Archive for the ‘Ethiopian News’ Category

Ethiopia Finally Has a New Prime Minister?

Monday, September 17th, 2012

By Alemayehu G Mariam

hdIt seems Ethiopia finally has a new prime minister. Two days ago, the leaders of the ruling EPDRF party approved Hailemariam Desalegn, the current deputy prime minister [DPM], to replace the late Meles Zenawi as party chief and prime minister. But Hailemariam will not be sworn in until early October according to Bereket Simon. No explanation was given for the two-week delay. Prior public statements by Bereket indicating that Hailemariam will be sworn into office following a special session of parliament have proven to be false. Whether Hailemariam will indeed be sworn into office in October remains to be seen.

Hailemariam’s approval has been shrouded in secrecy and mystery fueling speculations that the shadowy kingmakers were in some turmoil over his selection and in disagreement on whether he is the  right man for the job. Conspiracy theorists were having a field day divining the secretive selection process. But there was manifest constitutional crises in the country as it became increasingly clear that Meles was not in charge between late May and the official announcement of his passing on August 21. That confusion was compounded by conflicting official statements characterizing Hailemariam not just as “deputy prime minster” as designated in the Ethiopian Constitution but alternatively as  “interim prime minster” and “acting prime minster”, offices that are not authorized by the Constitution. As of now, Hailemariam remains a prime-minister-in-waiting.

Hailemariam’s Personal Challenge

Hailemariam faces extraordinary challenges when he begins his term as prime minister. The first formidable challenge will be to his credibility and perceived lack of independence. In one of my weekly commentaries in July, I predicted that Hailemariam will succeed to the prime ministership despite sticky constitutional questions. I argued that the appointment of Hailemariam, as a member of one of the country’s minority groups, guarantees the power brokers behind the scenes the only opportunity to maintain their power and influence by proxy. I suggested that a DPM from an ethnic minority would be unable to maintain an independent base of support and must necessarily rely on the military-police-security-economic complex created over the past twenty one years to  survive. I speculated that the DPM as PM will prove to be no more than puppet in the hands of the power brokers.

I believe there are many doubting Thomases today, particularly in the opposition, who are likely to be dismissive of Hailemariam because he was Meles’ protégé and the unanimous choice of the shadowy and secretive group of kingmakers. Some will likely perceive him or portray him as a “Meles’ Clone” and a puppet who could be easily manipulated and blindly and unquestioningly do the bidding of the powers that be who made him prime minister. His detractors will likely argue that Hailemariam can only be a figurehead since true power will remain with those who control the military, the police and security forces and the elites who have a chokehold on the economy. Others will opine that Hailemariam’s appointment is all a trick and a scam by the powers that be to get themselves out of a constitutional jam and hoodwink the people and con the international donors into continuing to dole out billions in aid. Still others will argue that Hailemariam is just a seat warmer installed until the power brokers could buy more time and appoint one of their own. If push comes to shove, they can kick him out of office at any time and replace him with another puppet; and if need be impose martial law just to cling to power. There will be some who will cynically predict the kingmakers will use him and lose him. I suspect there will be umpteen reason given to discredit and dismiss Hailemariam.

At this time, I am not inclined to be dismissive of Hailemariam’s potential to become a good and sensible leader. I reserve judgment not out of naiveté or because I do not have constitutional questions about his succession or political misgivings about the secretive process that led to his appointment. I shall give him the benefit of the doubt because I believe fundamental fairness requires that he be given a chance to prove or disprove himself as a capable and effective leader. When one is gnawed by an overwhelming sense of doubt not based on facts, it is important to strive and keep an open mind and make informed judgment. I do not believe in guilt by association, and will not hold against Hailemariam the fact that Meles was his mentor.  I also aim to avoid the “soft bigotry of low expectations”. I do not know what Hailemariam is capable of doing in the future. I do not have evidence that Hailemariam has an atrocious record of human rights violations individually or in concert with others. Nor do I have evidence that he flouts the rule of law, is hostile to press freedoms or schemes to suppress democratic institutions.

Fairness requires that I judge him by his deeds and words. I shall reserve judgment. I trust Hailemariam will be wise enough to refrain from and avoid the inflammatory rhetoric of Meles as he begins his new office. I hope he will show humility and not display the belligerence, arrogance and hubris of his predecessor. I hope he will do more to reach out to his opposition and try to work with them, and not trap himself in a bubble surrounded by sycophants. I trust he will be more conciliatory than confrontational; more understanding of the opposition and their frustrations and less condemnatory of those who may disagree with him. I hope he will have the wisdom to understand the inebriating power of power and the absolutely corrupting nature of absolute power and learn to use power wisely by tempering it with justice and compassion. I hope he will listen more and lecture less; under promise and over deliver and show respect for institutions, his opposition and his compatriots. On a personal level, I hope he will be able to share my unshakeable belief in the sanctity of human rights and commitment to upholding the rule of law. But I also have a special wish for him: He has a long walk to make and he can get to his destination if he walks and strives to help his compatriots walk in Mandela’s shoes than anyone else’s.

Hailemariam as Meles’ Successor

Napoleon Bonaparte once said, “I am the successor, not of Louis XVI, but of Charlemagne.”  King Louis XVI of France was a symbol of the ancien regime [old order”] in contrast to the new order of the French Republic. Charlemagne [Charles the Great] is regarded to be the founder of France and Germany and the leader credited for uniting Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire. I am not sure what it means to be Meles’ successor. But Hailemariam has the choice of continuing the “ancien regime” of Meles or lead in the invention of a new democratic Ethiopia. He can choose to clone himself as Meles II and crush human rights, dissent, press freedom and civil society institutions, expand the toxic ideology of ethnic politics, steal elections just to cling to power and like his predecessor become the overlord of a  police state reinforced by a massive security network of spies and rule by spreading fear and loathing throughout the country. In other words, he can choose to become as tyrannical as the tyrant he had succeeded. But Hailemariam also has the choice to learn from Meles’ mistakes. He has the choice to come out of Meles’ shadows and become his own man. He can be more tolerant, ethical, accommodating and democratic than his mentor.

Regardless of whether he regards himself as Meles’ successor, I would like to help Hailemariam fulfill one of Meles’s dreams. Such a statement coming from Meles’ severest critic in life might surprise many. Meles expressed the “hope that [his] legacy” would be not only “sustained and accelerated development that would pull Ethiopia out of the massive deep poverty” but also “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy.” If Hailemariam genuinely wants to honor and pay homage to his mentor and teacher and not just pay lip service to Meles’ memory, he should make the task of improving good governance and democracy job one. These improvements must necessarily begin with the immediate release of all political prisoners, repeal of anti-terrorism, civil society and other oppressive laws and a declaration of allegiance to the rule of law. Tackling these issues will not diminish or condemn the memory of Meles. It will actually enhance his image and prestige post-mortem. Keeping political prisoners jailed and continued implementation of the repressive laws will only serve as constant reminders of Meles misdeeds and arbitrary rule.

Hailemariam as a Peacemaker

It would be a wise move for Hailemariam and the invisible power brokers to take this transitional opportunity to extend an olive branch to the opposition and invite them to a dialogue on the future of the country and go the extra mile to engage them in discussions that could lead to power sharing and a smooth democratic transition. Meles played a “zero sum game” for the last twenty one years. He won all the time and everyone else lost all the time. In the end, Meles  lost. Hailemariam can play a win-win game and win in the end.

Ethiopia for the past 21 years has been a one-man, one party state. In May 2010, the ruling party claimed it had won 99.6 percent of the seats in parliament reducing the opposition from 174 to only two seats. In 2008, the  ruling party won all but a handful of 3.6 million seats. Such electoral victories make a travesty of democracy and a mockery of electoral politics. That is why the ruling party should engage its diverse opposition in power sharing talks. To be sure, power sharing could come in many formulations. I employ the idea in its simplest formulation, namely a political arrangement or forum in which opposing groups in a society have an opportunity to genuinely participate in democratic governance. I understand that power sharing is not a cure all to the longstanding political ills of Ethiopia. It will not magically resolve ethnic polarization and divisions in society or create peace, stability and an efficient system of governance overnight. But power sharing talks and arrangements in Africa have often facilitated the transition to democratic rule and peace-building by providing opportunities for contending and even warring parties to cooperate in searching for nonviolent conflict resolution. In countries where power sharing arrangements have been successful, they have led to compromises, moderation, democratic governance and durable peace.

In the past few years, power sharing arrangements have reduced tensions and stabilized volatile political situations in Kenya and even Zimbabwe. In 2009, a “grand coalition government” among bitter political enemies was established in Kenya. Subsequently, they were able to write a new constitution which was approved by an overwhelming 67 percent of Kenyans in 2011. In 2008, President Robert Mugabe and opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai signed a power sharing deal. They are now vigorously debating adoption of the draft constitution prepared by the Select Committee of Parliament on the New Constitution. Both countries face serious political challenges and have a long way to go before achieving full democratization. But the power sharing arrangements have placed them on the right track.

Nigeria has a long history of power sharing dating back to independence. Despite endemic corruption and political mismanagement of the country, there is a power-sharing agreement between the dominant party and smaller parties aimed at promoting inclusiveness and political stability in the country.  Two decades ago, Mandela was able to hammer out a power sharing agreement which facilitated South Africa’s transition from Apartheid to democracy. Power sharing arrangements have been tried in Burundi, Guinea, Madagascar and the Ivory Coast with different outcomes. I believe such an arrangement could offer a peaceful way out of the current political stalemate in Ethiopia. It is a sensible option. I hope Hailemariam and his leadership group will follow Nelson Mandela’s prescription and seriously consider a power sharing arrangement: “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.” There is no shame or harm in making a peace offering to the opposition and engaging them in power sharing discussions. It is the new way in Africa.

Hailemariam as a Political Leader

Hailemariam’s political challenge will be whether he will do what it takes to uphold the rule of law and reverse the arbitrary rule of his predecessor. Meles often talked about “our Constitution” and the “rule of law” but rarely followed either. He was the object of relentless criticism by all international human rights organizations for disregarding Ethiopia’s Constitution and international human rights treaties and conventions. Every year, the U.S. State Department Human Rights Report documented massive human rights violations as did so many other international human rights organizations. But he was dismissive of such reports. Hailemariam cannot afford to alienate all international human rights and press freedom defenders.

Meles was a man with a mission. Hailemariam can be a man of vision. The country has enormous problems that require massive efforts and resources to resolve. Talking about an “Ethiopian Renaissance” will not deal with the chronic food crises in the country or rein in the galloping inflation, improve the poor health care and educational system or alleviate the grinding poverty that afflcits the majority of the people. Building shiny structures, roads and dams will make for great public relations and impress donors to dole out more aid. But there are enormous human costs associated with such ventures.  Just last week, the International Monetary Fund urged Ethiopian officials to reconsider their plans to construct “Africa’s largest hydropower plant” because that project could siphon away much needed funds from other critical needs areas. According to IMF country representative Jan Mikkelsen, “there’s a need to rethink some of those projects a little bit to make sure that they don’t absorb all domestic financing just for that project. If you suck in all domestic financing to just a few projects that money will be used for this and not for normal trade and normal business.” Hailemariam should be more practical and envision a new Ethiopia where the state stieves to meet the basic needs of the people, and not invest precious resources in quixotic white elephant projects.

Hailemariam should maintain vigilance for political minefields. He could learn valuable lessons from the experiences of former Ethiopian president Negasso Gidada’s treatment by the ruling party documented in his book “Negasso’s Way”. According to Negasso, he was roped into becoming president by Meles who convinced him to accept the position even though he resisted it. After he became president, Negasso recounted how he was tricked into doing things that he did not agree with, including signing a proclamation that denied corruption suspects their right to bail in violation of the Constitution and allowing Meles to use that law to neutralize and persecute his opponents. “There are people who ask me why I signed that bill. However, I want people to understand that I signed the bill because of my strong stand against corruption. I thought EPDRF had the same stand. It was too late for me to understand it was all scam.” After Negasso left office and sought to engage in opposition politics, the ruling party drafted a special proclamation to divest a former president of his privileges, security protection and retirement benefits if he returns to politics. Negasso’s experiences may offer instructive lessons to Hailemariam.

Hailemariam can choose to become not just a leader but the best leader; but he must know what it takes to be one. As Lao Tsu instructed, “To lead people, walk beside them … As for the best leaders, the people do not notice their existence. The next best, the people honor and praise. The next, the people fear; and the next, the people hate … When the best leader’s work is done the people say, ‘We did it ourselves!’” Hailemariam should aim for leadership which will allow the people to say, “We did it ourselves!”

Hailemariam as a Man With an Appointment With Destiny

Meles Zenawi was a man who had an appointment with destiny; and he missed it! I believe Hailemariam has his own appointment with destiny. Cynics may be quick to say Ethiopia’s leaders are condemned to never miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity. I hope that will not be the case for Hailemariam. He will determine his own destiny as a leader. If he is able to summon the courage, integrity and fortitude to put the peoples’ interest above his party’s interests, he could become a role model for a new breed of Ethiopian leader. But if pursues absolute power, prefers revenge over mercy, confrontation over conciliation and continues the politics of ethnic fragmentation and division like his predecessor, he too will miss his appointment with destiny.

Ethiopia at the Crossroads of Democracy and Dictatorship

Ethiopia today stands at the crossroads. It can march forward into democracy by taking confident steps that begin radical improvements in good governance and democracy. It can continue to slide backwards and deeper into the vortex of dictatorship. It can take  free fall into chaos and civil strife. What Ethiopia needs at the crossroads is not finger-pointing, teeth-gnashing, eye-rolling or bellyaching. There is enough blame to go around. Condemning the memory of Meles and reincarnating Meles in the person of Hailemariam will not help us march to a democratic future. It will only continue the tradition of grievance and victimhood and culture of antagonism and hypercriticism. What Ethiopians need to realize is that this is the right time to join hands to heal the open wounds of fear, loathing and antagonism in our hearts, minds and souls. This is the time to be creative about alternative futures built on a solid foundation of the rule of law, respect for human rights and democracy.

Since the beginning of 2012, I have been writing about “Ethiopia’s inevitable transition from dictatorship to democracy”. I have outlined various scenarios on what could happen during the transition. Today the question is not whether a one-man dictatorship in Ethiopia is over, but if dictatorship will reinvent itself and rear its ugly head once more. The “future” Meles spoke of is now. We should all work collectively to implement  his aspirations for “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy”. With the Ethiopian new year upon us, we can all begin afresh on the road to “radical improvements in good governance and democracy”.

In one of my weekly commentaries in April, I expressed my full confidence and optimism in Ethiopia’s future:

We need to plan for the inevitable, inescapable and unstoppable transition of Ethiopia from dictatorship to democracy. Dictatorship will end in Ethiopia. It is only a matter of when. Democracy will also rise in Ethiopia. It is a matter of how and what type. The point is that it necessary to begin a purposeful dialogue and plan ahead about the prerequisites for an effective and smooth transition to democratic governance now, not when the dictatorship falls. I believe dialogue needs to begin now on at least four major issue areas: 1) how to engage and increase the capacity of key stakeholders in identifying potential triggers of violence during political transitions and preventing them; 2) identifying and devising strategies and opportunities for reducing ethnic, religious and communal tension and conflict in anticipation of a transition; 3) enhancing the role of civil society institutions in facilitating public engagement and interaction during the transitional period, and 4) anticipating critical constitutional issues that could significantly impair the transitional process.

I stand by my views. I believe there is a way out of the darkness of dictatorship. Nelson Mandela paved that two way road in South Africa and called it “Forgiveness and Goodness.” We should all prepare ourselves and the people to travel that two-way road. It is time for national dialogue!

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at: http://www.ethiopianreview.com/amharic/?author=57

Previous commentaries by the author are available at: http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/  and www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

 

TPLF founder Sebhat Nega speaks out against the transitional government idea

Monday, September 17th, 2012

Members of the TPLF tribal gang are acting like a headless chicken these days.

‘አገርን በማገልገል የጸጋ ስጦታ ተሰጥቶኛል’ – ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ

Monday, September 17th, 2012

በጣም የሚወዱትን መዝሙር ይንገሩኝ?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡- ‹‹እኔም እንደ ዳዊት ጨርቄን ልጣልልህ›› የሚለውን

ጉባዔ ገብተው ሲያመልኩ ግን እንደ ባለሥልጣን የፕሮቶኮል ነገር አለ፡፡ የጥበቃ ጉዳይ አለ፡፡ ሌላም ሌላም፡፡ ይሄን ሁሉ ረስተው በነጻነት ለማምለክ አይቸገሩም?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡ ምንም አልቸገርም፡፡ ጉባዔ ውስጥ ካለሁ እኔ ስለ ራሴ ጨርሶ አላስብም፡፡ እነ ንጉሥ ዳዊት በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ጨርቃቸውን ጥለው ያመልኩ ነበር፡፡ እኔስ የማመልከው እግዚአብሔር ፊት እንደሆንኩ እንጂ የማስበው ሌላ ነገር አላስብም ማልቀስ ካለብኝ አለቅሳለሁ፣ መንበርከክ ካለብኝ እንበረከካለሁ፡፡ ጌታ ሁን ያለኝን ሁሉ ለመሆን ዝግጁ ሆኜ ነው የማመልከው፡፡

ልጆችዎ በቤተክርስቲያን ውስጥ የመክሊት (የአገልግሎት) ሥራ ውስጥ ሲሳተፉ ይታያል፡፡ የእከሌ ልጅ ነኝ እኮ ብለው ሳይኩራሩ ወንድሞችና እህቶች የጠጡባቸውን የሻይ ብርጭቆዎች እየዞሩ ሲለቅሙ እንዳየ ወንድሜ ፍጹም ነግሮኛል፡፡ በቤት ውስጥ ምን ብለው ቢያስተምሯቸው ነው?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡- እኔም ባለቤቴም ቤት ውስጥ ሁሉም የምንነግራቸው ነገር እኛ ጋር ምንም እንደሌለ እኛ ምንም እንዳልሆንን ሀብታችን ኢየሱስ እንደሆነ የማወርሳቸውም አምላኬን እግዚአብሔርን ብቻ እንደሆነ ነው የምንነግራቸው፡፡ አንተ የራስህ መኪና እንኳን የለህም፡፡ ቤት የለህም፣ አሁን እናንተ አንድ ነገር ብትሆኑ እኛ ምን አለን? ሲሉኝ እንኳን የምመልስላቸው መልስ የለንም ግን መኪና አጥተን እናውቃለን ወይ? ቤትስ አጥተን ማደሪያ አጥተን እናውቃለን ወይ? መኪና ብገዛም ቤት ቢኖረንም የእኛ አይደለም፡፡ ሁሉንም ትተነው ነው የምናልፈው፡፡ ሀብታችን ጌታ ብቻ ነው እላቸዋለሁ፡፡ በአገልግሎት እንዲበረቱም እንመክራቸዋለን፡፡

ለአገልግሎትና የክርስቶስን አካል ለማነጽ ልዩ ልዩ ጸጋ ይሰጣል፡፡ ለእርሶ የተሰጦት የጸጋ ዓይነት ምንድነው?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡ እንግዲህ ጥሪ የተለያየ ነው፡፡ ሁላችንም መሰዊያ ላይ ቆመን አንሰብክም፡፡ እኔን ደግሞ የሰጠኝ የሚመስለኝ ጸጋ ሕዝብን እና አገርን በመልካም አስተዳደር ማገልገል ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ ለእኔ ሥራዬ ስራ ብቻ ሳይሆን አገልግሎትም ጭምር ነው ብዬ የተቀበልኩት፡፡

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም ጠዋት ከመኝታዎ ስንት ሰዓት ይነሳሉ?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡/ሳቅ ብለው/ መመለስ አለብኝ እኔ ሁልጊዜ ከእንቅልፌ ምነሳው ከለሊቱ 11 ሰዓት ነው፡፡ ጉዞ፣ እንደዚህ አይነቱ ነገር ካልረበሸኝ በስተቀር 11 ሰዓት እነሳለሁ፡፡ ከ11 ሰዓት እስከ 12 ድረስ የፀሎት ጊዜዬ ነው፡፡ ከ12 እስከ 12፡30 ትንሽ ‹‹ኤክሰርሳይስ›› (ስፖርት እሰራለሁ፡፡ በቀሪው ጊዜ የዕለቱን የቢሮ ስራ አዘጋጅቼ 1፡30 አካባቢ ወደ ቢሮዬ እሄዳለሁ፡፡

አዘውትረው የሚጸልዩባቸው ጉዳዮች አሉ ካሉ ቢያስታውቁን?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡እኔ ዘወትር በአራት ርዕሰ ጉዳዮች ላይ እጸልያለሁ፡፡ አንደኛ ሰላምና በረከት ለዚህች አገር እንዲበዛ እጸልያሁ፡፡ ለመሪዎቿ፣ ለመንግሥት፣ ባለሥልጣናት ጥበብና ማስተዋልን እንዲሰጥ እጸልያሁ፡፡ ሁሉም ሃይማኖቶች ያለ አድልዎ እና ልዩነት በእኩልነት እና በመቻቻል እንዲኖሩ እመኛለሁ፡፡ ሁለተኛ የእግዚአብሔር ቃል ‹‹ሰው ሁሉ ወደ መዳን እንዲመጣ›› ይላል፡፡ ስለዚህ ሰው ሁሉ እንዲድን እጸልያለሁ፡፡ ይህ የእግዚአብሔር ፈቃድ ነውና፡፡ ሶስተኛ እናቴ አልዳነችምና ለወላጅ እናቴ በተለይ እጸልያለሁ፡፡ አራተኛ ለልጆቼና ለቤተሰቤ ዘወትር እጸልያለሁ፡፡

እንደው በግልጽ ለመጠየቅ ያህል ወደ ሥልጣን ሲመጡ አብረው የሚመጡና ለመሥራትም የሚመቹ የኃጢአት ፈተናዎች ይኖራሉ፡፡ እርስዎ እስካሁን ድረስ የገጠምዎትን ፈተና በምን መንገድ አልፈውታል?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡ የእውነት ለመናገር እስካሁን እግዚአብሔር ረድቶኛል፡፡ በፈተናዎቹ አልፌአለሁ እላለሁ፡፡ ይሄን ከልቤ ነው የምልህ፡፡ ንጉሥ ዳዊት የተከበረ በእግዚአብሔር ዘንድም የተወደደ በብዙ ነገር በጣም የተመሰገነ ንጉሥ ነበር፡፡ እስራኤልን የሚመስል ትልቅ ሕዝብ መግዛት የቻለ ዳዊት ግን ራሱን መግዛት አልቻለም ነበር፡፡ ለዚህ ነው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ከተማን ከመግዛት ይልቅ ራስን መግዛት ይበልጣል ያለው፡፡ ነገር ግን መጽሐፉ የሚመክረው ራስን ቤተሰብን መግዛት እንድንችል ነው፡፡ አለ አይደል ከተማን በመግዛትህ ሁሉን እገዛለሁ አትበል፡፡ አንዳንድ ጊዜ ውስጣዊ ሰብዓዊ ውድቀት ሊኖርብህ እንደሚችል አስበህ ጥንቃቄ አድርግ፡፡ ጥንቃቄ ይጠብቅሃል አይደል የሚለው መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ፣ ዝሙት ሊያታልህ ይችላል፡፡ ዝሙት እንዳይጥልህ ጥንቃቄ አድርግ፡፡ የሥጋ ምኞት፣ ገንዘብ ፍቅርና የዓይን አምሮት የሚባሉት አይደሉም ሰውን የሚጥሉት፡፡ ስለዚህ ከተማን የገዛ ሰው፣ በተለይ እነዚህ ሶስት ነገሮች ላይ መጠንቀቅ አለበት፡፡ እኛ ኢህአዴጎች ስኳር ነው የምንለው፡፡ ስኳሩ እንዳያታልልህ ጥንቃቄ መደረግ አለበት ነው ሀሳቡ፡፡ ፓርቲዬን በጣም የምወድበት ትልቁ ምክንያት ሙስናን፣ ያለ አግባብ፣ ጥቅም ለማግኘት የሚደረግን ጥረት ፓርቲዬ የኪራይ ሰብሳቢ አመለካከት የሚላቸው በሙሉ መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ላይ የተወገዙ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ መሰረታዊ መርሆች ከመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ አስተምህሮት ጋር ይጣጣሙልኛል፡፡ አይቃረኑም፡፡ ስለዚህ ሙስና፣ አላስፈላጊ ጥቅማጥቅሞች፣ ውሸት ውስጥ ሳትገባ ሕዝብን ማገልገል አለብህ ስለሚል የኔ ፓርቲ እነዚህን መርሆዎች ስለሚያራምድ ይህ ደግሞ መጽሐፍ ቅዱሳዊ ስለሆነ በጣም ደስ ብሎኝ ነው የምሰራው፡፡ መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ላይ አንተ ራስህ ከእግዚአብሔር ጋር ንስሐ በመግባት የምትፈታው ነገር ከተገኘ ተገምግመህ እንድትስተካከል ይሆናል ወይም ደግሞ ልትባረርም ትችላለህ፡፡ ስለዚህ ፓርቲዬ በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ በጣም በጣም ጠንካራ አቋም አለው፡፡ እና በዚህ ዓይነት ነው፡፡

የሚጸጸቱበትን ውሳኔ አስተላልፈው ያውቃሉ?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡- የሚገርምህ ነገር ሆን ብዬ ሰውን ለመጉዳት የሰራሁበት ጊዜ የለም፡፡ በጣም እፈራለሁ፡፡ አንድ ጥፋት ሰው ላይ ከሚደርስ ብዙ ጊዜ ራሴን ብጎዳ እመርጣለሁ ግን እኔ የማላውቅቃቸው የተፈጸሙ ነገሮች ሊኖሩ ይችላሉ፡፡ እኔም አላውቃቸውም፡፡ ሰዎች በኔ ተጎዳን የሚሉ ይኖሩ ይሆናል አላውቅም፡፡ እስካሁን ድረስ ጎድተኸኛል ብሎ የተናገረኝ ሰው የለም፡፡

መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ‹‹ወንድም ህከራስ እንዲሻል በትህትና ቁጠር›› ይላል በፖለቲካ ውስጥ ደግሞ ከሩቅም ቢሆን ያየሁት ግጭትና ክርክር እኔ እሻላለሁ ባይነት ይበዛል፡፡ በተለይ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎችን ከማጣጣል አንጻር፡፡ ከዚህ አኳያ እርስዎ ይህንን ጥቅስ እንዴት እየተገበሩት ነው የሚኖሩት?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡-አዎ መጽሐፍ የሚለው ወንድም ህከአንተ እንደሚሻል ቁጠር ነው፡፡ እንደ ፖለቲከኛ ግን ግለሰቦች ላይ አትኩሬ አንተ እንዲህ ነህ አንተ እንዲያ ነህ የምለው የለም፡፡ አቋሞችን ግን ከፓርቲዬ አቋም አንጻር ማብጠልጠል እችላለሁ፡፡ አንተን አከብራለሁ፡፡ ነገር ግን የያዝከው አቋም ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ አይጠቅመውም እለዋለሁ፡፡ የማይረባ አቋምን ሳልዘልፍና የማይረባ ነው ሳልል አላልፍም፡፡ ይህ ሲሆን ግን በሰለጠነና በሰከነ መንገድ አደርጋለሁ፡፡ መጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ሲናገር ‹‹ተቆጡ በቁጣችው ላይ ግን ጸሐይ አይግባ›› ይላል፡፡

ከመጽሐፍ ቅዱስ ደስ የሚሎት ቃል የቱ ነው?

አቶ ኃ/ማርያም፡- መጽሐፍ ቅዱስን እወደዋለሁ፡፡ የዮሴፍ፣ የዳዊት፣ የሙሴ፣ ሕይወት በጣም ይለውጡኛል፡፡ የእነዚህ ቅዱሳን ሕይወት በጣም ያንጹኛል፡፡ ዳንኤልም በጣም ጠቢብ ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ እንደርሱም መሆን መልካም አንደሆነ አስባለሁ፡፡

ምንጭ፡- ምዕራፍ መጽሔት፣ ጥር 2003 ዓ.ም.


Ethiopian scientist works on a research to make Facebook faster

Monday, September 17th, 2012

TEXAS (CBSDFW) – Facebook awards a grant to University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) to make the social media site faster.

“We are very excited to be part of Facebook,” says Dr. Dereje Agonafer from University of Texas at Arlington (UTA).

Agonafer says data centers account for roughly 2 percent of all U.S. energy use. That’s enough to power a couple of cities the size of Austin for most of a year.

“You are able to put more servers (online), which means you can get better information, or more information — more data,” says Dr. Agonafer.

What that translates into is a faster Facebook, and the savings for Facebook and other companies involved could be in the millions, Agonafer said.

“(On) Facebook there is a lot of downloading of pictures and uploading of pictures; this takes time,” says Agonafer. “It’s going to be maybe a thousand times faster.”

For the group of students at UTA who are part of the project, it’s a chance to influence the social phenomenon of their time. Their goal is to figure out a way to quickly cool massive data centers for Facebook and 14 other large-scale corporations.

On the social networking landmark, more than 800 million users interact with 900 million other pages, groups and events, uploading an average of more than 250 million photos each day. Those steep usage numbers have spurred the students to help match the site’s soaring demand.

Facebook is pledging $50,000 to the research. That pledge is renewable for up to five years.

The social networking company is one of 15 that UTA will be doing research for. Other data heavyweights include Microsoft, General Electric and Bloomberg.

An international incident in California over an Ethiopian flag

Sunday, September 16th, 2012

Ethiopian flag ceremonym, San Jose,  California(MercuryNews.com) — An international incident of sorts arose over an Ethiopian flag raising at San Jose City Hall to honor the African country’s New Year, which begins on Sept. 11. And it wasn’t over the unfortunate coincidence with what is now a day of infamy and national mourning in the US.

Rather, the dispute was over whether or not the city raised the right green, yellow and red Ethiopian flag.

Yohannes Mesfine, an Ethiopian-American businessman who lives in Palo Alto, says it didn’t. The banner that went up lacked the national emblem — a light-blue disk with a yellow pentagram symbol — which the country adopted in 1996. That’s the flag that the U.S. State Department recognizes.

Nonsense, says Abebe Hailu, who represents the Ethiopian American Council in San Jose. He said the plain tricolor “heritage flag” that went up is just as acceptable, arguing it doesn’t change with the political winds in their native country. A city resolution allows San Jose to recognize that flag.

Mesfine — who attended the flag-raising ceremony on Monday, the day before Sept. 11, out of respect for the victims of 9/11 — was so put off that he alerted Mayor Chuck Reed and city Councilman Sam Liccardo, both of whom attended the ceremony along with Hailu and dozens of local residents of Ethiopian descent.

With no reaction from either city official, both of whom noted the city’s resolution, Mesfine contacted the Ethiopian Consulate General in Los Angeles. An email to Reed from the consulate general’s office thanked the mayor for honoring the occasion but pointed out that any flag that doesn’t contain the emblem is illegal under the Ethiopian constitution.

City officials say similar debates have surfaced involving the flag of the former Republic of Vietnam and the Pan African flag.

“My decision to support the flag-raising has nothing to do with any feeling that I have toward any regime or government,” said Liccardo, whose district includes the Ethiopian American Center and many of its members. “It has everything to do with our solidarity with a community of people living here in our city. What’s far more relevant to me is the identity chosen by our community, and not that chosen by any foreign entity.”

San Jose Public Works Director Dave Sykes said the city will evaluate the issue before whatever version of the Ethiopian flag goes up next year.

“We want to be respectful of the concerns and address them appropriately,” Sykes said.

ህወሃቶች ባልጠበቁት ፍጥነት ከቤተመንግስት ተገፍትረው ወጡ

Sunday, September 16th, 2012

ከተስፋዬ ገብረአብ

የኢህአዴግ ምክርቤት ጉባኤ ተጠናቆአል። ምክርቤቱ ሃይለማርያምና ደመቀን ዋና እና ምክትል አድርጎ መርጦአል። በዚህ ምርጫ አነጋጋሪ የሆነው፣ ከምርጫው በፊት፣ “ታጋይ የነበረ ለምርጫ አይቀርብም” በሚል ማሳሰቢያ ከበረሃ የገቡ ታጋዮች ሁሉ ራሳቸውን ከምርጫ ማግለላቸው አንዱ ነበር። በጥቆማው ወቅት ከህወሃት እጩ ሆኖ ለውድድር የቀረበ አለመኖሩ ሌላው አነጋጋሪ ጉዳይ ሆኖአል። ሶስት ሰዎች ተጠቆሙና ሁለቱ ተመረጡ።

ሶስተኛው ተወዳዳሪ ሶፊያን አህመድ ነበር። ሶፊያን አህመድን የጠቆመችው አዜብ ነበረች። እንዲመረጥላትም አስቸግራ ነበር። ችላ ሲሏት ተወችው። በረከት ስምኦን መግለጫ ሲሰጥ የሶፊያን አህመድን ስም ለምን መጥራት እንዳልፈለገ ግን አልገባኝም።

“ሶስተኛውን ተወዳዳሪ ስም መጥቀስ አያስፈልግም” ሲል ዘለለው።

መቼም እነዚህ ሰዎች ምስጢር ሲወዱ ጉድ ነው። እነሱ ቢደብቁት እኛ ምን ስራ አለን? እንገሸልጠዋለን። የእኛ የጋዜጠኞች ጆሮ እንኳን ሰምቶ፣ ሳይሰማም ቀዥቃዣ ነው። የሆነው ሆኖ፣ “ከበረሃ የመጡት ታጋይ ባለስልጣናት ከእንግዲህ ወደስልጣን አይመለሱም” ተብሎአል። እያማከሩ ቆይተው በዚያው ወደ ጡረታ ይሸኛሉ። ይህ ዜና መቼም “እፎይ” አሰኝቶኛል። እንዲህ ማሰብ መጀመራቸው ራሱ አንድ ፀጋ ነው። ህይወት ከንቱ መሆኗን ከመለስ ህይወት ተምረዋል። እንዲህ እንደጀመሩት፣ በነካ እጃቸው እስረኛ ቢፈቱ፣ በአካባቢያችን ላይም ሰላም እንዲሰፍን አንዳንድ እርምጃ ቢወስዱ፣ ነፍሳቸው ገነት ትገባለች።

ከትናንቱ ምርጫ ጋር በተያያዘ መልከ ብዙ አስተያየቶች እየጎረፉ ነው። የህወሃት ሰዎች አካባቢ መደናገጥ ይታያል። በአንፃሩ በተቃዋሚዎች በኩል ግራ መጋባት ሰፍኖአል። “የምር ህወሃት ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቢሮ አካባቢ ተሰናበተ?” ገና ግልፅ አይደለም። “በጎ ምክር ለጓዶች” በሚል ርእስ ባቀረብኩት ፅሁፍ ላይ፣ (www.tgindex.blogspot.com) ስዩም መስፍን አማካሪ ሆኖ ሃይለማርያምን እንዲመራ አሳብ አቅርቤ ነበር። ያደርጉታል ብዬ እገምታለሁ።

በርግጥ ስዩም መስፍን ታሞአል። ቢሾሙትም በርትቶ ሊሰራ አይችልም። ስዩም ጤና የለውም። በጣም ታሞአል። ለነገሩ ማን ያልታመመ አለ? ስኳሩ፣ ደምግፊቱ፣ ሪህ፣ እንትን፣ ስምአይጠሬ፣ ኩላሊት፣ ጉበት፣ ልብ፣ ሳምባ፣ ካንሰር፣ ወፈፌነት፣ ምኑ ቅጡ… የኢህአዴግ አመራር ውስጥ የሚሰማው የበሽታ አይነት ሲመዘን፣ ሁሉንም የበሽታ ተዋፅኦ የጠበቀ ይመስላል። መቀለዴ አይደለም። በበሽታ ምን ምን ይቀለዳል? 40 አመት ያለፈው አበሻ አንድ በሽታ አያጣውም። እኔ ራሴ ቮድካ ስቀምስ ልቤን ይከዳኝ ጀምሮአል።

የሆነው ሆኖ “የህወሃት ዘመን አበቃለት” የሚሉ ወሬዎች አሉ። መቸኮል እንኳ አያስፈልግም። “ህወሃቶች ከጀርባ ሆነው አገር መምራታቸው አይቀርም” የሚሉትንም ማድመጥ ያስፈልጋል። ሁኔታዎች የተደበላለቁ ቢመስሉም በአንድ ነገር ግን መግባባት ይቻላል። የህወሃት ሰዎች አማራጭ ስላጡ ባልጠበቁት ፍጥነት ከቤተመንግስቱ ተገፍትረው ወጥተዋል። ተስፋ የሚያደርጉት ደህንነት እና መከላከያን በመያዛቸው ነው። ይሄ ግን ከንግዲህ አያስኬድም። ሃይለማርያምን እንዲዋሽ ማስገደድ ያስቸግራቸዋል። ሰውየው ጥብቅ ሃይማኖተኛ እንደመሆኑ፣ መግደልና መዋሸት ውስጥ ለመግባት ይቸገራል። ደህንነቱ ሰው ቢገድል የሚጠየቀው ሃይለማርያም እንደመሆኑ፣ ስራውን መልቀቅ ወይም ስለተፈፀመው ድርጊት ማብራራት ይኖርበታል። በመሆኑም ህወሃት ደህንነቱን ስለያዘ ሃገሪቱን ሙሉ በሙሉ ያሽከረክራል ማለት ላይሆን ይችላል። እና መቸኮል አይገባም። ነገም ሌላ ሰንበት አለ።

የሃይለማርያም ሹመት በፓርላማ ከፀደቀ በሁዋላ፣ የራሱን አዲስ ካቢኔ እንደሚመሰርት ይጠበቃል። ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ለኦህዴድ የታሰበ ቢሆንም፣ የህወሃት ሰዎች “ብርሃነ ገብረክርስቶስ መሆን አለበት” ሲሉ ቸክለዋል። ወርሃ ጥቅምት ላይ የሚሆነውን እናያለን። በአዲሱ ካቢኔ ደህንነት እና መከላከያ ያለምንም ጥያቄ በህወሃት እጅ የሚቆዩ ሲሆን፣ የሌሎች የሚኒስትር መስሪያ ቤት ስልጣናት እጣ ፈንታ ገና አልታወቀም።

አዲስ አበቤ መቸም ቀልድ ይወዳል።

ማምሻውን ቢራ ላይ ቀልዶች ፈልተው ነበር አሉ። ከተፈጠሩት ቀልዶች አንዱ፣ “የህወሃት ሰዎች መለስን ከላይ አስቀምጠናል በሚል እምነት፣ ገንዘብ ሲያሳድዱ ተተኪ ባለማዘጋጀታቸው ስልጣኑ ከእጃቸው አመለጠ።” የሚለው ፉገራ አንዱ ነው።

የህወሃት ሰዎች በበኩላቸው፣ “የዚህ ሁሉ ተንኮል ጠንሳሽ በረከት ስምኦን ነው” በሚል ጥርስ ነክሰውበታል። ይሄ ሰውዬ ምን ይሻለዋል? ጠላቱ በዛ። ጀግና ነው ግን። ታንክ የመሰለ ግንባሩን ደቅኖ ሁሉን ተቋቁሞ እዚህ ደርሶአል። በረከት – የስምኦን ልጅ።

መለስና ጳጳሱ የተቃጠሩ ይመስል ተከታትለው ሄደው፣ ባልተጠበቀ ፍጥነት የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ እና የኢህአዴግ ከፍተኛ ስልጣናት ከህወሃት እጅ መሹለካቸውን፣ “የእግዚአብሄር ተአምር” በሚል የሚገልፁም ተደምጠዋል። የፈረደበት እግዚአብሄር ያለፍላጎቱና ያለግብሩ ፖለቲካ ውስጥ እየተነከረ መከራውን ያያል። እግዜር ይርዳው!


The ‘miracle revolution’

Saturday, September 15th, 2012

With selection of Hailemariam Desalegn from Wolaita and Demeke Mekonnen from Amhara as prime minister and deputy prime minister, Meles Zenawi’s and TPLF’s dream of ruling Ethiopia for at least 50 years has ended today.

Meles Zenawi had never intended for this to happen. His intention was to retire in 2015, after making his wife the prime minister and continue to rule behind the scene while residing at the 100-million-birr residence he built inside the National Palace. The family dynasty he plotted to establish went into flames when he was hit with an ‘unknown’ illness some time in May or June this year.

Nevertheless, what has happened in Ethiopia today is a ‘miracle revolution,’ because for the regime’s two most visible figures, the prime minister and his hand-picked patriarch, to die in a period of two weeks is nothing short of a miracle. Their death is now creating opportunities for positive changes in the country. We will soon know if there are going to be changes by the kind of actions that Hailemariam will take in the coming few days and weeks — primary among them are the immediate release of all political prisoners.

In ceding power, the TPLF, the leading party in the 4-party coalition (Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front [EPRDF]), had been out-maneuvered and out-played by Bereket Simon in the absence of Sebhat Nega and other more experienced leaders who were purged by Meles Zenawi from the TPLF politburo in the TPLF in 2010. Their attempt to return to the TPLF leadership after Meles died was blocked by Bereket’s allies, paving the way for Hailemariam to assume power.

Most of what has transpired inside the regime since the death of Meles in July, including the 12-day zombified funeral, was managed and orchestrated by Bereket. He promoted Hailemariam from SEPDM and Demeke (his protege) from ANDM to save his own skin, because if the hardliners in the TPLF hold on to power, his fate could be ugly. Until the inexperienced Hailemariam is situated in his new position and develops leadership skills, he will depend on Bereket, who will remain the most powerful person in the regime for some time to come.

On the TPLF side, they all know Bereket, who is an Eritrean, is behind their demise, and the TPLF cadres are now saying that they have been pushed aside by the Eritrean wing of TPLF/EPRDF. They argue that without the Eritreans in the TPLF, namely Berhane Gebrekiristos, Teodros Adhanom, Neway Gebreab, Isayas Woldegiorgis (the deputy chief of security) and others, TPLF would have fought to keep the premiership for itself. Bereket was able to build a coalition of ANDM, SEPDM, some from OPDO and the Eritrean wing of the TPLF to get Hailemariam elected.

The U.S. Gov’t, particularly the Africom, also played a key role in the selection of Hailemariam. The Africom made sure that the corrupt TPLF generals remain quite, or else they will loose all the properties they bought in the US. The family of many of the TPLF generals, such as Seare Mekonnen and Tadesse Werede, live and attend school in the U.S. They are not in the mood to die for TPLF supremacy.

The influence of Eritreans in the TPLF/EPRDF cannot be discounted, but the TPLF presents an immediate threat to Ethiopia and thus it must be quashed and obliterated for there to be any chance of real change. Let’s not forget that it is TPLF that has been plotting to dismember Ethiopia and create ‘Greater Tigray.’

የሕወሓት ሊቀመንበርነት እስካሁን ምርጫ እልተካሄደበትም

Saturday, September 15th, 2012

በዘካርያስ ስንታየሁ

(Reporter) – ባለፈው ዓርብና ቅዳሜ በዝግ የተካሄደው የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት ስብሰባ የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበርና ምክትል ሊቀመንበር በሙሉ ድምፅ በመምረጥ ተጠናቀቀ፡፡

ከአራቱ አባል ድርጅቶች የተውጣጡ 180 አባላት ያሉት የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝን በሊቀመንበርነት ሲመርጥ፣ አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን ደግሞ ለምክትል ሊቀመንበርነት ተመርጠዋል፡፡ በድርጅቱ ልምድ መሠረት ሊቀመንበሩ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንዲሆኑ ምክር ቤቱ ሲስማማ፣ ምክትል ሊቀመንበሩም ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንዲሆኑ መወሰኑ ታውቋል፡፡

ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት የተለዩትን የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበር አቶ መለስ ዜናዊን እንዲተኩ በኢሕአዴግ ሕገ ደንብ መሠረት በምክር ቤቱ አባላት የተመረጡት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም፣ የደኢሕዴን ሊቀመንበርና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር በመሆን በማገልገል ላይ ነበሩ፡፡ ለግንባሩ ምክትል ሊቀመንበርነት የተመረጡት አቶ ደመቀ የብአዴን ሊቀመንበርና የትምህርት ሚኒስትር ናቸው፡፡

ቅዳሜ ምሽት ላይ በሒልተን ሆቴል ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ የሰጡት የመንግሥት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽሕፈት ቤት ኃላፊ አቶ በረከት ስምኦንና የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የሕዝብ አደረጃጀትና ተሳትፎ አማካሪ አቶ ሬድዋን ሁሴን እንዳስታወቁት፣ ሦስት ተወዳዳሪዎች ለምክር ቤቱ ቀርበው ሁለቱ ተመርጠዋል፡፡ ቅዳሜ ከቀኑ 10 ሰዓት እስከ ምሽቱ 12፡30 ድረስ በተካሄደው የድርጅቱ ሊቀመንበርና ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ምርጫ ሥነ ሥርዓት የቀረቡት ሦስቱም ዕጩዎች በኢሕአዴግ የመተካካት ፖሊሲ መሠረት በትጥቅ ትግሉ ያልነበሩና የአዲሱ ትውልድ አመራር መሆናቸውን አቶ በረከት ገልጸዋል፡፡ የሦስተኛውን ዕጩ ማንነት ግን ለመግለጽ ፈቃደኛ አልሆኑም፡፡

የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት የመረጣቸው ሁለቱ የግንባሩ ሊቀመናብርት የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይሆናሉ፡፡ በዚህ መሠረት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም የራሳቸውን ካቢኔ የመምረጥ ሙሉ መብት ሲኖራቸው፣ በእሳቸው ተይዞ የነበረውን የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታም እንደሚሾሙበት አቶ በረከት አስታውቀዋል፡፡ የግንባሩ ሊቀመንበር ሆነው የተመረጡት የአቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት በይፋ የሚፀድቀው በመስከረም የመጨረሻ ሳምንት ሥራውን በሚጀምረው ፓርላማ አማካይነት ነው፡፡ ነገር ግን ይህ ሥነ ሥርዓት አሠራሩን ለመጠበቅ እንጂ ድርጅቱ ሙሉ ለሙሉ ሥልጣኑን አፅድቆላቸዋል፡፡ ሁለቱ ተመራጮች እስከሚቀጥለው ምርጫ ድረስ እንደሚቀጥሉ አቶ በረከት ገልጸው፣ ኢሕአዴግ ምርጫውን ካሸነፈም በሥልጣን ላይ እንደሚቆዩ ተናግረዋል፡፡

በአቶ መለስ የተያዘው የሕወሓት ሊቀመንበርነት እስካሁን ምርጫ እንዳልተካሄደበት አቶ በረከት አስረድተው፣ ድርጅቱ ወደፊት በሚያደርገው ምርጫ ተተኪው እንደሚመረጡ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ኢሕአዴግ ከአንድ በላይ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮችን ይሾማል ወይ ተብሎ ለቀረበው ጥያቄ በሰጡት ምላሽ፣ በአሁኑ ወቅት ከአንድ በላይ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መሾም ድርጅቱ አስፈላጊ እንዳልሆነ አምኖበታል ብለዋል፡፡ “በአሁኑ ጊዜ ከአንድ በላይ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መሾም አልታየንም፡፡ በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይም ኢሕአዴግ የጠራ አቋም አለው፡፡ ሁልጊዜም በኅብረት ሥራ የሚያምን ድርጅት ነው፡፡ በከተማው የሚወራውን ወሬ እንሰማለን፡፡ ኢሕአዴግ ግን በሚወራው ወሬ አይመራም፤” ሲሉ አቶ በረከት አስረድተዋል፡፡ ከአቶ መለስ ሕልፈት በኋላ አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም በተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትና በቀድሞው ሹመታቸው ለምን ተጠሩ? አሁንስ ምን ተብለው ይጠራሉ? ተብለው ተጠይቀው፣ “የማዕረጋቸው አጠራር የሚጨምረውና የሚቀንሰው ነገር የለም፡፡ አሁን የሰጠናቸው ኃላፊነት እጅግ ከባድ ነው፡፡ በአቶ መለስ ወንበር ላይ ነው ያስቀመጥናቸው፡፡ እንደ ድርጅት ሥራ ላይ ስለምናተኩር ኢሕአዴግ የሚያስበው የሕዝብን አደራ እንዴት አሳካለሁ የሚለውን ብቻ ነው፤” ብለዋል፡፡

በዕድገትና በትራንስፎርሜሸን ዕቅድ አፈጻጸም ላይ አጭር ግምገማ ያካሄደው ምክር ቤቱ፣ የ2005 ዓ.ም. የትኩረት አቅጣጫዎችን የሚመለከት ሰነድ በመመርመር ውሳኔዎችን ማሳለፉ ታውቋል፡፡

በሁለቱ ቀናት ስብሰባው በድርጅትና በፖለቲካ ሥራዎች ዙሪያ በመምከር መሠረታዊ አቅጣጫዎችን ምክር ቤቱ ማስቀመጡን የገለጸው ኢሕአዴግ፣ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ አመራርና በድርጅቱ የተጀመረውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ለማስቀጠል መስማማቱን አስታውቋል፡፡ የድርጅቱን የአመራር ግንባታ በተመለከተ በተዘጋጀው ሰነድ ላይ በመወያየት ውሳኔ ማሳለፉም ተገልጿል፡፡

በምክር ቤቱ ስብሰባ ላይ የኢሕአዴግ አጋር ድርጅቶች ሊቀመናብርትና የክልል አስተዳዳሪዎች መገኘታቸው ታውቋል፡፡

አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ሐምሌ 12 ቀን 1957 ዓ.ም በደቡብ ክልል ወላይታ ዞን ውስጥ የተወለዱ ሲሆን፣ የአንደኛና ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርታቸውን እዚያው አካባቢ ተምረዋል፡፡ አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም የመጀመሪያ ዲግሪያቸውን በሲቪል ምሕንድስና ከአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ካገኙ በኋላ፣ በአርባ ምንጭ የውኃ ቴክኖሎጂ ኢንስቲትዩት ሠርተዋል፡፡ በአርባ ምንጭ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ለሁለት ዓመት ከሠሩ በኋላ ፊንላንድ ከሚገኘው ቴምፕር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ኦፍ ቴክኖሎጂ ሁለተኛ ዲግሪያቸውን በሳኒቴሽን ምሕንድስና አግኝተዋል፡፡ አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም የደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች ዲሞክራሲያዊ ንቅናቄ (ደኢሕዴን) ሊቀመንበር ሲሆኑ፣ ከ2002 ብሔራዊ ምርጫ በኋላ የአገሪቷ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ሆነው ሲሠሩ ቆይተዋል፡፡

አቶ ደመቀ መኮንን በአማራ ክልል አዊ ዞን ቻግኒ የተወለዱ ሲሆን፣ በአማራ ክልል የአስተዳደርና ፀጥታ ጉዳይ ቢሮ ኃላፊነት፣ በክልሉ ምክትል ፕሬዚዳንትነትና በአቅም ግንባታ ቢሮ ኃላፊነት ሠርተዋል፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት ደግሞ የትምህርት ሚኒስትር ናቸው፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … 40-31.html


Ethiopia’s ruling party chooses new chairman and vice-chairman (video)

Saturday, September 15th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta, EPRDF, elected Hailemariam Desalegn as chairman and Demeke Mekonnen as vice-chairman

EPRDF chooses Hailemriam Desalegn and Demeke Mekonnen as chair and vice chair

Saturday, September 15th, 2012

By William Davison

ADDIS ABABA (Bloomberg) — Ethiopia’s ruling party, EPRDF, confirmed acting Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn as the successor to the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

Meles, who led Ethiopia for 21 years and who oversaw one of Africa’s fastest-growing economies, died on Aug. 20 from an infection contracted while he was recovering from an undisclosed illness. Hailemariam, Meles’s deputy in the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front and a former foreign minister, took over in an acting capacity the next day.

“Out of three candidates, Hailemariam has got the unanimous vote of council members and will serve as chairman of EPRDF and Demeke Mekonen will serve as well as deputy chairperson of EPRDF,” Communications Minister Bereket Simon said in the capital, Addis Ababa. “Whoever’s elected as chair and deputy chair of party will automatically be the nominees for the premiership and deputy premiership. So both Mr. Hailemariam and Mr. Demeke will represent the party and be candidates and be presented to parliament for approval when it starts its formal session in early October.”

Ethiopia, the continent’s second-most populous nation, is a key U.S. ally in its battle against al-Qaeda in the region. Ethiopian troops in December invaded Somalia for the second time in four years to join the battle against al-Shabaab, al-Qaeda’s Somalia affiliate.

The federal parliament, which has only one opposition lawmaker out of 547, is expected to swear in Hailemariam on Oct. 8, Bereket said.

At Meles’s funeral on Sept. 2, Hailemariam vowed to continue with his state-led development model that channeled loans, aid, investment and domestic revenue into infrastructure, industry and public services. The result was growth that averaged 10 percent in the past eight years, according to the government.

Human-rights groups criticized the government for cracking down on civil liberties and introducing anti-terrorism laws in 2009 that have been used to jail opposition politicians and journalists.

The EPRDF is a coalition of four parties representing the Amhara people, the Oromo, the Tigray and a collection of southern groups. Meles was leader of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, which led the ouster of a military junta in 1991, while Hailemariam hails from the southern bloc. His deputy is from the Amhara National Democratic Movement.

The EPRDF’s council, which has 45 representatives from each bloc, chose Meles’s successor from the 36-member executive committee of the party. Ethiopia’s next parliamentary elections are scheduled for 2015.

Ethiopia’s ruling party elects Hailemariam Dessalgne its chairman, Demeke Mekonnen as vice-chairman

Saturday, September 15th, 2012

Hailemariam Dessalgne has become the Chairman of the Ethiopian ruling party, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in a meeting that the Front’s Council held today, according to De Birhan sources. The Chairperson is “highly likely” to become the Prime Minister of the Country once sworn in parliament. Hailemaraim was the Front’s Deputy until the death of the Chairperson, the late Meles Zenawi. Hailemariam was born in 1965 in the Boloso Sore district of the Wolayita Zone in southern Ethiopia. He was President of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region (SNNPR) from November 2001 to March 2006 and was promoted as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in October 2010.

While Demeke Mekonen of Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM) has been elected as the Deputy Chairman of EPRDF, according to De Birhan’s inside sources. The head of ANDM, Demeke Mekonen, is also the Minister of Education. According to De Birhan sources Demeke comes from a Amhara family from Wollo and grew up as an orphan in Chagni, Gojjam, Ethiopia with foster parents. He comes from a teaching background.

EPRDF’s 180 member Council had commenced its regular meeting on 14 Sep. 2012, and continued today to elect its Chairperson and Deputy.

The Front in its statement had said yesterday that the council had already discussed and approved the draft agenda. The Council had deliberated on a document entitled” building the leadership and the stride of the renaissance” that focuses on the procedural, organizational and outlook.
In addition to the four major member parties of the EPRDF, the Front said “Chairpersons of the parties allied to the EPRDF of Somali, Afar, Harari, Benshangul-Gumuz, and Gambella as well as Presidents of Regional States” were invited as guests.

We have learnt that Government Communication Minister, Bereket Simon and EPRDF’s Public Mobilization Head, Redwan Hussien are soon to give an official press conference to journalists at the Hilton Hotel, Addis Abeba regarding the election.

In the press conference, Bereket reportedly said that the Front had agreed that they the three candidates(the third is unknown so far) should not be from those who took part in the armed struggle and new members.


Swedish journalists recount their horrific experience in Ethiopia

Friday, September 14th, 2012

[Translated from Swedish]

“We thought we were going to die”

(SVT) — It was an emotional press conference where Swedish journalists Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson who talked about their experiences in Ethiopia. The atmosphere was charged and the two journalists were greeted as heroes with applause when they entered the hall, straight from the airport.

Martin Schibbye talked about how they were forced to stay in the desert to record the fake film about the arrest that was used as evidence in the trial – a film that SVT has previously shown.

Lost a lot of blood

“It was action-taking and so they ran around there. We did not think it was true. I thought: ‘Will they let us see these and then live?’ He talked about the film that orchestrated the arrest.

The journalists were terribly frightened. Johan Persson was injured during the arrest and lost a lot of blood.

“I thought that these people are not really wise. I was afraid that I would get blood poisoning,” says Johan Persson.

The Swedes were trying to negotiate with the ‘filmmakers’ to go to a hospital and also meet officials of the Sweden embassy.

“They wanted us to condemn ONLF but we did not. We agreed to say that we were Swedish journalists. We were terribly afraid that they would shoot us,” says Persson.

Martin Schibbye also tells the mock execution he was subjected to. A soldier pulls him out of the middle of the desert and ask him to walk in front of soldiers. He hears cocking of a rifle.

He says he is “no more mr nice guy” and now I’ll die if I do not tell the truth. I have several times thought why people go to mock execution just like that in front of the guns? Now I understand, you can not do anything else.

Johan Persson was told that Martin Schibbye have been killed and after he heard shots.

Will not give up the fight for freedom of expression

But the journalists said they will not give up his fight – now await further work to talk about their experiences in a book, continue to review and to fight for freedom of expression. When the Swedes left prison, a fellow prisoner threw himself toward them. He was hit with batons several times by the guards:

He said: “Tell the world what is happening here,” says Martin Schibbye.

“We must not allow journalists to be convicted as terrorists; it must never happen again,” says Martin Schibbye and raises his voice.

“We have become better journalists because of this,” says Persson.

“We have been afraid to speak, to write, to live in such a country that has given the concept of freedom of speech, democracy and freedom a new meaning,” says Martin Schibbye to SVT.

Ethiopia’s ruling junta convened to choose a replacement to the late dictator (video)

Friday, September 14th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta, EPRDF, convened today to choose a successor to the late dictator Meles Zenawi. Today’s meeting has just ended, but there is no official announcement on any decision yet. The meeting was chaired by acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn. The following is the only official news so far:

A two-day EPRDF Council meeting began today (September 14th) here in Addis Ababa. The EPRDF secretariat announced that the 180 member council will agree on a chairman and deputy-chairman for the Front following the death of Prime Minster Meles Zenawi It is also expected to decide on a number of related matters.

Stay tuned for more updates.

Ethiopian National Transitional Council spreads its regime change message in Ethiopia

Thursday, September 13th, 2012

In the Ethiopian New Year, Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC), in collaboration with Tinsae Ethiopia, has intensified its call to the people of Ethiopia to get organized and liberate ourselves from the TPLF regime.

During the past week, Tinsae Ethiopia members in Addis Ababa and other cities have been working closely with the ENTC to distribute pamphlets (see below) and writing on walls to call for regime change.

Because of the extremely tight security we did not want to endanger our members by asking them to take photos of all their activities, but they were able to send us some photos, including the following two.

Ethiopians rise up!

Fore more information visit Tinsae Ethiopia and ENTC web sites.

Massacre in Qorile village, eastern Ethiopia

Thursday, September 13th, 2012

The TPLF regime army in Ethiopia has summarily executed the following Ethiopians at Qurile village, in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia on September 6, 2012. Their names have been compiled from eyewitnesses who have escaped the massacre. Many civilians in the village are missing. This is the second time that the TPLF junta carried out mass executions in Qorile.

1- Faysal Irshad Awlad
2- Mowliid Haasan Abdi
3- Mohamed Guled Ali
4- Abdirahman Guled
5- Hinod Shekh Abdi
6- Ayan Abd Haji His
7- Farah Ali Goh
8- Surer Abdi Qate
9- Saynab Abshir Aw-ali
10- Ugaso Ma’alin Umar
11- Asho Nado Janagale
12- Iido Shekh Abdi Usmaan
13- A six years old who was with Iido
14- Farah Yusuf Khalif ( nicknamed Farah-Dhonbe)
15- Abdi Guled Ali
16- Fadumo Guled Ali
17- Khadar Ahmed Guled and her child

Massacre in Qorile village, Ethiopia

EPRDF 180-member council will convene Friday to choose a successor – VOA

Thursday, September 13th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling coalition says it will choose a successor to late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi at a meeting that begins Friday.

The council of the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front is set to hold a two-day meeting in Addis Ababa where it will pick a new chairperson.

A spokesman tells VOA the chairperson will “most likely” be Ethiopia’s new prime minister as well.

Mr. Meles led Ethiopia for 21 years before his death last month from an unidentified illness.

Officials initially said Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn would take his place, but Hailemariam was never sworn in.

Source: http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/ … successor/


SVT released additional video exposing the orchestrated arrest of two Swedish journalists in Ethiopia

Wednesday, September 12th, 2012

(SVT) — Yesterday SVT showed video as an evidence that the arrest of Swedish journalists in Ethiopia was staged. Now we can show even more pictures from the interrogations. (Warning: GRAPHIC IMAGES)

In the new the latest video, one can see how Martin Schibbye during a hearing was forced to show the contents of his luggage item by item: vitamin-c tablets, mobile phones, batteries, passport, camera equipment, press card …

“This is a bag to carry things in. This is my Swedish passport. This is my mobile phone” … he says in the film.

It is unclear how long after the arrest of the two Swedish journalists the video was recorded, but according to SVT’s source, the two were in custody for several days before the video was recorded.

In one sequence in the video, sounds a round is heard in the background during the interrogation of Schibbye who then jerks and looking in the direction the sound is coming from.

In another, one of the soldiers says to Martin Schibbye that his colleague Johan Persson has been duped into believing that Schibbye have been killed.

“He thinks you’re dead, someone says in the film.”

“Then he will be happy when he sees me. Resurrected,” … answers Schibbye and rises.

SVT’s informant is a former Ethiopian government official then responsible for the video footage that was taken by the Swedes arrested.

An uncut original video that SVT came across shows that the arrest is orchestrated by the Ethiopian regime military. Alleged rebels of the Ogaden province is waiting for the recording to begin.

A corpse with bullet holes in the head is shown in the video, but according to SVT’s informant, the was transported to the place as props.

The Swedes were seriously injured

The Swedes, who were injured in the arrest, were denied professional care and subjected, despite their health condition, to lengthy interrogations by Ethiopian military.

In one of the video sequences, an interview with Johan Persson, where he receives orders on how he should behave.

“Sit properly! Brush the dust off his pants! said the interrogator.”

On Thursday, SVT will an extraordinary documentary about Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye. The documentary is a review of the game played against the imprisoned Swedish journalists.

“We have access to a unique material and shocking information that was not previously known,” says Nils Hanson, Project Manager at Mandate Review.

Ana Gomes says Meles Zenawi died in July; talks about succession delay in Ethiopia

Wednesday, September 12th, 2012

Hon. Ana Gomes talks about the death of Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi, the delay to swear in his successor, and the political prisoners in Ethiopia. She also confirms that Meles died in July, much earlier than what the regime claims, which is August 21. Also watch the second video below where she responds to Louis Michel.

Ana Gomes passionately debates with Louis Michel about EU policy on Ethiopia

MEP Louis Michel glorifies the late Ethiopian dictator

Home and country burglarized

Wednesday, September 12th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele
Someone broke into our house. They forced the backdoor open and went through every square inch of the house. They turned our mattress over, pilfered through our drawers and left the closet in a mess. It was done in the middle of the day and it looks like they took their time. They stole laptops, I pod, tablet computer, flat screen TV’s and my wife’s gold jewelry.
We have lived in the same neighborhood for over twenty years now. Nothing like this has happened before. We felt safe and secure. We did not have a burglar alarm. There were no metal guards on our doors and windows. When we moved to the area most of our neighbors were elderly people enjoying their retirement. They were always outside sitting on their porch and remising and watching. It is true there were one or two houses where the young kids were dealing drugs but the presence of the grandfathers made their business low-key.
Burglary is an ugly and very personal crime. Most of the stuff they took is replaceable. What is disturbing and creepy is the fact that a stranger went thru your stuff. I just keep visualizing their ugly dirty hands in my drawer and all over my home. They stole expensive stuff like computers but what bothered me most was the loss of quarters I was saving for my son. They took the flat screen televisions and Google tablet but the loss of little gold crosses from my mom to my wife is what keeps me awake at night. The thought of a burglar never crossed my mind but now I am convinced burglars are the scums of the earth. I better not be called for a jury duty where the crime is burglary. Off with his/her head is what first comes to mind.
I was seething with anger regarding my home invasion when I read Ambassador Susan Rice eulogy at the funeral of you know who in my homeland. My depression was compounded. Et tu Susan? When Bush was the President Ambassador Rice opined on the Washington Post “We Saved Europeans. Why Not Africans?” regarding the administration’s refusal to use force in Darfur and her praise of President Clinton’s military intervention in Kosovo. Compare that to her statement at the funeral of an African tyrant. Our fearless Ambassador was very generous with her praises of the dictator and was nice enough to include the human side of him inquiring about her family. She went out of her way to heap accolades like a smitten teen ager and elevate the dictator to new heights. I have no problem with her ignorance but what got my goat was her statement “He [Meles] was tough, unsentimental and sometimes unyielding. And, of course, he had little patience for fools, or “idiots,” as he liked to call them” That to me is too personal. Shame on you Susan Rice! Those of us that fight injustice are not fools or idiots. My dear Ambassador it looks like you have things reversed.
Those that deny freedom to others, those that deny democracy, those that deny the rule of law are considered fools and idiots. On the other hand those that fight back to secure their God given right to live in peace and dignity are normally referred to as freedom fighters. As a black person that find yourself in such a high and powerful position representing your country I would have thought you would be the perfect candidate to identify with the cause of our people and be able to articulate our wishes and dreams better than your Wasp predecessors. Mrs. Ambassador it is a little disconcerting to think a poor immigrant like me is constantly fighting with rednecks and conservatives that judge you negatively based on the color of your skin and declare you unfit to represent America and here you are paying my favor by dancing with criminals and unsavory characters. Too bad you are not a student of MLK. Where did you miss the bus?
Anyway I gave your transgressions and insulting behavior some thought and was able to put things in perspective. I decided there is no reason I should spend an ounce of energy on what you think and say. I got bigger problems to solve. Thus I went back to my home burglary issue and viewed the two items and marveled at the linkage of the situation.
I did not leave my home open. Someone forced the door open. What I have done since then is install security doors and windows, install cameras and use cloud storage to back up my documents. It is impossible to stop a determined criminal the least I could do is make the bum work to earn his pay. It is said you know who your friends are in times of difficulty. I was humbled by two of my friends that gave me a lap top computer and a flat screen television to ease my pain. My friends Getachew and Dr. Tesfaye made me realize I am not alone. We are each other’s keeper.
When it came to my homeland the situation is a little different. The burglars did not have to break a door or climb thru a window. They just bought their way in to our precious country. They used collaborators to open the door and let them in. We left our door open. No need to blame the burglar for our being indifferent regarding our treasure. Ambassador Rice was praising an individual we allowed to dictate to us for over twenty years. I know some fought back. Plenty paid with their life. The use of ethnic loyalty was his calling card. I am also sure that his harsh and intrusive system have something to do with his longevity. No matter the reason, our door was left open, and our security was compromised.
The solution to safeguard a country is a little different than securing a home. Walls, cameras, border guards on the ground and drones in the sky are not a solution. The best full proof system is a population that is empowered to safeguard its own freedom. The citizen has to feel that they are in charge and they own their country. Those in charge have to understand that they serve by the will of the people. That is what is meant by ‘for the people by the people.’ As they are hired by the citizen they must know that the possibility of being fired for misconduct is real.
This kind of arrangement assures the leader entrusted with the key will not open the door and let strangers in to take advantage of a poor nation. Strangers will not try using underhanded means to get in and and act like king makers knowing it will be rejected. The recent death of the dictator is proof that our door was left wide open. The situation has favored the outsiders at the expense of the citizen. He was loved, respected, held in high esteem, considered a visionary and a person of extraordinary super natural gift. Unfortunately the sky high phrases are uttered by no other than those that enabled him to stay in power.
The issue is not Susan Rice, European Union or any outside party. We are that are the legitimate owners of this Nation called Ethiopia that allows misfits, megalomaniacs and unsavory individuals to hold the key to our door. We refuse to stand for fair play and justice. Recently when talking about an issue that tested the American people President Obama said ‘As Americans let us never, ever forget that our freedom is only sustained because there are people who are willing to fight for it, to stand up for it, and in some cases lay down their lives for it. Our country is only as strong as the character of our people and the service of those, both civilian and military, who represent us around the globe.’ It is when we can say those words regarding our motherland that we can stand straight look each other in the eye and utter the words ‘I love Ethiopia.’ Anything else is hot air and bluster.

Video shows a fake firefight was staged to convict two Swedish journalists in Ethiopia

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

Translated from Swedish TV website SVT

Proof of Hoax in Ethiopia

SVT can now reveal that the videos that the Ethiopian government used as evidence of the arrest of the Swedish journalists is staged. Our sources even claim that the video was shot two days after Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye were arrested.

During the trial of Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye autumn 2011 showed prosecutor videos that he meant clearly proven Swedes crimes. Even then questioned a video sequence and the prosecutor was forced to admit that the sound of gunfire was applied retrospectively. But the prosecutor insisted that the films showed the arrest of one authentic way.

Välregisserat acting
SVT has now taken some of the unedited raw material. Prosecutor film gives the impression that there is heavy fighting when two rebels from the ONLF guerrillas arrested. But in the original material can be clearly seen that the “rebels” are acting as if they were extras in a movie and laugh between scenes. When SVT examines more sequences, it becomes even clearer that it is a välregisserat acting.

-They were just an actor and had never even met Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson said Abdulahi Hussein, who provided material to SVT and now living under death threats. Despite this, he chooses to come forward with his name.

False evidence
At trial, also testified two soldiers from the special border police force that a large number of ONLF rebels killed when Swedish journalists were arrested. To prove this is a dead rebel in the prosecutor’s movie. The man alleged to have killed a few minutes earlier, and the sequence is taken from a distance. The original materials are close-ups of the corpse but SVT’s sources say that it is an old corpse. Bullet holes are dry and portions of the face is bluish.

-The military gave Johan and Martin left in the jungle for several days. The reason for it was to find time to record the movie. When the film was finished, they were taken to the capital Addis Ababa to the embassy could meet them, said Abdulahi Hussein.

Smuggled out
The film material is smuggled out in stages from Ethiopia by sources who are now living under the threat of death. Abdulahi Hussein previously worked within the Ethiopian administration in the Ogaden but has now fled the country. He was responsible for the collection of the filmed material used in the Ethiopian video and it was he who approved the result.

-The purpose of the video was to prosecute them and get them sentenced to a long prison term.

Debretsion Gebremichael, the most dangerous person in TPLF

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

The death of dictator Meles Zenawi has left the Ethiopian ruling junta, TPLF, in disarray. Because Meles did not put a succession plan in place, TPLF and its umbrella organization, EPRDF, are now engulfed in a dangerous power struggle that could erupt in a bloody clash.

The major actors in the power struggle include: Azeb Mesfin (TPLF), Abay Woldu (TPLF vice chair), Sebhat Nega (TPLF), Seyoum Mesfin (TPLF), Debretsion Gebremichael (TPLF), Tewodros Hagos (TPLF), Bereket Simon (ANDM), Addisu Legesse (ANDM), Hailemariam Desalegn (SEPDM), Kuma Demeksa (OPDO), Abadula Gemeda (OPDO), Aster Mamo (OPDO), to mention a few of them.

Debretsion Gebremichael The most dangerous of all these guys is TPLF Politburo member and Minster of Communication & Information Technology Debretsion Gebremichael. All the TPLF/EPRDF intelligence and security apparatus report to him. He chairs the join security commission whose members include Getachew Assefa, head of the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), and Workneh Gebeyehu, head the Federal Police, among others. His agents and assassins are also embedded through out the bureaucracy and the military. In short, Debretsion is the Henrich Himmler of TPLF.

Before becoming a TPLF politburo member, Debretsion was responsible for jamming radio and TV signals, blocking web sites, tapping phones, other forms of electronic security. Before that he was a spy and member of Meles Zenawi’s death squads who were sent out at night to knock off opponents.

Now Debretsion is the one who is expected to execute decisions if TPLF decides to carry out purges and assassinations in EPRDF. According to Ethiopian Review sources, Debretsion is currently tracking the movements of Hailemariam Desalegn and all those who are suspected of posing a threat to the TPLF domination. He listens to their phone conversations, records all their meetings, and their bodyguards report to him any suspicious activities.

If Hailemariam wants to have any chance of survival, he must move to immediately fire Debretsion and appoint some one who is loyal to him. Otherwise, in the coming few days it is possible that Hailemariam will be another Teferi Benti, Aman Andom, or Atnafu Abate.

ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የመለስ ዜናዊን ያህል ብቃት ስለሌላቸው ምክትሎች ያስፈልጓቸዋል ተባለ – ሪፖርተር

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን የቀብር ሥርዓት በብሔራዊ ደረጃ ፈጽሞ በዚህ ሳምንት ለሥልጣን ሽግግር ቀጠሮ የያዘው ኢሕአዴግ፣ የምክር ቤቱን ስብሰባ ሰሞኑን ያደርጋል፡፡ በአገሪቷ ታሪክ ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ ይደረጋል ተብሎ የሚጠበቀው ሰላማዊ የሥልጣን ሽግግር በሕዝቡና በዓለም አቀፉ ማኅበረሰብ ዘንድ ከፍተኛ ጉጉት ፈጥሯል፡፡

በሳምንቱ መገባደጃ ላይ የሚደረገው የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት ስብሰባ የኢሕአዴግ ሊቀመንበርንና ምክትል ሊቀመንበር የሚመርጥ ሲሆን፣ የግንባሩ ሊቀመናብርት በመንግሥት መዋቅር ደግሞ የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ይሆናሉ፡፡ በዚህ መሠረት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ለቀጣዮቹ ሦስት ዓመታት የግንባሩ ሊቀመንበርና የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንደሚሆኑ እየተጠበቀ ነው፡፡ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ማንነት ግን እስካሁን በይፋ አልታወቀም፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ሕገ መንግሥት አንቀጽ 73 መሠረት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ሲመረጥ፣ በሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አብላጫ መቀመጫ ያለው የፖለቲካ ድርጅት ወይም ያላቸው የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች የመንግሥት ሥልጣን ይረከባል ወይም ይረከባሉ፡፡ በዚህ መሠረት በፓርላማው 99.6 በመቶ መቀመጫ ያለው ኢሕአዴግ ሲሆን፣ የኢሕአዴግን አመራር የሚረከቡት ግለሰቦች በዚህ ሒደት የመንግሥትን መዋቅር ለመምራት በፓርላማ ይሰየማሉ ማለት ነው፡፡

በሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 74 ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ከተሰጡ ሥልጣናትና ተግባራት ውስጥ በጉልህነት የሚጠቀሰው በንዑስ አንቀጽ አንድ ላይ የሰፈረው ነው፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የአገሪቱ ርዕሰ መስተዳድር፣ የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ሰብሳቢና የጦር ኃይሎች ጠቅላይ አዛዥ ነው፡፡ በቀሪዎቹ አሥራ ሁለት አንቀጾች መሠረት አስፈጻሚ የሚባለውን የመንግሥት አካል በሙሉ ኃላፊነት ይመራል፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 75 መሠረት ደግሞ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ተለይተው የሚሰጡትን ተግባሮች ያከናውናል፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በማይኖርበት ጊዜ ተክቶት ይሠራል፡፡ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ተጠሪነቱ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ መሆኑ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ውስጥ ሰፍሯል፡፡

በሳምንቱ ማገባደጃ ላይ የሚሰበሰበው የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሊሆን የሚችለውን የግንባሩን መሪ ሲሰይም የግንባሩን ምክትል ሊቀመንበርም እንደሚመርጥ ይታወቃል፡፡ የግንባሩ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ደግሞ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንደሚሆን ይጠበቃል፡፡ ይህ አሠራር ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ አገሪቱን በመሩባቸው 21 ዓመታት ታይቷል፡፡ የኢሕአዴግ ሊቀመንበር የነበሩት አቶ መለስ ፕሬዚዳንት በነበሩበት ወቅት የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የነበሩት አቶ ታምራት ላይኔ የግንባሩ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ነበሩ፡፡ በእሳቸው እግር የተተኩት አቶ አዲሱ ለገሠ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና የግብርና ሚኒስትር በነበሩበት ወቅት የግንባሩ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ነበሩ፡፡ አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትርና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሲሆኑ የግንባሩ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ሆነዋል፡፡

እስካሁን ባለው የተረጋገጠ መረጃ መሠረት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም የግንባሩ ሊቀመንበርና የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እንደሚሆኑ ሲጠበቅ የምክትላቸው ማንነት ግን ሊታወቅ አልተቻለም፡፡ ይኼም ብቻ አይደለም፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ በሞት ከተለዩ በኋላ ሊፈጠር የሚችለውን ክፍተት በስፋትና በምልዓት ለመድፈን የኢሕአዴግ አመራር ርብርብ ለማድረግ መዘጋጀቱን በተደጋጋሚ ለሕዝብ ገልጿል፡፡ በዚህ መሠረት ለአዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ከፍተኛ እገዛ ለማድረግ ሲባል ተጨማሪ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች ሊሾሙ እንደሚችሉ ይሰማል፡፡ ዋነኛ የተባሉ ስትራቴጂካዊ ተቋማትን በተለያዩ ዘርፎች በመከፋፈልና የአዲሱና የነባሩ አመራር አባላት በመዋሀድ የተጀመሩ ሥራዎችን ለማስቀጠል እንደታሰበ ጭምጭምታዎች ይሰማሉ፡፡ ምንም እንኳ በሕገ መንግሥቱ ስለ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ቢወሳም የተለያዩ ዘርፎችን የሚመሩ ምክትሎችን መሾም ምንም ችግር እንደሌለው የሕግ ባለሙያዎች ይገልጻሉ፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ እስካልተገለጸ ድረስ አንድም ብዙም መሾም ይቻላል በማለት ያስረዳሉ፡፡

አዲሱን የሥልጣን ሽግግር በተመለከተ በተለይም ደግሞ የምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች ሹመት ላይ አስተያየታቸውን የተጠየቁ ባለሙያዎች እንደሚሉት፣ ሁኔታዎችን በሁለት ፈርጆ ማየት ይገባል፡፡ የመጀመርያው የፓርቲ ወይም የብሔር ተዋጽኦን በተመለከተ ሲሆን፣ ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮቹ የኢሕአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶችን ውክልና ይዘው በተዋጽኦ የሚመረጡ ከሆነ ዓላማው የሥልጣን ክፍፍል ይሆናል በማለት ነው፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የደቡብ ፓርቲን ሲወክሉ፣ የተቀሩት አዲስ የሚሾሙት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮች የአማራ፣ የትግራይና የኦሮሚያ አባል ፓርቲዎችን ይወክላሉ፡፡ በዚህ መሠረት የፓርቲ ፖለቲካው አይሎ የሥልጣን ድልድል ብቻ ይሆናል በማለት ይገልጻሉ፡፡ እንዲህ ዓይነቱ አካሄድ ከድርጅታዊ መደላደል ያላለፈ፣ ለውጥ ለማስመዝገብ ፋይዳ የሌለውና አጠያያቂ ነው በማለት ይገልጹታል፡፡

በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ የሥልጣን ሽግግሩ እንደተባለው የተጀመሩ የልማት ውጥኖችን ከግብ ለማድረስ ከሆነ ደግሞ የብቃት ጉዳይ ወሳኝ በመሆኑ፣ አዲሱን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በሥራ ማገዝ የሚችሉ ብቃት ያላቸው ተሿሚዎች ይመጣሉ፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ሕልፈት ተከትሎ ሊኖር የሚችለውን ክፍተት ለመሙላት የብቃት ጉዳይ በእጅጉ ሊታሰብበት ይገባል የሚሉት አስተያየት ሰጪዎች፣ እንዲህ ዓይነቱ አሿሿም በአዎንታዊ ጐኑ መታየት አለበት ይላሉ፡፡ የሥልጣን ሽግግሩ በብቃት ላይ ትኩረት ካደረገ ፖሊሲዎችንና ስትራቴጂዎችን በብቃት ለማስፈጸም በእጅጉ ጠቃሚ ነው ተብሏል፡፡

ከዚህ በተጨማሪ አዲሱና የቀድሞው አመራር በጋራ ተቀናጅተው ይሠራሉ ተብሎ በኢሕአዴግ መነገሩ ምንን ያመለክታል የሚሉም እንዲሁ አሉ፡፡ በአዲሱ አሿሿም ላይ የድሮዎቹም አመራሮች ይኖራሉ ማለት ነው? በማለት ይጠይቁና፣ ቀደም ካለው ጊዜ ጀምሮ ሲቀነቀን የነበረውን የመተካካት ዕቅድ አያፋልሰውም ወይ የሚሉ ጥያቄዎችን ያነሳሉ፡፡ ለዚህ ምላሽ አለን የሚሉ ወገኖች ደግሞ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሕልፈት ምክንያት ሊኖሩ የሚችሉ ክፍተቶች መደፈን ስላለባቸው አዲሱ አመራር የግድ የቀድሞውን አመራር ድጋፍ ይሻል ይላሉ፡፡ አቅም ያላቸው አመራሮች የግድ ካልተተኩ ተብሎ ወደ ጎን መግፋት አይገባም በማለት ጭምር፡፡

እስከሚቀጥሉት ሦስት ዓመታት ድረስ የኢሕአዴግ አመራሮች ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊን ጨምሮ ተራ በተራ ይተካሉ ተብሎ እንደነበር የሚያስታውሱ ደግሞ፣ አሁን ባለው አካሄድ ነባሮቹን አለማካተት ከጥቅሙ ይልቅ ጉዳቱ ያመዝናል ባይ ናቸው፡፡ ቀሪዎቹ ሦስት ዓመታት የመተካካቱ ሒደት የሚከናወንባቸው በመሆናቸው አሁኑኑ አዲሱ አመራር ሙሉ በሙሉ ይተካ ማለት ይከብዳል ይላሉ፡፡ በተለይም የአምስት ዓመቱን የዕድገትና የትራንስፎርሜሸን ዕቅድና የህዳሴውን ግድብ ጨምሮ ግዙፍ የመሠረተ ልማቶችን ለማጠናቀቅ የአዲሱና የነባሩ አመራር ውህደት ከምንጊዜውም በላይ አስፈላጊ ነው በማለት ይከራከራሉ፡፡ ሌላው ቀርቶ በአምባሳደርነት የተሾሙ ልምድ ያላቸው የአመራር አባላት ሳይቀሩ ለዚህ ወሳኝ ጊዜ አገልግሎታቸው ቢፈለግ የተሻለ ይሆናል በማለት ሐሳብ ያቀርባሉ፡፡

ከአዲሱ አመራር አባላት በዕውቀታቸውና በሚያከናውኑት ተግባር አንቱ የተሰኙ ተስፋ ያላቸው አመራሮች በሚቀጥሉት ሦስት ዓመታት ውስጥ በሚደረገው የመተካካት ሥራ የበለጠ አቅምና ተቀባይነት ስለሚያዳብሩ፣ የሁለቱን ወገን ስብጥር ለዚህ ጊዜ መጠቀም ብልህነት ነው በማለትም ይመክራሉ፡፡ በውጭ ጉዳይ ዘርፍ በተለይ በዲፕሎማሲው መስክ በአፍሪካ አኅጉርና በአፍሪካ ቀንድ አካባቢ የኢትዮጵያን ተደማጭነት ማጠናከርና ከጎረቤት አገሮች ጋር በሰላምና በትብብር መንፈስ መሥራት የሚሉትን ይጠቅሳሉ፡፡ መንግሥት እየመሠረተች ያለችውን ሶማሊያ በማገዝ በአካባቢው ፀጥታን ማስፈንና የሱዳንና የደቡብ ሱዳንን ውዝግብ መፍታት አለበት፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ ልምድና ጥበብ ይጠይቃል ይላሉ፡፡ አገሪቱ በአፍሪካ ኅብረት፣ በአውሮፓ ኅብረት፣ በአሜሪካና በሌሎች ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃዎች በብቃት ለማሳተፍ የአዲሱና የነባሩ ውህደት የግድ ነው ይላሉ፡፡

የተጀመሩት ግዙፍ የመሠረተ ልማት ግንባታዎች በነበሩበት ፍጥነት ከተቻለም በከፍተኛ ፍጥነት እንዲጓዙ ለማድረግ፣ ቀጥታ የውጭ ኢንቨስትመንት በአስተማማኝ ሁኔታ ለመሳብ፣ ማክሮ ኢኮኖሚውን ለማረጋጋት፣ ከአቅም በላይ የሆነውን የኑሮ ውድነት ለማርገብ፣ ተጨማሪ የሥራ ዕድሎችን ለመፍጠር፣ ብድሮችንና ዕርዳታዎችን በአስተማማኝ ለማግኘት፣ ወዘተ የርብርብ ሥራ ስለሚጠይቅ የአዲሱና የቀድሞው አመራር ውህደት አስፈላጊነትን አፅንኦት ይሰጣሉ፡፡

የኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት በዚህ ሳምንት የግንባሩን ዋናና ምክትል ሊቀመናብርት ማንነት ካሳወቀ በኋላ ቀሪው ሥራ የፓርላማው ይሆናል፡፡ በመስከረም ወር የመጨረሻው ሳምንት ላይ ሦስተኛ ዓመት የሥራ ዘመኑን የሚጀምረው ፓርላማ የሥልጣን ሽግግሩን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን በመምረጥ ይጀምራል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡ አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ‹‹መለስን መተካት ከባድ ነው›› ያሉት አባባል በኢሕአዴግ አመራር አባላትም ዘንድ ግንዛቤ የተያዘበትና እንዲሁም ድርጅቱ በጋራ አመራር የሚያምን በመሆኑ ይህንን ተግባራዊ እንደሚያደርገው ውስጥ አዋቂዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡

የመተካካቱ ሒደት ቢያልቅ እንኳን አብዛኞቹ የአመራር አባላት ድርጅቱን ከኋላ ሆነው ለማማከርና ለመርዳት እንደሚፈልጉ ነው የሚናገሩት፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ቢተኩም እንኳን ይህንን ሚና ሊጫወቱ እንደሚችሉ ጓዶቻቸው ሳይቀሩ ይመሰክሩላቸዋል፡፡ በሚቀጥሉት ቀናት ውስጥ የሚከናወነው የሥልጣን ሽግግር በእዚህና መሰል ምክንያቶች የሕዝቡንና የዓለም አቀፍ ማኅበረሰቡን ጉጉት እንደሚጨምረው ብዙዎች እምነታቸውን ይገልጻሉ፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … 15-19.html


የወያኔ ለ34 ኮለኔሎችና ብ/ጄነራሎች ሹመትና የጎሳ ተዋጽኦ ዝርዝር

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

የኢትዮጵያ ሕገ መንግስት በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አቅራቢነት ፕሬዚዳንቱ ወታደራዊ ሹመት ይሰጣሉ ይላል። ሆኖም ግን በሞተ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እስካሁን እየተመራን በምንገኝበት በአሁኑ ወቅት በአገሪቱ ህገመንግስት መሰረት 34 ኮሎኔሎች በብራጋዴር ጄነራል ማዕረግ ፣ ሶስት ብራጋዴር ጄነራሎች ደግሞ በሜጀር ጄነራል ማዕረግ ተሹመዋል፡፡ በሹመቱ ላይ የተሰተዋወለው የብሔር ተዋጽኦ አሁንም እጅግ አነጋጋሪ እንደሆነ ነው። በተሰጠው ከፍተኛ ወታደራዊ ሹመት መሰረት

ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ሆነው የተሾሙት:-
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ያይኔ ስዩም፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አታክልቲ በርሄ ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ፍስሃ በየነ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ጉዕሽ ፅጌ ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ገብረኪዳን ገብረማሪያም፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ማዕሾ ሃጎስ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ገብሩ ገብረሚካኤል፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ማሸሻ ገብረሚካኤል፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አብረሃ አረጋይ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ደግፊ ቢዲ – ብሔር ትግሬ ናቸው፡፡
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አስካለ ብርሃነ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ሀለፎም እጅጉ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አብርሃ ተስፋዪ፣ – ብሔር ትግሬ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ሙሉ ግርማይ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ወልደ ገብርኤል ባቢ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ፍሰሃ ኪዳነ ማሪያም -ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አሰፋ ገብሩ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል የማነ ሙሉ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ገብረመድህን ፍቃዱ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ታረቀኝ ካሳሁን – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አስራት ዶኖይሮ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ጥጋቡ ይልማ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ዘውዱ በላይ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ኩምሳ ሻንቆ፣ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አጫሉ ሸለመ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ሹማ አብደታ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ድሪባ መኮንን – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ደስታ አብቺ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል አቤል አየለ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ይመር መኮንን – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ከድር አራርሳ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ይብራህ ዘሪሁን – ብሔር ቅይጥ
– ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ኩመራ ነጋሪ፣ – ብሔር ቅይጥ
- ብራጋዴር ጄነራል ዱባለ አብዲ – ብሔር ቅይጥ ናቸው።

ሜጀር ጄነራል ሆነው የተሾሙት፦
- ሜጀር ጄነራል መሐሪ ዘውዴ – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ሜጀር ጄነራል ሐሰን ኢብራሂምና – ብሔር ትግሬ
- ሜጀር ጄነራል መሰለ በለጠ – ብሔር ትግሬ ናቸው።

source: The Habesha


Malawi police arrest 62 Ethiopians

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

BLANTYRE, MALAWI (NewsTimeAfrica) — Police in Malawi’s northern border district of Karonga have arrested 62 Ethiopians suspected of entering Malawi illegally.

“We got a tip from villagers that they spotted a truck full of people with strange faces packed in some bush,” said Enock Livason, a police spokesman in the district.Livason said police followed the tip and arrested the 62 Ethiopians.

Four Malawians were also arrested, he said.”We have charged the Ethiopians with illegal entry and their Malawian accomplices, who include the driver of the truck, with aiding and abetting crime,” said Livason.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there is a chain of human traffickers lined up from the Horn of Africa – where the most of the illegal immigrants come from – through Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa. Most of these are economic refugees who seek greener pastures in South Africa.The traffickers connive with police in the five countries to allow safe passage of the refugee.

President Joyce Banda of Malawi, who has made curbing the illegal immigrants her rallying call, recently “named and shamed” a police officer who was fingered by some arrested illegal immigrants as their “link man”. Most of the illegal immigrants use uncharted routes over land and on lakes. Recently 47 Ethiopians drowned on Lake Malawi when their boat capsized because of overloading. Forty-two others from Ethiopia and Somalia were also found suffocated to death in a truck in Tanzania.

Division plagues TPLF itself (analysis)

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

As I have tried to share with you the simmering dispute among TPLF bigwigs recently, now the dispute is starting to surface and it is out in open and the TPLF propaganda machinery is working full time against the Sebhat Nega group which is trying to “re-instate” founding members of TPLF who have been unceremoniously let go from the front during Meles’ reign on power.
The President of Tigray and TPLF vice Chairman is spearheading the campaign against the proposed reconciliation between those who are at the helm of TPLF and those founding members who were expelled by Meles. In his New Year message to Tigrayan People, President of Tigray Region, Abay Weldu warned Tigrayns that the front will not budge down by the new attempt of some TPLF leadership for “unholy” reconciliation with those who were swept away from the front by the renewal program of the front. The tone and words of his warning are signs that the front is deeply divided on this issue. The main character behind the reconciliation is Sebhat Nega who wants to restore TPLF to its “glory” days. Please watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-Uc23OA … r_embedded move your curser to 16:00 minutes to listen to the Abay Weldu’s plea to Tigrayns. He even went as far as calling his own comerades staunch enemies of the front and he adamantly emphasized that there is no going to be any bargain on this issue and he pleaded with Tigrayns to rally behind the front to execute all plans mapped by the “great leader”!Here we go power struggle ala TPLF!!


የወያኔ ጃንጥላ ተቀዶአል

Monday, September 10th, 2012

ተስፋዬ ገ/አብ

የወያኔ ስርአት በታሪኩ እንዲህ ያለ የተምታታ ሁኔታ ላይ የደረሰበት የታሪክ አጋጣሚ ነበር ለማለት አይቻልም። የባንክ ሰራተኞች የስራ ማቆም አድማ፣ የኦነግ ከመሸጋገሪያው መውጣት፣ የኤርትራ ጦርነት፣ የህወሃት መከፋፈል፣ ምርጫ 97 የመሳሰሉ አጋጣሚዎች ለኢህአዴግ ፈታኝ የነበሩ መሆናቸው ይታወቃል።

ከፍተኛ ትርምስ የነበረባቸውም ናቸው። ቢሆንም በነዚያ ጊዜያት ድርጅቱ ድርጅታዊ አቅሙን ባለማጣቱ አንሰራርቶ መቀጠል ችሎአል። የመለስ ዜናዊን እረፍት ተከትሎ የመጣው ቀውስ ግን የድርጅቱን መሰረት እያናጋው ይገኛል።

መለስን ተከትሎ አብሮ ለመሞት በጣም እየተጣደፈ ያለው ኦህዴድ ሆኖአል። ኦህዴድ መሪ የለውም። የህወሃት አንጋፋዎች የራሳቸው ችግር ቢኖርባቸውም ኦህዴድን ከመሞት ለማዳን ቅድሚያ ትኩረት ሰጥተው እየተሯሯጡ ይገኛሉ። መተካካት የሚለውን ነጠላ ዜማ ደምስሰው፣ ገራባ እየፈለጉ ነው። መገረብ ጀምረዋል። ኩማ ደመቅሳን የኦህዴድ ሊቀመንበር፣ አባ ዱላን በኦሮሚያ ፕሬዚዳንትነት ለማስቀመጥ፣ በካድሬዎቻቸው በኩል ቅስቀሳ ይዘዋል። ይህ ሩጫ ጊዚያዊ ጥገና ይባላል። እንደ አሸዋ ግድብ ከነገ ወዲያ መልሶ ይፈርሳል።

“የሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ምክትል ማን ይሁን?” የሚለው እንዳከራከረ ሲሆን፣ በአንድ በኩል ሶስት ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሮችን ለማስቀመጥ አሳብ ሲቀርብ፣ በሌላ በኩል የህወሃት እና የብአዴንን ፉክክር ለማስቀረት፣ ኩማ ደመቅሳን በምክትልነት ለማስቀመጥ መምረጣቸው ይሰማል። መፍትሄ አይሆንም። በዚህ አካሄድ ማንኛውም ነገር ወደሁዋላ በፍጥነት ይጓዛል።

ሁኔታዎች በፍጥነት ሲለዋወጡ ሰንብተዋል። ለዚህ ሲለዋወጥ ለሰነበተ ውዥንብር መቁዋጠሪያ ለማበጀት የኢህአዴግ ምክርቤት ከመስከረም 3 እስከ 5 ስብሰባ ጠርቶአል። ርግጥ ነው፣ ውዥንብሩን ለመቀነስ የሚረዳ፣ ከሃሜት የሚያድናቸውን አንድ ደካማ መዋቅር በመፍጠር፣ “ችግሩ ተፈትቶአል” ብለው ሊውጁ ይችላሉ።

ሊቀጥሉ ግን አይችሉም። ኢህአዴግ ማእከል አጥቶአል። ቀደም ሲል ኢህአዴግ አንድ መቋጠሪያ ነበረው። አንድ የሚፈሩት ሰው ነበራቸው። ሁሉም ልዩነቱን፣ ቅሬታውን ብሶቱን ይዞ የሚሮጥበት አንድ ቢሮ ነበር። አሁን ያ የለም። ጃንጥላው ተቀዶአል። ከጥቂት በላይ ምሰሶዎች በያቅጣጫው እየተተከሉ ነው። በራቸውን መክፈት ካልቻሉ፣ አፍጦ የመጣባቸውን እውነት ማየት ካልቻሉ እጣ ፈንታቸው ደጃፋቸው ላይ ከተቀመጠው መልአከ ውድቀት እጅ ላይ መውደቅ ይሆናል።


New year’s message to Ethiopians throughout the World: Obang Metho

Monday, September 10th, 2012

Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia (SMNE)

Safeguarding the Vision to Our Future

Our Hope for Ethiopia in the New Year Should Be No Less than a Fully Transformed Society

September 11, 2012

Dear fellow Ethiopians,

We, the leaders, members and friends of the Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia (SMNE), want to wish all of our beloved Ethiopian people throughout the world, a wonderful and blessed Ethiopian New Year. This year we have much to think about as we enter a post-Meles era. A year ago, who would have thought such a change would be upon us. We now have a multitude of choices before us. How will each of us choose between them? Some will have better outcomes than the others. Are there any criteria we should be considering? Will we be satisfied with quick solutions? Are we willing to settle for a transition to a new prime minister or new party leading our government or will we demand nothing short of building a new society where healing, reconciliation, restored justice and renewed life is seen throughout the villages of Ethiopia?

In 1991, the people of Ethiopia yearned for freedom and democracy, but the movement was hijacked by Meles and the TPLF. The rhetoric was lofty and filled with talk about freedom, justice, equality and working together to liberate a nation from dictatorship. There were good, genuine and hardworking people involved. What happened? In this New Year, how can we distinguish between the “voices”, the suggested “means to our end” and the goals we must achieve? What amount of progress are we willing to settle for? How will we know when we have sold ourselves—or others—short? There will be opportunities to “strike up deals” but are they road blocks to sustainable solutions? We have much to think about!

Our society is gravely ill and we have many who are wounded. How will we get our sick and wounded to a place where they can be healed? For example, in the remote villages of Gambella, when someone is sick or wounded, there is often no modern transportation to carry the person to a clinic or hospital; instead, the person’s family must find a means to carry the sick person to a place where they can access medical care. In these cases, a sheet enfolding the person would be tied to either end of a pole which would hang from the pole as the person was transported by two or more strong men to a clinic, hospital or modern transportation which could be used to transport the person even further away for medical treatment. In the highlands part of Ethiopia, it is often similarly done, but with two poles and four men, resting the ends of the poles on their shoulders as the patient lay on the hanging sheet in between. Those carrying the patient must be committed, in good shape and able to have the strength and perseverance to travel the distance or all the effort would be in vain.

In the larger villages or more urban settings, family members find a vehicle of transport—a car or a bus—and a reliable driver to get them to their destination. The person must not only be dependable but should also know how to drive or the patient may end up in a ditch. The vehicle itself should be working well or no matter how good the driver is, if the bus or car breaks down, it will have to be fixed before starting up again. If you have a good driver and a reliable, well-functioning vehicle, but the roads are full of potholes or are washed out or if your driver does not know the direction or how to read a map you may end up in a dead end with nowhere to go but to back where you came from. 

You should know where you want to go, how much it costs and what kind of medical care you need so you do not end up with a foot doctor when you need heart surgery or short of money or find out they do not take patients from your village. Our loved one will never get the healing needed to recover and in some cases, may die. If we want healing for the wounded in our villages, towns, cities and nation, who should be the driver, what vehicle should we use and what roads should we take to get us to our destination?

In Ethiopia, we have had a bad driver, Meles, who drove our country to his own destination for the last twenty years, only pretending to care about the 80 million Ethiopian passengers in the back seat. The vehicle he used was the broken-down, non-inclusive model of ethnic-federalism—an ethnic apartheid system which was defective from the start—which has now broken down and needs major repairs: ethnic division, land grabbing, crony capitalism, intellectual tyranny, religious interference and the imprisonment and exile of any promising drivers. The direction he drove us took us on bad roads, which led us to a dead end. We are now stuck without a driver, with a malfunctioning vehicle in a place we never wanted to go in the first place. Most all of us are angry passengers.

Why did we ride behind a reckless driver? Now with his death, those within the system are trying to find a new driver, salvage the vehicle, restart the engine and resume its travel on the same bad roads to destruction. They are trying to make the driver, who lost countless passengers along the way, a hero, but we have options.

We do not have to simply wait for a new driver to jump in; it is time to get out of the vehicle! We are the paying passengers and we have a say, the entire “system” is broken and cannot be fixed; it must be reformed, refueled and redirected. Will we accept anything less for our future?

No one is excluded from our present-day crisis—opposition groups, the people and the TPLF/EPRDF. Everyone is now asking, “What now?” “How can we find the way?” The passive passengers in the back seat must come forward to take control of their destiny. In Ethiopian history, this is not the first opportunity, but the fourth or fifth. When the monarchy of Haile Selassie fell, the passengers did not take a lead and the dictatorship of Mengistu jumped into the driver’s seat. When Mengistu was overthrown, the revolutionary movement of the people was hijacked and Meles jumped into the seat.

In 2005, the people tried to change the driver and the vehicle by nearly two million showing up in Addis to demand change. Over 36 million Ethiopians chose to vote for change of driver, vehicle and direction. What happened? Nearly two hundred people were murdered, 40,000 or more were arrested, opposition leaders, activists and journalists were imprisoned and the regime hijacked the hopes of the people. Now, we suddenly have a God-given opportunity for significant change. If we are not vigilant, our hopes for a free and democratic Ethiopia will again be hijacked by the regime or someone else who wants power and an opportunity to exploit the people.

Right now, there are political vultures waiting to prey on this new opportunity or trying to cling to the old, failing system. This is why it is important to create “a vehicle” to empower the people to take charge. We have failed in the past because the people failed to own and control the process; never dismantling the system of dictatorship, thus paving the way for a new Meles. It is possible to adopt a different way like was done successfully in other African countries like Ghana, Benin, Zambia and South Africa. In these places, the people took hold of the process until they achieved their objectives. They used an African solution to an African problem.

It is time for the people’s process, starting with finding trusted people, without political baggage, who will operate independently of a political group, to form a “command center” or council made up of people who are credible and who believe in the objectives. It is not unlike the village elder system, common all over Africa where the village chief and elders are held accountable by the people. In these afore-mentioned countries, the council chose the route of a Sovereign National Conference, a mechanism to drive the process that included intellectual reforms, political reforms, constitutional reforms, institutional reforms and economic reforms. Mandates and timelines were part of the outcome. This is what our very good and close friend and SMNE advisor, Professor George Ayittey, has been telling us and others is the way to go—within the context of Ethiopia.

I am hopeful that the people, including our political and civic leaders, will take the lead and not allow opportunists to deceive them, to lie to them, to manipulate them or to drive all of us off the road. In the past, Meles so effectively used division to advance his own objectives that we stopped seeing each other as Ethiopians. When I was in Minnesota, last week I met with a number of leaders from the Oromo community. I could see a marked difference between 2007, when I first spoke at an Oromo meeting in the Twin Cities and now. In 2007, a good number of my Oromo brothers and sisters were in strong disagreement with me. They told me they were not in the same struggle as I was because they were fighting for separation, not for unity. Some did not consider themselves as Ethiopians and distanced themselves from everything Ethiopian, including the national language, the flag and others outside their own ethnicity. Now, the climate has changed and many expressed their openness to being part of the shared struggle for freedom and democracy in Ethiopia.

After these few days of meetings with them as well as with members of the Ogadeni and Gambella communities in the Twin Cities who used to think this way, I now see great hope of sharing in the reformation of our country of birth. The change is overwhelming. I was repeatedly told that what they want is an Ethiopia, not for only one tribe, but one where all people are valued, where “humanity comes before ethnicity” and where we care about others because “no one is free until all are free.” I was also told by some that they no longer see their only alternative to be “giving up on their country”; but instead, they refuse to be manipulated or deceived any longer that separation is the only way for Oromos to achieve regional self-determination. 

Some Oromo, as well as some from other diverse groups, are still not convinced; believing that separation remains the best option to ensure their well being. Now it is time to empower these people to take ownership of the country of their birth. What was wrong was not the land, the name “Ethiopia” or the “Ethiopian flag” or the Ethiopian national language of Amharic, but instead, what was wrong was the system. If we the people are in control of the process, we must dismantle the system if we are to build a better Ethiopia for all; not a beggar Ethiopia for a few.

Meles has been buried in the same soil from which he came. We all will go the same way—from dust to dust. This man must now face justice before God. Even though this man has done terrible things—taking so many lives, dividing the people and favoring his own group over everyone else—we should not take revenge.

This is a time to reconcile. Instead of being a time to destroy, it is a time to rebuild. Instead of being a time for hostility and revenge, it is a time to reach out to others. Instead of being a time of isolation, it is a time to start talking with each other. Instead of being a time for vigilante justice or a perversion of justice, it is a time to restore justice to our courts. We are faced with an Ethiopian crisis and it requires us Ethiopians to fix it; others can join us but we must set the direction and not be satisfied with getting only part of the way to our destination.

Here are a few guidelines for safeguarding the movement from dictatorship to a free and democratic Ethiopia:

  1. The people of Ethiopia must own, manage and control the journey.
  2. Dismantling only part of the system of dictatorship will jeopardize the future of freedom and democracy. It must be complete.
  3. Reconciliation and the restoration of justice go hand in hand and should be integrated into all aspects of the transition to a free and democratic Ethiopia.
  4. No more ethno-centrists, where one-party or one tribe controls everything. Will we learn this time that we must discard the “ethnic-model” of politics? The TPLF spoke the language of shared grievances, but once in power, as an ethnic-based power structure, they repeated the cycle.
  5. Many will be vying for power; both within the TPLF, the EPRDF and among opposition groups. How should Ethiopians judge between them and on what basis can they unite? Here are some questions to consider:
    1. How effective has been their work?
    2. What concrete things have they accomplished?
    3. Do you trust them?
    4. Have they been consistent?
    5. Have they changed with the political winds?
    6. Who has benefitted from their accomplishments?
    7. What are their core principles?
    8. Do they follow them?
    9. Do they care about the people?
    10. Do they speak for your concerns?
    11. Are they reconcilers?
    12. Do they have a vision for the future?
    13. Do they have political baggage? If so, have they resolved it satisfactorily?
    14. If they are to work together, do they share common values, principles, goals and vision?
    15. Do you want a peaceful solution, which includes those in the armed movements, which would perseveringly be followed in order to avert violence if possible?
    16. Are you willing to become involved?

It is not time to recycle a failing system—we need not only a new driver, but a new vehicle, a new direction and paying passengers who will invest in bringing needed reforms without stopping so short that our movement is hijacked. We should reconsider the traditional African models of “accountable governance.” All villages, communities, regions and nations require accountability—to protect ourselves and others from ourselves and others! There are countless examples in Africa. For example, in the Anuak villages of my youth, there were checks and balances of power.

There were the wise in the village, who were recognized as such, and became the chosen elders of the people. We can start doing the same on the local level even now. Look for leaders among your villages, communities and regions. There will be some who speak the truth, who can be trusted, who are wise, who have the best interests of the village at heart, who can be depended upon to help when there is a need, who are respected, who stand up for the weak, who are reconcilers, and who do what is right rather than what will please people or put unearned money in their pockets. 

These people must be empowered at the local levels to start organizing for good. We have such people around us. Let us identify them and utilize their skills and gifts. Support what is morally true, right and good and those who practice these virtues. At the village level, begin to reach out to others, whether pro-regime or anti-regime. We the people of Ethiopia must begin the process of change, transformation and reconciliation at the village level. People of faith can help by word and deed. Start pressuring at the local level for reforms that will not only be rhetoric or confined to a few places and a few privileged people. Healing, through reconciliation and reforms, will not be felt as a nation until they reach the villages. Be the one who starts it.

Who will carry the wounded and sick Ethiopian child of the future to a New Ethiopia? Will you do your share? We are talking today about the future of your own children and grandchildren. No one would ever want anything bad to happen to one’s own offspring, but instead would want to leave a better place to them.

Do not pass on the curse. Pass on the blessing and that blessing starts with reconciling with our Creator and with other people as we take part in building a healthy, free and democratic Ethiopia. 

Send this message to ten people inside Ethiopia—even use the slow mail if necessary. Help organize and empower the people in the valleys, by the rivers, on the mountains, in the forests, in the desert, in the bush, in the city, in the villages, on the streets, on the paths, in their high-rises, in their huts—wherever Ethiopians are, pass on the message until it reaches to all the beautiful people of Ethiopia! 

Today, I received a phone call from the sister of a great Ethiopian woman I had met in 2006; later exchanging some emails with her. It was sad news. She had died of breast cancer in Ethiopia. Her family had paid considerable money for medical care in the country, but that care was poor. Yes, she had made it to the hospital, but the hospital lacking; in a western country, her life would have likely been saved or significantly prolonged, but this was Ethiopia. Before she died, she asked her sister to give me a message from her.

Her message was to please continue the struggle because the entire system—including the medical care—was rotting. She said, “Please continue the struggle and do whatever you can to make sure this system—including the medical system—does not continue like this. I am losing my life because of it and it doesn’t have to be this way. Even the prime minister had to leave the country for his medical care. Do whatever you can to make sure this does not happen to others.” This amazing woman was part of the struggle for change and was, even as she was dying, passing on the message to others. Will you do the same?

May God have mercy on our wounded society; healing, caring and protecting us as we choose our paths in this New Year so they do not lead us to a divided, wounded and bitter society. May it be a year of deep repentance, forgiveness, reparations, corrections and revitalization! As Ethiopians humble themselves to reach out to God for help, may He lift them up to stand strong and live in harmony as one people!

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Please do not hesitate to e-mail your comments to Mr. Obang Metho, Executive Director of the SMNE, at: Obang@solidaritymovement.org.  You can find more about us through our website at: www.solidaritymovement.org

ባንኮች በውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት ምክንያት ደንበኞቻቸውን ማስተናገድ ተሳናቸው

Monday, September 10th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- "የዶላር ያለህ!" በሚል ርዕስ ባጠናቀረው ዘገባ የውጪ ምንዛሬ እጥረቱ ከተከሰተ የሰነበተ ቢሆንም፤ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ግን ችግሩ የከፋ ደረጃ ላይ መድረሱን አመልክቷል።

ከወራት በፊት በቂ የውጭ ምንዛሪ ያለ መሆኑ ቢገለጽም፣ አሁን በተጨባጭ የሚታየው እውነታ ግን በተቃራኒው ሆኗል-ብሏል ጋዜጣው።

የውጭ ምንዛሪ ለማግኘት የባንኮችን ደጃፍ የሚረግጡ አስመጪዎች፤ <ሌተር ኦፍ ክሬዲት> ለመክፈት እና

ማስመጣት የሚገባቸውን ምርት ለማምጣት ባለመቻላቸው፤ ሥራችን እየተስተጓጐለ ነው በማለት እያማረሩ ነው::

ባንኮች ደንበኞቻቸውን ማስተናገድ ባለመቻላቸውም ዶክመንቶቻቸውን ተቀብለው <ወረፋ ጠብቁ> ከማለት ወጪ ወረፋው መቼ እንደሚደርሳቸው እንቆቅልሽ ሆኗል ያለው ጋዜጣው፤ ችግሩ ቀስ በቀስ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ተፅዕኖ እያሳረፍ ለመሆኑ አንዳንድ ምልክቶችም እየታዩ ናቸው”ብሏል።

ትልቁ የአገሪቱ ባንክ የሆነው የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ሳይቀር፤ ከግል ባንኮች የተሻለ የውጭ ምንዛሪ አለው ቢባልም፣

ለግለሰቦች የውጭ ምንዛሪ ጥያቄ አዎንታዊ መልስ ሊሰጥ አልቻለም።

ጋዜጣው እንዳለው፤በግል ባንኮች ያለው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ድርቅ ፤ለባንኮቹ ሳይቀር ራስ ምታት ሆኗል::

ረዥም ተራ በመጠበቅ በሚገኘው ዕድል እንኳን የሚሰጠው የውጭ ምንዛሪ አነስተኛ በመሆኑ፣ ለዕለት ፍጆታ የሚሆኑና አስፈላጊ ናቸው የተባሉ ምርቶችን አስመጥቶ ወደ ገበያ ለማስገባት አልተቻለም::

<በዚህን ወቅት ለምን የዶላር እጥረት እንደተፈጠረ ግልጽ አለመሆኑም ብዙ ሊያነጋግር ይችላል፤ ችግሩ

በግልጽ የመታየቱን ያህል -መፍትሔ ለመስጠት እየተደረገ ያለው ጥረት ምን እንደሆነ አይታወቅም::”ብሏል ጋዜጣው።

አክሎም፦”ችግሩ ጊዜያዊ ነው እንዳይባል፤ ችግሩ ማጋጠም ከጀመረ ሳምንታት ሳይሆን ወራት ተቆጥረዋል። መቆሚያው መቼ እንደሆነም ለመተንበይ እንኳን አልተቻለም:: ጉዳዩ በቀጥታ የሚመለከተው የመንግሥት አካልም በውጭ ምንዛሪ ዙሪያ የተፈጠረውን ክፍተት አስመልክቶ ምንም ዓይነት መረጃ እየሰጠ አለመሆኑ፣ ችግሩ ነገም ሊቀጥል ይችላል የሚል ስጋት እያሳደረ ነው::”ብሏል።

ይህም ፤የሸቀጦችን ዋጋ በማናር፤ እንዲሁም በእጥረቱ ሳቢያ የሚፈለገውን ያህል ምርቶች አለመግባታቸው የምርት እጥረት እንዲከሰት በማድረግ አጠቃላይ ኢኮኖሚውን ያቃውሰዋል ተብሎ ተፈርቷል።

አቶ መለስ በህመም ሳቢያ ከስልጣን ቦታቸው መሰወራቸውን ተከትሎ የታየው የመንግስት ሥራ መቀዛቀዝና የኢኮኖሚ መዋዥቅ፤ ሞታቸው በይፋ ከተነገረ ወዲህ ይበልጥ እየባሰበት መምጣቱን መረጃዎች ያሳያሉ።

በተለይ ገዥው ፓርቲ የፖለቲካ ትርፍ ለማግኘት በማሰብ የ 15 ቀናት የሀዘን ጊዜ አውጆና ከአገሪቱ ጫፍ እስከ ጫፍ ድንኳን አስተክሎ ህዝብን ሲያስለቅስባቸው በሰነበቱት ሁለት ሳምንታት በሁሉም ሴክተሮች የታየው ኢኮኖሚያዊ ኪሳራ እጅግ ከፍ ያለ መሆኑ፤እንዲሁም ገንዘብ በባንክ አስቀምጠው ነበሩ በርካታ ሰዎች አለመረጋጋቱን ተከትሎ ገንዘባቸውን በስፋት ወደ ውጪ ማሸሽ መጀመራቸውና የባለሀብቶችም እንቅስቃሴ መገታቱ፤ወትሮም በቋፍ ላይ የነበረውን የምንዛሬ እጥረት ክፉኛ እንዳላሸቀው ተመልክቷል።

የውጪ ምንዛሬ ከአገሪቱ ካዝና ጨርሶ በመሟጠጡ የቻይና መንግስት በቅርቡ ቀውሱን ለማረጋጋት በሚል መጠነኛ የገንዘብ ድጋፍ እንዳደረገ መዘገባችን አይዘነጋም።

ሆኖም ከተፈጠረው ከፍተኛ እጥረት አኳያ ከቻይና የተገኘው ድጋፍ፤ ጥቂት ርቀትም ሊያስኬድ አልቻለም።

ወደ ሥልጣን እየመጣ ያለው አዲሱ አመራር ከተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አመራሮች ጋር በመነጋገር እንዲሁም የፕሬስ ነፃነትን ጨምሮ ለሰብዓዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብቶች መከበር ያለውን ቁርጠኝነት በማረጋገጥ አዲስና ተስፋ ሰጭ ሽግግር እንዲያደርግ የሚፈልጉ አንዳንድ ለጋሽ አገሮች፤ አመራሩን የሚሄድበትን መንገድ እስኪያውቁ ድረስ የእርዳታ እጃቸውን መሰብሰባቸውን ለኢሳት የደረሱ መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ።


Ethiopia ranks 140 out of 144 countries in technological readiness, World Economic Forum reports

Monday, September 10th, 2012

The World Economic Forum’s 2012-2013 Global Competitiveness Report has been released, and Ethiopia under the TPLF/EPRDF junta ranks at the bottom ten in several categories. The worst of all is technological readiness where Ethiopia ranks 140 out of 144 countries. The technological sector, particularly information technology, has been purposely stifled by the regime in order to keep Ethiopians in the dark. The person who is doubling as head of Ethiopia’s information technology development is Debretsion Gebremichael. Currently he is one of the candidates to replace the late dictator Meles Zenawi. Read the full report here.

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በጋራ ይመራሉ – ሬድዋን ሁሴን

Monday, September 10th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:- በመስከረም ወር 2005 ዓ.ም የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ምትክ በሚያካሂደው ምርጫ የሚመረጠው
ሊቀመንበር እና ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ድርጅቱን ለስድስት ወራት ብቻ በጋራ እንደሚመሩ አቶ ሬድዋን ሁሴን የግንባሩ
ጽ/ቤት ኃላፊ አስታወቁ፡፡

አቶ ሬድዋን ዛሬ ከወጣው አዲስ ዘመን ጋዜጣ ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለምልልስ የግንባሩ መተዳደሪያ ደንብ ቀጣዩ ጉባዔ
ከሁለት እስከ ሁለት ዓመት ተኩል ባለው ጊዜ ውስጥ ይካሄዳል በሚለው መሰረት ቀጣዩ ጉባዔ ከስድስት ወራት በኃላ
እንደሚካሄድ ጠቁመው እስከዚያ ከአራቱም አባል ድርጅቶች 45 ሰዎች በድምሩ 180 አባላት የተወከሉበት የግንባሩ
ም/ቤት በተጓደሉት አባላት ምትክ ግንባሩን “በጋራ የሚመሩ” ሊቀመንበር እና ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ይመርጣል
ብለዋል፡፡

“ከስድስት ወራት በኃላ የግንባሩ ጉባዔ ሲካሄድ ሊቀመንበሩና ምክትል ሊቀመንበሩ ብቻ ሳይሆን የሥራ አስፈጻሚና
የማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባላትም ሥልጣናቸውን ያስረክባሉ፡፡ከማንኛውም አባል ጋር ወርዶና የጉባዔው አባል ሆኖ ከተመረጠ
ይመረጣል፡፡እስከዚያው ግን የሊቀመንበርነት ቦታ ተጓድሎአል፡፡ተጓደለውን ቦታ የሚመርጠው ጉባዔው ሳይሆን ምክርቤቱ
በመሆኑ በዚሁ መሰረት በመስከረም ወር ይመርጣል፡፡ቀጣይ ስድስት ወር ሲሞላ አዲሱ ሊቀመንበር ሌላ የጉባዔ አባላት
ይሆኑና እንደገና ምርጫ ተደርጎ የሚመረጡ ከሆነ ይመረጣሉ” ሲሉ ተናግረዋል፡፡

ሰሞኑን የኢህአዴግ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ የሰሞኑ ጉባዔ ስላሳለፈው ውሳኔ ተጠይቀው በሰጡት ምላሸ “…የሁልጊዜም
የድርጅቱ መሰረታዊ እምነት ሕዝቡን ወደተሻለ ደረጃ በመውሰድ ላይ ያነጣጠረ ፣የህዝቡን ሕይወት በመቀየር ላይ
ያነጣጠረ፣የሕዝቡን ሕይወት በመቀየር መሰረታዊ የሆነውን ለውጥ በሃገሪቱ ለማምጣት መሰዋዕትነት መክፈል ላይ
ያተኮረ ነው፡፡በመሆኑም እያንዳንዱ ሰው በተናጠልና በጋራ በሚሰራው ሥራ ዋንኛው ጉዳይ ሃገር የመለወጡ ሥራ
መሆኑን እንዲገነዘብ ማድረግ ያስፈልጋል፡፡…..በኃላፊነት መሰላሎች ወደላይ ከፍ የሚል ሰው ይበልጥ ጫና
ያርፍበታል፡፡ይበልጥ እንዲተጋና ይበልጥ መሰዋዕትነት እንዲከፍል ይጠበቅበታል፡፡በተለምዶ ከዚህ በፊት ድርጅቱ ይል
እንደነበረው ሥልጣን የዛፍ ላይ እንቅልፍ ነው፡፡ተመችቶህና ደልቶህ የምትተኛበት አይደለም፡፡..በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ
መበላላት፣መገፋፋት፣መጎሻሸም የሚባል ነገር የለም፡፡ይልቅ አጀንዳው ማን ይበልጥ ያስተባብረናል የሚል ነው”
ብለዋል፡፡

ሕዝቡ የጠ/ሚ መለስና የድርጅታቸውን ዓላማዎች ተገንዝቦ በቁጭት ትግላቸውን ለማሳካት ዝግጁነቱን ሲያረጋግጥ ምንም
ጉድለት የለባችሁም ከሚል ስሜት ጸድቶ አለመሆኑን የጠቆሙት አቶ ሬድዋን ግንባሩ ችግሮቹን ከተጀመረው ፍጥነት
በላይ በመጓዝ ይፈታል ሲሉ ተናግረዋል፡፡


Important New Year message from Ethiopian National Transitional Council

Monday, September 10th, 2012

In a New Year message released Sunday, the Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has called for the convening of a conference in less than one month to launch the process of establishing an all-inclusive transitional government. Click here to read the message.

The dangerous situation that is developing in Ethiopia as a result of the power struggle among the ruling junta gives extreme urgency to the formation of a transitional government. This is the time for all patriotic Ethiopians to seize the moment and take action, instead of being bystanders and spectators in the affairs of our own country.

EPRDF becoming a tinderbox

Monday, September 10th, 2012

A delegation of the ruling junta in Ethiopia, Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF), has secretly met with acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn over the weekend in Addis Ababa to negotiate TPLF’s role in the new regime.

It is not known yet what was exactly discussed at the meeting, but observers speculate that the TPLF is trying to pressure Hailemariam into agreeing with their demand to keep the current government structure intact, or else stand down and help pave the way for the new TPLF leader to become prime minister.

Abay Tsehay, Arkebe Ekubay and Debretsion Gebremichael are in the short list of candidates for the TPLF chairmanship, Ethiopian Review sources reported.

The TPLF leadership decided to start negotiating with Hailemariam to avoid confrontation with the ANDM, OPDO and SEPDM (member organizations of the ruling coalition, the EPRDF) before the 180-member EPRDF council meets next weekend.

Bereket Simon did not accompany Hailemariam during the negotiation with TPLF leaders. He was busy meeting with ANDM members over the weekend.

Former chairman and co-founder of TPLF Sebhat Nega is taking an extremely hardline position. It is reported that the 81-year-old Sebhat is prepared to call for the nuclear option (Article 39) if necessary and declare Tigray an independent country if TPLF fails to secure the premiership. Sebhat believes that TPLF will be back to square one — back to where they started — if power slips from their hands. TPLF members inside the country and abroad are expressing the same concern.

Major, potentially explosive, development is expected between now and next Sunday.

Why I am Supporting President Obama’s Re-election

Monday, September 10th, 2012

obDisappointed but…

Did I enthusiastically support presidential candidate Barack Obama in 2008? Absolutely! Do I agree with everything he has done over the past four years as president? No! Has he carried out all of the promises he made in 2008? No! Am I disappointed in President Obama in 2012? Yes! But so are millions of Americans who supported him in 2008. So are tens of millions of other people throughout the world who saw his election as history making and wished him well.

Still Support President Obama

Despite lingering disappointments, I support the reelection of President Obama because he represents my values. As President Bill Clinton put it in his speech at the Democratic Convention last week, there are two choices in the 2012 presidential election:

If you want a you’re on your own, winner take all society you should support the Republican ticket. If you want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a ‘we’re all in it together’ society, you should vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden. If you want every American to vote and you think it’s wrong to change voting procedures just to reduce the turnout of younger, poorer, minority and disabled voters, you should support Barack Obama. If you think the president was right to open the doors of American opportunity to young immigrants brought here as children who want to go to college or serve in the military, you should vote for Barack Obama. If you want a future of shared prosperity, where the middle class is growing and poverty is declining, where the American Dream is alive and well, and where the United States remains the leading force for peace and prosperity in a highly competitive world, you should vote for Barack Obama.

I want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a ‘we’re all in it together’ society.

The rallying cry the Republicans have resurrected from three decades ago is, “Are you better off now than you were in 2008?” Let the facts speak for themselves.

When President Obama took office in 2008, the U.S. was losing 750,000 jobs per month. In 2012, there are nearly 100 thousand jobs added every month. Under President Obama’s watch, over 4.5 million private sector jobs have been created in the U.S. Are we better off in 2012 than we were in 2008? Yes!

In 2008, the U. S. economy had crashed. Trillions of dollars in investments were vaporized on Wall Street and the auto industry teetered on the verge of collapse. By 2012, the stock market valuations had doubled; and the American auto industry did not die in bankruptcy court as Mitt Romney had prescribed. By June 2012, General Motors’ sales figures were up by 15.5% over 2011. GM had sold 248,750 vehicles, registering its best performance since 2008. Chrysler had its best sales figures since 2007 with gains of 20.3 percent. Are investors and the investment climate better today than it was in 2008? Has the American auto industry “come back roaring again”?

Until President Obama put his presidency on the line and enacted the Affordable Health Care Act in 2009, some  40 million Americans had no health insurance. By 2014, most Americans will have access to affordable health insurance. They can shop around for competitive coverage using “health insurance exchanges”. Insurance companies will not be allowed to cherry pick the healthiest patients and discriminate based on preexisting conditions. Parents can keep their children on their insurance until age 26.  Older Americans who use the Medicare program will continue to get discounts on their medications. Are these millions of Americans better off today than they were in 2008?  Certainly!

Before President Obama created the Consumer Financial and Protection Bureau, crooked financial institutions ranging from credit card companies to student loan sharks used  all sorts of legal tricks and confusing language to trap and rip off unwary consumers. The hedge fund managers and Wall Street financial manipulators lived high on the hog while millions of Americans lost their homes and investments. Are American consumers better off in 2012 than they were in 2008? You bet!

Women comprise 47 percent (or 66 million women) of the total U.S. labor force. In many industries, women are paid less than their male counterparts. Before 2008, women did not have the legal right to enforce their right to equal pay for equal work. President Obama signed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act which protected women and all other workers who are victims of wage discrimination on gender, race, color, religion, national origin, age, or disability. Are these Americans better off in 2012 than they were in 2008? No doubt about it!

As of June 1, 2008, the United States had 182,060 military personnel deployed in Iraq. In 2012, all U.S. combat troops have been pulled out of Iraq. By 2014, all combat troops will be withdrawn from Afghanistan. President Obama signed a law to help veterans by providing tax credits to employers who hire them and expanded educational access and various reemployment and transitional services to veterans. Under President Obama’s watch, the world’s view of the United States “improved sharply”. Are these members of the armed services better off in 2008 than they are in 2012?  Is America more respected and viewed in better light than it did in 2008? Do we have a better Commander in Chief in 2012 than we did in 2008? Darn right we do!

It is true that not all are better off today than they were in 2008. Osama bin Laden was much better off in 2008  masterminding terror from his his villa in Pakistan. So were many of his brothers-in-terror: Sheik Saeed al-Masri (Al Qaeda’s number three commander), Anwar al-Awlaki (Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula),  Abu Hafs al-Shahri (Al Qaeda’s chief of Pakistan operations), top Al Qaeda leaders Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, Ilyas Kashmiri, Ammar al-Wa’ili, Abu Ali al-Harithi, Abu Ayyub al-Masri, Hamza al-Jawfi, Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, Ali Saleh Farhan, Harun Fazul and Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan (Al-Qaeda East Africa), Younis al-Mauritani, Tehrik e-Taliban, Baitullah Mahsud, Jemayah Islamiya, Noordin Muhammad (Al Quaeda Indonesia), Abdul Ghani Beradar (Taliban deputy and military commander), Muhammad Haqqani (Haqqani network commander), Lashkar-e Jhangvi (Qari Zafar leader) and Hussein al-Yemeni, Dulmatin (top Jemayah Islamiya leader responsible for the 2002 Bali night club bombings which killed over 180 people) and many, many more. These guys were definitely better off in 2008 than they are in 2012!

President Obama knows his work is not finished and he has a lot more to do in improving the economy. But the road he has travelled over the past 4 years has been a hard one. He faced stiff opposition every inch of the way. He was obstructed, blocked, thwarted, vilified and demonized. The top leader of the Republicans in the Senate vowed, “The single most important thing we want to achieve is for President Obama to be a one-term president. That’s my single most important political goal, along with every active Republican in the country.”

As President Clinton observed, President Obama “inherited a deeply damaged economy, he put a floor under the crash and began the long hard road to recovery, and laid the foundation for a more modern, more well-balanced economy that will produce millions of good new jobs, vibrant new businesses, and lots of new wealth for the innovators.” There is a lot more to be done. More jobs need to be created and more investments must be made in education, job training and infrastructure improvements. But President Obama cannot fix problems that have taken decades to create in one term.

President Obama, Ethiopia and Africa

Did President Obama deliver on the promises he made for Africa to promote good governance, democracy and human rights? Did he deliver on human rights in Ethiopia? No. Are Ethiopian Americans disappointed over the unfulfilled promises President Obama made in Accra, Ghana in 2009 and his Administration’s support for a dictatorship in Ethiopia? Yes. We remember when President Obama talked about the need to develop robust democratic institutions, uphold the rule of law  and the necessity of maintaining open political space and protecting human rights in Africa. We all remember what he said:  “Africa does not need strong men but strong institutions.”  “Development depends on good governance.” “No nation will create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy.” Was he just saying these words or did he truly believe them?

There is always a gap between political rhetoric and political action. Many Ethiopian Americans who supported President Obama enthusiastically in 2008 today criticize him for hypocrisy and for failing to deliver on his promise of promoting democracy and human rights in Ethiopia. Should we really criticize the President for being  indifferent, disinterested, unconcerned and uncaring?

Truth be told,  what the President has done or not done to promote good governance, democracy and human rights in Ethiopia is no different than what we, the vast majority of Ethiopian Americans, have done or not done  to promote the same values in Ethiopia. That is the painful truth we must face. The President’s actions or lack of actions mirror our own. Just like the President, we profess our belief in democracy, good governance and human rights in Ethiopia and elsewhere in Africa. But we have also failed to put our values in action. President Obama was constrained in his actions by factors of U.S. national security and national interest. We were constrained by factors of personal interest and personal security.

In the pursuit of Al Quaeda in Somalia and the Horn of Africa, the Obama Administration shelved human rights, good governance and democracy in Ethiopia. Waging a proxy war in Somalia and snagging a drone base were the icing on the cake for the U.S. The Administration shamefully turned a blind eye when elections were stolen in broad day light, journalists and dissidents and opposition leaders were jailed at will. U.S. National security and national interest trumped Ethiopian human rights and democracy. That was wrong in my view because the pursuit of a U.S. anti-terrorism policy in the Horn was not mutually exclusive of the pursuit of a principled human rights policy in Ethiopia.

But let us look at ourselves as Ethiopian Americans and what we have done or not done to promote human rights, good governance and democracy in Ethiopia over the past 4 years. When it comes to speaking up and standing up for these values, most of us have chosen silence and inaction. While the vast majority of us privately extol the virtues of democracy and human rights in Ethiopia, we are scared stiff to make a public statement insupport of our beliefs.  We are afraid that if we speak up, the regime in Ethiopia will take away our homes and investments. We are afraid that we will not be issued visas to travel there and even face persecution. We placed our personal interests and personal security over the national interest an security of Ethiopia.

But there are other hard questions we should ask ourselves: What did we do to bring pressure on the Obama Administration to promote human rights, good governance and democracy over the past 4 yeras? Did we organize to have our voices heard by the Administration? Did we exercise our constitutional rights to hold the Administration accountable?

In all fairness, when we point an index finger at President Obama and accuse of him of not doing much in Ethiopia or Africa, we should  take a quick glance at the three fingers pointing at us. We should rightly be disappointed with  President Obama for his record in Ethiopia and Africa. But we should be more disappointed with ourselves. The ultimate fact of the matter is that it is not President Obama’s responsibility to free Ethiopians or Africans from dictatorship although it is his moral duty not to support dictatorship. But as President, he balances and must balance American national and security interests just as we balance our personal and security interests and act accordingly. It is wise for people who live in glass houses not to throw too many stones.

But President Obama deeply believes in human rights and knows how hard and difficult it is to make it a reality.  Last Spring, he made that clear in the context of the long and arduous struggle for human rights in America. “The civil rights movement was hard. Winning the vote for women was hard. Making sure that workers had some basic protections was hard. Around the world, Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, what they did was hard. It takes time. It takes more than a single term. It takes more than a single president. It takes more than a single individual… What it takes is ordinary citizens who keep believe, who are committed to fighting and pushing and inching this country closer and closer to our highest ideals.” Protecting human rights in Ethiopia and Africa is hard, very hard. It was hard for Nelson Mandela. It is hard for President Obama. It takes ordinary citizens like ourselves to fight and push for democracy, human rights and good governance in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.

Remember, November 6, 2012 

This is not the time to blame one another or  trade accusations about what President Obama has done or not done in Africa or Ethiopia. We all know about the deep and structural problems of Africa with dictatorship and corruption. It takes a lot more to fix Africa than what an American president can do in one term. As Ethiopian Americans, we must not make the mistake of being a single issue group concerned only about a single country or single continent. We must understand that our issues are intertwined with the issues and problems of others. We must not forget that when we vote for President Obama, we vote for him as President of the United States, not Ethiopia or Africa.

On November 6, we face a single question. That question is not about human rights or democracy in Ethiopia. That question is about what kind of society we want to see in America. As President Clinton said, “If you want a you’re on your own, winner take all society you should support the Republican ticket. If you want a country of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a “we’re all in it together” society, you should vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden.”

President Obama in his acceptance speech said:

America, I never said this journey would be easy, and I won’t promise that now.  Yes, our path is harder – but it leads to a better place. Yes our road is longer – but we travel it together.  We don’t turn back.  We leave no one behind.  We pull each other up.  We draw strength from our victories, and we learn from our mistakes, but we keep our eyes fixed on that distant horizon, knowing that Providence is with us, and that we are surely blessed to be citizens of the greatest nation on Earth.

I shall vote for Barack Obama and Joe Biden on November 6, 2012 because I would like to be a part of a United States of America of Shared Opportunities and Shared Responsibilities. I support President Barack Obama not because he is a perfect president but because he is an imperfect president seeking to build a more perfect and harmonious America of shared opportunities and shared responsibilities— a “we’re all in it together” society.

I believe President Obama understands what he has to do in the next four years and that he has miles to go before he sleeps. Put in the poetic words of Robert Frost: “The woods are lovely, dark and deep./ But I have promises to keep,/ And miles to go before I sleep.”

President Obama still deserves the full and unflagging support of the tens of thousands of Ethiopian Americans in Ohio, Virginia, Florida, North Carolina, Colorado, Michigan, Nevada, Wisconsin and the rest of the states.  I ask all of my readers and supporters to help re-elect President Barack Obama. Yes, we still can…

We must all register to vote before we can vote! Click HERE for more information on how to register.

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at: http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic and http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

Previous commentaries by the author are available at: http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/  and www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

 

 

Al Amoudi back to drinking and partying

Monday, September 10th, 2012

The drunkard billionaire sheik Mohamed Al Amoudi, best friend of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi, is back to partying, getting drunk and making a fool out of himself.

Al Amoudi

Saudi Arabia warned its citizens not to travel to Ethiopia

Sunday, September 9th, 2012

RIYADH (SPA) — The Interior Ministry has warned citizens against traveling to Ethiopia.

The warning came after a cable from the Saudi Embassy in Addis Ababa about the tense situation currently prevailing in Ethiopia, including violence against Muslims and the arrests made by the federal police on a daily basis. Some Saudi citizens were among those arrested.

The warning will be in effect until the situation calms down, the ministry said.

TPLF prepares to conduct purges in the EPRDF rank to keep the premiership

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

The Tigrean People Liberation Front (TPLF), the leading party in the ruling coalition in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (EPRDF), is preparing to eliminate potential threats to its continued dominance by conducting purges in the EPRDF rank, according to the latest information we have received from Ethiopian Review Intelligence Unit sources in Addis Ababa.

In a series of meetings over the past few days with members and supporters inside the country and around the world, the TPLF leadership heard earful that under no circumstance the premiership should go to Hailemariam Desalegn or any one who is not a member of the TPLF.

The other members of the ruling coalition, namely OPDO, ANDM and SEPDM, seem to be equally determined to swear in Hailemariam as the new prime minister of Ethiopia.

Both sides are being led by powerful personalities. The TPLF side is being led from behind the scene by 80-year-old Sebhat Nega, while the ANDM-OPDO-SEPDM side is being led by propaganda chief Bereket Simon. Both Sebhat and Bereket are known to be masters of political intrigue and maneuverings.

Balance of power

On Sebhat’s TPLF side there are the military, which is led by Generals Samora Yenus and Saere Mekonen, and the security/intelligence, which is led by Debretsion Gebrmichael and Getachew Assefa.

On Bereket-Hailemariam’s side there are the notorious Federal Police whose head is Workneh Gebeyehu, the Addis Ababa Police, local militias, and a large populous that is tired of being dominated by one minority ethnic group. OPDO is armed to its teeth, and Addis Ababa police is led by Hassan Shifa of TPLF, but most of its members are from ANDM and OPDO. The officers could back Bereket-Hailemariam’s side. Another big asset for the Bereket side is local militias that are dispersed through out Amhara, Oromiya and southern regions. They can be instrumental in blocking any military movement by the TPLF generals.

The balance of power favors the Bereket-Hailemariam group, but Sebhat’s TPLF seems to be more determined and ready to sacrifice any thing and every thing to stay in power. They have the mindset of all or nothing, which makes them dangerous.

Knowing the nature of TPLF, the question now is, who is going to blink first? Or, more aptly asked, who is going to be breakfast?

የአዞ ወይስ የሰው እምባ?

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

እውነት የአዞ እምባ ነው
ወይስ የሰው ልጅ እምባ
ሰሞኑን ሲረጭ የታይው
እየተነፋ ቱልቱላ፥ እያላዘነ ጥሩምባ?

ሙሉውን ለማንበብ እዚህ ላይ ይጫኑ

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

TPLF’s control within EPRDF is diminishing

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

TPLF’s bigwigs agreed on Hailemariam’s PM post out of necessity rather than conviction. The appointment of Hailemariam could be effectively utilized to please various groups.
•EPRDF could use it to boost that it has installed a functional constitution that leaves no room for succession feuds
•It could also use Hailemaria’s appointment to make the point that in today’s Ethiopia, anyone regardless where he/she comes from, one could aspire to the highest post in the nation, thanks to a constitution that empowers nations and nationalities of the nation.
•And, no doubt, appointment of Hailemaria’s will have far reaching result in pleasing the American government. Which plays indispensible role in subsidizing and supporting him for the coming 3 years . He will even be a better "House Ni*ger" to uncle Sam than his predecessor.
Having mentioned few points on the significance of Hailemaria’s apppintment to EPRDF’s new lease on life. However, the main source of instability to EPRDF in particular and Ethiopia in general will be coming from TPLF itself. The bone of contention among TPLF bigwigs is wether to reverse Meles’ decision to expel many TPLF founding members rather in a humiliating way. And, those expelled members are not pushovers; they are hardcore TPLFites with strong opinion on many issues. These extremists thrive on being anti- Eritrea. If those extreme elements of TPLF are back to lead TPLF and also play significant role in Ethiopian politics, there could be wars after wars against Eritrea which will immerse the region into a perpetual instability.
Of course, Hailemariam will also resist the return of these extremist elements of TPLF and Hailemariam would love to maintain a sustained support of untied states, it is imperative that he sticks with Bereket and et al for the coming three years. Will TPLF hold itself together for the coming three years? Will the people that founded TPLF who were ones bounded together by principle but now by mere interest and greed lead TPLF with same determination? Every one could see the writings on the wall, TPLF is at the begging of the end of its glory in Ethiopian plolitical landscape. Now the question is will it seek national reconcialtion and rectify its destructive past or continue -as the Chinese called it -enage itself in forward reteart( wedefit sheshet) into total demise!!


Meles Zenawi, America’s “son-of-a-bitch”

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

By Olaana Abbaaxiiqii

On August 20, following Ethiopia’s meticulously choreographed funeral for former dictator, Meles Zenawi, which was designed to buttress his legacy, a friend asked me to listen to the United States Ambassador to the UN, Susan Rice’s encomium on the deification ceremony. I obliged but regret doing so because I came out a cynic.

It is no secret that US national interests trump human rights and democracy. In an oft repeated quote, Franklin D. Roosevelt said of US ally Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza: “He may be a son of a bitch, but he’s our son of a bitch.”

In the past, the US had pampered dictators like the Shah of Iran, Mobutu Sesse Seko of Zaire, and the CIA engineered the assassination of democratically elected leaders in Latin America and other places to install their puppets. Now that the Cold War is over, I believed those were things of the past, and that American foreign policy is, by and large, centered on the “singular greatness of American ideals, and their proven capacity to inspire a better world.” Besides, we were told, with a new dawn of “American leadership” on the horizon, America is back and ready to lead, again.

In his historic inauguration speech, President Barack Obama proclaimed: “to those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history, but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist.“

On that momentous occasion, watched by millions around the world, “from the grandest capitals” to the smallest villages, little did we know that those were just words – used only for convenience and discarded at will. The more things changed the more they stayed the same. And even trivial and ill-conceived US strategic interests trump over people’s aspirations for freedom, liberty and democracy around the world.

Mrs. Rice’s encomium for the Ethiopian dictator was not only a reflection of a moral decadence of American diplomats, especially those covering Africa, but also a grand betrayal of the courageous ideals put forth by America’s founding fathers .

From her perch at the UN office, Susan Rice, does not see or feel the suffering, killing and humiliation that Zenawi had inflicted upon millions of his countrymen. Even if she did, since Meles implemented their wishes around Africa, everything else got secondary consideration.

The Oxford dictionary defines dictator as “a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained control by force.” Meles Zenawi, Ambassador Rice’s “consistently reasoned” friend, meets this definition on all accounts.

For 17 long-years, he wielded an immense power as the PM of Ethiopia and Chairman of the ruling coalition, the EPRDF. Prior to that he served five years as President of Ethiopia. He has been the head of Tigrean Peoples Liberation Front, the powerful coalition partners, since 1989. He was the Commander-in-Chief of the Ethiopian army. Oh! He also took over the reigns of power after violent overthrow of Mengistu Hailemariam, the communist boogieman.

Over the years, Zenawi, whom Mrs. Rice called, an “uncommonly wise [leader who was] – able to see the big picture and the long game” single-handedly closed the political space, dismantled the free media, enfeebled the opposition, and ruled the country by pitting rival groups against one another.

Meles was not my friend and I cannot attest to his personal qualities. But, unlike Susan Rice, I have intimate knowledge, personal experience, and direct accounts from people whom he brutalized and lorded over. Rather than his personal qualities in the abstract, I judge Zenawi based on what his policy did to my people. It is on that basis I pass judgment on Mrs. Rice’s eulogy.

So, who was Meles Zenawi to an average Ethiopian?

Zenawi had his hands soaked with bloods of thousands of innocent Ethiopians. Shortly after he joined the TPLF as a young fighter, Zenawi rose to the top of the organization through Machiavellian intrigue and his depraved actions. He allegedly ordered the execution of his own compatriots who disagreed with him. Even after coming to power in 1991, Zenawi maintained his ironclad rule by constantly purging those seen as a threat, real or imagined, to his power, including his own former comrades in arms.

True to a form of a real dictator, Zenawi never tolerated differing ideas and competitions. A typical megalomaniac, the “great leader” loved surrounding himself with equally sycophant yes-men. Unlike many other dictators, he was an ever-morphing actor. While he tormented the people of Ethiopia, Zenawi only showed his softer, caring, and smiling face to his foreign friends who adored his intellect, wicked sense of humor, and his intolerance for “for fools, or ‘idiots,’ as he liked to call them.” It is true that Zenawi had no patience for journalists, opposition leaders and anyone who dared to criticize him. That is why he institutionalized criminalization of dissent by devising draconian “laws” like “the deeply flawed anti-terrorism legislation” or the anti-NGO law.

The Ethiopian people who suffered the brunt of Zenawi’s brutality did not see his humane side, because he did not show it to them. To call Zenawi, a brute, wise, as Mrs. Rice did, is to demean the word or insult our intelligence. I agree with Mrs. Rice that Meles was a very smart man; however, this does not absolve his crimes. In fact, this is what made him all the more dangerous. Zenawi’s security forces committed crimes in the shadow of darkness. He filled prisons with opponents and ordered their torture in dark cells. Many of his opponents simply vanished – never to be heard from again in two decades.

Meles was not “selfless,” he had a depraved heart. During his guerrilla years, he devised tactics and strategies that showed his callous disregard for human life. After taking over the helm, he built a secretive regime whose existence depended on systematic repression and zeal to win at any cost.

Zenawi’s unhealthy obsession for winning became evident during the Ethio-Eritrean war of 2000. This senseless war over a barren wasteland of few kilometers took more than 100 thousand lives. He sent thousands of non-Tigrean foot soldiers as minesweepers before the well-trained elite Tigrean soldiers were deployed. The carnage Zenawi inflicted upon millions, in deadly competition with his ex-best-friend turned enemy number one, Isaias Afewarki – over a minor conflict that could have been settled through diplomatic channels – is a testament to his depraved soul. It is beyond any reasonable imagination why Zenawi spent over one billion dollars on armaments, $480 million in 1999 alone, while large parts of the country was suffering from famine.

Contrary to claims that Zenawi “lifted millions out of poverty, hunger, and strife,”he had no compassion for the suffering of others. Everything was a fair game so long as he gained from it. When he invaded Somalia in 2006, a large portion of Ogaden, the Somali-region of Ethiopia where Zenawi faced fierce resistance in recent years, was under the threat of famine. Zenawi didn’t care as long as the US foreign aid checks kept flowing.

In her hagiography, Susan Rice said, the young Meles was “spurred” to action by a “torment of terrible time” to drive out another “strongman who had turned Ethiopia into a parched field of sorrow.” But she forgot to add or deliberately ignored, Zenawi actually used the famine stricken people of Tigray for his political gains, by forcing them to flee to Sudan in thousands so that his organization could prove Dergue’s atrocities to the international community. Having successfully convinced donors that “a famine of biblical proportions” was taking place, TPLF cashed Bob Geldof’s Band Aid and Live Aid money to buy weapons.
At the time when the 1984 famine became a public embarrassment for the communist regime, Zenawi’s rebel group, the TPLF, controlled most of Tigray – an area severely affected by famine. As BBC’s Martin Plaut reported in 2010, channeling the relief aid through the TPLF “was the only way of reaching those in desperate need” in areas the rebels – fighting to take down the Dergue – controlled. As a TPLF army commander at the time, Aregawi Berhe, told Plaut: TPLF “made a policy decision that only five percent of the money received…would be spent on relief, with the bulk going directly or indirectly to support their military and political campaigns.” The remaining 95 percent “was allocated to buying weapons and building up a hard-line Marxist political party within the rebel movement.”

Mrs. Rice also forgot to mention what a senior US diplomat, Robert Houdek, who was in Ethiopia around late 1980s told Plaut, the TPLF members admitted “at the time that some aid money and supplies was used to buy weapons” – a fact also corroborated by CIA documents.
Instead of remaking “himself overnight from guerrilla to a statesman” as Susan Rice would have us believe, in the words of former Ethiopian president Negaso Gidada, whom he appointed, Zenawi became “a replica of the very strongman he replaced”– Mengistu Hailemariam. The genocide in Gambela, the carpet-bombing of villages and nomadic settlements in Ogaden, the more than 4,407 extra judicial killings of Oromo nationalists and over 900 disappearances, the 2002 Awassa killings, the 2005 killing of more than 200 people on the streets of Addis Ababa, were sufficient to land him in the International Criminal Court. However, thanks to his powerful friends and apologists like Susan Rice, Meles walked free in life and is lionized in death.

Fortunately, theirs won’t be the last word. A time will come when the peoples of Ethiopia write Zenawi’s true legacy. His historical verdict will not be based on the subjective personal accounts of a friend, but rather on the objective evidence of his victims: the voices of thousands of prisoners who languished and are still languishing in Zenawi’s dungeons and endure torture, stories of refugees who run away fearing Zenawi’s intimidation and etc.

The hopes of millions who yearned to live in freedom but instead suffered indignities by Zenawi’s policy will be told. The names of those who were killed by Zenawi’s forces would be inscribed on a stone as our heroes. We will put Zenawi’s name besides Mengistu Hailemariam, in the hall of shame, so that the future generation remembers them for the atrocities they committed against our people. Zenawi was not the father of our rebirth, but we hope he will be the end of our misery.

Susan Rice did not appear in the apotheosis drama just as a friend of Meles, but she led an official delegation to the funeral as a representative of the US government. She forgot that her words have serious implications beyond her personal feelings for Meles. Mrs. Rice’s insensitive eulogy will be remembered as the Obama administration’s endorsement of personality cult over institutional building, dictatorship over freedom, and minority over a majority rule.

Since her days as assistant Secretary of State for Africa, Mrs. Rice played a very important role in promoting the TPLF government. She remained a true friend to Zenawi until the end. She was instrumental in the Clinton administration’s naming of Zenawi as one of the new generation of African leaders. With a request from Zenawi, Rice did her best to categorize the Oromo Liberation Front as a terrorist organization, but failed. She exhibited a behavior so unbecoming of a diplomat in her zeal to defend Zenawi’s government.

It’s time for all Ethiopian-Americans to reconsider their overwhelming support to Obama during his first election. We should not be taken for granted.

The Ethiopian government spends millions of dollars to lobby the US government through firms like DLA Piper and others. It’s not clear whether Mrs. Rice’s affection for Meles was partly sustained by DLA Piper’s lobbing efforts. At the very least, Mrs. Rice’s judgment was clouded by the close personal relationship she had with Meles.

However, as a seasoned diplomat, she should not have allowed her personal feelings to run amok and take the best part of her. She should have shown a minimum of sensitivity to thousands, who were killed, imprisoned, tortured and became refugees as a result of Zenawi’s policies. Those “fools and idiots” were freedom fighters to millions or press freedom advocates who wanted to see better Ethiopia. We may be fools, we may be idiots, but one thing is for sure: we have an enduring cause, truth, and justice on our side. I am confident that in the final analysis, freedom and liberty will triumph over tyranny.

With the following wise words of Martin Luther King, until next time:

I know you are asking today, “How long will it take?….

I come to say to you this afternoon, however difficult the moment, however frustrating the hour, it will not be long, because truth crushed to earth will rise again.

How long? Not long, because no lie can live forever.
How long? Not long, because you shall reap what you sow….
How long? Not long, because the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.

(The writer can be reached at olaanaabbaaxiiqi@yahoo.com. The article was originally posted on opride.com)

Some advise to TPLF (Tesfaye Gebreab)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

We are learning that the division within the ruling junta EPRDF is deepening by the day and by the hour as they squabble over who will replace Meles Zenawi continues. Making things even more complicated is that widow of the late dictator, Azeb Mesfin, is refusing to vacate the prime minister’s residence until a new prime minister is selected. The EPRDF 180-member council is called to replace Meles next week, but some thing may explode before the meeting, according to observers in Addis Ababa.

Author Tesfaye Gebreab has this (tongue-in-cheek) advise to his former comrades:

የኢህአዴግ የስልጣን ሽኩቻ ተባብሶ በመቀጠሉ የአመራር አባላቱ ዝግ ስብሰባ ላይ ስለመሆናቸው እየተሰማ ነው። ይህን ሽኩቻ ከህዝብ ጆሮ ለመሰወር ሲባል ስለ ኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈፃሚ ስብሰባ በቴሌቪዥን የተላለፈው ቀሽም ድራማ ነበር። የአመራር አባላቱ እጃቸውን እያወጡ ድምፅ ሲሰጡ በቲቪ ይታያል። በምን ጉዳይ ላይ ነው ተከራክረው በድምፅ ወሰኑት? አልተገለፀም። ከኢህአዴግ ነባር ልምድ አንፃር፣ ከስብሰባው በፊት ጋዜጠኞች ገብተው ምስል ቀርፀው እንዲወጡ እንደሚደረግ አውቃለሁ። ከዚያም በሮችና መስኮቶች ተዘግተው ስብሰባው ይቀጥላል።

ሆነው ሆኖ፣ የመለስ ሞት ከተጠበቀው ጊዜ ፈጥኖ የመጣ ነበርና ጓዶች ያልተዘጋጁበት ገጥሟቸዋል። መለስ ጷግሜ ላይ ወደ አገርቤት ተመልሶ ለእንቁጣጣሽ ዋዜማ የፖለቲካ እስረኞችን በመፍታት፣ እስርቤቱን ባዶ ያደርገዋል ተብሎ እየተጠበቀ እሱ ግን እንደወጣ ቀረ። እንግዲህ ህይወት መቀጠሏ አልቀረም። በችግር ጊዜ መረዳዳት ያለ ነውና፣ የቀድሞ ጓደኞቼ ምናልባት ከሰሙኝ አንዳንድ ጠቃሚ ምክሮችን እዚህ ላስቀምጥ።

የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ ለሃይለማርያም ከመስጠት የተሻለ ምንም አማራጭ የለም። በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ልዩነቶች እየጠበቡ ስለመጡ ይህ ችግር አይመስለኝም። ርግጥ ነው፣ ሁሉም የአባል ድርጅቶች ሃይለማርያምን የሚፈልጉበት የየራሳቸው ምክንያት አላቸው። በጥቅሉ ግን ‘ቢያንስ ሃይሌ አይከዳም።’ ተብሎ ይታሰባል። ሃይለማርያም ወንበሩን የሚረከብ ከሆነ የራሱን ካቢኔ ለመቋቋም መጠየቁ መረጃ አለ። መረጃው ግን አጠራጠሮኛል። ሃይሌ ከጀርባ የሚገፋው ከሌለ ብቻውን ያን ያህል አይዳፈርም። ስለቡድን አሰራር ደህና አድርገው አጥምቀውታልና፣ በአንጋፋዎቹ እየተመከረ ስራውን ሊሰራ ራሱን አሰናድቶአል። በባህርይው ለስላሳ በመሆኑ ትእዛዝ ይጥሳል ተብሎ አይጠበቅም። ህወሃት ሃይለማርያምን በደንብ እየተቆጣጠረ ለማሰራት፣ ከአንጋፎቹ አንዱን አማካሪ አድርጎ መሾም ነው። አርከበ እቁባይ፣ አባይ ፀሃዬ፣ ስዩም መስፍን የሚሉ አሉ። በውጭ ግንኙነት ልምድ ስላለው ስዩም ይሻላል። አባይ ፀሃዬ የጀመረውን ይጨርስ። በተለይ የዋልድባ ነገር ከስኳር ምርቱ ይልቅ ከጎንደር – ትግራይ ድንበር ጋር የተያያዘ የመሬት ባለቤትነት ጉዳይ ስላለበት፣ ያንን ዳር ማድረስ ይገባልና አባይ ፀሃዬን መንካት አይገባም። … [read the full text here]

የህወሀት ጄኔራሎች የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ቦታ የሚገባው ለኛ ነው የሚል ጥያቄ አነሱ

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

ጳጉሜን ፫ (ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፬ ዓ/ም

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከኢህአዴግ ሥራ አስፈፃሚ ሾልከው የወጡ መረጃዎች እንደሚያመለክቱት፤ ጀነራል ሳሞራ ዩኑስ እና በሥራቸው ያሉ የህወሀት ጀነራሎች ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ብቁ የሆነ ሰው ከነሱ መካከል ስላለ በመለስ ቦታ ምንም ዓይነት ሹመት እንዳይሰጥ መልዕክት አስተላልፈዋል።

ጀነራሎቹ፦“መለስን መተካት የሚችል ብቁ ሰው አለን። ከኛ ፈቃድና ዕውቅና ውጪ ማንም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሊሾም አይችልም!”ነው ያሉት።

የጀነራሎቹ መልዕክትና አቋም መሰማቱን ተከትሎ በኢህአዴግ አመራሮችና አባላት መካከል ጭንቀት መፈጠሩም ታውቋል።

ይህ በ እንዲህ እንዳለ ኢህአዴግ ሊቀ-መንበሩን እና ምክትል ሊቀመንበሩን እንደፈረንጆቹ አቆጣጠር የፊታችን ሴፕቴምበር 16 እንደሚመርጥ የኮሙኒኬሽን ጽህፈት ቤት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አቶ ሽመልስ ከማል ለብሉምበርግ ነግረውታል።

የግንባሩ ሊቀመንበር የአገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሊሆን እንደሚችል ቃል አቀባዩን አቶ ሽመልስ ከማልን በመጥቀስ ብሉምበርግ ዘግቧል።

የ አቶ መለስ ማረፍ በመንግስት ብዙሀን መገናኛ በተገለጸበት ወቅት ፤ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩና የውጪ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፦”ተጠባባቂ ጠ/ሚ/ር” እንደሆኑ የመንግስት ቃል አቀባይ አቶ በረከት ቢያስታውቁም፤ በ አሜሪካ የተመድ አምባሳደር ሱዛን ራይስን ጨምሮ በአቶ መለስ ቀብር ዕለት የተገኙ የውጪ አገር መሪዎች፦አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ፦”ተጠባባቂ ጠ/ሚ/ር እያሉ ቢጠሩም፤ እስካሁን ድረስ ሹመታቸው ሊጸድቅ አልቻለም።

የ አቶ ሀይለማርያም ሹመት የፊታችን መስከረም 16 ይጸድቃል ተብሎ በስፋት እየተጠበቀ ባለበት ጊዜ የህወሀት ጄነራሎቹ ያልተጠበቀ ጥያቄ ማንሳታቸው፤ የመለስን መሞት ተከትሎ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ እየተባባሰ የተፈጠረውን ሽኩቻ ይበልጥ ያወሳስበዋል ተብሎ ተፈርቶአል።

በ ኢትዮጵያ ከሚገኙ ወደ 60 የሚጠጉ ጀነራሎች 58 ቱ የህወሀት አባላት እንደሆኑ፤ የግንቦት ሰባት ራዲዮ ከነ ስም ዝርዝራቸው እና ከያዙት ሀላፊነት ጋር በዝርዝር ማቅረቡ አይዘነጋም።

ስለ ጉዳዩ አስተያየታቸውን ይሰጡ ዘንድ ኢሳት ያነጋገራቸው አንድ ስማቸው እንዲጠቀስ ያልፈለጉ አገር ቤት ያሉ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መሪ፤ ጀነራሎቹ አነሱት የተባለውን ጥያቄ እርሳቸውም እንደሰሙት በመጥቀስ፤ይሁንና ካለውና ከሆነው ተጨባጭ ሁኔታ በመነሳት ኢህአዴግ አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ከመሾም ውጪ ሌላ አማራጭ እንደሌለው አስረድተዋል።

“ከ እንግዲህ ከዚያ ውስጥ ሹመት እንስጥ ቢሉ፤ ከራሳቸው ጋር ብቻ ሳይሆን ከብዙሀኑ ህዝብና ከለጋሽ መንግስታት ጋር ጭምር ነው የሚጣሉት”ብለዋል-የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አመራሩ።

የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት የማይጸድቅ ከሆነ፤ ኢህአዴግ መራሹ መንግስት ዩናይትድስቴትስን ጨምሮ በለጋ ሽ አገሮች ዘንድ ከፍተኛ አጣብቂኝ እንደሚገባ ሌሎች የፖለቲካ ተንታኞችም ሲናገሩ ይደመጣሉ።

በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ ህወሀት ከትናንት በስቲያ ባወጣው መግለጫ ” ታጋይ መለስ የትግራይን ህዝብ በብቃት በመምራት ከመሰል ጓዶቹ ጋር በመሆን ግንባር ቀደም ሚናውን የተጫወተ የህዝብ ልጅ ነበር ካለ በሁዋላ፣ ህወሐት ከውልደቱ ጀምሮ በድል እሰኪጠናቀቅ ድረስ ያጋጠሙ ውስብስብ ችግሮችን በመተንተንና መሠረታዊ መፍትሄዎቻቸውን በማስቀመጥ የመሪነት ሚና መጫወቱን ገልጧል።


Ethiopia Faces Dangers, Opportunities (Time)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

By William Lloyd-George, Time Magazine

Nibret Gelese spent years saving up to move from his home town Mekele, in the north of Ethiopia, and make a new life in Addis Ababa. “Everyone said it was the place to be, the place to get rich,” he tells TIME shutting the rusty door to his small phone shop. “Now I’m not sure what to expect, everyone is pretty scared about what might happen without Meles.” Nibret’s anxiety over life without Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who died August 20 from an undisclosed illness after ruling Ethiopia for 21 years, is echoed across the sprawling capital. “Meles was our hero, he kept the bad people in government under control, and developed our county enormously,” says a taxi driver.

Meles had dropped out of medical school to fight in the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), part of the alliance that in 1991 overthrew the communist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam. Since then, Meles has been praised for his vision of an ‘Ethiopian Renaissance’ and for policies that helped alleviate a great deal of Ethiopia’s poverty. Many fear that progress and stability won’t be sustained without his leadership.

Adding to the uncertainty is the fact that the appointment of a successor to Meles at the head of the ruling party was recently delayed. Deputy Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn had been appointed acting leader on August 21, but leaders in the Ethiopian People Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) asked for more time to mourn before confirming the succession. “They should have just appointed Hailemariam straight away,” an official from the opposition Ethiopians Democratic Party (EDP) told TIME, speaking on condition of anonymity. “[The delay] is only increasing fears that there will be damaging disputes between the ruling members as to who should be the next leader. The longer this goes on, the more the country will suffer”

On Thursday the EPRDF dismissed fears of a power vacuum, and claimed to simply be following the party’s rules for choosing a new leader. “There is no power struggle, there is no power vacuum, it is not true,” government spokesman Dina Mufti told TIME. “Hailemariam Desalegn is now acting minister, so there is no need to rush the procedure and we will wait for a collective democratic decision from the leadership”. A decision had been expected earlier this week, but has now been delayed until after Ethiopia’s New Year next Tuesday, to allow for wider participation in the party’s congress.

Hailemariam Desalegn, originally an civil engineer, had been a trusted aide to Meles, who it was widely believed was grooming Hailemariam to succeed him. The move would have marked a break with tradition, since the country’s political elite under Meles has been dominated by ethnic Tigrayans whereas Hailemariam is Woylata and was not part of the TPLF. Also, Hailemariam is a Protestant rather than an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian like Meles and most of the party elite. While ethnic leaders representing most ethnic groups have been brought into the EPRDF, analysts say there is a potential for social tension if the party remains dominated by Tigrayans, who comprise 6.1% of the total population. Some believe Meles chose Hailemariam to avoid the risk of reproducing Tigrayan domination, and also in response to pressure from international donors to diversify the leadership of the EPRDF. With Meles gone, however, local commentators speculate that a Tigrayan elite within the ruling party may seek to maintain their dominance by blocking Hailemariam from taking over.

Other observers dismiss fears of a power struggle. “This is completely overlooking the strength of the EPRDF institutions, which are stronger than most are willing to admit,” explains Dr. Solomon Dersso from the Institute for Security Studies in Addis Ababa. “While there could be divisions and tensions, normal in such an organization, I think the point has been exaggerated a great deal. From talking with close observers in the party paradigm, it doesn’t seem like there is any contestation of who will be the leader.”

Dersso notes the fact that Hailemariam has held such authoritative positions as deputy prime minister and foreign minister. “He is able to control these important institutions and easily continue on the work of Meles. As a result the security forces are also likely to carry on as they were”.

But for opposition parties, human rights groups and democracy activists, continuity of the status quo will be a disappointment. “It is a difficult time for the EPRDF but it is sure that Hailemariam will be elected as the prime minister,” says Dr Negaso Gidada Solon, leader of opposition party the Unity for Democracy and Justice Party(UJD) adding that he believes deputy foreign minister and former TPLD fighter Berhane Gebre-Christos will assert a great deal of power behind the scenes.”They have been swearing to continue to the policies of Meles, as a result economic, social and political problems will get worse unless EPRDF comes to its senses and creates a democratic political opening.”

While Meles was praised for implementing a public sector-driven development model, human rights groups have complained of increasingly repressive rule. While elections have been held every five years, with the next planned for 2015, Dr Gidada claims there is is no space for political opposition to compete and says his party is constantly harassed and restricted from their political activities.

According to Ethiopian expert Kjetil Tronvoll based in Norway, Meles had managed to persuade donors that his authoritarian rule was necessary for stability and development. “One implication of Meles death is that Ethiopia will no longer be a one man rule, but will become more pluralistic,” Trovoll told TIME. “If, as a result of this pluralism development begins to take longer to implement then international donors might assert more pressure on the EPRDF.”

Dersso sees signs of the rulingparty changing its approach after Meles. “If Desalegn’s first speech is anything to go by, he talked about opposition politicians, like Meles neverdid, it seems he is taking a reconciliatory approach”.

Despite the fear on the streets of what the future holds after the passing of the only leader many Ethiopians have known, Meles’ death could bring into being a more pluralistic EPRDF, requiring the next leader to work harder to appease the nation than Meles ever needed to. Says Tronvoll: “Meles’ shoes are just too big to fill.”

Source: http://world.time.com/2012/09/07/ethiop … z25qyX3cag


Failure to swear in a new prime minister creates uncertainty (UPI)

Saturday, September 8th, 2012

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (UPI) — The failure of Ethiopia’s Parliament to swear in acting Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has created uncertainty about the country’s future, officials say.

Desalegn was supposed to be officially sworn in Thursday following the death of late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, but the ruling Ethiopian People’s Democratic Front delayed the appointment, Bikyamasr.com reported.

Meles Zenawi, who came to power in the 1990s, died last month.

The delay has led some to think there is conflict within the EPRDF, as people say Zenawi’s death should be used as an opportunity to move the country toward democracy.

"I say today is the perfect time for all Ethiopians to bury the hatchet of ethnic division, religious sectarianism, regional conflict and human rights violations," Ethiopian political thinker and Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam wrote in an opinion article earlier this week. "It is the perfect time to shake hands, embrace each other and get our noses to the grindstone to build a new democratic Ethiopia where the rule of law is upheld and human rights and democratic institutions respected."

Source: http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/ … z25qu8P5oj


Ethiopia’s opportunity — a new day beckons: Graham Peebles

Friday, September 7th, 2012

Analysis

By Graham Peebles | Ceasefiremagazine.com

In the wake of the death of Ethiopia’s long-serving PM, Meles Zenawi, two weeks ago, Graham Peebles argues this could be the best opportunity in a generation for Ethiopians to secure a more equal, more independent future.


The death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, announced on 22nd August after his mysterious two-month disappearance, presents a tremendous opportunity to Ethiopia. Let a new day dawn for the people, one filled with hope and fundamental change, where human rights and justice are respected, where freedom is encouraged and cultivated in all areas and where fear is banished to the past.

Meles rose to power as a revolutionary to overthrow a dictatorship. Ironically he too fell under the spell of power, and the freedom fighter became the dictator, the greatest obstacle to freedom and liberty. He had been in power since 1991, when the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) led a coalition of armed opposition groups in overturning the rule of Mengistu Haile Mariam.

Control and repression

No matter the repeated accolades and platitudes expressed by heads of State upon his passing, let us be clear: PM Meles Zenawi presided over an undemocratic regime that repressed the people, tolerating no political dissent, and as Human Rights Watch state in One Hundred Ways of Putting on Pressure, “since the controversial 2005 elections – Ethiopia has seen a sharp deterioration in civil and political rights, with mounting restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and assembly.”

In fact under Zenawi’s leadership the EPRDF government have trampled on the human rights of the Ethiopian people, centralised power, falsely imprisoned in large numbers of members of opposition parties and journalists and responded with brutal force to demonstrations after the 2005 sham poll – when security forces murdered over 200 innocent people on the streets of Addis Ababa. Not to mention the killings of hundreds of people in Gambella, the persecution of the people of Oromia, along with human rights violations in Afar and the Ogaden.

The media is party/state controlled, so too is the sole telecommunications company, as well as the judiciary, all of which is contrary to federal law as enshrined in the constitution. PM Meles, whose record, as the BBC rather generously phrased it, “has, at best, been patchy and rather uninspiring” has “orchestrated a discreet purge of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and the administration, demoting, sidelining or reassigning key potential rivals and opponents.” As the Inter Press Service (IPS) succinctly put it, he “ruled with an increasingly authoritarian fist for more than two decades”. Let us hope such times will now be consigned to the murky past.

Unity – The way forward

If responded to with intelligence and love, patience and tolerance, the political space created by Meles’s departure could be a beginning in which firm and lasting steps towards an open, just, free civil society may be taken, broad ethnic participation encouraged and divisions set aside. A peaceful social revolution, long overdue, in which the perennial values of democracy are fostered, enabling the people to step out from the repressive shadow of the late prime minister and his EPRDF dictatorship and unite as one people, diverse yet unified, synthesising the many and enriching the country. Such is the opportunity at hand. As such, the keynote for the time ahead in Ethiopia should be unity, unity in diversity.

There are a great many ethnic and tribal groups in Ethiopia, some 77 according to the US State department, “with their own distinct language. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members.” The people of Oromo make up the single largest group and along with Amhara and Tigreans account for around 70% of the 85 million population. A further division exists along religious lines, with roughly 50% Orthodox Christian – living mainly in the highlands and 50% Muslim, inhabiting the lowland regions. Historically these two groups and the government have co-existed peacefully.

However, as the International Crisis Group’s (ICG) report ‘Ethiopia after Meles’ states:

“tensions are mounting between the government and the large Muslim community. Muslim committees have protested perceived interference in religious affairs. The authorities sought to link their demonstrations to Islamic extremism and terrorism, and Meles exacerbated matters by accusing the protestors of “peddling ideologies of intolerance”

This from a man who effectively outlawed all political dissent and banned freedom of expression. Christian Orthodox priests have also protested political interference and expressed their support for their Muslim brothers.

Such religious discord needs a sensitive response, not cliché name-calling. Predictably the T word has been wheeled out by a government that has sought to impose ideological control in every area of Ethiopian society, including the church. Let such repressive practices be buried along with Prime Minister Meles and let the current EPRDF government learn what is perhaps the greatest lesson of responsible government: to listen to the people yhey are in office to serve.

Designed to divide

Amharic is the official language and until recently was used in primary school instruction. It has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromifa and Tigrinya, reinforcing ethnic divisions that contrary to the policy of ‘Ethnic Federalism’ designed by the TPLF, have been strengthened under the Meles premiership.

The highly centralised EPRDF has employed divide and rule tactics to weaken political opposition, fuel separation along ethnic lines, disempowering the community, engendering competition for land and natural resources as well as for government funds. Fragmented ethnic groups competing for resources and bickering amongst themselves have little time or energy to protest government policy and make easy prey for a regime seeking total control.

Division spawns conflict and, as the ICG found, “Exclusion and disfranchisement have provided fertile ground for ethnic and religious radicalisation, already evident in some lowland regions, where the ruling party exploits resources without local consent.” Massive land sales is one issue alluded to here; displacing thousands of indigenous people, forcing subsistence farmers and pastoralists off the land, destroying large areas of forest and wildlife habitat, that for a few dollars are turned over to international corporations who cultivate crops for their home market. All of which, let us add, without any form of consultation with local groups.

Democracy is participation, the opportunity before Ethiopia is to create an environment in which participation is encouraged and the people have a voice, where unity is seen as the means and the goal; where the Oromo people, those in the Ogaden, Amhara and Tigrae and the other ethnic groups are fully included and the development of community groups is facilitated.

The opposition and diaspora

Under the Meles regime not only have the main Ethnic groups been divided and disempowered, but so too has the diaspora opposition, too weak and ineffective. Fractured and despondent activists and opposition members of the various bodies need to unite at this time of uncertainty and opportunity and work collectively to establish a dialogue with the EPRDF government.

A national dialogue is needed in which opposition groups inside and outside the country and the people, for too long silenced, are allowed to participate and indeed be listened too. Such a move would set a new and inclusive tone and would engender hope that the ruling EPRDF recognises the mood of the country.

The diaspora’s role is crucial in any movement towards democracy in Ethiopia. Consensus amongst the various factions is essential and ideas of opposition, the pre-occupation of the past, that serve only to strengthen division and thus play into the hands of the EPRDF, forgotten. Constructive creative contributions should be encouraged, holding in mind the underlying principle of unity to soften government resistance to change and cultivate trust. As the ICG expresses it:

“Opposition forces may now be able to agree on a basic platform calling for an all-inclusive transitional process leading to free and fair elections in a couple of years. Such an arrangement should include all political forces armed and unarmed, that endorse a non-violent process to achieve an inclusive, democratically-elected regime.”

The Federal Constitution, written by the TPLF, full as it is of articles of decency and acceptability, disregarded by the government, is vague and ambiguous regarding the process of transition and succession in the event of the Prime Ministers death. On Aug 23, Al Jazeera reported that “The Ethiopian parliament has been recalled from recess to swear-in Zenawi’s successor, Hailemariam Desalegn, the deputy prime minister, who will most likely lead Ethiopia until 2015, when the current term of the ruling party comes to an end.”  This is by no means certain, as Desagelen is reportedly unsure about accepting the mantle of PM.

A provisional cross party government is called for. One with broad support that would initiate reforms, repeal the unjust Anti Terrorist Proclamation and other repressive legislation, free the media, most importantly television and radio and begin to build a vibrant active civil society. Such progressive steps would establish the foundations of a strong democratic platform that could be developed up to and after the 2015 elections.

Responsible support and development

The development much championed in Ethiopia – where the partisan distribution of aid, including emergency food relief, is an open secret – does not correspond to a definition that those who believe in equality, justice, human rights, and freedom of expression would recognise. As Al Jazeera reported two weeks ago, “Zenawi has been praised for bringing development and economic growth to one of Africa’s poorest nations but his critics say that came at the cost of respect for democracy and human rights.”

To put Ethiopia’s much trumpeted economic growth in perspective, let us note that the average annual income in Ethiopia equates to just $3 a day. Food staples have quadrupled in price in the last four years, largely as a consequence of the extensive land sales, and according to Bloomberg Business, Ethiopia’s “annual inflation rate climbed to 34.7 percent in May as food prices surged, Inflation accelerated from 25.6 percent in the previous month, food prices jumped 41 percent in the year.“

In addition the gap is increasing between the majority who are poor and the small number of wealthy Ethiopians, who are primarily members of the ruling party, as IPS reported on 22 Aug, “development has yet to reach the vast majority of the country’s population. Instead, much of this wealth – and political power – has been retained by the ruling party and, particularly, by the tiny Tigrayan minority community to which Meles belonged.” These party members have followed the trend of other dictatorships and invested their accrued wealth overseas.

Development and democracy are closely related, not some western idea of democracy, but a living social movement of participation and inclusion, evolving out of the actions and creativity of the people themselves. An idea PM Meles did not recognise. The ICG report quotes Meles stating he did not “believe in bedtime stories and contrived arguments linking economic growth with democracy.”

In truth he did not believe in democracy at all. The price of his short sightedness and ideologically-driven policies has been paid by the people, whose human rights were ignored, and freedoms stolen.

Suppressed and silenced for too long, now is the time to listen to their cries for justice and freedom. All efforts should be made to encourage and mobilise the people of Ethiopia. It is not simply calm that is needed, as many have reiterated, but action. It is time for the people, so long inhibited to act, to demand their rights and express their vision for the future of their country.

Ethiopia is the recipient of over $3 billion of development aid a year, second only to Indonesia. The US, Britain and the EU, along with the World Bank are the main donors. In exchange for what amounts to over a third of Ethiopia’s annual budget, the west has a strategically placed ally in the Horn of Africa who will act when asked to and function as a military outpost for America who launch drone attacks from its soil.

Those supporting development within Ethiopia share the opportunity and responsibility for change within the country. Mediation between the various ethnic groups and political parties, encouraging openness and facilitating discussion is an obvious role that could and indeed should be undertaken.

Required action

In order to realise the opportunity before Ethiopia, certain basic steps showing a renewed adherence to international and federal law need to be taken immediately by the EPRDF:

  • All political prisoners must be released.
  • The internationally-condemned Anti Terrorist Proclamation repealed
  • Freedom of the media, assembly and dissent allowed

These are fundamental requirements in moving Ethiopia forward and establishing an atmosphere of hope that will encourage political and civil participation and safeguard against the potential radicalisation of opposition groups.

International donors need to recognise their collusion in a range of human rights abuses that have taken place under PM Meles and ensure these demands are acted on, linking development assistance to swift implementation. Human Rights Watch (HRW) has asked of “Ethiopia’s international partners [to] call on the government to support fundamental rights and freedoms in the country and a prompt rollback of repressive laws. Ethiopia’s government should commit to respect for human rights and core rights reforms in the coming days and weeks”.

Denied good governance for many years the people of Ethiopia have suffered much, too much and for too long. Let the current space afforded by the passing of PM Meles be filled with their united voices, articulating their grievances, expressing their hopes and concerns, and with the responsible support of international friends and partners demand fundamental change, freedom and social justice, long overdue.

Graham Peebles is Director of The Create Trust, a UK registered charity, supporting fundamental social change and the human rights of individuals in acute need. He may be reached at  graham@thecreatetrust.org.Graham Peebles

ከመለስ በኋላስ?

Friday, September 7th, 2012

ከተመስገን ደሳለኝ – የፍትህ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ዕሁድ ዕለት ስርዓተ ቀብራቸው ተፈፅሟል፡፡ ለሁለት ሳምንት ያህልም ለእልፍ አእላፍት አንገብጋቢ ጉዳዮቻችን ግርዶሽ ሆኖብን የነበረው ብሔራዊ ሀዘንም አብሮ አብቅቷል፡፡ ለቤተሰቦቻቸው እና ለዘመዶቻቸው መፅናናትን ከልብ እመኛለሁ፡፡ ስለዚህም ከቀብር መልስ ባሉ ሀገራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ መነጋገር መጀመር አለብን ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡

(የአቶ መለስ ሞት በመንግስት በይፋ ከተነገረ በኋላ ጥቂት ባለስልጣናት እና አንድ ቱጃር ነጋዴም ህይወታቸው እንዳለፈ በማህበራዊ ድረ-ገፆች በስፋት ሲዘገብ ቢቆይም ‹‹ሟቾቹ›› በኢቲቪ እየቀረቡ በአቶ መለስ መሞት የተሰማቸውን ሀዘን ገልፀው አለመሞታቸውንም በገደምዳሜ አሳይተውናል፡፡ ይህ አንድ እውነት ነው፡፡ አልፎ ተርፎም ሞቱ የተባሉት ቱጃር ነጋዴ ከጥቂት ቀናት በፊት ሰራተኞቻቸውን ሰብስበው ‹‹መለስን ከአንድ ወር ከአስራአምስት ቀን በፊት ብራስልስ ሄጄ ጠይቄዋለሁ፡፡ አልጋው ላይ ተኝቶ በላፕቶፑ ስራውን እየሰራ ነበር፡፡ ረመዳን ነው አልዋሽም፣ ሞተ በተባለበት ጊዜ የውሸት ነው አልሞተም ነበር›› ብለዋል፡፡ እንግዲህ ነጋዴው አቶ መለስን በጠየቁበት እና ሞታቸው በተነገረበት ጊዜ መካከል የ45 ቀን ክፍተት መኖሩን ልብ በሉ) አስቀድሜ እንዳልኩት የአቶ መለስ መሞት ከተነገረ በኋላ ሞቱ የተባሉትን ጨምሮ በርከት ያሉ ባለስልጣናትን በኢቲቪ ያየናቸው ለስራ ብቁ በሆነ አካላዊ ጤንነት ሳይሆን ገና በእግሩ መቆም ያልጀመረ ህፃንን ‹‹ወፌ ቆመች፣ አልወደቀች…›› እያልን ራሱን ችሎ እንዲቆም ስናበረታታው እየተንገዳገደ ለመቆም በሚሞክርበት አይነት አቋቋም መሆኑም ሌላ እውነት ነው፡፡ መቼስ ምን ይባላል ‹‹እግዜር ይማራችሁ›› ከማለት ውጭ፡፡

የሆነ ሆኖ የአቶ መለስ መሞትን ተከትሎ አንዳንድ ያልጠበቅናቸው ነገሮችን ለመታዘብ ችለናል፡፡ ‹‹መለስ አልሞተም››፣ ‹‹ጀግና አይሞትም›› ከሚሉት ጀምሮ

‹‹አለ ገና አለገና አለገና
‹የእከሌም› አለገና››

(የሁለት ባለስልጣናትን ስም እየጠሩ) እያሉ እስከሚጨፍሩ ሰልፈኞች ድረስ በአዲስ አበባ ጎዳናዎች ስንሰማቸው የነበሩ ድምፆች ናቸው፡፡
የሀገሬ ህዝብ ስነ-ልቦናን መረዳት እንኳን ለእኔ ለጉምቱ የማህበራዊ ስነ-ልቦና ተመራማሪዎችም ቢሆን የዳገት ያህል አድካሚ ነው፡፡ መቼም ከሰልፍ ጋር እንደሀበሻ በፍቅር የወደቀ ህዝብ ያለ አይመስለኝም፡፡ በጃንሆይ ላይ የተቃጣው የ1953 ዓ.ም መፈንቅለ መንግሥት ሲከሽፍ መሰለፍ፤ ራሳቸው ጃንሆይ በ1966ቱ አብዮት ከቤተ መንግሥቱ ሲባረሩ ‹‹ሌባ፣ ሌባ፣ ሌባ…›› እያለ ለመስደብ መሰለፍ፡፡ …ለአብዮት በዓል በአዲስ አመት የመጀመሪያው ቀን ማግስት መሰለፍ፤ መንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም በ1969 ህዳር 13 ቀን በኢህአፓ የተደረገባቸው የመግደል ሙከራ ከከሸፈ በኋላ ቆራጡ መንጌ በኢቲቪ ቀርበው ሁለት እጃቸውን ወደላይ ቀስረው ‹‹የበረደች ጥይት ሞኋይቴን ከመምታቷ ውጭ ሙሉ ጤነኛ ነኝ›› እያሉ መንፏለላቸውን ተከትሎ በማግስቱ በአብዮት አደባባይ ለድጋፍ ሰልፍ ስንወጣ ወፍ አልቀደመንም፡፡ በእንዲህ አይነት ሁኔታ ከተደረጉ ከየትኞቹም ሰልፎች እጅግ ምፀታዊ በሆነ መንገድ የሚታወሰኝ በወራት ልዩነት የተደረገው የአስራ ዘጠኝ ስልሳ ዘጠኙ ሆሆታ ነው፡፡ ነገሩ እንዲህ ነው፡- በ1969 ሚያዚያ 23 የሰራተኞች ቀንን በደመቀ ሁኔታ ለማክበር በ‹‹ኢማሌድህ›› ስም መኢሶን ባስተባበረው ሰልፍ (እነመንግስቱ ኃ/ማሪያምም ባሉበት) ላይ ድፍን የአዲስ አበባ ህዝብ ‹‹መኢሶን ፓርቲያችን›› ሲል አብዮት አደባባይን በሰልፍ አጥለቀለቀ፡፡ ይህ በሆነ በ3ኛው ወር መኢሶን ከደርግ ጋር በፈጠረው ፀብ የአመራር አባሉ ተደናግጦ ዋነኛ ምሽጉ የነበረውን የህዝብ ድርጅት ጽ/ቤትን ለቆ ከሀገር ለመውጣት ሲሞክር ሱሉልታ አካባቢ ተያዘ፤ ይህን ጊዜም በአብዮት አደባባይ ‹‹መኢሶን ፓርቲያችን›› እያለ ‹‹ለውዳሴ›› የተሰለፈው ህዝብ

ተይዞ መጣ፤
ጠላ ሲጠጣ፡፡

በማለት እያላገጠ ጨፈረበት፡፡ በ1981 ዓ.ም ግንቦት 8 ቀን በመንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም ወታደራዊ ጁንታ አገዛዝ ላይ የተሞከረው መፈንቅለ መንግሥት በመክሸፉም ቅዳሜ ግንቦት 12 ቀን 1981 ዓ.ም. በአብዮት አደባባይ የተጥለቀለቀ የድጋፍ ሰልፍ ያደረገው ህዝብ፣ ግንቦት 13 ቀን 1983 ዓ.ም. መንግሥቱ ኃይለማርያም ከሀገር መፈርጠጡ በሬዲዮ ሲነገር ‹‹ሌባ፣ ሌባ…›› እያለ አደባባይ ከመውጣትም አልፎ ግዙፉን የሌኒን ሀውልትን እስከማፍረስ ደርሷል፡፡ …ባለፉት ሃያ አንድ የአቶ መለስ እና የኢህአዴግ የጉልበተኝነት ዘመናትም እንዲሁ በርካታ ‹‹ጉራማይሌ ሰልፎች››ን ታዝበናል፡፡ በ1997 ዓ.ም እና በ2002 ዓ.ም. የተደረጉትን ሁለት ሰልፎች ብናነፃፅር በኢህአዴግ ዘመን በተደረጉት መሀከል እጅግ ጉራማይሌ የሆነውን ሰልፍ እናገኛለን፡፡ በ97 ቅንጅትን ደግፎ የወጣው ህዝብ ከአምስት ዓመት በኋላ የኢህአዴግን ጠቅላይ አሸናፊነት ለማብሰርም የወጣው ህዝብ ነው (ከትንሽ ማስተካከያ ጋር ማለትም፡- በመሀከል ባሉት ዓመታት ለአቅመ-ፖለቲካ ወይም ምርጫ የደረሰውን የማህበረሰብ ክፍል ሳናካት ማለቴ ነው) ብለን ብንከራከር ቢያንስ የስነ-ህዝብ ፖለቲካ (Political Demography) ያጠናን ዘዬ ይደግፈናል ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡

ስለዚህም ሰሞኑን ለ‹‹ኑሮአችን›› እና ለበርካታ ወሳኝ የፖለቲካ ጥያቄዎቻችን ግርዶሽ ሆኖ የነበረውን የሀዘን ሰልፍንም እንዲሁ ከእነዚህ እንደ አንዱ ቆጥረን ህይወትንም ፖለቲካውንም ማስቀጠል መቻል አለብን፡፡ (ሆኖም ከሰልፉ እና ከሀዘኑ ከመውጣቴ በፊት አንድ ጥያቄ ላንሳ፡፡ ይኸውም የሀገር መሪ ሀዘኑን እንዴት ነው የሚገልፀው? መቼም በአደባባይ እንደጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ‹‹ኡኡኡ…›› እያለ ግን አይመስለኝም፡፡ ይህ አይነቱ ተለምዶአዊ አለቃቀስ የሚፈቀደው እናቱ ጥላው ለጠፋችበት ህፃን ብቻ ነው፡፡ አቶ መለስ ቢሆኑ ማንም ቢሞት እንዲህ አይነት ለቅሶ በቴሌቪዥን ካሜራ ፊት አያለቅሱም፡፡ ለማስረጃ ያህልም ከዚህ ቀደም የደህንነት ሚንስትሩ ክንፈ ገ/መድህን በሞቱበት ወቅት ሀዘናቸውን የገለፁት ለአንድ ሀገር መሪ ፕሮቶኮሉ በሚፈቅደው መልኩ ተቆጥበው ነበር፡፡ ይህ ማለት ግን መለስ በክንፈ ሞት በሚገባ አላዘኑም ማለት አይደለም፡፡ በሚገባ አዝነዋልና፡፡ በሚገባ አላለቀሱምም ማለት አይደለም፤ በሚገባ አልቅሰዋልና፡፡ ነገር ግን በአደባባይ አይደለም፡፡ የሀገር መሪ ሀዘኑ ምንም ያህል የበረታ ቢሆን ወደአደባባይ አያወጣውም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የሚመራው ህዝብ ሙሉ እምነቱን በቁርጠኛ አመራሩ ላይ ከመጣሉ አኳያ በአደባባይ ለአንድ የስራ ባልደረባው እንዲህ እየጮኸ አያለቅስምና ነው)

አሁን ወደዋናው ጉዳያችን እንመለስ፡፡ ደህና! የመጀመሪያ አጀንዳችን የሚሆነውም ከፊት ለፊታችን ለተደቀኑብን በርካታ ጥያቄዎች አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ መልስ ሊሰጡን እንደሚገባ በአንክሮ ማስታወሱ ላይ ነው፡፡ ቀጣዩ ደግሞ የኢህአዴግ አጥር የማያካልለን ኢትዮጵያውያን ግዴታዎቻችንን ለይተን ማወቅ እንደሚኖርብን መነጋገሩ ይሆናል፡፡ ይህ አይነቱ መነጋገር አስፈላጊ የሆነው ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ልክ ኢትዮጵያዊ እንዳልሆንን እና የሀገራችን ፖለቲካ እንደማይመለከተን ሁሉ ከዳር ቆመን ‹‹ስብሃት ነጋ እና በረከት ስምኦን ግብግብ ገጥመዋል››፣ ‹‹ህወሓት በብአዴን እየተሸነፈ ነው››፣ ‹‹ሰራዊቱ እና ደህንነቱ ከህወሓት ጎን መሰለፉ አይቀርም››፣ ‹‹ጄነራል ሳሞራ የኑስ እያንገራገረ ነው››… ጂኒ ቁልቋል በሚሉ የፖለቲካ ዜናዎች ‹‹ቢዚ›› መሆንን የመጨረሻ ግዴታችን እያደረግነው ስለሆነ ነው፡፡ ይህ ግን አትራፊ አይደለም፡፡ ምክንያቱም የእነዚህ ፓርቲዎችም ሆነ የጉምቱ ባለስልጣናቱ ፉክክር በየትኛውም ውጤት ቢጠናቀቅ ከኢህአዴግ ውጭ ላለነው የሚፈይደው ነገር የለምና፡፡ ለእኛ የሚጠቅመን የፉክክሩ ቀጥተኛ ‹‹ተዋናይ›› መሆን ብቻ ነው፡፡ አንድ ፓርቲ ብቻ በሀገር ጉዳይ እና በመንግሥት ፖለቲካ ላይ የሚወስንበት ዘመን ከአቶ መለስ መጨረሻም ጋር አብሮ መቆምም ይኖርበታል፡፡ እናም ከኢህአዴግ እኩል በቀጣዩ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ላይ የመወሰን መብታችንን የማስከበር ትግል መጀመር ያለብን ይመስለኛል፡፡

በእርግጥ ይህንን እድል እነበረከት ስምኦንም ሆኑ እነ ስብሃት ነጋ ከአውሮፓ እና አሜሪካ ጠርተው፣ ወይም ከተጣድንበት የማህበራዊ ድረ-ገፆች አውርደው አሊያም ከየመኝታችን ቀስቅሰው ይሰጡናል ብለን ካሰብን አንድም ኢህአዴግን በሚገባ አላወቅነውም፤ ሁለትም ፖለቲካ እና ተቃውሞን ነጣጥለን አልተረዳነውም ማለት ነው፡፡

ስለዚህም የፖለቲካ ተሳትፎ የምናገኝበትን ዕድል በየትኛውም መንግድ ተጠቅመን ማደላደል አለብን፡፡ እንዲሁም ከዚህ ቀደም ከሄድንበት መንገድ በተለየና በአዲስ መንገድ መጓዝ ይኖርብናል፡፡ ከአዲሱ መንገዳችን ምን አልባትም አንዱ ባልተለመደ መልኩ ለኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ እና ለኢህአዴግ ትንፋሽ መሰብሰቢያ ወይም ‹‹የማሪያም መንገድ›› መስጠቱ የመጀመሪያው እርምጃችን ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡ ይህንን አባባል ትንሽ ፈታ ስናደርገው ‹‹ለኢህአዴግ ጊዜያዊ ድጋፍ መስጠት›› የሚል ሆኖ ልናገኘው ብንችል መደንገጥ አይኖርብንም፡፡

እንዲያውም በግልባጩ ይህንን እርምጃ እንደብስለት እንጂ ክብረ-ነክ አድርገን መውሰድ የለብንም፡፡ ለምን? የሚል ጥያቄ የሚያነሳ ካለ መልሱ ለኢህአዴግ የምንሰጠው ጊዜያዊ ድጋፍ ‹‹ከታላቁ መሪ ወረስኩት›› ለሚለው ‹‹ራዕዩ›› ሳይሆን ‹‹በሀገር ጉዳይ የመወሰን እድልን›› ከአጥሩ ውጭም አውጥቶ ማካፈሉ ለሀገሪቱ መፀኢ እድል አስፈላጊ መሆኑን ቀልቡን ሰብስቦ እስኪያምን ብቻ ያለውን ጊዜ የሚመለከት ነው የሚል ይሆናል፡፡ ልክ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን የቀብር ስነ-ስርዓት የተሳካ ለማድረግ ህዝቡ ለኢህአዴግ እንደሰጠው አይነት ድንገቴ ዕድል ማለቴ ነው-እኛም ከፓርቲው የምንፈልገው፡፡

ሆኖም ‹‹ይህንን አይነቱን ዕድል ኢህአዴግ እስኪሰጠን ምን ያህል ጊዜ መጠበቅ ይኖርብናል?››፣ ‹‹እንዴትስ ሆኖ ነው በመንግስታዊ ስልጣን ላይ የመወሰን ዕድል የሚሰጠን?›› የሚሉ ጥያቄዎች መነሳታቸው አይቀሬ ናቸውና እንደመነሻ ሃሳብ ሊሆኑ የሚችሉ የራሴን ሁለት ጥቁምታዎችን ላቅርብ፡-

1ኛ. ሀይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ እና አጋሮቻቸው፣ ካድሬዎቻቸውን እና ደጋፊዎቻቸውን ‹‹ብሄራዊ ዕርቅ›› ከመፍጠር አኳያ በጥቂት ወራት ውስጥ ሁሉን አቀፍ የሽግግር መንግስት የመመስረቱን አስፈላጊነት ማሳመንን የመጀመሪያው የቤት ስራቸው ሊያደርጉት ይገባል፡፡ እነሱንም ካሳመኑ በኋላም ሽብርተኛ ለተባሉ ድርጅቶችም ሆነ ለፖለቲካ እስረኞች ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ምህረት አድርገው በጥሪው እንዲካተቱ መፍቀድ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡

2ኛ. አንደኛውን አማራጭ አዲሱ መንግስት የመሸከም ትከሻ ከሌለው ቀሪው አማራጭ በ2005 ዓ.ም የሚደረገው የአዲስ አበባ ምርጫ ነው፡፡ እናም ይህ ምርጫ ከመደረጉ በፊት አሁን ያለውን የምርጫ ቦርድ ማፍረስና ተአማኒነት ባላቸው ገለልተኛ ባለሙያዎች መልሶ ማዋቀር፣ የመንግስት ሚዲያዎች ለተቃዋሚዎችም ለገዥው ፓርቲም እኩል የሚያገለግሉበትን መመሪያ አዘጋጅቶ መተግበር፣ የሰራዊቱን እና የደህንነት ሀይሉን በተግባር ታዛዠነታቸውን ለህገ-መንግስቱ ብቻ እንዲሆን ማድረግ፣ የህግ የበላይነትን ማረጋገጥ… ከአዲስ አበባ ምርጫ በፊት ማመቻቸት የግዴታ ውዴታ ነው፡፡ (…ለአዲሱ መንግስት ጊዜና ድጋፍ እንስጠው ያልኩት እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች እንዲሟሉ ብቻ ነው፡፡ ይህንን ድጋፍ ስናደርግ ግን የመኢሶንን ስህተት ላለመድገማችን እርግጠኛ መሆን ይኖርብናል) መኢሶን የ66ቱ አብዮት የፈጠረው ትልቅ ፓርቲ ነው፡፡ ምሁራዊ ሰውነታቸው የጎላ ልሂቃኖችም የተሰባሰቡበት ነበር፡፡ ሆኖም ይህ ፓርቲ ሊታረም የማይችል ከባድ ስህተት ሰርቷል፡፡ ይኽውም ለወታደራዊ ጁንታ ድጋፍ መስጠት አለብን በሚል የተሳሳተ ስሌት ከደርግ ካምፕ ውስጥ በመግባት ‹‹የህዝብ ድርጅት ጽ/ቤት››ን በመመስረት በርካታ ካድሬዎችን ከመመልመሉም በላይ የመኢሶንን ውሳኔ ‹‹የተሳሳተ›› በሚል ግጭት ፈጥሮ ቀይና ነጭ ሽብር ለመጀመር ምክንያት ሆኖአል፡፡ እናም ይህ ስህተት እንዳይደገም መጠንቀቅ ያሻል፡፡ ማን ነበር ‹‹ሰው የሚማረው አንድም ከፊደል፣ አንድም ከመከራ ነው›› ያለው?

መቼም ይህ ሁሉ ህዝብ ያዘነው አቶ መለስ በስልጣን ላይ በነበሩበት ጊዜ ‹‹ሀገሬን አሳድገውልኛል››፣ ‹‹ህይወቴን ቀይረውልኛል››፣ ‹‹መብቴን አክብረውልኛል…›› ብሎ እንዳልሆነ የህወሓት እና የብአዴን ሰዎችም በልባቸው ያምናሉ ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡ በነገራችን ላይ ህወሓት በሊቀመንበሩ በአቶ መለስ ቦታ ‹‹ሌላኛው መለስ›› ሊባሉ የሚችሉትን አባይ ፀሐዬን ለመምረጥ እንዳቀደ፤ ኦህዴድ ደግሞ አስቴር ማሞን ‹‹ሊቀመንበር›› በሚለው አጀንዳው ላይ እንዳሰፈረ የመረጃ ምንጮቼ ነግረውኛል፡፡ ምንአልባት ህወሓት አባይ ፀሀዬን መምረጡ እውነት ከሆነ ግን ራሱን የቻለ አንድምታ ይኖረዋል ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡ ምክንያቱም አባይ መለስ ያደርጉት የነበረውን የሴራ ፖለቲካ በሙሉ ለማድረግ የሚችል አቅሙም ልምዱም እንዳላቸው የህወሓት አመራሮች ጠንቅቀው ያውቃሉ፡፡ ስለዚህም ህወሓት አባይን በማምጣት በመለስ ሞት የጎደለበትን ‹‹የበላይነት›› የመመለስ ዕቅድ ሊኖረው ይችላል፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ መጭው ጊዜ አደገኛ የመሆን ዕድሉ ሰፊ ነው፡፡ ይህንን ሁኔታ አዲስ አበባ የሚገኙ የምዕራብ ሀገራት ዲፕሎማቶችም ‹‹ስጋታቸው እንደሆነ ገልፀውልኛል፡፡ በእርግጥ የዲፕሎማቶቹ ስጋት በአክራሪው የህወሓት አመራር ላይ ብቻ ሳይሆን በረከት ስምኦንን እና አዲሱ ለገሰንም ይጨምራል፡፡ እነዚህ ሰዎች ‹‹ነባራ ታጋይ›› (Old Comrade) ከመሆናቸው አኳያ በኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ላይ የበላይነታቸውን ከማሳየታቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ‹‹መጠቀሚያ›› የማድረግ እቅድ ሊኖራቸው ይችላል፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ ከአዲሱ መንግስት ‹‹መሰረታዊ የፖለቲካ ማሻሻያዎች››ን መጠበቅ ላም አለኝ በሰማይ….አይነት እንደሚሆን ዲፕሎማቶቹም ያምናሉ፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት በዲፕሎማቶቹ አይን ሞገስ ያገኙት ወይም ተመራጭ ሆነው የወጡት ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፣ ብርሃነ ገ/ክርስቶስ እና ቴዎድሮስ አደህኖም ብቻ ናቸው፡፡ ሆኖም ከብርሃነ ክርስቶስ በስተቀር ሁለቱ ሰዎች በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ተሰሚነታቸው አናሳ ስለሆነ የነባር ታጋዮቹ መጠቀሚያ የመሆን ዕድላቸው ሰፊ ነው፡፡ (ይህ የዲፕሎማቶቹ ምልከታ ምንአልባትም አቶ መለስ ኢህአዴግን ወደቻይና መሳባቸው አሳስቧቸው፤ እነርሱ የተሻሉ ናቸው ያሏቸው እነ ኋ/ማሪያም ደግሞ በግልባጩ ስርአቱን ወደምዕራቡ ጎራ ሊመልሱት ይችላሉ ብለው ማመናቸው ይሆናል)

በአናቱም ከመከላከያ ሰራዊቱ ጋር ምንም አይነት ግንኙነት የሌላቸው ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ለሰራዊቱ ‹‹Commander in chief›› (ጠቅላይ ወታደራዊ አዛዥ) ለመሆን ያላቸው ብቃት እና ተቀባይነትም አሳሳቢ ሲሆን ሌላው አደገኛ እንቅፋት የሚሆንባቸው በብሔርና በጥቅመኝነት የተወሳሰበውን የገዢው ልሂቅ ስብስብን ‹‹የፖለቲካ ማሻሻያ መደረግ አለበት›› ብሎ ማሳመኑ ላይ ነው፡፡ ኦህዴድ ውስጥም አባዱላ ገመዳ ወርደው አለማየሁ አቱምሳ በተተኩበት ወቅት በአባዱላ ጊዜ የነበሩትን በርካታ ካድሬዎች ‹‹ሙስና›› በሚባል የመገምገሚያ አጀንዳ ብዙዎችን ከፓርቲው ውጭ ሲያደርጉ፣ ጥቂት የማይባሉትን ደግሞ ለእስር ዳርገው እንደነበረ ይታወሳል፡፡እናም አሁን ከአዜብ መስፍን ጋር የጠበቀ ጓደኝነት ያላቸውን አስቴር ማሞን ሊቀመንበር ለማድረግ የታሰበው በአባዱላ መነሳት ያኮረፉትን ካድሬዎች ለማለዘብ ሊሆን ይችላል የሚል መላምት አለ፡፡ ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ የተባረሩና የታሰሩ ካድሬዎች ወደቦታቸው የመመለስ እድል ማግኘታቸውን አይቀሬ ስለሚያደርገው አደገኛ ‹‹አቧራ›› ማስነሳቱ አይቀርም፡፡

በመጨረሻም- አጭር መልዕክት-ለኢህአዴግ

የሀገሪቱን ስልጣን በተለይ ህወሓት እና ብአዴን እንደአያት ቅድመ አያት ርስት ‹‹ወራሽ ነኝ›› በሚል በቤተመንግስት እና በኢህአዴግ ጽ/ቤት እያደረጋችሁት ያለውን ትግል ብትረሱት የተሻለ ነው፡፡ እናውቃለን ታግላችኋል፤ ነገር ግን በስልጣን የቆያችሁባቸው ሃያ አንድ ዓመታት ከበቂ በላይ ክሷችኋል፡፡ እናውቃለን አምባገነኖች ናችሁ፣ ነገር ግን ትውልዱ አምባገነንነትን ሊሸከም እንደማይችል ሊገባችሁ ይገባል፡፡ …በጣም የሚገርመው ደግሞ በዚህ ሳምንት የስራ አስፈፃሚ ኮሚቴያችሁ ከመለስ ሞት በኋላ የመጀመሪያውን ስብሰባ አድርጎ ያወጣው መግለጫ ይዘት ነው፡፡ አዎን! ይህ ስብስብ ከተጠናቀቀ በኋላ ፓርቲው በመግለጫው ላይ ‹‹የሕዝብን ቁጭትና አደራ በህዝቡ በራሱ በተደራጀና ቀጣይነት ባለው ተሳትፎ ወደውጤት በመቀየር….›› የሚል ሀረግ ሰንቅሮበታል፡፡ ምንአልባት አባባሉን ልብ ካላልነው ብዙም አሳሳቢ ላይመስለን ይችላል፡፡ ሆኖም ይህን ሀረግ ፈታ አድርገን ካየነው መጭው ጊዜ ብሩህ እንደማይሆ በእርግጠኝነት እንደሚጠቁመን እንረዳለን፡፡ ምክንያቱም ይህ አይነቱ ሁኔታ የሚያመላክተው አንድም ፓርቲው ‹‹የመለስን አደራ ለማስፈፀም›› በሚል ያለአንዳች ማሻሻያ ለመቀጠል የወሰነ መሆኑን ሲሆን፤ ሁለተኛው አደገኛ ነገር ደግሞ ስርዓቱ ወደ “Stationary bandits” (መንግስታዊ ሽፍትነት) የመቀየር አዝማሚያ እንዳለው አመላካች ነው፡፡ ይኸውም ‹‹የህዝብን ቁጭትና አደራ በህዝቡ በራሱ…›› ለመወጣት በሚል

ፕሮፓጋንዳ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ግብር መጣልን፣ ለአባይ ግድብ ሁለተኛ ዙር ቦንድ ግዙ ተብሎ እንደተደረገው አይነት ማስገደደድና የመሳሰሉት እርምጃዎችን ሊወስድ መቻሉ አይቀሬ ነው፡፡ ይህ ደግሞ በኑሮ ውድነቱ ላይ ተጨማሪ ጫና መፈጠሩ አያጠያይቅም፡፡ እናም ከዚህ ይልቅ ህዝቡ ለአቶ መለስ ያወረደውን እንባ ‹‹ኢቲቪን ገለል›› አድርጋችሁ እውነተኛ ምክንያቱን ለማወቅ ብትጥሩ ‹‹አዋጭ›› ንግድ ሆኖ ታገኙታላችሁ፡፡ ልክ እንደ ዝነኛው ኤፈርት፡፡ ስለዚህም ያ እንባ ለውጥ ፈላጊ መሆኑን ልትረዱት ይገባል፡፡

አጭር መልዕክት-ከኢህአዴግ ውጭ አማራጭ ለምትሹ

እነሆም ከዚሁ ጎን ለጎን /የኢህአዴግ ውሳኔ ምንም ሆነ ምን/ በሀገራችን ጉዳይ የመወሰን መብታችንን ለማስከበር ለሀዘን የወጣነውን ያህል ‹‹ነቅለን መውጣት›› ብቸኛ አማራጫችን ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውያን የዲያስፖራና ልሂቃን በዚህ ወቅት ከመቼውም ጊዜ በተለየ መልኩ አዎንታዊ ድጋፋቸው ያስፈልጋል፡፡ ከጥላቻ የራቀ የፖለቲካ ስልት በመከተል በዕውቀትም ሆነ በገንዘብ ለውጥ ፈላጊውን ኢትዮጵያዊ ማገዝ ለነገ የሚተው ስራ አይደለም፡፡ እንዲሁም ከጥቂት ወራት በኋላ በሚደረገው የአሜሪካ ፕሬዝዳንት ምርጫ ላይ ድጋፍ የመስጠትንና የመንሳትን ችሎታ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ በሚኖራቸው የውጭ ፖሊሲ ቅድመ ሁኔታ ላይ የተመሰረተ እንዲሆን የቅስቀሳ ስራ መስራቱም አንድ ስልት ይመስለኛል፡፡

ከዚህ ባሻገር ግን በታቃዋሞ ጎራ (በሀገር ውስጥም በውጭም) የተሰባሰበው ሀይል ልዩነቱን አጥብቦ ወደአንድ መሳበሰብ ይኖርበታል፡፡ በአናቱም ምናአልባት ምንአልባት ነገሩ ሁሉ ካሰብነው በተቃራኒ ሄዶ ‹‹አዲስ የወይን ጠጅ በአሮጌ አቁማዳ›› የመሆን አዝማሚያ ቢኖረው እንኳ ‹‹ለሰላማዊ እምቢታ›› ራስን ማዘጋጀቱ ከመቼውም ጊዜ ይልቅ ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ ዝግጅቱ ይህን ‹‹እምቢታ›› ተከትሎ የሚመጣውን ማንኛውንም መስዋዕትነት የመክፈል ቁርጠኝነትን ማጠቃለል ይኖርበታል፡፡ ያኔ ነው መለስን የመተካት ጉዳይ የኢህአዴግ የግል ጉዳይ የማይሆነው፡፡ ያኔ ነው በኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ጥቂት ግለሰቦች የሚወስኑበት ጊዜ የሚያከትመው፡፡ ያኔ ነው በሀገራችን ጉዳይ ጉልበተኞች ብቻ ያሻቸውን የሚያደርጉበት ጀንበር የምትጠልቀው፡፡ ያኔ ነው አንተም እኔም ኢትዮጵያዊነታችን በተግባር የሚረጋገጠው፡፡ ያኔ ነው…


Ginbot 7 leaders call for negotiation and transitional ‘arrangement ‘

Friday, September 7th, 2012

7 September 2012 [ESAT]
Senior leaders of Ginbot7, Abebe Bogale and Dr. Tadesse Biru, disclosed to ESAT that their movement is working expeditiously to bring EPRDF to the negotiation table or remove it from power altogether. According to them all efforts exerted so far have produced appreciable results and a slew of coercive measures are underway to hasten the process of political change in Ethiopia.

The two leaders have emphasised the role EPRDF could play in averting a serious and highly consequential political crises. The only viable way forward is to embrace the inescapable political change and work towards a transitional arrangement where all political actors will have a role in governing the country until a duly constituted and democratically elected government takes over. The two leaders warned if EPRDF is not willing to negotiate, then change will come through other mechanisms including violent revolution.

The two leaders say over the previous four years their organization has been operating modelled as a transitional government and were confident in their movements’ capacity to fill any void should the EPRDF government is to collapse.

According to the leaders, the movement has worked tirelessly to bring all political forces towards cooperation. Other efforts to break the pervasive media monopoly EPRDF has been enjoying for a long time has been successful. Ginbot7 of today is a movement with a strong and efficient organizational structure said the confident duo.

ESAT will broadcast the full interview in the coming days.
http://www.ethsat.com/2012/09/07/ethiop … overnment/


Torture suspect pleads not guilty in a Denver court

Friday, September 7th, 2012

DENVER (Associated Press) — A chance encounter at a restaurant in a Denver suburb led to the arrest of an Ethiopian immigrant who authorities say tortured political prisoners decades ago in his home country, according to testimony from a Department of Homeland Security official Tuesday.

The man authorities identify as Kefelegn Alemu Worku (kah-FEH’-lun ah-LEE’-moo WER’-koo) pleaded not guilty to U.S. immigration charges and denied that he is a former guard at a prison know for atrocities and human rights abuses.

“He denies all of it,” said Matthew Golla, a federal public defender, outside of court. He called his client “Mr. Doe” during the hearing.

The man entered his plea in federal court before being ordered held without bail by a judge who noted that he is accused of using several aliases. U.S. Magistrate Judge Kristen Mix also said the man faces serious accusations involving a detention center known as Higher 15. It was established during the late 1970s in a campaign known as the Red Terror, an effort the global watchdog group Human Rights Watch has called “one of the most systematic uses of mass murder by a state ever witnessed in Africa.”

Worku was spotted by happenstance and confronted in May 2011 in a suburban Denver restaurant by a former prisoner who recognized him as a Higher 15 guard, said Homeland Security Agent Jeffrey Lembke, who did not elaborate.

The Cozy Cafe in an Aurora, Colo., is a hangout for Ethiopian immigrants in the Denver area, said restaurant manager Girma Baye.

The man identified as Worku was a regular at the restaurant and was known as Tufa, said Baye.

The Ethiopian immigrant, who says he escaped from the prison in 1979, went to authorities with his suspicions, leading to the investigation that resulted in the man’s arrest last month, Lembke said.

Two other Ethiopian immigrants, who say they also were held at the prison, identified the suspect as Worku in a photo lineup. None of the three have been identified except by initials.

These men had “a very strong reason to remember, even though it was 30 years ago,” said federal prosecutor Brenda Taylor in court.

The three immigrants told authorities the man they identified as Worku participated in beatings and torture sessions that included a cattle prod, rifle butts, whips and pipes. They also said he threatened at least one witness with an AK-47 at the prison where detainees were regularly beaten and executed.

Golla said his client has lived peacefully in Denver for eight years and should be released. He said his client has worked at Denver International Airport and is currently employed with a parking lot company.

The man has been charged with unlawfully procuring citizenship or naturalization and aggravated identity theft. If convicted of both, he faces up to 12 years in prison and fines of up to $500,000.

Mengistu Hailemariam moves to a new location

Friday, September 7th, 2012

Harare, – Exiled former Ethiopian strongman Mengistu Haile Mariam is believed to be living in the scenic Vumba area, south east of this eastern border city.

Sources told Radio VOP on Tuesday that Menguistu quietly Ieft Harare to settle in the Vumba area almost a year ago.

He lives a lavish but reclusive life in Zimbabwe amid fears over his safety. The former Marxist ruler fled his motherland in the early 1990’s after a then rebel group led by late Meles Zenawi overrun his Red Army.

Mengistu was tried and found guilty of genocide in absentia and was sentenced to life in prison in January 2007.

But Harare where he received sanctuary due to friendship with President Robert Mugabe, said it would not extradite him.

He was initially staying in GunHill, a low density suburb for rich Zimbabweans in the capital Harare, but there was an attempt at his life.

Some armed Eritreans sneaked into Zimbabwe and trekked him to GunHill where they shot at him but he escapsed unhurt.

His attackers were arrested and given lengthy jail terms.

Sources said Mengistu was now staying in the Vumba area, a popular tourist spot with his family.

They said he is under tight protection although he often frequents upmarket restaurants in the Vumba area such as Genaina.

Zimbabwean authorities have largely shielded him from the media since his arrival in May 1991.

In the very few interviews he has given Zimbabwean media Mengistu said he had no regrets about his rule and that he tried his best for Ethiopia. – Radio VOP

http://www.thezimbabwemail.com/zimbabwe … vumba.html


Ethiopian regime torture, murder and rape spree in Gambela – HWR

Friday, September 7th, 2012

Image

Ethiopian reprisal attacks serve as cautionary tale for global land investors

Sep 07, 2012
ImageCassandra Herrman, Producer

In February, we featured a story for PBS NewsHour about a controversial resettlement plan of the Anuak people in southwestern Ethiopia, who were part of the government’s national "villagization" program. A few months later, we blogged about shootings on the Saudi Star rice plantation that had been the focus of our story. Since then, details of the shootings have come into focus: On April 28, unidentified armed men attacked the Saudi Star compound in the Gambella region. The gunmen killed at least one Pakistani and four Ethiopian employees.

Now, Human Rights Watch has released a report detailing reprisal attacks by the Ethiopian military. The report states that the day after the Saudi Star attack, Ethiopian soldiers shot and killed four of Saudi Star’s Anuak guards. Gambella residents interviewed by Human Rights Watch said that in the weeks that followed, "Ethiopian soldiers went house to house looking for gunmen in villages near the Saudi Star camp, arbitrarily arresting and beating young men and raping female relatives of suspects."

The report says the soldiers rounded up scores of young men and detained them in military barracks. Many allege they were tortured.

Here is an excerpt of eyewitness accounts from the report:

    One former detainee told Human Rights Watch: “They said we were to go into the bush and show them where the rebels are – with whom they claimed we had a relationship. They beat me after I said I didn’t know where the rebels are. After they beat me they took me to the barracks. I was in custody for three days. At night they took me out and asked me to show them where the rebels are. I said I don’t know. So they beat me and took off their sock and put it in my mouth to stop the screams.” …

A local police officer described being arrested by soldiers and accused of supporting the rebels. Soldiers detained him in Gambella’s military barracks where they tied him up and beat him repeatedly, often at the urging of a federal government security official who told them, “Beat him, he has something to say.” After his release the soldiers came to his home and beat him unconscious in front of his wife. His wife said the soldiers beat their four year old son in front of them. The family fled to South Sudan.

Human Rights Watch conducted its interviews at a refugee camp in South Sudan with more than 80 people who had fled the attacks and villagization program in Gambella. Relying on "credible sources in Gambella,” the report links the April attack to the Ethiopian government’s villagization program and large-scale land leases. Leslie Lefkow, the deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch, acknowledges that the April attack at Saudi Star was a criminal act but says it doesn’t justify reprisals against Gambella residents.

"The abuses we found in the government’s relocation program in Gambella a year ago are still happening today," Lefkow said. "Whatever the government’s rationale for villagization, it doesn’t justify beatings and torture."

Human Rights Watch and groups like the Oakland Institute and GRAIN point to the situation in Gambella as a cautionary tale of what might lie ahead for other communities across Africa. Sparked by the global food crisis and rising value of farmland, governments and private investors from around the world have leased millions of hectares of land in Africa to grow food and biofuels for export. Many experts say the underlying motive is access to the water beneath the land, as aquifers around the world are drying up and African governments have been offering investors contracts that put little or no stipulation on water use.

You can find the full version of the latest Human Rights Watch report here. http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/08/28/ethi … rture-rape

Source
http://cironline.org/blog/post/ethiopia … stors-3832


የECA ሠራተኛ ራሳቸውን ከፎቅ ወርውረው ገደሉ

Friday, September 7th, 2012

የተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት የአፍሪካ ኢኮኖሚክ ኮሚሽን (UNECA) ረዳት የፋይናንስ ሠራተኛ የነበሩት ወ/ት አልማዝ ልዑልሰገድ የተባሉ የ56 ዓመት የዕድሜ ባለፀጋ፣ ባልታወቀ ምክንያት ባለፈው ሰኞ ራሳቸውን ከኢሲኤ ስምንተኛ ፎቅ ወርውረው ገደሉ፡፡

የድርጅቱ ምንጮች እንደገለጹት፣ ለወትሮው ከመሥርያ ቤቱ ሠራተኞች ጋር መልካም ግንኙነት የነበራቸው ወ/ት አልማዝ ሰኞ ጠዋት ቢሮ ከገቡ በኋላ ‹‹መኖር አልፈልግም›› እያሉ በተደጋጋሚ መግለጻቸው የቢሮ ባልደረቦቻቸውን ያስደነገጠ ክስተት ነበር፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝ ከወትሮው በተለየ ሁኔታ ሕይወት እንዳማረራቸው በመግለጽ መኖር እንደማይፈልጉ መናገራቸው ያስጨነቃቸው የቢሮ ባልደረቦቻቸው፣ ችግራቸውን እንዲነግሯቸው ቢጠይቋቸውም እሳቸው ለመግለጽ ፈቃደኛ አለመሆናቸው ታውቋል፡፡

ሟች የገጠማቸውን ችግር ለመናገር አለመፈለጋቸውን የተረዱት የቢሮ ሠራተኞች ‹‹ወደ ክሊኒክ እንውሰድሽ›› በሚል ሌላ መፍትሔ ቢያቀርቡም፣ የእሳቸውን ይሁንታ ለማግኘት አልቻሉም፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝ ‹‹ወደ ክሊኒክ አልሄድም›› ቢሉም ባልደረቦቻቸው ዝም ብለው አልተቀመጡም፡፡ ወደ ክሊኒክ ሄደው ነርሶችን በማምጣት እንዲያነጋግሯቸው አድርገዋል፡፡ ወ/ት አልማዝን ለማነጋገር የመጡት ነርሶች ግን የገጠማቸው ምላሽ ተመሳሳይ ነው፡፡ ሟች ችግራቸውን ለማንም ለመግለጽ አልፈለጉም ነበር፡፡

ያልተጠበቀውና አሰቃቂው አደጋ የተከሰተው ከዚህ በኋላ ነው፡፡ ወደ ክሊኒክ እንሂድና እናነጋግርሽ በማለት በተደጋጋሚ ከነርሶች ለሚቀርብላቸው ጥያቄ የእምቢተኝነት ምላሽ የሰጡት ወ/ት አልማዝ፣ ባልተጠበቀ ሁኔታ ጫማቸውን አውልቀው ስምንተኛ ፎቅ የሚገኘውን የቢሮአቸውን መስኮት ከፍተው ራሳቸውን ወረወሩ፡፡ አዲሱንና አሮጌውን የኢሲኤ ሕንፃዎች በሚያገናኘው ሦስተኛ ፎቅ ላይ ባለው ድልድይ ላይ የተፈጠፈጡት ወ/ት አልማዝ፣ ሕይወታቸው ያለፈው ወዲያውኑ ነበር፡፡

ምንጮች እንደገለጹት፣ በስማቸው የተመዘገበ ቤትና መኪና የነበራቸውና በመሥርያ ቤታቸው ጥሩ ተከፋይ የነበሩት ወ/ሮ አልማዝ ትዳር አልመሠረቱም፤ ልጆችም አላፈሩም፡፡ ሰኞ ዕለት በሚኒልክ ሆስፒታል የወ/ት አልማዝ አስከሬን ምርመራ ከተደረገለት በኋላ፣ ለቡ አካባቢ በሚገኘው በቅዱስ ገብርኤል ቤተ ክርስቲያን ቀብራቸው የተፈጸመ መሆኑን ለመረዳት ችለናል፡፡

http://www.ethiopianreporter.com/news/2 … 27-16.html


Succession delay exposes Ethiopia’s internal power struggle

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

By ARGAW ASHINE, Africa review

melfun.jpg
In a sign of a growing internal power struggle, Ethiopia’s ruling party has further delayed choosing its new leader and by extension the prime minister of the country.

Executive council members of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in a closed-door meeting Tuesday failed to agree on election procedures for the new party leader, exposing the divide among the ruling elite.

Former party leader and prime minister Meles Zenawi died in a Brussels hospital on August 20. A day later, Ethiopia’s cabinet endorsed his deputy, Mr Hailemariam Desalegn, as acting prime minister and indicated that he would shortly be confirmed by parliament, a formality.

Mr Meles had been the chairman of the ruling party as well as of the powerful Tigrian People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), one of the four ethnic-based parties in the coalition.

However Tuesday’s meeting of the top ruling party organ appeared to contradict the Cabinet’s original decision and state media have dropped references to Mr Hailemariam as prime minister-designate.

The executive council, made up of 36 members (nine from each of four coalition members), has now set a new schedule for next week to elect a new party chief in what will be a bigger meeting of 60.

The party has however sought to downplay the dispute and asked its members to continue with their normal duties.

"Within those who are in a struggle of a common goal, the installation of leadership is an easy issue as it is simply assigning a comrade who would pay huge sacrifices… and rather the focus should be on our respective duties," a party statement said.

In this session the wider leadership of 60 members (15 each from the four constituent parties) of the more powerful EPRDF council will choose a new party leader who would then be confirmed by parliament, in which it holds all but one of the 547 seats.

http://www.africareview.com/News/Ethiop … index.html

viewtopic.php?f=2&t=42420


NO RIGHTS? NO FLIGHTS!

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Airline boycott has a storied past in South Africa as part of a broader consumer boycott by activists standing against state repression. These activists who called for a free and democratic South Africa understood that, if one is serious about human rights and democracy, then every
nonviolent resistance, including economic boycott, must be waged.

For 21 years, the violent and manipulative TPLF rulers have been coercing where they can — such as human rights defenders in Ethiopia and everyone else in the country. And where they can’t coerce, for example, outside of the country, they have been playing with the minds of pro-democracy Ethiopians abroad, leading us to dither and to limit ourselves in the nonviolent methods we use to wage our fight against dictatorship in our country. It is time that we take the example of the freedom-fighters in South Africa. We should take action and stop flying Ethiopian Airlines (EAL) to put pressure on the oppresses.

With every flight on EAL, we are dutifully handing over our scarce cash, in the form of foreign currency, and are unwittingly keeping the hungry TPLF well-fed and the military loyal to them.

Here are just a few significant moments in the boycott movement against the South African Apartheid rule’s airline, South African Airways (SAA). This can inspire us to do our part and quit using EAL:

As early as the 1960s, several African states pioneered the application of pressure on the brutal Apartheid regime through the regime’s airline, by prohibiting the use of their airspace by SAA. This made it exceedingly difficult for the regime to operate its airline. Under effective grassroots activism, SAA started to become a liability for respected firms left and right that had been associated with SAA. For example, in 1985, the well-established Washington D.C. law firm Covington & Burling, which used to represent SAA, dropped it as a client.

Patriotic anti-apartheid activists were able to also influence US policy to pass in 1986 the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act. Among other things, the law banned flights by SAA into the United States. Soon thereafter, Australia followed suit with a similar legislation concerning SAA.

In 1988 anti-Apartheid activists in London unrelentingly occupied SAA’s offices there, as part of the ‘No Rights? No Flights!’ campaign. Activists realized that one of the ways to effectively strike at the heart of the violent and racist white rule in South Africa was to target a boycott where it hurt the repressive rulers: at their treasured cash-cow, the government controlled airline. The poster on the left in the picture above (and enlarged below) subverts the Apartheid regime’s advertisement slogan for the purpose of galvanizing consumers to stop flying SAA.

Economic boycotts such as these, along with a wide range of methods to resist the authoritarian racial rule in South Africa, led to the crumbling of Apartheid rule in 1990.
Boycott Ethiopian Airlines

Joe Biden cheers the death of bin Laden, as we cheer the death of Meles Zenawi

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

The U.S. Gov’t went to “the end of the earth” to find a kill bin Laden, a monster who murdered 3,000 of its citizens. When Joe Biden, at the Democratic Convention this evening, presented the killing of bin Laden as one of the Obama Administration’s major accomplishments, the 20,000 people in the hall responded with roars and cheers. Here is what he said:

In 2008, Barack Obama made a promise to the American people. He said, “If we have Osama bin Laden in our sights, we will take him out. That has to be our biggest national security priority.” Barack understood that the search for bin Laden was about a lot more than taking a monstrous leader off the battlefield. It was about righting an unspeakable wrong, healing a nearly unbearable wound in America’s heart. He also knew the message we had to send to terrorists around the world—if you attack innocent Americans, we will follow you to the ends of the earth.

Obama and Biden hunted down and killed a terrorist, but they turn around and send a pompous ‘ambassador’ to Ethiopia to praise and glorify another terrorist, Meles Zenawi, who slaughtered 100 times more innocent people in Ethiopia. We Ethiopians are suffering from an “unbearable wound” that has been inflicted upon us by a monstrous dictator who was financed by the Obama-Biden Administration to the tune of billions of dollars.

Joe Biden, you are the worst type of hypocrite! Your and Obama’s hypocrisy is causing bloodshed and misery in another part of the world.

Arkebe Equbay next TPLF leader? Revisiting Wikileaks

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

The ruling junta in Ethiopia, Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), is preparing to replace the late dictator Meles Zenawi. However, there seems to be no clear choice so far, as the various factions within TPLF vie for control. According to Wikileaks, in a previous TPLF election, Meles Zenawi had lost to Arkebe Equbay, but Arkebe reportedly declined the chairmanship for fear of disunity. Two years later, Meles purged him from the TPLF politburo. Could the TPLF central committee reelect Arkebe now? Read the Wikileaks file here.

Current TPLF Politburo (Executive Committee)

1. Meles Zenawi
2. Tsegay Berhe
3. Abay Woldu
4. Abadi Zemo
5. Tewodros Hagos
6. Dr Tewodros Adhanom
7. Debretsion Gebre-Mikael
8. Beyene Mikru
9. Azeb Mesfin

Currentg TPLF Central Committee

1. Meles Zenawi
2. Seyoum Mesfin
3. Abay Tsehaye
4. Fetlework Gebre-Egziabher
5. Arkebe Equbay
6. Beyene Mikru
7. Debre-Tsion Gebre-Michael
8. Roman Gebre-Selassie
9. Dr. Tewodros Adhanom
10. Abay Woldu
11. Azeb Mesfin
12. Nega Berhe
13. Desta Bezabih
14. Abay Nebso
15. Gobezay Wolde -Aregay
16. Kiros Bitew
17. Tewodros Hagos
18. Mikael Abreha
19. Yitbarek Ameha
20. Alem Gebre-Wahd
21. Tsegay Berhe
22. Dr. Addisalem Balema
23. Teklewoyni Assefa
24. Berhane Kidane-Mariam
25. Abadi Zemo
26. Niguse Gebre
27. Hadish Zenebe
28. Getachew Belay
29. Berhane Gebre-Kirstos
30. Tirfu Kidane-Mariam
31. Tewolde Gebre-Tsadikan
32. Hishe Lemma
33. Kidusan Nega
34. Essayas Wolde-Giorgis
35. Tilahun Tarek
36. Zeray Asgedom
37. Meseret Gebre-Mariam
38. Mengisteab Wolde-Kidan
39. Getachew Assefa
40. Daniel Assefa
41. Tesfalem Yehdego
42. Gebre-Meskel Tarek
43. Tewolde Berhe
44. Sahleselassie Teka
45. Eyassu Tesfay

በአቶ በረከት ስምኦንና በህወሀት መካከል ያለው ፍጥጫ ተካሯል

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

ኢሳት ዜና:-ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት አቶ በረከት ስምኦን ፣ የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ የቀብር ስነስርአት እንደተፈጸመ ፣ የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነትን ስልጣን ፓርላማው በአስቸኳይ ተጠርቶ ያጸድቀዋል የሚል መግለጫ መስጠታቸውን ተከትሎ የመንግስቱ የመገናኛ ብዙሀን አቶ ሀይለማርያምን ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እያሉ እስከመጥራት ደረሱ።

የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ባሳለፈው ውሳኔ መሰረትም አቶ ሀይለማርያም እስከ 2007 ዓም የጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ቦታ በመያዝ ስራቸውን እንዲሰሩ ፈቅዷል። አቶ በረከት ብአዴኖች እና ኦህአዴዶች የሚበዙበትን የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት በመጠቀም እንዲተላለፍ ያስደረጉትን ውሳኔ፣ አቶ አባዱላ ገመዳ ተጣድፈው በፓርላማ ለማጸደቅ ሲሩዋሩዋጡ፣ የህወሀት ቡድኖች አካሄዱ ልክ አይደለም የሚል ቅሬታ በማቅረባቸው ጉዳዩ ከቀብር በሁዋላ እንዲታይ ተወሰነ።

ህወሀት በብአዴኑ አቶ በረከት ስምኦንና በኦህዴዱ አባ ዱላ ገመዳ ድርጊት በመበሳጨት ፣ የአገሪቱን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር እና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር የሚሾመው የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት እንጅ የሚኒሰትሮች ካውንስል ባለመሆኑ ፣ አቶ ሀይለማርያም በሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት እንደተሾሙ ተደርጎ የሚቀርበው ዘገባ ትክክል አይደለም የሚል መከራከሪያ አቅርቧል። ህወሀት አቶ በረከት ግርግሩን በመጠቀም ህግ ጥሰዋል በሚልም ከፍተኛ ትችት ሲያወርድባቸው ሰንብቷል። ህወሀት አቶ ሀይለማርያም በመንግስት የመገናኛ ብዙሀን ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር እየተባሉ እንዳይጠሩ በሚል ያቀረበውን አቤቱታ ፣ አቶ በረከት በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ቢቃወሙትም፣ እስከመጨረሻው ባለመዝለቃቸው አቶ ሀይለማርያም በድሮው ማእረጋቸው እንዲጠሩ ወስኗል።

በዚህ መሀል ወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍን አቶ በረከት ስልጣኑን ከህወሀት እጅ ለማውጣት የሄዱበት መንገድ ስለበሳጫቸው፣ ከአቶ በረከት ጋር የነበራቸውን ግንኙነት በማቋረጥ ህወሀትን ለማሰባሰብ ሲደክሙ ሰንብተዋል። አቶ በረከትም ወ/ሮ አዜብ በቀብሩ ስነስርአት ላይ መናገር ያለባቸው መንግስት ጽፎ የሰጣቸውን እንጅ፣ ከራሳቸው መሆን የለበትም በሚል ውሳኔ ጽሁፉን ወ/ሮ ነጻነት አስፋው እንዲጽፉትና ለወ/ሮ አዜብ እንዲሰጡ ቢታዘዙም ፣ ወ/ሮ አዜብ ግን አሻፈረኝ ብለው ” በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ችግር እየተፈጠረ መምጣቱን የሚጠቁም፣ እርሳቸውም ለስልጣን ፍላጎት እንዳላቸው የሚያሳይ” ንግግር አቀረቡ።

የኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈጻሚ በትናንትናው እለት ባደረገው ስብሰባ ፣ የአቶ ሀይለማርያምን ሹመት በተመለከተ የመጨረሻ ውሳኔ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ተጠብቆ ነበር። ይሁን እንጅ ክርክሩ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርን የሚሾመው የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት ነው ወይስ የሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት በሚል ሲወዛገብ በማምሸት በመጨረሻም፣ ህወሀት የያዘው አቋም አሸናፊ ሆኖ በመውጣት በአቶ በረከት መሪነት በሚኒሰትሮች ምክር ቤት ጸድቆ የነበረው የአቶ ሀይለማርያም ስልጣን ውድቅ እንዲደረግ ወስኗል።

የኢህአዴግ ስራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ ዛሬ ባወጣው መግለጫ ” ዋናው ጉዳይ የሆነው ለህዝቡ ተነሳሽነትና ቁርጠኝነት በቂ ምላሽ መስጠት በሚቻልበት አቅጣጫ ዝግጅት እየተደረገ የግንባሩን ሊቀመንበርና ም/ሊቀ መንበር የመሰየም ጉዳይ የግንባሩ ምክር ቤት ስልጣን በመሆኑ በመጪው መስከረም የመጀመሪያ ሳምንት በሚካሄደው የምክር ቤቱ ስብሰባ እንዲፈፀም ወስኗል፡፡” ብሎአል።

የስራ አስፈጻሚው ውሳኔ ለአቶ በረከት ስምኦን ከፍተኛ ሽንፈት መሆኑንና ህወሀት የኦህዴድ የስራ አስፈጻሚ አባላቱን ከጎኑ በማሰለፍ የአቶ በረከትን ቡድን መምታት መጀመሩን ጉዳዩን በቀርበት የሚከታተሉ የኢሳት ምንጮች ገልጠዋል።

የኢህአዴግ ምክር ቤት በመስከረም ወር ሲሰበሰብ ለአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነቱን ቦታ በመስጠትና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ለህወሀት ሰው በመስጠት እስከ 2007 ዓም ይቆያል። ከ2007 በሁዋላ ግን የህወሀት ሊቀመንበር የጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትርነቱን ቦታ እንደሚረከብ ምንጮቻችን ገልጠዋል።

በአቶ በረከት ተንኮል አቶ ሀይለማርያም ተጠባባቂ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትር እንደሆኑ ተደርጎ ከፍተኛ የቅስቀሳ ስራ የተሰራላቸው በመሆኑ እንዲሁም የአለማቀፉ ማህበረሰብ እና የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብም እርሳቸውን በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት የተቀበላቸው በመሆኑ ይህን ውሳኔ መቀልበስ በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ክፍፍል እንደተፈጠረና አለመረጋጋት እንዳለ የሚያሳይ በመሆኑ ህወሀት የአቶ ሀይለማርያምን ሹመት በተወሰኑ ማስተካከያዎች ሊቀበለው መዘጋጀቱ ታውቋል።

እነዚህ ማስተካከያዎችም፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሩ በአቶ መለስ ጊዜ እንደነበረው ስልጣኑን ሙሉ በሙሉ ተቆጣጥረው ሙሉ አዛዥ የሚሆኑበት አሰራር ተወግዶ፣ እስከመጪው ምርጫ ድረስ፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒሰትሩ በሚመረጡላቸው ልምድ ያላቸው ሰዎች እየታገዙ እንዲያስተዳደሩ የሚል ነው። ህወሀት አቶ በረከትን ከአቶ ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በመነጠል፣ የሞግዚት አስተዳዳር ለመመስረት እየሰራ መሆኑን ምንጫችን ገልጠዋል።


የጤፍ ዋጋ በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ መናሩ አስግቷል

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

የአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት ተከትሎ ነጋዴዎችም ሲጠየቁ ምላሽ መስጠት ፈቃደኛ ባልሆኑበት ሁኔታ፣ የጤፍ ዋጋ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ መናሩ ስጋት እንደፈጠረባቸው በተለይ የአዲስ አበባ ነዋሪዎች ገለጹ፡፡
ነዋሪዎቹ እንደገለጹት፣ ከወር በፊት አንድ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ 1‚450 ብር ነበር፡፡ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ግን ዋጋው በጣም አሻቅቦ 2‚100 ብር መሸጥ ጀምሯል፡፡ አንዳንድ ነዋሪዎች ጤፍ ከሚመረትበት ቦታ ወይም በቀጣይ የሚፈጠር ችግር እንዳለ በሚል ነጋዴዎቹን ሲጠይቋቸው፣ “ከፈለጋችሁ መውሰድ ትችላላችሁ አለበለዚያ ተውት” እንደሚሏቸው ገልጸዋል፡፡

ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ ፈለቀ የሚባሉ ገበያተኛ በየካ ክፍለ ከተማ ወረዳ 7 ውስጥ ነዋሪ ሲሆኑ፣ በየሁለት ወሩ ግማሽ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ ይገዙ እንደነበር ይናገራሉ፡፡ በሰኔ ወር መጨረሻ ላይ ግማሽ ኩንታል ማኛ ጤፍ የገዙት 725 ብር ነበር፡፡ ሰሞኑን ወደ ደንበኛቸው መደብር ሲሄዱ ዋጋው ባልጠበቁትና በሚያስገርም ሁኔታ ጨምሮ 725 ብር ይገዙት የነበረው ማኛ ጤፍ ወደ 1,050 ብር አሻቅቦ ማግኘታቸውን ይናገራሉ፡፡

ወቅቱ የበልግ ምርት የሚደርስበት በመሆኑ የተወሰነ የዋጋ ቅናሽ መደረግ ሲገባው ያለምንም ምክንያት መጨመሩ እንዳሳሰባቸው የገለጹት ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ፣ ምናልባት “እረኛና ነጋዴ የሚታየው ነገር ይኖራል” በሚል ፍራቻ 420 ብር ይሸጥ የነበረውን ግማሽ ኩንታል ሰርገኛ፣ ማኛ ጤፍ በሚገዙበት ዋጋ ሸምተው መመለሳቸውን ተናግረዋል፡፡

ጤፍ በብዛት በሚሸጥባቸው ሾላ ገበያና አማኑኤል በረንዳ ያነጋገርናቸው ነጋዴዎች እንደገለጹት፣ የጤፍ ዋጋ በተወሰነ መጠን ጨምሯል፡፡ ሸማቾቹ እንደሚሉት ግን የተጋነነ አይደለም ይላሉ፡፡ ክረምት በመሆኑና ከአምራቾች የሚመጣው ምርት በመቀነሱ በኩንታል ከሁለት መቶ ብር ያልበለጠ ጭማሪ ተከስቷል በማለት ያስረዳሉ፡፡ ማኛ አንደኛ ጤፍ በኩንታል 1,700 ብር ድረስ ይሸጣል ነው የሚሉት፡፡ ምናልባት አንዳንድ በመኖሪያ አካባቢዎች የሚገኙ ሽያጭና የወፍጮ ሥራ የሚሠሩ ነጋዴዎች ሊያስወድዱ ስለሚችሉ፣ ነዋሪዎች በየአካባቢያቸው ለሚገኙ የወረዳ ወይም የክፍለ ከተማ አስተዳደርና ለፖሊሶች በመጠቆም ሕገወጥነትን መከላከል እንዳለባቸው አስረድተዋል፡፡

እንደ ወይዘሮ ቀለሟ ሁሉ ሌሎች ነዋሪዎች እንደተናገሩት፣ በርካታ የሰብል ምርቶች ማለትም ስንዴ፣ ገብስ፣ ዱቄት፣ ምስር፣ ለሽሮ የሚሆኑ ጥራጥሬዎች ሳይቀሩ የተወሰነ ዋጋ ጭማሪ ተደርጎባቸዋል፡፡ በጤፍ ላይ ግን በጣም የተጋነነና “ምን ተፈጠረ?” የሚያስብል ጭማሪ መደረጉን ገልጸዋል፡፡

በአንዳንድ አካባቢዎች የጤፍ ዋጋ ንረት ያሰጋቸው ሰዎች ከነጋዴዎቹ ምላሽ በማጣታቸው ለወረዳ ኃላፊዎች ባደረጉት ጥቆማ አንዳንድ መደብሮች ቢታሸጉም፣ በምን ምክንያት እንደሆነ ሳያውቁ በሚቀጥለው ቀን መደብሮቻቸውን ከፍተው በጨመሩት ዋጋ እየሸጡ መሆናቸውን ነዋሪዎች ተናግረዋል፡፡

“ከባድ ጦርነት ሲኖርና ድርቅ መኖሩ ሲነገር ብዙ ሸቀጦችና የእርሻ ምርቶች ይወደዳሉ፤” በማለት የገለጹት አስተያየት ሰጪዎች፣ በአሁኑ ጊዜ ምንም ችግር በሌለበትና ፈጣሪም የተስተካከለ ዝናብና ምርት እየሰጠ ባለበት ጊዜ ዋጋ የሚጨምሩ ነጋዴዎች፣ ሕገወጥ በመሆናቸው ቅጣት ተጥሎባቸው ዋጋቸውን እንዲያስተካክሉ ማድረግ የሚጠበቀው ከአስተዳደሩ መሆኑን ነዋሪዎቹ ተናግረዋል፡፡

በተለይ በጤፍ ላይ የተደረገው ምክንያት አልባ ጭማሪ በአስቸኳይ የማስተካከያ ሕጋዊ ዕርምጃ ካልተወሰደበት፣ ቅጥ ያጣው የግብይት ሥርዓት የበለጠ ዜጎችን ለችግር ይዳርጋል የሚሉ አሉ፡፡ የኑሮ ውድነቱ ሸክም የብዙዎችን ሕይወት እያጎሳቆለ ምክንያት አልባ ጭማሪ ሲመጣ መንግሥት ሕጋዊ ዕርምጀ ካልወሰደ ዜጎችን ማን ይታደጋቸዋል ሲሉም አበክረው ይጠይቃሉ፡፡

ነዋሪዎቹ በተፈጠረው የጤፍ ዋጋ ንረትና በሌሎች ሸቀጦች ላይ እየታየ ላለው የዋጋ ጭማሪ ምክንያቱን እንዲያብራሩልን፣ የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ንግድና ኢንዱስትሪ ቢሮ ኃላፊ አቶ ሽሰማ ገብረ ሥላሴን በተንቀሳቃሽ ስልካቸው ላይ ደውለው ለማግኘት ያደረግነው ሙከራ፣ ስልካቸውን ባለማንሳታቸው አልተሳካልንም፡፡


Staged propaganda about Meles sign of desperation: Obang Metho

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Solidarity Movement for a New Ethiopia (SMNE)

A Letter to Ethiopians

September 5, 2012

Mr. Obang Metho encourages Ethiopians to not be discouraged by the fictionalized legacy of Meles because any government that stages the mourning for its deceased leader is a government in trouble. It is a sign of internal and external weakness and marks the beginning of the end of a dictatorship. The people of Ethiopia should take hold of this opportunity to demand intellectual freedom, rights, justice and a peoples’ government.

My fellow Ethiopians,

 Our difficult journey together with Meles at the helm is over. The official TPLF-controlled mourning for him has ended. Many of you may be worried about the unknown direction of our country following Meles’ death, the infighting among the TPLF insiders for power and the absence of a strong alternative on the ground. There is an answer and it involves you at the grassroots. 

We now need the people of Ethiopia, many of whom have not previously been involved, to take ownership of the direction we take as a people, like has been done successfully in other countries like Benin, Ghana, Zambia and South Africa, in order to ensure that our people—the primary stakeholders of Ethiopia—are controlling and managing our country’s transition from dictatorship to a free and democratic Ethiopia. 

Together we begin a new day; yet, most of us are still reeling from the shock of how Meles’ brutal authoritarian legacy was publically portrayed so glowingly by both insiders and foreigners. What did we expect other than a charade? Probably nothing marked the Meles era more than its creation of a “sham Ethiopia” through pervasive intellectual dishonesty and the destruction of the people and the watchdog institutions meant to challenge it. After this week’s extreme measures to give the pretense that Meles was loved by the people—when he so brutally tyrannized them—should make us, the people, all the more determined to dismantle the foundational pillar of his and other dictatorships—intellectual tyranny. If we do not want to “live a lie,” each of us must start speaking the truth today—it is a powerful weapon against an evil system.

The famous Czech dissident, Vaclav Havel, who later became the country’s first president, wrote in his essay, “The Power of the Powerless,” how the “crust presented by the life of lies is made of strange stuff. As long as it seals off hermetically the entire society, it appears to be made of stone.… [until] a single person breaks the rules of the game, thus exposing it as a game—everything suddenly appears in another light and the whole crust seems then to be made of a tissue on the point of tearing and disintegrating uncontrollably.”

Meles feared intellectual freedom above all threats and waged an unceasing war against it; using his abilities to ruthlessly and systematically attack it from every possible angle. He was effective. It therefore should not surprise us that some of those eulogizing him created an “imaginary” Meles that none of us knew. Meles was a master illusionist, able to persuade or intimidate many to his point of view, carefully “managing” any facts—or voices—from the ground that might “interfere” with achieving his objectives. This was a man who cared so greatly about his image that he brought the “art of deception to a new level.” No wonder his funeral and now his legacy are being so highly staged. The fact that the bogus mourning of Ethiopians could only be accomplished through intimidation, bribery and force is only further evidence of this manufactured legacy. 

As many of our people were forced to cry or to come out to publically mourn his passing, I hear the bitter irony in the stories of some of them. For example, one of those forced to publically weep for Meles was an Anuak mother from Gambella whose son was a victim of the Anuak genocide. As you may recall, the plans for the genocide, called “Operation Sunny Mountain,” began in the presence of Meles in his own office, according to official documents. The local government prevented this mother and others who had lost loved ones from an outward display of sorrow at the time as well as at memorial services as it would have cast a negative light on the regime. When recently ordered to cry for Meles, this mother refused. She said, “I could not cry when my own son was murdered by the Ethiopian National Defense Forces; why would I cry for the man who was in charge of the defense forces?”

In Meles’ fictional Ethiopia—a falsified Ethiopia controlled by a narrow-minded, ethno-centric model of nations and nationalities that denied the people their rights based on ethnicity, rather recognizing their rights based on their humanity—Meles was called a visionary leader and a champion of the poor. Admittedly, some did benefit, particularly those beneficiaries from his own minority ethnic group—7 % of the population—and his own region as well as those chosen as demonstration sites funded by international donors; but outside of these, many Ethiopians are worse off as they have been neglected; or worse yet, they have lost their land and livelihoods to regime cronies and their foreign partners.

 Had many Ethiopians truly been better off because of Meles, Ethiopians would have honestly wept for him without coercion. Those in government jobs and those students attending government schools would have freely mourned rather than been forced to do so on the streets of Addis. Even patients in hospitals were forced from their beds out to the streets. Security agents would not have made lists of people required to cry on the streets if these people would have truly benefited from Meles’ policies.

Others would not have been beaten when they resisted, like the political prisoner who refused to cry inside prison before the cameras of the government-controlled Ethiopian Television station. To the outsider, it may look like Meles had a popular following, but to insiders, it was a demonstration reminiscent of the mourning for North Korean dictator, Kim Jong-Il last December. Deception has been a tool of the government and must be exposed.

 Meles has won the war against intellectual freedom while he lived. Just because he is gone does not mean that the system that promoted and maintained false delusions is gone. The structures supporting this dictatorship—like intellectual dishonesty—must be dismantled and reformed or the movement to freedom and democracy of the people will be hijacked. 

The national crisis in our homeland is not only about one ethnic group, one religious group, one regional group or one political group. For millions of Ethiopians living within the country, every new day brings the harsh realities of life under a system of dictatorship, but today, as never before during this regime, we have an opportunity. The dictator is gone and the system of dictatorship remains, but please understands this very clearly; the system requires the cooperation of millions of Ethiopians to sustain it. Do not do it.

 We have an opportunity before us and if we are ever to see a free and democratic Ethiopia, we must seize what may be our God-given moment to reclaim ownership of our country. We the people of Ethiopia can join together, wherever we are, in restoring truth to our land as the cornerstone of a free society.

When the SMNE was formed in 2008, we envisioned a mission where Ethiopians would not be separated by ethnicity, but where we might all come together by individually and collectively doing our share to solve our common problems as one people and as one family—an Ethiopian family—for we are people who come from the same land, who breath the same air and who have the same thirst for freedom. We have now lived under a dictatorship for forty years and it has brought us to a dead end.

We in the SMNE, along with others, can work on a vision and plan for the country, but without the backing of the people, even Mandela could not lead. Only a force of Ethiopians, demanding their God-given rights by making noise in the public square, will give voice to the people and provide the legitimacy and authority needed for change. It will take a pluralistic voice of all Ethiopians—from every part of our country, from every ethnic group, religious group, and political group—to be heard.

Start by reconciling with your neighbor. Take his or her hand in yours as together we move forward to replace a dictatorial system with a free and democratic Ethiopia. Speak the truth! Expose the lies! Dismantle the criminalization of free speech! Be the single person who breaks the rules of the game! This applies to all Ethiopians, including the TPLF and EPRDF members, not only those opposed to Meles. It includes those who glorified him and who maintained his ethnic-based-apartheid system; for this system is coming to an end. 

We hear the rumblings of the shaken unity of the TPLF/EPRDF from within and know its foundation is crumbling. It is a matter of time before it will collapse. It is like the African tree which only bears such bitter fruit that no one eats it—even the wild animals and birds. Yet, its fruit is so heavy that its weight can break its own branches and bring down the whole tree. The fruit of the tree brings its own destruction by itself. In other words, the sham policies of the TPLF have produced bitter fruit the majority of Ethiopians does not want and its infighting and rejection by the people will soon bring it down by itself. 

Now, the TPLF central committee officials are trying to avoid their demise by refusing to give over power to those outside their own ethnic group. This is seen in their reluctance to appoint Hailemariam Desalegn, the Acting Deputy Prime Minister, as interim prime minister or by even refusing to call him acting prime minister. He is from the wrong tribe and therefore is not trusted by the TPLF inner circle. Meles put him into this position give the charade of diverse ethnic governance for public view, but it is now backfiring on the TPLF.

In conclusion, the TPLF/EPRDF has reached a dead end and has nowhere to go and now the only driver who knew how to quickly maneuver the ethnic train from impending destruction is gone. The collision of the ethnic train with the will of the people is imminent. The only way to rescue Ethiopians, including the TPLF/ERPDF supporters, is through reconciliation and the restoration of intellectual freedom and justice based on mutually beneficial interests.

The SMNE has been working behind the scenes to play a collaborative role in a meaningful people-empowered process to make sure that easy short-cuts do not hijack a movement to a transformed and reformed Ethiopian society.

May God help us, give us courage and protection, and be honored in all we do. May He show us the right road to truth, freedom, justice and reconciliation!

 Your brother in our struggle for a New Ethiopia,

 

Obang Metho,

Executive Director of the SMNE

Email: Obang@solidaritymovement.org.

Website: www.solidaritymovement.org

EPRDF facing leadership crisis (video)

Thursday, September 6th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta, EPRDF (a coalition composed of TPLF, OPDO, ANDM, and SEPDM), is engulfed in leadership crisis after it failed to agree on a new chairman in the wake of Meles Zenawi’s death.

Meles died without putting in place a succession plan, and as a result the ruling junta is facing disintegration, according to observers.

OPDO, ANDM and SEPDM are backing the current acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn to assume both the chairmanship of EPRDF and the prime minister’s position, but the TPLF seems to be having a second thought.

The junta has scheduled another executive committee meeting for next week, allowing TPLF time to elect a new chairman. TPLF leaders are hoping that their new chairman will also become the EPRDF chairman.

The state-run ETV reported (watch below) that the EPRDF meeting focused on the regime’s “growth and transformation plan” (GTP), but what really happened in the meeting was a heated debate on the late dictator’s replacement. It is OPDO-ANDM-SEPDM vs. TPLF, but there seems to be a disagreement even among the TPLF, with Berhane Gebrekristos and Tedros Adhanom leaning toward Hailemariam.

Propaganda chief Bereket Simon and ANDM member, who is now the most senior member of the junta, appears to be playing a dominant role in the EPRDF. He is also fully backing Hailemariam.

ኢሕአዴግና የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቦታ ጉዳይ (VOA)

Wednesday, September 5th, 2012

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዴሞክራሲ ግንባር /ኢህአዴግ/ ሥራ አስፈጻሚ ኮሚቴ መደበኛ ስብሰባ የተለያዩ ውሣኔዎችን አሣልፎ ማክሰኞ፤ ነሐሴ 29 ቀን 2004 ዓ.ም ማምሻውን ተጠናቅቋል። ስብሰባው በተለይ ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ሕልፈት በኋላ ባሁኑ ወቅት «ሀገሪቱን እየመራ ያለው ማነው?» ለሚለው እጅግ አንገብጋቢ ጥያቄ በቂ ምላሽ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ተጠብቆ ነበር።

ትላንት ማታ ባሣለፋቸው ውሣኔዎች ላይ ግን ይህን አስመልክቶ በግልፅ እና በማያሻማ ቋንቋ የተገለፀ ነገር የለም።

የተባለው፥ “… የግንባሩን ሊቀ መንበርና ምክትል ሊቀ መንበር የመሰየም ጉዳይ የግንባሩ ምክር ቤት ሥልጣን በመሆኑ በመስከረም 2005 የመጀመሪያ ሣምንት በሚካሄደው የምክር ቤቱ ስብሰባ እንዲፈፀም የሥራ አስፈፃሚ ኮሚቴው ወስኗል …” ነው።

«ዲሞክራሲ በተግባር ፕሮግራም» ይህንኑ መነሻ ያደረገ ዝግጅት አለው። ሰሎሞን ክፍሌ የሕገ መንግሥት ባለሙያ ጋብዞ አወያይቷል።

ዝግጅቱን ያዳምጡ፡፡

EPRDF meeting adjourned without agreement

Wednesday, September 5th, 2012

The Ethiopian ruling party EPRDF that is made up of 4 organizations held its executive committee meeting on Tuesday, but the meeting was adjourned after the 35 participants failed to agree on a number of issues.

The TPLF was represented by 8 individuals (minus Meles Zenawi), while the other parties, OPDO, SEPDM, and ANDM were represented by 9 members each.

The now leaderless TPLF tried to add a new member in place of Meles, but the other parties, who are becoming increasingly assertive, refused saying that the TPLF must conduct a new election to replace Meles according to the rules.

Hailemariam Desalegn’s appointment as prime minister was not raised at yesterday’s meeting, according to Ethiopian Review sources, but he is said to have the strong backing of OPDO, SEPDM and ANDM.

Yesterday is said to be the first time that the other 3 parties challenged TPLF on any issue. Even though TPLF is not in control of the EPRDF any more, it still controls the security apparatus and the military. The trouble for the TPLF is that those who are in control of the security apparatus such as DebreTsion Gebremichael are more technocrats than politicians who lack the political maneuvering skills that Meles had.

The state-run ETV lied, as expected, that the EPRDF meeting discussed the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP).

Author and journalist Tesfaye Gebreab has more details on the meeting. read here.

In a further sign of division, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has now started to address Hailemariam Desalegn as ‘acting prime minister,’ while other ministries continue to refer to him as deputy prime minister. See a screen shot of the MOA website below [click on the image to enlarge].

EPRDF Executive Committee
1. Meles Zenawi, TPLF
2. Abay Woldu, TPLF
3. Dr Tewodros Adhanom TPLF
4. Tewodros Hagos, TPLF
5. Tsegaye Berhe, TPLF
6. Debretsiyon Gebremikeal, TPLF
7. Azeb Mesfine, TPLF
8. Beyene Mikru, TPLF
9. Abadi Zemo, TPLF
10. Hailemariam Desalegn, SEPDM Chair
11. Shiferawu Shigute, SEPDM Deputy Chair
12. Redwan Husen, SEPDM
13. Ambassader Teshome Toga, SEPDM
14. Mekuria Haile, SEPDM
15. Alemayehu Assefa, SEPDM
16. Debebe Abera, SEPDM
17. Dr Shiferaw Teklemariam, SEPDM
18. Tagese Chafo, SEPDM
19. Demeke Mekonnen, ANDM Chair
20. Gedu Andargachew, ANDM
21. Addisu Legese, ANDM
22. Bereket Simon, ANDM
23. Ayalew Gobeze, ANDM
24. Kassa Tekleberhan, ANDM
25. Tefera Derbew, ANDM
26. Binalf Andualem, ANDM
27. Berhan Hailu, ANDM
28. Alemayehu Atomsa, OPDO Chair
29. Muktar Kedir, OPDO
30. Zelalem Jemaneh, OPDO
31. Girma Biru, OPDO
32. Abadula Gemeda, OPDO
33. Kuma Demekisa, OPDO
34. Sofiyan Ahimed, OPDO
35. Diriba Kuma, OPDO
36. Abdulaziz Mehamed, OPDO

Haile Gebreselassie causes tears to flow in western Ethiopia

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Ethiopian superstar athlete Haile Gebreselassie had been observed squeezing tears from his eyes on the day dictator Meles Zenawi’s death was officially announced on August 21. We all understood that Haile was faking it, and we suspected the reason. Did he really feel sorry for the death of the monster? We believe otherwise, because we have been getting information over the past few years that Haile has been trying to expand his business empire in Ethiopia, but he was facing obstacles from the ruling junta, until he showed up at the EPRDF conference 2 years ago and gave his endorsement. Suddenly, all his problems started to go away, and he completed his resort hotel in Awasa without a hitch.

Haile did not stop there. Recently, he has received 1,500 hectares of forest land (1/10th the size of Washington DC) from the Woyanne junta to grow tea in Sheka Zone, south-western Ethiopia over the objection of local residents.

The local community is terribly saddened by Haile’s plan to convert the forest into a tea plantation, which they believe will cause great harm to the local environment. After quietly, but unsuccessfully, trying to convince Haile to withdraw his plan, representatives of the local population contacted Ethiopian Review with a plea to voice their concern to the people of Ethiopia and the international community. The following is one of the letters they sent to Haile Gebreselassie:

Dear Haile,

We […] received a head-knocking telephone call from Sheka Zone with a disheartening news that you have leased 1500ha of forest land for coffee and tea plantation. The location of your project is Sheka Zone, Yapo Kebele Peasant association, where the mentioned land has never been touched for generations. It is one of few areas that escaped the catastrophe of extinction for centuries. Having been devastated with what we heard and read, we made a call to the mentioned Kebele (Yapo), and one of us were able to speak to one of the community members over the telephone. The community member told us that you have been handed-over a total area of 1500 hectares of land and that you were planning to start the project soon. He also shared with us the reaction of the community. The community clearly told you that they do not want the project and neither are happy with your approach. They refuted the economic benefit of the planned 14 kilometer road and two bridges proposed in your investment project.

Dear Haile,

We are in total disbelief that you plan to cut down our forest for a short term economic benefit. We hope you will take more time and think seriously about the matter. Please do not cause misery and despair for the people of Sheka Zone. […]

Respectfully,

The U.S. wasted two decades empowering one ruthless dictator

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

By Nemera G. Mamo

The death, mourning, and funeral of Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, an ascribed dictator hailed by his supporters as a hero, remained the biggest news story for the second half of August.

Meles was a tyrant who tried to institutionalize authoritarianism and make it acceptable . No one yet knows how he died, but that is part of the secrecy, which shrouded his authoritarian rule. Rumor has it that a blood cancer, brain tumor, liver disease or a cumulative of these conditions caused his early demise.

A lot has been said about the legacy Mr. Zenawi had left behind: both bad and good – by foreign dignitaries, journalists who covered him, and ordinary folks alike. I was particularly moved by one Facebook post from a young man in Minnesota: "It’s like God said to the TPLF, let my people go or else I will bring plague number 10 to all first born [leaders]." It seems like the angels are already clearing the house. The premier’s demise follows the death of powerful Ethiopian Orthodox Church Patriarch, Abune Paulos. The apocalyptic types say there will be many more in the days and moths ahead.

But why didn’t Ethiopians hold Zenawi dear the same way outsiders heaped praises on him?

A Big Man and Darling of the West

Most Ethiopians know why the West backed Zenawi’s regime and why his death is so widely mourned. For nearly two-decades, Western countries considered Ethiopia an influential regional powerhouse for stability and a bulwark against the rise of Islam.

Under Zenawi’s leadership, in a region that lacks both security and stability, Ethiopia became a key partner for the United States, UK and the European Union. The West sees the Horn of Africa as a hotbed of terrorist activities, making it a focal point in the protracted global war on terror.

After establishing a pro-western and anti-Islamist state in one of the most troubled corners of Africa, Zenawi – a former Marxist-Leninist rebel turned autocrat – offered to police the region on West’s behalf, proving himself as a reliable ally who can deliver, even if loathed in some circles as a cunning tyrant.

Zenawi will greatly be missed by the west mostly for his crucial role in fighting Islamic militancy in neighboring Somalia. His death has left politicians and western strategists scratching their heads about who or where to find a dependable partner. All agree that Meles had left a big shoe to fill for his successor, whoever that maybe. No politician in the EPRDF coalition, the ruling party, is poised to sufficiently cope with insistent Western strategic demands as well as mounting domestic pressures. Diplomats quietly whisper, the odds of finding another ‘strongman’ of comparable intellect in Ethiopia are now remote.

The West, especially the United States, failed to invest in Ethiopia’s social, economic and political institutions. They wasted two-decades empowering one dictator and turned blind eyes to civil society’s foul cry. They looked the other way as Zenawi’s regime dismantled domestic opposition and free press but continued to report his regime’s gross human rights violations. Zenawi’s failure to establish a rule of law, an independent judiciary and democratic institutions has put the country on uncertainty course and a possible upheaval, which many now say seems likely.

Under Zenawi’s reign, Ethiopia’s free press environment tightened. The civil society was systematically eliminated. Innocent dissidents asking for basic human rights were indiscriminately harassed, imprisoned, tortured, and even killed. Farmers were forced off their ancestral lands to make way for commercial agro-business. Human Rights Watch says, "in the name of development, the [Ethiopian] government forced some 70,000 farmers and pastoralists off their land into under-serviced villages while agribusiness investors waited in the wings. Local protests might have yielded fairer treatment of the displaced, but government repression made that impossible." Meanwhile, the West continued to praise Zenawi’s role in bringing ‘stability’ to the Horn of Africa and pump foreign aid into his coffers.

On Economy and Human Rights

Zenawi came to power promising democracy but left as a ‘big man’ in many respects comparable to his communist predecessor, Mengistu Hailemariam. Admired by outsiders, Zenawi subjected his own people to an unbearable misery. Many in Ethiopia, who have been coerced by the state to mourn his death over the last two weeks, don’t necessarily see his demise as a tragedy. Even if they could not openly rejoice over his death, millions are celebrating the end of a tyrant – even if in their hearts. Zenawi was a skillful politician, one who mastered the art of western diplomacy. He knew what to say, to whom and how to deal with outsiders. But most Ethiopians harbor strong detest for the surfeit of his arrogance, hypocrisy, and the manners with which he spoke to them through television cameras.

Journalists and politicians acknowledge his efforts to transform the country’s economy, even if not worthy of the heroic accolade. Since winning 99.6 percent of seats in parliament during the 2010 poll, Zenawi used the Growth and Transformation Plan to hush up domestic opposition in the name of development and look outwardly inspirational. He authored book chapters and became an apologetic advocate for China’s developmental state model while criticizing what he called the “ neoliberal paradigm of development.”

In appearance, it was very powerful to convince the outsiders but in reality it is merely a paper tiger. It did not lift the poor out of poverty, as the Obamas would like us to believe. Ethiopia’s poor got even poorer as Zenawi’s cronies like Saudi billionaire Sheik Mohammed Al Amoudi monopolized the economy and became billionaires. Conglomerates like EFFORT, run by Zenawi’s widow, Azeb Mesfin, have accumulated so much wealth while Ethiopia’s poor, the majority, still gets by on less than $2 a day and is chronically food insecure.

Zenawi’s dubious transformational plan aims for sustainable economic development and social justice. However, in 2011, Ethiopia ranked among the bottom poorest countries in the world on UNDP’s Human Development Index (174 out of 184 countries). It also ranked low on the multidimensional poverty index, which measures deprivations from rudimentary services such as health, education and living standard (72.3 percent of the population was in severe poverty).

In recent years, amid continuous rise in living standard, urban and rural population could not withstand the worsening economic environment. Inflation had skyrocketed and remains unbearably high. The national output and income does not sustain domestic demands let alone bringing net foreign exchange from exports. That is the Melesonomics for which he is so highly regarded. Zenawi treated economic growth and development as synonymous, risking confusion. The measure of economic growth in percentages has a misleading behavior, and its power is insignificant. As far as economic welfare theory is concerned, economic growth has negligible impact on the country’s long-term economic progress.

At the absence of independent and robust alternatives, international media and institutions rely on government-provided statistics to tell us about Ethiopia’s miraculous turnaround. But for years, Zenawi tried, unsuccessfully, to convince the people of Ethiopia about his double-digit economic growth.

Former opposition leader and MP, Bulcha Demeksa, once asked Zenawi how on earth Ethiopia secured a double-digit growth rate while having no oil reservoir. Zenawi simply dodged the question and touted his regime’s “ongoing development projects.” Growth rate is not a good indicator of aggregate economic outcome and progress. And evaluation of economic outcome must incorporate development indicators such as human development index, sound policies, institutions, and pro-poor practices.

Human rights, civil society and sustainable development are entwined. Ethiopia is embarked on what has been called a “Development Without Freedom ” model, which ignores the link between human rights, good governance and sustainable development. According to the United Nations , human rights include – “economic, social, cultural, civil, political and environmental rights – that are indivisible, inalienable and universal.” The low poverty score and human development index ranking are concrete evidences of systematic violations of human rights in Ethiopia, which lacks a sustainable development framework. Under Meles, Ethiopia lost numerous opportunities for a real development and risked losing investor confidence – both domestic and foreign.

In all, no matter how the West chooses to remember or eulogize him, Zenawi’s true legacy will endure in the hearts of the people he oppressed – those whose mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters his security forces massacred. Zenawi left behind political and economic institutions that only generated systematic conflict and human rights violations. His death has thrown Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa onto an uncertain path.

If any lesson is worth drawing from the death of another western backed strongman in Africa, it is this: reliance on one-strong man at the expense of investing in institutional development is costly and unsustainable. Only the establishment of genuinely democratic institutions and multiparty political systems could reduce West’s security concerns in Africa. A blind support for undemocratic leaders, as was seen in Zenawi’s case, will only serve to create fragile and precarious stability.

__

*Mamo is a former Assistant Lecturer at University of Gondar, and a recent graduate of London Metropolitan University. He’s currently pursuing a PhD in Economics at the University of Sussex. He can be reached at getnemera@hotmail.com


Possible coup d’etat thwarted, for now

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Ethiopia’s ruling junta is expected to make acting prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn’s fate official today, Tuesday, when EPRDF, the umbrella group led by Tigrean People Liberation Front (TPLF) convenes, according to Ethiopian Review sources.

It is reported that TPLF has already settled on keeping Hailemariam as acting prime minister, while firmly holding on to most of the levers of power. But that is easier wished than done, since, with serpent’s head cut off, the puppet parties in the EPRDF are showing signs of independence and may not rubber-stamp TPLF’s decisions any more.

Ever since Meles disappeared from the scene, a powerful group led by TPLF founder and former chairman Sebhat Nega has been fighting to block Hailamariam’s confirmation as prime minister. Sebhat and many in the TPLF argue that the prime minister’s position should be reserved for the TPLF. However, they seemed to have backed off for now after being pressured by the U.S. Government with an implicit threat of travel ban and other sanctions.

In the mean time, Sebhat is also out to get his nemesis Azeb Mesfin, widow of the later dictator, who pushed him out of the TPLF politburo 2 years ago. In one recent TPLF meeting, Sebhat referred to her as “who is that woman?” She responded by calling him “wodi shermuta,” and stormed out of the meeting, according to Ethiopian Review sources. “Shermuta” was Azeb’s favorite name for her late husband also.

Meles’s Death: Paradoxes and Opportunities

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

By Messay Kebede

Beyond the pathetic and at times ridiculous theatrics of Ethiopians ordered not only to mourn but also to show visible signs of a boundless grief over the death of Meles Zenawi, henceforth advertised as a great and beloved Ethiopian leader, I hear a murmur that increasingly sounds like a condescending laughter. Who is laughing? Perhaps history is laughing at the extraordinary reversal of Meles and the TPLF. When the guerrilla troops of the TPLF marched on Addis Ababa in 1991 and their leaders seized power, they promised freedom and democracy for all the peoples of Ethiopia. After 20 years of total rule, what we observe is people mourning a leader in the North Korean style, that is, the reality of a government that feels entitled to order its people even how to feel.

This is a new landmark: already whatever Ethiopians used to have belongs to the government, including their house, their land, and the schools to which they send their children, just as they are told to which ethnic bantustan they belong and which party they should follow under pain of being demoted to second or even third rate citizens. I would hardly be surprised if the government soon orders Ethiopians who to marry and which religion to adopt. The totalitarian strangle is tightening every day to the point of utter suffocation of what makes their humanity, namely, their ability to govern themselves.

The recent drama of a prolonged and effusive official mourning is deliberately staged to achieve two interrelated results. On the one hand, by demanding that Ethiopians show an outpouring grief over the death of Meles, his successors and followers want to further humiliate them so as to erase any temptation of protest, obvious as it is that a humiliated, broken people is unable to stand up for itself. On the other hand, the submission of the people to the point of manifesting grief over the demise of their oppressor provides his successors with a semblance of legitimacy. The more Meles is glorified and his successors swear to continue his “great” work, the more they acquire the mantle of legitimacy by presenting themselves as his trusted heirs. This borrowed legitimacy is necessary to find some form of acceptance among party members, the military establishment, and the troops.

It should be noted that the strategy could backfire. Indeed, the more Meles is exalted, the less his successors appear as able people. The excessive exaltation of Meles leaves the impression that he did everything by himself, that he was the only decider, planner, and executor. His stature is now so high that his successors look like dwarfs licking his boots. This confirms what Sebhat Nega supposedly said, to wit, that “in his death, Meles took with him the TPLF as well.” Meles’s glory is obtained at the expense of the TPLF and, as repeatedly confirmed by history, the rise of a dictator always undermines his followers. Even though dictatorship was thought necessary to impose the interests of the party, the first loser is always the party in that it creates a force that it can no longer control.

The most stunning reversal is however the fuss aimed at presenting Meles as a great Ethiopian nationalist leader. Meles, who all along ridiculed Ethiopian nationalism, landlocked Ethiopia, fragmented the country into ethnic states, officially and repeatedly stigmatized Ethiopian legacy, even went to the extent of defending the secession of Tigray, is now exalted as a staunch Ethiopian nationalist. What is more, he who defined himself so pompously as a Tigrean nationalist, wanted his funeral ceremony and his burial to take place in Addis Ababa, as though he had nothing to do with Tigray. That the once vehement Tigrean nationalist suddenly found Tigray too small for him represents the apex of paradox. There is after all a winner in the 20 years of wasted rule and it is Ethiopia. The fact that Meles’s body did not even touch the soil of Tigray is his mea culpa and final tribute to Ethiopian nationhood.

Lastly, I have a free advice for Meles’s successors. Instead of trying to find the legitimacy that they lack by hiding behind the ghost of Meles, they should seriously consider the only path that provides them with their own legitimacy. The resolution to continue Meles’s policy is a deadlock and ultimately dangerous for their own survival and interests. To continue the same policy without Meles would require them to be more repressive and totalitarian than Meles ever was, the outcome of which can only be the exasperation of popular unrests. Even if we assume that the EPRDF has the ability to become more repressive, the implementation of the policy will necessitate another “strong man.” And this means back to square one, that is, back to one-man dictatorship with all its risks and restrictions on the ruling party itself. Notably, the rise of such a dictator, assuming it is possible, would come at the cost of the unity of the EPRDF and even of the TPLF.

The only viable path is to correct Meles’s mistake by opening up the political space to opposition forces and by lifting all the restrictions on freedom of speech and organization as well as by liberating all political prisoners. To do so would confer a new legitimacy on Meles’s successors while at the same time removing the possibility of another round of dictatorial rule and reaffirming the unity of the EPRDF and of the various parties that compose it. In other words, both the EPRDF and the TPLF need the participation of opposition forces to regain an internally working democratic condition and preserve their unity.

As things stand now, I see no better way to move in a different direction than to confirm Haile Mariam Desalegn as the new prime minister. More than his status as deputy prime minister, what militates in favor of his confirmation is that he represents the southern peoples and, as such, can intercede between the big competing forces within the EPRDF. This gives him the strategic position to preserve the unity of the party and opens up a space for the participation of the opposition. Let there be no misunderstanding: I am not saying that Haile Mariam is the right person. Some such conclusion would be utterly premature and unfounded on any reliable proof. Rather, I am suggesting that he should be given the benefit of the doubt, given his strategic position. At any rate, we will soon know whether he can take advantage of his position and initiate a new direction.

(The writer can be reached at mkebede1@udayton.edu)

Efforts underway to re-instate former TPLF leaders who were purged by Meles

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Breaking News: Hailemariam Desalegne will be appointed as the new PM of Ethiopia

The Seyum-Bereket Lead group -through direct involvement of US Ambassador- has managed to twist the arms of the splinter group to appoint Hailemariam Desalegne as the country’s next prime minister.
Seyum put the options for the splinter group in a very simple terms, US admin will freeze all kind of assistances if we deny Hailemariam Desalegne the premiership. The US ambassador met privately with Abay Tsehaye who is now leading the Sebhat Nega group and told them that if they continue with their current stand that the position of prime minister should remain within TPLF, they might risk of losing US support.
Now the matter surrounding the premiership is somehow settled and the hot topic within TPLF is weather to re-instate former TPLF leaders who were kicked out from the party by Meles. Abay TSehaye and Arkebe Uqbay and many others are lobbying for reconciliation while Seyum Mesfin and Berhane Gebrekristos would like to see the status quo within TPLF continues. It is believed that this friction could endanger the existence of TPLF once again.


Ethiopia: Time for Radical Improvements

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Alemayehu G Mariam

pp2It is time to bury the hatchet and move forward in Ethiopia! Nelson Mandela taught that “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.” I would add that your enemy also becomes your friend and your ally. Historically, when warring nations of Native Americans made peace with each other, they would bury their axes (hatchets) into the ground as a symbolic expression of the end of hostilities. I say today is the perfect time for all Ethiopians to bury the hatchet of ethnic division, religious sectarianism, regional conflict and human rights violations. It is the perfect time to shake hands, embrace each other and get our noses to the grindstone to build a new democratic Ethiopia where the rule of law is upheld and human rights and democratic institutions respected.

Today, not tomorrow, is the best time to put an end to historic hatreds and resentments and open a new chapter in Ethiopia’s history. Today is the best time to unchain ourselves from the burdens of the past, close the wounds that have festered for generations and declare to future generations that we will no longer be prisoners of resentments of the past. Nelson Mandela said that “Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.” Mandela did not drink from the poison of resentment and managed to outlive most of his “enemies” and is still alive and kicking at 94. But today there is a lot of resentment going around in Ethiopia and in the Ethiopian Diaspora. There is the quiet and despairing resentment of those who feel wounded and defeated by loss. There is the gloating resentment of those who feel victorious and morally vindicated by the loss of others. Then there is the resentment of those who are indifferent because they just don’t care. Today is a great day to say good-bye to historic animosities. Today is a great day to end bitterness, not tomorrow. Reaching out to our adversaries must begin today, not tomorrow. Reconciliation must begin today, not tomorrow. Most importantly, “radical improvements in good governance and democracy” must begin today, not tomorrow.

Let’s Begin Radical Improvements in Good Governance and Democracy Today 

In 2007, the late Meles Zenawi expressed his “hope that [his] legacy” would be not only “sustained and accelerated development that would pull Ethiopia out of the massive deep poverty” but also “radical improvements in terms of good governance and democracy.”  Today is the day to begin in earnest radical improvements in good governance and democracy. These improvements must begin with the release of all political prisoners, repeal of anti-terrorism, civil society and other oppressive laws and declaration of allegiance to the rule of law.

All political prisoners in Ethiopia must be released. Their situation has been amply documented for years in the reports of the U.S. Government, U.N. agencies and various international human rights organizations. The 2011 U.S. State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in Ethiopia (April 2011) documented  “unlawful killings, torture, beating, and abuse and mistreatment of detainees and opposition supporters by security forces, especially special police and local militias, which took aggressive or violent action with evident impunity in numerous instances; poor prison conditions; arbitrary arrest and detention, particularly of suspected sympathizers or members of opposition or insurgent groups; detention without charge and lengthy pretrial detention…”

In its 2010 World Report-Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) concluded that “torture and ill-treatment have been used by Ethiopia’s police, military, and other members of the security forces to punish a spectrum of perceived dissenters, including university students, members of the political opposition, and alleged supporters of insurgent groups… Secret detention facilities and military barracks are most often used by Ethiopian security forces for such activities.”

A report of the U.N. Committee Against Torture (November 2010) expressed “deep concerns about numerous, ongoing and consistent allegations concerning the routine use of torture by the police, prison officers and other members of the security forces, as well as the military, in particular against political dissidents and opposition party members, students, alleged terrorist suspects and alleged supporters of insurgent groups such as the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). It is concerned about credible reports that such acts frequently occur with the participation, at the instigation or with the consent of commanding officers in police stations, detention centers, federal prisons, military bases and in unofficial or secret places of detention.”

It is difficult to accurately establish the number of political prisoners in Ethiopia. International human rights organizations are not allowed  access to political prisoners or to investigate their situation. But various reports provide estimates that vary from several hundreds to tens of thousands. Recent estimates by Genocide Watch peg the number of political prisoners at around one hundred thousand. Political dissidents, critics and opposition leaders continue to be arrested and detained every day. In the past year, an undetermined number of members of the Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement (OFDM) and the Oromo People’s Congress (OPC) have been detained for political reasons. Other opposition parties have reported similar arrests of their members. Alleged members of the Oromo Liberation Front continue to be arrested and detained without charge. In just the past few months, journalists, opposition political leaders and activists, including Andualem Arage, the charismatic vice chairman of the opposition coalition Medrek, Natnael Mekonnen, an official of the Unity for Democracy and Justice Party, the internationally-celebrated journalists Eskinder Nega and Reeyot Alemu, and editor Woubshet Alemu have been sentenced to long prison terms.

Radical improvements in good governance and democracy also require repeal of the so-called  “Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009”.  Over the past few years, this “law” has been used to round up and jail dissidents, journalists and opposition party political leaders as “terrorists.” The law has been condemned by all international human rights organizations.  Human Rights Watch criticized the law as “potent tool for suppressing political opposition and independent criticism of government policy.”  The vaguely drafted  “anti-terrorism law” in fact is not much of a law as it is a velvet gloved iron fist used to smash any opponent of the regime. Speech aimed at “advancing a political, religious or ideological cause” and intending to “influence the government”, “intimidate the public”, “destabilize or destroy the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social institutions of the country” is classified as “terrorism”. Making or publishing statements “likely to be understood as encouraging terrorist acts” is a punishable offense under the “law”.  Anyone who provides “moral support or advice” or has any contact with an individual accused of a terrorist act is presumed to be a terrorist supporter. Anyone who “writes, edits, prints, publishes, publicizes, disseminates, shows, makes to be heard any promotional statements encouraging, supporting or advancing terrorist acts” is deemed a “terrorist”.  A person who “fails to immediately inform or give information or evidence to the police” on a neighbor, co-worker or others s/he may suspect of “terrorism” could face up to 10 years for failure to report. Two or more persons who have contact with a “terror” suspect could be charged with conspiracy to commit “terrorism”.

Under the “anti-terrorism” law, “The police may arrest without court warrant any person whom he reasonably suspects to have committed or is committing terrorism” and hold that person in incommunicado detention. The police can engage in random and “sudden search and seizure” of the person, place or personal effects of anyone suspected of “terrorism”. The police can “intercept, install or conduct surveillance on the telephone, fax, radio, internet, electronic, postal, and similar communications” of a person suspected of terrorism. The police can order “any government institution, official, bank, or a private organization or an individual” to turn over documents, evidence and information on a “terror” suspect. A “terror” suspect can be held in custody without charge for up to “four months”. Any “evidence” presented by the regime’s prosecutor against a “terror” suspect in “court” is admissible, including “confessions” (extracted by torture), “hearsay”, “indirect, digital and electronic evidences” and “intelligence reports even if the report does not disclose the source or the method it was gathered (including evidence obtained by torture).

As I have previously commented, the “anti-terrorism” law criminalizes democratic civic existence itself: “Thinking is terrorism. Dissent is terrorism. Speaking truth to power is terrorism. Having a conscience is terrorism. Peaceful protest is terrorism. Refusing to sell out one’s soul is terrorism. Standing up for democracy and human rights is terrorism. Defending the rule of law is terrorism. Peaceful resistance of state terrorism is terrorism. But one must be reasonable about “terrorism”. Nelson Mandela was jailed for 27 years as a “terrorist” by the Apartheid regime in South Africa. Following his release, he said, “I was called a terrorist yesterday, but when I came out of jail, many people embraced me, including my enemies, and that is what I normally tell other people who say those who are struggling for liberation in their country are terrorists. I tell them that I was also a terrorist yesterday, but, today, I am admired by the very people who said I was one.” The “antiterrorism law” must be repealed.

The so-called  Charities and Societies Proclamation No. 621/2009 must be repealed. This “law” has been severely criticized by all of the major international human rights organizations.  Among its draconian elements include prohibitions on foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from engaging in human rights and democratic advocacy activities in Ethiopia including advocacy of gender and religious equality, conflict resolution or justice system and electoral reform. A local NGO that receives more than ten percent of its funding from foreign sources is considered “foreign”. Since few Ethiopian NGOs are financially self-sufficient, the vast majority depend significantly on foreign sources for their funding. This law has effectively put them out of business. The law allows an administrative body to have final authority over NGO disputes by granting it broad discretion to deny, suspend or revoke the registration of any NGO. Criminal sanctions and fines are also provided for violations of the law exposing NGO officials, members, volunteers and service recipients. Moreover, this law flagrantly violates various sections of the Ethiopian Constitution dealing with freedom of expression, assembly and association as has been pointed out by various human rights organizations.

Ethiopia today stands at the crossroads. It can march forward into democracy by taking confident steps that begin radical improvements in good governance and democracy. Or Ethiopia can continue to slide backwards and deeper into the vortex of dictatorship. Or it can free fall into chaos and strife. The choice is ours to make. There are important lessons to be learned by all. Those in power should be mindful that “making peaceful revolution impossible is making violent revolution inevitable.” Others should heed the message of Dr. Martin Luther King who once told the great Harry Belafonte his concerns about racial desegregation and its potential consequences: “I fear, I am integrating my people into a burning house,” wondered Dr. King metaphorically referring to the potential for racial conflict and strife that could result from outlawing discrimination. Belafonte, somewhat taken aback asked Dr. King, “What should we do?” Dr. King told him that we should “become the firemen [and] not stand by and let the house burn.’” We all need to be Ethiopian firemen and firewomen and begin “radical improvements in good governance and democracy” today, not tomorrow!!

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at: http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic and http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

Previous commentaries by the author are available at: http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/  and www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

 

Susan Rice, you are the idiot

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

Ambassador Susan Rice, who led the U.S. delegation to Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral on Sunday, has said this:

Of course he had little patience for fools, or idiots, as he liked to call them.”

There is no doubt that she was referring to Meles’s opponents, the opposition groups.

Susan Rice, you are the one who is idiot to have been fooled by a riffraff, tinpot dictator like Meles Zenawi. May be you have not been fooled at all. May be you wanted to be fooled, as the great Ana Gomez, member of the European Parliament, and a true champion of freedom, has described individuals like you who promote dictators around the world. You are a lost case, so there is no need to try to educate you about who Meles was. But your bosses at the State Department and the While House might want to know. Here it is:

1. Meles was leader of a rebel group, TPLF, that used to kidnap foreigners for ransom. In the definition of the U.S. Government, that would make him a terrorist. [read]

2. Meles was engaged in a war of mass terror and genocide in Gambela and Ogaden. This makes him a genocidal dictator. [read here, here, and here]

3. Meles ordered his security forces to shoot and kill pro-democracy protestors in 2005. This makes him a mass murderer. [read here]

We can list thousands of similar crimes that have been committed by Meles Zenawi, but the above 3 alone would have been enough to bring him to justice. It is this dictator whose hands are soaked with the blood of hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians that Susan Rice referred to us a dear friend.

Shame on President Obama for sending this morally bankrupt person to represent the United States of America and insult the people of Ethiopia. You can stop counting on the 50,000+ Ethiopian votes in Virginia, which is one of the must-win states for you.

The cause of Meles Zenawi’s death and its import

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

By Selam Beyene

In the absence of a legitimate autopsy report, a death certificate or a credible official statement relating to the reason behind the hospitalization and eventual death of the former ruler of one of the most populous countries in Africa, there are compelling medical and circumstantial arguments to suggest that the episode of May 18, 2012, in which the valiant Abebe Gellaw confronted Zenawi, might have played a major role in accelerating the demise of the dictator.

Prior to August 21, 2012, when the TPLF cadres that are currently terrorizing the country announced his death, Zenawi had not been seen in public for several weeks, and there had only been conflicting reports about his conditions or whereabouts issued by the Woyanne propaganda machinery.

Nonetheless, there were several pieces of circumstantial evidence that indicated the deteriorating condition of Zenawi’s health in the aftermath of the May18th encounter with Abebe Gellaw. Most notably, immediately after the confrontation, Zenawi reportedly failed to attend a function at the Ethiopian Embassy in Washington, D.C., that was organized to express gratitude to his followers in the Diaspora. A few weeks later, he was seen as a ghost-like creature during his meeting with Chinese officials at the G20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico. The final confirmation of his ailment later came when he failed to attend an African Union summit in Addis Ababa in July.

While there is no conclusive medical evidence to indicate that shock can actually kill a person, there is ample literature to surmise that it can impact the cardiovascular system, and thereby exacerbate a deteriorating or compromised condition leading to death.

In the medical literature, fear and stress are known to cause substantial biochemical conflicts between the sympathetic and parasympathetic responses when a person is faced with an imminent danger, the so-called fight-or-flight phenomenon. In particular, shock, as an extreme stress reaction, ensues when the stress level is so high that the endocrine and nervous systems are unable to cope with the circumstance. People who have underlying health problems may, therefore, experience fatalities as a result of the exacerbation of these conditions.

In their book, Gleitman et al. (2004)[1] report that, in the face of extreme stress, catecholamine hormones, such as adrenaline, trigger physical reactions, including acceleration of heart and lung action, constriction of blood vessels, and shaking. For someone with cardiovascular problems, a huge release of catecholamines can lead to instant or eventual death.

Some of the above events were, of course, observed in Zenawi’s reaction to the unexpected challenge by Gellaw. In one of his weekly commentaries, Alemayehu G. Mariam poetically captured the moment as follows:

“…. For seven seconds, the mighty Zenawi zoned out into a catatonic trance like the patrons of opium dens. For a fleeting moment, he seemed almost comatose. His head was bowed, his back hunched, his chin drooped, his lips quivered and his eyes gazed vacantly at the floor just like the criminal defendant who got handed a life sentence or worse. A close-up video showed him breathing heavily, almost semi-hyperventilating. His pectoral muscles heaved spastically under his shirt. An imminent cardiac event?” [2]

For a dictator who, distrusting the people he ruled with an iron fist, had insulated himself with one of the most skilled and highly armed protective security details in the world; for a dictator who, out fear and insecurity, had never interacted or mingled with the people that he had so despised, mocked and disparaged during his two decades of tyranny; the sudden outburst of such dreaded phrases as “Meles Zenawi is a dictator!” in that world forum was a shocking experience that his frail body had not been accustomed to or able to withstand.

Although the secretive TPLF ruling party never revealed the general health condition of the dictator while he was in office, rumors did abound about his poor health resulting from a slapdash life-style, including smoking, drinking and other substance abuse – all risk factors for cardiovascular and oncological complications.

In view of the indirect association of death and shock in a compromised person, and given the poor state of Zenawi’s health prior to the event, it is not beyond the realm of possibilities to surmise that the May 18th confrontation might have contributed to his death.

If Gellaw’s heroic action had a role in the death of the dictator, then it would explain in part why the TPLF cadres kept the condition of the late dictator and the bona fide cause of his death a highly guarded secret. Manifestly, any suggestion that the event of May 18th contributed to the demise of the dictator would hearten others to follow suit and challenge the repressive rule of the TPLF. Most importantly, if there was the perspicacity that one person could contribute in a momentous way to bring down a vicious dictator, despite his ostensibly impenetrable security details, the millions of oppressed citizens would be emboldened and an organized mass uprising would be inevitable to end the monopoly enjoyed by the minority thugs on the nation’s political and military power structure and scarce resources.

The North Korean style funeral ceremony and the idolization of the deceased is also part of an overall orchestrated stratagem to demonstrate spurious invincibility and to thwart any semblance of vulnerability. The attempt to paint a larger-than-life picture of the deceased despot, and the much advertized claim that he was a respected leader in the world forum is, of course, at variance with the low esteem in which the despot was held by world leaders in private conversations. As revealed in the United States diplomatic cables leak, he was in fact a light weight in the eyes of diplomats and heads of states. Contrary to the myth propagated by his henchmen, in the opinion of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, for example, he was an “economic illiterate”, while in the assessment of George W. Bush he was nothing more than “an errand boy”. What the TPLF cadres are doing in his death validates what Former US ambassador Donald Yamamoto observed when the dictator was alive: a “democratic deficit” example, and someone “begging to get world attention to have his ideologies acceptable.” [3]

The death of the dictator a short while after his encounter with Abebe Gellaw may serve both as a metaphor and as a template for the demise of tyranny in Ethiopia. Authoritarianism inherently is an aberration in human society, and hence a sick political system. So, as in the case of Zenawi, a major shock could unavoidably trigger the collapse of the system, as has been recently observed in the Middle East and other regions ruled by tyrants. This shock could come in the form of popular uprisings, concerted resistance by the people, organized lobbying by the Diaspora to cut the supply line of foreign aid, or internal fractures spearheaded by pro-democratic factions.

The only way out of this predicament for TPLF rulers is to recognize and respect the will of the people to live in freedom and liberty. In the short term, they should open up the political space and invite all opposition leaders for a genuine dialog to chart a framework for a democratic Ethiopia in which individual rights will be unconditionally respected, and all citizens will have equal opportunities in the pursuit of happiness and determination of the government of their choice.

If the TPLF insists in propagating the failed autocratic, ethnic-based and corrupt policies of the late dictator, then all freedom loving Ethiopians back home and in the Diaspora should rise in unity and give the aberrant system a shock from which it will never recover. It is a mathematical impossibility for a minority group to dream it would be able to perpetuate its repression over eighty million people for much longer.

It is time for the West to refrain from continuing to nurture the activities of a criminal regime and derailing the aspirations of the people to live in freedom and prosperity. In this regard, pro-democracy groups and individuals in the Diaspora have a historic role to play and influence donor nations and institutions.

* Henry Gleitman, Alan J. Fridlund and Daniel Reisberg (2004). Psychology (6 ed.). W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-97767-6.)
* http://addisvoice.com/2012/05/ethiopia-meles-speechless/
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contents_of_the_United_States_diplomatic_cables_leak_(Region_%E2%80%94_Africa)#Ethiopia

(Selam Beyene,PhD, can be reached at Beyene50@gmail.com)

Susan Rice brings shame and dishonor to the United States (video)

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

The speech given by U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice today at Meles Zenawi’s funeral was full of lies that she brought dishonor and shame to the United States. Her speech was also an insult to the people of Ethiopia who have been terrorized by her friend, the late dictator Meles Zenawi. Even his own wife Azeb Mesfin did not try to portray Meles a messiah. Let’s look at briefly the record of what Susan described as a great, brilliant leader, a savior of Ethiopia and Africa: Meles Zenawi turned Ethiopia from a 3rd world country into a 4th or 5th world country where he himself could not get medical treatment. Under Meles’s 21-years of rule, Ethiopia has one of the highest unemployment rate. Ethiopia continues to be one of the top ten poorest countries in the world. Ethiopia under Meles has the lowest per capita usage of the internet in Africa, even worse that the stateless Somalia. Over ten million Ethiopian children are terribly malnourished. Over 30% of Ethiopia’s budget is covered by aid from the U.S. and EU. Without $3 billion in annual assistance for donor nations, Meles Zenawi’s regime could not have lasted 6 months. And worst of all, Meles Zenawi is a genocidal dictator who burned entire villages in Ogaden, committed atrocities in Gambella, leased millions of hectares fertile Ethiopian land to foreign investors at basement bargain prices, displaced 2 million Somalians, incited ethnic and religious clashes, ordered the killings of pro-democracy protesters, made torture a common practice in Ethiopian prisons, to mention just some of his misdeeds and crimes. Meles’s hands are soaked with the blood of countless innocent Ethiopians and Somalians. It is this mass murderer, thug, mental midget, scumbag that Susan Rice portrayed as an angel in her speech at his funeral today. Listen below:

Azeb Mesfin speech at the late dictator Meles Zenawi funeral (video)

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

ENTC special event in Washington DC today, Saturday

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council will hold a special event in Washington DC today to raise funds for its organizing effort in Ethiopia. Click here for more info.

Hailemariam Desalegn demoted to deputy PM

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012


Acting prime minister of Ethiopia Hailemariam Desalegn was introduced as deputy prime minister today at the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral by the TPLF junta officials, while foreign leaders such as South African president Jacob Zuma and South Sudan president Salva Kiir Mayardit addressed him as ‘acting prime minister.’ Head of the U.S. delegation, Amb. Susan Rice, also addressed him as ‘acting prime minister.’

When Meles’s death was announced on August 21, the TPLF junta’s propaganda chief Bereket Simon had stated that Hailemariam has taken over as acting prime minister. A couple of days later, the parliamentary meeting that would formalize his appointment was abruptly called off.

This is one of the first major signs of the ongoing campaign to deny Hailemariam the prime minister’s position by some factions in the ruling party, including Meles’s wife Azeb Mesfin.

By the way, where was ‘President’ Girma Woldegiorgis? He was no where to be seen during the entire funeral proceeding.

Also, Susan Rice’s speech was so disgusting that it was hard to watch. She is a damn liar.

ETV live broadcast of late dictator’s funeral

Sunday, September 2nd, 2012

Why didn’t Meles Zenawi get medical treatment in Ethiopia? (San Francisco Chronicle)

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

By Joel Brinkley | San Francisco Chronicle

Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia’s dictator, died last month – in a Brussels hospital. Why didn’t he get medical care at home? Look at the state of his people’s health, and you’ll understand.

The government provides vaccinations for only 5 percent of the children. Fewer still receive antibiotics when they contract pneumonia. Only 20 percent of teenage girls are educated about AIDS. Is it any wonder that Ethiopia’s average life expectancy is 56 – among the world’s lowest?

Eleven years ago, 53 African nations signed a pledge to spend at least 15 percent of their national budgets on health care. Almost no nation has lived up to that. Right now, Ethiopia dedicates 3.6 percent of its budget to health. So no one was surprised when the president went abroad for care.

In fact, across the developing world, whenever a president or potentate gets sick, he travels to a more developed state for care. That boldly displays the heedless view these leaders have of their own people. Perhaps if they were required to use their own hospitals, they might be more inclined to improve them.

Many of these reprobates find they can’t step on the plane as blithely as Zenawi did. To get away often requires stealth and deceit.

Not long ago, Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistan’s president, wanted to go abroad for an unspecified, apparently minor health issue. So he directed doctors at a Karachi hospital to forge a report saying he had a more significant illness: prostate cancer. Dr. Ghayur Ayub, a former national director general of health, had a look at the lab results and on his blog declared the diagnosis “ludicrous.” Zardari left anyway.

Last year, he decided to spend some time in Dubai. His spokesmen said he’d gone to visit his children. But that was proved to be a lie after he entered a hospital. The rambunctious Pakistani press declared that he was being treated for a host of different problems: a heart attack, a clot in his neck, a dangerous reaction to medicine.

After he’d been away two weeks, the news media began writing about the political message Zardari was sending. Pulse International, Pakistan’s most prominent medical journal, wrote that Zardari’s trip demonstrated a “lack of trust and confidence in Pakistani healthcare professionals and healthcare institutions.” It turned out he’d had a minor stroke.

Zardari is hardly alone. Since Hugo Chavez, the Venezuelan strongman, took office in 1999, he has bragged ceaselessly about improving health care for his people. But when he contracted cancer, he flew off to Cuba – twice. That’s a telling statement about Venezuelan medicine. Cuban doctors say they earn about $24 a month.

In Venezuela, rumors are rife that Chavez’s cancer is terminal, though he denies that. Is he lying? You decide. Chavez suddenly decided to build a $140 million mausoleum for Simon Bolivar, the 19th century political and military leader Chavez reveres. The Venezuelan press notes that the building has room for at least one more resident.

Hun Sen, Cambodia’s prime minister, visited constituents a while back and noted that he had a minor wound needing treatment. He insisted that only when “doctors in Cambodia say they cannot deal with it will I go to a hospital abroad.” He failed to note that a few years earlier he had traveled to Tokyo for what the government said was a two-day “checkup.” Cambodian doctors aren’t capable of even that? Like the other leaders who travel abroad, health and welfare conditions in his country are no better than those in Ethiopia.

But in Saudi Arabia, an exceedingly wealthy state, Prince Nayef said he was traveling abroad for “medical tests” last spring. He was gone a month and said he’d been in a Cleveland hospital but provided no other details. He died in June – in a Geneva hospital.

Dictators always seem to be traveling abroad for simple tests or checkups. Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan’s president, insisted he was in a German hospital for a “checkup” last year – though he had issued a press release saying, “I suggest everyone have routine checkups here in Kazakhstan.” A German paper reported that he was treated for prostate cancer.

This spring, a South African newspaper reported that government leaders from Malawi, Gabon, Togo, Nigeria and Tanzania all had died in foreign hospitals. The paper then made a note of a fact that every one of those leaders’ constituents ought to stand up and shout about: These heads of state “prefer to pour taxpayers’ money into overseas medical facilities rather than spending it on improving health care at home.”

Joel Brinkley, a professor of journalism at Stanford University, is a Pulitzer Prize-winning former foreign correspondent for the New York Times.

TPLF media fabricates news of Meles’ burial one day in advance

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

The Reporter, a TPLF-affiliated local newspaper, reports that the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi has been buried, even though the burial will actually take place tomorrow, Sunday. This is how the TPLF media fabricates news. They prepare news about events before the actual events have even taken place.

The editor, Amare Aregawi, might have inadvertently pressed the ‘publish’ button instead of the ‘draft’ button after writing the news and that could be how it appeared on the web site two days in advance.

We have taken a screenshot of the webpage where the fabricated ‘news’ appeared, and as expected, a few minutes later the page was removed. See the screenshot below.

[Click on the image to enlarge]
Meles Zenawi buried... before he was buried

[Click on the image to enlarge]
Meles Zenawi buried... before he was buried

The late dictator’s funeral scaled down because of security concerns

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

The late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral Sunday has been scaled down because of security threats, according to an Ethiopian Review correspondent in Addis Ababa.

The gathering for the funeral at the Addis Ababa Holy Trinity Cathedral has also been reduced to a small number of foreign dignitaries and senior members of the ruling party, while the people are being ordered to go to the various tents that has been set up through out Addis Ababa and watch the ceremony on TV.

meles zenawi funeral tent addis ababa

The number of people coming from other regions of Ethiopia for the funeral has also been reduced to 200 per region.

The main fear on the part of the junta is that a riot could break out if there is a large crowd and things could easily get out of hand.

It is not clear where Meles Zenwi will be buried, but we have been informed that it will not be at the Holy Trinity cemetery.  There is a wide spread speculation that his body is placed inside a freezer at a secure location and may be set to this birth place, Adwa.

This is an extremely stressful time for the TPLF junta. … stay tuned for updates.

Death and drama in Ethiopia

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

By Yilma Bekele
I am hoping this is the last discussion about our emotional response regarding the disappearance then death of Ato Meles Zenawi. As controversial and in your face individual he was alive his death has brought drama, division and ugliness to our life. The person is refusing to go away in silence and dignity. I am very much conflicted about his going away. First and foremost I want to make it clear that I am definitely not sad at all. It is not because I am inhuman or lack empathy. Far from that, I consider myself caring and always concerned about others.

When it comes to Meles Zenawi my blood turns ice cold. It is not because of any of his physical traits but rather it is all about his record as the Prime Minter of my motherland. How he used his office and the power it comes with it is how I judge the individual. By all accounts he was not a pleasant human being and for over twenty years he rode rough on our poor nation and seemed to enjoy the wanton destruction he visited on his people. When I think of him what I visualize in my head are memories that bring negativity, sadness and rage.

I remember his constant put down of anyone that dares to ask a question not to his liking, the display of that stupid smirk on his face knowing the individual dare not confront him or else. I will not forget his cold blooded response after murdering over two hundred fellow citizens because they marched in peace because he cheated. His non-challant response to a reporter regarding the health of Judge Bertukan Mideksa whom he threw in jail for no reason by joking she is fine except she might have gained a few kilos and the display of that same smirk on his face is etched in my brain forever. Meles Zenawi was a despicable human being, a mad person that should not be trusted with authority over a family let alone a nation.
The current cry fest sponsored by his fellow criminals even after his demise is what worries me. In Ethiopia they are using the power they accumulated the last twenty years to assert their authority. The citizen is at the mercy of the TPLF mafia. Land belongs to the government, the regime is the number one employer in the country and such essential items as flour, sugar, oil and others are regulated by the dreaded kebeles. The average Ethiopian is a prisoner in his own land. There should be no surprise if they cry when told, march when ordered and ask how high when instructed to jump. It is sad but true. The fact they are obeying the instructions of the TPLF cadres does not mean they agree or are convinced. No deep inside they are laughing and bidding for time. Our people are not stupid nor cowards but they are not into suicide either. They are like mount Zukala volcano, dormant but not extinct.

The Ethiopians in the Diaspora are a different matter. There are those from the regime’s ethnic group that will support the regime due to commonality of interest. Most have vested interest in the survival of the TPLF regime. Then there are those that have used their dollar power to buy stolen land, stolen property and are intricately connected to the ruling party. They are the ones that are easily coopted or blackmailed into obedience. A vast majority have their head in the sand and refuse to hear or see no evil. They wait for the most opportune time to see who will come ahead and join the parade. They are sometimes called the silent majority. Unfortunately their silence works against themselves and the loved ones they left behind.

It is the combination of the TPLF party sympathizers and their puppies they keep on a leash that are making noise regarding holding a cry fest in the Diaspora community. A few of them rent a hall or a community center get their video or picture taken to be beamed by Woyane media at home. The purpose is to show the Ethiopian people that their power and hold extends in the Diaspora community. It is another form of bullying. We saw that during their campaign to raise money in the so called dam on Abbay river. In the Ponzi scheme meeting held in our city over ninety five percent of the participants were from the ruling ethnic group. The cry fest is the same crap in a different guise.

The problem for us is this drama they concoct takes us away from the job at hand. It is vintage Woyane tactic to send us on a wild goose chase while they do their homework. If you notice they took a month to declare the tyrant dead. They used the month to call meetings of their party, the Kebeles and underlings to prepare the ground for country wide mourning. We used that time to speculate whether he is dead or alive, what hospital he is in, where his wife is spotted and discuss the many ramblings of Sebhat Nega. It was a useless digression.

We are at it again. The discussion is on the drama beamed by Woyane TV regarding who has been taken prisoner and made to cry or swear allegiance. We get worked over when we see Haile sobbing, Neway bending some other idiot in designer black silk cloth taken hostage and putting a show. We are programed to follow.

While we are wasting valuable time and energy on side issues Woyane’s are working in the background to shore up support and hold the structure from falling. Speculation is rife with Obama calling Hailemariam, Azeb snubbing Hailemariam, Sebhat under house arrest, Samora dying and Seyoum weak. I still have not seen any of our so called opposition calling for a country wide discussion where we should be heading and some kind of list of points we should be thinking about. Leadership is all about putting your preferences, your thoughts and your plans so the citizen can mull over the possibilities and make an informed decision. Always pointing out Woyane’s atrocities, wrong doings and Woyane’s plans is not a winning strategy.

The question facing our Woyane warriors is what comes next Monday. The drama is done and over and poor Meles is six foot under, what comes next. We just can’t continue with no one in charge. For the last two months Ethiopia and Somalia have been the only two countries operating without a known leadership in charge. We are on what is known as auto pilot. I don’t know if this is good and healthy. One thing is for sure it has not been tried before. In most previous situation the void is normally filled by regional warlords. Are we reverting to that?

Right now the foreign reserve has been depleted; commerce has been on hold for over a month and the two weeks mourning period has brought the poor economy to standstill. The noveau capitalists have been either hording dollars or transferring it outside the country.

How does the new regime afford buying fuel, buying wheat and oil and still pay all the millions borrowed by Meles? What happens to all the contracts signed by Meles selling different parts of the country? Do the new Kilil heads accept the one sided agreements dictated by the then strong TPLF or demand a new form of contract? Are the American and European enablers willing to allow more borrowing from IMF and World bank for a regime that does not show promise of staying stable? What kind of demands are they going to present now knowing they have a weak and divided central authority? Last time their solution caused us agony for twenty years are they going to screw us again?

Issues like this is what we should be discussing about instead of inner fighting and speculation regarding the health of dying Woyanes. We seem to fall into a trap set by the mafia group and waste time and money. We need to grow up and stick to issues that will help our country and people and mind our own business instead of being led astray by others that have their selfish needs.

It is time we bury Meles and his toxic ideas and move forward. It is time we decide the agenda instead of following one drawn by TPLF. It is time we completely ignore Woyane drama do what we got to do to define our issues and stick with the plan. My wish, my plan is that I do not mention you know who for ever and ever and completely wipe his face and memory from my brain. No need to dwell on a history that is only twenty years old while my country has over three thousand years of glory. He was a stain but a very tiny and insignificant one.

Addis Ababa in a somber mood as the dictator’s burial looms

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: There is a total clampdown on the independent press in Ethiopia. Even foreign correspondents are working under constant threats, frequently being called into Bereket Simon’s office to be threatened with expulsion from the country. In the report below by William Davison of Bloomberg, we removed all the junk that he was forced to add to his report in order to placate the junta and kept only the few hard facts.

By William Davison

ADDIS ABABA (Bloomberg) — [ … ] Throughout the capital, the mood is somber as Sunday’s funeral looms. Normally deafening bars keep stereos switched off. State television offers blanket coverage of the mourning. There are few outliers. An articulate young journalist – as appreciative of Meles’s rules as millions of his compatriots – reports on Facebook of the intimidation he suffered when he sat on a poster of the premier outside the palace after paying his respects to Meles.

“I was mad that my respect for the late PM could be simplified by the manner I treated a poster,” he writes.

One individual was hauled to a police station for disrespectfully listening to music on headphones, another user alleges below. […]

In an afternoon of stalking the mini-city of flats freshly hoisted by the government and now cluttered with barbers, bars, grocery stores and hordes of people, just one person expresses some doubt. “The EPRDF [Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front] is one party. They dominate everything,” a Russian-educated trader says in perfect English about the Meles-led ruling coalition. “There is no freedom for journalists. A lot of them are in prison.” Those would include dissident Ethiopian writer Eskinder Nega, who was recently sentenced to 18 years in prison for terrorism offenses.

The trader then requests to remain anonymous.

The system’s excesses are also on public display. The mobilization skills of the 6 million-strong party, previously used to permeate state and society, bolster crushing election victories, and encourage donations for Meles’s political masterstroke, the damming of the Nile, are in overdrive. Colleagues cannot travel to Addis Ababa for a meeting next week, one individual informs: all public transport is tied up busing people in for the funeral. Teams of government workers were parading through central Addis Aug. 31, chanting slogans and brandishing placards about the necessity to keep Meles’s dream alive.

The dynamics are similar to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam fundraising campaign: Both Meles and the Nile hydropower project – which signaled Ethiopia’s intention to use a huge asset historically monopolized by Egypt – would be staggeringly popular without any leverage being applied by the EPRDF’s leaders and cadres; yet they still turn the screw in order to strengthen their grip on power.

Critics sneer at some of the party’s alleged tactics: “they’re all receiving per diems”; “homeless beggars on television are praising Meles”; “they’re wheeling the sick out of hospital to join the crowds.”

A leaked letter purportedly from university administrators demanding that staff attend a mourning ceremony makes its way round the Web. “Got it. The North Korean comparisons are justified,” pontificated a media advocate from New York, suggesting that the mourning was not sincere.

But Kemal indicates otherwise. “I cried. Nobody pushed me, nobody paid me. I cried,” he volunteers about his response to Meles’s death.

[…] Away from the public pomp, nervous Ethiopians and Addis’s chattering classes opine that the future is uncertain. Very little is known about the inner workings of an opaque ruling party. Only time will tell whether its stability and thus the country’s is wrecked by factional squabbling. Only the years and decades to come will define his legacy […]

U.S. gives cold shoulder to TPLF junta by sending an ambassador to Meles’ funeral

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

TPLF junta officials in Ethiopia are fuming over the decision by the U.S. Government to send Ambassador Susan Rice, instead of the vice president or the secretary of state, or another more high-profile official, to the late dictator Meles Zenawi’s funeral according to Ethiopian Review Intelligence Unit sources.

Apparently, the idiots believe their own propaganda that Meles is the greatest leader Africa has ever had. The U.S. is indirectly telling them, no he was a disposable tin-pot dictator.

The U.S. seems to have more respect for the late Ghanaian president Atta Mills who died in July. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton represented the U.S. Government at his funeral.

Town-hall meeting on post-Meles EPRDF regime

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Netsanet LeEthiopia Radio will hold a town hall discussion in Washington DC on post-Meles EPRDF regime in Ethiopia this coming Sunday, September 23, 2012. See the poster below for more info:

Ethiopians in Houston prepare to confront Meles cry-fest participants

Friday, August 31st, 2012

Brave Ethiopians in Houston, Texas, prepare to confront supporters of the late dictator Meles Zenawi at a mass crying festival they have organized for Saturday (see more details here). The following paper has been distributed throughout Houston today by patriotic Ethiopians. Bravo Houston!

[Click to enlarge]

Meles funeral could turn into a violent riot – analysis

Friday, August 31st, 2012

Ethiopian security chief Getachew, police chief Hassen Shifa, and EDF chief of staff Samora are very concerned that the mass funeral attendance might get exploited by “ anti peace forces” to turn it into “uncontrollable” pandemonium. Samora’s solution to such eventuality is to flood Addis with close to one division elite army recently mobilized from the country’s tense region in the north. Snipers are stationed at every available high rising building in the city to kill any suspected person instantly.
It is believed that more than a dozen head of states will attend Meles’ funeral and most countries will be represented by their foreign ministers and resident ambassadors. If everything goes according plan, Addis Abeba –being the second most diplomat populated capital of the world, will enable funeral organizers to boost that Meles’ funeral will be breaking World Genius records for being attended by most diplomats from around the world. There is high risk that comes with such ambitious events i.e., securing the safety of the head of states , delegates and citizens. The organizers are striving to break the record held by Egypt’s Anwar Sadat’s funeral that was attended by millions of Egyptians and record number of delegations from around the world. If Ethiopia’s security officials’ fear got materialized, TPLF regime and Meles will be laid to rest on the same ground on that fateful Sunday!


Zambia court sentenced 11 Ethiopians to 15 years in jail for illegal entering the country

Friday, August 31st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: Why are these Ethiopians fleeing the paradise in their own country that was created by the great leader Meles Zenawi, the Moses of Ethiopia?

(Times of Zambia) — ELEVEN Ethiopians have been sentenced to 15 years imprisonment each with hard labor after they pleaded guilty to the offence of entering Zambia illegally.

The Lusaka High Court sentenced the 11 who included a woman yesterday after the 11 took plea to the offence which is contrary to the Laws of Zambia.

The 11 had also been sentenced to nine, six and three months for admitting the charge of failing to appear before the nearest Immigration office upon entering Zambia, contrary to the Immigration and Deportation Act.

The convicts who had been in custody would have their sentences run from the day of arrest in December last year.

High Court judge Mungeni Mulenga, however, reserved judgment to the 12th accused person Berenet Abebe because he had been hospitalised to the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), and his judgment was set for September 7, this year.

This was in a case in which, Daboba Habibi, Amenule Desale, Tagasse Selamu, Abdulahi Debiso, Biruk Alimue, Hussein Rahima, (only female), Abdi Aliyi Ahmed, Mubarek Ahmed, Abdurah Mante, Muta Kasim and Arab Tajure had been convicted on the said charge.

In count one, the 12 were facing a charge of Consenting to being smuggled Contrary to Section 9 (1) of the Anti-Human Trafficking Act Number 11 of 2008 of the Laws of Zambia.

In count two, the convicts pleaded guilty to failing to appear before the nearest Immigration officer upon entry into Zambia, contrary to Section 12(2) and Section 51(1) as read with Section 56 (1) of the Immigration and Deportation Act Number 18 of 2010 of the Laws of Zambia.

The convicts had earlier appeared before senior resident magistrate Aridah Chulu who could not pass sentence in the first count due to jurisdiction but sentenced them to various months in count one.

She then referred the matter to the High Court for sentencing in the first count where they were now jailed 15 years each with hard labour.

Facts before the court were that a group of Ethiopians left for South Africa where arrangements were made with an agent who was paid an undisclosed amount of money to take them to their desired destination.

The same agent on unknown dates but around December 2011 made the accused persons to cross borders without passing through the Immigration Department offices for their clearance as they were put in a container.

They then found themselves in Lusaka where they were apprehended and handed over to the Immigration and investigations revealed that the convicts had consented to being smuggled from Tanzania to Zambia.

US federal agents arrested Ethiopian immigrant suspected of torturing political prisoners

Friday, August 31st, 2012

EDITOR’S NOTE: It is good that U.S. authorities have arrested the torture suspect, but they are being hypocritical. In fact, the U.S. foreign policy on Ethiopia promotes gross human rights violations such as torture. Just this week, the U.S. Government sends a delegation to participate in the burial ceremony to a mass murderer in Ethiopia. By the U.S. Department of State’s own account, Meles Zenawi has been responsible for widespread torture and extrajudicial killings. (Read here one of the many reports).

(AP) — U.S. federal agents in Denver arrested an Ethiopian immigrant suspected of torturing political prisoners decades ago in his home country, prosecutors said Friday.

Three former Ethiopian political prisoners identified the man as Kefelegn Alemu Worku, saying he brutally mistreated them and others in late 1970s, authorities said.

He is being held on immigration charges, and federal agents said they were investigating a report that he was involved in atrocities that occurred in Ethiopia following a military coup that plunged the nation into turmoil, marked by arrests, tortures and executions.

All three former prisoners, now U.S. citizens living in Denver, picked the suspect out of a photo lineup, the U.S. attorney’s office said. They told investigators that the man they identified as Worku was a guard at a prison in Ethiopia where they were held.

He was arrested Aug. 24. His attorney didn’t immediately return a call seeking comment. The arrest was first reported by KUSA-TV.

The suspect has been charged with unlawfully procuring citizenship or naturalization and aggravated identity theft. If convicted of both charges, he faces up to 12 years in prison and fines of up to $500,000.

The Ethiopian Embassy in Washington, D.C., said no one was available to comment.

Two of the former prisoners who identified the man as Worku said he beat them and subjected them to gruesome torture. The third said he witnessed the suspect abusing other prisoners. The men are identified only by initials in court documents.

Prosecutors said the suspect used several names. They say he entered the U.S. using a stolen identity and falsified paperwork and illegally achieved U.S. citizenship in 2010.

Officials won’t decide whether to attempt to deport the man until the immigration and identity theft charges are resolved, said Jeff Dorschner, a spokesman for the U.S. attorney in Denver.

It wasn’t immediately clear how or when the man left Ethiopia. Another Ethiopian immigrant in Denver told investigators the suspect lived in Kenya for several years before entering the U.S.

The suspect is about 68 years old and has been living in a Denver apartment under the name of Habteab Berhe Temanu, prosecutors said. They declined to say how he had been supporting himself.

Dorschner said no picture of the suspect will be released because investigators may still ask others to identify him from a photo lineup.

A court hearing has been scheduled for Tuesday.

The man was a regular at the Cozy Cafe in Denver, which serves Ethiopian food, said Girma Baye, the restaurant manager.

Baye said he knew nothing of the accusations against the man and that the arrest came as a shock to him and others.

‘‘If I knew anything about his past, he would not be long in the United States,’’ Baye said.

Baye described him as ‘‘a happy, social person’’ and a “nice guy.”

Addis Ababa donkeys mourn the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi

Friday, August 31st, 2012

A large group of donkeys residing in Addis Ababa went to the National Palace to pay respect to the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi, according to ETV.

On a serious note, the donkeys are better than all the people pigs who cried for the genocidal dictator who has been looting Ethiopia and terrorizing its people for the past 21 years. They cry for a guy who calls them adhgi (agasses). We agree with Meles on that — they are agasses.

Addis Ababa donkeys mourn the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi

U.S. sending a low-level delegation to Meles Zenawi funeral

Friday, August 31st, 2012

The U.S. is sending a delegation consistinig of junior officials to Meles’ funeral. It is led by Susan Rice, U.S. ambassador to the U.N. and includes Johnny Carson, assistant secretary of state for African Affairs and Gayle Smith, director of African Affairs in the National Security Council. Tagadalay Gayle Smith is known also to have spent time in the deserts of Tigray fighting along side the TPLF. She played a key role in creating connections between the TPLF and the outside world especially the the U.S. officials. She was a journalist stationed in Cairo when she met EPLF and TPLF functionaries there. After several contacts, the EPLF and TPLF succeeded in soliciting her support for their causes. She was persuaded to go to their offices in Sudan and their bases in Eritrea and Tigray. She later joined them, stayed in the desert, learned Tigrigna language and spearheaded the organization of the Tigray Women Forum. After the TPLF controlled Ethiopia, she was hired as an advisor to Meles and was on Ethiopian government payroll for a long time. She later came back to the U.S. during the Clinton Presidency and joined the State Department. There she worked under Susan Rice and recruited the latter also as a staunch Meles supporter. They both misled President Clinton in branding Meles, Isayas, Museveni and Kigame as a new breed of democratic leaders. All the four have proved President Clinton wrong turning out to be vicious dictators no better than the ones they replaced. They all give only lipservice to demcratic reforms meant to swindle the international community. They are all in their third decades in power rigging one sham election after the other. They not only hold periodic sham elections but they also rig the sham elections themselves claiming 99.6% as recently as 2010. Isayas is an exception in this case in refusing to play fools’ game by holding sham elections that he anyway knew he was going to rig to claim a landslide victory and stay in power. His is at least obvious because why engage in such futile exercise if the elections are not free and fair and if at the end you are not ready to respect and accept the outcome of the free and fair elections. There is no point in holding sham elections for its own sake. By unconditionally supporting vicious brutal tyrants, the junior and novice diplomats like Susan Rice and Gayle Smith brought about disgrace, disappointment and embarassment upon themselves and the U.S. foreign policy. Now they are the ones chosen, and rightly so, to represent the U.S. on the funeral of one of their disgraced brutal dictators they have been championing. What a shame. The U.S. was represented by its most Senior Diplomat Hillary Clinton on the funeral of the recenty passed Ghanian President. Given the fact that the late Ghanian President was not at a personal service of the U.S. national interest in his part of the world or the continent as the whole, the presence of such senior officials like Cliniton on his funeral shows the depth of respect the U.S. has for the president and the democratic institutions of the Ghanian people. In contrast, Meles who is known to be at the service of the U.S. interest in the Horn of Africa region and beyond is honored only by disgraced junior officials. That tells the despice and disrespect the U.S. has for Meles and his regime and that the U.S. knows the true Meles and his records. They used and threw him. Shame on dictator Meles. Meles had been disgraced in life and is now being disgraced in death.


VOA listeners opinion on TPLF mass hysteria (must listen)

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

VOA exposes how people through out Ethiopia are being forced to cry for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. This program pulverizes the past 10 days of all out propaganda campaign that has been waged by the TPLF junta. The desperate junta is trying to take a political profit out of the late dictator’s sudden death.

Sudan agreed to accommodate Egyptian commandos to destroy Nile dam – Wikileaks

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

The latest release by Wikileaks has the following:

ATTRIBUTION: STRATFOR sources
SOURCE DESCRIPTION: Egyptian diplomatic source
SOURCE HANDLER: Reva
Follow-up to insight on Egypt asking Sudan to station commandos in Sudan for ‘worst case’ scenario on the Nile issue:
Sudanese president Umar al-Bashir has agreed to allow the Egyptians to build an a small airbase in Kusti to accommodate Egyptian commandoes who might be sent to Ethipoia to destroy water facilities on the Blue Nile… [Click here to the full text]

TPLF mass hysteria arrives in North America

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

This coming Saturday, supporters of the Woyanne junta in Toronto, Winnipeg, Canada and Houston, Texas are organizing a cry-fest for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi who died over a month ago. This is a good opportunity for patriotic Ethiopians in these cities to show how much the deceased dictator is hated.

Toronto is on Sunday, September 2. See details below:

(We thank the reader who sent us this information. If you hear about any such activity in your area, please let us know.)


________________________________________

__________________________________________
TORONTO, CANADA

From Mengistu Beranu (biee60@hotmail.com)

Greetings all,

The voice of the voiceless – of the young, the woman, farmers and the 80 million people he led – the leader of Ethiopians in Ethiopia Melese Zenawi has passed. He led, he inspired, he was cheered, he was feared, he was hated, but where he executed his development plan- the universities, the hospitals, the infrastructures, the strategy to join the middle income group countries by 2025; the people always said…”We did it! When the development activities he launched continue and completed; the people will say “We did it ourselves!

Canadians of Ethiopian origin residing in The Greater Toronto Area are going to hold a memorial ceremony on September 2, 2012 Sheraton hotel, 123 Queen Street West at 2:00PM.

Mekele residents are told CIA killed Meles Zenawi

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

The ruling junta in Ethiopia has been spreading rumor in Tigray, its base of power, that the CIA is responsible for the death of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi. To verify the information, we have called several residents in Mekele and some of them were willing to speak with us. The following is a conversation we had with one young Mekele residents this morning. She has confirmed that many people in Mekele think Meles was assassinated. We are not sure what the TPLF would gain by spreading such a rumor against the U.S Government. Listen below.

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለፁ

Thursday, August 30th, 2012

ትናንት በስቲያ ስራ ልገባ እየተጣደፍኩ ስለነበር የላኩላችሁን መልዕክት መልሼ እንኳን ሳላነበው እንደወረደ ነው ጣል አድርጌላችሁ የበረርኩት። በወቅቱ ኢቲቪን እያየሁ ስሜቴ ክፉኛ ተጎድቶ ስለነበር የሰዓቱ ነገር ባይገድበኝ ውስጤን ያላውሰው የነበረውን ስሜት በቀላሉ ከትቤ የምጨርሰው አልነበረም። ታዲያ ዛሬ ኢትዪ ትዪብ ድረ ገጽ ላይ “የአዲስ አበባ ጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ” የሚለውን የኢትዮጵያን ቴሌቭዥን ዘገባ ስመለከት እነበረከት የተቆጣጠሩት ስርዓት ምን አይነት ጨዋታ በመጫወት ላይ እንዳሉ ወለል ብሎ ታየኝና መፅናናት ያዝኩ። ሕዝባችን በግዴታ ሃዘኑን እንዲገልጽ የተላለፉት የጥሪ ደብዳቤዎችንም አንዳንድ ድረ-ገፆች ላይ ለመመልከት ችያለሁ።

ይህ ከአሳዛኝነቱ ይልቅ አስቂኝነቱ የሚጎላው የዜና ዘገባ፣ የኢቲቪ ጋዜጠኞች ብቃት ምን ያህል የወረደ መሆኑን ከማመላከቱ በተጨማሪ ለምስል ቀረፃው የመረጧቸው የጎዳና ተዳዳሪ ተብዬዎች ፊት ላይ የሚነበበው ስሜትና በእጅጉ የሚያደምም ሆኖ ነው ያገኘሁት። እኛ የምናውቀው አዲስ አበባ ላይ በርሳቸው ዘመን ኢትዮጵያውያን በአገራቸው ላይ ጎዳና ላይ እንኳን ማደር እየተከለከሉ እየተከለከሉ ሲሳደዱ ነው። በተለይም አላሙዲ ፒያሳ ላይ እስካሁን አጥሮ ያስቀመጠው ቦታ አጥር ስር ከነቤተሰባቸው ለዓመታት ተጠልለው ይኖሩ የነበሩ ምስኪን ወገኖቻችን መጨረሻ ላይ የመንግስት ታጣቂዎች በምን አይነት መልኩ ከቦታው ላይ እየደበደቡ እንደነቀሏቸው ምንጊዜም የማይረሳኝ የቅርብ ጊዜ ትዝታዬ ነው።

በተረፈ “ቴዲ አፍሮ ለመለስ ዜናዊ ዘፈን አወጣ” የሚለው ዜና የፈጠራ መሆኑን በማረጋገጤ በእጅጉ ተጽናንቼአለሁ።

ይህንን የኢቲቪ ዘገባ እንዳየሁ የሚቀጥለው የዜና ዘገባ የአዲስ አበባ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ የሚል ይሆናል ብዬ ገመትኩ። ገምቼም አልቀረሁ በቴሌቭዥን መስኮት ብቅ ብላ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹን በመወከል መልዕክታቸውን የምታስተላልፈው ካድሬ ስሜት በዚህ መልኩ ከተብኩት ። ዜናው እንዲህ ነበር ኢቲቪ ያቀረበው፦

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለፁ

(“የጎዳና ተዳዳሪዎች በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተነሳ የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገለጹ” በሚለው የኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቭዥን ዘገባ ላይ ተመስርቶ የተፃፈ ወቅታዊ ልቦለድ ዜና)

በአዲስ አበባ የሚገኙ በርካታ ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች በታላቁ ባለ ራዕይ መሪያችን በ/ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ዜናዊ ሞት የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ዛሬ በብሄራዊ ቤተ መንግስት አዳራሽ በመገኘት ገለፁ።

ሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹ ለባለቤታቸው ለወ/ሮ አዜብ መስፍንና ለልጆቻቸው ካስተላለፉት የሃዘን መልዕክት በተጨማሪ፣ አቶ መለስ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ መንገድ ለሴተኛ አዳሪነት ስራ መስፋፋት ያደርጉ የነበረውን ጉልህ አስተዋጾ በመጥቀስ፣ የርሳቸው ከዚህ ዓለም በሞት መለየት ወደዚህ የስራ መስክ የሚገቡትን ሴቶች ቁጥር ይቀንሰው ይሆናል የሚል ስጋት እንዳላት የሴተኛ አዳሪዎቹ ተወካይ ለሪፖርተራችን ገልፃለች።

እስኪ ንግግርዋን አብረን እንከታተለው፦

ተወካይዋ እንባዋ እንዲመጣላት፣ የግንቦት 1997 ዓ.ም ምርጫን ተከትሎ በአጋዚ ክፍለጦር ወታደሮች የተገደለው ታናሽ ወንድሟን በልቧ እያሰበች እንደምንም ጠብ! ያለላት እምባዋን በእራፊ ጨርቅ እያባበሰች ወደ ቴሌቭዥኑ መስኮት ብቅ ትላለች፦

“ እንዲሚታወቀው ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ከርሳቸው በፊት ከነበሩ መሪዎች በበለጠ አናሳ ቁጥር ያላቸው ባለሙያዎችን በመደገፍና በማበረታታት በልማቱ መስክ ጉልህ አስተዋጾ እንዲያደርጉ የለፉ መሪ ነበሩ። እኔም የዚህ እድል ተጠቃሚ ከሆኑት ሴተኛ አዳሪዎች አንዷ ነኝ። ባለፉት 20 ዓመታት በዚሁ ስራ ያገለገልኩ ሲሆን፣ ይህ የስራ መስክ በአገሪቷ ውስጥ እየተፈጠረ ያለውን ከፍተኛ የስራ አጥ ችግር በመቅረፍ በኩል ተወዳዳሪ ያልተገኘለት ሆኖ ተገኝቷል። የሴተኛ አዳሪነት ስራ ባለፉት መንግስታት እጅግ የተጠላና የተወገዘ በመሆኑ ቀደምት የሙያ አጋሮቻችን በአንዳንድ ቡና ቤቶችና አነስተኛ መሸታ ቤቶች ውስጥ ብቻ ያውም ተደብቀው ይሰሩ እንደነበር ታሪክ መዝግቦት ይገኛል። በኢሕአዴግ ዘመነ መንግስት ግን ይህ ኋላ ቀር ባሕል ሙሉ ለሙሉ ተቀርፎአል ማለት ይቻላል። በተለይም ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ ባጎናፀፉን የዴሞክራሲያዊ መብት በመጠቀም እኔን ጨምሮ ሲያዮዋቸው የሚያማልሉ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ ውብና ለግላጋ ኢትዮጵያውያን ሴቶች በተለይም ምሽት ላይ ጎዳና ላይ በመቆም መኪና ላላቸው ደንበኞቻችን ቀልጣፋ አገልግሎት መስጠት ሁሉ ችለናል። ታላቁ መሪያችን በቀየሱት የድሕነት ቅነሳ ስትራቴጂ ተግባራዊ በማድረግ፣ ባብዛኛው የምናገኘውን ገንዘብ የችግረኛ ቤተሰቦቻችንን የዕለት ጉርስ ለመሸፈን ነው የምናውለው።

እንዲያውም ካለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት ወዲህ ከተለያዩ የአገራችን ዩንቨርሲቲዎች በዲግሪና ከዚያም በላይ በልዩ ልዩ ሙያ የተመረቁ በርካታ እሕቶቻችን፣ ጠ/ሚኒስትራችን የነደፉት በምግብ ራሳችንን የመቻል ፖሊሲን ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ወደዚህ የስራ መስክ መግባቱ አማራጭ የሌለው የስራ ዕድል ሆኖ አግኝተውታል። ስለዚህም የሴተኛ አዳሪነቱ ስራ በቂ መስሕብነት ብቻ ሳይሆን በልዩ ልዩ ሙያ የዳበረ ዕውቀት ባላቸው ሴት እሕቶቻችን ተሳትፎ ከፍተኛ ዕድገት እያስመዘገበ ነው።

“ምንም እንኳን የኢትዮጵያውያን ደንበኞቻችን ቁጥር ከዕለት ዕለት እየቀነሰ ቢመጣም፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ በቀየሱት የዕድገትና የትራንፎርሜሽን እቅድ ተጠቃሚ ለመሆን በተለይም ከአረብና ከፈረንጅ አገር፤ እንዲሁም ከሱዳንም ሆነ ከሌላ የአፍሪካ አካባቢዎች የሚመጡት አዳዲስ ደንበኞቻችን ቁጥር እጅግ በከፍተኛ መጠን እየጨመረ ይገኛል። በዚህም የተነሳ በአሁኑ ወቅት በአንድ ቀን ለሊት ሁለትና ሶስት ደንበኞቻችንን እስከማስተናገድ ደርሰናል። በዚህ በኩል ለአገራችን የምናስገኘው የውጭ ምንዛሪ ገቢ ቀላል ግምት የሚሰጠው አይደለም። እንዲያውም አዲሱ የአገራችን አስተዳደር እርሳቸው የቀየሱትን የልማት መርሃ-ግብር ለማስፈፀም ጥረት ካደረገ፣ ወደፊት አገራችን የውጭ ምንዛሪ ለማግኘት ቡና ወደ ውጭ ኢንቨስት ለማድረግ መከራዋን ማየት አይጠበቅባትም ብዬ እገምታለሁ።

ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህም፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስ በነደፉት የድሕነት ቅነሳ ስትራቴጂ ተጠቃሚ የሆኑ ቀላል ቁጥር የሌላቸው “ወንደኛ አዳሪዎችም” በዚሁ የስራ መስክ በመሰማራት ላይ ናቸው። አብዛኞቹም ከአሜሪካ፣ ከአውሮፓ፣ እንዲሁም ከሌላው ዓለም የሚመጡ ቋሚ ደንበኞች እንዳሏቸው ይነገራል። ይህ ደግሞ የታላቁ ጠ/ሚኒስትራችን የዘመናት ድካምና ጥረት ውጤት በመሆኑ ሁላችንንም ደስ የሚያሰኝ ነው።

እንደሚታወቀው ጠ/ሚኒስትር መለስ ሕዝባችን የራሱን እርግፍ አድርጎ በመተው የሰለጠኑትን አገሮች ባህል እንዲወርስ ብርቱ ጥረት ሲያደርጉ ኖረው ያለፉ ታላቅ የአገር መሪ ናቸው። በዚህ በኩል በዓለማችን ብቸኛው የአገር መሪ ላይ እንዲህ አይነት አዳዲስ ስልጣኔዎችን ወደ አገራችን ለማስገባት እድሜያቸውን ሙሉ ጥረት ሲያደርጉ ኑረዋል። በተለይም በቅርቡ ዓለም ዓቀፍ የግብረሰዶማውያን ስብሰባ አዲስ አበባ ላይ እንዲደረግ በመፍቀድ ለህዝባችን ግንዛቤ ለማስጨመጥ መሞከራቸው አይዘነጋም። ከጥንት ጀምሮ ሲወርድ ሲዋረድ ከመጣውና ሕዝባችንን ተብትቦ ከያዘው “ኢትዮጵያዊነት” ለማላቀቅ አገሪቷን በብሔርና በቋንቋ ከማዋቀራቸውም በተጨማሪ፣ ኢትዪጵያዊ እሴቶቻችንን ሙሉ ለሙሉ በመድፈር፣ ብዙዎች መስዋዕትነት የከፈሉበት ሰንደቅ ዓላማችን “ጨርቅ” እንደሆነ ባደባባይ የነገሩን ታላቅ የለውጥ አርበኛ መሆናቸው አይዘነጋም።

እዚህ ላይ አያይዤ ላነሳ የምወደው ነገር ቢኖር ወዳጃቸው አላሙዲ በርሳቸው ልዩ ፈቃድ ከአዶላ የሚስያወጡት ወርቅ ሞልቶ ተርፎ ሳለ፣ ጠ/ሚ/ር መለስን የመሰለ ታላቅ መሪ በሕይወት ዘመናቸው ጨርቅ እንደሆነ በነገሩን ሰንደቅ ዓላማ አስከሬናቸው መሸፈኑ በእጅጉ ክብራቸውን የሚቀንስ ሆኖ መገኘቱን ልጠቁም እወዳለሁ። ምናልባት አላሙዲም በግዜር እጅ ተይዘው ስለሚገኙ ባስቸኳይ ወርቅ ማልበስ ባይቻል እንኳን፣ የሕወሃት፣ የትግራይ ክልል፣ እንዲሁም ለኤርትራ መገንጠልም ሆነ ለነበራቸው ተቆርቋሪነት ሲባል የሻዕቢያ አርማ ባለው ጨርቅ አስከሬናቸው ቢሸፈን ነፍሳቸው ባግባቡ ልትደሰት እንደምትችል እገምታለሁ።

በተጨማሪም እንደዋልድባ አይነት ዘመናት ያስቆጠረ ገዳምን ወደ ሸንኮራ አገዳ ልማት ጣቢያ ለመቀየር በብቸኝነት ደፍረው የተንቀሳቀሱ፣ እንዲሁም በነቢዩ መሃመድ ቤተሰቦች ከዘመናት በፊት ወደ አገራችን የገባውን የእስልምና እምነት ሙሉ ለሙሉ ወደ አሕባሽ እንዲቀየር ደፍረው እንቅስቃሴ ያስጀመሩ ብቸኛው ደፋር የአገራችን መሪ መሆናቸው መዘንጋት የለበትም። ይህንንም ሆነ ሌሎች በርካታ ስራዎቻቸውን ያስተዋለ ሰው ደግሞ፣ እኚህ ታላቅ መሪያችን “አባይን የደፈረ መሪ” ተብሎ በአንድ ተራ ወንዝ ስም ብቻ መሞካሸታቸው አግባብ እንዳልሆነ ለመረዳት ጊዜ አይወስድበትም። ስለዚህም አባይም የሚገኘው ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ከመሆኑ በተጨማሪ እርሳቸው የደፈሯቸው ነገሮች (ሴቶችም ካሉ መጨመር ይቻላል) በሙሉ ተጠቃለው “ኢትዮጵያን፣ ኢትዮጵያውያንና ኢትዮጵያዊነትን የደፈረ ብቸኛው መሪ” ተብለው እንዲሰየሙ ማሳሰብ እወዳለሁ። “

አመሰግናለሁ!
ቅዱስ ሃብት በላቸው


Why are they making us cry?

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

The Ethiopian people have been told to show grief regarding the death of Meles Zenawi. This is sadness by government decree and it is not unique to us. We just witnessed it happen in North Korea but it always is a little strange when what you feared happen to you. There is no question the regime under the control of the TPLF party is orchestrating this drama. They are not even trying to hide it. The truth of the matter is they are going the extra mile to make sure the citizen understands it is official government policy.

It took the regime over four weeks to announce the death of the dictator. It looks like they took their time time to plan what to do and how to do it. They are perfectly aware that the individual is not liked let alone loved by the Ethiopian people. Since his illness was hidden from the public his sudden death would have unjarred the population. They know the situation has to be dealt delicately. Their main goal was how to use the unfortunate situation to garner sympathy and good will while at the same time show who the boss is. The fact the citizen loathed the little tyrant was a big hurdle to overcome.

The only way the party can get benefit out of this disastrous situation was to go back into their bag of tricks and revert back to the proven method of bullying by using force and coercion. It has worked since their inception forty years ago and they have become really good at it. The system of bending people’s wills to to fit the tyrants way is the hallmark of all totalitarian societies. The TPLF did not invent it but they are very good students of everything that is bad and toxic to society.

The question in front of us is how and why they do that? I believe this has eloquently been answered by Mr. Anthony Daniels in his book ‘The wilder further shores of Marx’.

‘…..with an established totalitarian regime the purpose of propaganda is not to persuade, much less to inform, but to humiliate. From this point of view propaganda should not approximate to the truth as closely as possible: on the contrary it should do as much violence to it as possible. For by endlessly asserting what is patently untrue, by making such untruth ubiquitous and unavoidable, and finally by insisting by everyone publicly acquiesce in it, the regime displays its power and reduces individuals to nullities. Who can retain his self respect when, far from defending what he knows to be true, he has to applaud what he knows to be false- not occasionally, as we all do, but for the whole of his adult life.’

This is a nut shell describes Woyane kind of mind set. You would think Mr. Daniels has been to Ethiopia. Mr. Daniels’s book is based on his experience of such failed states as East Germany, the former Soviet Union, North Vietnam and North Korea among others. The TPLF controlled Ethiopian government is copying the loathsome practices of the Stasi in East Germany and the KGB of the Soviet Union. Folks like Berket Semeon, Workrneh Gebeyehu, Getachew Assefa are excellent students of such inhuman system that has managed to hurt so many but was at last discredited by the citizen. Our country is back ward, our people are kept illiterate by design our culture still is based on fear of authority, fear of elder and our Woyane warriors found a fertile ground to practice this craft of crime against a nation.

I would like to take one statement from the quotation above and look at it in the context of Ethiopia.
‘…..with an established totalitarian regime the purpose of propaganda is not to persuade, much less to inform, but to humiliate. From this point of view propaganda should not approximate to the truth as closely as possible: on the contrary it should do as much violence to it as possible.’
In life Meles Zenawi was a recluse that disparaged even the word Ethiopia. He lived in a palace surrounded by robust security and never left his compound to mix or associate with ordinary people. The only contact the citizen has with the PM was thru the window of Ethiopian TV. We all know he never allowed open discussion and surrounded himself with people that worshiped him, agreed with him and swore allegiance to him. He is known to be very vindictive, ill tempered and unforgiving. The Ethiopian people, his close associates and his Party feared him. There was no respect or love for the individual. This is the man we all know.

Today Berket Semeon and company are telling us a different story. Mind you not a little different, not an innocent white lie but as outrageous as possible and beyond the truth as much as possible. They just do not want the citizen to cry a little, grief some but they expect some genuine wailing to be recorded and beamed all over the world. Why do you think they do that? It is all about show of power. By forcing us to do what we all know to be false they make us loose self respect and individual will. When you see your family, your neighbor, your coworker being forced to act in such manner when you find yourself doing something you know deep inside to be untrue you die some. The person is reduced to nothingness with no self respect, no spine and no free will. Haile Gebreselassie comes to mind.

It has the same effect on those that watch such spectacle from afar. I have noticed my friends to be confused, unable to understand and finally choosing silence to hide the shame. We all try to explain the phenomena by mentioning culture, being human or religion. It is an attempt to make sense. We are trying to make the irrational situation palatable by injecting some logic into it. It is perfectly understandable. Our brain rejects such dissonance. We get angry, feel confused, embarrassed and helpless.

This disturbing situation in our society is not a natural occurrence or an accident. It is engineered by the TPLF party. In their futile attempt to stay in power they have declared psychological form of warfare on their own people. It is relentless, unmerciful and very lethal. It does not kill you but it reduces you into a state of sub human, void of free will and easy to control. That is what the criminals are doing to us. That is what they have been doing to us with Meles Zenawi as the ring leader. Today he has left his underlings to continue from where he left off. They show no shame, no what is called ‘yelunta’ when they declare black is white, wrong is right and force us to repeat it after them.

How do you fight such form of warfare? There is no need to panic. No shame to being forced to go against our will. A government is a very powerful organization. When a state puts all its efforts to do evil no one is immune. The Russians, the East Europeans went thru over fifty years of hell. The North Koreans are in worse of shape than us. Our tormentors are amateurs compared to the Stasi. The fact that our country is backward and our people kept ignorant is what is giving them the power. On the other hand the world is a different place now. The advent of the Internet, the ubiquitous nature of Social media has given us a slight advantage. The founding of ESAT as I said before is a game changer. The Woyane goons monopoly on the media is no more.

We stop the complaining and work harder to expose, undermine and attack our tormentors aggressively. We encourage those that are trying to organize and work for us instead of second guessing, undermining their effort and splitting hair. We hope those that have been organizing for some time show us sign that they are here and active. There is no need to wait for the most opportune moment rather the job of the activist is to seize the time and make history. My friend Abebe Gelaw did not wait for the stars to line up but rather he forced the issue and made history. The time is now and the place is Ethiopia. We shall win, history is on our side. Stay strong don’t let them break you.

Discussion on Ethiopian Review investigation of Al Amoudi’s disappearance

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Some Ethiopian Review readers expressed concerned that our report on Al Amoudi’s disappearance might have been contaminated by a Woyanne disinformation campaign. As we reported earlier, it appears the billionaire and business partner of the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi is alive. We don’t believe that we have been purposely misinformed by Woyanne. In fact, they are shaken up and frustrated by our report because it diverted attention away for 2 days from their effort to cause mass hysteria around the death of their boss.

It must be understood that we are operating under an extremely difficult environment where our reporters inside the country would be arrested and convicted to life in prison or worse for working with Ethiopian Review. The Woyanne junta is so secretive and paranoid that we cannot conduct normal journalism in Ethiopia. Our correspondents inside Ethiopia are risking arrest, torture and death on a daily basis to provide us with the news. In that regard, they have been more resourceful than news organizations that have huge budgets.

In order to get to the bottom of some information that we are unable to confirm, we some times we have to resort to what we termed crowd-investigation where our readers are involved. That is what we did in this case. We originally stated in our report:

Ethiopian Review could not confirm this breaking news from more than one source, but the source is credible enough for us to report it.

We have clearly stated that the information was unconfirmed, but it led to a mass hunt and in two days a Woyanne rat called Ben found the drunkard sheik for us at Bole Airport looking dazed and shaken. Before and after releasing the information, we did a serious investigation, contacting numerous individuals who might have knowledge of Al Amoudi’s whereabout. We even called the lie factory himself and spoke with his rude assistant.

Under the circumstance, what Ethiopian Review has done is a serious journalism which led to the truth. As soon as we received a video confirmation, we reported it.

Thank you all who have assisted us in this and other investigations. What makes Ethiopian Review the best and most trusted Ethiopian media is you the readers.

There is more discussion on this issue at Ethiopian Review’s forum. Click here.

Al Amoudi is alive (video)

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Al Amoudi

Billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi appears to be alive — and well enough to continue looting and plundering Ethiopia. The following video was recorded by Bereket Simon’s rat named Ben at Bole Airport today.

Al Amoudi upate

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Ethiopia First website editor named Ben claims that he saw Al Amoudi today at Bole Airport and presented the photo below as evidence. Ben is Bereket Simon’s apprentice, so it is hard to believe any thing that comes from him. He has been swearing that Meles Zenawi was on vacation and will return before Ethiopian New year. If the photo below is real, it would be the first time for Al Amoudi to be seen in public since the death of his best friend Meles Zenawi… More update shortly.

Addis Ababa abuzz over the news of Al Amoudi’s death/disappearance

Wednesday, August 29th, 2012

Here is what we have been able to gather so far:

1. The biggest news in Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia yesterday and today has been the reported death/disappearance of Ethiopian-Saudi Billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi, even though the news has not be confirmed yet. The number of people visiting Meles’s body at the National Palace to pay ‘respect’ has dramatically decreased since yesterday following the story about Al Amoudi.

2. The Ethiopian Review main source stands by his report about Al Amoudi’s death.

2. TPLF propaganda chief Bereket Simon’s office denies the report.

3. One of Al Amoudi’s employees in Addis Ababa told Ethiopian Review that Al Amoudi was in Addis Ababa until Monday 10 AM and that he saw him in person.

4. The same employee told Ethiopian Review this morning that Al Amoudi will be back in Addis Ababa today.

5. EMF reported on Tuesday that Al Amoudi has arrived in Addis Ababa on Monday.

6. Al Amoudi’s office in Jeddah told Ethiopian Review that he is currently in Ethiopia.

7. DLA Piper office in London said the report about Al Amoudi’s death is incorrect, but would not elaborate.

8. A senior adviser told Ethiopian Review that Al Amoudi is not well but he will arrive in Addis Ababa today.

9. ETV news director refused to speak with Ethiopian Review about his report on Monday that Al Amoudi arrived in Addis Ababa.

Conclusion: Three different people who are in a position to know said that Al Amoudi will arrive in Addis Ababa today. We will see.

Woyanne mass hyteria spreads to North America – (video)

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

A disgusting scene at a Tigrean Church in Seattle, USA. They are crying for the late Ethiopian dictator Meles Zenawi.

Now it is children’s turn

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

The picture says it all.

Meles Zenawi

From the cold case files: Where is the coffee?

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

One of the most astonishing legacy of Meles Zenawi as the dictator who ruled Ethiopia for the past 21 years is the wholesale looting of the country by him and his TPLF junta. The most egregious example of the looting is the disappearance of 20,000,000 pounds of coffee without a trace. The fact that his wife stole the money is an open secret. But listen below how Meles covered up the brazen looting. Will the new pm, Hailemariam Desalegn, open this cold case?

Ethiopian tour operators ordered to display photographs of late dictator Meles Zenawi (photo)

Tuesday, August 28th, 2012

The TPLF junta has ordered all tour operators in Ethiopia to display photographs of the late dictator Meles Zenawi on their cars. See the photo below.