Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

Why I am Supporting President Obama’s Re-election

Monday, September 10th, 2012

obDisappointed but…

Did I enthusiastically support presidential candidate Barack Obama in 2008? Absolutely! Do I agree with everything he has done over the past four years as president? No! Has he carried out all of the promises he made in 2008? No! Am I disappointed in President Obama in 2012? Yes! But so are millions of Americans who supported him in 2008. So are tens of millions of other people throughout the world who saw his election as history making and wished him well.

Still Support President Obama

Despite lingering disappointments, I support the reelection of President Obama because he represents my values. As President Bill Clinton put it in his speech at the Democratic Convention last week, there are two choices in the 2012 presidential election:

If you want a you’re on your own, winner take all society you should support the Republican ticket. If you want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a ‘we’re all in it together’ society, you should vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden. If you want every American to vote and you think it’s wrong to change voting procedures just to reduce the turnout of younger, poorer, minority and disabled voters, you should support Barack Obama. If you think the president was right to open the doors of American opportunity to young immigrants brought here as children who want to go to college or serve in the military, you should vote for Barack Obama. If you want a future of shared prosperity, where the middle class is growing and poverty is declining, where the American Dream is alive and well, and where the United States remains the leading force for peace and prosperity in a highly competitive world, you should vote for Barack Obama.

I want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a ‘we’re all in it together’ society.

The rallying cry the Republicans have resurrected from three decades ago is, “Are you better off now than you were in 2008?” Let the facts speak for themselves.

When President Obama took office in 2008, the U.S. was losing 750,000 jobs per month. In 2012, there are nearly 100 thousand jobs added every month. Under President Obama’s watch, over 4.5 million private sector jobs have been created in the U.S. Are we better off in 2012 than we were in 2008? Yes!

In 2008, the U. S. economy had crashed. Trillions of dollars in investments were vaporized on Wall Street and the auto industry teetered on the verge of collapse. By 2012, the stock market valuations had doubled; and the American auto industry did not die in bankruptcy court as Mitt Romney had prescribed. By June 2012, General Motors’ sales figures were up by 15.5% over 2011. GM had sold 248,750 vehicles, registering its best performance since 2008. Chrysler had its best sales figures since 2007 with gains of 20.3 percent. Are investors and the investment climate better today than it was in 2008? Has the American auto industry “come back roaring again”?

Until President Obama put his presidency on the line and enacted the Affordable Health Care Act in 2009, some  40 million Americans had no health insurance. By 2014, most Americans will have access to affordable health insurance. They can shop around for competitive coverage using “health insurance exchanges”. Insurance companies will not be allowed to cherry pick the healthiest patients and discriminate based on preexisting conditions. Parents can keep their children on their insurance until age 26.  Older Americans who use the Medicare program will continue to get discounts on their medications. Are these millions of Americans better off today than they were in 2008?  Certainly!

Before President Obama created the Consumer Financial and Protection Bureau, crooked financial institutions ranging from credit card companies to student loan sharks used  all sorts of legal tricks and confusing language to trap and rip off unwary consumers. The hedge fund managers and Wall Street financial manipulators lived high on the hog while millions of Americans lost their homes and investments. Are American consumers better off in 2012 than they were in 2008? You bet!

Women comprise 47 percent (or 66 million women) of the total U.S. labor force. In many industries, women are paid less than their male counterparts. Before 2008, women did not have the legal right to enforce their right to equal pay for equal work. President Obama signed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act which protected women and all other workers who are victims of wage discrimination on gender, race, color, religion, national origin, age, or disability. Are these Americans better off in 2012 than they were in 2008? No doubt about it!

As of June 1, 2008, the United States had 182,060 military personnel deployed in Iraq. In 2012, all U.S. combat troops have been pulled out of Iraq. By 2014, all combat troops will be withdrawn from Afghanistan. President Obama signed a law to help veterans by providing tax credits to employers who hire them and expanded educational access and various reemployment and transitional services to veterans. Under President Obama’s watch, the world’s view of the United States “improved sharply”. Are these members of the armed services better off in 2008 than they are in 2012?  Is America more respected and viewed in better light than it did in 2008? Do we have a better Commander in Chief in 2012 than we did in 2008? Darn right we do!

It is true that not all are better off today than they were in 2008. Osama bin Laden was much better off in 2008  masterminding terror from his his villa in Pakistan. So were many of his brothers-in-terror: Sheik Saeed al-Masri (Al Qaeda’s number three commander), Anwar al-Awlaki (Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula),  Abu Hafs al-Shahri (Al Qaeda’s chief of Pakistan operations), top Al Qaeda leaders Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, Ilyas Kashmiri, Ammar al-Wa’ili, Abu Ali al-Harithi, Abu Ayyub al-Masri, Hamza al-Jawfi, Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, Ali Saleh Farhan, Harun Fazul and Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan (Al-Qaeda East Africa), Younis al-Mauritani, Tehrik e-Taliban, Baitullah Mahsud, Jemayah Islamiya, Noordin Muhammad (Al Quaeda Indonesia), Abdul Ghani Beradar (Taliban deputy and military commander), Muhammad Haqqani (Haqqani network commander), Lashkar-e Jhangvi (Qari Zafar leader) and Hussein al-Yemeni, Dulmatin (top Jemayah Islamiya leader responsible for the 2002 Bali night club bombings which killed over 180 people) and many, many more. These guys were definitely better off in 2008 than they are in 2012!

President Obama knows his work is not finished and he has a lot more to do in improving the economy. But the road he has travelled over the past 4 years has been a hard one. He faced stiff opposition every inch of the way. He was obstructed, blocked, thwarted, vilified and demonized. The top leader of the Republicans in the Senate vowed, “The single most important thing we want to achieve is for President Obama to be a one-term president. That’s my single most important political goal, along with every active Republican in the country.”

As President Clinton observed, President Obama “inherited a deeply damaged economy, he put a floor under the crash and began the long hard road to recovery, and laid the foundation for a more modern, more well-balanced economy that will produce millions of good new jobs, vibrant new businesses, and lots of new wealth for the innovators.” There is a lot more to be done. More jobs need to be created and more investments must be made in education, job training and infrastructure improvements. But President Obama cannot fix problems that have taken decades to create in one term.

President Obama, Ethiopia and Africa

Did President Obama deliver on the promises he made for Africa to promote good governance, democracy and human rights? Did he deliver on human rights in Ethiopia? No. Are Ethiopian Americans disappointed over the unfulfilled promises President Obama made in Accra, Ghana in 2009 and his Administration’s support for a dictatorship in Ethiopia? Yes. We remember when President Obama talked about the need to develop robust democratic institutions, uphold the rule of law  and the necessity of maintaining open political space and protecting human rights in Africa. We all remember what he said:  “Africa does not need strong men but strong institutions.”  “Development depends on good governance.” “No nation will create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy.” Was he just saying these words or did he truly believe them?

There is always a gap between political rhetoric and political action. Many Ethiopian Americans who supported President Obama enthusiastically in 2008 today criticize him for hypocrisy and for failing to deliver on his promise of promoting democracy and human rights in Ethiopia. Should we really criticize the President for being  indifferent, disinterested, unconcerned and uncaring?

Truth be told,  what the President has done or not done to promote good governance, democracy and human rights in Ethiopia is no different than what we, the vast majority of Ethiopian Americans, have done or not done  to promote the same values in Ethiopia. That is the painful truth we must face. The President’s actions or lack of actions mirror our own. Just like the President, we profess our belief in democracy, good governance and human rights in Ethiopia and elsewhere in Africa. But we have also failed to put our values in action. President Obama was constrained in his actions by factors of U.S. national security and national interest. We were constrained by factors of personal interest and personal security.

In the pursuit of Al Quaeda in Somalia and the Horn of Africa, the Obama Administration shelved human rights, good governance and democracy in Ethiopia. Waging a proxy war in Somalia and snagging a drone base were the icing on the cake for the U.S. The Administration shamefully turned a blind eye when elections were stolen in broad day light, journalists and dissidents and opposition leaders were jailed at will. U.S. National security and national interest trumped Ethiopian human rights and democracy. That was wrong in my view because the pursuit of a U.S. anti-terrorism policy in the Horn was not mutually exclusive of the pursuit of a principled human rights policy in Ethiopia.

But let us look at ourselves as Ethiopian Americans and what we have done or not done to promote human rights, good governance and democracy in Ethiopia over the past 4 years. When it comes to speaking up and standing up for these values, most of us have chosen silence and inaction. While the vast majority of us privately extol the virtues of democracy and human rights in Ethiopia, we are scared stiff to make a public statement insupport of our beliefs.  We are afraid that if we speak up, the regime in Ethiopia will take away our homes and investments. We are afraid that we will not be issued visas to travel there and even face persecution. We placed our personal interests and personal security over the national interest an security of Ethiopia.

But there are other hard questions we should ask ourselves: What did we do to bring pressure on the Obama Administration to promote human rights, good governance and democracy over the past 4 yeras? Did we organize to have our voices heard by the Administration? Did we exercise our constitutional rights to hold the Administration accountable?

In all fairness, when we point an index finger at President Obama and accuse of him of not doing much in Ethiopia or Africa, we should  take a quick glance at the three fingers pointing at us. We should rightly be disappointed with  President Obama for his record in Ethiopia and Africa. But we should be more disappointed with ourselves. The ultimate fact of the matter is that it is not President Obama’s responsibility to free Ethiopians or Africans from dictatorship although it is his moral duty not to support dictatorship. But as President, he balances and must balance American national and security interests just as we balance our personal and security interests and act accordingly. It is wise for people who live in glass houses not to throw too many stones.

But President Obama deeply believes in human rights and knows how hard and difficult it is to make it a reality.  Last Spring, he made that clear in the context of the long and arduous struggle for human rights in America. “The civil rights movement was hard. Winning the vote for women was hard. Making sure that workers had some basic protections was hard. Around the world, Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, what they did was hard. It takes time. It takes more than a single term. It takes more than a single president. It takes more than a single individual… What it takes is ordinary citizens who keep believe, who are committed to fighting and pushing and inching this country closer and closer to our highest ideals.” Protecting human rights in Ethiopia and Africa is hard, very hard. It was hard for Nelson Mandela. It is hard for President Obama. It takes ordinary citizens like ourselves to fight and push for democracy, human rights and good governance in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.

Remember, November 6, 2012 

This is not the time to blame one another or  trade accusations about what President Obama has done or not done in Africa or Ethiopia. We all know about the deep and structural problems of Africa with dictatorship and corruption. It takes a lot more to fix Africa than what an American president can do in one term. As Ethiopian Americans, we must not make the mistake of being a single issue group concerned only about a single country or single continent. We must understand that our issues are intertwined with the issues and problems of others. We must not forget that when we vote for President Obama, we vote for him as President of the United States, not Ethiopia or Africa.

On November 6, we face a single question. That question is not about human rights or democracy in Ethiopia. That question is about what kind of society we want to see in America. As President Clinton said, “If you want a you’re on your own, winner take all society you should support the Republican ticket. If you want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a “we’re all in it together” society, you should vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden.”

President Obama in his acceptance speech said:

America, I never said this journey would be easy, and I won’t promise that now.  Yes, our path is harder – but it leads to a better place. Yes our road is longer – but we travel it together.  We don’t turn back.  We leave no one behind.  We pull each other up.  We draw strength from our victories, and we learn from our mistakes, but we keep our eyes fixed on that distant horizon, knowing that Providence is with us, and that we are surely blessed to be citizens of the greatest nation on Earth.

I shall vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden on November 6, 2012 because I would like to be a part of a United States of America of Shared Opportunities and Shared Responsibilities. I support President Barack Obama not because he is a perfect president but because he is an imperfect president seeking to build a more perfect and harmonious America of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a “we’re all in it together” society.

I believe President Obama understands what he has to do in the next four years and that he has miles to go before he sleeps. Put in the poetic words of Robert Frost: “The woods are lovely, dark and deep./ But I have promises to keep,/ And miles to go before I sleep.”

President Obama still deserves the full and unflagging support of the tens of thousands of Ethiopian Americans in Ohio, Virginia, Florida, North Carolina, Colorado, Michigan, Nevada, Wisconsin and the rest of the states.  I ask all of my readers and supporters to help re-elect President Barack Obama. Yes, we still can…

We must all register to vote before we can vote! Click HERE for more information on how to register.

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at: and

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:  and



Al Amoudi back to drinking and partying

Monday, September 10th, 2012

The drunkard billionaire sheik Mohamed Al Amoudi, best friend of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi, is back to partying, getting drunk and making a fool out of himself.

Al Amoudi

Saudi Arabia warned its citizens not to travel to Ethiopia

Sunday, September 9th, 2012

RIYADH (SPA) — The Interior Ministry has warned citizens against traveling to Ethiopia.

The warning came after a cable from the Saudi Embassy in Addis Ababa about the tense situation currently prevailing in Ethiopia, including violence against Muslims and the arrests made by the federal police on a daily basis. Some Saudi citizens were among those arrested.

The warning will be in effect until the situation calms down, the ministry said.

TPLF prepares to conduct purges in the EPRDF rank to keep the premiership

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

The Tigrean People Liberation Front (TPLF), the leading party in the ruling coalition in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (EPRDF), is preparing to eliminate potential threats to its continued dominance by conducting purges in the EPRDF rank, according to the latest information we have received from Ethiopian Review Intelligence Unit sources in Addis Ababa.

In a series of meetings over the past few days with members and supporters inside the country and around the world, the TPLF leadership heard earful that under no circumstance the premiership should go to Hailemariam Desalegn or any one who is not a member of the TPLF.

The other members of the ruling coalition, namely OPDO, ANDM and SEPDM, seem to be equally determined to swear in Hailemariam as the new prime minister of Ethiopia.

Both sides are being led by powerful personalities. The TPLF side is being led from behind the scene by 80-year-old Sebhat Nega, while the ANDM-OPDO-SEPDM side is being led by propaganda chief Bereket Simon. Both Sebhat and Bereket are known to be masters of political intrigue and maneuverings.

Balance of power

On Sebhat’s TPLF side there are the military, which is led by Generals Samora Yenus and Saere Mekonen, and the security/intelligence, which is led by Debretsion Gebrmichael and Getachew Assefa.

On Bereket-Hailemariam’s side there are the notorious Federal Police whose head is Workneh Gebeyehu, the Addis Ababa Police, local militias, and a large populous that is tired of being dominated by one minority ethnic group. OPDO is armed to its teeth, and Addis Ababa police is led by Hassan Shifa of TPLF, but most of its members are from ANDM and OPDO. The officers could back Bereket-Hailemariam’s side. Another big asset for the Bereket side is local militias that are dispersed through out Amhara, Oromiya and southern regions. They can be instrumental in blocking any military movement by the TPLF generals.

The balance of power favors the Bereket-Hailemariam group, but Sebhat’s TPLF seems to be more determined and ready to sacrifice any thing and every thing to stay in power. They have the mindset of all or nothing, which makes them dangerous.

Knowing the nature of TPLF, the question now is, who is going to blink first? Or, more aptly asked, who is going to be breakfast?

የአዞ ወይስ የሰው እምባ?

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

እውነት የአዞ እምባ ነው
ወይስ የሰው ልጅ እምባ
ሰሞኑን ሲረጭ የታይው
እየተነፋ ቱልቱላ፥ እያላዘነ ጥሩምባ?

ሙሉውን ለማንበብ እዚህ ላይ ይጫኑ

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

TPLF’s control within EPRDF is diminishing

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

TPLF’s bigwigs agreed on Hailemariam’s PM post out of necessity rather than conviction. The appointment of Hailemariam could be effectively utilized to please various groups.
•EPRDF could use it to boost that it has installed a functional constitution that leaves no room for succession feuds
•It could also use Hailemaria’s appointment to make the point that in today’s Ethiopia, anyone regardless where he/she comes from, one could aspire to the highest post in the nation, thanks to a constitution that empowers nations and nationalities of the nation.
•And, no doubt, appointment of Hailemaria’s will have far reaching result in pleasing the American government. Which plays indispensible role in subsidizing and supporting him for the coming 3 years . He will even be a better "House Ni*ger" to uncle Sam than his predecessor.
Having mentioned few points on the significance of Hailemaria’s apppintment to EPRDF’s new lease on life. However, the main source of instability to EPRDF in particular and Ethiopia in general will be coming from TPLF itself. The bone of contention among TPLF bigwigs is wether to reverse Meles’ decision to expel many TPLF founding members rather in a humiliating way. And, those expelled members are not pushovers; they are hardcore TPLFites with strong opinion on many issues. These extremists thrive on being anti- Eritrea. If those extreme elements of TPLF are back to lead TPLF and also play significant role in Ethiopian politics, there could be wars after wars against Eritrea which will immerse the region into a perpetual instability.
Of course, Hailemariam will also resist the return of these extremist elements of TPLF and Hailemariam would love to maintain a sustained support of untied states, it is imperative that he sticks with Bereket and et al for the coming three years. Will TPLF hold itself together for the coming three years? Will the people that founded TPLF who were ones bounded together by principle but now by mere interest and greed lead TPLF with same determination? Every one could see the writings on the wall, TPLF is at the begging of the end of its glory in Ethiopian plolitical landscape. Now the question is will it seek national reconcialtion and rectify its destructive past or continue -as the Chinese called it -enage itself in forward reteart( wedefit sheshet) into total demise!!

Meles Zenawi, America’s “son-of-a-bitch”

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

By Olaana Abbaaxiiqii

On August 20, following Ethiopia’s meticulously choreographed funeral for former dictator, Meles Zenawi, which was designed to buttress his legacy, a friend asked me to listen to the United States Ambassador to the UN, Susan Rice’s encomium on the deification ceremony. I obliged but regret doing so because I came out a cynic.

It is no secret that US national interests trump human rights and democracy. In an oft repeated quote, Franklin D. Roosevelt said of US ally Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza: “He may be a son of a bitch, but he’s our son of a bitch.”

In the past, the US had pampered dictators like the Shah of Iran, Mobutu Sesse Seko of Zaire, and the CIA engineered the assassination of democratically elected leaders in Latin America and other places to install their puppets. Now that the Cold War is over, I believed those were things of the past, and that American foreign policy is, by and large, centered on the “singular greatness of American ideals, and their proven capacity to inspire a better world.” Besides, we were told, with a new dawn of “American leadership” on the horizon, America is back and ready to lead, again.

In his historic inauguration speech, President Barack Obama proclaimed: “to those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history, but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist.“

On that momentous occasion, watched by millions around the world, “from the grandest capitals” to the smallest villages, little did we know that those were just words – used only for convenience and discarded at will. The more things changed the more they stayed the same. And even trivial and ill-conceived US strategic interests trump over people’s aspirations for freedom, liberty and democracy around the world.

Mrs. Rice’s encomium for the Ethiopian dictator was not only a reflection of a moral decadence of American diplomats, especially those covering Africa, but also a grand betrayal of the courageous ideals put forth by America’s founding fathers .

From her perch at the UN office, Susan Rice, does not see or feel the suffering, killing and humiliation that Zenawi had inflicted upon millions of his countrymen. Even if she did, since Meles implemented their wishes around Africa, everything else got secondary consideration.

The Oxford dictionary defines dictator as “a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained control by force.” Meles Zenawi, Ambassador Rice’s “consistently reasoned” friend, meets this definition on all accounts.

For 17 long-years, he wielded an immense power as the PM of Ethiopia and Chairman of the ruling coalition, the EPRDF. Prior to that he served five years as President of Ethiopia. He has been the head of Tigrean Peoples Liberation Front, the powerful coalition partners, since 1989. He was the Commander-in-Chief of the Ethiopian army. Oh! He also took over the reigns of power after violent overthrow of Mengistu Hailemariam, the communist boogieman.

Over the years, Zenawi, whom Mrs. Rice called, an “uncommonly wise [leader who was] – able to see the big picture and the long game” single-handedly closed the political space, dismantled the free media, enfeebled the opposition, and ruled the country by pitting rival groups against one another.

Meles was not my friend and I cannot attest to his personal qualities. But, unlike Susan Rice, I have intimate knowledge, personal experience, and direct accounts from people whom he brutalized and lorded over. Rather than his personal qualities in the abstract, I judge Zenawi based on what his policy did to my people. It is on that basis I pass judgment on Mrs. Rice’s eulogy.

So, who was Meles Zenawi to an average Ethiopian?

Zenawi had his hands soaked with bloods of thousands of innocent Ethiopians. Shortly after he joined the TPLF as a young fighter, Zenawi rose to the top of the organization through Machiavellian intrigue and his depraved actions. He allegedly ordered the execution of his own compatriots who disagreed with him. Even after coming to power in 1991, Zenawi maintained his ironclad rule by constantly purging those seen as a threat, real or imagined, to his power, including his own former comrades in arms.

True to a form of a real dictator, Zenawi never tolerated differing ideas and competitions. A typical megalomaniac, the “great leader” loved surrounding himself with equally sycophant yes-men. Unlike many other dictators, he was an ever-morphing actor. While he tormented the people of Ethiopia, Zenawi only showed his softer, caring, and smiling face to his foreign friends who adored his intellect, wicked sense of humor, and his intolerance for “for fools, or ‘idiots,’ as he liked to call them.” It is true that Zenawi had no patience for journalists, opposition leaders and anyone who dared to criticize him. That is why he institutionalized criminalization of dissent by devising draconian “laws” like “the deeply flawed anti-terrorism legislation” or the anti-NGO law.

The Ethiopian people who suffered the brunt of Zenawi’s brutality did not see his humane side, because he did not show it to them. To call Zenawi, a brute, wise, as Mrs. Rice did, is to demean the word or insult our intelligence. I agree with Mrs. Rice that Meles was a very smart man; however, this does not absolve his crimes. In fact, this is what made him all the more dangerous. Zenawi’s security forces committed crimes in the shadow of darkness. He filled prisons with opponents and ordered their torture in dark cells. Many of his opponents simply vanished – never to be heard from again in two decades.

Meles was not “selfless,” he had a depraved heart. During his guerrilla years, he devised tactics and strategies that showed his callous disregard for human life. After taking over the helm, he built a secretive regime whose existence depended on systematic repression and zeal to win at any cost.

Zenawi’s unhealthy obsession for winning became evident during the Ethio-Eritrean war of 2000. This senseless war over a barren wasteland of few kilometers took more than 100 thousand lives. He sent thousands of non-Tigrean foot soldiers as minesweepers before the well-trained elite Tigrean soldiers were deployed. The carnage Zenawi inflicted upon millions, in deadly competition with his ex-best-friend turned enemy number one, Isaias Afewarki – over a minor conflict that could have been settled through diplomatic channels – is a testament to his depraved soul. It is beyond any reasonable imagination why Zenawi spent over one billion dollars on armaments, $480 million in 1999 alone, while large parts of the country was suffering from famine.

Contrary to claims that Zenawi “lifted millions out of poverty, hunger, and strife,”he had no compassion for the suffering of others. Everything was a fair game so long as he gained from it. When he invaded Somalia in 2006, a large portion of Ogaden, the Somali-region of Ethiopia where Zenawi faced fierce resistance in recent years, was under the threat of famine. Zenawi didn’t care as long as the US foreign aid checks kept flowing.

In her hagiography, Susan Rice said, the young Meles was “spurred” to action by a “torment of terrible time” to drive out another “strongman who had turned Ethiopia into a parched field of sorrow.” But she forgot to add or deliberately ignored, Zenawi actually used the famine stricken people of Tigray for his political gains, by forcing them to flee to Sudan in thousands so that his organization could prove Dergue’s atrocities to the international community. Having successfully convinced donors that “a famine of biblical proportions” was taking place, TPLF cashed Bob Geldof’s Band Aid and Live Aid money to buy weapons.
At the time when the 1984 famine became a public embarrassment for the communist regime, Zenawi’s rebel group, the TPLF, controlled most of Tigray – an area severely affected by famine. As BBC’s Martin Plaut reported in 2010, channeling the relief aid through the TPLF “was the only way of reaching those in desperate need” in areas the rebels – fighting to take down the Dergue – controlled. As a TPLF army commander at the time, Aregawi Berhe, told Plaut: TPLF “made a policy decision that only five percent of the money received…would be spent on relief, with the bulk going directly or indirectly to support their military and political campaigns.” The remaining 95 percent “was allocated to buying weapons and building up a hard-line Marxist political party within the rebel movement.”

Mrs. Rice also forgot to mention what a senior US diplomat, Robert Houdek, who was in Ethiopia around late 1980s told Plaut, the TPLF members admitted “at the time that some aid money and supplies was used to buy weapons” – a fact also corroborated by CIA documents.
Instead of remaking “himself overnight from guerrilla to a statesman” as Susan Rice would have us believe, in the words of former Ethiopian president Negaso Gidada, whom he appointed, Zenawi became “a replica of the very strongman he replaced”– Mengistu Hailemariam. The genocide in Gambela, the carpet-bombing of villages and nomadic settlements in Ogaden, the more than 4,407 extra judicial killings of Oromo nationalists and over 900 disappearances, the 2002 Awassa killings, the 2005 killing of more than 200 people on the streets of Addis Ababa, were sufficient to land him in the International Criminal Court. However, thanks to his powerful friends and apologists like Susan Rice, Meles walked free in life and is lionized in death.

Fortunately, theirs won’t be the last word. A time will come when the peoples of Ethiopia write Zenawi’s true legacy. His historical verdict will not be based on the subjective personal accounts of a friend, but rather on the objective evidence of his victims: the voices of thousands of prisoners who languished and are still languishing in Zenawi’s dungeons and endure torture, stories of refugees who run away fearing Zenawi’s intimidation and etc.

The hopes of millions who yearned to live in freedom but instead suffered indignities by Zenawi’s policy will be told. The names of those who were killed by Zenawi’s forces would be inscribed on a stone as our heroes. We will put Zenawi’s name besides Mengistu Hailemariam, in the hall of shame, so that the future generation remembers them for the atrocities they committed against our people. Zenawi was not the father of our rebirth, but we hope he will be the end of our misery.

Susan Rice did not appear in the apotheosis drama just as a friend of Meles, but she led an official delegation to the funeral as a representative of the US government. She forgot that her words have serious implications beyond her personal feelings for Meles. Mrs. Rice’s insensitive eulogy will be remembered as the Obama administration’s endorsement of personality cult over institutional building, dictatorship over freedom, and minority over a majority rule.

Since her days as assistant Secretary of State for Africa, Mrs. Rice played a very important role in promoting the TPLF government. She remained a true friend to Zenawi until the end. She was instrumental in the Clinton administration’s naming of Zenawi as one of the new generation of African leaders. With a request from Zenawi, Rice did her best to categorize the Oromo Liberation Front as a terrorist organization, but failed. She exhibited a behavior so unbecoming of a diplomat in her zeal to defend Zenawi’s government.

It’s time for all Ethiopian-Americans to reconsider their overwhelming support to Obama during his first election. We should not be taken for granted.

The Ethiopian government spends millions of dollars to lobby the US government through firms like DLA Piper and others. It’s not clear whether Mrs. Rice’s affection for Meles was partly sustained by DLA Piper’s lobbing efforts. At the very least, Mrs. Rice’s judgment was clouded by the close personal relationship she had with Meles.

However, as a seasoned diplomat, she should not have allowed her personal feelings to run amok and take the best part of her. She should have shown a minimum of sensitivity to thousands, who were killed, imprisoned, tortured and became refugees as a result of Zenawi’s policies. Those “fools and idiots” were freedom fighters to millions or press freedom advocates who wanted to see better Ethiopia. We may be fools, we may be idiots, but one thing is for sure: we have an enduring cause, truth, and justice on our side. I am confident that in the final analysis, freedom and liberty will triumph over tyranny.

With the following wise words of Martin Luther King, until next time:

I know you are asking today, “How long will it take?….

I come to say to you this afternoon, however difficult the moment, however frustrating the hour, it will not be long, because truth crushed to earth will rise again.

How long? Not long, because no lie can live forever.
How long? Not long, because you shall reap what you sow….
How long? Not long, because the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.

(The writer can be reached at The article was originally posted on

Some advise to TPLF (Tesfaye Gebreab)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

We are learning that the division within the ruling junta EPRDF is deepening by the day and by the hour as they squabble over who will replace Meles Zenawi continues. Making things even more complicated is that widow of the late dictator, Azeb Mesfin, is refusing to vacate the prime minister’s residence until a new prime minister is selected. The EPRDF 180-member council is called to replace Meles next week, but some thing may explode before the meeting, according to observers in Addis Ababa.

Author Tesfaye Gebreab has this (tongue-in-cheek) advise to his former comrades:

የኢህአዴግ የስልጣን ሽኩቻ ተባብሶ በመቀጠሉ የአመራር አባላቱ ዝግ ስብሰባ ላይ ስለመሆናቸው እየተሰማ ነው። ይህን ሽኩቻ ከህዝብ ጆሮ ለመሰወር ሲባል ስለ ኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈፃሚ ስብሰባ በቴሌቪዥን የተላለፈው ቀሽም ድራማ ነበር። የአመራር አባላቱ እጃቸውን እያወጡ ድምፅ ሲሰጡ በቲቪ ይታያል። በምን ጉዳይ ላይ ነው ተከራክረው በድምፅ ወሰኑት? አልተገለፀም። ከኢህአዴግ ነባር ልምድ አንፃር፣ ከስብሰባው በፊት ጋዜጠኞች ገብተው ምስል ቀርፀው እንዲወጡ እንደሚደረግ አውቃለሁ። ከዚያም በሮችና መስኮቶች ተዘግተው ስብሰባው ይቀጥላል።

ሆነው ሆኖ፣ የመለስ ሞት ከተጠበቀው ጊዜ ፈጥኖ የመጣ ነበርና ጓዶች ያልተዘጋጁበት ገጥሟቸዋል። መለስ ጷግሜ ላይ ወደ አገርቤት ተመልሶ ለእንቁጣጣሽ ዋዜማ የፖለቲካ እስረኞችን በመፍታት፣ እስርቤቱን ባዶ ያደርገዋል ተብሎ እየተጠበቀ እሱ ግን እንደወጣ ቀረ። እንግዲህ ህይወት መቀጠሏ አልቀረም። በችግር ጊዜ መረዳዳት ያለ ነውና፣ የቀድሞ ጓደኞቼ ምናልባት ከሰሙኝ አንዳንድ ጠቃሚ ምክሮችን እዚህ ላስቀምጥ።

የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ ለሃይለማርያም ከመስጠት የተሻለ ምንም አማራጭ የለም። በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ልዩነቶች እየጠበቡ ስለመጡ ይህ ችግር አይመስለኝም። ርግጥ ነው፣ ሁሉም የአባል ድርጅቶች ሃይለማርያምን የሚፈልጉበት የየራሳቸው ምክንያት አላቸው። በጥቅሉ ግን ‘ቢያንስ ሃይሌ አይከዳም።’ ተብሎ ይታሰባል። ሃይለማርያም ወንበሩን የሚረከብ ከሆነ የራሱን ካቢኔ ለመቋቋም መጠየቁ መረጃ አለ። መረጃው ግን አጠራጠሮኛል። ሃይሌ ከጀርባ የሚገፋው ከሌለ ብቻውን ያን ያህል አይዳፈርም። ስለቡድን አሰራር ደህና አድርገው አጥምቀውታልና፣ በአንጋፋዎቹ እየተመከረ ስራውን ሊሰራ ራሱን አሰናድቶአል። በባህርይው ለስላሳ በመሆኑ ትእዛዝ ይጥሳል ተብሎ አይጠበቅም። ህወሃት ሃይለማርያምን በደንብ እየተቆጣጠረ ለማሰራት፣ ከአንጋፎቹ አንዱን አማካሪ አድርጎ መሾም ነው። አርከበ እቁባይ፣ አባይ ፀሃዬ፣ ስዩም መስፍን የሚሉ አሉ። በውጭ ግንኙነት ልምድ ስላለው ስዩም ይሻላል። አባይ ፀሃዬ የጀመረውን ይጨርስ። በተለይ የዋልድባ ነገር ከስኳር ምርቱ ይልቅ ከጎንደር – ትግራይ ድንበር ጋር የተያያዘ የመሬት ባለቤትነት ጉዳይ ስላለበት፣ ያንን ዳር ማድረስ ይገባልና አባይ ፀሃዬን መንካት አይገባም። … [read the full text here]

የህወሀት ጄኔራሎች የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ የሚገባው ለኛ ነው የሚል ጥያቄ አነሱ

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

ጳጉሜን ፫ (ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፬ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከኢህአዴግ ሥራ አስፈፃሚ ሾልከው የወጡ መረጃዎች እንደሚያመለክቱት፤ ጀነራል ሳሞራ ዩኑስ እና በሥራቸው ያሉ የህወሀት ጀነራሎች ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ብቁ የሆነ ሰው ከነሱ መካከል ስላለ በመለስ ቦታ ምንም ዓይነት ሹመት እንዳይሰጥ መልዕክት አስተላልፈዋል።

ጀነራሎቹ፦“መለስን መተካት የሚችል ብቁ ሰው አለን። ከኛ ፈቃድና ዕውቅና ውጪ ማንም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሊሾም አይችልም!”ነው ያሉት።

የጀነራሎቹ መልዕክትና አቋም መሰማቱን ተከትሎ በኢህአዴግ አመራሮችና አባላት መካከል ጭንቀት መፈጠሩም ታውቋል።

ይህ በ እንዲህ እንዳለ ኢህአዴግ ሊቀ-መንበሩን እና ምክትል ሊቀመንበሩን እንደፈረንጆቹ አቆጣጠር የፊታችን ሴፕቴምበር 16 እንደሚመርጥ የኮሙኒኬሽን ጽህፈት ቤት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ሽመልስ ከማል ለብሉምበርግ ነግረውታል።

የግንባሩ ሊቀመንበር የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሊሆን እንደሚችል ቃል አቀባዩን አቶ ሽመልስ ከማልን በመጥቀስ ብሉምበርግ ዘግቧል።

የ አቶ መለስ ማረፍ በመንግስት ብዙሀን መገናኛ በተገለጸበት ወቅት ፤ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩና የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፦”ተጠባባቂ ጠ/ሚ/ር” እንደሆኑ የመንግስት ቃል አቀባይ አቶ በረከት ቢያስታውቁም፤ በ አሜሪካ የተመድ አምባሳደር ሱዛን ራይስን ጨምሮ በአቶ መለስ ቀብር ዕለት የተገኙ የውጪ አገር መሪዎች፦አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ፦”ተጠባባቂ ጠ/ሚ/ር እያሉ ቢጠሩም፤ እስካሁን ድረስ ሹመታቸው ሊጸድቅ አልቻለም።

የ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ሹመት የፊታችን መስከረም 16 ይጸድቃል ተብሎ በስፋት እየተጠበቀ ባለበት ጊዜ የህወሀት ጄነራሎቹ ያልተጠበቀ ጥያቄ ማንሳታቸው፤ የመለስን መሞት ተከትሎ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ እየተባባሰ የተፈጠረውን ሽኩቻ ይበልጥ ያወሳስበዋል ተብሎ ተፈርቶአል።

በ ኢትዮጵያ ከሚገኙ ወደ 60 የሚጠጉ ጀነራሎች 58 ቱ የህወሀት አባላት እንደሆኑ፤ የግንቦት ሰባት ራዲዮ ከነ ስም ዝርዝራቸው እና ከያዙት ሀላፊነት ጋር በዝርዝር ማቅረቡ አይዘነጋም።

ስለ ጉዳዩ አስተያየታቸውን ይሰጡ ዘንድ ኢሳት ያነጋገራቸው አንድ ስማቸው እንዲጠቀስ ያልፈለጉ አገር ቤት ያሉ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መሪ፤ ጀነራሎቹ አነሱት የተባለውን ጥያቄ እርሳቸውም እንደሰሙት በመጥቀስ፤ይሁንና ካለውና ከሆነው ተጨባጭ ሁኔታ በመነሳት ኢህአዴግ አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ከመሾም ውጪ ሌላ አማራጭ እንደሌለው አስረድተዋል።

“ከ እንግዲህ ከዚያ ውስጥ ሹመት እንስጥ ቢሉ፤ ከራሳቸው ጋር ብቻ ሳይሆን ከብዙሀኑ ህዝብና ከለጋሽ መንግስታት ጋር ጭምር ነው የሚጣሉት”ብለዋል-የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አመራሩ።

የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት የማይጸድቅ ከሆነ፤ ኢህአዴግ መራሹ መንግስት ዩናይትድስቴትስን ጨምሮ በለጋ ሽ አገሮች ዘንድ ከፍተኛ አጣብቂኝ እንደሚገባ ሌሎች የፖለቲካ ተንታኞችም ሲናገሩ ይደመጣሉ።

በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ ህወሀት ከትናንት በስቲያ ባወጣው መግለጫ ” ታጋይ መለስ የትግራይን ህዝብ በብቃት በመምራት ከመሰል ጓዶቹ ጋር በመሆን ግንባር ቀደም ሚናውን የተጫወተ የህዝብ ልጅ ነበር ካለ በሁዋላ፣ ህወሐት ከውልደቱ ጀምሮ በድል እሰኪጠናቀቅ ድረስ ያጋጠሙ ውስብስብ ችግሮችን በመተንተንና መሠረታዊ መፍትሄዎቻቸውን በማስቀመጥ የመሪነት ሚና መጫወቱን ገልጧል።

Ethiopia Faces Dangers, Opportunities (Time)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

By William Lloyd-George, Time Magazine

Nibret Gelese spent years saving up to move from his home town Mekele, in the north of Ethiopia, and make a new life in Addis Ababa. “Everyone said it was the place to be, the place to get rich,” he tells TIME shutting the rusty door to his small phone shop. “Now I’m not sure what to expect, everyone is pretty scared about what might happen without Meles.” Nibret’s anxiety over life without Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who died August 20 from an undisclosed illness after ruling Ethiopia for 21 years, is echoed across the sprawling capital. “Meles was our hero, he kept the bad people in government under control, and developed our county enormously,” says a taxi driver.

Meles had dropped out of medical school to fight in the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), part of the alliance that in 1991 overthrew the communist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam. Since then, Meles has been praised for his vision of an ‘Ethiopian Renaissance’ and for policies that helped alleviate a great deal of Ethiopia’s poverty. Many fear that progress and stability won’t be sustained without his leadership.

Adding to the uncertainty is the fact that the appointment of a successor to Meles at the head of the ruling party was recently delayed. Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn had been appointed acting leader on August 21, but leaders in the Ethiopian People Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) asked for more time to mourn before confirming the succession. “They should have just appointed Hailemariam straight away,” an official from the opposition Ethiopians Democratic Party (EDP) told TIME, speaking on condition of anonymity. “[The delay] is only increasing fears that there will be damaging disputes between the ruling members as to who should be the next leader. The longer this goes on, the more the country will suffer”

On Thursday the EPRDF dismissed fears of a power vacuum, and claimed to simply be following the party’s rules for choosing a new leader. “There is no power struggle, there is no power vacuum, it is not true,” government spokesman Dina Mufti told TIME. “Hailemariam Desalegn is now acting minister, so there is no need to rush the procedure and we will wait for a collective democratic decision from the leadership”. A decision had been expected earlier this week, but has now been delayed until after Ethiopia’s New Year next Tuesday, to allow for wider participation in the party’s congress.

Hailemariam Desalegn, originally an civil engineer, had been a trusted aide to Meles, who it was widely believed was grooming Hailemariam to succeed him. The move would have marked a break with tradition, since the country’s political elite under Meles has been dominated by ethnic Tigrayans whereas Hailemariam is Woylata and was not part of the TPLF. Also, Hailemariam is a Protestant rather than an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian like Meles and most of the party elite. While ethnic leaders representing most ethnic groups have been brought into the EPRDF, analysts say there is a potential for social tension if the party remains dominated by Tigrayans, who comprise 6.1% of the total population. Some believe Meles chose Hailemariam to avoid the risk of reproducing Tigrayan domination, and also in response to pressure from international donors to diversify the leadership of the EPRDF. With Meles gone, however, local commentators speculate that a Tigrayan elite within the ruling party may seek to maintain their dominance by blocking Hailemariam from taking over.

Other observers dismiss fears of a power struggle. “This is completely overlooking the strength of the EPRDF institutions, which are stronger than most are willing to admit,” explains Dr. Solomon Dersso from the Institute for Security Studies in Addis Ababa. “While there could be divisions and tensions, normal in such an organization, I think the point has been exaggerated a great deal. From talking with close observers in the party paradigm, it doesn’t seem like there is any contestation of who will be the leader.”

Dersso notes the fact that Hailemariam has held such authoritative positions as deputy prime minister and foreign minister. “He is able to control these important institutions and easily continue on the work of Meles. As a result the security forces are also likely to carry on as they were”.

But for opposition parties, human rights groups and democracy activists, continuity of the status quo will be a disappointment. “It is a difficult time for the EPRDF but it is sure that Hailemariam will be elected as the prime minister,” says Dr Negaso Gidada Solon, leader of opposition party the Unity for Democracy and Justice Party(UJD) adding that he believes deputy foreign minister and former TPLD fighter Berhane Gebre-Christos will assert a great deal of power behind the scenes.”They have been swearing to continue to the policies of Meles, as a result economic, social and political problems will get worse unless EPRDF comes to its senses and creates a democratic political opening.”

While Meles was praised for implementing a public sector-driven development model, human rights groups have complained of increasingly repressive rule. While elections have been held every five years, with the next planned for 2015, Dr Gidada claims there is is no space for political opposition to compete and says his party is constantly harassed and restricted from their political activities.

According to Ethiopian expert Kjetil Tronvoll based in Norway, Meles had managed to persuade donors that his authoritarian rule was necessary for stability and development. “One implication of Meles death is that Ethiopia will no longer be a one man rule, but will become more pluralistic,” Trovoll told TIME. “If, as a result of this pluralism development begins to take longer to implement then international donors might assert more pressure on the EPRDF.”

Dersso sees signs of the rulingparty changing its approach after Meles. “If Desalegn’s first speech is anything to go by, he talked about opposition politicians, like Meles neverdid, it seems he is taking a reconciliatory approach”.

Despite the fear on the streets of what the future holds after the passing of the only leader many Ethiopians have known, Meles’ death could bring into being a more pluralistic EPRDF, requiring the next leader to work harder to appease the nation than Meles ever needed to. Says Tronvoll: “Meles’ shoes are just too big to fill.”

Source: … z25qyX3cag

Failure to swear in a new prime minister creates uncertainty (UPI)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (UPI) — The failure of Ethiopia’s Parliament to swear in acting Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has created uncertainty about the country’s future, officials say.

Desalegn was supposed to be officially sworn in Thursday following the death of late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, but the ruling Ethiopian People’s Democratic Front delayed the appointment, reported.

Meles Zenawi, who came to power in the 1990s, died last month.

The delay has led some to think there is conflict within the EPRDF, as people say Zenawi’s death should be used as an opportunity to move the country toward democracy.

"I say today is the perfect time for all Ethiopians to bury the hatchet of ethnic division, religious sectarianism, regional conflict and human rights violations," Ethiopian political thinker and Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam wrote in an opinion article earlier this week. "It is the perfect time to shake hands, embrace each other and get our noses to the grindstone to build a new democratic Ethiopia where the rule of law is upheld and human rights and democratic institutions respected."

Source: … z25qu8P5oj

Ethiopia’s opportunity — a new day beckons: Graham Peebles

Friday, September 7th, 2012


By Graham Peebles |

In the wake of the death of Ethiopia’s long-serving PM, Meles Zenawi, two weeks ago, Graham Peebles argues this could be the best opportunity in a generation for Ethiopians to secure a more equal, more independent future.

The death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, announced on 22nd August after his mysterious two-month disappearance, presents a tremendous opportunity to Ethiopia. Let a new day dawn for the people, one filled with hope and fundamental change, where human rights and justice are respected, where freedom is encouraged and cultivated in all areas and where fear is banished to the past.

Meles rose to power as a revolutionary to overthrow a dictatorship. Ironically he too fell under the spell of power, and the freedom fighter became the dictator, the greatest obstacle to freedom and liberty. He had been in power since 1991, when the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) led a coalition of armed opposition groups in overturning the rule of Mengistu Haile Mariam.

Control and repression

No matter the repeated accolades and platitudes expressed by heads of State upon his passing, let us be clear: PM Meles Zenawi presided over an undemocratic regime that repressed the people, tolerating no political dissent, and as Human Rights Watch state in One Hundred Ways of Putting on Pressure, “since the controversial 2005 elections – Ethiopia has seen a sharp deterioration in civil and political rights, with mounting restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and assembly.”

In fact under Zenawi’s leadership the EPRDF government have trampled on the human rights of the Ethiopian people, centralised power, falsely imprisoned in large numbers of members of opposition parties and journalists and responded with brutal force to demonstrations after the 2005 sham poll – when security forces murdered over 200 innocent people on the streets of Addis Ababa. Not to mention the killings of hundreds of people in Gambella, the persecution of the people of Oromia, along with human rights violations in Afar and the Ogaden.

The media is party/state controlled, so too is the sole telecommunications company, as well as the judiciary, all of which is contrary to federal law as enshrined in the constitution. PM Meles, whose record, as the BBC rather generously phrased it, “has, at best, been patchy and rather uninspiring” has “orchestrated a discreet purge of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and the administration, demoting, sidelining or reassigning key potential rivals and opponents.” As the Inter Press Service (IPS) succinctly put it, he “ruled with an increasingly authoritarian fist for more than two decades”. Let us hope such times will now be consigned to the murky past.

Unity – The way forward

If responded to with intelligence and love, patience and tolerance, the political space created by Meles’s departure could be a beginning in which firm and lasting steps towards an open, just, free civil society may be taken, broad ethnic participation encouraged and divisions set aside. A peaceful social revolution, long overdue, in which the perennial values of democracy are fostered, enabling the people to step out from the repressive shadow of the late prime minister and his EPRDF dictatorship and unite as one people, diverse yet unified, synthesising the many and enriching the country. Such is the opportunity at hand. As such, the keynote for the time ahead in Ethiopia should be unity, unity in diversity.

There are a great many ethnic and tribal groups in Ethiopia, some 77 according to the US State department, “with their own distinct language. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members.” The people of Oromo make up the single largest group and along with Amhara and Tigreans account for around 70% of the 85 million population. A further division exists along religious lines, with roughly 50% Orthodox Christian – living mainly in the highlands and 50% Muslim, inhabiting the lowland regions. Historically these two groups and the government have co-existed peacefully.

However, as the International Crisis Group’s (ICG) report ‘Ethiopia after Meles’ states:

“tensions are mounting between the government and the large Muslim community. Muslim committees have protested perceived interference in religious affairs. The authorities sought to link their demonstrations to Islamic extremism and terrorism, and Meles exacerbated matters by accusing the protestors of “peddling ideologies of intolerance”

This from a man who effectively outlawed all political dissent and banned freedom of expression. Christian Orthodox priests have also protested political interference and expressed their support for their Muslim brothers.

Such religious discord needs a sensitive response, not cliché name-calling. Predictably the T word has been wheeled out by a government that has sought to impose ideological control in every area of Ethiopian society, including the church. Let such repressive practices be buried along with Prime Minister Meles and let the current EPRDF government learn what is perhaps the greatest lesson of responsible government: to listen to the people yhey are in office to serve.

Designed to divide

Amharic is the official language and until recently was used in primary school instruction. It has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromifa and Tigrinya, reinforcing ethnic divisions that contrary to the policy of ‘Ethnic Federalism’ designed by the TPLF, have been strengthened under the Meles premiership.

The highly centralised EPRDF has employed divide and rule tactics to weaken political opposition, fuel separation along ethnic lines, disempowering the community, engendering competition for land and natural resources as well as for government funds. Fragmented ethnic groups competing for resources and bickering amongst themselves have little time or energy to protest government policy and make easy prey for a regime seeking total control.

Division spawns conflict and, as the ICG found, “Exclusion and disfranchisement have provided fertile ground for ethnic and religious radicalisation, already evident in some lowland regions, where the ruling party exploits resources without local consent.” Massive land sales is one issue alluded to here; displacing thousands of indigenous people, forcing subsistence farmers and pastoralists off the land, destroying large areas of forest and wildlife habitat, that for a few dollars are turned over to international corporations who cultivate crops for their home market. All of which, let us add, without any form of consultation with local groups.

Democracy is participation, the opportunity before Ethiopia is to create an environment in which participation is encouraged and the people have a voice, where unity is seen as the means and the goal; where the Oromo people, those in the Ogaden, Amhara and Tigrae and the other ethnic groups are fully included and the development of community groups is facilitated.

The opposition and diaspora

Under the Meles regime not only have the main Ethnic groups been divided and disempowered, but so too has the diaspora opposition, too weak and ineffective. Fractured and despondent activists and opposition members of the various bodies need to unite at this time of uncertainty and opportunity and work collectively to establish a dialogue with the EPRDF government.

A national dialogue is needed in which opposition groups inside and outside the country and the people, for too long silenced, are allowed to participate and indeed be listened too. Such a move would set a new and inclusive tone and would engender hope that the ruling EPRDF recognises the mood of the country.

The diaspora’s role is crucial in any movement towards democracy in Ethiopia. Consensus amongst the various factions is essential and ideas of opposition, the pre-occupation of the past, that serve only to strengthen division and thus play into the hands of the EPRDF, forgotten. Constructive creative contributions should be encouraged, holding in mind the underlying principle of unity to soften government resistance to change and cultivate trust. As the ICG expresses it:

“Opposition forces may now be able to agree on a basic platform calling for an all-inclusive transitional process leading to free and fair elections in a couple of years. Such an arrangement should include all political forces armed and unarmed, that endorse a non-violent process to achieve an inclusive, democratically-elected regime.”

The Federal Constitution, written by the TPLF, full as it is of articles of decency and acceptability, disregarded by the government, is vague and ambiguous regarding the process of transition and succession in the event of the Prime Ministers death. On Aug 23, Al Jazeera reported that “The Ethiopian parliament has been recalled from recess to swear-in Zenawi’s successor, Hailemariam Desalegn, the deputy prime minister, who will most likely lead Ethiopia until 2015, when the current term of the ruling party comes to an end.”  This is by no means certain, as Desagelen is reportedly unsure about accepting the mantle of PM.

A provisional cross party government is called for. One with broad support that would initiate reforms, repeal the unjust Anti Terrorist Proclamation and other repressive legislation, free the media, most importantly television and radio and begin to build a vibrant active civil society. Such progressive steps would establish the foundations of a strong democratic platform that could be developed up to and after the 2015 elections.

Responsible support and development

The development much championed in Ethiopia – where the partisan distribution of aid, including emergency food relief, is an open secret – does not correspond to a definition that those who believe in equality, justice, human rights, and freedom of expression would recognise. As Al Jazeera reported two weeks ago, “Zenawi has been praised for bringing development and economic growth to one of Africa’s poorest nations but his critics say that came at the cost of respect for democracy and human rights.”

To put Ethiopia’s much trumpeted economic growth in perspective, let us note that the average annual income in Ethiopia equates to just $3 a day. Food staples have quadrupled in price in the last four years, largely as a consequence of the extensive land sales, and according to Bloomberg Business, Ethiopia’s “annual inflation rate climbed to 34.7 percent in May as food prices surged, Inflation accelerated from 25.6 percent in the previous month, food prices jumped 41 percent in the year.“

In addition the gap is increasing between the majority who are poor and the small number of wealthy Ethiopians, who are primarily members of the ruling party, as IPS reported on 22 Aug, “development has yet to reach the vast majority of the country’s population. Instead, much of this wealth – and political power – has been retained by the ruling party and, particularly, by the tiny Tigrayan minority community to which Meles belonged.” These party members have followed the trend of other dictatorships and invested their accrued wealth overseas.

Development and democracy are closely related, not some western idea of democracy, but a living social movement of participation and inclusion, evolving out of the actions and creativity of the people themselves. An idea PM Meles did not recognise. The ICG report quotes Meles stating he did not “believe in bedtime stories and contrived arguments linking economic growth with democracy.”

In truth he did not believe in democracy at all. The price of his short sightedness and ideologically-driven policies has been paid by the people, whose human rights were ignored, and freedoms stolen.

Suppressed and silenced for too long, now is the time to listen to their cries for justice and freedom. All efforts should be made to encourage and mobilise the people of Ethiopia. It is not simply calm that is needed, as many have reiterated, but action. It is time for the people, so long inhibited to act, to demand their rights and express their vision for the future of their country.

Ethiopia is the recipient of over $3 billion of development aid a year, second only to Indonesia. The US, Britain and the EU, along with the World Bank are the main donors. In exchange for what amounts to over a third of Ethiopia’s annual budget, the west has a strategically placed ally in the Horn of Africa who will act when asked to and function as a military outpost for America who launch drone attacks from its soil.

Those supporting development within Ethiopia share the opportunity and responsibility for change within the country. Mediation between the various ethnic groups and political parties, encouraging openness and facilitating discussion is an obvious role that could and indeed should be undertaken.

Required action

In order to realise the opportunity before Ethiopia, certain basic steps showing a renewed adherence to international and federal law need to be taken immediately by the EPRDF:

  • All political prisoners must be released.
  • The internationally-condemned Anti Terrorist Proclamation repealed
  • Freedom of the media, assembly and dissent allowed

These are fundamental requirements in moving Ethiopia forward and establishing an atmosphere of hope that will encourage political and civil participation and safeguard against the potential radicalisation of opposition groups.

International donors need to recognise their collusion in a range of human rights abuses that have taken place under PM Meles and ensure these demands are acted on, linking development assistance to swift implementation. Human Rights Watch (HRW) has asked of “Ethiopia’s international partners [to] call on the government to support fundamental rights and freedoms in the country and a prompt rollback of repressive laws. Ethiopia’s government should commit to respect for human rights and core rights reforms in the coming days and weeks”.

Denied good governance for many years the people of Ethiopia have suffered much, too much and for too long. Let the current space afforded by the passing of PM Meles be filled with their united voices, articulating their grievances, expressing their hopes and concerns, and with the responsible support of international friends and partners demand fundamental change, freedom and social justice, long overdue.

Graham Peebles is Director of The Create Trust, a UK registered charity, supporting fundamental social change and the human rights of individuals in acute need. He may be reached at Peebles

ከመለስ በኋላስ?

Friday, September 7th, 2012

ከተመስገን ደሳለኝ – የፍትህ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ዕሁድ ዕለት ስርዓተ ቀብራቸው ተፈፅሟል፡፡ ለሁለት ሳምንት ያህልም ለእልፍ አእላፍት አንገብጋቢ ጉዳዮቻችን ግርዶሽ ሆኖብን የነበረው ብሔራዊ ሀዘንም አብሮ አብቅቷል፡፡ ለቤተሰቦቻቸው እና ለዘመዶቻቸው መፅናናትን ከልብ እመኛለሁ፡፡ ስለዚህም ከቀብር መልስ ባሉ ሀገራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ መነጋገር መጀመር አለብን ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡

(የአቶ መለስ ሞት በመንግስት በይፋ ከተነገረ በኋላ ጥቂት ባለስልጣናት እና አንድ ቱጃር ነጋዴም ህይወታቸው እንዳለፈ በማህበራዊ ድረ-ገፆች በስፋት ሲዘገብ ቢቆይም ‹‹ሟቾቹ›› በኢቲቪ እየቀረቡ በአቶ መለስ መሞት የተሰማቸውን ሀዘን ገልፀው አለመሞታቸውንም በገደምዳሜ አሳይተውናል፡፡ ይህ አንድ እውነት ነው፡፡ አልፎ ተርፎም ሞቱ የተባሉት ቱጃር ነጋዴ ከጥቂት ቀናት በፊት ሰራተኞቻቸውን ሰብስበው ‹‹መለስን ከአንድ ወር ከአስራአምስት ቀን በፊት ብራስልስ ሄጄ ጠይቄዋለሁ፡፡ አልጋው ላይ ተኝቶ በላፕቶፑ ስራውን እየሰራ ነበር፡፡ ረመዳን ነው አልዋሽም፣ ሞተ በተባለበት ጊዜ የውሸት ነው አልሞተም ነበር›› ብለዋል፡፡ እንግዲህ ነጋዴው አቶ መለስን በጠየቁበት እና ሞታቸው በተነገረበት ጊዜ መካከል የ45 ቀን ክፍተት መኖሩን ልብ በሉ) አስቀድሜ እንዳልኩት የአቶ መለስ መሞት ከተነገረ በኋላ ሞቱ የተባሉትን ጨምሮ በርከት ያሉ ባለስልጣናትን በኢቲቪ ያየናቸው ለስራ ብቁ በሆነ አካላዊ ጤንነት ሳይሆን ገና በእግሩ መቆም ያልጀመረ ህፃንን ‹‹ወፌ ቆመች፣ አልወደቀች…›› እያልን ራሱን ችሎ እንዲቆም ስናበረታታው እየተንገዳገደ ለመቆም በሚሞክርበት አይነት አቋቋም መሆኑም ሌላ እውነት ነው፡፡ መቼስ ምን ይባላል ‹‹እግዜር ይማራችሁ›› ከማለት ውጭ፡፡

የሆነ ሆኖ የአቶ መለስ መሞትን ተከትሎ አንዳንድ ያልጠበቅናቸው ነገሮችን ለመታዘብ ችለናል፡፡ ‹‹መለስ አልሞተም››፣ ‹‹ጀግና አይሞትም›› ከሚሉት ጀምሮ

‹‹አለ ገና አለገና አለገና
‹የእከሌም› አለገና››

(የሁለት ባለስልጣናትን ስም እየጠሩ) እያሉ እስከሚጨፍሩ ሰልፈኞች ድረስ በአዲስ አበባ ጎዳናዎች ስንሰማቸው የነበሩ ድምፆች ናቸው፡፡
የሀገሬ ህዝብ ስነ-ልቦናን መረዳት እንኳን ለእኔ ለጉምቱ የማህበራዊ ስነ-ልቦና ተመራማሪዎችም ቢሆን የዳገት ያህል አድካሚ ነው፡፡ መቼም ከሰልፍ ጋር እንደሀበሻ በፍቅር የወደቀ ህዝብ ያለ አይመስለኝም፡፡ በጃንሆይ ላይ የተቃጣው የ1953 ዓ.ም መፈንቅለ መንግሥት ሲከሽፍ መሰለፍ፤ ራሳቸው ጃንሆይ በ1966ቱ አብዮት ከቤተ መንግሥቱ ሲባረሩ ‹‹ሌባ፣ ሌባ፣ ሌባ…›› እያለ ለመስደብ መሰለፍ፡፡ …ለአብዮት በዓል በአዲስ አመት የመጀመሪያው ቀን ማግስት መሰለፍ፤ መንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም በ1969 ህዳር 13 ቀን በኢህአፓ የተደረገባቸው የመግደል ሙከራ ከከሸፈ በኋላ ቆራጡ መንጌ በኢቲቪ ቀርበው ሁለት እጃቸውን ወደላይ ቀስረው ‹‹የበረደች ጥይት ሞኋይቴን ከመምታቷ ውጭ ሙሉ ጤነኛ ነኝ›› እያሉ መንፏለላቸውን ተከትሎ በማግስቱ በአብዮት አደባባይ ለድጋፍ ሰልፍ ስንወጣ ወፍ አልቀደመንም፡፡ በእንዲህ አይነት ሁኔታ ከተደረጉ ከየትኞቹም ሰልፎች እጅግ ምፀታዊ በሆነ መንገድ የሚታወሰኝ በወራት ልዩነት የተደረገው የአስራ ዘጠኝ ስልሳ ዘጠኙ ሆሆታ ነው፡፡ ነገሩ እንዲህ ነው፡- በ1969 ሚያዚያ 23 የሰራተኞች ቀንን በደመቀ ሁኔታ ለማክበር በ‹‹ኢማሌድህ›› ስም መኢሶን ባስተባበረው ሰልፍ (እነመንግስቱ ኃ/ማሪያምም ባሉበት) ላይ ድፍን የአዲስ አበባ ህዝብ ‹‹መኢሶን ፓርቲያችን›› ሲል አብዮት አደባባይን በሰልፍ አጥለቀለቀ፡፡ ይህ በሆነ በ3ኛው ወር መኢሶን ከደርግ ጋር በፈጠረው ፀብ የአመራር አባሉ ተደናግጦ ዋነኛ ምሽጉ የነበረውን የህዝብ ድርጅት ጽ/ቤትን ለቆ ከሀገር ለመውጣት ሲሞክር ሱሉልታ አካባቢ ተያዘ፤ ይህን ጊዜም በአብዮት አደባባይ ‹‹መኢሶን ፓርቲያችን›› እያለ ‹‹ለውዳሴ›› የተሰለፈው ህዝብ

ተይዞ መጣ፤
ጠላ ሲጠጣ፡፡

በማለት እያላገጠ ጨፈረበት፡፡ በ1981 ዓ.ም ግንቦት 8 ቀን በመንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም ወታደራዊ ጁንታ አገዛዝ ላይ የተሞከረው መፈንቅለ መንግሥት በመክሸፉም ቅዳሜ ግንቦት 12 ቀን 1981 ዓ.ም. በአብዮት አደባባይ የተጥለቀለቀ የድጋፍ ሰልፍ ያደረገው ህዝብ፣ ግንቦት 13 ቀን 1983 ዓ.ም. መንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም ከሀገር መፈርጠጡ በሬዲዮ ሲነገር ‹‹ሌባ፣ ሌባ…›› እያለ አደባባይ ከመውጣትም አልፎ ግዙፉን የሌኒን ሀውልትን እስከማፍረስ ደርሷል፡፡ …ባለፉት ሃያ አንድ የአቶ መለስ እና የኢህአዴግ የጉልበተኝነት ዘመናትም እንዲሁ በርካታ ‹‹ጉራማይሌ ሰልፎች››ን ታዝበናል፡፡ በ1997 ዓ.ም እና በ2002 ዓ.ም. የተደረጉትን ሁለት ሰልፎች ብናነፃፅር በኢህአዴግ ዘመን በተደረጉት መሀከል እጅግ ጉራማይሌ የሆነውን ሰልፍ እናገኛለን፡፡ በ97 ቅንጅትን ደግፎ የወጣው ህዝብ ከአምስት ዓመት በኋላ የኢህአዴግን ጠቅላይ አሸናፊነት ለማብሰርም የወጣው ህዝብ ነው (ከትንሽ ማስተካከያ ጋር ማለትም፡- በመሀከል ባሉት ዓመታት ለአቅመ-ፖለቲካ ወይም ምርጫ የደረሰውን የማህበረሰብ ክፍል ሳናካት ማለቴ ነው) ብለን ብንከራከር ቢያንስ የስነ-ህዝብ ፖለቲካ (Political Demography) ያጠናን ዘዬ ይደግፈናል ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡

ስለዚህም ሰሞኑን ለ‹‹ኑሮአችን›› እና ለበርካታ ወሳኝ የፖለቲካ ጥያቄዎቻችን ግርዶሽ ሆኖ የነበረውን የሀዘን ሰልፍንም እንዲሁ ከእነዚህ እንደ አንዱ ቆጥረን ህይወትንም ፖለቲካውንም ማስቀጠል መቻል አለብን፡፡ (ሆኖም ከሰልፉ እና ከሀዘኑ ከመውጣቴ በፊት አንድ ጥያቄ ላንሳ፡፡ ይኸውም የሀገር መሪ ሀዘኑን እንዴት ነው የሚገልፀው? መቼም በአደባባይ እንደጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ‹‹ኡኡኡ…›› እያለ ግን አይመስለኝም፡፡ ይህ አይነቱ ተለምዶአዊ አለቃቀስ የሚፈቀደው እናቱ ጥላው ለጠፋችበት ህፃን ብቻ ነው፡፡ አቶ መለስ ቢሆኑ ማንም ቢሞት እንዲህ አይነት ለቅሶ በቴሌቪዥን ካሜራ ፊት አያለቅሱም፡፡ ለማስረጃ ያህልም ከዚህ ቀደም የደህንነት ሚንስትሩ ክንፈ ገ/መድህን በሞቱበት ወቅት ሀዘናቸውን የገለፁት ለአንድ ሀገር መሪ ፕሮቶኮሉ በሚፈቅደው መልኩ ተቆጥበው ነበር፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን መለስ በክንፈ ሞት በሚገባ አላዘኑም ማለት አይደለም፡፡ በሚገባ አዝነዋልና፡፡ በሚገባ አላለቀሱምም ማለት አይደለም፤ በሚገባ አልቅሰዋልና፡፡ ነገር ግን በአደባባይ አይደለም፡፡ የሀገር መሪ ሀዘኑ ምንም ያህል የበረታ ቢሆን ወደአደባባይ አያወጣውም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የሚመራው ህዝብ ሙሉ እምነቱን በቁርጠኛ አመራሩ ላይ ከመጣሉ አኳያ በአደባባይ ለአንድ የስራ ባልደረባው እንዲህ እየጮኸ አያለቅስምና ነው)

አሁን ወደዋናው ጉዳያችን እንመለስ፡፡ ደህና! የመጀመሪያ አጀንዳችን የሚሆነውም ከፊት ለፊታችን ለተደቀኑብን በርካታ ጥያቄዎች አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ መልስ ሊሰጡን እንደሚገባ በአንክሮ ማስታወሱ ላይ ነው፡፡ ቀጣዩ ደግሞ የኢህአዴግ አጥር የማያካልለን ኢትዮጵያውያን ግዴታዎቻችንን ለይተን ማወቅ እንደሚኖርብን መነጋገሩ ይሆናል፡፡ ይህ አይነቱ መነጋገር አስፈላጊ የሆነው ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ልክ ኢትዮጵያዊ እንዳልሆንን እና የሀገራችን ፖለቲካ እንደማይመለከተን ሁሉ ከዳር ቆመን ‹‹ስብሃት ነጋ እና በረከት ስምኦን ግብግብ ገጥመዋል››፣ ‹‹ህወሓት በብአዴን እየተሸነፈ ነው››፣ ‹‹ሰራዊቱ እና ደህንነቱ ከህወሓት ጎን መሰለፉ አይቀርም››፣ ‹‹ጄነራል ሳሞራ የኑስ እያንገራገረ ነው››… ጂኒ ቁልቋል በሚሉ የፖለቲካ ዜናዎች ‹‹ቢዚ›› መሆንን የመጨረሻ ግዴታችን እያደረግነው ስለሆነ ነው፡፡ ይህ ግን አትራፊ አይደለም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የእነዚህ ፓርቲዎችም ሆነ የጉምቱ ባለስልጣናቱ ፉክክር በየትኛውም ውጤት ቢጠናቀቅ ከኢህአዴግ ውጭ ላለነው የሚፈይደው ነገር የለምና፡፡ ለእኛ የሚጠቅመን የፉክክሩ ቀጥተኛ ‹‹ተዋናይ›› መሆን ብቻ ነው፡፡ አንድ ፓርቲ ብቻ በሀገር ጉዳይ እና በመንግሥት ፖለቲካ ላይ የሚወስንበት ዘመን ከአቶ መለስ መጨረሻም ጋር አብሮ መቆምም ይኖርበታል፡፡ እናም ከኢህአዴግ እኩል በቀጣዩ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ላይ የመወሰን መብታችንን የማስከበር ትግል መጀመር ያለብን ይመስለኛል፡፡

በእርግጥ ይህንን እድል እነበረከት ስምኦንም ሆኑ እነ ስብሃት ነጋ ከአውሮፓ እና አሜሪካ ጠርተው፣ ወይም ከተጣድንበት የማህበራዊ ድረ-ገፆች አውርደው አሊያም ከየመኝታችን ቀስቅሰው ይሰጡናል ብለን ካሰብን አንድም ኢህአዴግን በሚገባ አላወቅነውም፤ ሁለትም ፖለቲካ እና ተቃውሞን ነጣጥለን አልተረዳነውም ማለት ነው፡፡

ስለዚህም የፖለቲካ ተሳትፎ የምናገኝበትን ዕድል በየትኛውም መንግድ ተጠቅመን ማደላደል አለብን፡፡ እንዲሁም ከዚህ ቀደም ከሄድንበት መንገድ በተለየና በአዲስ መንገድ መጓዝ ይኖርብናል፡፡ ከአዲሱ መንገዳችን ምን አልባትም አንዱ ባልተለመደ መልኩ ለኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ እና ለኢህአዴግ ትንፋሽ መሰብሰቢያ ወይም ‹‹የማሪያም መንገድ›› መስጠቱ የመጀመሪያው እርምጃችን ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡ ይህንን አባባል ትንሽ ፈታ ስናደርገው ‹‹ለኢህአዴግ ጊዜያዊ ድጋፍ መስጠት›› የሚል ሆኖ ልናገኘው ብንችል መደንገጥ አይኖርብንም፡፡

እንዲያውም በግልባጩ ይህንን እርምጃ እንደብስለት እንጂ ክብረ-ነክ አድርገን መውሰድ የለብንም፡፡ ለምን? የሚል ጥያቄ የሚያነሳ ካለ መልሱ ለኢህአዴግ የምንሰጠው ጊዜያዊ ድጋፍ ‹‹ከታላቁ መሪ ወረስኩት›› ለሚለው ‹‹ራዕዩ›› ሳይሆን ‹‹በሀገር ጉዳይ የመወሰን እድልን›› ከአጥሩ ውጭም አውጥቶ ማካፈሉ ለሀገሪቱ መፀኢ እድል አስፈላጊ መሆኑን ቀልቡን ሰብስቦ እስኪያምን ብቻ ያለውን ጊዜ የሚመለከት ነው የሚል ይሆናል፡፡ ልክ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን የቀብር ስነ-ስርዓት የተሳካ ለማድረግ ህዝቡ ለኢህአዴግ እንደሰጠው አይነት ድንገቴ ዕድል ማለቴ ነው-እኛም ከፓርቲው የምንፈልገው፡፡

ሆኖም ‹‹ይህንን አይነቱን ዕድል ኢህአዴግ እስኪሰጠን ምን ያህል ጊዜ መጠበቅ ይኖርብናል?››፣ ‹‹እንዴትስ ሆኖ ነው በመንግስታዊ ስልጣን ላይ የመወሰን ዕድል የሚሰጠን?›› የሚሉ ጥያቄዎች መነሳታቸው አይቀሬ ናቸውና እንደመነሻ ሃሳብ ሊሆኑ የሚችሉ የራሴን ሁለት ጥቁምታዎችን ላቅርብ፡-

1ኛ. ሀይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ እና አጋሮቻቸው፣ ካድሬዎቻቸውን እና ደጋፊዎቻቸውን ‹‹ብሄራዊ ዕርቅ›› ከመፍጠር አኳያ በጥቂት ወራት ውስጥ ሁሉን አቀፍ የሽግግር መንግስት የመመስረቱን አስፈላጊነት ማሳመንን የመጀመሪያው የቤት ስራቸው ሊያደርጉት ይገባል፡፡ እነሱንም ካሳመኑ በኋላም ሽብርተኛ ለተባሉ ድርጅቶችም ሆነ ለፖለቲካ እስረኞች ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ምህረት አድርገው በጥሪው እንዲካተቱ መፍቀድ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡

2ኛ. አንደኛውን አማራጭ አዲሱ መንግስት የመሸከም ትከሻ ከሌለው ቀሪው አማራጭ በ2005 ዓ.ም የሚደረገው የአዲስ አበባ ምርጫ ነው፡፡ እናም ይህ ምርጫ ከመደረጉ በፊት አሁን ያለውን የምርጫ ቦርድ ማፍረስና ተአማኒነት ባላቸው ገለልተኛ ባለሙያዎች መልሶ ማዋቀር፣ የመንግስት ሚዲያዎች ለተቃዋሚዎችም ለገዥው ፓርቲም እኩል የሚያገለግሉበትን መመሪያ አዘጋጅቶ መተግበር፣ የሰራዊቱን እና የደህንነት ሀይሉን በተግባር ታዛዠነታቸውን ለህገ-መንግስቱ ብቻ እንዲሆን ማድረግ፣ የህግ የበላይነትን ማረጋገጥ… ከአዲስ አበባ ምርጫ በፊት ማመቻቸት የግዴታ ውዴታ ነው፡፡ (…ለአዲሱ መንግስት ጊዜና ድጋፍ እንስጠው ያልኩት እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች እንዲሟሉ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ይህንን ድጋፍ ስናደርግ ግን የመኢሶንን ስህተት ላለመድገማችን እርግጠኛ መሆን ይኖርብናል) መኢሶን የ66ቱ አብዮት የፈጠረው ትልቅ ፓርቲ ነው፡፡ ምሁራዊ ሰውነታቸው የጎላ ልሂቃኖችም የተሰባሰቡበት ነበር፡፡ ሆኖም ይህ ፓርቲ ሊታረም የማይችል ከባድ ስህተት ሰርቷል፡፡ ይኽውም ለወታደራዊ ጁንታ ድጋፍ መስጠት አለብን በሚል የተሳሳተ ስሌት ከደርግ ካምፕ ውስጥ በመግባት ‹‹የህዝብ ድርጅት ጽ/ቤት››ን በመመስረት በርካታ ካድሬዎችን ከመመልመሉም በላይ የመኢሶንን ውሳኔ ‹‹የተሳሳተ›› በሚል ግጭት ፈጥሮ ቀይና ነጭ ሽብር ለመጀመር ምክንያት ሆኖአል፡፡ እናም ይህ ስህተት እንዳይደገም መጠንቀቅ ያሻል፡፡ ማን ነበር ‹‹ሰው የሚማረው አንድም ከፊደል፣ አንድም ከመከራ ነው›› ያለው?

መቼም ይህ ሁሉ ህዝብ ያዘነው አቶ መለስ በስልጣን ላይ በነበሩበት ጊዜ ‹‹ሀገሬን አሳድገውልኛል››፣ ‹‹ህይወቴን ቀይረውልኛል››፣ ‹‹መብቴን አክብረውልኛል…›› ብሎ እንዳልሆነ የህወሓት እና የብአዴን ሰዎችም በልባቸው ያምናሉ ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡ በነገራችን ላይ ህወሓት በሊቀመንበሩ በአቶ መለስ ቦታ ‹‹ሌላኛው መለስ›› ሊባሉ የሚችሉትን አባይ ፀሐዬን ለመምረጥ እንዳቀደ፤ ኦህዴድ ደግሞ አስቴር ማሞን ‹‹ሊቀመንበር›› በሚለው አጀንዳው ላይ እንዳሰፈረ የመረጃ ምንጮቼ ነግረውኛል፡፡ ምንአልባት ህወሓት አባይ ፀሀዬን መምረጡ እውነት ከሆነ ግን ራሱን የቻለ አንድምታ ይኖረዋል ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡ ምክንያቱም አባይ መለስ ያደርጉት የነበረውን የሴራ ፖለቲካ በሙሉ ለማድረግ የሚችል አቅሙም ልምዱም እንዳላቸው የህወሓት አመራሮች ጠንቅቀው ያውቃሉ፡፡ ስለዚህም ህወሓት አባይን በማምጣት በመለስ ሞት የጎደለበትን ‹‹የበላይነት›› የመመለስ ዕቅድ ሊኖረው ይችላል፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ መጭው ጊዜ አደገኛ የመሆን ዕድሉ ሰፊ ነው፡፡ ይህንን ሁኔታ አዲስ አበባ የሚገኙ የምዕራብ ሀገራት ዲፕሎማቶችም ‹‹ስጋታቸው እንደሆነ ገልፀውልኛል፡፡ በእርግጥ የዲፕሎማቶቹ ስጋት በአክራሪው የህወሓት አመራር ላይ ብቻ ሳይሆን በረከት ስምኦንን እና አዲሱ ለገሰንም ይጨምራል፡፡ እነዚህ ሰዎች ‹‹ነባራ ታጋይ›› (Old Comrade) ከመሆናቸው አኳያ በኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ላይ የበላይነታቸውን ከማሳየታቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ‹‹መጠቀሚያ›› የማድረግ እቅድ ሊኖራቸው ይችላል፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ ከአዲሱ መንግስት ‹‹መሰረታዊ የፖለቲካ ማሻሻያዎች››ን መጠበቅ ላም አለኝ በሰማይ….አይነት እንደሚሆን ዲፕሎማቶቹም ያምናሉ፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት በዲፕሎማቶቹ አይን ሞገስ ያገኙት ወይም ተመራጭ ሆነው የወጡት ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፣ ብርሃነ ገ/ክርስቶስ እና ቴዎድሮስ አደህኖም ብቻ ናቸው፡፡ ሆኖም ከብርሃነ ክርስቶስ በስተቀር ሁለቱ ሰዎች በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ተሰሚነታቸው አናሳ ስለሆነ የነባር ታጋዮቹ መጠቀሚያ የመሆን ዕድላቸው ሰፊ ነው፡፡ (ይህ የዲፕሎማቶቹ ምልከታ ምንአልባትም አቶ መለስ ኢህአዴግን ወደቻይና መሳባቸው አሳስቧቸው፤ እነርሱ የተሻሉ ናቸው ያሏቸው እነ ኋ/ማሪያም ደግሞ በግልባጩ ስርአቱን ወደምዕራቡ ጎራ ሊመልሱት ይችላሉ ብለው ማመናቸው ይሆናል)

በአናቱም ከመከላከያ ሰራዊቱ ጋር ምንም አይነት ግንኙነት የሌላቸው ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ለሰራዊቱ ‹‹Commander in chief›› (ጠቅላይ ወታደራዊ አዛዥ) ለመሆን ያላቸው ብቃት እና ተቀባይነትም አሳሳቢ ሲሆን ሌላው አደገኛ እንቅፋት የሚሆንባቸው በብሔርና በጥቅመኝነት የተወሳሰበውን የገዢው ልሂቅ ስብስብን ‹‹የፖለቲካ ማሻሻያ መደረግ አለበት›› ብሎ ማሳመኑ ላይ ነው፡፡ ኦህዴድ ውስጥም አባዱላ ገመዳ ወርደው አለማየሁ አቱምሳ በተተኩበት ወቅት በአባዱላ ጊዜ የነበሩትን በርካታ ካድሬዎች ‹‹ሙስና›› በሚባል የመገምገሚያ አጀንዳ ብዙዎችን ከፓርቲው ውጭ ሲያደርጉ፣ ጥቂት የማይባሉትን ደግሞ ለእስር ዳርገው እንደነበረ ይታወሳል፡፡እናም አሁን ከአዜብ መስፍን ጋር የጠበቀ ጓደኝነት ያላቸውን አስቴር ማሞን ሊቀመንበር ለማድረግ የታሰበው በአባዱላ መነሳት ያኮረፉትን ካድሬዎች ለማለዘብ ሊሆን ይችላል የሚል መላምት አለ፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ የተባረሩና የታሰሩ ካድሬዎች ወደቦታቸው የመመለስ እድል ማግኘታቸውን አይቀሬ ስለሚያደርገው አደገኛ ‹‹አቧራ›› ማስነሳቱ አይቀርም፡፡

በመጨረሻም- አጭር መልዕክት-ለኢህአዴግ

የሀገሪቱን ስልጣን በተለይ ህወሓት እና ብአዴን እንደአያት ቅድመ አያት ርስት ‹‹ወራሽ ነኝ›› በሚል በቤተመንግስት እና በኢህአዴግ ጽ/ቤት እያደረጋችሁት ያለውን ትግል ብትረሱት የተሻለ ነው፡፡ እናውቃለን ታግላችኋል፤ ነገር ግን በስልጣን የቆያችሁባቸው ሃያ አንድ ዓመታት ከበቂ በላይ ክሷችኋል፡፡ እናውቃለን አምባገነኖች ናችሁ፣ ነገር ግን ትውልዱ አምባገነንነትን ሊሸከም እንደማይችል ሊገባችሁ ይገባል፡፡ …በጣም የሚገርመው ደግሞ በዚህ ሳምንት የስራ አስፈፃሚ ኮሚቴያችሁ ከመለስ ሞት በኋላ የመጀመሪያውን ስብሰባ አድርጎ ያወጣው መግለጫ ይዘት ነው፡፡ አዎን! ይህ ስብስብ ከተጠናቀቀ በኋላ ፓርቲው በመግለጫው ላይ ‹‹የሕዝብን ቁጭትና አደራ በህዝቡ በራሱ በተደራጀና ቀጣይነት ባለው ተሳትፎ ወደውጤት በመቀየር….›› የሚል ሀረግ ሰንቅሮበታል፡፡ ምንአልባት አባባሉን ልብ ካላልነው ብዙም አሳሳቢ ላይመስለን ይችላል፡፡ ሆኖም ይህን ሀረግ ፈታ አድርገን ካየነው መጭው ጊዜ ብሩህ እንደማይሆ በእርግጠኝነት እንደሚጠቁመን እንረዳለን፡፡ ምክንያቱም ይህ አይነቱ ሁኔታ የሚያመላክተው አንድም ፓርቲው ‹‹የመለስን አደራ ለማስፈፀም›› በሚል ያለአንዳች ማሻሻያ ለመቀጠል የወሰነ መሆኑን ሲሆን፤ ሁለተኛው አደገኛ ነገር ደግሞ ስርዓቱ ወደ “Stationary bandits” (መንግስታዊ ሽፍትነት) የመቀየር አዝማሚያ እንዳለው አመላካች ነው፡፡ ይኸውም ‹‹የህዝብን ቁጭትና አደራ በህዝቡ በራሱ…›› ለመወጣት በሚል

ፕሮፓጋንዳ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ግብር መጣልን፣ ለአባይ ግድብ ሁለተኛ ዙር ቦንድ ግዙ ተብሎ እንደተደረገው አይነት ማስገደደድና የመሳሰሉት እርምጃዎችን ሊወስድ መቻሉ አይቀሬ ነው፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ በኑሮ ውድነቱ ላይ ተጨማሪ ጫና መፈጠሩ አያጠያይቅም፡፡ እናም ከዚህ ይልቅ ህዝቡ ለአቶ መለስ ያወረደውን እንባ ‹‹ኢቲቪን ገለል›› አድርጋችሁ እውነተኛ ምክንያቱን ለማወቅ ብትጥሩ ‹‹አዋጭ›› ንግድ ሆኖ ታገኙታላችሁ፡፡ ልክ እንደ ዝነኛው ኤፈርት፡፡ ስለዚህም ያ እንባ ለውጥ ፈላጊ መሆኑን ልትረዱት ይገባል፡፡

አጭር መልዕክት-ከኢህአዴግ ውጭ አማራጭ ለምትሹ

እነሆም ከዚሁ ጎን ለጎን /የኢህአዴግ ውሳኔ ምንም ሆነ ምን/ በሀገራችን ጉዳይ የመወሰን መብታችንን ለማስከበር ለሀዘን የወጣነውን ያህል ‹‹ነቅለን መውጣት›› ብቸኛ አማራጫችን ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውያን የዲያስፖራና ልሂቃን በዚህ ወቅት ከመቼውም ጊዜ በተለየ መልኩ አዎንታዊ ድጋፋቸው ያስፈልጋል፡፡ ከጥላቻ የራቀ የፖለቲካ ስልት በመከተል በዕውቀትም ሆነ በገንዘብ ለውጥ ፈላጊውን ኢትዮጵያዊ ማገዝ ለነገ የሚተው ስራ አይደለም፡፡ እንዲሁም ከጥቂት ወራት በኋላ በሚደረገው የአሜሪካ ፕሬዝዳንት ምርጫ ላይ ድጋፍ የመስጠትንና የመንሳትን ችሎታ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ በሚኖራቸው የውጭ ፖሊሲ ቅድመ ሁኔታ ላይ የተመሰረተ እንዲሆን የቅስቀሳ ስራ መስራቱም አንድ ስልት ይመስለኛል፡፡

ከዚህ ባሻገር ግን በታቃዋሞ ጎራ (በሀገር ውስጥም በውጭም) የተሰባሰበው ሀይል ልዩነቱን አጥብቦ ወደአንድ መሳበሰብ ይኖርበታል፡፡ በአናቱም ምናአልባት ምንአልባት ነገሩ ሁሉ ካሰብነው በተቃራኒ ሄዶ ‹‹አዲስ የወይን ጠጅ በአሮጌ አቁማዳ›› የመሆን አዝማሚያ ቢኖረው እንኳ ‹‹ለሰላማዊ እምቢታ›› ራስን ማዘጋጀቱ ከመቼውም ጊዜ ይልቅ ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ ዝግጅቱ ይህን ‹‹እምቢታ›› ተከትሎ የሚመጣውን ማንኛውንም መስዋዕትነት የመክፈል ቁርጠኝነትን ማጠቃለል ይኖርበታል፡፡ ያኔ ነው መለስን የመተካት ጉዳይ የኢህአዴግ የግል ጉዳይ የማይሆነው፡፡ ያኔ ነው በኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ጥቂት ግለሰቦች የሚወስኑበት ጊዜ የሚያከትመው፡፡ ያኔ ነው በሀገራችን ጉዳይ ጉልበተኞች ብቻ ያሻቸውን የሚያደርጉበት ጀንበር የምትጠልቀው፡፡ ያኔ ነው አንተም እኔም ኢትዮጵያዊነታችን በተግባር የሚረጋገጠው፡፡ ያኔ ነው…

Ginbot 7 leaders call for negotiation and transitional ‘arrangement ‘

Friday, September 7th, 2012

7 September 2012 [ESAT]
Senior leaders of Ginbot7, Abebe Bogale and Dr. Tadesse Biru, disclosed to ESAT that their movement is working expeditiously to bring EPRDF to the negotiation table or remove it from power altogether. According to them all efforts exerted so far have produced appreciable results and a slew of coercive measures are underway to hasten the process of political change in Ethiopia.

The two leaders have emphasised the role EPRDF could play in averting a serious and highly consequential political crises. The only viable way forward is to embrace the inescapable political change and work towards a transitional arrangement where all political actors will have a role in governing the country until a duly constituted and democratically elected government takes over. The two leaders warned if EPRDF is not willing to negotiate, then change will come through other mechanisms including violent revolution.

The two leaders say over the previous four years their organization has been operating modelled as a transitional government and were confident in their movements’ capacity to fill any void should the EPRDF government is to collapse.

According to the leaders, the movement has worked tirelessly to bring all political forces towards cooperation. Other efforts to break the pervasive media monopoly EPRDF has been enjoying for a long time has been successful. Ginbot7 of today is a movement with a strong and efficient organizational structure said the confident duo.

ESAT will broadcast the full interview in the coming days. … overnment/

Torture suspect pleads not guilty in a Denver court

Friday, September 7th, 2012

DENVER (Associated Press) — A chance encounter at a restaurant in a Denver suburb led to the arrest of an Ethiopian immigrant who authorities say tortured political prisoners decades ago in his home country, according to testimony from a Department of Homeland Security official Tuesday.

The man authorities identify as Kefelegn Alemu Worku (kah-FEH’-lun ah-LEE’-moo WER’-koo) pleaded not guilty to U.S. immigration charges and denied that he is a former guard at a prison know for atrocities and human rights abuses.

“He denies all of it,” said Matthew Golla, a federal public defender, outside of court. He called his client “Mr. Doe” during the hearing.

The man entered his plea in federal court before being ordered held without bail by a judge who noted that he is accused of using several aliases. U.S. Magistrate Judge Kristen Mix also said the man faces serious accusations involving a detention center known as Higher 15. It was established during the late 1970s in a campaign known as the Red Terror, an effort the global watchdog group Human Rights Watch has called “one of the most systematic uses of mass murder by a state ever witnessed in Africa.”

Worku was spotted by happenstance and confronted in May 2011 in a suburban Denver restaurant by a former prisoner who recognized him as a Higher 15 guard, said Homeland Security Agent Jeffrey Lembke, who did not elaborate.

The Cozy Cafe in an Aurora, Colo., is a hangout for Ethiopian immigrants in the Denver area, said restaurant manager Girma Baye.

The man identified as Worku was a regular at the restaurant and was known as Tufa, said Baye.

The Ethiopian immigrant, who says he escaped from the prison in 1979, went to authorities with his suspicions, leading to the investigation that resulted in the man’s arrest last month, Lembke said.

Two other Ethiopian immigrants, who say they also were held at the prison, identified the suspect as Worku in a photo lineup. None of the three have been identified except by initials.

These men had “a very strong reason to remember, even though it was 30 years ago,” said federal prosecutor Brenda Taylor in court.

The three immigrants told authorities the man they identified as Worku participated in beatings and torture sessions that included a cattle prod, rifle butts, whips and pipes. They also said he threatened at least one witness with an AK-47 at the prison where detainees were regularly beaten and executed.

Golla said his client has lived peacefully in Denver for eight years and should be released. He said his client has worked at Denver International Airport and is currently employed with a parking lot company.

The man has been charged with unlawfully procuring citizenship or naturalization and aggravated identity theft. If convicted of both, he faces up to 12 years in prison and fines of up to $500,000.

Mengistu Hailemariam moves to a new location

Friday, September 7th, 2012

Harare, – Exiled former Ethiopian strongman Mengistu Haile Mariam is believed to be living in the scenic Vumba area, south east of this eastern border city.

Sources told Radio VOP on Tuesday that Menguistu quietly Ieft Harare to settle in the Vumba area almost a year ago.

He lives a lavish but reclusive life in Zimbabwe amid fears over his safety. The former Marxist ruler fled his motherland in the early 1990’s after a then rebel group led by late Meles Zenawi overrun his Red Army.

Mengistu was tried and found guilty of genocide in absentia and was sentenced to life in prison in January 2007.

But Harare where he received sanctuary due to friendship with President Robert Mugabe, said it would not extradite him.

He was initially staying in GunHill, a low density suburb for rich Zimbabweans in the capital Harare, but there was an attempt at his life.

Some armed Eritreans sneaked into Zimbabwe and trekked him to GunHill where they shot at him but he escapsed unhurt.

His attackers were arrested and given lengthy jail terms.

Sources said Mengistu was now staying in the Vumba area, a popular tourist spot with his family.

They said he is under tight protection although he often frequents upmarket restaurants in the Vumba area such as Genaina.

Zimbabwean authorities have largely shielded him from the media since his arrival in May 1991.

In the very few interviews he has given Zimbabwean media Mengistu said he had no regrets about his rule and that he tried his best for Ethiopia. – Radio VOP … vumba.html

Ethiopian regime torture, murder and rape spree in Gambela – HWR

Friday, September 7th, 2012


Ethiopian reprisal attacks serve as cautionary tale for global land investors

Sep 07, 2012
ImageCassandra Herrman, Producer

In February, we featured a story for PBS NewsHour about a controversial resettlement plan of the Anuak people in southwestern Ethiopia, who were part of the government’s national "villagization" program. A few months later, we blogged about shootings on the Saudi Star rice plantation that had been the focus of our story. Since then, details of the shootings have come into focus: On April 28, unidentified armed men attacked the Saudi Star compound in the Gambella region. The gunmen killed at least one Pakistani and four Ethiopian employees.

Now, Human Rights Watch has released a report detailing reprisal attacks by the Ethiopian military. The report states that the day after the Saudi Star attack, Ethiopian soldiers shot and killed four of Saudi Star’s Anuak guards. Gambella residents interviewed by Human Rights Watch said that in the weeks that followed, "Ethiopian soldiers went house to house looking for gunmen in villages near the Saudi Star camp, arbitrarily arresting and beating young men and raping female relatives of suspects."

The report says the soldiers rounded up scores of young men and detained them in military barracks. Many allege they were tortured.

Here is an excerpt of eyewitness accounts from the report:

    One former detainee told Human Rights Watch: “They said we were to go into the bush and show them where the rebels are – with whom they claimed we had a relationship. They beat me after I said I didn’t know where the rebels are. After they beat me they took me to the barracks. I was in custody for three days. At night they took me out and asked me to show them where the rebels are. I said I don’t know. So they beat me and took off their sock and put it in my mouth to stop the screams.” …

A local police officer described being arrested by soldiers and accused of supporting the rebels. Soldiers detained him in Gambella’s military barracks where they tied him up and beat him repeatedly, often at the urging of a federal government security official who told them, “Beat him, he has something to say.” After his release the soldiers came to his home and beat him unconscious in front of his wife. His wife said the soldiers beat their four year old son in front of them. The family fled to South Sudan.

Human Rights Watch conducted its interviews at a refugee camp in South Sudan with more than 80 people who had fled the attacks and villagization program in Gambella. Relying on "credible sources in Gambella,” the report links the April attack to the Ethiopian government’s villagization program and large-scale land leases. Leslie Lefkow, the deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch, acknowledges that the April attack at Saudi Star was a criminal act but says it doesn’t justify reprisals against Gambella residents.

"The abuses we found in the government’s relocation program in Gambella a year ago are still happening today," Lefkow said. "Whatever the government’s rationale for villagization, it doesn’t justify beatings and torture."

Human Rights Watch and groups like the Oakland Institute and GRAIN point to the situation in Gambella as a cautionary tale of what might lie ahead for other communities across Africa. Sparked by the global food crisis and rising value of farmland, governments and private investors from around the world have leased millions of hectares of land in Africa to grow food and biofuels for export. Many experts say the underlying motive is access to the water beneath the land, as aquifers around the world are drying up and African governments have been offering investors contracts that put little or no stipulation on water use.

You can find the full version of the latest Human Rights Watch report here. … rture-rape

Source … stors-3832

የECA ሠራተኛ ራሳቸውን ከፎቅ ወርውረው ገደሉ

Friday, September 7th, 2012

የተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት የአፍሪካ ኢኮኖሚክ ኮሚሽን (UNECA) ረዳት የፋይናንስ ሠራተኛ የነበሩት ወ/ት አልማዝ ልዑልሰገድ የተባሉ የ56 ዓመት የዕድሜ ባለፀጋ፣ ባልታወቀ ምክንያት ባለፈው ሰኞ ራሳቸውን ከኢሲኤ ስምንተኛ ፎቅ ወርውረው ገደሉ፡፡

የድርጅቱ ምንጮች እንደገለጹት፣ ለወትሮው ከመሥርያ ቤቱ ሠራተኞች ጋር መልካም ግንኙነት የነበራቸው ወ/ት አልማዝ ሰኞ ጠዋት ቢሮ ከገቡ በኋላ ‹‹መኖር አልፈልግም›› እያሉ በተደጋጋሚ መግለጻቸው የቢሮ ባልደረቦቻቸውን ያስደነገጠ ክስተት ነበር፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝ ከወትሮው በተለየ ሁኔታ ሕይወት እንዳማረራቸው በመግለጽ መኖር እንደማይፈልጉ መናገራቸው ያስጨነቃቸው የቢሮ ባልደረቦቻቸው፣ ችግራቸውን እንዲነግሯቸው ቢጠይቋቸውም እሳቸው ለመግለጽ ፈቃደኛ አለመሆናቸው ታውቋል፡፡

ሟች የገጠማቸውን ችግር ለመናገር አለመፈለጋቸውን የተረዱት የቢሮ ሠራተኞች ‹‹ወደ ክሊኒክ እንውሰድሽ›› በሚል ሌላ መፍትሔ ቢያቀርቡም፣ የእሳቸውን ይሁንታ ለማግኘት አልቻሉም፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝ ‹‹ወደ ክሊኒክ አልሄድም›› ቢሉም ባልደረቦቻቸው ዝም ብለው አልተቀመጡም፡፡ ወደ ክሊኒክ ሄደው ነርሶችን በማምጣት እንዲያነጋግሯቸው አድርገዋል፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝን ለማነጋገር የመጡት ነርሶች ግን የገጠማቸው ምላሽ ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡ ሟች ችግራቸውን ለማንም ለመግለጽ አልፈለጉም ነበር፡፡

ያልተጠበቀውና አሰቃቂው አደጋ የተከሰተው ከዚህ በኋላ ነው፡፡ ወደ ክሊኒክ እንሂድና እናነጋግርሽ በማለት በተደጋጋሚ ከነርሶች ለሚቀርብላቸው ጥያቄ የእምቢተኝነት ምላሽ የሰጡት ወ/ት አልማዝ፣ ባልተጠበቀ ሁኔታ ጫማቸውን አውልቀው ስምንተኛ ፎቅ የሚገኘውን የቢሮአቸውን መስኮት ከፍተው ራሳቸውን ወረወሩ፡፡ አዲሱንና አሮጌውን የኢሲኤ ሕንፃዎች በሚያገናኘው ሦስተኛ ፎቅ ላይ ባለው ድልድይ ላይ የተፈጠፈጡት ወ/ት አልማዝ፣ ሕይወታቸው ያለፈው ወዲያውኑ ነበር፡፡

ምንጮች እንደገለጹት፣ በስማቸው የተመዘገበ ቤትና መኪና የነበራቸውና በመሥርያ ቤታቸው ጥሩ ተከፋይ የነበሩት ወ/ሮ አልማዝ ትዳር አልመሠረቱም፤ ልጆችም አላፈሩም፡፡ ሰኞ ዕለት በሚኒልክ ሆስፒታል የወ/ት አልማዝ አስከሬን ምርመራ ከተደረገለት በኋላ፣ ለቡ አካባቢ በሚገኘው በቅዱስ ገብርኤል ቤተ ክርስቲያን ቀብራቸው የተፈጸመ መሆኑን ለመረዳት ችለናል፡፡ … 27-16.html

Succession delay exposes Ethiopia’s internal power struggle

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

By ARGAW ASHINE, Africa review

In a sign of a growing internal power struggle, Ethiopia’s ruling party has further delayed choosing its new leader and by extension the prime minister of the country.

Executive council members of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in a closed-door meeting Tuesday failed to agree on election procedures for the new party leader, exposing the divide among the ruling elite.

Former party leader and prime minister Meles Zenawi died in a Brussels hospital on August 20. A day later, Ethiopia’s cabinet endorsed his deputy, Mr Hailemariam Desalegn, as acting prime minister and indicated that he would shortly be confirmed by parliament, a formality.

Mr Meles had been the chairman of the ruling party as well as of the powerful Tigrian People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), one of the four ethnic-based parties in the coalition.

However Tuesday’s meeting of the top ruling party organ appeared to contradict the Cabinet’s original decision and state media have dropped references to Mr Hailemariam as prime minister-designate.

The executive council, made up of 36 members (nine from each of four coalition members), has now set a new schedule for next week to elect a new party chief in what will be a bigger meeting of 60.

The party has however sought to downplay the dispute and asked its members to continue with their normal duties.

"Within those who are in a struggle of a common goal, the installation of leadership is an easy issue as it is simply assigning a comrade who would pay huge sacrifices… and rather the focus should be on our respective duties," a party statement said.

In this session the wider leadership of 60 members (15 each from the four constituent parties) of the more powerful EPRDF council will choose a new party leader who would then be confirmed by parliament, in which it holds all but one of the 547 seats. … index.html



Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Airline boycott has a storied past in South Africa as part of a broader consumer boycott by activists standing against state repression. These activists who called for a free and democratic South Africa understood that, if one is serious about human rights and democracy, then every
nonviolent resistance, including economic boycott, must be waged.

For 21 years, the violent and manipulative TPLF rulers have been coercing where they can — such as human rights defenders in Ethiopia and everyone else in the country. And where they can’t coerce, for example, outside of the country, they have been playing with the minds of pro-democracy Ethiopians abroad, leading us to dither and to limit ourselves in the nonviolent methods we use to wage our fight against dictatorship in our country. It is time that we take the example of the freedom-fighters in South Africa. We should take action and stop flying Ethiopian Airlines (EAL) to put pressure on the oppresses.

With every flight on EAL, we are dutifully handing over our scarce cash, in the form of foreign currency, and are unwittingly keeping the hungry TPLF well-fed and the military loyal to them.

Here are just a few significant moments in the boycott movement against the South African Apartheid rule’s airline, South African Airways (SAA). This can inspire us to do our part and quit using EAL:

As early as the 1960s, several African states pioneered the application of pressure on the brutal Apartheid regime through the regime’s airline, by prohibiting the use of their airspace by SAA. This made it exceedingly difficult for the regime to operate its airline. Under effective grassroots activism, SAA started to become a liability for respected firms left and right that had been associated with SAA. For example, in 1985, the well-established Washington D.C. law firm Covington & Burling, which used to represent SAA, dropped it as a client.

Patriotic anti-apartheid activists were able to also influence US policy to pass in 1986 the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act. Among other things, the law banned flights by SAA into the United States. Soon thereafter, Australia followed suit with a similar legislation concerning SAA.

In 1988 anti-Apartheid activists in London unrelentingly occupied SAA’s offices there, as part of the ‘No Rights? No Flights!’ campaign. Activists realized that one of the ways to effectively strike at the heart of the violent and racist white rule in South Africa was to target a boycott where it hurt the repressive rulers: at their treasured cash-cow, the government controlled airline. The poster on the left in the picture above (and enlarged below) subverts the Apartheid regime’s advertisement slogan for the purpose of galvanizing consumers to stop flying SAA.

Economic boycotts such as these, along with a wide range of methods to resist the authoritarian racial rule in South Africa, led to the crumbling of Apartheid rule in 1990.
Boycott Ethiopian Airlines

Joe Biden cheers the death of bin Laden, as we cheer the death of Meles Zenawi

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

The U.S. Gov’t went to “the end of the earth” to find a kill bin Laden, a monster who murdered 3,000 of its citizens. When Joe Biden, at the Democratic Convention this evening, presented the killing of bin Laden as one of the Obama Administration’s major accomplishments, the 20,000 people in the hall responded with roars and cheers. Here is what he said:

In 2008, Barack Obama made a promise to the American people. He said, “If we have Osama bin Laden in our sights, we will take him out. That has to be our biggest national security priority.” Barack understood that the search for bin Laden was about a lot more than taking a monstrous leader off the battlefield. It was about righting an unspeakable wrong, healing a nearly unbearable wound in America’s heart. He also knew the message we had to send to terrorists around the world—if you attack innocent Americans, we will follow you to the ends of the earth.

Obama and Biden hunted down and killed a terrorist, but they turn around and send a pompous ‘ambassador’ to Ethiopia to praise and glorify another terrorist, Meles Zenawi, who slaughtered 100 times more innocent people in Ethiopia. We Ethiopians are suffering from an “unbearable wound” that has been inflicted upon us by a monstrous dictator who was financed by the Obama-Biden Administration to the tune of billions of dollars.

Joe Biden, you are the worst type of hypocrite! Your and Obama’s hypocrisy is causing bloodshed and misery in another part of the world.

Arkebe Equbay next TPLF leader? Revisiting Wikileaks

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

The ruling junta in Ethiopia, Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), is preparing to replace the late dictator Meles Zenawi. However, there seems to be no clear choice so far, as the various factions within TPLF vie for control. According to Wikileaks, in a previous TPLF election, Meles Zenawi had lost to Arkebe Equbay, but Arkebe reportedly declined the chairmanship for fear of disunity. Two years later, Meles purged him from the TPLF politburo. Could the TPLF central committee reelect Arkebe now? Read the Wikileaks file here.

Current TPLF Politburo (Executive Committee)

1. Meles Zenawi
2. Tsegay Berhe
3. Abay Woldu
4. Abadi Zemo
5. Tewodros Hagos
6. Dr Tewodros Adhanom
7. Debretsion Gebre-Mikael
8. Beyene Mikru
9. Azeb Mesfin

Currentg TPLF Central Committee

1. Meles Zenawi
2. Seyoum Mesfin
3. Abay Tsehaye
4. Fetlework Gebre-Egziabher
5. Arkebe Equbay
6. Beyene Mikru
7. Debre-Tsion Gebre-Michael
8. Roman Gebre-Selassie
9. Dr. Tewodros Adhanom
10. Abay Woldu
11. Azeb Mesfin
12. Nega Berhe
13. Desta Bezabih
14. Abay Nebso
15. Gobezay Wolde -Aregay
16. Kiros Bitew
17. Tewodros Hagos
18. Mikael Abreha
19. Yitbarek Ameha
20. Alem Gebre-Wahd
21. Tsegay Berhe
22. Dr. Addisalem Balema
23. Teklewoyni Assefa
24. Berhane Kidane-Mariam
25. Abadi Zemo
26. Niguse Gebre
27. Hadish Zenebe
28. Getachew Belay
29. Berhane Gebre-Kirstos
30. Tirfu Kidane-Mariam
31. Tewolde Gebre-Tsadikan
32. Hishe Lemma
33. Kidusan Nega
34. Essayas Wolde-Giorgis
35. Tilahun Tarek
36. Zeray Asgedom
37. Meseret Gebre-Mariam
38. Mengisteab Wolde-Kidan
39. Getachew Assefa
40. Daniel Assefa
41. Tesfalem Yehdego
42. Gebre-Meskel Tarek
43. Tewolde Berhe
44. Sahleselassie Teka
45. Eyassu Tesfay

በአቶ በረከት ስምኦንና በህወሀት መካከል ያለው ፍጥጫ ተካሯል

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት አቶ በረከት ስምኦን ፣ የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ የቀብር ስነስርአት እንደተፈጸመ ፣ የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ስልጣን ፓርላማው በአስቸኳይ ተጠርቶ ያጸድቀዋል የሚል መግለጫ መስጠታቸውን ተከትሎ የመንግስቱ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እያሉ እስከመጥራት ደረሱ።

የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ባሳለፈው ውሳኔ መሰረትም አቶ ሀይለማርያም እስከ 2007 ዓም የጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ቦታ በመያዝ ስራቸውን እንዲሰሩ ፈቅዷል። አቶ በረከት ብአዴኖች እና ኦህአዴዶች የሚበዙበትን የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በመጠቀም እንዲተላለፍ ያስደረጉትን ውሳኔ፣ አቶ አባዱላ ገመዳ ተጣድፈው በፓርላማ ለማጸደቅ ሲሩዋሩዋጡ፣ የህወሀት ቡድኖች አካሄዱ ልክ አይደለም የሚል ቅሬታ በማቅረባቸው ጉዳዩ ከቀብር በሁዋላ እንዲታይ ተወሰነ።

ህወሀት በብአዴኑ አቶ በረከት ስምኦንና በኦህዴዱ አባ ዱላ ገመዳ ድርጊት በመበሳጨት ፣ የአገሪቱን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር የሚሾመው የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት እንጅ የሚኒሰትሮች ካውንስል ባለመሆኑ ፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም በሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት እንደተሾሙ ተደርጎ የሚቀርበው ዘገባ ትክክል አይደለም የሚል መከራከሪያ አቅርቧል። ህወሀት አቶ በረከት ግርግሩን በመጠቀም ህግ ጥሰዋል በሚልም ከፍተኛ ትችት ሲያወርድባቸው ሰንብቷል። ህወሀት አቶ ሀይለማርያም በመንግስት የመገናኛ ብዙሀን ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር እየተባሉ እንዳይጠሩ በሚል ያቀረበውን አቤቱታ ፣ አቶ በረከት በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ቢቃወሙትም፣ እስከመጨረሻው ባለመዝለቃቸው አቶ ሀይለማርያም በድሮው ማእረጋቸው እንዲጠሩ ወስኗል።

በዚህ መሀል ወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍን አቶ በረከት ስልጣኑን ከህወሀት እጅ ለማውጣት የሄዱበት መንገድ ስለበሳጫቸው፣ ከአቶ በረከት ጋር የነበራቸውን ግንኙነት በማቋረጥ ህወሀትን ለማሰባሰብ ሲደክሙ ሰንብተዋል። አቶ በረከትም ወ/ሮ አዜብ በቀብሩ ስነስርአት ላይ መናገር ያለባቸው መንግስት ጽፎ የሰጣቸውን እንጅ፣ ከራሳቸው መሆን የለበትም በሚል ውሳኔ ጽሁፉን ወ/ሮ ነጻነት አስፋው እንዲጽፉትና ለወ/ሮ አዜብ እንዲሰጡ ቢታዘዙም ፣ ወ/ሮ አዜብ ግን አሻፈረኝ ብለው ” በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ችግር እየተፈጠረ መምጣቱን የሚጠቁም፣ እርሳቸውም ለስልጣን ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው የሚያሳይ” ንግግር አቀረቡ።

የኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈጻሚ በትናንትናው እለት ባደረገው ስብሰባ ፣ የአቶ ሀይለማርያምን ሹመት በተመለከተ የመጨረሻ ውሳኔ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ተጠብቆ ነበር። ይሁን እንጅ ክርክሩ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርን የሚሾመው የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት ነው ወይስ የሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት በሚል ሲወዛገብ በማምሸት በመጨረሻም፣ ህወሀት የያዘው አቋም አሸናፊ ሆኖ በመውጣት በአቶ በረከት መሪነት በሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት ጸድቆ የነበረው የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ስልጣን ውድቅ እንዲደረግ ወስኗል።

የኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ ዛሬ ባወጣው መግለጫ ” ዋናው ጉዳይ የሆነው ለህዝቡ ተነሳሽነትና ቁርጠኝነት በቂ ምላሽ መስጠት በሚቻልበት አቅጣጫ ዝግጅት እየተደረገ የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበርና ም/ሊቀ መንበር የመሰየም ጉዳይ የግንባሩ ምክር ቤት ስልጣን በመሆኑ በመጪው መስከረም የመጀመሪያ ሳምንት በሚካሄደው የምክር ቤቱ ስብሰባ እንዲፈፀም ወስኗል፡፡” ብሎአል።

የስራ አስፈጻሚው ውሳኔ ለአቶ በረከት ስምኦን ከፍተኛ ሽንፈት መሆኑንና ህወሀት የኦህዴድ የስራ አስፈጻሚ አባላቱን ከጎኑ በማሰለፍ የአቶ በረከትን ቡድን መምታት መጀመሩን ጉዳዩን በቀርበት የሚከታተሉ የኢሳት ምንጮች ገልጠዋል።

የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት በመስከረም ወር ሲሰበሰብ ለአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ በመስጠትና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ለህወሀት ሰው በመስጠት እስከ 2007 ዓም ይቆያል። ከ2007 በሁዋላ ግን የህወሀት ሊቀመንበር የጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ቦታ እንደሚረከብ ምንጮቻችን ገልጠዋል።

በአቶ በረከት ተንኮል አቶ ሀይለማርያም ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር እንደሆኑ ተደርጎ ከፍተኛ የቅስቀሳ ስራ የተሰራላቸው በመሆኑ እንዲሁም የአለማቀፉ ማህበረሰብ እና የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብም እርሳቸውን በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት የተቀበላቸው በመሆኑ ይህን ውሳኔ መቀልበስ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ክፍፍል እንደተፈጠረና አለመረጋጋት እንዳለ የሚያሳይ በመሆኑ ህወሀት የአቶ ሀይለማርያምን ሹመት በተወሰኑ ማስተካከያዎች ሊቀበለው መዘጋጀቱ ታውቋል።

እነዚህ ማስተካከያዎችም፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሩ በአቶ መለስ ጊዜ እንደነበረው ስልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ ተቆጣጥረው ሙሉ አዛዥ የሚሆኑበት አሰራር ተወግዶ፣ እስከመጪው ምርጫ ድረስ፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሩ በሚመረጡላቸው ልምድ ያላቸው ሰዎች እየታገዙ እንዲያስተዳደሩ የሚል ነው። ህወሀት አቶ በረከትን ከአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በመነጠል፣ የሞግዚት አስተዳዳር ለመመስረት እየሰራ መሆኑን ምንጫችን ገልጠዋል።

የጤፍ ዋጋ በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ መናሩ አስግቷል

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት ተከትሎ ነጋዴዎችም ሲጠየቁ ምላሽ መስጠት ፈቃደኛ ባልሆኑበት ሁኔታ፣ የጤፍ ዋጋ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ መናሩ ስጋት እንደፈጠረባቸው በተለይ የአዲስ አበባ ነዋሪዎች ገለጹ፡፡
ነዋሪዎቹ እንደገለጹት፣ ከወር በፊት አንድ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ 1‚450 ብር ነበር፡፡ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ግን ዋጋው በጣም አሻቅቦ 2‚100 ብር መሸጥ ጀምሯል፡፡ አንዳንድ ነዋሪዎች ጤፍ ከሚመረትበት ቦታ ወይም በቀጣይ የሚፈጠር ችግር እንዳለ በሚል ነጋዴዎቹን ሲጠይቋቸው፣ “ከፈለጋችሁ መውሰድ ትችላላችሁ አለበለዚያ ተውት” እንደሚሏቸው ገልጸዋል፡፡

ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ ፈለቀ የሚባሉ ገበያተኛ በየካ ክፍለ ከተማ ወረዳ 7 ውስጥ ነዋሪ ሲሆኑ፣ በየሁለት ወሩ ግማሽ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ ይገዙ እንደነበር ይናገራሉ፡፡ በሰኔ ወር መጨረሻ ላይ ግማሽ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ የገዙት 725 ብር ነበር፡፡ ሰሞኑን ወደ ደንበኛቸው መደብር ሲሄዱ ዋጋው ባልጠበቁትና በሚያስገርም ሁኔታ ጨምሮ 725 ብር ይገዙት የነበረው ማኛ ጤፍ ወደ 1,050 ብር አሻቅቦ ማግኘታቸውን ይናገራሉ፡፡

ወቅቱ የበልግ ምርት የሚደርስበት በመሆኑ የተወሰነ የዋጋ ቅናሽ መደረግ ሲገባው ያለምንም ምክንያት መጨመሩ እንዳሳሰባቸው የገለጹት ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ፣ ምናልባት “እረኛና ነጋዴ የሚታየው ነገር ይኖራል” በሚል ፍራቻ 420 ብር ይሸጥ የነበረውን ግማሽ ኩንታል ሰርገኛ፣ ማኛ ጤፍ በሚገዙበት ዋጋ ሸምተው መመለሳቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ጤፍ በብዛት በሚሸጥባቸው ሾላ ገበያና አማኑኤል በረንዳ ያነጋገርናቸው ነጋዴዎች እንደገለጹት፣ የጤፍ ዋጋ በተወሰነ መጠን ጨምሯል፡፡ ሸማቾቹ እንደሚሉት ግን የተጋነነ አይደለም ይላሉ፡፡ ክረምት በመሆኑና ከአምራቾች የሚመጣው ምርት በመቀነሱ በኩንታል ከሁለት መቶ ብር ያልበለጠ ጭማሪ ተከስቷል በማለት ያስረዳሉ፡፡ ማኛ አንደኛ ጤፍ በኩንታል 1,700 ብር ድረስ ይሸጣል ነው የሚሉት፡፡ ምናልባት አንዳንድ በመኖሪያ አካባቢዎች የሚገኙ ሽያጭና የወፍጮ ሥራ የሚሠሩ ነጋዴዎች ሊያስወድዱ ስለሚችሉ፣ ነዋሪዎች በየአካባቢያቸው ለሚገኙ የወረዳ ወይም የክፍለ ከተማ አስተዳደርና ለፖሊሶች በመጠቆም ሕገወጥነትን መከላከል እንዳለባቸው አስረድተዋል፡፡

እንደ ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ ሁሉ ሌሎች ነዋሪዎች እንደተናገሩት፣ በርካታ የሰብል ምርቶች ማለትም ስንዴ፣ ገብስ፣ ዱቄት፣ ምስር፣ ለሽሮ የሚሆኑ ጥራጥሬዎች ሳይቀሩ የተወሰነ ዋጋ ጭማሪ ተደርጎባቸዋል፡፡ በጤፍ ላይ ግን በጣም የተጋነነና “ምን ተፈጠረ?” የሚያስብል ጭማሪ መደረጉን ገልጸዋል፡፡

በአንዳንድ አካባቢዎች የጤፍ ዋጋ ንረት ያሰጋቸው ሰዎች ከነጋዴዎቹ ምላሽ በማጣታቸው ለወረዳ ኃላፊዎች ባደረጉት ጥቆማ አንዳንድ መደብሮች ቢታሸጉም፣ በምን ምክንያት እንደሆነ ሳያውቁ በሚቀጥለው ቀን መደብሮቻቸውን ከፍተው በጨመሩት ዋጋ እየሸጡ መሆናቸውን ነዋሪዎች ተናግረዋል፡፡

“ከባድ ጦርነት ሲኖርና ድርቅ መኖሩ ሲነገር ብዙ ሸቀጦችና የእርሻ ምርቶች ይወደዳሉ፤” በማለት የገለጹት አስተያየት ሰጪዎች፣ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ምንም ችግር በሌለበትና ፈጣሪም የተስተካከለ ዝናብና ምርት እየሰጠ ባለበት ጊዜ ዋጋ የሚጨምሩ ነጋዴዎች፣ ሕገወጥ በመሆናቸው ቅጣት ተጥሎባቸው ዋጋቸውን እንዲያስተካክሉ ማድረግ የሚጠበቀው ከአስተዳደሩ መሆኑን ነዋሪዎቹ ተናግረዋል፡፡

በተለይ በጤፍ ላይ የተደረገው ምክንያት አልባ ጭማሪ በአስቸኳይ የማስተካከያ ሕጋዊ ዕርምጃ ካልተወሰደበት፣ ቅጥ ያጣው የግብይት ሥርዓት የበለጠ ዜጎችን ለችግር ይዳርጋል የሚሉ አሉ፡፡ የኑሮ ውድነቱ ሸክም የብዙዎችን ሕይወት እያጎሳቆለ ምክንያት አልባ ጭማሪ ሲመጣ መንግሥት ሕጋዊ ዕርምጀ ካልወሰደ ዜጎችን ማን ይታደጋቸዋል ሲሉም አበክረው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡

ነዋሪዎቹ በተፈጠረው የጤፍ ዋጋ ንረትና በሌሎች ሸቀጦች ላይ እየታየ ላለው የዋጋ ጭማሪ ምክንያቱን እንዲያብራሩልን፣ የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ንግድና ኢንዱስትሪ ቢሮ ኃላፊ አቶ ሽሰማ ገብረ ሥላሴን በተንቀሳቃሽ ስልካቸው ላይ ደውለው ለማግኘት ያደረግነው ሙከራ፣ ስልካቸውን ባለማንሳታቸው አልተሳካልንም፡፡

Staged propaganda about Meles sign of desperation: Obang Metho

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia (SMNE)

A Letter to Ethiopians

September 5, 2012

Mr. Obang Metho encourages Ethiopians to not be discouraged by the fictionalized legacy of Meles because any government that stages the mourning for its deceased leader is a government in trouble. It is a sign of internal and external weakness and marks the beginning of the end of a dictatorship. The people of Ethiopia should take hold of this opportunity to demand intellectual freedom, rights, justice and a peoples’ government.

My fellow Ethiopians,

 Our difficult journey together with Meles at the helm is over. The official TPLF-controlled mourning for him has ended. Many of you may be worried about the unknown direction of our country following Meles’ death, the infighting among the TPLF insiders for power and the absence of a strong alternative on the ground. There is an answer and it involves you at the grassroots. 

We now need the people of Ethiopia, many of whom have not previously been involved, to take ownership of the direction we take as a people, like has been done successfully in other countries like Benin, Ghana, Zambia and South Africa, in order to ensure that our people—the primary stakeholders of Ethiopia—are controlling and managing our country’s transition from dictatorship to a free and democratic Ethiopia. 

Together we begin a new day; yet, most of us are still reeling from the shock of how Meles’ brutal authoritarian legacy was publically portrayed so glowingly by both insiders and foreigners. What did we expect other than a charade? Probably nothing marked the Meles era more than its creation of a “sham Ethiopia” through pervasive intellectual dishonesty and the destruction of the people and the watchdog institutions meant to challenge it. After this week’s extreme measures to give the pretense that Meles was loved by the people—when he so brutally tyrannized them—should make us, the people, all the more determined to dismantle the foundational pillar of his and other dictatorships—intellectual tyranny. If we do not want to “live a lie,” each of us must start speaking the truth today—it is a powerful weapon against an evil system.

The famous Czech dissident, Vaclav Havel, who later became the country’s first president, wrote in his essay, “The Power of the Powerless,” how the “crust presented by the life of lies is made of strange stuff. As long as it seals off hermetically the entire society, it appears to be made of stone.… [until] a single person breaks the rules of the game, thus exposing it as a game—everything suddenly appears in another light and the whole crust seems then to be made of a tissue on the point of tearing and disintegrating uncontrollably.”

Meles feared intellectual freedom above all threats and waged an unceasing war against it; using his abilities to ruthlessly and systematically attack it from every possible angle. He was effective. It therefore should not surprise us that some of those eulogizing him created an “imaginary” Meles that none of us knew. Meles was a master illusionist, able to persuade or intimidate many to his point of view, carefully “managing” any facts—or voices—from the ground that might “interfere” with achieving his objectives. This was a man who cared so greatly about his image that he brought the “art of deception to a new level.” No wonder his funeral and now his legacy are being so highly staged. The fact that the bogus mourning of Ethiopians could only be accomplished through intimidation, bribery and force is only further evidence of this manufactured legacy. 

As many of our people were forced to cry or to come out to publically mourn his passing, I hear the bitter irony in the stories of some of them. For example, one of those forced to publically weep for Meles was an Anuak mother from Gambella whose son was a victim of the Anuak genocide. As you may recall, the plans for the genocide, called “Operation Sunny Mountain,” began in the presence of Meles in his own office, according to official documents. The local government prevented this mother and others who had lost loved ones from an outward display of sorrow at the time as well as at memorial services as it would have cast a negative light on the regime. When recently ordered to cry for Meles, this mother refused. She said, “I could not cry when my own son was murdered by the Ethiopian National Defense Forces; why would I cry for the man who was in charge of the defense forces?”

In Meles’ fictional Ethiopia—a falsified Ethiopia controlled by a narrow-minded, ethno-centric model of nations and nationalities that denied the people their rights based on ethnicity, rather recognizing their rights based on their humanity—Meles was called a visionary leader and a champion of the poor. Admittedly, some did benefit, particularly those beneficiaries from his own minority ethnic group—7 % of the population—and his own region as well as those chosen as demonstration sites funded by international donors; but outside of these, many Ethiopians are worse off as they have been neglected; or worse yet, they have lost their land and livelihoods to regime cronies and their foreign partners.

 Had many Ethiopians truly been better off because of Meles, Ethiopians would have honestly wept for him without coercion. Those in government jobs and those students attending government schools would have freely mourned rather than been forced to do so on the streets of Addis. Even patients in hospitals were forced from their beds out to the streets. Security agents would not have made lists of people required to cry on the streets if these people would have truly benefited from Meles’ policies.

Others would not have been beaten when they resisted, like the political prisoner who refused to cry inside prison before the cameras of the government-controlled Ethiopian Television station. To the outsider, it may look like Meles had a popular following, but to insiders, it was a demonstration reminiscent of the mourning for North Korean dictator, Kim Jong-Il last December. Deception has been a tool of the government and must be exposed.

 Meles has won the war against intellectual freedom while he lived. Just because he is gone does not mean that the system that promoted and maintained false delusions is gone. The structures supporting this dictatorship—like intellectual dishonesty—must be dismantled and reformed or the movement to freedom and democracy of the people will be hijacked. 

The national crisis in our homeland is not only about one ethnic group, one religious group, one regional group or one political group. For millions of Ethiopians living within the country, every new day brings the harsh realities of life under a system of dictatorship, but today, as never before during this regime, we have an opportunity. The dictator is gone and the system of dictatorship remains, but please understands this very clearly; the system requires the cooperation of millions of Ethiopians to sustain it. Do not do it.

 We have an opportunity before us and if we are ever to see a free and democratic Ethiopia, we must seize what may be our God-given moment to reclaim ownership of our country. We the people of Ethiopia can join together, wherever we are, in restoring truth to our land as the cornerstone of a free society.

When the SMNE was formed in 2008, we envisioned a mission where Ethiopians would not be separated by ethnicity, but where we might all come together by individually and collectively doing our share to solve our common problems as one people and as one family—an Ethiopian family—for we are people who come from the same land, who breath the same air and who have the same thirst for freedom. We have now lived under a dictatorship for forty years and it has brought us to a dead end.

We in the SMNE, along with others, can work on a vision and plan for the country, but without the backing of the people, even Mandela could not lead. Only a force of Ethiopians, demanding their God-given rights by making noise in the public square, will give voice to the people and provide the legitimacy and authority needed for change. It will take a pluralistic voice of all Ethiopians—from every part of our country, from every ethnic group, religious group, and political group—to be heard.

Start by reconciling with your neighbor. Take his or her hand in yours as together we move forward to replace a dictatorial system with a free and democratic Ethiopia. Speak the truth! Expose the lies! Dismantle the criminalization of free speech! Be the single person who breaks the rules of the game! This applies to all Ethiopians, including the TPLF and EPRDF members, not only those opposed to Meles. It includes those who glorified him and who maintained his ethnic-based-apartheid system; for this system is coming to an end. 

We hear the rumblings of the shaken unity of the TPLF/EPRDF from within and know its foundation is crumbling. It is a matter of time before it will collapse. It is like the African tree which only bears such bitter fruit that no one eats it—even the wild animals and birds. Yet, its fruit is so heavy that its weight can break its own branches and bring down the whole tree. The fruit of the tree brings its own destruction by itself. In other words, the sham policies of the TPLF have produced bitter fruit the majority of Ethiopians does not want and its infighting and rejection by the people will soon bring it down by itself. 

Now, the TPLF central committee officials are trying to avoid their demise by refusing to give over power to those outside their own ethnic group. This is seen in their reluctance to appoint Hailemariam Desalegn, the Acting Deputy Prime Minister, as interim prime minister or by even refusing to call him acting prime minister. He is from the wrong tribe and therefore is not trusted by the TPLF inner circle. Meles put him into this position give the charade of diverse ethnic governance for public view, but it is now backfiring on the TPLF.

In conclusion, the TPLF/EPRDF has reached a dead end and has nowhere to go and now the only driver who knew how to quickly maneuver the ethnic train from impending destruction is gone. The collision of the ethnic train with the will of the people is imminent. The only way to rescue Ethiopians, including the TPLF/ERPDF supporters, is through reconciliation and the restoration of intellectual freedom and justice based on mutually beneficial interests.

The SMNE has been working behind the scenes to play a collaborative role in a meaningful people-empowered process to make sure that easy short-cuts do not hijack a movement to a transformed and reformed Ethiopian society.

May God help us, give us courage and protection, and be honored in all we do. May He show us the right road to truth, freedom, justice and reconciliation!

 Your brother in our struggle for a New Ethiopia,


Obang Metho,

Executive Director of the SMNE



EPRDF facing leadership crisis (video)

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta, EPRDF (a coalition composed of TPLF, OPDO, ANDM, and SEPDM), is engulfed in leadership crisis after it failed to agree on a new chairman in the wake of Meles Zenawi’s death.

Meles died without putting in place a succession plan, and as a result the ruling junta is facing disintegration, according to observers.

OPDO, ANDM and SEPDM are backing the current acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn to assume both the chairmanship of EPRDF and the prime minister’s position, but the TPLF seems to be having a second thought.

The junta has scheduled another executive committee meeting for next week, allowing TPLF time to elect a new chairman. TPLF leaders are hoping that their new chairman will also become the EPRDF chairman.

The state-run ETV reported (watch below) that the EPRDF meeting focused on the regime’s “growth and transformation plan” (GTP), but what really happened in the meeting was a heated debate on the late dictator’s replacement. It is OPDO-ANDM-SEPDM vs. TPLF, but there seems to be a disagreement even among the TPLF, with Berhane Gebrekristos and Tedros Adhanom leaning toward Hailemariam.

Propaganda chief Bereket Simon and ANDM member, who is now the most senior member of the junta, appears to be playing a dominant role in the EPRDF. He is also fully backing Hailemariam.

ኢሕአዴግና የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቦታ ጉዳይ (VOA)

Wednesday, September 5th, 2012

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዴሞክራሲ ግንባር /ኢህአዴግ/ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ መደበኛ ስብሰባ የተለያዩ ውሣኔዎችን አሣልፎ ማክሰኞ፤ ነሐሴ 29 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም ማምሻውን ተጠናቅቋል። ስብሰባው በተለይ ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ሕልፈት በኋላ ባሁኑ ወቅት «ሀገሪቱን እየመራ ያለው ማነው?» ለሚለው እጅግ አንገብጋቢ ጥያቄ በቂ ምላሽ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ተጠብቆ ነበር።

ትላንት ማታ ባሣለፋቸው ውሣኔዎች ላይ ግን ይህን አስመልክቶ በግልፅ እና በማያሻማ ቋንቋ የተገለፀ ነገር የለም።

የተባለው፥ “… የግንባሩን ሊቀ መንበርና ምክትል ሊቀ መንበር የመሰየም ጉዳይ የግንባሩ ምክር ቤት ሥልጣን በመሆኑ በመስከረም 2005 የመጀመሪያ ሣምንት በሚካሄደው የምክር ቤቱ ስብሰባ እንዲፈፀም የሥራ አስፈፃሚ ኮሚቴው ወስኗል …” ነው።

«ዲሞክራሲ በተግባር ፕሮግራም» ይህንኑ መነሻ ያደረገ ዝግጅት አለው። ሰሎሞን ክፍሌ የሕገ መንግሥት ባለሙያ ጋብዞ አወያይቷል።

ዝግጅቱን ያዳምጡ፡፡

EPRDF meeting adjourned without agreement

Wednesday, September 5th, 2012

The Ethiopian ruling party EPRDF that is made up of 4 organizations held its executive committee meeting on Tuesday, but the meeting was adjourned after the 35 participants failed to agree on a number of issues.

The TPLF was represented by 8 individuals (minus Meles Zenawi), while the other parties, OPDO, SEPDM, and ANDM were represented by 9 members each.

The now leaderless TPLF tried to add a new member in place of Meles, but the other parties, who are becoming increasingly assertive, refused saying that the TPLF must conduct a new election to replace Meles according to the rules.

Hailemariam Desalegn’s appointment as prime minister was not raised at yesterday’s meeting, according to Ethiopian Review sources, but he is said to have the strong backing of OPDO, SEPDM and ANDM.

Yesterday is said to be the first time that the other 3 parties challenged TPLF on any issue. Even though TPLF is not in control of the EPRDF any more, it still controls the security apparatus and the military. The trouble for the TPLF is that those who are in control of the security apparatus such as DebreTsion Gebremichael are more technocrats than politicians who lack the political maneuvering skills that Meles had.

The state-run ETV lied, as expected, that the EPRDF meeting discussed the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP).

Author and journalist Tesfaye Gebreab has more details on the meeting. read here.

In a further sign of division, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has now started to address Hailemariam Desalegn as ‘acting prime minister,’ while other ministries continue to refer to him as deputy prime minister. See a screen shot of the MOA website below [click on the image to enlarge].

EPRDF Executive Committee
1. Meles Zenawi, TPLF
2. Abay Woldu, TPLF
3. Dr Tewodros Adhanom TPLF
4. Tewodros Hagos, TPLF
5. Tsegaye Berhe, TPLF
6. Debretsiyon Gebremikeal, TPLF
7. Azeb Mesfine, TPLF
8. Beyene Mikru, TPLF
9. Abadi Zemo, TPLF
10. Hailemariam Desalegn, SEPDM Chair
11. Shiferawu Shigute, SEPDM Deputy Chair
12. Redwan Husen, SEPDM
13. Ambassader Teshome Toga, SEPDM
14. Mekuria Haile, SEPDM
15. Alemayehu Assefa, SEPDM
16. Debebe Abera, SEPDM
17. Dr Shiferaw Teklemariam, SEPDM
18. Tagese Chafo, SEPDM
19. Demeke Mekonnen, ANDM Chair
20. Gedu Andargachew, ANDM
21. Addisu Legese, ANDM
22. Bereket Simon, ANDM
23. Ayalew Gobeze, ANDM
24. Kassa Tekleberhan, ANDM
25. Tefera Derbew, ANDM
26. Binalf Andualem, ANDM
27. Berhan Hailu, ANDM
28. Alemayehu Atomsa, OPDO Chair
29. Muktar Kedir, OPDO
30. Zelalem Jemaneh, OPDO
31. Girma Biru, OPDO
32. Abadula Gemeda, OPDO
33. Kuma Demekisa, OPDO
34. Sofiyan Ahimed, OPDO
35. Diriba Kuma, OPDO
36. Abdulaziz Mehamed, OPDO

Haile Gebreselassie causes tears to flow in western Ethiopia

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Ethiopian superstar athlete Haile Gebreselassie had been observed squeezing tears from his eyes on the day dictator Meles Zenawi’s death was officially announced on August 21. We all understood that Haile was faking it, and we suspected the reason. Did he really feel sorry for the death of the monster? We believe otherwise, because we have been getting information over the past few years that Haile has been trying to expand his business empire in Ethiopia, but he was facing obstacles from the ruling junta, until he showed up at the EPRDF conference 2 years ago and gave his endorsement. Suddenly, all his problems started to go away, and he completed his resort hotel in Awasa without a hitch.

Haile did not stop there. Recently, he has received 1,500 hectares of forest land (1/10th the size of Washington DC) from the Woyanne junta to grow tea in Sheka Zone, south-western Ethiopia over the objection of local residents.

The local community is terribly saddened by Haile’s plan to convert the forest into a tea plantation, which they believe will cause great harm to the local environment. After quietly, but unsuccessfully, trying to convince Haile to withdraw his plan, representatives of the local population contacted Ethiopian Review with a plea to voice their concern to the people of Ethiopia and the international community. The following is one of the letters they sent to Haile Gebreselassie:

Dear Haile,

We […] received a head-knocking telephone call from Sheka Zone with a disheartening news that you have leased 1500ha of forest land for coffee and tea plantation. The location of your project is Sheka Zone, Yapo Kebele Peasant association, where the mentioned land has never been touched for generations. It is one of few areas that escaped the catastrophe of extinction for centuries. Having been devastated with what we heard and read, we made a call to the mentioned Kebele (Yapo), and one of us were able to speak to one of the community members over the telephone. The community member told us that you have been handed-over a total area of 1500 hectares of land and that you were planning to start the project soon. He also shared with us the reaction of the community. The community clearly told you that they do not want the project and neither are happy with your approach. They refuted the economic benefit of the planned 14 kilometer road and two bridges proposed in your investment project.

Dear Haile,

We are in total disbelief that you plan to cut down our forest for a short term economic benefit. We hope you will take more time and think seriously about the matter. Please do not cause misery and despair for the people of Sheka Zone. […]


The U.S. wasted two decades empowering one ruthless dictator

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

By Nemera G. Mamo

The death, mourning, and funeral of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, an ascribed dictator hailed by his supporters as a hero, remained the biggest news story for the second half of August.

Meles was a tyrant who tried to institutionalize authoritarianism and make it acceptable . No one yet knows how he died, but that is part of the secrecy, which shrouded his authoritarian rule. Rumor has it that a blood cancer, brain tumor, liver disease or a cumulative of these conditions caused his early demise.

A lot has been said about the legacy Mr. Zenawi had left behind: both bad and good – by foreign dignitaries, journalists who covered him, and ordinary folks alike. I was particularly moved by one Facebook post from a young man in Minnesota: "It’s like God said to the TPLF, let my people go or else I will bring plague number 10 to all first born [leaders]." It seems like the angels are already clearing the house. The premier’s demise follows the death of powerful Ethiopian Orthodox Church Patriarch, Abune Paulos. The apocalyptic types say there will be many more in the days and moths ahead.

But why didn’t Ethiopians hold Zenawi dear the same way outsiders heaped praises on him?

A Big Man and Darling of the West

Most Ethiopians know why the West backed Zenawi’s regime and why his death is so widely mourned. For nearly two-decades, Western countries considered Ethiopia an influential regional powerhouse for stability and a bulwark against the rise of Islam.

Under Zenawi’s leadership, in a region that lacks both security and stability, Ethiopia became a key partner for the United States, UK and the European Union. The West sees the Horn of Africa as a hotbed of terrorist activities, making it a focal point in the protracted global war on terror.

After establishing a pro-western and anti-Islamist state in one of the most troubled corners of Africa, Zenawi – a former Marxist-Leninist rebel turned autocrat – offered to police the region on West’s behalf, proving himself as a reliable ally who can deliver, even if loathed in some circles as a cunning tyrant.

Zenawi will greatly be missed by the west mostly for his crucial role in fighting Islamic militancy in neighboring Somalia. His death has left politicians and western strategists scratching their heads about who or where to find a dependable partner. All agree that Meles had left a big shoe to fill for his successor, whoever that maybe. No politician in the EPRDF coalition, the ruling party, is poised to sufficiently cope with insistent Western strategic demands as well as mounting domestic pressures. Diplomats quietly whisper, the odds of finding another ‘strongman’ of comparable intellect in Ethiopia are now remote.

The West, especially the United States, failed to invest in Ethiopia’s social, economic and political institutions. They wasted two-decades empowering one dictator and turned blind eyes to civil society’s foul cry. They looked the other way as Zenawi’s regime dismantled domestic opposition and free press but continued to report his regime’s gross human rights violations. Zenawi’s failure to establish a rule of law, an independent judiciary and democratic institutions has put the country on uncertainty course and a possible upheaval, which many now say seems likely.

Under Zenawi’s reign, Ethiopia’s free press environment tightened. The civil society was systematically eliminated. Innocent dissidents asking for basic human rights were indiscriminately harassed, imprisoned, tortured, and even killed. Farmers were forced off their ancestral lands to make way for commercial agro-business. Human Rights Watch says, "in the name of development, the [Ethiopian] government forced some 70,000 farmers and pastoralists off their land into under-serviced villages while agribusiness investors waited in the wings. Local protests might have yielded fairer treatment of the displaced, but government repression made that impossible." Meanwhile, the West continued to praise Zenawi’s role in bringing ‘stability’ to the Horn of Africa and pump foreign aid into his coffers.

On Economy and Human Rights

Zenawi came to power promising democracy but left as a ‘big man’ in many respects comparable to his communist predecessor, Mengistu Hailemariam. Admired by outsiders, Zenawi subjected his own people to an unbearable misery. Many in Ethiopia, who have been coerced by the state to mourn his death over the last two weeks, don’t necessarily see his demise as a tragedy. Even if they could not openly rejoice over his death, millions are celebrating the end of a tyrant – even if in their hearts. Zenawi was a skillful politician, one who mastered the art of western diplomacy. He knew what to say, to whom and how to deal with outsiders. But most Ethiopians harbor strong detest for the surfeit of his arrogance, hypocrisy, and the manners with which he spoke to them through television cameras.

Journalists and politicians acknowledge his efforts to transform the country’s economy, even if not worthy of the heroic accolade. Since winning 99.6 percent of seats in parliament during the 2010 poll, Zenawi used the Growth and Transformation Plan to hush up domestic opposition in the name of development and look outwardly inspirational. He authored book chapters and became an apologetic advocate for China’s developmental state model while criticizing what he called the “ neoliberal paradigm of development.”

In appearance, it was very powerful to convince the outsiders but in reality it is merely a paper tiger. It did not lift the poor out of poverty, as the Obamas would like us to believe. Ethiopia’s poor got even poorer as Zenawi’s cronies like Saudi billionaire Sheik Mohammed Al Amoudi monopolized the economy and became billionaires. Conglomerates like EFFORT, run by Zenawi’s widow, Azeb Mesfin, have accumulated so much wealth while Ethiopia’s poor, the majority, still gets by on less than $2 a day and is chronically food insecure.

Zenawi’s dubious transformational plan aims for sustainable economic development and social justice. However, in 2011, Ethiopia ranked among the bottom poorest countries in the world on UNDP’s Human Development Index (174 out of 184 countries). It also ranked low on the multidimensional poverty index, which measures deprivations from rudimentary services such as health, education and living standard (72.3 percent of the population was in severe poverty).

In recent years, amid continuous rise in living standard, urban and rural population could not withstand the worsening economic environment. Inflation had skyrocketed and remains unbearably high. The national output and income does not sustain domestic demands let alone bringing net foreign exchange from exports. That is the Melesonomics for which he is so highly regarded. Zenawi treated economic growth and development as synonymous, risking confusion. The measure of economic growth in percentages has a misleading behavior, and its power is insignificant. As far as economic welfare theory is concerned, economic growth has negligible impact on the country’s long-term economic progress.

At the absence of independent and robust alternatives, international media and institutions rely on government-provided statistics to tell us about Ethiopia’s miraculous turnaround. But for years, Zenawi tried, unsuccessfully, to convince the people of Ethiopia about his double-digit economic growth.

Former opposition leader and MP, Bulcha Demeksa, once asked Zenawi how on earth Ethiopia secured a double-digit growth rate while having no oil reservoir. Zenawi simply dodged the question and touted his regime’s “ongoing development projects.” Growth rate is not a good indicator of aggregate economic outcome and progress. And evaluation of economic outcome must incorporate development indicators such as human development index, sound policies, institutions, and pro-poor practices.

Human rights, civil society and sustainable development are entwined. Ethiopia is embarked on what has been called a “Development Without Freedom ” model, which ignores the link between human rights, good governance and sustainable development. According to the United Nations , human rights include – “economic, social, cultural, civil, political and environmental rights – that are indivisible, inalienable and universal.” The low poverty score and human development index ranking are concrete evidences of systematic violations of human rights in Ethiopia, which lacks a sustainable development framework. Under Meles, Ethiopia lost numerous opportunities for a real development and risked losing investor confidence – both domestic and foreign.

In all, no matter how the West chooses to remember or eulogize him, Zenawi’s true legacy will endure in the hearts of the people he oppressed – those whose mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters his security forces massacred. Zenawi left behind political and economic institutions that only generated systematic conflict and human rights violations. His death has thrown Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa onto an uncertain path.

If any lesson is worth drawing from the death of another western backed strongman in Africa, it is this: reliance on one-strong man at the expense of investing in institutional development is costly and unsustainable. Only the establishment of genuinely democratic institutions and multiparty political systems could reduce West’s security concerns in Africa. A blind support for undemocratic leaders, as was seen in Zenawi’s case, will only serve to create fragile and precarious stability.


*Mamo is a former Assistant Lecturer at University of Gondar, and a recent graduate of London Metropolitan University. He’s currently pursuing a PhD in Economics at the University of Sussex. He can be reached at

Possible coup d’etat thwarted, for now

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta is expected to make acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn’s fate official today, Tuesday, when EPRDF, the umbrella group led by Tigrean People Liberation Front (TPLF) convenes, according to Ethiopian Review sources.

It is reported that TPLF has already settled on keeping Hailemariam as acting prime minister, while firmly holding on to most of the levers of power. But that is easier wished than done, since, with serpent’s head cut off, the puppet parties in the EPRDF are showing signs of independence and may not rubber-stamp TPLF’s decisions any more.

Ever since Meles disappeared from the scene, a powerful group led by TPLF founder and former chairman Sebhat Nega has been fighting to block Hailamariam’s confirmation as prime minister. Sebhat and many in the TPLF argue that the prime minister’s position should be reserved for the TPLF. However, they seemed to have backed off for now after being pressured by the U.S. Government with an implicit threat of travel ban and other sanctions.

In the mean time, Sebhat is also out to get his nemesis Azeb Mesfin, widow of the later dictator, who pushed him out of the TPLF politburo 2 years ago. In one recent TPLF meeting, Sebhat referred to her as “who is that woman?” She responded by calling him “wodi shermuta,” and stormed out of the meeting, according to Ethiopian Review sources. “Shermuta” was Azeb’s favorite name for her late husband also.

Meles’s Death: Paradoxes and Opportunities

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

By Messay Kebede

Beyond the pathetic and at times ridiculous theatrics of Ethiopians ordered not only to mourn but also to show visible signs of a boundless grief over the death of Meles Zenawi, henceforth advertised as a great and beloved Ethiopian leader, I hear a murmur that increasingly sounds like a condescending laughter. Who is laughing? Perhaps history is laughing at the extraordinary reversal of Meles and the TPLF. When the guerrilla troops of the TPLF marched on Addis Ababa in 1991 and their leaders seized power, they promised freedom and democracy for all the peoples of Ethiopia. After 20 years of total rule, what we observe is people mourning a leader in the North Korean style, that is, the reality of a government that feels entitled to order its people even how to feel.

This is a new landmark: already whatever Ethiopians used to have belongs to the government, including their house, their land, and the schools to which they send their children, just as they are told to which ethnic bantustan they belong and which party they should follow under pain of being demoted to second or even third rate citizens. I would hardly be surprised if the government soon orders Ethiopians who to marry and which religion to adopt. The totalitarian strangle is tightening every day to the point of utter suffocation of what makes their humanity, namely, their ability to govern themselves.

The recent drama of a prolonged and effusive official mourning is deliberately staged to achieve two interrelated results. On the one hand, by demanding that Ethiopians show an outpouring grief over the death of Meles, his successors and followers want to further humiliate them so as to erase any temptation of protest, obvious as it is that a humiliated, broken people is unable to stand up for itself. On the other hand, the submission of the people to the point of manifesting grief over the demise of their oppressor provides his successors with a semblance of legitimacy. The more Meles is glorified and his successors swear to continue his “great” work, the more they acquire the mantle of legitimacy by presenting themselves as his trusted heirs. This borrowed legitimacy is necessary to find some form of acceptance among party members, the military establishment, and the troops.

It should be noted that the strategy could backfire. Indeed, the more Meles is exalted, the less his successors appear as able people. The excessive exaltation of Meles leaves the impression that he did everything by himself, that he was the only decider, planner, and executor. His stature is now so high that his successors look like dwarfs licking his boots. This confirms what Sebhat Nega supposedly said, to wit, that “in his death, Meles took with him the TPLF as well.” Meles’s glory is obtained at the expense of the TPLF and, as repeatedly confirmed by history, the rise of a dictator always undermines his followers. Even though dictatorship was thought necessary to impose the interests of the party, the first loser is always the party in that it creates a force that it can no longer control.

The most stunning reversal is however the fuss aimed at presenting Meles as a great Ethiopian nationalist leader. Meles, who all along ridiculed Ethiopian nationalism, landlocked Ethiopia, fragmented the country into ethnic states, officially and repeatedly stigmatized Ethiopian legacy, even went to the extent of defending the secession of Tigray, is now exalted as a staunch Ethiopian nationalist. What is more, he who defined himself so pompously as a Tigrean nationalist, wanted his funeral ceremony and his burial to take place in Addis Ababa, as though he had nothing to do with Tigray. That the once vehement Tigrean nationalist suddenly found Tigray too small for him represents the apex of paradox. There is after all a winner in the 20 years of wasted rule and it is Ethiopia. The fact that Meles’s body did not even touch the soil of Tigray is his mea culpa and final tribute to Ethiopian nationhood.

Lastly, I have a free advice for Meles’s successors. Instead of trying to find the legitimacy that they lack by hiding behind the ghost of Meles, they should seriously consider the only path that provides them with their own legitimacy. The resolution to continue Meles’s policy is a deadlock and ultimately dangerous for their own survival and interests. To continue the same policy without Meles would require them to be more repressive and totalitarian than Meles ever was, the outcome of which can only be the exasperation of popular unrests. Even if we assume that the EPRDF has the ability to become more repressive, the implementation of the policy will necessitate another “strong man.” And this means back to square one, that is, back to one-man dictatorship with all its risks and restrictions on the ruling party itself. Notably, the rise of such a dictator, assuming it is possible, would come at the cost of the unity of the EPRDF and even of the TPLF.

The only viable path is to correct Meles’s mistake by opening up the political space to opposition forces and by lifting all the restrictions on freedom of speech and organization as well as by liberating all political prisoners. To do so would confer a new legitimacy on Meles’s successors while at the same time removing the possibility of another round of dictatorial rule and reaffirming the unity of the EPRDF and of the various parties that compose it. In other words, both the EPRDF and the TPLF need the participation of opposition forces to regain an internally working democratic condition and preserve their unity.

As things stand now, I see no better way to move in a different direction than to confirm Haile Mariam Desalegn as the new prime minister. More than his status as deputy prime minister, what militates in favor of his confirmation is that he represents the southern peoples and, as such, can intercede between the big competing forces within the EPRDF. This gives him the strategic position to preserve the unity of the party and opens up a space for the participation of the opposition. Let there be no misunderstanding: I am not saying that Haile Mariam is the right person. Some such conclusion would be utterly premature and unfounded on any reliable proof. Rather, I am suggesting that he should be given the benefit of the doubt, given his strategic position. At any rate, we will soon know whether he can take advantage of his position and initiate a new direction.

(The writer can be reached at

Efforts underway to re-instate former TPLF leaders who were purged by Meles

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Breaking News: Hailemariam Desalegne will be appointed as the new PM of Ethiopia

The Seyum-Bereket Lead group -through direct involvement of US Ambassador- has managed to twist the arms of the splinter group to appoint Hailemariam Desalegne as the country’s next prime minister.
Seyum put the options for the splinter group in a very simple terms, US admin will freeze all kind of assistances if we deny Hailemariam Desalegne the premiership. The US ambassador met privately with Abay Tsehaye who is now leading the Sebhat Nega group and told them that if they continue with their current stand that the position of prime minister should remain within TPLF, they might risk of losing US support.
Now the matter surrounding the premiership is somehow settled and the hot topic within TPLF is weather to re-instate former TPLF leaders who were kicked out from the party by Meles. Abay TSehaye and Arkebe Uqbay and many others are lobbying for reconciliation while Seyum Mesfin and Berhane Gebrekristos would like to see the status quo within TPLF continues. It is believed that this friction could endanger the existence of TPLF once again.

Ethiopia: Time for Radical Improvements

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Alemayehu G Mariam

pp2It is time to bury the hatchet and move forward in Ethiopia! Nelson Mandela taught that “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.” I would add that your enemy also becomes your friend and your ally. Historically, when warring nations of Native Americans made peace with each other, they would bury their axes (hatchets) into the ground as a symbolic expression of the end of hostilities. I say today is the perfect time for all Ethiopians to bury the hatchet of ethnic division, religious sectarianism, regional conflict and human rights violations. It is the perfect time to shake hands, embrace each other and get our noses to the grindstone to build a new democratic Ethiopia where the rule of law is upheld and human rights and democratic institutions respected.

Today, not tomorrow, is the best time to put an end to historic hatreds and resentments and open a new chapter in Ethiopia’s history. Today is the best time to unchain ourselves from the burdens of the past, close the wounds that have festered for generations and declare to future generations that we will no longer be prisoners of resentments of the past. Nelson Mandela said that “Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.” Mandela did not drink from the poison of resentment and managed to outlive most of his “enemies” and is still alive and kicking at 94. But today there is a lot of resentment going around in Ethiopia and in the Ethiopian Diaspora. There is the quiet and despairing resentment of those who feel wounded and defeated by loss. There is the gloating resentment of those who feel victorious and morally vindicated by the loss of others. Then there is the resentment of those who are indifferent because they just don’t care. Today is a great day to say good-bye to historic animosities. Today is a great day to end bitterness, not tomorrow. Reaching out to our adversaries must begin today, not tomorrow. Reconciliation must begin today, not tomorrow. Most importantly, “radical improvements in good governance and democracy” must begin today, not tomorrow.

Let’s Begin Radical Improvements in Good Governance and Democracy Today 

In 2007, the late Meles Zenawi expressed his “hope that [his] legacy” would be not only “sustained and accelerated development that would pull Ethiopia out of the massive deep poverty” but also “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy.”  Today is the day to begin in earnest radical improvements in good governance and democracy. These improvements must begin with the release of all political prisoners, repeal of anti-terrorism, civil society and other oppressive laws and declaration of allegiance to the rule of law.

All political prisoners in Ethiopia must be released. Their situation has been amply documented for years in the reports of the U.S. Government, U.N. agencies and various international human rights organizations. The 2011 U.S. State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in Ethiopia (April 2011) documented  “unlawful killings, torture, beating, and abuse and mistreatment of detainees and opposition supporters by security forces, especially special police and local militias, which took aggressive or violent action with evident impunity in numerous instances; poor prison conditions; arbitrary arrest and detention, particularly of suspected sympathizers or members of opposition or insurgent groups; detention without charge and lengthy pretrial detention…”

In its 2010 World Report-Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) concluded that “torture and ill-treatment have been used by Ethiopia’s police, military, and other members of the security forces to punish a spectrum of perceived dissenters, including university students, members of the political opposition, and alleged supporters of insurgent groups… Secret detention facilities and military barracks are most often used by Ethiopian security forces for such activities.”

A report of the U.N. Committee Against Torture (November 2010) expressed “deep concerns about numerous, ongoing and consistent allegations concerning the routine use of torture by the police, prison officers and other members of the security forces, as well as the military, in particular against political dissidents and opposition party members, students, alleged terrorist suspects and alleged supporters of insurgent groups such as the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). It is concerned about credible reports that such acts frequently occur with the participation, at the instigation or with the consent of commanding officers in police stations, detention centers, federal prisons, military bases and in unofficial or secret places of detention.”

It is difficult to accurately establish the number of political prisoners in Ethiopia. International human rights organizations are not allowed  access to political prisoners or to investigate their situation. But various reports provide estimates that vary from several hundreds to tens of thousands. Recent estimates by Genocide Watch peg the number of political prisoners at around one hundred thousand. Political dissidents, critics and opposition leaders continue to be arrested and detained every day. In the past year, an undetermined number of members of the Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement (OFDM) and the Oromo People’s Congress (OPC) have been detained for political reasons. Other opposition parties have reported similar arrests of their members. Alleged members of the Oromo Liberation Front continue to be arrested and detained without charge. In just the past few months, journalists, opposition political leaders and activists, including Andualem Arage, the charismatic vice chairman of the opposition coalition Medrek, Natnael Mekonnen, an official of the Unity for Democracy and Justice Party, the internationally-celebrated journalists Eskinder Nega and Reeyot Alemu, and editor Woubshet Alemu have been sentenced to long prison terms.

Radical improvements in good governance and democracy also require repeal of the so-called  “Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009”.  Over the past few years, this “law” has been used to round up and jail dissidents, journalists and opposition party political leaders as “terrorists.” The law has been condemned by all international human rights organizations.  Human Rights Watch criticized the law as “potent tool for suppressing political opposition and independent criticism of government policy.”  The vaguely drafted  “anti-terrorism law” in fact is not much of a law as it is a velvet gloved iron fist used to smash any opponent of the regime. Speech aimed at “advancing a political, religious or ideological cause” and intending to “influence the government”, “intimidate the public”, “destabilize or destroy the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social institutions of the country” is classified as “terrorism”. Making or publishing statements “likely to be understood as encouraging terrorist acts” is a punishable offense under the “law”.  Anyone who provides “moral support or advice” or has any contact with an individual accused of a terrorist act is presumed to be a terrorist supporter. Anyone who “writes, edits, prints, publishes, publicizes, disseminates, shows, makes to be heard any promotional statements encouraging, supporting or advancing terrorist acts” is deemed a “terrorist”.  A person who “fails to immediately inform or give information or evidence to the police” on a neighbor, co-worker or others s/he may suspect of “terrorism” could face up to 10 years for failure to report. Two or more persons who have contact with a “terror” suspect could be charged with conspiracy to commit “terrorism”.

Under the “anti-terrorism” law, “The police may arrest without court warrant any person whom he reasonably suspects to have committed or is committing terrorism” and hold that person in incommunicado detention. The police can engage in random and “sudden search and seizure” of the person, place or personal effects of anyone suspected of “terrorism”. The police can “intercept, install or conduct surveillance on the telephone, fax, radio, internet, electronic, postal, and similar communications” of a person suspected of terrorism. The police can order “any government institution, official, bank, or a private organization or an individual” to turn over documents, evidence and information on a “terror” suspect. A “terror” suspect can be held in custody without charge for up to “four months”. Any “evidence” presented by the regime’s prosecutor against a “terror” suspect in “court” is admissible, including “confessions” (extracted by torture), “hearsay”, “indirect, digital and electronic evidences” and “intelligence reports even if the report does not disclose the source or the method it was gathered (including evidence obtained by torture).

As I have previously commented, the “anti-terrorism” law criminalizes democratic civic existence itself: “Thinking is terrorism. Dissent is terrorism. Speaking truth to power is terrorism. Having a conscience is terrorism. Peaceful protest is terrorism. Refusing to sell out one’s soul is terrorism. Standing up for democracy and human rights is terrorism. Defending the rule of law is terrorism. Peaceful resistance of state terrorism is terrorism. But one must be reasonable about “terrorism”. Nelson Mandela was jailed for 27 years as a “terrorist” by the Apartheid regime in South Africa. Following his release, he said, “I was called a terrorist yesterday, but when I came out of jail, many people embraced me, including my enemies, and that is what I normally tell other people who say those who are struggling for liberation in their country are terrorists. I tell them that I was also a terrorist yesterday, but, today, I am admired by the very people who said I was one.” The “antiterrorism law” must be repealed.

The so-called  Charities and Societies Proclamation No. 621/2009 must be repealed. This “law” has been severely criticized by all of the major international human rights organizations.  Among its draconian elements include prohibitions on foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from engaging in human rights and democratic advocacy activities in Ethiopia including advocacy of gender and religious equality, conflict resolution or justice system and electoral reform. A local NGO that receives more than ten percent of its funding from foreign sources is considered “foreign”. Since few Ethiopian NGOs are financially self-sufficient, the vast majority depend significantly on foreign sources for their funding. This law has effectively put them out of business. The law allows an administrative body to have final authority over NGO disputes by granting it broad discretion to deny, suspend or revoke the registration of any NGO. Criminal sanctions and fines are also provided for violations of the law exposing NGO officials, members, volunteers and service recipients. Moreover, this law flagrantly violates various sections of the Ethiopian Constitution dealing with freedom of expression, assembly and association as has been pointed out by various human rights organizations.

Ethiopia today stands at the crossroads. It can march forward into democracy by taking confident steps that begin radical improvements in good governance and democracy. Or Ethiopia can continue to slide backwards and deeper into the vortex of dictatorship. Or it can free fall into chaos and strife. The choice is ours to make. There are important lessons to be learned by all. Those in power should be mindful that “making peaceful revolution impossible is making violent revolution inevitable.” Others should heed the message of Dr. Martin Luther King who once told the great Harry Belafonte his concerns about racial desegregation and its potential consequences: “I fear, I am integrating my people into a burning house,” wondered Dr. King metaphorically referring to the potential for racial conflict and strife that could result from outlawing discrimination. Belafonte, somewhat taken aback asked Dr. King, “What should we do?” Dr. King told him that we should “become the firemen [and] not stand by and let the house burn.’” We all need to be Ethiopian firemen and firewomen and begin “radical improvements in good governance and democracy” today, not tomorrow!!

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at: and

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:  and


Susan Rice, you are the idiot

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Ambassador Susan Rice, who led the U.S. delegation to Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral on Sunday, has said this:

Of course he had little patience for fools, or idiots, as he liked to call them.”

There is no doubt that she was referring to Meles’s opponents, the opposition groups.

Susan Rice, you are the one who is idiot to have been fooled by a riffraff, tinpot dictator like Meles Zenawi. May be you have not been fooled at all. May be you wanted to be fooled, as the great Ana Gomez, member of the European Parliament, and a true champion of freedom, has described individuals like you who promote dictators around the world. You are a lost case, so there is no need to try to educate you about who Meles was. But your bosses at the State Department and the While House might want to know. Here it is:

1. Meles was leader of a rebel group, TPLF, that used to kidnap foreigners for ransom. In the definition of the U.S. Government, that would make him a terrorist. [read]

2. Meles was engaged in a war of mass terror and genocide in Gambela and Ogaden. This makes him a genocidal dictator. [read here, here, and here]

3. Meles ordered his security forces to shoot and kill pro-democracy protestors in 2005. This makes him a mass murderer. [read here]

We can list thousands of similar crimes that have been committed by Meles Zenawi, but the above 3 alone would have been enough to bring him to justice. It is this dictator whose hands are soaked with the blood of hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians that Susan Rice referred to us a dear friend.

Shame on President Obama for sending this morally bankrupt person to represent the United States of America and insult the people of Ethiopia. You can stop counting on the 50,000+ Ethiopian votes in Virginia, which is one of the must-win states for you.

The cause of Meles Zenawi’s death and its import

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

By Selam Beyene

In the absence of a legitimate autopsy report, a death certificate or a credible official statement relating to the reason behind the hospitalization and eventual death of the former ruler of one of the most populous countries in Africa, there are compelling medical and circumstantial arguments to suggest that the episode of May 18, 2012, in which the valiant Abebe Gellaw confronted Zenawi, might have played a major role in accelerating the demise of the dictator.

Prior to August 21, 2012, when the TPLF cadres that are currently terrorizing the country announced his death, Zenawi had not been seen in public for several weeks, and there had only been conflicting reports about his conditions or whereabouts issued by the Woyanne propaganda machinery.

Nonetheless, there were several pieces of circumstantial evidence that indicated the deteriorating condition of Zenawi’s health in the aftermath of the May18th encounter with Abebe Gellaw. Most notably, immediately after the confrontation, Zenawi reportedly failed to attend a function at the Ethiopian Embassy in Washington, D.C., that was organized to express gratitude to his followers in the Diaspora. A few weeks later, he was seen as a ghost-like creature during his meeting with Chinese officials at the G20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico. The final confirmation of his ailment later came when he failed to attend an African Union summit in Addis Ababa in July.

While there is no conclusive medical evidence to indicate that shock can actually kill a person, there is ample literature to surmise that it can impact the cardiovascular system, and thereby exacerbate a deteriorating or compromised condition leading to death.

In the medical literature, fear and stress are known to cause substantial biochemical conflicts between the sympathetic and parasympathetic responses when a person is faced with an imminent danger, the so-called fight-or-flight phenomenon. In particular, shock, as an extreme stress reaction, ensues when the stress level is so high that the endocrine and nervous systems are unable to cope with the circumstance. People who have underlying health problems may, therefore, experience fatalities as a result of the exacerbation of these conditions.

In their book, Gleitman et al. (2004)[1] report that, in the face of extreme stress, catecholamine hormones, such as adrenaline, trigger physical reactions, including acceleration of heart and lung action, constriction of blood vessels, and shaking. For someone with cardiovascular problems, a huge release of catecholamines can lead to instant or eventual death.

Some of the above events were, of course, observed in Zenawi’s reaction to the unexpected challenge by Gellaw. In one of his weekly commentaries, Alemayehu G. Mariam poetically captured the moment as follows:

“…. For seven seconds, the mighty Zenawi zoned out into a catatonic trance like the patrons of opium dens. For a fleeting moment, he seemed almost comatose. His head was bowed, his back hunched, his chin drooped, his lips quivered and his eyes gazed vacantly at the floor just like the criminal defendant who got handed a life sentence or worse. A close-up video showed him breathing heavily, almost semi-hyperventilating. His pectoral muscles heaved spastically under his shirt. An imminent cardiac event?” [2]

For a dictator who, distrusting the people he ruled with an iron fist, had insulated himself with one of the most skilled and highly armed protective security details in the world; for a dictator who, out fear and insecurity, had never interacted or mingled with the people that he had so despised, mocked and disparaged during his two decades of tyranny; the sudden outburst of such dreaded phrases as “Meles Zenawi is a dictator!” in that world forum was a shocking experience that his frail body had not been accustomed to or able to withstand.

Although the secretive TPLF ruling party never revealed the general health condition of the dictator while he was in office, rumors did abound about his poor health resulting from a slapdash life-style, including smoking, drinking and other substance abuse – all risk factors for cardiovascular and oncological complications.

In view of the indirect association of death and shock in a compromised person, and given the poor state of Zenawi’s health prior to the event, it is not beyond the realm of possibilities to surmise that the May 18th confrontation might have contributed to his death.

If Gellaw’s heroic action had a role in the death of the dictator, then it would explain in part why the TPLF cadres kept the condition of the late dictator and the bona fide cause of his death a highly guarded secret. Manifestly, any suggestion that the event of May 18th contributed to the demise of the dictator would hearten others to follow suit and challenge the repressive rule of the TPLF. Most importantly, if there was the perspicacity that one person could contribute in a momentous way to bring down a vicious dictator, despite his ostensibly impenetrable security details, the millions of oppressed citizens would be emboldened and an organized mass uprising would be inevitable to end the monopoly enjoyed by the minority thugs on the nation’s political and military power structure and scarce resources.

The North Korean style funeral ceremony and the idolization of the deceased is also part of an overall orchestrated stratagem to demonstrate spurious invincibility and to thwart any semblance of vulnerability. The attempt to paint a larger-than-life picture of the deceased despot, and the much advertized claim that he was a respected leader in the world forum is, of course, at variance with the low esteem in which the despot was held by world leaders in private conversations. As revealed in the United States diplomatic cables leak, he was in fact a light weight in the eyes of diplomats and heads of states. Contrary to the myth propagated by his henchmen, in the opinion of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, for example, he was an “economic illiterate”, while in the assessment of George W. Bush he was nothing more than “an errand boy”. What the TPLF cadres are doing in his death validates what Former US ambassador Donald Yamamoto observed when the dictator was alive: a “democratic deficit” example, and someone “begging to get world attention to have his ideologies acceptable.” [3]

The death of the dictator a short while after his encounter with Abebe Gellaw may serve both as a metaphor and as a template for the demise of tyranny in Ethiopia. Authoritarianism inherently is an aberration in human society, and hence a sick political system. So, as in the case of Zenawi, a major shock could unavoidably trigger the collapse of the system, as has been recently observed in the Middle East and other regions ruled by tyrants. This shock could come in the form of popular uprisings, concerted resistance by the people, organized lobbying by the Diaspora to cut the supply line of foreign aid, or internal fractures spearheaded by pro-democratic factions.

The only way out of this predicament for TPLF rulers is to recognize and respect the will of the people to live in freedom and liberty. In the short term, they should open up the political space and invite all opposition leaders for a genuine dialog to chart a framework for a democratic Ethiopia in which individual rights will be unconditionally respected, and all citizens will have equal opportunities in the pursuit of happiness and determination of the government of their choice.

If the TPLF insists in propagating the failed autocratic, ethnic-based and corrupt policies of the late dictator, then all freedom loving Ethiopians back home and in the Diaspora should rise in unity and give the aberrant system a shock from which it will never recover. It is a mathematical impossibility for a minority group to dream it would be able to perpetuate its repression over eighty million people for much longer.

It is time for the West to refrain from continuing to nurture the activities of a criminal regime and derailing the aspirations of the people to live in freedom and prosperity. In this regard, pro-democracy groups and individuals in the Diaspora have a historic role to play and influence donor nations and institutions.

* Henry Gleitman, Alan J. Fridlund and Daniel Reisberg (2004). Psychology (6 ed.). W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-97767-6.)

(Selam Beyene,PhD, can be reached at

Susan Rice brings shame and dishonor to the United States (video)

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

The speech given by U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice today at Meles Zenawi’s funeral was full of lies that she brought dishonor and shame to the United States. Her speech was also an insult to the people of Ethiopia who have been terrorized by her friend, the late dictator Meles Zenawi. Even his own wife Azeb Mesfin did not try to portray Meles a messiah. Let’s look at briefly the record of what Susan described as a great, brilliant leader, a savior of Ethiopia and Africa: Meles Zenawi turned Ethiopia from a 3rd world country into a 4th or 5th world country where he himself could not get medical treatment. Under Meles’s 21-years of rule, Ethiopia has one of the highest unemployment rate. Ethiopia continues to be one of the top ten poorest countries in the world. Ethiopia under Meles has the lowest per capita usage of the internet in Africa, even worse that the stateless Somalia. Over ten million Ethiopian children are terribly malnourished. Over 30% of Ethiopia’s budget is covered by aid from the U.S. and EU. Without $3 billion in annual assistance for donor nations, Meles Zenawi’s regime could not have lasted 6 months. And worst of all, Meles Zenawi is a genocidal dictator who burned entire villages in Ogaden, committed atrocities in Gambella, leased millions of hectares fertile Ethiopian land to foreign investors at basement bargain prices, displaced 2 million Somalians, incited ethnic and religious clashes, ordered the killings of pro-democracy protesters, made torture a common practice in Ethiopian prisons, to mention just some of his misdeeds and crimes. Meles’s hands are soaked with the blood of countless innocent Ethiopians and Somalians. It is this mass murderer, thug, mental midget, scumbag that Susan Rice portrayed as an angel in her speech at his funeral today. Listen below:

Azeb Mesfin speech at the late dictator Meles Zenawi funeral (video)

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

ENTC special event in Washington DC today, Saturday

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council will hold a special event in Washington DC today to raise funds for its organizing effort in Ethiopia. Click here for more info.

Hailemariam Desalegn demoted to deputy PM

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

Acting prime minister of Ethiopia Hailemariam Desalegn was introduced as deputy prime minister today at the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral by the TPLF junta officials, while foreign leaders such as South African president Jacob Zuma and South Sudan president Salva Kiir Mayardit addressed him as ‘acting prime minister.’ Head of the U.S. delegation, Amb. Susan Rice, also addressed him as ‘acting prime minister.’

When Meles’s death was announced on August 21, the TPLF junta’s propaganda chief Bereket Simon had stated that Hailemariam has taken over as acting prime minister. A couple of days later, the parliamentary meeting that would formalize his appointment was abruptly called off.

This is one of the first major signs of the ongoing campaign to deny Hailemariam the prime minister’s position by some factions in the ruling party, including Meles’s wife Azeb Mesfin.

By the way, where was ‘President’ Girma Woldegiorgis? He was no where to be seen during the entire funeral proceeding.

Also, Susan Rice’s speech was so disgusting that it was hard to watch. She is a damn liar.

ETV live broadcast of late dictator’s funeral

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

Why didn’t Meles Zenawi get medical treatment in Ethiopia? (San Francisco Chronicle)

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

By Joel Brinkley | San Francisco Chronicle

Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia’s dictator, died last month – in a Brussels hospital. Why didn’t he get medical care at home? Look at the state of his people’s health, and you’ll understand.

The government provides vaccinations for only 5 percent of the children. Fewer still receive antibiotics when they contract pneumonia. Only 20 percent of teenage girls are educated about AIDS. Is it any wonder that Ethiopia’s average life expectancy is 56 – among the world’s lowest?

Eleven years ago, 53 African nations signed a pledge to spend at least 15 percent of their national budgets on health care. Almost no nation has lived up to that. Right now, Ethiopia dedicates 3.6 percent of its budget to health. So no one was surprised when the president went abroad for care.

In fact, across the developing world, whenever a president or potentate gets sick, he travels to a more developed state for care. That boldly displays the heedless view these leaders have of their own people. Perhaps if they were required to use their own hospitals, they might be more inclined to improve them.

Many of these reprobates find they can’t step on the plane as blithely as Zenawi did. To get away often requires stealth and deceit.

Not long ago, Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistan’s president, wanted to go abroad for an unspecified, apparently minor health issue. So he directed doctors at a Karachi hospital to forge a report saying he had a more significant illness: prostate cancer. Dr. Ghayur Ayub, a former national director general of health, had a look at the lab results and on his blog declared the diagnosis “ludicrous.” Zardari left anyway.

Last year, he decided to spend some time in Dubai. His spokesmen said he’d gone to visit his children. But that was proved to be a lie after he entered a hospital. The rambunctious Pakistani press declared that he was being treated for a host of different problems: a heart attack, a clot in his neck, a dangerous reaction to medicine.

After he’d been away two weeks, the news media began writing about the political message Zardari was sending. Pulse International, Pakistan’s most prominent medical journal, wrote that Zardari’s trip demonstrated a “lack of trust and confidence in Pakistani healthcare professionals and healthcare institutions.” It turned out he’d had a minor stroke.

Zardari is hardly alone. Since Hugo Chavez, the Venezuelan strongman, took office in 1999, he has bragged ceaselessly about improving health care for his people. But when he contracted cancer, he flew off to Cuba – twice. That’s a telling statement about Venezuelan medicine. Cuban doctors say they earn about $24 a month.

In Venezuela, rumors are rife that Chavez’s cancer is terminal, though he denies that. Is he lying? You decide. Chavez suddenly decided to build a $140 million mausoleum for Simon Bolivar, the 19th century political and military leader Chavez reveres. The Venezuelan press notes that the building has room for at least one more resident.

Hun Sen, Cambodia’s prime minister, visited constituents a while back and noted that he had a minor wound needing treatment. He insisted that only when “doctors in Cambodia say they cannot deal with it will I go to a hospital abroad.” He failed to note that a few years earlier he had traveled to Tokyo for what the government said was a two-day “checkup.” Cambodian doctors aren’t capable of even that? Like the other leaders who travel abroad, health and welfare conditions in his country are no better than those in Ethiopia.

But in Saudi Arabia, an exceedingly wealthy state, Prince Nayef said he was traveling abroad for “medical tests” last spring. He was gone a month and said he’d been in a Cleveland hospital but provided no other details. He died in June – in a Geneva hospital.

Dictators always seem to be traveling abroad for simple tests or checkups. Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan’s president, insisted he was in a German hospital for a “checkup” last year – though he had issued a press release saying, “I suggest everyone have routine checkups here in Kazakhstan.” A German paper reported that he was treated for prostate cancer.

This spring, a South African newspaper reported that government leaders from Malawi, Gabon, Togo, Nigeria and Tanzania all had died in foreign hospitals. The paper then made a note of a fact that every one of those leaders’ constituents ought to stand up and shout about: These heads of state “prefer to pour taxpayers’ money into overseas medical facilities rather than spending it on improving health care at home.”

Joel Brinkley, a professor of journalism at Stanford University, is a Pulitzer Prize-winning former foreign correspondent for the New York Times.

TPLF media fabricates news of Meles’ burial one day in advance

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

The Reporter, a TPLF-affiliated local newspaper, reports that the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi has been buried, even though the burial will actually take place tomorrow, Sunday. This is how the TPLF media fabricates news. They prepare news about events before the actual events have even taken place.

The editor, Amare Aregawi, might have inadvertently pressed the ‘publish’ button instead of the ‘draft’ button after writing the news and that could be how it appeared on the web site two days in advance.

We have taken a screenshot of the webpage where the fabricated ‘news’ appeared, and as expected, a few minutes later the page was removed. See the screenshot below.

[Click on the image to enlarge]
Meles Zenawi buried... before he was buried

[Click on the image to enlarge]
Meles Zenawi buried... before he was buried

The late dictator’s funeral scaled down because of security concerns

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

The late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral Sunday has been scaled down because of security threats, according to an Ethiopian Review correspondent in Addis Ababa.

The gathering for the funeral at the Addis Ababa Holy Trinity Cathedral has also been reduced to a small number of foreign dignitaries and senior members of the ruling party, while the people are being ordered to go to the various tents that has been set up through out Addis Ababa and watch the ceremony on TV.

meles zenawi funeral tent addis ababa

The number of people coming from other regions of Ethiopia for the funeral has also been reduced to 200 per region.

The main fear on the part of the junta is that a riot could break out if there is a large crowd and things could easily get out of hand.

It is not clear where Meles Zenwi will be buried, but we have been informed that it will not be at the Holy Trinity cemetery.  There is a wide spread speculation that his body is placed inside a freezer at a secure location and may be set to this birth place, Adwa.

This is an extremely stressful time for the TPLF junta. … stay tuned for updates.

Death and drama in Ethiopia

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

By Yilma Bekele
I am hoping this is the last discussion about our emotional response regarding the disappearance then death of Ato Meles Zenawi. As controversial and in your face individual he was alive his death has brought drama, division and ugliness to our life. The person is refusing to go away in silence and dignity. I am very much conflicted about his going away. First and foremost I want to make it clear that I am definitely not sad at all. It is not because I am inhuman or lack empathy. Far from that, I consider myself caring and always concerned about others.

When it comes to Meles Zenawi my blood turns ice cold. It is not because of any of his physical traits but rather it is all about his record as the Prime Minter of my motherland. How he used his office and the power it comes with it is how I judge the individual. By all accounts he was not a pleasant human being and for over twenty years he rode rough on our poor nation and seemed to enjoy the wanton destruction he visited on his people. When I think of him what I visualize in my head are memories that bring negativity, sadness and rage.

I remember his constant put down of anyone that dares to ask a question not to his liking, the display of that stupid smirk on his face knowing the individual dare not confront him or else. I will not forget his cold blooded response after murdering over two hundred fellow citizens because they marched in peace because he cheated. His non-challant response to a reporter regarding the health of Judge Bertukan Mideksa whom he threw in jail for no reason by joking she is fine except she might have gained a few kilos and the display of that same smirk on his face is etched in my brain forever. Meles Zenawi was a despicable human being, a mad person that should not be trusted with authority over a family let alone a nation.
The current cry fest sponsored by his fellow criminals even after his demise is what worries me. In Ethiopia they are using the power they accumulated the last twenty years to assert their authority. The citizen is at the mercy of the TPLF mafia. Land belongs to the government, the regime is the number one employer in the country and such essential items as flour, sugar, oil and others are regulated by the dreaded kebeles. The average Ethiopian is a prisoner in his own land. There should be no surprise if they cry when told, march when ordered and ask how high when instructed to jump. It is sad but true. The fact they are obeying the instructions of the TPLF cadres does not mean they agree or are convinced. No deep inside they are laughing and bidding for time. Our people are not stupid nor cowards but they are not into suicide either. They are like mount Zukala volcano, dormant but not extinct.

The Ethiopians in the Diaspora are a different matter. There are those from the regime’s ethnic group that will support the regime due to commonality of interest. Most have vested interest in the survival of the TPLF regime. Then there are those that have used their dollar power to buy stolen land, stolen property and are intricately connected to the ruling party. They are the ones that are easily coopted or blackmailed into obedience. A vast majority have their head in the sand and refuse to hear or see no evil. They wait for the most opportune time to see who will come ahead and join the parade. They are sometimes called the silent majority. Unfortunately their silence works against themselves and the loved ones they left behind.

It is the combination of the TPLF party sympathizers and their puppies they keep on a leash that are making noise regarding holding a cry fest in the Diaspora community. A few of them rent a hall or a community center get their video or picture taken to be beamed by Woyane media at home. The purpose is to show the Ethiopian people that their power and hold extends in the Diaspora community. It is another form of bullying. We saw that during their campaign to raise money in the so called dam on Abbay river. In the Ponzi scheme meeting held in our city over ninety five percent of the participants were from the ruling ethnic group. The cry fest is the same crap in a different guise.

The problem for us is this drama they concoct takes us away from the job at hand. It is vintage Woyane tactic to send us on a wild goose chase while they do their homework. If you notice they took a month to declare the tyrant dead. They used the month to call meetings of their party, the Kebeles and underlings to prepare the ground for country wide mourning. We used that time to speculate whether he is dead or alive, what hospital he is in, where his wife is spotted and discuss the many ramblings of Sebhat Nega. It was a useless digression.

We are at it again. The discussion is on the drama beamed by Woyane TV regarding who has been taken prisoner and made to cry or swear allegiance. We get worked over when we see Haile sobbing, Neway bending some other idiot in designer black silk cloth taken hostage and putting a show. We are programed to follow.

While we are wasting valuable time and energy on side issues Woyane’s are working in the background to shore up support and hold the structure from falling. Speculation is rife with Obama calling Hailemariam, Azeb snubbing Hailemariam, Sebhat under house arrest, Samora dying and Seyoum weak. I still have not seen any of our so called opposition calling for a country wide discussion where we should be heading and some kind of list of points we should be thinking about. Leadership is all about putting your preferences, your thoughts and your plans so the citizen can mull over the possibilities and make an informed decision. Always pointing out Woyane’s atrocities, wrong doings and Woyane’s plans is not a winning strategy.

The question facing our Woyane warriors is what comes next Monday. The drama is done and over and poor Meles is six foot under, what comes next. We just can’t continue with no one in charge. For the last two months Ethiopia and Somalia have been the only two countries operating without a known leadership in charge. We are on what is known as auto pilot. I don’t know if this is good and healthy. One thing is for sure it has not been tried before. In most previous situation the void is normally filled by regional warlords. Are we reverting to that?

Right now the foreign reserve has been depleted; commerce has been on hold for over a month and the two weeks mourning period has brought the poor economy to standstill. The noveau capitalists have been either hording dollars or transferring it outside the country.

How does the new regime afford buying fuel, buying wheat and oil and still pay all the millions borrowed by Meles? What happens to all the contracts signed by Meles selling different parts of the country? Do the new Kilil heads accept the one sided agreements dictated by the then strong TPLF or demand a new form of contract? Are the American and European enablers willing to allow more borrowing from IMF and World bank for a regime that does not show promise of staying stable? What kind of demands are they going to present now knowing they have a weak and divided central authority? Last time their solution caused us agony for twenty years are they going to screw us again?

Issues like this is what we should be discussing about instead of inner fighting and speculation regarding the health of dying Woyanes. We seem to fall into a trap set by the mafia group and waste time and money. We need to grow up and stick to issues that will help our country and people and mind our own business instead of being led astray by others that have their selfish needs.

It is time we bury Meles and his toxic ideas and move forward. It is time we decide the agenda instead of following one drawn by TPLF. It is time we completely ignore Woyane drama do what we got to do to define our issues and stick with the plan. My wish, my plan is that I do not mention you know who for ever and ever and completely wipe his face and memory from my brain. No need to dwell on a history that is only twenty years old while my country has over three thousand years of glory. He was a stain but a very tiny and insignificant one.

Addis Ababa in a somber mood as the dictator’s burial looms

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: There is a total clampdown on the independent press in Ethiopia. Even foreign correspondents are working under constant threats, frequently being called into Bereket Simon’s office to be threatened with expulsion from the country. In the report below by William Davison of Bloomberg, we removed all the junk that he was forced to add to his report in order to placate the junta and kept only the few hard facts.

By William Davison

ADDIS ABABA (Bloomberg) — [ … ] Throughout the capital, the mood is somber as Sunday’s funeral looms. Normally deafening bars keep stereos switched off. State television offers blanket coverage of the mourning. There are few outliers. An articulate young journalist – as appreciative of Meles’s rules as millions of his compatriots – reports on Facebook of the intimidation he suffered when he sat on a poster of the premier outside the palace after paying his respects to Meles.

“I was mad that my respect for the late PM could be simplified by the manner I treated a poster,” he writes.

One individual was hauled to a police station for disrespectfully listening to music on headphones, another user alleges below. […]

In an afternoon of stalking the mini-city of flats freshly hoisted by the government and now cluttered with barbers, bars, grocery stores and hordes of people, just one person expresses some doubt. “The EPRDF [Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front] is one party. They dominate everything,” a Russian-educated trader says in perfect English about the Meles-led ruling coalition. “There is no freedom for journalists. A lot of them are in prison.” Those would include dissident Ethiopian writer Eskinder Nega, who was recently sentenced to 18 years in prison for terrorism offenses.

The trader then requests to remain anonymous.

The system’s excesses are also on public display. The mobilization skills of the 6 million-strong party, previously used to permeate state and society, bolster crushing election victories, and encourage donations for Meles’s political masterstroke, the damming of the Nile, are in overdrive. Colleagues cannot travel to Addis Ababa for a meeting next week, one individual informs: all public transport is tied up busing people in for the funeral. Teams of government workers were parading through central Addis Aug. 31, chanting slogans and brandishing placards about the necessity to keep Meles’s dream alive.

The dynamics are similar to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam fundraising campaign: Both Meles and the Nile hydropower project – which signaled Ethiopia’s intention to use a huge asset historically monopolized by Egypt – would be staggeringly popular without any leverage being applied by the EPRDF’s leaders and cadres; yet they still turn the screw in order to strengthen their grip on power.

Critics sneer at some of the party’s alleged tactics: “they’re all receiving per diems”; “homeless beggars on television are praising Meles”; “they’re wheeling the sick out of hospital to join the crowds.”

A leaked letter purportedly from university administrators demanding that staff attend a mourning ceremony makes its way round the Web. “Got it. The North Korean comparisons are justified,” pontificated a media advocate from New York, suggesting that the mourning was not sincere.

But Kemal indicates otherwise. “I cried. Nobody pushed me, nobody paid me. I cried,” he volunteers about his response to Meles’s death.

[…] Away from the public pomp, nervous Ethiopians and Addis’s chattering classes opine that the future is uncertain. Very little is known about the inner workings of an opaque ruling party. Only time will tell whether its stability and thus the country’s is wrecked by factional squabbling. Only the years and decades to come will define his legacy […]

U.S. gives cold shoulder to TPLF junta by sending an ambassador to Meles’ funeral

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

TPLF junta officials in Ethiopia are fuming over the decision by the U.S. Government to send Ambassador Susan Rice, instead of the vice president or the secretary of state, or another more high-profile official, to the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral according to Ethiopian Review Intelligence Unit sources.

Apparently, the idiots believe their own propaganda that Meles is the greatest leader Africa has ever had. The U.S. is indirectly telling them, no he was a disposable tin-pot dictator.

The U.S. seems to have more respect for the late Ghanaian president Atta Mills who died in July. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton represented the U.S. Government at his funeral.

Town-hall meeting on post-Meles EPRDF regime

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Netsanet LeEthiopia Radio will hold a town hall discussion in Washington DC on post-Meles EPRDF regime in Ethiopia this coming Sunday, September 23, 2012. See the poster below for more info:

Ethiopians in Houston prepare to confront Meles cry-fest participants

Friday, August 31st, 2012

Brave Ethiopians in Houston, Texas, prepare to confront supporters of the late dictator Meles Zenawi at a mass crying festival they have organized for Saturday (see more details here). The following paper has been distributed throughout Houston today by patriotic Ethiopians. Bravo Houston!

[Click to enlarge]

Meles funeral could turn into a violent riot – analysis

Friday, August 31st, 2012

Ethiopian security chief Getachew, police chief Hassen Shifa, and EDF chief of staff Samora are very concerned that the mass funeral attendance might get exploited by “ anti peace forces” to turn it into “uncontrollable” pandemonium. Samora’s solution to such eventuality is to flood Addis with close to one division elite army recently mobilized from the country’s tense region in the north. Snipers are stationed at every available high rising building in the city to kill any suspected person instantly.
It is believed that more than a dozen head of states will attend Meles’ funeral and most countries will be represented by their foreign ministers and resident ambassadors. If everything goes according plan, Addis Abeba –being the second most diplomat populated capital of the world, will enable funeral organizers to boost that Meles’ funeral will be breaking World Genius records for being attended by most diplomats from around the world. There is high risk that comes with such ambitious events i.e., securing the safety of the head of states , delegates and citizens. The organizers are striving to break the record held by Egypt’s Anwar Sadat’s funeral that was attended by millions of Egyptians and record number of delegations from around the world. If Ethiopia’s security officials’ fear got materialized, TPLF regime and Meles will be laid to rest on the same ground on that fateful Sunday!

Zambia court sentenced 11 Ethiopians to 15 years in jail for illegal entering the country

Friday, August 31st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: Why are these Ethiopians fleeing the paradise in their own country that was created by the great leader Meles Zenawi, the Moses of Ethiopia?

(Times of Zambia) — ELEVEN Ethiopians have been sentenced to 15 years imprisonment each with hard labor after they pleaded guilty to the offence of entering Zambia illegally.

The Lusaka High Court sentenced the 11 who included a woman yesterday after the 11 took plea to the offence which is contrary to the Laws of Zambia.

The 11 had also been sentenced to nine, six and three months for admitting the charge of failing to appear before the nearest Immigration office upon entering Zambia, contrary to the Immigration and Deportation Act.

The convicts who had been in custody would have their sentences run from the day of arrest in December last year.

High Court judge Mungeni Mulenga, however, reserved judgment to the 12th accused person Berenet Abebe because he had been hospitalised to the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), and his judgment was set for September 7, this year.

This was in a case in which, Daboba Habibi, Amenule Desale, Tagasse Selamu, Abdulahi Debiso, Biruk Alimue, Hussein Rahima, (only female), Abdi Aliyi Ahmed, Mubarek Ahmed, Abdurah Mante, Muta Kasim and Arab Tajure had been convicted on the said charge.

In count one, the 12 were facing a charge of Consenting to being smuggled Contrary to Section 9 (1) of the Anti-Human Trafficking Act Number 11 of 2008 of the Laws of Zambia.

In count two, the convicts pleaded guilty to failing to appear before the nearest Immigration officer upon entry into Zambia, contrary to Section 12(2) and Section 51(1) as read with Section 56 (1) of the Immigration and Deportation Act Number 18 of 2010 of the Laws of Zambia.

The convicts had earlier appeared before senior resident magistrate Aridah Chulu who could not pass sentence in the first count due to jurisdiction but sentenced them to various months in count one.

She then referred the matter to the High Court for sentencing in the first count where they were now jailed 15 years each with hard labour.

Facts before the court were that a group of Ethiopians left for South Africa where arrangements were made with an agent who was paid an undisclosed amount of money to take them to their desired destination.

The same agent on unknown dates but around December 2011 made the accused persons to cross borders without passing through the Immigration Department offices for their clearance as they were put in a container.

They then found themselves in Lusaka where they were apprehended and handed over to the Immigration and investigations revealed that the convicts had consented to being smuggled from Tanzania to Zambia.

US federal agents arrested Ethiopian immigrant suspected of torturing political prisoners

Friday, August 31st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: It is good that U.S. authorities have arrested the torture suspect, but they are being hypocritical. In fact, the U.S. foreign policy on Ethiopia promotes gross human rights violations such as torture. Just this week, the U.S. Government sends a delegation to participate in the burial ceremony to a mass murderer in Ethiopia. By the U.S. Department of State’s own account, Meles Zenawi has been responsible for widespread torture and extrajudicial killings. (Read here one of the many reports).

(AP) — U.S. federal agents in Denver arrested an Ethiopian immigrant suspected of torturing political prisoners decades ago in his home country, prosecutors said Friday.

Three former Ethiopian political prisoners identified the man as Kefelegn Alemu Worku, saying he brutally mistreated them and others in late 1970s, authorities said.

He is being held on immigration charges, and federal agents said they were investigating a report that he was involved in atrocities that occurred in Ethiopia following a military coup that plunged the nation into turmoil, marked by arrests, tortures and executions.

All three former prisoners, now U.S. citizens living in Denver, picked the suspect out of a photo lineup, the U.S. attorney’s office said. They told investigators that the man they identified as Worku was a guard at a prison in Ethiopia where they were held.

He was arrested Aug. 24. His attorney didn’t immediately return a call seeking comment. The arrest was first reported by KUSA-TV.

The suspect has been charged with unlawfully procuring citizenship or naturalization and aggravated identity theft. If convicted of both charges, he faces up to 12 years in prison and fines of up to $500,000.

The Ethiopian Embassy in Washington, D.C., said no one was available to comment.

Two of the former prisoners who identified the man as Worku said he beat them and subjected them to gruesome torture. The third said he witnessed the suspect abusing other prisoners. The men are identified only by initials in court documents.

Prosecutors said the suspect used several names. They say he entered the U.S. using a stolen identity and falsified paperwork and illegally achieved U.S. citizenship in 2010.

Officials won’t decide whether to attempt to deport the man until the immigration and identity theft charges are resolved, said Jeff Dorschner, a spokesman for the U.S. attorney in Denver.

It wasn’t immediately clear how or when the man left Ethiopia. Another Ethiopian immigrant in Denver told investigators the suspect lived in Kenya for several years before entering the U.S.

The suspect is about 68 years old and has been living in a Denver apartment under the name of Habteab Berhe Temanu, prosecutors said. They declined to say how he had been supporting himself.

Dorschner said no picture of the suspect will be released because investigators may still ask others to identify him from a photo lineup.

A court hearing has been scheduled for Tuesday.

The man was a regular at the Cozy Cafe in Denver, which serves Ethiopian food, said Girma Baye, the restaurant manager.

Baye said he knew nothing of the accusations against the man and that the arrest came as a shock to him and others.

‘‘If I knew anything about his past, he would not be long in the United States,’’ Baye said.

Baye described him as ‘‘a happy, social person’’ and a “nice guy.”

Addis Ababa donkeys mourn the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi

Friday, August 31st, 2012

A large group of donkeys residing in Addis Ababa went to the National Palace to pay respect to the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi, according to ETV.

On a serious note, the donkeys are better than all the people pigs who cried for the genocidal dictator who has been looting Ethiopia and terrorizing its people for the past 21 years. They cry for a guy who calls them adhgi (agasses). We agree with Meles on that — they are agasses.

Addis Ababa donkeys mourn the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi

U.S. sending a low-level delegation to Meles Zenawi funeral

Friday, August 31st, 2012

The U.S. is sending a delegation consistinig of junior officials to Meles’ funeral. It is led by Susan Rice, U.S. ambassador to the U.N. and includes Johnny Carson, assistant secretary of state for African Affairs and Gayle Smith, director of African Affairs in the National Security Council. Tagadalay Gayle Smith is known also to have spent time in the deserts of Tigray fighting along side the TPLF. She played a key role in creating connections between the TPLF and the outside world especially the the U.S. officials. She was a journalist stationed in Cairo when she met EPLF and TPLF functionaries there. After several contacts, the EPLF and TPLF succeeded in soliciting her support for their causes. She was persuaded to go to their offices in Sudan and their bases in Eritrea and Tigray. She later joined them, stayed in the desert, learned Tigrigna language and spearheaded the organization of the Tigray Women Forum. After the TPLF controlled Ethiopia, she was hired as an advisor to Meles and was on Ethiopian government payroll for a long time. She later came back to the U.S. during the Clinton Presidency and joined the State Department. There she worked under Susan Rice and recruited the latter also as a staunch Meles supporter. They both misled President Clinton in branding Meles, Isayas, Museveni and Kigame as a new breed of democratic leaders. All the four have proved President Clinton wrong turning out to be vicious dictators no better than the ones they replaced. They all give only lipservice to demcratic reforms meant to swindle the international community. They are all in their third decades in power rigging one sham election after the other. They not only hold periodic sham elections but they also rig the sham elections themselves claiming 99.6% as recently as 2010. Isayas is an exception in this case in refusing to play fools’ game by holding sham elections that he anyway knew he was going to rig to claim a landslide victory and stay in power. His is at least obvious because why engage in such futile exercise if the elections are not free and fair and if at the end you are not ready to respect and accept the outcome of the free and fair elections. There is no point in holding sham elections for its own sake. By unconditionally supporting vicious brutal tyrants, the junior and novice diplomats like Susan Rice and Gayle Smith brought about disgrace, disappointment and embarassment upon themselves and the U.S. foreign policy. Now they are the ones chosen, and rightly so, to represent the U.S. on the funeral of one of their disgraced brutal dictators they have been championing. What a shame. The U.S. was represented by its most Senior Diplomat Hillary Clinton on the funeral of the recenty passed Ghanian President. Given the fact that the late Ghanian President was not at a personal service of the U.S. national interest in his part of the world or the continent as the whole, the presence of such senior officials like Cliniton on his funeral shows the depth of respect the U.S. has for the president and the democratic institutions of the Ghanian people. In contrast, Meles who is known to be at the service of the U.S. interest in the Horn of Africa region and beyond is honored only by disgraced junior officials. That tells the despice and disrespect the U.S. has for Meles and his regime and that the U.S. knows the true Meles and his records. They used and threw him. Shame on dictator Meles. Meles had been disgraced in life and is now being disgraced in death.

VOA listeners opinion on TPLF mass hysteria (must listen)

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

VOA exposes how people through out Ethiopia are being forced to cry for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. This program pulverizes the past 10 days of all out propaganda campaign that has been waged by the TPLF junta. The desperate junta is trying to take a political profit out of the late dictator’s sudden death.

Sudan agreed to accommodate Egyptian commandos to destroy Nile dam – Wikileaks

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

The latest release by Wikileaks has the following:

SOURCE DESCRIPTION: Egyptian diplomatic source
Follow-up to insight on Egypt asking Sudan to station commandos in Sudan for ‘worst case’ scenario on the Nile issue:
Sudanese president Umar al-Bashir has agreed to allow the Egyptians to build an a small airbase in Kusti to accommodate Egyptian commandoes who might be sent to Ethipoia to destroy water facilities on the Blue Nile… [Click here to the full text]

TPLF mass hysteria arrives in North America

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

This coming Saturday, supporters of the Woyanne junta in Toronto, Winnipeg, Canada and Houston, Texas are organizing a cry-fest for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi who died over a month ago. This is a good opportunity for patriotic Ethiopians in these cities to show how much the deceased dictator is hated.

Toronto is on Sunday, September 2. See details below:

(We thank the reader who sent us this information. If you hear about any such activity in your area, please let us know.)



From Mengistu Beranu (

Greetings all,

The voice of the voiceless – of the young, the woman, farmers and the 80 million people he led – the leader of Ethiopians in Ethiopia Melese Zenawi has passed. He led, he inspired, he was cheered, he was feared, he was hated, but where he executed his development plan- the universities, the hospitals, the infrastructures, the strategy to join the middle income group countries by 2025; the people always said…”We did it! When the development activities he launched continue and completed; the people will say “We did it ourselves!

Canadians of Ethiopian origin residing in The Greater Toronto Area are going to hold a memorial ceremony on September 2, 2012 Sheraton hotel, 123 Queen Street West at 2:00PM.

Mekele residents are told CIA killed Meles Zenawi

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

The ruling junta in Ethiopia has been spreading rumor in Tigray, its base of power, that the CIA is responsible for the death of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. To verify the information, we have called several residents in Mekele and some of them were willing to speak with us. The following is a conversation we had with one young Mekele residents this morning. She has confirmed that many people in Mekele think Meles was assassinated. We are not sure what the TPLF would gain by spreading such a rumor against the U.S Government. Listen below.

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለፁ

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

ትናንት በስቲያ ስራ ልገባ እየተጣደፍኩ ስለነበር የላኩላችሁን መልዕክት መልሼ እንኳን ሳላነበው እንደወረደ ነው ጣል አድርጌላችሁ የበረርኩት። በወቅቱ ኢቲቪን እያየሁ ስሜቴ ክፉኛ ተጎድቶ ስለነበር የሰዓቱ ነገር ባይገድበኝ ውስጤን ያላውሰው የነበረውን ስሜት በቀላሉ ከትቤ የምጨርሰው አልነበረም። ታዲያ ዛሬ ኢትዪ ትዪብ ድረ ገጽ ላይ “የአዲስ አበባ ጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ” የሚለውን የኢትዮጵያን ቴሌቭዥን ዘገባ ስመለከት እነበረከት የተቆጣጠሩት ስርዓት ምን አይነት ጨዋታ በመጫወት ላይ እንዳሉ ወለል ብሎ ታየኝና መፅናናት ያዝኩ። ሕዝባችን በግዴታ ሃዘኑን እንዲገልጽ የተላለፉት የጥሪ ደብዳቤዎችንም አንዳንድ ድረ-ገፆች ላይ ለመመልከት ችያለሁ።

ይህ ከአሳዛኝነቱ ይልቅ አስቂኝነቱ የሚጎላው የዜና ዘገባ፣ የኢቲቪ ጋዜጠኞች ብቃት ምን ያህል የወረደ መሆኑን ከማመላከቱ በተጨማሪ ለምስል ቀረፃው የመረጧቸው የጎዳና ተዳዳሪ ተብዬዎች ፊት ላይ የሚነበበው ስሜትና በእጅጉ የሚያደምም ሆኖ ነው ያገኘሁት። እኛ የምናውቀው አዲስ አበባ ላይ በርሳቸው ዘመን ኢትዮጵያውያን በአገራቸው ላይ ጎዳና ላይ እንኳን ማደር እየተከለከሉ እየተከለከሉ ሲሳደዱ ነው። በተለይም አላሙዲ ፒያሳ ላይ እስካሁን አጥሮ ያስቀመጠው ቦታ አጥር ስር ከነቤተሰባቸው ለዓመታት ተጠልለው ይኖሩ የነበሩ ምስኪን ወገኖቻችን መጨረሻ ላይ የመንግስት ታጣቂዎች በምን አይነት መልኩ ከቦታው ላይ እየደበደቡ እንደነቀሏቸው ምንጊዜም የማይረሳኝ የቅርብ ጊዜ ትዝታዬ ነው።

በተረፈ “ቴዲ አፍሮ ለመለስ ዜናዊ ዘፈን አወጣ” የሚለው ዜና የፈጠራ መሆኑን በማረጋገጤ በእጅጉ ተጽናንቼአለሁ።

ይህንን የኢቲቪ ዘገባ እንዳየሁ የሚቀጥለው የዜና ዘገባ የአዲስ አበባ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ የሚል ይሆናል ብዬ ገመትኩ። ገምቼም አልቀረሁ በቴሌቭዥን መስኮት ብቅ ብላ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹን በመወከል መልዕክታቸውን የምታስተላልፈው ካድሬ ስሜት በዚህ መልኩ ከተብኩት ። ዜናው እንዲህ ነበር ኢቲቪ ያቀረበው፦

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለፁ

(“የጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተነሳ የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ” በሚለው የኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቭዥን ዘገባ ላይ ተመስርቶ የተፃፈ ወቅታዊ ልቦለድ ዜና)

በአዲስ አበባ የሚገኙ በርካታ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በታላቁ ባለ ራዕይ መሪያችን በ/ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ዛሬ በብሄራዊ ቤተ መንግስት አዳራሽ በመገኘት ገለፁ።

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹ ለባለቤታቸው ለወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍንና ለልጆቻቸው ካስተላለፉት የሃዘን መልዕክት በተጨማሪ፣ አቶ መለስ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ መንገድ ለሴተኛ አዳሪነት ስራ መስፋፋት ያደርጉ የነበረውን ጉልህ አስተዋጾ በመጥቀስ፣ የርሳቸው ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት መለየት ወደዚህ የስራ መስክ የሚገቡትን ሴቶች ቁጥር ይቀንሰው ይሆናል የሚል ስጋት እንዳላት የሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹ ተወካይ ለሪፖርተራችን ገልፃለች።

እስኪ ንግግርዋን አብረን እንከታተለው፦

ተወካይዋ እንባዋ እንዲመጣላት፣ የግንቦት 1997 ዓ.ም ምርጫን ተከትሎ በአጋዚ ክፍለጦር ወታደሮች የተገደለው ታናሽ ወንድሟን በልቧ እያሰበች እንደምንም ጠብ! ያለላት እምባዋን በእራፊ ጨርቅ እያባበሰች ወደ ቴሌቭዥኑ መስኮት ብቅ ትላለች፦

“ እንዲሚታወቀው ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ከርሳቸው በፊት ከነበሩ መሪዎች በበለጠ አናሳ ቁጥር ያላቸው ባለሙያዎችን በመደገፍና በማበረታታት በልማቱ መስክ ጉልህ አስተዋጾ እንዲያደርጉ የለፉ መሪ ነበሩ። እኔም የዚህ እድል ተጠቃሚ ከሆኑት ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች አንዷ ነኝ። ባለፉት 20 ዓመታት በዚሁ ስራ ያገለገልኩ ሲሆን፣ ይህ የስራ መስክ በአገሪቷ ውስጥ እየተፈጠረ ያለውን ከፍተኛ የስራ አጥ ችግር በመቅረፍ በኩል ተወዳዳሪ ያልተገኘለት ሆኖ ተገኝቷል። የሴተኛ አዳሪነት ስራ ባለፉት መንግስታት እጅግ የተጠላና የተወገዘ በመሆኑ ቀደምት የሙያ አጋሮቻችን በአንዳንድ ቡና ቤቶችና አነስተኛ መሸታ ቤቶች ውስጥ ብቻ ያውም ተደብቀው ይሰሩ እንደነበር ታሪክ መዝግቦት ይገኛል። በኢሕአዴግ ዘመነ መንግስት ግን ይህ ኋላ ቀር ባሕል ሙሉ ለሙሉ ተቀርፎአል ማለት ይቻላል። በተለይም ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ባጎናፀፉን የዴሞክራሲያዊ መብት በመጠቀም እኔን ጨምሮ ሲያዮዋቸው የሚያማልሉ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ውብና ለግላጋ ኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች በተለይም ምሽት ላይ ጎዳና ላይ በመቆም መኪና ላላቸው ደንበኞቻችን ቀልጣፋ አገልግሎት መስጠት ሁሉ ችለናል። ታላቁ መሪያችን በቀየሱት የድሕነት ቅነሳ ስትራቴጂ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ፣ ባብዛኛው የምናገኘውን ገንዘብ የችግረኛ ቤተሰቦቻችንን የዕለት ጉርስ ለመሸፈን ነው የምናውለው።

እንዲያውም ካለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት ወዲህ ከተለያዩ የአገራችን ዩንቨርሲቲዎች በዲግሪና ከዚያም በላይ በልዩ ልዩ ሙያ የተመረቁ በርካታ እሕቶቻችን፣ ጠ/ሚኒስትራችን የነደፉት በምግብ ራሳችንን የመቻል ፖሊሲን ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ወደዚህ የስራ መስክ መግባቱ አማራጭ የሌለው የስራ ዕድል ሆኖ አግኝተውታል። ስለዚህም የሴተኛ አዳሪነቱ ስራ በቂ መስሕብነት ብቻ ሳይሆን በልዩ ልዩ ሙያ የዳበረ ዕውቀት ባላቸው ሴት እሕቶቻችን ተሳትፎ ከፍተኛ ዕድገት እያስመዘገበ ነው።

“ምንም እንኳን የኢትዮጵያውያን ደንበኞቻችን ቁጥር ከዕለት ዕለት እየቀነሰ ቢመጣም፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ በቀየሱት የዕድገትና የትራንፎርሜሽን እቅድ ተጠቃሚ ለመሆን በተለይም ከአረብና ከፈረንጅ አገር፤ እንዲሁም ከሱዳንም ሆነ ከሌላ የአፍሪካ አካባቢዎች የሚመጡት አዳዲስ ደንበኞቻችን ቁጥር እጅግ በከፍተኛ መጠን እየጨመረ ይገኛል። በዚህም የተነሳ በአሁኑ ወቅት በአንድ ቀን ለሊት ሁለትና ሶስት ደንበኞቻችንን እስከማስተናገድ ደርሰናል። በዚህ በኩል ለአገራችን የምናስገኘው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ገቢ ቀላል ግምት የሚሰጠው አይደለም። እንዲያውም አዲሱ የአገራችን አስተዳደር እርሳቸው የቀየሱትን የልማት መርሃ-ግብር ለማስፈፀም ጥረት ካደረገ፣ ወደፊት አገራችን የውጭ ምንዛሪ ለማግኘት ቡና ወደ ውጭ ኢንቨስት ለማድረግ መከራዋን ማየት አይጠበቅባትም ብዬ እገምታለሁ።

ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህም፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ በነደፉት የድሕነት ቅነሳ ስትራቴጂ ተጠቃሚ የሆኑ ቀላል ቁጥር የሌላቸው “ወንደኛ አዳሪዎችም” በዚሁ የስራ መስክ በመሰማራት ላይ ናቸው። አብዛኞቹም ከአሜሪካ፣ ከአውሮፓ፣ እንዲሁም ከሌላው ዓለም የሚመጡ ቋሚ ደንበኞች እንዳሏቸው ይነገራል። ይህ ደግሞ የታላቁ ጠ/ሚኒስትራችን የዘመናት ድካምና ጥረት ውጤት በመሆኑ ሁላችንንም ደስ የሚያሰኝ ነው።

እንደሚታወቀው ጠ/ሚኒስትር መለስ ሕዝባችን የራሱን እርግፍ አድርጎ በመተው የሰለጠኑትን አገሮች ባህል እንዲወርስ ብርቱ ጥረት ሲያደርጉ ኖረው ያለፉ ታላቅ የአገር መሪ ናቸው። በዚህ በኩል በዓለማችን ብቸኛው የአገር መሪ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት አዳዲስ ስልጣኔዎችን ወደ አገራችን ለማስገባት እድሜያቸውን ሙሉ ጥረት ሲያደርጉ ኑረዋል። በተለይም በቅርቡ ዓለም ዓቀፍ የግብረሰዶማውያን ስብሰባ አዲስ አበባ ላይ እንዲደረግ በመፍቀድ ለህዝባችን ግንዛቤ ለማስጨመጥ መሞከራቸው አይዘነጋም። ከጥንት ጀምሮ ሲወርድ ሲዋረድ ከመጣውና ሕዝባችንን ተብትቦ ከያዘው “ኢትዮጵያዊነት” ለማላቀቅ አገሪቷን በብሔርና በቋንቋ ከማዋቀራቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ኢትዪጵያዊ እሴቶቻችንን ሙሉ ለሙሉ በመድፈር፣ ብዙዎች መስዋዕትነት የከፈሉበት ሰንደቅ ዓላማችን “ጨርቅ” እንደሆነ ባደባባይ የነገሩን ታላቅ የለውጥ አርበኛ መሆናቸው አይዘነጋም።

እዚህ ላይ አያይዤ ላነሳ የምወደው ነገር ቢኖር ወዳጃቸው አላሙዲ በርሳቸው ልዩ ፈቃድ ከአዶላ የሚስያወጡት ወርቅ ሞልቶ ተርፎ ሳለ፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስን የመሰለ ታላቅ መሪ በሕይወት ዘመናቸው ጨርቅ እንደሆነ በነገሩን ሰንደቅ ዓላማ አስከሬናቸው መሸፈኑ በእጅጉ ክብራቸውን የሚቀንስ ሆኖ መገኘቱን ልጠቁም እወዳለሁ። ምናልባት አላሙዲም በግዜር እጅ ተይዘው ስለሚገኙ ባስቸኳይ ወርቅ ማልበስ ባይቻል እንኳን፣ የሕወሃት፣ የትግራይ ክልል፣ እንዲሁም ለኤርትራ መገንጠልም ሆነ ለነበራቸው ተቆርቋሪነት ሲባል የሻዕቢያ አርማ ባለው ጨርቅ አስከሬናቸው ቢሸፈን ነፍሳቸው ባግባቡ ልትደሰት እንደምትችል እገምታለሁ።

በተጨማሪም እንደዋልድባ አይነት ዘመናት ያስቆጠረ ገዳምን ወደ ሸንኮራ አገዳ ልማት ጣቢያ ለመቀየር በብቸኝነት ደፍረው የተንቀሳቀሱ፣ እንዲሁም በነቢዩ መሃመድ ቤተሰቦች ከዘመናት በፊት ወደ አገራችን የገባውን የእስልምና እምነት ሙሉ ለሙሉ ወደ አሕባሽ እንዲቀየር ደፍረው እንቅስቃሴ ያስጀመሩ ብቸኛው ደፋር የአገራችን መሪ መሆናቸው መዘንጋት የለበትም። ይህንንም ሆነ ሌሎች በርካታ ስራዎቻቸውን ያስተዋለ ሰው ደግሞ፣ እኚህ ታላቅ መሪያችን “አባይን የደፈረ መሪ” ተብሎ በአንድ ተራ ወንዝ ስም ብቻ መሞካሸታቸው አግባብ እንዳልሆነ ለመረዳት ጊዜ አይወስድበትም። ስለዚህም አባይም የሚገኘው ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከመሆኑ በተጨማሪ እርሳቸው የደፈሯቸው ነገሮች (ሴቶችም ካሉ መጨመር ይቻላል) በሙሉ ተጠቃለው “ኢትዮጵያን፣ ኢትዮጵያውያንና ኢትዮጵያዊነትን የደፈረ ብቸኛው መሪ” ተብለው እንዲሰየሙ ማሳሰብ እወዳለሁ። “

ቅዱስ ሃብት በላቸው

Why are they making us cry?

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

The Ethiopian people have been told to show grief regarding the death of Meles Zenawi. This is sadness by government decree and it is not unique to us. We just witnessed it happen in North Korea but it always is a little strange when what you feared happen to you. There is no question the regime under the control of the TPLF party is orchestrating this drama. They are not even trying to hide it. The truth of the matter is they are going the extra mile to make sure the citizen understands it is official government policy.

It took the regime over four weeks to announce the death of the dictator. It looks like they took their time time to plan what to do and how to do it. They are perfectly aware that the individual is not liked let alone loved by the Ethiopian people. Since his illness was hidden from the public his sudden death would have unjarred the population. They know the situation has to be dealt delicately. Their main goal was how to use the unfortunate situation to garner sympathy and good will while at the same time show who the boss is. The fact the citizen loathed the little tyrant was a big hurdle to overcome.

The only way the party can get benefit out of this disastrous situation was to go back into their bag of tricks and revert back to the proven method of bullying by using force and coercion. It has worked since their inception forty years ago and they have become really good at it. The system of bending people’s wills to to fit the tyrants way is the hallmark of all totalitarian societies. The TPLF did not invent it but they are very good students of everything that is bad and toxic to society.

The question in front of us is how and why they do that? I believe this has eloquently been answered by Mr. Anthony Daniels in his book ‘The wilder further shores of Marx’.

‘…..with an established totalitarian regime the purpose of propaganda is not to persuade, much less to inform, but to humiliate. From this point of view propaganda should not approximate to the truth as closely as possible: on the contrary it should do as much violence to it as possible. For by endlessly asserting what is patently untrue, by making such untruth ubiquitous and unavoidable, and finally by insisting by everyone publicly acquiesce in it, the regime displays its power and reduces individuals to nullities. Who can retain his self respect when, far from defending what he knows to be true, he has to applaud what he knows to be false- not occasionally, as we all do, but for the whole of his adult life.’

This is a nut shell describes Woyane kind of mind set. You would think Mr. Daniels has been to Ethiopia. Mr. Daniels’s book is based on his experience of such failed states as East Germany, the former Soviet Union, North Vietnam and North Korea among others. The TPLF controlled Ethiopian government is copying the loathsome practices of the Stasi in East Germany and the KGB of the Soviet Union. Folks like Berket Semeon, Workrneh Gebeyehu, Getachew Assefa are excellent students of such inhuman system that has managed to hurt so many but was at last discredited by the citizen. Our country is back ward, our people are kept illiterate by design our culture still is based on fear of authority, fear of elder and our Woyane warriors found a fertile ground to practice this craft of crime against a nation.

I would like to take one statement from the quotation above and look at it in the context of Ethiopia.
‘…..with an established totalitarian regime the purpose of propaganda is not to persuade, much less to inform, but to humiliate. From this point of view propaganda should not approximate to the truth as closely as possible: on the contrary it should do as much violence to it as possible.’
In life Meles Zenawi was a recluse that disparaged even the word Ethiopia. He lived in a palace surrounded by robust security and never left his compound to mix or associate with ordinary people. The only contact the citizen has with the PM was thru the window of Ethiopian TV. We all know he never allowed open discussion and surrounded himself with people that worshiped him, agreed with him and swore allegiance to him. He is known to be very vindictive, ill tempered and unforgiving. The Ethiopian people, his close associates and his Party feared him. There was no respect or love for the individual. This is the man we all know.

Today Berket Semeon and company are telling us a different story. Mind you not a little different, not an innocent white lie but as outrageous as possible and beyond the truth as much as possible. They just do not want the citizen to cry a little, grief some but they expect some genuine wailing to be recorded and beamed all over the world. Why do you think they do that? It is all about show of power. By forcing us to do what we all know to be false they make us loose self respect and individual will. When you see your family, your neighbor, your coworker being forced to act in such manner when you find yourself doing something you know deep inside to be untrue you die some. The person is reduced to nothingness with no self respect, no spine and no free will. Haile Gebreselassie comes to mind.

It has the same effect on those that watch such spectacle from afar. I have noticed my friends to be confused, unable to understand and finally choosing silence to hide the shame. We all try to explain the phenomena by mentioning culture, being human or religion. It is an attempt to make sense. We are trying to make the irrational situation palatable by injecting some logic into it. It is perfectly understandable. Our brain rejects such dissonance. We get angry, feel confused, embarrassed and helpless.

This disturbing situation in our society is not a natural occurrence or an accident. It is engineered by the TPLF party. In their futile attempt to stay in power they have declared psychological form of warfare on their own people. It is relentless, unmerciful and very lethal. It does not kill you but it reduces you into a state of sub human, void of free will and easy to control. That is what the criminals are doing to us. That is what they have been doing to us with Meles Zenawi as the ring leader. Today he has left his underlings to continue from where he left off. They show no shame, no what is called ‘yelunta’ when they declare black is white, wrong is right and force us to repeat it after them.

How do you fight such form of warfare? There is no need to panic. No shame to being forced to go against our will. A government is a very powerful organization. When a state puts all its efforts to do evil no one is immune. The Russians, the East Europeans went thru over fifty years of hell. The North Koreans are in worse of shape than us. Our tormentors are amateurs compared to the Stasi. The fact that our country is backward and our people kept ignorant is what is giving them the power. On the other hand the world is a different place now. The advent of the Internet, the ubiquitous nature of Social media has given us a slight advantage. The founding of ESAT as I said before is a game changer. The Woyane goons monopoly on the media is no more.

We stop the complaining and work harder to expose, undermine and attack our tormentors aggressively. We encourage those that are trying to organize and work for us instead of second guessing, undermining their effort and splitting hair. We hope those that have been organizing for some time show us sign that they are here and active. There is no need to wait for the most opportune moment rather the job of the activist is to seize the time and make history. My friend Abebe Gelaw did not wait for the stars to line up but rather he forced the issue and made history. The time is now and the place is Ethiopia. We shall win, history is on our side. Stay strong don’t let them break you.

Discussion on Ethiopian Review investigation of Al Amoudi’s disappearance

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Some Ethiopian Review readers expressed concerned that our report on Al Amoudi’s disappearance might have been contaminated by a Woyanne disinformation campaign. As we reported earlier, it appears the billionaire and business partner of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi is alive. We don’t believe that we have been purposely misinformed by Woyanne. In fact, they are shaken up and frustrated by our report because it diverted attention away for 2 days from their effort to cause mass hysteria around the death of their boss.

It must be understood that we are operating under an extremely difficult environment where our reporters inside the country would be arrested and convicted to life in prison or worse for working with Ethiopian Review. The Woyanne junta is so secretive and paranoid that we cannot conduct normal journalism in Ethiopia. Our correspondents inside Ethiopia are risking arrest, torture and death on a daily basis to provide us with the news. In that regard, they have been more resourceful than news organizations that have huge budgets.

In order to get to the bottom of some information that we are unable to confirm, we some times we have to resort to what we termed crowd-investigation where our readers are involved. That is what we did in this case. We originally stated in our report:

Ethiopian Review could not confirm this breaking news from more than one source, but the source is credible enough for us to report it.

We have clearly stated that the information was unconfirmed, but it led to a mass hunt and in two days a Woyanne rat called Ben found the drunkard sheik for us at Bole Airport looking dazed and shaken. Before and after releasing the information, we did a serious investigation, contacting numerous individuals who might have knowledge of Al Amoudi’s whereabout. We even called the lie factory himself and spoke with his rude assistant.

Under the circumstance, what Ethiopian Review has done is a serious journalism which led to the truth. As soon as we received a video confirmation, we reported it.

Thank you all who have assisted us in this and other investigations. What makes Ethiopian Review the best and most trusted Ethiopian media is you the readers.

There is more discussion on this issue at Ethiopian Review’s forum. Click here.

Al Amoudi is alive (video)

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Al Amoudi

Billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi appears to be alive — and well enough to continue looting and plundering Ethiopia. The following video was recorded by Bereket Simon’s rat named Ben at Bole Airport today.

Al Amoudi upate

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Ethiopia First website editor named Ben claims that he saw Al Amoudi today at Bole Airport and presented the photo below as evidence. Ben is Bereket Simon’s apprentice, so it is hard to believe any thing that comes from him. He has been swearing that Meles Zenawi was on vacation and will return before Ethiopian New year. If the photo below is real, it would be the first time for Al Amoudi to be seen in public since the death of his best friend Meles Zenawi… More update shortly.

Addis Ababa abuzz over the news of Al Amoudi’s death/disappearance

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Here is what we have been able to gather so far:

1. The biggest news in Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia yesterday and today has been the reported death/disappearance of Ethiopian-Saudi Billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi, even though the news has not be confirmed yet. The number of people visiting Meles’s body at the National Palace to pay ‘respect’ has dramatically decreased since yesterday following the story about Al Amoudi.

2. The Ethiopian Review main source stands by his report about Al Amoudi’s death.

2. TPLF propaganda chief Bereket Simon’s office denies the report.

3. One of Al Amoudi’s employees in Addis Ababa told Ethiopian Review that Al Amoudi was in Addis Ababa until Monday 10 AM and that he saw him in person.

4. The same employee told Ethiopian Review this morning that Al Amoudi will be back in Addis Ababa today.

5. EMF reported on Tuesday that Al Amoudi has arrived in Addis Ababa on Monday.

6. Al Amoudi’s office in Jeddah told Ethiopian Review that he is currently in Ethiopia.

7. DLA Piper office in London said the report about Al Amoudi’s death is incorrect, but would not elaborate.

8. A senior adviser told Ethiopian Review that Al Amoudi is not well but he will arrive in Addis Ababa today.

9. ETV news director refused to speak with Ethiopian Review about his report on Monday that Al Amoudi arrived in Addis Ababa.

Conclusion: Three different people who are in a position to know said that Al Amoudi will arrive in Addis Ababa today. We will see.

Woyanne mass hyteria spreads to North America – (video)

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

A disgusting scene at a Tigrean Church in Seattle, USA. They are crying for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi.

Now it is children’s turn

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

The picture says it all.

Meles Zenawi

From the cold case files: Where is the coffee?

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

One of the most astonishing legacy of Meles Zenawi as the dictator who ruled Ethiopia for the past 21 years is the wholesale looting of the country by him and his TPLF junta. The most egregious example of the looting is the disappearance of 20,000,000 pounds of coffee without a trace. The fact that his wife stole the money is an open secret. But listen below how Meles covered up the brazen looting. Will the new pm, Hailemariam Desalegn, open this cold case?

Ethiopian tour operators ordered to display photographs of late dictator Meles Zenawi (photo)

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

The TPLF junta has ordered all tour operators in Ethiopia to display photographs of the late dictator Meles Zenawi on their cars. See the photo below.

TPLF army commits organized torture and rape in Gambella, western Ethiopia

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

Ethiopia: Army Commits Torture, Rape
Gambella Atrocities Follow Attack on Commercial Farm; New ‘Villagization’ Abuses

AUGUST 28, 2012

(Nairobi) – The Ethiopian military responded to an April 2012 attack on a large commercial farm in Gambella region with arbitrary arrests, rape, and other abuses against scores of local villagers. Forced displacement, inadequate resources, and other abuses against Gambella’s population persist in the second year of the government’s “villagization” program.

“Waiting Here for Death” “What Will Happen if Hunger Comes?” Ethiopia: Terrorism Law Used to Crush Free Speech – the attack on Saudi Star was a criminal act but it does not justify reprisals against Gambella’s population. The Ethiopian government should put an immediate end to abuses by the military in the region and investigate and prosecute soldiers found responsible for these heinous acts, regardless of rank.

Human Rights Watch has previously reported on the Ethiopian government’s policy of “villagization” or resettlement of Gambella residents from their traditional lands to clear the way for the commercial farms. The government has used threats, intimidation, and violence against those who resist moving.

Hundreds of villagers from Abobo woreda (district) fled the military operation and crossed into neighboring South Sudan in the months since the attack on Saudi Star. In June Human Rights Watch interviewed more than 80 recent arrivals from Gambella in South Sudan.

One former detainee told Human Rights Watch: “They said we were to go into the bush and show them where the rebels are – with whom they claimed we had a relationship. They beat me after I said I didn’t know where the rebels are. After they beat me they took me to the barracks. I was in custody for three days. At night they took me out and asked me to show them where the rebels are. I said I don’t know. So they beat me and took off their sock and put it in my mouth to stop the screams.”

“The military’s abusive response to the Saudi Star attack is only making an already turbulent situation in Gambella worse,” Lefkow said. “After what the people in the region have suffered at the government’s hands, the only thing that will begin to clear the air is a comprehensive and independent inquiry into the situation.”

A 17-year-old girl from Abobo woreda who had recently arrived in South Sudan said that soldiers killed her father when he refused to move from their farm near Tegne to the new village: “We were sitting at our farm and soldiers came up to us: ‘Do you accept to be relocated or not?’ ‘No.’ So they grabbed some of us. ‘Do you want to go now?’ ‘No.’ Then they shot my father and killed him. We all fled into the bush. I still do not know where my sister or husband is.

Human Rights Watch urged the Ethiopian government to stop the arbitrary arrests, beatings, and intimidation of Gambella residents and to release those who have been arbitrarily detained. The government should investigate and prosecute military personnel and officials implicated in human rights violations associated with the villagization process.

More details are at: … rture-rape

Bereket Simon office denies Al Amoudi is dead

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

Ethiopian Review editor has called Bereket Simon’s office this morning to verify if the TPLF regime propaganda minister knows whether Ethiopian-Saudi billionaire Al Amoudi is dead. His assistant refused to connect us to Bereket but denied the report. Click here to listen here.

BREAKING NEWS: Al Amoudi is dead

Monday, August 27th, 2012

Ethio-Saudi billionaire Ato Mohamed Al Amoudi, one of the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s closest friends, has died today in Saudi Arabia after receiving medical treatment in London, Ethiopian Review Intelligence Unit sources reported this afternoon.

Ethiopian Review could not confirm this breaking news from more than one source, but the source is credible enough for us to report it.

As we prepared to report the news, the TPLF-controlled Ethiopian Television (ETV) this evening reported that Al Amoudi has arrived in Addis Ababa today, but showed only an old photo. ETV reported Al Amoudi’s arrival in Ethiopia with an old photo to preempt any talk of Al Amoudi’s death which could turn people’s attention away from Meles Zenawi’s burial program that is scheduled for next Sunday, September 2, according to Ethiopian Review analysts.

stay tuned for more update.

A Farewell to Meles Zenawi

Monday, August 27th, 2012

By Alemayehu G.Mariam

For over two hundred seventy five weeks, without missing a single week, I have written long expository commentaries on the deeds and misdeeds of the man who has been at the helm of power in Ethiopia for over two decades. Meles Zenawi has now passed on. The cause of his death remains a closely guarded state secret.

There is little I can say about what Meles has done or not done in death that I have not said in life. But his death saddens me, because as John Donne said, “Any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankind. Death comes equally to us all, and makes us all equal when it comes.” As a committed human rights advocate, even the death of a tyrant diminishes me because I am involved in the cause of humanity– justice, fairness, equality, dignity, benevolence, compassion, forgiveness, honesty, integrity and magnanimity.

I bid Meles farewell not in words of lamentation or grievance but in words that record lost opportunities yet express hope, optimism and confidence in the future of Ethiopia.

Meles Zenawi was a man who had an appointment with destiny. Fate had chosen him to play a historic role in Ethiopia and beyond. He was one of the leaders of a rebel group that fought and defeated a brutal military dictatorship that had been in power for 17 years. In victory, Meles promised democracy, respect for democratic liberties and development. But as the years wore on, Meles became increasingly repressive, intolerant of criticism and in the end became as tyrannical as the tyrant he had replaced. In his last years, he created a police state reinforced by a massive security network of spies and surveillance technology. He criminalized press freedom and civil society institutions. He crushed dissent and all opposition. He spread fear and loathing that penetrated the remotest parts of the countryside. For over 21 years, Meles clutched the scepter of power in his hands and cast away the sword of justice he held when he marched into the capital from the bush in 1991. Meles was feared, disliked and demonized by his adversaries. He was loved, admired, idealized and idolized by his supporters. In the end, Meles died a man who had absolute power which had corrupted him absolutely. In his relentless pursuit of absolute power, Meles missed his appointment with destiny to become a peerless and exemplary Ethiopian leader.

But who was the Meles Zenawi we saw morphing from a promising democrat into a flagitious dictator over the past 21 years? Who was the man we accuse of human rights violations and crimes against humanity? Who was the man we blame for the stillbirth of democracy in Ethiopia and the creation of “an African police state” as CNN recently characterized it? Is he alone responsible for the suffering and woe that have befallen that poor nation? Perhaps some may be surprised to hear one of Meles’ severest critics in life raising such questions in his death. But the truth must be told.

We created and nurtured Meles over the past 21 years. We were his aiders and abettors. We share responsibility in his deeds and misdeeds. “We” are the great nations who lionized and gave billions of dollars to Meles every year even as we meticulously documented his massive record of human rights violations year after year. “We” are the members of the political party that controls 99.6 percent of the seats in parliament who rubber-stamped his repressive laws that criminalized journalists and civil society organizations and made “terrorists” out of our best and brightest youth. “We” are the judges who made a travesty of justice by subverting the halls of justice into kangaroo courts. “We” are the soldiers, police and security operatives who used our guns on innocent civilians. “We” are the civil servants who stood at Meles’ beck and call and did his bidding unquestioningly. “We” are the journalists for state media who covered up and justified his violations of human rights. “We” are the businessmen and women who profited from official corruption to line our pockets. “We” are the young men and women who signed up for party membership to access opportunities in a system we knew to be corrupt. “We” are Ethiopia’s intellectuals who chose not to stand up to Meles or stand up for principle. “We” are the opposition party leaders who bickered, quarreled and quibbled when millions looked up to us to lead us on the shining path to democracy. “We” are the Ethiopian Diaspora who kept silent, turned a deaf ear, muted lips and blind eyes as ordinary Ethiopians were subjected to extrajudicial killings, dissidents and critics jailed and political prisoners tortured and abused. “We” are the individuals who could have said or done something when Meles did wrong but chose to remain silent. The truth must be told. None of us can wash off our hands the sins of silence, complicity and indifference over the past twenty-one years. So “We” all should be mindful that when we point an index finger at Meles, three fingers are pointing at ourselves.

Meles was an exceedingly ambitious man who understood power, but only the dark side of power. He could not come to terms with the truth that real power comes from the consent of the people and must be exercised in accordance with the principle of the rule of law. He held the power of life and death, but used it more for the latter. He was the policeman, judge, jury and executioner. He was the law, and his will was the law of the land. Meles was blinded to the fact that with great power comes great responsibility. He scorned the idea that those who hold power must temper it with compassion, justice and tolerance. But having absolute power made Meles feel absolutely invincible, indestructible, indomitable and unconquerable. He missed his appointment with destiny.

Meles could have been a peerless and exemplary leader in Ethiopia and in Africa. Many of the world’s dictators in history were great leaders. Their “greatness” came from their brutal subjugation of their people. But exemplary leaders achieve greatness because they are loved, revered and cherished by their people. Their greatness comes from their openness of heart, mind and soul. Nelson Mandela is a peerless and exemplary leader embraced by the entire world even though he was in office for four years and spent much of his adult life languishing in Apartheid prisons. Today he is seen as an icon of humanity. What makes Mandela an exemplary leader is not his charisma, oratory, organizing or administrative skills. Mandela was concerned about people, not power. Mandela’s first and foremost concern was dignity, the dignity of all South Africans and the dignity of all humanity. Mandela became a peerless leader because he took a single seed of love from his heart and planted in the arid soil of racial hate and watered it with goodwill, patience and tolerance. When the world wagered on a bloodbath in South Africa, in six years Mandela brought black and white South Africans together and baptized them in the holy water of truth and reconciliation. Today South Africa is a shining example of a multiracial society with its own imperfections.

Meles had an appointment with destiny to walk in Mandela’s shoes and follow in his footsteps. He could have forged a strong and united Ethiopian nation. He had the chance to build bridges that connected people across ethnic lines, roads that linked hearts and minds. But he chose the path of ethnic division and fragmentation. He chose to build edifices to decorate the cities, roads that led to nowhere and dams that damned the people and gave away the land to foreigners for pennies in the name of development and investment. Meles missed his appointment with destiny to forge a united Ethiopian nation.

Meles had an appointment with destiny to become not only a peerless and exemplary leader bust also a compassionate one. He was a man with an iron will, which was also his undoing. He was quick to anger and intemperate in his disposition. He was unkind to those over whom he had total control. When he jailed Birtukan Midekssa in December 2008, he said, “there will never be an agreement with anybody to release Birtukan. Ever. Full stop. That’s a dead issue.” Birtukan had done nothing wrong. When he denied an incubator for the premature baby of internationally-acclaimed husband and wife journalists, Serkalem Fasil and Eskinder Nega, born in prison, he showed himself lacking in fundamental human decency. When he told American diplomats that “we will crush the opposition with all our might”, he revealed himself to be a ruthless man. Whenever it was in his power to show mercy, he chose vengeance. Like Mandela, by working with his adversaries, Meles could have made them his partners and eventually his friends. He missed his appointment with destiny.

Meles had an appointment with destiny to uplift the people of Ethiopia not only materially but also in their sense of self-dignity, personal autonomy and security. Meles believed “there is no direct relationship between economic growth and democracy historically or theoretically.” But there can be no sustainable development where people are denied basic rights and are forced to resort to violence, conflict and war. The essence of humanity is dignity. It is not all about filling the belly. It is true that a hungry man is an angry man, but a hungry man hungers not only for bread but also for freedom and self-dignity. The poorest of the poor and the richest of the rich crave dignity about all else, even food. Over a quarter of a century ago, a Western reporter covering the famine in Ethiopia was stunned to find out that the famine victims at a relief center did not fight over the little bit of food that was being distributed among them. He was deeply touched by the fact that the famine victims would rather die in quiet dignity than fight their fellow victims to get a piece of bread. But dignity comes in many forms: the freedom to speak, to think, to worship, to assemble, to petition for grievances, and most importantly, freedom from fear of one’s government. Meles believed man can live by bread alone and single-mindedly championed and worshipped brick and mortar projects. He missed his appointment with destiny.

Meles was not a forgiving or a tolerant man. He was inclined to pardon once in a while when it was convenient, but not to forgive. He held the pardon he gave out as the Sword of Damocles over the heads of his pardonees. He always let them know that he could revoke his pardon and throw them back in jail at will. He preferred confrontation to negotiation, imposition of his will to compromise. He had a need to win all the time and played zero sum games. Meles missed his appointment with destiny.

Meles was a man who never admitted making mistakes. It did not seem to occur to him that he could admit mistakes and ask forgiveness for deeds done in error or take actions to correct mistakes. He could never bring himself to utter the phrases “I made a mistake” or “I am sorry.” When asked about the deaths of some 200 protesters and wounding of nearly 800 in the aftermath of the 2005 elections, his response was numbingly bureaucratic, “I regret the deaths but these were not normal demonstrations. You don’t see hand grenades thrown at normal demonstrations.” As the evidence presented by Meles’ own Inquiry Commission showed, none of the demonstrators were armed let alone carry grenades. Meles never explained and never said he was sorry for those deaths. I was transformed from an indifferent armchair academic into a resolute human rights advocate because of those killings.

Following the killings of hundreds of people in Gambella, Meles issued a whitewash report. He denied the occurrence of any human rights violations in the Ogaden, Afar and Oromia regions. He often showed conduct unbecoming of a statesman whenever others pointed out his mistakes. When his opponents challenged his policies, he called them “dirty”, “mud dwellers”, “pompous egotists” and good-for-nothing “chaff” and “husk.” He humiliated and demeaned parliamentarians who challenged him with probing questions or disagreed with him. He characterized the work of the European Union election observers in the 2010 election as “garbage”. He described the Voice of America as the voice of genocide similar to one of the infamous Rwandan radio stations in the mid-1990s. He never apologized to those he had wronged.

Meles insisted on being right all the time. He did not seem to believe that he can learn from his mistakes and failures. Meles once acknowledged he may have made a mistake. Responding to a journalist’s question about Diaspora Ethiopians protesting his overseas visits, Meles said, “We may be at fault in some way. I am sorry. That maybe we didn’t communicate well enough to those Ethiopians living abroad what is happening, what we are doing here.” He missed his appointment with destiny by failing to effectively communicate with Diaspora Ethiopians.

Meles could have been an exemplary leader if he had upheld the rule of law. He often talked about “our Constitution” and the rule of law but rarely followed either. He was the object of relentless criticism by all international human rights organizations for disregarding Ethiopia’s Constitution and international human rights treaties and conventions. Every year, the U.S. State Department Human Rights Report documented massive human rights violations as did so many other international human rights organizations. But he was dismissive of such reports. For the Meles regime, human rights organizations were “highly frustrated and self-appointed kingmaker institutions in the U.S.” bent on “tarnishing the image of the country.” He missed his appointment with destiny.

Meles was a man with a mission. He confused mission with vision. He spoke of an “Ethiopian Renaissance” and some say he “wanted to restore Ethiopia to its former glory”. But many doubted his motives and even his true allegiance to the country. In his speech on the Ethiopian millennium in 2007, he lamented the fact that “at the dawn of the new millennium, ours is one of the poorest countries in the world.” But he was reassuring: “A thousand years from now, when Ethiopians gather to welcome the fourth millennium, they shall say the eve of the third millennium was the beginning of the end of the dark ages in Ethiopia.” Sadly, many before him have been driven by the same impulse to resurrect ancient glory. They failed in Berlin and Rome over one-half century ago and more recently in Tripoli and Bagdad. Though they built roads, dams and magnificent edifices and waged war, they were all consigned to the dustbin of history.

Our Appointment With Destiny

We the living now have a new appointment with destiny. But before we keep our appointment, we must face the truth and come to terms with Meles’ legacy. The truth is that the faults and vices we ascribe to Meles are not his alone. We have been known to hunger and lust for power, to put our partisan interests above the common good, to manifest dictatorial impulses even when we are out of power, trade principle for convenience and self-interest, behave with intolerance, become condemnatory instead of conciliatory, deny making mistakes and above all find every excuse not to say, “I am sorry” when we make mistakes. We cannot right Meles’ wrongs until we acknowledge our own.

Condemning the memory of Meles as we move forward will serve no purpose. It will only continue the tradition of grievance and victimhood and culture of antagonism. Meles’ legacy should not be that he continues to rule from grave. We must learn the right lessons from his 21-year rule and move forward to heal the open wounds of fear, loathing and antagonism. There is no need to perpetuate historic hatreds. We must strive for love, wisdom and compassion towards one another. Now that Meles has passed, we can all put Mandela’s shoes, put our noses to the grind stone and together build an Ethiopia on a solid foundation of the rule of law, respect for human rights and democracy. The question we now face is clear: Will we also miss our appointment with destiny?

Beginning earlier this year, I have been writing about “Ethiopia’s inevitable transition from dictatorship to democracy”. I have outlined various scenarios on what could happen during the transition. Today the dictatorship of one man in Ethiopia is over, but dictatorship itself is alive and well. To complete the transition to democracy and make our appointment with destiny, we must take resolute steps to begin a national dialogue for reconciliation. As we prepare for this dialogue, we must make the release of all political prisoners and repeal of the oppressive “anti-terrorism and civic society” laws job number one.

On the Road to Good Governance and Democracy

I have relentlessly chronicled the deeds and misdeeds of Meles Zenawi for some years now. I had nothing personal against the man. I never knew him. But I have followed and studied his politics, actions and speeches. I have disagreed with him on practically everything because I have been tunnel-visioned on human rights. My singular cause is human rights in Ethiopia. I got involved in Ethiopian human rights following the massacre of unarmed protesters in the aftermath of the 2005 elections. I have looked at Meles’ deeds and misdeeds through the prism of human rights. I am an ardent human rights advocate and if that be a fault, I proudly embrace it.

I believe Meles had an appointment with destiny to live and die as a hero and make the whole country his tomb. His epitaph could have recorded great deeds inscribed not on granite but enshrined in the hearts of his countrymen and women. As a human rights advocate, I am pained to think of Meles’ legacy in the dark vision of the victims of the 2005 massacres, the subhuman prisons that warehouse the hundreds of thousands of political prisoners, the courts which became political tools, the subversion of the rule of law and so on.

I have sought for some signs that Meles at least believed in human rights in the abstract. I shall give him the benefit of doubt that he did. In an interview with Al Jazeera in 2007, Meles said, “I’d hope that my legacy would be one of sustained and accelerated development that would pull Ethiopia out of the massive deep poverty that it was mired in, full and total stabilization of the country, radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy. I’d hope by the time I retire, we’d have made significant strides in all of those in the future.” By the time of his death in 2012, the “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy” had seen a radical regression into tyranny and despotism. The “future” Meles spoke of is now. We should all work collectively to implement his aspirations for “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy” now. This is Meles’ legacy his surviving officials should acknowledge openly and work with others to implement as the ultimate tribute to Meles’ leadership. The “radical improvement in good governance and democracy” begins with the release of all political prisoners, repeal of antiterrorism and civil society and other oppressive laws and declaration of allegiance to the rule of law. As the Ethiopian new year is just around the corner, we can all begin afresh on the road to “radical improvements in good governance and democracy”.

I wish I would have been able to deliver a eulogy that celebrated Meles’ two-decade old tenure in power; to speak of a man who was a hero in life and in death; a man for whom men, women and children flooded the streets of their own free will to express heart felt sorrow and shed tears. I wish I could have spoken of a man who made his appointment with destiny and became a peerless and exemplary leader. The greatest homage I can pay Meles in death as one of his severest critics in life is to uphold and defend his vision of “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy” in Ethiopia.

Meles once told a journalist that “if Ethiopians thought he [was a dictator] I would not sleep at night. But I don’t believe they do.” But I am afraid the very last words Meles heard before he fell “asleep” were the words of a young Ethiopian journalist. In response to a question on whether he ever imagined he would be in power for so long, Meles was reflective: “That was clearly not what I expected. It’s happened. I don’t regret it but I just hope that, at the end of it all, it will have been worth it.” I sincerely hope it was all worth it for him.

Let others speak of Meles as a “visionary” leader, “an African leader of major historical significance” and write his glorious hagiography. I shall bid him farewell by paraphrasing Shakespeare in Julius Caesar.

Men at some time are masters of their fates:

The fault, dear Meles, is not in our stars,

But in ourselves, that we are underlings.

And so,

Friends, Ethiopians, countrymen and women, lend me your ears;

It is time to bury Meles, not to praise him.

The evil that men do lives after them;

The good is oft interred with their bones;

So let it be with Meles.


TPLF splinter group undermines new PM Hailemariam Desalegne (analysis)

Monday, August 27th, 2012

Here is the reason: Soon after Bereket announced Hailemariam Desalegne as honourable acting PM, It didn’t take the potential TPLF splinter group to accuse the Seyum-Bereket lead group for trespassing the constitution i.e., only the parliament could bestow the title of either acting or PM until the next election. So Bereket was in hot water for jumping the gun.
Since the constitution doesn’t clearly stipulate on terms related to succession of the PM, it is open for all kind of interpretation. As you all remember Aboy Sebhat was hinting that if the parliament wishes, it could change PMs hundred times. The splinter group forced the Seyum-Bereket lead group which is working with the help of American Administration to appoint Hailemariam Desalegne as PM until 2015 and make sure the status quo continues. The debate got heated and The Bereket- Seyum lead group agreed to summon the parliament immediately to give the appointment of Hailemariam a constitutional backing and move on. However, the splinter group asked to have the respective fronts to meet and discuss the matter and then convene an EPRDF meeting before the matter goes to the parliament. Technically, the splinter group wants to subject the appointment of Hailemariam for discussion which didn’t sit well with Seyum-Bereket lead group and US admin. Obama, after learning the wrangling within top TPLF leaders, called Hailemariam to affirm his support for his appointment.
Bereket who tried to cover up for the postmen of the parliamentary session which was supposed to crown Hailemariam as PM by reasoning that the people need time to mourn and the parliament in response to people’s out pouring grieve, decided to postpone the session. However, Bereket never gave an alternative date which is a sign of a discord between the feuding groups on succession plans. Bereket’s facial expression has been saying it all, he is on hot water. Bereket and et al who have Eritrean origin and who have been at the helm by Meles’ unflinching support are now at risk of losing their job. Many insiders believe that Bereket’s, Neway and others who were running the primer’s office now are better advised to seek employment somewhere else.

የ21 ዓመታት መከራን ያላገናዘበ የወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍን መሪር ሀዘን

Monday, August 27th, 2012

በፍቅሬ ዘለቀው (ኖርዎይ)

የኢትዮጵያ ሳተላይት ቴሌቪዥን (ኢሳት) እና የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ የሽግግር ም/ቤት ታማኝ ምንጮችን ጠቅሰው የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊን ዜና እረፍት ካወጁ እነሆ ከአርባ ቀናት በላይ አለፈው። ይሁን እንጂ አቶ በረከት ስምዖን የሚመሩት የኮምኒኬሽን ሚኒስቴር ቢሮ ሲያቀናብረውና ሲያሰራጨው ከነበረው የውሸት ድራማ፣ አይቀሬነቱ ደርሶ እነሆ በ15/12/04 ዓ.ም ውዥንብር ውስጥ ከተውት ለነበረው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ይፋ ተደርጓል። ይህንንም ተከትሎ የአቶ መለስ ቤተሰቦች፣ ዘመዶች፣ ወዳጆች፣ ደጋፊዎችና የስርዓቱ ተጠቃሚዎች መሪር ሀዘናቸውን እየገለፁና በማስገደድ እያስለቀሱን ይገኛሉ።
የኢህአዲግ አጋር የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች፣ የክልል መስተዳድር አካላት፣ በአምሳላቸው ተጠፍጥፈው የተሰሩ የተለያዩ የሲቪክ ማህበራት ሐላፊዎች፣ የመንግስት ሠራተኞች፣ ታዋቂ ነጋዴዎች፣ ግለሰቦችና ከመቼውም በላይ በሥርዓቱ ተጠቂ የሆኑውን ብዙሀን ማሕበረሰብ በካድሬዎች እየተገደዱ፣ እንደ ጣዖት ለሚያመልኩት መሪያቸው ሕዝቡን በማስፈራራት በርሀብ በጠበሰ አንጀት እያስለቀሱና ድራማ እያሰሩት ይገኛሉ። እጅግ በጣም የሚገርመው ደግሞ የጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች፣ ለማኞችና በሆስፒታል የተኙ በሽተኞች የመሪያችሁን ሀዘን ወጥታችሁ ግለፁ መባላቸው የሰሜን ኮሪያው መሪ ኪሚል ሱንግ በሞተ
ጊዜ ከተፈፀመው በከፋ ሁኔታ ከላይ ከመንግስት በወረደ ትዕዛዝ እምባ ለማውጣት ሲታገሉ ማየት የሚያሳፍርም የሚገርምም ነው።
እንኳን የሀገር መሪ ቀርቶ፣ አንድ ተራ ግለሰብ የተወሰኑ ወዳጆች ሊኖረው እንደሚችል የታወቀ ቢሆንም፣ በአንፃሩ ግን የሥርዓቱ መሪዎችና ካድሬዎች አቶ መለስን ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ አልፎ በአፍሪካና በዓለም ህዝብም ዘንድ የተወደደ፣ የተከበረና እንከን የለሽ እንደነበረ አድርጎ ለማቅረብ እንዲሁም ከንቱ ድርጅታቸውን በሕዝብ ዘንድ የተወደደ ለማስመሰል ሲጥሩ መታየት፣ ግብዞች መሆናቸውን ከማሳየት ባሻገር በምንም መለኪያ የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ ልብ ሊያማልሉ እንደማይችሉ የ1997 ዓ.ም ሕዝባዊ የተቃዋሚዎች ድጋፍ ሰልፍና የምርጫ ውጤት ሕዝቡ ምን ያህል እንደጠላቸው የሚያሳዩ የጎሉ ምስክሮች
ለመሆናቸው የሚያውቁት ሐቅ ነው። የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቅርስ በጥቂት የሕወሓት አቀንቃኞችና እንደ ወርቅ በቆጠሩት እፍኝ በማይሞሉ የትግራይ ቁንጮዎች ይሆን እንደሆን እንጂ ከዚያ የበለጠ ሊሆን አይችልም።
እንደ ሰብዓዊ ፍጡር በተለይም እንደ ኢትዮጵያዊያን እምነትና ባህል የየትኛውም ሰው ሞት ለማንም ደስታን አይሰጥም። በተለይም ለአፍቃሪው፣ ለኑሮ አጋሩ፣ ለቤተሰቡ፣ ለወዳጅ ዘመዱ በጣም የሚመር ሀዘንን፣ ብቸኝነትን፣ ጎደሎነትንና ረዳት አልባነትን ስለሚፈጥር እጅግ ቢበድል እንኳን ሲሞት በቀብሩ ወይም በማስተዛዘኛ ቦታ ላይ ቢያንስ ይገኛል አለበለዚያም ለእግዚያብሔር አሳልፎ ይሰጣል እንጂ ማንም ለማንም ምኞቱ አይሆንም።ታዲያ በእግዚያብሄር ሐይል ባለቤታቸው የተወሰደባቸው የቀድሞዋ ቀዳማዊት እመቤት ወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍንን የመረረ ሀዘን ለተመለከተ እንደሰብዓዊ ፍጡርና እንደ ቤተሰብ አባልነት የማያዝን አይኖርም።
የአቶ መለስ አስከሬን ለአንድ ወር ሙሉ ከተቀመጠበት ማቀዝቀዣ ፍሪጅ ውስጥ አውጥተው አዲስ አበባ በገባበት ምሽትና ወ/ሮ አዜብ የባለቤታቸውን አስከሬን በተረከቡበት ወቅት፣ ……. ወይኔ ተቀጣሁ፣ እንኳን ደህና መጣችሁ፣ …… መለስ ግን የለም፣ ….. ቤታችን ቀዝቅዟል፣ …… አልጋው ባዶ ነው፣ ሲሉ የተሰሙት ትራሱን በእጃቸው አቅፈው ይዘው ነበር። በመሪር ሀዘን ውስጥ ለምትገኙት ለአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቤተሰቦች፣ ዘመዶች፣ ጓደኞችና ወዳጆች የማቀርበው አንድ መሠረታዊ ጥያቄ አለኝ፤- በአቶ መለስ፣ በሕወሓት ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናትና በእርሳቸው እውቅና (ወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍን) የወልቃይ ጠገዴ እና ጠለምት ጀግና ሕዝብን የእኩይ ተግባራቸው ተባባሪ ባለመሆኑ ወንዶች እየተመረጡ፣ የአልጋ ቁራኛ (በሽተኛ) ሳይቀር የወያኔ ስቆቃ መፈፀሚያ ባዶ-6 በተባለ እስር ቤት በማጎር በተፈፀመባቸው ስቃይ ብዛት ሰውነታቸው እስኪተላ ተገርፈው ዘር ማጥፋት በሚባል መልኩ የተጨፈጨፉ፣ በ21 ዓመታት ብልሹ አስተዳደር ሳቢያ በወለጋ፣ በአርሲ፣ በጋምቤላ፣ በሶማሊያ፣ በቤንሻንጉል፣ በሐረር፣ በሞያሌ፣ ወዘተ… በብሔርና ጎሳ ግጭት ምክንያት በከፊል ወይም ሙሉ በሙሉ የአንድ ቤተሰብ አባላት የተጨፈጨፉ፣ ዋጋቢስ ለሆነ ኢትዮ-ኤርትራ ጦርነት በአገር ሉዓላዊነት ስም ተግዘው ደመ- ከልብ የሆኑ፣ በቀናነት አገራቸውንና ወገናቸውን ሲያገለግሉ በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ፀጥታ አስከባሪ ተብየዎች በጠራራ ፀሐይ በጥይት የተገደሉት የኢትዮጵያ መምህራን ማህበር አመራር የነበሩት የአቶ አሰፋ ማሩ፣ በወያኔ እሥር ቤት ማቀውና በሽተኛ ተደርገው የሞቱት የኢትዮጵያና ኢትዮጵያዊያን አለኝታ የነበሩት የፕሮፌሰር አሥራት ወልደየስና የመላው አማራ ሕዝብ ድርጅት አባላትን በማናለብኝና እብሪት የተገረፉ፣ የተሳደዱ፣ በአደባባይ ላይ የተረሸኑና እስካሁንም ያሉበት ያልታወቁ፣ እንደነ ሸብሬ ደሳለኝ ዓይነት ለጋ ወጣቶች፣ ሕፃናት ልጆች፣ ሽማግሌዎችና አሮጊቶች፣ በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ቀጥተኛ
ትዕዛዝ ርህራሄና ስብዕና እንደሌለው በሚነገርለት በአረመኔ አጋዚ የትግርኛ ተናጋሪ ቅልብ ወታደር በጎዳና፣ በበር፣ በመጫዎቻ ሜዳ ላይ ጭንቅላት ጭንቅላታቸው እየተመታ የተገደሉ፣ አካላቸው የጎደለ፣ የተገረፉ፣ የተሰደዱና የአዕምሮ በሽተኞች የሆኑበት የ1997 ብሔራዊ ምርጫ ተጎጂዎች፣ በሚደርሰው ኢኮኖሚያዊ፣ ማህበራዊና ፖለቲካዊ ቀውስ ሳቢያ ወደ አረብ አገራት በመሰደድ የሚሰቃዩ፣ ህይወታቸውን የሚያጠፉና በአሠሪዎቻቸው የሚገደሉ ለጋ ሴት እህቶቻችን፣ በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ አምባገነን አስተዳደር ስቃይ፣ ግርፋት፣እስርና ግድያ ሲሸሹ ውሀ ያስቀራቸውና በሰውነት የውስጥ አካል ነጋዴዎች እየተገደሉ በሰሃራ በረሃ ያለ ቀባሪ አሸዋ ውስጥ ተቀብረው የቀሩ፣ የወያኔው ኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቪዥን ለቅፅበት እንኳን ያላያቸው እንዲሁም የትኛውም የዜና አውታር ያልዳሰሳቸው ነገር ግን
ቤት የሚቆጥራቸው፣ በተረሪስት ስም በውሸት ድራማ ተቀናብሮ በቃሊቲ፣ ከአዲስ አበባ ወጣ ብሎ በሚገኘው ቀሌንጦና የተለያዩ እስር ቤቶች ታስረው የሚማቅቁና በእስር ቤቶች በስቃይ ብዛት ህይወታቸው ያለፈ፣ ወዘተ…… ቤተሰቦች፣ አፍቃሪዎች፣ ወላጆች፣ ዘመዶች፣ጓደኞችና ወዳጆችስ ስቃይ፣ መሪር ሀዘን፣ እሮሮ፣ ደም እንባ ማንባት፣ የመሳሰሉት ለአንዲት ሰኮንድ ትዝ ብሏችሁ ያውቅ ነበርን???
እንግዲያውስ እንደናንተው ወይም ከእናንተ እጅግ በላቀ መጠን ተንሰቅስቀዋል፣ ሀዘናቸውን በቀል ለሚመልስ አምላክ ተንበርክከው በዓይናቸው ያሳያቸው ዘንድ አንብተዋል፣ እስካሁንም እያነቡ ይገኛሉ። እነዚህ ከላይ የተጠቀሱትን ተጎጂ ቤተሰቦች ሐዘን ከአቶ መለስ ቤተሰብ የከፋ የሚያደርገው ወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍን ሙሾ እንዳወረዱት ዓይነት ብቻ ሳይሆን ልጆች ያለ አሳዳጊ መቅረት፣ የእለት ጉርሳቸውን በማጣት ወንዶች ልጆች የጎዳና ተዳዳሪ መሆንና ሴቶች ልጆቻቸው በመንገድ ዳር በመቆም ክብረ-ሥጋቸውን ለመሸጥ መገደዱ፣ በድህነት ተቆራምደው ያሳደጓቸው ልጆቻቸው በመገደላቸውና ከአረመኔው
ሥርዓት ሲሸሹ ከታሰበበት ቦታ ሳይደርሱ በመንገድ ላይ የቀሩ የስደተኛ እናቶች ጧሪ አልባ መሆን ወዘተ፣ ወዘተ፣ ወዘተ፣….ነው።
ስለዚህ እናንተ የዚህ ሀዘን ተጠቂዎች የሆናችሁና በዚህ ሥርዓት ስም ሕዝብን ያሳዘናችሁና የበደላችሁ ሆይ የኑሮ አጋር ያደረጉት፣ ያፈቀሩት፣ የወደዱት፣ የወለዱትና ያሳደጉት ሲገደል ወይም ሲሞት እንደዚህ ከማሳዘን፣ መሪር እንባ ከማስነባቱም በላይ ብቸኝነትን፣ ጎደሎነትን፣ ረዳት አልባነትን፣ አለመረጋጋትን፣ በሽተኝነትንና እብደትንም ስለሚያስከትል ነገም በእኔ በማለት ካለፈው ስህተት ተምራችሁ በመተሳሰብና በመተዛዘን ለመኖር ፍርድን የማያጓድል እግዚያብሔር ማስተዋልን ይሰጣችሁ ዘንድ ምኞቴ ነው።ኢትዮጵያንና ሕዝቧን እግዚያብሔር ይባርክ!!!!
August 26, 2012,
ፀሐፊውን በ ሊደርሱት ይችላሉ፤፤

Seyoum Mesfin, Sufian Ahmed and Indrias Eshete critically ill

Monday, August 27th, 2012

Indrias EsheteUPDATE: A local newspaper is reporting that Prof Indrias Eshete is dead. Read here.

Acting head of the ruling TPLF junta in Ethiopia, Seyoum Mesfin, Finance Minister Sufian Ahmed and former Addis Ababa University President Indrias Eshete are critically ill, according to an Ethiopian Review correspondent in Addis Ababa.

Both Seyoum Mesfin and Indrias Eshete looked emaciated recently. Both have been avoiding public appearance for a while.

The armed forces chief of staff Samora Yenus is also sick and unable to attend meetings, our sources are reported.

Seyoum and Samora are sick with AIDS, while Indrias has kidney disease and is terminally, the sources added.

The frail looking Samora has been in Germany until recently and he returned to Addis Ababa only to participate in the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral ceremony.

Seyoum also looks to be terribly frail and he has missed several high level TPLF meetings over the past few days, sources inside the ruling party told Ethiopian Review.

Meanwhile, we are able to confirm that TPLF co-founder and former chairman Sebhat Nega is currently under house arrest and his house in Bole is surrounded by undercover security agents.

Ethiopia: The calm before the storm?

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

By Moses Walubiri

THE death, early this week, of Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has cast a pall of uncertainty over one of Africa’s most populous nations.

After his guerrilla movement drew curtains on Mengistu Haile Mariam’s dictatorship in 1991, the suave former guerrilla leader has dominated the Ethiopian political landscape in a manner eerily reminiscent of Africa’s strongmen of a bygone era – Ivory Coast’s Boigny and former Zaire’s (now DRC) Marshal Mobutu.

Although Zenawi’s 21 years at the helm have been devoid of the brazen thieving typical of the high noon days of Mobutu, or the amply documented regal lifestyle of Boigny, it has nevertheless been characterized by a trait that sent Ivory Coast and DRC into a tailspin of destruction – sacrificing institutions at the altar of a powerful presidency.

True, Zenawi had not yet managed to either bask in the hero worship or build a personality cult around his presidency that Boigny, Mobutu, Kamuzu Banda and Togo’s great helmsman, Gnasingibe Eyadema famously pulled off in the heydays of their reigns.

But before that ‘great equalizer’ – the Grim Reaper – scythed him in a Belgian hospital, tell-tell signs had started to emerge that Zenawi’s intolerance to dissenting voices and his love for an all-powerful presidency might leave Ethiopia vulnerable to the instability that befell DRC and Ivory coast when Mobutu and Boigny passed on.

A powerful presidency has a tendency to decimate national institutions which would, under functioning democracies, create checks and balances and provide avenues for vital reforms.

In their absence – as the case was with Zaire and Ivory Coast during Mobutu and Boigny’s reigns – tensions continue to simmer under a supposedly placid political climate.

In essence, the proverbial calm before the storm prevails as long as the big chief lives and reigns.

All the tensions related to tribal divisions that normally define African politics are driven underground with all the fissures that would help reduce the tension – say recognized political opposition – firmly sealed.

Ivory Coast walked this tragic slippery path in the wake of Boigny’s death after more than 30 years at the helm.

The West African country that had been a virtual island of tranquility in a turbulent West African sea (Sierra Leon and Liberia at that time were in the throes of civil wars) descended into a vicious conflagration which, at some point, threatened to split the country into two.

And the prime cause? Simmering tribal tensions and bigotry between North and Southern Ivorians that Boigny chose to play to his advantage during his presidency.

Even with the main war over after Alasane Outtara’s electoral victory last year, the country is still tittering on the precipice as armed bandits allied to former president, Laurent Gbagbo, have taken to attacking security apparatuses.

As for DRC, the mineral rich country has been waltzing with destruction since Mobutu’s ouster and subsequent demise in Morocco 15 years ago.

His three decades at the helm had turned him into the guardian angel between anarchy and stability for a country the size of Western Europe.

I exchanged ‘barbs’ with a host of colleagues over Zenawi’s mixed legacy of laudable macro-economic reforms and rolling back of civil liberties. And I am not seeking to cast aspersion on him because it’s Un-African.

However, the pervading jittery that Ethiopia might unravel at the seams because Zenawi has died is not only a damning indictment of his 21 years at the helm, but also a reminder that its strong institutions and not rulers that can guarantee any country’s future stability.

Without strong institutions, any leader builds his legacy on sands.

As one who had found his niche as a key regional Western ally against terrorism and as a suave and savvy leaders who had few parallels in articulating Africa’s vision in international forums, Zenawi would surely turn in his grave if Ethiopia went up in flames after his demise.

Source: … rship.aspx

የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ጊዜያዊ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ እያወዛገበ ነው

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

ነሀሴ ፲፱ (አስራ ዘጠኝ ) ቀን ፳፻፬ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከአራት ቀናት በፊት የ ኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቪዥን የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን ሞት ይፋ ባደረገበት ወቅት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እና የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ፤አቶ መለስን ተክተው በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት እንደሚሰሩ መወሰኑን ይፋ ቢያደርግም፤ በተለይ በህወሀት በኩል በተቀሰቀሰ ከፍተኛ ተቃውሞ እስካሁን የ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ሹመት ሊጸድቅላቸው እንዳልቻለ የኢሳት የውስጥ ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል።

አቶ ሀይለማርያም ፤የአቶ መለስ አስከሬን ከብራሰልስ አዲስ አበባ የገባ ዕለት ምሽት በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ጽህፈት ቤት ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ ሢሰጡ፤ “መለስን መተካት ከባድ ነው” ማለታቸው ይታወሳል።

አቶ ሀይለማርያም ይህን ያሉት፤ በእርግጥ ከልባቸው ይሆን?ወይስ የስልጣን ሽኩቻው ሰለባ ላለመሆን ካደረባቸው ስጋት? ወይስ በሌላ አስገዳጅ ተጽዕኖ፤ እስካሁ የታወቀ የለም።

ከዚያም በማግስቱ በዕረፍት ላይ የሚገኘው ፓርላማ አስቸኳይ ስብሰባ መጠራቱ ተነገረ።

ስብሰባው የተጠራው የአቶ ሀይለማርያምን የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ሹመት ለማጽደቅ ነበር።

ሆኖም የስብሰባ ጥሪ በተደረገ በዚያኑ ዕለት ምሽት የኮሙኒኬሽን ጽህፈት ቤት ሚኒስቴር ስብሰባው ላልተወሰነ ጊዜ እንደተላለፈ አስታወቀ።

ስብሰባው የተላለፈበትን ምክንያት ግን አልገለፀም። የኢሳት የውስጥ ምንጮች እንደሚሉት፤ ስብሰባው ሊሰረዝ የቻለው በአቶ ሀይለማርያም የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ሹመት በተለይ በህወሀት እና በብአዴን ቡድኖች መካከል ከፍ ያለ ሽኩቻ በመፈጠሩ ሳቢያ ድርጅቱ አንድ አቋም ላይ ሊደርስ ባለመቻሉ ነው።

ለዚህም ነው የ ኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቪዥን ከትናንት በስተያ ምሽት በዜና እወጃው ከሶስት ቀናት በፊት አቶ መለስን ተክተው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሆነዋል ያላቸውን አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝን፦” ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እና የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር” በማለት በቀድሞው ማዕረጋቸው የጠራቸው፦

ከዚህም ባሻገር በሌሎች የሥልጣን ቦታዎች ላይ ያለው ፍትጊያ አይሎ መውጣቱን የጠቀሱት ምንጮቹ፤ቀደም ሲል በከፍተኛ የድርጅቱ አባላት መካከል የነበሩ ቂሞችም የሚፈነዱበት ደረጃ ላይ ደርሰዋል ብለዋል።

አቶ በረከት ስምዖን ከትናንት በስተያ በሰጡት ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ የኢህአዴግ ከፍተኛ አመራሮች እና ባለስልጣናት በታጋይ መለስ መስመር አንድ ላይ እንዲሄዱ ሲማጸኑ መደመጣቸው ይታወሳል።

The Misguided Drama of TPLF Diehards

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

Selam Beyene, PhD

Without regard to the opportunity presented by the death of the late autocrat Meles Zenawi to initiate dialogue, atone for the crimes committed by the ethnic-based regime, and reach out to the vast majority of the Ethiopian people they have disfranchised, impoverished and subjected to untold levels of oppression and misery in over two decades tyranny, the cadres of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) that still hold the reins of power in Ethiopia are harassing the people as they frantically prepare to make a distasteful spectacle of the despot’s funeral services, fashioned after the theatrics of North Korea’s Kim dynasty.

In a bizarre and primitive public relations ploy, the cadres kept in the dark a country of over eighty million people and the rest of the world about the circumstances of the tyrant’s ailment and death for months, thereby revealing a collective state of mind that is unstable and a leadership cohort that lacks human decency and the basic elements of governance and good diplomacy.

When the death of the dictator was eventually disclosed, largely under pressure from the international donor community, the cadres again stunned the world by their lack of tactfulness, understanding of the nuances of the occasion and ability to conceal their panic, shame and naked desire to perpetuate the failed policies of an ethnic-based and corrupt system.

As a venomous serpent that has most of its head severed, the TPLF is now convinced that its continued survival hinges only on the portrayal of a larger-than-life picture of the fallen tyrant and taking refuge in the shadow of such a portrait. Accordingly, while waging fierce internal struggles for control and leadership positions, the cadres are mobilizing all resources at their disposal to bid a dramatic and repugnant sendoff to their deceased boss in the vain hope of carrying on his wicked legacy.

Since the official announcement of the dictator’s expiration, Ethiopia has been in a state of siege. From the smallest villages in central Shoa to such regional towns as Debre Berhan, Jimma, Gondar, Adwa, Nazareth and Addis Ababa, all citizens from the unemployed to the professional, from famous singers to renowned athletes, from the army to the clergy, are ordered to display their grief over the death of the tyrant during the lengthy mourning and funeral periods. Their embassy employees in major capitals of the world are busy persuading foreign dignitaries to attend the sendoff, while corrupt African diplomats in Addis are urged to persuade their respective autocratic leaders to eulogize the life of a fallen colleague. To critical observers, the unfolding dramatic events are reminiscent of the North Korean “Great Leader” phenomenon, with the veiled but unmistakable intention of continuing the repressive policies of the deceased despot.

A Teachable Moment

If the TPLF minority rulers believe that they can continue the discredited ethnic-based policies of Zenawi with business as usual, then they have not learned from their short history or the unfolding events in their neighborhood. They should wake up from decades of denial about the crimes they have committed and the immeasurable pain and suffering they have inflicted on the people of Ethiopia, and use this occasion to build bridges between them and the rest of the country. The sinister gambit to hide under the cover of fake growth figures, phony democracy, and fanciful invincibility cannot last for much longer.

Thanks to the infantile and irresponsible ethnic policy of Zenawi, Ethiopia today is a tinderbox. The propaganda machinery and security apparatus notwithstanding, the harsh realities of life under TPLF authoritarian rule have created favorable conditions for a mass insurrection, with unpredictable and grave consequences. The sources of the billions of dollars aid money diverted to buy informants and train and maintain militias would soon dry up, and there would be no force strong enough to continue to thwart the people’s desire for freedom and democracy.

The TPLF cadres should, therefore, come to their senses and divert a calamity by integrating themselves into the Ethiopian society. It is high time they understand that a rule by a minority ethnic group, with a philosophy of inter-ethnic disharmony, corruption and anti-Ethiopianism, is doomed to be relegated to the dustbin of history.

The Hypocrisy of the West

Over that last few days, we have watched with great consternation as gullible Western diplomats made attempts to lionize the brutal dictator, instead of demonizing him for the crimes he had committed against humanity. While their expression of admiration for the late dictator as an African intellectual and economic reformer is, of course, a measure of the contempt they harbor for Africa, their irresponsible statements have the potential to send the wrong signals to the followers of the dictator who still believe they can promote the failed ideology of their deceased leader.

Much has been written about the phony growth and development figures that the despot fed to naïve donor nations and so-called development experts. The West showered the dictator with billions of dollars in direct and indirect aid, in part as payment for his mercenary role in the “fight against terror”. The tyrant used part of the money to strengthen his grip on power, while he either stashed away the rest in his foreign bank accounts or used it to enrich his multi-billion dollar business conglomerates, such as the Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray (EFFORT). In a country that had been struggling to emerge from decades of civil war and a Soviet-style bureaucracy, a fraction of the aid money that was spent on superficial construction and other development activities, bolstered by statistics fabricated by party loyalists, was sufficient to give the impression of double-digit growth. To the naive donor institutions that are ever hungry for numbers, and to the phony academicians who are desperate to validate flawed development ideas, the fudged figures were essential inputs to complete annual reports or to corroborate fanciful theories, and hence were uncritically accepted at face value.

Sadly, the facts on the ground are horrifying. According to a recent report of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project, Ethiopia is ranked among the bottom of 213 economies over the period 1996–2010, i.e., on Zenawi’s watch, with respect to such governance dimensions as Voice and Accountability, Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law and Control of Corruption. And more shockingly, Ethiopia is ranked as the second poorest country in the world, just above Niger, based on the new international measure of poverty, the Multidimensional Poverty Index( MPI), developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.

With respect to human rights, Zenawi had the most despicable record of any leader in recent history. Since he snatched power from the previous despot, he had systematically wiped out all forms of opposition, and established a totalitarian state the likes of which had not been seen since the fall of the Berlin Wall. In 2005, when he was humiliatingly defeated at the polls, he massacred over 190 peaceful protesters, sent hundreds of thousands of suspected opposition supporters to concentration camps, and jailed all major opposition leaders. In the most recent elections, he decimated any potential rivals, and claimed 99.6% of the votes in openly rigged elections.

It is time for the West to abandon the contemptible policy of cuddling dictators in private while professing democracy and freedom in official communications. The career diplomats in the US State Department and in foreign offices of Western powers should take heed of the plight of the people under the yoke of tyranny and recalibrate their policies to ensure lasting peace and stability in these fragile parts of the world. The Pentagon in particular should immediately sever its ties with a criminal regime that does not represent the will of the people, and refrain from tarnishing its time-honored responsibility as a bulwark of freedom and democracy in an imprudent aim of achieving short-term tactical objectives.

A Golden Opportunity for the Opposition

The fractured opposition groups, both inside and outside of Ethiopia, have hitherto never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity to bring an end to the tyrannical rule of the TPLF. Now these groups have a golden opportunity to join forces and work toward the formation of a system of government that is based on democratic principles, respect of individual rights, and equal opportunity for all citizens, irrespective of ethnicity, religion or other prejudices. It is imperative that all opposition groups come together under a common platform and press the international community and the TPLF cadres to chart a robust framework for a stable, democratic and prosperous Ethiopia. In this regard, the recent announcement by the Oromo Dialogue Forum should be viewed as a step in the right directions and followed by all concerned groups. Without a united front among opposition groups, in which individual ambitions are subservient to the common good, the TPLF cadres are likely to perpetuate Zenawi’s agenda of repression, and the West will continue to thwart any internal movement for freedom and democracy.

A Call to Action

All Ethiopians back home and in the Diaspora should use this opportunity to exert pressure on the TPLF cadres and their foreign backers to chart a democratic path for Ethiopia. They should not be distracted by the misguided drama of the TPLF diehards who are futilely attempting to perpetuate the destructive ethnic policy of the late tyrant. No lavish funeral ceremony, or memorial edifices to immortalize one of the most vicious dictators in modern times should distract the people of Ethiopia from demanding their fundamental rights to live in freedom and choose their leaders without coercion and repression.

We call upon Ethiopian intellectuals to engage more aggressively in the struggle to free our people from the shackles of tyranny, deprivation and perpetual misery. Seldom in the history of the struggle against tyranny has a generation of intellectuals demonstrated such a level of inexcusable apathy as has been the case among many of the Ethiopian intellectuals in the face of unparalleled repression of the society they are a product of. Any segment of a society that is guided only by selfish principles, without regard to the common good, is destined to condemn itself and its progeny to perpetual servitude and slavery.

Lastly, we call upon donor nations and institutions to withheld any and all aid to the criminal regime until it agrees to abide by international norms of good governance, invites all opposition groups to form a government of national reconciliation, unconditionally frees all political prisoners, and immediately guarantees the rights and freedoms of all Ethiopians that are enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Without the subsidy of Western aid, the Stalinist system of government will crumble overnight, and a new era of democracy, stability and prosperity will dawn on that ancient land in the Horn of Africa.

(The writer can be reached at

Addis Ababa homeless say goodbye to the fallen dictator (video)

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

Some of the 1 million homeless people in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa went to the National Palace to bid farewell to Meles Zenawi and express their appreciation for every thing he did for them. The homeless people seemed to be genuinely grief-stricken because now there is no one to take care of them ?#$*&?^$*?. They really said that. Watch below. Meles’s death is turning out to be a great source of entertainment.

Ethiopian Review expanding its information infrastructure inside Ethiopia

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

Dear Ethiopian Review reader:

This week we are launching a regular monthly fund raising campaign to help us meet our 2012 budget goals. One week every month until the end of 2012 we will conduct an online fund raising.

With the help of our sponsors, Ethiopian Review’s web site has been able to withstand constant attacks from TPLF regime hackers and the high volume of traffic these past few weeks. However, the plan to expand our information infrastructure inside Ethiopia is lagging behind because of lack of resources, which is limiting our effort to collect valuable information.

To help expand Ethiopian Review’s capacity, particularly its ability to collect and disseminate information inside Ethiopia, we have launched a sponsorship program called 1k5. We invite you to take part in it.

The plan is to have 1,000 sponsors who are willing to contribute $5 per month (16 cents per day) or more to support Ethiopian Review. The program will be used for: 1) funding information units inside Ethiopia; 2) maximizing the web site’s technical capacity to make it faster and fight off hackers. With this program we can double Ethiopian Review’s capacity.

Ethiopian Review’s 2012 Plan is more ambitious than ever. It involves expanding our information infrastructure and network inside Ethiopia; adopting latest technologies; and forging partnerships with other pro-democracy media and groups to facilitate positive change in our country.

For Ethiopian Review to be able to succeed, we need the continued support of its readers. We have made it more simple and convenient for you to support us.

I invite you to sponsor Ethiopian Review by participating in the 1K5 Sponsorship Program. Please sign up for $5 per month. The system we have set up will automatically deduct $5 from your credit, debit, or Paypal account monthly.

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Gondar University staff ordered to attend Meles Zenawi funeral (photo)

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

Gondar University president Dr Mengesha Admassu ordered all employees to wear dark cloth and attend a memorial service for the dead dictator Meles Zenawi. Fearing opposition activity, the university excluded students from the invitation. See below the letter that was sent out to all Gondar University employees. The madness continues.

Gondar University staff ordered to mourn Meles Zenawi

Addis Ababa hospital patients dragged out of bed to visit Meles Zenawi’s body (video)

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

This is unbelievable! Even the North Koreans have not thought about dragging people out of hospitals to cry when they organized a mass hysteria last year following the death of their ‘beloved’ leader Kim Jong II. This is indeed the worst time in Ethiopian history. A once proud nation that was led by dignified leaders is being humiliated by a group of lowlife thugs.

This could be the fate of the TPLF junta (video)

Sunday, August 26th, 2012

The people of Romania were subjected to one of the most brutal dictatorship in the world for so many years, almost as brutal as what we have now in Ethiopia. One day in 1989, Romanians said enough in unison and overnight the dictator and his wife were gone. They were shot dead by their own bodyguards. Saying enough was all it took for Romanians. When Ethiopians will finally say enough, the TPLF junta will face the same ugly end. All it will take is for us to say no more, and out long nightmare will be over. September 2 could be that day. Watch below.

Bereket Simon forcing Teddy Afro to sing for Meles Zenawi

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

Teddy AfroWoyanne propaganda chief Bereket Simon, aka Addis Bob, sent his goons to pressure popular Ethiopian singer Teddy Afro to sing a song in memory of the deceased dictator Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian Review has learned.

Teddy has two choices: 1. Sing praises of the genocidal dictator and stay safe for now, but be hated for ever by the people of Ethiopia; or 2) Not sing and get harassed and persecuted by the Woyanne junta. Teddy has so far chosen to stay loyal to the people, unlike Haile Gebreselassie and other Ethiopian celebrities who have betrayed the people of Ethiopia for Woyanne crumbs.

Meanwhile, TPLF junta security forces are roaming the streets of Addis Ababa and other cities forcing people to set up tents, hang the late dictator’s photos, and beat their chest. The scene in Gonder today, in particular, was bizarre — some thing that could be right out of the Twilight Zone. Wealthy Woyanne businessmen were observed going to Tej Bet (bars) and pay azmaris (singers) to come up with songs for Meles, Ethiopian Review contact in Gondar reported.

TPLF junta orders Addis Ababa residents to set up tents for Meles Zenawi funeral

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

Meles Zenawi 'mourned'
The TPLF junta is pushing its fake grief over the death of the late khat-addicted dictator Meles Zenawi too far. The junta has now ordered Addis Ababa idirs (self-help associations) to setup tents throughout the city to mourn the dictator.

Also, in towns through out Ethiopia, people are forced to attend memorial services and are being forced to cry their eyes out or else face terrible consequences. The Adwa mafia is turning Ethiopia into a nation of zombies like North Korea.

Woyanne ‘youth’ group calls CNN’s Erin Burnett ‘unprofessional’

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

I found this on Erin Burnett’s Facebook page. It is funny these idiots who shut down all independent press in Ethiopia call Erin ‘unprofessiona.’

Dear Ms. Erin Burnett and all CNN Editorial Board

Millions of CNN’s ardent viewers are disheartened and disgusted by the one-sided and opinionated segment titled, “U.S. aid to Ethiopia helping neither us nor Ethiopians” that was aired on Aug 22, 2012 by Ms. Erin Burnett’s show OutFront program.

Ms. Burnett, United Tegaru Youth Network (UTYN), a group that has 5,000+ members would like to comment on the lack of your professionalism and credibility in your reporting. Amongst other, some of our members are journalists and aspiring journalists. In the best of our genuine and logical judgment we are unyielding to say, you brought shame to the profession. Ms. Burnett, is this how you and CNN feel about Ethiopia and or its respected late premier Meles Zenawi? Or is there unknown vendetta? We do not really expect you to know all of Ethiopia’s and our Prime Minister’s achievements in your stint trip to Ethiopia. But CNN’s viewers expect a two sided story and all you needed was to listen what other world leaders such as President Obama, Prime Minister Blair, and Ambassador Susan E. Rice have to say about our beloved and respected premier.

Is this really how other CNN’s reporters conduct their reporting, travel to a country and never even ask one single citizen of that country how they feel about their leader; yet have the audacity to label the prime minister a “totalitarian” and “dictator”? We stand to be corrected but we don’t think viewers care about your opinion, they care about the factual information that you can deliver as a journalist. As a result of its visionary and intellectual leader Ethiopia has achieved many great things on the world stage and it will continue to rise to improve the lives of its citizens who’s devoted love and determination is unquestionable.

Just a lesson for you, Ms. Burnett, Ethiopia is the only African nation to be never colonized, a country that practiced Christianity before Europeans, a country that accepted Islam before the middle East, home to the earliest human sightings and over 4 million years old human fossil, home to many Rock-Hewn Churches and other UNESCO World Heritage Sites….just to give you an idea to go back and visit and talk to its citizens. As it is said, Ethiopia is known as the cradle of humanity, Ethiopians have always decided their own destiny and it will always remain that way. However, we will always continue to have symbiotic relationship with others. Yes including “the Chinese”.

On behalf of our members and millions of Ethiopians we seek an apology from CNN and Ms. Burnett for what we perceive was racist and unprofessional reporting.

With at most sincerity,
United Tegaru Youth Network (UTYN)

የታሪክ ተጠያቂወች አንሁን፤ ክፍል አስር

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

የታሪክ ተጠያቂወች አንሁን፤***

አምባገነን ቢያልፍም፤ አምባ ገነናዊ ስርአት እንዳለ ነው።
ከፍል አስር

አክሎግ ቢራራ (ዶር)

ከ June 19, 2012 ወዲህ የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ በᎃሉ ሲያነጋግር የቆየው የጠቅላ ሚንስትር መለስ መኖር አለመኖር በኦፊሻል ደረጃ ለአለም ህዝብ ከዚህ አለም ማረፋቸው August 20, 2012 በህወሓት መንግስት ምክር ቤት አማካኝነት ይፋ ሆነ። ሰው እንደመሆናቸው መጠን፤ መለስ ዜናዊ ታመው ከዚህ አለም ማረፋቸው የፈጣሪ ስራ እንጅ የሰው ስራ አይደለም ብለን መቀበል የሰብአዊነት መለኪያችን ነው። አሰደናቂ የሆነው፤ በተከታታይ የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶስ ቤተክርስቲያን አለቃ የነበሩት በመለስ የተሾሙት አባ ፓውሎስ ማረፋቸው፤ በመለስ ጥብቅ በሽታ ዙሪያ “ኢትዮጵያ የምትመራው በሕገ መንግስት፤ በስርአት እንጅ በአንድ ሰው አይደለም፤ (መለስ ዜናዊ ቢሞቱም)፤ስር አቱ ይቀጥላል” ያሉት ጀኔራል ሳሞራ ዩንስ በጥብቅ ታመዋል፤ መባሉ ወዘተ የተያያዙ መሆናቸው የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ እያነጋገረ ነው። በዚህ ጽሁፍ ለማሳሰብ የምፈልገው ከክፍል ዘጠኝ በጣም የራቀ አይደለም። ባጭሩ፤ አምባገነኑ መለስ ከዚህ አለም ቢለዩም፤ የፈጠሩት በጠባብ ብሄርተኝነት የተመሰረተ ኢትዮጵያዊነትን አጥፊ አስተዳደር፤ አምባገነናዊ ስርአት፤ “እድገታዊ መንግስት” ብለው የሰየሙት ከነጻነት ጋር ግንኙነት የሌልው የእድገት ፈር፤ ለጥቂቶች አገልጋይና መክበሪያ የሆነው የኢኮኖሚ አመራር፤ ፕሮግራምና ፖሊሲ አይለወጥም። እንዳለ ይቆያል። የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ማረፍ ይለውጠዋል ማለት ዘብት ነው።

ከታች የመለስ ዜናዊይን ማረፍ ከማወቄ በፊት ያቀረብኩትን ትንተና እንዳለ ለአንባቢወች እነሆ። ለመጨመር የምፈልገው አበይት ጉዳይ ቢኖር፤ ለህወሓት አገልጋይ የሆነው ፓርላማ ሃይለማሪያም ደሳኝን ለጊዜው የመለስ ተተኪ ማድረጉ ነው። ይህ አሜሪካኖች በውስጥ ይገፉት የነበረ የድርድር ውጤት መሆኑን እንደገና አሳስባለሁ። መለስን በሌላ የትግራይ ተወላጅ መተካቱ የሚያመጣው ችግር በደንብ ታስቦበት የተደረገ የስልት ውጤት ነው። የደቡብ ብሄረሰብ አባል የሆኑትን ምከትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መሾሙ፤ ለህወሓት ፋታ ይሰጠዋል፤ እርሳቸው የስር አቱ አገልጋይ እንጅ የዲሞክራሳዊ ለውጥ ሃዋርያ ሊሆኑ አይችሉም። በአሁኑ ወቅት፤ በተለይ፤ ወጣቱ ትውልድ የሚጠይቀውን የፍትህ ጥያቄ ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ሊፈታው አይችልም። የሚያዋጣው፤ መለስ ዜናዊ የጠነሰሱትን በብሄር ልይኑት የተመሰረተ እራይ (Vision) ለውጦ በኢትዮጵያዊ፤ ህዝባዊ፤ ሁለ አቀፍ የሆነና ዲሞክራሳዊ እራይ መለወጥ ብቻ ነው። ይህን ለማድረግ፤ ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ልክ የጠነሰሱትና በስራ ላይ ያዋሉት ግለሰቦች ቀስ በቅስ እንደሚሞቱ ሁሉ፤ ድርጅቱም እንደሰው ማለፏ አይቀርም ብሎ ማሰብን ይጠይቃል። ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ከኢትዮጵያ በታች እንጅ በላይ አይደለም። ማንም ድርጅት ቢሆን ከኢትዮጵያና ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ሊሆን አይችልም። አዲሲ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ለመደራደር በር ከከፈቱ አስተዋጾ ያደርጋሉ፤ ዝግ የሆነ ስርአት ከቀጠሉ፤ ከመለስ ሊሻሉ አይችሉም። ትግላችን ከስርአቱ ጋር ነው እንጅ ከአንድ ግለሰብ ብቻ ጋር አይደለም እያልኩ ስከራከር የቆየሁት ለዚህ ነው።

መልስ ልንሰጥበት የሚገባ ጥያቄ፤

ከፊታችን ተደቅኖ የምናየው አደጋ የኢትዮጵያ ዘላቂነት፤ የመላው ሕዝቧ ሰላም፤ ነጻነት፤ እኩልነት መረጋጋት፤ ዲሞክራሳዊ ስርአት ማግኘት፤ ዘላቂነት ያለው ፍትሃዊ እድገት መጎናጽፍ ናቸው። እነዚህ የራእይ ዘርፎች ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ እንዳደረገው በጥላቻ፤ በቂም በቀልነት መገንባት የለባቸውም። ወደፊት የሚፈጠረው ስርአት ከሁሉ በላይ ለመጭው ትውልድ ተስፋ የሚሰጥ፤ ለሁሉም የኢትዮጵያ ዜጎች የሚያገለግል መሆን አለበት። ይህ እራይ፤ ባለፉት አርባ አመታት በሞከርናቸው መንገዶች ሊገኝ አይችልም፤ ያለፈውን ከተከተልን የትም አንደርስም። በአዲስ መንፈስ፤ በአዲስ እራይ ከተመራን ፍትሃዊ ስር አት ለመገንባት እድሉ አመችና ክፍት ነው። ስለሆነም፤ የችግሮቻችን መነሻወችን ወደኋላ ስናይ፤ መልሶችን ለማግኘት እንችላለን የሚል ግምት አለኝ።

በአጼ ሃይለ ስላሴ ዘመነ መንግስት፤ የህዝብ ብዛት ከሃያ ሚሊዮን በላይ ሆነ፤ የወጣቱ ክፍል እየበዛ ሄደ ሲባል ሰወች በድንጋጤ ሲነጋገሩ አስታውሳለሁ። “ወይ ጉድ፤ ምን ልንሆን ነው፤ ምን ሊመጣ ይሆን፤ ምን ልንበላ ነው” የሚሉ ነበሩ። አሁን የህዝብ ቁጥር አራት እጥፍ ሆኗል። የወጣቱ ቁጥር ከህዝቡ፤ ከአምሳ በመቶ በላይ ነው። በዚያ ጊዜ፤ ትኩረቱ በተለይ የወጣቱ ቁጥር እያደገ፤ የትምህርት እድሉ እየሰፋ ከመሔዱ ላይ እንጂ፤ ከሚያስከትለው የፖሊሲ ለውጥ አስፈላጊነት ላይ አልነበረም። ንጉሱና የቅርብ አማካሪወቻቸው፤ የወጣቱ ብዛት እያደገ፤ ትምህርት እየተስፋፋ በመሄዱ ሊመጣ የሚችለውን ለውጥ እንደ ችግር እንጅ እንደ እድል ከፋች አላዩትም። የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ወጣት እየሆነ ከሄደ፤ አዲስ አስተሳሰብ፤ አዲስ ፖሊሲ፤ አዲስ አመራር፤ ፍትህ፤ ነጻነት፤ አዲስ የመንግስት ስርአት አንደሚያስፈልግ አላዩትም። የስራ እድል መከፈት አለበት፤ የወጣቱ መብት መጠበቅ አለበት፤ በሃገሩ አገዛዝ፤ በሃገሩ እድል መኖር ማመን አለበት። ስደተኝነት፤ አጎብዳጅነት፤ ጥገኝነት እድሉ መሆን የለበትም። የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ መንግስት ካለፈው ተምሮ የወጣቱን ጥያቄ ሊመልስ አልቻለም፤ ሊመልስም አይችልም። የመረጠው በፖለቲካው፤ በኢኮኖሚው፤ በማህበራዊ ኑሮው፤ ሌላው ቀርቶ በሃይማኖቱ ሁሉ እየገባ፤ ዘላቂነት ያለው፤ ለምርጥ የትግራይ ቡድንና ተባባሪ ለሆኑ ሌሎች አባላት (Narrow Ethnic Elites) የበላይነት የሆነ የመንግስት ስርአትን መቀጠል ነው። አሁን ያለውን፤ በመንግስትአመራር (መለስን በመተካት)፤ በኦርቶዶስ ቤተክርስቲያን ( ህወሓት የሾማቸውን ፓትርያርክ በመተካት) ሹክቻና ግብግብ ስናይ ህወሓት አሁንም የሚጥረው ዘላቂነቱን ለማረጋገጥ እንጅ የመጣውን እድል ተጠቅሞ ሁሉን ለሚያካትት ዲሞክራሳዊ ለውጥ አይደለም። ይህ ባህሪ ዛሬ የመጣ ሳይሆን ከአርባ አመታት በፊት የመጣ ነው፤ በተለይ፤ ከኢርትርያ ነጻ አውጭ ግንባር፤ ከማርክሲዝም ሌኒኒዝም የተማርነው ፍልስፍና።

በ 1972 እ. አ. አ. ከአሚሪካ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ለዶክትሬት ማእረግ (Research on land tenure and reform) ምርምርና ለማግባት ስመለስ፤ ያላሰብኩት ችግር ቦሌ ገጠመኝ። ወደ ጓደኞቸ፤ ዘመዶቸ፤ ከመሄድ ይልቅ በቀጥታ ወደ ሶስተኛ ፖሊስ ጣቢያ ተወሰድኩ፤ ታሰርኩ። ቁም ነገሩ ባልሰራሁት ወንጀል “ተገንጣዮችን ደገፍክ” ተብየ መታሰሬ አይደለም። የኤርትርያ ነጻ አውጭ ግንባር የሚያደርገውን ያውቅ ነበር። ወንጀሌ፤ በተገላቢጦሽ፤ የኤርትራን መገንጠል “እደግፋለሁ” የሚል ጽሁፍ ግንባሩ፤ በስሜ ጽፎ ለኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ስለላከ ነው። ግንባሩ የተጠቀመው የውጭ አገር ሰወችን፤ የኤርትራን ተወላጆች ሳይሆን፤ ሌሎች ኢትዮጵያዊያንን ነበር። በወቅቱ፤ የኤርትራ ነጻ አውጭ ግንባር እኛን ለመከፋፈል ይጠቀምበት የነበረውን ብልሃት አሁንም የህወሓት መሪወች ይጠቀሙበታል። አንዳንድ የህወሓት የበላይ ግለሰቦች ለኢትዮጵያና ለመላው ሕዝቧ ካላቸው ታማኝነት የበለጠ ለኤርትርያ ባለስልጣኖች ያላቸው ወዳጅነት “ወንድማማችነት” ያይላል። ለጠባብ ብሄርተኛነት ያላቸው ታማኝነት ያይላል። ያ፤ በኔ ትውልድ፤ በብሄር/ብሄረሰብ ስም ይካሄድ የነበረው መቀራረብ አሁንም በህወሓት ውስጥ እንዳለ ነው። አገራችን ወደቧን ያጣችው፤ ብዙ ሽህ ኢትዮጵያዊን የሞቱበት፤ መረጋጋት የሌለበት፤ ጥገኝነት የተፈጠረበት ወዘተ ለዚህ ነው። የመለስ ዜናዊ “አምልኮ” ራእይና ቅርስ (Legacy) ከዚህ ሊለይ አይችልም። እሳቸውና የቅርብ ጓደኞቻቸው ለሃገራችንና ለስብጥር ሕዝቧ(diverse population) የፈጠሩትን ችግር አውርሰውን ያለፉ መሆናቸውን ታሪክ ይመሰክራል::

ህወሓት ሆነ ሌሎች በብሄር/ብሄረሰብ የሚመሩ ሃይሎች የሚያደርጉት ብልሃታዊ መከፋፈል እንደቀጠለ ነው። ብንቀበል፤ ባንቀበልም፤ በተቃዋሚው ክፍል ውስጥ የሚካሄደው የእርስ በእርስ መወነጃጀል፤ ሽሙጥ፤ መጠላለፍ፤ የስም ማጥፋት ዘመቻ፤ የግለሰብን ክብርና ሰብእነት ማዋረድ፤ አገር ሳይኖር የስልጣን ውድድር፤ “እኔ ለሃገሬ ከእናንተ ይበልጥ አውቃለሁ” ወዘተ፤ የሚል አስተሳሰብ፤ ለኢትዮጵያ ዘላቂ ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ ለመላው ሕዝቧ ሰላም፤ ፍትህና የህዝብ ስልጣን እውን መሆን ጉዳት አምጥቷል፤ እያመጣ ነው፤ ወደፊትም ያመጣል። የዚህ አይነት የመከፋፍልና እርስ በእርስ የመነታረክ ባህል፤ አመለካከት ባህሪይና ተግባር ካልቆመ አሁንም ለውጥ ለማምጣት አይቻልም። አገራችን በአደጋ አፋፍ ላይ ስታንዣብብ ትቆያለች፤ ድህነትና ጥገኝነት ይቀጥላል፤ ወጣቱ ትውልድ እድሉ ስደት ይሆናል። ይህ፤ በብሄር ሆነ፤ በሃይማኖት የሚደረገው መከፋፈል መቆም ያለበት ከጥቂቶች በቀር፤ ለአብዛኛው ህዝብ ስለማይብጅ ነው።በቅርቡ የተጀመረውን የህብረት ጥሪና ከአንዳንድ ክፍሎች የሚደረገውን ትችት ስንመለከት ይህ የመዝለፍና የመከፋፈል ባህሪይ አሁንም እንደቀጠለ እናየዋለን። ልዩነቶችን የሚያባብሱት በተቃዋሚ ክፍሎች በብልሃት እየገቡ እኛን መስለው እኛን የሚከፋፍሉን ግለሰቦች ስላሉ ጭምር ነው። ልዩነቶች ካሉ፤ በጨዋነት ለመነጋገርና ለመፍታት ያልቻልነው ለዚህ ነው። እነዚህ ሰርጎ ገቦች በአጼ ሃይለ ስላሴ ጊዜ የኤርትርያ ነጻ አውጭ ግንባር፤ በደርግ ጊዜ፤ ህወሓትና ሌሎች ይጠቀሙበት የነበረውን ፈር (መንገድ) እየተከተሉ ናቸው። ሌላው ቀርቶ በኦርቶዶስ ቤተክርስቲያን አመራር ውስጥ እየገቡ፤በስደት ያለው ቤተክርስቲያንና አባላት ከሶስት ሊከፋፈል–የስደቱን ሶኖድ ደጋፊ፤ ህወሓት የመረጠውን ሲኖድ ደጋፊና “ነጻ” መሆን እንፈልጋለን የሚሉትን አብያተ ክርስቲያን ተቋሞች ደጋፊ የሆነ አንድ እምነትን ከሶስት የከፋፈለ ሂደት ለመፍጠር ችሏል። ይህ ሊሆን የቻለው እኛ ስለፈቀድን ጭምር ነው።

ከህወሓት የሚመጣው ክስና ስም ማጥፋት፤ የፖለቲካ ሆነ የሃይማኖት ክፍፍል መኖር ምንም አያስደንቅም። ካልከፋፈለ የበላይነትን ይዞ ለመቆየት አይችልም። ሰላም፤ ፍትህ፤ አብሮ መኖር፤ ዲሚክራሳዊ ለውጥ የምንፈልግ ከሆነ፤ ከተቃዋሚው ክፍል የሚመጣውን መከፋፈል፤ እርስ በእርስ መጋጨት ዝም ብለን፤ እያየን እንዳላየን፤ ለመመልከት አንችልም። ከሁሉ በላይ ተጠቃሚ የሚሆኑት ጠባቡ ህወሓት/ የኢህአዴግ የበላይችና የኢትዮጵያ የውጭ ጠላቶች ናቸው። የኢትዯጵያ የውጭ ጠላቶች በምንም አይነት አገራችን ሰላም፤ ዘላቂነትና ፍትሃዊ ያለው እድገት እንዲኖራት አይፈልጉም። በክፍል ዘጠኝ ለማሳየት እንደሞከርኩት፤ በተደጋጋሚ የምናየው ችግር፤ እኛ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ለመሰብሰብ ስንጀምር፤ ሀወሓት ነጥሎ ይከሰናል፤ ያስረናል፤ ያሳድደናል፤ ያዋርደናል፤ ይገድለናል። ለዚህ የሚጠቀምበት ዘዴ በመካከላችን ልዩነቶችን መፍጠር፤ መጠቀም፤ እርስ በርሳችን እንድንወንጃጀልና ጀሮ ጠቢወች እንድንሆን በማድረግ ጭምር ነው። እኛ ለህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ዘላቂነት እየሰራን ነው ማለት ይህ ነው። በልዩነት ላይ የምናጠፋው ጉልበት፤ እውቀት፤ ገንዝብ ከሚያስማሙን ላይ ቢውሉ ኖሮ እስካሁን ለወገን የሚያኮራ ስራ በሰራን ነበር። በአንድ ድምጽ፤ ለአንድ አላማ በቆምን ነበር። የኢትዮጵያንና የአለምን ህዝብ ወደኛ ለመሳብ በቻልን ነበር። ፈቃደኞች ከሆን፤ አሁንም እንችላለን። ለዚህ ነው፤ ያለፈውን ስህተት አንድገም ብለን በጋራ መነሳት ያለብን።

ያለፈውን ስህተት አንድገም፤

ባለፍቱ አርባ አመታት ብዙ ስህተቶች ሰርተናል። እዚህ ላይ ለማስታወስ የምፈልገው አንድ አቢይ ነገር አለ። የንጉሱን ስርአት ለመጣል ብዙ የተማሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን፤ ከጀርባ ያለውን ሴራ ሳይመረምሩ፤ ለጠባብ ብሄርተኛ የፖለቲካ እንቅስቃሴወችና ለውጭ አገር መንግስታት ድጋፍ ሰጥተው አሁን ለደረሰው ቀውስ አስተዋጦ አድርገዋል፤ አድርገናል። ማንም “ከደሙ ንጹህ ነኝ” ለማለት የሚችል የለም። ህወሓት ደርግን ተቃውሞ በተሰማራበት ወቅት፤ ያን አሰቃቂ መንግስት በመጥላትና ለመጣል ስንል፤ ብዙወቻችን አብረን ተሰልፈናል፤ ረድተናል። መንግስቱ ሃይለማሪያም የመራው ደርግ፤ አገር ወዳድና ትውልድ የማይተካቸው፤ አገር ወዳድ መሪወች፤ የሰራዊትና እዝ አባላት፤ ምሁራንና ወጣቶች ሲገድል፤ ወይንም ሲያስገድል፤ ወይንም እርስ በርሳችን እንድንገዳደል ድጋፍ ሲሰጥ፤ በጀርባ የመጣ በዘር እርዩተአለም የተበረዘ፤ አገራችን ሰላም የነሳት፤ ቡድን በቀጥታም ሆነ በድብቅ አጠናክሯል፤ አጠናከረናል። ይህ፤ ያላሰብነውም ሆነ ያሰብነው ድጋፍ የእርስ በእርስ ንትርከን፤ ቂመኝነትንና ቂም በቀልነትን፤ አለመግባባትን፤ ለስልጣን ስግብግብነትን፤ ሆዳምነትን፤ መጥፎ የፖለቲካ ባህልን ትቶልን ሂዷል። ይህ አስተዋጾ ባይኖር ጠባብ ብሄርተኛው የህወሓት ቡድን የፖለቲካ የበላይ፤ የኢኮኖሚ ሙሉ-በሙሉ ተቆጣጣሪ ሊሆን አይችልም ነበር። አሁንም፤ ቢሆን ይህ የመከፋፈል፤ የቂም በቀል፤ የራስ ወዳድነት ባህል እያደከመን ባልሄደ ነብር። ብዙ የተማረ፤ ልምድና ሃቭት ያለው የሰው ሃይል ቢኖረንም፤ ለዚህ ድክመት ገና ብልሃት አልነደፍንለትም። ሌላው ቀርቶ የምንነጋገረው፤ የምንሰበሰበው፤ ከምናውቃቸውና ከለመድናቸው ጋር እንጅ ከሌች ከማናውቃቸው ኢትዮጵያዊያን ጋር አይደለም። የምንጠላቸውን ተቃዋሚወች እንደጠላት የምንወንጅለው መጥፎ ባህል ተከትለን ነው።

ከሃይለ ሰላሴ/ከደርግ መንግስት ጀምሮ፤ የጎሳ ፖለቲካ አለማዋጣቱን እያየን አሁንም በጎሳ የፖለቲካ አለም፤ “ከቄሳር በላይ ቄሳር ነኝ” የምንል ብዙ ነን። አገር ለውጭ መንግስታትንና ሃብታሞች እየተቸረቸረ፤ እኛ በብዛት እየተሰደድን፤ ብዙ ሚሊዮን ኢትዮጵዩያዊና በርሃቭ አለንጋ እየተገረፉ፤ በአመት ብዙ ቢሊየን ዶላር ከሃገር በስርቆት እየወጣ፤ ወዘተ፤ ለፖለቲካ ስልጣን የምንሻማ አለን። ችግሩ ሁሉን ብሄር/ብሄረሰብ የሚመለከት መሆኑ እየገባን የምናተኩረው ከቡድናዊነት፤ ከመንደረኝነት፤ ከልዩነቶቻቺን ላይ እንጂ በጋራ ከምንጋራቸው እሴቶች ላይ አይደለም። ያለውን ችግር በብዙ መለኪያወች ለማሰስ ይቻላል። ለምሳሌ፤ አገር ውስጥ የተቋቋሙትን ከዘጠና ያላነሱ፤ የብሄር ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ማየት በቂ ነው። አሁን ያለው አመራር በተአምር ቢወድቅ የብሄር ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች በምን አገራዊ አጀንዳ እንደሚመሩ ማንም አያውቅም፤ አቋማቸውን አልገለጹም። ማን ከማን ጋር እጅና ጓንቲ ሆኖ እንደሚቀርብ አናውቅም። ግልጽነትና ድፍረት አለ ለማለት ያስቸግራል።
ለምሳሌ፤ በመተካካቱና በሕዝብ አልገዛም ባይነት የሕዝብ አመጽ ቢነሳና ለውጥ ቢመጣ፤ አንቀጽ ሰላሳ ዘጠኝን እንዴት እንደሚመለከቱ አናውቅም። የክልልን ጉዳትና ጥቅም እስካሁን አላወቁትም ለማለት አንችልም። ተጠቃሚው ማን እንደሆነ፤ የተጎዳው ማን እንደሆነ ያውቁታል። ካላቸው ፍልስፍና ግን ፈቀቅ አላሉም። ዘዴወቻቸው መቀየር ካላማቸው አይለያቸውም። ብዙ የውስጥ ታዛቢወች የሚሉት፤ እነዚህ የብሄር ስብስቦች፤ የህዝብ አመጽ ቢነሳ ከሌላው ህብረተስብ ጋር እንዴት እንደሚቆሙ አናውቅም ነው። ይህን ሊመልሱት የሚገባቸው መሪወቹ እንጅ እኛ አይደለንም፤ ተራውም አባል አይደለም። ህወሓት የተከለብንን በዘር የተከፋፈለ ስርአት አሁንም መከተላቸው ግን፤ ለቆሙለት ህብረተሰብምም ሆነ ለኢትዮጵያ ከጥቅሙ ይልቅ ጉዳቱ ያመዘነ ነው። ህወሓትን ብንወስድ፤ የሚከተለው የጠባብ ብሄርተኛ አመራር፤ ለራሱ ተራ አባላትም ቢሆን አደገኛ እንደሚሆን እያደር እናየዋለን።

ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ “ባይመለሱ” ምን ይሆናል?

የጠቅላይ መለስ ዜናዊ “አምልኮ” ለህወሓት አባላትና ደጋፊወች ስጋትና አደጋ ማምጣቱ አያጠያይቅም። ሕዝብ በአንድ ላይ ከተነሳ፤ የፈለገው መተካት ቢመጣ፤ የመለስ ዜናዊ ፍልስፍና ማለፏ አያጠራጥርም። ሆኖም፤ በዘላቂነት ደረጃ፤ ምንም አይነት የአመራር መተካካት ቢመጣ፤ ሀወሓትና ተጠቃሚ የሆኑ የኢህአዴግ መሪወችና ምርጥ አባላት በቀላሉ ስልጣናቸውን አይለቁም። ሌላ ቀርቶ፤ ካልተገደዱ፤ ለመደራደርም ፈቃደኛ አይሆኑም። ለምን ብለው? በአሁኑ ወቅት አብዛኛው ዘገባ ስለ መለስ ዜናዊ መኖር ማረፍ ሲሆን፤ የውጭ ታዛቢወች–ለምሳሌ፤ ግራሃም ፖብልስ፤ ሪኔ ለፎርት፤ ቴሬንስ ላየንስ፤ የፋይናንሻል ታይምስ፤ ኢኮኖሚስት፤ ጋርዲያን፤ ዋሽንግቶን ፖስት፤ በሃገራችን የመተካካት ፉክክር እንደነበረ፤ አለመረጋጋት እንደምቀጥል እንጅ መለስን በርግጥ ማን የተቃዋሚው ክፍል ለመደራደር ብቃት እንዳለው ወይንም እንደሌለው አይጠቁሙም። ሊጠቁሙም አይችሉም።

ስብሰብ አድርጌ ስመለከተው፤ ከነዚህ ዘገባወች የገበየኋቸው ቁም ነገሮች አሉ።

• ጠቅላይ መለስ ዜናዊ እንደተጠረጠርው ከአሁን ከዚህ አለም ተለይተዋል፤ ህወሓት/ኢህ አዴግ ግን እሳቸውን በተመሳሳይም ባይሆን፤ በታማኝነታቸው የማያወላዱ ለመተካት ለመተካት ችሏል፤

• እድገት ያለምንም ነጻነት፤ ዘላቂነትና ፍትሃዊነት ይኖረዋል ያሉት የመለስ መንግስት ስርአት ከታላቅ ውጥረት ላይ እንዳለ፤ ያለ ሕዝብ ተሳትፎ ድህነት እንደማይወገድ፤ ሙስናና ከህግ ውጭ ከሃገር የሚወጣው የውጭ ምንዛሬ በብዙ ቢሊየን ዶላር እንደሚቀጥል፤

• በአመት ከሚገኘው አራት ቢሊዮን ዶላር እርዳታ፤ ከስደተኞች ከሚገኘው፤ በአመት ከሶስት ቢሊየን ዶላር በላይ ከሚሆነው የውጭ ምንዛሬ፤ አብዛኝው እየተሰረቀ፤ ለጥቂቶች ማክበሪያ ወደ ውጭ እንደሚጎርፍ፤ ለዚህ የሚቀጣው የኢትዮጵያ ድሃ ሕዝብ እንደሆነ ይቆያል፤

• የመለስ መንግስት በአንዳንድ፤ በተለይ በመሰረተ ልማት የሚጨበጥ እድትገን ሊያመጣ ቢችልም መዋቅራዊይና የፖሊሲ ለውጥ ለማምጣት አለመቻሉ፤ ለአብዛኛው ድሃ ክፍል አስተማማኝ ኑሮ አለመፍጠሩ፤ ሃግራችንና ተራውን ሕዝብ ለአደጋ እንደዳረገው፤ የዋጋ ግፍሸት እንደሚቀጥል፤ ምልክቶቹ ጎልተው ይታያሉ፤

• የመለስ መንግስት ከሶስት እስከ ሰባት ሚሊዮን የሚገመት (የተሸጠ/የተከራየና ለወደፊት የታቀደ) ሔክታር ለም መሬት ለውጭ መንግታትና የግል ሃብታሞች፤ ምርጥ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ማስተላለፉ ለምግብ ዋስትና ሆነ ለድሃው ገበሬ ጉዳት የሚያመጣ መሆኑ፤ ለሃገራችንም ግዛታዊ አንድነት አደጋን መጋበዙ ይታያል፤

• የመለስ ዜናዊ የእድገት መንግስት ከሁሉም በላይ የቁጥጥር ኢኮኖሚ ስርአት መዘርጋቱ የሃገራችን ከበርቴወች አድሎ በሌለበት ሁኔታ እንዳይሰሩ፤ እንዳያመርቱ፤ እንዳይወዳደሩ፤ ገንዘባቸውን በአገር ውስጥ አንዳይጠቀሙ እንደሚያግድ፤ ፓርቲውና እንደ ኤፈርት ያሉ ከመቶ በላይ የሆኑ ድርጅቶችን የሚቆጣጠሩ ተቋሞች ኢኮኖሚውን በሞኖፖሊ እንደያዙትና አድሎው ኢኮኖሚውን መንግስት ለመቆጣጠር ወደማይችልበት ደረጃ እየመራው ይታያል፤

• ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የፈጠረው ስርአት ለነጻነት፤ ለእኩልነት፤ ለሰላም፤ ለዲሞክራሳዊ ተሳትፎና አገዛዝ ጸር መሆኑ ችግርን እንደወለደ፤ እንደሚወልድ አመልካቾች እየሰፉ ይታያሉ፤

• የምእራብ መንግስታት፣ በተለይ አሜሪካ፤ አዲስ ወዳጅ አገሮች፤ በተለይ ቻይና፤ ከሁሉ በላይ መረጋጋትን እንደመረጡ፤ ወደፊትም እንደሚመርጡ በሃይለ ማሪያም ደሳለኝ መሾም እያየነው ነው፤

• የመለስ ክስልጣን በሞት መለየት፤ የነጻነትና የዲሞክራሲ ጭላንጭል ማሳየት ቢችልም፤ የተቃዋሚው ክፍል መከፋፈሉ፤ ደካማ መሆኑ፤ በአንድ ድምጽ ለአንድ አላማ አለመቆሙ መተካካቱ ከህወሓትና ከኢሓዴግ ቁጥጥር እንዳለወጣ አሳይቷል።

የተቃዋሚው የመደራደር አቅም ሊጠነክር የሚችለው፤ በልይነት ላይ በማተኮር ሳይሆን፤ በአንድ ላይ፤ ለፍትህ፤ ለሰላም፤ ለድርድር፤ ለብሄራዊ እርቅ፤ ለነጻነትና ለኢትዮጵያ ዘላቂ ጥቅም ለመቆም ሲቻል ነው። ለዚህ የሚረዳ ሁኔታን ለማመቻቸት የሚችለው በውጭ ያለው የተቃዋሚ ሃይል ሲሰበሰብና በዘላቂነት ተባብሮ ሲሰራ፤ ገንዘቡን፤ እውቀቱን፤ ምክሩን አገር ቤት ላሉ እውነተኛ ተቃዋሚወች ሲሰጥ ነው።

ከነዚህ ግንዛቤወች መካከል ለመረዳት የምንችለው፤የአንድ ፓርቲ ስርአት እንደሚቀጥል፤ ለዚህ የአሜሪካ መንግስት፤ ሌላ አማራጭ የለም ብሎ ስለገመተ፤ ለህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የውስጥ ድጋፍ እንደሰጠ ነው። ከዚህ ድምዳሜ የደረሰበት ዋና ምክንያት ከአንድ ፓርቲ አምባ ገነን መንግስት ጋር ፍቅር ስላለው ሳይሆን (ይህ በዘላቂነት እንደማያዋጣ በሙባረክ አይተውታል)፤ የተቃዋሚው ክፍል የተከፋፈለ፤ የሚሰራውን በብልሃት የማይከተል፤ ደካማ፤ ብቃት የሌለው፤ የማይሰበሰብ፤ አብዛኛው በብሄር የተደራጀ ነው በማለት ነው። ሌላው፤ የወጣቱ ቁጥር እያደገ ቢሄድም፤ ለመታገል፤ የራሱን መብት ለማስመስከር ገና አልተዘጋጀም የሚል ግምትም ስላለው ነው። በወጣቱ ላይ ያለው አመለካከት የኢትዮጵያን ባህል አለማወቅን ያሳያል። ወጣቱ የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግን ስርአት እንደማይቀበል በዘጠና ሰባቱ ምርጫ አሳይቷል፤ አሁንም በተቻለው ይታገላል። የሕዝብ አመጽ ዳር እስከዳር ከተያያዘ፤ ፊት ለፊት የሚታገለው ወጣቱ ትውልድ መሆኑን አልጠራጠርም። ነጻ ምርጫ ካለ፤ አብዛኛው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የተቃዋሚ ክፍሉን እንደሚደግፍ አልጠራጠርም። ይህን ለውጭ መንግስታት ማሳመን ያለብን እኛው ነን። ባጭር አነጋገር፤ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ቢሞቱም ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ከስልጣኑ ወደ ኋላ አይልም። በውስጡ ላሉ ደጋፊወች አስታራቂ የሆነ፤ ኢህአዴግና የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ይቀበለዋል ብሎ የሚገምተውን አማራጭ ከስራ ላይ ውሏል። ለጊዜው ፋታ ሰጥቷል።

ከላይ ያለው እንዳለ ሆኖ፤ የውስጥ የመተካካት ግብግቡ ግን የጦፈ ነበር ለማለት የሚያስችሉ ብዙ መለኪያወ ች አሉ። አንዱ ግብግብ በህወሓት ውስጥ የተካሄደው ዝግ ድርድር ነው። ሁለተኛው፤ በሕወሓት የበላዮችና በኢህአዴግ መካከል የተካሄደው “ጠቅላይ ሚንስትርነቱ ለኔ ይገባኛል፤ የኔ ተራ ነው” የሚል ግብግብ ነበር።ሁለቱም ግብግቦች ቀላል አልነበሩም። ለምሳሌ፤ ግልጽነት ቢኖረው፤ ህገ፤ መንግስቱም ባይደነግገው፤ ፓርላማው ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ መለስን ለመተካት ይችላሉ የሚለው መለስ በጥብቅ መታመማቸው ሲታወቅ ለህዝብ በተገለጸ ነበር። እንደተወራው ፤ ለጊዜውም ቢሆን፤ ይህ አማራጭ ከስራ ላይ ውሏል። ብይውል ኖሮ፤ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ያለው ልዩነት ሊፈነዳ ይችል ነበር። ሃይለ ማሪያም ደሳለኝ መለስን ባይተኩ ለገዥው ፓርቲ አደጋ እነሚፈጥር ያውቁታል። ማለትም፤ ህወሓት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩን ወደጎን ትቶ ሌላ ትግራይ ቢሾም ሊመጣ የሚችለውን አደጋ አውቀውታል፤ ይህን በሚገባ የተገነዘበው ስብሃት ነጋ ነበር። አንዳንዶች የህወሓት አባላትና ደጋፊወች የፈሩት፤ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ መለስን ከተኩ፤ ቀስ በቀስ ስልጣን ከጥቂት የትግራይና የኤርትርያ ተወላጆች ወደ ሌሎች ይዞራል በሚል ነበር። ከሆነም ሌሎች ከኢኮኖሚጥቅሞች ጋር የተያያዙ ሁሉ ከአደጋ ላይ ይወድቃሉ የሚል ስጋት እንዳለ ለመገመት አያዳግትም።የመለስ መተካት በብልሃት፤ በምስጢር፤ በድብቅ፤ በውሸት ፕሮፓጋንዳ ተይዞ የነበረው ሽግግሩ ሊያመጣ የሚችለውን አደጋ በማመዛዝን ነው ለማለት ይቻላል።

ሶስተኛው ችግር በህወሓት/ኢህአዴግና በተገለለው ተቃዋሚ ክፍል ያለው መቃቃር ነው። የመለስ ከዚህ አለም ማለፍ የድርድር ጭናንጭል ሊያመጣ ይችላል የሚሉ አሉ። አሜሪካኖችም ድርድር እንዲደረግ፤ እርቅና ሰላም እንዲሰፍን፤ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲወች ተደራድረው ወደፊት፤ አንድ አይነት የ “ሽግግር መንግስት” እንዲቋቋ፤ ቀጥሎም፤ ነጻና ተጽኖ የሌለበት ምርጫ እንዲካሄድ ይፈልጋሉ ቢባል አያስደንቅም። ይህ፤ የረጅም ጊዜ እቅድ ይመስላል። ከጥቅማቸው ግን ፍንክች አይሉም። አገራችን ከአደጋ ለመታደግ ከተፈለገ፤ ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ፤ በአንድ በክሉ፤ በሌላ ደግሞ፤ተቃዋሚወች በሙሉ፤ አሜሪካኖችና ሌሎች መንግስታት፤ የአፍሪካ አንድነት ድርጅት ወዘተ በአስታራቂነት ደረጃ ሆነው፤ ለብሄራዊ ሰላም እርቅና ሽግግር ያልተቆጠበ ጥረት ቢያደርጉ፤ ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ በኢትዮጵያ የመድብለ ፓርቲ ዲሞክራሲ አገዛዝ መሰረት ለመጣል ይቻላል፤ ሆኖም፤ ይህ አማራጭ፤ ከምኞት በላይ ላያልፍ ይችላል።

ለተቃዋሚው ህሉ፤ አማራጭ ሊሆን የማይችለው፤ አምባ ገነንን በአምባ ገነን፤ በአንድ ብሄርተኛ አገዛዝ የተመሰረተ ፓርቲን በተመሳሳይ መለወጥ ነው። ይህ ከሆነ፤ መሰረታዊና ፍትሃዊ ለውጥ ሊያመጣ አይችልም። መሰብሰብ፤ አብሮ መስራት፤ መፈላለግ፤ አገር ውስጥ ካሉ እምቅና ግልጽ ታጋይ ድርጅቶ ጋር በጥበብ መቆራኘት፤ ለእነዚህ አገራዊ ለሆኑ ፓርቲወች የገንዘብ፤ የቴክኒክ፤ የሃሳብ፤ የሞራል ውዘተ ድጋፍ መስጠት የሚያስፈልገው ይህ እንደገና የማይገኝ እድል እንዳያመልጥ ነው። በጠባቡ በማየት፤ ለጊዜያዊ ጥቅም ብቻ የቆሙ የብሄር ድርጅቶች የእርቅ፤ የሰላም፤ የአብሮ ተቻችሎ መኖር፤ የግለሰብ ነጻነት፤ የኢትዮጵያን ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ ወዘተ የያዘ ድርድርን ለመፈለጋቸው ማስረጃ የለም፤ ማስታወቅ ያለባቸው መሪወቻቸው ናቸው። አንዳዶቹ መሪወች፤ ብቸኛ ተጠቃሚ ሆነው ለመቆየት ይፈልጋሉ። ለምሳሌ፤ ህወሓት ለራሱ በመከፋፈል ለሚገኝ ጥቅም የፈጠረውን የአማራውን ብአዲየንን ስናይ የአማራን ህብረተሰብ ማገልገል ቀርቶ የራሱንም አባላትና አመራር ጥቅምና ስልጣን ለማሰከበር አልቻለም፤ አይችልም። በአሁኑ የስልጣን ግብግብ ስልጣን ይገባኛል ብሎ በአንደበት ለመቆም የሚችል አመራር የለውም። ካለው፤ ለሚወክለው ህብረተሰብ የማስታወቅ ሃላፊነት አለበት። አጎብዳጅና ሎሌ እንዲሆን የተፈጠረ ድርጅት የክልሉን ጥቅም፤ የህብረተሰቡን መብት ለመታደግ ነጻነት የለውም።

ለምሳሌ፤ወልቃይት ጠገዴ፤ ወዘተ ለትግራይ ክልል ሲሰጥ፤ የዋልዳብ ገዳም በህወሃት ትእቢተኞች ተደፍሮ ሲታረስ፤ የአማራ “ህብረተሰብ ነህ፤ ወደመጣህበት ክልል” ተመለስ ተብሎ ብዙ ሽህ አማርኛ ተናጋሪ ከደቡብ ሲሳደድና ሲሰደድ፤ ቤቱ ሲቃጠል፤ ንብረቱ ሲወድም፤ ኑሮው ሲናጋ፤ ራሱን፤ የአማራ ወካይ ነኝ የሚለውን ድርጅት ተራው ህዝብ የሚስቅበት፤ “የት ነበርክ፤ ለማን ደረስክ” ብሎ የሚጠይቀው ለዚህ ነው። የኢትዮጵያ ወሰን ተደፍሮ፤ በመለሰ ትእዛዝ ለሱዳን መንግስት በምስጢር ሲሰጥ፤ ዋልድባ በልማት ስም ሲታረስ፤ ይህ የህወሓት ፍጥረት አጎብዳጅ ሆኖ በቃለ አቀባይነት ስራ አስፈጽሟል። የሰሜን ሱዳን መንግስት ለህወሓትና ለሱዳን ተብሎ ሁለት ቆንጽላወች በጎንደር ክፍለ ሃገር ሲያቋቁም ለምን ብሎ ያልጠየቀ፤ እንዲያውም “እልል” ብሎ አስተናጋጅ የሆነ ድርጅት ነው። የሚያሳየው አንድ ነገር ቢኖር፤ የትም ቦታ ቢሆን፤ የብሄር ፖለቲካ ድርጂቶች የሚያገለግሉት ህወሓትንና የራሳቸውን የበላዮች ጥቅም እንጅ ይወክላሉ የሚሉትን ህብረተሰብ አይደለም። በጋምብየላ፤ በኦሮምያ፤ በአማራ፤ በደቡብ፤ በትግራይ፤ ወዘተ የሚታየውም ሰእል ከጎንደሩ ጋር ይመሳሰላል። ስለዚህ፤ በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ ያለው የዘር፤ያለፈ የፖለቲካ ታሪክ፤ የመደብ፤ የጾታ፤ የፖለቲካ ወዘተ ክፍፍል ለህወሓትና ለኢህአዴግ የበላዮች አሁንም ጠቅሟቸዋል።

የውጭ ታዛቢወች ይህን “የከፋፍለህ ግዛው” ጠቢብ እምቢ ብለን አለመተባበራችን የድክመታችንን ጥልቀትና ስፋት ያሳያል ይላሉ። ይህን ጎጅ አስተሳሰብ ለመለወጥ የምንችለው በሃገር ቤትና በውጭ የምንገኝ ተቆርቋሪ ነን ባዮች ብቻ ነን። ይህን ችግር ለመፍታት፤ ተደጋግፍን በፍጥነት ስራ ከሰራን፤ ለመደራደር ያለንን አቅም ከፍ ያደርገዋል። ካላደረግን የመለስ ከዚህ አለም ማለፍ አይለውጠውም። ስለ መለስ ዜናዊ በየቀኑ በተከታታይ ስናወራ ቆየተናል። ነገ ስለምን እንደምናወራ አላውቅም። ህሉም መገናኛ ብዙሃን፤ ድህረገጾች፤ ስብስቦች ሊነጋገሩበት የሚገባው ያላጠናነው አበይት ጉዳይ ለመደራደር ማነቆ የሚሆን የማንከደው ሌላ ችግር አለ። የኢኮኖሚ ጥቅም ይባላል። የመለስ ከዚህ አለም ማለፍ፤ ይህን የጥቅም እትብት አይሰብረውም፤ እንዲያውም ሊያጠናክረው ይችላል።

የአጎብዳጅ አገዛዝ፤

ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ራሱን አጠንክሮ ለማቆየት ቡድኑና ደጋፊወቹ ሃብት የሚያካብቱበትንና የሚጠቀሙበትን መንገድ የሚያቃና፤ ደንቡን የሚያመቻች፤ ህጉን የሚጠመዝዝ ቡድን ነው፡፡ ሌላው ቀርቶ በጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ብርቱ ህመም ወቅት፤ መሪወቹ “በመኖር አለመኖራቸው” ዋሽቷል። በረከት ሰሞን መለስ ዜናዊ በመስከረም እንደገና ወደ ስልጣናቸው ይመለሳሉ ሲል፤ ስብሃት ነጋ፤ አድርጎት በማያውቀው፤ እንዲያውም “ጠላት ነው” በሚለው መገናኛ ብዙሃን፤ በኢሳት፤ “ መለስ ያሉበትን አላውቅም፤ አገር ቤት ያሉ አይመስለኝም፤ መረጋጋት አለ፤ አመራርና ውሳኔ የሚደረገው በጋራ ነው፤ መተካካት የሚካሄደው በሕገ መንግስቱና በፓርቲው አስተዳደር ደንብ” ነው ወዘተ ያሉበት ተጻራሪ የሆነ ገለጻ፤ ሆነ ተብሎ የተደረገ ነበር። በረከትና ስብሃት ነጋ አይነጋገሩም፤ አይገናኙም፤ የሚሰሩትን አያውቁም ብለን አንዳልተሞኘን አምናለሁ፤ ያውቃሉ። ማን ምንና ለማን እንደሚናገር ግምተው የቀርቡ መሆኑን መለስ ካረፉ በኋላ አየነው። ግልጽነት የሌለው መንግስት መለስ “በመጥፋታቸው” ለአዳማጭ ግልጽ ይሆናል ብሎ መገመት መለስ የፈጠሩትን በምስጢር የሚካሄድ ስርአት አለማወቅ ነው። መለስ ቢኖሩም ባይኖሩም ስርአቱ እንዳለ ይቆያል እያልኩ ደጋግሜ ያሳሰብኩት ለዚህ ነው። የስርአቱ ተጠቃሚወች ብዙ ናቸው። የሚደግፋቸው የስለላና የመከላከያ ሃይል ቀላል አይደለም።

ህወሓት ከራሱ ቡድን ውጭ የሆኑ ወይንም የሚቃወሙ፤ ወይንም ተፎካካሪ የሆኑ ሁሉ የመወዳደሪያ መስክ የሌላቸው/የማይፈቀድላቸው ስርአቱ በምስጢር፤ ለአንድ ቡድን የበላይነት፤ አገልጋይነት ስለተፈጠረ ነው፡፡ ነጻ የሆነ መገናኛ ብዙሃን የማይፈቀደው ለዚህ ነው። ነጻ የሆነ መገናኛ ብዙሃን ቢኖር ኖሮ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ በጨለማ አይኖርም ነበር። የበላይነትን ለመጠበቅ፤ ነጻ የሆነ መገናኛ ብዙሃን አጥፍቷል፤ ጋዜጠኞችን አስሯል፤ አሰድዷል። ተወዳዳሪን አጎብዳጅ ማድረግ፤ ወይንም ደካማ ማድረግ፤ ወይንም በጥቅም መግዛት ያስፈልገዋል። ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር መለስ ሲመሩት የቆየው ህወሓት የግል ኩባንያ የመሰለ መዋቅርና ግልጽነት የሌለው አመራር ስር እንዲሰድ ያደረገውና ሁሉ አጎብዳጅ ሆኖ እንዲያገለግል ያስገደደው ለስልጣንና ጥቅም ሲል ነው። ተቋሞች መሪው በድንገት ቢሞት እንዲያገለግሉ የተሰሩ ናቸው። ከጽንሱ፤ የህወሓት አገዛዝ ለግልጽ ውድድር፤ ለነጻነት፤ በራስ ለመተማመን ባህል፤ ለእውነተኛ ኢትዮጵያዊነት የተዝጋጀ፤ ቡድን አይደለም። ለእርሱ ታዛዥ ያልሆነ ሁሉ፤ ተቀባይነት የለውም። ለአጎብዳጂነት፤ ትልቅ ዋጋ የሚሰጠው ለዚህ ነው። ህወሓት፤ አጎብዳጂ ድርጅት ወይንም ግለሰብ ክብርና ነጻነት እንደሌለው ያውቃል፡፡ በራሱ አይተማመንምና። ስርአቱን ቢቃወምም፤ በግሉ፤ በልቡ፤ በቤተሰቡ፤ በቅርብ ወዳጅ እንጂ በይፋ አይደለም።

የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ቡድን በመስማማት፤ ተቻችሎ በመኖር፤ ለስልጣን በመደራደር አያምንም። በተለይ፤ የፖለቲካ ስልጣ በመካፈል አያምንም። ህወሓት በኢትዮጵያዊነቱ ኮርቶ፤ ተባብሮ፤ ተቻችሎ፤ የሁሉም ጥቅም በህግ ተከብሮ፤ የሚኖርባትን ኢትዮጵያ ለመገንባት የተነሳ አለመሆኑን የሚያሳዩ ብዙ ማስረጃወች አሉ። የበላይነትን ለመጠበቅ ብዙሃኑን በፍርሃት፤ በመከፋፈል፤ በቂም በቀልነት፤ በማሰር፤ በመግደል፤ ያላጠፋውን፤ አጥፍቻለሁ ብሎ እንዲያምን በማስገደድ፤ በማሳደድ፤ ከስራ በማስወጣት፤አገር ለቆ እንዲወጣ በማድረግ ወዘተ ቆይታውን የሚያረጋግጥ ቡድን ነው። ስልጣኑን የሚያራዝመው በዚህ ጥበብ ነው። በድሃና ጥገኛ አገር፤ ከቻይና በተዋሰው ዘዴ፤ በብዙ መቶ ሚሊዮን የሚታስብ ብር ለስለላ፤ ለድጎማ፤ ለሃይማኖት መከፋፈያ፤ ለጉቦ የሚያወጣው ለዚሁ ነው። የግለሰብን መብት በማቀብ የራሱን ቡድን መብት ያጠናከራል። ስልጣኑ እንዲራዘም፤ የጥቅም አንድነት ይፈጥራል። ስለዚህ፤ ከሃገር አንድነትና ነጻነት፤ ከህዝብ ሉአላዊንትና እኩልነት ይልቅ ጠባብ የጥቅም መተሳሰርን ያስቀድማል። የጥቅም አንድነት ማስረጃው በፓርቲውና በጦር፤ በስለላ፤ በፖሊስ፤ በአስተዳደር እና በልዩ ልዩ ባለስልጣኖች መካክል ያለው እትብት፤ በውጭ የግልና የመንግስት ተጠቃሚወች ያለው የጥቅም ሰንሰለት የሚያንጸባረቀው ስእል ነው። በኢንቬስተሮችና በህወሓት መካከል ያለው መቆላለፍም የሚአመልክተው ይህን ነው። በአሁኑ ወቅት ሊታበል የማይችለው ጠባብ ዘረኝነት/ብሄርተኝነት፤ መንግስት፤ ተቋሞችና ፓርቲው የተሳሰሩ መሆናቸው ነው። ይህ የጥቅም መቆላለፍ ሊፈታ የሚችለው በመተባበር ብቻ ነው። መለስ ስላረፉ ይህ አይቀጥልም ለማለት የሚያስደፍር ማስረጃ የለኝም።

ሊሰበስቡን የሚችሉ አንኳር/አበይት ጉዳዮች፤ እሴቶች አሉ፤ እንጠቀምባቸው፤

መለስ ዜናዊ ለሃያ አንድ አመታት የመሩትን የሀወሓትን መንግስት የማንቀበለው፤ ለሃገር የቆመ መንግስት ባለመሆኑ፤ የጠባብ ዘረኝነት አገዛዝን በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ላይ ጭኖ ለራሱ ቡድን፤ ለውጭ ከበርቴወች፤ ለውጭ መንግስታትጥቅም አገሩን አሳልፎ በመስጠቱ፤ በእድገት አሳቦ፤ ነጻነትን ወንጀል በማድረጉ፤ የህዝብን ሰብአዊ መብቶች ለስልጣን ሲል ወንጀል በማድረጉ፤ ስልጣንን ተጠቅሞ ዘረፋንና ስርቆትን እንደ ጀግንነት በመቁጠሩ ጭምር ነው። ይህን፤ የህወሓትን የአጭር ጊዜ በጥቅም፤ለጥቅም የተገነባ እሥስር፤ በሃገር ጥቅም፤ በኢትዮጵያ ግዛታዊ አንድነትና ነጻነት፤ በሕዝብ ዲሞክራሳዊ መብትና ሉአላዊይነት፤ በሕዝብ እኩልነት፤ በህግ የበላይነት፤ የተመሰረተ ተሳትፏዊ መነጽር ስናየው ስርአቱ የፈጠረው አደጋ (system) ጎልቶ ይታያል። የነጻነትን ጥቅም ከተጋራን ይህ ስርአት መለወጥ አለበት ማለት ነው። ይህን ከተቀበልን፤ የመለስ መኖር አለመኖር መጥፎው አገዛዝ አይለውጠውም። ለለውጠው የሚችል የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብና ለሕዝቡ የቆሙ ሃይሎች በዘላቂነት ለመታቸው ሲሰበሰቡ ብቻ ነው። ለዚህ የሚሰበስቡን አንኳር የሆኑ መሰረተ ሃሳቦችና እሴቶች አሉ። አስቸጋሪ የሆነው፤ እንዚህን ይዘን፤ ተከባብረን፤ ከጎሳ በላይ አስበን፤ ተቻችለን፤ ተደማምጠን፤ መጠላለፍንና ለስልጣን የመሻማት ጉጉትን ወደ ጎን ትተን፤ አገር ውስጣና ውጭ ካሉ የዲሞክራሳዊ ለውጥ ታጋዮች ጋር ተባብረን፤ ፍትህ ለሚፈልገውና ለሚገባው ለመላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ አብረን የመታገል ፈቃደኛነት አለመኖሩ ነው።የወቅቱ አንገብጋቢ ጥሪም ይህ ነው። በእነዚህና መሰል፤ አስተባባሪ ሃሳቦች ከተስማማን፤በጎሳ፤ በብሄር/ብሄረሰብ መደራጀቱ በምንም ሊያዋጣን አይችልም። ህወሓትን/ኢህአዴግን በራሱ እንደመተካት ይሆናል። ስብስቦችን ከሚያከራክሩት አንዱ አቢይ ጉዳይ፤ በብሄር መደራጀት መሆኑን አውቀን ውይይት ማድረግና መፍታት አለብን።

ካለፈው ድክመታችን ተምረን “ለሃገርና ለፍትህ” ስንል እንነሳ፤

ህወሓትን/እህአዴግን መቃወም ብቻ ችግሩን ሊፈታ አይችልም። ከባድ የሆነውና የማንነጋገርበት የራሳቺንን ድክመት ማየት ነው። አርአያ በመሆን ፋንታ ጠብና ጥላቻ ማሰፋፋት፤ መዘላለፍ፤ መከፋፈል፤ ልማዳችን ሆኗል። ችግሮችን በመመካከር፤ በእርጋታ፤ በመረዳዳት ለመፍታት አለመቻላችን ለዚህ ማስረጃ ነው። መንግስት ራሱ ባወጣው ህግ ከመገዛት ፋንታ የራሱን ህገ ጥሶ ህዝብን ማሳደድ፤ ማስር፤ ሰው አገሩን እንዲለቅ ማስገደዱን፤ ቀን በቀን እያየን፤ አሁንም ለአንድ ሃገር/ወገን አለመነሳታችን የታሪክ ተጠያቂ ያደርገናል። ተስፋ የሚሰጥ፤ ህብረ ብሄር አጀማመር ስናይ ለዚህም አቃቂር አናወጣለን። ሌላ አማራጭ እንፈጥራለን ብለን እንዘጋጃለን፤ ማፍረስ ሟያችን ሲሆን ለተተኪው ትውልድ ምን ትተን እንደምናልፍ አናስብም። ህያው ሆነን እንደምንቆይ የምንሳብ ብዙ ነን። አንዱ ከመለስ ማለፍ የምንማረው ለህያወነት ዋስትና እንደሌለን ነው። ይህ ድክመት፤ የስርአቱ ጥፋት፤ በደልና ሰቆቃ ብቻ ሳይሆን የራሳችን ችግሩን በሚገባ አለማየት፤ የራሳችን መበታተንና መዘላለፍ፤ የራሳችን አገር ሳይኖር ለስልጣን መወዳደር ወዘተ ጭምር ናቸው። የኢትዮጵያ ግዛታዊ አንድነት ዘላቂነት የሚኖረው፤ አድሎና የበላይነት ሲወገድ ነው። የማንክደው ግን፤ የኢትዮጵያ አንድነት የሚጠቅመው ለሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊያን መሆኑን ነው። ከኤርትራ መገንጠል ለመማር እንችላለን። ዘላቅነት፤ ከፍትህ ጋር መያያዝ ያለበት ለዚህ ነው።

ዘላቂነትና ፍትህ ከፈለግን፤ እኩልነት፤ ነጻነት፤ ለህግና ለህዝብ ተገዥ የሆነ የስርአት አማራጭ ለመገንባት ቀን ከሌት መስራት አለብን። በቅርቡ የተጀመረው በጋር የመስራት ሂደት አነዳለ ሆኖ፤ አሁንም ስለዚህ ድክመት በግልጽ፤ በሰፊው ስንወያይ አይታይም። አንድ የውጭ ታዝቢ ነገሩ አስገርሞት እንዲህ አለ። “እንደ ኢትዮጵያ ዲያስፖራ የሚያወራ፤ የሚነታረክ፤ የሚሰበሰብ፤ የሚንጫጫ፤ የለም። ግን ምን ቁም ነገር ለሃገራችሁና ለድሃው ህዝባችሁ ምን ሰራችሁ ብየ ስጠይቅ አጥጋቢ መልስ አላገኘሁም.” ፕሮፌሰር ዶናልድ ለቪን ደጋግመው፤ “ኢትዮጵያዊያን በጋራ ሁነው የሃገራቸውን ችግር የሚፈቱ መቸ ይሆን” የሚሉት ጥያቄ አሁንም አልተመለሰም። ለዚህ አባባል መልስ የመስጠት ሃላፊነት የሁላችንም ነው። የሚረዱንና የምንስማማባቸው አገራዊና ህዝባዊ ጉዳዮች እንዳሉ ከላይ ጠቅሻለሁ፡፡

ለማጠቃለል፤ የእኛ ትውልድ በኢትዮጵያና በመላው ሕዝቧ ስም ብዙ አገራዊ ሙከራወችና በተመሳሳይ ብዙ ስህተቶ ሰርቷል፤ አሁንም ይሰራል። መወያየት፤ መሰብሰብ፤ መደራጀት፤ አስፈላጊ መሆኑ አያጠያይቅም። ግን፤ መሞከር ብቻ በቂ አይደለም። መለስ ዜናዊ የሚደነቁት፤ በላማቸው የጸኑ በመሆናቸው ጭምር ነው። በቢቢሲ በሞታቸው ዙሪያ የተደረገውን ዘገባ ስሰማ ትዝ ያለኝ አላማቸውን እንዴት ለአፍሪካና ለቀረው አለም ህዝብ ለማሳመን አንደቻሉ ነው። በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በሰሩት ባንስማማም፤ ይህን ለመካድ አንችልም። በሃገር ውስጥ ፍትሃዊ ስር አት ቢያቋቁሙ ኖሮ አመለካከታችን በለወጡት ነበር። አላደረጉም። ስላልሆነም፤ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እስካሁን የበላይ እንዲሆን ጠቃሚና አገልጋይ የሆነ የአገዛዝ ስርአት ለመገንባት እንዲችል እሳቸው መሰናክል ሆነው ነበር፤ ተቃዋሚው ክፍልም ያደረገው አስተዋጾ አለ ለማለት አንችልም። በተቃዋሚው በኩል ሲታይ፤ በሕዝቡ ስም፤ ተሰብስበናል፤ ተመካከረናል፤ ሞክረናል፤ ነግደንበታል ለማለት የሚያስችሉ መለኪያወች አንዳሉ ብዙ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ታዛቢወች ጽፈዋል። ለዘላቂ የሃገር ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ ለመላው ሕዝብ ነጻነት፤ እኩልነት፤ ፍትህ፤ ለዲሞክራሳዊ ስልጣን እውን መሆን በሃገር ውስጥና በውጭ ብዙ ስብስቦች ተካሂደው ‘የውሃ ሽታ’ ሁነዋል። አሁን፤ የመለስ ማረፍ ይህን ጎጅ ባህሪይ ይለውጠው ይሆን? ያለፉትን ስብስቦች እንይ።

ኢህአዴግ ስልጣን ከመያዙ ከአንድ አመት በፊት በቶሮንቶ፤ ካናዳ፤ አምስት የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች– ኢህአፓ፤ ኢድህ፤ መኢሶን፤ ኢፒዲ ኤና ቲፒዲ ኤም– በወሰዱት እርምጃ፤ ሃያ ሁለት የሚሆኑ የማህረሰብ (Civic) ና፤ የሙያ ድርጅቶች ተሰብሰበው ያወጡት ፕሮግራም መሰረት ሳይዝ ቀረቷል። ይህን ድክመት የተመለከቱ ግለሰቦችና ድርጅቶች፤ እንደገና እ አ አ በግንቦት 1991 (ህወሓት ስልጣን በያዘበት ሰሞን) የኢትዮጵያ ዲሞክራሳዊ ሃይሎች ቅንጅትን መሰረቱ። ኢዲሃቅ፤ በኢትዮጵያ ስምና በመላው ሕዝቧ ፍትህ ፈላጊነት መሰብሰቡ የሚደነቅ ጅምር መሆኑን ያሳያል። ያደከመውና ህልውናውን ያሳጣው፤ የህወሓት ሰላዮች ሰርገው ገብተው ባደረጉት የማከፋፈል ተግባር ነው። ሆኖም፤ የኢዲሃቅ መሪወች ለዚህ ሰለባ ለምን ንቁና ታታሪ አለመሆናቸው ያጠያይቃል። ከህወሓት መሰሪነት ባሻገር ልንማረው የሚገባን ሃቅ፤ የኢዲሃቅ ስብስብስ በጋራ የሚጋራው ራእይ አልነበረውም። የጋራ ራእይ፤ ለምሳሌ፤ የኢትዮጵያ ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ የመላው ሕዝቧ ስርጭትና እኩልነት፤ የህግ የበላይነት አስኳል መመሪያ ካልሆኑ፤ መሰብሰቡ፤ ዲስኩሩ፤ ዳንኪራው የትም አያደርስም። ለግል የመንፈስ ሰላምና እርጋታ ሊሰጥ ይችላል፤ መሰረታዊ ለውጥ አያመጣም። ኢዲሃቅ ሲመሰረት ስለነበርኩ፤ ለመመስከር ብቁነት አለኝ። የማስታውሰው፤ መተማመን፤ አብሮ መስራት፤ ገንዘብ አዋጥቶ ዘላቂ ተቋም መስርቶ መስራት አሰፈላጊ ነው ማለቴን አስታውሳለሁ። ከሁሉም በላይ ያሳሰብኩት፤ ዋናው ኢላማችን፤ መመሪያችን “ኢትዮጵያ” የምትባል አገርን፤ “ኢትዮጵያዊያን” የሚባሉ ዜጎችን ማእከል ማድረግ ( Put Ethiopia and the Ethiopian people as a whole on the radar screen) የሚለው መርህ አሰፈላጊ መሆኑን ነው። ባለመሆኑ፤ ኢዲሃቅ ወደቀ። የተወጣጣው ሩብ ሚሊዮን የኣሜሪካ ⶌላር ዋጋ አጣ።

ከኢድሃቅ በኋላ ሌሎች ብዙ ጥቃቅንና ታላላቅ ሙከራወች ተደርገዋል። እነዚህን ተከታታይ ስብስቦች ከህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የሚለያቸው ብሄራዊና ህብረ ሕዝባዊ፤ ለሰላም፤ ለፍትህ፤ ለነጻነት፤ ለእኩልነት፤ ከነጻ ምርጫ ለሚመጣ የሕዝብ ስልጣን መቆማቸው መሆኑ ነው። ፓሪስ አንድና ፓሪስ ሁለት እአ አ 1993 እና 1997 የተካሄዱ ሲሆን፤ በቀደምተኛነት የተሳተፉት ዘጠኝ ድርጅቶች፤ መኢሶን፤ ኢህአፓ፤ ህብረ-ሕዝብ፤ መድህን፤ ህብኮፓ፤ ትትኢ፤ ኦነግ፤ ደቡብ ህዝቦችና አርዱፍ ነበሩ። አንዱ የሚለያቸው፤ በጥላቻ ይሰሩ የነበሩ የህብረ ብሄርና የብሄር ድርጅቶች (እያፓና መኢሶን) የሚጋሯቸው አንኳር ጉዳዮች ላይ ስምምነት መድረሳቸው፤ ከህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ጋር በአንድ ላይ ለመደራደር መዘጋጀታቸው ነበር። ያላሰቡት ግን፤ አንደኛ በውስጣቸው ዘላቂነት ያለው የጋራ ራእይ አለመኖሩ፤ ሁለተኛ ከድርጅቶቻቸው በላይ ለተስማሙበት አገራዊ አላማ በዘላቂነት አለመቆማቸው፤ ሶስተኛ ስነ መግባርና ካሰቡት የሚያደርሳቸው የስራ እቅድ (Project) አለማውጣታቸው ናቸው። አራተኛ፤ ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ለመደራደር ያለው ፈቃደኝነትና ዝግጁነት በሚገባ ያላሰቡበት መሆኑ ነው። ለመደራደር፤ ሁለቱም ወገኖች ከስልጣን መጋራት የሚመጣውን ጥቅምና ጉዳት ማመዛዘን ነበረባቸው። የሚመጡ መሰናክሎችን ተቋቁሞ ስልት እየቀየሱ መጓዝ ነበረባቸው። ለምሳሌ፤ በፓሪስ ሁለት ኦነግ ባልታሰበ ምክንያት አልተሳተፈም። አሁን በአንዳድ ድርጅቶች አመለካከትና አሰራር የምናውየውም ይህን አይነት ተደጋጋሚ የሆነ ከሃገር በላይ ለድርጅት ተገዥነትን ነው። የድርጂት ነጻነት ተብሎ የሚነገርለት አሰተሳሰብ እስከ መቸ እንደሚያዋጣ ያየነው አይመስልም።

ካለፈው የምንማረው፤ ህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ያለውን ሃይል አመዛዝኖ፤ የተቃዋሚወችን ድክመትና አቅም አውጥቶ አውርዶ አልደራደርም ብሏል። ተቃዋሚው ክፍል አብሮ ለሃገራዊ አማራጭ ካልተነሳ፤ ካልተባበረ፤ አሁንም ያለፈው ችግር ይደገማል። የተቃዋሚው ክፍል በሚገባ ያልተገነዘበው ልዩነቶችን አስወግዶ አቅሙን ካልገነባ፤ ማንም የሚረዳው ሃይል እንደ ሌለ ነበር፤ አሁንም ይህ ሁኔታ አንዳለ ነው። ከድርጅት በላይ ለሃገር፤ ለመላው ሕዝብ ነጻነትና ፍትሀ መቆም የሚያስፈልገው ለዚህ ነው። የድርጅት አምልኮ ካልተወገደ፤ የመለስ ማረፍ ለነጻነት ጎህ አይቀድም።

ከእነዚህ ስብሰቦች ግዙፍ የሆነው በዋሽንግተን ዲሲ፤ እአአ በ 2003 የተካሄደው የኢትዮጵያ ዲሞክራሳዊ ሃይሎች ህብረት (ኢዴሃሕ) የተባለው ከምርጫ ዘጠና ሰባት በፊት የተካሄደው ውይይት ነው። በዚህ ስብሰብ አለም ባንክ በሃላፊነት እየሰራሁ በነበረበት ወቅት፤ በግል ደረጃ ተጋብዠ ሰለተካፈልኩ፤ ሂደቱን አይቸዋለሁ። የማስታውሰው፤ ስብሰባው አገራዊ፤ ጥልቀት የነበረውና በጨዋነት የተካሄደ መሆኑን ነው። ስለሆነ ተስፋየ ከፍ ያለ ነበር። ያለኝን ሁሉ አበርክቻለሁ፤ ሊቀመንበሩ ሁሉን በማግባባት የመሩት ስብስብ ነበር። በዚህ ስብስብ የተካፈሉት፤ መኢአድ፤ ኢህአፓ፤ መኢሶን፤ ህብረ-ሕዝብ፤ ኢዴህ፤ ደቡብ ህዝቦች፤ ኢብሶ፤ ትዴት ናቸው። ትኩረቱ፤ ጥናትና ትንተና ላይ ነበር።

እኔን የሳበኝ፤ የስብሥቡ አገራዊነት፤ በፍትህና ሌሎች ዲምክራሳዊ ሃሳቦች ላይ የአላማ አንድነት የነበረበት መሆኑ፤ በብሄር የተደራጁና በህብረ ብሄር የተደራጁ ድርጅቶች የመተማመን ባህልን ለማጠናከር ሊያደርጉ የወሰኑት ሂደት፤በመወያየት፤ አብሮ በመስራት ችግሮችን ለመፍታት የሚያግደን ነገር የለም የሚል ስሜታቸው ነበር። ሆኖም፤ ሌሎች ግዙፍ ድርጅቶች፤ ለምሳሌ፤ ኦነግ፤ ባለመገኘታቸው ችግሮቹ የማይፈቱ መሆናቸውን የሚያሳይ ሁኔታ እንደነበር ለመረዳት ችያለሁ። በስብስቡ ካየኋቸው ነገሮች አንዱ፤ በስራ አለም ላይ የተሳተፈ፤ በተለይ በውጭ አገር የሰራ ግለሰብ እንደሚያውቀው፤ እኔም በአለም ባንክ የተማርኩት፤ ላወቀበት የአስተሳሰብ ልዩነቶች በመደማመጥና በውይይት እንደሚፈቱ ነው። ሃሳቡን ከግለሰቡ መለየት የሚያስፈልገው ለዚህ ነው።

የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ ለዘላቂ ሰላም፤ አብሮ ለመኖር፤ ለሃገር ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ ለመላው ሕዝብ ከቀጥታ የመምረጥ ድምጽና መብት የሚገኝ ፍትሃዊና ወካይ የመንግስት ስነስርአት (Representative government) ሊያደርሰው የነበረው የምርጫ 97 (2005) የቅንጅት መንፈስ በታሪካችን ከፍተኛውን ቦታ ይዞ ይገኛል። ይህን ምርጫ የሚለየው፤ መላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ህወሓትን/ኢህአዴግን “አንፈልግም፤ ድምጻችን ይከበር፤ ለእኛ ተወካይ የሆነ መንግስት ይቋቋም” ማለቱ ነበር። አደጋውን ያየው የመለስ ዜናዊ መንግስት አጠፋው፤ የሕዝቡን ፍላጎት አኮላሸው። ለዚህ በሰላም የተመሰረተ የሕዝብ አመጽ መሰረት እንዲይዝ ያስፈልግ የነበረው የቅንጅት ድርጅታዊ ጥንክርናና የአመራር አዋቂነትና ጠንካራነት ነበር። ድርጅቱና አመራሩ በውስጥ የተከሰተውን ልዩነት ወደ ጎን ትቶ በስልት፤ በጥበብ፤ በዘዴ ቢሰራ ኖሮ የተሻለ ውጤት ባስገኘ ነበር። ልክ እንደ እምቧይ ካብ የተናደው አመራር ለመላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ተስፋ የሚያስቆርጥ አሰራርና ባህሪ አሳይቶ ተበታተነ። ይህን ድክመት፤ ሕዝቡ እስካሁን አልረሳውም፤ በመሪወች ላይ ያለው እምነት እንደገና መታደስ አለበት ማለት ነው።
ዘላቂነት ያለው አገራዊ የፖለቲክካ ድርጅትና የማይበገር አመራር የሚያስፈልግ መሆኑን የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ከቅንጅት ልምድ አስተምሮናል። ለዚህ ሌላ አማራጭ የለም። ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች ይህን ያለፈ ድክመት አጢነው፤ ለወደፊቱ በሰብሳቢ አገራዊ ራእይ፤ ለፍትሃዊ ስርአት እውን መሆን፤ ሳይበገሩ በአንድ ድምጽ፤ በአንድ ስልት መነሳት አለባቸው። በተናጥል እንደራደር ቢሉ፤ የሚያቆዩት የህወሓት/ኢህ አዴግን ጸረ ፍትህ መንግስት ብቻ ነው። ይህን እውነት የመለስ ማለፍ አይለውጠውም።

የጋራ ራእይ ወሳኝነት፤

የምንጋራው ራእይ ከሌለ የትም አንደርስም። በአንድ ኢትዮጵያ ማመን ራእይ ነው። በሁሉም ዜጎች የእድል እኩልነት ማመን ራእይ ነው። በሰላም፤ በነጻነት፤ በሕዝብ ድምጽ፤ በሕዝብ የበላይነት፤ በህግ የበላይነት ወዘተ ማመን ራእይ ነው። ራእይ እውን የሚሆነው፤ በመተማመን፤ በመደማመጥ፤ በመቻቻል፤ ለሃገር ግዛታዊ አንድነት፤ ለመላው ሕዝብ ፍትህ በማሰብ ውይይት ተደርጎ በአንኳር አገራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ ስምምነት ላይ ሲደረስ፤ እያንዳንዱ ተሳታፊ ስምምነቱን ወደ ኋላ ሳይል ከስራ ላይ ሲያውል ብቻ ነው።ለዚህ፤ ስነ መግባር ያሰፈልጋል (Code of Conduct)። ከላይ የተጠቀሱት ስብስቦች፤ የሚጋሩት ራእይ፤ የሚዳኙበት ስነ መግባር አልነበራቸውም።

ሁሉም እንደፈለጉ ወደ ድርጅቶቻቸው (Silo) ሂደው መስራት ጀመሩ፤ ስብስቦችና ሂደቶች አልተጣጣሙም።

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የሚመኘውን ከሕዝብ ብቻ የሚመጣ፤ ለሕዝብ ብቻ አገልጋይ የሆነ ስርአት ለመገንባት ነው። እድሉ አሁንም ክፍት ነው። እድል ክፍት መሆኑ ብቻ ጥቅም አያመጣም። ወሳኙ አገራዊ የፖለቲካ ድርጅት፤ ለዚህ ብቁነት ያለው የማይበገር አመራር መገንባት ነው። በውጭ ያለን ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች መጀመሪያ በመካከላችን ያሉ ጥቃቅን ልዩነቶችን ወደ ጎን ለመተው ከቻልን፤ አቅማችን በጋራ፤ ለጋራ አላማ ከገነባን፤ አገር ቤት ለሚንቀሳቀሱ አገራዊ ለሆኑ ለዋጭ ሃይሎች አስተዋጾወች ለማድረግ እንችላለን። የውጭ አምባሳደሮች ሆነን የአለምን አስተሳሰብ ለመለወጥ እንችላለን። ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች በጋራ ለድርድር እንዲበቁ የአቅም ግንባታ ስራ ለመስራት እንችላለን። የመጀመሪያው እርምጃ፤ በቅርቡ የተመሰረተውን የተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች ስብስብ በያለንበት መደገፍ፤ ሌሎች ድርጅቶች እንዲተባበሩ፤ አብረው ገብተው እንዲሰሩ መጎትጎት፤ የድጋፍ ቅርንጫፎች በየቦታው እንዲቋቋሙና አብረው እንዲሰሩ መቀስቀስና ተግቶ መስራት ነው።

የመለስ ዜናዊ ከዚህ አለም መለየት ለመላው ኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እድል ሊከፍት ይችላል። ይህን ሊያመለጥ የሚችል እድል የመጠቀም ጥበብ ግን ከተቃዋሚው ሃይል መምጣት አለበት። አዲስ ምእራፍ ለመክፈት ከተዘጋጀን ማንንም የማይለይ፤ ሁሉን የሚሰበስብ አማራጭ ማቅረብ አለብን። አለበለዚያ የችግራችን መነሻ መለስ ዜናዊ ነበሩ ብለን ማውራቱ ምንም አያዋጣነም።

August 21, 2012

Hailemariam Desalegn moves to consolidate power

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

Boosted by a call from U.S. President Barack Obama on Thursday, the acting prime minister of Ethiopia, Hailemariam Desalegn, is taking steps to assert his authority, according to Ethiopian Review sources in Addis Ababa.

The ruling TPLF junta is intending to make Hailemariam a figurehead prime minister. The real power still rests solidly in the hands of Seyoum Mesfin and the TPLF Politburo. However, Hailemariam is encouraged by the U.S and European governments, as well as his own supporters, to start exercising real authority even before the rubber-stamp parliament formally appoints him as prime minister.

Hailemariam’s real challenge to his authority as prime minister comes from none other than the wife of the late dictator Meles Zenawi.

According to Ethiopian Review sources, Azeb Mesfin is organizing discontented TPLF member against the acting prime minister, paving the way for herself to assume that position. It is Azeb who pushed the date when Hailemariam to be formally appointed as prime minister until after the burial of Meles Zenawi on September 2.

Concerned by growing opposition within the TPLF rank, Hailemariam has beefed up security around him, and the U.S. Gov’t has promised to provide him additional security. It is reported on Friday that U.S. security specialists on contract from the Africom have started to provide Hailemariam with intelligence and advise on how to protect against possible coup d’etat.

Hailemariam is also secretly reaching out to Ethiopian opposition groups. His communication with at least two opposition leaders was leaked to the VOA on Friday by a faction in the TPLF that opposes Hailemariam.

Remembering Meles Zenawi – in the words of former TPLF member (video)

Friday, August 24th, 2012

A former member of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) talks about his experience with the late dictator Meles Zenawi, Azeb Mesfin, Samora Yenus and others current senior TPLF junta leaders.

Part I

Part II

Barack Obama hold talks with Hailemariam Desalegn

Friday, August 24th, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: The Obama Administration continues to push the TPLF junta to accept Hailemariam Desalegn as the new “prime minister.” President Obama’s call to Hailemariam yesterday was part of the U.S. effort to strengthen Hailemariam’s position. However, the mid- and lower-ranking TPLF members are revolting against the decision to make Hailemariam the new prime minister, fearing that power could slip away from them.

U.S. President hold talks with Ethiopia’s new leader

ADDIS ABABA (AFP) — Ethiopia’s new leader Hailemariam Desalegn, expected to assume power following the death of the country’s longtime prime minister dictator, readied for the post Friday after holding talks with US President Barack Obama.

But Hailemariam, 47, a relatively little known politician overshadowed by his mentor Meles Zenawi, who died on Monday, faces tough challenges both internally and across the wider volatile Horn of Africa region.

Obama, who telephoned Hailemariam late Thursday, urged him to “use his leadership to enhance the Ethiopian government’s support for development, democracy, human rights and regional security,” the White House said.

Hailemariam has also met with South Sudan’s foreign minister and his Kenyan counterpart, who were in Addis Ababa on Thursday to pay their respects to Meles, who died aged 57 after a long illness.

Official mourning continues for Meles, with crowds gathering for a third day in the grounds of the National Palace, where photos of the late leader are on display.

Scores of police and army officers alongside ordinary citizens, many weeping loudly, have gathered to pay their respects ever since his body was flown home following his death in a Brussels hospital.

But the political process continues behind doors. Government spokesman Bereket Simon has said Hailemariam is expected to be formally sworn in in a emergency parliament session at “any time.”

In a rare peaceful handover of power in Ethiopian history, former water engineer Hailemariam took over as interim leader on the death of Meles, who had ruled with an iron-fist since toppling dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991.

A close ally of Meles as deputy prime minister and foreign minister since 2010, Hailemariam was elected deputy chair of the ruling coalition Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) after the party’s fourth win, a landslide victory in 2010.

In a country long dominated by the major ethnic groups — most recently the Tigray people, like Meles — Hailemariam notably comes from the minority Wolayta people, from the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region.

He served as president for the region — the most populous of Ethiopia’s nine ethnic regions — for five years.

But within the coalition, some of the most influential figures hail from the northern Tigray region, members of Meles’s ex-rebel turned political party, the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

Seen as a figurehead

Analysts have suggested that several others are still jostling for power behind doors in the often secretive leadership, even if in the open they may not take part in the running for the top job.

“Many see him as a figurehead, part of a gesture by Meles and the ethnic Tigrayans to give more prominence to other ethnic groups,” said Jason Mosley of Britain’s Chatham House think-tank.

He is also a Protestant, unlike the majority of Ethiopia’s Christians, who follow Orthodox traditions.

But others less critical warn that while outside the Tigray power base, that could in fact be a strength.

“His ethnicity is considered an advantage, because it is a minority in a multi-ethnic region and, most importantly, not from the numerically dominant Oromo or Amhara,” the International Crisis Group said in a recent report.

Critics also point to his relatively young age, lack of experience and the fact he was not part of the rebel movement which toppled Mengistu, unlike many in the ruling elite.

Instead, Hailemariam, who studied civil engineering in Addis Ababa, was completing his masters degree at Finland’s Tampere University when Mengistu fell.

Hailemariam, while a protege of Meles, is therefore seen as an outsider by some.

“He is a political novice, he has not been part of the old guard, he has not been in the bushes fighting with the rebels,” Berhanu Nega, an exiled opposition leader and former mayor of Addis Ababa, told the BBC.

“He is a Medvedev for a group of Putins in the ruling party with their own internal squabbles,” he added, drawing parallels with Russian political dynamics.

The government however has insisted Hailemariam will remain in the post until elections due in 2015, although he must first be formally chosen as head of the ruling EPRDF party, likely later this year.

“The secession issue has been settled for good,” said spokesman Bereket.

Power struggle among TPLF elite a big threat to stability – Economist

Friday, August 24th, 2012

The Economist

THE death of Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia’s prime minister dictator, on August 20th reveals much about the country he created. Details of his ill health remained a secret until the end. A short broadcast on state television, late by a day, informed Ethiopians that their “visionary leader” of the past 21 years was gone. He died of an unspecified “sudden infection” somewhere abroad. No further information was given. In the two months since the prime minister’s last public appearance the only local Ethiopian newspaper that reported his illness was pulped, its office closed, and its editor arrested. Further details of Mr Meles’s death surfaced only when an EU official confirmed that he died in a Brussels hospital.

A towering figure on Africa’s political scene, he leaves much uncertainty in his wake. Ethiopia, where power has changed hands only three times since the second world war, always by force, now faces a tricky transition period. Mr Meles’s chosen successor is a placeholder at best. Most Ethiopians, whatever they thought of their prime minister the dictator, assumed he would be around to manage the succession. Instead he disappeared as unexpectedly as he had arrived. He was a young medical student in the 1970s when he joined the fight against the Derg, the Marxist junta that then ruled Ethiopia. He went into the bush as Legesse Zenawi and emerged as “Meles”—a nom de guerre he had taken in tribute to a murdered comrade.

Who exactly was he? As leader of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front, an ethnic militia from the country’s north, he presented himself to his countrymen as a severe, ruthless revolutionary; yet Westerners who spoke to him in his mountain hideouts found a clever, understated man who laid out, in precise English, plans to reform a feudal state. In 1991, after the fall of the last Derg leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam, the 36-year-old Mr Meles (pictured above) took power, becoming Africa’s youngest leader. He had moral authority as a survivor of various famines. Western governments and publics, who became aware of Ethiopian hunger through the Band Aid and Live Aid charity concerts, gave freely. Mr Meles was often able to dictate terms under which donors could operate in Ethiopia and turned his country into Africa’s biggest aid recipient.

Where others wasted development aid, Ethiopia put it to work. Over the past decade GDP has grown by 10.6% a year, according to the World Bank, double the average in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa [false]. The share of Ethiopians living in extreme poverty—those on less than 60 cents a day—has fallen from 45% when Mr Meles took power to just under 30%. Lacking large-scale natural resources, the government has boosted manufacturing and agriculture. Exports have risen sharply. A string of hydroelectric dams now under construction is expected to give the economy a further boost in the coming years.

The flipside of the Meles record is authoritarianism. Before his departure he ensured that meaningful opposition was “already dead”, says Zerihun Tesfaye, a human-rights activist. The ruling party controls all but one of the seats in parliament, after claiming 99.6% of the vote in the 2010 elections. It abandoned a brief flirtation with more open politics after a vote five years previously, when the opposition did better than expected. The regime subsequently rewired the state from the village up, dismantling independent organisations from teachers’ unions to human-rights groups and binding foreign-financed programmes with tight new rules. Opposition parties were banned and their leaders jailed or driven into exile; the press was muzzled.

Internationally, Mr Meles made friends with America, allowing it to base unarmed armed drones at a remote airfield. He also liked to act as a regional policeman. His troops repeatedly entered neighboring Somalia (they are slowly handing over conquered territory to an African Union peacekeeping force). Hostilities have at times flared along the border with Eritrea. Mr Meles cowed his smaller neighbour and persuaded the world to see it as a rogue state. This in turn helped him restrain nationalists at home. In his absence, hardliners on both sides may reach for arms once again.

The nature of power in Mr Meles’s Ethiopia has remained surprisingly opaque. On the surface, the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front is a broad grouping encompassing all of the country’s ethnic factions. Like the liberal constitution, it is largely a sham. Real power rests with an inner circle of Mr Meles’s comrades. They all come from his home area, Tigray, which accounts for only 7% of Ethiopia’s 82m people. His acting successor is an exception. HaileMariam Desalegn, the foreign minister, is from the south. His prominence raises hopes that the long dominance of the Habesha, the Christian highlanders of the Amhara and Tigray regions, may be diluted. But few think he has enough standing to exert real control.

Power will be wielded by Tigrayans such as Getachew Assefa, the head of the intelligence service; Abay Tsehaye, the director-general of the Ethiopian sugar corporation; and Mr Meles’s widow, Azeb Mesfin. An MP, she heads a sprawling conglomerate known as EFFORT, which began as a reconstruction fund for Tigray but now has a host of investments. It is unclear whether any of the Tigrayans will seek the leadership of the ruling party or be content to wield control from the sidelines. A struggle among this elite would be a big threat to stability.

Confrontation with the late Tagay Gebremedhin’s loyalists in London

Friday, August 24th, 2012

Supporters of the late Tagay Gebremedhin (formerly Abune Paulos) are trying to use the London St.Mary Church to conduct memorial service for the fake patriarch this coming Sunday. This is causing an uproar among followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in London and they are preparing the administrator of St Mary Church, Aba Girma… [read more]

Meles Zenawi died of liver cancer – CPJ

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

* Meles died Monday of liver cancer
* In Ethiopia, Feteh editor jailed during trial

Ethiopian authorities must immediately release Temesghen Desalegn, editor of the leading weekly Feteh, who was ordered jailed today pending his trial on defamation, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.

The High Court judge deemed Temesghen a flight risk during his trial, which resumes on September 3, according to local journalists. Police summoned the journalist for questioning on August 1 and told him they were charging him over his articles published in seven editions of the weekly Feteh that were critical of the administration of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, local journalists said. Mastewal Publishing and Advertising PLC, the company that publishes Feteh, has also been charged, the same sources said.

Temesghen is being held at Kality Prison in Addis Ababa, the capital, local journalists said. Feteh has not been published since July 20, when the Ministry of Justice blocked the sale and distribution of 30,000 copies to suppress the paper’s coverage concerning the health of Meles, the sources said. Meles died Monday of liver cancer, according to international news reports… [read more]

የሰሜን ኮርያው ሞዴል?

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

ከብስራት ኢብሳ


በተፈጥሮዬ ለሁለት ነገር አልታደልኩም ፡፡ የመጀመርያው ፣ በንግግር ሃሳቤን መግለጽና ፣ ሁለተኛው ድምጽ እያሰሙ የእውነትም ሆነ የውሸት ማልቀስ አልችልም ፡፡ ጨካኝ ሰው ነኝ ብዬ እንዳልደመድም ፣ አንዳንዴ አሳዛኝ መጽሃፍም ሆነ ፊልም ሳይ እንባዬ ይቀራል ፡፡ አንዳንዴም ሕዝብ የአንባ ገነን ገዢዎቻቸውን ታግለው አሸንፈው፣ በደስታ ሲፈነጥዙ ሳይ ፣ እኔም ስለሃገሬ መንፈሳዊ ቅናት ያድርብኝና ፣ ድንገት ስሜታዊ ሆኜ ፣ ሲቃ ይዞኝ ፣እንባዬ ዱብ ዱብ የሚልበት ወቅት ስላለ ጨካኝ ነኝ ለማለት ይቸግረኛል፡፡ ሟች የቅርብ ዘመዴም ቢሆን፣ የሆነ የሚያስተሳስረን፣ ወይ አብረን ያሳለፍነው የማስታውሰው ነገር ከሌለ ፣ ስሜቴ ላይ ለውጥ አያመጣም፡፡ እንደ ፊልሙና ፣ መጽሃፉ ከሆነ ስሜት ጋር ሲያያዝ ብቻ እንጂ ፣ በተለይ ጮክ ብዬ ላልቅስ ብዬ እራሴን ባስገደድኩኝ ቁጥር ፣ የኮረኮሩት ያህል ነው ሳቄን የሚያመጣው ፡፡

በጎልማሳ ዘመኔ አንድ የቅርብ ዘመዴ ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት ተለይተው ለቅሶዋቸውን ሳልሰማ ስለሰነበትኩኝ እናቴ ለሰልስቱ አብሬያት እንድሄድ ትጠይቀኛለች ፡፡ እኔም ጮሆ ማልቀስ ስለማልችል ይቅርብኝ እላታላሁ ፡፡ እናቴም ነገሩን ቀለል አድርጋ ፣ “ ችግር የለውም ፣ ግቢው ውስጥ ስንገባ ፣ እኔ እጀምርልሃለሁኝ ፣ ከዛ አብረን እናለቅሳለን “ ትለኛለች፡፡ ችግሬን ለማሳመን ብዙ ከሞከርኩኝ ቦኋላ ስላልተሳካልኝ ፣ “መሄዱን እሺ ግን አላለቅስም “ አልኳት ፡፡ እናቴ ልታስለቅሰኝ ቆርጣ ስለተነሳች ፣ “ልጄ ዘመድህ ሞቶ ፣ ያውም በጉራጌ ባህል ፣ ኡ ኡ ኡ ብለህ ካልገባህ ፣ የመርካቶ ዘመዶቻችን ቀርቶ ሳር ቅጠሉ ይታዘበናል .“ .ብላ ስላስቸገረችኝ፣ “እንሂድ የሚሆነውን እናያለን“ ፣ ብያት ታክሲ
ተሳፈርን ፡፡

እንደፈራሁኝ ከታክሲ ወርደን ወደ ድንኳኑ ስንገባ ፣ እናቴ በል በርታ ብላ ለቅሶዋን ጀመረችልኝ ፡፡ እናቴን ማሳፈር አልፈለኩም ፣ ማልቀሱም አልሆነልኝም፣ በመጨረሻ በዚህ ጭንቀት መሃል ፣ ያበጠ ይፈንዳ ብዬ ፣ ጮኬ ማልቀስ ስጀምር ፣ ፍራሽ ላይ ተሰብስበው የተቀመጡት ፣ የሟች ልጆችና ፣ ሌሎች የዘመድ ልጆች መሳቅ ይጀምራሉ ፡፡ ምክንያቱም ጮኬ ማልቀስ ስጀምር ፣ ድምጼ በሚያስገርም ሁኔታ ፣ አንዴ እንደ በሬ ፣ ሌላ ጊዜ እንደ ድመት …. የማይሆን አይነት ያልተለመደ ድምጽ ይወጣኝ ስለነበር ፣ የመርካቶ አራዶች ዘመዶቼ ፣ ቲያትር መሆኑ ገብቷቸው ኖርዋል ፣ አንደኛዋ ሴት ልጃቸው ፣ ስሜን ጠርታ ፣ “ ና እባክህ እኛ ዘንድ ተቀምጠህ ተጫወት ፣ ይቺ አባዬ ናት
አልቅስ ብላ የምታስቸግርህ“ ብላ ጠራችኝ ፡፡

እኔም እንዳልተሳካልኝ ስለገባኝ ፣ ጩኅቴን አቁሜ “ ተይ ይቅርብኝ ብያት ነበር አልሰማ አለችኝ “ ስላቸው እናቴ ሰምታ ፣ “ይሄ ሞኝ ፣ ደግሞ አፍ አለኝ ብሎ ይናገራል ብላ ፣“ ለቅሶዋን ትታ ፣ ቀና ብላ አይታኝ ፣ ገረምኳት መሰለኝ እሷም ሳቅዋን ጀምራ ፣ ድንኳን ውስጥ ጉዳዩን በቅርብ የሚከታተሉት በሙሉ ፣ ሳቅ በሳቅ ሆኑ ፡፡ በታክሲ ወደቤታችን ስንመለስ ፣ ወቀሳዋን ከመጀመሯ በፊት ፣ ቀደም ብዬ እራሴን ለመከላከል “ ሰውን ማጽናናት ማለት እውነቱን ተናግሮ ማሳቅ እንጂ ፣ የውሸት አልቅሶ የእውነት ማሳዘን አይደለም“ ብያት ፣ ከዚህ ጊዜ ቦኋላ ፣ እንኳን አልቅስ ብላ ልታስቸግረኝ ፣ የተገላቢጦሽ ፣ “ እሱ ይጨነቃል ለቅሶ አትንገሩት“ እያለች ትከላከልልኝ ነበር ፡፡

በዚህ ድክመቴ የተነሳ ፣ ምናልባት የሚያለቅሱ ሰዎችን ልምድ ብጠይቅ ፣ የተሻለ ያለቃቀስ ዘዴ እማር ይሆናል በሚል ፣ ማልቀስ የሚችሉ ሰዎችን ፣ እንዴት ማልቀስ እንደሚሆንላቸው መጠየቅና ፣ መረዳት አለብኝ ብዬ ወሰንኩኝ፡፡ መጀመርያ የጠየኩት ፣ የቅርብ ጓደኝዬን ነበር ፡፡ አንዴ የቤተሰቦቼን ደህንነት ለመስማት ወደ ሃገር ቤት ስልክ ደውዬ ፣ አንድ የማላውቀው ዘመዴ ሞቶ በሙሉ ለቅሶ ሄደዋል ብለው ቤት ጠባቂዎች ነግረውኝ ፣ ሳላገኛቸው ቀረሁ ብዬ ለስደት ጓደኛዬ ደውዬ እነግረዋለሁኝ፡፡

ጓደኛዬም ግማሽ ሰዓት ባልሞላ ጊዜ ውስጥ ቤቴ ለቅሶ ሊደርስ መጥቶ ፣ እንባውን እንደጎርፍ ያፈሰው ጀመር፣ ተደናግጬ እኔው አጽናኚ ሆንኩኝ ፡፡ ለቅሶ የተቀመጥኩኝ መስሎት ወደየሰው ስልክ እንዳይደውል ስለሰጋሁኝ ፣ በስልክ ስነግረው ፣ እግረ መንገዴን አነሳሁት እንጂ አዝኜ ወይም ለቅሶ ለመቀመጥ ፈልጌ እንዳልሆነ አስረግጬ ላስረዳው ሞከርኩኝ ፡፡ ማልቀሱ ትንሽ ይቀንስ እንጂ አልፎ አልፎ መንሰቅሰቁን አላቆመም ፡፡ እኔም ባኮ ሙሉ የወረቀት መሃረብ ፊቱ ከምሬ ፣ አንዱ ሲረጥብ ሌላውን አቀብለው ጀመር፡፡

ታዲያ እንደምንም አረጋግቼው ፣ እህል ወሃ ከቀማመስን ቦኋላ ፣ በጨዋታ መሃል በማልቀስ እንዴት የታደለ እንደሆነና ፣ እኔንም እንዲያስተምረኝ እጠይቀዋለሁኝ፡፡ እሱም ቀለል አድርጎ ፣ “ እኔ እኮ ለቅሶ ስሄድ የማለቅሰው ፣ የራሴን የሞቱብኝን ሰዎች እያስታወስኩኝ እንጂ ፣ አብደሃል እንዴ ፣ አንተ እራስህ ለማታውቃቸው ዘመድህ እኔ የማለቅሰው “ ብሎ እውነቱ ነገረኝ ፡፡ አንዳንዴ በደብዳቤ ለሚያረዱት ዘመዶቹ ፣ በደንብ የሚያለቅሰው በዚህ አጋጣሚ መሆኑን አልደበቀኝም ፡፡

መልሱ በጣም ስለገረመኝ ፣ "ታዲያ ዛሬ ለየትኛው ዘመድህ ነው ዛሬ ያለቀስከው ? እውነቱን ንገረኝ“ አልኩት ፡፡ ቆፍጠን ብሎ ፣ “ዛሬ ያለቀስኩት ለኔና ላንተ ነው " ብሎኝ አረፈ ፡፡ ጆሮዬን ስላላመንኩት ፣ “ ሙተናል እንዴ ?“ ብዬ ስጠይቀው ፣ እጁን በእጁ እያሻሸ ፣ እንደመሳቅም ፣ እንደ መሽኮርመምም አድርጎት ፣ ከኪሱ ከአንድ ቀን በፊት ፣ ከዘመዶቹ ፣ እናቱ በጠና ስለታመሙ ፣“ ብር ባስቸኳይ ለህክምና ላክ ፣ ይህንን ሳታደርግ እናትህ ብትሞና ብታለቅስ ዋጋ የለውም“ ብለው የጻፉለት ደብዳቤ ነበር፡፡ “ታዲያ እኔ እናትህ ነኝ ወይ ?“ ብዬ ጠይቄው ፣ “ጠዋት በስልክ ስለ ዘመድህ ስትነግረኝ ፣ የኔንም ደብዳቤ አንብበህ እንደምትቸገርልኝ ስለማውቅ ፣ በሃዘንህ ላይ ሌላ ችግር ስፈጥርብህ አሳዝነኅኝ ነው ያለቀስኩት ፡፡ ለራሴ ደግሞ የማለቅሰው ፣ እናቴ ዘጠኝ ወር በሆድዋ ተሸክማ ፣ አብልታ ፤ አጠጥታኝ፣ ለፍታ አሳድጋ ለወግ ማዕረግ አድርሳኝ ፣ በዚህ አስችጋሪ በመጨረሻ ጊዜዋ ፣ እናቴን ልረዳ የማልችል ምስኪን ፍጡር በመሆኔ ፣ ሳዝን ሁሌ አለቅሳለሁ ፡፡“ ብሎኝ ፣ እንደገና የውሸት አልቅሶ ፣ እግረ መንገዱን ፣ ከለቅሶው ጀርባ የሚፈልገውን መልዕክት አስተላልፎ ፣ የውነት አሳዝኖኝ ሊያስለቅሰኝ ነበር ፡፡

በሃገራችንም ይሁን በዓለም ፣ ለቅሶ በተለያየ ባህላዊ መልክ ይገለጻል፡፡ ሰው ሲያለቅስ ሁልጊዜ ለሃዘን ብቻ አይደለም፡፡ ሳቅ ሲበዛ ያስለቅሳል፡፡ ደስታ ያስለቅሳል፡፡ ፍርሃት ያስለቅሳል፡፡ ሕጻናት አንዳንዴ ሲዋሹ ያለቅሳሉ፡፡ እርካታ ያስለቅሳል፡፡ ህመም ያስለቅሳል፡፡ ማቸነፍ ፣ መቸነፍ ሁሉ ያስለቅሳል፡፡ እንዲህ እያልን ብዙ አስለቃሽ ነገሮች ማሰብ እንችላለን፡፡

በሃገራችን ለቅሶ ይከበራል፡፡ ለቀስተኛ ፣ እሬሳ ይዘው ወደ ቀብር ሲሄዱ ፣ የሞተውን ባናቀውም ፣ ወሬያችንን አቁመን ፣ እጃችንን ለክብሩ ወደ ኋላ አድርገን እንደ እምነታችን እናማትባለን ፡፡ ዝቅ ብለን እጅ እንነሳለን፡፡ የሞተው ጠላት እንኳን ቢሆን ፣ ንፍሮውንና ቡናውን አንቀምስም እንጂ ፣ ለቅሶ ይደረሳል፡፡

ወደ መጨረሻው ቤቱ ስለሄደ ጠላትም ቢሆን ፣“ነብስ ይማር“ ተብሎ አፈር ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ይበተናል ፣ ሌላም ሌላም ብዙ የምንኮራባቸው የራሳችን ባህሎች አሉን ፡፡ በሃገራችን ብዙ ሰዎች በተፈጥሮዋቸው ሩህሩህ ከመሆናቸው በላይ ፣ ለማንም ለማያቁት ሰው ለቅሶ መድረስ የተለመደ ነው ፡፡ ሲሞት ያለቅሳሉ ፡፡ ሟቹን ሳያውቁት ደርት እየመቱ ያዙኝ ልቀቁኝ ብለው ሲወድቁ ፣ እራሳቸውን ሲጎዱ ቆይተው ፣ የሟችን ስም የሚጠይቁ ፣ ወንድ ይሁን ሴት ? በአደጋ ይሁን በተፈጥሮ እንዴት እንደሞተ ለማጣራት የሚሞክሩ ብዙ ሰዎች እንዳሉ ይታወቃል ፡፡ ሞት ሁሉም ቤት በተራ ስለሚደርስ ፣ የቋሚውን ሃዘን ነው የምንካፈለው ፡፡

በሃገራችን ሰው ሲሞት ብዙ አይነት ያለቃቀስ አይነቶች አሉ ፡፡ ከጉራጌ “ዓለም ገፈረም በዋሻ“ (ዓለምን ትቶ ዋሻ ውስጥ መኖር መረጠ)፣ የዳንስ አይነት ውዝዋዜ ፣ እስከ የዶርዜ የዝላይ የመገለባበጥ ትዕይንት፣ ጸጉር ከመንጨት ፣እስከ ሰውነትን ማድማት የመሳሰሉት ሁሉ አይነት፣ ሃዘንን የመግለጫ መንገዶች አሉ፡፡ ለእንደኔ አይነት ማልቀስ ለማይችል፣ ልበ ደረቅም አማራጭ ፈጥረውለት አስለቃሽ፣ አስረጋጅ ፣ አስተዛዛኝ፣ ማማረጥ ይቻላል እንደውም እዚህ የሰለጠነ ዓለም፣ ለብዙ ዓመታት ማልቀስ ወይም መሳቅ ለተቸገሩ ሰዎች የሚሰጥ ኮርስ (ቴራፒ) እንዳለ ሰምቻለሁኝ ፡፡ እነዚህ የሃገራችንን አስለቃሾችን ጠጋ ብላችሁ አይናቸውን ብታዩት ፣ ግጥም እየደረደሩ ያን ሁሉ ሕዝብ በእንባ ሲያራጩት ከዓይናቸው አንዲት ጠብታ እንባ አትወጣም ፡፡ ለእነሱ እንደ ሙያ እንጂ ፣ ስሜት የሚለውን ነገር ከውስጣቸው አውጥተውታል ፡፡ ስለዚህ የውሸት እያለቀሱ የውነት የሚያስለቅሱት እንጀራቸው ስለሆነ ነው ፣ ያን ካላደረጉ ነገ የሚቀምሱት የላቸውም፡፡

ዛሬ ለቅሶ እንደ ድሮ ፣ በፈረስ ፣ በባቡር ፣ በግር እየተሄደ የሚደረሰው ያው ሃገራችን እንጂ ፣ በተለይ ቴክኒዎሎጂው በሰለጠነበት ዘመን ብዙ መጓዝ እየቀረ ነው ፡፡ በስልክ መላቀስ ፣ በሞባይልና በትዊተር መርዶ ማርዳት ፣ በእስካይፒ እና በፓልቶክ ለቅሶ መድረስ ….እይተለመደ ነው ፡፡ ለቅሶ ፣ተዝካር ፣ የሃውልት ምራቃት …ወዘተ አንድ ሰው ካልተመቸው ፣ ወይም ያለበት ቦታ እንዲያዝን ፣ እንደ ሰርግ ፣ በፊዲዮ ተቀርጾ ይላካል፡፡የሕዝቡ ብዛት ፣ የምግቡ አይነት ፣ የታረደው የሰንጋ ብዛት ፣ ይስጋው ጮማነት ..ሁሉ እየተደነቀ ወደ ድግስነት እየተጠጋ ነው፡፡

ለቅሶ በምዕራቡ ዓለምና በምስራቁ ዓለም የሚጫወተው ራሱን የቻለ ፖለቲካዊ ገጽታ አለው ፡፡ በተለይ የኮሚኒስቱ ሃገር መሪዎች ፣ ምዕራቡ በአንባ ገነንነት የሚከሷቸውን ስሞታ መሰረት ለማሳጣት ፣ ለመሪዎቻቸው ቀብር በሚወጣው ሕዝብ ብዛት ፣ ለሕዝባቸው ተወዳጅ እንደነበሩ ለማሳየት ፣ ለቀብር የሚያሰልፉት ትዕይንተ ሕዝብ ፣ ብቻ ሳይሆን ፣ ትዕይንተ ለቅሶ ፣ ከማስገረም አልፎ ያስፈራል ፡፡

በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠር ሕዝብ ፣ እንደ አንድ ቤተሰብ ፣ በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታ ፣ ካሜራው ቀረብ ሲልና ፣ ሲርቅ ፣ የለቀስተኛው ድምጽ የሚጨምርና ፣ የሚቀንስ ከሆነ ? ተአሚነቱን ይቀንሰዋል ፡፡ ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ የኅብር ለቅሶ ያየሁት በ1976 በሊቀመንበር የቀብር ሥነ ሥርዓት ላይ ሲሆን ፣ የመጨረሻውን ያየሁት ፣ ከዓመት በፊት የሰሜን ኮርያውን የኪም ዮንግ ሁለተኛውን ነው ፡፡

የሁለቱንም ቀብር ይህንን ጽሁፍ ላዘጋጅ ስል ፣ ጉግል ላያና ፣ ዊኪ ፒዲያ ውስጥ ገብቼ ከነ ምስሉ ስመለከት ፣ አንድ በደንብ የገባኝ ነገር ፣ ያ ሁሉ ሚሊዮን ሕዝብ የሚያለቅሰው ልዩ ጥቅም ተሰጥቶት ወይም ተገዶ ሳይሆን ፣ ለመሪው እንዲያለቅስ አሳምነውት ነው፡፡ በስሜት ተነሳስቶ፣ ከውስጥ በተቀሰቀሰ ስሜት ማልቀስና፣ እንዲያለቅስ አሳምነውት ማልቀስ ይለያያል ፡፡

በእርግጥ በዛ ሥራዓት የተጠቀመ ፣ ከመንገድ አንስተውት የሾሙት ፣ ህልውናው ከዛ ሥርዓት ጋር የተያያዘ፣ ያለአግባብ የበለጸገ ፣ ለሰራው ወንጀል ፍርሃት ያለበት ለሚቀጥለው የስልጣን ሽግሽግ ጎልቶ ለመታየት የሚፈልግ፣ ብዙ ብዙ ከኋላ የተደበቁ አጀንዳዎች ከለቅሶው ጀርባ አሉ፡፡

በእንደዚህ አይነት የኮሚኒስት ሃገር ፣ መሪው ያንን ሃገር ሊያስተዳድር ከአንድ ትልቅ ሊታይ ሊዳሰስ የማይችል ሃይል ተመርጦ እንደሆነ አድርገው እንዲያምኑ ፣ ለአመታት አዕምሮዋቸውን በማጠብ በውስጣቸው የተገነባ ዕምነት ነው፡፡ ይህ መሪ አልፎ አልፎ በአደባባይ በሚያሳየው ጠንካራ የጦር ሰራዊቱንና ፣ ዘመናዊ ያጦር መድፎቹን ፣ ሃያ አራት ስዓት ሙሉ ፣ ብቸኛ ከሆነው አንድ ቴሌቪዥና የራርዲዮ መስመር፣ ሕዝባቸውን ታላቁ መሪያቸው እንዴት ከኢንፔርያሊስቶች እንደጠበቋቸው …በመሳሰሉት፣ ፕሮፓጋንዳ እንዲያምኑ የተደረጉ ፍጥረቶች ናቸው ፡፡ በዚህም ላይ ጠንከራ የስለላ መረብ የእያንዳንዱን ቤት የሚሰልል እንዳለ ስለሚያውቁና ፣ አንዳንዴ የራሳቸውን ህሊና ተጠቅመው፣ የፓርቲውን መስመር የማይከተሉ “እንቢተኞች“ ፣ ሕዝብ በተሰበሰበበት፣ በአደባባይ አንገታቸውን ስለሚቆረጡ ፣ እያንዳንዱ የሃገሪቷ ነዋሪ ፣ እኔም ከዚህ መስመር ብወጣ ፣ ይሄ ይደርስብኛል ብሎ ፈርቶ አንገቱን ደፍቶ ፣ የእውነት ለቅሶ ተምሮ ፣ ህይወቱን ለማሰንበት ያለቅሳል፡፡

እንደዚህ አይነት ሕብረተሰብ ፣ አለቃቸው ፣ ካሁን ቦኋላ መኖር አያስፈልጋችሁም ፣ እራሳችሁን በመርዝ ግደሉ፣ በስለት ቆራርጡ ፣ ከገደል ዘላችሁ ሙቱ ፣ ብሎ ቢነግራቸው፣ የታዘዙትን ያደርጋሉ፡፡ ለዚህም የነ ጂም ጆንስ አሳዛኝ የእልቂት ታሪክ በሳባዎቹ ዓመታትና ፣ በተለያዩ ሃገራት የተደረጉትን ፣ አሰቃቂ ታሪኮች መለስ ብሎ ማስታወሱ ጠቃሚ ነው፡፡

ይህ የሰሜን ኮርያ ሞዴል፣ እንደ ግል ማሰብ ፣ መመዘን፣ መቃወም … አይነት ተፈጥሮ የቸረን ስጦታ ተደምስሶ፣ በመሪዎች ጭንቅላትና በፓርቲ መስመር እንደ ሴክት እንድናስብ እዕምሮን ማጠብ የበሽታ አዝማምያ ወደ ሃገራችንም እየቀረበ ስለሆነ፣ ካሁኑ ይህንን አስፈሪና፣ አደገኛ አዝማሚያ ሳይቃጠል በቅጠል ልንለው ይገባል፡፡ በቅርቡ በአቡነ ጳውሎስ እና በጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር መለስ ዜናዊ ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት መለየት ምክንያት፣ በአንድ በኩል ከላይ ከጠቀስኩት ባህላችን ውጪ፣ ለሞተ ሰው ሊሰጥ የሚገባውን ተዘንግቶ፣ ከመስመር ውጪ ተኪዶ አላስፈላጊ ሊያስገምቱን የሚችሉ ቃላቶች መጠቀምና፣ አላስፈላጊ ድርጊቶች መፈጸም ቀርቶ ፣ በሌላውም አንጻርም፣ ማንም ሰው ያለ ማዘን መብት እንዳለው ዘንግተው ፣ እኛ ስናለቅስ እናንተ ለምን ደረት አልመታችሁም፣ ብለው፣ የሰሜን ኮርያን አይነት ሞዴል፣ በአፍሪካ እንደ የጎጡ ፖለቲካ ሊጭኑብን ለሚሹት ነቅተን ልናሳፍራቸው ይገባል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያን እግዚአብሔር ይጠብቃታል!

ብስራት ኢብሳ

Giving Hailemariam Dessalegn the benefit of the doubt

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

I’m getting good vibes about Hailemariam Dessalegne. There is a divine reason for his rise to power. God works in mysterious ways. The Ethiopian people have suffered long and hard, God intervened in the nick of time. I know the country’s financial, political, military and media institutions are under strict control of the TPLF tribal minority junta to make his work more difficult, but I’m willing to give him the benefit of the doubt and wait and see if he can offer something different from his disgraced predecessor and lead the country through the critical transition period. I don’t expect him to work miracles, but he could at least put the house in order by neutralizing, if not eradicating, the remnants of the corrupt Meles regime. His demeanor strikes me as someone who is incorruptible. But don’t hold me to it.

P.S. I am in no way endorsing Hailemariam Dessalege, nor am I offered to go out on a date with his beautiful and intelligent daughter in exchange for my candid appraisal of him.

The convening of parliament postponed because of TPLF internal revolt

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

Meles Zenawi tries to cling to power after death
The rubber-stamp parliament in Ethiopia was scheduled to meet today to formally appoint Hailemariam Dessalegn as prime minister, but Ethiopian Review sources in Addis Ababa reported this afternoon that the meeting was abruptly canceled yesterday after Meles Zenawi’s wife Azeb Mesfin refused to leave the prime minister’s house. The mother of corruption dared any one to even suggest that she vacates “her house” until her husband is buried on September 2.

On top of that, it is reported that mid-ranking TPLF members have been confronting Seyoum Mesfin and other senior TPLF leaders since Tuesday over the selection of Hailemariam. Their complaint is that a position as critical as the prime minister should be reserved for the Tigray People’s Liberation Front. Our sources are reporting that Azeb Mesfin is behind the simmering revolt in the TPLF rank. A deadly clash among the various TPLF factions is becoming a real possibility.

የፍትሕ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ ተመስገን ደሳለኝ ታሰረ

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

The Reporter

ሐምሌ 13 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም. በገበያ ላይ እንዳይውልና እንዳይሠራጭ በፍርድ ቤት ትዕዛዝ የታገደው፣ እስካሁንም ምክንያቱ ግልጽ ባልሆነ ሁኔታ ሕትመቱ የተቋረጠው የፍትሕ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ ጋዜጠኛ ተመስገን ደሳለኝ ዛሬ ታሰረ፡፡

ጋዜጠኛ ተመስገን እንዲታሰር ትዕዛዝ የሰጠው የፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት 16ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት ሲሆን፣ ምክንያቱ ደግሞ ዋና አዘጋጁ በፍትሕ ጋዜጣ ላይ፣ ነሐሴ 23 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም.፣ የካቲት 23 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም.፣ ሐምሌ 22 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም. እና መጋቢት 7 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም. የተዘገቡ መጣጥፎችን ተከትሎ የፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ዓቃቤ ሕግ በመሠረተበት ሦስት ክሶች ዋስትና በመከልከሉ ነው፡፡

ፍርድ ቤቱ ክሱን ለማየት ቀጠሮ ሰጥቶ የነበረው ለነሐሴ 9 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም. የነበረ ቢሆንም፣ ዳኛው ባለመገኘታቸው በጽሕፈት ቤት ሠራተኞች አማካይነት ለዛሬ ተላልፎ ነበር፡፡ ዛሬ በቀጠሮው መሠረት ፍርድ ቤት ተሰይሞ ክሱን ለችሎቱና ለተከሳሹ ካሰማ በኋላ፣ በክሱ ላይ ዋና አዘጋጁ አስተያየቱን እንዲሰጥ ሲጠየቅ፣ በጠበቃው አማካይነት የዋስትና መብቱ እንዲጠበቅለት ጠይቆ ነበር፡፡ ዓቃቤ ሕግ ግን ባቀረበው መቃወሚያ ተከሳሹ የተመሠረተበት ክስ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ተጠያቂነትን የሚያስከትልበት መሆኑን በመጥቀስ፣ ከአገር ሊወጣ እንደሚችልና ሊቀርብ እንደማይችል በመናገር ዋስትናውን ተቃውሟል፡፡

ፍርድ ቤቱ የሁለቱንም አስተያየት ካደመጠ በኋላ የጋዜጠኛ ተመስገንን የዋስትና ጥያቄ ውድቅ በማድረግ፣ በማረሚያ ቤት ቆይቶ ነሐሴ 28 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም. ለውሳኔ ቀጥሮታል፡፡ በጋዜጣው አሳታሚ ድርጅት ላይ ስለቀረበው ክስ ፍርድ ቤቱ ያለው ነገር የለም፡፡

CNN’s Erin Burnett blasts U.S. foreign policy on Ethiopia

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

Erin Burnett of CNN’s Outfront seems to be one of the few Western journalists who have not received DLA Piper’s talking about about Meles Zenawi. In her commentator last night she blasted the U.S. anti-human rights policy in Ethiopia. Thank you, Erin, for speaking the truth. Watch below.

Meles ‘fooled only those who wanted to be fooled’ – Ana Gomes

Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

After the death of Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi, S&D Group spokeswoman for foreign affairs Ana Gomes today made the following statement:

“Meles Zenawi was a dictator. His rhetoric on development, democracy and combatting terrorism only convinced those in the EU and the USA who wanted to be fooled. His words were clearly at odds with the cruel repression of his people and his actions in banning human rights and development organisations and jailing opposition members and journalists – Ethiopian and foreign.

“Two Swedish journalists are today still languishing in Meles Zenawi’s prisons, together with hundreds of brave Ethiopians who dared to work for freedom and democracy for their people, including Pen Prize winner Eskinder Nega.

“The EU must immediately demand the Ethiopian caretaker authorities ensure their prompt release. It must call for an immediate and inclusive dialogue involving all opposition parties – including the armed groups – to ensure a peaceful transition until democratic elections can be organised to determine the future of governance in Ethiopia.”

The West’s dramatic hypocrisy in praising Ethiopian tyrant – Forbes

Wednesday, August 22nd, 2012

By Thor Halvorssen and Alex Gladstein | Forbes

With the dust beginning to settle on yesterday’s death of Meles Zenawi—ruler of Ethiopia since 1991—Western leaders have been quick to lavish praise on his legacy. A darling of the national security and international development industries, Zenawi was applauded for cooperating with the U.S. government on counter-terrorism and for spurring economic growth in Ethiopia—an impoverished, land-locked African nation of 85 million people. In truth, democratic leaders who praise Zenawi do a huge injustice to the struggle for human rights and individual dignity in Ethiopia.

U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice said Zenawi “leaves behind an indelible legacy of major contributions to Ethiopia, Africa, and the world.” Gordon Brown called Zenawi’s demise “a tragedy for the Ethiopian people,” while David Cameron remembered him as an “inspirational spokesman for Africa.” Bill Gates tweeted that he “was a visionary leader who brought real benefits to Ethiopia’s poor.” Abdul Mohammed and Alex de Waal took to the New York Times op-ed pages today in perhaps the most unspeakably sycophantic eulogy of Zenawi, declaring that the dictator’s death “deprives Ethiopia — and Africa as a whole — of an exceptional leader.”

For years, the diminutive Zenawi had been a fixture on the Davos circuit, charming Western leaders with statistics of human development and business expansion. Under his control, Ethiopia’s average annual GDP growth rate more than doubled to a gaudy 8.8 percent over the past decade, and trade and investment with the West boomed. He worked with the U.S. to capture terrorists—even invading Somalia to help oust an Islamist government—in return netting roughly a billion dollars a year in American aid. Ethiopia had been to hell and back in the 1970s and 1980s with famine, war, and genocide. For someone who came to power as a freedom fighter and liberator, who gave one of the poorest countries on earth China-esque economic growth, and who became a key ally of the U.S., what was not to like?

First off, many of the rosy development statistics given out by the Ethiopian government are simply fraudulent; independent sources still rank Ethiopia at the very bottom of poverty indexes. Second, what genuine economic and public health transformations Zenawi did bring to Ethiopia were achieved with a top-down model that mirrored the statist command he implemented over all other aspects of Ethiopian life.

Zenawi built a totalitarian state, guided by Marxist-Leninism, complete with a cult of personality and zero tolerance for dissent. Like Saddam Hussein or Bashar al-Assad, he filled the country’s top political and economic positions with men from his own Tigaray ethnicity. When elections did occur, he won them with Saddam-like numbers, most recently, 99 percent of the vote. Civil society organizations were harassed into submission or banned. His government only allowed one television station, one radio station, one internet-service provider, one telecom, one national daily, and one English daily—all churning out government propaganda. Zenawi used this information hegemony to heavily censor news available to Ethiopians, taking special delight in preventing them from hearing news from exile groups outside the country.

Zenawi’s critics were jailed, killed or chased out of the country: in fact, more journalists were exiled from Ethiopia in the last decade than any other country on earth. Let’s restate that: Zenawi kicked out more journalists than any other tyrant on the planet, thereby monopolizing control over information. His favorite tactic was labeling dissidents as terrorists. Journalists risked up to 20 years in prison if they even reported about opposition groups classified by the government as terrorists. The most emblematic case is that of Eskinder Nega, a PEN-award-winning author sentenced to 18 years in prison this July for questioning the government’s new anti-terrorism laws.

Many in the West like to credit Zenawi with “keeping Ethiopia together” despite ethnic differences, war, famine and regional instability. Dissidents, however, maintain that Zenawi was always at war with his own people. When towns and villages rose up against Zenawi’s military regime, they were put down brutally. There was, and still is, a climate of fear. With 85 million Ethiopians suffering under his thrall, Meles Zenawi constructed one of history’s most depraved states in terms of numerical human suffering.

So why is this monster being celebrated? Some, like Bill Gates and Ambassador Rice, choose to remain blind to Zenawi’s systemic human rights abuses. He was, undoubtedly, charming. Others, perhaps more worryingly, excuse his tyranny for his development and economic acumen. Foreign Policy’s managing editor illustrated this point of view while tweeting that “Meles Zenawi was a dictator but was better for his country than many democratically elected leaders.”

This kind of mentality is a dangerous one. There is no such thing as a benign dictator. Only those with a fascist mindset—who want to cut corners, who complain how messy and inefficient democracy can be, and who overlook two thousand years of political history—can believe in this chimera. From Cuba to Kazakhstan, the story is the same.

For instance, Pinochet took Chile from being a run-of-the-mill right-wing statist dictatorship to an economic success story with the same liberalization principles that the Chinese tyranny has employed to transform itself into a world power. Is the Pinochet-Beijing model of a police state with economic freedom, attempted by Zenawi for Ethiopia, an acceptable one in this day and age? The New York Review of Books reminds us that this sort of ideology brought Ethiopia “appalling cruelty in the name of social progress.” Anyone stating that they “like” the economic results from the Pinochet-Beijing model must accept thousands of tortured and disappeared in Chile and tens of millions dead in China (and 8 million political prisoners languishing in the Laogai as of today). Perhaps those admiring a strongman can accept such a condition with a John Rawls-type veil of ignorance without knowing what it is like to live under a dictatorship. It is easy to tolerate torture and disappearances if it isn’t happening to your daughter, your brother, your mother, or you.

Those in the West heaping praise on Zenawi—all living in societies that suffered so much to achieve individual liberty—are engaging in dramatic hypocrisy by praising this thug. Would Bill Gates live in a country that denies people basic political freedoms? Whose government arrests and kills its critics en masse? Would he trade places with an Ethiopian university student who believes in free expression and whose stance will lead to certain prison and possible execution?

Any arguments that Zenawi was mellowing (after 21 years in power!) are false. The past few years saw new sweeping “anti-terrorism” laws and stronger Internet censorship. In 2005, Ethiopia even saw its own Tiananmen Square. That year, Zenawi decided to hold freer elections, but the opposition won a record number of parliamentary seats, including all those in the capital, Addis Ababa. Throngs took to the streets to celebrate. In response, Zenawi lashed out brutally, arresting the opposition’s entire leadership and sentencing them to life in prison for treason; shuttering five newspapers and imprisoning their editors; murdering 193 protestors, injuring 800, and arbitrarily jailing 40,000 other men, women, and teenagers in a show of raw tyranny. According to The Telegraph’s David Blair, who was reporting from the scene, “a crackdown on this scale has not been seen in Africa for 20 years and the repression exceeds anything by President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe for the past decade at least. Apartheid-era South Africa’s onslaught against the black townships in the 1980s provides the only recent comparison.”

It is startling that so many consider Zenawi an “intellectual” leader, when he needed such bloody policy to enforce his rule. When Western leaders consider this dictator—who rapaciously treated Africa’s second-largest nation as his personal property—worthy of not just condolences, but pure adulation, something is very wrong with their value systems.

One politician, the Norwegian foreign minister, made a slight nod toward individual rights in his obligatory comments about Zenawi’s passing: “Norway and Ethiopia have an open and frank dialogue on political and social issues, including areas, such as human rights, where we have diverging views.”


(ThorHalvorssen is the founder and president of the New York–based Human Rights Foundation. Alex Gladstein is HRF’s Director of Institutional Affairs.)