FIFA World Ranking -Oct 2013 Rank Team Pts +/- Pos 1 Spain 1513 0 2 Germany 1311 1 3 Argentina 1266 -1 4 Colombia 1178 1 5 Belgium 1175 1 6 Uruguay 1164 1 7 Switzerland 1138 7 8 Netherlands 1136 1 8 Italy 1136 -4 10 England 1080 7 11 Brazil 1078 -3 12 [...]
Posts Tagged ‘ethiopia’
Alemtsehay Breast Cancer Foundation (ABCF) is a nonprofit organization with a mission to help Ethiopian women with Breast cancer abroad and at home. These women are burdened with financial need unable to access screening, diagnosis, and treatment for breast cancer. ABCF is also devoted to guide Ethiopian women to optimal health through increased awareness about breast cancer and diseases associated with cancer
EDITOR’S NOTE: The Woyanne junta’s acts of division and sabotage are not limited to Ethiopia. Their cadres in the Diaspora, who have been granted political asylum in the West by claiming that they were abused by Woyanne, are actively working to infiltrate Ethiopian institutions that are established by exiled Ethiopians. One of their biggest targets [...]
ፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ ማስታወሻ ለአንባቢው፡፡ ባለፈው ሳምንት ሐተታዬ ‹‹የዘር አደን›› በሚል አሉባልታዊ ክስ የዓለም አቀፉ የወንጀለኞች ፍርድ ቤት በተሰነዘረበት ክስ ደግፌው ተሟግቼለታለሁ፡፡ በዚህም ሳምንት ድጋፌን በመቀጠል እነዚህ ፈላጭ ቆራጭ ገዢዎች የፈጠሙትን ግፍና በደል ጭቆና በመዘርዘር ራሳቸውን ነጻ በማድረግ የአይ ሲ ሲን (የኣለም ወንጀለኛ ፍርድ ቤት) ስም በማብጠልጠልና የቆመለትን ዓላማ የሳተ በማስመሰል ገዢዎችና [...]
(CPJ) – Journalists and media owners across Africa gave Ethiopian journalist Woubshet Taye a standing ovation in Cape Town on Saturday night at the CNN MultiChoice African Journalist Awards 2013, but he wasn’t there to see it. Instead his wife and son accepted the Free Press Award on his behalf. Presenting the award to Berhane Tesfaye and the couple’s not-quite-five-year-old [...]
Listen to ENTC weekly radio programs – Week 2 Listen Here (mp3) To listen by phone – 213-992-4363
LIVE@AddisAbeba በስቴዲየም መግቢያ ላይ ባለው እስካሁን በቂ ሰው ውስጥ መግባት አልቻለም፡ @JIMMA የሙኒር መሰጅድ ምክትል እማም ንግግር ልያረግ ሰነሳ ህዝቡ በተክቢራ አሰቁሞዋል:: Addis Abeba Stadium ከመድረክ በኩል እስካሁን ምንም
የተለየ ነገር አልተሰማም፡
@Metu Elibabor መቱ ሶላቱ በዝናብ ምክንያት መስጂድ እንዲሆን የመስጂዶች ኢማሞች ወስነዉ ሠዉ ወደ ሠለፊያ እና ነጃሺ መስጂድ እየሄደ ነዉ!!!
@Addis Abeba #Ethiopia የታጠቁ ፌዴራል ፖሊሶች በስታዲየሙ ተበትነዋል በይበልጥ ሴቶች ባሉበት አከባቢ ላይ አድፍጠዋል::በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም መግቢያዎች ላይ እቀባ አለ፡፡ ሰው በፖሊሶች መግባት እየተከለከለ ነው፡
@Addis Abeba #Ethiopia በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም ፕሮግራሙ ተጀመሯል፡፡የበኒ መስጂደ ምክትል ኢማም ተክቢራ በማስባል ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ከመድረክ እስካሁን ምም አይነት ንግግር አልተጀመረም፡፡ @Jimma #EthioMuslims ጅማ በአሁኑ ሰአት ሼህ ሙሀመድ አሚን ዳእዋ እያደረጉ ይገኛሉ የሙኒር መስጅድ ኢማም ንግግር ሊያደርጉ ሲጀምሩ ሙስሊሙ በተክቢራ አስቁሟቸዋል
@Addis Abeba #Ethiopia በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም ፕሮግራሙ ተጀመሯል፡፡ወደ አዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም ጥር የተደረገላቸው ባክለስልጣናት እስካሁን ድረስ በቦታቸው ላይ አልተገኙም::
በአዲስ አበባ ስታዲየም መንግስትም ሆነ የውስጥ አርበኛው መጅሊስ ሹመኞች የተለመደ ዲስኩራቸውን ለማድረግ ቢዘጋጁም ሙስሊሙ ንግግራቸውን ለማቋረጥ ተዘጋጅቶ በመገኘቱ ንግግር ለማድረግም ሳይችሉ ቀርተዋል፡፡ያለምንም ንግግርም በቀጥታ ወደ ኢድ ሰላት ተገብቶ ሶላቱ ተፈጽሟል፡፡ ሕዝበ ሙስሊሙ በድል አድራጊነት ስሜት ወደ ቤቱ እየተመለሰ ነው፡፡ አላሁ አክበር!
(US EMBASSY, ADDIS ABABA) – Subsequent to the Emergency Message posted below, the U.S. Embassy in Addis Ababa became aware of a Twitter message from Al-Shabaab claiming credit for the October 13 bombing in Addis Ababa and also claiming that two additional bombs were planted on Churchill Road and in the Piazza region of Addis [...]
Today’s program includes discussion on African Union’s action advising the International Criminal Court (ICC) not to prosecute sitting African leaders. Guest: Prof. Alemayehu Gebremariam from California State University
Ethiopia vs Nigeria – video highlights
Eritrea: voice of torture
Charge of the light brigade The African Union’s threatened “mass treaty-cide” (a phrase I am compelled to coin to describe the bizarre threatened walkout on the Rome Statute) fizzled out. Those who predicted the “extraordinary summit” on the “AU’s relation with the International Criminal Court” (ICC) would end in a big bang were pleasantly [...]
EDITOR’S NOTE: This is more likely the work of Ethiopia’s ruling party TPLF that is known for planting bombs and and blaming it on opposition groups, as a U.S. diplomatic dispatch in Wikileaks revealed. (Reuters) – A bomb blast in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa killed two people on Sunday, state radio said. There was [...]
ENTC announced today in its press release that preparations are underway for the second all-inclusive consultative conference on the process of the formation of Transitional Government in Ethiopia. Read the statement in Amharic English
Some 30,000 people reached Italy illegally in boats in the first nine months of 2013, three times as many as in the whole of 2012, according to Frontex, the European Union’s border agency. Many hail from Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia, three countries in varying stages of civil strife. But the largest batch came from Eritrea, [...]
The game is about to start. It is raining now in Addis Ababa.
From Facebook and Twitter:
Yessuf Abdo: የዛሬው የዋልያዎቹ እና የ ሱፐር ኤግል ወሳኝ ጨዋት በ ዋና ዳኛነት የሚመሩት የካሜሮን ዜግነት ያላቸው ዳኛ ናቸው ። ይህን ዳኛ ለማስታወስ ኢትዮጵያ ከሱዳን ለ አፍሪካ ዋንጫ ማጣሪያ በኦምድሩማን ሱዳን በዋና ዳኝነት የመሩ ዳኛ ናቸው።
Long lines at the Addis Ababa Stadium
Sebhat Nega and bodyguards confronted by Ethiopian activists in Washington DC (video)
The Ethiopian Community Center in Atlanta is hosting Ethiopian cancer awareness conference in Atlanta on Nov. 3, 2013. See the poster below for more info:
The regime in Ethiopia has detained the following leaders and members of Semayawi Party, a leading opposition group, yesterday as they left the Party’s office and headed home: 1. Ato Yilkal Getinet (Chairman) 2. Ato Sileshi Feyisa (Vice Chairman) 3. Ato Yidnekachew Kebede (Head of Legal Affairs) 4. Ato Endashaw Emishaw (Head of Office) 5. [...]
African leaders at the African Union summit in Addis Ababa have called for the International Criminal Court’s (ICC) trial of Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta to…
EDITORS’S NOTE: Yesterday, a U.S. court in Colorado has convicted accused Ethiopian war criminal of lying to obtain citizenship. Meanwhile, the U.S. State Department continues to give hundreds of millions of dollars to another group of war criminals in Ethiopia who at this very moment are committing gross human rights violations, including war crimes against [...]
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Friday, October 11, 2013
Watch Part 2 here: http://www.ethiopianreview.com/video/watch.php?vid=6b25ab679
Analysis: Ethiopia Will Not Be Easy For Nigeria – (video)
The African Union special summit opened in Addis Ababa today with the Ethiopian Foreign Minister directing a tirade against the International Criminal Court.
hundreds in sea, some dead
(CNN) — A ship carrying about 250 people capsized Friday off the coast of Sicily, according to the Maltese military and the Italian news agency ANSA.
The ship is believed to have been carrying migrants.
The incident occurred in international waters about 60 nautical miles south of Lampedusa, Italy, according to a posting on the Armed Forces of Malta Facebook page.
Malta’s military Rescue Coordination Centre has assumed control of what it called a “major search and rescue incident,” according to the Facebook posting.
According to the Maltese military, the ship was being followed by military chase planes and “appeared unstable.”
“A few minutes later, the aircraft reported that the boat had capsized and that numerous persons were in the water. Initial assistance was provided by the aircraft, which dropped a life raft in close proximity of the persons in distress,” according to the Facebook posting.
The fate of those aboard the capsized ship was not immediately clear.
It is the second such incident this month in the region.
Earlier this week, a boat carrying more than 500 African migrants sank off the coast of Lampedusa, killing 309 people in what Lampedusa Mayor Giusi Nicolini called “the biggest sea tragedy in the Mediterranean Sea since World War II.”
That ship originated in Libya, caught fire off the Italian coast and sank.
Survivors, many of them from Eritrea, told CNN they used bodies to keep themselves afloat until they were rescued.
The incident sparked calls for efforts to reform migration policies in the region.
A week ago Friday, the United Nations’ human rights office urged the European Union to work to prevent another such incident.
The agency called on authorities to work to reduce migrant trafficking and address economic and security issues that have driven thousands of African residents to make the risky voyage to Europe in search of a better life.
Tesfaye Gebreab is one of the best Amharic language writers Ethiopia currently has. In fact, I would argue that there is no one who matches his talent among our generation of writers. Such talent should be nurtured and appreciated by our society, even if we disagree with some of the contents of the writings. Tesfaye is doing more to advance the Amharic language and literature than any other person today.
To accuse Tesfaye of being an agent of the Eritrean government is wrong. It is a baseless accusation. On top of that, to steal his book, that he labored hard to produce while living in exile, and distribute it online for free is a criminal act. Tesfaye can and should ask the FBI to investigate and bring charges against those individuals who are illegally distributing his book. I am particularly ashamed of those Ethiopian websites who are participating in this shameful and criminal act.
The onslaught against Tesfaye Gebreab reflects badly on our society, particularly when the attack comes from those who claim to stand up for freedom of speech.
Recently, I was equally offended and disappointed when Ginbot 7 and ESAT had kicked out Ethiotube editors from their public meeting in Washington DC. It is terribly hypocritical of them, and most of all, such ill-advised and intolerant behavior hurt our struggle for freedom and justice in our own country.
Ethiopian Review’s selection of the 2013 Top 10 Ethiopian Political Cartoons (See more cartoons here.) #1. [Click on the image to enlarge] #2. [Click on the image to enlarge] #3. [Click on the image to enlarge] #4. [Click on the image to enlarge] #5. [Click on the image to enlarge] #6. [Click on the image [...]
OCTOBER 10, 2013 11:21PM On October 11-12, 2013, the African Union (AU) will gather in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to formally withdraw from the Rome Statute in supremely dramatic form. The world for the first time will witness a choreographed denunciation (announcement of termination) of an international treaty by an entire continent. This act of collective [...]
Teddy Mitiku continues to receive medical treatment at the Holy Cross Hospital in Silver Spring, Maryland. His family, including brother Teshome Mitiku, an Ethiopian music legend in his own right, have expressed gratitude for the outpouring of affection and care they have been receiving from Ethiopians around the world since the news of Teddy’s illness [...]
Dear friends: In just 2 days’ time, African leaders could kill off a great institution, leaving the world a more dangerous place. The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the world’s first and only global court to adjudicate crimes against humanity. But leaders of Sudan and Kenya, who have inflicted terror and fear across their countries, [...]
CHRISTIAN TODAY – The latest tragic incident of hundreds of African migrants drowning in European waters tells a wider story. Scratch beneath the surface and for many of the migrants, their stories are not only of wanting a better life. Often they will be of fleeing persecution or conflict at home, and paying their life [...]
African leaders thugs, mass murderers and looters will meet in Ethiopia on Friday to discuss calls to withdraw from the International Criminal Court, even as former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan of Ghana urged them to stand by the court. Amid sharp criticism of the court on the continent, 142 African human rights and activists groups [...]
Ethiopians are optimistic of victory ahead of their 2014 World Cup playoff against the Super Eagles of Nigeria.
On October 13th, Ethiopia will host the…
Some fact about Ethiopia’s new figure head president Mulatu Teshome Wirtu: Born in 1955 in Arjo town, Welega, western Ethiopia Received higher education in China in the 1970s, receiving a bachelor’s degree in political economy and a doctorate in international law from Peking University In the 1990s, served as Deputy Minister of Economic Development and [...]
ENTC announced today that it has launched a one-hour weekly program that will air on its internet based radio station. To listen to this program, you can go to http://www.etntc.org and click on ‘audio archives’ or use the below link: Week-1 Audio
For some one to become the “president” of Ethiopia under the Woyanne junta, he has to be a scumbag, a sell out, some one who has the soul a pig, and a loyal puppet whose self-worth is no better than that of a pack animal (donkey). The TPLF mafia doesn’t trust any one who doesn’t [...]
The following is a selection by Ethiopian Review of The 2013 of Top 10 Ethiopian Videos. The videos are ranked based on number of views in 2013. Some of the videos were produced previous to 2013. Top 10 Ethiopian Videos Abet – Ethiopian Girls Band. ft. Haile Roots Ye economy idget – comedy Adrashash Tefabegn [...]
The state-run TV in Ethiopia has announced today that the current Ethiopian Ambassador to Turkey, Dr. Mulatu Teshome Wirtu, has been appointed as the new President of Ethiopia. President Girma Woldegiorgis, who served two terms, has hand over his ceremonial role. Mulatu served in various ministerial positions before he was appointed as an Ambassador under [...]
It is rumored that current Ethiopian Ambassador to Turkey, Dr. Mulatu Teshome Wirtu will be sworn in as the new President of Ethiopia tomorrow. We have not yet confirmed the information from independent sources.
President Girma Woldegiorgis who served for two terms will hand over his ceremonial power tomorrow.
Mulatu served in various ministerial positions before he was appointed as an Ambassador under the current administration. He is also the executive member of the Oromo Peoples’ Democratic Organization (OPDO).
However, one of the names that has been coming up for the presidency has been the former mayor of Addis Abeba, Berhane Deresa.
The Kenyan military on Saturday revealed the names of four terrorists who took part in the September 21st attack on Westgate Mall in Nairobi.
Note to the reader: In my commentary last week, I defended the International Criminal Court (ICC) against accusations of “race hunting”, selective and arbitrary prosecution and abuse of power by certain African leaders. This week I continue my defense, in a rather lengthy commentary, by exposing and scrupulously refuting the bogus arguments articulated by these leaders [...]
By Patrick Bowden | The Collegian This year, two determined SDSU Ph.D. students Woubet Alemu and Christopher Moran won the international NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship award. This award grants the students each a $30,000 sum to help further their aspiring research plans for the future. The grant also allows the students to utilize [...]
The coffins of 111 died migrants are lined up inside an hangar of Lampedusa’s airport, Italy, Saturday, Oct. 5, 2013. A ship carrying African migrants towards Italy capsized Thursday off the Sicilian island of Lampedusa after the migrants on board started a fire to attract attention. Just 155 people survived, 111 bodies have been recovered and more than 200 are still missing. The tragedy has prompted outpourings of grief and calls for a comprehensive EU immigration policy to deal with the tens of thousands fleeing poverty and strife in Africa and the Middle East. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)
LAMPEDUSA, Italy (AP) – The coffins of African migrants killed in a shipwreck off the Italian island of Lampedusa were lined up in long rows inside an airport hangar where survivors of the tragedy paid their respects Saturday. All of the caskets had a single rose on top except for the four of the youngest victims, which had stuffed animals.
The 111 coffins were numbered – a teddy bear wearing a smile and a blue shirt with a heart was placed above casket No. 92.
The ceremony took place hours after Italian fishermen threw a bouquet of yellow flowers near the exact spot where the migrant boat sank, honking their foghorns in tribute to the dead and up to 250 migrants who may still be missing.
The search to recover more bodies, meanwhile, was called off for a second day because of choppy waters and strong currents.
A parliamentary delegation visited the survivors amid reports that a boat may have violated the "law of the sea" by failing to help the migrant ship packed with 500 migrants, nearly all from Eritrea, about 600 meters (650 yards) from shore.
"To come to rescue is a duty. Not to come to rescue is a crime," Laura Boldrini, the Italian house speaker who previously and for many years was the U.N. Refugee Agency spokeswoman in Italy, told reporters in Lampedusa after visiting the survivors.
The 20-meter (65-foot) migrant boat sank Thursday after a fire was set onboard to attract attention of any passing boats or people on shore when they ran into trouble. They had traveled for two full days and thought they had reached safety when they saw the lights of Lampedusa.
Instead, at least 111 drowned and 155 survived, some of whom were in the water for three hours, clinging to anything buoyant – even empty water bottles.
Boat captains in Italian waters have been dissuaded in the past from helping migrants in distress because they fear prosecution under an Italian law aimed at curbing illegal migration. But Boldrini said the law of the sea requires assistance to be given to anyone in need.
Reports that a boat didn’t help the stranded migrants prompted a Dutch lawmaker to call for an investigation. While survivors have told authorities that a boat passed, there has been no single vessel identified nor have prosecutors launched a formal investigation.
Italian lawmaker Pia Locatelli, part of the delegation, told The Associated Press the migrants reported that a boat circled them with a light and then went away. They also saw one or perhaps two more boats in the distance before the fire.
"They were absolutely sure in telling the boat went around their own boat," Locatelli said, but they were unable to offer a further description.
The migrants found themselves in a rocky bay and couldn’t make the shore, according to humanitarian organizations. Locatelli said their engine hadn’t broken down, contrary to other reports, and the migrants were unclear on why they didn’t try to find a landing point with the boat.
Normally, migrants who are seeking refugee status have phones they use to contact authorities when they reach shore, but officials say this group was forced to give up their phones in Libya.
More than 20 survivors attended a private ceremony in a hangar where caskets containing the bodies of those recovered were prepared.
The surviving migrants asked the lawmakers to be allowed to identify the deceased, to repatriate their remains to Eritrea and to be moved to centers away from Lampedusa as soon as possible, Boldrini said.
Lampedusa’s mayor said that identifications would be made through photographs.
Earlier, about 10 fishing vessels headed out to the site of the shipwreck in choppy seas to drop the flowers and blast their horns in honor of the migrants who died.
Fishermen, including one who saved several dozen of the migrants from the shipwreck, said offering help to those in need is part of their code.
"It’s the law of the sea!" Vito Fiorini said. "If you find somebody in need you must immediately help. How could you turn away when you see a person who needs help?
"They do it (help) all the time, it’s unthinkable that a fisherman of Lampedusa would pretend to see nothing!"
Fiorini, who has said he was the first to reach the fiery wreck and sounded the alarm, said some of the 47 migrants he pulled from the sea had been stripped of their clothing, possibly by the current. Some were so slippery from being covered in gasoline that it was hard to pull them onboard.
Humanitarian agencies say 41 of the survivors are minors between the ages of 11 and 17 — and all but one of them was unaccompanied by a parent. Survivors said they spent between two and four months in Tripoli, the Libyan capital, awaiting passage to Europe, much of that time spent confined.
At the refugee center, Awet, an Eritrean survivor who lost a friend in a shipwreck, told the AP he paid $1,600 to smugglers for the trip. He claimed the captain had a phone, but had thrown it into the sea.
Thousands make the perilous crossing each year, seeking a new life in the prosperous European Union. Smugglers charge thousands of dollars a head for the journey aboard overcrowded, barely seaworthy boats that lack life vests. Each year hundreds die undertaking the crossing.
Boldrini said the wave of migrants needs to be tackled in the countries of origin – and not with punitive measures against those fleeing misery and violence.
She cited an Italian law that makes entering Italy a crime. In keeping with the law, a prosecutor in Sicily has confirmed he is preparing paperwork against the migrants – a procedure hampered by their poor Italian and lack of documents.
"We won’t ever solve the problem with repressive measures," Boldrini said. "It is unthinkable that someone who flees wars or death will stop in front of the hypothesis of a crime."
She said she spoke to one 27-year-old who had been forced to serve in the Eritrean military for eight years.
"They said how much they paid, how families indebted themselves, how they flee to find a life to find a life of peace and security, and also to pay back their families," Boldrini said.
Human rights groups have called Eritrea one of the world’s most repressive regimes. Increasingly isolated, Eritrea is under sanctions imposed by the African Union and the United Nations. In late 2011 the U.N. Security Council expanded an arms embargo against the president’s regime. The country is accused of supporting al-Qaida-linked Islamist militants in Somalia.
AP writer Colleen Barry in Milan contributed to this report.
Click here for the Amharic translation of the article about Breast Cancer Awareness for Ethiopians
President Paul Kagame has rebuked the U.S. State Department’s decision to sanction his country over its alleged association with the M23 rebel group.
5 October 2013 Last updated at 10:23
Lampedusa disaster: Why men flee Eritrea
By Imogen Foulkes
BBC News, Geneva
Samson Kidane lost his best friend in a boat crossing the Mediterranean
The latest tragedy in the Mediterranean has, not before time, human rights groups say, put the spotlight on the situations which drive people to make the perilous boat journey to Europe, and the many dangers they face along the way.
October is international Breast Cancer Awareness month. Throughout the month, public and private organizations in many countries promote programs and activities aimed at breast cancer risk reduction, early detection, treatment and research. It is well-established that breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women throughout the world. Millions of women are diagnosed [...]
By Mignote Kassa
The expected growth and transformation of Ethiopia cannot easily be realized without software usage. Some of our undergoing projects are very big and complex that they cannot be managed by the old ways and means to reach the pinnacle of success according to plan and budget.
These days, almost every company is becoming a software company. By considering business and operating models pioneered by the software industry and tailoring them to their own needs, organizations can lower their costs, boost performance and turn software into a competitive advantage.
Countries like Ethiopia, whose financial capabilities are very low, should have learned from India. In the last 20 years, India’s software industry surpassed the export income of any of its export products that began 100 years ago.
The reason is this industry needs skill and marketing unlike the others that require prosperity. The best students in India go to the Information Technology (IT) colleges knowing that they definitely get rewards.
The IT industry in India has gained a brand identity as a knowledge economy. It has two major components: IT Services and business process outsourcing (BPO).
The growth in the service sector in India has been led by the IT sector, contributing substantially to increase in gross domestic product (GDP), employment and exports. The sector has increased its contribution to India’s GDP from 1.2pc in 1998 to 7.5pc in 2012.
The IT-BPO sector in India aggregated revenues of 100 billion dollars in 2012, where export and domestic revenue stood at 69.1 billion dollars and 31.7 billion dollars, respectively, growing by over nine percent. The industry’s share of total Indian exports increased from less than four percent in 1998 to about 25pc in 2012.
In contrast,Ethiopia’s private sector engaged in the software industry has not been able to show the fruits of technology and grow as observed in the other world. It is only the banking industry and a few big companies that have utilised the benefits gained from software of foreign companies.
But, it is to be noted that these entities are using expensive software while there can exist ample resource locally with less price. The number of universities and colleges teaching IT has also grown but the country has not been capable of providing them the core job of software production.
Little achievements had been seen from most of the existing local software companies from the small opportunities offered to them. A few could have been competitive with the international companies if proper support was given from the state and the society.
The situation is different in other countries. The time spent by the local software producers was sufficient to be reliable sources competitive in all respects. Due to various hindrances like limited resources, inexperienced marketing, shallow knowledge of the subject matter, prejudice of incapability from the authorities and so on, the country is assumed to have no dependable companies.
The World of Montgomery Festival celebrates and displays the rich cultural heritages of the DC Area. The festival will be held in Maryland at Westfield Wheaton Plaza Mall parking lot (next to the metro) on Sunday, October 20th, 2013, from noon to 5:00pm.
Ethiopia will be featured in the International Village and on the performance stages. The stages and the Parade of Cultures will showcase dancers and musicians in native dress from a wide variety of international and African backgrounds. At the tent from Ethiopia in the International Village, festival goers have the experience of watching a traditional coffee ceremony, playing Ethiopian children’s games, and writing their names in Amharic. The tent will also feature art and cultural artifacts from Ethiopia.
Sponsored by Fund for Montgomery and organized by KID Museum, the festival includes an international village, a global kitchen with chef demonstrations of traditional ethnic food, a craft market, a Parade of Cultures, two performance stages of traditional dance and music, connections through service, traditional arts and fun activities for the whole family.
A small sampling of the interactive activities of other cultures include body henna art, playing traditional musical instruments, and an opportunity to try on a saree or a turban at the India Tent. When visiting El Salvador, attendees can learn how to paint traditional El Salvadoran art. China’s tent features exhibitions of the art of Chinese painting and traditional Chinese costumes, along with learning to write Chinese characters.
This event is a highly interactive experience where participants are able to engage in creative projects from the diverse communities that make up some of the largest immigrant populations in Montgomery County and the DC area. The exhibits include culturally authentic arts demonstrations and activities aimed at promoting international and multi-cultural awareness.
For additional information, go to http://www.worldofmontgomery.com/.
Admission is free. Free parking is available nearby. Participants may also take the Metro to the Wheaton station, which is located two blocks away from the festival grounds. The address of the event is 11160 Veirs Mill Rd, Wheaton-Glenmont, MD 20902.
This event is organized by the KID Museum (Kids International Discovery Museum) and its sponsors include Fund for Montgomery, Montgomery County, Westfield Wheaton, WSSC, Safeway, Southern Management, Washington Property Company, Bozzutto, Stonebridge, ABC7, News Channel 8, WTOP, The Washington Post, Fenton Street Market, The Gazette, Comcast, Wheaton Urban District, Mid-Atlantic Petroleum Properties, Montgomery College, Choice Hotels International, Washington Property Company,
Fund for Montgomery sponsors include: Adventist HealthCare, Ana G. Mendez University, Barwood Transportation, BioHealth Innovations, Covanta Energy, Carl M. Freeman Foundation, Comcast, Corporate Volunteer Council, County Executive Ike Leggett, Fitzgerald Auto Malls, Jewish Community Relations Council, Jewish Federation of Greater Washington • Johns Hopkins University, Lerch, Early & Brewer, Chtd, Mid-Atlantic Petroleum Properties, Mongtomery College, Montgomery County Muslim Foundation, RAFFA, P.C., Safeway, Soltsz Associates, Southern Management, The Community Foundation for Montgomery County, The Gazette,The Sanford and Doris Slavin Foundation, Universities at Shady Grove Verizon, Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission.
Contact for the Public:
The dean of Arbaminch University in southwestern Ethiopia has expelled hundreds of students who complained about lack of preparation to take an exam before starting their 4th year. Instead of sitting down and hearing the students’ grievances, the dean, Dr. (Donkoro) Feleke Woldeyes, a card carrying member of the ruling party, ordered them to pack their [...]
By William Davison, Bloomberg News Ethiopia’s plan to build Africa’s biggest hydropower dam on the main tributary of the Nile River must address concerns that there may be flaws in the design of its foundations, a group of international experts said. They also called for further studies on what impact the 6,000-megawatt, $4.7 billion project [...]
After more than a week of tumultuous protests, the leader of one of Sudan’s main opposition parties, Hassan Al-Turabi, has called on President Al-Bashir to…
In a Global assessment of Internet and Digital Media, Freedom House finds that, when it comes to Internet freedom, Ethiopia is the most repressive among the Sub-Saharan countries it examined.
Over the past years, the global number of censored websites has increased, while internet users in various countries have been arrested, tortured and killed over the information they posted online. Iran, Cuba and China remain among the most restrictive countries in the World and Ethiopia tops the list of most restrictive nations in Sub-Saharan Africa.
In September 2012, Ethiopia’s government passed the Telecom Fraud Offences law, which is supposed to combat cybercrime but also includes provisions that toughen the ban of VoIP, requiring users to register all ICT equipment including smartphones.
Manyazewal Eshetu, a 21 year old university student was also arrested and charged with criminal defamation for posting a comment on Facebook criticizing the ‘rampant corruption’ in a local university. He still remains in prison and has not been persecuted.
The well known dissident Eskender Nega was found guilty under the anti-terrorism law and sentenced to 18 years of prison for his alleged links to a ’terrorist group’ after he posted online articles that criticized the government’s use of the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation to silence political dissent.
Freedom House’s country report on Ethiopia also recalls that Ethio Telecom had deployed deep packet inspection to enable more sophisticated selective internet filtering of internet traffic.
The most recent ONI tests in September 2012 found that filtering by Ethio Telecom primarily on ”independent online news media, political blogs and Ethiopian human rights groups’ websites. Of the 1,375 unique websites tested, 73 were blocked including online portals such as Cyber Ethiopia“, the report states on page 278.
ndeed, since May 2006, CyberEthiopia.com has been blocked in Ethiopia along with many other popular Ethiopian web sites with an apparent objective to prevent the dissemination of information that is critical of the regime in Ethiopia.
Men found dead on the shore of Sicily near the town of Scicli
Another 70 migrants from Eritrea have been apprehended by police
Two people arrested on suspicion of people-smuggling after packed boat ran aground this morning.
The bodies of 13 immigrants have washed up on the coast of Sicily after a boat carrying 200 people ran aground as it approached the shore.
When the boat ran into difficulties in rough seas near the coastal town of Scicli this morning, the migrants it was carrying jumped into the sea.
Most made it to shore and ran away, but a number of men were unable to swim strongly enough and drowned.
One of the alleged smugglers is said to have lashed out at a swimmer who tried to rescue him from the water.
As well as the 13 men who drowned, a number of other immigrants had to be rescued, and several – including a pregnant woman – were taken to hospital for treatment.
One immigrant who tried to escape after reaching the shore was hit by a car on a nearby road and suffered serious injuries.
In addition, 20 children are among the 70 migrants apprehended so far, most of whom came from Eritrea in East Africa, according to Corriere Della Sera.
The nationality of the 13 victims, whose bodies were laid out on the shore, is not yet known.
ENTC has issued a press release supporting the protests that the various political parties are carrying out in Ethiopia despite the regime’s continued harassment. Read the statement (PDF)
ፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ የአፍሪካ “የዘር አደን”፤ የዘር ካርድ፤ እና የአፍሪካን እጀ ሰቦች/አመጸኞች ማደን? ሃይለማርያም ደሰለኝ፤ የኢትዮጵያ የስም ብቻ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የዓለም አቀፉ የወንጀለኞች ፍርድ ቤት (አይ ሲ ሲ) በአፍሪካ አደን ላይ ነው ይላል፡፡ እንደ ቢቢሲ ራድዮ አባባል ራድዮ በግንቦት (ሜይ) 2013 ሃይለማርያም ሲናገር ‹‹በዓለም አቀፉ የወንጀለኞች ፍርድ ቤት ከተወነጀሉት መሃል 99% የአፍሪካ [...]
Former president Dr Negasso Gidada has transformed himself overnight from the butt of jokes into the most popular politician in Ethiopia with a few simple acts of courage. Unfortunately, his popularity came as he is about to conclude his political career. He announced that he will step down as chairman of the Union for Democracy [...]
A photo gallery of the beautiful eastern Ethiopian city of Dire Dawa. Click here to see. (WIKIPEDIA) – Dire Dawa was founded in 1902 after the Addis Ababa – Djibouti Railway reached the area. The railroad could not reach the city of Harar at its higher elevation, so Dire Dawa was built nearby. This led [...]
No doubt these days, the situation in Tigray has been dominating Ethiopian politics both back home and in the Diaspora. In popular Ethiopian cafes, the talk now days revolves around the declining TPLF empire and the start of their great retreat to their Adwa camps.
The retreat came faster than most hardcore Tigrayans anticipated with the sudden and unexpected death of Abay Tigray champion Ato Meles Zenawi.
Their goal before his death was to sale as much land as they can in agricultural lands in Ethiopia in other ethnic regions to foreign commercial farmers. Part of these policy was driven by greater Abay Tigray ambition was involved the ‘relocation’ of indigenous tribes from their land into ‘urbanization’ camps.
The idea was and still remains to evict locals sitting on agriculturally rich regions and tell the locals to relocate due to "Ethiopian" government schemes. Once replaced, half of their land will be sold to foreigners while the rest are made available for Tigrayans to move and populate.
This is no more evident then in the remote and isolated Gambella, Benishangul, Gumuz and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR).
This campaign is already under way in advance stages and the government is slowly repopulating these regions with Tigrayans who never farmed from Adwa and beyond.
This is the greatest tragedy in modern Ethiopia and the international community as well as Ethiopians have not understood this scheme to this day.
They simply think its government initiatives to develop the land but that’s far from the reality. This is a scheme to expand and achieve the Abay Tigray prophecy which requires electricity (Benshingul), water (Gumuz), ports/sea access (Afar/Eritrea) and agriculture/food (Gambella and SSNPR as well as parts of Amhara).
The Omo valley farms are contracted to third parties such as Indian and Middle Eastern firms but later they will be asked to return the land (leased to certain period, some 50 years, think of Hong Kong).
The Abay Dam is to provide Abay Tigray with both electricity and new income.
Assab port is second to Abay Dam and TPLF is most likely going to declare war on Eritrea within the next 5 years.
Here are some maps.
At present day after TPLF expanded the former Tigray region and annexed land from Afar, Amhara, Oromo and others.
The true Abay Tigray Ethiopians should be pushing for.
The Tigrayan prophecy which is at work at present.
A popular path for Ethiopians to work as illegal household help in Saudi Arabia has been blocked by construction of a 75 kilometer-long three meter-high concrete-filled pipeline, that is supposed to eventually span the entire 1,800 kilometer Saudi-Yemen border.
The Saudi-Yemen Barrier is designed to discourage illegal entry by Yemenis and other foreigners from sneaking across the border for work, to stop smugglers bringing in weapons for extremists and to end the shipment of qat – a plant whose leaves are a mild but illegal stimulant – to eager Saudi consumers.
Early construction has already cut off the route taken by thousands of poor Ethiopians seeking household jobs in Saudi Arabia’s wealthy middle class.
According to International Office for Migration (IOM) officials in Sana’a, 25,000 Ethiopians hoping for jobs as maids, cooks, nannies, gardeners and drivers in Saudi cities have been stopped at the barrier and now live in scattered temporary encampments not far from the fence.
IOM operates an emergency center there that provides water, food and medical help daily to about 3,500 of the most needy, said Marco Chimenton of the IOM office in Sana’a. The IOM has also repatriated thousands of Ethiopians from Yemen but has faced problems funding the flights in recent years.
Foreigners do Saudi menial labor
Saudi officials estimate that a million jobs in the Kingdom are filled by foreign workers. Most are filling low-paying positions. “Anyone doing any sort of menial labor is basically a foreigner,” said Adam Coogle of Human Rights Watch in Amman.
Traditionally, the largest percentage of domestic workers – about 60,000 – in Saudi Arabia come from the Philippines, said Dr. Ahmed F. Al Fahaid, the Ministry of Labor’s deputy for international affairs. In protest of Saudi working conditions, the Republic of the Philippines last year banned their domestic workers from further entry to the Kingdom until a bi-lateral agreement was reached. Ethiopians began competing in earnest for those Saudi jobs.
The Philippine Overseas Labor Office has since negotiated a Saudi agreement to, among other things, guarantee $400 monthly wages and the freedom to change jobs. They signed their new agreement with the Saudi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs in May.
Ethiopians bound for the homes in the Kingdom
Work conditions in Saudi Arabia for migrant domestic laborers – and particularly for housemaids – have long been criticized by Human Rights Watch and other watchdog agencies that cite unsafe housing, nonpayment of workers, rape and other physical abuse.
Al Fahaid said the Ministry of Labor completed a set of regulations in July that for the first time addresses conditions and protections for the Kingdom’s 1 million foreign domestic workers.
Recent local Saudi media accounts have focused on Ethiopian housemaids as perpetrators of violence. In July, a Jeddah police spokesman said many accusations against Ethiopians have “turned out to be inconsequential” but anxious Saudi mothers have engaged in an anti-Ethiopian housemaid campaign on Twitter.
About 200 Ethiopians who ran away from their places of employment were being treated for psychological problems in a Riyadh center for housemaids, according to the Saudi Gazette.
“We had some problems, especially with the Ethiopians, and decided to temporarily stop and review the case,” said Al Fahaid. “We found out through a consultant … that most problems started long before the workers came here – especially domestic workers.”
Foreign workers who try to change employers are in violation of Saudi law and subject to deportation because they violate kafala – the Saudi custom of sponsorship that denies a foreign worker the right to change jobs without the employers consent. Some labor advocates have compared the system to slavery. Bahrain has outlawed it.
40,000 visa applications suspended
With all the bad publicity, Ethiopia recently suspended applications for an estimated 40,000 Ethiopians who want to work in the Kingdom.
“The decision was made on the basis of widespread reports that the Saudi authorities were complaining about domestic workers turning against their employers,” said Getachew Reda, spokesman for Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn.
He said the decision to suspend new visas is not related to Riyadh’s intentions to deport thousands of other Ethiopians who had entered the Kingdom illegally. Getachew said his government is focused on better work conditions for those who enter Saudi Arabia legally.
For more than a year Ethiopia has been negotiating with Saudi labor officials for an agreement similar to the Philippine agreement. Getachew said his government wants to change the system for Ethiopians who work there.
“Private employers consider these employees their property,” Getachew said, “and they take away their passports and make sure they have no means to challenge any unacceptable conditions. That kind of abuse happens very much.”
Recruiters are unregulated middlemen
Migrant workers from Ethiopian and other countries are often victims of a poorly functioning and sometimes corrupt system of recruiters, say observers of the Saudi foreign worker system. Recruiters are the crucial intermediaries between the housemaid and her employer, but neither government controls the recruiting or training process. Recently city officials in Addis Ababa met with overseas job recruiters and announced the creation of seven centers to train potential foreign workers in basic home management skills.
The Philippines screens Saudi and Filipino recruiters of their domestic workers. Ethiopia’s Getachew says recruiting agencies are part of the problem in Ethiopia. The recruiting system has received some criticism from Ethiopian labor advocates.
“We’re cracking down on the so-called agencies which are concocting all kinds of stories about all kinds of opportunities in Saudi Arabia or elsewhere in the Middle East,” said Getachew.
ADDIS ABABA – An Ethiopian opposition group, Union for Democracy and Justice party (UDJ), has held a large protest demonstration in Addis Ababa on Sunday,…
This shocking news is reported by Arab News today. Most of these poor Ethiopian women (some of whom are as young as 14-year-old) were trafficked to Saudi Arabia by the Ethiopian government and its collaborators such as Mohammed Al Amoudi using a modern day slave ship named Ethiopian Airlines. But this is a shame not [...]
September 30, 2013 (SHIRE, ETHIOPIA) – An Eritrean soldier who recently fled to Ethiopia has alleged that many of the dissident soldiers who in January laid siege at the ministry of information building in the capital Asmara have been killed.
Over 100 Eritrean dissident soldiers on January 21, 2013 stormed and took control of the ministry of information in Asmara and called for political reform and a return to the country’s 1997 constitution.
The day-long mutiny ended after Special Forces loyal to President Isaias Afeorki surrounded the building and the mutineers agreed to release hostages and to peacefully return to their base.
The Eritrean army deserter who refused to be named for fear of reprisal against his relatives back in Asmera, said most of the mutineers were arrested days after their failed mutineer.
According to the former Eritrean soldier, Special Forces took many of the dissident soldiers from their base and detained them in a secret detention facility where they were subjected to torture and inhuman treatment.
“To my knowledge 26 of the mutineers were brutally murdered by secret agents”, he told Sudan Tribune.
As to the fate of the others he said “I don’t know what happened to the others but I am sure their fate won’t be different”.
He said he fled to Ethiopia after a military official warned him that his life was in danger after he was accused of disobeying military orders.
President Isaias Afworki who has ruled Eritrea since independence from Ethiopia in 1993 has zero-tolerance for dissent and criticism.
The red sea nation has no legally functioning opposition political party and has since independence been a one-party state.
The army deserted said dissatisfaction within the Eritrean military has increased. January’s mutiny was seen as the latest challenge to the Eritrean president and an indicator of growing discontent in the military.
It is estimated that Eritrea has up to 10,000 political prisoners.
African Race Hunting, the Race Card and Racing After African Thugs? Hailemariam Desalegn, the titular prime minister of Ethiopia, says the International Criminal Court (ICC) is on African safari. In May 2013,according to the BBC, Desalegn said, “African leaders were concerned that out of those indicted by the ICC, 99% are Africans. This shows something [...]
ኢህአዴግ ከቀድሞ ሊቀ-መንበሩ አቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ህልፈት በኋላ በተከሰተበት ውስጣዊ ልዩነት በተለዋዋጭ የኃይል ሚዛን ሥር ለማደር በመገደዱ የስልጣኑን መዘውር የሚያሽከረክረውን አካል ለመለየት አዳጋች ነበር፡፡ ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ግን ይህ ሽኩቻ መፍትሄ ማግኘቱን የሚያመላክቱ ሁናቴዎች መፈጠራቸውን የውስጥ አወቅ መረጃዎች ጠቁመዋል፡፡
ድንገቴው የመለስ ህልፈት ህወሓትን ቢከፍለውም፣ ብአዴን ራሱን እንዲያጠናክር መደላድል ፈጥሮለታል፡፡ ይህ የሆነበት ምክንያት መለስ ዘመኑን ሙሉ በብአዴን ታማኝነት ላይ ጥርጣሬ ስላልነበረው ቀድሞውንም እንዲዳከም ባለማድረጉ ይመስለኛል፡፡ እርሱ በአይነ ቁራኛ ይጠብቀው የነበረው ህወሓትን ነበር፤ በተለይም በሠራዊቱ እና በደህንነቱ ውስጥ ‹‹ተፅእኖ መፍጠር ይችላሉ›› የሚባሉት አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ እና የትግራይን መዋቅር በእጁ ያደረገው የቀድሞ የክልሉ አስተዳዳሪ ፀጋዬ በርሄ በጥርጣሬ ዓይን የሚታዩ ሆነው ቆይተዋል፡፡ በምርጫ 2002ቱ ማግስትም ድርጅቱ አቦይን ‹‹በክብር›› እንዲሸኝ ሲደረግ፣ ፀጋዬ በርሄን ደግሞ ‹‹አማካሪ›› በሚል ሽፋን ከመቀሌ ወደ ቤተ-መንግስት (ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ቢሮ) አዛውሮ በቅርብ እይታ ስር በማዋሉ ሁለቱንም ከጨዋታ ውጪ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ በግልባጩ አዜብ መስፍንና ‹የመለስ ታማኞች› የሚባሉት እነአባይ ወልዱና ቴዎድሮስ ሀጎስ የፖሊት ቢሮውን ተቀላቅለዋል፡፡ ሁነቱም ከእነአቦይ ጋር በስጋ ዝምድናና በጋብቻ የተሳሰሩ ባለስልጣናትን በማስከፋቱ በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ብቻ የሚታወቅ (አደባባይ ያልወጣ) ልዩነት ፈጥሮ እንደነበረ ይታወሳል (በነገራችን ላይ ኦህዴድ የማዳከሙ ሴራ ሰለባ ነው፡፡ ይህ ሁናቴ ከመለስ ህልፈትም በኋላ ቀጥሏል፤ ለምሳሌ ባለፈው ዓመት የግንባሩ አባል ድርጅቶች፣ የየራሳቸውን ጠቅላላ ጉባኤ ባካሄዱበት ወቅት ብአዴን በ‹ክብር› ካሰናበተው ሁለት ዓመት ያለፈውን መሪውን አዲሱ ለገሰን ወደ ቦታው መልሶ ራሱን ሲያጠናክር፣ በተቃራኒው ኦህዴድ አንጋፋ አመራሮቹን፡- አባዱላ ገመዳ፣ ኩማ ደመቅሳና ግርማ ብሩን ከስራ አስፈፃሚነታቸው እንዲያነሳ ተገድዷል፡፡ ይህንን ነው መተካካት የሚሉትም፡፡
የመለስን ህልፈት ተከትሎ በውስጡ ያደፈጠው ቅራኔ ፈንቅሎ በመውጣቱ ህወሓትን የ‹መቀሌው› እና የ‹አዲስ አበባው› በሚል ለሁለት ከፍሎት ነበር፤ ይህ ግን የመቀሌው-በአዲስ አበባ፤ የአዲስ አበባው-በመቀሌ ደጋፊ አልነበረውም እንደማለት አይደለም (የመቀሌውን አዜብ መስፍን፣ አባይ ወልዱ፣ ቴዎድሮስ ሀጎስ… መርተውታል፤ የአዲስ አበባውን ደግሞ አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ፣ አባይ ፀሃዬ፣ ደብረፅዮን ገ/ሚካኤል እና ጌታቸው አሰፋን ጨምሮ በርካታ አንጋፋ ታጋዮች ዘውረውታል)፡፡ ይህ አጋጣሚም ከእነ አዜብ ቡድን ጋር ትብብር የፈጠረውን ብአዴንን ለጊዜያዊ ድል አብቅቶት ነበር (በ93ቱ ክፍፍልም የብአዴን ድጋፍ መለስ በአሸናፊነት እንዲወጣ ጉልህ ድርሻ ማበርከቱ ይታወሳል)፡፡ አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ በትግርኛ ቋንቋ በሚታተመው ‹‹ውራይና›› መፅሄት ላይ ‹‹ህዝቢ ትግራይ ዘቃልሶ ኣቃሊሱ ዝጠቕሞ ወያናይ ውድብ ይግብኦ›› (የትግራይ ህዝብ የሚያታግለው፣ ታግሎም የሚጠቅመው ወያኔያዊ ድርጅት ይገባዋል) በሚል ርዕስ በፃፉት ፅሁፍ ችግሩን እንዲህ ሲሉ ገልፀውታል፡-
‹‹አባይ ወልዱም ባለፈው የህወሓት ጉባኤ ላይ በተደጋጋሚ ‹ህወሓት ውስጥ ማጠለሻሸትና (የሥልጣን) ሽኩቻ በስፋት እየተስተዋለ ነው› በማለት ሁኔታውን ገልፆታል፡፡ ከዚህ በላይ ማረጋገጫ ደግሞ የለም፡፡ እንዲህ ያለ በኃይል አሰላለፍ ደረጃ ሊታይ የሚችል የአንድን የፖለቲካ ድርጅት አቅም ከማዳከምና መርሀ-ግብሩን ከማሰናከል አልፎ ተርፎም ድርጅቱን ለአስከፊ ውድቀት ሊጥል ከሚችል አደገኛ ሁኔታ የበለጠ አደጋ ያለ አይመስለኝም፡፡›› (‹ውራይና› ቁጥር 4 ነሐሴ 2005 ዓ.ም)
ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የግንባሩ ሊቀ-መንበር በመሆኑ ጉዳይ ላይ ብአዴንም ሆነ ሁለቱ የህወሓት ቡድኖች ቅሬታ አልነበራቸውም፤ ምክንያቱም እርሱም ሆነ ‹ደቡብን እወክላለሁ› የሚለው ድርጅቱ ለአሸናፊ ኃይል ከማገልገል አልፈው የፖለቲካ አመፅ ሊያስነሱ እንደማይችሉ ይታወቃልና፡፡ ይሁንና በወቅቱ ኃይለማርያም ሰልፉን በ‹መለስ ባርኔጣ› ከሚንቀሳቀሰው ከመቀሌው ህወሓትና ብአዴን ጋር ጋዜጠኛ ተመስገን ደሳለኝበማስተካከሉ የኃይል ሚዛኑ በአንፃራዊነት ወደእነርሱ እንዲያጋድል አድርጓል፡፡ በግልባጩ ለእነ አቦይ እና ደጋፊዎቻቸው የመሸነፍ መገለጫ ተደርጎ ተወስዷል፡፡ እንግዲህ እስከ ዘጠነኛው የኢህአዴግ ጉባኤ ድረስ ‹መልከ-ኢህአዴግ› በዚህ መልኩ ነበር የቀጠለው፡፡
ብአዴኖች፣ ከመቀሌው ህወሓት ጋር የፈጠሩትን ግንባር፣ ከአዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መንበር ካገኙት ድጋፍ ጋር በማዋሀድ፡- የአዲስ አበባውን ህወሓት የአመራር አባላት ሙሉ በሙሉ፣ የደህንነት ሀላፊው ጌታቸው አሰፋን እና አንጋፋ የህወሓት ታማኝ ጄነራሎችን ከመንግስታዊውም ሆነ ከፓርቲው ኃላፊነታቸው በማንሳት በአሸናፊነት ለመወጣት ስልታዊ እንቅስቃሴ አድርገው እንደነበር ለድርጅቱ ቅርብ ከሆነ ሰው አረጋግጫለሁ፡፡ በባህርዳሩ ጉባኤ ላይም መላኩ ፈንቴ ‹አላሰራ አሉኝ› ብሎ በአደባባይ እንዲያጋልጣቸው ከተደረጉት የንግድ ደርጅቶችና ሀብታም ነጋዴዎች አብዛኞቹ ከአዲስ አበባው ህወሓት ጋር የተሳሰሩ እንደነበረ ይታወቃል፡፡ እነዚህን ኩነቶችም ነው ‹መፈንቅለ-ህወሓት› ለማለት የተገደድኩት፡፡ ሴራው የከሸፈው በሁለት ምክንያቶች ይመስለኛል፤ የመጀመሪያው በሰውየው ህልፈት ማግስት (ተተኪው ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ገና ባልተመረጠበት) እነአባይ ፀሀዬ ሶስት ሜጀር ጄነራል እና ሰላሳ አራት ብርጋዴር ጄነራሎች (አብዛኞቹ የህወሓት ሰዎች ናቸው) መሾማቸው ኃይላቸውን ሲያጠናክርላቸው፣ በአንፃሩ የመቀሌውን ህወሓትና ብአዴንን በሠራዊቱ ውስጥ የነበራቸውን ተፅእኖ ከማዳከሙም በላይ ኃይል የማሰባሰብ ሩጫቸውንም ገትቶታል፡፡ ሁለተኛው ምክንያት ደግሞ በደህንነት
መስሪያ ቤቱ አቀናባሪነት በ‹ፀረ ሙስና› ሽፋን የተከፈተው ዘመቻ ነው፤ እነበረከትንም ስልታቸውን መልሰው እንዲያጤኑ ያስገደዳቸው ይህ አይነቱ አስደንጋጭ እርምጃ ይመስለኛል፡፡
የኢትዮጵያን ልማዳዊ ፖለቲካ ከነሴራው ጠንቅቀው ከተረዱት ጥቂት ሰዎች መሀል አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ አንዱ መሆናቸው ተደጋግሞ ተነግሯል፡፡ አቦይ ህወሓትን ጠፍጥፎ በመስራቱም ሆነ በስልጣን ለማቆየት የመለስን ያህል (ሊበልጥም ይችላል) ለፍተዋል፡፡ ዛሬም ተፈጥሮ ላመጣባቸው እርጅና እጅ ሳይሰጡ በህወሓት ላይ የሚሴረውን-ለመበጣጠስና ለተቀናቃኞቻቸው-ጉድጓድ ለመቆፈር እንደማይሳናቸው አሳይተዋል፡፡ ይህ ሁኔታም ነው ‹የህወሓት ቆሌ› የሚል ቅጥያ ያሰጣቸው፡፡
ከመለስ ዜናዊ ጋር የነበራቸው ጥብቅ የመተባበር መንፈስም ከጓዳዊነትም በላይ እንደነበር የቅርብ ሰዎቻቸው ይመሰክራሉ፡፡ ግና ይህ የጦፈ ፍቅራቸው ከ2000 ዓ.ም ወዲህ መደብዘዝ ጀምሮ ነበር፤ ልዩነታቸውም ቅስ በቀስ እየሰፋ ለመምጣቱ ብዙ ማሳያዎች አሉ፡፡ አንዱ መለስ፣ ለአዜብ መስፍን እየሰጠ የነበረውን የፖለቲካ ጉልበት፣ አቦይ ‹ህወሓትን በሴት ቀሚስ እንደማሳደር› አድርገው መውሰዳቸው ነበር፡፡ ሌላው የሴቲቱ ኃይለኝነት የአቦይን የተሰሚነት ክልል ከመፈታተን አልፎ በአደባባይ ክብራቸውን እስከ መዳፈር መድረሱ ይመስለኛል፡፡ ችግሩን ለመፍታትም ከመለስ ጋር ተገናኝተው መነጋገር አልቻሉም፤ ለህወሓት ቅርብ የሆኑ ወዳጄ እንደነገሩኝ መለስ ህይወቱ ሲያልፍ አቦይን ካገኛቸው ከሁለት ዓመት በላይ ሆኖታል፤ ምክንያቱ ደግሞ እርሱ ማግኘት ባለመፈለጉ ነበር፤ ይህም ሆኖ አቦይ ተደጋጋሚ ጥረት ቢያደርጉም በልዩ ረዳቱ አማካኝነት ‹አስቸኳይ ጉዳይ ላይ ነው› እያስባለ መልሷቸዋል፤ በስራ አጋጣሚ ከቢሮ ውጪ ሲገናኙም ‹አጣዳፊ ስራ ስለተደራረበብኝ ነው፤ እኔ ራሴ አስጠራሀለሁ› እያለ ለሁለት ዓመት ያህል ሲርቃቸው ከቆየ በኋላ ነበር ድንገት ህይወቱ ያለፈው፡፡
አቦይ ወደ ህወሓት ተመልሰው በንቃት መሳተፍ የጀመሩት የመለስን ጤንነት ሲከታተሉ የነበሩ ሐኪሞች ‹ተስፋ የለውም› ባሉበት ማግስት ነበር፤ እንደምክንያት ያስቀመጡት ህወሓት ከድህረ-መለስ በኋላ፣ የብአዴንን የትከሻ ግፊያ መቋቋም አይችልም የሚል ስጋትን ነው፡፡ የሰውየው መጨረሻ ከታወቀ በኋላም የተፈጠረውን ክፍፍል ተከትሎ የታየው የኃይል ሚዛን ይህንኑ የሚያረጋግጥ ነበር፡፡ በወቅቱም አቦይ ‹መፍትሄ› ብለው ያቀረቡት ‹ብአዴንና ከጎኑ የተሰለፉትን የህወሓት የአመራር አባላትን ማሸነፍ ስለማንችል፣ አንጃው (የእነ ስዬ ተወልደ ቡድን) ተመልሶ ያጠናክረን› የሚል ነበር፤ በስማቸውም ‹‹ውራይና›› መፅሄት ላይ በፃፉት (ርዕሱ ከላይ በተጠቀሰው) ፅሁፍ ጉዳዩን እንዲህ በማለት ገልፀውት ነበር፡-
‹‹…ሁላችንም ህወሓት ውስጥ እያለን እኮ አንጃው ድርጅቱን ተቆጣጥሮት በትረ-መንግስቱንም ሊጨብጥ ተቃርቦ ነበር፡፡ በአንጃው የመዋጥ አደጋ ጊዜ ሁላችንም ተኝተን ነበር፡፡ እነዚያ የተሰናበቱት ሰዎች በማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴው ውስጥ ቢቆዩ ኖሮ ይተኙ ነበር ማለት ግን አይደለም፡፡ አሁን ላለው አመራር ይደግፉት ነበር ይሆን ማለቴ ነው እንጂ፡፡ …ከዚህ ቀደምም ሆነ አሁን ከህወሓት ማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ የወጣ ሁሉ እንደአዲስ ተደራጅቶ አሁን ላለው ማ/ኮሚቴ እገዛ የሚያደርግበትን መንገድ ማፈላለግ አለበት፡፡…›› (‹ውራይና› ቁጥር 4 ነሀሴ 2005 ዓ.ም)
ሆኖም አባይ ፀሀዬ፣ አርከበ እቁባይ፣ ፀጋዬ በርሄ፣ ጌታቸው አሰፋን የመሳሰሉት ‹በጭራሽ አይሆንም! የእነርሱ መመለስ ያውከናል› የሚል አቋም በመያዛቸው ሃሳቡ ተፈፃሚ ሳይሆን ቀርቷል፡፡
ከዚህ በኋላ የእነ አቦይና አባይ ቡድን ‹ህወሓትን ማዳኛ› ያለውን ሁለት ወሳኝ እርምጃ ወስዷል፤ ከህግ ውጪ ሶስት ሜጀር እና ሰላሳ አራት ብርጋዴር ጄነራሎችን ሲሾም፣ በደህንነት መስሪያ ቤት ውስጥ ቁልፍ ሰው የነበረውን ወ/ስላሴ ወ/ሚካኤልን ከየትኛውም አይነት ‹ኦፕሬሽን› እንዲገለል አደረገው፤ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ ሙሉ በሙሉ ከሀላፊነቱ አነስቶታል፡፡ በዚህ በኩል ያገኙትን የፖለቲካ ጉልበት በመመንዘር ከህገ-መንግስቱም ሆነ ከተለምዶአዊው አሰራር በማፈንገጥ ተጨማሪ ሁለት ም/ጠቅላይ ሚንስትሮች እንዲሾሙ ጫና ፈጥረው ደብረፅዮን ገ/ሚካኤል፣ ኃ/ማርያም ደሳለኝን በቅርብ ርቀት እንዲከተል አድርገዋል (በነገራችን ላይ ባለፈው ዓመት አጋማሽ ህወሓት የማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባላትን በመረጠበት ወቅት ወልደስላሴ ሲጠቆም፣ ጠንካራ ተቃውሞ አቅርቦ እንዳይመርጡት ያነሳሳበት የደህንነቱ ሀላፊ ጌታቸው አሰፋ ሲሆን፣ በአንፃሩ ጌታቸው የተጠቆመ ጊዜ ወልደስላሴ እና ገብረሃዋድ ተቃውሞውን ቢያስተባብሩም ታናሽ ወንድሙ በላይ አሰፋን ጨምሮ ከመመረጥ ማደናቀፍ አልቻሉም፡፡ በአሁኑ ወቅት ደግሞ ወልደስለሴና ገብረሃውድ በሙስና ተጠርጥረው በእስር ላይ ይገኛሉ)፡፡
ሌላኛው የህወሓት ‹ጠባቂ መልአክ› አባይ ፀሀዬ ነው (በ2005 ዓ.ም ወርሃ ጥቅምት በታተመችው ‹አዲስ ታይምስ› መፅሄት ላይ አባይ፣ መለስ ያደረገውን ማድረግ የሚችል /ከንግግር ችሎታ በቀር/ አደገኛ ሰው መሆኑን መግለፄ ይታወሳል) ዘግይቶም ቢሆን ቡድኑን የበላይ ባደረገው የ‹ፖለቲካ ጨዋታ› እርሱም የአንበሳውን ድርሻ እንደሚወስድ ታይቷል፡፡ ደብረፅዮንም ቢሆን ከህወሓት ጋር ባሳለፈው ዘመን ‹ትጉህ ደቀ-መዝሙር› ስለነበር ያካበተው ልምድ ህወሓትን በታደገው ንቅናቄ ላይ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጓል፡፡ የሆነው ሆኖ እነ አባይ ከባህርዳሩ ጉባኤ በኋላ ነው ‹ከመከላከል ወደ ማጥቃት› ተሸጋግረው ብአዴንንና የመቀሌውን ህወሓት በ‹ሙስና› ስም ሰለባ ያደረጉት፡፡ ይህንን እውነታም የሚያጠናክርልን አቦይ ስብሃት ‹‹ውራይና›› መፅሄት ስለ ጉዳዩ ጠይቋቸው የሰጡት ምላሽ ነው፡-
‹‹አሁን በእስር የሚገኙት [እነመላኩ ፈንቴን ማለታቸው ነው] ሙሰኞች ብቻ አልነበሩም፡፡ የፖለቲካዊ ኃይል አሰላለፍንም ሲለውጡ የነበሩ ናቸው፤ ያስፈራሩም ነበር፤ ‹የስልጣን ሹዋሚም ሻሪም እኛ ነን› አስከማለትም ደርሰው ነበር፡፡›› (‹ውራይና› ቁጥር 2 ሠኔ 2005 ዓ.ም)
የብአዴን የአመራር አባል የሆነ አንድ ሚንስትር ለእስር ሲዳረግ፣ ሌላ ሚንስትር ደግሞ ከኃላፊነቱ መነሳቱ ይታወቃል፡፡
ብአዴን የአዲስ አበባው ህወሓት ክንደ-ብርቱ እየሆነ በመምጣቱ፣ የእነ አዜብን ቡድን አውላላ ሜዳ ላይ ትቶ አብሮ ለመስራት ተደራድሯል፡፡ እነ አባይም ‹ከብአዴን ተሻርኮ ሊያስበላን ነበር› ያሉትን የመቀሌውን የህወሓት ኃይል ከሞላ ጎደል ሲያስገብሩት፣ የቡድኑ መሪን አዜብ መስፍንን ደግሞ ከኤፈርት ከማሰናበታቸውም በላይ የፓርላማ ወንበሯን የሰዋችለትን የአዲስ አበባ የከንቲባነት ምኞቷን አጨልመው፣ በመለስ ፋውንዴሽን ገድበዋታል (የመለስ ሙት ዓመት በተከበረበት ወቅት የትግሉን ዘመንና የመለስን ገድል በኢቲቪ ሲተርኩልን የነበሩት የታሪኩ ዋና ተዋንያን አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ፣ አባይ ፀሀዬ፣ ሳሞራ የኑስ…ሲሆኑ፣ በህልፈቱ ሰሞን ግን መድረኩን ተቆጣጥረውት የነበሩት ብአዴኖች፣ እነኩማ ደመቅሳ እና ትግሉን በመፅሀፍትና በቴሌቪዥን የሚያውቁት እነ ሬድዋን ሁሴን መሆናቸውን ስናስታውስ የእነ አባይ ፀሀዬ ህወሓት ምን ያህል ተገፍቶ እንደነበረ እንረዳለን፡፡)
በአናቱም ብአዴን የበላይነቱን በጨበጠበት ወቅት እንደ ስጋት ቆጥሮት ‹ሊፐውዘው› አስቦ የነበረውን መከላከያም፣ ከድርድሩ በኋላ በሁለቱ ኃይሎች ስምምነት ለአምስት ቀናት ኪራይ ሰብሳቢነትን እና ሙሰናን በተመለከተ ብቻ ተገማግሞ እንዲታለፍ ተደርጓል፡፡ ከኃላፊነታቸው ለማንሳት የታሰቡት ጄነራሎች ጉዳይም ‹ያልታሰበ አደጋ ሊያመጣ ይችላል› በሚል ለጊዜው ተዘሏል፡፡ ይሁንና ኤታማዦር ሹሙን ጄነራል ሳሞራ የኑስን በዚሁ ዓመት መጨረሻ በ‹ክብር› ሸኝቶ፣ ጄነራል አበባው ታደሰን የመተካት ዕቅድ መኖሩን ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል (ከዚህ በኋላ በጡረታ የሚሰናበቱ ጄነራሎች ‹መከላከያ ቴክኖሎጂ› /መቴክ/ በሚመራውና ወደፊት በሚያቋቁማቸው ኢንዱስትሪዎች ውስጥ በስራ-አስኪያጅነት ወይም በቦርድ አባልነት እንደሚመደቡ ቃል ተገብቶላቸዋል)
ከኃ/ማርያም ጀርባ ያደፈጠ-ስውር እጅ
በሁለቱም ቡድን ካሉ ምንጮቼ ‹‹ኃ/ማርያም ስራው ከብዶታል›› የሚል ቅሬታ እንደነበራቸው ሰምቻለሁ፤ ይሁንና መፍትሄ ተደርጎ የተወሰደው በረከት ስምዖንን የጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ‹የፖሊሲና ጥናት ምርምር› አማካሪ በሚል ሹመት በጽ/ቤቱ ማስቀመጥን ነው፤ እርሱሁሉንም ነገር ከጀርባ ሆኖ እንዲያከናውን ወስነዋል፡፡ በረከት የተመረጠው ‹ከመለስ ጋር በቅርብ ስርቷል፣ መለስ ያነበበውን አንባቧል፣ የመለስን የዕለት ተዕለት ሥራ በቅርብ ተከታትሏልና መንገድ ይመራል› በሚል እንደሆነ ምንጮቼ ነግረውኛል (በነገራችን ላይ መለስ ሞት ባይቀድመው ኖሮ የወደፊት ዕቅዱ ቤተ-መንግስቱ ውስጥ ጀምሮት የነበረውን ግንባታ አጠናቅቆ፣ ከ2007ቱ ምርጫ በኋላ ስልጣኑን፣ ከአሻንጉሊቶቹ ለአንዱ አስረክቦ፣ መኖሪያውንም ወደ አዲሱ ህንፃ አዛውሮ፣ በለቀቀው ቤት ውስጥ የሚያስገባውን ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ከጀርባ ሆኖ መዘወር ነበር፡፡ ለዚህም ይመስለኛል ህልፈቱን ተከትሎ ግንባታውም የተቋረጠው፡፡ ሰሞኑን ደግሞ ግንባታው ሊቀጥል እንደሆነ ሰምቻለሁ፡፡ በረከት ስምዖን እንዲገባበት ታስቦ ይሆን? …አባይ ፀሀዬም ከሚቀጥለው ወር ጀምሮ የጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ‹አማክሪ› ሆኖ እንደሚሾም ‹ፎርቹን› ጋዜጣ በ‹ጎሲፕ› አምዱ አትቷል፡፡ መቼም ኃ/ማርያም ‹‹ሰርክ ‹እኔም አንደ ዳዊት ጨርቄን ልጣልለት› እያልኩ እዘምርለታለሁ›› ያለን አምላኩ ካልታደገው በቀር፣ ከእነዚህ ጉልበታም ሰዎች በጤና መውጣቱን እንጃ!)
ህወሓትና ብአዴን ልዩነታቸው መፈታቱን ለማሳየት፣ በረከት ስምዖን ከአዲሱ ሹመት በኋላ በሃያ ሁለት ዓመታት የስልጣን ዘመኑ አድርጎት የማያውቀውን መንግስትን ወክሎ (በግሉ ሄዶ ሊሆን ይችላል) በትግራይ ክልል በሚገኙ የተለያዩ ከተሞች የስራ ጉብኝት አካሄዷል፡፡ ‹ድምፀ ወያኔ› የተባለው የክልሉ ሬዲዮ ጣቢያም ጉብኝቱን ሳምንት ሙሉ ሳይታክት ደጋግሞ አስተላልፎታል፡፡
የአቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ ቡድን በኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ተከስቶ ከነበረው ክፍፍል በአሸናፊነት መውጣቱ ከተረጋገጠ በኋላ አዲስ ወሬ እየተሰማ ነው፡፡ ይኸውም ‹ህወሓት የጠቅላይ ሚንስትርነት ቦታውን በመልቀቁ፣ ፕሬዚዳንት ግርማ ወ/ጊዮርጊስ የሚያስረክቡትን ወንበር አቦይ ስብሃት መያዝ አለባቸው› የሚል ነው፤ ምንም እንኳ ሃሳቡ ተፈፃሚነት ባይኖረውም፣ ምንጮቼ አቦይ ራሳቸው በዘወርዋራ መንገድ ያሰራጩት ወሬ ሊሆን ይችላል ብለው ያምናሉ፡፡ አዜብ መስፍንም ቦታውን የመያዝ ፍላጎት ያላት ይመስለኛል፡፡
ብዙ ሲባልለት የቆየው የድህረ-መለስ ኢህአዴግ ከላይ ለማቅረብ በሞከርኩት መንገድ ግራና ቀኝ ሲዋልል፣ የመከፋፈል ተግዳሮትን ሲሻገርና እንደገና እየተመለሰ ሲሰባሰብ እዚህ ደርሷል፡፡ በዚህ ኮሮንኮቻማ ሂደት ውስጥ የጠቅላይ ሚንስትሩ ሚና ‹እዚህ ግባ› የምንለው እንዳይመስለን ሆኗል፡፡ ኃይለማርያም መንግስታዊ ብቻ ሳይሆን የፓርቲው ሊቀ-መንበርነትን የመሰለ ጠንካራ ፖለቲካዊ ስልጣን መያዙ ይህ ሰው የሚባለውን ያህል የዳር ተመልካች ሆኖስ ይቆያልን? ለሚለው ጥያቄ ቀጣይ ጊዜያቶች ብቻ መልስ ይኖራቸዋል፡፡ የጠቀስኳቸው የስርዓቱ ጉምቱ ሰዎች በዚህ መልኩ እየተንቀሳቀሱም ቢሆን፣ ይህን የኃይል መገዳደር እያደረጉ ያሉት በስልጣን ሞኖፖሊ ላይ ተቀምጠው መሆኑን ልብ ይሏል፡፡ እናም ባቀረብኳቸው ሂደቶች እያለፉም ይሁን አይሁን ለስልጣናቸው የሚያሰጋ ጠንካራ የታቃውሞ ስብስብ አለመኖሩን ማመናቸው ይመስለኛል፣ የኃይል ትንቅንቁን ‹ግዜው አይደለም› ብለው ለማራዘም ሳይጠነቀቁ በግላጭ እርስ በእርስ የተፋለሙት፡፡
የሆነው ሆኖ የፓርቲው የታሪክ ድርሳን እንደሚነግረን ‹ይሆናሉ› የተባሉት ተቀልብሰው፣ ባልተጠበቁ ሁነቶች (የኃይል መገለባበጥ ተከስቶ) ፖለቲካው የሚመራበት አጋጣሚ ሊፈጠር የሚችልበት ዕድል ሊኖር እንደሚችልም መዘንጋት አያስፈለግም፡፡
Kenya has condemned a decision by the United States government to reissue a travel advisory warning its citizens against visiting the African country. The advisory…
A photo gallery of the September 29, 2013, Millions of Voices for Freedom March in Ethiopia. Click here.
[Click here for video update.] 12:20 PM ADDIS ABABA TIME: UDJ has ended the protest march to avoid violent confrontation with the security forces. 11:30 AM ADDIS ABABA TIME: The UDJ leadership is considering to prematurely end the march because the security forces are making it impossible to march to Meskel Square. Kebena neighborhood is [...]
Dr Negasso Gidada, former Ethiopian President and currently chairman of the opposition Union for Democracy and Justice party, has been detained again today while canvassing Addis Ababa neighborhoods in preparation for Sunday’s “Millions of Voices” march. The UDJ chairman was detained along with several of his colleagues for 6 hours and released after being warned [...]
Click here to see some rare photos of the great Ethiopian emperor, Menelik II, and Empress Tayitu.
A court in Houston, Texas, yesterday dismissed a criminal case that was filed against Wossenu Gizaw on behalf of a Woyanne cadre named Tesfai Tsadik. Read more about the case here.
By Mohamed Keita/CPJ Africa Advocacy Coordinator
[Ethiopian journalists Eskinder Nega and Reeyot Alemu. (Photo: Lennart Kjörling and IWMF)]
In 1968, Andrei Sakharov braved censorship and personal risk in the Soviet Union to give humanity an honest and timeless declaration of conscience. That same year, Ethiopia’s most prominent dissenter, Eskinder Nega, was born. In January 1981, a year into Sakharov’s exile in the closed city of Gorky, Reeyot Alemu, another fierce, Ethiopian free thinker, was born.
In considering both Eskinder, a veteran journalist and free speech activist, and Reeyot, a teacher and newspaper columnist, for the European Parliament’s Sakharov Prize, the selection committee is recognizing two uncompromising idealists and indomitable free thinkers who have stubbornly persisted in telling inconvenient truths about their government in a country silenced by fear.
For Eskinder, who has spent the last two decades in and out of jail enduring arrests, intimidation, the closures of his newspapers, and the arrest of his wife and the birth of his son in prison, you would think fear, anger, and bitterness would be natural emotions. Instead, the writings of the American-educated journalist have consistently reflected a clear commitment to peaceful reform with pointed, thoughtful critiques of the unkept promises of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), which maintains a tight stranglehold on the country.
In a 2010 interview–in between two prison confinements–he argued that Ethiopia needs democracy "to moderate the [ethnic] differences" and prevent violent conflict or revolution. Asked whether he believed the EPRDF could reform, his answer was unequivocal: "That’s the only way. We have to hope against hope."
Then, he added: "I believe in forgiving, by the way, that we shouldn’t have any grudge against the EPRDF, despite what it has done. I believe that the best thing for the country is reconciliation. I believe in the South African experience."
At the onset of the Arab Spring, Eskinder, inspired by the Egyptian military’s decision not to attack anti-government protesters, wrote an online article urging Ethiopian soldiers not to crush the people, as they had done in 2005, should demonstrations break out. The ruling party and the state security’s overreaction to the column betrayed its paranoid insecurity: a top police official issued a death threat and a final warning to Eskinder, accusing him of inciting the public against the regime.
In a first-person account of the experience, Eskinder wrote that he left the police station hopeful, and heartened to hear one of the officers escorting him say, "We are all children from one country. We are all human beings. Political differences can be resolved by peaceful dialogue, and we don’t have to kill each other."
A few months later, as the EPRDF invoked a nebulous terrorist plot to round up dissident journalists, lawyers, teachers, and academics, Eskinder aired what weighed on his conscience again. "None of the recent detainees under the terrorism charges remotely resemble the profile [of a terrorist]. Debebe is probably the ultimate antithesis of the fanatic, his pragmatism, his easy nature, defines him," he wrote, referring to prominent actor Debebe Eshetu. "Neither do journalists Woubshet [Taye] and Reeyot [Alemu] and opposition politician Zerihun Gebre-Egzabher fit the profile. The same goes for the calm university professor, Bekele Gerba." Just five days after writing those words, Eskinder was arrested, joining Alemu behind bars.
The daughter of a lawyer, Alemu was known for her very sharp reproaches of the societal ills under the EPRDF’s Orwellian system, including dogmatic narrow-mindedness, the stifling of creative thought, and human rights abuses. Alemu attributes her intellectual courage to parents that encouraged her to speak her mind and Arthur Shopenhauer’s maxim that "truth works far and lives long."
Passionate about education and politics, she taught English at a secondary school and launched a newspaper aptly called Change, before becoming a freelance columnist in Amharic-language newspapers. In 2012, a collection of her articles were published in a book called The EPRDF’s Red Pen, a critical examination of what she deemed as the detrimental effects of the party’s repressive policies on Ethiopian society. The book could be an Ethiopian version of "The Inertia of Fear," the scathing 1968 commentary on the Soviet system by Valentin Turchin, a Sakharov contemporary and fellow dissident.
The comparison is apt when you consider Ethiopia’s past as a Soviet-style, totalitarian state, and its current reincarnation as an African model of China’s authoritarian, one-party capitalism.
The current rulers overthrew the pro-Soviet regime in the name of establishing what they deemed true socialism and freedom of self-determination. It is a tragic irony that the once idealist freedom fighters have come to use their power to banish journalists, teachers, lawyers, actors, and other intellectuals to a 21st-century gulag for using peaceful means, i.e., writing articles, to demand reform.
It is an irony that was not lost on Eskinder. "Martin Amis wrote, quoting Alexander Solzhenitsyn, that Stalinism (in the 1930s) tortured you not to force you to reveal a secret, but to collude in a fiction. This is also the basic rationale of the unfolding human rights crisis in Ethiopia. And the same 1930s bravado that show-trials can somehow vindicate banal injustice pervades official thinking. Wont to unlearn from history, we aptly repeat even its most brazen mistakes," he wrote in a letter from prison published in The Independent.
Eskinder and Reeyot’s principled defense of intellectual freedom has exposed the Ethiopian government’s methods of fear and intimidation as crude and impotent. Reading the article Eskinder published five days before his arrest, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter and author Carl Bernstein described him as "the embodiment of the greatness of truth, of writing and reporting real truth, of persisting in truth and resisting the oppression of untruths."
In a note from prison, Reeyot, upon accepting the International Women’s Media Foundation’s Courage in Journalism Award last year, wrote: "For EPRDF, journalists must be only propaganda machines to the ruling party. But for me, journalists are the voices of the voiceless. That’s why I wrote many articles which reveal the truth of the oppressed ones. Even if I am facing a lot of problems because of it, I always stand firmly for my principle and profession."
Dr. Sakharov would be very proud.
Mohamed Keita is advocacy coordinator for CPJ’s Africa Program. He regularly gives interviews in French and English to international news media on press freedom issues in Africa and has participated in several panels. Follow him on Twitter: @africamedia_CPJ.
http://cpj.org/blog/2013/09/sakharov-an … thiopi.php
The story of Amistad is one of the proudest moments of American history and its rule of law.
The Amistad story began in January 1839 when hundreds of native Africans were captured from Mendeland near Sierra Leone, and sold into the Spanish slave trade… continue reading here >>
UDJ leaders and activists prepare for the Sept. 29 “Millions of Voices” march in Addis Ababa (video)Friday, September 27th, 2013
UDJ leaders and activists prepare for the Sept. 29 "Millions of Voices" march in Addis Ababa (video)
by Banning Eyre
September 26, 2013 4:40 PM
Mulatu Astatke is known as the father of "Ethio-jazz." His new album, Sketches of Ethiopia, is a multinational collaboration that mixes many styles but stays true to Astatke’s Ethiopian roots.
It is bold indeed for any jazz artist to evoke Miles Davis’ landmark album Sketches of Spain. But , like Miles, is a true original.
The music Astatke first imagined 40 years ago sounds as fresh and contemporary today as it did in the swinging Addis Ababa of 1973 when Astatke created a signature "Ethio-jazz" style by blending jazz with Ethiopian music. Decades later, he earned an international following when his early recordings appeared on reissue CDs. Now, Astatke has rewarded fans with new album called Sketches of Ethiopia.
The music Astake makes is cool and complex at the same time that it is easily engaging. It has an almost narrative quality and keeps you constantly wondering what’s coming next.
Astake doesn’t just compose, arrange, and play jazz. He uses it as a tool to explore cultures, and create musical bridges between them. On the song "Azmari," he fills out his brassy jazz ensemble with Ethiopian drums and the masinko lute, orchestrating it around a cantering, traditional rhythm.
Sketches of Ethiopia incorporates ideas and musicians from three continents and many nations, but the music still maintains a strong Ethiopian stamp. It’s never predictable and, for all the surprises, it never feels cluttered or gimmicky. That’s the mark of a master. And we’re lucky that after all these years, the father of Ethio-jazz has not lost his edge.
http://www.npr.org/2013/09/26/226553020 … azz-deftly
The United Nations has called on the government and people of Sudan to restrain from violence after reports yesterday reveal that 50 to 100 protesters…
Protests continue to rage in Sudan after clashes with security forces yesterday left close to 100 people dead.
After midday prayers today, protesters took to…
“Millions of Voices” march, Sunday, Sept. 29, 2013, in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa – announcement
Al-Shabab attacked Kenyan border town Mandera early this morning, killing two police officers and injuring three more.
The attack on a security post close to…
UDJ’s “Millions of Voices” march will start Sunday morning at the Kebena neighborhood of Addis AbabaThursday, September 26th, 2013
The Ethiopian opposition party UDJ is organizing a protest march for Sunday, September 29, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The march, named “Millions of Voices,” will start in front of the party’s headquarters in Kebena neighborhood. The party has released the following promotional videos:
OAKLAND CA- In a report submitted to the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on September 15, 2013, the Oakland Institute and the Housing and Land Rights Network outlined the human rights and international law violations perpetrated by the government of Ethiopia in the name of country’s development strategy.Drawing clear links between recorded [...]
Reports emerging from Sudan reveal that at least 29 people have been killed in protests over the government’s removal of fuel subsidies.
A hospital in…
Security forces in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa detained former Ethiopian president Dr Negasso Gidada for 4 hours and released him, Ethiopian Review sources reported. Dr Negasso is currently chairman of the opposition Union for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) party. UDJ is preparing to hold a protest demonstration in Addis Ababa next Sunday, September 29, 2013.
I just read a sad news about the low IQ measure of Ethiopian (63). Most of us knew this fact for a long time. We are not solving problems because we have low IQ. This truth is always avoided.
The numbers are generally true. Level of human development is associate with the measure of IQ. The association between good food, health, environment, etc and brain functioning is an established science. So why waste time debating the known?
My question to all of you is this:
1. Why do Ethiopias have so many problems?
2. Why are Ethiopias unable to find optimum solutions to their problems?
3. Why is Ethiopia unable to live free?
4. Why is Ethiopia unable to live in peace?
5. Why is Ethiopia unable to feed itself?
6. Why do so many Ethiopians engage in begging, killing, stealing, being maids, servants, taxi drivers?
I can go on….
All of these questions are related to level of brain functioning and IQ. How is it possible that 1/2 middle school drop out soldiers run a nation of 100 million and solve its complex problems? Whatever IQ Ethiopia has is lost to brain drain.
Things are not working in Ethiopia for a reason – it is low IQ. Tribalism and ethnicity are the fundamental drivers of persistent low level of thinking ability, lack of creativity, and innovation.
The numbers are right, The truth hurt. Ethiopians are failing because they can’t think their way out of their complex problems. Low IQ simply means low level of problem-solving ability. Ditto.
Saudi police have foiled an attempt to smuggle 15 Ethiopians into Makkah.
The immigrants, all women from Ethiopia, were discovered when a special force unit pulled over a vehicle.
The driver said that he was taking the Ethiopians from the capital Riyadh to the sacred city in western Saudi Arabia, local Arabic daily Okaz reported on Tuesday.
Officials said that they had noted an increase in the number of attempts to take domestic helpers staying illegally in the kingdom to Makkah as the Haj (pilgrimage) nears.
Haj, performed over six days in and around Makkah, brings together around three million Muslim men and women.
Saudi authorities have been involved in a challenging mission to restrict the number of people staying illegally in the country and to curb the phenomenon of smuggling foreigners, mainly from Africa, into the vast kingdom.
ADDIS ABABA/LONDON (IPS) – Ethiopia may be one of the fastest-growing, non-oil producing economies in Africa in recent years, but corruption in this Horn of Africa nation is a deterrent to foreign investors looking for stable long-term partnerships in developing countries.
“Bankers, miners and developers presenting projects to investment committees in countries that fare badly in corruption rankings frequently struggle to get investment. Corruption raises red flags because it makes local markets uncompetitive, unpredictable and therefore largely hostile to these long-term players,” Ed Hobey, the East Africa analyst at the political risk firm Africa Risk Consulting, told IPS.
On May 11, in the biggest crackdown on corruption in Ethiopia in the last 10 years, authorities arrested more than 50 high profile people including government officials, businessmen and a minister.
Melaku Fanta, the director general of the Revenue and Customs Authority, which is the equivalent rank of a minister, his deputy, Gebrewahid Woldegiorgis, and other officials were apprehended on suspicion of tax evasion.
But the arrests have raised questions about the endemic corruption at the heart of the country’s political elite.[related_articles]
Berhanu Assefa of the Federal Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission of Ethiopia told IPS that these arrests highlighted how corruption has insinuated itself into the higher levels of officialdom.
“Corruption is a serious problem we are facing. We now see that corruption is occurring in higher places than we had previously expected. Areas vulnerable to corruption are land administration, tax and revenue, the justice system, telecommunications, land procurement, licensing areas and the finance sector,” he said.
Ethiopia ranks 113 out of 176 countries on the Corruption Perceptions Index of Transparency International, a global civil society coalition that encourages accountability. The country has also lost close to 12 billion dollars since 2000 to illicit financial outflows, according to Global Financial Integrity (GFI), whose statistics are based on official data provided by the Ethiopian government, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Dr. Getachew Begashaw, a professor of economics at Harper College in the United States, told IPS that there was a fear that the recent high profile arrests were merely political theatre designed to placate major donors such as the World Bank and the IMF, and to give credibility to the new regime’s fight against corruption. Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn took over leadership of the country after Prime Minister Meles Zenawi died in August 2012.
“They are using this as a PR stunt to appease not only the donors, but to also dupe the Ethiopian people. Because many non-party affiliated Ethiopians in the business community are complaining, and this complaint is trickling down to the average people on the streets,” he told IPS.
According to the World Bank, companies held by business group the Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray (EFFORT) account for roughly half of the country’s modern economy. The group is closely allied with the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPDRF), an alliance of four parties.
EFFORT is a conglomerate formed from assets collected in 1991 by the EPRDF to rehabilitate the Tigray region in northern Ethiopia after it had been decimated by poverty and conflict. The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is the lead party in the EPDRF coalition.
Tigrayans, however, only account for eight percent of the country’s 90 million people. According to Abebe Gellaw, an exiled Ethiopian journalist and founder of Addis Voice, a web platform that provides news that is otherwise censored by the Ethiopian government, EFFORT has become a business racket for the Tigrayan elite who are monopolising major sources of the country’s wealth.
“The TPLF controls key government institutions and a significant portion of the economy. For over 15 years, EFFORT has been used by the TPLF to channel public resources and funds to the coffers of the TPLF through illegal deals, contracts, tax evasion, kick-backs and all sorts of illegal operations,” he told IPS.
Azeb Mesfin, Zenawi’s widow, currently manages the multi-billion-dollar business empire.
She claims her husband paid himself a modest salary of 250 dollars a month, yet the online website “the Richest.org”, which publishes the net worth of the richest people in the world, recently divulged that Meles was in fact one of Africa’s wealthiest leaders having amassed a personal fortune of three billion dollars. This has led many to question the provenance of the erstwhile leader’s wealth – when he had no known business engagements.
Illicit financial flows as a result of corruption are a major hindrance to a country’s development, undermining institutions, economies and societies. According to the Africa Progress Panel’s Africa Progress Report 2013, the continent is losing more through illicit financial outflows than it receives in aid and foreign direct investment.
A commitment to greater accountability and transparency to curtail illicit financial flows should occur on both the national and international levels, according to E. J. Fagan, deputy communications director at GFI.
“Reforms and policies are needed to strengthen customs enforcement and make governing apparatuses more transparent. The international community can create a multilateral system of automatic exchange of tax information that African countries like Ethiopia can access, so as to make it difficult for illicit actors to hide money and transfer large amounts of illicit money without detection,” he told IPS.
Begashaw added that corruption in the social sphere also breeds social inequality, disenfranchisement and a breakdown in national unity and civil society.
“The very existence of parastatals and TPLF-affiliated endowed business conglomerates like EFFORT is a major source of corruption. The Birr (Ethiopian currency) will depreciate and inflation will skyrocket. The capacity of the state to provide public goods and services will decline. Free market competition will be eroded. Government revenue will be reduced and the budget deficit will rise.
“If they are really serious about combating corruption, they should start doing so from the top,” he said.
Azeb Mesfin, the widow of Ethiopia’s deceased dictator, is facing multiple charges of corruption and her arrest is imminent unless she leaves the country, according to Ethiopian Review sources in Addis Ababa. Political and business associates of Azeb Mesfin are dropping like flies. The biggest one to fall was Gebrewahid WoldeGiorgis, a senior official, who [...]
By Graham Peebles
They speak of democracy, but act violently to suppress dissenting voices and control the people through the inculcation of fear: they ignore human rights and trample on the people, they are a tyrannical wolf in democratic sheep’s clothing, causing suffering and misery to thousands of people throughout Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) government repeatedly scoffs at international law and consistently acts in violation of their own Federal constitution – a liberal document written by the regime to please and deceive their foreign supporters. They have enacted laws of repression: the widely condemned Charities and Societies (ATD) law (CSO law) and the Anti Terrorism Declaration, which is the main tool of political control, together with the ‘Mass Media and Freedom of Information Proclamation’ they form a formidable unjust arsenal of government control. Freedom of the media (which is largely ‘state-owned’) is denied and political dissent is all but outlawed.
Against this repressive backdrop, the Semayawi (Blue) party, a new opposition group, organized peaceful protests on the 2nd June in Addis Ababa. Ten thousand or so people marched through the capital demanding the release of political prisoners, “respect for the constitution” and Justice! Justice! Justice! It was (Reuters 2/06/2013 reported), an “anti-Government procession…. the first large-scale protest since a disputed 2005 election ended in street violence that killed 200 people”, a ‘disputed election’ result that was discredited totally by European Union observers and denounced by opposition groups and large swathes of the population.
The Chairman of the Semayawi Party, Yilekal Getachew, told Reuters, “We have repeatedly asked the government to release political leaders, journalists and those who asked the government not to intervene in religious affairs”.
In keeping with the recent worldwide movement for freedom and social justice, he stated that, “if these questions are not resolved and no progress is made in the next three months, we will organize more protests. It is the beginning of our struggle”. To the disappointment of many and the surprise of nobody, the government has made no attempt to ‘resolve’ the questions raised, and true to their word a second demonstration was planned for 1st September in Addis Ababa.
In the event, as the BBC report, around “100 members of Ethiopia’s opposition Semayawi (Blue) party were arrested and some badly beaten”, and “equipment such as sound systems were confiscated”, ahead of the planned rally, which was banned by the EPRDF. Government justification formed, and a cock and bull story was duly constructed with Communication Minister Shimeles Kemal stating “the venue [for Semayawi’s event) had already been booked by a pro-government group condemning religious extremism”.
Non-interference in religious affairs is one of the key demands of the Semayawi party, a demand based upon the constitutional commitment of religious independence from the State, which Muslim groups claim the government has violated. Enraged by government interference in all matters religious, the Muslim community have organised regular small-scale protests and sit-ins in the capital for the last two years. In early August, Reuters 8/08/2013 reported “Demonstrators chanted "Allahu Akbar" and hoisted banners that read "respect the constitution", referring to allegations that the government has tried to influence the highest Muslim affairs body, the Ethiopia Islamic Affairs Supreme Council”. Around 40% of Ethiopia’s population (around 85 million) are Muslim, for generations they have lived amicably with their Orthodox Christians neighbours, who make up the majority in the country; they are moderate in their beliefs and peaceful in their ways. The EPRDF in contrast are violent, intolerant and ideologically driven; ‘Revolutionary Democracy’ being the particular tune to which the democratic dictatorship hums and drums its partisan rule.
The government’s response to the peaceful demonstrations, has unsurprisingly been intolerant and dismissive; their comments inflammatory and predictable, stating Mail&Guardian 14/07/2013 record, "most of these demonstrators are Islamic extremists”, and showing their own ‘extreme’ tendencies, authoritatively declaring that “the protesters aimed to set up an Islamic state in the country and were bankrolled and guided by "extremists" [this time] overseas”. Duplicitous nonsense, which serves to distract attention from the underlying issues being raised and the imperative (and legal requirement) for the government to act in accordance with its own constitution.
Along with such disingenuous comments the regime has responded to the protests in a repressive manner; imprisoning Muslims calling for justice, causing Amnesty International 8/08/2013 to be “extremely concerned at reports coming out of Ethiopia… of further widespread arrests of Muslim protesters”, Amnesty demand that the “on-going repressive crackdown on freedom of speech and the right to peacefully protest has to end now”. Despite the fact that the protests have been peaceful and good-natured the regime has consistently described the protesters as violent terrorists, in February the ‘Holy War Movement’ was shown on State Television, it presented protestors and those arrested (including journalists), as terrorists. And in a clear violation of people’s constitutional right to protest, the regime has threatened to take firm action against further protests.
Whilst the majority of actions during the last two years have been without incident, protests in Kofele in the Oromia region on 8th August ended in “the deaths of an unconfirmed number”, there have also been reports of large numbers of people being arrested in Kofele and Addis Ababa, including two journalists. Following the Kofele deaths Amnesty called for “an immediate, independent and impartial investigation into the events in Kofele, as well as into the four incidents last year which resulted in the deaths and injuries of protestors”. Legitimate demands which the regime has duly ignored.
The EPRDF does not tolerate any independent media coverage within the country and indeed does all it can to control the flow of information out of Ethiopia and restrict totally dissenting voices. And they don’t care who the journalist is working for, key allies or diaspora media; In October 2012 a reporter from the Voice of America (VOA) covering a protest in Anwar Mosque in Addis was arrested and told to erase her recorded interviews, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) report. This was not the first time a VOA journalist had been detained. “They are criminalizing journalism,” said Martin Schibbye a Swedish freelance journalist who was jailed [in 2011] along with a colleague for more than 14 months in Ethiopia”, for entering the Ogaden region. A heavily militarized area where wide ranging human rights violations constituting crimes against humanity are taking place, which has been hidden from the International media and aid organisations since 2007.
Unjust Laws of Control
In July last year, hundreds of protesting Muslims peacefully demanding that the government stop interfering in their religious affairs and allow them to vote freely for representatives on the Ethiopian Islamic Affairs Supreme Council (EIASC). Most were released, but 29 members of the protest committee were charged on 29th October under the universally criticized Anti Terrorist Declaration (ATD), accused of “intending to advance a political, religious or ideological cause” by force, and the “planning, preparation, conspiracy, incitement and attempt of terrorist acts.” Their arrest has been slammed by human rights groups as well as the United States Commission on religious Freedom, who “are deeply concerned that Ethiopia’s government is seeking to silence peaceful religious freedom proponents by detaining and trying them in secret under trumped-up terrorism charges. They should be released now and their trials halted”. The men claim to have been “tortured and experienced other ill-treatment in detention”.
The ambiguous ATD was introduced in 2009 and has been used by the Ethiopian government, “to severely restrict basic rights of freedom of expression, association, and assembly”, Human Rights Watch (HRW) state. It violates dues process, which like a raft of other internationally recognized and legally binding rights, is enshrined in the Ethiopian constitution. The legislation cause outrage amongst human rights groups and the right minded when it was proposed. HRW (30/06/2009) said of the draft law, (which un-amended found its way onto the statute books) that it would “permit the government to repress a wide range of internationally protected freedoms”, – precisely the reason for it’s introduction, and it provides “the Ethiopian government with a potent instrument to crack down on political dissent, including peaceful political demonstrations and public criticisms of government policy”.
The unjust law allows for long-tem imprisonment and the death penalty for so called crimes that meet some EPRDF definition of terrorism, and denies in some cases a defendants right to be presumed innocent – the bedrock of the international judicial system. Torture is used without restraint by the military and police, under the ATD evidence obtained whilst a prisoner is being beaten, hanged, whipped or drowned is admissible in court, this criminal act contravenes Article 15 of the United Nations Convention against Torture (ratified by Ethiopia in 1994), which ‘requires that any statement made as a result of torture is inadmissible as evidence’. Terrorism is indeed an issue of grave concern in Ethiopia, it is not rooted in the Muslim community, the media, the Blue Party or the Universities, it is State Terrorism that stalks this land, that kills and falsely imprisons, tortures and rapes the innocent, it is the EPRDF; the rebel group that ousted a communist dictator in 1991 only to take up his tyrannical mantle, who manipulate the law to serve their repressive rule and who violates a plethora of human rights, consistently and with impunity. Ethiopia’s donors and international friends, (primarily America and Britain) have other, larger fish on their minds, and even though they give the country over a third of its federal budget they seem unconcerned by the criminality being committed, much of which is taking place under the cloak of development. Violent rule however is a storm that is imploding throughout the world, the people, who have suffered long enough, sense their collective strength and are awakening.
Need for Unity
Although completely contrary to the EPRDF’s pledge of Ethnic Federalism, divide and rule is the effective methodology of division employed by the regime. In a country with dozens of tribal groups, various ethnicities and different religious beliefs (Islam and Christianity), unity is the key to any popular social revolution, much needed and ardently longed for by millions throughout the land. We are witnessing a worldwide protest movement for change; age-old values of freedom, equality and social justice, brotherhood and peace are the clarion call of many marching and protesting. And so it is in Ethiopia, the Blue party and other opposition groups, the Muslim community and the students on the streets demanding Justice! Justice! Jusitce! are in harmony with the rhythm of the times. Out of step and blind to the needs of the people and their rightful demands, the ruling party acts with violence to drown out their voices and suppress their rights: in Addis Ababa, where thousands marched in June, in Oromia and the Ogaden, where the people seek autonomy, in Amhara, where thousands have been displaced, in Gambella and the Lower Omo Valley, where native people are being driven off their ancestral land into state created villages, women raped and men beaten.
Unity is the song of the day, rich with diversity united in intent, the collective will of the people of Ethiopia and indeed throughout the world is an unstoppable force for change. All steps need to be taken to remove the obstacle to the realization of unity throughout the country, ethnic prejudices and tribal differences; all need to be laid aside. The Ethiopian regime may succeed in subduing the movement for change that is simmering throughout the country, however with sustained unified action, peacefully undertaken and relentlessly expressed, freedom and social justice, longed for by millions throughout the country, will surely come.
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Graham Peebles is director of the Create Trust. He can be reached at: email@example.com
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