Posts Tagged ‘Ethiopian News’

Doctors said kidnapped Ethiopian man in Cincinnati suffered brain damage and may not recover

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

(WKRC) – A cab driver named Mulugeta Shiferaw, who was kidnapped, stuffed in the trunk of his cab and driven around Cincinnati for hours, is in a vegetative state and will likely never recover, Local 12 News has learned.

object

Mulugeta Shiferaw suffered severe brain damage last September when a passenger robbed him and forced him into the trunk of his cab. After several hours of searching and a high-speed chase, police found Shiferaw’s cab, with him in the trunk. Charles Black, 30, was taken into custody and charged with felonious assault, robbery and kidnapping and aggravated robbery. Black had been released from prison just days earlier.

Shiferaw’s brother-in-law said his family may soon have to make a decision about taking him off life support.

"He is in a vegetative state. What that means is he has zero chance to recover. So we as a family and his closest friends what we need to do is we need to think about his future,” said Dessalegn Nemera, Shiferaw’s brother-in-law.

Shiferaw came to the United States from Ethiopia several years ago in search of a better life. He worked seven days a week to provide for his newlywed wife – and the baby they were expecting. Shiferaw also sent money to Ethiopia for his younger siblings. Shiferaw’s wife, Workinesh Nemera, is expecting their first daughter in February. Dealing with what’s happened to her husband has taken its toll.

“This is her first baby. She’s very frustrated and also thinking about the future of the baby,” Nemera said.

Shiferaw’s wife works two part time jobs. Her supervisor at the company where she works as a home health aide said the tragedy has changed her.

“Whenever you saw her there was a smile on her face. She’s a very quiet personality, person,” said Dixie Shumway. “Her whole demeanor is just a sadness.”

Dessalegn Nemera said his sister is praying for a miracle and hopes her husband will recover. But, the family is ultimately preparing for the worst. They are trying to raise money to send his body back to Ethiopia when the time comes.

“One, we have to stop his suffering by taking the life support or he’s going to die sometime soon because of infection or another disease,” Nemera said.

Nemera said his family is grateful for the doctors who have treated Mulugeta Shiferaw at the Drake Center and University of Cincinnati Medical Center. His family is also thankful for the help they’ve received from their church and others in the community.

The family has set up a fund to raise money for Shiferaw’s medical and other expenses at Fifth Third Bank in Mulugeta Shiferaw’s name.

Charles Black’s trial is scheduled to start in April. Charges against him could be upgraded.


Suspect in the plot to assasinate Ethiopian journalist Abebe Gelaw identified as Guesh Abera, a resident of Boston

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

FBI uncovers plot to assassinate journalist Abebe Gelaw. A member of Ethiopia’s ruling party TPLF, Ato Geush Abera, is named as the ring leader – ESAT, Jan. 8, 2013

አበበ ገላውን ለመግደል በታቀደ ሴራ የተሳተፉ የህወሃት ሰላዮች ምርመራ እየተደረገባቸው ነው

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

ኢሳት ዜና:-ሰሞኑን አንድ የአሜሪካ የፌዴራል ወንጀል ምርመራ (FBI) ግበረሃል ባለፈው ወር መባቻ ላይ ጋዜጠኛ አበበ ገላው ወደ ቦስተን ለኢሳት የገቢ ማሰባሰቢያ ዝግጅት በተጓዘበት ወቅት የግድያ ወንጀል ለመፈጸም በመዶለትና በማስተባበር ተግባር ላይ ተሰማርቶ የነበረና ለህወሃት መራሹ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት እንደሚሰልል የሚጠረጠር ግለሰብ እና በግብረአበሮቹ ላይ ከፍተኛ ምርመራ መክፈቱን ለጉዳዩ ቅርበት ያላቸው ምንጮች ገለጡ።

በአሜሪካ ሀገር የፖለቲካ ጥገኝነት ጠይቆ የሚኖረውና እራሱን ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሃርነት ትግራይ (ህወሃት) ብሎ የሚጠራው ጽንፈኛ የዘር ድርጅት አባል እና ሰላይ እንደሆነ የሚታመነው ግኡሽ አበራ በመባል የሚጠራው ይሄው ግለሰብ ጋዜጠኛውን ለመግደል በማሴር ሶስት የወንጀሉ ተባባሪ የሚሆኑ ግለሰቦችን መመልመሉ ንና ድርጊቱን ለመፈጸም መሰናዶ ማድረጉን የFBI መሪማሪዎች ደርሰውበት ሴራውን በግዜ ማክሸፋቸው ተረጋግጧል።

ግለሰቡ ወንጀሉን ከመፈጸሙ በፊት የተለዋወጣቸው መልእክቶች የFBI ወንጀል መርማሪዎች እጅ በመግባታቸው ሳቢያ እርሱና አብረው የሚኖሩ ሌሎች አራት ግለሰቦች ላይ ክትትልና ምረመራ መደረጉን ለማወቅ ተችሏል። ከተባባሪዎቹ ጋር የተለዋወጣቸው መልእክቶች ጋዜጠኛ አበበ ገላው ወደቦስተን የመሄዱን አጋጣሚ በመጠቀም በመሳሪያ ተኩሶ የመግደል እቅድ አውጥቶ ድርጊቱን ለመፈጸም ወይንም ለማስፈጸም ይንቀሳቀስ እንደነበር በግልጽ እንደሚያሳዩ ታውቋል።

የቦስተን ቅርንጫፍ FBI ቃል አቀባይ እና ልዩ መርማሪ ( special agent) የሆኑት ግሬግ ኮምኮዊች በምርመራው ሂደት ላይ ዝርዝር መረጃ ከመስጠት ቢቆጠቡም፣ FBI እንዲህ አይነት ወንጀሎችን በ ቸልታ እንደማያልፍ ገልጸው በውጭ መንግስታት ሰላዮችም ሆነ ተወካዮች የሌሎችን ሰብአዊ መብቶችን በሚገፍ ህገወጥ ወንጀል የተሰማሩ ካሉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን በቸልታ ማልፍ እንደማይገባቸው እና በአካባቢያቸው ለሚገኙ የFBI ቅርንጫፎች ጥቆማ እንዲያቀርቡ ጥሪ አቅርበዋል። መርማሪው አክለውም FBI እንዲህ አይነቱን ጥቆማ በአግባቡ ትኩረት እንደሚሰጠው ገልጸዋል። “

በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚካሄደውን የሰብአዊ መብት ረገጣ በመተቸት የሚታወቁት የጄኖሳይድ ወች ፕሬዚዳንት ፕሮፌሰር ግሪጎሪ ስታንተን የግድያ ሴራውን ያከሸፉትን የFBI መርማሪዎች አድንቀው ፣ ህወሃት አሸባሪ ድርጅት መሆኑ ታውቆ ከኢትዮጵያ አልፎ በአሜሪካን ሀገር እንዲህ አይነት ወንጀል ሊፈጽም መንቀሳቀሱ በችልታ አይታይም ብለዋል።

በካምቦድያ በሰው ልጆች ላይ አስከፊ ሰቆቃና ጭፍጨፋ የፈጸሙ የካሜሩዥ ባለስልጣናትን ለፍርድ በማቅረብ አለማቀፍ እወቅና ያገኙት ፕሮፌሰር ስታንተን እንዲህ አይነቱ ወንጀል ልዩ ትኩረት እንዲሰጠው ለማድረግ ጥረት እንደሚያደርጉ ቃል ገብተዋል።

ግኡሽ አበራን በቅርብ የሚያውቅ አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ የቦስተን ነዋሪ፣ ግለሰቡ ከከፍተኛ የህወሃት ባልስልጣናት ጋር ቀጥተኛ ግንኙነት እንዳለውና የቀድሞው አምባገነን መሪ የመለስ ዜናዊ አምላኪ እንደነበር፣ የእርሱ መዋረድና መሞት በጣም ካበሳጫቸው በአሜሪካ የሚኖሩ በርካታ የህወሃት ጀሌዎች አንዱ መሆኑን ገልጿል። በማከልም “ከሁሉ የከፋው ግለሰቡ በዘረኝነት ዛር የተለከፈ ስለሆነ ህወሃቶች እንዲህ አይነቱን ሰው ለእኩይ አላማቸው መጠቀማቸው የተለመደ ነው፣” በማለት አስረድቷል::

ጋዜጠኛ አበበ ገላው “ህወሃት አሸባሪ የማፊያ ድርጅት መሆኑን ከግንዛቤ በማስገባት የነበሩብኝን የጽጥታ ስጋቶች ችላ ባለማለት ለሚመለከታቸው የህግ አስከባሪ አካላት ከማመልከት አልፌ የቤተሰቤንም ሆነ የራሴን ደህንነት ለማረጋገጥ ቀደም ብዬ እርምጃ ወስጃለሁ ወደ ፊትም እወስዳለሁ” ብሏል።

የFBI መርማሪዎች ወንጀሉ እንዳይፈጸም አስቀድመው እርምጃዎችን የወሰዱ ሲሆን ለጉዳዩ ትኩረት በመስጠት ቦስተን ውስጥ ሮክስቤሪ በመባል በሚጠራው አካባቢ የሚገኘውን እና ግኡሽ አበራ ከሌሎች አራት ኢትዮጵያዊን ጋር በጋራ ይሚኖርበትን ቤት የበረበሩ ሲሆን፣ ወደ ሁለቱ የቤቱ ነዋሪዎች ስራ ቦታ ድረስ በመሄድ ምርመራ ማድረጋቸው ተረጋግጧል።

FBI foils assassination attempt against journalist Abebe Gelaw

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

ESAT is reporting that the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation is investigating an assassination attempt against Ethiopian journalist Abebe Gelaw – 8 Jan. 2013

‹‹በፍቅርና በመተሳሰብ የምንኖርባት ኢትዮጵያ ትናፍቀኛለች›› – አንዷለም አራጌ ከቃሊቲ እስርቤት

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

የገናን በዓል ምክንያት በማድረግ የአንድነት ፓርቲ ከፍተኛ አመራር የነበረውንና በሽብርተኝነት ሰበብ ለእስር ተዳርጎ የሚገኘውን ወጣቱን ፖለቲከኛ አንዷለም አራጌን ከአንድነት ከፍተኛ አመራሮችና አባላት የተውጣጡ ሰዎች ጠይቀውት መመለሳቸውን የሕዝብ ግንኙነት መረጃ ይጠቁማል፡፡ በዋናው መጠየቂያ በር አትገቡም ከተባለ በኋላ ወደ ማረሚያ ቤቱ አስተዳዳሪ የቀረቡት ጠያቂዎቹ ስም ዝርዝራቸው ከተመዘገበ በሁዋላ ሊፈቀድላቸው የቻለ ሲሆን ከወጣቱ ፖለቲከኛ አንዷለም አራጌ ጋር የማረሚያ ቤቱ ጠባቂዎች አጠገብ ቢኖሩም ውይይት አካሂደዋል፡፡

ከአንድነት ፓርቲ ከፍተኛ አመራሮች መካከል ዶ/ር ነጋሶ ጊዳዳ፣ የተከበሩ አቶ ግርማ ሰይፉ፣ አቶ ተመስጌን ዘውዴ፣ አቶ ዘካርያስ የማነብርሃን፣ አቶ ዳንኤል ተፈራ እና አቶ ሙላት ጣሰው እና ከአስር በላይ የሚሆኑ አባላትም በመገኘት የአንዷለም የጤና ሁኔታና የእስር አያያዝ ምን እንደሚመስል ጠይቀዋል፡፡

አቶ አንዷለም በበኩሉ ከራሱ ይልቅ የገዥው ፓርቲ አፈናና ጭቆና እንዲሁም በዚህ ሁኔታ እየታገሉ ያሉ ባልደረቦቹ ጉዳይ እንደሚያሳስበው ገልጦ በእሱ በኩል እንደቀረበበት ክስ በማንም ላይ በክፋት ባለመነሳቱ የህሊና ሰላም እንደሚሰማው ተናግሯል፡፡ አሁንም ግን ኢትዮጵያና ፖለቲከኞቿ ስለፍቅርና መተሳሰብ ሊገባቸው እንዳልቻለና በፍቅር ተሳስቦ መኖር የሚባለውን እንደሚፈሩት ይሄም ነገር ክፉኛ እንደሚያሳስበው ተናግሯል፡፡

በተያያዘም በቃሊቲ ከሚገኙ እስረኞች በተለየ 6 ሰው በሚያድርባት ጠባብ ክፍል የታሰረና እንደማንኛውም እስረኛ ዘመድ አዝማድ ጓደኛ እንዳይጠይቀው የተደረገ ብቸኛ ግለሰብ መሆኑን የማረሚያ ቤቱ ኃላፊ በተገኙበት ፊት ለፊት ተናግሯል፡፡

ለእኛ ቀርቶብን ለልጆቻችን እንኳን የተሻለ ማረሚያ ቤት ማስተላለፍ አለብን ያለው አንዷለም እሱ ላይ ብቻ ያነጣጠረው የመብት ገፈፋ ተገቢ እንዳልሆነ ፊት ለፊት ገልጧል፡፡ በዚህ ሃቅ የተበሳጩት ኃላፊው ‹‹ተነስ ግባ!› የሚል ዘለፋ የአንድነት አመራር አባላት በተገኙበት ፊት በብስጭት ተናግረዋል፡፡

የአንድነት አመራርና አባላትም የተጀመረው ትግል ግቡን እስኪመታና በፍቅርና መተሳሰብ የምንኖርባት ኢትዮጵያ እስከምትፈጠር ከትግሉ ሜዳ እንደማያፈገፍጉ አረጋግጠውለታል፡፡


Sudanese opposition groups agree to remove Bashir’s regime

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

Sudanese opposition forces and rebel groups agreed Saturday on a charter to remove President Al Bashir’s regime and to jointly rule the country before to hold democratic elections.

Representatives of the opposition National Consensus Forces (NCF) and the rebel Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) met during five days in the Ugandan capital Kampala to discuss ways to reunite their efforts to bring down the NCP regime.

Despite sharing a common goal the two sides diverged over the use of arms against the government. Also, the threat of armed movements to attack the capital and transfer the conflict to big towns discouraged the Sudanese street to move against the regime, analysts say.

The fear and distrust among the two opposition sides neutralized them and gave the regime a bigger margin to manipulate the public opinion over the intentions of the political forces and rebel groups.

NCF, SRF delegates and a number of women, youth and civil society groups signed on Saturday a 15 page document called "New Dawn Charter", calling to overthrow the regime through political and armed struggle.

The signed document however provides that the rebel alliance will support the "peaceful mass action and its transformation to a peaceful popular uprising and a key tool to bring down the regime".

The SRF also committed itself to announce an immediate and comprehensive cease-fire after the fall of the regime.

In a statement extended to Sudan Tribune SPLM-N secretary general Yasir Arman said the signatories of the first political charter since 2005 "agreed to reinforce a peaceful uprising by a joint action".

The Umma National Party was very critical to the use of arms to topple the regime saying it may disintegrate the country. It also questioned the efficiency of such approach in a country traumatised by civil wars.

The Umma party of Sadiq Al-Mahdi and the SPLM-N signed last November a joint statement calling to prioritize the non-violent action.

The signatories further decided to form a transitional council to coordinate between them and to present this document to the Sudanese people and the international community but also it would prepare the interim government after toppling the NCP’s regime.

The Charter also calls to establish solid relations with the newly independent South Sudan based p, the shared interests, social and historic relations. The signatories also pledge to cooperate closely on the different fields with Juba in a way to reunite the two nations on new basis.

The New Dawn Charter, on the other hand, includes different dispositions about the central and regional governments during the 4-year interim period where a national parliament is to be constituted and a large national unity government led by a president will be formed.

The transitional assembly will prepare a new constitution after debating over issues related to relationship between the religion and the state, the voluntary unity between the different regions, unity in diversity and land ownership, among others.

All the opposition forces except the Popular Congress Party say they are for the "Civilian State" an expression used to designate the need to maintain a clear line between politics and religion in Sudan.

The issue of the land is included to address the demand of Darfur groups to expel Arab groups who arrived during the recent years to the region while the voluntary unity principle comes in response to a recent demand some SPLM-N members particularly from the Nuba Mountains raised to preserve their cultural heritage.

The African Union mediation proposed to hold direct talks between the Sudanese government and the SPLM-N but Khartoum rejects the offer asking the rebels to lay down their arms.

Also, the government since the independence of South Sudan called on the opposition forces to engage consultations over a new constitution but it refuses their demand to dissolve the current parliament and to form a new national government before to discuss a new fundamental law.

The Umma party says the national process towards a democratic transition in the country should also include the ruling National Congress Party. But, it is not clear how a national forum gathering the rebel and the government together with the opposition forces can be organised.

Source: Sudan Tribune

Statistics: Posted by Gabriel — Tue Jan 08, 2013 8:03 am — Replies 0 — Views 1


Tamagn Beyene receives a hero’s welcome in Toronto

Tuesday, January 8th, 2013

Tamagne Beyene and family at an ESAT family event in Toronto – January 2013

የጠ/ሚ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የ100 ቀናት አመራር

Monday, January 7th, 2013

ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር መለስ ዜናዊ ህልፈተ ህይወት በኋላ ባለፈዉ መስከረም ወር አጋማሽ አቶ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የጠቅላይ ሚንስትርነቱን ስልጣን ሲይዙ ፤ የተለያዩ ብሄር ብሄረሰቦችን ላቀፈችዉ ኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ አስታራቂ እና ጥሩ መፍትሄን ያስገኛሉ የሚል ተስፋን አሰንቆ ነበር።

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ስልጣን ከያዙ በኋላ በርካታ ኢትዮጵያዉያን ፤ የመሪ ለዉጡን ተከትሎ በአገሪቱ የሚኖረዉ ፖለቲካዊ እርምጃ በመጠኑም ቢሆን ተሻሽሎ የመናገር ነፃነት ይኖራል፤ በሲቪል ማህበራት ላይ እና በብዙሃን መገናኛዎች ላይ የሚደረገዉ ጫና ይቆማል፤ የሚል ተስፋ ነበራቸዉ። ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ስልጣን ከያዙ መቶ ቀናት አለፋቸዉ፤ በዚህ ግዜ ዉስጥ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ሥራ የአገሪቱ ፖለቲካዊ እርምጃ ምን ይመስላል? ሉድገር ሻዶምሲኪ ያጠናቀረዉ ዘገባ እንደሚከተለዉ ተቀናብሯል።


ከመነሻዉ ተስፋ ሰጪ ነበር። ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቃለ መሃላ ከመፈጸማቸዉ አስቀድሞ፤ በኢትዮጵያ የዘመን መለወጫ ወቅት፤ መንግስት ለ2,000 እስረኞች ምህረት አድርጎ ከእስር በነፃ ለቀቀ። በተመሳሳይ ወቅት፤ መንግስት አሸባሪ ብሎ ከፈረጀዉ ቡድን፤ ከኦጋዴኑ ብሄራዊ ነፃ አዉጭ ግንባር- ኦብነግ ጋር፤ ኬንያ ዉስጥ ለድርድር ተቀምጦአል። ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በቅርቡ አልጃዚራ፤ በተሰኘዉ የቴሌቭዥን ጣብያ ቀርበዉ፤ ከኤርትራ ጋር ለማንኛዉም የሰላም ዉይይት ዝግጁነታቸዉን ሲናገሩ፤ ሃሳቡ ብሩህ ተስፋን ፈጥቆ፤ የብዙዎች ምኞት እንደሚሳካ እምነት አሳድሯል።

በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ ከወላይታ ብሄር ተወላጅ የሆኑት፤ የዉሃ ምህንድስና ምሁር፤ አቶ ኃይለማርያም፤ በእርግጥም የፖለቲካ እና የስልጣን ሽኩቻ፤ እንደሚፈጠር በሚገመትበት ወቅት፤ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትርነት ስልጣኑን መያዛቸዉ፤ ተምሳሌቱ ትልቅ ነዉ ያሉት፤ ከመንግስት ነፃ የሆነዉ፤ ዓለማቀፍ ፖለቲካ ጉዳዮችን የሚከታተለዉ ቢሮ በለንደን፤ የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳዮች ምሁሩ ጃሰን ሞስሊ እንዲህ ይገልፃሉ፤ « እንደ ወላይታ ካለ አነስተኛ ከሆነ ጎሳ የመጣ ሰዉ ስልጣን መያዙ በመሰረቱ ተምሳሌቱ ትልቅ ትርጉም አለዉ። ሆኖም ተግራባዊነቱ መስራትም ይኖርበታል። የሶስት ሴት ልጆች አባት የሆኑት፤ የ 47 ዓመቱ የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ፣ ከ1997 ዓመተ ምህረቱ ደም አፋሳሽ ምርጫ በኋላ፤ ከግዜ ወደ ግዜ አንባገነን እየሆኑ ከመጡት ከሟቹ ከመለስ ዜናዊ ጋር ሲነፃፀሩ በርግጥም በፖለቲካዉ ረገድ ግርማ ሞገሳቸዉ እንብዛም አይታይም። ኃይለማርያም በመለስ ዘመን፣የክፍለ ሃገር አስተዳዳሪ ፤ የዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር እና ምክትል ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ሆነዋል። ሆኖም ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በትጥቅ ትግሉ ከኢህአዴግ ጋር አብረዉ ባይኖሩም በትምህርቱ በተሻለ መልኩ በመግፋታቸዉ በርካቶች የጠቅላይ ሚንስትርነቱን ስልጣን እንዲይዙ ፈልገዉ ነበር። ስልጣኑን ከያዙ በኋላ ግን በአገሪቱ አንዳችም ፖለቲካዊ ለዉጥ አላደረጉም ሲሉ ብዙዎች ቅሪታቸዉን ይገልጻሉ። የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ጉዳዮች ምሁሩ ጃሰን ሞስሊም ይህንኑ ነዉ የሚናገሩት «የአሁኑን መንግስት የፖለቲካ ስራዎች ካለፈዉ አስተዳደር ጋር ስናነፃጽረዉ፤ በእዉነቱ ምንም አይነት ለዉጥ አይታይበትም። በቅርቡ በካቢኔ አንድ አነስተኛ ለዉጥ ተደርጎአል፤ ግን ይህ ለዉጥ ትልቅ የሚባል እና የፖለቲካዉን አካሄድ የሚቀይረዉ አይደለም።

ከጎረቤት ሶማልያ ጋር ያለዉ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታ፤ የዓባይን ዉሃ አያያዝ በተመለከተ ከሱዳንና ከግብፅ ጋር የነበረዉ አቋም አሁንም አልተቀየረም። በመጠኑ በጥያቄ የሚታይ ነገር ቢኖር፤ በሰሜን አጎራባች ከሆነችዉ ከኤርትራ ጋር ያለዉን ግንኙነት ለማሻሻል የሚደረግ እንቅስቃሴ የመኖር አለመኖሩ ጉዳይ ነዉ። ስለዚህ ያለዉ ሁኔታ የድሮዉን መቀጠል ነዉ።» መንግስት እንደተለወጠ የሀገሪቱ የልማት ትብብር አጋሮች ለለዉጥ የነበራቸዉ ጉጉት እየከሰመ መጣ። ምዕራባዉያን ዲፕሎማቶች፤ ጋዜጠኞችን በተመለከተ የፍርድ ቤት ችሎት ላይ፤ አንድም ቀን በታዛቢነት ሳይገኙ የዋሉበት ቀን የለም። እንደ ዓለማቀፉ የጋዜጠኞች መብት ተቆርቋሪ ድርጅት፤ CPJ ገለጻ፤ በጸረ – ሽብሩ ህግ በአሸባሪነት ከተከሰሱት አስራ አንድ ጋዜጠኞች መካከል «እስከ ጎርጎረሳዉያኑ 2012 ዓ,ም መጨረሻ» ስድስቱም በእስር ላይ ሲሆኑ ከነዚህ መካከል ታዋቂዉ ተሸላሚ ዓምደኛ እስክንድር ነጋ ይገኝበታል። ይኸዉ የፀረ-ሽብር ህግን ተመልክቶ 29 ሙስሊም ጋዜጠኞች፤ ሙስሊም የሃይማኖት አባቶች፤ መብት ተቆርቋሪዎች፤ በአሸባሪነት ተፈርጀዋል። ለበርካታ ግዜያት ይህንኑ በመቃወም፤ የኢትዮጵያ ሙስሊሞች ቅሪታቸዉን በማሰማት ላይ ሲሆኑ፤ ዘወትር ዓርብ በአዲስ አበባዉ አንዋር መስጊድ መንግስት ላይ የተቃዉሞዉ ድምጻቸዉን ማሰማታቸዉን ቀጥለዋል። በጎርጎረሳዉያኑ 2012 መጠናቀቅያ ላይ፤ 16 የአውሮፓ ህብረት ፓርላማ አባላት ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ በኢትዮጵያ ሃሳብን በነፃ የመግለጽ ነፃነት ይከበር ሲሉ በይፋ በላኩት ደብዳቤ መጠየቃቸዉ ይታወሳል። ይህን ደብዳቤ ከላኩት መካከል፤ ጀርመናዊዉ አሌክሳንደር ግራፍ ላምስዶርፍ ይገኙበታል። ላምስዶርፍ እንዲህ ሲሉ ገልጸዋል፤ «አዲሱ የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ግልፅ የፖለቲካ አካሄድ የሚከተሉ ከሆነ ሀገራቸዉን ወደፊት ለማራመድ እድሉ አላቸዉ። የማኅበረሰቡን ግልፅነት፤ ትችትና ነጻ ሃሳቦችን ለማስተናገድ ከፈቀዱ፤ ከጎረቤቶቻቸዉ ጋ ያላቸዉን ግንኙነት ካሻሻሉ፤ ለምሳሌ አሥመራን ለመጎብኘት ቢሄዱ ለሰላም ላላቸዉ ቁርጠኝነት ዋና አመላካች ነዉ። ይህም ለኢትዮጵያዉያንና ኢትዮጵያ በዓለም ዓቀፍ ደረጃ ላላት ሁኔታ ፍፁም አስተማማኝ እና መሰረታዉ ጉዳይ ነዉ።» በስልታዊ አቀማመጥዋ የአፍሪቃ ህብረት መቀመጫ በሆነችዉ በአፍሪቃ መዲና – ኢትዮጵያ ከባድ ተግዳሮቶች ተደቅነዋል። በከፍተኛ ፍጥነት በማደግ ላይ ያለዉ የህዝቧ ቁጥር ከአፍሪቃ ሁለተኛ ደረጃን እንድትይዝ ቢያደርጋትም፤ አሁንም እድገቱ አልተገታም። በርካታ ብሄር ብሄረሰቦችን ያቀፈችዉ ሀገር፤ ብሄራዊ አንድነትን ከመገንባት አኳያ፤ ትግል ይዛለች። ምንም እንኳ የሀገሪቱ ኤኮኖሚ በሁለት አሃዝ ማደጉ ቢነገርም፤ የዚህ ተጠቃሚዉ በጣም ጥቂቱ፤ መካከለኛ ገቢ ያለዉ የከተማዉ ነዋሪ ነዉ። ከፀጥታ አኳያ፤ በዓለም ጸረ-ሽብርተኝነትን ከሚዋጉት ሀገራት መካከል፤ ኢትዮጵያ በሶማልያ ሽብርተኝነትን በመዋጋት ቀዳሚዉን ስፍራ ይዛለች።

እንግዲህ እነዚህ፤ አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ከአዲሱ ከካቤኔያቸዉ ጋ በመሆን፤ ባፋጣኝ ምላሽ ሊሰጧቸዉ የሚገቧቸዉ ጉዳዮች መሆናቸዉ ነዉ። ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ ሹመታቸዉን ከተቀበሉበት ቀን ማግስት አንስተዉ በተደጋጋሚ፤ በፓለቲካዉ ከእሳቸዉ ቀድመዉ ስልጣን ላይ የነበሩትን የመለስ ዜናዊን ጅምሮች፤ ሳይበርዙ እንደሚቀጥሉ ተናግረዋል። ጋዜጠኞች እና ሰብዓዊ መብት ተቆርቋሪዎችን የማሳደዱ ርምጃ መቀጠሉን፤ የፀጥታ አስከባሪዎችም ለተቃዉሞ ሰለፍ በሚወጡ ሙስሊሞች ላይ የሚያደርሱትን ጥቃት፤ የተመለከቱ ታዛቢዎች ስልጣን ከያዙ 100 ቀናት የሆናቸዉ አዲሱ የአፍሪቃዉ ቀንድ ጠንካራ ሀገር መሪ፤ ቃል በቃል የተናገሩትን መተግበራቸዉ ነዉ ሲሉ፤ ፍርሃታቸዉን እየገለፁ ነዉ። ከመንግስት ነፃ የሆነዉና ተቀማጭነቱን በለንደን ያደረገዉ ዓለማቀፍ ፖለቲካ ጉዳዮችን በሚከታተለዉ ቢሮ የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳዮች ምሁር ጃሰን ሞስሊም ይህንኑ አስከትሉዉ እንዲህ ይላሉ « የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር መለስ ዜናዊ ከዚህ አለም በሞት መለየት በኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካዉን ሁኔታ አልቀየረዉም። ለምሳሌ ሃሳብን በነጻ መግለፅ ሆነ ምርጫን በሚመለከት፤ የተሻለ ነገር አላመጣም። ይህ ፖለቲካዊ አካሄድ ከ1997 ዓ,ም ጀምሮ ተግባራዊ እየሆነ ነዉ። አመራሩን ጠበቅ እያደረገ ተቃዉሞ ሲበዛበት ደግሞ በትንሹ ለቀቅ በማድረግ፤ ሁኔታዉን እያረጋጋ አስተዳደሩን ቀጥሎአል። ይህ ዘዴ አሁንም ሳይለወጥ እየተሰራበት ነዉ»

Abebe Gellaw: The journalist who silenced the tyrant

Monday, January 7th, 2013

By Hilina Taye

There is no doubt that 2012 was one of the most memorable years in our history. We witnessed high dramas, an unforgettable protest, a tyrant’s global hide-and-seek game, the elite’s wailing and cries, a mass hysteria, a dictator’s funeral in par with North Korea, the coronation of a puppet…. All these happened from mid to the end of the year.

Thousands of listeners and viewers of the Ethiopian Satellite Television and Radio residing across the world have cast their votes for the honor, “Ethiopian Man of the Year in 2012,” to select the man that had a noticeable and significant impact in the year.

Over 20 prominent Ethiopians were nominated. Yenesew Gebre, the man who self-immolated himself calling for freedom, artist and activist Tamagn Beyene, jailed journalists Eskinder Nega, Reeyot Alemu, and Wubishet Taye, Ethiopian Muslim movement leader Ustaz Abubaker Ahmed, Dr. Berhanu Nega, Andualem Arega, Prof. Mesfin Woldemariam, pop sensation Teddy Afro…and even the late tyrant Meles Zenawi.

When the results of the votes were revealed, one man stood out tall among the crowd. Forty-eight percent of the votes went to the man who generated the most significant buzz and impact in the year by writing the last chapter of Meles Zenwi’s fall and demise. Journalist and press freedom activist Abebe Gellaw was selected ESAT’s audience and viewers’ Ethiopian Man of the Year.

I find this a fitting tribute to a man who took a great risk at the G8 Food Security Symposium on May 18, 2012. When Meles Zenawi was in the middle of his insipid lecture in front of world leaders, distinguished scholars and corporate leaders, Abebe stood up and told Zenawi the bitter truth he tried to avoid in his 21-year long misrule. It was a shock therapy to the arrogant tyrant that shattered and broke the tyrant in front of world leaders.

At the G8 summit what broke Meles was not Abebe thunderous voice that shrank the tyrant, but the toxic truth he spoke loudly for the world to hear. Interrupting Zenawi in the middle of his lecture of lies, the powerful words that became the highlight of the “G8 food security” meeting carried the weightiest messages that overshadowed even the speeches of U.S. President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who delivered the opening and closing speeches respectively.

“Meles Zenawi is a dictator! Meles Zenawi is dictator! Free Eskinder Nega and political prisoners! You are a dictator! Stop committing crimes against humanity! Don’t talk about food without freedom! We need freedom more than food! We need freedom! Freedom! Freedom! Freedom! Meles Zenawi is a dictator! Meles Zenawi is a dictator! Free Eskinder Nega and all political prisoners!” No one could stop the message.

These words will remain valid until Ethiopia is free from dictatorship, injustice, abuse of power and misrule. For me and millions of Ethiopians across the word, those words represented us at the highest level. They represent our aspirations, interests and dreams. They will be etched in our mind as long as we remain oppressed.

Journalist Abebe Gellaw deserves the honor. A true journalist is not always afraid to take risks for the sake of speaking out truth to power. The words that irreparable broke and silenced Meles Zenawi have uplifted us and injected inspiration in our struggle for freedom.

Award winning journalist Abebe Gellaw has already collected a few awards and recognition He was one the 2011 recipients of Human Rights Watch Hellman/Hammett press freedom award, he was named a Young Global Leader (YGL) by the World Economic Forum in 2010. Former John S. Knight Journalism Fellow at Stanford University and Yahoo International Fellow in 2009, journalist Abebe Gellaw has clearly and steadily demonstrated that commitment to make a difference will eventually pay off. But no honor is as good as those that are closer to home. That is why such an honor from ordinary men and women the most coveted.

I congratulate journalist Abebe Gellaw for being selected man of the people. As much as you lifted up our spirit, Ethiopians have unequivocally spoken that they do not forget their heroes and heroines that fight for freedom. This coveted honor is not just for you but for all those who take risks for the sake of freedom. Ethiopia and Ethiopians will never forget the history you have made.

Abebe will be remembered in history as the journalist who silenced and broke Meles Zenawi, who went to his grave humbled and humiliated. It is an ironic miracle that the man who silenced and broke a nation for 21 years was permanently silenced and broken in less than a minute. It is for this reason why Ethiopians have chosen the man responsible for such an audacious act at a meeting of the great powers.

Dictators and oppressors should take a serious note that the day of judgment is always around the corner. No amount of armory can protect tyrants from harsh judgments as this case attests. Encouraged by our Godsend victory, we should finish off the ruthless TPLF tyranny and oppression that has taken away our freedom and dignity.

Thank you, Abebe Gellaw! You spoke for me and millions of Ethiopians. You are a true voice for the voiceless!

We shall prevail! Freedom! Freedom! Freedom!


South Sudan police arrest two journalists for failing to cover presidential speech

Monday, January 7th, 2013

(Reuters) – South Sudan government has arrested two state journalists for failing to ensure coverage of a speech by President Salva Kiir, a government official said on Sunday, prompting an outcry from an international media watchdog.

Journalists often complain of persecution by the security services of the African republic that seceded from Sudan in 2011. That year, Juba authorities closed a newspaper after it criticized Kiir for allowing his daughter to marry a foreigner.

The government of South Sudan’s Western Bahr El Ghazal state said it had detained two senior staff at its broadcaster for "administrative issues" after the station failed to cover Kiir’s visit to the town of Wau last month.

"They were arrested simply because when the president arrived here in Wau on December 22, 2012, he gave a very, very important speech," state information minister Derrick Alfred Uya told Reuters.

The Committee to Protect Journalists, a New York-based media watchdog, named the detained pair as Louis Pasquale, director-general of the state broadcaster in Western Bahr el Ghazal, and Ashab Khamis, director of state television.

The committee said the two had been arrested probably as part of a campaign to stop the media from investigating recent unrest in Wau. Soldiers shot dead 10 people protesting against the relocation of a local council last month, triggering more violence in the town located close to the Sudan border.

"We call on authorities to release Louis Pasquale and Ashab Khamis immediately, and allow journalists to cover events in the state without facing intimidation or arrest," CPJ East Africa Consultant Tom Rhodes said in a statement.

A local journalist said security agents had been pressuring reporters in Wau to find out who had provided foreign news channels such as Qatar’s Jazeera English with a tape which purportedly shows the shooting of unarmed protesters in Wau.

"I heard they arrested the journalists because they suspect the tape comes from state television," said the reporter, asking not to be named. "They were worried when the tape was shown on Jazeera."

South Sudan is a country with no media law, making it difficult for reporters to get information as the government and security services are mainly made up of ex-guerrillas who are used to impunity, a legacy of decades of civil war with Sudan.

Last month, unknown gunmen shot dead prominent blogger and government critic Diing Chan Awuol at his home.

France-based Reporters Without Borders ranked South Sudan 111th out of 179th in its 2011-2012 press freedom index.

Statistics: Posted by Gabriel — Mon Jan 07, 2013 8:06 am — Replies 0 — Views 2


Over 100 Addis Ababa University students arrested

Monday, January 7th, 2013

According to information obtained by the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) through its correspondents, more than 100 Addis Ababa University students by Ethiopian security forces. Many of the students have received from minor to life-threatening injuries. There is also unconfirmed report that a student named Gammachu Abdi has died from the severe injuries inflicted on him by the police. HRLHA has obtained the names of some of the detained students:

1 Abdisa Balachew Tafasa, Oromo
2 Abbabaa Gaddafa Baayisa, Oromo
3 Gaaddisaa Taayisa Fufaa, Oromo
4 Lamma Chala Dumessa, Oromo
5 Dabalaa Idechaa Amsha, Oromo
6 Gaddisaa Abarra Abbabora, Oromo
7 Tadele Tarekegn Lemma, Oromo
8 Gari Tolina Wakjira, Oromo
9 Ahimad Mustafa Fida, Oromo
10 Sanyi Daggafa Duresso, Oromo
11 Bekele Abdisa Amus, Oromo
12 Husen Ahimad Abbabaa, Oromo
13 Abodulahi Eres Turi, Oromo
14 Yonas Dina Barkeessa, Oromo
15 Jammara balayi Gudeta, Oromo
16 Hirpha Tolera Irana, Oromo
17 Malaku Girma Anjaggo, Oromo
18 Lema Amana Dhina, Oromo
19 Tayib Tesso Wayessa, Oromo
20 Kafo Amida Abbusi, Oromo
21 Isayas Itana Anshu, Oromo
22 Kanna Mokonin Galata, Oromo
23 Abdata Gudeta Lamu, Oromo
24 Ayana Birhanu Bayane, Amhara
25 Abebe Ayale Asaffaa, Oromo
26 Iftayom Kumsa Mulata, Oromo
27 Olana Tamasgen Aga, Oromo
28 Nanboni Tamiru Diriba, Oromo
29 Iyasuu Tamasgen Fatane, Oromo
30 Yoreson Yoregecha Chala, Oromo
31 Anlayi Alemayehu Adimasu, Amhara
32 Igataa Gudina Aboma, Oromo
33 Dibaba Birbesa Gutema, Oromo
34 Desalegn Akkasa Kalbessa,, Oromo
35 Fikadu Warku Magarsa, Oromo
36 Abbay Garemewu Gawawe, Amhara
37 Muluneh Gammachu Kamme, Oromo
38 Yihenew Tasfaye Aseffa, Amhara
39 Indalehu Balay Shita, Amhara
40 Belete Mosisa Kadida, Oromo
41 Tajudin Abdulatif
42 Tadele Indashewu Hundesa, Oromo
43 Sisay Fayera Warqina, Oromo
44 Kelay Wandim Teway, Tigre
45 Abdata Taye Mulata, Oromo
46 Birhan Mokonin Alemu, Amhara
47 Taressa Nagasa Nagara, Oromo
48 Ahunalam Mokonin Dinqa, Oromo
49 Tamasgen Marilign Tawayi, Amhara
50 Lalisa Biqila Dheressaa, Oromo
51 Misgnawu Aweke G/Hiwot, Amhara
52 Amsalu Abdata Kabbadaa, Oromo
53 Mamahu Mulugeta Kefalehu, Amhara
54 Mohamad Jafar Ahimad, Amhara
55 Yohanis Arega Amanu,Kibba
56 Tafari Shababi Mokonin, Amhara
57 Aman Bati Magarsa, Oromo
58 Mabiratu G/Mikael G/madin, Tigre
59 Camiro Abuti Anche, Kembata
60 Takala Gone Fage
61 Gaddisa Galisa Banee, Oromo
62 Gudina Dasalegn Amante, Oromo
63 Getaneh Azona Alamu, Amhara/Oromo
64 Guddee Wakkane Huraa, Amhara
65 Birhanu Taye Molla, Oromo
66 Gutema Mokonin Wakessa, Oromo
67 Kabataa Fetene, Oromo
68 Getachew Galata Warku, Oromo
69 Ramadan Tayib Gada, Oromo
70 Mesert Tafarra, Oromo
71 Yaiqob Gadaa Dabalee, Tigre
72 Tariku Bulcha Hayle, Oromo
75 Danile Reba Wagga, Oromo
76 Abbabaa Tuuji Caalaa, Oromo
77 Abdata Abdissa Daga, Oromo
78 Dingata Lamu Jakaa, Oromo
79 Kaasaa Asrat, Amhara
80 Hadisha G/Mariam, Tigre
81 Tseggawu Khasayi, Tigre
82 Geta Make Cana, Amhara
83 Warku Amare, Amhara
84 Mulugeta Casale, Amhara
85 Amagn Adamu, Amhara
86 Dajane Walde, Tigre
87 Ligaba Aseffa, Amhara
88 Dase Teshome, Amhara
89 Aschelahu, Amhara
90 Dereje Bitawu, Amhara
91 Getnet Ayanew, Amhara
92 Aregawu Monyinet, Amhara
93 Desta W/Gieorgis, Tigre
94 Uman G/Ananiya, Tigre
95 Yonas Taham, Tigre
96 W/Kros Khilu, Tigre
97 Dirribsa Caalaa, Oromo
98 Ebbisa Barki, Oromo
99 Asimamahu Mangistu, Amhara


ሰብአዊ መብት ለሰብአዊያን

Monday, December 31st, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

በዓለም ዙርያ ያሉትን አንባቢዎቼን 2013 የደስታና የብልጽጋና ዓመት ይሁንላችሁ በማለት መልካም ምኞቴን እገልጻለሁ፡፡

ላለፉት ያልተቋረጡ 300 ሳምንታት ያህል ጦማሮቼን ለተከታተሉ ሁሉ፤ከልብ የመነጨ አክብሮቴንና ምስጋናዬን እገልጻለሁ፡፡ ከኢትዮጵያና ከዲያስፖራ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ለተቸረኝ ማበረታታት ምስጋናዬ ይድረስልኝ፡፡

አንባቢዎቼን፤ በኢትዮጵያና በዓለም ላይ ሁሉ የተደፈሩ ሰብአዊ መብቶችን ለሁሉም ሰብአዊ ፍጡራን እንዲዳረሱና እንዲከበሩ የመጠራሪያና የማንቂያ ደወል በአፍሪካና በዓለማቱ ሁሉ እንደውል እላለሁ፡፡ ዶክተር ማርቲን ሉተር ኪንግ አንዳሉት “በማይበጠስ የአንድነት ሰባዊ ሰንሰለት ተሳስረናል፡፡ በአንድ አይነት እጣ ፈንታ ተያይዘናል:: አንዱን በቀጥታ የሚያጠቃው ሌላውንም በተዘዋዋሪ ደግሞ አይተወውም፡፡

አንባቢዎቼን፤ በሎርድ አልፍሬድ ቴኒሰን የረቀቀ ለዛ ባለው ግጥም (“እንጠራራ፤ ለሰብአዊ ፍጡር ሁሉ”) አሮጌውን ዓመት በመሰናበት አዲሱን እንቀበል በማለት አጠይቃለሁ::

እንጠራራ፤ አሮጌውን አመት ለመሸኘት አዲሱን ለመቀበል

እንጠራራ፤ ሃሰትን ተገላግለን አውነትን ለማስገባት

እንጠራራ፤ ሃዘንና ትካዜን ከሕሊናችንን ለማስወገድ

እንጠራራ፤ በደሃና በሃብታም መሃል ያለዉን ቅራኔ ለመፍታት::

እንጠራራ፤ ለሰብአዊፍጡርሁሉአዲስስብእናእንተካለት::

እንጠራራ፤ የወደቀ ስራትን ለመሸኘት

ለመለወጥ ዘመን የሻረውን የፓርቲዎችን መናቆር

እንጠራራ የሕይወትን  ክቡርነት እናስመስክር

በጣፋጭ ባህል በንጹህ ሕግጋት::

እንጠራራ፤  አጉል ትምክህትን ለማጥፋት

በዜግነት ላይ ሀሜት ክፋትና እልህ እንዲወገድ

እንጠራራ፤  ፍቅርን ሃቅና እውነትን ለማስገባት

እንጠራራ፤ መልክምን ለመተግበር ለሁሉም በሚሆን መንገድ::

እንጠራራ፤ ያለፉትን ሺህ እልቂቶች ላለመድገም

እንጠራራ፤ ለቀጣዮቹ ሺህ ዓመታት ሰላም አንዲሰፍን

እንጠራራ፤ለነጻነት ወደሚያበቃን ጀግንነት

ለሩህሩህ ልብ፤ ለለጋሽ እጆች

እንጠራራ ጨለማ የዋጣትን ምድር ለማዳን::

2012ን ስንሸኘው: ባለፈው አመት ካቀረብክዋቸው ሳሚንታዊ  ጽሁፎቼ  ትንሽ  ቅንጣቢ በመውሰድ ነው::

በጃንዋሪ 2012 የአፍሪካ ስፕሪንግ አለያም ‹‹የኢትዮጵያ ጸደይ›› ይመጣ እንደሆነ በማለት አግራሞቴን ጎላ አድርጌ አሰምቼ ነበር፡፡

የራሴን ጥያቄ በአልበርት ካሙስ ‹‹ዘ ሪቤል›› (ተቃዋሚ) በተባለው መጽሃፍ ሚስጥራዊ ትርጉም ውስጥ ሆኜ  መልሼ ነበር፡፡ ተቃዋሚ ምንድን ነው? ሲል ጠየቀ ካሙስ………… ‹‹እምቢ የሚል ሰው ………ዕድሜውን ሙል እሺ ጌቶቼ፤ እሺ እመቤቶቼ ሲል የኖረ ሰው በድንገት ያንገሸግሸውና ዳግም ትእዛዝ አልቀበልም ብሎ እምቢ ይላል፡፡ እምቢ ሲልስ ምን ማለቱ ነው? የሚለውማ፤ ለምሳሌ ‹‹ይሄ ትእዛዝ በዛ፤ እስካሁን ድረስ እሺ ከእንግዲህ ግን አሻፈረኝ፤ መጠናችሁን አጣችሁ፤›› ወይም  ‹‹እሺ ለማለትና ለመቀበል በቃ ለማለትም ገደብ አለው:: እምቢተኛው የራሱን ድምጸ ውሳኔ ካገኘበት ጊዜ አንስቶ……. ከአሻፈረኝ ሌላ ቃል ባይወጣውም፤ መመኘትና መዳኘት ይጀምራል፡፡ እምቢተኛው የሚሰጠውን ትእዛዝ በመጋተር ሊቋቋመው ከሚችለው በላይ የሚጫንበትን ትእዛዝ ላለመቀበል ይወስናል፡፡›› የአፍሪካ ስፐሪንግ አፍሪካውያን ኢትዮጵያንም ጨምሮ፤ከተጫነባቸው የግፍ ጫና እንቅልፋቸው ነቅተው በብሩሁ ጸደይ  ተነቃቅተው ‹‹አሻፈረኝ! በቃ ማለት በቃ ነው!›› ማለት ሲችሉ ነው፡፡

በማርች 2012 ኢትዮጵያ ከዲክታተርሺፕ አገዛዝ ወደ ዴሞክራሲያዊ አስተዳደር ትሸጋገራለች ብዬ በድፍረት ተንብዬ ነበር፡፡. ከዚሁ ጋርም   የዲክተተርሺፕ ማብቃት፤ በኢትዮጵያ የዴሞክራሲን መወለድ አያረጋግጥም ብዬም ነበር፡፡ከሚገረሰሰው የበሰበሰ ዲክታተርሺፕ ሊፈለፈል የሚችል የዴሞክራሲ ዕውነታ ሊኖር አይችልም፡፡ ዴሞክራሲን ለማምጣት በርካታ የሕብረት አድካሚ ስራዎች ያስፈልጉታል፡፡ኢትዮጵያን ከተጫነባት የፈላጭ ቆራጭ ዲክታተርሺፕ አገዛዝ ለማላቀቅና ከግፈኞችን በደል ከማይጠግቡ የዓመጻ ልጆች ለማላቀቅ ብዙ ጉልበትና አንድነት መስማማት ይጠይቃል፡፡ይህን ለማድረግ ደግሞ ዴሞክራሲያዊ የፖለቲካ ተቋማት፤ተግባራዊነትን የሚያረጋግጥ የፖለቲካ ድርጅት፤የሲቪል ማሕበረሰብ ስርአት እና የብራሀን ፋና ወጊ የሆነ የነጻው ዴሞክራቲክ ፕሬስ ትንሳኤ የግድ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡

በኤፕሪል 2012 ለጀግናዬና አልበገር ባዩ የፔን በነጻነት የመጻፍ ሽልማት አሸናፊ ለሆነው እስክንድር ነጋ አንድ ልዩ አክብሮት መግለጫ ጽፌ ነበር፡፡ እስክንድር ነጋ (ለኔ አይበገሬው እስክንድር ነጋ)ሽብርተኛ ተብሎ በኢትዮጵያ አለሁ በሚለው ገዢ መንግስት ለእስር ተዳርጓል፡፡ እስክንድር ግን የጀግኖች ጀግና ነው፡፡ የእስክንድር ለእስር መዳረግ በበርካታ ያገባናል በሚሉ ታዋቂ ጋዜጠኞች፤ በተመሳሳይ ስቃዩ በያሉበት የደረሰባቸው ኬነዝ ቤስት፤(የላይቤርያው ኢንድፔንዳንት ዴይሊ ጋዜጣ መስራች) ሊዲያ ካቾ፤ዝነኛው የሜክሲኮ ጋዜጠኛ፤ የኢራኩ እውቅ ተቃዋሚ፤አክባር ጋንጂ: ፋራጂ ሳርኮሂ፤በሕንዱ ታዋቂ አሩን ሹውሪ፤እና በበርካታ ሌሎች የእስሩ ተቃዋሚዎች ትኩረት ተሰጥቶታል፡፡ለኔ እስክንድር ልዩ ጀግናዬ ነው፤ ምክንያቱም፤ከሃሳብና ከእውነት ውጪ መሳርያ የሌለው ተሟጋች ነውና፡፡ ቅጥፈትን: በእውነት ስለት ብዕሩ ብቻ ሰየፈው:: ተስፋ መቁረጥን በተስፋ፤ፍርሃትን በድፍረት፤ ቁጣን በምክንያታዊነት፤ዕብሪትን በትህትና፤መሃይምነትን በዕውቀት፤አለመቻቻልን በትዕግስት፤ጥርጣሬን በዕምነት፤ ጭካኔን ደግሞ በርህራሄ እስክንድር ተዋጋው›፡፡ እስክንድር አልበገሬው!

በሜይ 2012  ላይ የጂ 8 የምግብ ዋስትና ስብሰባ በሚካሄድበት በዋሽንግቶን ዲ ሲ ወጣቱ ኢትዮጵያዊ ጋዜጠኛ አበበ ገላው ድምጹን ከፍ አድርጎ ነጻነት! እስክንድር ነጋ ይፈታ!  በማለት ድምጹን ከፍ አድርጎ ተናገረ!  ያለፈው መለስ ዜናዊ በዚያ በነበረበት ቦታ ላይ እንደተደገመባት ድመት አንገቱን ሰብሮ በዝምታ ወጣቱ ጋዜጠኛ፤ መለስ ዜናዊ ዲክታተር ነው ሲል ሰማው!  እስክንድር ነጋ ይፈታ! የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይፈቱ! አንተ ዲክታተር ነህ መለስ! በማለት አበበ የተቃውሞ ጥሪውን አሰማ፡፡ አንተ በሰብአዊ ፍጡሮች ላይ ወንጀል ፈጽመሃል፤ ያለ ነጻነት ምግብ ዋጋ ቢስ ነው፤ የፖለቲካ እስረኞችን ልቀቅ! ነጻነት! ነጻነት! ነጻነት ያስፈልገናል! አለው፡፡ ለአሜሪካን ሕብረተሰብ የ‹‹ሄክለር ቬቶ›› በእጅጉ ክብር የሚያስገኝ መብት ነው፡፡ ሃሳቡ በጣም ቀላል ነው፡፡ምንግዜም መንግስታት ናቸው በሃሳባቸው የማይስማሙትንና ተቃዋሚዎቻቸውን ዝም ለማሰኘት ማፈኛ የሚያበጁ፡፡ ‹‹በሄክለር ቬቶ›› ደግሞ ግለሰቦች ጉልበተኛንና መንገስትን ዝም ጸጥ ማሰኘት ይችላሉ፡፡ ጠረጴዛው የግልብጥ ሆነ፡፡ መለስ ዜናዊ በአበበ ገላው ተለጉሞ ጸጥ እንዲል ተደረገ፡፡ አበበ ድሕረ  ገጽ መጠርያ ስሙ አዲስ ድምጽ ትርጉሙን በአግባቡ  አሳወቀበት ‹‹ድምጻቸው የታፈነባቸው ድምጽ››::

በጁን 2012 በሙስሊሙና በክርስቲያኑ የሃይሞነት መሪዎች ሊከፋፍሏቸው ባለሙት ላይ ባሳዩት ሕብረት ተገርሜ ነበር፡፡ በቶሮንቶ በስደት ላይ የሚገኙት፤ታዋቂው የሙስሊሙ እምነት ተከታዮች መሪ፤ ለሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊ ትምህርት የሚሆን መልዕክት አስተላለፉ፡፡‹‹ እንደምታውቁት ኢትዮጵያ ብዙ እምነቶች የሚከበሩባት ሃገር ናት፡፡ኢትዮጵያ ፣ሙሊሙና የኦርቶዶክስ እምነት ተከታይ ክርስቲያኖች በፍቅር ተከባብረው የኖሩባት ሃገር ለመሆኗ ታሪክ ይመሰክራል፡፡ አሁን እንኳነ 50ና 60 ዓመታት ጊዜ ውስጥ በኛው ዘመን፤አንዳችም ሁከትና አለመግባባት በመሃላቸው አይተን አናውቅም፡፡ ማንኛውንም ነገር የምናገኘው ሃገር ሲኖረን ነው፡፡ ሃይመኖት የግል ምርጫ ነው፡፡ ሃገር ደግሞ የጋራችን ነው:: ሃገር ከሌለ ሃይማኖትም አይኖርም፡፡……..እነሱ…ገዢዎቹ የገሃሪቱን መሬት ለውጭ ሰዎች ለባዕዳን እየሸጡት ነው፡፡ ተራፊውን ለም መሬትም ለራሳቸው ይዘውታል፡፡ ከሽያጩም የተገኘው ገንዘብ በሃገራችን አይቀመጥም፤ በግል ኪሳቸውና በሌላም ቦታ ባላቸው ኪሳቸው ነው፡፡ለመሆኑ አሁን የተረፈ ኢትዮጵያዊ ትውልድ አለ? በዩኒቬርሲቲ ለመማር የሚመዘገቡትም ቢሆኑ ሞራላቸው በተስፋ ማጣት ተዳክሟል፤በጫት ተለክፏል፤በሲጋራ ሱስ ተበክለዋል፤፡ ገዢው መንግስት ትውልዱን አጥፍተውታል፡፡

በጁላይ 2012 የፕሬዜዳንት ማንዴላን 94ኛ ዓመት የልደት በዓላቸውን በግሌ የአከባበር ስርአት አድርጌ ነበር፡፡ በጤንነትና በደስታ ረጂም ተጨማሪ ዓመታት እመኝላቸዋለሁ፡፡ ማዲባ ልክ እንደጋንዲ ለኔ ዋነኛ መኩሪያ የመንፈሴ አነሳሥ ናቸው፡፡ ማዲባና ጋንዲ ካለአንዳች ፍርሃት ዕውነትን ለባለስልጣናት ሲያውጁ ነበር፡፡ ለማዲባ፤ ጋንዲ፤ ማርቲን ሉተር ኪነግ: እውነተኛ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች፤ የፖለቲካ ፍላጎት ጨርሶ የሌለበት ነው:: የሰብአዊ መብት ፖለቲካ የሰብአዊ ክብር ነው እንጂ የፖለቲካ ዘይቤ፤የፖለቲካ መጎዳኘትም፤አለያም የፖለቲካ ስልጣን ፍቅር አይደለም፡፡ ቁርጠኛ የሆነ የሰብአዊ መብት ጠበቃ፤ለተሸለ ተስፋና ሕልም እውነታ የቆመ ነው፡፡እኔ ለብዙ ዓመታት በኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይና በፈላጭ ቆራጭ ገዢዎች ላይ በርካታ መሟገቻ ጦማሮች አቅርቤያለሁ:: ይህ ጥረቴ ደግሞ አፋጣኝ ፖለቲካዊ ለውጥ ወይም አፋጣኝ መዋቅራዊ ለውጥ እንደሚያስገኙ እገምተለሁ፡፡ ይህንንም ለረጂም ጊዜ በማድረግ የቆየሁበት ሰበብ፤ስለሰብአዊ መብት መሟገት፤ መከራከር፤ ጥብቅና መቆም የገዢዎችን ድክመት ይፋ ማውጣት ልክ ስለሆነና ጥሩና የሞርል ጉዳይም ስለሆነ ነው፡፡

በኦገስት 2012 ይፋ ባልሆነና ባልታወቀ ሕመም በሞት ለተለየን መለስ ዜናዊ ስንብት አደረኩ፡፡ ስንብት ለመፃፍ በጣም አስቸጋሪ ነበር፡፡ ለሁለት መቶ ሰባ አምስት ሳምንታት፤አንድም ሳምንት ሳይታለፍ፤ለሁለት አሰርት ዓመታት ኢትዮጵያን ሲገዛ በነበረው ሰው ላይ ያደረሰውን በደልና የፈጸመውን ግፍ በተመለከተ በማጋለጥ በርካታ ጦማሮች አቅርቤያለሁ፡፡ በ2005 ያ ሁሉ የዜጎች ጭፍጨፋ ባይፈጸምና 200 ንጹሃን ዜጎች በጠራራ ጠሃይ በጎዳና ላይ ለሞት ባይዳረጉ፤ ከ800 በላይ ቁስለኛ ባይደረጉ፤መለስ ዜናዊንና እኔን የሚያገናኘን ጉዳይ አይኖረም ነበር::  ዕጣ ፈንታ መለስ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ታሪካዊ ሚና እንዲጫወት መርጦት ነበር፡፡ ለ17 ዓመታት ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ዲክቴተር ሆኖ ሲገዛ የነበረ ውን ወታደራዊ ጁንታ አሸንፎ ከገቡት የቡድኑ መሪዎች አንዱ ነበር፡፡ በድል ወቅት መለስ ስለ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ተግባራዊነት ምሎ ተገዝቶ፤ ልማትን ለማፋጠንምና ሃገርን ለመገንባት ቃሉን ሰጥቶ ነበር፡፡ ግና ዓመታቱ እየጨመሩና እያለፉ ሲሄዱ ቁጥር መለስ ጨቋኝ እየሆነ፤ትዕግስቱ ቅጥ እያጣ፤ አምባገነናዊ ትምከተኛ እየሆነ፤ከተካው ገዢ የበለጠ ጨካኝና ጨቁአኝ እየሆነ መጣ፡፡ በመጨረሻዎቹ ዘመኑ ላይ ብዙ የደህንነት አባላት ካድሬዎች የሚታገዝ የፖለስ ስርአተ መንግስት ፈጠረ፡፡ ዜጎች እንዳይነቃነቁና በነጻ እንዳያስቡ ቁጥጥሩን አጠናከረ፡፡ የሲቪሉን ማህበረሰብ ተቋማትንና የነጻውን ፕሬስ አባላት መወንጀል ያዘ፡፡ በሃገሪቱ የሩቅ ገጠር ሳይቀር ዘልቀው በመግባት ሕዘቡ ላይ  የግፍ ጫናቸውን አራገፉበት፡፡ ከ21 ዓመታት በላይ መለስ ስልጣኑን የሙጢኝ ብሎ ከጫካው ይዞት የመጣውን የፍትሕን ሰይፍ በግሉና ለራሱ ብቻ ጨብጦ፤ለመበታተኛነት እያዋለው፤ ሃሳቡን የሚሞግቱትንና ተቃዋሚዎችን በማስፈራራትና በደጋፊዎቻቸው ላይ ውንጀላና መጉላላትን እያካሄደ ፍጹም አምባገነናዊ በመሆነ ኖረ፡፡ ስልጣንን ከምንም በላይ አድርጎ በማየት ዕድል ሰጥቶት የነበረውን ቀጠሮ ስቶ በኢትዮጵያ አቻ የሌለው መሪ ሊባል የሚችልበትን ቀጠሮ አፋለሰ፡፡

በሴፕቴምበር 2012 የፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማን ዳግም ምርጫ ለምን እንደደገፍኩት አስረዳሁ፡፡ በመጀመርያ የምርጫ ዐመታቸው በአፍሪክ ውስጥ ስለነበራቸው አመለካከትና እንቅስቃሴ የሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር ቅሬታ ቢኖረኝም፤የፕሬዜዳንቱን ድጋሚ ምርጫ የመደገፌን መነሾ በሚገባ ገልጫለሁ፡፡ ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በገቡት ቃል መሰረት ለአፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደር የሰብአዊ መብት መከበርን፤ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሁኔታን አስገኝተዋል? በኢትዮጵያ የሰብአዊ መብት መከበርን አረጋግጠዋል? በጭራሽ! ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በአክራ ጋና በገቡት ቃል መሰረት ምንም ባለማድረጋቸውና ቃላቸውን ባለመጠበቃቸው ኢትዮጵያዊያን አሜርካዊያን ቅር ተሰኝተዋል:: አስተዳደራቸውስ በኢትዮጵያ ላለው ዲክታተራዊ ገዢዎች ስለሚያደርገው ድጋፍስ፤ አዎን እናስታውሳለን ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ያን የመሰለ ንግግር በማድረግ በአፍሪካ ውስጥ ጠንካራና ጤናማ አስተዳደር እንደሚያስፈልግ አድርገው እንደነበር፡፡ ሁላችንም ይህን አስመልክተው ምን እንዳሉ የምናስታውሰው ነው፡፡ ‹‹አፍሪካ ጡንቻማ መሪዎች አይደሉም የሚያስፈልጓት፤ የፈረጠመና መልካም አስተዳደራዊ ተቋም እንጂ›› ‹‹ልማት መሰረቱ መልካም አስተዳደር ነው›› ገዢዎች ኤኮኖሚውን የሚበዘብዙት ሃገር ጨርሶ ሊለማ አይችልም›› እነዚህን ቃላቶች ለይስሙላ ያሉዋቸው ናቸው ወይስ ከምር አምነውባቸው? ዕውነቱ መውጣት አለበት፤ ፕሬዜዳንቱ ያደረጉት አለያም ያላደረጉት መልካም አስተዳደርን፤ዴሞክራሲያዊ ስርአትን፤የሰብአዊ መብት መከበርን በኢትዮጵያ አለማስገኘቱ፤ እኛ እራሳችን ባለጉዳዮቹ በርካታ ቁጥር ያለን ኢትዮጵያዊያን አሜሪካውያን ያደረግነው አለያም ያላደረግነው ጋር የተለያየ አይደለም፡፡ ይሄ ነው የሚጎመዝዘው እውነትና መቀበልና ማመን ያለብን፡፡

በኦክቶበር 2012 ስለሴቶችና ጡት ካንሰር ጥንቃቄ በኢትዮጵያ አንድ ጦማር አቅርቤ ነበር፡፡ በሃገር ውስጥም ሆነ በዲያስፖራው ኢትዮጵያዊያን መሃል ስለ አንዳንድ በሽታዎች ሚስጥራዊነት ጎጂ ባሕል አለን፡፡ ሁለቱ በድብቅ የተከተቱ በሽታዎች ካንሰርና ኤች አይ ቪ ኤይድስ ናቸው፡፡ባህሉም በሽታዎቹን እስከመጨረሻው ድረስ: ከሞትም በኋላ ደመደብቅ ነው፡፡ ይህን አስከፊና አሳዛኝ ባህል በቅርቡ በመለስ ዜናዊ ሞት መስክረነዋል፡፡ የመለስ በሽታና የሞቱ መንስኤ ሚስጥራዊነቱ በጥብቅ የሚጠበቅ የሃገር ሚስጢር ሆኗል፡፡ በስፋት እንደሚታመነው የሞተው በአእምሮ ካንሰር ነው ይባላል፡፡ ይህ በሚስጢር የመያዝ ባህላችን በርካታ ኢትዮጵያዊያኖችን ለሕልፈተ ሞት ዳርጓል፡፡ ለምሳሌ በአሜሪካን ሃገር በጉልህ የሚታወቅና የታይ የሕመም መደበቅ ባህላችን በርካታ ወገኖቻችንን ለሞት ዳርጓል፤ በዚህም ሳቢያ ብዙዎች ቅድመ ምርመራ በማድረግ በጊዜው ሊደርሱበት የሚችሉትን በሽታቸውን በሚስጢር በመያዝና ቅድመ ምርመራውም የሚያስከትለውን ውጤት ለማወቅ ካለመፈለግና በመፈራት በርካቶች ለሞት ተዳርገዋል፡፡ ካንሰርን በተመለከተ ሚስጥር ማድረግን ቅድመ ምርመራን አለማድረግ በራስ ላይ የሞት ደረሰኝ እንደመቁረጥ ያለ ነው፡፡

በኖቬምበር 2012 ማስታወሻዬ፡፡ በጁን 6-8 እና በኖቬምበር 1-4 በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀጥተኛ ትእዛዝና ቁጥጥር በዚያው ዓመት በሜይ የተካሄደውን ፓርላማዊ ምርጫ አስመልክቶ መብትና ሕገመንግስት ይከበርልን በማለት ባዶ እጃቸውን አደባባይ የወጡትን ንጹሃን ዜጎች ጭፍጨፋና ግፋዊ ግድያ አስታወስኩ፡፡ ሕጋዊ ሆኖ የተመረጠው አጣሪ ኮሚሽን ይፋ ባደረገው ዘገባ ባቀረበው መሰረት ከሰላማዊ ሰልፈኞቹ መሃል የመንግስት ሚዲያ እንዳለው አንድም ሰው ጠመንጃም/ሽጉጥ አለያም የእጅ ቦንብ የያዘ አልነበረም፡፡ በመንግስት ወታደሮችና የደህንነት ሰዎች የተተኮሱት ጥይቶች ሰልፈኛውን ለመበተን ተብለው የታለሙ ሳይሆኑ ደረትና ጭንቅላት ላይ ለመግደል ተብለው የተተኮሱ ነበሩ፡፡ ‹‹በወቅቱ የ29 ዓመቱን ኢትዮጵያዊ መምህርና የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋችና በደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ በ11/11/11 እራሱን በእሳት አቃጥሎ የተሰዋውን የዳውሮ ዞን ነዋሪውን የኔሰው ገብሬንም አስታውሻለሁ፡፡ የኔ ሰው በደረሰበት ቃጠሎ ከሶስት ቀናት በኋላ በሆስፒታል ሕይወቱ አልፏል፡፡ በስብሰባው አዳራሽ በራፍ ላይ ለነበሩትም ያስተላለፈው መልዕክት ‹‹መልካም አስተዳደርና ፍትሕ በሌለበት ሃገር፤ ሰብአዊ መብት በማይከበርበት ሃገር፤ እነዚህ ወጣቶች ነጻ እንዲሆኑ እኔ እራሴን አቃጥላለሁ›› ነበር፡፡

በዲሴምበር 2012 የሱዛን ራይስን የአሜሪካ የዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር ሹመትን በጥብቅ ተቃዉሜ ነበር፡፡ የወቅቱ የአሜሪካ የተባበሩት መንግስታት አምባሳደር፤ ከዘመነኞቹ የአፍሪካ ፈላጭ ቆራጭ ገዢዎች ጋር በሚፈጥሙት ግፍና በደል ሙዚቃ አብራቸው እስክስታዋን ሱዛን ራይስ ታቀልጠው ነበር፡፡ በኤፕሪል 6 በሩዋንዳ ተቀስቅሶ ያለውንና በሚሊሺያዎች የተነሳሳውን ኢንተርሃምዌ: ራይስና ሌሎችም የአሜሪካን ባለስልጣናት አስቀድመው አውቀውት ነበር፡፡ በሩዋንዳ ከሚገኘው የተባበሩት መንግስታት ቢሮ ስለ ጉዳዩ የእለት ተእለት መግለጫ ይደርሳቸው ነበር፡፡ በዚህም ባለስልጣኖቹ የዘር ማጥፋት ሂደት መጸነሱን አውቀውታል፡፡ በአዲስ አበባ በሴፕቴምበር 2 እና በኒውዮርክ በተካሄደው የመለስ ዜናዊ ሞት መታሰቢያ ስንብት ያቀረበችው  ከንቱ ውደሴ በእጅጉ አሳፋሪና ከአንድ የመንግስት ተወካይ ከፍተኛ ባለስልጣን የማይጠበቅ ነበር፡፡ ራይስ በመለስ ዜናዊ ቀጥተኛ ትእዛዝ ለሞት የተዳረጉትን ንጹሃን ዜጎች ከምንም አልቆጠረቻቸውም፡፡ በመለስ ትእዛዝ በወህኒ ሃሳባቸውን ስለገለጹና ሕዝብ ማወቅ ያለበትን ስላሳወቁ፤ የመንግስትን ሕጸጽ ይፋ ስላወጡ ብቻ ሕገመንግስታዊና ሰብአዊ መብታቸው ተገፎ ለወህኒ የተዳረጉትን ሁሉ ችላ ከማለት ባለፈ ትታቸዋለች፡፡ራይስ በሩዋንዳ የተፈጸመውን ግድያና ጭፍጨፋ ሆን ብላ ላለማየት አሁንም ካለፈ በኋላ ላለማስታወስ አይኗን ጨፍናለች፡፡ በኢትዮጵያም የተካሄደውንና እሁንም በመካሄድ ላይ ያለውን ጭፍጨፋ ግፍና በደል ግድያ እስራት እያወቀችና እየተረዳች አይኔን ግንባር ያድርገው ብላ ክዳለች፡፡ አሜሪካ ‹‹እያየሁ አላየሁም;; ‹‹እየሰማሁ አልሰማሁም›› ‹‹ብናገርም አልተነፈስኩም›› የሚል የዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር አያስፈልጋትም፡፡ አሜሪካ የሚያስፈልጋት የሃገር እስተዳዳር፤ በሰብአዊ መብትና በመንግስት ሕገወጥነት መሃል ያለውን ልዩነት የሚመለከትና የሚያውቅ የዉጭ ጉዳይ አስተዳዳሪ ነው የሚያስፈልጋት፡፡

እንጠራራ! ለሁሉም ሰብአዊ ፍጡራን ሰላምና ደህንነት በ2013፡፡ ሁላችንም ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበርና የመንግስታትን እኩይ ተግባር በማጋለጥ ረገድ አብረን እንንቀሳቀስ!

ፕሮፌስር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም በካሊፎርኒያ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሳን በርናርዲኆ የፖሊቲካ ሳይንስ መምሀርና የህግ ጠበቃ ናችው።

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):  http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/29/ring_in_redress_to_all_humankind

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic 

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ሰብአዊ መብትና: መንግሥታዊ ግፊት በኢትዮጵያ (2012)

Tuesday, December 25th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም                                                                                                                     ትርጉም ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ

በዲሴምበር 2008 ላይ በኢትዮጵያ የ‹‹ለውጥ የሌሽ ዓመት›› በማለት እንጉርጉሮ መሰል መልእክት ጽፌ ነበር፡፡

2008 የ2007፤2006፤2005፤2004 ቅጂ ነበር… በየቀኑ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሲነቁ ልክ እንደተሰበረ የሙዚቃ ሸክላ ባለፈው የሕይወት ስቃያቸው ድግግሞሽ መከራ ውስጥ በመዳከር ነበር የሚገኙት፡፡ እያንዳንዱ አዲስ ቀን ካለፈው የወረሰውን ይዞ ነበር የሚመጣው፡፡ ጫና፤ ማስፈራራት፤ ንቅዘት፤እስራት፤ ማጭበርበር… ጭካኔና የሰብአዊ መብት ገፈፋ… ከዚህ ክፉ ከሆነው የስቃይ፤ የጣረሞት ግርዶሽ፤ አዙሪት፤ የተስፋ እጦት፤ ውጣ ውረድ መከራ እንዴት እንደሚገላገሉ መንገዱን አያውቁትም፡፡ ስለዚህም ከዚህ መዓት ለመገላገል ያላቸው አንድ ተስፋ መጸለይ፤ መጸለይ፤ ደሞ መጸለይ ብቻ ነበር::

አሁን 2012 ዲሴምበር ነው::

ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች በ 2008፤ 2009፤ 2010፤ 2011፤ ከነበሩበት ሁኔታ አሁን የተሸለ ላይ ናቸው?

የጤፍ ዋጋ በ2008 ከነበረው ዋጋ ቀነሳል? አምና ከነበረው?

የምግብ ዘይት፤ የምርት ውጤቶች፤መሰረታዊ የምግብ አቅርቦት፤ ሥጋ፤ ዶሮ፤ እንቁላል፤ ቤት፤ ውሃ፤ መብራት፤ የምድጃ ጋዝ፤ ናፍጣ…..?

ዛሬ በኢትዮጵያ በ2008 ከነበሩት ድሆች ቁጥራቸው ጨምሯል? የባሰ ችጋር፤ ቤት አልባነት፤ ሥራ አጥነት፤ የጤና ችግር፤ አንስተኛ የትምህርት እድል ለወጣቶቹስ?

በ2008 ከነበረው ያነሰ ሙስና  አለ? ድብቅነት: ያነሰ ግልጽነት ተጠያቂነት በ2012 አለ?

በ2008 ከታየው የምርጫ ነጻነትና ፍትሃዊነት በ2012 አለ?

በ2008 ከነበሩት የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ቁጥር አሁን ቁጥራቸው የበዛ ይገኛሉ?

በ2008 ከነበረው የፕሬስ ነጻነት ያነሰ እና ካለፈው በጣም የበዙ ጋዜጠኞች በወህኒ ቤት በ2012 ይገኛሉ?

በ2012 ኢትዮጵያ ለዜጎቿ ምግብ አቅርቦት ከውጭ በሚቸር ምጽዋት ላይ በ2008 ከለመነችው የበለጠ ትጠይቃለች?

ኢትዮጵያ አሁንም በሰብአዊ መብት መድፈር  በተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት መዝገብ ላይ በመጨረሻው ደረጃ ላይ ነች? 

በ2012 የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የስርአት ግፊቶች ማስረጃዎች

አሁንም በተባባሰ ሁኔታ በኢትዮጵያ የሰብአዊ መብት ደፈራ ሁኔታ፤ በማያቋርጥ መልኩ በዋናነት ከሚጠቀሱ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችና እና ከሌሎች ከሚመለከታቸውና ከሚያሳስባቸው፤ አካላት ያለው አገዛዝ ውግዘቱ እየደረሰበት ነው፡፡ በ2012 ገዢው ፓርቲ፤ በባሰ ሁኔታ ከማይስማሙትና ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር በመግባባትና መቻቻል ፈንታ በመታበት  ጨቋኝና አዳዲስ አመለካከቶችን ለመቀበል የማይሻ ሆኗል፡፡ ይሄ አገዛዝ የራሱን ሕገ መንግሥት መናድ፤ ውል የገባበትን ዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌዎች መጣስ እና ነቃፊዎቹ ላይ ተጸኖ ማድረጉን አላቆመም:: አንዳንድ ሰዎች መለስ ካለፈ በሆላ የተሻለ ሊሆን ይችላል ብለው ቢያስቡም፤ የተቃዋሚዎችን አንዳንድ ሃሳቦች መቀበል፤የሰብአዊ መብት ወንጀሉንም በመጠኑም ቢሆን ለማስመሰልና በማለባበስ፤ የመሻሻል ቀን ቢጠበቅም ከራስ ጸጉራቸው እስከ እግር ጥፍራቸው ድረስ ስብእናቸውን ወደ መለስ ግልባጭነት ለመለወጥ በሚጣጣሩት በኩል ያለው ሁኔታ፤ ‹‹ወይ ፍንክች ያባ ቢላ ልጅ›› ከመለስ መርህ ሌላ ብለዋል፡፡ በእውር ድንብራችንም ቢሆን የመለስን ራእይ  እንከተላለን፤ ማለትም 2013፤ 2014፤ 2015… ከ20012 ወይም ከ2008 አንዳችም ለውጥ አይኖርም ባይ ናቸው፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ የሚታየው ሥልጣንን መከታ ያደረገ ግፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር እንደሚያረጋግጠው እጅጉን የከፋ ለመሆኑ ማስረጃው በራሱ ይመሰክራል፡፡

የዩ ኤስ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት እንቅስቃሴ መንግስታዊ ድፍረት በኢትዮጵያ (ሜይ 2012) ድምዳሜ፡-

በኢትዮጵያ ጉልሁ የዜጎች ሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር 100 የፐለቲካ ተቃዋሚ አባላት፤ ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎች፤ ጋዜጠኞች፤ ብሎግ አድራጊዎች በመንግስት ለእስር መዳረጋቸው ነው፡፡……. መንግሥት የፕሬስ ነጻነትን ገድቧል፤የእስርና የእንልት ፍርሃት ጋዜጠኞችን እራሳቸውን ሳንሱር እንዲያደርጉ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ የችሮታና የማሕበረሰቦች አዋጅ (ሲ ኤስ ኦ ሕግ) መንግስታዊ ያለሆኑ ድርጅቶች እንቅስቃሴና ተግባርና ሌሎችም የሰብአዊ መብት መደፈር ድርጊቶች፤ስቃይን፤ድብደባን፤ጉስቁልናንና ማዋረድን፤በደህንነት ሰዎች መንገላታትን፤ሕይወትን የሚፈታተንና ለሞትም ሊያደርስ በሚችል የወህኒ ቤት ሁኔታ መታሰርን፤ ያለ ፍርድ ቤት ትእዛዝ መያዝንና ከእስርም በኋላ በማያልቅ ቀጠሮ መቸገርን፤ ሕገ ወጥና ማስረጃ ያለቀረበበት በሶማሌ ግዛት በሚካሄደው ግጭት ላይ በሚመሰረት መሰረተ ቢስ ክስ ለስቃይ መዳረግ፤የመሰብሰብ ነጻነትን፤ የማሕበራት መደራጀትን፤ ማገድ፤ የፖሊስ አባላትና አመራሩ፤የመስተዳድሮች፤ የፍትህ አካላት በሙስና መዘፈቅ…

ላይ ይገኛል ሲል  አተቶል:: 

የሁማን ራይትስ ዎች ድምዳሜ

የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽን የማህበራትን በነጻ የመደራጀትን፤የመሰብሰብን፤መከልከልን በባሰ ሁኔታ ቀጥሎበታል፡፡በ2011 በመቶ የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ከሕግ ውጪ ተይዘው በወህኒ ይገኛሉ፤እስካሁንም ድረስ በስቃይና በሚጎዳ እስር ውስጥ ስቃያቸው እንዳለ ነው፡፡ሴፕቴምበር 2011 ድረስና ከዚያም በኋላ፤ የኦሮሞ ተወላጆችን በገፍ ማሰር፤የተቃዋሚውን የኦሮሞ ነጻ አውጪ ድርጅትን አባላት ጨምሮ በማርች ጋዜጠኞችን፤የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አባላትን፤ከጁን እስከ ሴፕቴምበር ድረስ አፈናውን በማጠናከር የጸረ ሽብርተኛ አዋጅን መሳርያ በማድረግ ብዙዎች ለግፍ ወህኒ ተዳርገዋል፡፡

የፍሪደም ሃውስ ድምዳሜ:

የፖለቲካ መብትንና የሲቪል ማሕበረሰቡን መብት በመድፈር ረገድ አሁን ኢትዮጵያ በ2012 በዓለም አሁንም ዝቅ ብላ 6ትገኛለች:: በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የፖለቲካ ሕይወት አሁንም በአቶ መለስ ዜናዊ ከ1995 ጀምሮ እስከ ህልፈታቸው ድረስ ይመራ በነበረው በገዢው ፓርቲ ኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ መዳፍ ስር ነው፡፡ የሜይ 2011 የፌዴራልና የክልል ምርጫዎች፤በጥብቅ በኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ ቁጥጥር ስር ነበረ:: ገዢውን ፓርቲ ያልደገፉ መራጮች ዛቻና ማስፈራሪያ ይደረግባቸውና ገዢውን ፓርቲ እንዲመርጡ ይገደዱ ነበር፡፡ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ስብሰባ በደህነነቶችና በፖሊስ ሃይል ይበተኑና መሪዎችም በቁጥጥር ስር ይውሉ ነበር፡፡ ኢ ፒ አር ዲ ኤፍ የጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጁን፤ተቃዋሚዎችንና የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላትን ለማሰርና ለማንገላታት የሚጠቀምበት መሳርያ ነው፡፡ ፓርላማው በርካታ ተቃዋሚዎችን ሽብርተኞች በማለት የተቃዋሚዎችንም ዘገባ የሚያትሙትን የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት በሽብርተኝነት ፈርጇል፡፡ ለእስር ዳርጓል፤ ለስደት አብቅቷል፡፡ ሚዲያው የተያዘው በመንግስትና መበንግስት ቁጥጥር በሚንቀሳቀሱ ጣቢያዎችና ሰራተኞቻቸው ሕትመቶችና የመንግስት ተቀጣሪ ሰራተኞች ነው፡፡ በ2009 የወጣው የመንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ መጽዋች ድርጅቶች ሕግ ድርጅቶቹ በሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይና በፖለቲካ የፋይናንስ አርድታ ላይ እንዳይንቀሳቀሱ አግዷቸዋል፡፡ ማንኛውም ሃገራዊ ድርጅትም ከውጪ ለጋሽ ድርጅቶች ሊያገኝ የሚገባውን መጠን ገድቦታል፡፡ ይህም ሕግ መንግስታዊ ያልሆኑ ድርጅቶችን እንዳይንቀሳቀሱ ግዑዝ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ የፍትሕ አካሉ ለይስሙላ ነጻ ነው ይባላል፤ ውሳኔውም በአብዛኛው መንግስታዊ ሃሳብን ብቻ የሚደግፍ ነው፡፡

አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ‹‹የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የመለስን መተካት እንደ አለፈው ማረሚያና ማስተካከያ በመውሰድ ካለፈው በተለየ ሁኔታ፤በመንቀሳቀስ ተቃዋሚ የሆነን ማንንም ከመያዝና ማንም ለእስር እንዳይደረግ›› መሆን አንዳለበት ገልጻል፡፡ 

የማጣራያ ባለሙያዎች የሆኑትና በተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት ካውንስል እውቅናና ይሁንታ የተሰጣቸው ልዩ ራፖርተ ማዕና ኪያይ በ2012 ይፋ የውግዘት መግለጫ በማውጣት ገዢው ፓርቲ የጅምላ ክስ በጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጁ በመታገዝና አዋጁን ለራሱ በሚጠቅም መልኩ መጠቀሚያ በማድረግ፤ ነጻነትን በመግፈፍ፤ በሚያሳዝንና  በዓይነ ደረቅነት፤ቀጣይ እንዲሆን እያደረገ፤ የሰብአዊ መብትን መድፈሩን ቀጥሎበታል፡፡ በሰላማዊ መንገድ የመሰብሰብና የሙያ ማሕበራት መደራጀት ልዩ የተባበሩት መንግስታት ባለሙያ ራፖርተር፤ ሲደመድም፡-

በአሁኑ ወቅት በኢትዮጵያ ባሉ ማሕበራት ላይ ታላቅ ችግር በመፍጠር እንቅስቃሴያቸውን እያገደ ያለው፤ በሃገሪቱ ላይ የተጫነው የጸረሽብር አዋጅ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት በሁሉም ዘርፍ ያሉትን በተለይም የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችን እንቅስቃሴ የነጻነት ዋስትና ሊሰጥ የግድ ነው፡፡

የተባበሩት መንግሥታት በጸረሽብርና ሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ ልዩ ራፖርተር ቤን ኤመርሰን፤  ሲናገሩ የጸረሽብርተኝነቱ አዋጅ ለመጉጃነት ሊውል ስለማይገባ በኢትዮጵያ የወንጀለኛ መቅጫ ሕግ ላይ የዓለም አቀፉን የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ የማይጥስና በተቃርኖ የማይጓዝ መሆኑ ሊረጋገጥ ተገቢ ነው ብለዋል፡፡

ማርግሬት ስካግያ፤ የተባበሩት መንግስታት የሰብአዊ መብት ድፍረት መከላከያ ራፖርተር  ጋዜጠኞች፤ ብሎገርስ፤እና ሌሎችም ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበር የሚሟገቱ ገና ለገና ሃሳባቸው ከኢትዮጵያ መንግስት አስተሳሰብና አካሄድ ጋር ስለማይስማማ ብቻ ጫና ሊፈጠርባቸው አይገባም ብለዋል፡፡

ገብሪየላ ናውል የተባበሩት መንግስታት በዳኞችና በጠበቆች ነጻነት ልዩ ራፐርቱዋር በወንጀል ፍርድ ሂደት ተከሳሾች ማስረጃ በማያጠራጥር መልኩ እስካልቀረበባቸውና ወንጀለኛነታቸው እስክላተረጋገጠባቸው ድረስ በኢትዮጵያ ሕገ መንግስት ላይ በሰፈረው አይነት ንጽህናቸው በተግባር ሊረጋገጥላቸው ተገቢ ነው::  እንዲሁም ተከሳሾች የሕግ ጠበቃቸውን ከችሎት ቀጠሯቸው አስቀድሞ የማነጋገር መብታቸው ሊጠበቅና የመከላከያ ሃሳባቸውን ለማቅረብ እንዲችሉ ሊመቻችላቸው ይገባል:: 

16 የአውሮፓ ፓርላማ አባላት በዲሴምበር 18/2012 አንድ ግልጽ ደብዳቤ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ አቅርበዋል፡፡ ደብዳቤውም ጋዜጠኛና ብሎገር እስክንድር ነጋ በእስር መንገላታቱን የሚያሳስብ ነበር›› በደብዳቤያቸው ላይ ሲፅፉ የፓርላማ አባላቱ አንዳሉት የአቶ ሃእለማርአም መንግስት ኢትዮጵያ በፈረመችውና ልታከብረውም ቃል በገባችው በዓለም አቀፍ ድንጋጌው እንደሰፈረው በአርቲክል 19 ላይ በተቀመጠው መሰረት፤ኢትዮጵያ ቃሏን ማክበርና ለሕጉም ተገዢ የመሆን የአባልነት ግዴታ አስገንዝበዋል፡፡ 

ገዢው መንግሥት በሃይማኖት ተቋማት ላይ የሚያካሂደውን ሕገ ወጥ ጣልቃ ገብነት መተው፤ ጉዳዩን ለባለቤቶቹ መልቀቅ አለበት

የኢትዮጵያ ሕገመንግስት አንቀፅ 11 ‹‹የሃይሞኖትንና የመንግስትን ልዩነት›› በሚገባ አስቀምጧል፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ዓለማዊ መንግሥት ለመሆኑ ዋስትና ስለሚሰጠው ‹‹ሃይማኖታዊ መንግሥት የለም››:: አርቲክል 27 ማንም ሰው በፍላጎቱና በምርጫው ያሻውንና ይሆነኛል ያለውን ሃይሞነት የመከተል መብቱ በራሱ ፈቃድ ላይ የተመሰረተና ማንም በጫናና በእዝ ሊያሳምነው እንደማይችል በግልጽ ሰፍሯል፡፡ በግልጽ የተቀመጠውን የሃይሞነት ተቋማትንና አማኞቹን የዜግነት ነጻነት  በኢትዮጵያ ያለው ገዢ መንግሥት በሙስሊም አማኞች ላይ ሕጉን በሚጥስ መልኩ የራሳቸውን የሃይሞኖት መሪዎች በነጻ እንዳይመርጡ ጣልቃ በመግባት ችግር ፈጥሮባቸዋል፡፡ የራሱን ሕገመንግስትም እያፈረሰው ነው፡፡ እንደ አሜሪካው የሃይሞኖት ነጻነት ኮሚሽን በኮንግሬስና በአሜሪካ ፕሬዜዳንት የተዋቀረ ነጻ አካል በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃ የሃይሞኖትን ነጻነት የሚቆጣጠር ሲገመግም: -

ከጁላይ 2011 ጀምሮ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በሙስሊም አማኝ ዜጎች ላይ በተለምዶ ለዘመናት ሲከተሉት የነበረውን ሱፊ የእስልምና እምነት አል-አባሽ በተባለው የአስልምና እምነት ሊተካባቸው እያስገደደ ነው፡፡ መንግስት በሌላ በኩልም የእስልምና ጉዳዮች ከፍተኛ ካውንስል ምርጫ በራሱ ሰዎች ለመሙላት ምርጫ አካሂዷል፡፡ ቀደም ሲል እንደነጻ አካል ሆኖ ሲያገለግል የነበረው  አሁን እንደመንግስት ተቋም ሆኖ በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ነው፡፡ አሁን ሽብርተኛ ተብሎ መፈረጅ መያዝ ለእስርም መዳረጉ መንግስት የኢትዮጵያን ሙስሊም አማኞች ለመቆጣጠር ያደረገው ሲሆን፤ ድርጊቱ በሃገሪቱ ላይ ያለውን የሃይማኖት ነጻነት መገደብ በግልጽ ያሳያል፡፡ በሃገሪቱ በመላ የሙስሊም አማኞች ሰላማዊ ተቃውሟቸውን በሚያሰሙበት ጊዜ በመያዝ ላይ ናቸው:: በኦክቶበር 29 የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት 29 ተሟጋቾች በሽብርተኝነት ስምና የእስልምና መንግስት ለማቋቋም በሚል ማስረጃ ያለተሰጠበት ሰበብ አስሯል፡፡

ገዢው አስተዳደር የራሱን ሕገመንግሥትና ዓለምአቀፋዊ ሕጋዊ ግዴታዎችን በማክበሩና በመተግበሩ ረገድ መታመን መቻልና የሙስሊሙን ሕብረተሰብ እምነታቸውን በነጻነት እንዲከተሉ ጣልቃ ገብነቱን ሊያቆም ይገባል፡፡ ከተቃውሞው ሰላማዊ እንቅስቃሴ ጋር በተያያዘ በሕገወጥ መንገድ የተያዙትና የሃይሞነት እምነታዊ ነጻነታቸው ተገፎ ለእስር የተዳረጉት ሁሉም በነጻ መለቀቅ አለባቸው፡፡ 

ሁሉም የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይፈቱ

ሰፋ ባለ አመለካከት በአሁኑ ጊዜ በኢትዮጵያ ሁለት አይነት የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይገኛሉ፡፡ የሕሊና እስረኞች አሉ፤ በገዛ ሕሊናቸው  የታሰሩ ደሞ አሉ፡፡ የሕሊና እሰረኞቹ የታሰሩበት ሰበብ የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ መሪዎች እና ጋዜጠኞች በመሆናቸው የነው፡፡ ምንም አይነት ሕግ አልጣሱም ደንብ አላፈረሱም፡፡ የፈጸሙት ነገር ቢኖር ለሕሊናም ሆነ ለደንቡ ትክክል የሆነውን ብቻ ነው፡፡ ስለዕውነት መስክረዋል ዕውነትን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ለባለስልጣናትም እውነቱን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ፍትሕ ሲጓደል ተሟግተዋል፡፡ ስለነጻነት፤ ስለዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበር፤የሕይወታቸውን ከፍተኛ ዋጋ በመሰዋት፤በነፍሳቸውና በነጻነታቸው ተሟግተው ጠብቀዋል፡፡ በአንዲት የብዕር ጠብታ ነጻ ሊሆኑ ይችላሉ፡፡

በገዛ ሕሊናቸው የታሰሩት ደግሞ በሰብአዊ ፍጡር ላይ ከፍተኛውን ወንጀል በመፈጸማቸው፤ ይህንንም ሲያከናውኑ በመሃይምነት በመመራት የራሳቸውን ሕሊና ስተው ነው፡፡ እነዚህ እስረኞች በስልጣን የእ ንቅልፍ ኪኒን ደንዝዘውና ራሳቸውን ስተው ነው የሚገኙት፡፡ በአንድ ዕለት ለፍርድና በሕግ  የበላይነት ተጠያቂ መሆናቸው እያባነናቸው ከራሳቸው ጋር በሙግትና ፍርሃት ላይ ናቸው፡፡ አንድ ቀን ሌሎችን በዳኙበት ሁኔታ ለፍርድ ቀርበው እንደሚፈረድባቸው ያውቃሉ፡፡ በሰፈሩት ቁና አንድ ቀን መሰፈር አይቀሬ ነው::

በራሳቸው ሕሊና የታሰሩት የሕሊና እስረኞችን ቢለቁና ነጻነታቸውን ቢመልሱላቸው እነሱም ይፈታል ነጻም ይወጣሉ፡፡ አንድ ብቸኛ መዳኛቸው ይሄው ብቻ ነው፡፡ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የጋንዲን አደገኛውን ማስጠንቀቂያ መቀበል ነው፡፡ ‹‹ገዳዮችና ጨካኝ አምባገነኖች ነበሩ፤ ለጊዜውም የማይደፈሩ መስለው ነበር፤ በመጨረሻው ግን ዕጣ ፈንታቸው መውደቅ ነው፡፡—ምንግዜም መውደቃቸው አይቀሬ ነው:: ስለዚህ አስቡ!›› 

የሕትመት ውጤቶችን ማፈኑ ይብቃ

ናፖሊዮን ቦናባርት ‹‹ከሺ ጥይቶች ይበልጥ የሚያስፈሩት አራት የተቃዋሚ ጋዜጠኞት ናቸው ይል ነበር:: (ወይም ከሺ ጦረኛ 4 ጋዜጠኛ ይፈራል::) ይህ አባባል በኢትዮጵያ ላለው ገዢ ቡድን ትክክለኛ መልእክት ነው፡፡ ባለፈው ሳምንት 3 በእስር ወህኒ ቤት ያሉና አንድ ተገፍቶ ከሃገሩ የተሰደደ አራት ጋዜጠኞች፤ የ2012 ን እጅጉን የተከበረውን ሄልማን/ሄሜት የሚባለውን ሽልማት ተሸላሚ ሆነዋል፡፡ ‹‹በዓለም እጅጉን በከፋ ሁኔታ ታፍኖ ያለውን  የመናገር ነጻነትን እውን ለማድረግ ያደረጉትን ጥረት እውቅና በመስጠት ነው የተከበሩት፡፡ ተሸላሚዎቹም፤ እስክንድር ነጋ በግል የሚታገል ጋዜጠኛ ብሎገርና የ2012 የኢንተርናሽናል ፔን ተሸላሚ፤ በሃገሪቱ ካሉት ጥቂት እንስት ጋዜጠኞች አንዷ የሆነችውና በጥንካሬና በአልበገር በይነት  የዓለም አቀፍ የሴቶች ሚዲያ ተሸላሚዋ ርዕዮት ዓለሙ፤ ውብሸት ታዬ በመንግስት ጫና የፈረሰው የሳምንታዊው የአውራምባ ታይምስ ጋዜጣ ኤዲተር፤ በመንግስት ጫና የፈረሰውና አሁን በኢንተር ኔት ስራውን የቀጠለው የአዲስ ነገር ጋዜጣው መስፍን ነጋሽ ናቸው፡፡ እነዚህ የሚዲያ ጀግኖች ለዚህ ታላቅ ሽልማት የበቁት ከተለያየ ሃገር ከቀረቡ 41 ጸሃፊዎች፤ ጋዜጠኞች ጋር ነው በማለት ሁማን ራይትስ ዎች ሲዘግብ:-

የእነዚህ 4 የታሰሩና ለስደት የተዳረጉ ጋዜጠኞች አርአያነት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለውን የነጻ ጋዜጠኝነት አልበገር ባይነትና  አደጋውን ያሳያል፡፡ በነጻ ሃሳብን መግለጽ እንደ ክፉ ደዌ በሚቆጠርበት ዕውቀትና ነጻነት እንደጦር በሚፈሩ አምባገነኖች በምትመራ ሃገር ውስጥ አደጋውና ስቃዩ የሚያሳየው ለነጻነት በቆሙና መስዋዕት ለመሆን በቆረጡ ላይ የሚያስከፍለውን መራር አበሳና ዋጋ ነው፡፡ ገዢው መንግስት በነዚህ በተሸላሚዎቹ ለስራቸውና ለቆሙለት ዓላማቸው ተግባራዊ አለመሆን ምን ያህል ጫና እንደተደረገባቸውና ነጻ እስትንፋስ ሳይቀር ሊታገድ በሚሞከርበት የማያዛልቅ ጀብደኝነት የተቃጣባቸውን እንግልት እስራትና መከራ የሚያሳይ ነው፡፡እነዚህ ተሸላሚዎች በኢትዮጵያ እየኖሩ እራሳቸውን ሳንሱር በማድረግ የቻሉትን ያህል ለመተንፈስ የሚሞክሩትንና ግፍና መከራው ሲበዛባቸው ሃገርን ጥሎ በመሰደድ በእስራት የተንገላቱትን  ሁሉ የሚወክሉ ናቸው፡፡

ሁሉም ዲክታተሮችና ፈላጭ ቆራጭ ገዢዎች የነጻውን ፕሬስ የማስተማርና የማንቃት የማደራጀትና ለፍትሕ ለነጻነት መቆም ለዴሞክራሲ መታገልን እጅጉን ይፈሩታል፡፡ የሚዲያዎቹን ንብረትነት በግላቸው በመቆጣጠርና የነሱን ቱልቱላ ብቻ እንዲያስተላልፉ ሕሊናቸውን ለጊዜያዊ ጥቅምና ለራስ ወዳድነት ባሳደሩ ፓሮት ጋዜጠኞች ስለሚታገዙና የሃሳብን በነጻ መንሸራሸር ስላገዱ በዚህ ልክፍታቸው የሕዝቡን ልብና ህሊና ያሸነፉ ይመስላቸዋል፡፡ ይሄ ደሞ የቅዠት ምኞት ነው፡፡ ናፖሊዮን እንዳለው ‹‹ጋዜጠኛ ቁማርተኛ ነው፡፡ ገሳጭ ነው፡፡መካሪና የሃሳብ አጋሪ ነው፡፡ የነገስታት እንደራሴ ነው፡፡ የሕዝብ መምህር ነው›› ልክ እንደናፖሊዮን ፍርሃት የኢትዮጵያ እውቀት አልባ ዲካታተር ገዢዎችም ፍርሃት፤ የነጻው ፕሬስ የማስተማር ሃይል ነው፡፡—-ማስተማር፤ ኢንፎርሜሽን ባለቤት ማድረግ፤ማስረዳት፤ ማሳወቅ፤ ሕዝቡን የዕውቀት ባለቤት ማድረግን፡፡….. የነጻው ፕሬስ፤ ገዢዎች የሚፈጽሙትን ደባና ቅጥ ያጣ ድርጊታቸውን፤ በሕዝቡ ላይ የሚያሳድሩትና መከራ፤ በማጋለጥ ተጠያቂ እንደሚያደርጋቸውና የሕዝብ አጋርነቱን በሚገባ ስለሚረዱ ነው ፍርሃታቸው፡፡ ገዢዎቹ የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናትም  እንደ ናፖሊዮን ነጻ የፕሬስ ሰዎችን፤ ማሰቃየት፤ ማሰር፤ ሳንሱር ማድረግ፤በመሳርያ ማስጨነቅን ስራዬ ብለው ተያይዘውታል፡፡ ሕዝቡን ማለቂያ የሌላቸው በሚመስሉ በሆዳቸው በሚያስቡ ሕሊና ቢስ የደህንነት አባላት በመክበብ፤በመግደል በማሰር የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚዎቻቸውን ለእስር በመዳረግ፤ በሰላማዊ መንገድ መብታቸውን ለማስከበር በባዶ እጃቸው የወጡ ዜጎችን ኢላማ እያደረጉ በመግደል ዘለአለማዊ መሆን የሚቻል ይመስላቸዋል፡፡ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት የሚያስተምሩት የሚያሳውቁት፤ የነጻነትን ጥቅም የሚገልጡት ለተወሰነ ማሕበረሰብ ሳይሆን ለገዢው መንግስትና በገዢው መንግስት ቁጥጥር ስር ለዋሉትም ጭምር ነው፡፡ እሱም ገዢው ፓርቲ ጥፋቱን ሲረዳውና የሚያስከትልበትን ተጠያቂነት፤ የኔ በሚላቸውም አገልጋዮቹ ሳይቀር ለምን? ማለት እንደሚጀመር ሲረዳው ከፍርሃቱ የተነሳ የነጻውን ፕሬስ አባላት ለግፍና መከራ መዳረጉን ያጠናክራል፡፡ እነዚህ ተሸላሚዎችም የዚህ መከራና ጫና ፍትህ እጦት ሰለባ ናቸው፡፡

ሁሉም ለእስር የተዳረጉ የነጻው ፕሬስ አባላት አሁኑኑ ሊፈቱ ይገባል::

“ሠላማዊ ለውጥን  የሚያግዱ በቁጣ የሚቀሰቀስ አመጽን ያስነሳሉ::” ጆን ኤፍ ኬነዲ

==========

ፕሮፌስር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም በካሊፎርኒያ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሳን በርናርዲኆ የፖሊቲካ ሳይንስ መምሀርና የህግ ጠበቃ ናችው።

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):   http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/23/ethiopia_2012_human_rights_and_government_wrongs

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ:: http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Leveling the playing field in Ethiopia

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

The press release was short and to the point. It was only six paragraphs long and was written in a matter of fact way. There were no trumpets blaring, no press conference with TV lights and no lavish dinner to commemorate the event. The announcement reminded me of the proverb ‘best things come in small packages.’ So it was without much fanfare I read the most important announcement on Abbay Media and Quatero. Tucked among the news was the announcement regarding the formation of Ginbot 7 Popular Force (GPF).

It is vintage G7. Doing what needs to be done in a deliberate and intelligent manner. Since their inception the folks of G7 have gone about building their organization, finding common ground with others and laying a firm and solid foundation to move our quest for freedom and dignity in a purposeful manner. Their accomplishment the last four years speaks volumes to their ability as leaders of a new style of struggle that is beginning to bear fruit.
As the establishment of ESAT was a game changer, as the successful meeting of mind with the OLF was a ground shaking event this announcement regarding the formation of Ginbot 7 Popular Forces is a monumental achievement in the annals of our struggle. It is a milestone in the evolution of our struggle to be free and democratic.

It is a brand new day in Ethiopia. Our struggle is entering a new phase. It is a necessary phase imposed upon our people by the belligerent and lawless regime. It was not an easy decision for the Front to make. No one relishes the idea of an armed confrontation especially with one’s own brothers and sisters but there comes a time when self-preservation becomes a vital issue. The short announcement makes that fact clear.
The TPLF regime has been in power for over twenty years now. The last twenty years have been a period of destabilization, conflict and agony for our people. No one can deny that. The result of this chaotic and illegal system is laid in front of us. Despite the much heralded so called ‘economic miracle’ thrown on our face our country is mired in famine and poverty, our children are scattered all over the world, our daughters are enslaved in the Middle East by the thousands, our people are denied the simple luxury of reading a free paper or listening to independent news and our jails are filled by innocent victims of a mad system.

This is what makes the formation of GPF a must and important component of our struggle. The Ethiopian people have tried every avenue open to let the regime know that the monopoly of power is not conducive to a just and harmonious system. Our people have bent backwards to accommodate the regime to change its aggressive ways. International organizations such as the European Union and others have tried to mediate. The arrogant and petty government has shown complete disregard to our needs and concerns.

That is why I wrote ‘leveling the playing field’ in the title. Violence is a two way street. Up until now the TPLF regime has the monopoly of violence. It has used it with impunity. The late dictator even used to taunt as to try fighting back. We are patient people. But despite the failings of the last few years we are also brave people. At long last we have decided to stand our ground and defend our people from evil. Self-defense is a God given right to every human being. It is time we in Ethiopia exercise that right.

We celebrate those that are still trying to let the TPLF regime know their peaceful intentions to bring change. It is to no one’s interest to shed blood in anger. The death of a single Ethiopian should be avoided at all cost. That can only happen when there is the rule of law in the country we call Ethiopia. It could not come about by a government based on a single ethnic group, by a government hell bent on monopolizing army, commerce, communications and politics by a chosen few.

GPF is our shield. GPF will prove to the arrogant TPLF army and security there will be consequences to aggression. As anything started by the seasoned leaders of Ginbot 7 there is no question GPF will prove itself to be a worthy child of Tewodros, Yohanes, Minilik, Aba Jifar, Tona and many other patriots. There is no question in my mind that the Ethiopian people will take GPF into their fold, love and nurture it. Our wish has been fulfilled and TPLF nightmare has just started.

There will be those that will try to belittle our effort and mock our resolve. Some will accuse the Diaspora of fanning the flames of war. No matter the die has been cast and the long journey has started. It is sad that in this day and age we have to pick up arms instead of the ballot to bring change. But one cannot choose his battle. This has been forced upon us. We have waited too long to respond in kind. Once we have started the process our job is to try to make it a short and less costly endeavor. Our responsibility is to encourage, support in any way possible and push our family, friends and the international community to stand with us at this time of great need.

We salute the combatants of GPF for their sacrifice on our behalf. We want them to know they are in our hearts and minds every waking moment of our life. We promise we will do all that we could in our part to help them achieve the goal of liberating our mother land from the clutches of darkness. Forward with the brave sons and daughters of Ethiopia, we your people in exile raise our hands in salute and shout so all can hear ‘Ethiopia is rising and a new day has begun!!!’ May you march in triumph as your ancestors did thru the millennium.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Will the World End Today? – U.S. Geological Survey says ‘Be Prepared, Every Day’

Friday, December 21st, 2012

(USGS) — Based on interpretations of the ancient Mayan calendar, some people are predicting the world will end on December 21, 2012, Others believe that instead of doomsday and destruction, the day will mark a new era for humanity and will be a time for celebration.

Such beliefs aside, what we know with certainty is that Earth has a tremendous capacity to generate natural disasters on any day of any year. For this reason, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists continue to look for ways to better forecast a wide range of natural hazards and protect our communities.

Let’s take a closer look at the state of the science – what we know and what we don’t know – about our ability to forecast natural disasters.

Can We Predict Earthquakes?

Despite claims to the contrary, no reliable short-term earthquake prediction method has ever been developed. Nor do scientists expect to develop a method in the foreseeable future.

However, based on scientific data, probabilities can be calculated for future earthquakes. For example, comprehensive assessments of long-term earthquake rates in California tell us there is roughly a 2-in-3 chance that a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake will strike in the next 30 years in the greater San Francisco Bay Area. Within the state of California as a whole, earthquakes this large are virtually certain (a 99% probability) in that same time frame.

USGS scientists are also working with university colleagues to gather objective and quantitative information on which to base shorter-term earthquake forecasts. This work includes developing better methods to quantify changes in probability based on recent earthquake activity. For example, scientists are looking at the probability for a larger earthquake after an initial earthquake. They are also developing approaches to communicate these probabilities that will be most effective at supporting appropriate decision making.

Signs of Volcanic Unrest
The United States is home to 169 active volcanoes, many of which could erupt at any time. Fortunately, volcanoes generally show signs of unrest hours, weeks and months before they erupt. Changes in gas emissions, swelling of a volcano, and swarms of small earthquakes are signs that a volcano is awakening. All of these changes can be detected with proper monitoring equipment.

The USGS National Volcano Early Warning System is designed to detect these signs of unrest at the earliest stages. The USGS issues warnings and alerts of potential volcanic hazards—including imminent or ongoing eruptions, ash fall forecasts, and when eruptions have ended—to responsible emergency-management authorities and those potentially affected. These warnings prevent episodes of volcanic unrest from becoming volcanic disasters.

Learn more and see current alerts and status for volcanoes in the United States by visiting the USGS Volcano Hazards website.

Landslide Hazard Potential

Landslides occur in all 50 states and pose a significant risk in many areas. Scientists know landslides are likely on the west coast during its rainy season from November to March, during spring and summer thunderstorms in the western mountain states, and during hurricane season along the east coast. People at especially high risk for landslide damage are those living on or below steep hill slopes.

Wildfires can lead to flash flooding and debris flow, as vegetation is removed that would have served as a stabilizing factor and the remaining burned soil is less able to absorb rainwater. Landslides can also occur from earthquakes, volcanic activity, changes in groundwater, or disturbance and change of a slope by man-made construction activities.

USGS scientists produce maps of areas susceptible to landslides and identify what sort of rainfall conditions will lead to such events. The USGS is working with the National Weather Service on a prototype Debris Flow Warning System to help provide forecasts and warnings about what areas are at imminent risk of having a debris flow or mudslide when rainfall thresholds are met.

Tracking Wildfires

Wildfires are a great concern when there is a lack of precipitation, particularly during the summer months when the weather becomes hot and dry. When there is no water, wildfires can spread very quickly and can be hard to control. Climate change and the resulting hotter and arid conditions are expected to significantly increase wildfire frequency and severity.

The USGS plays an integral role in preparing for and responding to wildfires. The USGS provides tools and information before, during and after fire disasters to identify wildfire risks and reduce subsequent hazards. By looking at previous wildfires, scientists can learn more about ignition sources, burn severity, patterns, season of burning, and fire size. The USGS also provides real-time geospatial support for firefighters during the events. This includes up-to-the minute maps and satellite imagery about current wildfire extent and behavior.

Hurricanes, Storms, Floods and More

Hurricane season runs from June 1 through November, with September as the peak time when they are most likely to strike. But hurricanes and tropical storms can hit at other times as well.

NOAA is responsible for monitoring and issuing warnings for hurricanes and tropical storms. The USGS works with NOAA and provides information on associated coastal vulnerability and change. Before, during and after these events, the USGS assesses the likelihood of beach erosion, overwash, or inundation. Scientists also measure storm surge and monitor water levels of inland rivers and streams.

Flooding from storms is another concern, as is drought from lack of rainfall. The USGS conducts real-time monitoring of the nation’s rivers and streams, and you can visit USGS WaterWatch to see whether river levels are higher or lower than normal. You can also use USGS WaterAlert to receive texts or emails when water levels at a specific streamgage exceed certain thresholds. The National Weather Service relies on timely and accurate USGS data to issue flood warnings, and the partnership between the two agencies runs deep. Together, the USGS, the National Weather Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are also developing flood inundation maps that show, street by street, block by block, and hour by hour exactly where the flood waters will be.

Monitoring Magnetic Storms

What is a magnetic storm? The sun is always emitting a wind of electrically charged particles that flows outward into space. If these concentrations of solar wind are directed towards the Earth, then the magnetic field of the Earth in space (the magnetosphere) can be disturbed, sometimes for days.

Large magnetic storms can cause loss of radio communication, affect global-positioning systems, damage satellite electronics and cause electrical blackouts. Damaging storms occur about 4 times a decade, with smaller events occurring more frequently. Magnetic storms can be detected up to 2 days in advance by monitoring the sun. They come in all sizes, but the largest storms tend to occur when sunspots (concentrations of magnetic energy on the surface of the sun) are most numerous.

The monitoring of “space weather” conditions is a responsibility of several U.S. government agencies, including NOAA, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force. The USGS has the unique responsibility of monitoring geomagnetic activity at the Earth’s surface, close to where most of the effects of magnetic storms are actually realized. Learn more and view near-real time conditions of the magnetic field.

Be Prepared, Every Day

The question to consider on December 21, 2012, and every day is: Have I done everything I can to ensure that my family and I are prepared, should a disaster strike? This includes preparing and practicing your emergency plan and building a disaster supplies kit with food, water and basic needs. Natural disasters will continue to occur, on any given day, but a more informed scientific understanding can lead to better preparedness and safer communities.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Genes reveal grain of truth to Queen of Sheba story

Thursday, December 20th, 2012

By Hannah Krakauer  |  New Scientist

The genomes of Ethiopian people hold echoes of the meeting between a legendary king and queen.

queen of sheba

 

About 3000 years ago, the Queen of Sheba purportedly travelled from what is now Ethiopia to meet King Solomon in Israel. Ethiopian folklore even tells of a child between the pair. But that’s just a story, right?

Perhaps not entirely. Luca Pagani of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK, examined samples of Ethiopian genomes and noticed that some individuals had components of both African and non-African lineages. Delving deeper, Pagani and his colleagues discovered that the non-African genetic components had much more in common with people living in Syria and around the eastern Mediterranean than in the nearer Arabian peninsula. What’s more, the gene flow probably took place around 3000 years ago.

The finding is backed by linguistic research, which shows that one of the four language families of Ethiopia migrated from the same region about 3000 years ago. “Middle Eastern language came to Ethiopia along with Middle Eastern genes,” Pagani says. “And that is when the Queen of Sheba legend is supposed to have happened.”

The meeting between the queen and Solomon remains a story, but the populations they came from did meet around that time, says Pagani.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

World-renowned journalists speak up about Eskinder Nega

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

“Who among us could write what I’m about to read,” asked Carl Bernstein, “spirit unbowed, faith in freedom and the power of the written word untrammeled?” That is how Bernstein, a legend of American journalism, paid tribute to one of Ethiopia’s most improbable convicted “terrorist,” Eskinder Nega, a brave fellow journalist who sits in jail for speaking truth to power at the  Public Forum program about imprisoned writers and artists presented by The Public Theater and PEN American Center on December 3, 2012. Bernstein was reading an article Eskinder published just five days before his arrest. The article criticized the government’s arrest of a 72-old-year actor on terrorism charges and discussed the improbability of critical journalists and dissidents as terror suspects.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Ethiopian migrants abused and unwelcome in Yemen

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

Desperately seeking a future

By Graham Peebles | mwcnews.net

December 18, 2012

Year on year the numbers of men women and children leaving Ethiopia in search of work and freedom from repression in one of the Gulf States and beyond is increasing. Lured by the often hollow prospect of earning enough money to support their family, United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) estimate around 85,000 men women and children, desperate and naïve, have this year, no matter the severe risks, made their way to Yemen, the hub of migration out of the Horn of Africa.

In the last six years around 250,000 Ethiopians have made the dangerous journey into this very poor, deeply divided country besieged with internal problems, which has limited resources, the second highest rate of chronic child malnutrition in the world and where 45% of the populations live in poverty.

Into this chaos step the Ethiopian migrants, who, unlike Somali’s have no refugee status, suffer from poor consular support and are seen by most Yemenis as an unwelcome burden. They sit low on the domestic workers hierarchy and, along with other African nationals are discriminated against throughout the Gulf region where xenophobia and racism has found expression in the region’s politics and government policies.

The majority of migrants leave the security of their home, the love and comfort of their families, not because they want to, but because they have, they believe, no alternative. Overwhelmingly young, 18–30 years of age, from rural or semi-rural environments, poorly educated with many lacking basic literacy, driven by poverty the majority go in search of work, whist around 25% are estimated to be from political opposition parties.  The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) who make up almost 50% of all registered migrants arriving in Yemen, and the Ogoden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Legitimate groups persecuted and branded terrorists, by the EPRDF government that in all but name, rules over a single party state and allows no form of political dissent or opposition, no matter the constitutional content to the contrary.

The influence of smugglers, masquerading under the acceptable guise of ‘broker’ on many vulnerable individuals living in rural areas, with no knowledge of the wider world, is great. Imbedded within the community they paint a picture of migration coloured by wealth and prosperity, opportunity and excitement. Accounts of horrific migration experiences are known, but all too often ignored,’ smoking kills’ deterring nobody. Arguments of self-persuasion and denial reinforced by brokers who see another victim, another human commodity, to be wrung dry. Migrants and smugglers alike are pushed to extremes, desperately trying to survive in a ‘dog eat dog’ world, dominated by an unjust, corrupt market economy, that persecutes the poor and concentrates unlimited wealth and power in the hands of the few; causing extreme inequality, hardship and unbridled human and environmental destruction. A system In which huge corporations, banks and financial institutions of the developed nations along with their allied governments condition and define developing countries as they try against all odds to haul themselves out of poverty.

Hopeless journeys made in hope

Djibouti city is the first major stage in the harrowing journey to Yemen, here or at sea all possessions, including mobile phones, cash and clothes are stolen, by smugglers, corrupt police or border guards. The journey to Djibouti’s capital is harsh and dangerous, in which many Ethiopian migrants die of starvation, dehydration or are killed by bandits. Trafficking is also serious a danger, Djibouti the US state department  say is “a transit, source, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking… [Migrant] women and girls may fall victim to domestic servitude or forced prostitution after reaching Djibouti City, the Ethiopia-Djibouti trucking corridor, or Obock – the preferred crossing point into Yemen,” and gateway to the Gulf. Here migrants “have no access to food, safe drinking water or shelter from the sun,” the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) report, ‘Desperate Choices’,  states, and wait for days or weeks for favourable conditions to cross the perilous waters of the Gulf of Aden, in flimsy boats manned by vicious criminal gangs. They have usually come from Ethiopia by truck, although occasionally the entire journey is made on foot, over weeks through one of the hottest, most inhospitable areas in the world. Some aren’t lucky enough to get to the port, in September last year, IRIN 15/11/11  report, 60 Ethiopian migrants were found dead about 120 km west of Djibouti’s capital.

Abduction murder and rape

More shocking even than the numbers of people is the violent treatment they face. Murder, abduction and ransom demands, torture, rape, sexual abuse and more rape, are the nightmares many are subjected to by criminal gangs and smugglers. And all in the pursuit, not of happiness, which they left behind, but $100 a month, to feed and clothe their families 1000 kilometers or more away.

On arrival in Yemen men and women are separated, wives taken from husbands, daughters from Fathers brothers from sisters. Trafficking and multiple rape of women is widespread, IRIN 12/03/12 state “the majority of the approximately 3,000 women held by smugglers in Haradh [on the border with Saudi Arabia] over the past year were raped, many of them repeatedly.”DRC relate this account from a 15-year-old boy, who “was captured by Abd al-Qawi’s gang. They tied a rope round my legs and hung me upside down and beat me almost to death for three days. I was made to watch an Ethiopian woman being raped and an Ethiopian baby about one year old being killed.”Cases of male rape, punishment for trying to stop the rape of a wife or sister, have also been documented.

On a positive note, deaths at the hands of smugglers have dramatically decreased, only to be replaced by another atrocity – abduction, the terrifying experience of the majority. With $100 – 300 being demanded from family members who can barely feed themselves, let alone pay a ransom. Torture and violence at the hands of hostage takers is brutal; pulling teeth, gouging eyes, driving nails through hands and feet, cigarette burns are all reported, and if ransoms are not paid, migrants, after this hell are often beaten to death. In March this year 70 Ethiopian men and women were discovered in Yemen’s Hajjah Governorate, again near the border with Saudi Arabia, the UN humanitarian news and analysis,  reports, “their captors, they said, had beaten them with pipes, burned them with cigarettes and poured liniment in their eyes making them scream in pain.” This horrific incident indicative of many follows close on the heels of the killing of three Ethiopian men in January, shot while trying to escape from smugglers. They had made the arduous journey from rural Ethiopia to Yemen, full of hope, only to be tortured and finally murdered.

The ordeal of women begins in Djibouti, DRC report an Ethiopian man recounting the sea passage when “four Yemeni smugglers were on board the boat. They raped the girls in front of us, we were not able to move or to speak, and those girls were already sold to Yemeni traffickers.” Many are abducted and held captive, sometimes for months on end, their experiences are harrowing in the extreme, DRC tell of a 16 year old girl from Wollo who was imprisoned for six months and repeatedly raped by gang members. Far from being the exception the majority relate incidents of sexual abuse, with “many reporting being raped at almost every stage in their journey and stay within Yemen.” They “are often captured, kidnapped and disappear and it is believed they are trafficked for sexual or domestic slavery”. It is unclear where women are trafficked, it is suggested they are sold to Saudi families as “virtual slaves”, many no doubt end up in some kind of sex trade, those that eventually make it out of Saudi Arabia relate incidents of rape at the hands of brokers or employers. The horrific stories are endless, extreme abuse and brutality by vicious criminals who are destroying lives in the thousands, and it seems, with impunity. Those victims lucky enough to make it home need therapeutic support and time to gently heal, the Ethiopian government in partnership with international and national NGO’s, in addition addressing the reasons why their citizens are leaving home, need to provide professional care to help the victims overcame such trauma.

Yemeni collusion

The smugglers are organized and well armed, raiding their houses, the Chief of Police for Haradh District that borders Saudi Arabia, where 4,000Ethiopians currently await repatriation, said, Reuters  report, “we face fierce resistance and shootouts. It’s like fighting an insurgency… As long as these people keep arriving the smugglers will keep taking them. There is nothing we can do.” The Yemeni and Ethiopian governments have been discussing ways to present “all facilities required to return the Ethiopian refugees to their home,” said the Yemeni Interior Minister, with standard political ambiguity, failing to mention the brutal criminality taking place inside his country, the security services corruption and the complete lack of police activity to apprehend the smugglers, protect the migrants and bring the trafficking to an end.

The Yemeni authorities shamefully complicit in the violence are portraying Ethiopian and other migrants as the cause of and reason for the increased level of extreme criminality, and as UNHCR report with internal instability giving rise to “reduced police presence…[that is] giving human traffickers and smugglers more room to operate.” And in a sign that suggests further state collusion with criminal gangs, we are informed that police activity “is also frequently preventing patrols along Yemen’s shores by humanitarian teams as they try to reach new arrivals before the smugglers.” Corruption is endemic, with security officials coordinating with smugglers on the border with Saudi Arabia, “a climate of collusion and low political will to apprehend and prosecute smugglers is allowing the trade and abuse of migrants to flourish” (Reuters). The country is run, a military officer on the payroll of the smugglers to the tune of $2,000 a month says, “by tribes not policemen: these people are my friends.” ‘These people’ are turning a blind eye to the murder, rape and trafficking of innocent migrants seeking work to feed their families.

The right to be free and safe

The realization of freedom for the people is the solemn duty of the Ethiopian government, it is the foundation of democracy without which no true and lasting human development will take place, it is however a duty regarded by the TPLF/EPRDF with contempt and disregarded totally. The quest and heartfelt desire of the people of Ethiopia is for social justice and liberty not migration to the Gulf or beyond. They are deeply proud, dignified and many devoutly religious, who love the land of their birth. Overwhelmingly they risk life and limb not in search of material wealth but to escape economic hardship and political imprisonment at the hands of a highly repressive regime that seeks total control and denies all freedom of speech, acknowledged as a human right in the federal constitution.

The political space, narrow in the extreme must be opened, to allow, indeed encourage political and social participation and responsibility. Participation feared only and always by the dictator, would enrich the society, allowing the free flow of ideas to address the many issues facing the country. Such inclusive measures, in keeping with the time and the aspirations of the people would cultivate an atmosphere of hope and strengthen the community. A nationwide programme to raise awareness of the dangers inherent in migration via Yemen and to Gulf countries more broadly, aimed at deterring the unknowing is an imperative responsibility of the government, designed and delivered perhaps in collaboration with international NGO’s working throughout the country, further facilitating involvement and cooperation.

The non-partisan distribution of development aid, an ignored legal requirement, would be a positive step in bringing relief from extreme economic hardship and curtailing migration. Currently, grain fertilizer and food, are selectively distributed by regime stooges based, not on need, but on political affiliation. Ethiopia’s primary donors, America Britain and the European Union, have a responsibility to ensure this is addressed, in addition to insisting the Ethiopian government observes human rights, adheres to federal and international law and dismantles mechanisms of state repression. All such steps would build confidence in change, reducing the need to migrate. Development that does not address humanitarian needs justly, and denies the observation of basic human rights enshrined in law, pollutes the notion of change, allows state corruption and limits government responsibility to the realization of targets set by international institutions seeking to maximize their return and build political/economic models of conformity and control.

In accordance with the responsibilities of office, the Ethiopian government must take all necessary steps to safeguard its citizens. Appropriate consular support is essential in offering protection, advice and sanctuary to migrants, no matter their political affiliation or ethnicity. Urgent, sustained and coordinated efforts are needed by the affected countries law enforcement agencies and judiciary to close down the criminal networks, route out corruption and safeguard migrants. The innocent men women and children from Ethiopia making an impossible choice, with they see no alternatives, are not the villains in this ongoing human tragedy they are the victims trapped in a terrifying nightmare.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

አሜሪካ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን ጎን ትቆማለች ?

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

ከፕሮፌሰር  ዓለማየሁ  ገብረማርያም
ትርጉም  ከነጻነት ለሃገሬ


magl3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ታሪክ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን  ጋር ከወገነ፤  አሜሪካስ  ለምን  አትወግንም ?

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ አክራ፤ ጋናን በ2009 ሲጎበኙ ሁለት አስቸኳይና አስፈላጊ መልዕክቶችን አስተላልፈው ነበር፡፡ ‹‹ታሪክ ከጀግኖች አፍሪካውያን ጋር ወግኗል›› ሲሉ: ለአፍሪካ መሪዎችና ገዢዎች ደግሞ ጠበቅ ያለ መልክት ኣስተላፈው ነበር፡፡

………እንዳትሳሳቱ፡ ታሪክ ወገናዊነቱ ከጀግኖቹ አፍሪካውያን ጋር እንጂ በሥላጣን ላይ እራሳቸውን እንዳነገሱ ለማቆየት መፈንቅለ መንግሥት ከሚያካሂዱ ጋር አለያም ሕገ መንግሥታቸውን እንዳሻቸው ከሚለዋውጡት ጋር አይደለም፡፡ አፍሪካ የሚያስፈልጓት ጡንቻቸው የፈረጠሙ መሪዎች ሳይሆን የዳበሩ ተቋሞች እንጂ … የሕዝቦቻቸውን ፈቃድ ከማያከብሩት እጅጉን በበለጠ  ሕዝባቸውን የሚያከብሩ መንግሥታት የከፍተኛ ሃብታም፤ በጣም የተረጋጉ እና የበለጠ የተዋጣላቸው ይሆናሉ… የልማት መሰረቱ  መልካም አስተዳደር ነው፡፡ በበርካታ ቦታዎች እጅጉን ለረዘመ ብዙ ጊዜ ጎድሎ የነበረው ቅመም ይህ ነው፡፡ ይህ ነው የአፍሪካን እምቅ ችሎታ ሊያወጣው የሚችለው፡፡ ይህም ሃላፊነት በአፍሪካውያን ብቻ ነው ግቡን ሊመታ የሚችለው፡:

ለአፍሪካውያን ህዝቦች የላኩት መልእክት አነሳሽ ተስፋ ሰጪ፤አደፋፋሪ ነበር፡፡

መሪዎቻችሁን በተጠያቂነት ለመያዝና ለሕዝቡ አስፈላጊውን ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ ተቋማትን ለመገንባት ስልጣኑ አላችሁ፡፡ በመንደራችሁ አገልግሎት መስጠት ትችላላችሁ፤ አቅማችሁንና እውቀታችሁን አዲስ ሃብት መፍጠሪያ፤ ከሌላው ዓለም ጋር መገናኛም ልታደርጉት ትችላላችሁ:: ከመሰረቱ አንስታችሁ የእርስ በርስ ግጭትን፤ በሽታን በማጥፋት  ለውጥ ማምጣት ችላላችሁ፡፡ ያንን ማድረግ ትችላላችሁ፡፡ አዎን ይቻላል! ምክንያቱም በዚህ ሰአት ታሪክ በመገስገስ ላይ ነውና፡፡

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በተጨማሪም የተከበረና የረጋ ቃል ለአፍሪካ ህዝቦች ገቡ፡

አሜሪካ በማንም ሕዝብ ላይ ምንኛውንም አይነት የመንግስት ስርአት ለመጫን ፍላጎት የላትም፡፡… ማድረግ የምንፈልገው፤ ትኩረታችንን በመልካም አስተዳደር ላይ፤ የስልጣንጣን  መባለግን በሚቆጣጠር  እና ተቃዋሚ ሃይላት ድምጻቸው እንዲሰማ በሚያደርግ፤ የሕግ የበላይነት ለሚያስከብር፤ የፍትሕ ስርአቱን አስተዳደር በእኩል መብት በሚያካፍል፤ የሕዝባዊ ማሕበራት ተሳትፎን በሚያረጋግጥ ፓርላማ ላይ፤ ወጣቱ ትውልድ በስፋት የሚሳተፍበትን በሙስና ላይ ግልጽ አቋም የሚይዝ፤ ከሕጉ ጋር የተያያዘ ቁጥጥር፤ አግልግሎቶችን በማፋጠን፤ ሃላፊነት ለሚሰማቸው ግለሰቦችና ተቋማት፤ ተጠያቂነትንና ግልጽነትን ለሚያረጋግጡ ሁሉ ድጋፋችንን መጨመር ነው እቅዳችን፡፡

አሁን ግልጽ በሆነው የፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ሁለተኛው የስልጣን ዘመናቸው ላለፉት ጥቂት ዓመታት ያስተላለፍናቸውን አንዳንድ አስቸጋሪ ጥያቄዎችን ማንሳት ይኖርብናል፡፡ ከ2009 ይልቅ በ2012 በአፍሪካ የበዙ ባለ ጡንቻ መሪዎች አሉ? በየጎዳናውና በየወህኒ ቤቱ ጠንካራ የአፍሪካ ልጆች በ2009 ከነበረው በ2012  ያሉት ኣይበልጡም?  አፍሪካ በ2009 ከነበሯት ደካማ ተቋማት አሁን ያሉት ይበዛሉ? በ2009 ከነበሩት የሕዝባቸውን ፍቃድና ፍላጎት የሚያሟላ የአፍሪካ መሪዎች የበለጡ አሁን አሉ? በአፍሪካ በ2009 ከነበረው የእርስ በርስ ግጭት አሁን ያለው ያንሳል? አሁን አፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደር አላት? በርካታ የተቃዋሚዎች ድምጽ ይሰማል?  ሕዝባዊ ተሳትፎስ በርክቷል? የወጣቱስ ተሳትፎ በ2009 ከነበረው አሁን ተሸሏል? የታሪክስ ሂደት ወደ ዴሞክራሲ፤ወደ ነጻነት፤ ሰብአዊ ምብት፤በመራመድ ላይ ነው? ወይስ አፍሪካ የኋሊት ፈላጭ ቆራጭነት ወደ ነገሰበት የጭለማው ዘመን፤ ወደ ማን አለብኝነትና የጭቆና አገዛዝ፤ አምባገነናዊ አስተዳደር እየተጓዘች ነው?

አሜሪካ ዛሬ ከጠንካራ አፍሪካውያን ጋር በጥንካሬ ቆማለች ወይስ ከነዚያ አምባገነን ገዢዎች ጋር ተቃቅፋ ኣልጋ ላይ ተጋድማለች?

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ  ሲያነሳሱዋቸው የነበሩት  የአፍሪካ ጀግና ልጆችስ የት ገቡ?

እንደ አሜሪካው ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት ትግበራ የ2011 (ሜይ 2012) ዘገባ እነዚያ ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ያሏቸው በርካታ ‹‹ጠንካራ አፍሪካውያን›› አሁን በወህኒ ቤት፤ በመከራ መቀበል፤ በስቃይ በመገረፍ፤ በመለጎም፤ በሽሽት ላይ፤ በሞት በመቀጠፍ፤ አለያም በስጋት ማቅ ተሸፍነው፤ ወከባውን በመሸሽ፤ በዘፈቀደ በየቦታው መያዝን፤ ከፍርድ በፊት በወህኒ መማቀቅን፤ስቃይን፤ ዱላን፤ ኢሰብአዊ  መከራን፤ለሕይወት አስጊ የሆነውን እስራት፤ በንግግ ር ነጻነት መገደብን፤ የፕሬስ ነጻነትን ማጣት፤ ሕገ ወጥ ብርበራን፤ ይህና ሌሎችም መሰል ስቃዮች ናቸው የአፍሪካውያን የእለት ተእለት ሕይወት፡፡ የአፍሪካ ማሕበረሰብና ተቋማት በምግባረ ብልሹ ባለስልጣናት፤ በሙስና፤ ግልጽነት በመጥፋቱ፤በማያስፈልግና ወደኋላ ጎታች፤በሆነ ቢሮክራሲ ማነቆ ተይዘው፤ ማንኛውም ጉዳይ በገዢዎቹ መዋቅር ውስጥ ባሉትና ትዕዛዝ ተቀብለው በሚተነፍሱ፤ በፖለቲካ ቁጥጥር ስር በሆኑ የፍትህ መዋቅሮች፤የተባሉትን ብቻ እሺ በሚሉና በራሳቸው ህሊና በማይገዙና በማይመሩ የፓርላማ አባላት ተከበው በጭለማ ውስጥ በመዳከር ላይ ናቸው፡፡  የአፍሪካውያን ማሕበረሰብ በሚያለያይ በሽታ ተከትበው፤በዘር፤ በነገድ፤ በጎሳ፤ በመንደር፤በጾታ፤ በቋንቋ፤በሃይማኖት፤በባህል፤በወረዳ ተለያይተው ነው ያሉት፡፡

የሰብአዊ መብትን ከሚደፍሩ ሃገራት ሁሉ ድፍረቱ በእጅጉ የበዛባት ሃገር ኢትዮጵያ ነች፡፡ በሜይ 2010 ገዢው ፓርቲ በፓርላማ ካሉት 547 ወንበሮች 545ቱን (99.6%) መቀመጫዎችን ‹‹አሸነፈ››:: በዚያ የምርጫ ወቅት የሁዋይት ሀውስ መግለጫ ያሳየው ጉዳዩ ‹‹አሳሳቢ››  የሚል ነበር:-

ፍትሃዊና ነጻ ምርጫን ለማካሄድ ሁኔታው ከምርጫው ቀናት አስቀድሞም የተመቻቸና ትክክል አልነበረም፡፡ በቅርብ ዓመታት የኢትዮጵያ ገዢ መንግስት የፖለቲካወን ምህዳር በማጥበብ የተቃዋሚዎችን አካሄድም ለመስንከል በማስፈራራትና በማዋከብ፤የራሱን ሜዳ እያሰፋ በማመቻቸት የሲቪክ ማሕበረሰቡን በማግለል፤የነጻ መገናኛ ብዙሃንንም ተግባራቸውንና ክዋኔያቸውን በመቀነጣጠስና በማገድ ላይ የተመሰረተ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች ደግሞ ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽን ሂደት በእጅጉ የሚገድቡ ሲሆኑ ገዢው መንግስት እራሱ ከተቀበለውና ከፈረመው የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ጋር ጨርሶ የሚጻረርና ተለዋዋጭ ነው፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የሰብአዊ መብት ሁኔታ ‹‹ያሳስባል›› ከሚል በጨዋነት ከተሰነዘረው  የበለጠ ግንዛቤ የሚያስፈልገው ነው፡፡ድርጊቱ ቁጣን ሊያጭር ከድርገቱ ጋር ተመጣጣኝ የሆነ ና ከዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ጋር የሚዛመድ እንዲሆን ግፊት ያስፈልገዋል፡፡  በቅርቡ በወጣው ኢትዮጵያን የሚመለከተው የዩ ኤስ ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት የሰብአዊ መብት ዘገባ (ሜይ 2012) ‹‹ ከ100 የሚበልጡ የፖለቲካ ሰዎች፤ጋዜጠኞች፤እና የድረገጽ ተሳታፊዎች (በዓለም አቀፍ በተወገዘው የጸረሽብርተኝነት ሕግ) መንግስት የፕሬስን ነጻነት ገደበ፤የመያዝና የመጠቃት ፍርሃት ጋዜጠኞች እራሳቸውን እንዲቆጣጠሩ አስገድዷቸዋል፡፡ የእርዳታና የሰብአዊ ግልጋሎት ሰጪዎች  (CSO law)  አሁንም የጠነከረ እገዳ በማድረግ የማሕበረሰቡና የእርዳታ ሰጪ ድርጅቶች እንቅስቃሴዎች ከመዳከም ወደ መቆም እየተጓዙ ነው፡፡በጣም አሳሳቢ የሚባሉት የሰብአዊ መብት ችግሮች፤ ድብደባን በደህንነት ሰዎች መሰቃየትን፤ወህኒ ማጎርን፤በጣም የተበላሸ የወህኒ ሁኔታን፤ የሴቶችን ሕብረተሰባዊ  ልዩነትን፤…… በጁንና ሴፕቴምበር (2011) የተካሄደው ሁለተኛው ዙር አፈናና እስር፤በርካታ ስመጥር ጋዜጠኞችን፤የፖለቲካ ተቃዋሚ አባላትን፤ንቁ የፖለቲካ ተሳታፊዎችን፤አንዱዓለም አራጌን የአንድነትለፍትሕና ለዴሞክራሲና የመድረክን ፓርቲ ምክትል ሊቀመንበር ጭምር፤ታዋቂውን የድረገጽ ጸሃፊና ተሟጋች እስክንድር ነጋ፤ የአንድነት ለዴሞክራሲና ለፍትሕ አባልን ናትናኤል መኮንንን ያካተተ ነው;;›››››››››

ካረን ጄ ሃንራሃን የዴሞክራሲ ቢሮ፤ የሰብአዊ መብትና የሌበር ዲፒዩቲ ምክትል  ጸሃፊ ለብሔራዊ አንዳውመንት በኦክቶበር 2012 ባደረጉት ንግግር

….በኢትዮጵያ ግብግብ ገጥሞናል፡፡ መሰረታዊው ጥየቄም ገዢው መንግስት በፖለቲካና ማሕበረሰቡ ተቋማት ላይ ጫናውን ሲያበዛና ገደቡ ልክ ሲያጣ፤ዴሞክራሲንና የሰብአዊ መብትን በአግባቡ ማራመድ የሚቻለው እንዴት ተብሎ ነው፡፡ ይህም በሲቪል ማሕበረሱ ላይ የሚደረግ ጫና፤የሜዲያዎች ነጻነት ማጣት፤በጸረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጅ ሰበብ ጋዜጠኞችን የተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ አባላት አፈናና ማሳደድ፤ለአእስር መዳርግ የሚያካትት ነው፡፡ ወደፊት መራመዱ ለመንግስትም ቢሆን የተቃዋሚዎችንና የሲቪል ሕበረሰቡን እድገት የሚያስከትል ይሆናል፡፡ኢትዮጵያዊያን ዜጎች መብቶቻቸውን ሙሉ በሙሉ ለመጠቀም ማስቻል ብቻ ሳይሆን የአሜሪካንና የኢትዮጵያ መንግስታት ሁለቱም የመረጋጋትና የልማት እድገትና ዋስትና ያገኛሉ፡፡

የአሜሪካን መሪዎች ምናልባትም ቀደም ሲሉ በቦታው ከነበሩትና ከፈላጭ ቆራጭና አምባገነኖች ተመሳሳይ ጥሪ የአሁኖቹ የአሜሪካ መሪዎች ሊማሩ ይችሉ ይሆናል፡፡ አንድ ወቅት ላይ ፕሬዜዳንት ትሩማን እንዳሉት፡‹‹ የተቃዋሚውን የመናገር ነጻነት ለማፈን የቆረጠ መንግስት የጉዞው አቅጣጫ አንድ ብቻ ነው፤ተደራራቢ ወደ ሆነና ለሁሉም ዜጎች የሽብርና ሁሉም በፍርሃት የሚኖርበት አካባቢ እንዲሆን በማድረግ አምቆ የመግዛት ስርአት፤›› ይህ ነው በኢትዮጵያ ያለው የማያከራክርና የማይካድ ሕይወትና ‹‹ጥሪ›› ‹‹አሳሳቢ›› የሚሉ ባዶ ቃላት አንዳችም ፋይዳ ሊናራቸው ሁኔታዎችን ሊቀይሩና የዜጎችን ሕይወት ሊለውጡ አይችሉም!

ዛሬ በአፍሪካ ያለው ያሜሪካ መምሪያ ብዙ ጉድለቶች ኣሉት

በዩ ኤስ ዲፓርትመንት ኦፍ ስቴት የአፍሪካ ጉዳዮች ሃላፊ የሆኑት ጆኒ ካርሰን አባባል  በአፍሪካ ውስጥ ሊያገለግሉ የሚችሉ ‹‹አምስት የአሜሪካንን ፍላጎት የሚያሟሉ ምሶዎች አሉ›› ይህም የሚያካትተው፤ (1) ዴሞክራሲውን የሚያግዙ እና የዴሞክራሲ መዋቅሮችን፤ ነጻ፤ ፍትሃዊና ግልጽ ምርጫዎችን የሚያጠናክሩ፤ (2) የአፍሪካን እድገት ልማት የሚያግዝ፤ (3) ግጭቶችን መከላከል፤ ማቅለል እና ውሳኔዎችን ማስፈጸም (4)ፕሬዜዳንታዊ ጅማሮዎችን እንደ ዓለም አቀፍ የጤና ጅማሮዎችን መደገፍ፤የወደፊቱን መመገብ፤ዓለም አቀፍ የዓየር ንብረትን ጅማሮዎችን መደገፍ (5) ከአፍሪካ ሃገርና ሕዝብ ጋር በሽግግር ሂደቶች ላይ እንደ አደንዛዥ እጽ ቁጥጥርን፤ ሕግ ወጥ የገንዘብ ዝውውርን፤ የሰዎች ሽያጭን›› ያካትታል:: እንደ ካርሰን አባባል ‹‹በአሁኑ ወቅት›› የዩ ኤስ ፖሊሲ በአፍሪካ በኮት ዲ ቩዋር በጊኒ፤በናይጄር፤መንግስታዊ ሰላማዊ ሽግግሮችን ረድቷል፡፡በናይጄርያ የተሳካ ምርጫ እንዲካሄድ አድርጓል፤የደቡብ ሱዳንን ነጻነት አረጋግጧል፡፡ በዴሞክራቲክ ኮንጎም የጾታንና የወሲባዊን ሁከቶችን ለማቆም በንቃት በመንቀሳቀስ ላይና በመካከለኛው አፍሪካ በመላው በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ያለውን የሎርድ ሬዚስታነስ ሠራዊት ለማክሸፍም በጽናት በመንቀሳቀስ ላይ ነው፡፡ የወደፊቱን መመገብ የሚለው የዩ ኤስ ዓለም አቀፋዊ የምግብ ዋስትና ጅማሮ 12 የአፍሪካ ሃገራትን ያካትታል፡፡

የዩ ኤስ ዲፓርትመንት ኦፍ ስቴት የሰብአዊ መብት ዘገባ (ሜይ 2012)  የሂላሪ ክሊንተን ገለጻ፡ “እንደሃገር አስተዳደሪነቴ በዓለም ዙርያ ባደረግሁት ጉዞ የሰብአዊ መብትን ለማስከበርና የፍትሕና ስርአት ለማስከበር ሲሉ የራሳቸውን ሕይወት ለአደጋ ያጋለጡ በርካታ ሰዎች አጋጥመውኛል፤ በትልቁም ይሁን መጠኑ ባነሰ መልክ መንግስቶቻቸውን ተጠያቂ እንዲሆንና ለዓለም አቀፉ ሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌ ተገዢነት ይሞግታሉ፤ ቆራጥነታቸውና ድፍረታቸው ለሰላማዊ  መሻሻል አነሳሥ ነው፡፡ይህ ዘገባ ድፍረትና ጥንካሬያቸውን በሚገባ ዕውቅና በመስጠት እንደማሳሰቢያነትም ያገለግላል፡ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ሰብአዊ ክብርን ለማራመድ ከሚጥሩ ጋር አብሮ በመቆም በጥረታቸውም ላይ የዓለም ትኩረትና ድጋፍ ብርሃን እንዲያበራ ከማድረግ አንቆጠብም፡፡”

እነዚህ መጠነኛ ክንዋኔዎች ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ከሰነዘሩዋቸው እነዚያ ግዙፍ፤ ተስፋ ሰጪ ቃላቶች ጋርና አስተዳደራቸው መልካም አስተዳደርንና ሰብአዊ መብትን በማስከበሩ ረገድ በአፍሪካ የተደረገው  ሲመዘን እጅጉን ተራርቀውና በማይመጣጠን ደረጃ ኣንሰው ይገኛሉ፡፡ አሁን ጊዜው ያለፈውን በማንሳት መወነጃጀያ፤ ጥርስ ማፋጪያ፤ ሆድ ማከኪያ፤ እና ጣት መቀሳሰርያ ግዜ አይደለም፡፡ ወደ ፕሬዜዳንታችን የትግል ጥሪ በመመልከትና ትኩረታችንን በማገናኘት ‹‹ወደፊት እንቀጥል›› በማለት የሞረሽ ጥሪ ማድረግ ነው የሚገባን፡፡

አሜሪካኖች በአብዛኛው የሚታወቁበት በቀጥታ አነጋገራቸው አካፋን አካፋ በማለታቸው ነው፡፡ እኔ ዘወትር በተራ አሜሪካውያንና በጥቂት ታላላቅ መሪዎቻቸው የማደንቅላቸው ባሕሪያቸው ነው፡፡የሚሉትን ያደርጋሉ የሚያደርጉትን ይላሉ፡፡ ‹‹ቀጥተኛ ተናጋሪው›› የሚባሉት ፕሬዜዳንት ሃሪ ኤስ ትሩማን ‹‹ለማንም መከራና ስቃይ አልመኝም፡፡ እውነቱን በምናገርበት ጊዜ እነሱ ግን መከራ ነው ይላሉ::›› ስለዚህም እኔም ትንሽ ቀጥተኛ ንግግር አደርገ ለሁ፡፡ ስለ ሰብአዊ መብት ጉራና እወጃ በቂ ያህል ሰምተናል፡፡ የአፍሪካን የሰብአዊ መብት ችግር ስለ መቅረፍ፤ በአፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርን ስለመገንባት ‹‹ስለ ግጥሚያው ጥሪ ወይም ስለፍላጎት ቅስቀሳው›› ‹‹ችግሮች‹› ‹‹አከራካሪ ጉዳይነት›› ስለሁሉም ርዕሶች በሚገባ እናውቃለን፡፡ በዲያስፖራው ኢትዮጵያዊያንም አሜሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርን ለማስፈንና ዴሞክራሲና ሰብአዊ መብትን ለማረጋገጥ ስላደረገውና ሳያደርገው በቸልታ ስለታለፈው፤ በቂ ጉርምርምታም፤ መነጫነጭ፤እንዲሁም ምሬት በበቂ አድምጠናል፡፡ ከእንግዲ ምንም የጎንዮሽ ንግግር አያስፈልግም ግልጡን በቀጥታ እና ቀጥተኛ የሆነ ድርጊት ማሳየት ብቻ ነው፡፡ በፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ ሁለተኛ የስልጣን ዘመን፤በአፍሪካ መልካም አስተዳደርንና ሰብአዊ መብትን በሚገባ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ሁለት ምርጫዎች ብቻ ናቸው ያሉት፤ በቃን ብሎ በቁርጥ ‹‹ብድግ‹‹ : አለያም  እጅን  ኣጣጥፎ ኣፍን ለጉሞ ጭጭ በማለት ነው:: በሌላ አነጋገር: አሜሪካ ቆርጦ ከጠንካራዎቹ አፍሪካውያን ጋር በመቆም ትልቅነቱን ያስመሰክራል::  ካልሆነ ደግሞ ተሸመድምዶ በመድከም በ ምጽዋት፤በዓለም ባንክ፤ በአይ ኤም ኤፍ ገንዘብና ብድር በአፈሙዝ ሃይል ሥላጣን ይዘው ከሚገዙት ከጨካኞቹ ፈላጭ ቆራጭ የአፍሪካ መሪዎች ጋር ተቃቅፎ በውርደት መጋደም ነው፡፡

ጀግኖች  ኢትዮጵያውያን  መርጃው መንገድ፡ የት  ይጀመር?

በርካታ ልምድ ያካበቱት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ኤች አር 2003ን  (“Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007”) በሚገባ ያስታውሱታል፡፡ያ የሕግ ረቂቅ በኣመሪካን ምክር  ቤት ቀርቦ ነበር፡፡ (H.R. 4423 “Ethiopia Consolidation Act of 2005”) በቅድሚያ በኮንግሬስማን በኒው ጀርሲው ክሪስ ስሚዝ የአፍሪካን የውጭ ጉዳይ ንዑስ ኮሚቴ በሚመሩበት ጊዜ የቀረበ ነው፡፡(ረቂቁ ቆየት ብሎ  በውጭ ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ H.R. 4423 and H.R. 5680 ብሎ ተሰይሞ ነበር፡፡) በ2007 የኒው ጀርሲው ኮንግሬስማን ዶናልድ ፔይን የኮሚቴው ሰብሳቢ ሲሆኑ ጉዳዩን ተረክበው  የ85 የኮንግሬስ አባላትን ድጋፍ ለማግኘት ችለዋል፡፡ ረቂቁ በ2007 የቤቱን ድጋፍ ቢያገኝም ወደ ሴኔት ቀርቦ ድምጽ ሊያገኝ አድል ኣልነበረዉም፡፡ በረቂቁ ሕግ ውስጥ በርካታ ለመልካም አስተዳደር፤ ለተጠያቂነት፤ ስለሰብአዊ መብት መከበረና መረጋገጥ፤ ስለዴሞክራሲ፤ ስለፍትህ መከበርና ስለ ሕግ የበላይነት ስለነጣ የፍትህ ስርአት፤ ስለፍትህ ባለሙያዎች ስልጠና፤ስለምርጫ ቦርድ ነጻና ገለልተኛ መሆንና ሌሎችንም አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ሕዝባዊና ሃገራዊ ጉዳዮችን ያቀፈ ነበር፡፡

የኢትጵያን ‹‹ማግኒቲስኪ  ሕግ”  

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በ2009 በአክራ ባደረጉት ንግግር አፍሪካውያን ‹‹በሽታንና አለመግባባትን ሊያሸንፉ፤ከመሰረቱ ጀምሮ ወደ ላይ ለውጥ ማምጣት ይችላሉ፡፡ ማድረግ ትችላላችሁ፡፡ ምክንያቱም በዚህ ሰአት ታሪክ እየገሰገሰ ነው›› አዎን ትችላላችሁ ብለው ለኣፍሪካኖች ተናግረው ነበር፡፡ የኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብቶች ሕግ በአሜሪካ ኮንግሬስ ማለፍ የሚገባው አሁን ነው፡፡በሁለቱም ወገኖች የፓርቲ አሰላለፍ በኩል ስምምነቱ አለና፡፡ በዴሞክራቶችም ሆነ በሪፓብሊካንስ የሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይ ቅድሚያ የአየተሰተጠው ነዉ፡፡ የማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ ተብሎ ኣዲስ የዎጣው አመላከችና  ፈር ቀዳጅ የሆነ የሰብአዊ መብትን መደፈር የሚያስከብር ድንጋጌ ነው፡፡ይህን ሕግ በቅድሚያ ያነሱትና ያቀረቡት እንዲሁም በተዘዋዋሪ መልክ ድጋፋቸውንና በመጨረሻም ድምጻቸውን በመስጠት ያሳለፉት ሊመሰገኑ የሚገባቸው ናቸው፡፡ (* የለነገሩ ኦባማ አስተዳደር የንግዱን ሕግና የሰብአዊ መብቱን ድንጋጌ ማቀላቀል አያስፈልግም  የሚል አቋም ቢይዝም በመጨረሻው ላይ ግን ተስማምቷል::)

“የማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ”  በጣም ከፍተኛ የሆነ የሪፓብሊካኖች ድጋፍ ነበረው፡፡ የሪፓብሊካኑ አሪዞና ሴኔተር ጆን ማኬይን ‹‹ ስለማግኔቲስኪ ግፍና በደል ለመናገር፤ እንዲሁም ሌሎችም አሁን በሕይወት ያሉና በሩስያ ወህኒ ቤቶች አለ አግባብ በመሰቃየት ላይ ስላሉት መታገልና ለነጻነታቸው መቆም  አሜሪካ የሞራል ግዴታ አለበት››  በማለት አሳስበዋል፡፡ ‹‹ለቭላድሚር ፑቲንና ለሩስያ የሰርቆት መንግስት እንዲህ አይነቱ ኢሰብአዊ ድርጊትና የዜጎች በተለያየ መልኩ መብቶች መገፈፍና ለእስር መዳረግ፤ በወህኒ ስቃይ ማየትን እኛ አሜሪካውያን ልንቀበለው የሚገባን አለመሆኑን የምናሳውቅበት ነው፡፡ ይህ ሕግ ደግሞ ጸረ ሩስያ አይደለም፡፡ይልቅስ ሩስያን ደጋፊ ሕግ ነው:: እኔ ስለነሱ ግፍ ስተፈጸመባቸው እጨነቃለሁ፤በጸሎቴም አስባቸዋለሁ፡፡›› የአሪዞናው ሴኔተር ጆን ማኬን፤ ይህ ሕግ በሁሉም ሃገራት ላይ ተፈጻሚ ሊሆን ይገባል፡፡ የዴሞክራቲኩ ኒው ሃምፕሻየር ሴኔተር ጂያን ሻሂን አሜሪካ በሁሉም ቦታዎች ስለሰብአዊ  መብት ትኩረት ያደርጋል፤ ‹‹ስለ ሃገራቸው የሙስና ዝቅጠት ደፍረው ከሚናገሩት ጋር አብረን እንቆማለን፤ ይህ ሕግ በዓለም ላይ ላሉት ማግኒቲሰኪዎች ሁሉ ነው፡፡›› ሕጉ በዓለም አቀፍ ሁሉ እንደ ምሳሌ የሚወሰድ ነውና በየትም ቦታ እንደሚከበር እምነት አለኝ፡፡ ሁዋይት ሀውስም በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ መግለጫ አውጥቶ ፕሬዜዳንቱ እንደሚፈርሙት ጠቁሟል፡፡  ‹‹አስተዳደሩ በሩስያ የዴሞክራሲ እውነታና የህግን የበላይነት ለማረጋገጥ ከሚሹና በዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃም እውን እንዲሆን ከሚጥሩ ከኮንግሬስና ከአጋሮቻችን ጋር መስራቱን ይቀጥላል›› ብለዋል ኦባማ::

ማግኒትኪ የሩስያ መሪዎች ሙስና ያጋለጠ ወጣት ጠበቃ ነበር፥ በዚህ ምክኒያት ባለስጣኖችጭ ኣስረው ኣሰቃይተው በስር ገደሉት:: የየሩስያ ፕሬዜዳንቱ ነጻ ካውንስል ለሲቪል ማሕበረሰብ ልማትና ሰብአዊ መብት ዋስትና በደረሰበት ማጣራት መሰረት፤ የማግኒቲስኪ ተይዞ መታሰር ከሕግ ውጪ የተፈጸመ መሆኑን አረጋግጧል፡፡  የፍርድ ቤቱ ሂደትም ማግኒቲስኪ በሩስያ ፌዴሬሽን ፍትህ በፍርድ ቤቱ፤ በአቃቤ ሕጉ፤ እንደተነፈገውና ምርመራ የተካሄደበትም በስርቆት በወነጀላቸውና ማንነታቸውን ይፋ ባወጣባቸው ግለሰቦች ነበር፡፡ በእስር ላይ በነበረበት ጊዜም አስፈላጊ የሆነውን የህክምና እርዳታ እንዳያገኝ ሆኖ በ8 የወህኒ ቤቱ ጠባቂዎች በመጨረሻው የሕይወቱ ሰአት በግፍ እንደተደበደበ ተገሎኣል፡፡ ድርጊቱንም ባለስላጣናቱ ከመካዳቸውም ባሻገር አንዳቸውም በድርጊታቸው የተነሳ ለጥያቄ እንኳን ወደ ፍርድ ቤት አልቀረቡም፡፡

ፍትሕን ተነፍገው በወህኒ በመሰቃየት ላይ ያሉ በርካታ ‹‹ኢትዮጵያዊያን ማግቲሰኪዎች›› አሉ፡፡ በ2005 በተካሄደው ምርጫ ወቅት ባዶ እጃቸውን ዴሞክራሲንና ሰብአዊ መብትን ለማስከበር ገዢው መንግስት እራሱ ያጸደቀውን ሕገ መንግስት እንዲከበር ለመጠየቅ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ያደረጉትን ንጹሃን 200 ዜጎች በፖሊስና በደህንነት አባላት ከቀድሞው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በተሰጠ ቀጥታ ትዕዛዝ በጥይት ተደብድበው መሞታቸውና ከ800 የማያንሱት በጠና መቁሰላቸው ተረጋግጦ እያለ፤ ይ ህንንም  በቀጥታና በተዘዋዋሪ የፈጸሙት ይከበርልኝ የዜግነት ክብሬ አይደፈር በማለቱ የተፈጸመበት የሰብአዊ መብት መገርሰስ ዓልም ሊፋረደው የሚገባ እንጂ በሕግ ማውጣትና በማስፈራራት ብቻ ሊታለፍ የሚገባው ሊሆን አይገባም፡፡ የነዚህና የሌሎችም በግፍ የተገደሉና ለመከራ የተዳረጉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ድምጽ ከያሉበት ከፍ ብሎ ይጣራልና ሰሚ ሊያጣ አይገባውም፡፡

በዩ ኤስ ኮንግሬስ ለውጥ ማየት ታላቅ ደስታ ነው፡፡ በሰብአዊ መብትና በመልካም አስተዳደር አዲስ አስተሳሰብና አመለካከት ያለ ይመስላል:: እነዚህ ሁነቶችም የዓለም አቀፉ ድንጋጌዎችና የሰለጠነ ሕብረተሰብ አንድ አካል ናቸው፡፡ ለምንግስት ብቻ ሊተው የሚገባም አይደለም››:: ሰብአዊ መብት የሁሉም ሰብአዊ ፍጡር የጋራ ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ለሩስያው ጀግና  ሰርጂ ማግኒቲስኪ ጥሩ የሆነው  ህግ ለኢትዮጵያዊያኖቹ ጀግኖች ለ 16 ዓመቱ መለስካቸው አላምነውም ፤ ለ22 ዓመቱ ሃድራ ኦስማንም፤፤ለ50 ዓመቷ እቴነሽ ይማምም፤ለ23 ዓመቱም ቴዎድሮስ ግደይ፤ ለ24 ዓመቱም ጋሻው ሙሉጌታ፤ለ21 ዓመቱም ሌቺሳ ፋታሳም…..  በግፍ የተገደሉ ሰማታት ተገቢ ነው፡፡

ፕሬዜዳንት ኦባማ በ2009 በአክራ ‹‹አሜሪካ ራዕዩን (መልካም አስተዳደርና ሰብአዊ መብት መከበርን) በቃላት ብቻ ሳይሆን የአፍሪካን አቅም ሊያጠናክር በሚገባ መልኩ የማሻሻልና ቅድሚያ የመስጠት ሃላፊነት አለበት፡፡ በሞስኮ የዓለምአቀፋዊ የሰብአዊ መብት ድንጋጌዎች ሊከበሩ የሚገባበት ማስገደጃዎች ሊኖሩ እንደሚገባና እነዚህ ድንጋጌዎች መፋለስም እንደሌለባቸው በማሳሰብ ንግግር አድረጌያለሁ፡፡›› ብለው ነበር፡፡ ታሪክ በሂደት ላይ ነው! ‹‹የኢትዮጵየዊያን ማግኒቲስኪ ሕግ›› ሊኖረን ተገቢ ነው፡፡ይህም ከወዳጆቻችንና አጋሮችቻን በምናገኘው ትንሽ ድጋፍ እውን ይሆናል!

በትክክለኛው የአፍሪካ የሰብአዊ መብት ጎን መቆም ማለት በትክክለኛው የታሪክ ጎን መቆም ማለት ነው፡፡

ፕሮፌስር ዓለማየሁ ገብረማርያም በካሊፎርኒያ ስቴት ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሳን በርናርዲኆ የፖሊቲካ ሳይንስ መምሀርና የህግ ጠበቃ ናችው።

*የተቶረገመው ጽሁፍ (translated from):

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/2012/12/15/will_the_us_stand_by_the_side_of_brave_africans

(ይህን ጦማር ለሌሎችም ያካፍሉ::) ካሁን በፊት የቀረቡ የጸሃፊው ጦማሮችን  ለማግኘት እዚህ ይጫኑ::

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

96 Ethiopians arrested in northern Tanzania

Tuesday, December 18th, 2012

GLOBAL TIMES — Tanzanian authorities on Monday said that 96 Ethiopians who were found hiding in villages near Kenya boarder.

According to immigration officers, the Ethiopians were arrested on Sunday morning when they were found in a lorry in an area located between Ngeriani and Tingatinga villages in the district waiting to cross Tanzania to one of the southern African countries.

Arusha Regional Immigration Officer Daniel Namomba said the Ethiopians were expected to be taken to court on Monday after long interrogations with immigration officers at Namanga Immigration border post.

He said four Tanzanians, who facilitated the “dirty game,” were also arrested and taken to court to face charges leveled against them.

This occurred few days after 13 Ethiopians, en-route to South Africa, were arrested in Arusha while hiding in a house owned by a taxi driver.

Namomba explained the arrest of the aliens has been possible through collaboration with local Samaritans, immigration officers and wildlife rangers in the area.

He said the problem is getting more complicated as stowaways use illegal routes popularly known as “panya route” to get into Tanzania.

“These people were on transit to one of the southern African countries on the way to European countries and the United States,” he said.

The immigrants were found in a lorry with registration numbers T264 APV, owned by someone identified as Said Augustino Mrembe, a Kilimanjaro-based resident, he said, adding all of them were in good conditions.

The recent Southern African Development Community (SADC) report showed Tanzania is a gate way for illegal immigrants wishing to go to southern African countries especially South Africa.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ከዳር ቆሞ ለዉጥን መጠበቅ የህልም እንጀራ

Monday, December 17th, 2012

ፍስሀ እሸቱ (ዶ/ር)

በሀገራችን ያለዉን ሁኔታ ስንመለከተዉ በጥቂት ቃላት ማጠቃለል የቻላል። ይህም ከድጡ ወደ ማጡ የሚለዉ በጥሩ ሁኔታ የሚገልጸዉ ይመስለኛል። አበዉ ጉልቻ ቢለዋወጥ እንደሚሉ አፈናዉ፤ ስለላዉ፤ እስሩ፤ ግድያዉ፤ ስደቱ፤ ዘረፋዉና፤ ማናለብኝነቱ ሳይቋረጥ ቀጥሏል። አዲሱ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትርና አጋሮቻቸዉም ደግመዉ ደጋግመዉ አስረግጠዉ እንደተናገሩት ለዉጥ የሚባል ነገር እንደማይታሰብና የነበረዉ ሁኔታ ባለበት እንደሚቀጥል ነዉ። ከዚህ አንጻር የለዉጥ የተስፋ ጭላንጭል እንደሌለ በወሬ ብቻ ሳይሆን በተግባራቸዉም አሳይተዉናል። ምንም መራር ቢሆንም እዉነታዉ ግን ስርአቱ መሪዉን ቢያጣ እንኳን፤ በአላማ፤ በአቅም፤ በድርጅትና፤ በስነልቦና፤ ፍጹም የበላይነቱን ተጎናጽፎ ይገኛል።
አበዉ እንደሚሉት አቅሙን የማያዉቅ ሞቱን አፋጠነ እንደሚሉት በተቃዋሚዉ ባንጻሩ የሚታዉ ደሞ፡
1ኛ. እኛ ከወኔ ወኔ የለን፤ መስእዋትነት ለመክፈል ዝግጁነት የለንም
2ኛ. ከአንድነት አንድነት የለን
3ኛ. ከአቅም አቅም የለን
4ኛ. ነጻነትን በምጽዋት ለማግኘት እንፈልጋለን (በዉጭ ሃይሎች)፤ ሌሎች በታገሉትና መስእዋትነት በከፈሉት ተጠቃሚ መሆን እንፈልጋለን
5ኛ. የስርአቱ አራማጆች ወድቆ መነሳትን ሲችሉበት እኛ ግን የወደቅንበት ቀርተናል፤ ከዚህ በፊት በደረሱብን ሽንፈቶች ለምሳሌ በቅንጅት ሽንፈት ተስፋ ቆርጠን ተበታትነናል
6ኛ. ጠላታችን ማን እንደሆነ ማወቅ ተስኖናል፤ ከስርአቱ ይልቅ እርስ በራሳችን ጦር መማዘዙን መርጠናል
7ኛ. በጭንቅላታችን ሳይሆን በስሜታዊነት የምንመራ ሆነናል፤ በአላማ ሳይሆን በጥላቻ ምንመራ ሆነናል
8ኛ. የረዥም ግዜ ዉጤት ሳይሆን አጭር ዉጤት እንፈልጋለን፤ በዚህም ምክንያት ቶሎ ተስፋ እንቆርጣለን
9ኛ. ሁሉም ፈላስፋ፤ አዋቂ፤ መፍትሄ ሰጪ ሆኖ፤ መደማመጥ ጠፍቷል፤ ሁሉም አዋቂ፤ ተናጋሪ፤ ሆኖ የሚታገለዉ ግን ጥቂት ሆኗል – ወሬ ወሬ ወሬ -ሀሜት ሀሜት ሀሜት – ኩነና ኩነና ኩነና – ተናጋኔ ተናጋሪ ተናጋሪ – አድራጊ ጠፋ (የኢንተርኔት፡ ፓልቶክና ሬድዮ፤ ስብሰባ ታጋዮች ሆነናል)
10ኛ. በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ አብዛኛዉ ህብረተሰብ ያለዉን ስርአት በአያገባኝም ወይም በፍራቻ ወይንም በጥቅም ተቀብሎ አሜን ብሌ መገዛቱን መርጧል
11ኛ. ከዚህ በፊት በነበሩን ችግሮቻችን ተተብትበን ወደፊት መራመድ ተስኖናል
12ኛ. ሁሉም ጠያቂና ተሳዳቢ እንጂ ደጋፊ፡ አይዞኝ ባይ፤ አብሮ ታጋይ ጠፍቷል
13ኛ. ይሀ ሁሉ በእንዲህ እያለ በእንቅርት ላይ ጆሮ ደግፍ እንዲሉ፤ ከዚህ በፊት ያልነበረ
አዲሱ ፈሊጥ ደሞ አዲሱን ጠቅላይ ሚንነስትር ጊዜ እንስጠዉ የሚለዉ ሆኗል፤ አይ መዘናጋት፤ ራስን ማታለል፤ ሰዉየዉ እንደሆነ ለዉጥ እንደማይኖር እቅጩን ነግረዉናል።
14ኛ. የመቃወም ትርጉሙ ግራ ገብቶናል መቃወም ማለት ሁሉንም የምንቃወምበት በተለይም አዲስ ሀሳብ አዲስ ራእይ የተለየ አካሄድ ይዘዉ ትግሉን የተቀላቀሉትን እንደጠላት ተረባርበን መማዉገዝና፤ እንደ እባብ ጭንቅላታቸዉን ቀጥቅጠን ያለ የሌለ ሀይላቸንን በመጠቀም አንገታቸዉን እናሰደፋለን፡ ሀሳባቸዉን እንዲሞክሩ እንኳን እድሉን አንሰጣቸዉም። በዚህም ድልን ተግናጽፈን ተደስተን እርስ በእርስ እየተጠፋፋን እንገኛለን።
በኛ ካምፕ
ወይ አንታገል
ወይ አናዋጣ
ወይ ዝም አንል
ወይ አንረዳዳ
ነገሩ ሁሉ ግራ ሚያጋባ ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ለመዉጣት ልመና
ስብሰባ ለመገኘት ልመና
ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለመታገል ለምኑኝ ሚባልበት ዘመን ላይ እንገኛለን።
ባንጻሩ ዘመን ተለዉጦ ስለ እዉነት መቆም፤ ለክብር፤ ለህሊና፤ ለነጻነት ለሀገር መታገል ሚያሳፍርበት፤ ስለነጻነት መናገር ጀግና ወንድ፤ የሀገር ልጅ፤ ሀገር ወዳድ ማስባሉ ቀርቶ፤ እንደ ቁምጥና ሚያሳፍርበትና አንገት የሚያስደፋበት፤ ስለ ክብርም መናገር የሚያስኮንንበት ዘመን ላይ ደርሰናል፡
ዛሬ ያልታደለችዉ ሀገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ልጆችዎ በሁለት ተከፍለዋል
1. በአንድ ወገን ያለዉ ስርአት በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ እንዲቀጥል አስተዋጽኦ እያደረጉ ያሉ አብላጫዎቹ (99.999%) ሲሆኑ
በዚህ ምድብ፡
1. የስርአቱ ዋና አራማጆች
2. ስርአቱን በመደገፍ በቆራጥነት የቆሙለት
3. ከማያዉቁት መላክ የሚያዉቁት ሴይጣን ይሻላል ብለዉ በፍራቻና አንገት በመድፋት የተቀመጡ፤
4. ስለ ኢትዮጵያ አያገባንም ከራሳችንና ጥቅማችን በላይ ነፋስ ብለዉ ክብራቸዉን፤ ስብእናቸዉንና፤ ህሊናቸዉን ዘግተዉ ምን ያገባናል ብለዉ የተቀመጡ
5. ሌሎቹ ደግሞ መታገል እየፈለጉ ግን በፍራቻና ከዚህ በፊት በደረሰባቸዉ መከራ እምነት በማጣት ትግሉን እርግፍ አድርገዉ ተስፋ ቆርተዉ የተቀመጡ
6. ባፋቸዉ ተቃዎሚ ነን የሚሉ ነገር ግን ለዘመናት ምንም ለትግሉ ስተዋጽኦ ሳያደርጉ ለመታገል የመጣዉን ሁሉ ነገር ግን በነሱ አመለካከት የማያምነዉን፤ ለነሱ ያላጎበደደዉን፤ ሁሉ በመቃወም የትግሉን ጎራ በማዳከም የስርአቱን እድሜ እያራዘሙ ያሉ የሚገኙበት ሲሆን
2. በሌላ ጎራ ደሞ ቁጥራቸዉ እጅግ አናሳ ቢሆንም ስርአቱን ሌት ተቀን በመታገል በሀገር ቤትና በዉጭ በአላማ ጽናት፤ በወኔ በመታገልና መስእዋትነት እየከፈሉ ያሉ የቁርጥ ቀን ወገኖች ሲሆኑ ዛሬ ቁጥራቸዉ አናሳ ቢሆንም ዉለዉ አድረዉ ግን ማሸነፋቸዉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። ምክንያቱም እዉነት ከነሱ ጋር ናትና። እነዚህም ዛሬ በየጫካዉ ለኛ ነጻነት እየተዋጉ፤ ለኛ ክብር ወህኒ ቤቶች ተወርዉረዉ የሚገኙ፡ ለኛ ክብር ባሉበት ቦታ ሁሉ ለሃገራቸዉ እየታገሉ ያሉትን ጀግና ዜጎች ሁሉ ያካትታል።
እነዚህ ዜጎች ሀገራቸዉን በቁርጥ ቀን ያልከዱ፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማቸዉ ህሊናቸዉን የማይቆረቁራቸዉ፤ ነገ ስማቸዉና ታሪካቸዉ ዘላለማዊ የሆነ፡ ነገ የልጅ ለጆቻችን የሚዘክሩላቸዉ ብርቅዬ ወገኖቻችን ናቸዉ።
ለሀገር የሚያኮራ ስራ ሰርቶ ስምና ዝና አትርፎ ከማለፍ በላይ ምን የሚያስደስት ነገር ይኖራል። ኖሮ ኖሮ በልቶ፤ ተኝቶ፤ ማለፍማ እንኳን ሰዉ ተብዬዉ እንስሳም ያደርገዉ
የለም። ዋናዉ ጥያቄ ግን እያንዳንዳችን የትኛዉ ምድብ ዉስጥ ነን የሚለዉ ሲሆን የህሊናዉን ሙግት ለናነተዉ እተዎለሁኝ።
ከላይ ያለዉን ተጨባጭ ሁኔታ በዝርዝር ካስቀመጥኩኝ ለዉጥ ከልባችን የምንፈልግ ከሆነ መፍትሄዉ ምንድን ነዉ ወደሚለዉ ሁላችንም ወደ ምንጠይቀዉ ጥያቄ እመጣለሁኝ።
1. ለዉጥ ከልባችን እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ? ? የሚለዉ ጥያቄ በእያንዳንዳችን እዉነትኛ ህሊና መልስ ማግኘት አለበት? በእዉነት ለዉጥ እንፈልጋለን ወይ? ከልብ ካለቀሱ እንባ አይገድም እንደሚባለዉ – ለዉጥን ከልቡ በጽናት የሚፈልግ ፍላጎቱን ለሟሟላት የማይፈነቅለዉ ድንጋይ ስለማይኖር ዉጤት ማግኘቱ አይቀሬ ነዉ
2. የትግሉን ክብደትና ጥልቀት ማወቅ ይጠበቅብናል በዚያዉም ልክ የአቅማችንን መጠን ማወቅ አለብን – ንቀታችንና ጥላቻችን የትም አላደረሰንም
3. ዉጤት የምንፈልግና አቅማችንን የምናዉቅ ከሆነ ከሆነ ለዉጤቱ የሚፈለግብንን ሁሉ ሳናመነታ ኢንቨስት ማድረግ አለብን፤ ጊዜ፤ገንዘብ፤ጉልበት፤እዉቀት፤ሞራል ወዘተ – ነጻነት በምጽዋት አይመጣም – መሄድ የሚገባንን መንገድ ሁሉ መሄድ ይጠበቅብናል
4. ትግሉ የማንም እንዳልሆነ መገንዘብ ይጠበቅብናል (የእያንዳንዳችን ሃላፊነት ነዉ – ምክንያት ድርደራ የትም አላደረሰንም – ስለትግሉ አዲሱ ፈሊጥ
- እኔ ፖለቲካ ዉስጥ የለሁበትም – ጀግንነት ሆኗል
- የምናምናቸዉ ሰዎች የሉም – እገሌ ማነዉ እሱ
- ሁሉም የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አይረቡም
- ዉጭ ያለዉ ሐይል ምንም አያደርግም
- ሀገር ቤት ያለዉ ካልተነሳ የትም አንደርስም

ሁሉም ጣቱን ሲጠቋቆም – ትግሉ ግን እያንዳንዳችን ትከሻ ልይ መሆኑን ዘንግተናል። ስለዚህ
- መሪዎቹንና ድርጅቶቹን ካላመናችሁ ግቡና አስተካክሉ
- ወይንም የራሳችሁን ጠንካራ የተሻለ መንገድ አምጡ- ብቻ በዚህም በዚያም ትግሉን ተቀላቀሉ – አማራጩ ሽንፈትን በጸጋ ተቀብለን – አቅማችንን አዉቀን እየታገሉ ያሉትን ትተን አርፈን መቀመጥ ይኖርብናል – እባካችሁ ባንደግፋቸዉ አናዳክማቸዉ
5. የኢትዮጵያ ተቃዋሚዎች ሁኔታ የዶሮና የእንቁላል ሆኗል። ህዝቡ ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ካልተጠናከሩ ዉጤት ካላሳዩን አንደግፍም ብሎ አኩርፎ ተቀምጧል። እነሱ ደሞ ሊጠናከሩ የሚችሉት ህዝቡ ሲደግፋቸዉ ነዉ። ግራ የሚያጋባ ሁኔታ። ይህ ካልተቀየረና ህዝቡ በተሳትፎ ካላጠናከራቸዉ የትም አይደረስም።
6. ሌላዉ ሁሉም ፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች አንድ ይሁኑ የሚለዉ ለሀያ አመት የተሞከረዉ ፈሊጥ መቼም አይሰራም – አግባብነት የለዉም – ልዩነት የጥንካሬ መሰረት ነዉ – ዋናዉ ቁም ነገር እርስ በእርስ በመጨራረስ የስርአቱን እድሜ አለማራዘም ነዉ። ስርአቱ እጁን አጣምሮ ደስ ሲለዉም የቤት ስራ እየሰጠን የእርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻ ድራማችንን እያየ ይገናል – መፍትሄዉ ቢቻል ተባብረን ካልተቻለም እርስ በእርስ ሽኩቻችንን አቁመን፤ የተሻሉ ናቸዉ የምንላቸዉን በሙሉ ሀይላችን መደገፍ የትግል አቅማቸዉን ማሳደግ ይኖርብናል – በዚያዉም ልክ ማናቸዉንም ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችን የሚቃወምን ሁሉ ባለ በሌለ ሃይላችን በጋራ ማዉገዝና መዋጋት ይኖርብናል
7. ትግሉ ጊዜ የሚጠይቅ መሆኑን መረዳት በሂደትም መዉደቅና መነሳት መኖሩን መገንዘብ የኖርብናል፤ (ቅንጅት ቅንጅተ እያልን መቀመጡ የት አደረሰን)? አየር ባየር ዉጤት ፈላጊነት የትም አላደረሰንም፤ ዋናዉ ቁምነገር የፈጀዉን ጊዜ ይፍጅ ካላማችን ንቅንቀቀቅ ማለት የለብንም – የኩርፍያ ትግል የትም አላደረሰንም – ያላማ ጽናት ከሌለን አርፈን እንቀመጥ

በዚህ ጉዳይ ብዙ መናገር ለማጠቃለል ያክል ወደድንም ጠላንም
ዉጤት ያለ አዉነተኛ ፍላጎት
ዉጤት ያለ አቅም
ዉጤት ያለ መስእዋትነት
ዉጤት ያለ ጊዜ
በፍጹም አይገኝም፤
ፍላጎት አቅምና መስእዋትነት ሳይከፍሉ ዉጤትን መጠበቅ የዋህነት ነዉ። ይህንንም የያዝነዉን ፈሊጥና ባህል እንካልቀየርን ድረስ ስርአቱም በአሸናፊነቱ መቀጠሉ አይቀሬ ነዉ። የብዙዎቻችን ችግር የትግሉ ድል መፍትሄ በእጅችን ላይ መሆኑን መቀበል አለመፈለጋችን ወይም አለማወቃችን ነዉ። የወደቅነዉ መፍትሄ ከሌላ ቦታ መፈለጋችን ነዉ። ይህ እስካልተወጠ ድረስ ስርአቱ ለዘመናት መግዛቱን እንደማያቆም በእርግጠንነት ላረጋግጥላችሁ። ለዉጥ እንዲመጣ የሚፈልግ ዛሬ ነገ እያለ በቀጠሮ ሳይሆን ከልቡ ለዉጥን የሚፈልግ ከሆነ ዛሬ ካሁኗ ደቂቃ ጀምሮ ለራሱ ለህሊናዉ ለሀገሩ ለወገኑ ቃል መግባት ይኖርበታል። ስለሌላዉ ማሰባችንን ትተን ስለራሳችን እናስብ። በድርጅቶች ችግር አለ ብለን ካሰብን ገብተን እናሻሽላቸዉ፤ አሊያም የኛ አማራጭ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንል ከሆነ የተሻለ ድርጅት መስርተን ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በዚህም በዚያም ገብተን እንታገል። የትም እንፍጨዉ ዉጤቱን እናምጣዉ።

እኔ ይህንን ስናገር የሽግግር ም/ቤቱ ግቡ ብዬ አይደለም፡ ለእናንተ ትግል ዉስጥ መግባት የድርጅቶች ጥንካሬ ቅድመ ሁኔታ አይደለም ወሳኙ። የራሳችሁ የህሊና ዉሳኔ ነዉ። ያንን የዉሳኔ ደረጃ ካለፋችሁና ለራሳችሁ ቃል ከገባችሁና ያለማወላወል ወደተግባር ከለወጣችሁ ሌላዉ ሁሉ ይስተካከላል። የተገላቢጦሹን ከፈለጋችሁ ግን ምን አለ በሉኝ ምንም ለዉጥ እንደማይመጣ በድጋሚ አረጋግጣለሁ።
ስለዚህ ብቸኛዉ ያለን የአካሄድ ቀመር በግልጽ እንዲህ ነዉ
1. እያንዳንድችን ዛሬ ትግሉን በቆራጥነት መቀላቀልና ሚከፈለዉን መስዋትነት ሁሉ መክፈል፤ በተጨማሪም ትግሉ የወሰደዉን ጊዜም ቢወስድ በቁርጠኝነት ለመታገል መዘጋጀት
2. በግል የትም ለመድረስ ስለማይቻል ያሉትን ድርጅቶች መርምሮ የተሻለ ነዉ የምንለዉን ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቅሎ በሙሉ ሀይል መግባትና መታገል
ስለዚህ እመኑኝ የድሉ ቁልፍ እያንዳንዳችሁ ናችሁ። ሌላ ምንም አማራጭ የላችሁም።
ይህንን ለማድረግ ከፈቀድንና ለራሳችን በእዉነተኝነት ቃል ከገባን ምንገነባዉ አቅም የምንመኘዉን ዉጤት ይዞልን ይመጣል። ስለዚህ
የፍላጎት አቅም
የዉሳኔ አቅም
የሞራል አቅም
የአላማ ጽናት አቅም
የማቴርያል አቅም
የድርጅት አቅም
ለድላችን ወሳኝ መሆኑን ተረድተን ዛሬ ነግ ሳንል ትግሉን እንቀላቀል። በኛ በኩል እዉነቱን መራራም ቢሆን ተናግረናል፤ ለህሊናችን የሚቆጨን ነገር የለም፡ የህሊና ትግሉን ለናነት ትተናል።

እኛ በራሳችን በኩል የተሻለ ነዉ ያልነዉን አማራጭ አቅርበን ትግላችንን ተያይዘነዋል። በማናቸዉም መንገድ ለማንም ሳንል፤ ለእዉነት ብቻ ብለን፤ ለክብራችን ብለን፤ ለነጻነታችን ብለን፡ ትግሉ ጊዜ እንደማይሰጥ ተረድተን ቀጠሮ ሳንሰጥ የድሉን ጽዋ እስክንጎነጭ፤ ማንም ምንም የበል ምን፤ በቁርጠኝነት እየታገልን እንገኛለን። ልዩነቱ የህሊና እርካታ፤ የመንፈስ የማንነት ጽናትን ሰጥቶናል። ወርቅ በእሳት እንደሚፈተነዉ ችግርና መከራን ለመጋፈጥ ትግሉን በቆራጥነትና በኩራት እያከናወንን እንገኛለን። በስራችንም ኩሩ ኢትዮጵያዉያን እንደምንሆን አንጠራጠርም፤ ለእዉነት በመቆማችንና አምላክም ከቅኖች ጋር በመሆኑ አሸናፊዎች እንደምንሆን ሙሉ እምነት አለን። ከዚህ በላይ ታዲያ ምን የሚያስቀና ነገር ይኖራል።
ሀገራችን ክብራችን፤ የማንነታችን መለያ፤ የነጻነታችን ምልክት ናት። ማንም ይህንን ሊነጥቀን አይገባዉም፤ በትግላችንም የተነጠቅነዉን ማንነታችንን ያለጥርጥር እናስመልሳለን!!!
ድርጅታችንን በለመለከተ ግን አቋማችን ንጥር ያለና ግልጽ ነዉ
1. የማንም ኢትዮጵያዊ ክብርና፤ ነጻነት፤ በማናቸዉም ሁኔታ ሳይሸራረፍ መረጋገጥ ይኖርበታል እንላለን። አምላካችን የሰጠንን መብት ለማንም አሳልፈን አንሰጥም። ስርአቱ የሚሰራዉን ግፍ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ እስካላቆመ ድረስ በፍጹም አለማመንታት መቀየር አለበት በሚለዉ አቋማችን ጸንተን ትግላችንን እንቀጥላለን – ይህም ስርአት ሁሉን ኢትዮጵያዊ አካላትን ባካተተ የሽግግር መንግስት እስኪተካ ትግላችንን በጽናት እንቀጥላለን
2. ህዝባዊ የለዉጥ እንቅስቃሴ በመፍጠር ስርአቱን በህዝባዊ ትግል ለመገርሰስና ትግሉን በድል ለማጠናቀቅ ህዝቡ ትግሉን እንዲቀላቀል ትግላችንን ሌት ተቀን እንቀጥላለን
3. ስርአቱም ሲገረሰስ የሚከሰቱ ችግሮችን ለመቅረፍ ቀድሞ መሰናዳት የተሻለና ብልህነትን የተላበሰ ማራጭ መሆኑን ስለምናምን የሽግግር ሂደቱ ምን መምሰል እንደሚኖርበት ቅድመ ዝግጅቶችን እንደርጋለን
4. ይንንኑም ለማከናወን የሚያስችል ድርጅታዊ አቅም እንገነባለን በዚህም አካሄድ ያለማወላወል እንቀጥላለን።
5. ከሌሎች ሁሉም አሁንም እደግመዋለሁ ከሁሉም የተቃዋሚ ሀይሎች ጋር በጋራ እንሰራለን፤ ተቃዋሚ ሀይሎችም በጋራ እንዲሰሩ ማናቸዉንም ሁኔታዎች እናመቻቻለን
ስለዚህ የድርጅታች የነጠረና ግልጽ ያለ አማራጭን ያቀረበ ሲሆን፡ ይሻላል ብላችሁ ካመናችሁ ተቀላቀሉን። አለበለዚያ ሌላ የተሻለዉን ድርጅት ዛሬዉኑ ተቀላቀሉ። አንድ ነገር ላረጋግጥላችሁ ትግሉ ይቀጥላል። ተጠናክሮ ይቀጥላል። ባቡሩን በጊዜ ተቀላቅሎ የለዉጡን ሂደት ማፋጠኑ የናንተ ሀላፊነት ነዉ። በታሪክ ተጠያቂነት ምርጫዉን ለናንተ እተዋለሁ። የሚሻለዉን የጽናት መንገድም አምላክ ያሳያችሁ ዘንድ ሁሌም እጸልያለሁ።

ሀገራችንን ኢትዮጵያን አምላክ ይባርክ!!!

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Will the U.S. Stand by the Side of Brave Africans?

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

maglIf History is on the Side of Brave Africans, Shouldn’t the U.S. be Too?

When President Obama visited Accra, Ghana in 2009, he delivered two distinct political messages within one overarching moral imperative: “History is on the side of brave Africans”. His message to African governments and leaders was emphatic:

…Make no mistake: history is on the side of these brave Africans, and not with those who use coups or change Constitutions to stay in power. Africa doesn’t need strongmen, it needs strong institutions… [G]overnments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful…

His message to the people of Africa was inspiring, upbeat and passionate:

…You have the power to hold your leaders accountable, and to build institutions that serve the people. You can conquer disease, end conflicts, and make change from the bottom up. You can do that. Yes you can. Because in this moment, history is on the move.

President Obama also made a solemn promise to Africans:

… What we will do is increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance - on parliaments, which check abuses of power and ensure that opposition voices are heard; on the rule of law, which ensures the equal administration of justice; on civic participation, so that young people get involved; and on concrete solutions to corruption… to advance transparency and accountability.

Now, at the cusp of the beginning of President Obama’s second term, we have to ask some tough questions: Are there more African strongmen in 2012 than in 2009? Are there fewer brave Africans on the streets and more of them in jail in 2012 than in 2009? Does Africa today have more debilitated institutions than it had in 2009? Do more African governments respect the will of their people today than they did in 2009? Is there less conflict in Africa today than in 2009? Does Africa today have good governance and is the rule of law the rule in Africa? Are more opposition voices heard, more civic participation seen and more youth and women involved in the political process in Africa today than they did in 2009? Does the U.S. today “stand with all those who seek to advance human dignity”?  Is history in Africa today on the move forward to democracy, freedom and human rights, or is Africa marching backwards into the darkness of dictatorship and tyranny?

Is the U.S. today standing tall with the brave Africans or in bed with Africa’s strongmen?

Whatever Happened to the Brave Africans President Obama Spoke About in 2009? 

According to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), many of the “brave Africans” President Obama spoke about in 2009 are jailed, tortured, silenced, on the run, dead or just scared stiff under relentless official harassment and persecution. Arbitrary arrests, lengthy pretrial detentions, torture, and mistreatment of detainees by security forces, harsh and life-threatening prison conditions, illegal searches and seizures and infringements of citizens’ privacy rights, restrictions on freedom of speech and of the press and assembly in one form or another are the common facts of African daily life. African societies and institutions are decimated by official corruption and bloated bureaucracies. Justice is traded to the highest bidder in politically-controlled judiciaries; and rubberstamp parliaments crank out laws and proclamations like a Chinese toy factory.  African societies are plagued by discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, gender, language, religion, culture and region.

Among the most flagrant violators of human rights in Africa is the regime in Ethiopia. In May 2010, the ruling party in that country “won” 545 of 547 [99.6 %] seats in parliament. A White House Statement on that election turned a blind eye and  voiced muted “concern”:

An environment conducive to free and fair elections was not in place even before Election Day. In recent years, the Ethiopian government has taken steps to restrict political space for the opposition through intimidation and harassment, tighten its control over civil society, and curtail the activities of independent media. We are concerned that these actions have restricted freedom of expression and association…

In a speech given at the National Endowment for Democracy in October 2012, Karen J. Hanrahan, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor  characterized the deplorable human rights situation in Ethiopia as merely a “challenge”:

… In Ethiopia, we are faced with a challenge. The principal question is how to work constructively with both the government and civil society to advance democracy and human rights when the government has limited political and civil space. This has included restrictions on civil society organizations, the curtailment of media freedom, and the conviction of journalists and members of the political opposition under the Anti-terrorism Proclamation. We’re particularly concerned about the Charities and Societies Proclamation and the Anti-terrorism Proclamation…

The “challenge” Hanrahan talks about includes the arrest of  “more than 100 opposition political figures, activists, journalists, and bloggers,” massive suppression of the independent press, virtual bans on civil society and nongovernmental organizations,beatings and torturing of detainees by security forces and poor prison conditions. It also includes the unlawful persecution and imprionsment of the 2012 PEN America Freedom to Write Award winner Eskinder Nega;  Reeyot Alemu, the 2012 winner of the International Women’s Media Fund’s Courage in Journalism Award; Woubshet Taye,  editor of a popular weekly, opposition party leaders Andualem Aragie and Natnael Mekonnen among many others. The evidence reported in the  latest U.S. State Department Human Rights Practices Report on Ethiopia (May 2012)  shows that describing the human rights situation in Ethiopia as a “challenge” and glossing it over with a polite expression of “concern” is tantamount to adding insult to injury.  The human rights situation in that country should provoke unmitigated moral outrage and immediate and direct action to uphold democratic principles and standards of universal human rights.

Perhaps current U.S. leaders could learn valuable lessons from their predecessors who faced similar “challenges” posed by tyrannies and dictatorships. President Truman once said, “Once a government is committed to the principle of silencing the voice of the opposition, it has only one way to go, and that is down the path of increasingly repressive measures, until it becomes a source of terror to all citizens and creates a country where everyone lives in fear.” Such is the indisputable fact of life in Ethiopia today and no amount of empty talk  about “concerns” and hollow promises about overcoming  “challenges”  will change the situation!

The U.S. Record in Africa Today Leaves Much to be Desired

According to Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson who heads the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of African Affairs, there are “five pillars that serve as the foundation of U.S. policy toward Africa.” These include “(1) support for democracy and the strengthening of democratic institutions including free, fair, and transparent elections; (2) support for African economic growth and development; (3) conflict prevention, mitigation, and resolution; (4) support for Presidential initiatives such as the Global Health Initiative, Feed the Future, and the Global Climate Change Initiative and (5) working with African nations on transnational issues such as drug smuggling, money laundering and trafficking in persons.” Carson reported that U.S. policy in Africa “in recent years”

has contributed to democratic transitions in Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, and Niger; successful elections in Nigeria; and a referendum that led to the independence of South Sudan. The Bureau promotes African economic development through the annual Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forums. It is actively striving to end sexual and gender-based violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and eliminate the atrocities perpetrated by the Lord’s Resistance Army throughout Central Africa. Feed the Future, the U.S. Government’s global food security initiative, is focused on 12 African countries…

In her Preface to the U.S. Department of State’s Human Rights Practices Report for 2011 (May 2012), Secretary Hilary Clinton declared:

In my travels around the world as Secretary of State, I have met many individuals who put their lives on the line to advance the cause of human rights and justice. In ways small and large, they hold their governments accountable for upholding universal human rights… The United States stands with all those who seek to advance human dignity…

These quite modest accomplishments in Africa fall far short of President Obama’s lofty and eloquent words and majestic promises in Accra and his Administration’s actions to support good governance and promote human rights in Africa. Shakespeare said, “Action is eloquence.” Though there is always a gap between political rhetoric and political action, one should not confuse the eloquence of words with the eloquence of action. But this is not the time to look back and engage in recriminations, teeth-gnashing, belly-aching and finger pointing. We shall march to our President’s battle cry and “Keep Moving Forward”.

Time to Put Up or Shut Up?

Americans are generally known for straight talk, cutting down to the chase or cutting out the bull. It is one of the great qualities I have always appreciated in ordinary Americans and some of their great leaders. They say what they mean and mean what they say. It was “plain talkin’” President Harry S. Truman who said, “I never did give anybody hell. I just told the truth and they thought it was hell.”  So, I will do a little bit of straight talking. We have heard enough of human rights pontifications and declarations. We know all about the “challenges”, “problems”, “difficulties” and “issues” in improving human rights and good governance in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.  We have also heard enough grousing, whining and complaining in Diaspora Ethiopian communities, particularly in the U.S., about what the U.S. has done, not done or could have done to to promote good governance, democracy and human rights in Ethiopia. In President Obama’s second term, there are only two choices: Put up or Shut Up! Put another way, the U.S. can step up and stand tall with the brave Africans or roll over in bed with the shameless and cowardly dictators who cling to power through handouts, World Bank and IMF loans and the barrel of the gun.

How to Help the Brave Ethiopians: Where to Start?

Many veteran Ethiopian human rights advocates will no doubt remember H.R. 2003 (“Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act of 2007”; originally introduced as H.R. 4423 “Ethiopia Consolidation Act of 2005” by Congressman Chris Smith of New Jersey when he chaired the Subcommittee on Africa and later renumbered as H.R. 4423 and H.R. 5680 in the House Committee on Foreign Affairs). Congress Donald Payne of New Jersey took the lead on H.R. 2003 when he became chairman of the Africa Subcommittee in 2007 and obtained the co-sponsorship of  some 85 members of Congress. That bill passed the House in October 2007. Its key provisions focused on a number of issues central to good governance and protection of human rights in Ethiopia, including the release and/or speedy trial of all political prisoners in the country,  prosecution of persons who have committed gross human rights violations, financial support to strengthen human rights and civil society groups and establishment of an independent judiciary, support for independent media operations, training assistance to strengthen legislative bodies, electoral commission and civil society groups, among others. Unfortunately, the bill never made it for a floor vote in the Senate.

Recently, the U.S. Congress passed and the President signed an important piece of legislation last week known as the “Sergei Magnitsky Law” (Senate Bill 1039  sponsored by democratic Senator Ben Cardin of Maryland, a long-time civil rights and civil liberties advocate and co-sponsored by 33 other Senators; and  H.R. 4405 in the House sponsored by the well-known human rights advocate and democratic Congressman Jim McGovern of Massachusetts and co-sponsored by 15 other members). This law is designed to “impose sanctions on persons responsible for the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky, for the conspiracy to defraud the Russian Federation of taxes on corporate profits through fraudulent transactions and lawsuits and for other gross violations of human rights in the Russian Federation.” The “Magnitsky” language was incorporated in a larger legislation (‘‘Russia and Moldova Jackson-Vanik Repeal and Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012’’).

Sergei Magnitsky was a brave and principled 37-year-old Russian lawyer who exposed massive government corruption involving money-laundering by Russian officials. He died in prison in 2009. Russian President Dimitry Medvedev, citing the  conclusions of the independent Presidential Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights, reported that Magnitsky was illegally arrested, detained and denied justice by the very courts and prosecutors of the Russian Federation he was investigating and accusing.  While in detention Magnitsky was denied necessary medical care and died from beatings he received by prison guards. Despite overwhelming evidence of official criminality in the Magnitsky case, no officials have yet to be brought to justice.

The key provisions of the Magnitsky Law requires the State Department to maintain a list of human rights abusers in Russia, freeze their assets and deny them U.S. visas.

Section 404 of the law (“Identification of Persons Responsible for the Detention, Abuse and Death of Sergei Magnitsky and Other Gross Violators of Human Rights”) requires the President to submit to Congress within 120 days “a list” of names of persons likely to have been involved directly or indirectly in “the detention, abuse, or death of Sergei Magnitsky” and other individuals “responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed against individuals seeking to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of the Government of the Russian Federation.”

Section 406 requires the President to use his legal authority to “freeze and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in property of a person who is on the list required by section 404(a) if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of  a United States person.” The law further imposes penalties on any “person that violates or conspires to violate” the law to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act.

Helping Ethiopia’s “Magnitskys”

In his 2009 Accra speech, President Obama told Africans that the U.S. will “increase assistance for responsible individuals and institutions, with a focus on supporting good governance… to advance transparency and accountability.” He also said that it is possible to “make change from the bottom up because in this moment, history is on the move.” Well, the moment of history to get Ethiopian human rights legislation passed through the U.S. Congress is now! There is a perfect alignment of the bipartisan legislative stars. Human rights as a policy issue is taking front and center among both Democrats and Republicans. The Magnitsky Law was a significant legislative victory not only for the memory of the brave Sergei Magnitsky but for all brave victims of official human rights abuses everywhere. Senator Cardin toiled for years to get the bill through Congress and managed to do so with the support of senior republicans. (Truth be told, the Obama administration did not support linking the human rights legislation to a trade bill, but in the end had to give in.)

The bipartisan support for human rights as evidenced in the Magnitsky Law is refreshing, invigorating, inspiring and long overdue. Republican Arizona Senator John McCain said the United States had a moral obligation to speak out for Magnitsky, as well as others who are still alive and languishing unjustly in Russian prisons: “We are sending a signal to Vladimir Putin and the Russian kleptocracy that these kind of abuses of human rights will not be tolerated without us responding in some appropriate fashion. I believe that this legislation is not anti Russia. I believe it’s pro Russia…. I continue to worry about them and I pray for them.” Republican Arizona Senator Jon Kyl said the bill should have applied to all countries. Democratic New Hampshire Senator  Jeanne Shaheen said that the United States intends to pay attention to human rights everywhere. “We will stand up for those who dare to speak out against corruption. This bill is for all the Magnitskys around the world.” Senator Ben Cardin said he would push to make it universal in scope so it could be used to punish other human rights violators around the world. “Now we start a new chapter in human rights. The legislation sets a precedent for international conduct that we expect will be honored globally.” Even the White House issued a Statement indicating that the President will support legislation that will “promote the rule of law and respect for human rights around the world”.

There are thousands of “Ethiopian Magnitskys” who have been denied justice, languishing in prison and forgotten. For starters, there has been no accountability for the post-2005 election massacres in which, according to an official Ethiopian Inquiry Commission, some 200 unarmed demonstrators were gunned down and another 800 wounded by security and police officials of the regime. There is a certified list of at least 237 individuals known to be involved or strongly suspected of direct involvement in these crimes against humanity.  It is mandatory that these officials be brought to trial without delay.

It is great to see a sea change in the U.S. Congress on the issue of human rights. There seems to be a new attitude and renewed commitment to human rights and good governance and a recognition that human rights are an integral part of international law and civilized humanity. President Ronald Reagan said, “Freedom is one of the deepest and noblest aspirations of the human spirit.” President Jimmy Carter said, “America did not invent human rights. Human rights invented America.” In Ethiopia and many parts of Africa, the noblest aspirations of the human spirit go unfulfilled. And just like human rights invented America, I believe it is time for human rights to reinvent Ethiopia and the rest of Africa.

As far as I am concerned, what is good enough for the brave Sergei Magnitsky of Russia is good enough for the brave Melesachew D. Alemnew, age 16, Hadra S. Osman, age 22, Etenesh Yimam, age 50, Teodros Gidey Hailu, age 23, Gashaw T. Mulugeta, age 24, Lechisa K. Fatasa, age 21…. of Ethiopia! History is on the move. Now Ethiopian Americans, let’s get a move on! Yes, We Can have an “Ethiopian Magnitsky Law”! With a little help from our friends!

Standing tall with the “brave Africans” is standing up on the right side of history. 

Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:

http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/

www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/ 

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic

http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Freed Ethiopian prisoners in Israel speak out

Sunday, December 16th, 2012

Save Ethiopia and ENTC members visited freed child-prisoners in Israel.

Watch Video

 

 

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice is now Fried Rice – a great news for her victims in Africa

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

By Yilma Bekele

Good news is always welcome. Then there is the extraordinarily good news that jars you from your slumber. And when the good news happens right around Christmas there is nothing one can do other than put more log in the fire place, take a generous helping of the twelve year old scotch light up a fat Cohibas and sit back with Cheshire cat smile imprinted on ones face. That is what I wanted to do yesterday if only I had a fireplace, aged scotch or a fat cigar. Not to worry I had the good news and it brought a wide smile.

The good news is the exit of Susan Rice from the idea of becoming the Secretary of State. Poor Susan she did not even get nominated but they dangled her name out there to be trashed and mangled. They found out she is toxic. It looks like contemplating Susan Rice as foreign policy maker brought queasiness and nausea to some king makers.

Susan’s demise woke me up. The last few weeks I was in ‘Ground hog day’ land. Have you watched the movie ‘Ground Hog Day’? That was what I felt like. In that story the main character finds himself repeating the same day again and again. That is our country Ethiopia in a nutshell. The same crap story told over and over again until we become numb to it.

In the movie Phil the main character comes to face with his shallow and indifferent existence and is compelled to make amends. He was able to break the loop of indifference, apathy and selfishness. You know what my ultimate fear is? As an Ethiopian, it is to think that we are unable to get out of this loser loop we are wallowing for the last few decades.

We pride ourselves as being the oldest Nation State in history. We are quick to point out that we were never colonized. Both are commendable feats. The issue facing us now is what has that got to do with today. Those past accomplishments though daring have no relevance to the situation we are in now. Where exactly are we at today? We are with all due respect technologically backward, quality of life at the bottom any human achievement, a very inadequate educational and health system, an oppressive and lawless political arrangement and the epicenter of famine and starvation.

No need to deny that, no need to cringe and totally useless not to face realty. Unless one comes face to face with one’s ailment solution cannot be found. The first step towards recovery is realizing we have a problem and it is the cause of the many difficulties faced by our country and people. The best approach to bring about change is to look at the specific problems our behavior is causing and tackle that. For example being a coward makes us bow to authority, lack of character makes us lie and cheat to each other, our problem with low self-esteem makes us indifferent to the plight of fellow countrymen, our selfish attitude works against our own self-interest in the long run and we play the blame game to distance ourselves from the problem at hand and avoid responsibility.

The last few months have been trying times extraordinaire. It was like we were caught in a vortex, meaning a whirling mass of nothingness coming at us from all sides. I am of course talking about the US presidential elections and my Ethiopian brethren’s behavior here in good old America. I am sure glad it is over. The unbridled enthusiasm of my fellow Ethiopians escapes any and all explanations. Some were consumed by it, a few were stressed out plenty were hating on the Republican Party while lost souls like myself were diving for cover. It was not easy. There was no place to hide.

It was an impossible mission trying to get a response why my friends were gung ho about Barrack Obamas reelection. To tell you the truth I had nothing against it. At the same time I did not find any reason to be frenzied or extremely emotional either. Of course I will vote for him if given the chance but I wouldn’t be twisted out of shape or lose any sleep regarding the outcome if different.

Please note here that I am speaking as an Ethiopian since choosing someone is based on purely selfish needs. What is he gona do for me is the only question the average person asks of a candidate unless of course one is altruistic and I am afraid that is not what most people are. Most Americans voted for candidate Obama because he promised to lower taxes for the middle class, bring immigration reform, set a dead line regarding the country’s involvement in Afghanistan, killed Osama and seemed to have a functional family. Mr. Romney’s constant foot in the mouth situation and show of absolute detachment from reality was a great help towards Mr. Obama’s reelection attempt.

The crucial question to an Ethiopian is of course what is he going to do for my country Ethiopia? That was what I wanted to be addressed when conversing with my Ethiopian-American family and friends. If their support is due to the fact that he is the son of Africa or he shows empathy towards the middle class I completely agree. My problem was when a few want to drag poor Ethiopia into the equation and claim his reelection will help our country. As they say the devil is in the details and here is one situation where the truth does not jive with reality.

Four years ago Mr. Obama appeared on the scene as the messenger of change. In all his speeches he made it clear that the US under his leadership will stand with the down trodden and the oppressed in a new kind of way. Upon being elected that was his message when he toured the Middle East and that was his message to his African family when he made a brief stopover in Ghana. We were overjoyed when he put dictators everywhere on notice that their days of horror is over. Here is a long excerpt from President Obama’s speech to Africans from Accra, Ghana in July of 2009.

“We must start from the simple premise that Africa’s future is up to Africans…..First, we must support strong and sustainable democratic governments……
As I said in Cairo, each nation gives life to democracy in its own way, and in line with its own traditions. But history offers a clear verdict: governments that respect the will of their own people are more prosperous, more stable, and more successful than governments that do not.

This is about more than holding elections – it’s also about what happens between them. Repression takes many forms, and too many nations are plagued by problems that condemn their people to poverty. No country is going to create wealth if its leaders exploit the economy to enrich themselves, or police can be bought off by drug traffickers. No business wants to invest in a place where the government skims 20 percent off the top, or the head of the Port Authority is corrupt. No person wants to live in a society where the rule of law gives way to the rule of brutality and bribery. That is not democracy, that is tyranny, and now is the time for it to end…. But I can promise you this: America will be with you. As a partner. As a friend.”

Beautifully said don’t you think so? No one could have said it better. I distinctly remember the time and place when I read that speech, would it be too much to reveal that it gave me mental orgasm? If mere words can intoxicate this was it. I cried. At last, I said a friend in a place of power, my prayers have been answered.

I waited and waited and waited some more. I told myself may be next week, next month you think next year? Unfortunately what Mr. Obama says and what President Obama does is not the same thing. There is a dis-connect between words and deeds. “Barack Obama became a less ideological but more effective version of George W Bush,” said Professor Aaron Miller, a vice-president at the Woodrow Wilson Centre. How true.

Thus the coddling of dictators continued unabated, the use of drones to kill from afar got accelerated and the marginalization of Africa did not cease. My country Ethiopia became a pawn in America’s war with its enemies. My dictator was invited to sit alongside his masters, the enablers that choose not to see what he was doing to my country as long as he served their purpose.

President Obama’s State department never stopped detailing the crimes of the dictator against his people while President Obama’s Pentagon was generous in furnishing weapons, transportation and training to those who use it against the same people and commit the crimes to be recited by Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International and the victims themselves. And most of all Mr. Obama’s rhetoric against dictators, deniers of freedom and human right abusers never stopped.

Thus when my Ethiopian American friends were moving heaven and earth to get their candidate reelected I wondered why? What would the other guy running for the office do different than what is being done to us now? If they are supporting the President as an American citizen I understand but why are they throwing the word Ethiopian in front of their designation. That is not fair. To show them that they actually do not matter the newly re-elected President threw Susan Rice at us as a thank you prize. Take that my Ethiopian-American constituent.

Wait a minute isn’t this the same Susan Rice that insulted Meles Zenawi’s victims as fools? Is it the Susan Rice that travelled all the way to Addis to vouch the humanity of the butcher and mad man? Yes the one and only Susan Rice that went to Harlem to preach at the war lord’s memorial. Of course there is more to her than that. During the second term of Bill Clinton’s Presidency our Susan Rice was Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs and how do you think she showed her love to Africa? It was by friending characters such as Rwanda’s Kagame, Uganda’s Museveni, Ethiopia’s Zenawi, and Congo’s Kabila. Could you think of any loathsome characters as these? The five dysfunctional sycophants are responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Africans and Susan Rice shares the credit and blame.

Rumor had it Mr. Obama might nominate Susan Rice to be the next Secretary of State. Shall we say the response has been heartwarming to a marginalized Ethiopian? I have been sitting back and enjoying the dictator lover twist in the wind. Her recent problem started when Obama’s White House used her as a ‘fall guy’ for the Benghazi attack. She was paraded out with false intelligence to keep Mr. Obama out the headlines for the debacle during the election. Our intelligent and highly educated friend went on national TV distorting the truth and reality since making shit up is nothing new to her. I very much enjoy our ‘idiotic and foolish’ friend travelling from one Senator’s office to another with her tail between her legs begging for love. Watching her swatted like a pesky fly is as far as I am concerned a priceless sight.

The one thing I find curious is that when recounting her shortcomings no one seems to mention her love of dictators and mad Africans as worthwhile failing. They talk about her miserable performance at the UN, her Benghazi disinformation campaign and even her investment in the oil pipe line deal but nothing about her involvement in the Rwanda massacre, not a whisper regarding her friendship with the Ethiopian criminal PM and her love for African dictators. It shows you how much we matter.

So a few of my Ethiopian friends started a petition to let Mr. Obama know what they think of the lady. I mean she insulted our struggle for freedom, she mocked us and she did it all in public. It is like one of us calling Martin Luther king a fool or Malcolm X an idiot. How many Ethiopians do you think signed the petition? A minuscule amount did.

Why do you think that is so? You think it is due to that little sickness I mentioned earlier? The matter of low self-esteem, Cowardice, selfishness and ignorance all rolled in one? Thus we campaigned for Mr. Obama so he can look after our interest and when he acts against it we are afraid to say wait a minute that is not why we elected you! I don’t see labor unions, women’s organizations, Hispanic groups playing dead when their interest is threatened. What is it about us that is willing to make excuse when stepped on?

You see that same trait is displayed in our National politics. We are willing to dance with the criminals in powers as long as they throw a piece of land, cheap hotels and brothels to frequent when we visit home. When exactly did we become a nation of lemmings? Watch the YouTube video link at the end and you can see what I mean. Guess what there must be some kind of power that looks after us. The fact that every Christmas the giving to our nation and people never stops is one clue. Three years ago ESAT was established, a year ago OLF denounced the separate trail and joined the mother fold and this year the giving has been a little overwhelming. The sudden death of Dictator Meles Zenawi and the faux patriarch and now Susan Rice’s humiliation begs for an answer. Despite our cheap character and betrayal of our motherland those that harm or conspire to hurt good old Ethiopia live to regret their transgressions. It looks like harming our mother comes with ugly consequences.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC statement on current situation in Ethiopia

Saturday, December 15th, 2012

ENTC issued a press release today on the current Ethiopian situation. The press release strongly denounced the ongoing abuses and injustices by the regime and calls for all Ethiopians to get engaged.

Read full statement

 

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Surviving Anxiety

Friday, December 14th, 2012

Solome Tibebu discusses her experience suffering from anxiety and how she survived it.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Report TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael to the U.S. Homeland Security’s War Crimes Unit

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

DebretsionI have been informed that the TPLF spy chief Debretsion Gebremichael, who has recently been promoted as deputy prime minister, will come to the U.S. in the coming few weeks. An American friend who is a regular reader of Ethiopian Review suggested to me that Ethiopians who reside in U.S. can try to prevent him from coming to the U.S. or if he comes, he may be placed under arrest, if the U.S. officials follow the law.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has a Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU), and it says the following on its website:

The unit conducts investigations focused on human rights violations in an effort to prevent the United States from becoming a safe haven to those individuals who engage in the commission of war crimes, genocide, torture and other forms of serious human rights abuses from conflicts around the globe. When foreign war crimes suspects, persecutors and human rights abusers are identified within U.S. borders, the unit utilizes its powers and authorities to the fullest extent of the law to investigate, prosecute and, whenever possible, remove any such offenders from the United States.

Debretsion is responsible for carrying out the TPLF regime’s assassinations and he has been fully immersed in the Ogaden and Gambella genocidal war. As head of the regime’s security commission, he is also responsible for the savage beatings, torture and murder of peaceful protesters and innocent civilians.

If Debretsion is allowed to enter the U.S. and he is not arrested, the U.S. authorities will be violating the law, and we can take our case to the U.S. Congress.

Here is what we can do: As soon as he is observed at any location in the U.S., please contact ICE HSI at 866-DHS-2-ICE or send email to HRV.ICE@ice.dhs.gov
You can remain anonymous.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

ENTC has formed a new chapter in Norway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC) has continued to work on expanding its organizational reach throughout the world. This effort includes strengthening the chapters that are already established as well as forming new ones. In line with this effort, it has announced the successful completion of the formation of ENTC Norway chapter with dedicated Ethiopians.

email: entcnorway@gmail.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

BOOK REVIEW: The Great Land Giveaway

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012

Review by Lisanu Betaw

The recently released book by Dr. Aklog Birara (hereafter referred to as the author) on Ethiopia titled “The Great Land Giveaway” is a phenomenal piece of work reflecting the culmination of a dedicated research effort by an economic pundit with a hallmark of professional excellence and experiential richness. It goes into great depth of analysis of the socio-economic and political realities of Ethiopia today and, predicated on the outcome of the analysis, foresees a looming misfortune befalling Ethiopia if the present anomaly of land giveaway and socio-economic mismanagement are to be allowed to continue to prevail in the times to come. Summarized in broad terms, uncontrolled access, by invitation, to fertile farm land by outsiders with no veritable returns to Ethiopia, corruption and nepotism at all levels of the system, insatiable greed at the highest level, ethnic and political considerations for entitlement to economic assets including land and, in total, unbounded control of the economic and social life of the people are the troubling features that the author brings out in the book. Towards the end the author highlights painstaking measures to be taken in unity if the travesty of development and the menacing trend are to be reversed. Mirrored in the book are the arbitrariness of socio-economic management and the looming dangers facing Ethiopia not just vis-a-vis the generation today but also as a recorded history for posterity.

What are the salient issues that the author underscores in his intensive and extensive analysis of Ethiopia’s socio-economic disorder? Are there other authoritative Africa-wide and other findings of studies and established experiences that underpin the author’s findings and arguments about Ethiopia?

1. Issues that have taken centre stage in the book

1.1 Giving away fertile farm land (at nominal fees) to foreign companies and individuals (with a select few of local elites also having some share) in the name of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

The foreign investors are given an unprecedented carte blanche. With no binding and enforceable conditions included in the grant the foreign investors use the farm lands to grow products of their choices, use technologies to maximize production and export the produce to their countries of origin and, what are left there-from, to the highest external bidders. The continued wellbeing of the communities they displace and the growth and development of Ethiopia at large as well as the protections of environmental resources including wildlife do not go into their calculations. What is left for the displaced communities is the chance of seasonally selling their labour for meagre compensations.

The official arguments of (i) promoting growth and development through the land grant and (ii) the grant being only of unoccupied or unutilized land are a travesty. First, the author convincingly argues that the nation’s genuine and sustainable growth and development can occur only when Ethiopians own economic assets including land, produce what they consider are possible and economical, process their raw outputs into final use products and finally offer the fruits of their labour to the markets within and without. Second, there is no unoccupied or unutilized land except those lying fallow or are grazing areas left to regenerate. Further, the highlands of Ethiopia constituting areas above 1500 metres above sea level and representing 40 percent of the nation’s land mass are home for over 80 percent (87 percent to be exact) of the population and correspondingly of the farming households. The farming households are in dire need of farm lands. Contrary to the land use master plan of the 1980s (jointly produced with FAO and UNDP) which prevents cultivation of land with inclination of 30 percent and above, small holding farmers continue to expand their cultivation of hillsides thereby degrading the vitality of the soil on them.

In the context of these vivid lines of the author’s arguments, the role of the Government should have been one of creating enabling conditions through distribution of land with the right of ownership, building of farm and market infrastructure and provision of inputs (including fertilizers) in the types and magnitudes required.

In a rare occurrence and providing the validity of the author’s argument the new Head of FAO and a Kenyan prominent businessman (the latter taking Ethiopia as a case in point) in an interview with Aljazeera, call land grant a complete failure.

1.2 Development for the author, as for others, means improvement of the lives of Ethiopians across the land. Fundamental in this argument is that when Ethiopians are not empowered to be active role players in their own development and continue to be side spectators development in the nation’s context becomes a misnomer. Growth can occur without development but only to raise the fortunes of a select group of elites and to improve income for the state treasury.

1.3 A misconceived view of the regime in power that the author brings to light in his researched findings is that development is faster and impacting when it is state-led. This, of course, is antithesis to the recorded experiences of development. The lessons from the defunct command economies of the past did not seem to have made a dent in the understanding of the power controlling the economy. Present day Vietnam, according to Greg Mills (Greg Mills, 2010) raised itself from a net importer of agricultural commodities including rice to the world’s second largest exporter of rice and coffee only after its land reform in which private ownership created a stake for those working on the farms.

1.4 The private sector, normally considered as the engine of development has been, according to the researched findings of the author, wantonly weakened principally through monopoly of the major business and industry sectors by the state-cum-party enterprises but also through discouraging policies, tax burdens and bureaucratic machineries to reduce the level playing field. Evidenced by the findings is that there is a void in the enabling environment for the sector to function with freedom, fairness and unfettered drive.

A researched revelation by Greg Mills about private sector in Africa in his book “Why Africa is Poor” shows great similarities to the fate of private sector in Ethiopia. The following is what Greg Mills writes:

“Africa’s people are poverty stricken not because the private sector does not exist or was unwilling to work in sometimes difficult settings. These people and companies do exist, though the private sector is often not private at all, but rather an elite-linked system of rent seeking. Even where there is a degree of independence, government attitudes towards private businesses range from suspicion to outright hostility.

1.5 Ethiopia, as truly and convincingly explained in the book, possesses bountiful supply of natural and human resources. The troubling reality, however, is that there is a web of man-made factors that continue to militate against the deployment of these resources to its growth and development: They included distorted policies, divisive and non-inclusive governance, state and party control of the economy, nepotism, rampant corruption, weakening of the private sector, absence of fair and impartial access to opportunities and declining relevance of education to growth and development. The regime in power preaches about agro-based industrialization which is a travesty in the absence of Ethiopians owning economic assets, playing the roles of producers, processors, exporters, importers and, in general, participants in their nation’s growth and development. The concept and practice of what the author calls “virtuous cycle” take root only when the latter conditions prevail.

1.6 Finally, the book makes extensive coverage of small holder farms and the inherent economic benefits they create. In particular, the following superior values of the farms are articulated:

- Intensive use of land

- Capacity for rural labour absorption

- Crop-livestock integration

- High labour input per unit of area

- High responsiveness to incentives

- Great opportunity for land augmenting

Some living examples reinforcing the author’s down-to-earth analysis and convincing conclusions are the pathway to development followed by South Asian countries in the past and the remarkable development performance of Vietnam today which placed emphasis on small-scale agriculture.

To the deserved credit of the author, he does not underestimate the significance of large-scale farming. In fact, he reminisces about graduates of the then Alemaya agricultural college and retired citizens of the nation going into operating large-size farms with impressive successes. His prime contention is that that ought to be left to native Ethiopians.

2. “The primary reason why Africa’s people are poor is because

their leaders make this choice” (Greg Mills, 2010).

A few statements are quoted from Greg Mills in some of the preceding paragraphs to support the arguments of the author about some of the issues on Ethiopia. Greg Mills, in fact, highlights many more retarding factors regarding the development of Africa which have astounding similarities to those that the author discusses on Ethiopia. The following are some of them:

- Reliance on primary commodities for exports and incorrect policies and procedures to facilitate trade

- Inefficient land use

- Ruinous and self-interested decisions taken by single parties and with no bottom up pressure

- A system thriving on corruption and nepotism

- Land holding structure in which it is distributed on the basis of political allegiances thereby impeding ownership and entrepreneurship

- Top down imposition of the will of governments and resulting institutionalization of weak governance

- Bad choices in place of better ones in the broader public interest because the latter is not in the leaders’ personal and often financial self-interests.

- Leaders externalizing their problems making them the responsibility of others.

An interesting conclusion comes out visibly from the research outputs by Greg Mills about Africa and by the author on Ethiopia: The issues highlighted for Africa as a whole and for Ethiopia as part of Africa greatly coincide. This certainly is not because the two authors came together and shared or reconciled findings but rather each independently carrying out his own research supported by his own vast experiences led him to the conclusion that happened to be similar to that of the other. This is a telling evidence that the book by the author on Ethiopia is the outcome of a dedicated research by one who has his country at heart. The regime in power opted for almost all the failing strategies that stunted and still continue to stunt the development of Africa. The book deserves not only to be read but also owned by all Ethiopians and by those whose hearts go out to Ethiopia.

Final Point:

A considered suggestion to the author is to produce an abridged version of the book both in English and Amharic to serve as handbooks of this historic work. This, of course, implies more in terms of effort, time and material resources but the potential rewarding impact will outweigh all of these.

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Israel reportedly engaged in racist sterilization of Ethiopian women

Tuesday, December 11th, 2012

By Talila Nesher | Haaretz

Women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia they were coaxed into agreeing to injections of long-acting birth control drugs.

Women who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago say they were told they would not be allowed into Israel unless they agreed to be injected with the long-acting birth control drug Depo Provera, according to an investigative report aired yesterday on the Israel Educational Television program “Vacuum.”

The women say that while waiting in transit camps in Ethiopia prior to immigration they were placed in family planning workshops where they were coaxed into agreeing to the injection – a charge denied by both the Joint Distribution Committee, which ran the clinics, and the Health Ministry.

“We said we won’t have the shot. They told us, if you don’t you won’t go to Israel And also you won’t be allowed into the Joint (American Joint Distribution Committee ) office, you won’t get aid or medical care. We were afraid… We didn’t have a choice. Without them and their aid we couldn’t leave there. So we accepted the injection. It was only with their permission that we were allowed to leave,”

recounted Emawayish, who immigrated from Ethiopia eight years ago. She was one of 35 women, whose stories were recorded by Sebba Reuven, that relate how they were coaxed and threatened into agreeing to receive the injectable birth control drug.

The birth rate among Israel’s Ethiopian immigrant population has dropped nearly 20 percent in 10 years.

According to the report, the women were given the Depo Provera injections in the family planning workshops in transit camps, a practice that continued once they reached Israel. The women who were interviewed for the investigation reported that they were told at the transit camps that having many children would make their lives more difficult in Ethiopia and in Israel, and even that they would be barred from coming to Israel if they refused.

The Joint said in a response to “Vacuum” that its family planning workshops are among the services it provides to immigrants, who learn about spacing out their children’s birth, “but we do not advise them to have small families. It is a matter of personal choice, but we tell them it is possible. The claims by the women according to which ‘refusal to have the injection will bar them from medical care [and] economic aid and threaten their chances to immigrate to Israel are nonsense. The medical team does not intervene directly or indirectly in economic aid and the Joint is not involved in the aliyah procedures. With regard to the use of Depo Provera, studies indicate that is the most popular form of birth control among women in Ethiopia,” the Joint said.

In its response to “Vacuum,” the Health Ministry said it did not “recommend or try to encourage the use of Depo Provera, and that if these injections were used it was against our position. The Health Ministry provides individual family counseling in the framework of its well baby clincs and this advice is also provided by the physicians of the health maintenance organizations.”

The Jewish Agency, which is responsible for Jewish immigration from abroad, said in response that it takes a harsh view of any effort to interfere in the family planning processes of Ethiopian immigrants, adding that “while the JA has never held family planning workshops for this group in Ethiopia or at immigrant absorption centers in Israel, the immigrant transit camp in Gondar, as the investigation noted, was previously operated by other agencies.”

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

Susan Rice’s dalliance with dictators coming back to haunt her: The Atlantic Wire

Monday, December 10th, 2012

This New Susan Rice Charge May Stick

By Dashiel Bennett | The Atlantic Wire

December 10, 2012

Republican Senators have gotten little traction trying to pin the Benghazi disaster on U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, but new details about the role she’s played in the ongoing Congolese war might be more damaging to her possible nomination for Secretary of State. The New York Times has a damning report today on the relationship between Rice and the government of Rwanda, which was a client of hers when she worked for a Washington consulting firm a decade ago.

Since being appointed U.N. ambassador in 2008, Rice has frequently intervened to protect Rwandan president Paul Kagame from criticism and condemnation for his support for the rebel group M23. The militant army has been accused of gross human rights violations, including mass rape, executions, and the use of child soldiers in the conflict in the Congo, which is Rwanda’s neighbor. Rwanda’s backing of M23 is seen as a major factor in prolonging the decade-long conflict that has been filled with horrific brutality and violence.

On more than one occasion Rice has stepped in to soften the language of Security Council resolutions and blocked attempts to publicly shame and criticize Kagame. Last week, Foreign Policy reported that two months ago, during a private meeting with her French and British counterparts, Rice objected to the idea of “naming and shaming” Kagame, saying, “This is the D.R.C. [Democratic Republic of Congo.] If it weren’t the M23 doing this, it would be some other group.”

Rice’s relationship with Kagame goes all the way back to her days in the Clinton Administration, when she was one of the leading members in the administration on African affairs. She served on the National Security Council during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which ended when Kagame’s party took over the government. After leaving the White House in 2000, Rice became a managing director at Intellibridge, a “security analysis” firm that had Kagame government’s as a client.

Rice and other American diplomats have argued that silent diplomacy is the best course of action in the Congo, and that publicly attacking Kagame or Rwanda would undermine ongoing peace negotiations. However, with the Congolese war so far from being resolved—and over three million dead in the last decade—its hard to see the wisdom of that approach. The failure of U.S. and U.N. to take more decisive action against the Rwandan genocide is still seen as a major black mark on the Clinton administration’s legacy. (“Bystanders to Genocide” is what Samantha Power called them in The Atlantic in 2001.) There are many who feel those same mistakes are being repeated in the Congo today.

As a purely political matter, however, the stories are resurfacing at the worst time for Rice. The ties between her and Rwanda are not a secret, and have been reported in depth elsewhere. But as with any previously under-the-radar issue, a banner headline on The New York Times website goes a long way toward turning a footnote into a scandal. It’s clear that should Rice be nominated to be the next Secretary of State, she’s going to face a lot of tough questions beyond just her statements on the Benghazi mess. It’s also clear that those who are opposed to her nomination are going to play up any and all angles that might reflect negatively on her foreign affairs credentials. Rather than a petty squabble over a harmless set of talking points, Rice’s actual conduct in the halls of the United Nations should have a much bigger impact on whether or not she gets the big promotion she’s been waiting for.

Rice herself said back in 2001 that, “I swore to myself that if I ever faced such a crisis again, I would come down on the side of dramatic action, going down in flames if that was required.” Even if she doesn’t stop the war in the Congo, the going down in flames part could still happen.

Want to add to this story? Let us know in comments or send an email to the author at dashiell@dashiellbennett.com

[Source: Ethiopian Review]

OBEDIENCE to Tyrants – the root causes

Sunday, December 9th, 2012

The most important single quality of any government, without which it would not exist, must be the obedience and submission of its subjects… [read more]

[Source: Ethiopian Review]