software and hardware costs can be steep, good Web designers tend to be well-compensated for their efforts.

8. Desktop publishing. Do you have a creative flair for putting together brochures and newsletters? You can offer your own desktop publishing services to other small businesses. Software can be expensive, so make sure to give applications a trial run or take a course before investing in one.

9. Photography. If you are skilled with a camera, you can open your own photography studio in your home. Keep in mind that you will need space to shoot the pictures as well as a light-free space for a darkroom if you decide to process your film and print your photographs yourself.

10. Home inspection. The National Association of Certified Home Inspectors Web site provides information on becoming certified to inspect homes.

11. Remodeling. If you are a gifted carpenter or contractor, you can turn your passion into your own business. The SBA provides loans to experienced contractors looking to renovate homes or businesses in order to sell them.

12. Interior design. If you have a flair for the creative, consider interior design. The American Society of Interior Designers Web site provides resources for aspiring interior designers, including a list of each state’s requirements for licensing.

13. Catering or personal chef. Consider starting your own catering or personal chef business from your own kitchen. You can set yourself apart from competitors by providing specialized services such as low-carb or vegetarian menus.

14. Gift baskets. Gift basket creation is a popular and creative home-based business. Target both individuals and businesses to increase potential sales.

15. Wedding planner. If you are an ace at organizing important events and have a Rolodex full of contacts, consider becoming a wedding planner. There are numerous online certification courses online, including one from Weddings Beautiful.

16. Personal shopper. If you are a great shopper with an eye for people’s personal styles, you can offer your services to those less inclined. In addition, consider providing a gift shopping service for those too busy to shop themselves.

17. Concierge. If you have a lot of energy, a love for the mundane, and the ability to juggle multiple tasks, consider providing a personal concierge to busy business people or parents.

18. Computer repair. Are you the person everyone calls when they have a computer problem? Turn this into a business and start getting paid for fixing fatal errors. Check out Geeks on Call America and Rescuecom if you are interested in franchise opportunities.

19. Cleaning service. If you are good at cleaning, consider offering your services to others. One way to go is with a franchise. CleanNet-USA and JaniKing are two of the largest franchisers in the cleaning market.

20. Carpet cleaning service. There are many popular franchises that allow you to start your own carpet cleaning business and receive the equipment and training you need. ServiceMaster Clean and ChemDry are two of the bigger ones.

Source: Home Business Opportunity

Please share your own home-based business ideas with us.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC has formed a new chapter in Belgium

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced that it completed the successful formation of the Belgium chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: belgium.entc@gmail.com
tel: 0032-493-499-619

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice a bad news for the U.S., Africa and the world

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

Susan Rice Is Bad News

Posted By Justin Raimondo On November 20, 2012 @ 11:00 pm

The largely partisan debate over what really happened in Benghazi has centered around the public pronouncements of UN Ambassador Susan Rice, whose comments on the Sunday talk show circuit attributed the death of Ambassador Chris Stevens and three others to a riot precipitated by the “Innocence of Muslims” video. With indications the administration may be considering Rice to replace Hillary Clinton at the State Department, Sen. John McCain has gone on the warpath, declaring her unfit to hold office and vowing to block her nomination: the Fox News media machine echoes his ranting (or perhaps I should say McCain is echoing their ravings). And so the stage is set for another one of those Red Team-Blue Team showdowns that underscore the evolution of politics into pure entertainment, and have nothing whatsoever to do with whatever policy differences the two sides may have.

McCain’s grandstanding is unfortunate, not least of all because it obscures the real reason the Senate should reject the Rice nomination, if and when it is announced: she’s one of the most militant [pdf] of the New Interventionists who infest the Obama administration’s foreign policy shop. With Rice at the helm, the State Department would become an increasingly belligerent mouthpiece for the militant regime-changers who increasingly dominate our foreign policy councils.

Rice was in the vanguard of the Libya operation, and is credited with pressuring a reluctant President to get involved in an adventure he was sure to regret. As the idiotic left-neocon John Avlon enthused in Newsweek/The Daily Beast:

“The Libyan airstrikes mark the first time in U.S. history that a female-dominated diplomatic team has urged military action.

“Secretary of State Hillary Clinton joined with U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice and the influential Office of Multilateral and Human Rights Director Samantha Power to argue for airstrikes against Libya. Their advice triggered an abrupt shift in U.S. policy, overturning more cautious administrations’ counselors.”

Leave it to the Beasties to frame this in terms of identity politics, but that is precisely the political calculation the Obama administration will be making if Rice is indeed the President’s nominee for State: not only is Rice one of the Three Harpies of War who — in the Madeleine Albright tradition — agitated for the disastrous Libyan intervention, she’s also African-American, a major plus in an administration where identity politics trumps real world qualifications.

As Undersecretary of State for African Affairs during the Clinton administration, Rice traces her induction into the Humanitarian Interventionist Brigade to the alleged genocide in Rwanda that occurred under Clinton’s watch, and credits the administration’s failure to act as her come-to-Jesus moment: “”I swore to myself that if I ever faced such a crisis again, I would come down on the side of dramatic action, going down in flames if that was required.” That it was the US consulate in Benghazi that went down in flames due to the blowback from her policy stance and influence is just one of those little ironies of history no one in Washington wants to talk about.

Mentored by Albright — whose reputation as an interventionist of the “humanitarian” school was secured by her infamous remark that the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Iraqis due to sanctions was “worth it” — Rice apparently absorbed the Albrightian mindset.

She is an especially fervent advocate of stepping up US intervention in Africa. The dark continent, she avers, is in the midst of its “first world war,” and she knows what side she’s on. As Ethiopia’s late dictator Meles Zenawi slashed and burned his way through Somalia, in 2007, Rice’s was the loudest voice in his cheering section. Zenawi, a Marxist revolutionary who seized power in 1991, was a ruthless tyrant who suppressed the opposition, staged phony elections, and became a compliant instrument of Washington. Washington utilized Zenawi when they took up against the Al-Shabab “terrorist” group in Somalia, where Ethiopian troops launched a full-scale invasion which predictably ended in failure. As US military aid poured in, Zenawi launched a campaign of brutal repression against the Oromo and Anuak minorities, decimating their communities, murdering thousands and jailing as many as 25,000.

In spite of Zenawi’s record, his death elicited loud cries of mourning from his Western patrons, especially from Rice, who delivered an embarrassingly effusive paean at his funeral: the departed dictator was “wise,” she said, as well as a loving family man, and she lauded him as a “friend,” calling him by his first name throughout. A more sickening display of obsequious fawning by a US official over a monster in human form has rarely been recorded.

Like Albright, Rice is an abrasive personality: her rhetorical style, suffused with the smug self-righteousness that characterizes the Clinton State Department, was on full display when she went after Russian UN envoy Vitaly Churkin for calling for an investigation into civilian deaths suffered by the Libyans at the hands of their NATO liberators: “Oh, the bombast and bogus claims,” she shrieked. “Welcome to December. Is everybody sufficiently distracted from Syria now and the killing that is happening before our very eyes?” She characterized the Russian veto of measures to isolate the Syrian regime as “disgusting.”

Churkin was quick to reply, chiding this American Valkyrie for the cold war-ish tone of her remarks:

“We hear that the Obama administration wants to establish a dialogue with the international community in the United Nations, and in the Security Council. If that is to be the case, really this Stanford dictionary of expletives must be replaced by something more Victorian, because certainly this is not the language in which we intend to discuss matters with our partners in the Security Council.”

Rice is a Stanford University alumnus, where she graduated, in 1986, with a B. A. in history. She was the recipient of a Truman Scholarship, i.e. a government subsidy, awarded by a federally-supported “foundation” to favored applicants in the field of international studies. Chairperson of the board: Madeleine Albright, who describes the program as “identifying future change agents.”

The “change” she will bring — and has already brought — to the course of US foreign policy means a qualitative ramping up of the “regime change” campaign begun by the Bush administration and escalated by Obama. The theory of the “responsibility to protect” will rationalize the stepped up tempo of US intervention in the Middle East and Africa , at least to the satisfaction of the liberal elites who will cheer her appointment and revel in her rudeness (especially when it comes to insulting the Russians). And it won’t just be Ambassador Churkin who will cringe at her histrionics once she’s ensconced in Foggy Bottom.

While more cautious when it comes to Syria, she’ll no doubt be in the forefront of the administration’s efforts to shape a Syrian opposition group less upfront in its fealty to al-Qaeda. More ominously, she’ll be aggressive when it comes to confronting Iran.

Rice has been the White House’s point-person in its efforts to sound tough on Tehran, and she is firmly in the back pocket of the Israel lobby — a “no daylighter” to the max.

President Obama has been backed into a corner by McCain, and if he doesn’t choose Rice it will be counted as a scalp on Mad John’s belt. Add to this the domestic political advantages of elevating a photogenic African-American female with ties to the Clinton faction of the Democratic party, and you have all the elements of a politically savvy and quite obvious choice. As us libertarian realists like to say: foreign policy is all about domestic politics, and the Rice nomination will mobilize the disparate elements of the Obamaite coalition in a high profile high stakes fight.

Liberals who consider themselves peaceniks will rally around her not least due to the Benghazi bungle and McCain’s vendetta, while conservatives will hate her for entirely the wrong reasons. This is at it should be — in Bizarro World.

Bemoaning McCain’s hegemony in the Republican foreign policy field, and mocking his refusal to consider any appointment unless his (rather vague) demands are met, Rachel Maddow launched into one of her fascinating foreign policy speeches the other night. She showed a hilarious video montage of McCain calling for arming various “rebel” groups, from Bosnia to Syria, and asked: can’t the GOP do better than the Arizona militarist when it comes to finding a foreign policy spokesman?

I wonder what Maddow and her fans will say when Secretary Rice announces we’re arming the rebels in Syria — and in whatever African hellhole is on the verge of a sudden “humanitarian crisis”?

Susan Rice is bad news for opponents of our global meddling, bad news for the peace movement, and bad news for the country. Too bad we have to depend on McCain to torpedo her nomination: this means she will almost certainly be confirmed, as Mad John is widely seen as pursuing a personal feud and is increasingly isolated on the Hill. Even the always dependable Joe Lieberman — who is retiring — has abandoned him on this matter. That leaves Lindsey Graham as the sole remaining member of the Three Amigos of the War Party. The joke is that McCain and Rice disagree on nothing of substance.

If and when Rice is confirmed, it will mark the beginning of a new era of “humanitarian” intervention-on-steroids. Enlisted service members can look forward to frequent deployments to the jungles of Africa, while the “liberal” punditocracy on the home front can anticipate silencing critics with bombastic and bogus claims of “racism.” Chris Matthews will have a ball.

http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2012 … -bad-news/


Eritrea’s president decides to step down

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

Ethiopian Review has been informed by a credible source in Asmara that Eritrea’s president Isaias Afwerki is planning to step down within a year along with most of the senior leadership and transfer power to younger leaders.

Asked about possible successors, the source said he can throw out some names but it would be pure speculation on his part. Isaias is keeping the decision close to the vest.

Another source and an attentive observer of Eritrean politics has told Ethiopian Review that Isaias’ decision to step down is not surprising and that he has been quietly preparing for transfer of power because of his declining health as well as growing discontent in the military. Isaias doesn’t want to die in office like his late nemesis Meles Zenawi, our source said, adding: He wants to be a Mandela- or George Washington-like figure to his country by overseeing a smooth transfer of power on his own term.

After Eritrean military officers have started to openly complain about poor living conditions with no improvement in sight, earlier this year Isaias promised that there will be changes, including a new constitution. But no one expected he will hand over power while alive.

The Eritrean opposition media are reporting that the regime is unraveling and senior officials are contemplating defections. Earlier this week, there was a rumor that Information Minister Ali Abdu has sought asylum in Canada.

Ethiopian Review’s sources have denied the rumor and that Ali Abdu is still at the Ministry of Information. As a matter fact, according to our source, Ali, who is like a son to Isaias, is one of the younger leader whose prominence in the Eritrean government will reach new heights in the post-Isaias era if the transition of power goes smoothly.

Regarding war with Ethiopia’s regime, Ethiopian Review’s source said that no one among the senior leadership expects full scale military clash because both countries have neither the will nor the economic resources to fight. Both regimes talk about possible war to divert the attention of their people from domestic problems.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Congo rebels seize the city of Goma

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

By By JEFFREY GETTLEMAN and JOSH KRON, the New York Times

Rebel fighters seized one of the biggest, most vital cities in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Tuesday, setting off riots in several places across the country and raising serious questions about the stability of Congo as a whole.

The rebel forces took Goma, a commercial hub on Congo’s eastern flank, with little resistance from the national army, which simply fled. Witnesses said United Nations peacekeepers sat in their armored personnel carriers and watched. As the news began to filter across the country, protesters in Kinshasa, the capital, and Kisangani, another major city, poured into the streets, some of them burning buildings, furious that their government was so weak.

In many ways, it was history repeating itself in a country with one of the most haunted, blood-soaked histories in Africa. The trouble goes back more than a century, to when the Belgians waded into this lush expanse in the heart of Africa and brutalized the population in order to extract as much rubber and ivory as possible. In the mid-1990s, rebel forces and several foreign African armies swept through Congo, overthrowing the government and snatching enormous tracts of territory rich in copper, timber, diamonds and gold.

Millions of people died in the ensuing chaos, and back then, just like now, the trouble started in the east.

The rebel group that now controls Goma, called the March 23 Movement, or M23, is relatively small, with just a few thousand fighters who United Nations investigators say have received clandestine support from neighboring Rwanda. Still, Goma is symbolic, and its loss could set off a chain reaction.

“The fall of Goma has always been a lodestar,” said Willet Weeks, a political analyst in Nairobi who has been following Congo since the 1970s. “Whether the government can regain any stability in the next few days will be the question.”

Congo’s government has gone into a tailspin, and many analysts believe that the chances are increasing for a military putsch along the lines of what happened in Mali this year, when disaffected officers seized power, citing the government’s fecklessness against rebels. Or, they say, other important areas of Congo, like copper-rich Lubumbashi, may rise up, causing the nation to fragment, fulfilling all the grim prophecies that Congo is simply too vast and too complicated to be one country.

Many Congolese are fed up with the president, Joseph Kabila, who is seen by critics as disengaged, indecisive and incompetent, unable to muster a functioning army or breathe life into any national institutions. The dissatisfaction burst into the open last November, during his re-election campaign, when opposition supporters took to the streets and Mr. Kabila’s troops fired on them.

On Tuesday, Congolese officials sought to blame Goma’s fall on Rwanda, which has meddled in Congo many times before and occupied large parts of the country from the mid-1990s through the early 2000s. Rwanda is one of the smallest countries in Africa and Congo one of the biggest — though the Rwandans field one of the toughest, most disciplined militaries on the continent and the Congolese Army has been a mess for decades.

“We consider Congo as a country that is under foreign occupation,” Lambert Mende, the government spokesman, declared Tuesday.

He said the president was calling on the people to “resist by any means.”

But Goma was relatively quiet on Tuesday, despite the change in power. It is a border town, with a few hundred yards separating chaotic, messy, corrupt Congo from tidy, orderly, stable Rwanda. Many people in Goma speak Kinyarwanda, the language of Rwanda, and feel more connected to Kigali, Rwanda’s capital, than Kinshasa, nearly 1,000 miles away.

Witnesses said that as the rebel commanders paraded down Goma’s potholed thoroughfares on Tuesday afternoon, some people clapped. Congolese customs officials quietly deserted their posts and congregated at a nearby hotel, leaving the border wide open.

“The M23 is well inside Goma,” said a United Nations military official in Goma on Tuesday afternoon, speaking on the condition of anonymity because the situation was so fluid.

Congo is home to one of the largest, most expensive peacekeeping operations in the world, with more than 1,000 blue-helmeted troops in the Goma area. But they did not confront the rebels on Tuesday. Instead, white United Nations jeeps and armored personnel carriers drove past the occupying rebel troops “like they ignored each other,” one witness said.

United Nations officials defended their actions, saying that fighting the rebels inside Goma could imperil the 500,000 to one million people living in the city and that protecting civilians was the peacekeepers’ mandate.

By midday Tuesday, the rebels had taken control of the area surrounding the airport but not the terminal and other buildings themselves.

Many people inside Goma seemed confused about the situation and how it would evolve in the days ahead.

Just a few days ago, the rebels insisted they had no intention of taking Goma and were fighting the government simply in the hopes of getting a better deal to be integrated into the national army. Many diplomats and others have always suspected, though, that the rebels’ true aim was to carve out a sphere of influence within eastern Congo that would allow them to control the lucrative mineral trade and to stay close to Rwandan business and military contacts.

Rwanda has consistently denied backing the M23 rebels, though some United Nations officials say there is evidence that rebel fighters were recruited inside Rwanda and that the Rwandan government helped funnel weapons. In 2008, when another rebel group marched perilously close to Goma — and the M23 is essentially the recent incarnation of that group, with a vast majority of its troops and commanders the same — Rwandan tanks fired from across the border. At the time, the Congolese Army fled, just as it did on Tuesday. The only thing that kept Goma from falling then was extensive negotiations and Rwandan pressure on the rebels to stop, which they did.

Mr. Kabila is supposed to meet President Paul Kagame of Rwanda for peace talks in the coming days.


Tana Beles dam construction falters – World Bank

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

As of now, the project has been unable to
accelerate the implementation pace further and consequently the gap between the actual progress and expected targets under the three project investment components have
significantly widened. In addition, the project cumulative disbursements continue to remain poor, which is only US$11.56 million out of the IDA Credit amount US$45 million as of
May 1, 2012 (only 25.6 %). The project faces a serious risk of not delivering most of its stated outputs and realizing its intended development outcomes fully by the project’s
scheduled closing date in September 2013.

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/ … equence-08


Indian company to get Ethiopian land for biofuel

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

VayuGrid inks MoU with Ethiopia for biofuel park

Anil Urs

Bangalore, Nov 19:

VayuGrid, a biofuel supply chain company based in Bangalore, has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to create a biofuel cluster around its VayuSap — high-yield Pongamia in Ethiopia.

The company said the cluster will create a $2.5-million biofuel investment opportunity and is part of a larger government plan to develop a biofuel park in Ethiopia.

Starting with a 2,000 acre, the long-term goal is to create a cluster of 100,000 acres under a collaborative model.

This biofuel park is a critical step to reduce the country’s commitment of 87 per cent of free cash on imported crude, while at the same time creating local job opportunities and an ecosystem of value-added businesses.

http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/new … 111464.ece


PM Hailemariam Desalegn heads to Kenya

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

AFRICA REVIEW — Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn is expected to arrive in Kenya on November 21, for a two day state visit.

The Ethiopian leader is expected to engage his Kenyan counterpart President Mwai Kibaki on ways to enhance their bilateral relationship.

This is his first visit to Kenya since being sworn in two months ago.

Mr Hailemariam was elected as the country’s head after the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in September 2012.

Kenya had in March 2012 signed a power deal with Ethiopia to import 400 megawatts of electricity annually.

Meanwhile, the chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosozana Dlamini-Zuma, is expected to hold a high profile meeting with stakeholders to discuss the continent’s food situation.

The meeting is scheduled to take place at the AUC headquarters in Addis Ababa and will include personalities like Mr Graziano da Silva, the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and Mr LuizInácio Lula da Silva, the Honorary President of the Instituto Lula.

The talks will centre on the renewed partnership to fight hunger and under nutrition in Africa.

Despite the recent increase in per capita food production in the continent, along with the implementation of programmes to eradicate hunger and poverty, millions still struggle with food insecurity.

The 2012 state of food insecurity in the world notes that the number of undernourished people increased by 64 million in the last decade to 239 million people by 2012.

http://www.africareview.com/News/Ethiop … index.html


Seyoum Mesfin receiving medical treatment at a Washington hospital

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

Seyoum MesfinFormer TPLF regime foreign minister and current ambassador to China, Seyoum Mesfin, is said to be receiving medical treatment at a hospital in Bellevue, Washington, according to an Ethiopian Review source.

Ethiopian Review has been informed that Seyoum was admitted to Overlake Medical Center in Bellevue, about 10 miles east of Seattle, last week but the hospital itself would neither confirm nor deny that he is there. We made a phone call to the hospital again this afternoon, and we are told that he could be an outpatient but was not willing to give us further information.

Seyoum was conspicuously absent from the TPLF meeting that took place in Mekele last week, ESAT reported.

The secretive and paranoid nature of TPLF officials make it difficult to get such information that could easily be obtained in most other countries. The regime admitted that dictator Meles Zenawi died two months after Ethiopian Review and other media reported his death.

Seyoum is reportedly suffering from AIDS. When Meles died in July this year, many observers predicted that he would take over as chairman of the ruling TPLF and EPRDF.

This is some text!

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ESAT transmission temporarily down

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

… and other news. Listen below:

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Journalism is Not Terrorism: EFF

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

Electronic Freedom Foundation Calling on Ethiopia to Free Eskinder Nega

By Rainey Reitman | Electronic Freedom Foundation

November 19, 2012

Eskinder Nega, an award-winning journalist who has been imprisoned for over a year, appeared briefly in court to appeal the terrorism charges levied against him. Eskinder has unwaveringly denied the charges, maintaining that blogging about human rights abuses and democracy is not a form of terrorism. In July, Eskinder was sentenced to 18 years in prison for his reporting. In court this week, his appeal was cut short: according to one report EFF received from partners working on his case, Eskinder was not allowed to read his defense statement and the appeal was rescheduled to November 22. We are continuing to seek confirmation about the status of the trial. For now, we’re asking concerned individuals to join us in calling on the Ethiopian government to live up to the promises in their own Constitution and free Eskinder Nega.

While many journalists have either fled Ethiopia or been silenced by repressive policies, Eskinder Nega has become a national symbol for press freedom. Educated in the United States in the 1980s, Nega studied political science and economics at American University. He subsequently returned to Ethiopia where he has worked as a journalist for over twenty years. Nega founded 4 newspapers –all of which were shut down by the Ethiopian government –and has been jailed 9 times in the last two decades for his outspoken articles.

Upon his release from prison in 2007, Nega’s journalism license was revoked and he was banned from working on newspapers. He immediately turned to the Internet and began using blogs to speak out. Some of his work has been published on Ethiomedia, a blog that is inaccessible from inside Ethiopia.

Four years later in 2011, Nega was the recipient of the PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award. Peter Godwin, President on the PEN American Center, noted that Eskinder understood the risks of continuing to speak out publicly:

He went back into the breach knowing full well what the risks were for doing so. He had a number of other options. He grew up in the DC area. He could have left the country, but he chose to stay. He’d been arrested 6 or 7 times before, he’s had newspapers closed down. He’s really been hounded by the Ethiopian regime.

Birtukan Midekssa, a former federal judge and opposition leader in Ethiopia, says Nega has been unwavering even in the face of death threats from the police. Midekssa said: “At some point, they told him that, you know, they are tired of arresting him. And they said, this time around, we are not going to arrest you, we are going to kill you. Better stop it. But he can’t, you know. He can’t stop. That’s him.”

Already targeted by police, Eskinder Nega drew even more ire from the Ethiopian government when he continued to blog about the Arab Spring uprisings. Through articles like As Egypt and Yemen protest, wither Ethiopia’s opposition? and Egypt’s and General Tsadkan’s lesson to Ethiopian Generals, Nega discussed the implications of the pro-democracy movements in North Africa and the Middle East on Ethiopia. Nega was picked up by the police in February 2011. According to a harrowing account Nega wrote afterwards, he was interrogated at length about his journalism, and the police threatened to seek retribution against him if protests broke out in Ethiopia.

A few months later, he was arrested again. This time, Eskinder Nega was charged with terrorism.

Where are all the Newspapers? The Plight of Independent Press and Ethiopia’s Internet Access

To understand the risk –and importance—of Nega’s work, one must first understand the status of independent media in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Constitution promises to uphold freedom of expression, stating: “Everyone has the right to freedom of expression without any interference. This right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any media of his choice.” But Ethiopia has a dark history of shutting down newspapers and imprisoning journalists.

Immediately prior to the 1990s, there was no independent media to speak of in Ethiopia as the country struggled under a Communist regime and devastating famines. The early 1990s saw major political change in the country. Communism was ousted, a bicameral legislature and judicial system were created, and a new Constitution was written and enacted. Meles Zenawi, who would prove himself deeply aligned with U.S. interests, governed—initially as President, then as Prime Minister. While in some way Zenawi helped Ethiopia to recover after many difficult years of conflict and depravation, his government was marked by an intractable disrespect for human rights and press freedom.

In 1992, Ethiopia issued a Press Proclamation that, in addition to other restrictions on free expression, gave the government the ability to shut down publications that printed “false” information. Ethiopia became one of the leading countries in imprisoning journalists during the 1990s, trailing only Cuba and China.

In the lead up to the 2005 election, there was a brief period of improved journalistic freedom in Ethiopia. However, the aftermath of the controversial election brought a severe crack down on independent media. Even as clashes between government troops and protesters left dozens of civilians dead, law enforcement began a witch-hunt for journalists. Dozens of journalists were arrested and charged with serious crimes such as treason and even genocide. Some of these journalists faced decades in prison or even the death sentence.

The Committee to Protect Journalists described the crackdown:

Along with issuing its “wanted lists,” the government raided newsrooms, blocked newspapers from publishing, and expelled two foreign reporters, including a long-serving Associated Press correspondent. About a dozen exiled Ethiopian journalists were charged in absentia with treason. The U.S. government-funded Voice of America and Germany’s Deutsche Welle, which broadcast radio programs into Ethiopia in local languages, were targeted by smear campaigns in state media, endangering their local correspondents…Eight newspapers were shut as a result of criminal indictments and the jailing of their top journalists.

Many of the journalists who were not arrested fled the country or stopped reporting. The few newspapers that survived the purge increased their self-censorship.

Eskinder and his then-pregnant wife, Serkalem Fasil, a newspaper publisher, were both arrested during the 2005 crackdown on dissent. They each spent over a year in prison.

In Ethiopia today, journalism is still a dangerous occupation. In July 2009, the Ethiopian parliament passed the Anti-Terror Proclamation, a sweeping piece of “anti-terrorism” legislation that’s been used to imprison journalists and political dissidents. Amnesty International researcher Claire Beston, who was expelled from Ethiopia in August of last year, has criticized the application of the law, noting: “Since the law has been introduced, it’s been used more to prosecute opposition members and journalists than persons who might be committing so-called terrorist activities.”

Eskinder Nega criticized the anti-terrorism law just before he was arrested for violating it. In the article, Eskinder pointed to Debebe Eshetu, a famous actor, whose imprisonment under the anti-terrorism law Eskinder said “defies logic.”

The problems with press freedom in Ethiopia are compounded because the majority of the population can’t get to the open Internet, which might otherwise give them access to international news outlets.

Part of this is due to difficulties in accessing the Internet at all. Internet penetration in Ethiopia is among the lowest in all of sub-Saharan Africa. According to Open Net Initiative’s 2009 report, the majority of Internet access in the country occurs in Internet café, most of which are in the capital city. These cafes provide slow and unreliable service. As Nega noted in 2011, Internet access in Ethiopia is slow and cumbersome to use: “It is hard to sign in and out of a simple email window. Fast broadband Internet gave birth to the North African revolution, and now the revolution-phobic EPRDF-led Ethiopian government [Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front] is struggling against fast internet access.”

But even Ethiopians who can get online often can’t reach independent, international news. The only telecommunications service provider for all of Ethiopia is the state-owned Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (Ethio-Telecom), which heavily censors access to the open Internet. Tests conducted by the Open Net Initiative in September 2012 showed that online political and news sites are heavily blocked within the country.

In June, EFF reported on recent increases in the censorship and surveillance practices in Ethiopia. Ethio-Telecom began deep packet inspection of all Internet traffic in the country, which engineers at the Tor Project discovered when Tor stopped working there in May of this year.

In the same month, the government of Ethiopia ratified the new Telecom Service Infringement Law. This law criminalizes online speech that may be construed as defamatory or terrorist, and holds the website or account owner liable even if the speech is posted as a comment by someone else on their website. Endalk, a prominent Ethiopian blogger, has wondered if this law could be “the most creative way of copying SOPA and PIPA.” The law also tries to squash competition of VOiP services and harshly punishes citizens for using or having in their possession any telecommunications equipment without prior permission from the government.

Through law and practice, through intimidation and arrest, the Ethiopian government has looked to choke off free expression at every corner. It is no wonder than Eskinder Nega is one of the few outspoken journalists still operating inside Ethiopia.

Eskinder’s Current Conditions

While we are unable to receive direct reports from Eskinder about his current physical conditions, our knowledge of the prison system in Ethiopia leaves us gravely concerned.

A country report about Ethiopia produced by the U.S. Department of State, noted:

Prison and pretrial detention center conditions remained harsh and in some cases life threatening. Severe overcrowding was common, especially in sleeping quarters. The government provided approximately eight birr ($0.46) per prisoner per day for food, water, and health care…Medical care was unreliable in federal prisons and almost nonexistent in regional prisons. Water shortages caused unhygienic conditions, and most prisons lacked appropriate sanitary facilities.

Wikileaks published a diplomatic cable that was called “Inside Ethiopia’s jails” that is far more graphic than the State Department’s annual report. The cable, based on reports from several recently released prisoners, detailed extreme deprivation, including:

“Abuses reported include being blindfolded and hung by the wrists for several hours, bound by chains and beaten, held in solitary confinement for several days to weeks or months, subjected to mental torture such as harassment and humiliation, forced to stand for over 16 hours, and having heavy objects hung from one’s genitalia (males).”

Even though the cables noted that much of the torture occurred in police station detentions, the threat of torture in the Kaliti Prison (where Eskinder is being held) is still possible. We are deeply concerned about the physical condition of Eskinder.

Freeing Eskinder Nega (and Helping All of Ethiopia’s Imprisoned Journalists)

Freeing Eskinder Nega will help preserve a vital voice for independent journalism in a country that hungers for access to truthful news coverage. It will also serve as inspiration for activists working to free other imprisoned journalists in this country.

The Ethiopian government has released journalists in the past—including Eskinder, several times. Earlier this year, it released and pardoned Swedish journalists Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye after substantial international pressure. And in August, Temesghen Desalegn, editor of a leading independent weekly newspaper in Ethiopia, was released and cleared of the criminal charges against him. So we know that activist efforts – including international pressure – can be persuasive to the Ethiopian government. If nothing else, continued international attention can help ensure Eskinder Nega’s safety as he continues to appeal his case.

Here’s how you can get involved:
• Sign PEN American Center’s petition, which automatically an email to Prime Minister Meles Zenawi and Minister of Justice Berhanu Hailu.
• Send appeals by mail to Ethiopian officials and their local Ethiopian Embassy or Consulate.
• Tell your friends on Facebook and Twitter. Suggested Tweet:
Journalism is not terrorism. Join @PenAmerican and @EFF in fighting to #FreeEskinder Nega. http://www.pen.org/page.php/prmID/2226

We’re also going to be changing the EFF Twitter profile image to show a #FreeEskinder banner leading up to Eskinder’s next appeal. We hope you’ll do the same to your own online accounts by using the image located here.

The United States has deep ties with Ethiopia, which is a major military alley for our country in sub-Saharan Africa. EFF is writing an open letter to the US State Department to urge them to speak out on Eskinder’s case to Hailemariam Desalegn, Ethiopia’s new Prime Minister. As the Washington Post stated, Eskinder’s case is “a source of tension and embarrassment to the Obama administration,” whose new Africa strategy makes democracy promotion the number one priority.

We’ll be watching Eskinder’s case closely in the coming months. Follow us on social media and sign up for our newsletter to stay up to date on the campaign.

 

Follow EFF

Journalism is not terrorism. Join @PenAmerican and @EFF in fighting to free #EskinderNega https://eff.org/r.a7qY

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Ethiopian Review’s 2012 Top 5 Political Turkeys

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

Thanksgiving Holiday is this week and here is Ethiopian Review’s 2012 Top 5 Political Turkeys, as a warm up to the much anticipated Ethiopian Review’s 2012 Person of the Year, which will be announced around the end of December.

5. Aba Gebremedhin (formerly Abune Paulos) – accompanied his boss to hell.

4. Barack Obama – gives $3 billion to Ethiopia’s corrupt dictator while his country is burdened with a $17-trillion debt.

3. Mit Romney – couldn’t defeat the most incompetent president since Jimmy Carter.

2. Susan Rice – her lies and hubris finally caught up to her.

1. Meles Zenawi & Azeb Mesfin – good riddance finally. He died running scared and without enjoying his loot.

Your comments are welcomed.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

A new research tries to mitigate Egyptian concern over the Nile dam project

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

Egypt, Ethiopia Tiff Over Nile Dam Continues

Posted on November 19, 2012 01:18 pm under Business, Strategies & Solutions

VENTURES AFRICA – New research has suggested there is sufficient water in the Nile to support all 10 countries it flows through.

This emerged on Monday as Ethiopia’s massive dam-building plans continued to cause disquiet in downstream Egypt.

Simon Langan, the head of East Africa and Nile Basin Office of the International Water Management Institute, said: “”We would argue that physically there is enough water in the Nile for all the riparian countries.”

He made this statement as Ethiopia and Egypt are at each other’s throats over the former’s actions along the Nile River.

Top Ethiopia government officials have reportedly said they are looking at jumpstarting the massive Renaissance Dam project along the Nile River in an effort to increase water resources and energy for the East African country.

Political analysts have said this could threaten regional stability. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has also called on Addis Ababa to push the dam project to the backburner in order to focus on other economic initiatives.

While Cairo has denied any intention of attacking the dam, as reported by whistleblower website Wikileaks, the country’s Water Resources and Irrigation Minister Mohamed Bahaa el-Din has reportedly said that Egypt was maintaining its concerns about the construction of the Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia.

“What we really need to do is make sure that there is access to this water… Poverty rates are about 17 percent in Egypt but for five of the upstream riparian countries it is more like 50 percent. So, this access to water is very important,” Langan said, speaking at the Addis Ababa launch of the River Nile Basin.

http://www.ventures-africa.com/2012/11/ … continues/


Memorial service for Yenesew Gebre at St. Gebriel Church in Washington DC – Nov. 25

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

Memorial service for Yenesew Gebre at St. Gebriel Church in Washington DC – Nov. 25, 2012
Image


What is the purpose of a government?

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

The purpose of government is to provide a system in which individuals give portion of their freedom in order to pursue needs and wants without the fears that are inherent in a state of anarchy.

In an anarchic system, individuals must protect and provide completely for themselves, and those with greater power are able to offend those with lesser power without consequence. In a system of government, the freedom to acquire and offend at will is subjugated to the will of the governed; and, in return, the governed are better able to produce without fear of loss.
Therefore, at its most basic level, the purpose of government is to protect the people from threats, both within and out.

Government also ensures justice within the nation. Meaning, the law must be fair, unbiased, and logical, provides a basic system of defense against enemies of the state, and provides education, infrastructure, and health facilities. The most fundamental of human needs which includes education, food, health facilities are satisfied through the policy of governance. Government provides infrastructure so that these needs are met.

Some naïve Ethiopians are foolishly praising the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) for providing education, infrastructure, and health facilities. The EPRDF is expected to provide all these services to Ethiopians. In fact, EPRDF is required to provide more services than it has provided thus far. I, personally, do not see the logic of praising a government when it is minimally doing only what it is supposed to do. Instead of congratulating a dictatorial government, we, Ethiopians, should be asking about human right issues. Where are our freedom, equality, and liberty?

In 21 years, the EPRDF not only failed to move Ethiopians toward self sufficiency, it has managed to effectively reduce Ethiopians to nothing, but recipients of foreign donations. For the past 21 years, the EPRDF did not only block us from realizing our dreams of freedom, equal rights and self-determination for all, it also subjected us to decades of subjugation and exploitation.

Over the years, I have also heard some EPRDF officials and their supporters say that "Ethiopians are not yet ripe for democracy/freedom." They say that it will take more time to prepare them or to get them ripped.

If one accepts this assumption, democracy/freedom will never be achieved in Ethiopia; for one cannot arrive at the maturity for democracy/freedom without having already acquired it; one must be free to learn how to make use of one’s powers freely and usefully. One can achieve reason only through one’s own experiences, and one must be free to undertake them. To accept the principle that freedom is worthless for those under one’s control and that one has to sit idle to let his rulers rule forever, is an infringement on the right of God himself, who has created man to be free.

All men have rights to be free and equal, and governments are instituted among men to secure these rights. The government in Ethiopia has become illegitimate for it continues to block Ethiopians from achieving their freedom and equality. Thus, when a government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right, it is the duty of the people to abolish it and institute new government.

Magn Nyang can be reached at magnnyang@yahoo.com


The Curious Case Of Journalists Martin Schibbye And Johan Persson

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

By Alemayehu Fentaw Weldemariam

Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson, two Swedish journalists, were detained on 1 July 2011 after they were captured in Ethiopia during a fight between rebels from the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and a contingent of the Ethiopian National Defence Forces (ENDF) in Ogaden. The two journalists were charged with violations of the Ethiopia anti-terrorism law and both acknowledged during their trial that they had entered Ethiopia illegally via Somalia accompanied by rebels from ONLF. However, they argued that their contacts with the ONLF were intended to help them enter a region the Ethiopian authorities would not allow journalists to enter. They alleged their purpose was to report on the activities of a Swedish oil company, Lundin Petroleum AB, in the Ogaden as well as allegations of human rights violations. Both of them denied terrorism charges, including claims that they had been given weapons training. They were, however, sentenced in December 2011 by the Third Criminal Bench of the Federal High Court to seven years in prison on the charge of abetting terrorism, which they denied, and another three years and 3 months for entering Ethiopia illegally, a charge to which they pleaded guilty. They were pardoned by the Ethiopian Government on 10 September 2012 and released the next day after serving nine months of their sentences.

Dr. Sisay Alemahu is an Ethiopian legal scholar at Åbo Akademi University in Finland. He posted on Facebook, “I have been asked about a hundred times about the imprisonment of the 2 Swedish journalists – with an undertone of ‘how did the government of your country dare to do so?’. The funny thing is that almost all those who asked me do not have any idea about the situation of journalists in Ethiopia. For many, it is the ‘Swedish brand’ that made the whole thing ridiculous. Nobody, including the journalists after their release, talks about their illegal entry into the country, etc. What I found more appalling is their allegation that they would have been ‘shot dead anytime along the period of their detention’ and their ‘degrading treatment’ without referring at all to how other Ethiopian prisoners in their situation were treated. I would never condone the imprisonment and mistreatment of any journalist as such, but the whole story about the SWEDISH journalists has been curiously funny. They are now vowing ‘to give back’ – help Ethiopia realize freedom of the press – I wish them luck.”

I replied to Sisay in the same Facebook thread, writing that “I think what makes the case of the Swedish journalists curious is not so much their national origin as the charge of terrorism. I beg to differ with your assertions. Getting indicted with charges of terrorism and aiding and abetting terrorism is fundamentally different from that of entering without a visa. How often do you think journalists cross borders in order to carry out their professional duties in conflict zones? How do you think journalists manage to get the news that we watch on a cable TV sitting comfortably in our couches or that we read in the papers sipping coffee almost every day?”

The surest way for a journalist to get the news is to be there, but gaining access to what can be described as a conflict zone is not easy. In order to do their jobs in a conflict zone, foreign journalists essentially have two options: either obtain a visa or enter illegally. Even large media outlets and wire news services such as Reuters, CNN, AFP, AP, and Bloomberg get us the news by maintaining correspondents on the ground at a great personal risk. Sisay may be unclear about this professional hazard as well as, for example, the many foreign journalists who entered Tigray via the Sudan in the company of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) to cover the humanitarian crisis that followed the civil war and drought in Tigray in the recent past.

Now the issue is whether sovereign states have to hold foreign journalists criminally liable for entering its territory without a visa. Any state has the right to control its borders and to establish entry requirements for foreign nationals, including making illegal entry a criminal offense. But that specific offense is different from the offense of terrorism. The Ogaden region has not been freely accessible to foreign journalists since December 2006 and, according to human rights watchdogs, the region has experienced terrible humanitarian crises since then, in great measure caused by the use of scorched-earth tactics by the ENDF in its operations against the ONLF, as well as to chronic drought.

At the risk of being called unpatriotic, I stand with Schibbye and Persson and don’t flinch in defending them. You can call them many things, but they are not terrorists. They are journalists exercising the internationally recognized freedom of the press. As the phrase goes, “they gots to do what they gots to do.”

Dr. Firew Kebede, an Ethiopian legal scholar at Deakin University School of Law, Melbourne, Australia, joined the debate. He wrote, “I think both of you are highlighting different aspects of the issue. Sisay, I hear you when you say that the matter received so much attention because it involved foreign nationals, particularly from the west, while numerous Ethiopians are being sent to prison on the ill-conceived “terrorism charges”. But even among Ethiopians, we only tend to talk of some high profile victims of these “terrorism” charges, while there are several hundreds being sent to prisons not only in Addis but also in so many small towns around the country. Elsewhere I stated that it is ridiculous for TPLF to accuse foreign journalists of terrorism while they fully know how western journalists were visiting them in Tigray mountains during the armed struggle without getting visas or papers from the government. They are being disingenuous. Another point, which is mute now, is that weren’t the Swedish journalists on a mission to make a documentary on corrupt Swedish politicians connected to a shoddy oil exploration contract in Ogaden? It seemed to me that their goal primarily was not to report on the war itself but on the oil deals? Did this contribute? What do you guys know about this?”

In the Ethiopia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ official weekly publication, A Week in the Horn, the Ministry claims, “In fact, Schibbye and Persson were very fortunate in being acquitted of terrorism charges after the court found they had not actually been involved in carrying out any terrorist activity. In fact, luckily for them, as the group they accompanied was clearly on an active mission, they were caught before any such activity took place.” An Ethiopian-American attorney, Bereket Tesfu, asserts also in the same vein that the two Swedish journalists were lucky to “(l)et alone be imprisoned, they should be counting their blessings that they survived a military confrontation between the Ethiopian army and ONLF and are already back home with their families.” What’s so disturbing about this line of thinking is its tendency to reduce the rule of law to good luck or fortune.

It would not be a mistake to think that the two Swedish journalists entered Ethiopia via Somalia knowing full well the legal risks of their actions. They were not ignorant nor did they miscalculate. They were aware that if arrested, they ran the risk of being convicted of illegally entering Ethiopia and sentenced to the maximum penalty for that the offense. But it is ridiculous to think that Schibbye and Persson were aiding and abetting terrorism. The Ethiopian Government declares that the ONLF is a terrorist organization and that being affiliated with it is by itself criminal. Well, my response to that assertion is: “One person’s terrorist is another’s freedom fighter.” The Ethiopian Government’s terrorism designation of the ONLF could easily have been applied to the TPLF if it had not succeeded in winning the civil war. What say you?

The Ethiopian Foreign Ministry also claims by way of a refutation that these two Swedish journalists did not enter Ethiopia to cover the activities of a Swedish oil company as they alleged, because there was no Swedish oil company operating in the region by the time Schibbye and Persson entered Ethiopia. Rather, according to the Foreign Ministry, they were in Ethiopia “to produce ‘evidence’ of atrocities” committed by the Ethiopian National Defence Forces against the Somali people of Ethiopia’s Ogaden region and to derail ongoing peace negotiations between a faction of the ONLF and the government.

In refuting the allegation that they were in Ethiopia to cover the business activities of a Swedish oil company, the Foreign Ministry makes a bold statement to the effect that “Lundin in fact sold its Ethiopian oil concessions to Africa Oil Corporation over three years ago, and Lundin now has nothing to do with any activities by Africa Oil in the Somali Regional State. Africa Oil itself is quite open about its activities and is in fact on record as noting that it hasn’t seen any of the violence claimed by the ONLF in the areas in which it operates.” The most surprising element of this statement is not so much the affirmation of the cessation of Lundin Petroleum AB’s activities in Ethiopia resulting from the transfer by sale of its oil concessions, but the use of Africa Oil Corporation as a witness to the Ethiopia Government’s impeccable human rights records in the Ogaden region. Whatever the merits of Africa Oil Corporation’s testimonials as to the state of human rights in Ethiopia, the truth of the matter is that Africa Oil Corporation is a subsidiary of the Lundin Group of Companies, which are under the overall management and guidance of Lukas H. Lundin and Ian H. Lundin. Africa Oil Corporation is an oil and gas company with assets in Kenya, Puntland, Ethiopia, and Mali as well as through its 45% equity interest in Horn Petroleum Corporation. The Company’s shares are listed on the TSX Venture Exchange under the symbol “AOI” and on the NASDAQ OMX First North Exchange under the symbol “AOI”. What emerges from the Foreign Ministry’s audaciously never-before-heard defense of Lundin Petroleum and Africa Oil Corporation is the whiff of something suspicious about the award of the concessions and its impact on the security of the region. In this regard, I can’t help but agree with Dr. Firew Kebede’s suggestion that the atrocities were not the only issue that Schibbye and Persson wanted to cover. It seems that they also wanted to cover the oil concessions concluded with Lundin Petroleum, its probably unseemly corporate behavior, and the subtle manner it tried to exit from the scene by transferring its Ethiopian oil concessions to what initially seemed a completely different company. It now seems that the Swedish journalists entered Ethiopia with the double purpose of exposing the atrocities committed by the ENDF and the activities of Africa Oil Corporation, a Canadian company belonging to the Swedish Lundin family. Looming shades of the Girl Who Kicked the Hornet’s Nest?

On an absurd note, however, what Ethiopian authorities did in response to Schibbye and Persson’s media appearance once they returned to Sweden was to block domestic Ethiopian access to the website of the Swedish state broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT). If these journalists had been Ethiopians, their fate would have been same as Judge Birtukan Mideksa’s – revocation of their pardon and reincarceration. It was the speech that Judge Mideksa gave to her supporters in Sweden that got her into trouble again in Ethiopia.

What lessons did Schibbye and Persson learn from the Ethiopian legal system? One thing that is too important to ignore, which is that in Ethiopia journalists who investigate the government or criticize its policies and practices, whether home-grown or foreign, are presumed to be terrorists until they enter a plea for a pardon. This is currently the only way to secure a release from imprisonment and the larger prison called Ethiopia, because the Ethiopian authorities make no distinction between journalism and terrorism. Every dissenting journalist is presumed to be guilty until proven innocent. And innocence is only proven by pardon pleading.

Sisay’s observation can’t be downplayed none the less, given that Ethiopia’s own sons and daughters such as Woubshet Taye, Eskinder Nega, and Reeyot Alemu are still languishing in jail for no fault of theirs. The late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi once remarked, “If that is journalism, I don’t know what terrorism is.” But, all I need to do now is to turn it around, “If that is terrorism, I don’t know what journalism is.”

Alemayehu Fentaw Weldemariam is a visiting scholar at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin and specializes in the Horn of Africa. The views expressed are his own.


በቶሮንቶ ካናዳ የተሰራው የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶስ ቤተክርስቲያን ቅዱስ ፓትሪያርኩ በተገኙበት ተመረቀ

Tuesday, November 20th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከስድስት ሚሊዮን ዶላር በላይ ወጪ ተደርጎበት በቶሮንቶ ከተማ ላይ የተሰራው ዘመናዊው የመንበረ ብርሃን ቅድስት ማርያም ካቴድራል በብፁ አቡነ መርቆርዮስ ቅዳሜ ኖቬምበር 17 ቀን 2012 ዓም ተመርቆ ሥራውን ጀመረ።

ከተለያዩ ክፍላተ ዓለም የመጡ ጳጳሳት፣ ቀሳውስት በብዙ ሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ምዕመናንና ካናዳውያን ባለስልጣናት በተገኙበት እሁድ ኖቬምበር 18 ቀን 2012 ዓ ም በሰፊው ቀጥሎ በዋለው የምረቃ ስነስርዓት ላይ ሊቀ ካህናት ምሳሌ እንግዳ በካናዳ የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ቤተክርስቲያን ዋና አስተዳዳሪ ባደረጉት ንግግር የመንበረ ብርሃን ቅድስት ማርያም ካቴድራል ካህናትና ምዕመናን ተባብረው የሰሩት ይህ ድንቅ ካቴድራል “ኢትዮጵያውያን አብሮ መብላት እንጅ አብሮ መስራት ኣይችሉም” የሚለውን የተሳሳተ አጉል ትችት የሰበረው መሆኑን ጠቅሰው አበው አባቶቻችንም ይህንን ድንቅ ታሪክ ሲሰሩ እንዲኖሩ አስረድተዋል። አያይዘውም ይህች ቤተክርስቲያን የምነት ቤታችን ብቻ ሳትሆን የባህላችን፣ የቋንቋችን፣ የማንነታችን መግለጫ በመሆኗ ይህ ትውልድ ተረክቦ ሊንከባከባት እንደሚገባ አሳስበዋል።

ከሃያ ስምንት ዓመት በፊት ብቸኛው ኢትዮጵያዊ ካህን ሁነው የቤተክርስቲያን አገልግሎት በካናዳ የጀመሩት ሊቀካህናት ምሳሌ እንግዳ ኢትዮጵያውያንን በማስተባበር ለዚህ ትልቅ ውጤት ማብቃታቸውና ዘጠኝ ለሚሆኑ በካናዳ ለተቋቋሙ አብያተ ክርስቲያናት ግንባር ቀደም ድጋፍ ሲሰጡ መኖራቸው በተለያዩ ተናጋሪዎችና ምዕመናን ምስጋናና አድናቆት ተችሯቸዋል።

በዕለቱ በክብር እንግድነት የተገኙት ካናዳውያን ባለስልጣናትና የፓርላማ አባላት የካናዳው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ስቲቨን ሃርፐር እንዲሁም የኦንቴርዮ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዶልተን ማጊንቲ የደስታ መግላጫ መላካቸውን አሳውቀው ኢትዮጵያውያን ይህን የመሰለ ድንቅ ስራ በመሥራት ለካናዳ ጊዜ የማይሽረው ታሪካዊ ስጦታ ማበርከታቸውን አድንቀው ይህን ለሠራችሁ ኢትዮጵያውያን ይህ ድንቅና ውብ ካቴድራል ምን ያህል እንደሚያኮራችሁ ቢታወቅም ባለ ብዙ ባህል ለሆነችው ካናዳ ደግሞ ውበትና ታሪክ ይጨምርላታል ብለዋል።

የቶሮንቶና ያካባቢው ምዕመናን በሁለት ዓመት ውስጥ ወጪውን የሚሸፍን ገንዘብ ከማዋጣት በላይ ኢንጂነሮች ፣የኤሌትሪክ ባለሙያዎች ፣የህንጻ ስራ ተቋራጮች፣ የኮምፒዩተር ቴክኒሻኖች፣ ሰዓሊዎች፣ የቅርጻ ቅርጽ ባለሙያዎችና በጎ ፈቃደኞች ደከመን ሳይሉ ከአንድ ነጥብ አምስት ሚሊዮን ዶላር በላይ የሚያወጣ የቁሳቁስና የጉልበት አስተዋጾ ማድረጋቸውን አቶ አቤል አድማሱ የሰበካ ጉባኤው ሊቀመንበር አስረድተዋል።

በስነ ስርዓቱ ላይ ብፁዕ ወ ቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆርዮስ ፣ በውጭ የሚገኘው የቅዱስ ሲኖዶስ ዋና ጸሃፊ አቡነ መልከ ጼዴቅ ፣ የኣውሮፓና የምስራቅ አፍሪካ ሊቀጳጳስ አቡነ ኤልያስ ፣ የኦንታርዮ ሊቀጳጳስ አቡነ ዲሜጥሮስ በካልጋሪ የምዕራብ ካናዳ ሊቀጳጳስ ፣አቡነ ሚካኤል ፣ አቡነ መቃርዮስ የአውስትራልያና በካናዳ የኩቤክ ሊቀጳጳስ በሁለቱም ቀናት በቡራኬው፣ በማህሌቱና፣ በቅዳሴው የተሳተፉ ሲሆን ከተለያዩ የአሜሪካና የካናዳአ ብያተክርስቲያናት የመጡ መዘምራን እንዲሁም እውቁ ኢትዮጵያዊ በገና ደርዳሪ አቶ ዓለሙ አጋ ልዩ ልዩ ዜማ በማሰማት ለበዓሉ ድምቀት ሰጥተዋል።


Trekking in Ethiopia’s Semien Mountains

Monday, November 19th, 2012

By Kraig Becker

Ethiopia is home to one of the more spectacular, yet lesser known, classic treks of the world. The Semien Mountains, found in the northern part of the country, offer amazing scenery, dizzying heights, and unique wildlife, with treks that can range anywhere from one to two weeks in length. Best of all, the trails tend to be remote and generally empty, providing solitude to travelers throughout the breathtaking landscapes.

The Semien range is quite rugged, with plenty of altitude. Many of the peaks rise above 11,000 feet, with the tallest, Ras Dashen, reaching 15,159 feet in height. The trails and campsites remain primitive, and there are few amenities to be had out in the Ethiopian wilds, but the mostly untouched backcountry offers deep gorges and unique rock formations, delivering stunning views to trekkers at every turn.

One of the more unique aspects of a Semien trek is that the trails wander through remote villages on a regular basis. This allows hikers the opportunity to visit with locals who live in the region and still maintain a simple lifestyle that has remained mostly unchanged for generations. The presence of these villages allows for cultural immersion, which is something that is often missing on similar treks in other parts of the world.

There is also plenty of wildlife to see on the trail as well, with Gelada Baboons being one of the highlights. The baboons make their homes amongst the rocky outcroppings of the Semien Mountains and rarely stray far from those protective spaces. Other animals in the area include the walia ibex, a species of mountain goats unique to the region, and the Ethiopian wolf, which resembles a red fox in most physical aspects.

For trekkers who have already covered the more well known treks of the world, such as the Inca Trail or the Annapurna Circuit, the Semien Mountains offer an isolated, little known escape that remains off the radar for many travelers. The incredible views, unique mountain villages, and interesting wildlife set it apart from just about any other hike, and will leave a lasting impression on anyone who makes the journey. (Source: Gadling.com)

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

የሕወሃትና ኦሕዴድ ስብሰባዎች መቋጫ አላገኙም

Monday, November 19th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-የሕዝባዊ ወያኔ ሐርነት ትግራይ (ሕወሃት) ማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ እንደገና ስብሰባ መቀሌ ላይ መቀመጡ የታወቀ ሲሆን መንግስታዊ መገናኛ ብዙሃን ስብሰባው መጠናቀቁን አስታውቀዋል።

ከቀድሞው ጠ/ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ሕልፈት ወዲህ ሳምንታት እየቆጠረ የቀጠለው የኢሕአዲግ አባል ፓርቲዎች በተለይም የሕወሃትና ኦሕዴድ ሥብሰባ መቋጫ አለማግኘቱንም የውስጥ ምንጮች ገልጸዋል።

የሕዝባዊ ወያኔ ሐርነት ትግራይ(ሕወሃት) ማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ ከሕዳር ፭ እስከ ፯ ባካሄደው ስብሰባ አብዛኞቹ የማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባላት መገኘታቸው ታውቋል ሆኖም በሕመም ሣቢያ በሲያትል አሜሪካ ሕክምና ላይ የሚገኙት አቶ ስዩም መስፍን በስብሰባው ላይ ሣይገኙ ቀርተዋል።

የቀድሞው ጠ/ሚኒስተር መለስ ዜናዊ ሕልፈት ወዲህ አንድ ሆኖ መቆም እንደተሳነው የሚነገረው የሕወሃት ቡድን በቅርቡ የተደረጉ ይስልጣን ሽግሽጎችን የሚቃወም ክፍል ከውስጥ በመውጣቱ አንዳንድ ጉዳዮች መቋጫ ሣያገኙ ቀርተዋል የአየር ሃይል አዛዥ ጀነራል ሞላ ኋ/ማሪያም መነሳታቸውንና በሌላ የሕወሃት ጀነራል መሃሪ ዘውዴ መተካታቸውን በሚቃወም የሕወሃት ቡድን በመነሳቱ የአዛዥነት ወንበር በመዋለል ላይ መሆኑ እየተገለጸ ነው በቅርቡ አንድ የሕወሃት ማእከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባል በፈቃዳቸው ከፓርቲው ኋላፊነታቸው ራሳቸውን ማግለላቸው ይታወሳል ሌላው የሕወሃት ማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባል አቶ ጌታቸው በላይ ከሥረአቱ ተለይተው አሜሪካ መግባታቸውን መዘገባችን አይዘነጋም።